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2.
Science ; 384(6691): 124-130, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574141

RESUMO

Cleistogamy is a type of self-pollination that relies on the formation of a stigma-enclosing floral structure. We identify three homeodomain-leucine zipper IV (HD-Zip IV) genes that coordinately promote the formation of interlocking trichomes at the anther margin to unite neighboring anthers, generating a closed anther cone and cleistogamy (flower morphology necessitating strict self-pollination). These HD-Zip IV genes also control style length by regulating the transition from cell division to endoreduplication. The expression of these HD-Zip IV genes and their downstream gene, Style 2.1, was sequentially modified to shape the cleistogamy morphology during tomato evolution and domestication. Our results provide insights into the molecular basis of cleistogamy in modern tomato and suggest targets for improving fruit set and preventing pollen contamination in genetically modified crops.


Assuntos
Flores , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Zíper de Leucina , Proteínas de Plantas , Polinização , Autofertilização , Solanum lycopersicum , Tricomas , Produtos Agrícolas/genética , Produtos Agrícolas/fisiologia , Flores/citologia , Flores/genética , Flores/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/citologia , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/fisiologia , Solanum lycopersicum/citologia , Solanum lycopersicum/genética , Solanum lycopersicum/fisiologia , Tricomas/citologia , Tricomas/fisiologia
3.
Am J Pathol ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599461

RESUMO

Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are essential in defending against infection. Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response to infection and a leading cause of death. The relationship between the overall competency of the host immune response and disease severity is not fully elucidated. This study identified a higher proportion of circulating MAIT17 with expression of IL-17A and RAR-related orphan receptor γt in patients with sepsis. The proportion of MAIT17 was correlated with the severity of sepsis. Single-cell RNA-sequencing analysis revealed an enhanced expression of lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) in MAIT17 in patients with sepsis. Cell-culture experiments demonstrated that phosphoinositide 3-kinase-LDHA signaling was required for RAR-related orphan receptor γt expression in MAIT17. Finally, the elevated levels of plasma IL-18 promoted the differentiation of circulating MAIT17 cells in sepsis. In summary, this study reveals a new role of circulating MAIT17 in promoting sepsis severity and suggests the phosphoinositide 3-kinase-LDHA signaling as a driving force in MAIT17 responses.

4.
Cell Rep ; 43(4): 114111, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615319

RESUMO

The efficacy of immunotherapy against colorectal cancer (CRC) is impaired by insufficient immune cell recruitment into the tumor microenvironment. Our study shows that targeting circDNA2v, a circular RNA commonly overexpressed in CRC, can be exploited to elicit cytotoxic T cell recruitment. circDNA2v functions through binding to IGF2BP3, preventing its ubiquitination, and prolonging the IGF2BP3 half-life, which in turn sustains mRNA levels of the protooncogene c-Myc. Targeting circDNA2v by gene silencing downregulates c-Myc to concordantly induce tumor cell senescence and the release of proinflammatory mediators. Production of CXCL10 and interleukin-9 by CRC cells is elicited through JAK-STAT1 signaling, in turn promoting the chemotactic and cytolytic activities of CD8+ T cells. Clinical evidence associates increased circDNA2v expression in CRC tissues with reductions in CD8+ T cell infiltration and worse outcomes. The regulatory relationship between circDNA2v, cellular senescence, and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes thus provides a rational approach for improving immunotherapy in CRC.

5.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 53(2): 243-256, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the prevalence, genetic characteristics and drug resistance features of Salmonella Kentucky ST314 in Shenzhen. METHODS: Whole genome sequencing of 14 strains of Salmonella Kentucky ST314 collected from 2010-2021 by the Foodborne Disease Surveillance Network of Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention for phylogenetic evolutionary analysis, drug resistance gene and plasmid detection; drug susceptibility experiments were performed by micro-broth dilution method. RESULTS: A total of 57 strains of Salmonella Kentucky were collected from the foodborne disease surveillance network, 14 of which were ST314. The Shenzhen isolates were clustered with isolates from Southeast Asian countries such as Vietnam and Thailand on clade 314.2, and the single nucleotide polymorphism distance between local strains in Shenzhen was large, indicating dissemination. In this study, a total of 17 drug resistance genes/mutations in 9 categories were detected in the genome of Salmonella Kentucky ST314, carrying 3 extended spectrum beta-lactamases(ESBLs), including bla_(CTX-M-24)(14.3%, 2/14), bla_(CTX-M-55)(7.1%, 1/14), and bla_(CTX-M-130)(14.3%, 2/14), all located on plasmids. Regarding quinolone resistance factors, two plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance(PMQR) genes were identified in the genome: qnrB6(71.4%, 10/14) and aac(6')Ib-cr(78.6%, 11/14), a quinolone resistance quinolone resistance-determining regions(QRDR) mutation T57 S(100%, 14/14). The multi-drug resistance rate of Salmonella Kentucky ST314 in Shenzhen was 92.86%(13/14)with the highest rate of resistance to tetracycline and cotrimoxazole(100%, 14/14), followed by chloramphenicol(92.86%, 13/14), cefotaxime and ampicillin(78.57%, 11/14), ciprofloxacin and nalidixic acid(71.43%, 10/14), and ampicillin-sulbactam had the lowest resistance rate(21.43%, 3/14). CONCLUSION: ST314 is the second most prevalent ST type among Salmonella Kentucky in Shenzhen, mainly isolated from food, especially poultry; phylogenetic analysis suggests that ST314 is a disseminated infection and the genome shows a highly genetically conserved phenotype. Drug resistance of Salmonella Kentucky ST314 is very serious, especially QRDR mutation, PMQR gene co-mediated quinolone resistance and plasmid-mediated cephalosporin resistance are prominent and deserve extensive attention.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos , Quinolonas , Humanos , Kentucky , Filogenia , Salmonella , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Plasmídeos/genética , Resistência a Medicamentos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , beta-Lactamases/genética
6.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561972

RESUMO

Cell fate determination and primordium initiation on the placental surface are two key events for ovule formation in seed plants, which directly affect ovule density and seed yield. Despite ovules form in the marginal meristematic tissues of the carpels, angiosperm carpels evolved after the ovules. It is not clear how the development of the ovules and carpels is coordinated in angiosperms. In this study, we identify the S. lycopersicum CRABS CLAW (CRC) homologue SlCRCa as an essential determinant of ovule fate. We find that SlCRCa is not only expressed in the placental surface and ovule primordia but also functions as a D-class gene to block carpel fate and promote ovule fate in the placental surface. Loss of function of SlCRCa causes homeotic transformation of the ovules to carpels. In addition, we find low levels of the S. lycopersicum AINTEGUMENTA (ANT) homologue (SlANT2) favour the ovule initiation, whereas high levels of SlANT2 promote placental carpelization. SlCRCa forms heterodimer with tomato INNER NO OUTER (INO) and AGAMOUS (AG) orthologues, SlINO and TOMATO AGAMOUS1 (TAG1), to repress SlANT2 expression during the ovule initiation. Our study confirms that angiosperm basal ovule cells indeed retain certain carpel properties and provides mechanistic insights into the ovule initiation.

7.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 132: 111982, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569430

RESUMO

RTS,S is the first malaria vaccine recommended for implementation among young children at risk. However, vaccine efficacy is modest and short-lived. To mitigate the risk of cerebral malaria (CM) among children under the age of 5, it is imperative to develop new vaccines. EVs are potential vaccine candidates as they obtain the ability of brain-targeted delivery and transfer plasmodium antigens and immunomodulators during infections. This study extracted EVs from BALB/c mice infected with Plasmodium yoelii 17XNL (P.y17XNL). C57BL/6J mice were intravenously immunized with EVs (EV-I.V. + CM group) or subcutaneously vaccinated with the combination of EVs and CpG ODN-1826 (EV + CPG ODN-S.C. + CM group) on days 0 and 20, followed by infection with Plasmodium berghei ANKA (P.bANKA) on day 20 post-second immunization. We monitored Parasitemia and survival rate. The integrity of the Blood-brain barrier (BBB) was examined using Evans blue staining.The levels of cytokines and adhesion molecules were evaluated using Luminex, RT-qPCR, and WB. Brain pathology was evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemical staining. The serum levels of IgG, IgG1, and IgG2a were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Compared with those in the P.bANKA-infected group, parasitemia increased slowly, death was delayed (day 10 post-infection), and the survival rate reached 75 %-83.3 % in the EV-I.V. + ECM and EV + CPG ODN-S.C. + ECM groups. Meanwhile, compared with the EV + CPG ODN-S.C. + ECM group, although parasitemia was almost the same, the survival rate increased in the EV-I.V. + ECM group.Additionally, EVs immunization markedly downregulated inflammatory responses in the spleen and brain and ameliorated brain pathological changes, including BBB disruption and infected red blood cell (iRBC) sequestration. Furthermore, the EVs immunization group exhibited enhanced antibody responses (upregulation of IgG1 and IgG2a production) compared to the normal control group. EV immunization exerted protective effects, improving the integrity of the BBB, downregulating inflammation response of brain tissue, result in reduces the incidence of CM. The protective effects were determined by immunological pathways and brain targets elicited by EVs. Intravenous immunization exhibited better performance than subcutaneous immunization, which perhaps correlated with EVs, which can naturally cross BBB to play a better role in brain protection.

8.
Digit Health ; 10: 20552076241239182, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601186

RESUMO

Background: Despite the well-established health benefits of physical activity, a large population of older adults still maintain sedentary life style or physical inactivity. This network meta-analysis (NMA) aimed to compare the effectiveness of wearable activity tracker-based intervention (WAT), electronic and mobile health intervention (E&MH), structured exercise program intervention (SEP), financial incentive intervention (FI) on promoting physical activity and reducing sedentary time in older adults. Methods: The systematic review based on PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature search of PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Scopus were searched from inception to December 10th 2022. The randomized controlled trials (RCT) were included. Two reviewers independently conducted study selection, data extraction, risk of bias and certainty of evidence assessment. The effect measures were standard mean differences (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) in daily steps, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time. Results: A total of 69 studies with 14,120 participants were included in the NMA. Among these included studies, the results of daily steps, MVPA and sedentary time was reported by 55, 25 and 15 studies, respectively. The NMA consistency model analysis suggested that the following interventions had the highest probability (surface under the cumulative ranking, SUCRA) of being the best when compared with control: FI + WAT for daily steps (SUCRA = 96.6%; SMD = 1.32, 95% CI:0.77, 1.86), WAT + E&MH + SEP for MVPA (SUCRA = 91.2%; SMD = 0.94, 95% CI: 0.36, 1.52) and WAT + E&MH + SEP for sedentary time (SUCRA = 80.3%; SMD = -0.50, 95% CI: -0.87, -0.14). The quality of the evidences of daily steps, MVPA and sedentary time was evaluated by very low, very low and low, respectively. Conclusions: In this NMA, there's low quality evidence that financial incentive combined with wearable activity tracker is the most effective intervention for increasing daily steps of older adults, wearable activity tracker combined with electronic and mobile health and structured exercise program is the most effective intervention to help older adults to increase MVPA and reduce sedentary time.

9.
Opt Lett ; 49(8): 2117-2120, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621090

RESUMO

The characterization of inverted structures (crystallographic, ferroelectric, or magnetic domains) is crucial in the development and application of novel multi-state devices. However, determining these inverted structures needs a sensitive probe capable of revealing their phase correlation. Here a contrast-enhanced phase-resolved second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy is presented, which utilizes a phase-tunable Soleil-Babinet compensator and the interference between the SHG fields from the inverted structures and a homogeneous reference. By this means, such inverted structures are correlated through the π-phase difference of SHG, and the phase difference is ultimately converted into the intensity contrast. As a demonstration, we have applied this microscopy in two scenarios to determine the inverted crystallographic domains in two-dimensional van der Waals material MoS2. Our method is particularly suitable for applying in vacuum and cryogenic environments while providing optical diffraction-limited resolution and arbitrarily adjustable contrast. Without loss of generality, this contrast-enhanced phase-resolved SHG microscopy can also be used to resolve other non-centrosymmetric inverted structures, e.g. ferroelectric, magnetic, or multiferroic phases.

10.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2303, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491132

RESUMO

About one third of vascular plants develop glandular trichomes, which produce defensive compounds that repel herbivores and act as a natural biofactory for important pharmaceuticals such as artemisinin and cannabinoids. However, only a few regulators of glandular structures have been characterized so far. Here we have identified two closely-related MYB-like genes that redundantly inhibit the formation of glandular cells in tomatoes, and they are named as GLAND CELL REPRESSOR (GCR) 1 and 2. The GCR genes highly express in the apical cells of tomato trichomes, with expression gradually diminishing as the cells transition into glands. The spatiotemporal expression of GCR genes is coordinated by a two-step inhibition process mediated by SlTOE1B and GCRs. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the GCR genes act by suppressing Leafless (LFS), a gene that promotes gland formation. Intriguingly, homologous GCR genes from tobacco and petunia also inhibit gland formation, suggesting that the GCR-mediated repression mechanism likely represents a conserved regulatory pathway for glands across different plant species.


Assuntos
Solanum lycopersicum , Fatores de Transcrição , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Tricomas , Solanum lycopersicum/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6143, 2024 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480844

RESUMO

Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) has become a commonly used method for the quantification of gene expression. However, accurate qRT-PCR analysis requires a valid internal reference for data normalization. To determine the valid reference characterized with low expression variability among Spodoptera litura samples after microbial pesticide treatments, nine housekeeping genes, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), arginine kinase, ubiquitin C, actin-5C (ACT5C), actin, ribosomal protein S13 (RPS13), tubulin, acidic ribosomal protein P0 (RPLP0) and ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase, were evaluated for their suitability using geNorm, Normfinder, BestKeeper, RefFinder and the comparative delta CT methods in this study. S. litura larvae after direct treatment (larvae were immersed in biopesticides), indirect treatment (larvae were fed with biopesticide immersed artificial diets) and comprehensive treatment (larvae were treated with the first two treatments in sequence), respectively with Metarhizium anisopliae, Empedobacter brevis and Bacillus thuringiensis, were investigated. The results indicated that the best sets of internal references were as follows: RPLP0 and ACT5C for direct treatment conditions; RPLP0 and RPS13 for indirect treatment conditions; RPS13 and GAPDH for comprehensive treatment conditions; RPS13 and RPLP0 for all the samples. These results provide valuable bases for further genetic researches in S. litura.


Assuntos
Actinas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Animais , Spodoptera/genética , Actinas/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Gliceraldeído-3-Fosfato Desidrogenases/genética , Expressão Gênica
12.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 12: 1287447, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425502

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction is one of the hallmarks of cardiovascular aging. The leakage of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is increased in senescent cells, which are resistant to programmed cell death such as apoptosis. Due to its similarity to prokaryotic DNA, mtDNA could be recognized by cellular DNA sensors and trigger innate immune responses, resulting in chronic inflammatory conditions during aging. The mechanisms include cGAS-STING signaling, TLR-9 and inflammasomes activation. Mitochondrial quality controls such as mitophagy could prevent mitochondria from triggering harmful inflammatory responses, but when this homeostasis is out of balance, mtDNA-induced inflammation could become pathogenic and contribute to age-related cardiovascular diseases. Here, we summarize recent studies on mechanisms by which mtDNA promotes inflammation and aging-related cardiovascular diseases, and discuss the potential value of mtDNA in early screening and as therapeutic targets.

13.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(7): 1205-1214, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38524504

RESUMO

Spasmodic torticollis (ST) is a focal dystonia that affects adults, causing limited muscle control and impacting daily activities and quality of life. The etiology and curative methods for ST remain unclear. Botulinum toxin is widely used as a first-line treatment, but long-term usage can result in reduced tolerance and adverse effects. Rehabilitation therapy, with its minimal side effects and low potential for harm, holds significant clinical value. This article explores the effectiveness of adjunctive therapies, including exercise therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation, shockwave therapy, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, vibration therapy, electromyographic biofeedback, and acupuncture, in the treatment of ST. The aim is to provide clinicians with additional treatment options and to discuss the efficacy of rehabilitation therapy for ST.

14.
Vet Microbiol ; 292: 110047, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471429

RESUMO

Riemerella anatipestifer is one of the important bacterial pathogens that threaten the waterfowl farming industry. In this study, 157 suspected R. anatipestifer strains were isolated from diseased ducks and geese from seven regions of China during 2019-2020, and identified using multiple polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Antimicrobial susceptibility tests and whole-genome sequence (WGS) analysis were then performed for comparative analysis of antimicrobial resistance phenotypes and genotypes. The results showed that these strains were susceptible to florfenicol, ceftriaxone, spectinomycin, sulfafurazole and cefepime, but resistant to kanamycin, amikacin, gentamicin, and streptomycin, exhibiting multiple antimicrobial resistance phenotypes. WGS analysis revealed a wide distribution of genotypes among the 157 strains with no apparent regional pattern. Through next-generation sequencing analysis of antimicrobial resistance genes, a total of 88 resistance genes were identified. Of them, 19 tetracycline resistance genes were most commonly found, followed by 15 efflux pump resistance genes, 11 glycopeptide resistance genes and seven macrolide resistance genes. The 157 R. anatipestifer strains contained 42-55 resistance genes each, with the strains carrying 47 different resistance genes being the most abundant. By comparing the antimicrobial resistance phenotype and genotype, it was observed that a high correlation between them for most antimicrobial resistance properties was detected, except for a difference in aminoglycoside resistance phenotype and genotype. In conclusion, 157 R. anatipestifer strains exhibited severe multiple antimicrobial resistance phenotypes and genotypes, emphasizing the need for improved antimicrobial usage guidelines. The wide distribution and diverse types of resistance genes among these strains provide a foundation for studying novel mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance.


Assuntos
Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Riemerella , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Macrolídeos , Riemerella/genética , Patos/microbiologia , Genótipo , Fenótipo , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/microbiologia , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/veterinária , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/microbiologia
15.
West J Nurs Res ; 46(5): 389-399, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The improvement of swallowing function after stroke is a significant challenge faced by patients and health care professionals. However, the current evidence synthesis of the effects of respiratory muscle training (RMT) on swallowing function is limited. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of RMT on swallowing recovery in patients undergoing stroke. METHODS: The CKNI, WanFang Data, PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies evaluating RMT interventions' effect on swallowing outcomes. Risks of bias were evaluated using the approach recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration tool and a summary of findings table was generated using the GRADE approach. Outcomes were synthesized using a random-effects meta-analysis model. RESULTS: RMT interventions reduced the risk of aspiration (SMD = 1.19; 95% CI, 0.53-1.84), the recovery process of water swallowing function (RR = 1.22; 95% CI, 1.05-1.42), and the activity of the swallowing muscles (SMD = 2.91; 95% CI, 2.22-3.61). However, there was no significant effect of RMT on the functional level of oral intake (SMD = 0.70; 95% CI, -0.03 to 1.42). CONCLUSIONS: RMT can be regarded as an innovative, auxiliary means in the near future to better manage and improve swallowing function, given its improving effect on work outcomes in this review.


Assuntos
Deglutição , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Exercícios Respiratórios
16.
Birth Defects Res ; 116(3): e2324, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Situs inversus is a rare congenital condition, defined by the mirror-image transposition of the abdominothoracic organs. It is linked to an increased risk of different disorders, for example, congenital heart defects and primary ciliary dyskinesia. Recently, some reports have been on the increased incidence of situs inversus after the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between maternal COVID-19 infection and fetal situs inversus occurrence risk. METHODS: All pregnant women who underwent fetal ultrasound examinations at Jinan Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January to May of 2022 and 2023 were recruited. A chi-square test was conducted to assess the association of maternal COVID-19 infection with the incidence rate of fetal situs inversus. RESULTS: A total of 8381 patients, including 25 with situs inversus fetuses were recruited. A total of 3956 patients had COVID-19, while 4400 did not. Among 25 mothers with situs inversus fetuses, 22 had COVID-19 and 3 without recent infection. Our analysis showed a strong link between COVID-19 and a higher risk of fetus situs inversus (P < .001, odds ratio 8.196). CONCLUSION: Maternal COVID-19 infection in the early stages of the pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of fetal situs inversion occurrence. Therefore, further research in this field seems necessary.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Gravidez , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , COVID-19/complicações , Feto , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Mães
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(12): 15372-15382, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494605

RESUMO

Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding and infrared stealth technologies are essential for military and civilian applications. However, it remains a significant challenge to integrate various functions efficiently into a material efficiently. Herein, a minimalist strategy to fabricate multifunctional phase change organohydrogels (PCOHs) was proposed, which were fabricated from polyacrylamide (PAM) organohydrogels, MXene/PEDOT:PSS hybrid fillers, and sodium sulfate decahydrate (Na2SO4·10H2O, SSD) via one-step photoinitiation strategies. PCOHs with a high enthalpy value (130.7 J/g) and encapsulation rate (98%) could adjust the temperature by triggering a phase change of SSD, which can hide infrared radiation to achieve medium-low temperature infrared stealth. In addition, the PCOH-based sensor has good strain sensing ability due to the incorporation of MXene/PEDOT:PSS and can precisely monitor human movement. Remarkably, benefiting from the electron conduction of the three-dimensional conductive network and the ion conduction of the hydrogel, the EMI shielding efficiency (k) of PCOHs can reach 99.99% even the filler content as low as 1.8 wt %. Additionally, EMI shielding, infrared stealth, and sensing-integrated PCOHs can be adhered to arbitrary targets due to their excellent flexibility and adaptability. This work offers a promising pathway for fabricating multifunctional phase change materials, which show great application prospects in military and civilian fields.

18.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 22(1): 35, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a type of chronic childhood arthritis with complex pathogenesis. Immunological studies have shown that JIA is an acquired self-inflammatory disease, involving a variety of immune cells, and it is also affected by genetic and environmental susceptibility. However, the precise causative relationship between the phenotype of immune cells and JIA remains unclear to date. The objective of our study is to approach this inquiry from a genetic perspective, employing a method of genetic association analysis to ascertain the causal relationship between immune phenotypes and the onset of JIA. METHODS: In this study, a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was used to select single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) significantly associated with immune cells as instrumental variables to analyze the bidirectional causal relationship between 731 immune cells and JIA. There were four types of immune features (median fluorescence intensity (MFI), relative cellular (RC), absolute cellular (AC), and morphological parameters (MP)). Finally, the heterogeneity and horizontal reproducibility of the results were verified by sensitivity analysis, which ensured more robust results. RESULTS: We found that CD3 on CM CD8br was causally associated with JIA at the level of 0.05 significant difference (95% CI = 0.630 ~ 0.847, P = 3.33 × 10-5, PFDR = 0.024). At the significance level of 0.20, two immunophenotypes were causally associated with JIA, namely: HLA DR on CD14+ CD16- monocyte (95% CI = 0.633 ~ 0.884, P = 6.83 × 10-4, PFDR = 0.16) and HLA DR on CD14+ monocyte (95% CI = 0.627 ~ 0.882, P = 6.9 × 10-4, PFDR = 0.16). CONCLUSION: Our study assessed the causal effect of immune cells on JIA from a genetic perspective. These findings emphasize the complex and important role of immune cells in the pathogenesis of JIA and lay a foundation for further study of the pathogenesis of JIA.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil , Humanos , Criança , Artrite Juvenil/genética , Genótipo , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Antígenos HLA-DR/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla
19.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155456, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous metabolic and endocrine disorder that causes anovulatory infertility and abnormal folliculogenesis in women of reproductive age. Several studies have revealed inflammation in PCOS follicles, and recent evidence suggests that Berberine (BBR) effectively reduces inflammatory responses in PCOS, however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. PURPOSE: To determine the underlying mechanisms by which BBR alleviates inflammation in PCOS. STUDY DESIGN: Primary human GCs from healthy women and women with PCOS, and KGN cells were used for in vitro studies. ICR mice were used for in vivo studies. METHODS: Gene expression was measured using RT-qPCR. HAS2, inflammatory cytokines, and serum hormones were assayed by ELISA. Protein expression profiles were assayed by Western blot. Chronic low-grade inflammatory mouse models were developed by intraperitoneal injection with LPS, and PCOS mouse models were established by subcutaneous intraperitoneal injection of DHEA. BBR and 4-MU were administered by gavage. Ovarian morphologic changes were evaluated using H&E staining. HAS2 expression in the ovary was assayed using Western blot and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Our results confirmed that HAS2 expression and hyaluronan (HA) accumulation are closely associated with inflammatory responses in PCOS. Data obtained from in vitro studies showed that HAS2 and inflammatory genes (e.g., MCP-1, IL-1ß, and IL-6) are significantly upregulated in PCOS samples and LPS-induced KGN cells compared to their control groups. In addition, these effects were reversed by blocking HAS2 expression or HA synthesis using BBR or 4-MU, respectively. Furthermore, HAS2 overexpression induces the expression of inflammatory genes in PCOS. These results were further confirmed in LPS- and DHEA-induced mouse models, where inflammatory genes were reduced by BBR or 4-MU, and ovarian morphology was restored. CONCLUSIONS: Our results define previously unknown links between HAS2 and chronic low-grade inflammation in the follicles of women with PCOS. BBR exerts its anti-inflammatory effects by down-regulating HAS2. This study provides a novel therapeutic target for alleviating ovarian inflammation in women with PCOS.

20.
J Refract Surg ; 40(3): e126-e132, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466764

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To use artificial intelligence (AI) technology to accurately predict vault and Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) size. METHODS: The methodology focused on enhancing predictive capabilities through the fusion of machine-learning algorithms. Specifically, AdaBoost, Random Forest, Decision Tree, Support Vector Regression, LightGBM, and XGBoost were integrated into a majority-vote model. The performance of each model was evaluated using appropriate metrics such as accuracy, precision, F1-score, and area under the curve (AUC). RESULTS: The majority-vote model exhibited the highest performance among the classification models, with an accuracy of 81.9% area under the curve (AUC) of 0.807. Notably, LightGBM (accuracy = 0.788, AUC = 0.803) and XGBoost (ACC = 0.790, AUC = 0.801) demonstrated competitive results. For the ICL size prediction, the Random Forest model achieved an impressive accuracy of 85.3% (AUC = 0.973), whereas XG-Boost (accuracy = 0.834, AUC = 0.961) and LightGBM (accuracy = 0.816, AUC = 0.961) maintained their compatibility. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the potential of diverse machine learning algorithms to enhance postoperative vault and ICL size prediction, ultimately contributing to the safety of ICL implantation procedures. Furthermore, the introduction of the novel majority-vote model demonstrates its capability to combine the advantages of multiple models, yielding superior accuracy. Importantly, this study will empower ophthalmologists to use a precise tool for vault prediction, facilitating informed ICL size selection in clinical practice. [J Refract Surg. 2024;40(3):e126-e132.].


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas , Humanos , Inteligência Artificial , Aprendizado de Máquina , Algoritmos , Área Sob a Curva , Estudos Retrospectivos
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