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1.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565741

RESUMO

Endocrine therapy that blocks estrogen signaling is the most effective treatment for patients with estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer. However, the efficacy of agents such as tamoxifen (Tam) is often compromised by the development of resistance. Here we report that cytokines-activated nuclear IKKα confers Tam resistance to ER+ breast cancer by inducing the expression of FAT10, and that the expression of FAT10 and nuclear IKKα in primary ER+ human breast cancer was correlated with lymphotoxin ß (LTB) expression and significantly associated with relapse and metastasis in patients treated with adjuvant mono-Tam. IKKα activation or enforced FAT10 expression promotes Tam-resistance while loss of IKKα or FAT10 augments Tam sensitivity. The induction of FAT10 by IKKα is mediated by the transcription factor Pax5, and coordinated via an IKKα-p53-miR-23a circuit in which activation of IKKα attenuates p53-directed repression of FAT10. Thus, our findings establish IKKα-to-FAT10 pathway as a new therapeutic target for the treatment of Tam-resistant ER+ breast cancer.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 469: 133977, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492395

RESUMO

The immunogenicity of haptens determines the performance of the resultant antibody for small molecules. Rigidity is one of the basic physicochemical properties of haptens. However, few studies have investigated the effect of hapten rigidity on the strength of an immune response and overall antibody performance. Herein, we introduce three molecular descriptors that quantify hapten rigidity. By using of these descriptors, four rifamycin haptens with varied rigidity were designed. The structural and physicochemical feasibility of the designed haptens was then assessed by computational chemistry. Immunization demonstrated that the strength of induced immune responses, i.e., the titer and affinity of antiserum, was significantly increased with increased rigidity of haptens. Furthermore, molecular dynamic simulations demonstrated conformation constraint of rigid haptens contributed to the initial binding and activation of naïve B cells. Finally, a highly sensitive indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed for detection of rifaximin, with an IC50 of 1.1 µg/L in buffer and a limit of detection of 0.2-11.3 µg/L in raw milk, river water, and soil samples. This work provides new insights into the effect of hapten rigidity on immunogenicity and offers new hapten design strategies for antibody discovery and vaccine development of small molecules.


Assuntos
Anticorpos , Rifamicinas , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Imunoensaio , Haptenos
3.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0296782, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306357

RESUMO

Based Correctly handling the creativity of employees who have not been adopted is not only conducive to continuously stimulating employees' creativity and improving individual innovation performance, but also conducive to making the best use of organizational resources. This study integrates conservation of resource theory (COR) and social information processing theory to explore the influence of bootleg innovation behavior in organizations on individual innovation performance, as well as the mediating role of cognitive flexibility and the moderating role of leadership emotional intelligence. A three-stage time-lagged research design is used to obtain a valid sample of 327 employees from China. The PROCESS macro for SPSS was applied to test the hypothesized relationships. Findings demonstrated that bootleg innovation is positively related to individual innovation performance; cognitive flexibility mediates the relationship between bootleg innovation and individual innovation performance. Moreover, leadership emotional intelligence moderates the relationship between bootleg innovation and individual innovation performance and between bootleg innovation and cognitive flexibility and between cognitive flexibility and individual innovation performance respectively. The conclusion of the study not only provides a theoretical basis for individuals and leaders to deal with employees' creative abortion, but also provides a new thinking mode for how to maximize the effectiveness of unaccepted ideas and promote individual innovation performance.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Liderança , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Cognição , China , Inteligência Emocional
4.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0293454, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349897

RESUMO

In a dynamic and competitive business environment, managerial ability emerges as a pivotal strategic factor for capitalizing on new opportunities within the technological revolution and digital transformation of enterprises. Based on data from Chinese A-share listed firms spanning from 2009 to 2019, this study integrates insights from the upper echelons theory and the behavioral theory of the firm to investigate the moderating roles of historical aspiration shortfalls and industrial competitiveness on the relationship between managerial ability and enterprise digital transformation from internal and external pressure perspectives. Our findings indicate a positive impact of managerial ability on digital transformation. The relationship between managerial ability and digital transformation is reinforced by historical aspiration shortfalls; nevertheless, industrial competitiveness has attenuated the aforementioned relationship. This study contributes to a better understanding of the strategic implications of managerial ability within the context of organizational innovation strategies. It offers valuable insights into the decision-making processes of firms as they navigate the challenges of digital transformation within an ever-evolving business environment.

5.
PLoS One ; 19(1): e0298247, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38295085

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0295565.].

6.
Front Psychiatry ; 14: 1287217, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38076705

RESUMO

Introduction: As a common phenomenon of workplace negative gossip in organizations, how it affects employees' work engagement is not yet clear, nor what methods can be used to mitigate its negative impact on employees' work engagement. Methods: Based on Conservation of Resource Theory, this study obtained 334 valid employee samples from mainland China enterprises through a three-time lagged research design and explored the mechanism of negative workplace gossip on work engagement from the dual perspectives of employees and supervisors. Results: The results show that: (1) Negative workplace gossip negatively affects employee work engagement. (2) Professional commitment plays a mediating role between negative workplace gossip and employee work engagement. (3) Employee mindfulness negatively moderates the negative impact of workplace negative gossip on professional commitment; superior trust negatively moderates the negative impact of workplace negative gossip on professional commitment. (4) Employee mindfulness and superior trust are further weakened to moderate the negative indirect impact of workplace negative gossip on employee work engagement through professional commitment, and this negative indirect impact is weaker when employees have a higher degree of mindfulness and higher trust in superiors. Discussion: It proposes effective strategies for managing workplace gossip to harness its positive influence and offer practical guidance to enhance employee work engagement.

7.
PLoS One ; 18(12): e0295565, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38079443

RESUMO

Identification of sugarcane stem nodes is generally dependent on high-performance recognition equipment in sugarcane seed pre-cutting machines and inefficient. Accordingly, this study proposes a novel lightweight architecture for the detection of sugarcane stem nodes based on the YOLOv5 framework, named G-YOLOv5s-SS. Firstly, the study removes the CBS and C3 structures at the end of the backbone network to fully utilize shallow-level feature information. This enhances the detection performance of sugarcane stem nodes. Simultaneously, it eliminates the 32 times down-sampled branches in the neck structure and the 20x20 detection heads at the prediction end, reducing model complexity. Secondly, a Ghost lightweight module is introduced to replace the conventional convolution module in the BottleNeck structure, further reducing the model's complexity. Finally, the study incorporates the SimAM attention mechanism to enhance the extraction of sugarcane stem node features without introducing additional parameters. This improvement aims to enhance recognition accuracy, compensating for any loss in precision due to lightweight modifications. The experimental results showed that the average precision of the improved network for sugarcane stem node identification reached 97.6%, which was 0.6% higher than that of the YOLOv5 baseline network. Meanwhile, a model size of 2.6MB, 1,129,340 parameters, and 7.2G FLOPs, representing respective reductions of 82%, 84%, and 54.4%. Compared with mainstream one-stage target detection algorithms such as YOLOv4-tiny, YOLOv4, YOLOv5n, YOLOv6n, YOLOv6s, YOLOv7-tiny, and YOLOv7, G-YOLOv5s-SS achieved respective average precision improvements of 12.9%, 5.07%, 3.6%, 2.1%, 1.2%, 3%, and 0.4% in sugarcane stem nodes recognition. Meanwhile, the model size was compressed by 88.9%, 98.9%, 33.3%, 72%, 92.9%, 78.8% and 96.3%, respectively. Compared with similar studies, G-YOLOv5s-SS not only enhanced recognition accuracy but also considered model size, demonstrating an overall excellent performance that aligns with the requirements of sugarcane seed pre-cutting machines.


Assuntos
Saccharum , Algoritmos , Membrana Eritrocítica , Inclusão Escolar , Pescoço
8.
PeerJ ; 11: e16254, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37920843

RESUMO

Armadillo (ARM) was a gene family important to plants, with crucial roles in regulating plant growth, development, and stress responses. However, the properties and functions of ARM family members in maize had received limited attention. Therefore, this study employed bioinformatics methods to analyze the structure and evolution of ARM-repeat protein family members in maize. The maize (Zea mays L.) genome contains 56 ARM genes distributed over 10 chromosomes, and collinearity analysis indicated 12 pairs of linkage between them. Analysis of the physicochemical properties of ARM proteins showed that most of these proteins were acidic and hydrophilic. According to the number and evolutionary analysis of the ARM genes, the ARM genes in maize can be divided into eight subgroups, and the gene structure and conserved motifs showed similar compositions in each group. The findings shed light on the significant roles of 56 ZmARM domain genes in development and abiotic stress, particularly drought stress. RNA-Seq and qRT-PCR analysis revealed that drought stress exerts an influence on specific members of the ZmARM family, such as ZmARM4, ZmARM12, ZmARM34 and ZmARM36. The comprehensive profiling of these genes in the whole genome, combined with expression analysis, establishes a foundation for further exploration of plant gene function in the context of abiotic stress and reproductive development.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Zea mays , Zea mays/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
9.
Anal Chem ; 95(39): 14665-14674, 2023 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37679861

RESUMO

A sandwich immunoassay theoretically exhibits higher sensitivity and specificity compared to a competitive counterpart; however, it is extremely difficult to obtain a pair of antibodies that can bind to a small molecule simultaneously, which is always thought to be a single epitope. In the present study, abamectin (ABM) was selected to prove the effect of hapten design and antibody recognition properties on the development of a sandwich immunoassay for small molecules. First, the epitopes of ABM were roughly located, and epitope distances were determined. Then, two haptens were designed by introducing spacer arms at the C4″-OH and C5-OH of ABM, respectively, aiming to provide the longest epitope distances. A total of seven rabbit polyclonal antibodies (pAbs) and 21 mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with various recognition properties were obtained. Extensive combinatorial associations of antibody pairs for simultaneously binding to ABM were performed, and only two mAb-mAb pairs were observed to achieve a sandwich immunoassay for ABM with a total success rate of 0.27%. The best mAb pair for sandwich immunoassay was confirmed by surface plasmon resonance, used to develop a sandwich immunoassay, and then evaluated by cross-reactivities and molecular docking with structurally similar analogues and abamectin. Altogether, the study provided a theoretical foundation as well as practical experience and demonstrated the importance of careful hapten design and extensive antibody screening to successfully establish the sandwich immunoassay for small molecules.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Haptenos , Animais , Camundongos , Coelhos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Imunoensaio , Epitopos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
10.
Chemosphere ; 337: 139330, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37364645

RESUMO

Dissolved black carbon (DBC), an important photosensitizer in surface waters, can influence the photodegradation of various organic micropollutants. In natural water systems, DBC often co-occurs with metal ions as DBC-metal ion complexes; however, the influence of metal ion complexation on the photochemical activity of DBC is still unclear. Herein, the effects of metal ion complexation were investigated using common metal ions (Mn2+, Cr3+, Cu2+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Al3+, Ca2+, and Mg2+). Complexation constants (logKM) derived from three-dimensional fluorescence spectra revealed that Mn2+, Cr3+, Cu2+, Fe3+, Zn2+, and Al3+ quenched the fluorescence components of DBC via static quenching. The steady-state radical experiment suggested that in the complex systems of DBC with various metal ions, Mn2+, Cr3+, Cu2+, Fe3+, Zn2+ and Al3+ inhibited the photogeneration of 3DBC* via dynamic quenching, which reduced the yields of 3DBC*-derived 1O2 and O2·-. Moreover, 3DBC* quenching by metal ions was associated with the complexation constant. A strong positive linear relationship existed between logKM and the dynamic quenching rate constant of metal ions. These results indicate that the strong complexation ability of metal ions enabled 3DBC quenching, which highlights the photochemical activity of DBC in natural aquatic environments enriched with metal ions.


Assuntos
Metais , Água , Metais/química , Íons , Fotólise , Carbono
11.
Polymers (Basel) ; 15(9)2023 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37177166

RESUMO

Nanofiltration membranes are of great significance to the treatment of dye wastewater. Interfacial polymerization is a widely used method to fabricate nanofiltration membranes. In this study, the interaction of tannic acid-assisted polyethylene polyamine (PEPA) with terephthalaldehyde (TPAL) was performed on PES ultrafiltration membranes using novel nitrogen-rich amine monomers and relatively less reactive aldehyde-based monomers. A new nanofiltration membrane ((T-P-T)/PES) was prepared by interfacial polymerization. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy were used to analyze the elemental composition, bonding state, and surface morphology of the membrane surface. The effects of the PEPA deposition time, TPAL concentration, interfacial reaction time, and curing time on the nanofiltration layer were investigated. The modified membrane, prepared under optimal conditions, showed strong dye separation ability. The permeation of the modified membrane could reach 68.68 L·m-2·h-1·bar-1, and the rejection of various dyes was above 99%. In addition, the (T-P-T)/PES membrane showed good stability during long-term dye separation.

12.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 235: 115235, 2023 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37178511

RESUMO

DNA methylation plays a critical role in the development of human tumors. However, routine characterization of DNA methylation can be time-consuming and labor-intensive. We herein describe a sensitive, simple surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) approach for identifying the DNA methylation pattern in early-stage lung cancer (LC) patients. By comparing SERS spectra of methylated DNA bases or sequences with their counterparts, we identified a reliable spectral marker of cytosine methylation. To move toward clinical applications, we applied our SERS strategy to detect the methylation patterns of genomic DNA (gDNA) extracted from cell line models as well as formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues of early-stage LC and benign lung diseases (BLD) patients. In a clinical cohort of 106 individuals, our results showed distinct methylation patterns in gDNA between early-stage LC (n = 65) and BLD patients (n = 41), suggesting cancer-induced DNA methylation alterations. Combined with partial least square discriminant analysis, early-stage LC and BLD patients were differentiated with an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.85. We believe that the SERS profiling of DNA methylation alterations, together with machine learning could potentially offer a promising new route toward the early detection of LC.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Pneumopatias , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Metilação de DNA/genética , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Pneumopatias/genética , DNA/genética , DNA/química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética
13.
PLoS One ; 18(4): e0282854, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37014835

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has drawn attention to the strategic responses of Chinese firms on digital transformation and led to a call for enhancing competitive advantage via accelerating digital transformation. Besides the physical health issue, the pandemic has triggered an extraordinary social and economic crisis in which service industries have been attacked hard. In this situation, firms are meeting increasing competitive pressure, which urges them to achieve better performance with the help of digital transformation. Based on the technology-organization-environment framework and dynamic capabilities theory, this research proposed two studies with two methods, including a structural equation model and a regression discontinuity design with a fixed-effect model. The findings suggest digital transformation mediates the relationship between competitive pressure and firm performance among Chinese small- and medium-sized enterprises and large firms after the outbreak of COVID-19, respectively. It confirms that digital transformation is a practical strategic decision for Chinese service firms to respond to increasing competitive pressure in the COVID-19 pandemic. Besides, the results also illustrate the moderating effects of absorptive, innovative, and adaptive capability on the relationship between digital transformation and firm performance among large firms.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Comércio , Indústrias , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias
14.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1239: 340699, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628767

RESUMO

Antibodies against small molecules with high titer and high affinity are always pursued in the field of vaccines for drugs of abuse, antidotes to toxins and immunoassays in medical, environmental, and food safety. The exposure degree of the target molecule to the immune system is critical to induce a strongly specific antibody response, thus, the spacer arm length between the target molecule and carrier protein plays an important role. However, the influence of spacer arm length on antibody titer, affinity, and assay performance is not yet clear and highly demanded to be addressed. In the present study, we proposed a model study to answer the question by using two typical small molecules, melamine and p-nitroaniline, which were introduced by varied spacer arms with increasing alkane linear length from 2 to 12 carbon atoms brick by brick. The spacer arm lengths of the haptens were obtained by computational chemistry. The titer and affinity of mouse antisera were analyzed and compared, showing that all haptens with spacer arms of 6-8 carbon atoms, i.e. 6.3-8.8 Å in length, induced strong antibodies represented by the highest titer and affinity without exception, while the haptens with spacer arms of 2-4 carbon atoms and 10-12 carbon atoms, i.e. 1.5-3.9 Å and 11.3-13.9 Å in length, failed to induce high-quality antibody response. Moreover, the titer and sensitivity of the subsequently developed immunoassays were significantly affected by using coating haptens with different spacer arm lengths, and coating haptens with a spacer arm of 6.3-8.8 Å in length delivered the optimum detection performance. The antibody recognition mechanism study further confirmed that the hapten spacer arm length had a critical effect on the recognition properties of the induced antibody, which should be interactive with the spacer arm each other. This study showed that the hapten with appropriate spacer arm length is important to antibody response and immunoassay development, providing a valuable and general clue for the rational design of hapten.


Assuntos
Formação de Anticorpos , Haptenos , Animais , Camundongos , Haptenos/química , Anticorpos , Imunoensaio , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
15.
Bioresour Technol ; 368: 128352, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403914

RESUMO

The microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) is a promising technology for antibiotic removal in sewage sludge. Temperature and voltage are key operating factors, but information about their effects on antibiotic degradation in MECs is still limited. Therefore, the effects of the temperature and applied voltage on the degradation and solid-liquid distribution of antibiotics in MECs treating sewage sludge were investigated. The results showed that the thermophilic (55 °C) MEC (T-MEC) at 0.8 V achieved the highest total antibiotic removal efficiency of 58.7 % due to the increase in bioelectrochemical activity for anodes and microbial activity in suspended sludge. The solid-liquid migration of antibiotics was facilitated, which had a significant positive correlation with antibiotic removal. Biodegradation was the rate-limiting step for the removal of fluoroquinolones, which had the highest levels in sludge. Geobacter and Thermincola were dominant bacteria in the anode biofilms of mesophilic (37 °C) MECs (M-MECs) and T-MECs, respectively.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Esgotos , Temperatura , Eletrólise , Fluoroquinolonas
16.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 13(1)2023 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38247480

RESUMO

Plants have evolved complicated defense and adaptive systems to grow in various abiotic stress environments such as drought, cold, and salinity. Anthocyanins belong to the secondary metabolites of flavonoids with strong antioxidant activity in response to various abiotic stress and enhance stress tolerance. Anthocyanin accumulation often accompanies the resistance to abiotic stress in plants to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS). Recent research evidence showed that many regulatory pathways such as osmoregulation, antioxidant response, plant hormone response, photosynthesis, and respiration regulation are involved in plant adaption to stress. However, the molecular regulatory mechanisms involved in controlling anthocyanin biosynthesis in relation to abiotic stress response have remained obscure. Here, we summarize the current research progress of specific regulators including small RNAs, and lncRNAs involved in the molecular regulation of abiotic stress-induced anthocyanin biosynthesis. In addition, an integrated regulatory network of anthocyanin biosynthesis controlled by microRNAs (miRNAs), long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), transcription factors, and stress response factors is also discussed. Understanding molecular mechanisms of anthocyanin biosynthesis for ROS scavenging in various abiotic stress responses will benefit us for resistance breeding in crop plants.

17.
Anal Chem ; 94(51): 17843-17852, 2022 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36519948

RESUMO

The pursuit of the limit between dimensionalities is a scientific goal with high applicability. Sandwich immunoassay, usually based on two antibodies binding two epitopes, is one of the most popular mainstay tools in both academic and industrial fields. Herein, we determined and evaluated the minimum distance of two epitopes in sandwich immunoassays for small molecules. Briefly, nine model analytes comprising two hapten epitopes, that is, melamine (MEL) and p-nitroaniline (NIA), were designed by increasing the linear chain linkers brick by brick. Two groups of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced with different recognition properties toward MEL and NIA using 12 new haptens with different spacer arms. The results indicated that two epitopes of the analyte with a distance of only 2.4 Å could be simultaneously bound by two mAbs, which is the known limit of epitope distance in sandwich immunoassays thus far. We further found that an epitope distance of below 8.8 Å for the analyte generally induces noticeable steric hindrance of antibodies, preventing a sandwich immunoassay with high probability. These observations were investigated and evaluated by molecular docking, molecular dynamics, and surface plasmon resonance and using model and real analytes. Altogether, we determined the minimum distance of two epitopes and explored the molecular mechanism of the antibody-analyte-antibody ternary complex in sandwich immunoassays, providing a theoretical basis for hapten design, antibody discovery and development, and sandwich immunoassay establishment for small molecules.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Haptenos , Epitopos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Imunoensaio/métodos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química
18.
RSC Adv ; 12(54): 35396-35408, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36540214

RESUMO

Self-healing materials have attracted widespread attention owing to their capacity to extend the lifetime of materials and improve resource utilization. However, achieving superior mechanical performance and high self-healable capability simultaneously under moderate conditions remains a long-standing challenge. Integrating multiple dynamic interactions in waterborne polyurethane (WPU) systems can overcome the above-mentioned issue. Herein, environmentally friendly WPU systems containing multiple hydrogen bonds and boronic ester bonds in their polymer backbones were synthesized, where 2,6-diaminopyridine (DAP) and boric acid (BA) served as a dynamic chain extender and reversible cross-linking agent, respectively. The chain structure of the polymer was adjusted by controlling the ratio (DAP/BA) of hard segments, which could effectively meet the requirement of mechanical robustness and desirable self-healable efficiency. Benefiting from multiple dynamic interactions, the prepared WPU elastomer exhibited good mechanical properties, such as tensile strength (from 18.89 MPa to 30.78 MPa), elongation (about 900%) and toughness (from 54.82 MJ m-3 to 92.74 MJ m-3). Driven by water and heat, the IP-DAP40-BA10-WPU film cut in the middle exhibited good self-healing ability, with healing efficiencies of tensile stress of 90.74% and elongation of 91.29% after self-healing at 80 °C for 36 h. Meanwhile, the synthesized WPU elastomer exhibited good water resistance and thermal stability. This work presents a novel way to design robust self-healable materials, which will have wide promising applications in flexible electronics, smart coatings and adhesives.

19.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 927642, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36061562

RESUMO

Objective: Permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) is a common complication after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Recently, the cusp-overlap projection (COP) technique was thought to be a feasible method to reduce PPI risk. However, the evidence is still relatively scarce. Therefore, this meta-analysis was performed to compare COP and standard three-cusp coplanar (TCC) projection technique. Methods: PubMed and EMBASE databases were systematically searched for relevant literature published from the inception (EMBASE from 1974 and PubMed from 1966) to 16 April 2022, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. The primary outcome of interest was post-operative (including in-hospital and 30-day) PPI. Results: Total of 3,647 subjects from 11 studies were included in this meta-analysis. Of those, 1,453 underwent self-expanding TAVR using COP and 2,194 using TCC technique. In a pooled analysis, the cumulative PPI incidence was 9.3% [95% confidence interval (CI): 6.9-11.7%] and 18.9% (95% CI: 15.5-22.3%) in the COP group and TCC group, respectively. The application of the COP technique was associated with a significant PPI risk reduction (I2 = 40.3% and heterogeneity Chi-square p = 0.070, random-effects OR: 0.49, 95% CI: 0.36-0.66, p < 0.001). A higher implantation depth was achieved in the COP group compared with the TCC group [standardized mean difference (SMD) = -0.324, 95% CI: (-0.469, -0.180)]. There was no significant difference between the two groups in second valve implantation, prosthesis pop-out, fluoroscopic time, post-operative left bundle branch block, mortality, stroke, moderate/severe paravalvular leakage, mean gradient, and length of hospital stay. However, radiation doses were higher in the COP group [SMD = 0.394, 95% CI: (0.216, 0.572), p < 0.001]. Conclusion: In self-expanding TAVR, the application of the cusp overlap projection technique was associated with a lower risk of PPI compared with the standard TCC technique. Systematic review registration: [https://inplasy.com/inplasy-2022-4-0092/], identifier [INPLASY202240092].

20.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(14)2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35889654

RESUMO

Photodetectors are widely applied in modern industrial fields because they convert light energy into electrical signals. We propose a printable silver (Ag) paste electrode for a highly flexible metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) broadband visible light photodetector as a wearable and portable device. Single-crystal and surface-textured silicon substrates with thicknesses of 37.21 µm were fabricated using a wet etching process. Surface texturization on flexible Si substrates enhances the light-trapping effect and minimizes reflectance from the incident light, and the average reflectance is reduced by 16.3% with pyramid-like structures. In this study, semitransparent, conductive Ag paste electrodes were manufactured using a screen-printing with liquid-phase process to form a flexible MSM broadband visible light photodetector. The transmittance of the homemade Ag paste solution fell between 34.83% and 36.98% in the wavelength range of visible light, from 400 nm to 800 nm. The highest visible light photosensitivity was 1.75 × 104 at 19.5 W/m2. The photocurrents of the flexible MSM broadband visible light photodetector were slightly changed under concave and convex conditions, displaying stable and durable bending properties.

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