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1.
Food Res Int ; 164: 112368, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36737955

RESUMO

Whey protein hydrolysate (WPH), maltodextrin (MD), low methoxy pectin (LMP) and high methoxy pectin (HMP) were used to study the interface binding under high temperature sterilization conditions (121 °C, 15 min). The effect of competitive binding of MD and pectin with interface protein on the storage stability and gastrointestinal fate of fish oil emulsion was studied. The low-molecular-weight MD and the interface protein undergo a wide range of covalent binding through the Maillard reaction, while a small amount of high-molecular-weight pectin can form a protective shell with the interface protein through electrostatic interaction to inhibit the covalent reaction of MD, which was called competitive binding. However, due to the bridging and depletion flocculation of pectin, the emulsification stability of fish oil emulsion reduced. After 13 days of storage, compared with the particle size of the WPH fish oil emulsion (459.18 nm), the fish oil emulsion added with LMP and HMP reached 693.58 nm and 838.54 nm, respectively. In vitro digestion proved that WPH fish oil emulsion flocculated rapidly in the stomach (1.76 µm), while WPH-MD and WPH-MD-pectin fish oil emulsions flocculated slightly (less than800 nm). WPH-MD-pectin delayed digestion in the gastrointestinal tract, and HMP exhibited a better slow-release effect. This study provides reference for the design of multi-component functional drinks and other bioactive ingredient delivery system.

2.
Physiol Plant ; : e13859, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688571

RESUMO

Chaenomeles speciosa is a plant with high ornamental value, and the colour of its petals deepens obviously under drought stress. To understand the mechanism of drought-induced reddening of C. speciosa petal colour, the metabolites and transcriptomics of petals from 4% PEG-8000-treated and control cuttings were analysed. In this study, the analysis of metabolites revealed the accumulation of anthocyanins in petals of PEG-treated cuttings, indicating anthocyanins might be the reason for the deepening of petal colour. By using transcriptomics, we identified CsMYB6 as an overexpressed transcription factor in PEG-treated samples. Transient overexpression and suppression of CsMYB6 revealed that it is a key transcription factor for anthocyanin synthesis. We identified genes related to anthocyanin biosynthesis and constructed a network of drought- and anthocyanin-related genes (such as CsMYB6, CsbHLH111, CsANS, CsDFR and CsUFGT). Further experiments indicated that CsMYB6 directly interacted with CsbHLH111, and this interaction increased the binding ability of CsMYB6 to the promoter regions of three structural genes of anthocyanin biosynthesis: CsANS, CsDFR and CsUFGT. Our findings provide a molecular basis and new insight into drought-induced anthocyanin biosynthesis in C. speciosa. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Phytomedicine ; 110: 154643, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin aging is associated with degradation of collagen by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which leads to loss of skin elasticity and formation of wrinkles. Cosmos caudatus Kunth (CC) has been traditionally claimed as an anti-aging agent in Malaysia. Despite its well-known antioxidant activity, the anti-aging properties of CC was not validated. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the anti-aging potential of CC extracts and fractions, particularly their inhibition of collagenase, MMP-1 and MMP-3 activities in human dermal fibroblasts CCD-966SK, followed by isolation, identification and analysis of their bioactive constituents. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: DPPH assay was firstly used to evaluate the antioxidant activity throughout the bioactivity-guided fractionation. Cell viability was determined using MTS assay. Collagenase activity was examined, while MMP-1 and MMP-3 expression were measured using qRT-PCR and western blotting. Then, chemical identification of pure compounds isolated from CC fractions was done by using ESIMS, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopies. HPLC analyses were carried out for bioactive fractions to quantify the major components. RESULTS: Throughout the antioxidant activity-guided fractionation, fractions CC-E2 and CC-E3 with antioxidant activity and no toxicity towards CCD-966SK cells were obtained from CC 75% ethanol partitioned layer (CC-E). Both fractions inhibited collagenase activity, MMP-1 and MMP-3 mRNA and protein expression, as well as NF-κB activation induced by TNF-α in CCD-966SK cells. 14 compounds, which mainly consists of flavonoids and their glycosides, were isolated. Quercitrin (14.79% w/w) and quercetin (11.20% w/w) were major compounds in CC-E2 and CC-E3, respectively, as quantified by HPLC. Interestingly, both fractions also inhibited the MMP-3 protein expression synergistically, compared with treatment alone. CONCLUSION: The quantified CC fractions rich in flavonoid glycosides exhibited skin anti-aging effects via the inhibition of collagenase, MMP-1 and MMP-3 activities, probably through NF-κB pathway. This is the first study reported on MMP-1 and MMP-3 inhibitory activity of CC with its chemical profile, which revealed its potential to be developed as anti-aging products in the future.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz , Envelhecimento da Pele , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/genética , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/metabolismo , Colagenases/metabolismo , Colagenases/farmacologia , Pele , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Envelhecimento , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Fibroblastos
4.
Langmuir ; 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633940

RESUMO

A new form of surfactant-free microemulsion (SFME) including hydrophobic deep eutectic solvent (HDES)/ethanol/water was constructed based on its CO2 response, and three regions, that is, HDES-in-water (HDES/W), bicontinuous (B.C.), and water-in-HDES (W/HDES) regions, were recognized. It is anticipated that SFMEs with tunable microstructures have outstanding applications as nanoreactors in reaction processes. The feasibility of preparing nanoparticles from HDES/ethanol/water SFME using barium fluoride (BaF2) as a model nanoparticle was investigated. HDES-based microemulsions benefit from HDES's excellent properties (novel, low toxicity, CO2-responsive, easy availability) and have potential in universal reactions, drug delivery, advanced material fabrication, etc. In this research, HDES-based microemulsions were prepared using HDES as the oil phase. Phase equilibria and microstructure were investigated using a ternary phase diagram, UV spectrophotometry, and the conductivity method. The CO2 switchable characteristics of the HDES-based microemulsions were investigated. HDES-based microemulsions were proposed as nanoreactors for the synthesis of barium fluoride nanomaterials. The microemulsion structure can modulate the size, morphology, and physicochemical properties of the nanoparticles through the CO2 switchable properties. It is argued that nanoreactors constructed with versatile HDES will offer a new direction for creation of cutting-edge scientific applications.

5.
Brief Bioinform ; 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682018

RESUMO

The determination of transcriptome profiles that mediate immune therapy in cancer remains a major clinical and biological challenge. Despite responses induced by immune-check points inhibitors (ICIs) in diverse tumor types and all the big breakthroughs in cancer immunotherapy, most patients with solid tumors do not respond to ICI therapies. It still remains a big challenge to predict the ICI treatment response. Here, we propose a framework with multiple prior knowledge networks guided for immune checkpoints inhibitors prediction-DeepOmix-ICI (or ICInet for short). ICInet can predict the immune therapy response by leveraging geometric deep learning and prior biological knowledge graphs of gene-gene interactions. Here, we demonstrate more than 600 ICI-treated patients with ICI response data and gene expression profile to apply on ICInet. ICInet was used for ICI therapy responses prediciton across different cancer types-melanoma, gastric cancer and bladder cancer, which includes 7 cohorts from different data sources. ICInet is able to robustly generalize into multiple cancer types. Moreover, the performance of ICInet in those cancer types can outperform other ICI biomarkers in the clinic. Our model [area under the curve (AUC = 0.85)] generally outperformed other measures, including tumor mutational burden (AUC = 0.62) and programmed cell death ligand-1 score (AUC = 0.74). Therefore, our study presents a prior-knowledge guided deep learning method to effectively select immunotherapy-response-associated biomarkers, thereby improving the prediction of immunotherapy response for precision oncology.

6.
NAR Genom Bioinform ; 5(1): lqad005, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694663

RESUMO

Mutational signatures are characteristic patterns of mutations caused by endogenous or exogenous mutational processes. These signatures can be discovered by analyzing mutations in large sets of samples-usually somatic mutations in tumor samples. Most programs for discovering mutational signatures are based on non-negative matrix factorization (NMF). Alternatively, signatures can be discovered using hierarchical Dirichlet process (HDP) mixture models, an approach that has been less explored. These models assign mutations to clusters and view each cluster as being generated from the signature of a particular mutational process. Here, we describe mSigHdp, an improved approach to using HDP mixture models to discover mutational signatures. We benchmarked mSigHdp and state-of-the-art NMF-based approaches on four realistic synthetic data sets. These data sets encompassed 18 cancer types. In total, they contained 3.5 × 107 single-base-substitution mutations representing 32 signatures and 6.1 × 106 small insertion and deletion mutations representing 13 signatures. For three of the four data sets, mSigHdp had the best positive predictive value for discovering mutational signatures, and for all four data sets, it had the best true positive rate. Its CPU usage was similar to that of the NMF-based approaches. Thus, mSigHdp is an important and practical addition to the set of tools available for discovering mutational signatures.

8.
Food Chem ; 409: 135363, 2023 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592598

RESUMO

As a widely used industrial additive of plastic products, phthalate ester (PAE) plasticizers can easily migrate into food, threatening human health. In this work, we proposed a rapid, precise, and reliable method to detect PAE plasticizers in edible oils by using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) technology. A two-dimensional (2D) silver plate synergizing with a nanosilver sol was prepared as a substrate for SERS to detect potassium hydrogen phthalate (PHP), a hydrolysate of a PAE plasticizer. Detection conditions, such as pH values, drying times, and hydrolysate interference, were optimized. The working curve was well fitted with a linear parameter R2 of 0.9994, and the minimum detection limit was evaluated as 10-9 mol/L. Furthermore, the detection accuracy was supported by five edible oil samples. Therefore, using SERS technology to detect PHP is expected to provide an avenue for PAE plasticizer detection in oils and fats, and it features promising potential applications in food safety.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Ácidos Ftálicos , Humanos , Plastificantes/química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Óleos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química
9.
Thorac Cancer ; 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have become one important therapeutic strategy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It remains imperative to identify reliable and convenient biomarkers to predict both the efficacy and toxicity of immunotherapy, and tumor-associated autoantibodies (TAAbs) are recognized as one of the promising candidates for this. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study enrolled 97 advanced NSCLC patients with ICI-based immunotherapy treatment, who were divided into a training cohort (n = 48) and a validation cohort (n = 49), and measured for the serum level of 35 TAAbs. According to the statistical association between the serum positivity and clinical outcome of each TAAb in the training cohort, a TAAb panel was developed to predict the progression-free survival (PFS), and further examined in the validation cohort and in different subgroups. Similarly, another TAAb panel was derived to predict the occurrence of immune-related adverse events (irAEs). RESULTS: In the training cohort, a 7-TAAb panel composed of p53, CAGE, MAGEA4, GAGE7, UTP14A, IMP2, and PSMC1 TAAbs was derived to predict PFS (median PFS [mPFS] 9.9 vs. 4.3 months, p = 0.043). The statistical association between the panel positivity and longer PFS was confirmed in the validation cohort (mPFS 11.1 vs. 4.8 months, p = 0.015) and in different subgroups of patients. Moreover, another 4-TAAb panel of BRCA2, MAGEA4, ZNF768, and PARP TAAbs was developed to predict the occurrence of irAEs, showing higher risk in panel-positive patients (71.43% vs. 28.91%, p = 0.0046). CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our study developed and validated two TAAb panels as valuable prognostic biomarkers for immunotherapy.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 230: 123265, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646346

RESUMO

In regenerative medicine and bone tissue engineering, various composite materials are enormously popular, but the final tissue restoration outcome is not always satisfactory. In this study, bilayer-deposited multifunctional nanofiber mats were successfully fabricated with an osteogenic side of silk fibroin/poly (ε-caprolactone) (referred to as SF/PCL) and an antibacterial side of poly (ε-caprolactone)/chitosan (referred to as PCL/CS). The PCL/CS-SF/PCL (referred to as PCSP) mats exhibited biocompatible properties, sufficient hydrophilicity and mechanical properties, as well as a higher breaking strength (3.6 MPa) than the monolayer of SF/PCL mats (1.5 MPa). The antibacterial side of PCSP mats (A-layer) demonstrated ideal antibacterial potency because the survival rate of Escherichia coli (E. coli) (approximately 25 %) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) (approximately 15 %) were both significantly lower. Subsequently, the plasmid encoding runt related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) was complexed with the osteogenic side of PCSP mats (O-layer) through polyethyleneimine (PEI), thereby enhancing both osteogenesis-related gene expression and the formation of mineralized nodules. Similarly, the implantation of PCSP+Runx2 mats effectively promoted bone tissue generation in vivo. These results indicated the excellent prospects of applying PCSP mats to bone regeneration with gene delivery.

11.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 150: 108368, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634465

RESUMO

Development of rapid and sensitive method for the discrimination of bases in oligonucleotides is of great importance in clinical diagnosis. Here, we demonstrate the first case of single iridium(III) solvent complex-based electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) and photoluminescence (PL) sensor array for the discrimination of bases in oligonucleotides. One iridium (III) solvent complex ([Ir(ppy)2(DMSO)Cl], ppy = 2-phenylpyridine, probe 1) was designed as both ECL and PL probe while five bases (guanine, adenine, cytosine, thymine and uracil) were chosen as analytes. Two-element sensor array was built for the discrimination of five bases based on the fingerprint response of probe 1 to bases via coordination interactions. The combination of unique ECL and PL variations with principal component analysis was applied for the quantitative analysis of five bases in a linear range of 1.0 µM-10 µM and for the effective discrimination of individual base, the mixture of bases and oligonucleotides. Moreover, the sensor array was successfully applied to discriminate different mismatched ss-DNAs from HIV gene (a fully-matched ss-DNA), even at single-base difference. This work demonstrates that the sensor array using single iridium (III) solvent complex is a promising approach for the discrimination of bases with good sensitivity and simpleness in clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Irídio , Luminescência , Humanos , Solventes , Oligonucleotídeos
12.
Langmuir ; 39(4): 1686-1693, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642949

RESUMO

Ice accretion always brings much inconvenience in the field of production and life. How to anti-ice or de-ice easily on solid surfaces becomes research focus in the engineering material fields. In this work, a kind of photo-thermal superhydrophobic polyurethane sponge (PSP-SPONGE) was developed by depositing Fe3O4 nanoparticles and polydopamine and simple fluorination treatment to realize anti-icing and de-icing fast under faint sunlight irradiation. Utilizing the thermal insulation of porous PSP-SPONGE, the photo-thermal energy was located at the sunlight irradiation area, which heated PSP-SPONGE surface rapidly under sunlight irradiation in cold surroundings. Water droplets on PSP-SPONGE surface would never freeze under faint 0.3 kW/m2 ("0.3 sun") sunlight illumination in -30 °C damp surroundings, and the ice melts entirely within 18 min under "1 sun" illumination. Furthermore, PSP-SPONGE has excellent self-cleaning and self-healing properties that can cope with the complex and volatile natural environment to guarantee durable anti-icing and de-icing performances. The simulated outdoor snow removal test also proved that snow on PSP-SPONGE surface could melt under "0.5 sun" sunlight illumination in -30 °C damp surroundings. The PSP-SPONGE fabricated with simple preparation and easy access has wide application prospects in anti-icing and de-icing.

13.
Neurosurg Rev ; 46(1): 40, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694014

RESUMO

Given the good results of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the treatment of movement disorders, DBS was initially tried to treat Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS) with the aim to alleviate LNS-related dystonia. Some cases have reported clinical results of DBS in LNS thus far. This systematic review was conducted to comprehensively summarize cases of LNS treated with DBS and evaluate the efficacy and safety of DBS in LNS. Eight publications covering 12 LNS patients were included in this review. DBS improved dystonia of the LNS to varying degrees. All the included cases achieved partial or complete control of self-injurious behavior (SIB). Overall, DBS is a promising treatment for both motor and behavior disorders of LNS patients, but the results reported thus far have varied widely, especially for motor outcomes. The ultimate clinical benefits in LNS patients were still unpredictable. DBS-related complications were rather common, which raised questions about the safety of the procedure in LNS. More research is needed to further clarify the safety and effectiveness of this treatment.


Assuntos
Estimulação Encefálica Profunda , Distonia , Distúrbios Distônicos , Síndrome de Lesch-Nyhan , Humanos , Estimulação Encefálica Profunda/métodos , Distonia/terapia , Distúrbios Distônicos/terapia , Globo Pálido , Síndrome de Lesch-Nyhan/terapia , Síndrome de Lesch-Nyhan/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Bioresour Technol ; 371: 128589, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627086

RESUMO

Anaerobic fermentation is a promising method for waste activated sludge (WAS) treatment, but ineffective solubilization and hydrolysis limit its application. The current study examined the function of sodium sulfite (SDS) in potassium permanganate (PP)-conditioned WAS fermentation for short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) biosynthesis. The presence of SDS in the PP system (PP/SDS) reduced the positive effects of PP on total SCFAs yield (2755 versus 3471 mg COD/L), while effectively increasing the proportion of acetate (from 41 to 81 %). Not only did SDS decrease the promoting effects of PP on WAS solubilization and hydrolysis efficiency by 5-42 %, it also shifted microbial metabolic pathways to favor acetate production. In addition, the amino acid metabolism with acetate as end product was enhanced. Moreover, PP/SDS inhibited methanogenesis, resulting in an accumulation of acetate in high quantities. Thus, the current study a provided insight and direction for effective WAS treatment with acetate-enriched SCFAs production.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos Voláteis , Esgotos , Fermentação , Esgotos/química , Anaerobiose , Acetatos/farmacologia , Sulfitos/farmacologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
15.
Int J Bioprint ; 9(1): 628, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36636136

RESUMO

The major apparatuses used for three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting include extrusion-based, droplet-based, and laser-based bioprinting. Numerous studies have been proposed to fabricate bioactive 3D bone tissues using different bioprinting techniques. In addition to the development of bioinks and assessment of their printability for corresponding bioprinting processes, in vitro and in vivo success of the bioprinted constructs, such as their mechanical properties, cell viability, differentiation capability, immune responses, and osseointegration, have been explored. In this review, several major considerations, challenges, and potential strategies for bone bioprinting have been deliberated, including bioprinting apparatus, biomaterials, structure design of vascularized bone constructs, cell source, differentiation factors, mechanical properties and reinforcement, hypoxic environment, and dynamic culture. In addition, up-to-date progress in bone bioprinting is summarized in detail, which uncovers the immense potential of bioprinting in re-establishing the 3D dynamic microenvironment of the native bone. This review aims to assist the researchers to gain insights into the reconstruction of clinically relevant bone tissues with appropriate mechanical properties and precisely regulated biological behaviors.

16.
J Affect Disord ; 324: 317-324, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anhedonia is a suicide risk factor among adolescent patients with recurrent depressive disorder (depression hereafter). This study examined associations between suicidal ideation (SI) and residual depressive symptoms (RSD), including anhedonia, among clinically stable adolescents with depression. METHOD: A network analysis was performed to examine the association between RDS and SI among adolescents with depression. Node-specific predictive betweenness was computed to examine short paths between anhedonia and SI. Additionally, a Network Comparison Test (NCT) was conducted to examine gender differences in derived network model characteristics. RESULTS: The network analysis identified close associations of PHQ9 ("Suicide ideation") with PHQ1 ("Anhedonia") as well as some other RDS including PHQ6 ("Guilt"), PHQ2 ("Sad mood") and PHQ8 ("Motor disturbances"). Additionally, PHQ2 ("Sad mood") and PHQ4 ("Fatigue") were the main bridge nodes linking anhedonia and SI. Comparisons of network models did not find significant differences in network global strength or edge weights. LIMITATION: Causal relations between anhedonia and SI could not be determined due to the cross-sectional study design. CONCLUSIONS: SI was directly related to Anhedonia in addition to Guilt, Sad mood and Motor disturbances. Sad mood and Fatigue were the main bridge nodes linking Anhedonia and SI. To reduce the risk of SI among clinically stable adolescents with depression during the COVID-19 pandemic, specific RDS including Anhedonia, Guilt, Sad mood, Motor disturbances and Fatigue should be targeted in interventions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtorno Depressivo , Humanos , Adolescente , Depressão/epidemiologia , Ideação Suicida , Estudos Transversais , Pandemias , Anedonia
17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 226: 793-802, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526062

RESUMO

Most amino acid molecules have good water solubility and are rich in functional groups, which makes them a promising derivatizing agent for cellulose. However, self-condensation of amino acids and low reaction efficiency always happen during esterification. Here, amino acid hydrochloride ([AA]Cl) is selected as raw material to synthesize cellulose amino acid ester (CAE). Based on TG-MS coupling technology, a significantly faster reaction rate of [AA]Cl compared to raw amino acid can be observed visually. CAE with the degree of substitution 0.412-0.516 is facilely synthesized under 130-170 °C for 10-50 min. Moreover, the effects of amounts of [AA]Cl agent, temperature, and time on the esterification are studied. The CAE can be well dissolved in 7 wt% NaOH aq., resulting in a 7.5 wt% dope. The rheological test of the dope demonstrated a shear-thinning behavior for Newtonian-like fluid, and a high gel temperature (41.7 °C). Further, the synthesized products show distinct antibacterial activity and the bacteriostatic reduction rate against E. coli can reach 99.5 %.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Celulose , Celulose/química , Esterificação , Aminoácidos , Solubilidade , Escherichia coli , Ésteres
18.
Talanta ; 253: 123880, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095937

RESUMO

A ratiometric electrochemiluminescence strategy using a single luminophore for accurate and sensitive biomolecule detection could be immensely valuable in bioanalysis. Herein, an ultrasensitive ratiometric electrochemiluminescence sensing system was fabricated using a self-enhanced luminophore with dual-signal emission for the detection of spermine. A nanocomposite was synthesized by the covalent attachment of N, N-diisopropylethylenediamine onto glutathione-protected Au-Ag bimetallic nanoclusters (DPEA-GSH@Au/Ag BNCs). The nanocomposite exhibited efficient intra-cluster charge transfer to produce strong anodic self-enhanced electrochemiluminescence emission at 0.8 V without external co-reactants. Interestingly, the DPEA@GSH@Au-Ag BNCs exhibited cathodic electrochemiluminescence emission upon the addition of the co-reactant potassium persulfate at -1.6 V, exhibiting stable and efficient dual-signal electrochemiluminescence emission features at a continuous potential window of -1.75 to 1.2 V. Thus, they were used to fabricate a single-luminophore electrochemiluminescence sensor with dual emission. The cathodic emission of the biosensor gradually increased with increasing concentrations of spermine, whereas the anodic electrochemiluminescence intensity remained almost constant, enabling the ratiometric detection of spermine. The fabricated biosensor, with an internal standard, significantly improved the accuracy and reliability of spermine detection in a wide concentration range of 0.85 pM-100 µM, with a low limit of detection of 0.12 pM (S/N = 3) under optimum conditions. This single-luminophore electrochemiluminescence sensing system could be used for the detection of spermine and could guide the construction of ratiometric electrochemiluminescence sensors in the future.


Assuntos
Espermina , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 858(Pt 3): 160128, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370789

RESUMO

Persulfate (PS)-based technologies have been demonstrated as efficient methods for enhancing the performance of waste activated sludge (WAS) anaerobic fermentation. Except for volatile fatty acids (VFAs), however, some exogenous substances would be also released during this process, which might affect its application as a carbon source for sewage treatment. To fill this knowledge gap, the feasibility of sludge fermentation liquid regulated by Fe/persulfate (PS) (PS-FL) as a carbon source for sewage treatment was investigated in this study. Results indicated that PS-FL exhibits distinct effects on the pollutants removal compared with commercial sodium acetate. It facilitates PO43--P removal but slightly inhibited COD removal & denitrification, and sludge settleability was also decreased. The mechanistic analysis demonstrated that PS-FL could stimulate the enrichment of phosphorus-accumulating bacteria (i.e. Candidatus Accumulibacter) and the enhancement of their metabolic activities (i.e. PKK), thereby enhancing the biological PO43--P removal. Moreover, Fe ions in PS-FL could combine with PO43--P to form a precipitate and thus further contributed to PO43--P removal. Conversely, the sulfate reduction process induced by SO42- in PS-FL inhibits denitrification by reducing the abundance of denitrifying bacteria (i.e. Dechloromonas) and metabolic activities (i.e. narG). Additionally, PS-FL also decreased the abundance of flocculation bacteria (i.e. Flavobacterium) and down-regulated the expression of functional genes responsible for COD removal, by which it exhibited certain negative effects on COD removal and sludge settleability. Overall, this work demonstrated that PS-FL can re-circulation as a carbon source for sewage treatment, which provides a new approach to recovering valuable carbon sources from WAS.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Microbiota , Esgotos , Carbono
20.
Langmuir ; 39(1): 37-44, 2023 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546609

RESUMO

Research on polymer brushes (PBs) has aroused great interest due to their wide range of applications in lubrication, antifogging, antifouling, self-cleaning, antiadhesion, antibacterial effects, and so forth. However, the weak mechanical strength, especially the low bond strength between the PBs and the substrate surface, is a long-standing challenge for its practical applications, which is directly related to the service life of the PB surface. Fortunately, the imperfection of the PB surface was gradually solved by researchers by combining the action of the chemical and physical anchoring strength, and many shear-stable PB surfaces were developed. In this Perspective, we present recent developments in the studies of shear-stable PBs. Conventional strategies that altered the structure of PB chain methods, including increasing grafted density, cross-linking of PBs, cyclic PBs, and so forth, are introduced briefly. The systematic subsurface grafting of the polymer brush (SSPB) strategy was introduced emphatically. The SSPB method grafted PB into the subsurface with considerable depth and gave a robust and reusable PB layer, which provided an approach for tackling the shear-resistance issue. Besides, the robust hydrophobic poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) brush surface that lubricated itself in air was also introduced. Finally, we provide a synopsis and discuss the outlook of the shear-stable PB surface.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Polímeros , Polímeros/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Lubrificação
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