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1.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(10): 908, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611140

RESUMO

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder associated with the Philadelphia chromosome, and the current standard of care is the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). However, some patients will not achieve a molecular response and may progress to blast crisis, and the underlying mechanisms remain to be clarified. In this study, next-generation sequencing was used to explore endogenous miRNAs in CML patients versus healthy volunteers, and miR-342-5p was identified as the primary target. We found that miR-342-5p was downregulated in CML patients and had a significant inhibitory effect on cell proliferation in CML. Through a luciferase reporter system, miR-342-5p was reported to target the 3'-UTR domain of CCND1 and downregulated its expression. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-342-5p enhanced imatinib-induced DNA double-strand breaks and apoptosis. Finally, by analyzing clinical databases, we further confirmed that miR-342-5p was associated with predicted molecular responses in CML patients. In conclusion, we found that both in vivo and in vitro experiments and database cohorts showed that miR-342-5p plays a key role in CML patients, indicating that miR-342-5p may be a potential target for future CML treatment or prognostic evaluation.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638796

RESUMO

Diosmin, a natural flavone glycoside acquired through dehydrogenation of the analogous flavanone glycoside hesperidin, is plentiful in many citrus fruits. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant primary brain tumor; the average survival time of GBM patients is less than 18 months after standard treatment. The present study demonstrated that diosmin, which is able to cross the blood-brain barrier, inhibited GBM cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Diosmin also impeded migration and invasion by GBM8401and LN229 GBM cells by suppressing epithelial-mesenchymal transition, as indicated by increased expression of E-cadherin and decreased expression of Snail and Twist. Diosmin also suppressed autophagic flux, as indicated by increased expression of LC3-II and p62, and induced cell cycle arrest at G1 phase. Importantly, diosmin did not exert serious cytotoxic effects toward control SVG-p12 astrocytes, though it did reduce astrocyte viability at high concentrations. These findings provide potentially helpful support to the development of new therapies for the treatment of GBM.

3.
Ren Fail ; 43(1): 1416-1424, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641743

RESUMO

Arteriovenous graft (AVG) is an important vascular access route in hemodialysis patients. The optimal waiting time between AVG creation and the first cannulation is still undetermined, therefore the current study investigated the association between ideal timing for cannulation and AVG survival. This retrospective cohort study used data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database, which included 6,493 hemodialysis patients with AVGs between July 1st 2008 and June 30th 2012. The waiting cannulation time was defined as the time from the date of shunt creation to the first successful cannulation. Patients were categorized according to the waiting cannulation time of their AVGs as follows: ≤30 days, between 31 and 90 days, between 91 and 180 days, and >180 days. The primary outcome was functional cumulative survival, measured as the time from the first cannulation to shunt abandonment. The AVGs which were cannulated between 31 and 90 days (reference group) after construction had significantly superior functional cumulative survival compared with those cannulated ≤30 days (adjusted HR = 1.651 with 95% CI 1.482-1.839; p < 0.0001) and >180 days (adjusted HR = 1.197 with 95% CI 1.012-1.417; p = 0.0363) after construction. An analysis of the hazard ratios in patients with different demographic characteristics, revealed that the functional cumulative survival of AVGs in most groups was better when they received cannulation >30 days after construction. Consequently, in order to achieve the best long-term survival, AVGs should be cannulated at least 1 month after construction, but you should avoid waiting for >3 months.

4.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633240

RESUMO

China is the origin and distribution center of kiwifruit, as well as the country with the largest cultivated area and output of kiwifruit. A previous study found that a new kiwifruit virus, Actinidia yellowing ringspot virus (AYRSpV), has been detected in kiwifruit samples with yellowed leaves. The incidence of this virus was high in kiwifruit plantings in Shaanxi Province. To determine the symptoms of this viral infection and the effects of this virus on the yield and quality of kiwifruits, we measured leaf chlorophyll levels and the fruit yield, total sugar, total acid and dry matter contents of 'Hayward' kiwifruits grafted with AYRSpV-infected scions. The results showed that after AYRSpV infection, symptoms including chlorotic ringspots were mainly observed in the spring and gradually recovered with high summer temperatures. A few of the leaves that did not recover showed symptoms of albinism, which lasted until the leaves fell. We found that AYRSpV infection could reduce the chlorophyll content of 'Hayward' kiwifruit by 74.61-76.64%, the fruit yield by 14.50-24.10%, the sugar to acid ratio by 50.09-50.57%, and the fruit dry matter content by 1.67-1.78%. Our results showed that AYRSpV infection could significantly affect the yield and quality of 'Hayward' kiwifruit.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19652, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608241

RESUMO

Traumatic peri-contusional penumbra represents crucial targets for therapeutic interventions after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Current resuscitative approaches may not adequately alleviate impaired cerebral microcirculation and, hence, compromise oxygen delivery to peri-contusional areas. Low-frequency oscillations in cerebral blood flow (CBF) may improve cerebral oxygenation in the setting of oxygen deprivation. However, no method has been reported to induce controllable oscillations in CBF and it hasn't been applied as a therapeutic strategy. Electrical stimulation of the trigeminal nerve (TNS) plays a pivotal role in modulating cerebrovascular tone and cerebral perfusion. We hypothesized that TNS can modulate CBF at the targeted frequency band via the trigemino-cerebrovascular network, and TNS-induced CBF oscillations would improve cerebral oxygenation in peri-contusional areas. In a rat model of TBI complicated by hemorrhagic shock, TNS-induced CBF oscillations conferred significant preservation of peri-contusional tissues leading to reduced lesion volume, attenuated hypoxic injury and neuroinflammation, increased eNOS expression, improved neurological recovery and better 10-day survival rate, despite not significantly increasing CBF as compared with those in immediate and delayed resuscitation animals. Our findings indicate that low-frequency CBF oscillations enhance cerebral oxygenation in peri-contusional areas, and play a more significant protective role than improvements in non-oscillatory cerebral perfusion or volume expansion alone.

6.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606606

RESUMO

To provide protection against viral infection and limit the uptake of mobile genetic elements, bacteria and archaea have evolved many diverse defence systems. The discovery and application of CRISPR-Cas adaptive immune systems has spurred recent interest in the identification and classification of new types of defence systems. Many new defence systems have recently been reported but there is a lack of accessible tools available to identify homologs of these systems in different genomes. Here, we report the Prokaryotic Antiviral Defence LOCator (PADLOC), a flexible and scalable open-source tool for defence system identification. With PADLOC, defence system genes are identified using HMM-based homologue searches, followed by validation of system completeness using gene presence/absence and synteny criteria specified by customisable system classifications. We show that PADLOC identifies defence systems with high accuracy and sensitivity. Our modular approach to organising the HMMs and system classifications allows additional defence systems to be easily integrated into the PADLOC database. To demonstrate application of PADLOC to biological questions, we used PADLOC to identify six new subtypes of known defence systems and a putative novel defence system comprised of a helicase, methylase and ATPase. PADLOC is available as a standalone package (https://github.com/padlocbio/padloc) and as a webserver (https://padloc.otago.ac.nz).

7.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pleural effusion (PE) has been one of the promising sources of liquid biopsy in advanced lung cancer patients. However, its clinical utility is not widely accepted due to the lack of full estimation of its potential versus routine clinical samples. METHOD: A total of 164 advanced lung cancer patients were enrolled with 164 matched tumor tissue and PE-cfDNA, 153 accompanied plasma and 63 1PE-sDNA. RESULT: PE-cfDNA displayed significantly higher median mutant allele frequency and an overall mutation concordance rate of 65% to tissue, which was higher than PE-sDNA (43%) and plasma-cfDNA (43%). The discrepancies between PE-cfDNA and tumor tissue were high in several genes, including SMARCA4, PIK3CA, ERBB2, KM T2A, ALK and NF1. For clinically actionable mutations, the concordance rate between PE-cfDNA and tumor tissue is 87%. Eleven patients were identified with actionable mutations in PE-cfDNA and four patients benefited from PE-cfDNA-guided targeted. Meanwhile, PE-cfDNA recapitulated mutations of diverse tissue origins and provided more mutational information under the circumstance that tumor tissue or tumor tissue of different origins were unavailable. The combination of tumor tissue and PE-cfDNA profiling increased positive detection rates of patients compared to tumor tissue alone. Our finding highlighted the importance of PE-cfDNA in the optimal selection of patients for targeted therapy. CONCLUSION: The PE-cfDNA-based liquid biopsy displays better performance in the characterization of gene alterations than PE-sDNA and plasma-cfDNA. PE-cfDNA together with tumor tissue profiling optimizes comprehensively genomic profiling of lung cancer patients, which might be important for selecting patients for better treatment management.

8.
Br J Neurosurg ; : 1-7, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612789

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The occiput-axis crossing translaminar screw (C2LAM) fixation technique can help avoid vertebral injury, while the inclusion of offset connectors can facilitate implantation. This three-dimensional finite element (FE) study compared the stability of C2LAM using offset connectors (C2LAM + OF) with other methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Occipital and cervical spine computed tomography images of a healthy 30-year-old man were selected to build the FE model. Four internal fixation instruments including occiput plate-C2 pedicle (C2P) and pars (C2Pars) screws, as well as C2LAM and C2LAM + OF were applied consecutively to the model respectively to establish four new models, which were subjected to all states of motion and physiological loads to simulate normal movement, including the four kinds of basic activities of human such as flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation. Physiological measures and comparison included the range of motion (ROM) and stress distribution in the model. RESULTS: ROM between the fixation techniques was comparable, and the stability of the C2LAM + OF fixation technique was similar to that of C2P. Screw entry points, offset connectors and rods were the main stress distribution regions in the C2LAM + OF system. The mean von Mises stress of the inner wall was significantly smaller than that of the outer wall in flexion, extension, and rotation (p < 0.05); however, lateral bending was comparable, indicating a relatively small risk of damage to the inner wall. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that the C2LAM + OF fusion technique can provide sufficient stability and can be used as an alternative to C2P under special circumstances.

9.
Appl Opt ; 60(25): 7754-7764, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613247

RESUMO

Surface defect inspection for underwater structures is important. However, the inspection technologies based on passive vision cannot meet accuracy requirements. In this paper, we propose a two-stage method based on structured light images for defect detection. In the first stage, light stripes are extracted based on the analysis of hue, saturation, value (HSV) space and gray space. Then a hole-filling method is applied to ensure stripe integrity. In the second stage, depth information for all light stripes is calculated to synthesize a depth map, which is segmented for defect localization and measurement. Experimental results have verified the feasibility and effectiveness of our method.

10.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 10760296211040109, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617462

RESUMO

Objective: We tried to find the relationship between statin and diabetes retinopathy (DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: We searched the databases of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library for eligible studies reporting on the relationships between statin use and DR, from inception to September 25, 2020. The terms searched including Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors, and Diabetic Retinopathy. We expressed the results as the odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) which were calculated using a random-effects model. Results: A total of 6 eligible studies, including 43 826 patients, were included in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that statin was not associated with elevated risk of DR [OR = 0.96 (95% CI: 0.80-1.16), P = .68]. Similarly, no differences were found between statin and placebo in participants ≥500 [OR = 0.98 (95% CI: 0.80-1.21)] or participants <500 [OR = 0.90 (95% CI: 0.49-1.66)]. Further, we conducted a meta-analysis to study the effect of statin therapy on DR in people with type 2 diabetes according to age and found that statin use was associated with a decreased risk of DR in patients with type 2 diabetes 40 years of age or older [OR = 0.87 (95% CI: 0.82-0.92)]. Conclusion: Our meta-analysis revealed that statin was not associated with elevated risk of DR in patients with T2DM. Moreover, statin use was associated with a lower incidence of DR in patients with type 2 diabetes 40 years of age or older.

11.
Mol Ther ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601133

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is frequently characterized by metabolic and immune remodeling in the tumor microenvironment. We previously discovered that liver-specific deletion of fructose-1, 6-bisphphotase 1 (FBP1), a gluconeogenic enzyme ubiquitously suppressed in HCC tissues, promotes liver tumorigenesis, and induces metabolic and immune perturbations closely resembling human HCC. However, the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Here we reported that FBP1-deficient livers exhibit diminished amounts of natural killer (NK) cells and accelerated tumorigenesis. Using the diethylnitrosamine-induced HCC mouse model, we analyzed potential changes in the immune cell populations purified from control and FBP1-depleted livers and found that NK cells were strongly suppressed. Mechanistically, FBP1 attenuation in hepatocytes derepresses an EZH2-dependent transcriptional program to inhibit PKLR expression. This leads to reduced levels of PKLR cargo proteins sorted into hepatocyte-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs), dampened activity of EV-targeted NK cells, and accelerated liver tumorigenesis. Our study demonstrated that hepatic FBP1 depletion promotes HCC-associated immune remodeling, partly through the transfer of hepatocyte-secreted, PKLR-attenuated EVs to NK cells.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This phase II study evaluated camrelizumab in different PD-L1 expression cohorts of patients with previously treated advanced/metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC; NCT03085069, registered March 21, 2017). METHODS: Patients who progressed during/after chemotherapy were enrolled and divided into four cohorts based on PD-L1 tumor proportion score (TPS). Patients with EGFR/ALK alterations and PD-L1 TPS ≥ 50% were also eligible. All enrolled patients received camrelizumab at 200 mg IV Q2W. The primary endpoint was objective response rate. RESULTS: A total of 146 patients were enrolled. As of data cutoff on Aug 20, 2020, the median follow-up was 29.5 months (95% CI 27.4-30.8). Objective response rate was 17.8% (95% CI 12.0-25.0) and improved with the increasing PD-L1 TPS (TPS < 1%, 12.2% [95% CI 5.7-21.8]; ≥ 1-< 25%, 19.4% [95% CI 7.5-37.5]; ≥ 25-< 50%, 36.4% [95% CI 10.9-69.2]; ≥ 50%, 23.3% [95% CI 9.9-42.3]). No response was observed in the five patients harboring EGFR mutations. Median progression-free survival was 3.2 months (95% CI 2.0-3.4), and patients with positive PD-L1 TPS had longer progression-free survival. Median overall survival was 14.8 months (95% CI 10.2-18.7). Treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) of any grade occurred in 87.7% of patients, and 21.2% had grade ≥ 3 TRAEs. CONCLUSION: Camrelizumab showed improved efficacy compared with historical data of the second-line chemotherapy in pre-treated advanced/metastatic NSCLC. Patients with positive PD-L1 expression derived greater benefit from camrelizumab. Camrelizumab has a manageable safety profile.

13.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 386, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade has been validated as a significant prognostic predictor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, there is little information about the ALBI grade in patients with non-B non-C HCC (NBNC-HCC) receiving surgery. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of the ALBI grade in patients with NBNC-HCC after primary curative resection. METHOD: From January 2010 to April 2016, 2137 patients with HCC who received hepatectomy were screened for study eligibility. Finally, a total of 168 NBNC-HCC patients who received primary curative resection were analyzed. The impacts of the ALBI grade on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed by multivariate analysis. RESULTS: There were 66 (39.3%), 98 (58.3%), and 4 (2.4%) patients with an ALBI grade of I, II, and III, respectively. Patients with an ALBI grade II/III were older (p = 0.002), more likely to have hypoalbuminemia (p < 0.001), and more commonly had Child-Pugh class B (p = 0.009) than patients with an ALBI grade I. After a median follow-up of 76 months, 74 (44%) patients experienced recurrence, and 72 (42.9%) patients died. Multivariate analysis revealed that alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) > 200 ng/mL (p = 0.021), number of tumors (p = 0.001), and tumor stage (p = 0.007) were independent prognostic factors for DFS. Additionally, AFP > 200 ng/mL (p = 0.002), ALBI grade II/III (p = 0.002), and tumor stage (p < 0.001) were independent risk factors for poor OS. CONCLUSION: The preoperative ALBI grade can be used to predict mortality in patients with NBNC-HCC after primary curative resection.

14.
IUBMB Life ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668305

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease of unknown etiology that can affect nearly every organ system in the body. Besides genetic and environmental factors, unbalanced pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines contribute to immune dysregulation, trigger an inflammatory response, and induce tissue and organ damage. Inflammatory responses in SLE can be promoted and/or maintained by the availability of cytokines that are overproduced systemically and/or in local tissues. Several key cytokines have been considered potential targets for the reduction of chronic inflammation in SLE. Recent studies indicated that dysregulated production of several cytokines, including those of the IL-1 family and IL-10 family, orchestrate immune activation and self-tolerance, play critical roles in the pathogenesis of SLE. Among IL-1 family cytokines, IL-1, IL-18, IL-33, IL-36, IL-37, and IL-38 had been the most thoroughly investigated in SLE. Additionally, IL-10 family cytokines, IL-10, IL-20, IL-22, IL-26, IL-28, and IL-29 are dysregulated in SLE. Therefore, a better understanding of the initiation and progression of SLE may provide suitable novel targets for therapeutic intervention. In this review, we discuss the involvement of inflammation in the pathogenesis of SLE, with a focus on IL-1 family and IL-10 family cytokines, and highlight pathophysiological approaches and therapeutic potential for treating SLE.

15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 608(Pt 1): 322-333, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628312

RESUMO

Effective removal of antibiotics in the environment can be a demanding issue concerning the ecosystem and human health. Photocatalysis and peroxymonosulfate (PMS) oxidation have become important methods to effectively remove stubborn pollutants. In this work, by integrating these two technologies, an efficient system for degrading chloramphenicol (CAP) in water was proposed. The system was constructed by coupling strontium-doped lanthanum cobaltate (LSCO5) with chlorine-doped carbon nitride (CGCN). By doping, the increase of oxygen vacancy and the adjustment of bandgap were realized. Photoluminescence and electrochemical impedance experiments showed that the heterojunction can promote electron transfer and photogenerated carrier separation. Under the synergistic effect of PMS oxidation and photocatalysis, the prepared composite with an optimal loading of 40% LSCO5 can degrade 95.6% of CAP within 20 min. Degradation experiments on different pollutants proved the versatility of the catalytic system. The enhanced degradation mechanism of CAP was explored based on the assessment of the degradation efficiency of CAP, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and quenching experiments. Through liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis, a possible route for CAP degradation was also proposed. This research provides some inspiration for the remediation of polluted water with perovskite-based catalyst under the synergistic effect of PMS and photocatalysis.

16.
J Genet Genomics ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648996

RESUMO

Cell fate determination as a fundamental question in cell biology has been extensively studied at different regulatory levels for many years. However, the mechanisms of multi-level regulation of cell fate determination remain unclear. Recently we have proposed an Epigenome-Metabolome-Epigenome (E-M-E) signaling cascade model to describe the crossover cooperation during mouse somatic cell reprogramming. In this review, we summarize the broad roles of E-M-E signaling cascade in different cell biological processes including cell differentiation and dedifferentiation, cell specialization, cell proliferation and cell pathological processes. Precise E-M-E signaling cascades are critical in these cell biological processes, and it is of worth to explore each step of E-M-E signaling cascade. E-M-E signaling cascade model sheds light on and may open a window to explore the mechanisms of multi-level regulation of cell biological processes.

17.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651628

RESUMO

Directed genome evolution simulates the process of natural evolution at the genomic level in the laboratory to generate desired phenotypes. Here we review the applications of recent technological advances in genome writing and editing to directed genome evolution, with a focus on structural rearrangement techniques. We highlight how these techniques can be used to generate diverse genotypes, and to accelerate the evolution of phenotypic traits. We also discuss the perspectives of directed genome evolution.

18.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol ; 251: 109197, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601086

RESUMO

The insects have different physiological and morphological characteristics in various developmental stages. The difference in the characteristics may be related to the different sensitivity of insects to insecticides. In avermectin resistant strain screening assay, we found that the Drosophila larvae displayed a higher sensitivity to the insecticidal effect of avermectin, compared with adults. In this study, we found that the Drosophila larvae have relatively thicker chitin layer, faster avermectin metabolism and lower P-glycoprotein (P-gp) level, when compared with the adults. Besides, the expression levels of the molecular targets of avermectin, glutamate-gated chloride channel and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-gated chloride channel, are lower in the larval stage than the adult. These results suggested that lower P-gp level in the body especially in brain may be the major reason for the higher sensitivity of Drosophila larvae to the insecticide. In summary, these results shed new light on the concept that different developmental stages of insects display different sensitivity to the same insecticide, which also provided a physiological explanation of the relevant mechanism of the difference of sensitivity of insect at its larval and adult stages to insecticide.

19.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1540-1547, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the disease types, clinical manifestations, efficacy and outcome of JAK2 V617F and BCR-ABL double-mutant myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), and provide a reference for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of MPN. METHODS: The clinical characteristics, diagnosis, therapeutic efficacy and outcome of JAK2 V617F and BCR-ABL double-mutant MPN were analyzed comprehensitively by combining a clinical case diagnosed and treated in our hospital with literature cases from CNKI and PubMed databases. RESULTS: A total of 38 related literatures were retrieved from the two databases by searching "JAK2 V617F" and "BCR-ABL" as key words from 1990 to 2019, and 59 cases were involved. Among all the 60 cases, 41 were males (68.3%) with a median age of 61 (32-77) years old, while 19 were females (31.7%) with a median age of 58 (21-82) years old. The BCR-ABL fusion gene and JAK2 V617F mutation were found simultaneously in 21 cases (35%), 19 cases (31.7%) with JAK2 V617F mutation were found during the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Ph+CML was detectable in 20 cases (33.3%) during the treatment of JAK2 V617F mutation positive MPN. Polycythemia vera (PV) was the most common MPN coexisting with CML (30%), followed by essential thrombocythemia (ET) (26.7%) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) (21.7%). In addition, there were 13 cases (21.7%) not classified in the literature. Among the 60 cases, 35 CML patients were clearly staged, including 31 in the chronic phase, 3 in the accelerated phase, and 1 in the blast crisis phase. As for the subtypes of BCR-ABL fusion gene, there were 30 cases with clear classification, including 28 cases of p210, 1 case of p190 and 1 case of p230. CONCLUSION: As cases of BCR-ABL and JAK2 V617F double-mutant MPN are reported, simultaneous detection of JAK2 V617F mutation and BCR-ABL fusion gene in MPN patients is necessary to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mieloproliferativos , Policitemia Vera , Trombocitemia Essencial , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/genética , Adulto Jovem
20.
Trials ; 22(1): 604, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The sequence of establishing a proximal stability or function before facilitation of the distal body part has long been recognized in stroke rehabilitation practice but lacks scientific evidence. This study plans to examine the effects of proximal priority robotic priming and impairment-oriented training (PRI) and distal priority robotic priming and impairment-oriented training (DRI). METHODS: This single-blind, randomized, comparative efficacy study will involve 40 participants with chronic stroke. Participants will be randomized into the PRI or DRI groups and receive 18 intervention sessions (90 min/day, 3 days/weeks for 6 weeks). The Fugl-Meyer Assessment Upper Extremity subscale, Medical Research Council Scale, Revised Nottingham Sensory Assessment, and Wolf Motor Function Test will be administered at baseline, after treatment, and at the 3-month follow-up. Two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance and the chi-square automatic interaction detector method will be used to examine the comparative efficacy and predictors of outcome, respectively, after PRI and DRI. DISCUSSION: Through manipulating the sequence of applying wrist and forearm robots in therapy, this study will attempt to examine empirically the priming effect of proximal or distal priority robotic therapy in upper extremity impairment-oriented training for people with stroke. The findings will provide directions for further studies and empirical implications for clinical practice in upper extremity rehabilitation after stroke. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04446273. Registered on June 23, 2020.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Método Simples-Cego , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Extremidade Superior
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