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1.
Food Chem ; 336: 127669, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758804

RESUMO

Curcumin was recently attracted great interest owing to its multiple bioactivities; however, the use of curcumin was hindered by its poor solubility and stability. In this study, curcumin-nisin-soy soluble polysaccharide nanoparticles (Cur-Nisin-SSPS-NPs, size = 118.76 nm) have been successfully elaborated to improve the application of curcumin. The formation of Cur-Nisin-SSPS-NPs was mediated by amphiphilic and positively charged nisin: SSPS encapsulated nisin, which was mainly driven by electrostatic attraction. And nisin-SSPS complex encapsulated curcumin mainly through hydrophobic interactions between nisin and curcumin. The encapsulation efficiency of curcumin (91.66%) in this novel nanocarriers was significantly higher than that in nanoparticles prepared by a single SSPS (31.82%) or nisin (41.69%), most likely because more hydrophobic regions of nisin were exposed after interacting with SSPS through electrostatic interaction. Consequently, this facile and green nanocarriers improved the solubility/dispersibility and stability of curcumin and nisin, as well as endowed SSPS-based nanoparticles with antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.

2.
J Inorg Biochem ; 212: 111208, 2020 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065383

RESUMO

Two new copper(II) complexes, 9-PMAH-Cu (1) and 9-FPMAH-Cu (2), of anthrahydrazone were synthesized and structurally characterized, in which 9-FPMAH (9-(4'-trifluoromethyl)-pyrimidine anthrahydrazone) is the 4'-CF3 derivative of 9-PMAH (9-pyrimidine anthrahydrazone). Both complexes 1 and 2 showed similar intercalative binding modes towards DNA and might compete with the typical DNA intercalator, GelRed, in the same binding site. They could also act as topoisomerase (type I) suppressor to effectively inhibit its activity, in which complex 1 was more effective than 2. The in vitro antitumor screening indicated that complex 1 displayed much higher antiproliferative ability than 2 and cisplatin towards all the tested tumor cell lines. On the other hand, complex 1 also showed high cytotoxicity against human normal liver cell line HL-7702, suggesting it is a potential high cytotoxic antitumor candidate. While it was also suggested that the loss of activity of complex 2 might be due to the presence of 4'-CF3 on the pyrimidine ring. Studies on the cellular level showed that complex 1 could arrest the cell cycle of the most sensitive T-24 cells at G2/M phase and induced cell apoptosis. Complex 1 further showed a significant suppression on the tumor growth on the T-24 tumor xenograft mouse model, but not reduced the body weight. Especially, complex 1 could retain its coordination state in H2O even in the presence of HSA. The results suggests that complex 1 is of enough safety to be considered as a promising anticancer candidate by combining the bioactive Cu(II) and the anthrahydrazone pharmacophore.

3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1598-1604, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect the expression of MutT homolog 1 (MTH1) in CD138-negative cells (CD138-) and CD138-positive cells (CD138+) cells of the patients with multiple myeloma (MM), and to explore the effect of MTH1 inhibitor TH588 on cell morphology, proliferation and apoptosis of MM cell U266. METHODS: CD138- and CD138+ cells of MM patients were isolated, and RNA was extracted. The expression of NUDT family was detected by Q-PCR. MM cell line U266 was used to observe the effect of IL-6 on MTH1 expression. Using fluorescence microscopy to observe the morphological changes of U266 after treatment by TH588 for 48 hours. DAPI staining was used to investigate the nuclear change. Luciferase was used to detect the effect of TH588 on U266 cell proliferation. After treatment with TH588 for 48 h, the change of apoptosis in MM U266 cells was detected by flow cytometer. RESULTS: In some MM patients, the expression of MTH1, NUDT2, NUDT5 and NUDT21 in CD138+ cells was higher than that in CD138- (P<0.05). The luciferase report showed that after treatment of U266 cells with TH588, the fluorescence intensity was significantly lower than that of the control group, and the fluorescence intensity decreased with the increase of drug concentration (r=-0.91). IL-6 could increase the expression of MTH1. Fluorescence microscopy showed that after TH588 treatment of U266 cells for 48 hours, the cells appeared shrinking, smaller, and irregular in shape. After DAPI staining, the TH588-treated cells showed apoptosis characteristics, such as nuclear shrinkage, uneven staining, petal, and radial shape. Flow cytometry showed that the proportion of U266 viable cells decreased significantly after treatment with TH588 for 48 h (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: MTH1 highly expresses in CD138+ cells of some MM patients. MTH1 expression can increase in U266 cells treated by IL-6. The MTH1 inhibitor TH588 possesses proliferation-inhibitory effect and apoptosis-inducing effect on MM cell U266.

4.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068285

RESUMO

The re-emergence of Zika virus (ZIKV) and its associated neonatal microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome have led the World Health Organization to declare a global health emergency. Until today, many related studies have successively reported the role of various viral proteins of ZIKV in the process of ZIKV infection and pathogenicity. These studies have provided significant insights for the treatment and prevention of ZIKV infection. Here we review the current research advances in the functional characterization of the interactions between each ZIKV viral protein and its host factors.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001089

RESUMO

Correction for 'An ionic liquid-modified RGO/polyaniline composite for high-performance flexible all-solid-state supercapacitors' by Chang Dong et al., Chem. Commun., 2020, DOI: 10.1039/d0cc04691d.

6.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(10): e2014622, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017027

RESUMO

Importance: Breast cancer (BC), a common malignant tumor, ranks first among cancers in terms of morbidity and mortality among female patients. Currently, identifying effective prognostic models has a significant association with the prediction of the overall survival of patients with BC and guidance of clinicians in early diagnosis and treatment. Objectives: To identify a potential DNA repair-related prognostic signature through a comprehensive evaluation and to further improve the accuracy of prediction of the overall survival of patients with BC. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prognostic study, conducted from October 9, 2019, to February 3, 2020, the gene expression profiles and clinical data of patients with BC were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. This study consisted of a training set from The Cancer Genome Atlas database and 2 validation cohorts from the Gene Expression Omnibus, which included 1096 patients with BC. A prognostic signature based on 8 DNA repair-related genes (DRGs) was developed to predict overall survival among female patients with BC. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary screening prognostic biomarkers were analyzed using univariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator Cox proportional hazards regression. A risk model was completely established through multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. Finally, a prognostic nomogram, combining the DRG signature and clinical characteristics of patients, was constructed. To examine the potential mechanisms of the DRGs, Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analyses were performed. Results: In this prognostic study based on samples from 1096 women with BC (mean [SD] age, 59.6 [13.1] years), 8 DRGs (MDC1, RPA3, MED17, DDB2, SFPQ, XRCC4, CYP19A1, and PARP3) were identified as prognostic biomarkers. The time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve analysis suggested that the 8-gene signature had a good predictive accuracy. In the training cohort, the areas under the curve were 0.708 for 3-year survival and 0.704 for 5-year survival. In the validation cohort, the areas under the curve were 0.717 for 3-year survival and 0.772 for 5-year survival in the GSE9893 data set and 0.691 for 3-year survival and 0.718 for 5-year survival in the GSE42568 data set. This DRG signature mainly involved some regulation pathways of vascular endothelial cell proliferation. Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, a prognostic signature using 8 DRGs was developed that successfully predicted overall survival among female patients with BC. This risk model provides new clinical evidence for the diagnostic accuracy and targeted treatment of BC.

7.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023805

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of drug-eluting embolic (DEE) transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients who are ineligible for curative treatment, using doxorubicin-loaded Tandem (Varian Medical) microspheres. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 2015 and December 2017, 98 patients with unresectable HCC (69 males, 29 females; mean age, 60.5 ± 10.0 years of age; and American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] stage ≦T3a) treated with DEE transarterial chemoembolization using 100-µm doxorubicin-loaded microspheres were enrolled prospectively. All studies were reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board of Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging 1 month after treatment was used for tumor response assessment according to the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST). Outcomes included overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and downstaging profile. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 21.2 months. At follow-up examinations at 0.5-, 1-, 1.5- and 2.5-year follow-up, OS rates were 93.8%, 89.5%, 79.4%, and 77.0%, respectively. Complete response (CR), partial response, stable disease, and progressive disease were noted in 50 (51.0%), 23 (23.5%), 18 (18.4%), and 7 (7.1%) patients, respectively, with 93.9% disease control rate and 74.5% objective response rate. Mean OS was 28.7 months, and mean PFS was 19.6 months. Number of nodules >3, bilobar disease, larger tumor, and higher AJCC stage correlated with worse CR. No serious adverse events occurred after DEE transarterial chemoembolization. Successful downstage rate was 73.3% (22 of 30) and number of nodules predicting successful downstaging was 7 nodules (cutoff). CONCLUSIONS: Tandem DEE transarterial chemoembolization provides safe and effective treatment for HCC and a bridge or downstage therapy for liver transplantation.

8.
Oncologist ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997436

RESUMO

This article reports a case of advanced metastatic low-grade sarcoma. The patient was diagnosed with an inoperable large (14 × 12 cm) lesion on his neck in September 2015 and underwent two ineffective chemotherapies in the following 4 months. Interestingly, although several pathologists could not agree on the histopathological diagnosis, the precise molecular pathological diagnosis was obtained using next-generation sequencing (NGS) and finally brought excellent therapeutic effects. The patient was detected to have CARS-ALK fusion by NGS and then was successfully treated with crizotinib orally. He received surgical resection of primary and metastatic lesions after tumor shrinkage. The combined treatment brought a durable response for 40 months. Although the tumor recurred in July 2019, the patient has been responding well to the second-line ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor alectinib to date. We performed whole genome sequencing on the patient's primary, metastatic, and recurrent tumors and did comprehensive genomic analysis. Furthermore, our analysis results revealed that a whole genome duplication event might have happened during tumorigenesis of this case. KEY POINTS: To our best knowledge, this is the first report of a very successful treatment with first- and second-line ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors for CARS-ALK fusion-positive metastatic low-grade sarcoma. Molecular pathological result can guide precision treatment for sarcoma, even when the exact histopathology cannot be obtained. Multiple samples from this patient were analyzed using whole genome sequencing. Results provided detailed genomic characteristics and showed tumor evolution of this low-grade sarcoma case. A whole genome duplication event might have happened during tumorigenesis of this low-grade sarcoma case.

9.
Brain Res ; : 147121, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919982

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a common neurological disease and its most common type is temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Novel therapeutics is needed as many TLE patients are resistant to treatments like anticonvulsants or temporal lobectomy. Stem cell therapy has great promise in regeneration medicine. In the current study, we tried to investigate the potential protective effects of adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) transplantation in epileptic rats. Epilepsy model was established by intra-hippocampal injection of kainic acid (KA) in rats. ADSCs were isolated, differentiated and transplanted into hippocampus of KA rats. There were three groups of rats: normal control group receiving saline injection and no transplantation, KA+sham group receiving KA injection and sham transplantation surgery and KA+transplantation group receiving KA injection and ADSC transplantation. We found that ADSCs were highly positive for CD44, CD90, CD29 and CD105, and neural differentiation induced the expression of neuronal markers like Tuj1, MAP2, NeuN and PSD-95. EEG recording showed that KA induced seizure activity while ADSC transplantation inhibited seizure activity. In training session of Morris water maze task, KA injection impaired the learning capacity of rats while ADSC transplantation restored the learning capacity at 2-week or 2-month post transplantation. In probe session of Morris water maze task, KA injection impaired the memory of rats while ADSC transplantation restored the memory at 2-week or 2-month post transplantation. Transplanted ADSCs released BDNF, NT3 and NT4. Pro-apoptotic BAX was reduced while anti-apoptotic BCL-2 and BCL-xL were increased in hippocampus post ADSC transplantation. Our study suggests that ADSC transplantation inhibits KA-induced seizures and improves the learning and memory function of epileptic rats.

11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896850

RESUMO

An ionic liquid-modified reduced graphene oxide/polyaniline (RGO-IL/PANI) composite was synthesized successfully. The ionic liquid enlarged the interlayer distance of RGO sheets and acted as a PANI dopant to improve the orderly establishment of PANI. The supercapacitor based on RGO-IL/PANI presented outstanding energy density (24.1 W h kg-1 at 501 W kg-1), good cycling stability (91.5% capacity retention after 1000 cycles) and excellent flexibility. The results demonstrated the significant potential application of the obtained RGO-IL/PANI composite as a flexible electrode for high-performance energy storage devices.

13.
Stem Cell Res ; 48: 101968, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911327

RESUMO

A673T mutation in the amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a rare variant associated with a reduced risk of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-related cognitive decline. The A673T mutation decreases beta-amyloid (Aß) production and aggregation in neuronal cultures in vitro. Here we have identified a Finnish non-diseased male individual carrying a heterozygous A673T mutation, obtained a skin biopsy sample from him, and generated an iPSC line using commercially available integration-free Sendai virus-based kit. The established iPSC line retained the mutation, expressed pluripotency markers, had a normal karyotype, and differentiated into all three germ layers in vitro.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 207: 111231, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916527

RESUMO

Lead, a common metallic contaminant, is widespread in the living environment, and has deleterious effects on the reproductive systems of humans and animals. Although numerous toxic effects of lead have been reported, the effects and underlying mechanisms of the impacts of lead exposure on the female reproductive system, especially oocyte maturation and fertility, remain unknown. In this study, mice were treated by gavage for seven days to evaluate the reproductive damage and role of Nrf2-mediated defense responses during lead exposure. Lead exposure significantly reduced the maturation and fertilization of oocytes in vivo. Additionally, lead exposure triggered oxidative stress with a decreased glutathione level, increased amount of reactive oxygen species, and abnormal mitochondrial distribution. Moreover, lead exposure caused histopathological and ultrastructural changes in oocytes and ovaries, along with decreases in the activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase, total superoxide dismutase, and glutathione-S transferase, and increases in the levels of malonaldehyde in mouse ovaries. Further experiments demonstrated that lead exposure activated the Nrf2 signaling pathway to protect oocytes against oxidative stress by enhancing the transcription levels of antioxidant enzymes. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that lead activates the Nrf2/Keap1 pathway and impairs oocyte maturation and fertilization by inducing oxidative stress, leading to a decrease in the fertility of female mice.

15.
Early Hum Dev ; 151: 105167, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advances in diagnostic technologies, surgical management, and perioperative care have increased survival for neonates with complex congenital heart disease (CCHD). The success of these advances exposed a heightened risk of brain injury and developmental disabilities. The General Movements Assessment, a non-invasive method, may detect early neurodevelopmental impairments in high-risk infants. AIMS: To examine whether infants with CCHD undergoing neonatal surgery have higher prevalence of atypical general movements (GMs) than a reference group, and whether single ventricle physiology with systemic oxygen saturations <90% increases risk for atypical GMs. METHODS: Serial General Movements Assessment (GMA) in a cohort of infants with CCHD (n = 74) at writhing (term-6 weeks) and fidgety (7-17 weeks) GM-age. GMA focused on the presence of definitely abnormal GM-complexity and absent fidgety movements. Single GMAs at 3 months were available from a reference sample of Dutch infants (n = 300). Regression analyses examined relationships between cardiac characteristics and definitely abnormal GM-complexity. RESULTS: Higher prevalence of definitely abnormal GM-complexity in infants with CCHD compared to reference infants (adjusted OR 5.938, 95% CI 2.423-14.355), single ventricle CCHD increased the risk. Occurrence of absent fidgety movements was similar in infants with CCHD and reference infants (adjusted OR 0.475, 95% CI 0.058-3.876). Systemic postoperative oxygen saturations <90% was associated with higher risk of definitely abnormal GM-complexity at fidgety (adjusted OR 16.445 95% CI 1.149-235.281), not at writhing age. CONCLUSIONS: Infants with CCHD, especially those with single ventricle CCHD, are at increased risk of definitely abnormal GM-complexity. GMA at fidgety age is recommended.

16.
J Affect Disord ; 278: 107-113, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the associations among interpersonal relationships, resilience and depressive symptoms, and to examine if resilience is a mediator between interpersonal relationships and depressive symptoms in senior high school students. METHODS: Of 463 randomly selected participants from among 3,900 high school students, 450 (97.19%) consented to and completed a structured 4-part questionnaire consisting of demographic items, Inventory of Adolescent Resilience, Taiwan Relationship Inventory for Children and Adolescents, and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children. The associations between interpersonal relations and resilience and their associations with depressive symptoms were analyzed using MPlus 8.0 software for structural equation modeling. RESULTS: Results from structural equation modeling indicate that resilience and interpersonal relationships were negatively associated with students' depressive symptoms, and resilience partially mediated the associations between interpersonal relationships and depressive symptoms after controlling for demographics. CONCLUSION: Findings support that resilience and better interpersonal relationships are protective factors against depressive symptoms in adolescents. The positive association between the two protectors implies that interpersonal relationships might increase resilience and then alleviate depression amongst adolescents.

17.
PLoS Genet ; 16(9): e1009019, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915782

RESUMO

Loci identified in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) can include multiple distinct association signals. We sought to identify the molecular basis of multiple association signals for adiponectin, a hormone involved in glucose regulation secreted almost exclusively from adipose tissue, identified in the Metabolic Syndrome in Men (METSIM) study. With GWAS data for 9,262 men, four loci were significantly associated with adiponectin: ADIPOQ, CDH13, IRS1, and PBRM1. We performed stepwise conditional analyses to identify distinct association signals, a subset of which are also nearly independent (lead variant pairwise r2<0.01). Two loci exhibited allelic heterogeneity, ADIPOQ and CDH13. Of seven association signals at the ADIPOQ locus, two signals colocalized with adipose tissue expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) for three transcripts: trait-increasing alleles at one signal were associated with increased ADIPOQ and LINC02043, while trait-increasing alleles at the other signal were associated with decreased ADIPOQ-AS1. In reporter assays, adiponectin-increasing alleles at two signals showed corresponding directions of effect on transcriptional activity. Putative mechanisms for the seven ADIPOQ signals include a missense variant (ADIPOQ G90S), a splice variant, a promoter variant, and four enhancer variants. Of two association signals at the CDH13 locus, the first signal consisted of promoter variants, including the lead adipose tissue eQTL variant for CDH13, while a second signal included a distal intron 1 enhancer variant that showed ~2-fold allelic differences in transcriptional reporter activity. Fine-mapping and experimental validation demonstrated that multiple, distinct association signals at these loci can influence multiple transcripts through multiple molecular mechanisms.

18.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(18): 10087-10100, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941619

RESUMO

The N4-methylation of cytidine (m4C and m42C) in RNA plays important roles in both bacterial and eukaryotic cells. In this work, we synthesized a series of m4C and m42C modified RNA oligonucleotides, conducted their base pairing and bioactivity studies, and solved three new crystal structures of the RNA duplexes containing these two modifications. Our thermostability and X-ray crystallography studies, together with the molecular dynamic simulation studies, demonstrated that m4C retains a regular C:G base pairing pattern in RNA duplex and has a relatively small effect on its base pairing stability and specificity. By contrast, the m42C modification disrupts the C:G pair and significantly decreases the duplex stability through a conformational shift of native Watson-Crick pair to a wobble-like pattern with the formation of two hydrogen bonds. This double-methylated m42C also results in the loss of base pairing discrimination between C:G and other mismatched pairs like C:A, C:T and C:C. The biochemical investigation of these two modified residues in the reverse transcription model shows that both mono- or di-methylated cytosine bases could specify the C:T pair and induce the G to T mutation using HIV-1 RT. In the presence of other reverse transcriptases with higher fidelity like AMV-RT, the methylation could either retain the normal nucleotide incorporation or completely inhibit the DNA synthesis. These results indicate the methylation at N4-position of cytidine is a molecular mechanism to fine tune base pairing specificity and affect the coding efficiency and fidelity during gene replication.

19.
Lipids Health Dis ; 19(1): 204, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to describe the blood lipid levels of patients diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to analyze the correlation between blood lipid levels and the prognosis of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: In the clinical retrospective analysis, a total of 228 adults infected with COVID-19 were enrolled between January 17, 2020 and March 14, 2020, in Changsha, China. One thousand one hundred and forty healthy participants with matched age and gender were used as control. Median with interquartile range and Mann-Whitney test were adopted to describe and analyze clinical data. The Kaplan-Meier (KM) curve and Cox regression analysis were used to analyze the correlation between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and the severity of COVID-19. RESULTS: Compared with control, COVID-19 patients showed significantly lower levels of total cholesterol (TC) [median, 3.76 vs 4.65 mmol/L, P = 0.031], triglyceride [median, 1.08 vs 1.21 mmol/L, P <  0.001], low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) [median, 2.63 vs 2.83 mmol/L, P <  0.001], and HDL-C [median, 0.78 vs 1.37 mmol/L, P <  0.001], while compared with non-severe patients, severe COVID-19 patients only presented lower levels of HDL-C [median, 0.69 vs 0.79 mmol/L, P = 0.032]. In comparison with patients with high HDL-C, patients with low HDL-C showed a higher proportion of male (69.57% vs 45.60%, P = 0.004), higher levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) (median, 27.83 vs 12.56 mg/L, P <  0.001) and higher proportion of severe events (36.96% vs 14.84%, P = 0.001). Moreover, patients with low HDL-C at admission showed a higher risk of developing severe events compared with those with high HDL-C (Log Rank P = 0.009). After adjusting for age, gender and underlying diseases, they still had elevated possibility of developing severe cases than those with high HDL-C (HR 2.827, 95% CI 1.190-6.714, P = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: HDL-C level was lower in COVID-19 adult patients, and low HDL-C in COVID-19 patients was correlated with a higher risk of developing severe events.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , China , Colesterol/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Triglicerídeos/sangue
20.
Plant Mol Biol ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910317

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Transcriptome analysis of maize embryogenic callus and somatic embryos reveals associated genes reprogramming, hormone signaling pathways and transcriptional regulation involved in somatic embryogenesis in maize. Somatic embryos are widely utilized in propagation and genetic engineering of crop plants. In our laboratory, an elite maize inbred line Y423 that could generate intact somatic embryos was obtained and applied to genetic transformation. To enhance our understanding of regulatory mechanisms during maize somatic embryogenesis, we used RNA-based sequencing (RNA-seq) to characterize the transcriptome of immature embryo (IE), embryogenic callus (EC) and somatic embryo (SE) from maize inbred line Y423. The number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in three pairwise comparisons (IE-vs-EC, IE-vs-SE and EC-vs-SE) was 5767, 7084 and 1065, respectively. The expression patterns of DEGs were separated into eight major clusters. Somatic embryogenesis associated genes were mainly grouped into cluster A or B with an expression trend toward up-regulation during dedifferentiation. GO annotation and KEGG pathway analysis revealed that DEGs were implicated in plant hormone signal transduction, stress response and metabolic process. Among the differentially expressed transcription factors, the most frequently represented families were associated with the common stress response or related to cell differentiation, embryogenic patterning and embryonic maturation processes. Genes include hormone response/transduction and stress response, as well as several transcription factors were discussed in this study, which may be potential candidates for further analyses regarding their roles in somatic embryogenesis. Furthermore, the temporal expression patterns of candidate genes were analyzed to reveal their roles in somatic embryogenesis. This transcriptomic data provide insights into future functional studies, which will facilitate further dissections of the molecular mechanisms that control maize somatic embryogenesis.

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