Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.474
Filtrar
1.
J Cell Sci ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587100

RESUMO

During development neurons achieve a stereotyped neuron type-specific morphology, which relies on dynamic support by microtubules (MTs). An important player is augmin which binds to existing MT filaments and recruits the γ-Tubulin Ring Complex (γ-TuRC), to form branched MTs. In cultured neurons, augmin is important for neurite formation. However, little is known about the role of augmin during neurite formation in vivo. Here, we have revisited the role of mammalian augmin in culture and then turned towards the class four Drosophila dendritic arborization (c4da) neurons. We show that MT density is maintained through augmin in cooperation with the γ-TuRC in vivo. Mutant c4da neurons show a reduction of newly emerging higher-order dendritic branches and in turn also a reduced number of their characteristic space-filling higher-order branchlets. Taken together, our data reveal a cooperative function of the augmin complex with the γ-TuRC in forming enough MTs needed for the appropriate differentiation of morphologically complex dendrites in vivo.

2.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2974, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582895

RESUMO

Linear ubiquitination catalyzed by HOIL-1-interacting protein (HOIP), the key component of the linear ubiquitination assembly complex, plays fundamental roles in tissue homeostasis by executing domain-specific regulatory functions. However, a proteome-wide analysis of the domain-specific interactome of HOIP across tissues is lacking. Here, we present a comprehensive mass spectrometry-based interactome profiling of four HOIP domains in nine mouse tissues. The interaction dataset provides a high-quality HOIP interactome resource with an average of approximately 90 interactors for each bait per tissue. HOIP tissue interactome presents a systematic understanding of linear ubiquitination functions in each tissue and also shows associations of tissue functions to genetic diseases. HOIP domain interactome characterizes a set of previously undefined linear ubiquitinated substrates and elucidates the cross-talk among HOIP domains in physiological and pathological processes. Moreover, we show that linear ubiquitination of Integrin-linked protein kinase (ILK) decreases focal adhesion formation and promotes the detachment of Shigella flexneri-infected cells. Meanwhile, Hoip deficiency decreases the linear ubiquitination of Smad ubiquitination regulatory factor 1 (SMURF1) and enhances its E3 activity, finally causing a reduced bone mass phenotype in mice. Overall, our work expands the knowledge of HOIP-interacting proteins and provides a platform for further discovery of linear ubiquitination functions in tissue homeostasis.


Assuntos
Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases , Ubiquitina , Animais , Camundongos , Homeostase , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação
3.
Soc Sci Med ; 348: 116785, 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569281

RESUMO

Identifying environmental determinants of health and clarifying their variations is crucial for health promotion in different cities by providing tailored intervention strategies. Although the association between perceived urban environment and health (e.g., self-rated health) has been repeatedly explored, most studies have focused on cities of a specific size, and it is still unknown whether either significant environment variables or the magnitude of the association would vary across different-sized cities. This study investigated how perceived urban environment variables significantly associated with individuals' self-rated health varied from small cities to mega cities in China, based on a national survey including 5963 valid respondents. The results showed that the relationship between self-rated health and city size was U-shaped, with respondents in medium and large cities reporting a low-level self-rated health. Perceived greenness, public facilities, housing supply, and medical services were positively and significantly associated with self-rated health, with the odds ratio (OR) of 1.37 (95%CI: 1.29-1.46), 1.27 (95%CI: 1.19-1.35), 1.14 (95%CI: 1.09-1.20), and 1.17 (95%CI: 1.10-1.24), respectively. Furthermore, the magnitude of the association was significantly larger in mega cities. These findings provide useful evidence for promoting public health in cities of different sizes for achieving health equity and indicate that smaller cities and their health-supportive environment need further attention.

4.
Opt Express ; 32(6): 9995-10004, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571222

RESUMO

We present a design of middle-infrared modulation absorbers based on vanadium dioxide (VO2). By using the electron beam evaporation technique, the Ag/SiO2/VO2/Ag/VO2 multilayer structure can achieve double band strong absorption in the mid-infrared, and dynamically adjust the absorption performance through VO2. The simulation results demonstrate a remarkable absorption rate of 91.8% and 98.9% at 9.09 µm and 10.25 µm, respectively. The high absorption is elucidated by analyzing the field strength distribution in each layer. Meanwhile, based on the phase change characteristics of VO2, the absorber has exceptional thermal regulation, with a remarkable 78% heat regulation range in the mid-infrared band. The size altering of the absorbing layer is effective in enhancing and optimizing the structure's absorption performance. The structure is used to characterize probe molecules of CV and R6 G by mid-infrared spectroscopy, which illustrates an impressive limit of detection (LOD) of 10-7 M for both substances. These results provide valuable insights for designing future high-performance tunable optical devices.

5.
Front Pediatr ; 12: 1342514, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560399

RESUMO

Background: Short sleep duration has been related to obesity in children and adolescents. However, it remains unknown whether late bedtime is also associated with obesity and whether the association is independent of sleep duration. A meta-analysis was performed to address this issue. Methods: In order to accomplish the aim of the meta-analysis, a comprehensive search was conducted on databases including PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science to identify observational studies. The cutoff to determine late bedtime in children in this meta-analysis was consistent with the value used among the included original studies. As for obesity, it was typically defined as a body mass index (BMI) > 95th percentile of age and sex specified reference standards or the International Obesity Task Force defined age- and gender-specific cut-off of BMI. The Cochrane Q test was employed to evaluate heterogeneity among the included studies, while the I2 statistic was estimated. Random-effects models were utilized to merge the results, considering the potential impact of heterogeneity. Results: Tweleve observational studies with 57,728 participants were included. Among them, 6,815 (11.8%) were obese. Pooled results showed that late bedtime reported by the participants or their caregivers was associated with obesity (odds ratio [OR]: 1.27, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.16-1.39, p < 0.001; I2 = 0%). Subgroup analysis showed consistent results in studies with (OR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.04-1.70, p = 0.02) and without adjustment of sleep duration (OR: 1.27, 95% CI: 1.14-1.41, p < 0.001). Further subgroup analysis also showed that the association was not significantly affected by study location, design, age of the participants, or diagnostic methods for obesity (p for subgroup difference all >0.05). Conclusion: Late bedtime is associated with obesity in children and adolescents, which may be independent of sleep duration.

6.
Chemosphere ; : 141927, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593954

RESUMO

Numerous animal studies have demonstrated the toxicity of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] and the bioremediative effects of probiotics on the composition and functions of gut microbiota. Since the precise mechanisms of Cr(VI) detoxification and its interactions with human gut microbiota were unknown, a novel dual-chamber simulated intestinal (DCSI) system was developed to maintain both the stability of the simulated system and the composition of the gut microbiota. Probiotic GR-1 was found to regulate intestinal gut microbiota, thereby reducing the toxicity of Cr(VI) within the DCSI system. The results indicate that Cr(VI) levels were reduced from 2.260 ± 0.2438 µg/g to 1.7086 ± 0.1950 µg/g in the gut microbiota cell pellet, and Cr(VI) permeability decreased from 0.5521 ± 0.1132 µg/L to 0.3681 ± 0.0178 µg/L after 48 h in simulated gut fluid. Additionally, the removal rate of 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), reducibility (Vitamin C), and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) increased by 50.83%, 31.70%, and 27.56%, respectively, following probiotic treatment. The increase in antioxidant capacity correlated with total Cr removal (P<0.05, r from -0.80 to 0.73). 16S rRNA sequencing analysis showed that gut microbiota composition was reshaped by the addition of probiotics, which regulated the recovery of the functional gut microbiota to normal levels, rather than restoring the entire gut microbiota composition for community function. Thus, this study not only demonstrates the feasibility and stability of culturing gut microbiota but also offers a new biotechnological approach to synthesizing functional communities with functional strains for environmental risk management.

7.
Talanta ; 274: 125975, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599114

RESUMO

Sirtuin1 (SIRT1), an NAD+-dependent histone deacetylase, plays a crucial role in regulating molecular signaling pathways. Recently, inhibition of SIRT1 rather than its activation shows the therapeutic potential for central nervous system disorder, however, the discovered SIRT1 inhibitors remains limited. In this work, a dual recognition-based strategy was developed to screen SIRT1 inhibitors from natural resources in situ. This approach utilized a Ni-modified metal-organic framework (Ni@Tyr@UiO-66-NH2) along with cell lysate containing an engineered His-tagged SIRT1 protein, eliminating the need for purified proteins, pure compounds, and protein immobilization. The high-performance Ni@Tyr@UiO-66-NH2 was synthesized by modifying the surface of UiO-66-NH2 with Ni2+ ions to specifically capture His-tagged SIRT1 while persevering its enzyme activity. By employing dual recognition, in which Ni@Tyr@UiO-66-NH2 recognized SIRT1 and SIRT1 recognized its ligands, the process of identifying SIRT1 inhibitors from complex matrix was vastly streamlined. The developed method allowed the efficient discovery of 16 natural SIRT1 inhibitors from Chinese herbs. Among them, 6 compounds were fully characterized, and suffruticosol A was found to have an excellent IC50 value of 0.95 ±â€¯0.12 µM. Overall, an innovative dual recognition-based strategy was proposed to efficiently identify SIRT1 inhibitors in this study, offering scientific clues for the development of drugs targeting CNS disorders.

8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(14): 8018-8026, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557039

RESUMO

Phloretin is widely found in fruit and shows various biological activities. Here, we demonstrate the dimethylallylation, geranylation, and farnesylation, particularly the first dimethylallylation at the nonaromatic carbon of phloretin (1) by the fungal prenyltransferase AnaPT and its mutants. F265 was identified as a key amino acid residue related to dimethylallylation at the nonaromatic carbon of phloretin. Mutants AnaPT_F265D, AnaPT_F265G, AnaPT_F265P, AnaPT_F265C, and AnaPT_F265Y were discovered to generally increase prenylation activity toward 1. AnaPT_F265G catalyzes the O-geranylation selectively at the C-2' hydroxyl group, which involves an intramolecular hydrogen bond with the carbonyl group of 1. Seven products, 1D5, 1D7-1D9, 1G2, 1G4, and 1F2, have not been reported prior to this study. Twelve compounds, 1D3-1D9, 1G1-1G3, and 1F1-1F2, exhibited potential inhibitory effects on α-glucosidase with IC50 values ranging from 11.45 ± 0.87 to 193.80 ± 6.52 µg/mL. Among them, 1G1 with an IC50 value of 11.45 ± 0.87 µg/mL was the most potential α-glucosidase inhibitor, which is about 30 times stronger than the positive control acarbose with an IC50 value of 346.63 ± 15.65 µg/mL.


Assuntos
Dimetilaliltranstransferase , Floretina , Floretina/farmacologia , Indóis/química , Carbono , Catálise , Prenilação
9.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519640

RESUMO

Several lines of evidence indicate the involvement of neuroinflammatory processes in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SCZ). Microglia are brain resident immune cells responding toward invading pathogens and injury-related products, and additionally, have a critical role in improving neurogenesis and synaptic functions. Aberrant activation of microglia in SCZ is one of the leading hypotheses for disease pathogenesis, but due to the lack of proper human cell models, the role of microglia in SCZ is not well studied. We used monozygotic twins discordant for SCZ and healthy individuals to generate human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived microglia to assess the transcriptional and functional differences in microglia between healthy controls, affected twins and unaffected twins. The microglia from affected twins had increased expression of several common inflammation-related genes compared to healthy individuals. Microglia from affected twins had also reduced response to interleukin 1 beta (IL1ß) treatment, but no significant differences in migration or phagocytotic activity. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) showed abnormalities related to extracellular matrix signaling. RNA sequencing predicted downregulation of extracellular matrix structure constituent Gene Ontology (GO) terms and hepatic fibrosis pathway activation that were shared by microglia of both affected and unaffected twins, but the upregulation of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II receptors was observed only in affected twin microglia. Also, the microglia of affected twins had heterogeneous response to clozapine, minocycline, and sulforaphane treatments. Overall, despite the increased expression of inflammatory genes, we observed no clear functional signs of hyperactivation in microglia from patients with SCZ. We conclude that microglia of the patients with SCZ have gene expression aberrations related to inflammation response and extracellular matrix without contributing to increased microglial activation.

10.
Nutr Clin Pract ; 2024 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enteral nutrition (EN) support therapy increases the risk of abnormal blood glucose (BG). The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical value of a real-time continuous glucose monitoring (rt-CGM) system in BG monitoring during postoperative EN support therapy in patients with esophageal cancer. METHODS: Patients without diabetes mellitus (DM) with esophageal cancer who planned to receive postoperative EN were enrolled. With the self-monitoring of BG value as the reference BG, the accuracy of rt-CGM was evaluated by the mean absolute relative difference (MARD) value, correlation efficient, agreement analysis, and Parkes and Clarke error grid plot. Finally, paired t tests were used to compare the differences in glucose fluctuations between EN and non-EN days and slow and fast days. RESULTS: The total MARD value of the rt-CGM system was 13.53%. There was a high correlation between interstitial glucose and fingertip capillary BG (consistency correlation efficient = 0.884 [95% confidence interval, 0.874-0.894]). Results of 15/15%, 20/20%, 30/30% agreement analysis were 58.51%, 84.71%, and 99.65%, respectively. The Parkes and Clarke error grid showed that the proportion of the A and B regions were 100% and 99.94%, respectively. The glucose fluctuations on EN days vs non-EN days and on fast days vs slow days were large, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The rt-CGM system achieved clinical accuracy and can be used as a new option for glucose monitoring during postoperative EN therapy. The magnitude of glucose fluctuation during EN therapy remains large, even in the postoperative population without DM.

11.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 148: 109494, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499217

RESUMO

Vibrio harveyi poses a significant threat to fish and invertebrates in mariculture, resulting in substantial financial repercussions for the aquaculture sector. Valine-glycine repeat protein G (VgrG) is essential for the type VI secretion system's (T6SS) assembly and secretion. VgrG from V. harveyi QT520 was cloned and analyzed in this study. The localization of VgrG was determined by Western blot, which revealed that it was located in the cytoplasm, secreted extracellularly, and attached to the membrane. The effectiveness of two vaccinations against V. harveyi infection-a subunit vaccine (rVgrG) and a DNA vaccine (pCNVgrG) prepared with VgrG was evaluated. The findings indicated that both vaccines provided a degree of protection against V. harveyi challenge. At 4 weeks post-vaccination (p.v.), the rVgrG and pCNVgrG exhibited relative percent survival rates (RPS) of 71.43% and 76.19%, respectively. At 8 weeks p.v., the RPS for rVgrG and pCNVgrG were 68.21% and 72.71%, respectively. While both rVgrG and pCNVgrG elicited serum antibody production, the subunit vaccinated fish demonstrated significantly higher levels of serum anti-VgrG specific antibodies than the DNA vaccine group. The result of qRT-PCR demonstrated that the expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class Iα, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interferon γ (IFNγ), and cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) were up-regulated by both rVgrG and pCNVgrG. Fish vaccinated with rVgrG and pCNVgrG exhibited increased activity of acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, superoxide dismutase, and lysozyme. These findings suggest that VgrG from V. harveyi holds potential for application in vaccination.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Vacinas de DNA , Vibrioses , Vibrio , Animais , Vibrioses/prevenção & controle , Vibrioses/veterinária , Valina , Vacinas Bacterianas , Peixes , Doenças dos Peixes/prevenção & controle
12.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e27107, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38434265

RESUMO

TTMV::RARA is a recently reported fusion gene associated with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), caused by the integration of torque teno mini virus (TTMV) genomic fragments into the second intron of the RARA gene. Currently, there have been only six documented cases, with clinical presentations showing significant variability. Although initial responses to all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) treatment may be observed in patients with TTMV::RARA-APL, the overall prognosis remains unfavorable among infrequent reported cases. This article presents a pediatric case that manifested as PML::RARA-negative APL with central nervous system involvement at onset. The patient experienced both intramedullary and extramedullary relapse one year after undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Upon identification as TTMV::RARA-APL and subsequent administration of two rounds of ATRA-based treatment, the patient rapidly developed multiple RARA ligand-binding domain mutations and demonstrated extensive resistance to ATRA and various other therapeutic interventions. Additionally, the patient experienced ARID1A mutant clone expansion and progressed MYC-targeted gene activation. This case represents the first documentation of extramedullary involvement at both the initial diagnosis and relapse stages, emphasizing the intricate clinical features and challenges associated with the rapid accumulation of multiple ATRA-resistant mutations in TTMV::RARA-APL, characterizing it as a distinct and complex sub-entity of atypical APL.

13.
RSC Adv ; 14(11): 7572-7581, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38440267

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to design a novel antioxidant and antibacterial film for food packaging using food-grade raw materials. The films were designed and fabricated based on carboxymethyl chitosan and pectin incorporated with procyanidins (PCs) and phycocyanin (Phy) by the tape casting method. The effects of different proportions of PCs and Phy on the properties and functions of the prepared films were studied. The results showed that the thickness of films could range from 55 to 70 µm, with dense network structure and uniform distribution of elements. Compared with C-Film group, the film loaded with PCs and Phy had lower water solubility and swelling rate, and higher tensile strength and elongation at break. FITR and XRD spectra revealed the molecular interaction mechanism among carboxymethyl chitosan, pectin, PCs and Phy, which could effectively endow the films with ultraviolet barrier properties. Moreover, the addition of PCs and Phy could effectively improve the antioxidant capacity and antibacterial effect of films, for example, the free radical scavenging abilities of most films were above 80% when the concentration of PCs was 40 µg mL-1. In view of these functional properties, the prepared film containing PCs and Phy have been successfully used in food packaging, which was proved by the preservation experiment of grapes. This study can provide theoretical and technical guidance for the preparation of biodegradable antibacterial films, and their application in the food packaging field.

14.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: About 50-60% treatment-naïve advanced non-small-cell lung cancers were coexistence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and mesenchymal epithelial transition (MET) overexpression. However, few studies demonstrated the prognostic value of MET protein expression in untreated EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). METHODS: A total of 235 EGFR-mutant untreated advanced LUAD patients were retrospectively enrolled. MET expression was determined using immunohistochemistry, and MET positivity was defined as 2 + or 3 + using the METmab scoring algorithm. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analysed according to MET expression status. Independent factors predicting prognosis were identified using multivariate Cox regression analyses. RESULTS: Of the 235 patients, 113 (48.1%) harboured exon 19 deletion (19_del), 103 (43.8%) had exon 21 L858R mutations, and 19 (8.1%) had other mutation types, including exon 21 L861Q, exon 18 G719A/C, exon 20 S768I, and L858R/19_del double mutations. MET-positive expression was observed in 192 (81.7%) cases. There was no significant difference in baseline clinicopathological characteristics between MET positivity and MET negativity groups. Patients were stratified by different EGFR mutation subtypes. MET-positive patients in the L858R mutation subgroup had markedly shorter PFS and OS than MET-negative patients (median PFS: 13 versus 27.5 months, p < 0.001; median OS: 29 versus not reached, p = 0.008), but no significant difference was observed in the 19_del subgroup. Multivariate Cox regression analyses indicated that MET positivity was an independent predictor for poor PFS and OS in L858R subgroup (PFS: HR = 3.059, 95% CI 1.552-6.029, p = 0.001; OS: HR = 3.511, 95% CI 1.346-9.160, p = 0.010). Additionally, an inferior survival outcome of MET positivity was observed in the L858R mutation subgroup when treated with EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) monotherapy as the first-line regimen (median PFS: 13 versus 36.5 months, p < 0.001; median OS: 29 versus not reached, p = 0.012) but not with EGFR-TKI plus platinum doublet chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: MET positive expression was an independent predictor of poor outcomes in untreated EGFR L858R mutation advanced LUAD patients treated with first-line EGFR-TKI monotherapy.

15.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e47523, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551618

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internet hospitals in China are an emerging medical service model similar to other telehealth models used worldwide. Internet hospitals are currently in a stage of rapid development, giving rise to a series of new opportunities and challenges for patient care. Little research has examined the views of chronic disease physicians regarding internet hospitals in China. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the experience and views of chronic disease physicians at 3 tertiary hospitals in Changsha, China, regarding opportunities and challenges in internet hospital care. METHODS: We conducted semistructured qualitative interviews with physicians (n=26) who had experience working in internet hospitals affiliated with chronic disease departments in 3 tertiary hospitals in Changsha, Hunan province, south central China. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed by content analysis using NVivo software (version 11; Lumivero). RESULTS: Physicians emphasized that internet hospitals expand opportunities to conduct follow-up care and health education for patients with chronic illnesses. However, physicians described disparities in access for particular groups of patients, such as patients who are older, patients with lower education levels, patients with limited internet or technology access, and rural patients. Physicians also perceived a gap between patients' expectations and the reality of limitations regarding both physicians' availability and the scope of services offered by internet hospitals, which raised challenges for doctor-patient boundaries and trust. Physicians noted challenges in doctor-patient communication related to comprehension and informed consent in internet hospital care. CONCLUSIONS: This study explored the experience and views of physicians in 3 tertiary hospitals in Changsha, China, regarding access to care, patients' expectations versus the reality of services, and doctor-patient communication in internet hospital care. Findings from this study highlight the need for physician training in telehealth communication skills, legislation regulating informed consent in telehealth care, public education clarifying the scope of internet hospital services, and design of internet hospitals that is informed by the needs of patient groups with barriers to access, such as older adults.


Assuntos
Médicos , Telemedicina , Humanos , Idoso , Motivação , Hospitais , Comunicação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , China , Doença Crônica
16.
J Biopharm Stat ; : 1-9, 2024 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494842

RESUMO

China's accession to the ICH has accelerated the advancement of its regulatory science. To foster innovation and improve the efficiency of pharmaceutical research and development, the China National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) encourages the use of real-world evidence (RWE) to support drug regulatory decision-making and has constructed a series of real-world study (RWS) related guidance, reflecting the contribution of the NMPA to the field of RWS in drug clinical development. Based on the four guidelines on RWE, real-world data (RWD), RWS design and protocol development, and communication with regulatory authorities, the guidance has been extended to more specific clinical applications, such as oncology, rare diseases, pediatric drugs, and traditional Chinese medicine. This paper reviews the core content and features of the series of RWS guidelines, presents their role in promoting drug development, and discusses challenges of using RWE in support of drug regulatory decision-making in China.

17.
Poult Sci ; 103(5): 103585, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492247

RESUMO

Goose astrovirus (GAstV) is a newly identified viral pathogen threatening waterfowl, exhibiting a high prevalence across various regions in China. Notably, the Guanghan District of Deyang City, situated in Sichuan Province, has faced a outbreak of GAstV, resulting in significant mortality among goslings due to the induction of gout-like symptoms. In our research, we successfully isolated a GAstV strain known as GAstV SCG3. This strain exhibits efficient replication capabilities, proving virulent in goslings and goose embryos. Our study delved into the characteristics of GAstV SCG3 both in vitro and in vivo. Additionally, we examined tissue phagocytosis and the distribution of GAstV SCG3 in deceased goslings using H&E staining and IHC techniques. According to the classification established by the ICTV, GAstV SCG3 falls under the category of GAstV genotype-2. Notably, it demonstrates the highest homology with the published AHAU5 sequences, reaching an impressive 98%. Furthermore, our findings revealed that GAstV SCG3 exhibits efficient proliferation exclusively in goose embryos and in LMH cells, while not manifesting in seven other types of avian and mammalian cells. Significantly, the mortality of GAstV on goslings and goose embryos are 93.1 and 80%, respectively. Moreover, the viral load in the livers of infected goslings surpasses that in the kidneys when compared with the attenuated strain GAstV SCG2. The mortality of GAstV is usually between 20% and 50%, our study marks the first report of a virulent GAstV strain with such a high mortality.

18.
Lipids Health Dis ; 23(1): 81, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with extensive white adipose tissue (WAT) expansion and remodeling. Healthy WAT expansion contributes to the maintenance of energy balance in the liver, thereby ameliorating obesity-related hepatic steatosis. Tissue-resident mesenchymal stromal cell populations, including PDGFRß + perivascular cells, are increasingly recognized pivotal as determinants of the manner in which WAT expands. However, the full array of regulatory factors controlling WAT stromal cell functions remains to be fully elucidated. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are critical regulators in WAT stromal cell populations such as adipocyte precursor cells (APCs). It is revealed that HIF1α activation within PDGFRß + stromal cells results in the suppression of de novo adipogenesis and the promotion of a pro-fibrogenic cellular program in obese animals. However, the role of HIF2α in PDGFRß + cells remains undetermined in vivo. METHODS: New genetic models were employed in which HIF1α (encoded by the Hif1a gene) and HIF2α (encoded by the Epas1 gene) are selectively inactivated in PDGFRß + cells in an inducible manner using tamoxifen (TAM). With these models, both in vitro and in vivo functional analysis of PDGFRß + cells lacking HIF proteins were performed. Additionally, comprehensive metabolic phenotyping in diet-induced mouse models were performed to investigate the roles of PDGFRß + cell HIF proteins in WAT remodeling, liver energy balance and systemic metabolism. RESULTS: Unlike HIF1α inactivation, the new findings in this study suggest that inducible ablation of HIF2α in PDGFRß + cells does not cause apparent effects on WAT expansion induced by obesogenic diet. The adipogenic ability of PDGFRß + APCs is not significantly altered by genetic HIF2α ablation. Moreover, no difference of key parameters associated with healthy WAT remodeling such as improvements of WAT insulin sensitivity, reduction in metabolic inflammation, as well as changes in liver fat accumulation or systemic glucose metabolism, is detected in PDGFRß + cell Epas1-deficient mice. CONCLUSION: The new findings in this study support that, in contrast to HIF1α, PDGFRß + cell HIF2α appears dispensable for WAT metabolic remodeling and the resulting effects on liver metabolic homeostasis in diet-induced obesity, underscoring the isoform-specific roles of HIFα proteins in the regulation of adipose tissue biology.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Branco , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos , Obesidade , Animais , Camundongos , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Branco/metabolismo , Lipídeos , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo
19.
Food Chem ; 447: 138918, 2024 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484543

RESUMO

In this study, it was found that the enhancement in the viability of Lactobacillus plantarum under gastrointestinal conditions by encapsulating them within novel C-Phycocyanin-pectin based hydrogels (from 5.7 to 7.1 log/CFU). The hardness, the strength and the stability of the hydrogels increased when the protein concentration was increased. In addition, the addition of resveratrol (RES), and tannic acid (TA) could improve the hardness (from 595.4 to 608.3 and 637.0 g) and WHC (from 93.9 to 94.2 and 94.8 %) of the hydrogels. The addition of gallic acid (GA) enhanced the hardness (675.0 g) of the hydrogels, but the WHC (86.2 %) was decreased. During simulated gastrointestinal conditions and refrigerated storage, the addition of TA enhanced the viable bacteria counts (from 6.8 and 8.0 to 7.5 and 8.5 log/CFU) of Lactobacillus plantarum. Furthermore, TA and GA are completely encased by the protein-pectin gel as an amorphous state, while RA is only partially encased.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus plantarum , Probióticos , Lactobacillus plantarum/metabolismo , Pectinas/metabolismo , Hidrogéis/metabolismo , Ficocianina , Polifenóis/metabolismo , Probióticos/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...