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1.
Mol Syndromol ; 15(1): 71-76, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357262

RESUMO

Introduction: Chromosomal aberrations due to complex chromosomal rearrangements (CCRs) can cause abnormal phenotypes if accompanied by microdeletions or microduplications near the breakpoint, or gene breaks. Case Presentation: We report a prenatal diagnostic case of 2q14.3-q22.1 deletion with ultrasound suggestive of absent nasal bone accompanied by CCRs involving 6 chromosomes. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a karyotype of 46,XY,der(1)t(1;2)(p13.3;p11.2),der(2)t(1;2)inv(2)(q12q14.2)del(2)(q14.3q22.1),t(12;16)(q21.2;q12.1),t(13;21)(q32;q22.1). Chromosomal microarray analysis identified a 14.90 Mb deletion on 2q14.3q22.1. The copy number variant was de novo, as determined by karyotype analysis of the parents' peripheral blood G-banding. Conclusion: The region contains haploinsufficient genes that can cause different phenotypes, mainly associated with neurodevelopmental and autism spectrum disorders. However, the genotype-phenotype correlation is limited in prenatal evaluation. Therefore, the combined use of multiple diagnostic techniques has an important role in the assessment of CCRs and genetic counseling.

2.
Transl Psychiatry ; 14(1): 108, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388528

RESUMO

Poor sleep health is associated with a wide array of increased risk for cardiovascular, metabolic and mental health problems as well as all-cause mortality in observational studies, suggesting potential links between sleep health and lifespan. However, it has yet to be determined whether sleep health is genetically or/and causally associated with lifespan. In this study, we firstly studied the genome-wide genetic association between four sleep behaviors (short sleep duration, long sleep duration, insomnia, and sleep chronotype) and lifespan using GWAS summary statistics, and both sleep duration time and insomnia were negatively correlated with lifespan. Then, two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) and multivariable MR analyses were applied to explore the causal effects between sleep behaviors and lifespan. We found that genetically predicted short sleep duration was causally and negatively associated with lifespan in univariable and multivariable MR analyses, and this effect was partially mediated by coronary artery disease (CAD), type 2 diabetes (T2D) and depression. In contrast, we found that insomnia had no causal effects on lifespan. Our results further confirmed the negative effects of short sleep duration on lifespan and suggested that extension of sleep may benefit the physical health of individuals with sleep loss. Further attention should be given to such public health issues.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Humanos , Longevidade/genética , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/genética , Sono/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla
3.
J Pept Sci ; : e3572, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396336

RESUMO

Hairy tofu is a famous Chinese snack that is made from soybeans and rich in various nutrients. In order to further explore the antioxidant peptides of hairy tofu hydrolysates, seven proteases were used to hydrolyze hairy tofu. The results of in vitro radical scavenging activity showed that hairy tofu hydrolysates obtained by pancreatin exhibited the highest antioxidant activity. After Sephadex G-25 gel filtration and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), 97 peptides were identified in the most antioxidant fraction using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Among them, nine peptides were synthesized and their antioxidant activities were assessed using a H2 O2 -induced oxidative 293T cell model. Finally, four peptides (QCESHK, LAWNEGR, NLQGENEWDQK, and FTEMWR) at concentrations of < 50 µg/ml significantly decreased the malondialdehyde content compared with the model group, displaying in vivo antioxidant activity and low cytotoxicity. Overall, this research provided the choice of using hairy tofu peptides as antioxidant products in the pharmaceutical and food industries.

4.
Food Chem ; 444: 138565, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340505

RESUMO

Although αs1-casein poses significant health risks to individuals with milk allergies, the availability of quantification methods for this allergen remains limited. In this study, we developed an immunomagnetic beads-based immunoassay (IMBs-ELISA) for the precise quantitative detection of bovine αs1-CN, specifically targeting epitope AA173-194. No cross-reactivity was observed with the other 7 food allergens including milk allergen. The linear detection range of the established IMBs-ELISA method was 0.125 µg/mL-2.000 µg/mL, with a limit of detection of 0.099 µg/mL. The accuracy of this method was 1.048 %, and the intra-plate and inter-plate precision achieved 4.100 % and 6.777 %, respectively. Notably, the entire IMBs-ELISA process could be completed within 75 min, representing a substantial time-saving advantage over traditional ELISA methods. These results proved the reliability and rapidity of the IMBs-ELISA method for detecting αs1-CN in real food.

5.
Insights Imaging ; 15(1): 44, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353807

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop and compare noninvasive models for differentiating between combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CCA) and HCC based on serum tumor markers, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), and computed tomography (CECT). METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2021, patients with pathologically confirmed cHCC-CCA or HCC who underwent both preoperative CEUS and CECT were retrospectively enrolled. Propensity scores were calculated to match cHCC-CCA and HCC patients with a near-neighbor ratio of 1:2. Two predicted models, a CEUS-predominant (CEUS features plus tumor markers) and a CECT-predominant model (CECT features plus tumor markers), were constructed using logistic regression analyses. Model performance was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. RESULTS: A total of 135 patients (mean age, 51.3 years ± 10.9; 122 men) with 135 tumors (45 cHCC-CCA and 90 HCC) were included. By logistic regression analysis, unclear boundary in the intratumoral nonenhanced area, partial washout on CEUS, CA 19-9 > 100 U/mL, lack of cirrhosis, incomplete tumor capsule, and nonrim arterial phase hyperenhancement (APHE) volume < 50% on CECT were independent factors for a diagnosis of cHCC-CCA. The CECT-predominant model showed almost perfect sensitivity for cHCC-CCA, unlike the CEUS-predominant model (93.3% vs. 55.6%, p < 0.001). The CEUS-predominant model showed higher diagnostic specificity than the CECT-predominant model (80.0% vs. 63.3%; p = 0.020), especially in the ≤ 5 cm subgroup (92.0% vs. 70.0%; p = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: The CECT-predominant model provides higher diagnostic sensitivity than the CEUS-predominant model for CHCC-CCA. Combining CECT features with serum CA 19-9 > 100 U/mL shows excellent sensitivity. CRITICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: Combining lack of cirrhosis, incomplete tumor capsule, and nonrim arterial phase hyperenhancement (APHE) volume < 50% on CECT with serum CA 19-9 > 100 U/mL shows excellent sensitivity in differentiating cHCC-CCA from HCC. KEY POINTS: 1. Accurate differentiation between cHCC-CCA and HCC is essential for treatment decisions. 2. The CECT-predominant model provides higher accuracy than the CEUS-predominant model for CHCC-CCA. 3. Combining CECT features and CA 19-9 levels shows a sensitivity of 93.3% in diagnosing cHCC-CCA.

6.
J Integr Med ; 2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transvaginal oocyte retrieval is frequently followed by adverse events related to anesthesia and the procedure. Some research showed that transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) can relieve intraoperative pain and postoperative nausea. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether TEAS can alleviate pain and relieve adverse symptoms after oocyte retrieval. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Altogether 128 patients were randomly divided into the TEAS group and the mock TEAS group. The two groups received a 30-minute-long TEAS or mock TEAS treatment that began 30 min after oocyte retrieval. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the visual analog scale (VAS) pain score. Secondary outcomes were pressure pain threshold, McGill score, pain rating index (PRI), present pain intensity (PPI), VAS stress score, VAS anxiety score, and postoperative adverse symptoms. RESULTS: The baseline characteristics of the two groups were comparable (P > 0.05). The VAS pain scores of the TEAS group were lower than those of the mock TEAS group at 60 and 90 min after oocyte retrieval (P < 0.05). The McGill score, PRI and PPI in the TEAS group were significantly lower than those in the control group at 60 min after oocyte retrieval (P < 0.05). However, the two groups had equivalent beneficial effects regarding the negative emotions, such as nervousness and anxiety (P > 0.05). The TEAS group was superior to the mock TEAS group for relieving postoperative adverse symptoms (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: TEAS treatment can relieve postoperative pain and postoperative adverse symptoms for patients undergoing oocyte retrieval. Please cite this article as: Liu LY, Su Y, Wang RR, Lai YY, Huang L, Li YT, Tao XY, Su MH, Zheng XY, Huang SC, Wu YN, Yu SY, Liang FR, Yang J. Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation benefits postoperative pain relief of oocyte retrieval: A randomized controlled trial. J Integr Med. 2024; Epub ahead of print.

7.
Cells Tissues Organs ; 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310851

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ascending aortic aneurysm is a serious health risk. In order to study ascending aortic aneurysms, elastase and calcium ion treatment for aneurysm formation are mainly used, but their aneurysm formation time is long, the aneurysm formation rate is low. Thus, this study aimed to construct a rat model of ascending aorta aneurysm with a short modeling time and high aneurysm formation rate, which may mimic the pathological processes of human ascending aorta aneurysm. METHODS: Cushion needles with different pipe diameters (1.0, 1.2, 1.4 and 1.6 mm) were used to establish a human-like rat model of ascending aortic aneurysm by narrowing the ascending aorta of rats and increasing the force of blood flow on the vessel wall. The vascular diameters were evaluated using color Doppler ultrasonography after two weeks. The characteristics of ascending aortic aneurysm in rats were detected by Masson's trichrome staining, Verhoeff's Van Gieson staining and hematoxylin and eosin staining while RT-PCR were utilized to assess the total RNA of cytokine interleukin-1ß, interleukin 6, transforming growth factor-beta1 and metalloproteinase 2. RESULTS: Two weeks after surgery, the ultrasound images and the statistical analysis demonstrated that the diameter of the ascending aorta in rats increased more than 1.5 times, similar to that in humans, indicating the success of animal modeling of ascending aortic aneurysm. Moreover, the optimal constriction diameter of the ascending aortic aneurysm model is 1.4 mm by the statistical analysis of the rate of ascending aortic aneurysm and mortality rate in rats with different constriction diameters. CONCLUSIONS: The human-like ascending aortic aneurysm model developed in this study can be used for the studies of the pathological processes and mechanisms in ascending aortic aneurysm in a more clinically relevant fashion.

8.
Telemed J E Health ; 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346325

RESUMO

Background: Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) require long-term and ongoing rehabilitation interventions supporting their development. Telerehabilitation can provide continuous rehabilitation services for CSHCN. However, few studies have explored the intention of CSHCN and their caregivers to use telerehabilitation and its impact on them. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify factors that influence the intention to use telerehabilitation among CSHCN and their caregivers. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study. Based on the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology, extended with additional predictors (trust and perceived risk [PR]), this study developed a research model and proposed 10 hypotheses. A structured questionnaire was distributed to 176 caregivers. Data were analyzed and research hypotheses were tested using partial least squares structural equation modeling to better understand the factors influencing the use of telerehabilitation. Results: A total of 164 valid questionnaires were collected. CSHCN and their caregivers were overall satisfied with this telerehabilitation medical service. The results of the structural model analysis indicated that social influence (SI), facilitating conditions (FC), and trust had significant effects on behavioral intention (BI) to use telerehabilitation, while the paths between performance expectancy (PE), effort expectancy (EE), and PR and BI were not significant. PE, EE, and SI had a significant effect on trust. Moreover, EE and SI had indirect effects on BI, with trust as the mediator. Conclusions: The results indicated that SI, FC, and trust are significant factors influencing CSHCN and their caregivers' use of telerehabilitation. Trust is also an important mediator for the intention and highly influenced by PE, EE, and SI.

9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2306174, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368261

RESUMO

Patients with concurrent intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and hepatolithiasis generally have poor prognoses. Hepatolithiasis is once considered the primary cause of ICC, although recent insights indicate that bacteria in the occurrence of hepatolithiasis can promote the progression of ICC. By constructing in vitro and in vivo ICC models and patient-derived organoids (PDOs), it is shown that Escherichia coli induces the production of a novel RNA, circGLIS3 (cGLIS3), which promotes tumor growth. cGLIS3 binds to hnRNPA1 and G3BP1, resulting in the assembly of stress granules (SGs) and suppression of hnRNPA1 and G3BP1 ubiquitination. Consequently, the IKKα mRNA is blocked in SGs, decreasing the production of IKKα and activating the NF-κB pathway, which finally results in chemoresistance and produces metastatic phenotypes of ICC. This study shows that a combination of Icaritin (ICA) and gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GP) chemotherapy can be a promising treatment strategy for ICC.

10.
Molecules ; 29(3)2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338352

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) are mainly induced by oxidative stress which produces excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS). Quercetin (QU) is a potent antioxidant with some effects on NDDs. This study prepared and characterized a novel glucose-modified QU liposome (QU-Glu-Lip), aiming not only to overcome QU's poor water solubility and bioavailability but also to deliver more QU to brain tissue to enhance its neuroprotective effect. QU-Glu-Lip possessed encapsulation efficiency (EE) of 89.9%, homogenous particle sizes (116-124 nm), small PDI value (<0.3), zeta value -1.363 ± 0.437 mV, proper pH and salt stability, and proper cytotoxicity. The glucose-modified liposome penetrated the blood-brain barrier (BBB) mediated via the glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) and was taken by neuronal cells more efficiently than liposome without glucose, according to bEnd.3 and PC12 cell tests. QU-Glu-Lip attenuated H2O2-induced oxidative damage to PC12 with higher cell viability (88.42%) and lower intracellular ROS compared to that of QU. QU-Glu-Lip had higher brain target ability and delivered more QU to neuronal cells, effectively exerting the antioxidative neuroprotection effect. There is potential for the QU-Glu-Lip application for more effective treatment of NDDs.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Quercetina , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Quercetina/farmacologia , Lipossomos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Neuroproteção , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Glucose , Encéfalo
11.
Ann Hematol ; 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38409598

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with TP53-mutant acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and to explore potential prognostic factors. This retrospective analysis included 130 patients diagnosed with TP53-mutant AML at the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital between January 2016 and June 2023. Patients' ages ranged from 17 to 80 years, with a median age of 59 years. The proportions of de novo, therapy-related, and secondary AML cases were 71.5%, 7.7%, and 20.8%, respectively. Complex karyotypes were observed in 60.6% of patients, and the proportions of -5 or del(5q), -7 or del(7q), and - 17 or del(17p) were 41.7%, 27.9% and 14.4%, respectively. DNA methylation- and myelodysplasia-related (MR) gene mutations were observed in 36.9% and 25.4% of patients, respectively. These patients showed poor survival, with a median overall survival (OS) of 4.5 months, a 1-year OS rate of 32.5%, a 3-year OS rate of 18.8%, and a 5-year OS rate of 11.3%. The complete response rates for intensive chemotherapy (IC), hypomethylating agent (HMAs)-based therapies, and azacitidine plus venetoclax were 35.7%, 22.2%, and 37.5%, respectively. Patients who did or did not receive allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) had similar prognoses (median OS: 6.0 vs. 3.9 months; P = 0.6415). Multivariate analysis indicated that MR gene mutations is an independent favorable prognostic factor of OS (HR = 0.366, 95% CI: 0.181-0.738, P = 0.005). In conclusion, patients with TP53-mutant AML have poor prognoses under current treatment strategies and MR gene mutations are associated with a more favorable survival. Therefore, further studies are needed to improve the survival rates in this population.

12.
Mol Carcinog ; 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38411267

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is a major cause of death among cancer patients. Recent research has shown that the transmembrane emp24 domain (TMED) protein family plays a role in the progression of various types of cancer. In this study, we investigated the expression of TMED3 in ovarian cancer tumors compared to nontumor tissues using immunohistochemical staining. We found that TMED3 was overexpressed in ovarian cancer tumors, and its high expression was associated with poor disease-free and overall survival. To understand the functional implications of TMED3 overexpression in ovarian cancer, we conducted experiments to knockdown TMED3 using short hairpin RNA (shRNA). We observed that TMED3 knockdown resulted in reduced cell viability and migration, as well as increased cell apoptosis. Additionally, in subcutaneous xenograft models in BALB-c nude mice, TMED3 knockdown inhibited tumor growth. Further investigation revealed that SMAD family member 2 (SMAD2) was a downstream target of TMED3, driving ovarian cancer progression. TMED3 stabilized SMAD2 by inhibiting the E3 ligase NEDD4-mediated ubiquitination of SMAD2. To confirm the importance of SMAD2 in TMED3-mediated ovarian cancer, we performed functional rescue experiments and found that SMAD2 played a critical role in this process. Moreover, we discovered that the PI3K-AKT pathway was involved in the promoting effects of TMED3 overexpression on ovarian cancer cells. Overall, our study identifies TMED3 as a prognostic indicator and tumor promoter in ovarian cancer. Its function is likely mediated through the regulation of the SMAD2 and PI3K-AKT signaling pathway. These findings contribute to our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying ovarian cancer progression and provide potential targets for therapeutic intervention.

13.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 18: 535-547, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415195

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between the amount of sufentanil used during anesthesia and intraoperative hemodynamic fluctuation and postoperative recovery in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 454 patients undergoing elective heart surgery under CPB. Patients were divided into two groups according to the amount of sufentanil used during anesthesia: Group L (induced sufentanil 0.4-0.6 ug /kg, maintained sufentanil 0.01-0.02 ug/kg/min, n = 223) and Group H (induced sufentanil 4-6 ug/kg, maintained sufentanil 0.02-0.03 ug/kg/min, n = 231). Propensity score matching (PSM) was used at a 1:1 nearest-neighbor ratio to compare the two groups. Intraoperative use of vasoactive drugs, spontaneous heart rebound, secondary endotracheal intubation, postoperative mechanical ventilation time, the length of stay (LOS) in ICU, postoperative LOS in hospital, postoperative in-hospital mortality were analyzed. Results: After matching, a total of 144 patients were included (72 patients in Group L, and 72 patients in Group H). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the dosage of sufentanil during anesthesia was significantly correlated with the utilization rate of intraoperative vasoactive drugs (P < 0.001) and the success rate of spontaneous heart rebound (p = 0.001). The utilization rate of vasoactive drugs decreased significantly in Group H (OR, 0.062; 95% CI, 0.019-0.200) compared to that of Group L. The success rate of spontaneous heart rebound (OR, 0.187; 95% CI, 0.071-0.491) was higher in Group H. There were no differences on postoperative recovery outcomes between the two groups. Conclusion: On the basis of our data, the use of high-dose sufentanil is beneficial to keep the cardiovascular response of patients in a stable state, but there is no significant effect on the quality of early postoperative recovery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Sufentanil , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Período Pós-Operatório , Hemodinâmica
14.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38268027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Food allergies could be regulated via Th1/Th2 balance, intestinal oxidative stress and inflammation, which were considered as food allergy-associated factors. Medicine-food homologous materials (MFHM) were considered as a significant factor with respect to preventing human diseases. To evaluate the associations between MFHM and food allergy-associated factors, two types of MFHM with the remarkable function of anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation, Gardeniae fructus (Gar) and Sophorae glos (Sop), were chosen. RESULTS: By constructing an H2 O2 -induced oxidative stress model of Caco-2 cells and an intestinal inflammatory cell model of Caco-2 cells with tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin (IL)-13, the contents of anti-oxidative enzymes (SOD and GSH), inflammatory factor (IL-8) and tight junction proteins (zonula occludens-1, occludin and claudin-1) in Caco-2 cells were determined. Moreover, the anti-allergic effects of digestive Sop and Gar were evaluated by measuring the levels of Th1/Th2/Treg cytokines in the spleen cells of sensitized mice. The results showed that the SOD and GSH were obviously increased and the gene and protein expression of IL-8 and claudin-1 were improved with the incubation of digested Sop. Th2 cytokine was reduced and Th1/Th2 balance was promoted on coincubation with ovalbumin (OVA) and digested Sop in the splenocytes. However, the digested Gar had no effect. CONCLUSION: The digested Sop not only had suppressive effects on intestinal oxidative stress and inflammation, but also had regulative effects on Th1/Th2 balance. This finding demonstrated that not all of the MFHM with anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects have anti-allergic activities. The present study may be contributing toward establishing a screening model to identify the anti-allergic MFHM. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.

15.
J Affect Disord ; 349: 86-100, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent and debilitating psychiatric disorders. It becomes more recognized that mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathophysiology of depression. However, little research has systematically investigated the mitochondria-related biomarkers for MDD diagnosis. This study aimed to develop a novel diagnostic gene signature in MDD based on mitochondria-related genes. METHOD: We identified the differentially expressed mitochondrial-related genes (DeMRGs) by combing the gene expression data of the GEO database with mitochondria-related gene lists obtained from the MitoCarta3.0 database. Next, three kinds of machine-learning algorithms were used to screen characteristic DeMRGs. Then, we constructed a multivariable diagnostic model based on these characteristic genes and evaluated the diagnostic ability of this model. Subsequently, the immune landscape of infiltrated immune cells between MDD patients and controls was evaluated by CIBERSORT. Using consensus clustering analysis, we divided MDD patients into different clusters based on the characteristic DeMRGs expression patterns. Finally, the variations in immune cell infiltration between different clusters, and the correlation between characteristic DeMRGs and immune cell infiltration were analyzed. RESULTS: Seven characteristic genes, including PMPCB, MRPS28, LYRM2, MGST1, COX20, PTPMT1, and STX17, were identified from the 31 DeMRGs. Based on the seven characteristic genes, we successfully constructed a diagnostic model which had relatively good diagnostic performance and potential application in the clinical diagnosis of MDD. In addition, our results also imply an intimate and comprehensive association between the characteristic DeMRGs and immune infiltrating cells. CONCLUSION: A novel mitochondria-related gene signature with a good diagnostic performance and a relationship with immune microenvironment were identified in major depressive disorder.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/genética , DNA Mitocondrial , Mitocôndrias/genética , Algoritmos , Biologia Computacional , Biomarcadores
16.
Pharmaceutics ; 16(1)2024 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38258085

RESUMO

Atherosclerotic disease is a substantial global burden, and existing treatments, such as statins, are recommended to lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and inhibit the progression of atherosclerosis. However, side effects, including gastrointestinal unease, potential harm to the liver, and discomfort in the muscles, might be observed. In this study, we propose a novel method using periodic mesoporous silica nanoparticles (PMS) to create heparin-modified PMS (PMS-HP) with excellent biocompatibility, enabling selective removal of LDL-C from the blood. In vitro, through the introduction of PMS-HP into the plasma of mice, we observed that, compared to PMS alone, PMS-HP could selectively adsorb LDL-C while avoiding interference with valuable components such as plasma proteins and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Notably, further investigations revealed that the adsorption of LDL-C by PMS-HP could be well-fitted to quasi-first-order (R2 = 0.993) and quasi-second-order adsorption models (R2 = 0.998). Likewise, in vivo, intravenous injection of PMS-HP enabled targeted LDL-C adsorption (6.5 ± 0.73 vs. 8.6 ± 0.76 mM, p < 0.001) without affecting other plasma constituents, contributing to reducing intravascular plaque formation (3.66% ± 1.06% vs. 1.87% ± 0.79%, p < 0.05) on the aortic wall and inhibiting vascular remodeling (27.2% ± 6.55% vs. 38.3% ± 1.99%, p < 0.05). Compared to existing lipid adsorption techniques, PMS-HP exhibited superior biocompatibility and recyclability, rendering it valuable for both in vivo and in vitro applications.

17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 266: 116116, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38215590

RESUMO

Adenoviral E1A binding protein p300 (EP300 or p300) and its similar paralog, cyclic-AMP response element binding protein (CBP), are important histone acetyltransferases (HAT) and transcriptional co-activators in epigenetics, participating in numerous cellular pathways including proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The overexpression or dysregulation of p300/CBP is closely related to oncology-relevant disease. The inhibition of p300 HAT has been found to be a potential drug target. Berberine has been reported to show anticancer activity and synergistic effect in combination with some of the clinical anticancer drugs via modulation of various pathways. Here, the present study sought to discover more chemotypes of berberine derivatives as p300 HAT inhibitors and to examine the combination of these novel analogues with doxorubicin for the treatment of breast cancer. A series of novel berberine derivatives with modifications of A/B/D rings of berberine have been designed, synthesized and screened. Compound 7b was found to exhibit inhibitory potency against p300 HAT with IC50 values of 1.51 µM. Western blotting proved that 7b decreased H3K27Ac and interfered with the expression of oncology-relevant protein in MCF-7 cells. Further bioactive evaluation showed that combination of compound 7b with doxorubicin could significantly inhibit tumor growth and invasion in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Berberina , Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Histona Acetiltransferases/metabolismo , Histonas , Berberina/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia
18.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-16, 2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38193271

RESUMO

LncRNAs are a class of non-coding RNAs that play an important role in regulating gene expression. However, their specific molecular mechanisms in gastric carcinogenesis and metastasis need further exploration. TCGA data showed that the expression of MFGE8, which was closely related to survival, was significantly positively correlated with lncRNA SNHG14. And moreover, the results of high-throughput sequencing and qRT-PCR showed that lncRNA SNHG14 was significantly elevated in gastric cancer. Further, in vitro functional realization showed that lncRNA SNHG14 overexpression significantly increased gastric cancer's proliferation, invasion and migration. Animal experiments also showed that lncRNA SNHG14 overexpression promoted tumorigenesis and metastasis in vivo. Mechanistically, MFGE8 activates the expression of lncRNA SNHG14, which activates the cellular EMT by stabilizing CDH2. Our study suggests that lncRNA SNHG14 could be a potential target for gastric cancer therapy.


Gastric cancer is one of the malignant tumors with a high incidence and high mortality rate worldwide. The current treatment modalities for gastric cancer are surgery, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. However, the 5-year survival rate of gastric cancer patients is still less than 30%. The main reason for the low survival rate of gastric cancer patients is that most cases are already at an advanced disease stage when first diagnosed, with tumor metastasis, tumor heterogeneity and resistance to radiotherapy. TCGA data showed that the expression of MFGE8, which was closely related to survival, was significantly positively correlated with lncRNA SNHG14.We found that lncRNA SNHG14 expression was significantly elevated in gastric cancer by high-throughput sequencing. It was further confirmed in vitro and in vivo that overexpression of lncRNA SNHG14 promoted the proliferation and migration ability of gastric cancer. Mechanistically, lncRNA SNHG14 played an oncogene role by promoting CDH2 expression to activate EMT in tumor cells.

19.
Radiat Res ; 2024 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38235545

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of fludarabine, a signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT1) inhibitor, on the radiosensitivity of B-cell lymphoma (BCL) and to explore the underlying mechanisms. Radiotherapy is one of the primary treatments for BCL, and STAT1 plays a critical role in the transcription of cell proliferation-related genes, which are associated with radiotherapy and ferroptosis. This study aims to determine whether fludarabine can enhance the radiosensitivity of BCL and to elucidate the molecular pathways involved. Various in vitro methodologies, including CCK-8 assays, clonogenic formation assays, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, qRT-PCR, and Western blot analyses, were employed in B-cell lymphoma cell models to thoroughly investigate the effects of fludarabine on radiosensitivity. Subsequently, the obtained results were further validated through in vivo animal models and by examining human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cancer samples. Our findings demonstrate that the combination of fludarabine and irradiation synergistically inhibits cell viability and colony formation, while inducing apoptosis and ferroptosis in B-cell lymphoma cell lines Raji and Su-DHL-10. Moreover, fludarabine was found to enhance the ferroptosis induced by radiation, thereby synergistically impeding the growth of BCL. In vivo experiments confirmed these findings, revealing that the intraperitoneal injection of fludarabine significantly enhanced the inhibitory effects of radiation on Raji cell xenograft models, leading to an increased percentage of ferroptosis compared to models without fludarabine. Additionally, the administration of liproxstatin-1, a ferroptosis inhibitor, attenuated the inhibition of xenograft growth caused by the combination of fludarabine and irradiation. Furthermore, our analysis of clinical data revealed that increased co-expression of STAT1 and GPX4 is associated with poor overall survival in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. These results highlight the potential of fludarabine to enhance radiosensitivity and ferroptosis induction as a promising therapeutic strategy for BCL. Our results demonstrated that fludarabine promoted radiation-induced BCL death through the ferroptosis pathway. We have identified a previously unrecognized mechanism in the fludarabine and radiation combination, indicating that it is necessary to conduct prospective clinical trials to verify this new treatment regimen in BCL.

20.
Eur J Med Chem ; 265: 116120, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38194776

RESUMO

The advent of small molecule modulators targeting the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) has revolutionized the treatment of persons with cystic fibrosis (CF) (pwCF). Presently, these small molecule CFTR modulators have gained approval for usage in approximately 90 % of adult pwCF. Ongoing drug development endeavors are focused on optimizing the therapeutic benefits while mitigating potential adverse effects associated with this treatment approach. Based on their mode of interaction with CFTR, these drugs can be classified into two distinct categories: specific CFTR modulators and non-specific CFTR modulators. Specific CFTR modulators encompass potentiators and correctors, whereas non-specific CFTR modulators encompass activators, proteostasis modulators, stabilizers, reader-through agents, and amplifiers. Currently, four small molecule modulators, all classified as potentiators and correctors, have obtained marketing approval. Furthermore, numerous novel small molecule modulators, exhibiting diverse mechanisms of action, are currently undergoing development. This review aims to explore the classification, mechanisms of action, molecular structures, developmental processes, and interrelationships among small molecule CFTR modulators.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Quinolonas , Adulto , Humanos , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/genética , Fibrose Cística/tratamento farmacológico , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Quinolonas/farmacologia , Aminopiridinas , Mutação
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