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Micromachines (Basel) ; 14(9)2023 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37763952


In this paper, the newly developed 3D-constructed AlScN piezoelectric MEMS mirror is presented. This paper describes the structure and driving mechanism of the proposed mirror device, covering its driving characteristics in both quasi-static and resonant scan modes. Particularly, this paper deals with various achievable scan patterns including 1D line scan and 2D area scan capabilities and driving methods to realize each scanning strategy. Bidirectional quasi-static actuation along horizontal, vertical, and diagonal scanning directions was experimentally characterized and even under a low voltage level of ±20 V, a total optical scan angle of 10.4° was achieved. In addition, 1D line scanning methods using both resonant and non-resonant frequencies were included and a total optical scan angle of 14° was obtained with 100 mVpp under out-of-phase actuation condition. Furthermore, 2D scan patterns including Lissajous, circular and spiral, and raster scans were realized. Diverse scan patterns were realized with the presented AlScN-based MEMS mirror device even under a low level of applied voltage. Further experiments using high voltage up to ±120 V to achieve an enhanced quasi-static scan angle of more than 20° are ongoing to ensure repeatability. This multi-functional MEMS mirror possesses the potential to implement multiple scanning strategies suitable for various application purposes.

Nano Lett ; 23(8): 3532-3539, 2023 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37018631


Ferromagnetic La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xRuxO3 epitaxial multilayers with controlled variation of the Ru/Mn content were synthesized to engineer canted magnetic anisotropy and variable exchange interactions, and to explore the possibility of generating a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. The ultimate aim of the multilayer design is to provide the conditions for the formation of domains with nontrivial magnetic topology in an oxide thin film system. Employing magnetic force microscopy and Lorentz transmission electron microscopy in varying perpendicular magnetic fields, magnetic stripe domains separated by Néel-type domain walls as well as Néel skyrmions smaller than 100 nm in diameter were observed. These findings are consistent with micromagnetic modeling, taking into account a sizable Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction arising from the inversion symmetry breaking and possibly from strain effects in the multilayer system.

Nano Lett ; 20(7): 4761-4767, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510961


We present laser-induced photothermal synthesis of atomically precise graphene nanoribbons (GNRs). The kinetics of photothermal bottom-up GNR growth are unravelled by in situ Raman spectroscopy carried out in ultrahigh vacuum. We photothermally drive the reaction steps by short periods of laser irradiation and subsequently analyze the Raman spectra of the reactants in the irradiated area. Growth kinetics of chevron GNRs (CGNRs) and seven atoms wide armchair GNRs (7-AGNRs) is investigated. The reaction rate constants for polymerization, cyclodehydrogenation, and interribbon fusion are experimentally determined. We find that the limiting rate constants for CGNR growth are several hundred times smaller than for 7-AGNR growth and that interribbon fusion is an important elementary reaction occurring during 7-AGNR growth. Our work highlights that photothermal synthesis and in situ Raman spectroscopy are a powerful tandem for the investigation of on-surface reactions.

ACS Omega ; 5(11): 5824-5833, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32226862


SrRuO3, a 4d ferromagnet with multiple Weyl nodes at the Fermi level, offers a rich playground to design epitaxial heterostructures and superlattices with fascinating magnetic and magnetotransport properties. Interfacing ultrathin SrRuO3 layers with large spin-orbit coupling 5d transition-metal oxides, such as SrIrO3, results in pronounced peaklike anomalies in the magnetic field dependence of the Hall resistivity. Such anomalies have been attributed either to the formation of Néel-type skyrmions or to modifications of the Berry curvature of the topologically nontrivial conduction bands near the Fermi level of SrRuO3. Here, epitaxial multilayers based on SrRuO3 interfaced with 5d perovskite oxides, such as SrIrO3 and SrHfO3, were studied. This work focuses on the magnetotransport properties of the multilayers, aiming to unravel the role played by the interfaces with 5d perovskites in the peaklike anomalies of the Hall resistance loops of SrRuO3 layers. Interfacing with large band gap insulating SrHfO3 layers did not influence the anomalous Hall resistance loops, while interfacing with the nominally paramagnetic semimetal SrIrO3 resulted in pronounced peaklike anomalies, which have been lately attributed to a topological Hall effect contribution as a result of skyrmions. This interpretation is, however, under strong debate and lately alternative causes, such as inhomogeneity of the thickness and the electronic properties of the SrRuO3 layers, have been considered. Aligned with these latter proposals, our findings reveal the central role played in the anomalies of the Hall resistivity loops by electronic inhomogeneity of SrRuO3 layers due to the interfacing with semimetallic 5d5 SrIrO3.