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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 20(1): 277-290, 2025 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767492

RESUMO

JOURNAL/nrgr/04.03/01300535-202501000-00035/figure1/v/2024-05-14T021156Z/r/image-tiff Our previous study found that rat bone marrow-derived neural crest cells (acting as Schwann cell progenitors) have the potential to promote long-distance nerve repair. Cell-based therapy can enhance peripheral nerve repair and regeneration through paracrine bioactive factors and intercellular communication. Nevertheless, the complex contributions of various types of soluble cytokines and extracellular vesicle cargos to the secretome remain unclear. To investigate the role of the secretome and extracellular vesicles in repairing damaged peripheral nerves, we collected conditioned culture medium from hypoxia-pretreated neural crest cells, and found that it significantly promoted the repair of sensory neurons damaged by oxygen-glucose deprivation. The mRNA expression of trophic factors was highly expressed in hypoxia-pretreated neural crest cells. We performed RNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis and found that miR-21-5p was enriched in hypoxia-pretreated extracellular vesicles of neural crest cells. Subsequently, to further clarify the role of hypoxia-pretreated neural crest cell extracellular vesicles rich in miR-21-5p in axonal growth and regeneration of sensory neurons, we used a microfluidic axonal dissociation model of sensory neurons in vitro, and found that hypoxia-pretreated neural crest cell extracellular vesicles promoted axonal growth and regeneration of sensory neurons, which was greatly dependent on loaded miR-21-5p. Finally, we constructed a miR-21-5p-loaded neural conduit to repair the sciatic nerve defect in rats and found that the motor and sensory functions of injured rat hind limb, as well as muscle tissue morphology of the hind limbs, were obviously restored. These findings suggest that hypoxia-pretreated neural crest extracellular vesicles are natural nanoparticles rich in miRNA-21-5p. miRNA-21-5p is one of the main contributors to promoting nerve regeneration by the neural crest cell secretome. This helps to explain the mechanism of action of the secretome and extracellular vesicles of neural crest cells in repairing damaged peripheral nerves, and also promotes the application of miR-21-5p in tissue engineering regeneration medicine.

2.
J Cell Physiol ; 2024 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764331

RESUMO

Early-onset preeclampsia, which occurrs before 34 weeks of gestation, is the most dangerous classification of preeclampsia, which is a pregnancy-specific disease that causes 1% of maternal deaths. G protein-coupled receptor 124 (GPR124) is significantly expressed at various stages of the human reproductive process, particularly during embryogenesis and angiogenesis. Our prior investigation demonstrated a notable decrease in GPR124 expression in the placentas of patients with early-onset preeclampsia compared to that in normal pregnancy placentas. However, there is a lack of extensive investigation into the molecular processes that contribute to the role of GPR124 in placenta development. This study aimed to examine the mechanisms by which GPR124 affects the occurrence of early-onset preeclampsia and its function in trophoblast. Proliferative, invasive, migratory, apoptotic, and inflammatory processes were identified in GPR124 knockdown, GPR124 overexpression, and normal HTR8/SVneo cells. The mechanism of GPR124-mediated cell function in GPR124 knockdown HTR8/SVneo cells was examined using inhibitors of the JNK or P38 MAPK pathway. Downregulation of GPR124 was found to significantly inhibit proliferation, invasion and migration, and promote apoptosis of HTR8/SVneo cells when compared to the control and GPR124 overexpression groups. This observation is consistent with the pathological characteristics of preeclampsia. In addition, GPR124 overexpression inhibits the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-8 and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) while enhancing the secretion of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-4. Furthermore, GPR124 suppresses the activation of P-JNK and P-P38 within the JNK/P38 MAPK pathway. The invasion, apoptosis, and inflammation mediated by GPR124 were partially restored by suppressing the JNK and P38 MAPK pathways in HTR8/SVneo cells. GPR124 plays a crucial role in regulating trophoblast proliferation, invasion, migration, apoptosis, and inflammation via the JNK and P38 MAPK pathways. Furthermore, the effect of GPR124 on trophoblast suggests its involvement in the pathogenesis of early-onset preeclampsia.

3.
J Vis Exp ; (207)2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767359

RESUMO

Chronic pelvic pain caused by the sequelae of inflammatory pelvic disease is a common clinical condition of pelvic pain in women. At present, the main challenges in its treatment are the limited effectiveness of pain relief and the frequent recurrence of symptoms, which significantly impact patients' quality of life and impose a considerable psychological burden on them. It is a clinically challenging disease. After summarizing years of treatment experience, the author's team discovered that acupoint catgut embedding demonstrated notable clinical efficacy in managing chronic pelvic pain stemming from pelvic inflammatory disease sequelae. Compared to existing Western medicine treatment methods, acupoint catgut embedding offers advantages such as a good analgesic effect, lower recurrence rate, economic benefits, and a relatively straightforward procedure. This article provides a comprehensive guide on embedding absorbable catgut into patients' acupoints for the treatment of chronic pelvic pain in females resulting from the sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Categute , Dor Crônica , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica , Dor Pélvica , Humanos , Dor Pélvica/terapia , Dor Pélvica/etiologia , Feminino , Dor Crônica/terapia , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/complicações , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/terapia , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos
4.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 246: 116164, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38776585

RESUMO

Evaluating the quality of herbal medicine based on the content and activity of its main components is highly beneficial. Developing an eco-friendly determination method has significant application potential. In this study, we propose a new method to simultaneously predict the total flavonoid content (TFC), xanthine oxidase inhibitory (XO) activity, and antioxidant activity (AA) of Prunus mume using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR). Using the sodium nitrite-aluminum nitrate-sodium hydroxide colorimetric method, uric acid colorimetric method, and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity as reference methods, we analyzed TFC, XO, and AA in 90 P. mume samples collected from different locations in China. The solid samples were subjected to NIR. By employing spectral preprocessing and optimizing spectral bands, we established a rapid prediction model for TFC, XO, and AA using partial least squares regression (PLS). To improve the model's performance and eliminate irrelevant variables, competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS) was used to calculate the pretreated full spectrum. Evaluation model indicators included the root mean square error of cross-validation (RMSECV) and determination coefficient (R2) values. The TFC, XO, and AA model, combining optimal spectral preprocessing and spectral bands, had RMSECV values of 0.139, 0.117, and 0.121, with RCV2 values exceeding 0.92. The root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) for the TFC, XO, and AA model on the prediction set was 0.301, 0.213, and 0.149, with determination coefficient (RP2) values of 0.915, 0.933, and 0.926. The results showed a strong correlation between NIR with TFC, XO, and AA in P. mume. Therefore, the established model was effective, suitable for the rapid quantification of TFC, XO, and AA. The prediction method is simple and rapid, and can be extended to the study of medicinal plant content and activity.

5.
EClinicalMedicine ; 72: 102622, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745965

RESUMO

Background: The role of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unconfirmed. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) plus anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) antibody/tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) with or without TACE as first-line treatment for advanced HCC. Methods: This nationwide, multicenter, retrospective cohort study included advanced HCC patients receiving either TACE with ICIs plus anti-VEGF antibody/TKIs (TACE-ICI-VEGF) or only ICIs plus anti-VEGF antibody/TKIs (ICI-VEGF) from January 2018 to December 2022. The study design followed the target trial emulation framework with stabilized inverse probability of treatment weighting (sIPTW) to minimize biases. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Secondary outcomes included progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), and safety. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT05332821. Findings: Among 1244 patients included in the analysis, 802 (64.5%) patients received TACE-ICI-VEGF treatment, and 442 (35.5%) patients received ICI-VEGF treatment. The median follow-up time was 21.1 months and 20.6 months, respectively. Post-application of sIPTW, baseline characteristics were well-balanced between the two groups. TACE-ICI-VEGF group exhibited a significantly improved median OS (22.6 months [95% CI: 21.2-23.9] vs 15.9 months [14.9-17.8]; P < 0.0001; adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.63 [95% CI: 0.53-0.75]). Median PFS was also longer in TACE-ICI-VEGF group (9.9 months [9.1-10.6] vs 7.4 months [6.7-8.5]; P < 0.0001; aHR 0.74 [0.65-0.85]) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) version 1.1. A higher ORR was observed in TACE-ICI-VEGF group, by either RECIST v1.1 or modified RECIST (41.2% vs 22.9%, P < 0.0001; 47.3% vs 29.7%, P < 0.0001). Grade ≥3 adverse events occurred in 178 patients (22.2%) in TACE-ICI-VEGF group and 80 patients (18.1%) in ICI-VEGF group. Interpretation: This multicenter study supports the use of TACE combined with ICIs and anti-VEGF antibody/TKIs as first-line treatment for advanced HCC, demonstrating an acceptable safety profile. Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Key Research and Development Program of China, Jiangsu Provincial Medical Innovation Center, Collaborative Innovation Center of Radiation Medicine of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, and Nanjing Life Health Science and Technology Project.

6.
Chembiochem ; : e202400254, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38757240

RESUMO

In this work, a highly sensitive and selective method for detecting folic acid (FA) was developed using D-penicillamine (DPA) stabilized Ag/Cu alloy nanoclusters (DPA@Ag/Cu NCs). The yellow emission of DPA@Ag/Cu NCs was found to be quenched upon the addition of FA to the system. The fluorescence intensity quenching value demonstrated a linear relationship with FA concentrations ranging from 0.01 to 1200 µM, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 5.3 nM. Furthermore, the detection mechanism was investigated through various characterization analyses, including high resolution transmission electron microscopy, fluorescence spectra, ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra, and fluorescence lifetime. The results indicated that the fluorescence quenching induced by FA was a result of electron transfer from FA to the ligands of DPA@Ag/Cu NCs. The selectivity of the FA sensor was also evaluated, showing that common amino acids and inorganic ions had minimal impact on the detection of FA. Moreover, the standard addition method was successfully applied to detect FA in human serum, chewable tablets and FA tablets with promising results. The use of DPA@Ag/Cu NCs demonstrates significant potential for detecting FA in complex biological samples.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(20): e38001, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758850

RESUMO

To identify disease signature genes associated with immune infiltration in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), we downloaded 2 publicly available gene expression profiles, GSE164760 and GSE37031, from the gene expression omnibus database. These profiles represent human NASH and control samples and were used for differential genes (DEGs) expression screening. Two machine learning methods, the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator regression model and Support Vector Machine Recursive Feature Elimination, were used to identify candidate disease signature genes. The CIBERSORT deconvolution algorithm was employed to analyze the infiltration of 22 immune cell types in NASH. Additionally, we constructed a NASH cell model using HepG2 cells treated with oleic acid and free fatty acids. The construction of the cell model was verified using oil red O staining, and Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of the disease signature genes in both control and model groups. As a result, a total of 262 DEGs were identified. These DEGs were primarily associated with metal ion transmembrane transporter activity, sodium ion transmembrane transporter protein activity, calcium ion, and neuroactive ligand-receptor interactions. FOS, IGFBP2, dual-specificity phosphatase 1 (DUSP1), and IKZF3 were identified as disease signature genes of NASH by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator and Support Vector Machine Recursive Feature Elimination algorithms for DEGs analysis. The receiver operating characteristic curves showed that FOS, IGFBP2, DUSP1, and IKZF3 had good diagnostic value (area under receiver operating characteristic curve > 0.8). These findings were validated in the GSE89632 dataset and through cellular assays. Immunocyte infiltration analysis revealed that NASH was associated with CD8 T cells, CD4 T cells, follicular helper T cells, resting NK cells, eosinophils, regulatory T cells, and γδ T cells. The FOS, IGFBP2, DUSP1, and IKZF3 genes were specifically associated with follicular helper T cells. Lipid droplet aggregation significantly increased in HepG2 cells treated with oleic acid and free fatty acids, indicating successful construction of the cell model. In this model, the expression of FOS, IGFBP2, and DUSP1 was significantly decreased, while that of IKZF3 was significantly elevated (P < .01, P < .001) compared with the control group. Therefore, FOS, IGFBP2, DUSP1, and IKZF3 can be considered as disease signature genes associated with immune infiltration in NASH.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/imunologia , Células Hep G2 , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Algoritmos , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Transcriptoma
8.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(6): 370, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38776028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), specifically targeting the programmed cell death protein-1 or its ligand (PD-1/PD-L1), have been extensively used in the treatment of a spectrum of malignancies, although the predictive biomarkers remain to be elucidated. This study aims to investigate the association between baseline circulating levels of cytokines and the creatinine/cystatin C ratio (CCR) with the treatment outcomes of ICIs in patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: The pre-treatment circulating levels of 10 cytokines (PD-L1, CTLA4, CXCL10, LAG3, HGF, CCL2, MIG, GRANB, IL-18, and IL-6) were measured via automated capillary-based immunoassay platform in the serum of 65 advanced cancer patients treated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1-based systemic therapy and 10 healthy volunteers. The levels of cytokines and CCR were quantified and categorized into high and low groups based on the median value. The associations of serum cytokines and CCR with response to treatment, survival, and immune-related adverse events were assessed. RESULTS: Elevated circulating levels of 6 cytokines (PD-L1, CXCL10, HGF, CCL2, MIG, and IL-6) were observed in cancer patients compared with that in healthy volunteers. The correlation coefficients between cytokines, CCR and nutritional risk index were also calculated. In the cancer cohort (N = 65), low circulating HGF (P = 0.023, P = 0.029), low IL-6 (P = 0.002, P < 0.001), and high CCR (P = 0.031, P = 0.008) were associated with significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Multi-variable COX analyses adjusted for clinicopathological factors revealed that low HGF, low IL-6, and high CCR were independent favorable prognostic factors for PFS (P = 0.028, P = 0.010, and P = 0.015, respectively) and OS (P = 0.043, P = 0.003, and P = 0.026, respectively). Grade 2 irAEs occurred more frequently in patients with low levels of circulating CCL2 and LAG3. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-treatment circulating levels of serum IL-6, HGF, and CCR may serve as independent predictive and prognostic biomarkers in advanced cancer patients treated with ICIs-based systemic therapy. These findings might help to identify potential patients who would benefit from these therapies.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Creatinina , Citocinas , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Neoplasias , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Citocinas/sangue , Prognóstico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Creatinina/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígeno B7-H1/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles
9.
Molecules ; 29(10)2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38792176

RESUMO

Utilizing online gradient pressure liquid extraction (OGPLE) coupled with a high-performance liquid chromatography antioxidant analysis system, we examined the antioxidative active components present in both the aerial parts and roots of dandelion. By optimizing the chromatographic conditions, we identified the ferric reducing-antioxidant power system as the most suitable for online antioxidant reactions in dandelion. Compared to offline ultrasonic extraction, the OGPLE method demonstrated superior efficiency in extracting chemical components with varying polarities from the samples. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed twelve compounds within the dandelion samples, with nine demonstrating considerable antioxidant efficacy. Of these, the aerial parts and roots of dandelion contained nine and four antioxidant constituents, respectively. Additionally, molecular docking studies were carried out to investigate the interaction between these nine antioxidants and four proteins associated with oxidative stress (glutathione peroxidase, inducible nitric oxide synthase, superoxide dismutase, and xanthine oxidase). The nine antioxidant compounds displayed notable binding affinities below -5.0 kcal/mol with the selected proteins, suggesting potential receptor-ligand interactions. These findings contribute to enhancing our understanding of dandelion and provide a comprehensive methodology for screening the natural antioxidant components from herbs.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Extratos Vegetais , Taraxacum , Antioxidantes/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Taraxacum/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química
10.
Clin Transl Allergy ; 14(5): e12357, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children and poses a significant threat to their health. This study aims to assess the relationship between various plasma proteins and childhood asthma, thereby identifying potential therapeutic targets. METHODS: Based on publicly available genome-wide association study summary statistics, we employed a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) approach to elucidate the causal relationship between plasma proteins and asthma. Mediation analysis was then conducted to evaluate the indirect influence of plasma proteins on childhood asthma mediated through risk factors. Comprehensive analysis was also conducted to explore the association between plasma proteins and various phenotypes using the UK Biobank dataset. RESULTS: MR analysis uncovered a causal relationship between 10 plasma proteins and childhood asthma. Elevated levels of seven proteins (TLR4, UBP25, CBR1, Rac GTPase-activating protein 1 [RGAP1], IL-21, MICB, and PDE4D) and decreased levels of three proteins (GSTO1, LIRB4 and PIGF) were associated with an increased risk of childhood asthma. Our findings further validated the connections between reported risk factors (body mass index, mood swings, hay fever or allergic rhinitis, and eczema or dermatitis) and childhood asthma. Mediation analysis revealed the influence of proteins on childhood asthma outcomes through risk factors. Furthermore, the MR analysis identified 73 plasma proteins that exhibited causal associations with at least one risk factor for childhood asthma. Among them, RGAP1 mediates a significant proportion (25.10%) of the risk of childhood asthma through eczema or dermatitis. Finally, a phenotype-wide association study based on these 10 proteins and 1403 diseases provided novel associations between these biomarkers and multiple phenotypes. CONCLUSION: Our study comprehensively investigated the causal relationship between plasma proteins and childhood asthma, providing novel insights into potential therapeutic targets.

11.
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 12: 2050313X241252371, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38803359

RESUMO

The occurrence of multiple primary malignancies in a single patient has been relatively rare. We report here the case of a 71-year-old man with three primary tumors of lung cancer, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and prostate cancer, and a preliminary study of the mechanisms by which multiple primary tumors develop at the genetic level. Because of the late stage of the patient's condition, large tumor burden, and poor physical status, the patient survived only a few months. In the case presented herein, cholangiocarcinoma, lung cancer, and prostate cancer were found simultaneously, and the pathogenic sites are not related. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on the pathological tissues to explore the mechanism that may underlie multiple primary cancers at the genetic level. Several gene mutations were found in this case. They involved cell proliferation, cell cycle regulation, genetic stability, metabolism, cell invasion, angiogenesis, cell apoptosis, and other pathways. It can be preliminarily inferred that the mechanism underlying multiple primary tumors is related to the abnormality of tumor-promoting and suppressing pathways.

12.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 453, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38789944

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Impatiens is an important genus with rich species of garden plants, and its distribution is extremely extensive, which is reflected in its diverse ecological environment. However, the specific mechanisms of Impatiens' adaptation to various environments and the mechanism related to lignin remain unclear. RESULTS: Three representative Impatiens species,Impatiens chlorosepala (wet, low degree of lignification), Impatiens uliginosa (aquatic, moderate degree of lignification) and Impatiens rubrostriata (terrestrial, high degree of lignification), were selected and analyzed for their anatomical structures, lignin content and composition, and lignin-related gene expression. There are significant differences in anatomical parameters among the stems of three Impatiens species, and the anatomical structure is consistent with the determination results of lignin content. Furthermore, the thickness of the xylem and cell walls, as well as the ratio of cell wall thickness to stem diameter have a strong correlation with lignin content. The anatomical structure and degree of lignification in Impatiens can be attributed to the plant's growth environment, morphology, and growth rate. Our analysis of lignin-related genes revealed a negative correlation between the MYB4 gene and lignin content. The MYB4 gene may control the lignin synthesis in Impatiens by controlling the structural genes involved in the lignin synthesis pathway, such as HCT, C3H, and COMT. Nonetheless, the regulation pathway differs between species of Impatiens. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated consistency between the stem anatomy of Impatiens and the results obtained from lignin content and composition analyses. It is speculated that MYB4 negatively regulates the lignin synthesis in the stems of three Impatiens species by regulating the expression of structural genes, and its regulation mechanism appears to vary across different Impatiens species. This study analyses the variations among different Impatiens plants in diverse habitats, and can guide further molecular investigations of lignin biosynthesis in Impatiens.


Assuntos
Impatiens , Lignina , Caules de Planta , Lignina/metabolismo , Caules de Planta/genética , Caules de Planta/anatomia & histologia , Caules de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Caules de Planta/metabolismo , Impatiens/genética , Impatiens/metabolismo , Impatiens/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ecossistema , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Especificidade da Espécie , Genes de Plantas , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Parede Celular/genética
13.
Clin Exp Med ; 24(1): 112, 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38795162

RESUMO

Liver metastasis stands as the primary contributor to mortality among patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC). Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) emerge as pivotal players in the progression and metastasis of cancer, showcasing promise as prognostic biomarkers. Our objective is to formulate a predictive model grounded in genes associated with neutrophil extracellular traps and identify novel therapeutic targets for combating CRLM. We sourced gene expression profiles from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Neutrophil extracellular trap-related gene set was obtained from relevant literature and cross-referenced with the GEO datasets. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified through screening via the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression and random forest modeling, leading to the establishment of a nomogram and subtype analysis. Subsequently, a thorough analysis of the characteristic gene CYP4F3 was undertaken, and our findings were corroborated through immunohistochemical staining. We identified seven DEGs (ATG7, CTSG, CYP4F3, F3, IL1B, PDE4B, and TNF) and established nomograms for the occurrence and prognosis of CRLM. CYP4F3 is highly expressed in CRC and colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), exhibiting a negative correlation with CRLM prognosis. It may serve as a potential therapeutic target for CRLM. A novel prognostic signature related to NETs has been developed, with CYP4F3 identified as a risk factor and potential target for CRLM.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Colorretais , Família 4 do Citocromo P450 , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Família 4 do Citocromo P450/genética , Família 4 do Citocromo P450/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Nomogramas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Masculino , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neutrófilos/metabolismo
14.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11984, 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38796631

RESUMO

In prior investigations, a correlation was established between patient outcomes in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) following thoracic irradiation and parameters, such as pre/post-treatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and NLR change (ΔNLR). However, these parameters could potentially be influenced by radiation-related variables, such as gross tumor volume (GTV). The primary aim of this study was to elucidate the factors impacting post-treatment NLR and ΔNLR and to further assess their prognostic relevance. In this retrospective study, a cohort of 188 LA-NSCLC patients who underwent thoracic radiation between 2012 and 2017 was assessed. The calculation of pre/post-treatment NLR involved the use of absolute neutrophil and lymphocyte counts. ΔNLR was defined as the difference between post- and pre-treatment NLR values. To assess the relationships between various variables and overall survival (OS), local progression-free survival (LPFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), the Kaplan-Meier technique and Cox proportional hazards regression were employed. Additionally, Spearman's rank correlation analysis was carried out to investigate correlations between the variables. The analysis revealed that both post-treatment NLR (r = 0.315, P < 0.001) and ΔNLR (r = 0.156, P = 0.032) were associated with GTV. However, OS, LPFS, and DMFS were not independently correlated with pre/post-treatment NLR. ΔNLR, on the other hand, exhibited independent associations with OS and DMFS (HR = 1.054, P = 0.020, and P = 0.046, respectively). Elevated ΔNLR values were linked to poorer OS (P = 0.023) and DMFS (P = 0.018) in the Kaplan-Meier analysis. Furthermore, when stratifying by GTV, a higher ΔNLR remained to be associated with worse OS and DMFS (P = 0.047 and P = 0.035, respectively) in the GTV ≤ 67.41 cm3 group, and in the GTV > 67.41 cm3 group (P = 0.028 and P = 0.042, respectively), highlighting ΔNLR as the sole independent predictive factor for survival and metastasis, irrespective of GTV.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Feminino , Masculino , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Linfócitos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto , Contagem de Linfócitos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier
15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 331: 118279, 2024 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705425

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Leonurus japonicus Houtt (L. japonicus, Chinese motherwort), known as Yi Mu Cao which means "good for women", has long been widely used in China and other Asian countries to alleviate gynecological disorders, often characterized by estrogen dysregulation. It has been used for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common endocrine disorder in women but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was designed to investigate the effect and mechanism of flavonoid luteolin and its analog luteolin-7-methylether contained in L. japonicus on aromatase, a rate-limiting enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of androgens to estrogens and a drug target to induce ovulation in PCOS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Estrogen biosynthesis in human ovarian granulosa cells was examined using ELISA. Western blots were used to explore the signaling pathways in the regulation of aromatase expression. Transcriptomic analysis was conducted to elucidate the potential mechanisms of action of compounds. Finally, animal models were used to assess the therapeutic potential of these compounds in PCOS. RESULTS: Luteolin potently inhibited estrogen biosynthesis in human ovarian granulosa cells stimulated by follicle-stimulating hormone. This effect was achieved by decreasing cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB)-mediated expression of aromatase. Mechanistically, luteolin and luteolin-7-methylether targeted tumor progression locus 2 (TPL2) to suppress mitogen-activated protein kinase 3/6 (MKK3/6)-p38 MAPK-CREB pathway signaling. Transcriptional analysis showed that these compounds regulated the expression of different genes, with the MAPK signaling pathway being the most significantly affected. Furthermore, luteolin and luteolin-7-methylether effectively alleviated the symptoms of PCOS in mice. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates a previously unrecognized role of TPL2 in estrogen biosynthesis and suggests that luteolin and luteolin-7-methylether have potential as novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of PCOS. The results provide a foundation for further development of these compounds as effective and safe therapies for women with PCOS.


Assuntos
Aromatase , Estrogênios , Células da Granulosa , Leonurus , Luteolina , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Feminino , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo , Luteolina/farmacologia , Luteolina/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Humanos , Aromatase/metabolismo , Aromatase/genética , Leonurus/química , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Estrogênios/biossíntese , Camundongos , Células da Granulosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Inibidores da Aromatase/farmacologia , Inibidores da Aromatase/isolamento & purificação
16.
Am J Pathol ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762117

RESUMO

The evaluation of morphologic features, such as inflammation, gastric atrophy, and intestinal metaplasia, is crucial for diagnosing gastritis. However, artificial intelligence analysis for nontumor diseases like gastritis is limited. Previous deep learning models have omitted important morphologic indicators and cannot simultaneously diagnose gastritis indicators or provide interpretable labels. To address this, an attention-based multi-instance multilabel learning network (AMMNet) was developed to simultaneously achieve the multilabel diagnosis of activity, atrophy, and intestinal metaplasia with only slide-level weak labels. To evaluate AMMNet's real-world performance, a diagnostic test was designed to observe improvements in junior pathologists' diagnostic accuracy and efficiency with and without AMMNet assistance. In this study of 1096 patients from seven independent medical centers, AMMNet performed well in assessing activity [area under the curve (AUC), 0.93], atrophy (AUC, 0.97), and intestinal metaplasia (AUC, 0.93). The false-negative rates of these indicators were only 0.04, 0.08, and 0.18, respectively, and junior pathologists had lower false-negative rates with model assistance (0.15 versus 0.10). Furthermore, AMMNet reduced the time required per whole slide image from 5.46 to only 2.85 minutes, enhancing diagnostic efficiency. In block-level clustering analysis, AMMNet effectively visualized task-related patches within whole slide images, improving interpretability. These findings highlight AMMNet's effectiveness in accurately evaluating gastritis morphologic indicators on multicenter data sets. Using multi-instance multilabel learning strategies to support routine diagnostic pathology deserves further evaluation.

17.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 246: 116213, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754155

RESUMO

Triterpenoid saponins, a major bioactive component of liquorice, possess high hydrophilicity and often co-occur with other impurities of similar polarity. Additionally, subtle structural differences of some triterpenoid saponins bring challenges to comprehensive characterisation. In this study, triterpenoid saponins of three Glycyrrhiza species were systematically analysed using rapid resolution liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (RRLC-Q-TOF-MS) coupled with mass defect filtering (MDF). Firstly, comprehensive date acquisition was achieved using RRLC-Q-TOF-MS. Secondly, a polygonal MDF method was established by summarizing known and speculated substituents and modifications based on the core structure to rapidly screen potential triterpenoid saponins. Thirdly, based on the fragmentation patterns of reference compounds, an identification strategy for characterisation of triterpenoid saponins was proposed. The strategy divided triterpenoid saponins into three distinct classes. By this strategy, 98 triterpenoid saponins including 10 potential new ones were tentatively characterised. Finally, triterpenoid saponins of three Glycyrrhiza species were further analysed using principle component analysis (PCA) and orthogonality partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Among these, 18 compounds with variable importance in projections (VIP) > 1.0 and P values < 0.05 were selected to distinguish three Glycyrrhiza species. Overall, our study provided a reference for quality control and rational use of the three species.

18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 279: 116457, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754198

RESUMO

Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychostimulant drug belonging to the amphetamine-type stimulant class, known to exert male reproductive toxicity. Recent studies suggest that METH can disrupt the gut microbiota. Furthermore, the gut-testis axis concept has gained attention due to the potential link between gut microbiome dysfunction and reproductive health. Nonetheless, the role of the gut microbiota in mediating the impact of METH on male reproductive toxicity remains unclear. In this study, we employed a mouse model exposed to escalating doses of METH to assess sperm quality, testicular pathology, and reproductive hormone levels. The fecal microbiota transplantation method was employed to investigate the effect of gut microbiota on male reproductive toxicity. Transcriptomic, metabolomic, and microbiological analyses were conducted to explore the damage mechanism to the male reproductive system caused by METH. We found that METH exposure led to hormonal disorders, decreased sperm quality, and changes in the gut microbiota and testicular metabolome in mice. Testicular RNA sequencing revealed enrichment of several Gene Ontology terms associated with reproductive processes, as well as PI3K-Akt signaling pathways. FMT conveyed similar reproductive damage from METH-treated mice to healthy recipient mice. The aforementioned findings suggest that the gut microbiota plays a substantial role in facilitating the reproductive toxicity caused by METH, thereby highlighting a prospective avenue for therapeutic intervention in the context of METH-induced infertility.

19.
Hum Immunol ; : 110811, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A link between periodontitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been identified, and interleukin-33 (IL-33) may play an important role in the common inflammatory mechanisms of these diseases. This study analyzed the associations of the serum IL-33 level with the occurrence and severity of periodontitis and COPD. METHODS: A total of 161 participants were divided into four groups: healthy volunteers, periodontitis patients, COPD patients, and patients with both COPD and periodontitis. Associations between serum IL-33 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and clinical factors as well as the risks and severity of periodontitis and COPD were analyzed. RESULTS: Serum IL-33 levels were lower in all patient groups than in healthy controls. A trend toward lower IL-33 levels was observed among patients with both diseases compared with patients with either disease alone. The serum IL-33 level was also inversely associated with the severity of periodontitis and COPD. The serum IL-33 level was negatively associated with risks of periodontitis and COPD, indicating that IL-33 is likely involved in the pathophysiologic mechanism of the relationship between COPD and periodontitis. CONCLUSION: This study advances our understanding of the association between COPD and periodontitis and provides new bases for COPD prevention and treatment.

20.
Microb Pathog ; : 106714, 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38801864

RESUMO

Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV), a novel enteropathogenic coronavirus, causes diarrhea mainly in suckling piglets and has the potential to infect humans. Whereas, there is no commercially available vaccine which can effectively prevent this disease. In this study, to ascertain the duration of immune protection of inactivated PDCoV vaccine, suckling piglets were injected subcutaneously with inactivated PDCoV vaccine using a prime/boost strategy at 3 and 17-day-old. Neutralizing antibody assay showed that the level of the inactivated PDCoV group was still ≥1:64 at three months after prime vaccination. The three-month-old pigs were orally challenged with PDCoV strain CZ2020. Two pigs in challenge control group showed mild to severe diarrhea at 10-11 day-post-challenge (DPC), while the inactivated PDCoV group had no diarrhea. High levels of viral shedding, substantial intestinal villus atrophy, and positive straining of viral antigens in ileum were detected in challenge control group, while the pigs in inactivated PDCoV group exhibited significantly reduced viral load, minor intestinal villi damage and negative straining of viral antigens. These results demonstrated that PDCoV was pathogenic against three-month-old pigs and inactivated PDCoV vaccine can provide effective protection in pigs lasting for three months.

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