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1.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 147, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship of testosterone and estradiol concentrations with cognitive function among community-dwelling older men was inconclusive. To examine the association of serum testosterone and estradiol concentrations with cognitive function in older men with or without vascular risk factors (VRFs). METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 224 community-dwelling men aged 65-90 years in the Songjiang District of Shanghai, China. Serum testosterone and estradiol were measured by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The following five factors were defined as VRFs in this study: obesity, history of hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and coronary heart disease. Multivariable linear regression was used to examine the association of testosterone and estradiol with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in participants with or without VRF. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) regression was performed to account for the nonlinearity of these associations. RESULTS: An inverted "U" shaped non-linear relationship was found between testosterone concentration and MMSE score in men with one VRF (P overall =.003, non-linear P =.002). Estradiol showed an inverted "U" shaped non-linear relationship with MMSE score independent of VRFs (men without VRF, P overall =.049, non-linear P =.015; men with one VRF, overall P =.007, non-linear P =.003; men with two or more VRFs, overall P =.009, non-linear P =.005). CONCLUSION: In older men, an optimal level of sex steroid concentration may be beneficial to cognitive function and the VRFs should be considered when interpreting the relationship between sex steroid and cognitive function.


Assuntos
Cognição , Estradiol , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estradiol/sangue , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Vida Independente , Fatores de Risco , Testosterona
2.
PeerJ Comput Sci ; 9: e1293, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37547393

RESUMO

These days, the vast amount of data generated on the Internet is a new treasure trove for investors. They can utilize text mining and sentiment analysis techniques to reflect investors' confidence in specific stocks in order to make the most accurate decision. Most previous research just sums up the text sentiment score on each natural day and uses such aggregated score to predict various stock trends. However, the natural day aggregated score may not be useful in predicting different stock trends. Therefore, in this research, we designed two different time divisions: 0:00t∼0:00t+1 and 9:30t∼9:30t+1 to study how tweets and news from the different periods can predict the next-day stock trend. 260,000 tweets and 6,000 news from Service stocks (Amazon, Netflix) and Technology stocks (Apple, Microsoft) were selected to conduct the research. The experimental result shows that opening hours division (9:30t∼9:30t+1) outperformed natural hours division (0:00t∼0:00t+1).

3.
BMC Med ; 21(1): 101, 2023 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36927351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about life expectancy (LE) with or without frailty. We aimed to estimate the total LE and duration of the state of frailty in China. METHODS: This study included older adults aged 65 years and older from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study (CLHLS). Frailty status was classified into robust, pre-frailty and frailty based on a cumulative deficit model. Total and specific frailty state LEs at 65 years of age were estimated and stratified by demographic characteristics, behaviours, and psychosocial factors using continuous-time multistate modelling. RESULTS: The total LE of older adults aged 65 years in China was 14.74 years on average (95% CI: 14.52-14.94), of which 4.18 years (95% CI: 4.05-4.30) were robust, 7.46 years (95% CI: 7.31-7.61) pre-frail and 3.10 years (95% CI: 3.01-3.20) frail. Older adults with higher robust LE included men (4.71 years, 95% CI: 4.56-4.88), married older adults (4.41 years, 95% CI: 4.27-4.56), those engaging in physical activity (4.41 years, 95% CI: 4.23-4.59), those consuming fruits daily (4.48 years, 95% CI: 4.22-4.77) and those with high social participation (4.39 years, 95% CI: 4.26-4.53). Increased educational attainment were gradually associated with increased robust LE. CONCLUSIONS: Frailty may lead to a reduced total LE and robust LE of older adults in China. In addition to finding inequalities in total and robust LEs by socioeconomic status, our findings also highlight that healthy behaviours and social participation may ease frailty-related reductions in total and robust LE. Our findings imply that national life-course strategies aimed at frailty screening and psychosocial and behavioural interventions could be important for health aging in China.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Masculino , Humanos , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Idoso Fragilizado/psicologia , Estudos de Coortes , Expectativa de Vida , China/epidemiologia
4.
Vaccine ; 41(2): 496-503, 2023 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36494253

RESUMO

It is important to encourage parental acceptance of children's vaccination against COVID-19 to ensure population immunity and mitigate morbidity and mortality. This study drew upon protection motivation theory (PMT) to explore the factors of parental hesitancy about vaccinating their children. A national online survey was performed in China. A total of 2054 Chinese parents of children aged 6-12 years were included in this study. They reported on measures that assessed hesitancy about children's vaccination against COVID-19, PMT constructs (susceptibility, severity, response efficacy, self-efficacy, and response costs) and sociodemographic characteristics. Chinese parents reported a hesitancy rate of 29.4% for children's vaccination. Parents with higher level education were more likely to hesitate to vaccinate their children against COVID-19. After controlling for parents' and children's demographic variables, logistic regression showed that parents' hesitancy about their children's vaccination increased if parents had lower levels of susceptibility, response efficacy or self-efficacy, as well as higher levels of response costs. In addition, a high educational level can significantly increase the promotive effect of response cost and the protective effect of response efficacy on vaccine hesitancy. In conclusion, our findings suggested that PMT can explain parents' vaccine hesitancy and that education level can modify the effect of copying appraisal, but not threat appraisal, on parental hesitancy. This study will help public health officials send targeted messages to parents to improve the rate of COVID-19 vaccination in children aged 6-12 years and thus reach a higher level of immunity in the population.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Criança , Humanos , Vacinas contra COVID-19/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Escolaridade , Vacinação , Pais
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(43): e31152, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36316862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between interleukin (IL)-1α (rs1800587), IL-1ß (rs1143634) and IL-1 receptor antagonist (RN) variable number tandem repeat polymorphisms, expression levels and lumbar disc disease (LDD). METHODS: All relevant articles were searched from 4 databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to evaluate the association between IL-1 gene locus polymorphisms (rs1800587 in IL-1α, rs1143634 in IL-1ß, variable number tandem repeat in interleukin-1 receptor antagonist) and LDD susceptibility. Statistical analysis was conducted by Review Manager (Revman) 5.31 software (Nordic Cochrane Centre, Cochrane Collaboration, Copenhagen, Denmark). Furthermore, qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry were performed to evaluate IL-1α, IL-1ß and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist expressions in the normal and degenerated disc. RESULTS: A total of 15 case-control studies (1455 cases and 2362 controls) were included in our meta-analysis. The pooled results suggested that IL-1α rs1800587 polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of LDD in overall population (T vs. C, OR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.04-1.40, P = .01). The subgroup analysis found a significant association between IL-1ß rs1143634 polymorphism and LDD in Asian population (T vs. C, OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.39-0.96, P = .03). Results of qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry demonstrated that expressions of IL-1α and IL-1ß were significantly increased in the degenerated disc. (all P < .05). CONCLUSION: IL-1α rs1800587 and IL-1ß rs1143634 polymorphisms were significantly associated with LDD in overall population and in Asian population, respectively. The increased expression levels of IL-1α and IL-1ß may be the important risk factors for LDD.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1 , Interleucina-1alfa , Interleucina-1beta , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Humanos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/genética , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Interleucina-1alfa/genética
6.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 414, 2022 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35546663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a common health problem among older adults. Previous studies have revealed the relationship between sleep duration as well as global sleep status and MetS. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the association between the specific sleep characteristic and MetS as well as MetS components among community-dwelling old adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1499 community residents aged ≥ 60 years. Sleep characteristics were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and bed/rise time of the residents. Logistic regression analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were used to examine the associations between sleep characteristics and MetS as well as MetS components. A generalized additive model was built to assess the smooth relationship between triglyceride (TG) levels and sleep duration. RESULTS: Of the 1499 participants, 449 (30.0%) had MetS, and 443 (29.6%) had poor sleep quality. The rise time was found to be associated with MetS (> 6:00 vs. 5:00 ~ 6:00: adjusted OR (95%) = 1.77 (1.17-2.69), P = 0.007). For the MetS components, a U-shaped relationship was first revealed for sleep duration and TG levels (EDF = 1.85, P < 0.001). Furthermore, significant associations also included the associations of subjective sleep quality and daytime dysfunction with hypertension, the associations of sleep efficiency and rise time with hyperglycemia, the associations of rise time with TG levels, and the association of bedtime with waist circumference. CONCLUSIONS: The different sleep characteristics were associated with different MetS components.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Sono , Circunferência da Cintura
7.
Front Genet ; 13: 823406, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35273639

RESUMO

Background: Genome-wide association studies have identified many Alzheimer's disease (AD) genetic-risk single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and indicated the important role of the cholesterol/lipid metabolism pathway in AD pathogenesis. This study aims to investigate the effects of cholesterol and genetic risk factors on progression of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to AD. Methods: We prospectively followed 316 MCI participants aged ≥50 years with a baseline cholesterol profile and SNP genotyping data for 4.5 years on average in a sub-cohort of the Shanghai Aging Study. Total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in serum were measured at baseline. SNP genotyping was performed using a MassARRAY system. At follow-up, consensus diagnosis of incident dementia and AD were established based on medical, neurological, and neuropsychological examinations. Cox regression models were used to assess the association of cholesterol and SNP with incident AD. Results: The AG/AA genotypes of PVRL2 rs6859 were significantly associated with increased incident AD in MCI participants, compared with GG genotype (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.75, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.32-5.76, p = .007, false discovery rate-adjusted p = .030). In PVRL2 rs6859 AG/AA carriers, each-1 mmol/L higher level of LDL-C was significantly associated with a 48% decreased risk of AD (adjusted HR 0.52, 95%CI 0.33-0.84, p = .007). Consistent results were obtained when using LDL-C as the categorical variable (P for trend = 0.016). Conclusion: The relationship between LDL-C and progression of MCI may be influenced by genetic variants.

8.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 1232, 2022 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35264579

RESUMO

Most cancer causal variants are found in gene regulatory elements, e.g., enhancers. However, enhancer variants predisposing to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unreported. Here we conduct a genome-wide survey of HCC-susceptible enhancer variants through a three-stage association study in 11,958 individuals and identify rs73613962 (T > G) within the intronic region of PRMT7 at 16q22.1 as a susceptibility locus of HCC (OR = 1.41, P = 6.02 × 10-10). An enhancer dual-luciferase assay indicates that the rs73613962-harboring region has allele-specific enhancer activity. CRISPR-Cas9/dCas9 experiments further support the enhancer activity of this region to regulate PRMT7 expression. Mechanistically, transcription factor HNF4A binds to this enhancer region, with preference to the risk allele G, to promote PRMT7 expression. PRMT7 upregulation contributes to in vitro, in vivo, and clinical HCC-associated phenotypes, possibly by affecting the p53 signaling pathway. This concept of HCC pathogenesis may open a promising window for HCC prevention/treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases , Alelos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Cromossomos Humanos Par 16 , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/genética
9.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1830, 2021 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is a common but urgent mental health problem during disease outbreaks. Resilience buffers against the negative impacts of life stressors on common internalizing psychopathology such as GAD. This study assesses the prevalence of GAD and examines the protective or compensatory effect of resilience against worry factors during the COVID-19 outbreak. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted among Chinese citizens aged ≥18 years from January 31 to February 2, 2020. A total of 4827 participants across 31 provinces and autonomous regions of the mainland of China participated in this study. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), and a self-designed worry questionnaire were used to asses anxiety disorder prevalence, resilience level, and anxiety risk factors. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the associations of resilience and worry factors with GAD prevalence after controlling for other covariates. RESULTS: The prevalence of anxiety disorder was 22.6% across the 31 areas, and the highest prevalence was 35.4% in Hubei province. After controlling for covariates, the results suggested a higher GAD prevalence among participants who were worried about themselves or family members being infected with COVID-19 (adjusted odds ratio, AOR 3.40, 95%CI 2.43-4.75), worried about difficulty obtaining masks (AOR 1.92, 95%CI 1.47-2.50), worried about difficulty of distinguishing true information (AOR 1.65, 95%CI 1.36-2.02), worried about the prognosis of COVID-19 (AOR 2.41, 95%CI 1.75-3.33), worried about delays in working (AOR 1.71, 95%CI 1.27-.31), or worried about decreased income (AOR 1.45, 95%CI 1.14-1.85) compared with those without such worries. Additionally, those with a higher resilience level had a lower prevalence of GAD (AOR 0.59, 95%CI 0.51-0.70). Resilience also showed a mediating effect, with a negative influence on worry factors and thereby a negative association with GAD prevalence. CONCLUSION: It may be beneficial to promote public mental health during the COVID-19 outbreak through enhancing resilience, which may buffer against adverse psychological effects from worry factors.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(9)2021 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579204

RESUMO

The current study aims to identify psychosocial factors based on protection motivation theory (PMT) influencing Chinese adults' willingness to receive the COVID-19 vaccine after the emergency use authorization of the New Coronavirus Inactivated Vaccine in China. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted among Chinese residents aged 18-59 years, and 2528 respondents from 31 provinces and autonomous regions were included in the current study. Based on PMT, threat appraisals and coping appraisals were measured. Hierarchical multiple regressions and multivariate logistic regressions were used to identify the relationships between the PMT constructs and vaccination willingness after other covariates were controlled for. A total of 1411 (55.8%) respondents reported being willing to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. The PMT model explained 26.6% (p < 0.001) of the variance in the vaccine willingness. The coping appraisals, including response efficacy, self-efficacy, and response costs, were significantly correlated with the willingness to receive the COVID-19 vaccine, and response efficacy was the strongest influencing factor (adjusted OR = 2.93, 95% CI: 2.42-3.54). In conclusion, the coping appraisals for vaccination, instead of threat appraisals regarding the pandemic itself, mainly influenced people's willingness to get vaccinated after the emergency use authorization of the COVID-19 vaccine in China. These findings are helpful for developing education and interventions to promote vaccination willingness and enhance public health outcomes during a pandemic.

11.
J Hepatocell Carcinoma ; 8: 951-961, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34430511

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Genome-wide association studies identified susceptibility loci in the major histocompatibility complex region for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the causal variants underlying HBV-related HCC pathogenesis remain elusive. METHODS: With a total of 1,161 HBV-related HCC cases and 1,353 chronic HBV carriers without HCC, we imputed human leukocyte antigen (HLA) variants based on a Chinese HLA reference panel and evaluated the associations of these variants with the risk of HBV-related HCC. Conditional analyses were used to identify independent signals associated with the risk of HBV-related HCC (P false-discovery rate (FDR) <0.20). A total of 14,930 variants within the MHC region were genotyped or imputed. RESULTS: We identified two variants, rs114401688 (P = 1.05 × 10-6, PFDR = 2.43 × 10-3) and rs115126566 (P = 9.04 × 10-5, PFDR = 1.77 × 10-1), that are independently associated with the risk of HBV-related HCC. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs114401688 is in linkage disequilibrium with a previously reported SNP rs9275319. In the current study, we found that its association with HCC could be explained by HLA-DQB1*04 and HLA-DRB1*04. SNP rs115126566 is a novel risk variant and may function by regulating transcriptions of HLA-DPA1/DPB1 through enhancer-mediated mechanisms. HLA zygosity analysis showed that homozygosity at HLA-DQB1 gene is suggestively associated with a higher risk of HCC (P = 0.10) and the risk was more pronounced in the older age group (age ≥50, P = 0.03). DISCUSSION: Our findings further the understanding of the genetic basis for HBV-related HCC predisposition in chronic HBV carriers.

12.
BMC Microbiol ; 21(1): 226, 2021 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota (GMB) alteration has been reported to influence the Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis through immune, endocrine, and metabolic pathways. This study aims to investigate metabolic output of the dysbiosis of GMB in AD pathogenesis. In this study, the fecal microbiota and metabolome from 21 AD participants and 44 cognitively normal control participants were measured. Untargeted GMB taxa was analyzed through 16S ribosomal RNA gene profiling based on next-generation sequencing and fecal metabolites were quantified by using ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS). RESULTS: Our analysis revealed that AD was characterized by 15 altered gut bacterial genera, of which 46.7% (7/15 general) was significantly associated with a series of metabolite markers. The predicted metabolic profile of altered gut microbial composition included steroid hormone biosynthesis, N-Acyl amino acid metabolism and piperidine metabolism. Moreover, a combination of 2 gut bacterial genera (Faecalibacterium and Pseudomonas) and 4 metabolites (N-Docosahexaenoyl GABA, 19-Oxoandrost-4-ene-3,17-dione, Trigofoenoside F and 22-Angeloylbarringtogenol C) was able to discriminate AD from NC with AUC of 0.955 in these 65 subjects. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate that gut microbial alterations and related metabolic output changes may be associated with pathogenesis of AD, and suggest that fecal markers might be used as a non-invasive examination to assist screening and diagnosis of AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , Disbiose/microbiologia , Fezes/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Metaboloma , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Bactérias/patogenicidade , Cromatografia Líquida , Disbiose/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Metabolômica/métodos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(9): e29329, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The control of vaccine hesitancy and the promotion of vaccination are key protective measures against COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy and the vaccination rate and examines the association between factors of the health belief model (HBM) and vaccination. METHODS: A convenience sample of 2531 valid participants from 31 provinces and autonomous regions of mainland China were enrolled in this online survey study from January 1 to 24, 2021. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the associations of the vaccination rate and HBM factors with the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy after other covariates were controlled. RESULTS: The prevalence of vaccine hesitancy was 44.3% (95% CI 42.3%-46.2%), and the vaccination rate was 10.4% (9.2%-11.6%). The factors that directly promoted vaccination behavior were a lack of vaccine hesitancy (odds ratio [OR] 7.75, 95% CI 5.03-11.93), agreement with recommendations from friends or family for vaccination (OR 3.11, 95% CI 1.75-5.52), and absence of perceived barriers to COVID-19 vaccination (OR 0.51, 95% CI 0.35-0.75). The factors that were directly associated with a higher vaccine hesitancy rate were a high level of perceived barriers (OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.36-1.95) and perceived benefits (OR 0.51, 95% CI 0.32-0.79). A mediating effect of self-efficacy, influenced by perceived barriers (standardized structure coefficient [SSC]=-0.71, P<.001), perceived benefits (SSC=0.58, P<.001), agreement with recommendations from authorities (SSC=0.27, P<.001), and agreement with recommendations from friends or family (SSC=0.31, P<.001), was negatively associated with vaccination (SSC=-0.45, P<.001) via vaccine hesitancy (SSC=-0.32, P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: It may be possible to increase the vaccination rate by reducing vaccine hesitancy and perceived barriers to vaccination and by encouraging volunteers to advocate for vaccination to their friends and family members. It is also important to reduce vaccine hesitancy by enhancing self-efficacy for vaccination, due to its crucial mediating function.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , China , Estudos Transversais , Modelo de Crenças de Saúde , Humanos , Internet , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
14.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 236, 2021 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive leisure activity, such as reading, playing mahjong or cards and computer use, is common among older adults in China. Previous studies suggest a negative correlation between cognitive leisure activity and cognitive impairment. However, the relationship between cognitive leisure activity and all-cause mortality has rarely been reported. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the relationships between cognitive leisure activity and all-cause mortality in a community-based older people cohort in China. METHODS: The current study sample comprised 4003 community residents aged ≥60 y who were enrolled in June 2015, and were followed up every year from 2015 to 2018. Reading, playing mahjong or cards and computer use were measured by questionnaires and summed into a cognitive leisure activity index (CLAI) score. Time-Dependent Cox Regression Model and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were used to examine the association of cognitive leisure activity with all-cause mortality. RESULTS: During the 4-year follow-up of 4003 participants, 208 (5.2%) deaths were registered. Of all participants, 66.8, 26.7, 6.1 and 0.35% reported CLAI scores of 0, 1, 2 and 3, respectively. A strong association was noted between the CLA score and all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 0.72, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.54-0.97, P = 0.028). Stratified analysis suggested that a higher CLAI score was significantly associated with a decreased risk of all-cause mortality mainly among those who were male, aged ≥80 y, cognitively impaired, and not diagnosed with cancer (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Cognitive leisure activity was positively associated with reduced risk of death from all cause among the older people in major city of China, which helped promote a comprehensive understanding of health characteristics at advanced ages.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Atividades de Lazer , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade
15.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e042954, 2021 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess the uptake of preventive behaviour during the COVID-19 outbreak and to investigate the factors influencing the uptake of preventive behaviour based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted among Chinese residents aged ≥18 years and 4827 participants from 31 provinces and autonomous regions were included in the current study. Uptake of preventive behaviour, attitude towards the spread of COVID-19 and preventive behaviour, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, demographic characteristics and the information attention and processing mode were measured. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to identify associations between the potential influencing factors and uptake of preventive behaviour. RESULTS: There were 2393 (52.8%) respondents reported high uptake of preventive behaviour. Multivariate analyses demonstrated that attitude towards the behaviour, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control were significantly correlated with uptake of preventive behaviour, and perceived behavioural control was the strongest influencing factor (OR=4.09, 95% CI 3.57 to 4.69). Furthermore, systematic information processing mode was positively associated with high uptake of preventive behaviour compared with heuristic information processing mode (OR=2.16, 95% CI 1.67 to 2.81). CONCLUSIONS: These findings are helpful for developing education and interventions to promote high uptake of preventive behaviour and enhance public health outcomes during pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Pandemias , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Teoria Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33467557

RESUMO

Children's exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is a severe public health problem. There is still a lack of evidence regarding panoramic changes in children's urinary metabolites induced by their involuntary exposure to SHS, and few studies have considered individual differences. This study aims to clarify the SHS-induced changes in urinary metabolites in preschool children by using cross-sectional and longitudinal metabolomics analyses. Urinary metabolites were quantified by using untargeted ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC(c)-MS/MS). Urine cotinine-measured SHS exposure was examined to determine the exposure level. A cross-sectional study including 17 children in a low-exposure group, 17 in a medium-exposure group, and 17 in a high-exposure group was first conducted. Then, a before-after study in the cohort of children was carried out before and two months after smoking-cessation intervention for family smokers. A total of 43 metabolites were discovered to be related to SHS exposure in children in the cross-sectional analysis (false discovery rate (FDR) corrected p < 0.05, variable importance in the projection (VIP) > 1.0). Only three metabolites were confirmed to be positively associated with children's exposure to SHS (FDR corrected p < 0.05) in a follow-up longitudinal analysis, including kynurenine, tyrosyl-tryptophan, and 1-(3-pyridinyl)-1,4-butanediol, the latter of which belongs to carbonyl compounds, peptides, and pyridines. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis indicated that 1-(3-pyridinyl)-1,4-butanediol and kynurenine were significantly enriched in xenobiotic metabolism by cytochrome P450 (p = 0.040) and tryptophan metabolism (p = 0.030), respectively. These findings provide new insights into the pathophysiological mechanism of SHS and indicate the influence of individual differences in SHS-induced changes in urinary metabolites in children.


Assuntos
Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco , Pré-Escolar , Cotinina/análise , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Individualidade , Metabolômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/análise
17.
Infect Drug Resist ; 13: 2453-2463, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32765019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We conducted a real-world analysis of the effectiveness of different antibiotic regimens for bloodstream infections (BSIs) caused by carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacilli (CR-GNB) in a Chinese population. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted between January 2010 and December 2017. Patients with BSIs caused by CR-GNB confirmed by in vitro susceptibility tests were enrolled, and patient medical record data on antimicrobial agents and microbiological and clinical outcomes were extracted. RESULTS: A total of 175 individuals were included; 127 individuals (72.6%) received combination therapy (two or more antibiotics), while 48 individuals (27.4%) received monotherapy (single antibiotic). The all-cause 28-day mortality was 20.0%. Treatment success or presumed success rates were very similar between the monotherapy and combination therapy groups (58.3% versus 59.1%; P = 0.931). Combination therapy had a higher success rate trend than monotherapy in septic shock patients (40.7% versus 18.2%; P = 0.268). Improved therapeutic effects were observed in the active agent-containing group, although the differences were not significant. CONCLUSION: Combination therapy likely has better therapeutic effects on critical BSIs caused by CR-GNB than monotherapy. Choosing a proper active agent in an antimicrobial regime is relatively crucial to the ultimate treatment outcome.

18.
Liver Int ; 40(11): 2834-2847, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Somatic mutation R249S in TP53 is highly common in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aim to investigate the effects of R249S in ctDNA on the prognosis of HCC. METHODS: We analysed three cohorts including 895 HCC patients. TP53 mutation spectrum was examined by direct sequencing of genomic DNA from tissue specimens in HCC patients with hepatectomy (Cohort 1, N = 260). R249S and other recurrent missense mutations were assessed for their biological functions and associations with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of HCC patients in Cohort 1. R249S within circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) was detected through droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) and its association with OS and PRS was analysed in HCC patients with (Cohort 2, N = 275) or without (Cohort 3, N = 360) hepatectomy. RESULTS: In Cohort 1, R249S occupied 60.28% of all TP53 mutations. Overexpression of R249S induced more serious malignant phenotypes than those of the other three identified TP53 recurrent missense mutations. Additionally, R249S, but not other missense mutations, was significantly associated with worse OS (P = .006) and PFS (P = .01) of HCC patients. Consistent with the results in Cohort 1, HCC patients in Cohorts 2 and 3 with R249S had worse OS (P = 8.291 × 10-7 and 2.608 × 10-7 in Cohorts 2 and 3, respectively) and PFS (P = 5.115 × 10-7 and 5.900 × 10-13 in Cohorts 2 and 3, respectively) compared to those without this mutation. CONCLUSIONS: TP53 R249S mutation in ctDNA may serve as a promising prognosis biomarker for HCC patients with or without hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , DNA Tumoral Circulante , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , DNA Tumoral Circulante/genética , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Mutação , Prognóstico , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
19.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 403, 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have suggested several susceptibility loci of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by statistical analysis at individual single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). However, these loci only explain a small fraction of HBV-related HCC heritability. In the present study, we aimed to identify additional susceptibility loci of HBV-related HCC using advanced knowledge-based analysis. METHODS: We performed knowledge-based analysis (including gene- and gene-set-based association tests) on variant-level association p-values from two existing GWASs of HBV-related HCC. Five different types of gene-sets were collected for the association analysis. A number of SNPs within the gene prioritized by the knowledge-based association tests were selected to replicate genetic associations in an independent sample of 965 cases and 923 controls. RESULTS: The gene-based association analysis detected four genes significantly or suggestively associated with HBV-related HCC risk: SLC39A8, GOLGA8M, SMIM31, and WHAMMP2. The gene-set-based association analysis prioritized two promising gene sets for HCC, cell cycle G1/S transition and NOTCH1 intracellular domain regulates transcription. Within the gene sets, three promising candidate genes (CDC45, NCOR1 and KAT2A) were further prioritized for HCC. Among genes of liver-specific expression, multiple genes previously implicated in HCC were also highlighted. However, probably due to small sample size, none of the genes prioritized by the knowledge-based association analyses were successfully replicated by variant-level association test in the independent sample. CONCLUSIONS: This comprehensive knowledge-based association mining study suggested several promising genes and gene-sets associated with HBV-related HCC risks, which would facilitate follow-up functional studies on the pathogenic mechanism of HCC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite B/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Hepatite B/virologia , Humanos , Bases de Conhecimento , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
20.
Curr Alzheimer Res ; 17(2): 185-195, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 40 independent Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) or cognitive decline in genome-wide association studies. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the joint effect of genetic polymorphisms and environmental factors on the progression from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) to AD (MCI-AD progression) in a Chinese community cohort. METHODS: Demographic, DNA and incident AD diagnosis data were derived from the follow-up of 316 participants with MCI at baseline of the Shanghai Aging Study. The associations of 40 SNPs and environmental predictors with MCI-AD progression were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method with the log-rank test and Cox regression model. RESULTS: Rs4147929 at ATP-binding cassette family A member 7 (ABCA7) (AG/AA vs. GG, hazard ratio [HR] = 2.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.24-4.76) and body mass index (BMI) (overweight vs. non-overweight, HR = 0.41, 95% CI 0.22-0.78) were independent predictors of MCI-AD progression. In the combined analyses, MCI participants with the copresence of non-overweight BMI and the ABCA7 rs4147929 (AG/AA) risk genotype had an approximately 6-fold higher risk of MCI-AD progression than those with an overweight BMI and a non-risk genotype (HR = 6.77, 95% CI 2.60-17.63). However, a nonsignificant result was found when participants carried only one of these two risk factors (nonoverweight BMI and AG/AA of ABCA7 rs4147929). CONCLUSION: ABCA7 rs4147929 and BMI jointly affect MCI-AD progression. MCI participants with the rs4147929 risk genotype may benefit from maintaining an overweight BMI level with regard to their risk for incident AD.


Assuntos
Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/etiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Sobrepeso/complicações , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , China , Disfunção Cognitiva/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
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