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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-964926

RESUMO

With the expansion of aging population in China, the increasingly serious situation of Parkinson's disease (PD) threatens the physical and mental health and quality of life of middle-aged and elderly people, posing a great challenge to increase healthy life expectancy and realize the Healthy China Strategy. Previous studies showed some connections between dietary and lifestyle factors and PD and suggested that excessive intake of red meat might increase the risk of PD; however, coffee and tea, dietary antioxidants, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin D, and vitamin B were associated with reducing the risk of PD or delaying the progression of PD, and dietary patterns with high intakes of fresh vegetables and fruits, legumes, whole grains, fish, and poultry meat were also associated with a reduced risk of PD. In addition, physical activity was a protective factor for PD, and smoking was also associated with a reduced risk of PD, but the related mechanisms were still unclear. This paper evaluated the relationships of factors like foods, nutrients, dietary patterns, and lifestyle with PD based on published literature, summarized the limitations of relevant studies, and provided useful enlightenment for PD prevention and control.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-964925

RESUMO

Background Changes in cognitive function exist before the onset of clinical Parkinson's disease. However, studies on association between cognitive function and prodromal Parkinson's disease (pPD) are limited. Objective To estimate probability of pPD and assess its association with global and domain cognitive function in Chinese elders. Methods Data were drawn from the Community-based Cohort Study on Nervous System Disease 2018 (baseline) and 2020 (follow-up). We selected 3911 residents aged 55 and above who participated the two waves, without Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, and with completed information on demographics, disease history, cognitive function test, and risk factors of Parkinson's disease. Cognitive function was assessed using the Chinese version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale. Calculation of probability of pPD and assessment of possible (probability between 30% and <80%) or probable (probability ≥80%) pPD were performed according to the criteria published by the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society. Multiple linear regression model was employed to analyze the association between baseline cognitive function and follow-up probability of pPD. Results The medians of scores of baseline global cognitive function and cognitive domains in terms of memory, execution, visuospatial function, language, attention, and orientation were 23, 12, 9, 6, 5, 14, and 6, respectively. The median of follow-up probability of pPD was 0.87%, and the proportion of participants with possible or probable pPD was 0.4%. The differences in the distribution of follow-up probability of pPD were significant in groups by baseline global cognitive score quartiles (χ2=21.68, P<0.001). A higher baseline global cognitive score was considerably related to a lower follow-up probability of pPD, b(95%CI)=0.994(0.988~0.999), P=0.040. After adjusting for selected confounders, the results of multiple linear regression analyses showed that the probability of pPD in the highest quartile group was decreased by 10.7% (b=0.893, 95%CI: 0.794-0.992, P=0.034) relative to the lowest quartile group, and the trend was significant (trend P=0.031). Higher baseline index scores of execution, attention, and orientation were highly related to a lower follow-up probability of pPD (all P<0.05). Conclusion Declines in global cognitive function and cognitive domains of execution, attention, and orientation may associate with a higher probability of pPD in middle-aged and elderly population, which suggests the significance of cognitive intervention in early stage for pPD prevention.

3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-964924

RESUMO

Background It has been reported that a high intake of dairy products might be associated with an increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) in foreign studies, but no such study has yet been conducted on prodromal Parkinson's disease (pPD) and the Chinese population. Objective To investigate the prospective relationship between the intake of dairy products and pPD among people aged 55 and above in four provinces of China. Methods The research data were obtained from the baseline 2018 and follow-up 2020 surveys of Community-based Cohort Study on Nervous System Disease. A total of 9984 residents were selected who participated in both waves of surveys and had complete data on demographics, dietary products intake, and risk factors for PD. We evaluated the risk level and the numbers of related risk/prodromal markers of pPD in the participants based on a criteria recommended by the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society (MDS). Food Frequency Questionnaire was used to obtain food consumption data in the past 12 months, and the intake of dairy products was calculated and divided into non-consumption and tertiles of consumption (T1, T2, and T3 from low to high). Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the association between baseline dairy intake and risk level of follow-up pPD. Poisson regression and multinomial logit regression models were used to analyze the relationship of baseline dairy products and the number of risk/prodromal markers of follow-up pPD in the population, and multiple logistic regression was used to analyze each risk/prodromal marker of follow-up pPD according to baseline levels of dairy products intake. Results The percentage of residents without dairy products consumption was 58.02% in 2018, and the dairy products intakes were relatively high among residents being female, aged 55 to 74 years, with an education level of middle school and above, with a per capita monthly household income ≥ 1000 yuan, living in urban areas, and without active employment (P<0.05). The median risk level of pPD was 0.74% in 2020, and the proportion of residents with 3 to 5 markers was 66.74%. The multiple linear regression analysis results suggested no association between baseline dairy intake and follow-up risk level of pPD. The Poisson regression model showed that the high dairy products intake group at baseline (T3, median=250.00 g·d−1) was found to be 1.159 (95%CI: 1.065~1.261, Ptrend<0.001) times more likely to have the risk/prodromal markers of pPD at follow-up than non-consumers. When the number of markers was grouped, no statistically significant association was found by multiple logistic regression analysis. Conclusion Although high dairy products intake levels might be associated with pPD risk/prodromal markers among people aged 55 and above in four provinces of China, no direct association is found between dairy products intake and pPD risk levels in this study.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-964922

RESUMO

Background China is witnessing an accelerated aging process and an increasingly serious situation of Parkinson's disease. Research on the pre-disease stage and its related influencing factors has gained more and more attention. Objective To analyze the current situation of prodromal Parkinson's disease (pPD) of people aged 55 years and above in four provinces of China, and to explore its influencing demographic and socio-economic characteristics. Methods Using the data of Community-based Cohort Study on Nervous System Disease in 2020, a total of 10724 participants with complete data on demographic and socio-economic factors and risk factors on Parkinson's disease were selected. Based on the criteria recommended by the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society (MDS), we evaluated risk level (i.e., post-test probability) of pPd, prevalence of possible or probable pPD, and number of pPD-related risk/prodromal markers in the participants. Multiple linear regression and multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the influencing socio-demographic factors of risk level of pPd and prevalence of possible or probable pPD, and Poisson regression and multinomial logit regression models were used to analyze the influencing socio-demographic factors of the number of pPD-related risk/prodromal markers in the total sample, men, and women, respectively. Results The median (P25, P75) of post-test probability of pPD in 2020 was 0.78% (0.42%, 1.66%), the prevalence rate of possible or probable pPD was 0.34%, and 69.03% of the participants reported 3-5 pPD-related risk/prodromal markers. The post-test probabilities of men, those with older age, lower education level, per capita monthly household income < 1000 yuan, urban residency, or without active employment were higher (P<0.05). Men and being aged ≥ 75 years had a higher prevalence of possible or probable pPD (P<0.05). The OR of possible or probable pPD was 8.404 (95%CI: 2.839−24.879) in subjects aged ≥ 75 years versus those aged 55−64 years. Males, those without active employment, being less educated, with older age, and urban residents were more likely to report pPD-related risk/prodromal markers than those of the opposite groups (P<0.05). Conclusion Men, subjects aged ≥75 years, those with lower education level, urban residents, and those without active employment have higher risk levels of pPD and are more likely to report pPD-related risk/prodromal markers among people aged 55 years and above in the four provinces of China, poor economic situation is also associated with higher risk levels of pPD.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-960513

RESUMO

Background At present, domestic and foreign studies on the association between dietary magnesium and diabetes risk are not consistent, and there are relatively few prospective studies in China and the study population is relatively limited. Objective To explore the association between dietary magnesium intake and diabetes risk in Chinese adults in 15 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities), and to provide a scientific basis for revising dietary magnesium intake reference for Chinese residents. Methods A total of 8061 adults aged 18-64 who participated in at least two follow-up surveys in the China Health and Nutrition Survey in 2009, 2015, and 2018, had complete survey data, and did not report diabetes at baseline were selected as subjects. Food consumption data were collected from 3-day 24-hour dietary recalls and by weighing household cooking oil and condiments. The average daily dietary magnesium intake was calculated based on the food composition table. Multiple Cox proportional risk regression model and restricted cubic spline (RCS) model were used to analyze the association and dose-response relationship between dietary magnesium intake and diabetes risk. Diabetes was defined according to the Chinese Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes (2020 edition). Results A total of 47237.46 person-years were followed up, with an average follow-up of 5.86 years. Among 8061 subjects, the incidence rate was 8.86%. Compared with those in the top quintile of magnesium intake (Q5), those with lower dietary magnesium intake were more likely to be female, have higher income, higher education, live in urban areas, and have lower intakes of energy, dietary fiber, and dietary calcium. After adjusting for demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and dietary factors, compared with adults in the lowest quintile of dietary magnesium intake, the results of Cox proportional risk regression model showed that the second (median: 220.96 mg·d−1), third (median: 263.01 mg·d−1), and fourth (median: 312.33mg·d−1) quintile dietary magnesium intake reduced the risk of diabetes by 45% (HR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.43-0.71), 39% (HR=0.61, 95%CI: 0.47-0.78), and 34% (HR=0.66, 95%CI: 0.51-0.78), respectively. The results of RCS analysis showed that dietary magnesium intake and the risk of diabetes were U-shaped overall. Taking the 5th percentile magnesium intake as reference, when dietary magnesium intake was lower than 240 mg·d−1, the risk of diabetes gradually decreased with the increase of magnesium intake; the risk was the lowest at 240 mg·d−1, followed by a slight increase in risk at 240-400 mg·d−1; and no statistical difference presented in the association between dietary magnesium and diabetes risk after 650 mg·d−1. Conclusion The study findings suggest an association between dietary magnesium intake and diebetes risk. The association is negative and non-linear when dietary magnesium intake is below 240 mg·d−1.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-960411

RESUMO

Background In recent years, Chinese residents have undergone profound changes in dietary habits and lifestyle, and the increasing prevalence rate of central obesity has become one of the major public health problems. Objective To analyze the changes in waist circumference distribution and central obesity prevalence, and the differences by demographic and socioeconomic factors among Chinese adults aged 18-35 in 15 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) from 1993 to 2018, and to provide evidence for further exploration of etiology and control measures. Methods Based on the data of nine follow-up rounds of the China Health and Nutrition Survey from 1993 to 2018, adults aged 18 to 35 were selected as study subjects. After excluding the records of missing demographic information or abnormal physical measurement data, a total of 16008 subjects were included in this study. Central obesity was diagnosed by WS/T 428—2013 Criteria of weight for adults. Spearman rank test was used to analyze the changes of waist circumference; Cochran-Armitage trend test was used to analyze the trends of central obesity prevalence rate; multiple logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of central obesity in the whole population; subgroup analysis on waist circumference and central obesity prevalence rate was also conducted among participants from the 2018 follow-up survey. survey. Results From 1993 to 2018, the waist circumference and prevalence rate of central obesity of adults aged 18-35 in 15 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) significantly increased by year (P<0.05). In males, the prevalence rate increased from 4.40% to 35.49% (Ptrend<0.05), while in females, it increased from 6.33% to 18.31% (Ptrend<0.05), and the average growth rates were 8.14% and 2.58% per annum, respectively. The results of multiple model analysis showed that subjects aged 25 to 35 years were more likely to have central obesity than the control group with age 18 to 24 years in both males (OR=1.285, 95%CI: 1.066-1.550) and females (OR=1.558, 95%CI: 1.234-1.967). There were significant associations of central obesity in males with residence, geographical location, and economic zones: urban males were 39.5% (OR=1.395, 95%CI: 1.169-1.165) more likely to suffer from central obesity than rural males; males living in southern China were 37.9% (OR=0.621, 95%CI: 0.519-0.744) less likely to suffer from central obesity than those living in northern China; compared with males living in central economic zone, males living in western economic zone were 27.1% (OR=0.729, 95%CI: 0.567-0.937) less likely and males living in eastern economic zone were 21.8% (OR=1.218, 95%CI: 1.017-1.459) more likely to suffer from central obesity. No significant correlation was found of residence and geographical location with central obesity in females, only in the western economic zone, females were 32.4% (OR=0.676, 95%CI: 0.515-0.886) less likely to suffer from central obesity than those in the central economic zone. With increase of income levels, females were less likely to be central obese, and females of middle income level (OR=0.749, 95%CI: 0.600-0.934) and high income level (OR=0.684, 95%CI: 0.542-0.864) were less likely to suffer from central obesity than those of low income level. In the total population, a higher body mass index (BMI) level was significantly associated with having central obesity; overweight and obese males were found to be 12.207 (95%CI: 10.228-14.568) and 150.418 (95%CI: 111.186-203.492) times more likely to have central obesity, respectively, and the odds ratios for females were 9.014 (95%CI: 7.446-10.912) and 88.215 (95%CI: 61.411-126.717), respectively. Conclusion From 1993 to 2018, waist circumference and the prevalence rate of central obesity in adults aged 18-35 in selected 15 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) of China have been increased year by year, the condition of central obesity is more severe in males. Gender, age, economic zones, and BMI are the major influencing factors. It is necessary to take effective early screening and intervention measures targeting central obesity in youth population to reduce health risks.

7.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-805258

RESUMO

Objective@#To analyze the status of dietary sodium intake of Chinese adult residents in fifteen provinces in 2015.@*Methods@#Data were collected from 2015 China Nutrition Transition Cohort Study. This cohort study used a three consecutive 24-h retrospective method to record food intake and weighing method to record household condiment consumption. In this study, 14 847 residents aged 18 years and over with complete data from 15 provinces in 2015 were selected for the comparison of dietary sodium intake (median) with different characteristics.@*Results@#Among the 14 847 residents, 47.1% were males, and the rural and northern residents accounted for 60.1% and 37.7%, respectively. Median sodium intake was 3 960.0 mg/d among residents in 2015. The sodium intake of males (4 272.1 mg/d) was higher than that of females (3 716.6 mg/d). Across age subgroups, sodium intake was highest among residents aged 45-59 years (4 257.0 mg/d; 18-44 years old, 3 867.1 mg/d; ≥60 years old, 3 799.0 mg/d). Sodium intake was higher in rural area (4 042.9 mg/d) than in urban area (3 866.8 mg/d), higher in north (4 229.2 mg/d) than in south (3 806.8 mg/d) (all P values <0.05). 11.8% of residents with dietary sodium intake were below 2 000 mg/d. The main sources of dietary sodium were condiments (79.4%), regular cooking foods (11.9%) and processed foods (8.7%). Among the condiments, the salt and soy sauce accounted for 63.6% and 10.4%, respectively.@*Conclusion@#In 2015, Chinese adult residents had higher dietary sodium intake with gender and regional differences. Condiments were the main source of dietary sodium.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 481-487, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-805015

RESUMO

Depression jeopardizes human health and brings heavy burden to both related families and societies. However, pathogenesis of depression has not been fully clarified yet. Previous studies show that there are some connections seen between dietary factors and depression, which are affected by various lifestyles. This paper aims at providing evidence for the prevention and treatment of depression by evaluating the relationships between factors as nutrients, dietary patterns, lifestyle and depression, based on the published literature.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1465-1470, 2017.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-615980

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection causes pathological changes of the liver,including liver inflammation,hepatocyte necrosis,and even liver fibrosis,and promotes the progression from chronic hepatitis to liver cirrhosis and liver cancer,but related mechanisms remain unclear.The mechanism for the interaction between hepatocytes infected by HBV and uninfected hepatocytes/host immune system might be exosomes-mediated cell-cell communication in liver microenvironment.Many studies have demonstrated that viral infection can regulate the production of exosomes and affect their composition,and viral microRNAs,proteins,and even the entire virion can be incorporated into the exosomes,which can affect the immune recognition of viruses or regulate the function of adjacent cells.This article elaborates on the production and composition of exosomes and their roles in viral infection,as well as the research advances in the association between exosomes and HBV infection.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1497-1501, 2016.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-778514

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of protein acetylation in host cells on the replication of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in hepatocytes, since HBV infection greatly threatens human health and the acetylation of encoding proteins in infected cells plays an important role in HBV replication and infection. MethodsThe deacetylase inhibitors trichostatin A (TSA) and nicotinamide (NAM) were used to stimulate HBV replication in HepG2.2.15 and HepAD38 cells, and the HBV replication markers were measured. The pan-acetylysin protein and Ac-H3 were examined by Western Blot. ResultsThe stimulation of cells with TSA and NAM increased the overall acetylation level of proteins in cells, and the acetylation level increased in a time- and dose-dependent manner. In the HepG2.2.15 and HepAD38 cells, stimulation with TSA and NAM reduced HBsAg level in the supernatant of cell culture and increased HBV DNA level in a time- and dose-dependent manner, while HBeAg in the supernatant of cell culture and DNA in cells did not change significantly. ConclusionAcetylation of host proteins may be involved in and affect HBV replication in cells, and further analysis and determination of host proteins whose acetylation affects HBV replication in cells help to learn more about the regulation of HBV replication and provide new thoughts for the development of specific antiviral strategies.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 842-845, 2015.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-302066

RESUMO

Objective To describe the relationships between dietary cholesterol and serum cholesterol among Chinese adults.Methods Data used in the present study was from the China Health and Nutrition Study (CHNS).Chinese adults,18 to 65 year olds who participated in the 2009 CHNS with complete individual information were included in the study.Correlation of dietary cholesterol and serum cholesterol among different sex groups was described to explore the effect of dietary cholesterol intake on the level of serum cholesterol as well as to examine the effect of higher intake of dietary cholesterol related to hypercholesterolemia.Results Results from the correlation analysis indicated that dietary cholesterol appeared a highly positive correlation (P<0.05) with serum total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C).Data from the multiple regression analysis showed that dietary cholesterol intake was an important factor that affecting the serum TC (P<0.05) in both males and females but LDL-C was only in females (P=0.01).After adjusting for potential confounders,the high intake of dietary cholesterol (≥300 mg/d) had higher risks for developing hypercholesterolemia in both males and females (OR=1.2 1,95% CI:1.03-1.42,P=0.019;OR=1.18,95%CI:1.00-1.40,P=0.044),respectively.Conclusion Dietary cholesterol intake seemed to correlate with the serum cholesterol level,and hypercholesterolemia should be prevented through reducing the dietary cholesterol among Chinese adults.

12.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-746856

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the functional mechanism of metadherin (MTDH), hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) and transketolase-like gene 1 (TKTL1) and their interaction with each other in laryngeal carcinoma development.@*METHOD@#Thirty laryngeal carcinoma samples and 20 samples of para-carcinoma tissue were taken from the patients received operation treatment. The expression levels of MTDH, HIF-1α and TKTL1 were detected in all the samples by SP immunohistochemical methods. The data were analyzed by the SPSS13.0 statistical software.@*RESULT@#The positive expression rate of MTDH, HIF-1α and TKTL1 in the 30 cases of laryngeal carcinoma was 56.67%, 60.00% and 63.33%, respectively, which was 20.00%,10.00% and 15.00% respectively in the para-carcinoma tissue, the difference of the positive expression rate of the tested objects between these two groups was statistically significant (P 0.05). The Spearman's rank correlation analysis showed that the positive expression rates of MTDH and HIF-1α in laryngeal carcinoma had positive correlation (r = 0.384, P 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#It suggested that these three proteins may have close relationship with the occurrence, invasion and metastasis of the laryngeal carcinoma. MTDH and TKTL1 may be expected to be new clinical targets for laryngeal carcinoma treatment and it could offer theoretical basis for the prognosis of the laryngeal carcinoma.


Assuntos
Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Diagnóstico , Metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular , Metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia , Metabolismo , Neoplasias Laríngeas , Diagnóstico , Metabolismo , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Transcetolase , Metabolismo
13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-466602

RESUMO

Colon cancer is the most common malignant tumor in the worldwide scale and it is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths.Finding accurate and informative cancer markers will provide significant insights in diagnosis and treatment strategy of colon cancer.Proteomic technology is an important tool in cancer research.In recent years,many studies have found a great of potential biomarkers of colon cancer.

14.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-454006

RESUMO

The mutual influence of lead and cadmium ions on “in-situ” bismuth film coated glassy carbon electrode was demonstrated using different concentration target ions by changing ratio between Pb2+ and Cd2+. It is found that the presence of coexisting ions can have an influence on the detection of target ions. Especially for the detection of Cd2+, the existence of Pb2+ can be beneficial for the deposition of Cd due to the more positive deposition potentials. And the analytical performances of Cd2+and Pb2+ were obtained. The detection limit is 0. 5 μg/L towards Pb2+ with a linear range from 1-80 μg/L using 60 s deposition time. The resulting calibration plots of Cd2+ are linear over the range from 1-25 and 30-200 μg/L with the detection limit of 1 μg/L using 120 s deposition time. The bismuth film was finally employed to determine the Pb2+and Cd2+in real sample with good satisfied results.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-418247

RESUMO

Objective To explore the differential liver plasma membrane (PM) proteins that may be related to the occurrence,development and reversal process of hepatitis and to understand the pathogenesis of hepatitis and the new drug targets by performing a comparative proteomics research of liver PM between hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) transgenic mice and wild-type C57 mice.Methods A 6-month-old HBsAg transgenic mouse model was established.The pathological examination was performed to observe the pathological changes of transgenic mice and wild-type C57 mice.The PM from liver tissue of 6-month-old transgenic mouse and the control mouse were purified through twice sucrose density grade centrifugation combined with second antibody magnetic bead enrichment.The purity of extracted PM was verified by Western blot.Differential proteome expression analysis was performed by using two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and ImageMaster software analysis.The differentially expressed proteins were lysed by trypsin and identified by liquid chromatography combined with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis.Results The pathological examination results showed that hepatitis was observed in the transgenic mouse group,while no abnormity was found in the controls.The PM was successfully enriched and the mitochondria contamination was reduced by sucrose density grade centrifugation combined with second antibody magnetic bead purification treatment.Thirty differential mice liver PM protein spots were visualized,in which 11 non-redundant proteins were successfully identified by LC-MS/MS in transgenic mouse group,including 9 up regulated protein spots and 2 down-regulated protein spots.These differentially expressed proteins included keratin,cardiac Ca2+ release channel,cytochrome B5,ATP synthase subunit alpha,etc.Conclusions A batch of HBsAg gene expression related differential proteins are identified in mouse liver plasma.These proteins might be new drug targets for anti-HBV treatment.This study will guide further investigation on the mechanism of HBV infection induced hepatitis.

16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-412810

RESUMO

Objective To investigate human plasma glycoproteomie changes related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection,and to identify glycoproteins with potential anti-HIV activity or anti-HIV drug targets. Methods Plasma proteins with lower abundance were enriched through affinity purification to remove albumin and IgG in clinical samples (HIV-positive patient, n= 10, and healthy controls, n= 20). Proteins were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and stained by Pro-Q emerald glycoprotein stain kits. The 2-DE image was analyzed by ImageMaster software to find differential glycoproteins. Furthermore, the depleted HIV-positive and healthy control plasma proteins were digested by PNGase F. Glycoproteins were deglycoliszed, separated by 2-DE and analyzed by ImageMaster software. Differential glycoproteins were identified by liquid chromatography combined with high capacity ion trap mass spectrometry (HCT). Results The pretreatment of HIV-positive plasma prior to 2-DE could efficiently remove the high aboundant albumin and IgG in plasma and improve the detection of proteins with low-abundance. High revolution 2-DE gel images of glycoproteins from HIV positive and healthy control plasma samples were obtained. Glycoproteins were successfully deglycolized through PNGase F treatment. Thirteen differential glycoproteins were identified by liquid chromatography combined with mass spectrometry. These proteins included alphalantitrypsin precursor and serine/threonine-protein kinase N1. Conclusions Potential HIV infection related proteins,such as alphal-antitrypsin precursor are successfully identified. Our study may offer some help to understand the molecular mechanism of HIV infection and select new drug targets for preventing HIV infection.

17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-421054

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo find specific biomarkers related to HAART treatment in plasma samples of AIDS patients for clinical therapeautic efficacy evaluation and guidance for the prognosis of HIV treatment.MethodPlasma samples of AIDS patients were collected from Infectious Disease Department 1 of Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center in June of 2008 to February of 2009,including 11 successfully HAART treated cases (HIV load > 50 copies/ml) and 11 unsuccessfully HAART treated cases (HIV load <50 copies/ml).Patients' age ranged from 22 to 63.Plasma samples were treated by Bio-rad AurumTM Serum Protein Mini Kit to remove high abundant proteins:albumin and immunoglobulin were removed.The treatedplasmaproteinswereseparatedbytwo-dimensionalelectrophoresisandanalyzedby electrophoretogram using Imagemaster software to find differentially-expressed proteins related to therapeutic efficacy.After digestion by trypsin,the differentially-expressed proteins were identified by online reversed-phasenano-flow liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization ion trap mass spectrometry.ResultsLow abundant proteins were efficiently enriched after the AurumTM Serum Protein Mini Kit treatment.Six differentially-expressed proteins were detected while comparing successfully and unsuccessfully HAART treated group.These proteins were accurately identified by tandem Mass spectrometry (MS), including serum transferrin, serum β-fibrinogen, etc.ConclusionsOur proteomic research revealed that the differentially-expressed proteins such as transferrin,which is related to plasma virus loading in AIDS patients in the process of treatment,might be potential biomarkers evaluating HAART therapeutic efficacy.

18.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-407496

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) poses serious health problems in Southern China and yet the molecular mechanism of the carcinogenesis remains unclear. We used modern proteomic technologies to compare the protein expression profiles between the NPC cell lines (HNE1 and CNE1 ) and an immortalized nasopharyngeal epithelial cell line NP69 to identify cancer related proteins. Cell lysates were separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2 DE ) and analyzed by PDQuest software. The differentially expressed proteins were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS). We discovered 15 up-regulated proteins and 18 down-regulated proteins in both HNE1 and CNE1 cell lines compared with NP69. These proteins are correlative with various functions, such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, cancer metastasis, metabolism, cytoskeleton and signal transduction. Western blotting analyses were further carried out to verify the differential expression of individual proteins. Several identified proteins in our research might be used as potential molecular markers to understand the molecular mechanism of NPC development and metastasis, and might be used as candidate targets for NPC treatments.

19.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-407101

RESUMO

A subcellular proteomic method was applied to investigate the protein expression profiles of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell lines,CNE1 and CNE2,at various differentiation levels.Plasma membrane (PM) proteins were obtained by Percoll density grade centrifugation and subjected to twodimensional electrophoresis (2DE) followed by PDQuest software analysis.Nine proteins expressed with more than two folds difference were identified by MALDI-TOF-TOF,of which functions involved in cell differentiation,signal transduction,and metabolism.Half of these proteins,such as galectin-1 and annexin Ⅱ,were analyzed with real-time quantitative PCR or Westem blotting.We have tested a proteomic method to study differentiated NPCs at different levels and found several proteins that might be related to their biological characteristics.

20.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-580238

RESUMO

Objective To study the metabolism of amino acids in AIDS patients for the purpose of providing appropriate nutritional support.Method High performance liquid chromatography combined with pre-column derivatization technology was used to detect free amino acids in plasma from 22 untreated AIDS patients,16 HAART treated AIDS patients and 30 healthy controls.Statistic analysis was performed through SPSS software.Results The concentration of alanine(Ala) was significantly increased and the concentration of phenoalanine(Phe) was remarkably decreased in AIDS patients as compared with the healthy controls(P

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