Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.668
Filtrar
1.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 12: 1379679, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737542

RESUMO

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a systematic disease which exert detrimental effect on bone tissue. The repair and reconstruction of bone defects in diabetic patients still remain a major clinical challenge. This study aims to investigate the potential of bone tissue engineering approach to improve bone regeneration under diabetic condition. Methods: In the present study, decalcified bone matrix (DBM) scaffolds were seeded with allogenic fetal bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and cultured in osteogenic induction medium to fabricate BMSC/DBM constructs. Then the BMSC/DBM constructs were implanted in both subcutaneous pouches and large femoral bone defects in diabetic (BMSC/DBM in DM group) and non-diabetic rats (BMSC/DBM in non-DM group), cell-free DBM scaffolds were implanted in diabetic rats to serve as the control group (DBM in DM group). X-ray, micro-CT and histological analyses were carried out to evaluate the bone regenerative potential of BMSC/DBM constructs under diabetic condition. Results: In the rat subcutaneous implantation model, quantitative micro-CT analysis demonstrated that BMSC/DBM in DM group showed impaired bone regeneration activity compared with the BMSC/DBM in non-DM group (bone volume: 46 ± 4.4 mm3 vs 58.9 ± 7.15 mm3, *p < 0.05). In the rat femoral defect model, X-ray examination demonstrated that bone union was delayed in BMSC/DBM in DM group compared with BMSC/DBM in non-DM group. However, quantitative micro-CT analysis showed that after 6 months of implantation, there was no significant difference in bone volume and bone density between the BMSC/DBM in DM group (199 ± 63 mm3 and 593 ± 65 mg HA/ccm) and the BMSC/DBM in non-DM group (211 ± 39 mm3 and 608 ± 53 mg HA/ccm). Our data suggested that BMSC/DBM constructs could repair large bone defects in diabetic rats, but with delayed healing process compared with non-diabetic rats. Conclusion: Our study suggest that biomaterial sacffolds seeded with allogenic fetal BMSCs represent a promising strategy to induce and improve bone regeneration under diabetic condition.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(19): 25404-25414, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692284

RESUMO

Liquid crystal elastomers (LCEs), as a classical two-way shape-memory material, are good candidates for developing artificial muscles that mimic the contraction, expansion, or rotational behavior of natural muscles. However, biomimicry is currently focused more on the actuation functions of natural muscles dominated by muscle fibers, whereas the tactile sensing functions that are dominated by neuronal receptors and synapses have not been well captured. Very few studies have reported the sensing concept for LCEs, but the signals were still donated by macroscopic actuation, that is, variations in angle or length. Herein, we develop a conductive porous LCE (CPLCE) using a solvent (dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO))-templated photo-cross-linking strategy, followed by carbon nanotube (CNT) incorporation. The CPLCE has excellent reversible contraction/elongation behavior in a manner similar to the actuation functions of skeletal muscles. Moreover, the CPLCE shows excellent pressure-sensing performance by providing real-time electrical signals and is capable of microtouch sensing, which is very similar to natural tactile sensing. Furthermore, macroscopic actuation and tactile sensation can be integrated into a single system. Proof-of-concept studies reveal that the CPLCE-based artificial muscle is sensitive to external touch while maintaining its excellent actuation performance. The CPLCE with tactile sensation beyond reversible actuation is expected to benefit the development of versatile artificial muscles and intelligent robots.


Assuntos
Elastômeros , Cristais Líquidos , Nanotubos de Carbono , Cristais Líquidos/química , Elastômeros/química , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Porosidade , Solventes/química , Tato/fisiologia , Órgãos Artificiais , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/química , Humanos
3.
Bioact Mater ; 38: 1-30, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699243

RESUMO

Characterized by their pivotal roles in cell-to-cell communication, cell proliferation, and immune regulation during tissue repair, exosomes have emerged as a promising avenue for "cell-free therapy" in clinical applications. Hydrogels, possessing commendable biocompatibility, degradability, adjustability, and physical properties akin to biological tissues, have also found extensive utility in tissue engineering and regenerative repair. The synergistic combination of exosomes and hydrogels holds the potential not only to enhance the efficiency of exosomes but also to collaboratively advance the tissue repair process. This review has summarized the advancements made over the past decade in the research of hydrogel-exosome systems for regenerating various tissues including skin, bone, cartilage, nerves and tendons, with a focus on the methods for encapsulating and releasing exosomes within the hydrogels. It has also critically examined the gaps and limitations in current research, whilst proposed future directions and potential applications of this innovative approach.

4.
Fam Consum Sci Res J ; 52(3): 213-225, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38774766

RESUMO

Despite Latinx grandparents' substantial involvement in child rearing, there is limited understanding of their child feeding practices. A survey examined 80 Latinx mothers' perception of Latinx grandparents' feeding practices and interaction with parents. Results showed grandparents engaged in positive feeding somewhat frequently and negative feeding somewhat infrequently. Mother-grandparent disagreement and grandparent-parent(s) communication on child feeding occurred at a moderate level of frequency. Mother-grandparent disagreement was associated with higher frequency of grandparents' negative feeding, while grandparent-parent(s) communication was associated with higher frequency of positive feeding by grandparents. Finally, grandparents' behaviors and practices varied depending on characteristics of grandparents, mothers, and children.

5.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 257, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711089

RESUMO

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a multifactorial disease in which abnormal growth factor activation and embryonic reawakening are considered important factors. Here we demonstrated that the aberrant activation of transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß)/Rho kinase 1 (ROCK1) increased the stemness of BPH tissue by recruiting mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), indicating the important role of embryonic reawakening in BPH. When TGF-ß/ROCK1 is abnormally activated, MSCs are recruited and differentiate into fibroblasts/myofibroblasts, leading to prostate stromal hyperplasia. Further research showed that inhibition of ROCK1 activation suppressed MSC migration and their potential for stromal differentiation. Collectively, our findings suggest that abnormal activation of TGF-ß/ROCK1 regulates stem cell lineage specificity, and the small molecule inhibitor GSK269962A could target ROCK1 and may be a potential treatment for BPH.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Hiperplasia Prostática , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Quinases Associadas a rho , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Próstata/patologia , Próstata/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Camundongos , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Células Estromais/patologia
6.
J Environ Manage ; 359: 120987, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692029

RESUMO

The removal of organic pollutants in water environments and the resource utilization of solid waste are two pressing issues around the world. Facing the increasing pollution induced by discharge of mining effluents containing sodium isopropyl xanthate (SIPX), in this work, municipal solid waste incineration fly ash (MSWI FA) was pretreated by hydrothermal method to produce stabilized FA, which was then innovatively used as support for the construction of FA/TiO2/BiOCl nanocomposite (FTB) with promoted photocatalytic activity under visible light and natural sunlight. When the content of FA was 20 wt% and the mass ratio of TiO2 to BiOCl was 4:6, a remarkable performance for the optimal FTB (20-FTB-2) was achieved. Characterizations demonstrated that TiO2 and BiOCl uniformly dispersed on FA contributing to high surface area and broad light adsorption of FTB, which exhibits excellent adsorption capacity and light response ability. Build in electric field formed in the interface of TiO2/BiOCl heterojunction revealed by density functional theory calculations accelerated the separation of photoinduced e- and h+, leading to high efficiency for SIPX degradation. The synergetic effect combined with adsorption and photocatalytic degradation endowed 20-FTB-2 superior SIPX removal efficiency over 99% within 30 min under visible light and natural sunlight irradiation. The photocatalytic degradation pathways of SIPX were determined through theoretical calculations and characterizations, and the toxic byproduct CS2 was effectively eliminated through oxidation of •O2-. For 20-FTB-2, reusability of photocatalyst was showed by cycle tests, also the concentrations of main heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr, and Cd) in the liquid phases released during photocatalyst preparation process (< 1 mg/L) and photodegradation process (< 8.5 µg/L) proved the satisfactory stability with low toxicity. This work proposed a novel strategy to develop efficient and stable support-based photocatalysts by utilizing MSWI FA and realize its resource utilization.


Assuntos
Cinza de Carvão , Nanocompostos , Titânio , Nanocompostos/química , Titânio/química , Cinza de Carvão/química , Catálise , Adsorção , Resíduos Sólidos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
7.
Cell Genom ; 4(5): 100550, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697125

RESUMO

To identify novel susceptibility genes for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we performed a rare-variant association study in Chinese populations consisting of 2,750 cases and 4,153 controls. We identified four HCC-associated genes, including NRDE2, RANBP17, RTEL1, and STEAP3. Using NRDE2 (index rs199890497 [p.N377I], p = 1.19 × 10-9) as an exemplary candidate, we demonstrated that it promotes homologous recombination (HR) repair and suppresses HCC. Mechanistically, NRDE2 binds to the subunits of casein kinase 2 (CK2) and facilitates the assembly and activity of the CK2 holoenzyme. This NRDE2-mediated enhancement of CK2 activity increases the phosphorylation of MDC1 and then facilitates the HR repair. These functions are eliminated almost completely by the NRDE2-p.N377I variant, which sensitizes the HCC cells to poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors, especially when combined with chemotherapy. Collectively, our findings highlight the relevance of the rare variants to genetic susceptibility to HCC, which would be helpful for the precise treatment of this malignancy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases , Reparo de DNA por Recombinação , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Reparo de DNA por Recombinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Caseína Quinase II/genética , Caseína Quinase II/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Feminino , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Predisposição Genética para Doença
8.
Heliyon ; 10(10): e30915, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38778948

RESUMO

Background: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has emerged to combat the global COVID-19 pandemic. However, no studies have been conducted to evaluate the attitudes, knowledge, and barriers of Chinese clinical and nursing students in implementing CAM during this period. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the attitude, knowledge, and barriers of Chinese clinical and nursing students in using CAM in the context of COVID-19. Methods: An online-based cross-sectional survey was carried out among Chinese medical students, majoring in clinical medicine or nursing, in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, and Zhengzhou, Henan Province from May to July 2022. A total of 402 clinical and 644 nursing students responded to a self-administered questionnaire through the Questionnaire Star and WeChat APPs. SPSS 25 (version 25) was used for data analysis. Proportions were compared by Chi-square test. Level of significance between groups was analyzed using independent student t-test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: The average score of attitude was 46.63 (SD: 7.38) in clinical students and 49.84 (SD: 6.76) in nursing students. The top four most commonly used CAM treatments in China were proprietary Chinese medicine, diet therapy, decoction, and acupuncture and moxibustion (59.66 %, 22.28 %, 11.66 %, 9.85 %). The students had a good mastery of knowledge about CAM-based prevention and control of COVID-19 (mean score 7.36). The score of CAM knowledge in nursing students was significantly higher than that in clinical students (7.56 VS 7.04, P = 0.000). Gender, grade, previous use, age, and knowledge score could affect students' attitude towards CAM. The main barriers in spreading CAM use included time-consumption, bad taste, and fear of treatment-related pain (24.5 %). Compared with clinical students, nursing students were more likely to recommend CAM to patients in the future (P = 0.002). Conclusions: During the COVID-19 pandemic, nursing students were more positive towards CAM use, had a better mastery of CAM knowledge than clinical students. CAM is expected to provide better outcomes in COVID-19 patients. Future studies should focus on the changes in students' attitudes over time and exploration of influencing factors on CAM use.

9.
Org Lett ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767303

RESUMO

Hydrothiolation presents an attractive way to transform allenes into allylic thioethers. Herein, we described an efficient visible-light photoredox-promoted nickel-catalyzed hydrothiolation of allenes with functionalized aromatic and aliphatic thiols. This synergistic catalytic system exhibits unprecedentedly high reactivities and regiocontrol for the construction of allylic thioethers, representing the unique synthetic utility of the earth-abundant Ni-catalyzed method compared with the related noble-metal-catalyzed allylation reactions.

10.
ISA Trans ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744610

RESUMO

Electro-hydraulic systems are extensively utilized to generate desired acceleration waveforms to provide a vibration environment for testing the performance and reliability of objects in various industrial applications. However, as electro-hydraulic systems are often affected by some inevitable drawbacks resulted from hydraulic nonlinearities, unwanted dynamic variations and disturbances, the generated acceleration waveform is generally far behind the expectation. In this paper, a convex combined adaptive controller with input shaping technique is proposed for enhancing the transient acceleration waveform replication accuracy of electro-hydraulic systems. The proposed controller is comprised of a three variable controller at the bottom level, an input shaping technique controller at the middle level, and a convex combined adaptive controller at the upper level. The three variable controller is firstly utilized for the establishment of a fundamental closed-loop acceleration control system, and then the input shaping technique controller is constructed by introducing an offline designed inverse prefilter utilizing the multi-innovation recursive least squares algorithm and the zero magnitude error tracking algorithm. The convex combined adaptive controller at the upper level is comprised of two individual adaptive filters with high and low step sizes, which provides the merits of fast convergence rate and high tracking accuracy, and it is further exploited to address for system's dynamic variations, model uncertainties and unexpected perturbations. Comparative experiments of the proposed controller with a manually generated random waveform and a recorded earthquake waveform as the testing inputs are conducted on a typical electro-hydraulic test bench, and the corresponding results demonstrate the feasibility and superiority of the proposed controller in improving the transient acceleration waveform replication performance of electro-hydraulic systems.

11.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3759, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704384

RESUMO

Millimeter-scale soft continuum robots offer safety and adaptability in transluminal procedures due to their passive compliance, but this feature necessitates interactions with surrounding lumina, leading to potential medical risks and restricted mobility. Here, we introduce a millimeter-scale continuum robot, enabling apical extension while maintaining structural stability. Utilizing phase transition components, the robot executes cycles of tip-based elongation, steered accurately through programmable magnetic fields. Each motion cycle features a solid-like backbone for stability, and a liquid-like component for advancement, thereby enabling autonomous shaping without reliance on environmental interactions. Together with clinical imaging technologies, we demonstrate the capability of navigating through tortuous and fragile lumina to transport microsurgical tools. Once it reaches larger anatomical spaces such as stomach, it can morph into functional 3D structures that serve as surgical tools or sensing units, overcoming the constraints of initially narrow pathways. By leveraging this design paradigm, we anticipate enhanced safety, multi-functionality, and cooperative capabilities among millimeter-scale continuum robots, opening new avenues for transluminal robotic surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Humanos , Desenho de Equipamento , Robótica/instrumentação , Robótica/métodos , Campos Magnéticos , Microcirurgia/instrumentação , Microcirurgia/métodos , Animais , Magnetismo
12.
Discov Oncol ; 15(1): 140, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695942

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Individualized medicine has become increasingly important in bladder cancer treatment, whereas useful biomarkers for prognostic prediction are still lacking. The current study, therefore, constructed a novel risk model based on pyroptosis- and immune-related long noncoding RNAs (Pyro-Imm lncRNAs) to evaluate the potential prognosis of bladder cancer. METHODS: Corresponding data of bladder cancer patients were downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The univariate Cox regression analysis, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis, and multivariate Cox regression analysis were employed to establish a predictive signature, which was evaluated by receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Furthermore, the immune infiltration, immune checkpoints, and responses to chemotherapeutic drugs were analyzed with this model. RESULTS: Three Pyro-Imm lncRNAs (MAFG-DT, AC024060.1, AC116914.2) were finally identified. Patients in the low-risk group demonstrated a significant survival advantage. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) at 1, 3, and 5 years was 0.694, 0.709, and 0.736 respectively in the entire cohort. KEGG and GO analyses showed that the Wnt pathway plays a crucial role in the high-risk group. The risk score was significantly related to the degree of infiltration of different immune cells, the expression of multiple immune checkpoint genes, and the sensitivity of various chemotherapeutic drugs. CONCLUSION: This novel signature provides a theoretical basis for cancer immunology and chemotherapy, which might help develop individualized therapy.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615974

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Assess the efficacy of an 8-week virtual, physiotherapist (PT)-guided knee health program (Stop OsteoARthritis (SOAR)) to improve knee extensor strength in individuals at risk of post-traumatic knee osteoarthritis (PTOA). METHOD: In this superiority, randomized delayed-control trial, persons aged 16-35 years, 1-4 years after a self-reported knee joint injury were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive the SOAR program immediately (experimental group) or after a 9-week delay (control group). SOAR includes 1) one-time Knee Camp (virtual PT-guided group education, knee assessment, 1:1 exercise and physical activity (PA) goal-setting); 2) Weekly personalized home-based exercise and PA program with tracking; 3) Weekly 1:1 PT counseling (virtual). The primary outcome was a change in isokinetic knee extensor strength (baseline to 9-weeks). Additional outcomes included change in self-reported knee-related quality-of-life (QOL), self-efficacy, self-management and kinesiophobia, and PA (accelerometer) at 9 and 18-weeks. Linear regression models estimated the effect of the 8-week intervention at the primary endpoint (9-week). RESULTS: 49 of 54 randomized participants completed the study (91%). Participants were a mean ± standard deviation age of 27 ± 5.0 years, and 2.4 ± 0.9 years post-injury. No mean between group differences for the primary (0.05; 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.10, 0.19) or other outcomes were seen at 9 weeks except for greater improvements in perceived self-management (Partner in Health Scale; 11.3/96, 95%CI: 5.5, 17.1) and kinesiophobia (Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia; -4.4/33, 95%CI: -7.0, -1.8). CONCLUSION: For active persons with elevated risk of PTOA, an 8-week SOAR program did not change knee-related strength, QOL, self-efficacy, or PA, on average, but may benefit the ability to self-manage knee health and kinesiophobia.

14.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e083453, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38684262

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Opioid agonist treatment (OAT) tapering involves a gradual reduction in daily medication dose to ultimately reach a state of opioid abstinence. Due to the high risk of relapse and overdose after tapering, this practice is not recommended by clinical guidelines, however, clients may still request to taper off medication. The ideal time to initiate an OAT taper is not known. However, ethically, taper plans should acknowledge clients' preferences and autonomy but apply principles of shared informed decision-making regarding safety and efficacy. Linked population-level data capturing real-world tapering practices provide a valuable opportunity to improve existing evidence on when to contemplate starting an OAT taper. Our objective is to determine the comparative effectiveness of alternative times from OAT initiation at which a taper can be initiated, with a primary outcome of taper completion, as observed in clinical practice in British Columbia (BC), Canada. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We propose a population-level retrospective observational study with a linkage of eight provincial health administrative databases in BC, Canada (01 January 2010 to 17 March 2020). Our primary outcomes include taper completion and all-cause mortality during treatment. We propose a 'per-protocol' target trial to compare different durations to taper initiation on the likelihood of taper completion. A range of sensitivity analyses will be used to assess the heterogeneity and robustness of the results including assessment of effectiveness and safety. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The protocol, cohort creation and analysis plan have been classified and approved as a quality improvement initiative by Providence Health Care Research Ethics Board and the Simon Fraser University Office of Research Ethics. Results will be disseminated to local advocacy groups and decision-makers, national and international clinical guideline developers, presented at international conferences and published in peer-reviewed journals electronically and in print.


Assuntos
Tratamento de Substituição de Opiáceos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Humanos , Colúmbia Britânica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/tratamento farmacológico , Tratamento de Substituição de Opiáceos/métodos , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Redução da Medicação , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Fatores de Tempo , Projetos de Pesquisa
15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 268(Pt 1): 131643, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643918

RESUMO

The rational design of hydrogel materials to modulate the immune microenvironment has emerged as a pivotal approach in expediting tissue repair and regeneration. Within the immune microenvironment, an array of immune cells exists, with macrophages gaining prominence in the field of tissue repair and regeneration due to their roles in cytokine regulation to promote regeneration, maintain tissue homeostasis, and facilitate repair. Macrophages can be categorized into two types: classically activated M1 (pro-inflammatory) and alternatively activated M2 (anti-inflammatory and pro-repair). By regulating the physical and chemical properties of hydrogels, the phenotypic transformation and cell behavior of macrophages can be effectively controlled, thereby promoting tissue regeneration and repair. A full understanding of the interaction between hydrogels and macrophages can provide new ideas and methods for future tissue engineering and clinical treatment. Therefore, this paper reviews the effects of hydrogel components, hardness, pore size, and surface morphology on cell behaviors such as macrophage proliferation, migration, and phenotypic polarization, and explores the application of hydrogels based on macrophage immune regulation in skin, bone, cartilage, and nerve tissue repair. Finally, the challenges and future prospects of macrophage-based immunomodulatory hydrogels are discussed.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Macrófagos , Regeneração , Cicatrização , Hidrogéis/química , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Animais , Regeneração/imunologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização/imunologia , Engenharia Tecidual , Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Int J Infect Dis ; 144: 107060, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38670482

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the neutralizing antibody (NAb) levels against the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variants BF.7, BQ.1, BQ.1.1, XBB.1, and XBB.1.5 after vaccination and natural infection. METHODS: The NAbs against the different viral strains of 490 individuals with SARS-CoV-2 and 187 without SARS-CoV-2 in the Beijing COVID-19 outbreak during December 2022 to January 2023 were analyzed. RESULTS: In uninfected individuals, limited levels of NAbs were produced against the prototype and variant strains after two doses vaccine but significantly increased after three or four doses of the vaccine. The infected individuals had high NAbs levels against the BF.7, BQ.1, and BQ.1.1 variants and moderate NAbs levels against the XBB.1 and XBB.1.5 variants. The highest NAbs levels were observed after two inoculation doses. The third and fourth doses vaccine did not result in a significant increase the NAbs levels. After the last dose of vaccination, the NAbs levels peaked at 12 months for the prototype and BF.7 and between 6 to 12 months for the BQ.1, BQ.1.1, XBB.1, and XBB.1.5 variants. CONCLUSIONS: The immune response decreases as the virus mutates. If booster vaccination is considered necessary, it is suggested for at least 6 months after infection.

17.
J Med Virol ; 96(4): e29582, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590253

RESUMO

To understand the prevalence of rhinovirus (RV) among acute respiratory infection (ARI) patients, 10-year ARI surveillance in multiple provinces of China were conducted during 2012-2021. Of 15 645 ARI patients, 1180 (7.54%) were confirmed to have RV infection and 820 (69.49%) were children under 5 years of age. RV typing was performed on the 527 VP1 gene sequences, and species A, B, and C accounted for 73.24%, 4.93%, and 21.82%, respectively. Although no significant difference in the proportions of age groups or disease severity was found between RV species, RV-C was more frequently detected in children under 5 years of age, RV-A was more frequently detected in elderly individuals (≥60), and the proportions of pneumonia in RV-A and RV-C patients were higher than those in RV-B patients. The epidemic peak of RV-A was earlier than that of RV-C. A total of 57 types of RV-A, 13 types of RV-B, and 35 types of RV-C were identified in RV-infected patients, and two uncertain RV types were also detected. The findings showed a few differences in epidemiological and clinical features between RV species in ARI patients, and RV-A and RV-C were more prevalent than RV-B.


Assuntos
Infecções por Enterovirus , Infecções por Picornaviridae , Infecções Respiratórias , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Idoso , Rhinovirus/genética , Prevalência , Infecções por Picornaviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Variação Genética
18.
China CDC Wkly ; 6(12): 235-241, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633430

RESUMO

Introduction: A retrospective study based on sentinel surveillance was conducted in 10 provincial-level administrative divisions (PLADs) in China to enhance the understanding of the epidemiological characteristics of human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs). Methods: From January 2019 to June 2023, respiratory specimens were collected from individuals with acute respiratory infections (ARIs) and screened for four HPIVs serotypes and other common respiratory viruses using multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). This study analyzed the association of HPIVs infections with seasonal patterns, geographical distribution, demographic profiles, clinical features, and co-infection status. Results: During the study period, a total of 12,866 ARIs were included. The overall detection rate of HPIVs was 6.15%, varying from 5.04% in 2022 to 9.70% in 2020. The median age of HPIVs-infected patients was 3 years. HPIV2 was more prevalent among individuals aged 5-17 years (42.57%), while HPIV4 was more common in those over 65 years (12.24%). HPIV3 (54.16%) and HPIV1 (27.18%) were the predominant serotypes, and their prevalence exhibited significant seasonal fluctuations post- coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The peak of HPIV3 shifted three months later in 2020 compared to 2019 and returned to a summer peak thereafter. Two peaks of HPIV1 were observed in 2021 following the peak of HPIV3. Additionally, co-infections were frequent in HPIVs cases (overall rate: 22.12%), with human rhinovirus being the most common co-infecting virus. Conclusions: The prevalence of HPIVs in China was predominantly due to HPIV3 and HPIV1, and their seasonal patterns were altered by pandemic restrictions. Hence, continuous surveillance of HPIVs is essential.

19.
Bioresour Bioprocess ; 11(1): 31, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38647976

RESUMO

Glycerol-assisted instant catapult steam explosion (ICSE) of lignocellulose is an effective pretreatment method for enhancing sugar production compared to glycerol-free ICSE. In this study, glycerol-assisted ICSE of corn stover was studied in order to understand the reaction mechanisms and further optimize the process. Results showed that water extraction of corn stover prior to ICSE reduced pseudo-lignin formation. The combination of water extraction and glycerol-assisted ICSE led to the formation of lignin with a lower molecular weight (Mw) of 2851 g/mol than 3521 g/mole of that from the combination of water extraction and glycerol-free ICSE. 1H-13C NMR analysis revealed that glycerol likely reacted with lignin carboxylic OHs through esterification while etherification of aliphatic OHs was not observed in ICSE. These lignin analyses indicated that glycerol protected lignin from condensation/repolymerization during glycerol-assisted ICSE. Enzymatic hydrolysis results showed that without water extraction increasing glycerol usage from 0.2 kg/kg stover to 0.4 kg/kg stover improved glucan digestibility to 78% but further increase to 0.5 kg/kg stover reduced glucan digestibility. In addition, at the glycerol usage of 0.2-0.4 kg/kg stover, washing of pretreated stover for removal of glycerol and other biomass-derived compounds did not improve glucan digestibility compared to unwashed ones. Combination of water extraction and glycerol-assisted ICSE led to a high glucan digestibility of 89.7% and a total glucose yield of 25.5 g glucose/100 g stover, which were 30.1% and 7.5 g/100 g stover higher than those derived from glycerol-free ICSE of stover, respectively. Since glycerol is a low-cost carbon source, the resulting enzymatic hydrolysate that contained both glucose and glycerol may be directly used to produce bioproducts by microbial fermentation.

20.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 108(1): 298, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607493

RESUMO

Radopholus similis is a destructive, migratory, and endophytoparasitic nematode. It has two morphologically indistinguishable pathotypes (or physiological races): banana and citrus pathotypes. At present, the only reliable method to differentiate the two pathotypes is testing the infestation and parasitism of nematodes on Citrus spp. via inoculation. However, differences in inoculation methods and conditions adopted by different researchers complicate obtaining consistent results. In this study, the parasitism and pathogenicity of 10 R. similis populations on rough lemon (Citrus limon) seedlings and the tropism and invasion of rough lemon roots were tested. It revealed that populations SWK, GJ, FZ, GZ, DBSR, and YJ were citrus pathotypes, which showed parasitism and pathogenicity on rough lemon and could invade rough lemon roots, whereas populations XIN, ML, HN6, and HL were banana pathotypes, having no parasitism and pathogenicity on rough lemon and they did not invade the rough lemon roots. Four pectate lyase genes (Rs-pel-2, Rs-pel-3, Rs-pel-4, and Rs-pel-5) belonging to the Class III family from these populations were amplified and analysed. The gene Rs-pel-3 could be amplified from six citrus pathotype populations and was stably expressed in the four developmental stages of the nematode, whereas it could not be amplified from the four banana pathotypes. Rs-pel-3 expression may be related to the parasitism and pathogenicity of R. similis on rough lemon. Hence, it can be used as a molecular marker to distinguish between banana and citrus pathotypes and as a target gene for the molecular identification of these two pathotypes. KEY POINTS: • Four pectate lyase genes (Rs-pels) from Radopholus similis were cloned and analysed. • The expression of Rs-pels is different in two pathotypes of Radopholus similis. • A molecular identification method for two pathotypes of Radopholus similis using pectate lyase gene Rs-pel-3 as the target gene was established.


Assuntos
Tylenchoidea , Animais , Tylenchoidea/genética , Raízes de Plantas , Polissacarídeo-Liases/genética , Plântula
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...