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1.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052444

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the functional roles of kinesin family member 18B (KIF18B) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development, as well as the related molecular mechanisms. Tissue specimens were collected from 105 patients with HCC, and the messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels of KIF18B were detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry assays, respectively. The χ2 test was performed to estimate the association of KIF18B with clinical characteristics of patients with HCC. Effects of KIF18B expression on biological behaviors of HCC cells were detected by clone formation, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, and transwell assays. The expression patterns of proteins were investigated using Western blot analysis. HCC tissues and cell lines showed significant upregulation of KIF18B at both mRNA and protein levels (p > .05, for all). Furthermore, the elevated KIF18B expression was positively correlated with the tumor-node-metastasis stage (p = .015) and lymph node metastasis (p = .007). Knockdown of KIF18B might suppress HCC cell clone formation, proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. Besides, the activity of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway was also significantly inhibited after the KIF18B knockdown. However, the antitumor actions caused by KIF18B knockdown might be reversed by lithium chloride treatment, which was the inducer of Wnt/ß-catenin-signaling pathway. KIF18B may serve as an oncogene in HCC through enhancing the activity of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway.

2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(3): e014581, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013705

RESUMO

Background Although several studies have indicated that lipoprotein(a) is a useful prognostic predictor for patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), previous observations have somewhat been limited by either small sample size or short-term follow-up. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of lipoprotein(a) on long-term outcomes in a large cohort of stable coronary artery disease patients after PCI. Methods and Results In this multicenter and prospective study, we consecutively enrolled 4078 stable coronary artery disease patients undergoing PCI from March 2011 to March 2016. They were categorized according to both the median of lipoprotein(a) levels and lipoprotein(a) values of <15 (low), 15 to 30 (medium), and ≥30 mg/dL (high). All patients were followed up for occurrence of cardiovascular events, including cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stroke. During an average of 4.9 years of follow-up, 315 (7.7%) cardiovascular events occurred. The events group had significantly higher lipoprotein(a) levels than the nonevents group. Compared with the low lipoprotein(a) group, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the high lipoprotein(a) group had a significantly lower cumulative event-free survival rate, and multivariate Cox regression analysis further revealed that the high lipoprotein(a) group had significantly increased cardiovascular events risk. Moreover, adding continuous or categorical lipoprotein(a) to the Cox model led to a significant improvement in C-statistic, net reclassification, and integrated discrimination. Conclusions With a large sample size and long-term follow-up, our data confirmed that high lipoprotein(a) levels could be associated with a poor prognosis after PCI in stable coronary artery disease patients, suggesting that lipoprotein(a) measurements may be useful for patient risk stratification before selective PCI.

3.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 34, 2020 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metformin could activate adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) which was postulated as a potential therapeutic target for osteoarthritis. This study aimed to examine the effects of metformin on cartilage and pain in osteoarthritis mouse model. METHODS: Eighty 10-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomized to 6 groups: non-operation, sham-operation, destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM)-operation with intragastric saline/metformin, and DMM-operation with intraarticular saline/metformin. Articular cartilage degeneration was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and graded using the scoring system recommended by Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI). Mechanical withdrawal threshold and hind paw weight distribution were measured to assess the pain-related behavior. Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, quantificational real-time polymerase chain reaction, and western blot analysis were conducted to examine the anabolic and anti-catabolic effect of metformin and the role of AMPK in mediating its effects on interleukin-1ß stimulated primary mice chondrocytes. RESULTS: Compared with mice receiving intragastric and intraarticular saline, mice in both intragastric and intraarticular metformin displayed attenuated articular cartilage degeneration, indicated by less cartilage damage under SEM and significantly lower OARSI scores. A higher paw withdrawal threshold and a decreased weight-bearing asymmetry were observed in the intragastric and intraarticular metformin mice compared with their corresponding saline groups in DMM model of osteoarthritis. In vitro experiments showed that metformin not only decreased the level of matrix metalloproteinase 13, but also elevated type II collagen production through activating AMPK pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Metformin attenuates osteoarthritis structural worsening and modulates pain, suggesting its potential for osteoarthritis prevention or treatment.

4.
Theranostics ; 10(5): 2293-2308, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32089743

RESUMO

Osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures severely compromise quality of life in elderly people and lead to early death. Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)-derived extracellular vesicles (hucMSC-EVs) possess considerable therapeutic effects in tissue repair and regeneration. Thus, in the present study, we investigated the effects of hucMSC-EVs on primary and secondary osteoporosis and explored the underlying mechanisms. Methods: hucMSCs were isolated and cultured. EVs were obtained from the conditioned medium of hucMSCs and determined by using transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering and Western Blot analyses. The effects of hucMSC-EVs on ovariectomy-induced postmenopausal osteoporosis and tail suspension-induced hindlimb disuse osteoporosis in mouse models were assessed by using microcomputed tomography, biomechanical, histochemical and immunohistochemical, as well as histomorphometric analyses. Proteomic analysis was applied between hucMSC-EVs and hucMSCs to screen the candidate proteins that mediate hucMSC-EVs function. The effects of hucMSC-EVs on osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs), and osteoclastogenesis of the macrophage cell line RAW264.7 in vitro were determined by using cytochemical staining and quantitative real-time PCR analysis. Subsequently, the roles of the key protein in hucMSC-EVs-induced regulation on BMSCs and RAW264.7 cells were evaluated. Results: hucMSCs were able to differentiate into osteoblasts, adipocytes or chondrocytes and positively expressed CD29, CD44, CD73 and CD90, but negatively expressed CD34 and CD45. The morphological assessment revealed the typical cup- or sphere-shaped morphology of hucMSC-EVs with diameters predominantly ranging from 60 nm to 150 nm and expressed CD9, CD63, CD81 and TSG101. The systemic administration of hucMSC-EVs prevented bone loss and maintained bone strength in osteoporotic mice by enhancing bone formation, reducing marrow fat accumulation and decreasing bone resorption. Proteomic analysis showed that the potently pro-osteogenic protein, CLEC11A (C-type lectin domain family 11, member A) was very highly enriched in hucMSC-EVs. In addition, hucMSC-EVs enhanced the shift from adipogenic to osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs via delivering CLEC11A in vitro. Moreover, CLEC11A was required for the inhibitory effects of hucMSC-EVs on osteoclast formation. Conclusion: Our results suggest that hucMSC-EVs serve as a critical regulator of bone metabolism by transferring CLEC11A and may represent a potential agent for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.

5.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078092

RESUMO

Stephania is a medicinal plants-rich genus of Menispermaceae. However, the identification of morphologically-similar species in Stephania is difficult using the currently reported methods. The indiscriminate overexploitation of Stephania plants has resulted in clinical misuse and endangerment of many species, which necessitates the development of an efficient and reliable method for species authentication. Therefore, six candidate DNA barcode sequences (ITS, ITS2, psbA-trnH, matK, rbcL, and trnL-F) were tested for their capacity to identify Stephania species. The barcodes were analyzed either as a single region or in combination by tree-based [neighbor-joining (NJ) and Bayesian inference (BI)], distance-based (PWG-distance), and sequence similarity-based (TaxonDNA) methods. Amplification and sequencing success rates were 100% for all six candidate barcodes. A comparison of six barcode regions showed that ITS exhibited the highest number of variable and informative sites (182/179), followed by psbA-trnH (173/162). DNA barcoding gap assessment showed that interspecific distances of the six barcodes were greater than intraspecific distances. The identification results showed that species discrimination rates of combination barcodes were higher than those of single-region barcodes. Based on best match and best close match methods, the ITS+psbA-trnH combination exhibited the highest discrimination power (93.93%). Further, all Stephania species could be resolved in the phylogenetic trees based on ITS+psbA-trnH (NJ, BI). This study demonstrates that DNA barcoding is an efficient method to identify Stephania species and recommends that the ITS+psbA-trnH combination is the best DNA barcode for the identification of Stephania species.

6.
Curr Med Chem ; 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894739

RESUMO

Quantum dots (QDs), whose diameters are often limited to 10 nm, have been of interest to researchers for their unique optical characteristics, which are attributed to quantum confinement. Following their early application in the electrical industry as light-emitting diode materials, semiconductor nanocrystals have continued to show great potential in clinical diagnosis and biomedical applications. The conventional physical and chemical pathways for QD syntheses typically require harsh conditions and hazardous reagents, and these products encounter non-hydrophilic problems due to organic capping ligands when they enter the physiological environment. The natural reducing abilities of living organisms, especially microbes, are then exploited to prepare QDs from available metal precursors. Low-cost and eco-friendly biosynthesis approaches have the potential for further biomedical applications which benefit from the good biocompatibility of protein-coated QDs. The surface biomass offers many binding sites for modifying substances or targeting ligands and so achieving multiple functions through simple and efficient operations. Biosynthetic QDs could function as bioimaging and biolabeling agents because of their luminescence properties similar to those of chemical QDs. In addition, extensive research has been carried out on the antibacterial activity, metal ion detection and bioremediation. As a result, this review details the advanced progress of biomedical applications of biosynthesized QDs and illustrates these principles as clearly as possible.

7.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(3): 646-651, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903761

RESUMO

Highly compressed hydrides have been at the forefront of the search for high-Tc superconductivity. The recent discovery of record-high Tc's in H3S and LaH10±x under high pressure fuels the enthusiasm for finding good superconductors in similar hydride groups. Guided by first-principles structure prediction, we successfully synthesized ZrH3 and Zr4H15 at modest pressures (30-50 GPa) in diamond anvil cells by two different reaction routes: ZrH2 + H2 at room temperature and Zr + H2 at ∼1500 K by laser heating. From the synchrotron X-ray diffraction patterns, ZrH3 is found to have a Pm3̅n structure corresponding to the familiar A15 structure, and Zr4H15 has an I4̅3d structure isostructural to Th4H15. Electrical resistance measurement and the dependence of Tc on the applied magnetic field of the sample showed the emergence of two superconducting transitions at 6.4 and 4.0 K at 40 GPa, which correspond to the two Tc's for ZrH3 and Zr4H15.

8.
J Phys Chem A ; 124(5): 889-897, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922413

RESUMO

The organic fluorescent probes for temperature have received increasing interest due to their extremely high spatial and temporal resolution. A few of triarylboron derivatives, as almost the only molecular probes consisting of a single luminophore, have the ability to change their luminescent color at different temperatures. The mechanism of their luminescence thermochromism is controversial. Herein, several spectral experiments, along with time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) and coupled-cluster (CC) calculations, are carried out to elucidate the temperature-dependent luminescence. The CC rather than the TDDFT methods give a relatively reasonable explanation for the experimental results. Consequently, the thermochromism is now considered as the result of conformational thermal equilibria that occur in both the excited and ground states. Besides, an unusual conformer with intramolecular excimer characteristic plays a crucial role in the attractive luminescence behavior.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903642

RESUMO

In this study, effects of different single biomass derived inhibitors on acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) production by Clostridium acetobutylicum CICC 8016 were first investigated. The results showed that formic acid, coumaric acid, and furfural at 0.5 g/L (sodium formate equivalent) inhibited ABE production. Furthermore, corn stover hydrolysate media were prepared following dilute acid pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, and detoxification with different methods. Among overliming, steam stripping, acetone-ethyl ether extraction, and ion exchange with five anion resins, adsorption with resin D301 showed the highest efficiency for inhibitor removal (99-100% of phenolics and 87-99% of sugar degradation products). Without detoxification, ABE production was lower than 1.0 g/L from 28.1 g/L sugars whereas ABE production with medium detoxified by D301 resin achieved higher ABE concentrations and yields than control with synthetic medium. Correlation analysis further revealed that formic acid, coumaric acid, and total phenolics were the major compounds inhibiting ABE production. The results also showed that the single detoxification method was sufficient to detoxify the hydrolysate for ABE production at the pretreatment conditions used in this study.

10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(6): 2803-2811, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967807

RESUMO

Ongoing search for room-temperature superconductivity is inspired by the unique properties of the electron-phonon interaction in metal superhydrides. Encouraged by the recently found highest-TC superconductor fcc-LaH10, here we discover several superhydrides of another lanthanoid, neodymium. We identify three novel metallic Nd-H phases at pressures ranging from 85 to 135 GPa: I4/mmm-NdH4, C2/c-NdH7, and P63/mmc-NdH9, synthesized by laser-heating metal samples in NH3BH3 media for in situ generation of hydrogen. A lower trihydride Fm3̅m-NdH3 is found at pressures from 2 to 52 GPa. I4/mmm-NdH4 and C2/c-NdH7 are stable from 135 to 85 GPa, and P63/mmc-NdH9 is stable from 110 to 130 GPa. Measurements of the electrical resistance of NdH9 demonstrate a possible superconducting transition at ∼4.5 K in P63/mmc-NdH9. Our theoretical calculations predict that all of the neodymium hydrides have antiferromagnetic order at pressures below 150 GPa and represent one of the first discovered examples of strongly correlated superhydrides with large exchange spin-splitting in the electronic band structure (>450 meV). The critical Néel temperatures for new neodymium hydrides are estimated using the mean-field approximation to be about 4 K (NdH4), 251 K (NdH7), and 136 K (NdH9).

11.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e919789, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Primary clear cell carcinoma of the liver (PCCCL) is an infrequent variant of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we retrospectively performed a large population-based cohort study to elucidate the relationships between demographic, carcinoma- and therapy-specific variables and overall survival (OS). MATERIAL AND METHODS The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database was queried to extract data on 419 patients with pathologically confirmed PCCCL from 1988 to 2015. A nomogram with good accuracy was formulated to predict long-term survival of PCCCL patients. RESULTS The OS for PCCCL patients was 25.6 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 22.2-29 months), the overall 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year survival rates were 59.5%, 39.3%, and 29.9%, respectively. Log-rank analysis revealed that there was no statistically significant discrepancy in clinical outcome between PCCCL and common-type HCC after propensity-matched analysis. Multivariate Cox analysis confirmed that larger lesions (>96 mm), distant metastases and elevated alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels were independent prognostic factors for undesirable outcome. Conversely, surgery was an independent protective factor (hazard ratio [HR]=0.23, 95% CI 0.17-0.31), which significantly boosted OS by virtually 35 months (47.3 months versus 12.7 months, P<0.001). Radiotherapy or chemotherapy was not associated with OS for PCCCL patients (both P>0.05). The nomogram incorporated 4 independent prognostic factors and its concordance index for predicting survival was 0.761. CONCLUSIONS The prognosis of PCCCL resembled that of common-type HCC. Larger lesions, distant metastases, and enhanced AFP levels were associated with unsatisfactory prognosis. Surgery fulfill favorable prognosis while radiotherapy or chemotherapy exerted no significant effects on survival.

12.
Orthop Surg ; 12(1): 50-57, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically evaluate the efficacy of augmentative plating (AP) and exchange nailing (EN) in the treatment of nonunion of femoral shaft fracture. METHODS: For the present meta-analysis, PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify relevant articles up to April 2019. Two investigators independently evaluated the quality of original publications following the guidelines proposed by the Cochrane Handbook. Data were extracted from the studies and analyzed using Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: Five studies were included in this meta-analysis, with a total of 506 patients. There were 232 patients in the AP group and 276 patients in the EN group. The AP group was associated with higher union rate (OR, 11.66; 95% CI, 4.31-31.50; P < 0.01), shorter union time (SMD, -1.10; 95% CI, -2.09 to -0.11; P = 0.03), shorter operation time (SMD, -0.55; 95% CI, -0.88 to -0.21; P < 0.01), less blood loss (SMD, -1.72; 95% CI, -3.33 to -0.11; P < 0.01), and fewer complications (OR, -0.11; 95% CI, -0.16 to -0.07; P < 0.01) than the EN group. CONCLUSION: The results of the meta-analysis showed that AP is found to be superior for nonunion of femoral shaft fractures in both intraoperatively (ie, shorter operation time and less blood loss) and postoperatively (ie, higher union rate, shorter union time, and lower complication rate). Overall, AP was superior to EN in the treatment of nonunion of femoral shaft fractures after intramedullary nailing (IMN).

13.
Clin Chim Acta ; 502: 55-65, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urinary proteins could be useful as markers for the detection of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the levels of two different proteins in urine samples from NSCLC patients and assessed their diagnostic value. METHODS: Urinary plasminogen (PLG) and fibrinogen gamma chain (FGG) levels in 112 NSCLC patients and 197 controls were detected using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression of FGG and PLG in 20 NSCLC tissues and paired adjacent non-tumour tissues were detected through immunohistochemistry. The diagnostic value of FGG and PLG for NSCLC was evaluated through a receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). RESULTS: PLG and FGG were significantly elevated in NSCLC tissues vs paired adjacent non-tumour tissues (p = 0.000) and in urinary samples from NSCLC patients vs healthy controls (p = 0.000). The expression level of PLG in urinary samples was related only to the histological type (p = 0.001). Further, ROC curve analysis revealed that PLG, FGG, and their combination could distinguish NSCLC and its subtypes from healthy controls with an AUC ranging from 0.827 to 0. 947. By comparing urine samples with matching plasma CEA from NSCLC stage I-IV patients (n = 81) and healthy controls (n = 31), the combination of CEA with PLG or FGG showed that the AUC was 0.889 and 0.806, respectively, which is superior to a single biomarker alone. CONCLUSIONS: These two urinary proteins could serve as potential markers for the diagnosis of NSCLC.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(3): 423-426, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822876

RESUMO

Iridium-catalyzed boron-hydrogen bond insertion reactions of trimethylamine-borane and sulfoxonium ylides have been demonstrated, furnishing α-boryl ketones in moderate to excellent yields in most cases (51 examples; up to 84%). This practical and scalable insertion reaction showed broad substrate scope, high functional-group compatibility and could be applied in late-stage modification of structurally complex drug compounds. Further synthetic applications were also demonstrated.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(1): 1913-1923, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802656

RESUMO

Mechanical phenotyping of complex cellular structures gives insight into the process and function of mechanotransduction in biological systems. Several methods have been developed to characterize intracellular elastic moduli, while direct viscoelastic characterization of intracellular structures is still challenging. Here, we develop a needle tip viscoelastic spectroscopy method to probe multidimensional mechanical phenotyping of intracellular structures during a mini-invasive penetrating process. Viscoelastic spectroscopy is determined by magnetically driven resonant vibration (about 15 kHz) with a tiny amplitude. It not only detects the unique dynamic stiffness, damping, and loss tangent of the cell membrane-cytoskeleton and nucleus-nuclear lamina but also bridges viscoelastic parameters between the mitotic phase and interphase. Self-defined dynamic mechanical ratios of these two phases can identify two malignant cervical cancer cell lines (HeLa-HPV18+, SiHa-HPV16+) whose membrane or nucleus elastic moduli are indistinguishable. This technique provides a quantitative method for studying mechanosensation, mechanotransduction, and mechanoresponse of intracellular structures from a dynamic mechanical perspective. This technique has the potential to become a reliable quantitative measurement method for dynamic mechanical studies of intracellular structures.

16.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(1): 737-752, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612408

RESUMO

AP-1 is a dimeric complex that is composed of JUN, FOS, ATF and MAF protein families. FOS-related antigen 1 (FRA1) which encoded by FOSL1 gene, belongs to the FOS protein family, and mainly forms an AP-1 complex with the protein of the JUN family to exert an effect. Regulation of FRA1 occurs at levels of transcription and post-translational modification, and phosphorylation is the major post-translational modification. FRA1 is mainly regulated by the mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling pathway and is degraded by ubiquitin-independent proteasomes. FRA1 can affect biological functions, such as tumor proliferation, differentiation, invasion and apoptosis. Studies have demonstrated that FRA1 is abnormally expressed in many tumors and plays a relevant role, but the specific condition varies from the target organs. FRA1 is overexpressed in breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer, thyroid cancer and other tumors. However, the expression of FRA1 is decreased in cervical cancer, and the expression of FRA1 in ovarian cancer and oral squamous cell carcinoma is still controversial. In this review, we present a detailed description of the regulatory factors and functions of FRA1, also, the expression of FRA1 in various tumors and its function in relative tumor.

17.
Memory ; 28(1): 60-69, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645199

RESUMO

The causal influence of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in voluntary forgetting remains unclear. Here, we employed repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the right DLPFC to temporarily disrupt function of this brain region and examined its influence on an item-method directed forgetting (DF) task with both neutral and negative emotional memories. Participants were assigned to either an active or a sham rTMS group, in which we administered stimulation for 20 min before the DF task. We then examined the explicit and implicit DF effects with an explicit recognition and an implicit word completion test. We found that while participants in the sham group showed the classic DF effects in both explicit and implicit memory tests, temporally disrupting activity of the right DLPFC selectively reduced the DF effect on explicit recognition, but not on implicit word completion test. Our findings provide novel evidence that the right DLPFC plays a causal role in voluntary forgetting and support the direct inhibition account of voluntary memory control. Intriguingly, preserved implicit DF effects in the active stimulation group suggest that unintentional expressions of unwanted memories may be more sensitive to DF and less dependent on the right DLPFC.

18.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(4): 3768-3775, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608995

RESUMO

Growing reports indicate that long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) are involved in the regulation of various biological processes of cancer cells. LINC00319 is an ill investigated lncRNA and has been shown to regulate lung cancer, nasopharyngeal carcinoma and ovarian cancer. Nevertheless, its roles in bladder cancer (BCa) remain unclear. In our research, LINC00319 was shown to be an upregulated lncRNA in BCa tissues. LINC00319 expression is negatively correlated with the patient's prognosis. Silencing of LINC00319 suppressed BCa proliferation and invasiveness. In addition, the data indicated LINC00319 was a sponge for miR-4492 and miR-4492 suppressed ROMO1 expression in BCa. Furthermore, our results illustrated miR-4492/ROMO1 axis regulates proliferation, migration, and invasion and LINC00319 exerts oncogenic roles through modulating miR-4492/ROMO1 axis. In sum, this study suggested that LINC00319 acts as oncogenic roles in BCa progression.

19.
Maturitas ; 132: 76-78, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883668

RESUMO

Using a national sample, we explored the distribution of and longitudinal trajectory of handgrip strength (HGS) in Chinese non-institutionalized middle-aged and older adults. We included a total of 12292 participants in the cross-sectional distribution analysis and a total of 7193 in the longitudinal trajectory analysis. The mean HGS was significantly higher (P < 0.001) in males (38.88 kg) than in females (26.52 kg). The HGS centiles and mean HGS in both males and females decreased as age increased. HGS declined with time in a nonlinear manner. HGS declined faster in males than in females.

20.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 107: 110209, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761232

RESUMO

In this paper cobalt oxide (Co3O4) nanoparticles were mixed with polyacrylonitrile to prepare Co3O4 doped carbon nanofiber (CNF) composite by electrospinning and carbonization, which was further used to modify on carbon ionic liquid electrode (CILE). Hemoglobin (Hb) was immobilized on Co3O4-CNF/CILE surface with Nafion acted as the protective film to fabricate an electrochemical biosensor (Nafion/Hb/Co3O4-CNF/CILE). Electrochemical behavior of Hb on the electrode was investigated with a pair of quasi-reversible redox peak appeared on cyclic voltammogram and electrochemical parameters were calculated. Moreover, this biosensor had good analytical capabilities for electrocatalytic reduction of different substrates including trichloroacetic acid, potassium bromate and sodium nitrite with wider detection range from 40.0 to 260.0 mmol L-1, 0.1 to 48.0 mmol L-1 and 1.0 to 12.0 mmol L-1 by cyclic voltammetry, respectively. The proposed method showed excellent anti-interferences ability with good selectivity and was successful used for quantitative detection of real samples, which displayed the potential applications to develop into a new analytical device.

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