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1.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; : 111301, 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933560

RESUMO

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common diseases in elderly men. BPH patients exhibit an increased risk of vertebral and hip fractures, which are most attributable to pre-existing osteoporosis. However, the relationship between BPH and osteoporosis is still unknown. Here we found that osteocytes, the most abundant bone cells, promoted BPH development by secreting exosomes. In vitro, osteocyte exosomes (OCY-Exo) directly promoted cell proliferation of a prostate epithelial cell line BPH-1 and a macrophage cell line RAW264.7, OCY-Exo also stimulated macrophage-induced proliferation of BPH-1 cells. In vivo, intramedullary injection of OCY-Exo accumulated in prostate. Intravenous administration of OCY-Exo exacerbated testosterone-induced BPH in C57BL/6J mice. Our study uncovers the role of OCY-Exo as a stimulator of BPH, suggesting a novel mechanism in bone-prostate communication.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(9)2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33946385

RESUMO

Radopholus similis is a migratory endoparasitic nematode that is extremely harmful to host plants. Venom allergen-like proteins (VAPs) are members of the cysteine-rich secretory protein family that are widely present in plants and animals. In this study, we cloned a VAP gene from R. similis, designated as RsVAP. RsVAP contains an open reading frame of 1089 bp encoding 362 amino acids. RsVAP is specifically expressed in the esophageal gland, and the expression levels of RsVAP are significantly higher in juveniles than in other life stages of R. similis. This expression pattern of RsVAP was consistent with the biological characteristics of juveniles of R. similis, which have the ability of infection and are the main infection stages of R. similis. The pathogenicity and reproduction rate of R. similis in tomato was significantly attenuated after RsVAP was silenced. In tobacco leaves transiently expressing RsVAP, the pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity (PTI) induced by a bacterial flagellin fragment (flg22) was inhibited, while the cell death induced by two sets of immune elicitors (BAX and Gpa2/RBP-1) was repressed. The RsVAP-interacting, ras-related protein RABA1d (LeRabA1d) was identified in tomato hosts by yeast two-hybrid and co-immunoprecipitation assays. RsVAP may interact with LeRabA1d to affect the host defense response, which in turn facilitates nematode infection. This study provides the first evidence for the inhibition of plant defense response by a VAP from migratory plant-parasitic nematodes, and, for the first time, the target protein of R. similis in its host was identified.

3.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(2): 195-202, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to review the efficacy of curcumin in the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis systematically. METHODS: We searched seven databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, EBSCO, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, WanFang Data, and VIP, to obtain randomized controlled trials related to the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis by curcumin. Each database was searched from inception to 30 June 2019. RevMan 5.3 software was used for the meta-analysis. RESULTS: Six randomized controlled trials involving 350 patients were included in this study. Meta-analysis showed that curcumin can increase the maximal mouth opening and improve burning sensation compared with placebo treatment. Curcumin was not as effective as the controls in achieving maximal mouth opening after 1 month of treatment. However, no statistically significant difference was observed between the treatments from 2 months to 6 months. Curcumin significantly improved burning sensation compared with the controls after 3 months of treatment. No statistically significant diffe-rence in burning sensation was observed between the curcumin and control groups after 1, 2, and 6 months of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The current evidence shows that curcumin is an effective treatment for improving maximal mouth opening and burning sensation in patients with oral submucous fibrosis. Given the limited number and low quality of the included studies, however, more high-quality studies are needed to verify these findings.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Fibrose Oral Submucosa , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Fibrose Oral Submucosa/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Ann Hum Genet ; 85(3-4): 125-137, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847374

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is one of the most common forms of lung cancer, with a very high mortality rate. Although the treatments available for LUAD have become more effective in recent years, significant improvement is still needed. Advances in sequencing technologies and bioinformatics analysis have enabled new approaches to be developed for identifying drug targets. In this work we utilized data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases to identify hub genes related to LUAD through Weighted Gene Correlation Network Analysis (WGCNA) and other bioinformatics methods, with the goal of identifying new drug targets for cancer treatment.

5.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(4)2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite great advances in the treatment of breast cancer, innovative approaches are still needed to reduce metastasis. As a minimally invasive local therapy (not standard therapy for breast cancer), microwave ablation (MWA) has been attempted to treat breast cancer, but the local effect and immune response induced by MWA have seldom been reported. METHODS: The clinical study was performed to determine the complete ablation rate of MWA for early-stage breast cancer. Secondary endpoints included safety and antitumor immune response. 35 subjects from this clinical study were enrolled in the current report, and the local effect was determined by pathological examinations or follow-up. To investigate MWA-induced immune response, patients treated with surgery (n=13) were enrolled as control, and blood samples were collected before and after MWA or surgery. The immune cell populations, serum cytokines, secretory immune checkpoint molecules, and T-cell receptor sequencing were analyzed. RESULTS: Of 35 enrolled patients, 32 (91.4%) showed complete ablation. Compared with surgery, MWA induced significantly increased levels of inducible co-stimulator (ICOS)+ activated CD4+ T cells and serum interferon gamma, indicating a shift in the Th1/Th2 balance toward Th1. The activated ICOS pathway was involved in the MWA-induced adaptive immune response. T-cell receptor sequencing revealed MWA of primary tumor activated T lymphocytes expansion and recognized some cancer-specific antigens. Moreover, CD4+ effector memory T-cell response was induced by MWA, and the immune response still existed after surgical resection of the ablated tumor. CONCLUSIONS: MWA may not only be a promising local therapy but also a trigger of antitumor immunity for breast cancer, opening new avenues for the treatment of breast cancer. Combinatorial strategy using additional agents which boost MWA-induced immune response could be considered as potential treatment for clinical study for early breast cancer therapy.

6.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low-calorie diet (LCD)-induced weight loss demonstrates response heterogeneity. Physiologically, a decrease in energy expenditure lower than what is predicted based on body composition (metabolic adaptation) and/or an impaired capacity to increase fat oxidation may hinder weight loss. Understanding the metabolic components that characterize weight loss success is important for optimizing weight loss strategies. OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that overweight/obese individuals who had lower than expected weight loss in response to a 28-d LCD would be characterized by 1) impaired fat oxidation and 2) whole-body metabolic adaptation. We also characterized the molecular mechanisms associated with weight loss success/failure. METHODS: This was a retrospective comparison of participants who met their predicted weight loss targets [overweight/obese diet sensitive (ODS), n = 23, females = 21, males = 2] and those that did not [overweight/obese diet resistant (ODR), n = 14, females = 12, males = 2] after a 28-d LCD (900-1000 kcal/d). We used whole-body (energy expenditure and fat oxidation) and tissue-specific measurements (metabolic proteins in skeletal muscle, gene expression in adipose tissue, and metabolites in serum) to detect metabolic properties and biomarkers associated with weight loss success. RESULTS: The ODR group had greater mean ± SD metabolic adaptation (-175 ± 149 kcal/d; +119%) than the ODS group (-80 ± 108 kcal/d) after the LCD (P = 0.030). Mean ± SD fat oxidation increased similarly for both groups from baseline (0.0701 ± 0.0206 g/min) to day 28 (0.0869 ± 0.0269 g/min; P < 0.001). A principal component analysis factor comprised of serum 3-hydroxybutyric acid, citrate, leucine/isoleucine, acetyl-carnitine, and 3-hydroxylbutyrlcarnitine was associated with weight loss success at day 28 (std. ß = 0.674, R2 = 0.479, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Individuals who achieved predicted weight loss targets after a 28-d LCD were characterized by reduced metabolic adaptation. Accumulation of metabolites associated with acetyl-CoA excess and enhanced ketogenesis was identified in the ODS group.This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01616082.

7.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the development of new techniques, blood and other humoral biomarkers have become increasingly important in the diagnosis of sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (AKI). We aimed to review and summarize the biomarkers associated with the diagnosis of sepsis-associated AKI. METHODS: We performed a systematic review in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane and CNKI literature databases. Chinese and English articles published before January 30, 2021. We extracted information on the sensitivity and specificity of biomarkers to diagnose sepsis-associated AKI, the sample size of individuals with sepsis-associated AKI, the demographic variables, the diagnostic criteria and the sample acquisition protocol. Revman 5.3 software was used to analyze data. The sources of heterogeneity of included studies main were different diagnostic criteria for sepsis and AKI, time of sample collection and Patients came from different departments. We defined the inclusion of related studies by using PICOs (Patient, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome) criteria, in particular the design of studies to be included. P: Patients of sepsis. I: Patients of sepsis-associated AKI. C: Patients without sepsis-associated AKI. O: Diagnosis of sepsis associated kidney injury. RESULTS: A total of 1,227 articles, including 42 studies, were identified. Increases in urine and serum neutrophil gelatinase-related lipid carrier protein (NGAL), urinary interleukin-18, urinary Kim-1, urinary netrin-1, urinary sCD163, serum estradiol levels, and serum soluble thrombolytic regulatory protein were most strongly correlated with the diagnosis of sepsis-associated AKI. The SROC of urinary KIM-1 ranked first, followed by the other biomarkers: urinary KIM-1 > urinary NGAL > blood NGAL > urinary IL-18. According to the sample size, the SROC values of urinary NGAL, blood NGAL, urinary IL-18 and urinary KIM-1 were 0.907, 0.857, 0.861 and 0.931, respectively. The sequence was still urinary KIM-1 > urinary NGAL > blood NGAL > urinary IL-18. CONCLUSIONS: According to the SROC curve area, the diagnostic sequence of sepsis-associated AKI biomarkers was urinary Kim-1 > urinary NGAL > blood NGAL > urinary IL-18. This meta-analysis provided diagnostic features of blood and urine biomarkers based on their association with the diagnosis of sepsis-associated AKI.

8.
Int J Clin Pract ; : e14207, 2021 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To observe the correlation of osteoprotegerin, soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (sRANKL), inflammatory factors and epicardial adipose tissue volume (EATV) with the severity of coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: We studied 390 patients who were admitted to the Department of Cardiology of our hospital because of chest pain and underwent coronary angiography (CAG) from August 2018 to December 2019. According to CAG, 209 patients had non-CHD and 181 patients had CHD. Demographic data, biochemical indicators including low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), lipoprotein a (Lp(a)), apolipoprotein B (apoB), apolipoprotein AI (apoAI), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), osteoprotegerin, sRANKL, inflammatory factors (hs-CRP, FIB and IL-6), and EATV were collected. RESULTS: The number of males, age, diabetes and hypertension in the CHD group was higher than those in the non-CHD group (P < .05). LDL-C, TC and apoB in the two groups were not significantly different (P > .05); HDL-C and apoAI in the CHD group were lower than those in the non-CHD group, and Lp(a) and CK-MB were higher than those in the control group (P < .05). Osteoprotegerin, IL-6, hs-CRP, EATV and FIB in the CHD group were higher than those in the non-CHD group, while sRANKL was lower than that in the control group (P < .05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that osteoprotegerin, sRANKL, inflammatory factors (hs-CRP, FIB and IL-6) and EATV were correlated with the severity of CHD (P < .05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that CK-MB, osteoprotegerin, sRANKL, inflammatory factors (hs-CRP, FIB and IL-6) and EATV were risk factors for CHD, while HDL-C, Lp(a), apoAI were protective factors. CONCLUSION: Osteoprotegerin, sRANKL, inflammatory factors and EATV were positively correlated with the severity of CHD, which had certain value for the diagnosis of CHD.

9.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 2949-2963, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907401

RESUMO

Purpose: Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common malignancies in males. Despite the success of immunotherapy in many malignant cancers, strategies are still needed to improve therapeutic efficacy in PCa. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Akkermansia muciniphila-derived extracellular vesicles (Akk-EVs) on PCa and elucidate the underlying immune-related mechanism. Methods: Akk-EVs were isolated by ultracentrifugation and intravenously injected to treat syngeneic PCa-bearing immune-competent mice. Immunophenotypic changes in immune cells, such as cytotoxic T lymphocytes and macrophages, were measured via flow cytometry analysis. Histological examination was used to detect morphological changes in major organs after Akk-EVs treatments. In vitro, flow cytometry was performed to confirm the effects of Akk-EVs on the activation of CD8+ T cells. Quantitative PCR and immunofluorescence staining were carried out to test the impact of Akk-EVs on macrophage polarization. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) analysis, colony formation assays, and scratch wound healing assays were conducted to assess the effects of Akk-EVs-treated macrophages on the proliferation and invasion of PCa cells. CCK-8 assays also confirmed the impact of Akk-EVs on the viability of normal cells. Results: Intravenous injection of Akk-EVs in immune-competent mice reduced the tumor burden of PCa without inducing obvious toxicity in normal tissues. This treatment elevated the proportion of granzyme B-positive (GZMB+) and interferon γ-positive (IFN-γ+) lymphocytes in CD8+ T cells and caused macrophage recruitment, with increased tumor-killing M1 macrophages and decreased immunosuppressive M2 macrophages. In vitro, Akk-EVs increased the number of GZMB+CD8+ and IFN-γ+CD8+ T cells and M1-like macrophages. In addition, conditioned medium from Akk-EVs-treated macrophages suppressed the proliferation and invasion of prostate cells. Furthermore, the effective dose of Akk-EVs was well-tolerated in normal cells. Conclusion: Our study revealed the promising prospects of Akk-EVs as an efficient and biocompatible immunotherapeutic agent for PCa treatment.

10.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682074

RESUMO

T-2 toxin is a trichothecene mycotoxin produced by fusarium species, which is mainly prevalent in grain and livestock feed. One of the main effects of this toxin is immunodepression. Previous studies have shown that T-2 toxin can cause damage to immune organs and impaired immune function in animals. However, selenomethionine (SeMet) as an organic selenium source can not only promote the growth and development of the body but also effectively improve the body's immune function. In this study, rabbits were exposed to 0.4-mg/kg T-2 toxin, and abnormal blood routine indicators were found in the rabbits. HE staining also showed obvious lesions in the spleen and thymus tissue structures, accompanied by a large number of bleeding points. In addition, rabbits showed strong oxidative stress and inflammatory response after T-2 toxin action. 0.2 mg/kg, 0.4 mg/kg, and 0.6 mg/kg organic selenium were added to the feed. However, it was found that 0.2 mg/kg selenium can effectively improve the abnormal changes of blood routine and spleen and thymus tissue of rabbits. On the other hand, it can significantly increase the expression of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) in the spleen and thymus, and downregulate the expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA). In addition, inflammatory factors interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in blood were also significantly inhibited; the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the spleen and thymus was also significantly increased after low-dose selenium treatment. Surprisingly, 0.4 mg/kg and 0.6 mg/kg of selenium did not effectively alleviate the immunotoxic effects caused by T-2 toxin, and cause damage to a certain extent. In summary, our results show that 0.2 mg/kg of SeMet can effectively alleviate the immunotoxicity caused by T-2 toxin. Selenium may protect rabbits from T-2 toxin by improving its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capabilities.

11.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(2): 842-849, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742878

RESUMO

The pollution of surface waters by pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) has aroused widespread concern. Constructed wetlands (CWs) have outstanding advantages in the removal of PPCPs; however, few studies have focused on the interaction of different types of PPCPs in CWs. In this study, two typical PPCPs[broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents triclosan (TCS) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac (DCF)] were selected as target pollutants and their removal behavior in subsurface flow CWs was analyzed. The effects of different seasons and influent conditions (i.e., single and combined addition of TCS and DCF) on removal efficiency was also examined. The main parameters of the CW system were as follows:the up-flow subsurface CW had a hydraulic load of 0.20 m·d-1 and a hydraulic residence time of 3 d with a continuous flow inlet. The initial influent concentration of PPCPs was 80 g·L-1 for TCS and 25 g·L-1 for DCF. The results showed that the average removal efficiencies for TCS and DCF in summer (91.72% and 85.86%, respectively) were significantly higher than in winter (52.88% and 32.47%, respectively). Independent sample t-tests confirmed that there was no significant difference in the removal efficiency of TCS and DCF under the different influent conditions (single and combined addition). The degradation products of TCS and DCF were also no different between the influent systems, and the representative degradation products of TCS were not detected in all systems. The main degradation products of DCF in the different systems were 3,5-dichlorobenzoic acid and m-dichlorobenzene. The two studied PPCPs showed no significant antagonism and competition effects at trace levels.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(4): 1668-1678, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742802

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in the concentration, particle size, and bacterial community structure of microbial aerosols and further investigated the effects of meteorological conditions and air pollutants on microbial aerosol distribution at different periods during spring in Lanzhou. The results showed that the average aerosol concentrations of total microbes, bacteria, fungi, and actinomycetes in the air environment of Lanzhou were (2730±376), (2243±354), (349±38), and (138±22) CFU·m-3, respectively. The contribution rate of bacteria was 82.16%, which was significantly higher than that of fungi and actinomycetes (P<0.05). The concentrations of total microorganisms, bacteria, and actinomycetes during 08:00-09:00 were significantly higher than those sampled during 18:00-19:00, indicating that meteorological conditions and air pollutants have a remarkable influence on the concentration of microbial aerosols. Aerosol particles of bacteria and fungi were primarily distributed at the first four levels (>2.1 µm), accounting for 85.13% and 83.26%, respectively, while 73.15% of the actinomycetes aerosol particles focused largely on the latter four stages (<4.7 µm). Illumina MiSeq sequencing results indicated that there was no significant difference in the composition of the bacterial community (P>0.05) during the periods of 08:00-09:00 and 18:00-19:00. Lactococcus and Bacillus were the dominant bacteria genus. Enterococcus, Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Klebsiella, Erwinia, Bacillus cereus, Streptococcus agalactiae, and Clostridium perfringens were potential pathogens detected in the air environment of Lanzhou in the spring. The results could provide fundamental data for further revealing the contamination status of microbial aerosols and the potential harm of the related pathogenic bacteria to human health during the spring in Lanzhou.


Assuntos
Microbiologia do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos , Aerossóis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Fungos , Humanos , Tamanho da Partícula
13.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(3): e211809, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724394

RESUMO

Importance: There is a lack of studies exploring whether the survival of patients with distant lymph node metastases (DLNM) is different from that of patients with ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node metastases (ISLM) and other stage IV breast cancer. Objective: To assess the survival of patients with DLNM from breast cancer vs ISLM and other stage IV breast cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included 2033 patients diagnosed with breast cancer between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014, from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results registries database. Three groups of patients were included: (1) patients with ISLM without any distant metastasis, (2) patients with DLNM, and (3) patients with distant metastases (DLNM excluded). Patients younger than 18 years or older than 100 years were excluded. The data were analyzed in February 2020. Exposures: Surgery for primary tumor, surgery for distant lymph nodes, and radiotherapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: Overall survival (OS) and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS). Results: Of the 2033 women (mean [SD] age, 62.03 [14.62] years [range, 23.00-99.00 years]; 1510 White participants [74.3%]) with breast cancer included in the study, 346 patients (17.0%) had DLNM, 212 (10.4%) had ISLM, and 1475 (72.6%) had distant metastases (DLNM excluded). The 3-year BCSS rates were 63.24% for ISLM, 64.54% for DLNM, and 41.20% for distant metastases. The 3-year OS rates were 53.46% for ISLM, 62.67% for DLNM, and 38.21% for distant metastases. Compared with patients with ISLM, patients with DLNM showed similar BCSS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.81; 95% CI, 0.52-1.25; P = .34) and OS (HR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.51-1.05; P = .09), whereas patients with distant metastases showed significantly poorer BCSS (HR, 1.99; 95% CI, 1.43-2.78; P < .001) and OS (HR, 1.79; 95% CI, 1.35-2.38; P < .001). Of the 346 patients with DLNM, primary surgery (HR, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.12-0.39; P < .001) and radiotherapy (HR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.25-0.87; P = .02) were significantly associated with improved OS. Conclusions and Relevance: The results of this cohort study suggest that DLNM of breast cancer, with similar survival to N3c disease (indicating metastases to the ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph nodes), might be a regional disease, and reassessment of the role of lymph node metastases in breast cancer may be necessary. Given these findings, aggressive locoregional therapies for this disease are recommended, although future studies are still needed to confirm these results.

14.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 1533033821997829, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LBX2 antisense RNA 1 (LBX2-AS1), a long noncoding RNA, has been identified to be closely associated with the progression of various cancers. However, the role of LBX2-AS1 in colorectal cancer (CRC) is still poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression and function of LBX2-AS1 in CRC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Expression data from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) databases and results obtained from clinical samples/patients were used to determine the correlation between LBX2-AS1 expression and pathological stages, overall survival (OS). Furthermore, knockdown of LBX2-AS1 in CRC cells using the short interfering RNA (siRNA) technique, and observed its biological functions using western blotting, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and flow cytometry assay in the CRC cell line. RESULTS: Our study demonstrated that the expression levels of LBX2-AS1 were higher in CRC cell lines than in normal colon mucosal cell lines. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that CRC patients with high LBX2-AS1 expression levels had poor OS. Furthermore, knockdown of LBX2-AS1 in CRC cells could attenuate the proliferative ability of CRC cells in vitro, which is associated with decreased expression of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 3, CDK6, and CCND1 and enhanced expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A. CONCLUSIONS: LBX2-AS1 plays a crucial role in the tumorigenesis of CRC, providing a potential therapeutic target for CRC patients.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751035

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of severe infection and infection-related mortality among patients with newly diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: We conducted an age- and gender- matched cohort study of all patients with incident SLE between January 1, 1997 and March 31, 2015 using administrative health data from British Columbia, Canada. Primary outcome was the first severe infection after SLE onset necessitating hospitalization or occurring during hospitalization. Secondary outcomes were total number of severe infections and infection-related mortality. RESULTS: We identified 5,169 SLE patients and matched them with 25,845 non-SLE individuals from the general population, yielding 955 and 1,986 first severe infections during 48,367 and 260,712 person-years follow-up, respectively. The crude incidence rate ratios for first severe infection and infection-related mortality were 2.59 (95% CI, 2.39-2.80) and 2.20 (95% CI, 1.76-2.73), respectively. The corresponding adjusted hazard ratios were 1.82 (95% CI 1.66-1.99) and 1.61 (95% CI, 1.24-2.08). SLE patients had an increased risk of a greater total number of severe infections with crude rate ratio of 3.24 (95% CI, 3.06-3.43) and adjusted rate ratio of 2.07 (95% CI, 1.82-2.36). CONCLUSION: SLE is associated with increased risks of first severe infection (1.8-fold), a greater total number of severe infections (2.1-fold) and infection-related mortality (1.6-fold).

16.
Zootaxa ; 4933(4): zootaxa.4933.4.5, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756778

RESUMO

There are 29 species or subspecies in genus Hexacentrus occurring in Asia, Africa and Australia. Because of its similar appearance, it is not easy to distinguish them by traditional methods. In this study, we collected samples and sequenced COI genes from wide range. By reconstructing the gene tree, we found one new species, H. formosanus Chen et He sp. nov., from Taiwan. The new species is similar to H. expansus or H. inflatissimus, but differs from the former in male Cu2 vein of left tegmina curved and slender, and spectrum of male left tegmina slender and subsquare; differs from the later by body size smaller and female tegmina narrow and short. The type specimens are deposited in National Museum of Natural Science, Taichung, Taiwan (NMNS). H. japonicus hareyamai is treated as species level, H. hareyamai stat. nov.


Assuntos
Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Feminino , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Ortópteros/genética , Taiwan
17.
Diagn Interv Radiol ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769287

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the ablation characteristics of discontinuous moving shot technique (DMST) in microwave ablation (MWA), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and laser ablation (LA), and analyze the differences compared with fixed electrode technique (FET) in an ex vivo porcine liver model. METHODS: FET was defined as the ablation needle remaining fixed during ablation. In DMST, ablation needle moved backward for a fixed distance twice along the long axis during ablation. Four moving distances (0.5 cm, 0.75 cm, 1 cm and 2 cm) were used in DMST. Long-axis diameter (LAD) and short-axis diameter (SAD) of ablation zones were measured. The ratio of LAD/SAD was calculated. RESULTS: The shape and size of ablation zones were different between DMST and FET. Compared with FET, DMST could achieve greater LAD when the moving distance became long enough. In MWA with DMST, SAD decreased with the extension of moving distance and finally became smaller than the SAD in FET. While in LA and RFA, the change of moving distance did not affect SAD significantly. CONCLUSION: In MWA, RFA and LA, the characteristics of ablation zone of DMST were different from that of FET. This unique ablation technique may be suitable for conformal thermal ablation.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(3): 661-669, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645033

RESUMO

The rat osteoarthritis model was replicated by injection of sodium iodoacetate into the knee joint cavity, and the effects of Gancao Fuzi Decoction on rat osteoarthritis and the proteome of articular cartilage were investigated. Sixty SD rats weighing 230-250 g were randomly divided into normal group, model group, glucosamine sulfate group, and Gancao Fuzi Decoction high, medium and low dose groups. Osteoarthritis model was induced by intra-articular injection of sodium iodoacetate(3 mg on each leg) in all groups except the normal group. After modeling, each administration group was given intragastric administration for 1 month. During the administration period, joint pain test and joint width measurement were performed every week to observe the autonomous behavior of rats. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) method was used to detect the contents of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß), matrix metalloproteinase-3(MMP-3), and matrix metalloproteinase tissue inhibitor(TIMP-1) in rat joint lavage fluid. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe bone and joint morphology. Nano-LC-LTQ-Orbitrap system was used to detect arti-cular cartilage proteins. The results showed that, compared with the model group, Gancao Fuzi Decoction could significantly improve joint pain and joint swelling in osteoarthritis rats, significantly reduce the contents of TNF-α, IL-1ß and MMP-3 in the joint cavity la-vage fluid, increase the content of TIMP-1, and relieve inflammatory diseases such as enlarged joint space, rough cartilage edge, different thickness of cartilage layer, and disordered arrangement of chondrocytes. After comparing the proteins between the groups, 273 differential proteins were screened out. KEGG analysis found that the above differential proteins involved 43 signaling pathways such as systemic lupus erythematosus, among which 11 signaling pathways were related to osteoarthritis. The above results indicated that Gancao Fuzi Decoction had a preventive effect on osteoarthritis, and its mechanism of action may be accomplished by regulating the protein expression of osteoarthritis-related signal pathways.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Osteoartrite , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais , Proteômica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
19.
Water Res ; 196: 117015, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743326

RESUMO

The impacts of human activities on hydrological connectivity disturb the network topology of transport paths, which has gradually evolved from natural terrain features to dual natural-artificial features. In this study, a new framework is proposed to extract information from natural-artificial transport paths and related hydrological connectivity dominated by agricultural practices and ditch networks. Graph theory and connectivity indexes are integrated for the comprehensive classification and the parallel processing of potential flow transport networks and their upstream drainage areas. Based on high-resolution remote sensing data and detailed field investigations, this new framework, which combines graph theory and connectivity indexes, is applied to a typical agriculture-intensive catchment in China. The results show that artificial factors greatly influence the transport paths and the related drainage areas. With the development of ditch construction, the hydrological transport paths become shorter and more fragmented. In addition, key ditch segments are identified by connectivity indexes, and recommendations are given for future planning. This new framework offers an approach for the hydrological connectivity analysis of complex networks and provides effective strategies for agricultural development.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Hidrologia , China , Humanos
20.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 51(2): 442-449, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735663

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate secular trend in ten-year risk of incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in incident rheumatoid arthritis (RA) relative to the general population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of population-based incident RA cohorts with RA incidence from 1997 to 2004 in British Columbia, Canada, with matched general population comparators, using administrative health data. RA and their matched cohorts were divided according to the year of RA incidence, defined according to the first RA visit of the case definition. Incident AMI was defined as the first event occurring within 10 years from RA incidence. Secular trend was assessed using delayed-entry Cox models with an interaction term between the year of RA onset and indicator of RA vs. general population. Linear, quadratic and spline functions of year of RA onset were compared to assess possibility of nonlinear trends. The model with the lowest AIC was selected to interpret the results. Sensitivity analyses were conducted to account for potential effect of unmeasured (e.g. smoking) or partially measured (e.g. obesity) confounders in administrative data, on the interaction term. RESULTS: Overall, 23,237 RA and 46,474 general population controls experienced 1,133 and 1,606 incident AMIs, respectively. A linear Cox model was selected as the model best fitting the AMI events. Overall, RA patients were found to have a 21% higher risk of AMI than the matched general population controls [1.21 (1.10, 1.32); p < 0.001]. A significant linear decline in risk of AMI was observed in RA patients [0.94 (95% CI 0.91, 0.97) p = <0.0001], and in the general population [0.93 (0.91, 0.95); p = <0.0001]. The change in AMI risk over time did not differ in RA compared to the general population [p-value of interaction term=0.49]. Our results remained similar after adjusting for the potential effect of confounders on the interaction term, and no difference in the change in risk of AMI over time was observed between RA and the general population. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest a decline in 10-year risk of AMI in RA, and in the general population. The decline in the risk of AMI over time did not differ between RA and the general population, such that the excess risk of AMI in RA relative to the general population, has remained the same.

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