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1.
Med Oncol ; 39(5): 94, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570225

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality in men. Prostate cancer metastasis usually observed at the last stage is the major cause of prostate cancer-related death. Long non-coding RNAs were reported to be involved in tumorigenesis and progression of prostate cancer. This study aimed to investigate the effects and related mechanisms of AC245100.4 in prostate cancer. Knockdown and overexpression of AC245100.4 was used to detect the effect of AC245100.4 on cell migration. qRT-PCR was used to confirm the downstream target of AC245100.4. RAP-MS was used to find pathways related to AC245100.4. Western blot was performed to detect the expression of p-p38 and p38. We found that AC245100.4 promoted the migration of prostate cancer cells via regulating PAR2. The AC245100.4 or PAR2 knockdown resulted in a decrease in Vimentin but an increase in E-cadherin protein levels, while the AC245100.4 or PAR2 overexpression got the opposite results. Moreover, we discovered that AC245100.4 activated the p38-MAPK via regulating PAR2. In brief, these results have suggested that AC245100.4 and PAR2 served as oncogenic factors in cellular migration in PCa cells.

2.
Front Genet ; 13: 778850, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559045

RESUMO

Background: It has been reported that thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) was up-regulated in multiple malignancies and participated in the regulation of tumor malignant behavior. However, its specific role in prostate cancer (PCa) remains unclear. Methods: TK1 expression in PCa patients and cell lines was identified via crossover analysis of the public datasets. A series of in vitro experiments and in vivo models was applied to investigate the function of TK1 in PCa. Functional enrichment analyses were further conducted to explore the underlying mechanism. Additionally, TISIDB was applied to explore the correlation between TK1 expression and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, immune subtypes, and immune regulatory factors. Results: TK1 expression was significantly up-regulated in PCa patients and cell lines. TK1 ablation inhibited tumor cell proliferation and migration potential, and in vivo experiments showed that TK1 inactivation can significantly restrain tumor growth. Functional enrichment analysis revealed TK1-related hub genes (AURKB, CCNB2, CDC20, CDCA5, CDK1, CENPA, CENPM, KIF2C, NDC80, NUF2, PLK1, SKA1, SPC25, ZWINT), and found that TK1 was closely involved in the regulation of cell cycle. Moreover, elevated mRNA expression of TK1 was related with higher Gleason score, higher clinical stage, higher pathological stage, higher lymph node stage, shorter overall survival, and DFS in PCa patients. Particularly, TK1 represented attenuated expression in C3 PCa and was related with infiltration of CD4+, CD8+ T cells, and dendritic cells as well as immunomodulator expression. Conclusion: Our study indicates that TK1 is a prognostic predictor correlated with poor outcomes of PCa patients, and for the first time represented that TK1 can promote the progression of PCa. Therefore, TK1 may be a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker, as well as a therapeutic target for PCa.

3.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(4): 1752-1765, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530269

RESUMO

A comprehensive investigation of the neoantigen spectrum and immune infiltration in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is lacking. This study aimed to examine the molecular features correlating with better prognoses in HCC patients. 27 paired tumor and normal tissues from 27 HCC patients were collected and performed with whole-exome sequencing. The most frequently mutated gene in 27 HCC patients was TP53 (16/27, 59.26%). Based on the whole median disease-free survival (DFS), all patients were divided into 'long-term' (n = 14, median DFS = 318 weeks) and 'short-term' (n = 13, median DFS = 11 weeks) groups. RNA-seq was performed to compare differentially expressed genes, immune infiltration, and neoantigens. Immunohistochemistry was performed to evaluate the immune infiltration. There were no significant differences in tumor mutation burden, immune score, cytolytic activity score, or neoantigen load between two groups. Compared with the long-term group, significantly increased B lineage (P = 0.0463), myeloid dendritic cells (P = 0.0152), and fibroblast (P = 0.0244) infiltration levels were observed in the short-term group, in which genes involved in ribosome, proteasome, and ECM-receptor interaction pathways were also overexpressed. Additionally, 16 patients with tumor thrombus were explored to identify specific biomarkers for prognosis. We found that patients with tumor thrombus carrying TP53/ARID2 neoantigens had significantly longer DFS. In conclusion, higher B lineage, myeloid dendritic cells, and fibroblast infiltration levels might cause poor prognosis in the short-term group, which also showed higher expression of genes involved in ribosome, proteasome, and ECM-receptor interaction pathways. In patients with tumor thrombus, specific TP53/ARID2 neoantigens may be used as biomarkers toward personalized immunotherapy.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(8): 2090-2098, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531725

RESUMO

The methods for determining the characteristic chromatogram and index components content of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction were established to provide a scientific basis for the quality evaluation of substance benchmarks and preparations. Eighteen batches of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction were prepared with the decoction pieces of different batches and of the same batch were prepared respectively, and the HPLC characteristic chromatograms of these samples were established. The similarities of the chromatographic fingerprints were analyzed. With liquiritin, glycyrrhizic acid, 6-gingerol, ginsenoside Rg_1, and ginsenoside Re as index components, the high performance liquid chromatography was established for content determination with no more than 70%-130% of the mass average as the limit. The results showed that there were 19 characteristic peaks corresponding to the characteristic chromatograms of 18 batches of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction, including 8 peaks representing liquiritin, 1,5-O-dicaffeoylqunic acid, ginsenoside Rg_1, ginsenoside Re, 1-O-acetyl britannilactone, ginsenoside Rb_1, glycyrrhizic acid, and 6-gingerol, and the fingerprint similarity was greater than 0.97. The contents of liquiritin, glycyrrhizic acid, 6-gingerol, and ginsenosides Rg_1 + Re in the prepared Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction samples were 0.53%-0.86%, 0.61%-1.2%, 0.023%-0.068%, and 0.33%-0.66%, respectively. Except for several batches, most batches of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction showed stable contents of index components, with no discrete values. The characteristic chromatograms and index components content characterized the information of Inulae Flos, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens in Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction. This study provides a scientific basis for the further research on the key chemical properties of substance benchmark and preparations of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ginsenosídeos , Benchmarking , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Ginsenosídeos/análise , Ácido Glicirrízico/análise , Controle de Qualidade
5.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Soluble programmed death-1 (sPD-1) plays an essential role in the pathogenesis and progression of various diseases, including chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Currently, there is no Food and Drug Administration-approved sPD-1 immunoassay available for routine clinical testing. Most sPD-1 detections employed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method for research purpose, which is complicated by intensive manual operation and cannot achieve automatic detection. Therefore, we aimed to develop an automated, rapid immunoassay for sPD-1 measurement based on testing-on-a-probe (TOP) biosensors and evaluate its performance in patients with hepatic diseases. METHODS: We developed an automatic fluorescent immunoassay using TOP biosensors using a pair of mouse anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), which were evaluated by biolayer interferometry. The sensitivity, linearity, and repeatability of the novel immunoassay were analyzed, and its compatibility with an established ELISA kit was evaluated. Further, we quantified sPD-1 level in healthy individuals as well as patients with CHB, hepatic cirrhosis, and HCC. RESULTS: The TOP assay to quantify sPD-1 was developed and performed on an automatic fluorescent analyzer within 20 min, which showed good precision with coefficients of variation less than 10% and good linearity ranging from 2 to 3,000 pg/mL. The results tested by our TOP assay correlated well with the established ELISA assay (r=0.92, p<0.0001). Using our TOP assay, sPD-1 was significantly elevated in patients with chronic hepatitis, hepatic cirrhosis and hepatocarcinoma if compared to healthy control, respectively (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: An automated, rapid fluorescent immunoassay to quantify serological sPD-1 protein using TOP biosensors was developed and showed acceptable analytical performance including precision, linearity, and good correlation with the established ELISA assay, with the great potential in clinical practice.

6.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2105316, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508803

RESUMO

Both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and osteoporosis (OP) are common age-associated degenerative diseases and are strongly correlated with clinical epidemiology. However, there is a lack of clear pathological relationship between the brain and bone in the current understanding. Here, it is found that young osteocyte, the most abundant cells in bone, secretes extracellular vesicles (OCYYoung -EVs) to ameliorate cognitive impairment and the pathogenesis of AD in APP/PS1 mice and model cells. These benefits of OCYYoung -EVs are diminished in aged osteocyte-derived EVs (OCYAged -EVs). Based on the self-constructed OCY-EVs tracer transgenic mouse models and the in vivo fluorescent imaging system, OCY-EVs have been observed to be transported to the brain under physiological and pathological conditions. In the hippocampal administration of Aß40 induced young AD model mice, the intramedullary injection of Rab27a-shRNA adenovirus inhibits OCYYoung -EVs secretion from bone and aggravates cognitive impairment. Proteomic quantitative analysis reveals that OCYYoung -EVs, compared to OCYAged -EVs, enrich multiple protective factors of AD pathway. The study uncovers the role of OCY-EV as a regulator of brain health, suggesting a novel mechanism in bone-brain communication.

7.
Food Chem X ; 13: 100261, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499032

RESUMO

Due to the lack of comprehensive evaluation of all metabolites in wampee, the metabolic reasons for taste differences are unclear. Here, two local varieties YF1 (sweet taste) and YF2 (sweet-sour taste), were selected for quality analysis, followed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) based widely targeted metabolomic analysis. YF1 and YF2 were clearly separated by principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis, and 449 metabolites were different between the cultivars, including 29 carbohydrates and 29 organic acids. Among them, d-galactose, d-mannose, and d-fructose 6-phosphate contributed mainly to the sweet taste of the YF1 wampee. l-citramalic acid, 2-hydroxyglutaric acid, and 3-methylmalic acid were the dominant organic acids in YF2 wampee, and therefore, contributed primarily to the sweet-sour taste. The differential metabolites were significantly enriched in the "ascorbate and aldarate metabolism" and "C5-branched dibasic acid metabolism" pathways. Ascorbate played a crucial role in the regulation of sugars and organic acids through those pathways. In addition, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) based quantitative verification exhibited the same specific cultivar variations.

8.
ACR Open Rheumatol ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35514156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to assess adherence to system-level performance measures measuring retention in rheumatology care and disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) treatment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We used a validated health administrative data case definition to identify individuals with RA in Ontario, Canada, between 2002 and 2014 who had at least 5 years of potential follow-up prior to 2019. During the first 5 years following diagnosis, we assessed whether patients were seen by a rheumatologist yearly and the proportion dispensed a DMARD yearly (in those aged ≥66 for whom medication data were available). Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the odds of remaining under rheumatologist care. RESULTS: The cohort included 50,883 patients with RA (26.1% aged 66 years and older). Over half (57.7%) saw a rheumatologist yearly in all 5 years of follow-up. Sharp declines in the percentage of patients with an annual visit were observed in each subsequent year after diagnosis, although a linear trend to improved retention in rheumatology care was seen over the study period (P < 0.0001). For individuals aged 66 years or older (n = 13,293), 82.1% under rheumatologist care during all 5 years after diagnosis were dispensed a DMARD annually compared with 31.0% of those not retained under rheumatology care. Older age, male sex, lower socioeconomic status, higher comorbidity score, and having an older rheumatologist decreased the odds of remaining under rheumatology care. CONCLUSION: System-level improvement initiatives should focus on maintaining ongoing access to rheumatology specialty care. Further investigation into causes of loss to rheumatology follow-up is needed.

9.
Chem Biodivers ; 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531592

RESUMO

Three new xanthone compounds, 1,3,5-trihydroxy-2-(2-hydroxy-3-methylbut-3-enyl)-4-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-xanthone ( 1 ), toxyloxanthone E ( 2 ), dehydrocycloguanandin B ( 3 ) along with 15 known xanthones ( 4-18 ) were isolated from the aerial parts of Calophyllum polyanthum Wall. ex Choisy. Their structures were fully characterised using spectroscopic data, as well as comparison with the previous literature data. All isolated compounds had inhibitory effects against CYP1A1, CYP1A2 and CYP1B1 enzymes at working concentration of 10 µM, 1 µM and 10 µM, respectively. Among them, compounds 10 , 11 , and 12 exhibited better CYP1A2 enzyme inhibitory effects than that of the positive control α-naphthoflavone, with 51.05%, 56.82% and 44.93% inhibition, respectively.

10.
Small ; : e2200388, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35491241

RESUMO

Efficient detection of aqueous copper ions is of high significance for environmental and human health, since copper is involved in potent redox activity in physiological and pathological processes. Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have shown advantages in efficient capturing and detecting of copper ions due to their large surface area, robust chemical stability, and high sensitivity, but most of them are hydrophobic, leading to the limitation in sensing copper ions in aqueous media. Herein, the design and synthesis of an sp2 -carbon conjugated COF (sp2 -TPE-COF) are reported with surfactant-assisted water dispersion for detecting traces of copper ions based on the photo-induced electron transfer (PET) mechanism. Importantly, the olefin-linked conjugated backbone of sp2 -TPE-COF works as a signal amplified transducer for metal ion sensing. Notably, it is found that a surfactant-assisted strategy can greatly enhance COF's dispersion in aqueous solution and finely modulate their sensitivity with a significantly improved KSV to 15.15 × 104 m-1 in SDBS (sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate) solution, the value of which is larger than that of a majority of COF/MOF based sensors for copper ions. This research demonstrates the promise of surfactant modulated fully π-conjugated COFs for sensing applications.

11.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 74(2): 265-275, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503074

RESUMO

Group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3) as a family member of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), have been defined as novel innate immune cells in the past decade. ILC3 include a variety of heterogenous subsets with different phenotypes and functions, which are mainly distributed in barrier organs such as the intestine, lung and skin. They play an important role in immune regulation, tissue repair and lymphoid tissue formation. However, in various inflammatory diseases, ILC3 become dysregulated and participate in the pathogenesis through secreting a series of cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-17, IL-22, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) to modulate other immune cells and induce the formation of ectopic lymphoid structures. Therefore, it is of great significance to explore the phenotype and function of ILC3 in order to advance the understanding of inflammatory diseases and find new therapeutic targets. In this article, the phenotypic characteristics, biological functions and research progress of ILC3 in inflammatory diseases were reviewed.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , Linfócitos , Citocinas , Interferon gama , Intestinos
12.
Bioact Mater ; 14: 443-455, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35415280

RESUMO

The need for bladder reconstruction and side effects of cystoplasty have spawned the demand for the development of alternative material substitutes. Biomaterials such as submucosa of small intestine (SIS) have been widely used as patches for bladder repair, but the outcomes are not fully satisfactory. To capture stem cells in situ has been considered as a promising strategy to speed up the process of re-cellularization and functionalization. In this study, we have developed an anti-CD29 antibody-conjugated SIS scaffold (AC-SIS) which is capable of specifically capturing urine-derived stem cells (USCs) in situ for tissue repair and regeneration. The scaffold has exhibited effective capture capacity and sound biocompatibility. In vivo experiment proved that the AC-SIS scaffold could promote rapid endothelium healing and smooth muscle regeneration. The endogenous stem cell capturing scaffolds has thereby provided a new revenue for developing effective and safer bladder patches.

13.
Bioact Mater ; 16: 388-402, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35415284

RESUMO

Bio-adhesive polysaccharide-based hydrogels have attracted much attention in first-aid hemostasis and wound healing for excellent biocompatibility, antibacterial property and pro-healing bioactivity. Yet, the inadequate mechanical properties and bio-adhesion limit their applications. Herein, based on dynamic covalent bonds, photo-triggered covalent bonds and hydrogen bonds, multifunctional bio-adhesive hydrogels comprising modified carboxymethyl chitosan, modified sodium alginate and tannic acid are developed. Multi-crosslinking strategy endows hydrogels with improved strength and flexibility simultaneously. Owing to cohesion enhancement strategy and self-healing ability, considerable bio-adhesion is presented by the hydrogel with a maximal adhesion strength of 162.6 kPa, 12.3-fold that of commercial fibrin glue. Based on bio-adhesion and pro-coagulant activity (e.g., the stimulative aggregation and adhesion of erythrocytes and platelets), the hydrogel reveals superior hemostatic performance in rabbit liver injury model with blood loss of 0.32 g, only 54.2% of that in fibrin glue. The healing efficiency of hydrogel for infected wounds is markedly better than commercial EGF Gel and Ag+ Gel due to the enhanced antibacterial and antioxidant properties. Through the multi-crosslinking strategy, the hydrogels show enhanced mechanical properties, fabulous bio-adhesion, superior hemostatic performance and promoting healing ability, thereby have an appealing application value for the first-aid hemostasis and infected wound healing.

14.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 24(1): 85, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35410440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of tramadol among osteoarthritis (OA) patients has been increasing rapidly around the world, but population-based studies on its safety profile among OA patients are scarce. We sought to determine if tramadol use in OA patients is associated with increased risks of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), venous thromboembolism (VTE), and hip fractures compared with commonly prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or codeine. METHODS: Using administrative health datasets from British Columbia, Canada, we conducted a sequential propensity score-matched cohort study among all OA patients between 2005 and 2013. The tramadol cohort (i.e., tramadol initiation) was matched with four comparator cohorts (i.e., initiation of naproxen, diclofenac, cyclooxygenase-2 [Cox-2] inhibitors, or codeine). Outcomes are all-cause mortality, first-ever CVD, VTE, and hip fractures within the year after the treatment initiation. Patients were followed until they either experienced an event, left the province, or the 1-year follow-up period ended, whichever occurred first. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate hazard ratios after adjusting for competing risk of death. RESULTS: Overall, 100,358 OA patients were included (mean age: 68 years, 63% females). All-cause mortality was higher for tramadol compared to NSAIDs with rate differences (RDs/1000 person-years, 95% CI) ranging from 3.3 (0.0-6.7) to 8.1 (4.9-11.4) and hazard ratios (HRs, 95% CI) ranging from 1.2 (1.0-1.4) to 1.5 (1.3-1.8). For CVD, no differences were observed between tramadol and NSAIDs. Tramadol had a higher risk of VTE compared to diclofenac, with RD/1000 person-years (95% CI) of 2.2 (0.7-3.7) and HR (95% CI) of 1.7 (1.3-2.2). Tramadol also had a higher risk of hip fractures compared to diclofenac and Cox-2 inhibitors with RDs/1000 person-years (95% CI) of 1.9 (0.4-3.4) and 1.7 (0.2-3.3), respectively, and HRs (95% CI) of 1.6 (1.2-2.0) and 1.4 (1.1-1.9), respectively. No differences were observed between tramadol and NSAIDs for all events. CONCLUSIONS: OA patients initiating tramadol have an increased risk of mortality, VTE, and hip fractures within 1 year compared with commonly prescribed NSAIDs, but not with codeine.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Fraturas do Quadril , Osteoartrite , Tramadol , Tromboembolia Venosa , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Codeína/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/efeitos adversos , Diclofenaco/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas do Quadril/tratamento farmacológico , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoartrite/induzido quimicamente , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Tramadol/efeitos adversos , Tromboembolia Venosa/induzido quimicamente , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia
15.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2200033, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35403824

RESUMO

Minimally invasive thermal therapies have been attempted in the treatment of breast cancer, and the immune response induced by these therapies has not been fully reported. A clinical trial is performed to determine the effect of microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of early-stage breast cancer. The authors perform single-cell RNA sequencing on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from six patients before and after ablation. NK and CD8+ T cells are activated by MWA of breast cancer, with the increased inhibitory signature of CD8+ T cells but not dysfunctional. Enhanced co-stimulatory signature of CD4+ T cells is observed and increased frequency of ICOS+ CD4+ T cells after MWA is confirmed by flow cytometric analysis. After ablation, T-cell clones expand with increased T-cell receptor diversities. Activated antigen receptor-mediated signaling pathways are found in B cells. Enhanced interactions between B cells and CD4+ T cells are found, indicating that B cells are important antigen-presenting cells that initiate CD4+ T cells in MWA-induced immune response. Blockade of CTLA-4 or PD-1 of post-MWA PBMCs show higher T-cell activity than that of pre-MWA PBMCs. This study provide global characteristics of MWA-induced systemic immune response and pave a way for the identification of potential targets to improve the immune response.

16.
Zootaxa ; 5092(1): 97-115, 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35391219

RESUMO

Hemigyrus was established by Brunner von Wattenwyl in 1893. In this study, we collected samples from Chongqing, Guangxi, Hainan, Sichuan, Tibet and Yunnan of China, and reconstructed phylogenetic tree based on COI gene. The results supported the classification of dividing this genus into two subgenera: Tomomima and Hemigyrus. With larger size and evidently branched phylogenetic position, a new subspecies H. (T.) spinosus robustus subsp. nov. Xie, Wang He is described here. H. (H.) acutifolius is firstly reported from China. Males of H. (H.) amplus and H. (H.) acutifolius, females of H. (H.) minor are described for the first time. All materials were deposited in Biological History Museum of East China Normal University (ECNU) and the Shanghai Entomological Museum, Chinese Academy of Sciences (SEM).


Assuntos
Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Ortópteros/genética , Filogenia
17.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 16: 798416, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431845

RESUMO

Objective: Virtual reality (VR) grasping exercise training helps patients participate actively in their recovery and is a critical approach to the rehabilitation of hand dysfunction. This study aimed to explore the effects of active participation and VR grasping on brain function combined with the kinematic information obtained during VR exercises. Methods: The cerebral oxygenation signals of the prefrontal cortex (LPFC/RPFC), the motor cortex (LMC/RMC), and the occipital cortex (LOC/ROC) were measured by functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in 18 young people during the resting state, grasping movements, and VR grasping movements. The EPPlus plug-in was used to collect the hand motion data during simulated interactive grasping. The wavelet amplitude (WA) of each cerebral cortex and the wavelet phase coherence (WPCO) of each pair of channels were calculated by wavelet analysis. The total difference in acceleration difference of the hand in the VR grasping movements was calculated to acquire kinematic characteristics (KCs). The cortical activation and brain functional connectivity (FC) of each brain region were compared and analyzed, and a significant correlation was found between VR grasping movements and brain region activation. Results: Compared with the resting state, the WA values of LPFC, RPFC, LMC, RMC, and ROC increased during the grasping movements and the VR grasping movements, these changes were significant in LPFC (p = 0.0093) and LMC (p = 0.0007). The WA values of LMC (p = 0.0057) in the VR grasping movements were significantly higher than those in the grasping movements. The WPCO of the cerebral cortex increased during grasping exercise compared with the resting state. Nevertheless, the number of significant functional connections during VR grasping decreased significantly, and only the WPCO strength between the LPFC and LMC was enhanced. The increased WA of the LPFC, RPFC, LMC, and RMC during VR grasping movements compared with the resting state showed a significant negative correlation with KCs (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The VR grasping movements can improve the activation and FC intensity of the ipsilateral brain region, inhibit the FC of the contralateral brain region, and reduce the quantity of brain resources allocated to the task. Thus, ordered grasping exercises can enhance active participation in rehabilitation and help to improve brain function.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457439

RESUMO

The unique architectural form and religious background of Taoist buildings can lead to a special acoustic environment, but there is a lack of research on the soundscape evaluation of Taoist buildings. Laojundong Taoist Temple was selected as the research site. The psychological and physiological responses of Taoist priests and ordinary people, and strategies for soundscape renovation were investigated by conducting field measurements, interviews, soundwalks, and audio-visual experiments. There was significant negative linear regression between the LAeq,5min and soundscape comfort (p < 0.01). The visual landscape comfort of ordinary people was notably correlated with landscape diversity (p < 0.01), whereas their soundscape comfort was markedly correlated with the degree of natural soundscape and audio-visual harmony (p < 0.01). The soundscape evaluation by Taoist priests was affected by their belief, activity types, social factors, and spatial positions. With the increasing proportion of the natural elements in the visual landscape in the temple, the acoustic comfort of Taoist priests and ordinary people significantly increased with the addition of bird sounds (p < 0.01). However, with the increasing proportion of Taoist scenes, Taoist music only significantly improved the acoustic comfort and heart rate of ordinary people (p < 0.01).


Assuntos
Música , Som , Acústica , China , Cabeça , Humanos
19.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2022: 5827544, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35399646

RESUMO

Background: More and more evidence has shown that immune-related long noncoding ribonucleic acid (irlncRNAs) is a potential prognostic factor for colon cancer. The relevant gene pair pattern can improve the sensitivity of the prognostic model. Therefore, our present study aimed to identify irlncRNA Pairs and construct and validate a new prognostic signature in colon cancer. Methods: We downloaded the expression matrix of mRNA and lncRNA of patients with colon cancer and their clinical information from the public TCGA database. We obtained immune genes from the ImmPort database. Coexpression analysis was performed to identify irlncRNAs. We built an irlncRNA pair matrix by comparing the expression levels of each lncRNA pair in a cycle. Univariate Cox regression analysis, LASSO penalized regression analysis, and multivariate Cox regression analysis were performed to determine the final variables to construct the prognostic risk score model (a new signature). We draw the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of the signature and clinical characteristics and determine the optimal cutoff value by the optimal Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) value. Based on the optimal cutoff value of the ROC curve of the signature, colon cancer patients were divided into the high- and low-risk groups. Then, the signature was evaluated by clinicopathological features, tumor-infiltrating immune cells, checkpoint-related biomarkers, targeted therapy, and chemotherapy. Results: We identified 8 lncRNA pairs including AC103740.1|LEF1-AS1, LINC02391|AC053503.5, WWC2-AS2|AL355916.2, AC104090.1|NEURL1-AS1, AC099524.1|AL161908.1, AC074011.1|AL078601.2, AL355916.2|LINC01723, and AP003392.4|LINC00598 from 71 differently expressed irlncRNAs. We constructed a prognostic risk score model (a new signature) using these optimal eight irlncRNA pairs. ROC curve analysis revealed that the highest AUC value of the signature was 0.776 at 1 year, with the optimal cutoff value of 1.283. Our present study also showed that the constructed signature could accurately identify adverse survival outcomes, prognostic clinicopathological features, and specify tumor invasion status. The expression of immune checkpoint-related genes and chemical drug sensitivity were related to different risk groups. Conclusion: In our present study, we constructed a new irlncRNA signature of colon cancer based on the irlncRNA pairs instead of the special expression level of lncRNA. We found this signature had not only good prognostic value but also certain clinical value, which might provide a new insight into the treatment and prognosis of colon cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , RNA Longo não Codificante , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Curva ROC
20.
Sci Adv ; 8(15): eabg8335, 2022 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35417243

RESUMO

Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) commonly occurs after glucocorticoid (GC) therapy. The gut microbiota (GM) participates in regulating host health, and its composition can be altered by GC. Here, this study demonstrates that cohousing with healthy mice or colonization with GM from normal mice attenuates GC-induced ONFH. 16S rRNA gene sequencing shows that cohousing with healthy mice rescues the GC-induced reduction of gut Lactobacillus animalis. Oral supplementation of L. animalis mitigates GC-induced ONFH by increasing angiogenesis, augmenting osteogenesis, and reducing cell apoptosis. Extracellular vesicles from L. animalis (L. animalis-EVs) contain abundant functional proteins and can enter the femoral head to exert proangiogenic, pro-osteogenic, and antiapoptotic effects, while its abundance is reduced after exposure to GC. Our study suggests that the GM is involved in protecting the femoral head by transferring bacterial EVs, and that loss of L. animalis and its EVs is associated with the development of GC-induced ONFH.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Osteonecrose , Animais , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Camundongos , Osteonecrose/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo
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