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1.
Orthop Surg ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: For elderly femoral neck fracture patients, anemia is one of the most common complications, increasing the risk of postoperative adverse events. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has been widely applied to the perioperative blood management. However, the optimal route of TXA administration in elderly femoral neck fracture remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral and intravenous (IV) application of TXA in elderly patients with femoral neck fracture undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) and hemiarthroplasty (HA). METHODS: All elderly patients aged over 65 years old diagnosed with femoral neck fracture admitted to the trauma orthopedics from August 1, 2020 to February 28, 2022 were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Participants were divided into three groups: oral group: TXA 2g orally 2 h before incision; IV group: intravenous infusion of TXA 1g 15 min before incision; and control group: usual hemostatic method. The primary outcomes were total blood loss, allogeneic transfusion rate, and postoperative thromboembolic events. SPSS 23.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA) was used for statistical analysis, and p ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 100 patients were enrolled, including 32 cases in the oral group, 34 cases in the IV group and 34 cases in the control group. Compared with the control group, the total perioperative blood loss in the oral and IV groups was significantly decreased (763.92 ± 358.64 mL vs 744.62 ± 306.88 mL vs 1250.60 ± 563.37 mL, p = 0.048). No significant difference was identified between the oral and IV groups (p = 0.970). The rate of allogeneic transfusion was lower in the oral and IV groups than in the control group, but the difference had no statistical significant (6 vs 5 vs 12, p = 0.108), However, subgroup analysis showed that the IV and oral groups in patients who underwent THA have significant lower transfusion rate compared with the control group (1 vs 3 vs 7, p = 0.02). During 6 months follow-up, no thromboembolic events were identified. Two patients (one from the oral group and one from the control group) died of respiratory failure. The cost of blood management from the oral group was significantly lower than IV (p < 0.001) and control groups (p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: Elderly patients with femoral neck fracture undergoing THA can benefit from both IV and oral administration of tranexamic acid. The results of these two administration routes are similar in safety and effectiveness. A similar tendency was observed in patients undergoing HA. Oral TXA is more cost-benefit compared with intravenous applications.

2.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 17(5)2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38794196

RESUMO

Lung cancer is a leading cause of mortality worldwide, especially among Asian patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. Initially, first-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are commonly administered as the primary treatment option; however, encountering resistance to these medications poses a significant obstacle. Hence, it has become crucial to address initial resistance and ensure continued effectiveness. Recent research has focused on the role of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in tumor drug resistance, especially lncRNA H19. ß-elemene, derived from Curcuma aromatic Salisb., has shown strong anti-tumor effects. However, the relationship between ß-elemene, lncRNA H19, and gefitinib resistance in NSCLC is unclear. This study aims to investigate whether ß-elemene can enhance the sensitivity of gefitinib-resistant NSCLC cells to gefitinib and to elucidate its mechanism of action. The impact of gefitinib and ß-elemene on cell viability was evaluated using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay. Furthermore, western blotting and qRT-PCR analysis were employed to determine the expression levels of autophagy-related proteins and genes, respectively. The influence on cellular proliferation was gauged through a colony-formation assay, and apoptosis induction was quantified via flow cytometry. Additionally, the tumorigenic potential in vivo was assessed using a xenograft model in nude mice. The expression levels of LC3B, EGFR, and Rab7 proteins were examined through immunofluorescence. Our findings elucidate that the resistance to gefitinib is intricately linked with the dysregulation of autophagy and the overexpression of lncRNA H19. The synergistic administration of ß-elemene and gefitinib markedly attenuated the proliferative capacity of resistant cells, expedited apoptotic processes, and inhibited the in vivo proliferation of lung cancer. Notably, ß-elemene profoundly diminished the expression of lncRNA H19 and curtailed autophagic activity in resistant cells, thereby bolstering their responsiveness to gefitinib. Moreover, ß-elemene disrupted the Rab7-facilitated degradation pathway of EGFR, facilitating its repositioning to the plasma membrane. ß-elemene emerges as a promising auxiliary therapeutic for circumventing gefitinib resistance in NSCLC, potentially through the regulation of lncRNA H19-mediated autophagy. The participation of Rab7 in this dynamic unveils novel insights into the resistance mechanisms operative in lung cancer, paving the way for future therapeutic innovations.

3.
Environ Pollut ; 352: 124062, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701963

RESUMO

The leaching process of uranium tailings is a typical water-rock interaction. The release of 226Ra from uranium tailings depends on the nuclides outside the intrinsic properties of uranium tailings on the one hand, and is influenced by the water medium on the other. In this paper, a uranium tailings repository in southern China was used as a research object, and uranium tailings at different depths were collected by drilling samples and mixed to analyze the 226Ra occurrence states. Static dissolution leaching experiments of 226Ra under different pH conditions, solid-liquid ratio conditions, and ionic strength conditions were carried out, and the adsorption and desorption behaviours of 226Ra in five representative stratigraphic media were investigated. The results show that 226Ra has a strong adsorption capacity in representative strata, with adsorption distribution coefficient Kd values ranging from 1.07E+02 to 1.29E+03 (mL/g) and desorption distribution coefficients ranging from 4.97E+02 to 2.71E+03 (mL/g), but the adsorption is reversible. The 226Ra in uranium tailings exists mainly in the residual and water-soluble states, and the release of 226Ra from uranium tailings under different conditions is mainly from the water-soluble and exchangeable state fractions. Low pH conditions, low solid-liquid ratio conditions and high ionic strength conditions are favourable to the release of 226Ra from uranium tailings, so the release of 226Ra from uranium tailings can be reduced by means of adjusting the pH in the tailings and setting up a water barrier. The results of this research have important guiding significance for the management of existing uranium tailings ponds and the control of 226Ra migration in groundwater, which is conducive to guaranteeing the long-term safety, stability and sustainability of uranium mining sites.

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1392196, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698817

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formulae have been studied extensively in various human diseases and have proven to be effective due to their multi-component, multi-target advantage. However, its active metabolites are not clear and the specific mechanisms are not well established, which limits its scientific application. Recently, combination therapies are attracting increasing attention from the scientific community in the past few years and are considered as the next paradigm in drug discovery. Here, we tried to define a new concept of "active metabolites combination therapies (AMCT)" rules to elucidate how the bioactive metabolites from TCMs to produce their synergistic effects in this review. The AMCT rules integrate multidisciplinary technologies like molecular biology, biochemistry, pharmacology, analytical chemistry and pharmacodynamics, etc. Meanwhile, emerging technologies such as multi-omics combined analysis, network analysis, artificial intelligence conduce to better elucidate the mechanisms of these combination therapies in disease treatment, which provides new insights for the development of novel active metabolites combination drugs. AMCT rules will hopefully further guide the development of novel combination drugs that will promote the modernization and international needs of TCM.

5.
Nat Genet ; 56(5): 778-791, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689001

RESUMO

Hypertension affects more than one billion people worldwide. Here we identify 113 novel loci, reporting a total of 2,103 independent genetic signals (P < 5 × 10-8) from the largest single-stage blood pressure (BP) genome-wide association study to date (n = 1,028,980 European individuals). These associations explain more than 60% of single nucleotide polymorphism-based BP heritability. Comparing top versus bottom deciles of polygenic risk scores (PRSs) reveals clinically meaningful differences in BP (16.9 mmHg systolic BP, 95% CI, 15.5-18.2 mmHg, P = 2.22 × 10-126) and more than a sevenfold higher odds of hypertension risk (odds ratio, 7.33; 95% CI, 5.54-9.70; P = 4.13 × 10-44) in an independent dataset. Adding PRS into hypertension-prediction models increased the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) from 0.791 (95% CI, 0.781-0.801) to 0.826 (95% CI, 0.817-0.836, ∆AUROC, 0.035, P = 1.98 × 10-34). We compare the 2,103 loci results in non-European ancestries and show significant PRS associations in a large African-American sample. Secondary analyses implicate 500 genes previously unreported for BP. Our study highlights the role of increasingly large genomic studies for precision health research.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Hipertensão , Herança Multifatorial , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pressão Sanguínea/genética , Estratificação de Risco Genético , Hipertensão/genética , Fatores de Risco
6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 331: 118265, 2024 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38677579

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs) have emerged as a promising complementary therapy in the management of prostate cancer (PCa), particularly in addressing resistance to Docetaxel (DTX) chemotherapy. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review aims to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the development of resistance to DTX in PCa and explore the innovative approach of integrating TCMs in PCa treatment to overcome this resistance. Key areas of investigation include alterations in microtubule proteins, androgen receptor and androgen receptor splice variant 7, ERG rearrangement, drug efflux mechanisms, cancer stem cells, centrosome clustering, upregulation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, enhanced DNA damage repair capability, and the involvement of neurotrophin receptor 1/protein kinase C. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With "Prostate cancer", "Docetaxel", "Docetaxel resistance", "Natural compounds", "Traditional Chinese medicine", "Traditional Chinese medicine compound", "Medicinal plants" as the main keywords, PubMed, Web of Science and other online search engines were used for literature retrieval. RESULTS: Our findings underscore the intricate interplay of molecular alterations that collectively contribute to the resistance of PCa cells to DTX. Moreover, we highlight the potential of TCMs as a promising complementary therapy, showcasing their ability to counteract DTX resistance and enhance therapeutic efficacy. CONCLUSION: The integration of TCMs in PCa treatment emerges as an innovative approach with significant potential to overcome DTX resistance. This review not only provides insights into the mechanisms of resistance but also presents new prospects for improving the clinical outcomes of patients with PCa undergoing DTX therapy. The comprehensive understanding of these mechanisms lays the foundation for future research and the development of more effective therapeutic interventions.


Assuntos
Docetaxel , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico
7.
Mech Ageing Dev ; 219: 111935, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614143

RESUMO

Adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) are promising stem cell sources for tissue engineering and cell-based therapy. However, long-term in vitro expansion of ADSCs impedes stemness maintenance, which is partly attributed to deprivation of their original microenvironment. Incompetent cells limit the therapeutic effects of ADSC-based clinical strategies. Therefore, reconstructing a more physiologically and physically relevant niche is an ideal strategy to address this issue and therefore facilitates the extensive application of ADSCs. Here, we transplanted separated ADSCs into local subcutaneous adipose tissues of nude mice as an in vivo cell culture model. We found that transplanted ADSCs maintained their primitive morphology and showed improved proliferation and delayed senescence compared to those of cells cultured in an incubator. Significantly increased expression of stemness-related markers and multilineage differentiation abilities were further observed in in vivo cultured ADSCs. Finally, sequencing revealed that genes whose expression differed between ADSCs obtained under in vivo and in vitro conditions were mainly located in the extracellular matrix and extracellular space and that these genes participate in regulating transcription and protein synthesis. Moreover, we found that an Egr1 signaling pathway might exert a crucial impact on controlling stemness properties. Our findings might collectively pave the way for ADSC-based applications.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Animais , Ratos , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Camundongos , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Camundongos Nus , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Células Estromais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/metabolismo , Masculino , Células Cultivadas
8.
Genes Dis ; 11(4): 100987, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560498

RESUMO

Cancer occurrence and development are closely related to increased lipid production and glucose consumption. Lipids are the basic component of the cell membrane and play a significant role in cancer cell processes such as cell-to-cell recognition, signal transduction, and energy supply, which are vital for cancer cell rapid proliferation, invasion, and metastasis. Sterol regulatory element-binding transcription factor 1 (SREBP1) is a key transcription factor regulating the expression of genes related to cholesterol biosynthesis, lipid homeostasis, and fatty acid synthesis. In addition, SREBP1 and its upstream or downstream target genes are implicated in various metabolic diseases, particularly cancer. However, no review of SREBP1 in cancer biology has yet been published. Herein, we summarized the roles and mechanisms of SREBP1 biological processes in cancer cells, including SREBP1 modification, lipid metabolism and reprogramming, glucose and mitochondrial metabolism, immunity, and tumor microenvironment, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, cell cycle, apoptosis, and ferroptosis. Additionally, we discussed the potential role of SREBP1 in cancer prognosis, drug response such as drug sensitivity to chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and the potential drugs targeting SREBP1 and its corresponding pathway, elucidating the potential clinical application based on SREBP1 and its corresponding signal pathway.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 1017-1027, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621909

RESUMO

Network pharmacology and animal and cell experiments were employed to explore the mechanism of astragaloside Ⅳ(AST Ⅳ) combined with Panax notoginseng saponins(PNS) in regulating angiogenesis to treat cerebral ischemia. The method of network pharmacology was used to predict the possible mechanisms of AST Ⅳ and PNS in treating cerebral ischemia by mediating angiogenesis. In vivo experiment: SD rats were randomized into sham, model, and AST Ⅳ(10 mg·kg~(-1)) + PNS(25 mg·kg~(-1)) groups, and the model of cerebral ischemia was established with middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO) method. AST Ⅳ and PNS were administered by gavage twice a day. the Longa method was employed to measure the neurological deficits. The brain tissue was stained with hematoxylin-eosin(HE) to reveal the pathological damage. Immunohistochemical assay was employed to measure the expression of von Willebrand factor(vWF), and immunofluorescence assay to measure the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(VEGFR2), VEGFA, phosphorylated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(p-PI3K), and phosphorylated protein kinase B(p-AKT) in the brain tissue. In vitro experiment: the primary generation of rat brain microvascular endothelial cells(rBEMCs) was cultured and identified. The third-generation rBMECs were assigned into control, model, AST Ⅳ(50 µmol·L~(-1)) + PNS(30 µmol·L~(-1)), LY294002(PI3K/AKT signaling pathway inhibitor), 740Y-P(PI3K/AKT signaling pathway agonist), AST Ⅳ + PNS + LY294002, and AST Ⅳ + PNS + 740Y-P groups. Oxygen glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation(OGD/R) was employed to establish the cell model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. The cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) and scratch assay were employed to examine the survival and migration of rBEMCs, respectively. Matrigel was used to evaluate the tube formation from rBEMCs. The Transwell assay was employed to examine endothelial cell permeability. Western blot was employed to determine the expression of VEGFR2, VEGFA, p-PI3K, and p-AKT in rBEMCs. The results of network pharmacology analysis showed that AST Ⅳ and PNS regulated 21 targets including VEGFA and AKT1 of angiogenesis in cerebral infarction. Most of these 21 targets were involved in the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. The in vivo experiments showed that compared with the model group, AST Ⅳ + PNS reduced the neurological deficit score(P<0.05) and the cell damage rate in the brain tissue(P<0.05), promoted the expression of vWF and VEGFA(P<0.01) and angiogenesis, and up-regulated the expression of proteins in the PI3K/AKT pathway(P<0.05, P<0.01). The in vitro experiments showed that compared with the model group, the AST Ⅳ + PNS, 740Y-P, AST Ⅳ + PNS + LY294002, and AST Ⅳ + PNS + 740Y-P improved the survival of rBEMCs after OGD/R, enhanced the migration of rBEMCs, increased the tubes formed by rBEMCs, up-regulated the expression of proteins in the PI3K/AKT pathway, and reduced endothelial cell permeability(P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the LY294002 group, the AST Ⅳ + PNS + LY294002 group showed increased survival rate, migration rate, and number of tubes, up-regulated expression of proteins in the PI3K/AKT pathway, and decreased endothelial cell permeability(P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the AST Ⅳ + PNS and 740Y-P groups, the AST Ⅳ + PNS + 740Y-P group presented increased survival rate, migration rate, and number of tubes and up-regulated expression of proteins in the PI3K/AKT pathway, and reduced endothelial cell permeability(P<0.01). This study indicates that AST Ⅳ and PNS can promote angiogenesis after cerebral ischemia by activating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Panax notoginseng , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Receptores do Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas , Saponinas , Triterpenos , Ratos , Animais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Fator de von Willebrand , Angiogênese , Farmacologia em Rede , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Saponinas/farmacologia , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto Cerebral
10.
Biochem Genet ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587691

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic musculoskeletal disease and often causes impaired joint mobility and disability. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play pivotal roles in OA development. This study was done to explore the role and mechanism of the lncRNA AC005165.1 in the cell model of interleukin-1ß (IL)-1ß-treated chondrocytes. This study recruited 20 surgically treated OA patients and 12 age- and gender-matched controls. Real-time reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to examine the expression levels of AC005165.1, miR-199a-3p, and thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) in articular cartilage of patients and IL-1ß-treated human chondrocytes. Cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated by cell counting kit-8 and flow cytometry assays, respectively. The protein levels of inflammatory cytokines were assessed by western blotting. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was conducted to detect the concentrations of the inflammatory cytokines in chondrocytes. Luciferase reporter assay and Pearson's correlation analysis were used for analyzing the interaction and the correlation among AC005165.1, miR-199a-3p, and TXNIP. AC005165.1 expression was downregulated in cartilage of OA patients and chondrocytes treated with IL-1ß, compared to that in the control groups. AC005165.1 knockdown increased apoptosis and aggravated inflammatory response in IL-1ß-treated chondrocytes. AC005165.1 interacted with miR-199a-3p, and TXNIP was targeted by miR-199a-3p. In rescue assay, miR-199a-3p knockdown and TXNIP overexpression significantly reduced apoptosis and mitigated inflammatory response in IL-1ß-treated chondrocytes with AC005165.1 knockdown. AC005165.1 knockdown promoted apoptosis and inflammatory response in IL-1ß-treated chondrocytes via the miR-199a-3p/TXNIP axis.

11.
Environ Pollut ; 350: 124006, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641036

RESUMO

Americium (III) (Am(III)) in the natural environment is considered immobile due to its low solubility, strong adsorption, and high affinity to solid surfaces. However, the presence of natural colloids may carry Am(III) transport for long distance. The individual and co-transport behaviors of Am(III) and natural colloids through the unsaturated packed columns were investigated under the influence of pH, electrolyte concentration, velocity, Am(III) concentration and natural colloids concentration. Under all experimental conditions, Am(III) individual transport construct sight breakthrough curves (BTCs, CAm/C0 < 3%), but the presence of natural colloids increased the BTCs plateau of Am(III) significantly (30% < CAm/C0 < 80%), indicating that the colloids were able to promote Am(III) transport in the unsaturated porous media. DLVO theoretical calculations reveal that the increased pH and decreased electrolyte concentration lead to a rase in electrostatic repulsion, and the natural colloids tend to be dispersed and stabilized, which facilitates elution. In addition to this, the increase of velocity and colloids concentration will lead to greater breakthrough of natural colloids. The non-equilibrium two-site model and the two-site kinetic retention model well-described the BTCs of Am(III) and natural colloids, respectively. This study provide new insights into the behavior of natural colloids carrying the Am(III) into aquifers through the vadose zone sediments.


Assuntos
Amerício , Coloides , Sedimentos Geológicos , Coloides/química , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Amerício/química , Adsorção , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Cinética , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(22): e202403539, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556813

RESUMO

The design and orderly layered co-immobilization of multiple enzymes on resin particles remain challenging. In this study, the SpyTag/SpyCatcher binding pair was fused to the N-terminus of an alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and an aldo-keto reductase (AKR), respectively. A non-canonical amino acid (ncAA), p-azido-L-phenylalanine (p-AzF), as the anchor for covalent bonding enzymes, was genetically inserted into preselected sites in the AKR and ADH. Employing the two bioorthogonal counterparts of SpyTag/SpyCatcher and azide-alkyne cycloaddition for the immobilization of AKR and ADH enabled sequential dual-enzyme coating on porous microspheres. The ordered dual-enzyme reactor was subsequently used to synthesize (S)-1-(2-chlorophenyl)ethanol asymmetrically from the corresponding prochiral ketone, enabling the in situ regeneration of NADPH. The reactor exhibited a high catalytic conversion of 74 % and good reproducibility, retaining 80 % of its initial activity after six cycles. The product had 99.9 % ee, which that was maintained in each cycle. Additionally, the double-layer immobilization method significantly increased the enzyme loading capacity, which was approximately 1.7 times greater than that of traditional single-layer immobilization. More importantly, it simultaneously enabled both the purification and immobilization of multiple enzymes on carriers, thus providing a convenient approach to facilitate cascade biocatalysis.


Assuntos
Álcool Desidrogenase , Biocatálise , Enzimas Imobilizadas , Enzimas Imobilizadas/química , Enzimas Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Álcool Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Álcool Desidrogenase/química , Álcool Desidrogenase/genética , Engenharia de Proteínas , Aldo-Ceto Redutases/metabolismo , Aldo-Ceto Redutases/química , Aldo-Ceto Redutases/genética , Fenilalanina/química , Fenilalanina/metabolismo , Fenilalanina/análogos & derivados , Azidas/química
13.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 108(1): 315, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689185

RESUMO

The plant microbes are an integral part of the host and play fundamental roles in plant growth and health. There is evidence indicating that plants have the ability to attract beneficial microorganisms through their roots in order to defend against pathogens. However, the mechanisms of plant microbial community assembly from below- to aboveground compartments under pathogen infection remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the bacterial and fungal communities in bulk soil, rhizosphere soil, root, stem, and leaf of both healthy and infected (Potato virus Y disease, PVY) plants. The results indicated that bacterial and fungal communities showed different recruitment strategies in plant organs. The number and abundance of shared bacterial ASVs between bulk and rhizosphere soils decreased with ascending migration from below- to aboveground compartments, while the number and abundance of fungal ASVs showed no obvious changes. Field type, plant compartments, and PVY infection all affected the diversity and structures of microbial community, with stronger effects observed in the bacterial community than the fungal community. Furthermore, PVY infection, rhizosphere soil pH, and water content (WC) contributed more to the assembly of the bacterial community than the fungal community. The analysis of microbial networks revealed that the bacterial communities were more sensitive to PVY infection than the fungal communities, as evidenced by the lower network stability of the bacterial community, which was characterized by a higher proportion of positive edges. PVY infection further increased the bacterial network stability and decreased the fungal network stability. These findings advance our understanding of how microbes respond to pathogen infections and provide a rationale and theoretical basis for biocontrol technology in promoting sustainable agriculture. KEY POINTS: • Different recruitment strategies between plant bacterial and fungal communities. • Bacterial community was more sensitive to PVY infection than fungal community. • pH and WC drove the microbial community assembly under PVY infection.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Fungos , Doenças das Plantas , Raízes de Plantas , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Fungos/fisiologia , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Microbiota , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Micobioma , Plantas/microbiologia
14.
Nanoscale ; 16(18): 8791-8806, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606497

RESUMO

This review explores the potential of integrating nano-delivery systems with traditional Chinese herbal medicine, acupuncture, and Chinese medical theory. It highlights the intersections and potential of nano-delivery systems in enhancing the effectiveness of traditional herbal medicine and acupuncture treatments. In addition, it discusses how the integration of nano-delivery systems with Chinese medical theory can modernize herbal medicine and make it more readily accessible on a global scale. Finally, it analyzes the challenges and future directions in this field.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Humanos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Terapia por Acupuntura
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38529478

RESUMO

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common respiratory disorder in pulmonology. Chuanbeimu (CBM) is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb for treating COPD and has been widely utilized in clinical practice. However, the mechanism of CBM in the treatment of COPD remains incompletely understood. This study aims to investigate the underlying therapeutic mechanism of CBM for COPD using network pharmacology and experimental approaches. Methods: Active ingredients and their targets were obtained from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology database. COPD-associated targets were retrieved from the GeneCards database. The common targets for CBM and COPD were identified through Venn diagram analysis. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks and disease-herb-ingredient-target networks were constructed. Subsequently, the results of the network pharmacology were validated by molecular docking and in vitro experiments. Results: Seven active ingredients and 32 potential targets for CBM were identified as closely associated with COPD. The results of the disease-herb-ingredient-target network and PPI network showed that peimisine emerged as the core ingredient, and SRC, ADRB2, MMP2, and NOS3 were the potential targets for CBM in treating COPD. Molecular docking analysis confirmed that peimisine exhibited high binding affinity with SRC, ADRB2, MMP2, and NOS3. In vitro experiments demonstrated that peimisine significantly upregulated the expression of ADRB2 and NOS3 and downregulated the expression of SRC and MMP2. Conclusion: These findings indicate that CBM may modulate the expression of SRC, ADRB2, MMP2, and NOS3, thereby exerting a protective effect against COPD.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Farmacologia em Rede , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
16.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 184, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512539

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of a deep learning model using contrastenhanced ultrasound (CEUS) images in distinguishing between low-grade (grade I and II) and high-grade (grade III and IV) clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using CEUS images of 177 Fuhrmangraded ccRCCs (93 low-grade and 84 high-grade) from May 2017 to December 2020. A total of 6412 CEUS images were captured from the videos and normalized for subsequent analysis. A deep learning model using the RepVGG architecture was proposed to differentiate between low-grade and high-grade ccRCC. The model's performance was evaluated based on sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Class activation mapping (CAM) was used to visualize the specific areas that contribute to the model's predictions. RESULTS: For discriminating high-grade ccRCC from low-grade, the deep learning model achieved a sensitivity of 74.8%, specificity of 79.1%, accuracy of 77.0%, and an AUC of 0.852 in the test set. CONCLUSION: The deep learning model based on CEUS images can accurately differentiate between low-grade and high-grade ccRCC in a non-invasive manner.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias Renais , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Curva ROC
17.
J Med Chem ; 67(6): 4950-4976, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456618

RESUMO

Histone deacetylases (HDACs) inhibitors such as vorinostat (SAHA) has been used to treat hematologic malignancies (rather than solid tumors) and have been found to suppress the JAK/STAT, a critical signal pathway for antitumor immunity, while PARP7 inhibitor RBN-2397 could activate the type I interferons (IFN-I) pathway, facilitating downstream effects such as STAT1 phosphorylation and immune activation. To elucidate whether simultaneous inhibition of these two targets could interfere with these two signal pathways, a series of pyridazinone-based PARP7/HDACs dual inhibitors have been designed, synthesized, and evaluated in vitro and in vivo experiments. Compound 9l was identified as a potent and balanced dual inhibitor for the first time, exhibiting excellent antitumor capabilities both in vitro and in vivo. This suggests that 9l can be used as a valuable tool molecule for investigating the relationship between anticancer immunity and HDAC inhibition.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias , Humanos , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Vorinostat/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células
18.
Nanotechnology ; 35(27)2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522106

RESUMO

Light and thermal detectors based on the laser-induced transverse voltage (LITV) effect have garnered significant interest for their rapid and broad spectral response. In this study, we prepared the La-doped SrTiO3(STO) epitaxial thin films on the 12° inclined single crystal LaAlO3(LAO) (100) substrates using our home-designed metal-organic chemical vapor deposition system. Under the illumination of a 248 nm laser, the LITV signals of LaxSr1-xTiO3films were observed and showed dependence on the La doping level, which can be explained by the changes in the light absorption coefficient, thermal conductivity, and optical penetration depth. The optimized LITV signal was observed with a peak voltage of 23.25 V and a decay time of 106 ns under the laser power density of 1.0 mJ mm-2. The high peak voltage and fast response time of LaxSr1-xTiO3show great potential in the field of light and thermal detection.

19.
Environ Pollut ; 348: 123831, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513940

RESUMO

Predicting chemical flux to soil from industrial point sources accurately at a regional scale has been a significant challenge due to high uncertainty in spatial heterogeneity and quantification. To address this challenge, we developed an innovative approach by combining California Air Resources Board Puff (CALPUFF) and mass balance models, leveraging their complementary strengths in quantitative accuracy and spatial precision. Specifically, CALPUFF was used to predict the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) flux to soil due to industrial sources. Additionally, the spatial distribution coefficient of PAHs flux (e.g., si for spatial unit i) was calculated by neural network and combined with the mass balance model to obtain the results of total PAHs fluxes, which were then combined with the results predicted by CALPUFF to effectively estimate the contribution of industrial sources to soil PAHs flux. Taking a petrochemical industry region located in Zhejiang province, China as a case study, results showed the input Phenanthrene (Phe) and Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) fluxes predicted by CALPUFF were generally lower than those by the mass balance model, with slightly different distribution patterns. CALPUFF results, based on 36 industrial sources, partially represent those of the mass balance model, which includes all sources and pathways. It was suggested that industrial sources contributed 49%-89% and 65%-100% of soil Phe and BaP, respectively across the study area. The average Phe flux from point sources by deposition averaged 2.68 mg m-2∙a-1 in 2021, accounting for approximately 60% of the total Phe flux to soil. The average BaP flux from point sources by deposition averaged 0.0755 mg m-2∙a-1, accounting for only 0.1%-3.65% of the total BaP flux to soil. Thereby, our approach fills up a gap between the relevance to point sources and the accuracy of deposition quantification in estimating chemical flux from specific point sources to soil at a regional scale.


Assuntos
Fenantrenos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes do Solo , Solo , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Fenantrenos/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
20.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1333076, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505554

RESUMO

Plant health states may influence the distribution of rhizosphere microorganisms, which regulate plant growth and development. In this study, the response of rhizosphere bacteria and fungi of healthy and diseased plants compared to bulk microbes was analyzed using high-throughput sequencing. Plant adaptation strategies of plants under potato virus Y (PVY) infection have been studied from a microbial perspective. The diversity and community structure of bacteria and fungi varied between bulk and rhizosphere soils, but not between healthy and diseased rhizosphere soils. A LEfSe analysis revealed the significant differences between different treatments on bacterial and fungal community compositions and identified Roseiflexaceae, Sphingomonas, and Sphingobium as the bacterial biomarkers of bulk (BCK), healthy rhizosphere (BHS), and diseased rhizosphere (BIS) soils, respectively; Rhodotorula and Ascomycota_unidentified_1_1 were identified as the fungal biomarkers of bulk (FCK) and healthy rhizosphere (FHS) soils. Bacterial networks were found to be more complex and compact than fungal networks and revealed the roles of biomarkers as network keystone taxa. PVY infection further increased the connectedness among microbial taxa to improve rhizosphere microbial community stability and resistance to environmental stress. Additionally, water content (WC) played an apparent influence on bacterial community structure and diversity, and pH showed significant effects on fungal community diversity. WC and pH greatly affected the biomarkers of bacterial rhizosphere communities, whereas the biomarkers of bulk bacterial communities were significantly affected by soil nutrients, especially for Sphingobium. Overall, the rhizosphere microbial community enrichment processes were different between healthy and diseased plants by changing the community compositions and identifying different biomarkers. These findings provide insight into the assemblage of rhizosphere microbial communities and soil physicochemical properties, which contributes to a deeper understanding of the establishment of an artificial core root microbiota to facilitate plant growth and bolstering resistance mechanisms. This knowledge contributes to a deeper understanding of the establishment of an artificial core root microbiota, thereby facilitating plant growth and bolstering resistance mechanisms.

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