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1.
J Med Virol ; 96(4): e29510, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573018

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection poses a significant burden on global public health. Unfortunately, current treatments cannot fully alleviate this burden as they have limited effect on the transcriptional activity of the tenacious covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) responsible for viral persistence. Consequently, the HBV life cycle should be further investigated to develop new anti-HBV pharmaceutical targets. Our previous study discovered that the host gene TMEM203 hinders HBV replication by participating in calcium ion regulation. The involvement of intracellular calcium in HBV replication has also been confirmed. In this study, we found that transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) notably enhances HBV reproduction by investigating the effects of several calcium ion-related molecules on HBV replication. The in-depth study showed that TRPV4 promotes hepatitis B core/capsid protein (HBc) protein stability through the ubiquitination pathway and then promotes the nucleocapsid assembly. HBc binds to cccDNA and reduces the nucleosome spacing of the cccDNA-histones complex, which may regulate HBV transcription by altering the nucleosome arrangement of the HBV genome. Moreover, our results showed that TRPV4 promotes cccDNA-dependent transcription by accelerating the methylation modification of H3K4. In conclusion, TRPV4 could interact with HBV core protein and regulate HBV during transcription and replication. These data suggest that TRPV4 exerts multifaceted HBV-related synergistic factors and may serve as a therapeutic target for CHB.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Hepatite B , Humanos , Ubiquitina , Capsídeo , Proteínas do Capsídeo , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPV/genética , Cálcio , Nucleossomos , Metilação , Proteínas de Membrana
2.
Cancer Med ; 13(5): e6958, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466034

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Approximately 30% of individuals with advanced EC have unsatisfactory prognosis. Evidence suggests that TPX2 is frequently upregulated in malignancies and related to cancer progression. Its role and pathological mechanism in EC need further research. METHODS: GSEA and TPX2 expression, GO, KEGG, and prognostic analyses were performed with TCGA data by bioinformatic approaches. Relationships between TPX2 expression and clinicopathological parameters were investigated immunohistochemically and statistically. shRNA and overexpression plasmids were constructed and transfected into AN3CA and Ishikawa cells to evaluate phenotypic changes and injected into nude mouse axillae. Coimmunoprecipitation and chromatin immunoprecipitation were used to identify interacting proteins and promoter-binding sequences. Changes in TPX2 expression were identified by Western blotting and RT-qPCR. RESULTS: TPX2 expression was significantly higher in EC tissues than in normal tissues in TCGA and in-house specimens (all p < 0.001). In survival analysis, high TPX2 expression was associated with poor prognosis (p = 0.003). TPX2 overexpression stimulated cancer cell proliferation, promoted the G0-G1-to-G2/M transition, enhanced invasion and migration, and accelerated tumor growth in nude mice. TPX2 regulated the CX3CR1/CXCL10 chemokine pathway and activated the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Sp1 negatively regulated TPX2 expression, affecting the malignant progression of endometrial cancer cells by coupling the CX3CR1/CXCL10 chemokine pathway to the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: TPX2 could be a prognostic biomarker for EC and play an important role in the CX3CR1/CXCL10 chemokine pathway and PI3K/Akt pathway via Sp1.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CXCL10 , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Animais , Camundongos , Feminino , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Receptor 1 de Quimiocina CX3C , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética
3.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1286422, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38420195

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy of a steroid-free regimen with steroid-based treatment in managing primary membranous nephropathy (PMN) and investigate the potential benefits of steroid-free regimens in PMN therapy. Methods: This was a single-centre prospective cohort study. A total of 81 patients were divided into two groups according to their medication regimen: a rituximab (RTX)/tacrolimus (TAC) group (low-dose RTX combined with low-dose TAC group, without steroids, n = 31) and a prednisone (P)/TAC group (P combined with TAC group, n = 61). The changes in 24-h urine protein quantification, levels of blood albumin, blood creatinine, total cholesterol, triglyceride and fasting blood glucose as well as anti-phospholipase A2 receptor antibody titres were observed in both groups before treatment and after 1, 3, 6 and 12 months of treatment. Clinical remission (complete and partial remission), serological remission and recurrence were assessed in both groups after treatment, and the occurrence of adverse reactions was observed. Results: 1) Before treatment, there was no significant difference in baseline values between the two groups (p > 0.05). 2) After 12 months of treatment, the 24-h proteinuria and total cholesterol levels in the RTX/TAC group were significantly lower than those in the P/TAC group (p < 0.05). 3) After 6 months of treatment, the clinical remission rate of the RTX/TAC group was significantly higher than that of the P/TAC group (p < 0.05). After 12 months of treatment, the clinical remission rate of the RTX/TAC group was significantly higher than that of the P/TAC group (p < 0.05). (4) After 3, 6 and 12 months of treatment, serological remission rates in the RTX/TAC group were significantly higher than those in the P/TAC group (p < 0.05). During treatment, the anti-PLA2R antibody titres in the RTX/TAC group remained lower than those in the P/TAC group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The low-dose RTX combined with low-dose TAC steroid-free regimen induces serological remission in patients with PMN earlier than the classic regimen of P combined with TAC, and there was no significant difference in adverse effects between the two groups. Besides, the long-term clinical remission effect of low-dose RTX combined with low-dose TAC is better than that of P combined with TAC.

4.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1336640, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371508

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the performance of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based radiomics models in differentiating early stage of cervical cancer (Stage I-IIa vs. IIb-IV). Methods: One hundred patients with cervical cancer who underwent preoperative MRI between June 2020 and March 2022 were retrospectively enrolled. Training (n = 70) and testing cohorts (n = 30) were assigned by stratified random sampling. The clinical and pathological features, including age, histological subtypes, tumor grades, and node status, were compared between the two cohorts by t-test or chi-square test. Radiomics features were extracted from each volume of interest (VOI) on T2-weighted images (T2WI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. The data balance of the training cohort was resampled by synthesizing minority oversampling techniques. Subsequently, the adiomics signatures were constructed by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator algorithm and minimum-redundancy maximum-relevance with 10-fold cross-validation. Logistic regression was applied to predict the cervical cancer stages (low [I-IIa]) and (high [IIb-IV] FIGO stages). The receiver operating characteristic curve (area under the curve [AUC]) and decision curve analysis were used to assess the performance of the radiomics model. Results: The characteristics of age, histological subtypes, tumor grades, and node status were not significantly different between the low [I-IIa] and high [IIb-IV] FIGO stages (p > 0.05 for both the training and test cohorts). Three models based on T2WI, ADC maps, and the combined were developed based on six radiomics features from T2WI and three radiomics features from ADC maps, with AUCs of 0.855 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.777-0.934) and 0.823 (95% CI, 0.727-0.919), 0.861 (95% CI, 0.785-0.936) and 0.81 (95% CI, 0.701-0.918), 0.934 (95% CI, 0.884-0.984) and 0.902 (95% CI, 0.832-0.972) in the training and test cohorts. Conclusion: The radiomics models combined T2W and ADC maps had good predictive performance in differentiating the early stage from locally advanced cervical cancer.

5.
Ecotoxicology ; 33(2): 151-163, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329639

RESUMO

Suspended particulate matter (SPM), an important component of the natural water environment, can act as a carrier of many pollutants that affect aquatic organisms. In the present study, the effect of SPM obtained from Jinjiang Estuary on the physiological, biochemical, and photosynthetic properties of typical freshwater algae (Chlorella pyrenoidosa) was investigated. The results showed that under different concentrations of SPM treatment, the superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) activities, and malondialdehyde (MDA) content of C. pyrenoidosa increased, but the soluble protein content decreased. SPM with different particle sizes had less effect on SOD of C. pyrenoidosa, but showed a promoting effect on CAT and MDA as well as soluble protein content. In terms of photosynthetic activity, high concentrations (70, 90 mg/L) and small particle sizes (0-75, 75-120 µm) of SPM had a greater effect on the chlorophyll a content of C. pyrenoidosa. In addition, different concentrations of SPM had no significant effect on the potential photosynthetic activity of PS II (Fv/F0) and the maximum quantum yield of PS II (Fv/Fm), but the inhibition of the initial slope (alpha), the maximum photosynthetic rate (ETRmax) and the semi-light saturation point (Ik) increased with the increase of SPM concentration. Fv/F0, ETRmax, and Ik of C. pyrenoidosa showed some degree of recovery after inhibition in the presence of SPM of different particle sizes.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Clorofila A/metabolismo , Clorofila A/farmacologia , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Material Particulado/metabolismo , Estuários , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
6.
mBio ; 15(3): e0334923, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385695

RESUMO

CRF01_AE strains have been shown to form multiple transmission clusters in China, and some clusters have disparate pathogenicity in Chinese men who have sex with men. This study focused on other CRF01_AE clusters prevalent in heterosexual populations. The CD4+ T-cell counts from both cross-section data in National HIV Molecular Epidemiology Survey and seropositive cohort data were used to evaluate the pathogenicity of the CRF01_AE clusters and other HIV-1 sub-types. Their mechanisms of pathogenicity were evaluated by co-receptor tropisms, predicted by genotyping and confirmed with virus isolate phenotyping, as well as inflammation parameters. Our research elucidated that individuals infected with CRF01_AE clusters 1 and 2 exhibited significantly lower baseline CD4+ T-cell counts and greater CD4+ T-cell loss in cohort follow-up, compared with other HIV-1 sub-types and CRF01_AE clusters. The increased pathogenesis of cluster 1 or 2 was associated with higher CXCR4 tropisms, higher inflammation/immune activation, and increased pyroptosis. The protein structure modeling analysis revealed that the envelope V3 loop of clusters 1 and 2 viruses is favorable for CXCR4 co-receptor usage. Imbedded with the most mutating reverse transcriptase, HIV-1 is one of the most variable viruses. CRF01_AE clusters 1 and 2 have been found to have evolved into more virulent strains in regions with predominant heterosexual infections. The virulent strains increased the pressure for early diagnosis and treatment in HIV patients. To save more lives, HIV-1 surveillance systems should be upgraded from serology and genotyping to phenotyping, which could support precision interventions for those infected by virulent viruses. IMPORTANCE: Retroviruses swiftly adapt, employing error-prone enzymes for genetic and phenotypic evolution, optimizing survival strategies, and enhancing virulence levels. HIV-1 CRF01_AE has persistently undergone adaptive selection, and cluster 1 and 2 infections display lower counts and fast loss of CD4+ T cells than other HIV-1 sub-types and CRF01_AE clusters. Its mechanisms are associated with increased CXCR4 tropism due to an envelope structure change favoring a tropism shift from CCR5 to CXCR4, thereby shaping viral phenotype features and impacting pathogenicity. This underscores the significance of consistently monitoring HIV-1 genetic evolution and phenotypic transfer to see whether selection bias across risk groups alters the delicate balance of transmissible versus toxic trade-offs, since virulent strains such as CRF01_AE clusters 1 and 2 could seriously compromise the efficacy of antiviral treatment. Only through such early warning and diagnostic services can precise antiviral treatments be administered to those infected with more virulent HIV-1 strains.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Soropositividade para HIV , HIV-1 , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Masculino , Humanos , HIV-1/genética , Homossexualidade Masculina , Genótipo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos , China/epidemiologia , Inflamação , Antivirais , Filogenia
7.
Plant J ; 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319894

RESUMO

Lignin is an important component of plant cell walls and plays crucial roles in the essential agronomic traits of tea quality and tenderness. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of lignin biosynthesis in tea plants remain unclear. CsWRKY13 acts as a negative regulator of lignin biosynthesis in tea plants. In this study, we identified a GRAS transcription factor, phytochrome A signal transduction 1 (CsPAT1), that interacts with CsWRKY13. Silencing CsPAT1 expression in tea plants and heterologous overexpression in Arabidopsis demonstrated that CsPAT1 positively regulates lignin accumulation. Further investigation revealed that CsWRKY13 directly binds to the promoters of CsPAL and CsC4H and suppresses transcription of CsPAL and CsC4H. CsPAT1 indirectly affects the promoter activities of CsPAL and CsC4H by interacting with CsWRKY13, thereby facilitating lignin biosynthesis in tea plants. Compared with the expression of CsWRKY13 alone, the co-expression of CsPAT1 and CsWRKY13 in Oryza sativa significantly increased lignin biosynthesis. Conversely, compared with the expression of CsPAT1 alone, the co-expression of CsPAT1 and CsWRKY13 in O. sativa significantly reduced lignin accumulation. These results demonstrated the antagonistic regulation of the lignin biosynthesis pathway by CsPAT1 and CsWRKY13. These findings improve our understanding of lignin biosynthesis mechanisms in tea plants and provide insights into the role of the GRAS transcription factor family in lignin accumulation.

8.
AIDS ; 38(3): 427-430, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300161

RESUMO

The available knowledge regarding classification, nomenclature, and reference sequence selection for the various sub-subtypes of circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) is inadequate to fulfill the growing demands of research focused on HIV prevention. We analyzed the spread of CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC strains, mainly in China, to complement and update the existing nomenclature and to propose a reference sequence selection criteria for sub-subtypes of CRFs.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Humanos , China
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2607, 2024 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297111

RESUMO

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), pegylated-interferon-α(PEG-IFNα) and long-term nucleos(t)ide analogs (NUCs) are mainly drugs used to treat HBV infection, but the effectiveness is unsatisfactory in different populations, the exploration of novel therapeutic approaches is necessary. RAD51C is associated with DNA damage repair and plays an important role in the development and progression of tumors. Early cDNA microarray results showed that RAD51C expression was significantly increased in HBV-infected HCC cells, however, the relationship between HBV infection and abnormal expression of RAD51C has not been reported. Therefore, we conducted RT-PCR, western blot, Co-immunoprecipitation(Co-IP), and immunofluorescence(IF) to detect HBV-RAD51C interaction in RAD51C overexpression or interfering HCC cells. Our results showed that RAD51C and HBV X protein(HBX) produced a direct interaction in the nucleus, the HBV infection of HCC cells promoted RAD51C expression, and the increased expression of RAD51C promoted HBV replication. This indicated that RAD51C is closely related to the occurrence and development of HCC caused by HBV infection, and may bring a breakthrough in the the prevention and treatment study of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/genética , Expressão Gênica , Replicação Viral , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética
10.
Dalton Trans ; 53(4): 1691-1697, 2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38167732

RESUMO

Lead-based two-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites (2D HOIPs) are popular materials with various optical properties, which can be tuned through metal ion doping. Due to the size and valence misfit, metal ion dopants in 2D lead-based HOIPs are still limited. In this work, Mn2+, Sb3+ and Bi3+ are doped into 2D (HDA)2PbBr4 (HDA = protonated dopamine) successfully. As a result, the dopants in 2D (HDA)2PbBr4 can induce their characteristic optical spectra, which is studied at different temperatures and excitation powers. The temperature-dependent energy transfer in the Mn-doped sample has been clarified, in which abnormal phenomena including negative thermal quenching have been observed. In addition, the dopant ions can impact the phase transition temperatures of the samples, especially lowering their crystallization temperatures greatly. The mussel-inspired organic cation, feasible metal ion regulation, and superior stability provide (HDA)2PbBr4 potential for further applications.

11.
Thromb J ; 22(1): 2, 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefit-risk profile of direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) therapy in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and atrial fibrillation (AF) has not been well established yet. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DOAC compared with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in patients with HCM and AF. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials.gov were searched to identify studies comparing DOAC with VKA in patients with HCM and AF. The primary endpoint was thromboembolic events. The relative risks and standard errors were pooled by random-effect models using the generic inverse variance method. RESULTS: Seven observational studies involving 9395 patients were included in this meta-analysis. Compared to the VKA group, the DOAC group displayed a similar risk of thromboembolic events [RR (95%CI): 0.93 (0.73-1.20), p = 0.59] and ischemic stroke [RR (95%CI): 0.65 (0.33-1.28), p = 0.22]. The incidence of major bleeding was comparable between the two groups [RR (95%CI): 0.75 (0.49-1.15), p = 0.19]. Meanwhile, DOAC therapy was superior to VKA therapy in reducing the incidences of all-cause death [RR (95%CI): 0.44 (0.35-0.55), p < 0.001], cardiovascular death [RR (95%CI): 0.41 (0.22-0.75), p = 0.004], and intracranial hemorrhage [RR (95%CI): 0.42 (0.24-0.74), p = 0.003]. CONCLUSION: In patients with HCM and AF, DOAC therapy was similar to VKA therapy in reducing the risk of thromboembolic events, without increasing bleeding risk. In addition, the DOAC group displayed significant advantages in reducing mortality and intracranial hemorrhage compared with the VKA group. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to provide more evidence for DOAC therapy in this population.

12.
J Mater Chem B ; 12(6): 1579-1591, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38259153

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) gas molecules have demonstrated remarkable anti-tumor effects and minimal susceptibility to drug resistance, establishing as a promising modality for effective tumor treatment. However, how to realize its stable and efficient delivery in vivo is still a challenge. In this study, we have developed a heat-responsive biomimetic nano erythrocyte (M/B@R) by loading a NO donor (BNN6) onto mesoporous Prussian blue (M-PB) and subsequently enveloping them with red blood cell membranes. The preserved integrity of the red blood cell membrane (RBCm) structure could ensure its excellent biosafety, prolong its circulation time within the bloodstream and then enhance the accumulation of BNN6 at tumor sites. When M/B@R is stimulated by near-infrared light (NIR-II, 808 nm) irradiation, the nanoparticle could generate significant heat for photothermal therapy (PTT) by the characteristic NIR absorption of M-PB and then NO could also be efficiently released. The generated NO further facilitates the formation of ONOO-, a highly toxic species to tumors, while also alleviating tumor hypoxia. Remarkably, M/B@R, with NIR as the excitation source, induces combined lethality through hyperthermia, DNA damage, and tumor hypoxia relief. This novel combination strategy provides a new avenue for PTT/NO-induced cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Ferrocianetos , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Humanos , Fototerapia , Óxido Nítrico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Membrana Celular
13.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(2): 2802-2812, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38066258

RESUMO

Animal experiments have shown that high exposure to ethylene oxide (EO) can cause multiple system damages including the renal system. Recent studies have reported associations between exposure to EO and cancer, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. However, the impact of exposure to EO on the prevalence and prognosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans is scarcely investigated. The study was designed to investigate the associations between EO exposure and incidence and prognosis of CKD among 2900 US adults. Exposure to EO was measured by detecting the levels of hemoglobin adducts of EO (HbEO). The diagnosis of CKD was made according to an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 and/or a urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) > 30 mg/g. Prognosis of CKD was assessed based on the evaluation system initiated by KDIGO that consists of eGFR and UACR. Survey-weighted generalized linear models and proportional odds models were constructed to assess the associations between HbEO and prevalence and prognosis of CKD, with odds ratios (ORs) and proportional odds ratios (PORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) reported, respectively. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) function was performed to depict the correlation between HbEO and CKD. The weighted median (interquartile range) of HbEO was 31.3 (23.1-60.3) pmol/g Hb. A total of 491 participants (16.9%) were diagnosed with CKD, and 153 participants (5.31%) were identified to be at high or very high risk. Referred to the first tertile of HbEO, the adjusted ORs (95% CIs) for CKD in the second and third tertile were 1.46 (0.85, 2.50) and 1.69 (1.00, 2.85), and the adjusted PORs (95% CIs) for prognosis of CKD in the second and third tertile were 1.37 (0.94, 1.99) and 1.58 (1.10, 2.26). When HbEO was analyzed as a continuous variable, the adjusted OR (95% CI) for CKD and POR (95% CI for prognosis of CKD were 1.24 (0.97, 1.58) and 1.22 (1.01, 1.47), respectively. RCS analysis revealed a non-linear positive correlation between HbEO and prevalence of CKD (P for nonlinearity < 0.05). Subgroup analysis indicated smoking status had a significant impact on this association, which remained significant among never smokers but lost significance among smokers. Among US adults, increased EO exposure was independently related to increased CKD prevalence and poor CKD outcomes, which was established in never smokers but not among ever smokers.


Assuntos
Óxido de Etileno , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Adulto , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Prevalência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Hemoglobinas
14.
Virol J ; 20(1): 289, 2023 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38049910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevention efficacy of scaling up HIV/AIDS antiretroviral therapy (ART) on HIV transmission at the population level and determine associated factors of HIV secondary transmission. METHODS: We used HIV longitudinal molecular networks to assess the genetic linkage between baseline and newly diagnosed cases. A generalized estimating equation was applied to determine the associations between demographic, clinical characteristics and HIV transmission. RESULTS: Patients on ART had a 32% lower risk of HIV transmission than those not on ART. A 36% reduction in risk was also seen if ART-patients maintained their HIV viral load lower than 50 copies/mL. A 71% lower risk occurred when patients sustained ART for at least 3 years and kept HIV viral load less than 50 copies/mL. Patients who discontinued ART had a similar HIV transmission risk as those not on ART. Patients who were older, male, non-Han, not single, retired, infected via a heterosexual route of transmission and those who possessed higher CD4 counts had a higher risk of HIV transmission. HIV-1 subtype of CRF01_AE was less transmissible than other subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of ART in a real-world setting was supported by this longitudinal molecular network study. Promoting adherence to ART is crucial to reduce HIV transmission.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , Humanos , Masculino , HIV-1/genética , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas/prevenção & controle , Carga Viral , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico
15.
PLoS One ; 18(12): e0296053, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38128044

RESUMO

In China, few molecular epidemiological data on hepatitis C virus (HCV) are available and all previous studies were limited by small sample sizes or specific population characteristics. Here, we report characterization of the epidemic history and transmission dynamics of HCV strains in China. We included HCV sequences of individuals belonging to three HCV surveillance programs: 1) patients diagnosed with HIV infection at the Beijing HIV laboratory network, most of whom were people who inject drugs and former paid blood donors, 2) men who have sex with men, and 3) the general population. We also used publicly available HCV sequences sampled in China in our study. In total, we obtained 1,603 Ns5b and 865 C/E2 sequences from 1,811 individuals. The most common HCV strains were subtypes 1b (29.1%), 3b (25.5%) and 3a (15.1%). In transmission network analysis, factors independently associated with clustering included the region (OR: 0.37, 95% CI: 0.19-0.71), infection subtype (OR: 0.23, 95% CI: 0.1-0.52), and sampling period (OR: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.27-0.68). The history of the major HCV subtypes was complex, which coincided with some important sociomedical events in China. Of note, five of eight HCV subtype (1a, 1b, 2a, 3a, and 3b), which constituted 81.8% HCV strains genotyped in our study, showed a tendency towards decline in the effective population size during the past decade until present, which is a good omen for the goal of eliminating HCV by 2030 in China.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Masculino , Humanos , Hepacivirus/genética , Homossexualidade Masculina , Filogenia , China/epidemiologia , Genótipo
16.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 8(1): 458, 2023 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38148355

RESUMO

In 2022, a global outbreak of Mpox (formerly monkeypox) occurred in various countries across Europe and America and rapidly spread to more than 100 countries and regions. The World Health Organization declared the outbreak to be a public health emergency of international concern due to the rapid spread of the Mpox virus. Consequently, nations intensified their efforts to explore treatment strategies aimed at combating the infection and its dissemination. Nevertheless, the available therapeutic options for Mpox virus infection remain limited. So far, only a few numbers of antiviral compounds have been approved by regulatory authorities. Given the high mutability of the Mpox virus, certain mutant strains have shown resistance to existing pharmaceutical interventions. This highlights the urgent need to develop novel antiviral drugs that can combat both drug resistance and the potential threat of bioterrorism. Currently, there is a lack of comprehensive literature on the pathophysiology and treatment of Mpox. To address this issue, we conducted a review covering the physiological and pathological processes of Mpox infection, summarizing the latest progress of anti-Mpox drugs. Our analysis encompasses approved drugs currently employed in clinical settings, as well as newly identified small-molecule compounds and antibody drugs displaying potential antiviral efficacy against Mpox. Furthermore, we have gained valuable insights from the process of Mpox drug development, including strategies for repurposing drugs, the discovery of drug targets driven by artificial intelligence, and preclinical drug development. The purpose of this review is to provide readers with a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge on Mpox.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Humanos , /epidemiologia , Anticorpos , Surtos de Doenças , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico
17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(51): 20690-20700, 2023 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38100375

RESUMO

Aspongamide F (1), a novel N-acetyldopamine (NADA) dimer possessing a 6/6/6 ring system, and (±)-aspongamides G (2) and H (3), rare NADA derivatives with fragmented benzene rings, were isolated from Aspongopus chinensis. (±)-Cicadamides C (4) and D (5), the first 1,4-Benzodioxane NADA dimers featuring a seco-benzene system, and (±)-cicadamides E (6) and F (7), the NADA dimers derivatives, were isolated from Periostracum cicadae. The structures of all compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses and computational methods. A plausible biosynthetic pathway for compounds 1-5 was proposed. The biological assay revealed that (+)-4 and (-)-4 exhibit renal protection in a dose-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Benzeno , Heterópteros , Animais , Insetos
18.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1225883, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37942240

RESUMO

Objective: HIV/AIDS remains a global public health problem, and understanding the structure of social networks of people living with HIV/AIDS is of great importance to unravel HIV transmission, propose precision control and reduce new infections. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of HIV transmission in Fujian province, southeastern China from 2015 to 2020 based on HIV molecular network. Methods: Newly diagnosed, treatment-naive HIV/AIDS patients were randomly sampled from Fujian province in 2015 and 2020. Plasma was sampled for in-house genotyping resistance test, and HIV molecular network was created using the HIV-TRACE tool. Factors affecting the inclusion of variables in the HIV molecular network were identified using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: A total of 1,714 eligible cases were finally recruited, including 806 cases in 2015 and 908 cases in 2020. The dominant HIV subtypes were CRF01_AE (41.7%) and CRF07_BC (38.3%) in 2015 and CRF07_BC (53. 3%) and CRF01_AE (29.1%) in 2020, and the prevalence of HIV drug resistance was 4.2% in 2015 and 5.3% in 2020. Sequences of CRF07_BC formed the largest HIV-1 transmission cluster at a genetic distance threshold of both 1.5 and 0.5%. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that ages of under 20 years and over 60 years, CRF07_BC subtype, Han ethnicity, sampling in 2015, absence of HIV drug resistance, married with spouse, sampling from three cities of Jinjiang, Nanping and Quanzhou resulted in higher proportions of sequences included in the HIV transmission molecular network at a genetic distance threshold of 1.5% (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Our findings unravel the HIV molecular transmission network of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS patients in Fujian province, southeastern China, which facilitates the understanding of HIV transmission patterns in the province.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , Humanos , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , HIV-1/genética , Epidemiologia Molecular , China/epidemiologia
19.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 9: e50894, 2023 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37976080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging HIV drug resistance caused by increased usage of antiretroviral drugs (ARV) could jeopardize the success of standardized HIV management protocols in resource-limited settings. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize pretreatment HIV drug resistance (PDR) among HIV-positive individuals and risk factors in China in 2022. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted using 2-stage systematic sampling according to the World Health Organization's surveillance guidelines in 8 provincial-level administrative divisions in 2022. Demographic information and plasma samples were obtained from study participants. PDR was analyzed using the Stanford HIV drug resistance database, and the Tamura-Nei 93 model in HIV-TRACE was used to calculate pairwise matches with a genetic distance of 0.01 substitutions per site. Logistic regression was used to identify and estimate factors associated with PDR. RESULTS: PDR testing was conducted on 2568 participants in 2022. Of the participants, 34.8% (n=893) were aged 30-49 years, 81.4% (n=2091) were male, and 3.2% (n=81) had prior ARV exposure. The prevalence of PDR to protease and reverse transcriptase regions, nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, and protease inhibitors were 7.4% (n=190), 6.3% (n=163), 1.2% (n=32), and 0.2% (n=5), respectively. Yunnan, Jilin, and Zhejiang had much higher PDR incidence than did Sichuan. The prevalence of nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-related drug resistance was 6.1% (n=157) for efavirenz and 6.3% (n=163) for nevirapine. Multivariable logistic regression models indicated that participants who had prior ARV exposure (odds ratio [OR] 7.45, 95% CI 4.50-12.34) and the CRF55_01B HIV subtype (OR 2.61, 95% CI 1.41-4.83) were significantly associated with PDR. Among 618 (24.2%) sequences (nodes) associated with 253 molecular transmission clusters (size range 2-13), drug resistance mutation sites included K103, E138, V179, P225, V106, V108, L210, T215, P225, K238, and A98. CONCLUSIONS: The overall prevalence of PDR in China in 2022 was modest. Targeted genotypic PDR testing and medication compliance interventions must be urgently expanded to address PDR among newly diagnosed people living with HIV in China.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Inibidores da Transcriptase Reversa/farmacologia , Inibidores da Transcriptase Reversa/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , HIV-1/genética , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Farmacorresistência Viral/genética
20.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 16(11): 1727-1733, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38028515

RESUMO

AIM: To explore changes in the optic disc and peripapillary atrophy (PPA) in school-age children with ametropia using color fundus photography combined with artificial intelligence (AI) technology. METHODS: Based on the retrospective case-controlled study, 226 eyes of 113 children aged aged 6-12y were enrolled from October 2021 to May 2022. According to the results of spherical equivalent (SE), the children were divided into four groups: low myopia group (66 eyes), moderate myopia group (60 eyes), high myopia group (50 eyes) and emmetropia control group (50 eyes). All subjects underwent un-aided visual acuity, dilated pupil optometry, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure, ocular axis measurement and color fundus photography. RESULTS: The width of PPA, horizontal diameter ratio of PPA to the optic disc and area ratio of PPA to the optic disc were significantly different among the four groups (P<0.05). The width of the nasal and temporal neuroretinal rim, the roundness of the optic disc, the height of PPA, the vertical diameter ratio of PPA to the optic disc, and the average density of PPA in the high myopia group were significantly different compared with the other three groups (P<0.05). There were strong negative correlations between SE and area ratio of PPA to the optic disc (r=-0.812, P<0.001) and strong positive correlation between axial length (AL) and area ratio of PPA to the optic disc (r=0.736, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: In school-age children with high myopia, the nasal and temporal neuroretinal rims are narrowed and even lost, which have high sensitivity. The area ratio of the PPA to the optic disc could be used as an early predictor of myopia progression, which is of great significance for the development prevention and management of myopia.

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