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2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8319, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33859273

RESUMO

With the rapid increase in HIV prevalence of men who have sex with men (MSM) in recent years and common human migration and travelling across different provinces in China, MSM are now finding it easier to meet each other, which might contribute to local HIV epidemics as well as fueling cross-province transmission. We performed a cross-sectional survey in 2018-2019 to investigate the current HIV subtype diversity and inferred HIV strain transmission origin among MSM in Guangxi province, China based on a phylogenetic analysis. Based on 238 samples, we found that the HIV-1 subtype diversity was more complicated than before, except for three major HIV subtypes/circulating recombinant forms (CRFs): CRF07_BC, CRF01_AE, CRF55_01B, five other subtypes/CRFs (CRF59_01B, B, CRF08_BC, CRF67_01B, CRF68_01B) and five unique recombinant forms (URFs) were detected. In total, 76.8% (169/220) of samples were infected with HIV from local circulating strains, while others originated from other provinces, predominantly Guangdong and Shanghai. The high diversity of HIV recombinants and complicated HIV transmission sources in Guangxi MSM indicates that there has been an active sexual network between HIV positive MSM both within and outside Guangxi without any effective prevention. Inter-province collaboration must be enforced to provide tailored HIV prevention and control services to MSM in China.

3.
Insect Sci ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750010

RESUMO

Sugar transporters (STs), which mainly mediate cellular sugar exchanges, play critical physiological roles in living organisms, and they may be responsible for sugar exchanges among various insect tissues. However, the molecular and physiological functions of insect STs are largely unknown. Here, 16 STs of Helicoverpa armigera were identified. A phylogenetic analysis classified the putative HaSTs into 12 sub-families, and those identified in this study were distributed into 6 sub-families. Real-time polymerase chain reaction indicated that the 16 HaSTs had diverse tissue-specific expression levels. One transporter, HaST10, was highly expressed in thoracic muscles. A functional study using a Xenopus oocyte expression system revealed that HaST10 mediated both H+ -driven trehalose and Na+ -driven glucose antiport activities with high transport efficiency and low affinity levels. A HaST10 knockout clearly impaired the performance of H. armigera. Thus, HaST10 may participate in sugar-supply regulation and have essential physiological roles in H. armigera.

4.
Life Sci ; 277: 119426, 2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785342

RESUMO

Over the past few years, tumor immunotherapy has emerged as an innovative tumor treatment and owned incomparable advantages over other tumor therapy. With unique complexity and uncertainty, immunotherapy still need helper to apply in the clinic. Galectins, modulated in tumor microenvironment, can regulate the disorders of innate and adaptive immune system resisting tumor growth. Considering the role of galectins in tumor immunosuppression, combination therapy of targeted anti-galectins and immunotherapy may be a promising tumor treatment. This brief review summarizes the expression and immune functions of different galectins in tumor microenvironment and discusses the potential value of anti-galectins in combination with checkpoint inhibitors in tumor immunotherapy.

5.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 10(1): 497-506, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657968

RESUMO

HIV-1 CRF08_BC has become a major epidemic in heterosexuals and intravenous drug users (IDUs) in southern China. In order to evaluate the trends of its epidemic and facilitate targeted HIV prevention, we constructed the genetic transmission networks based on its pol sequences, derived from the National HIV Molecular Epidemiology Survey. Through retrospective network analysis, to study the epidemiological and demographic correlations with the transmission network. Of the 1,829 study subjects, 639 (34.9%) were clustered in 151 transmission networks. Factors associated with increased clustering include IDUs, heterosexual men, young adults and people with lower education (P < 0.05 for all). The IDUs, MSM, young adult and person with low education had more potential transmission links as well (P < 0.05 for all). The most crossover links were found between heterosexual women and IDUs, with 30.9% heterosexual women linked to IDUs. The crossover links heterosexual women were mainly those with middle age and single (P < 0.001). This study indicated that the HIV-1 CRF08_BC epidemic was still on going in China with more than one third of the infected people clustered in the transmission networks. Meanwhile, the study could help identify the active CRF08_BC spreader in the local community and greatly facilitate précising AIDS prevention with targeted intervention.

7.
Pathogens ; 10(3)2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668946

RESUMO

Patients with antiretroviral therapy interruption have a high risk of virological failure when re-initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART), especially those with HIV drug resistance. Next-generation sequencing may provide close scrutiny on their minority drug resistance variant. A cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with ART interruption in five regions in China in 2016. Through Sanger and next-generation sequencing in parallel, HIV drug resistance was genotyped on their plasma samples. Rates of HIV drug resistance were compared by the McNemar tests. In total, 174 patients were included in this study, with a median 12 (interquartile range (IQR), 6-24) months of ART interruption. Most (86.2%) of them had received efavirenz (EFV)/nevirapine (NVP)-based first-line therapy for a median 16 (IQR, 7-26) months before ART interruption. Sixty-one (35.1%) patients had CRF07_BC HIV-1 strains, 58 (33.3%) CRF08_BC and 35 (20.1%) CRF01_AE. Thirty-four (19.5%) of the 174 patients were detected to harbor HIV drug-resistant variants on Sanger sequencing. Thirty-six (20.7%), 37 (21.3%), 42 (24.1%), 79 (45.4%) and 139 (79.9) patients were identified to have HIV drug resistance by next-generation sequencing at 20% (v.s. Sanger, p = 0.317), 10% (v.s. Sanger, p = 0.180), 5% (v.s. Sanger, p = 0.011), 2% (v.s. Sanger, p < 0.001) and 1% (v.s. Sanger, p < 0.001) of detection thresholds, respectively. K65R was the most common minority mutation, of 95.1% (58/61) and 93.1% (54/58) in CRF07_BC and CRF08_BC, respectively, when compared with 5.7% (2/35) in CRF01_AE (p < 0.001). In 49 patients that followed-up a median 10 months later, HIV drug resistance mutations at >20% frequency such as K103N, M184VI and P225H still existed, but with decreased frequencies. The prevalence of HIV drug resistance in ART interruption was higher than 15% in the survey. Next-generation sequencing was able to detect more minority drug resistance variants than Sanger. There was a sharp increase in minority drug resistance variants when the detection threshold was below 5%.

8.
Angiology ; : 33197211000495, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719617

RESUMO

We performed a retrospective analysis involving 1269 patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) to evaluate the predictive value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on long-term outcomes. The primary outcomes were all-cause mortality and combined end point events (CEEs). Cox proportional hazards regression analysis and net reclassification improvement (NRI) analysis were performed. During a median follow-up of 3.32 years, 285 deaths and 376 CEEs occurred. With the elevation of the NLR, the incidence of all-cause mortality (2.77, 4.14, 6.12, and 12.18/100 person-years) and CEEs (4.19, 7.40, 8.03, and 15.22/100 person-years) significantly increased. Multivariate Cox analysis indicated that the highest NLR quartile was independently associated with the incidence of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.77, 95% CI: 1.19-2.65) and CEEs (HR = 1.66, 95% CI: 1.18-2.33). When the NLR was analyzed as a continuous variable, a 1-unit increment in log NLR was related to 134% increased risk of all-cause mortality and 119% increased risk of CEEs. Net reclassification improvement analysis revealed that NLR significantly improved risk stratification for all-cause death and CEEs by 15.0% and 9.6%, respectively. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio could be an independent predictor of long-term outcomes in patients with AF.

9.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(2): 513-520, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650360

RESUMO

We explored the effects of drought stress on photosynthetic characteristics and non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) accumulation of the timberline tree species Betula ermanii in Changbai Mountain with a drought control experiment. The results showed that drought significantly reduced the net photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance, but increased water use efficiency (WUE) of B. ermanii seedlings. Drought dramatically improved the contents of soluble sugar and total NSC in leaves, barks, stems, and roots of B. ermanii seedlings, but significantly reduced their starch content. The stomatal conductance, photosynthetic rate and WUE decreased rapidly as the drought continued, whereas the contents of soluble sugar, starch and NSC increased and then declined. At the end of the experiment, 90% of the leaves turned yellow, and the ratios of soluble sugar to starch in the stems, barks and roots under the drought treatment were significantly higher than those in the control. These results demonstrated that B. ermanii might be a drought-avoidance species that could reduce water loss by rapidly reducing stomatal conductance and improving WUE under drought stress. B. ermanii might have evolved priority storage strategy to cope with water deficit through improving the content of soluble sugar in organs and increasing the transformation rate between starch and sugar. With the extension of drought stress, seedlings tended to die, since water stress might exceed the threshold of the plant self-regulation capacity. However, the content of NSC in organs did not decrease, suggesting that the death of B. ermanii under drought stress might not be caused by carbon starvation.


Assuntos
Secas , Plântula , Betula , Carboidratos , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta , Água
10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6657112, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628803

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the mortality and attrition rates within the first year of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) in rural Guangxi, China. Design: Observational cohort study. Setting. The core treatment indicators and data were collected with standard and essential procedures as per the Free ART Manual guidelines across all the rural health care centers of Guangxi. Participants. 58,115 PLHIV who were under ART were included in the study. Interventions. The data collected included sociodemographic characteristics that consist of age, sex, marital status, route of HIV transmission, CD4 cell count before ART, initial ART regimen, level of ART site, and year of ART initiation. Primary and Secondary Outcome Measures. Mortality and attrition rate following ART initiation. Results: The average mortality rate was 5.94 deaths, and 17.52 attritions per 100 person-years within the first year of ART initiation among PLHIV. The mortality rate was higher among intravenous drug users (Adjusted Hazard Ratio (AHR) 1.27, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.14-1.43), prefecture as a level of ART site (AHR 1.14, 95% CI 1.02-1.28), and county as the level of ART site (AHR 2.12, 95% CI 1.90-2.37). Attrition was higher among intravenous drug users (AHR 1.87, 95% CI 1.75-2.00), the first-line ART containing AZT (AHR 1.09, 95% CI 1.03-1.16), and first-line ART containing LVP/r (AHR 1.34, 95% CI 1.23-1.46). Conclusion: The mortality and attrition rates were both at the highest level in the first year of post-ART; continued improvement in the quality of HIV treatment and care is needed.

11.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33623121

RESUMO

Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation contributes to many vascular inflammatory diseases. The present study tested the hypothesis that microRNA-17-3p (miR-17-3p) suppresses the pro-inflammatory responses via NF-κB signaling in vascular endothelium. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), transfected with or without miR-17-3p agomir/antagomir, were exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and the inflammatory responses were determined. The cellular target of miR-17-3p was examined with dual-luciferase reporter assay. Mice were treated with miR-17-3p agomir and the degree of LPS-induced inflammation was determined. In HUVECs, LPS caused upregulation of miR-17-3p. Overexpression of miR-17-3p in HUVECs inhibited NIK and IKKß binding protein (NIBP) protein expression and suppressed LPS-induced phosphorylation of inhibitor of kappa Bα (IκBα) and NF-κB-p65. The reduced NF-κB activity was paralleled by decreased protein levels of NF-κB-target gene products including pro-inflammatory cytokine [interleukin 6], chemokines [interleukin 8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1] and adhesion molecules [vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and E-selectin]. Immunostaining revealed that overexpression of miR-17-3p reduced monocyte adhesion to LPS-stimulated endothelial cells. Inhibition of miR-17-3p with antagomir has the opposite effect on LPS-induced inflammatory responses in HUVECs. The anti-inflammatory effect of miR-17-3p was mimicked by NIBP knockdown. In mice treated with LPS, miR-17-3p expression was significantly increased. Systemic administration of miR-17-3p for 3 days suppressed LPS-induced NF-κB activation and monocyte adhesion to endothelium in lung tissues of the mice. In conclusion, miR-17-3p inhibits LPS-induced NF-κB activation in HUVECs by targeting NIBP. The findings therefore suggest that miR-17-3p is a potential therapeutic target/agent in the management of vascular inflammatory diseases.

12.
Int J Infect Dis ; 104: 306-314, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33444750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) quasispecies diversity presents a large barrier to the eradication of HIV. The aim of this study was to investigate intrahost HIV quasispecies diversity and evolutionary patterns underpinning the mechanisms of viral pathogenesis during antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: Forty-five participants with HIV-1 infection were enrolled in a follow-up cohort for >84 months in 2004, and received a lamivudine-based first-line ART regimen. Blood samples were collected every 6 months to measure viral load and CD4+ cell count. Ultra-deep sequencing and phylogenetic analysis were used to characterize the dynamics governing quasispecies diversity of HIV-1 circulating between plasma RNA and cellular DNA of participants with treatment failure (TF, n = 20) or virologic suppression (VS, n = 25). RESULTS: Analysis of the distribution of intrahost single-nucleotide variations (iSNVs) and their mutated allele frequencies revealed that approximately 65% of the quasispecies co-occurred in plasma HIV RNA and cellular DNA either before or after ART. The number and frequency of iSNVs are more representative of intrahost HIV diversity, and have better generalizability than phylogenetic inference by measurement of phylogenetic associations. Furthermore, drug-resistance-associated mutations (DRAMs) accumulated to high levels, dramatically increasing the DRAM-to-total-mutation ratio for TF patients. Linear regression analysis revealed that emergent mutations accumulated faster in TF patients compared with VS patients, at a rate of 0.02 mutations/day/kb. CONCLUSIONS: Based on iSNV analysis, the results demonstrate the dynamics of intrahost HIV quasispecies diversity in patients on ART, and provide a novel insight into the persistence of HIV and development of DRAMs.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/genética , Quase-Espécies , Adulto , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , HIV-1/classificação , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Filogenia , Carga Viral
13.
AIDS ; 35(6): 947-955, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443369

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The WHO has recommended that antiretroviral therapy be provided to all HIV patients to reduce future HIV transmission rates. However, few studies have examined this public health strategy at the population level in a real-world setting. METHODS: In this longitudinal genetic-network study in Guangxi, China, the baseline and follow-up data were collected from HIV patients in 2014 and newly diagnosed HIV patients from 2015 to 2018, respectively. The prevention efficacy was used to estimate the effect of treatment-as-prevention in reducing HIV secondary transmission. RESULTS: Among 804 newly diagnosed HIV patients during 2015-2018, 399 (49.6%) of them genetically linked to HIV patients at baseline during 2014-2017. The overall proportion of genetic linkage between newly diagnosed HIV patients during 2015-2018 with untreated and treated HIV patients at baseline during 2014-2017 was 6.2 and 2.9%, respectively. The prevention efficacy in HIV transmission for treated HIV patients was 53.6% [95% confidence interval (95% CI): 42.1-65.1]. Subgroup analyses indicated an 80.3% (95% CI: 74.8-85.8) reduction in HIV transmission among HIV patients who were treated for 4 years or more and had viral loads less than 50 copies/ml. There was no significant reduction in HIV transmission among treated HIV patients who dropped out or who had missing viral load measures. CONCLUSION: Our study results support the feasibility of treating all HIV patients for future reductions in HIV transmission at the population level in real-world settings. Comprehensive intervention prevention programmes are urgently needed.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , China , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Carga Viral
14.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 10(1): 256-265, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512306

RESUMO

CRF55_01B is a relatively "young" HIV strain. At present, we do not know much about its transmission characteristics in China. So, to describe the transmission characteristics of CRF55_01B strain among provinces and HIV infected people, and to analyze the reasons for its rapid epidemic in China, a total of 1237 subjects infected with CRF55_01B from 31 provinces spanning a period of 12 years from 2007 to 2018 were enrolled in this study. By constructing a molecular network and Bayesian correlation analysis, we found that CRF55_01B increased exponentially from 2005 to 2009 after its origin in Shenzhen, and increased rapidly after 2010. CRF55_01B began to spread to other provinces in 2007. After 2010, the strain showed a trend of rapid spread and epidemic from Guangdong-Shenzhen to other provinces in China. Guangdong, Shenzhen, Hunan, Beijing, Guangxi, Hubei, Jiangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Anhui, Shanghai, Shandong, Henan, and Yunnan were the key provinces of CRF55_01B transmission. CRF55_01B, although originating from men who sex with men (MSM), was transmitted among heterosexuals in 2010. Males in heterosexuals played a crucial role in the transmission and diffusion of this strain. We also revealed that CRF55_01B might spread rapidly along with the rapid development of the Beijing-Guangzhou and Beijing-Kowloon railways. This study suggests that if we detect the spread of MSMs in time through molecular monitoring in the early stage of the epidemic, it can help us control the epidemic early and prevent its spread, which is of great significance to China's national prevention and control of HIV-1.

15.
Histol Histopathol ; : 18306, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33447989

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To discover the role of miR-590-5p in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) progression and the corresponding mechanism via the targeting RECK. METHODS: OSCC (n=85) and normal oral tissues (n = 60) were collected to quantify the miR-590-5p expression by using qRT-PCR. Then SCC-15 and OEC-M1 cells were selected and divided into Mock, inhibitor NC, miR-590-5p inhibitor, si-RECK and miR-590-5p inhibitor + si-RECK groups. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was used to verify if miR-590-5p could target RECK. The biological behaviors of OSCC cells were evaluated by MTT, Wound-healing, Transwell and Flow cytometry. The expression of miR-590-5p and RECK was measured by qRT-PCR and Western blotting , respectively. RESULTS: Overexpression of miR-590-5p was found in OSCC tissues. The expression of miR-590-5p was significantly associated with the clinical TNM stage, differentiation degree, and lymph node metastasis of OSCC. RECK was identified as a direct target of miR-590-5p. Compared with the Mock group, cells in the miR-590-5p inhibitor group were decreased in terms of proliferation, invasion, and migration, and increased in cell apoptosis, accompanied by down-regulated miR-590-5p, Bcl-2/Bax and MMP-9, and up-regulated RECK. By contrast, si-RECK group presented completely opposite changes, and si-RECK reversed the inhibitory effect of miR-590-5p inhibitor on the OSCC cell growth. CONCLUSION: MiR-590-5p expression was obviously increased in OSCC, and inhibiting miR-590-5p enhanced the expression of its target gene RECK, thereby suppressing proliferation, migration and invasion of OSCC cells and promoting apoptosis of OSCC cells.

16.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 93, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HIV-transmitted drug resistance (TDR) is found in antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve populations infected with HIV-1 with TDR mutations and is important for guiding future first- and second-line ART regimens. We investigated TDR and its effect on CD4 count in ART-naïve youths from the China-Myanmar border near the Golden Triangle to better understand TDR and effectively guide ART. METHODS: From 2009 to 2017, 10,832 HIV-1 infected individuals were newly reported along the Dehong border of China, 573 ART-naïve youths (16 ~ 25 y) were enrolled. CD4 counts were obtained from whole blood samples. HIV pol gene sequences were amplified from RNA extracted from plasma. The Stanford REGA program and jpHMM recombination prediction tool were used to determine genotypes. TDR mutations (TDRMs) were analyzed using the Stanford Calibrated Population Resistance tool. RESULTS: The most common infection route was heterosexuals (70.51%), followed by people who inject drugs (PWID, 19.20%) and men who have sex with men (MSM) (8.90%). The distribution of HIV genotypes mainly included the unique recombinant form (URF) (44.08%), 38.68% were CRFs, 13.24% were subtype C and 4.04% were subtype B. The prevalence of TDR increased significantly from 2009 to 2017 (3.48 to 9.48%) in ART-naïve youths (4.00 to 13.16% in Burmese subjects, 3.33 to 5.93% in Chinese subjects), and the resistance to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), nucleoside and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), and protease inhibitors (PIs) were 3.49, 2.62, and 0.52%, respectively. Most (94.40%, n = 34) of HIV-1-infected patients with TDRM had mutation that conferred resistance to a single drug class. The most common mutations Y181I/C and K103N, were found in 7 and 9 youths, respectively. The mean CD4 count was significantly lower among individuals with TDRMs (373/mm3 vs. 496/mm3, p = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: The increase in the prevalence of HIV-1 TDR increase and a low CD4 count of patients with TDRMs in the China-Myanmar border suggests the need for considering drug resistance before initiating ART in HIV recombination hotspots.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Viral , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , China/epidemiologia , Farmacorresistência Viral/genética , Feminino , Genes pol/genética , Genótipo , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , HIV-1/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Mianmar/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
17.
Talanta ; 223(Pt 1): 121706, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303156

RESUMO

Early and accurate detection of breast cancer plays an important role in improving the survival rates of patients. In this work, we designed and synthesized the Gal-NAc-imprinted nanoparticles (GIPs) via boronate-affinity glycan-oriented surface imprinting strategy. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) were hybridized with fluorescent silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) to target Tn antigens. However, the single fluorescent imaging mode is not conducive to obtaining accurate diagnosis, due to its poor tissue penetration. To resolve this obstacle, doping gadolinium (Gd) into SiNPs was adopted to emerge an extra significant magnetic resonance (MR) signal, achieving highly sensitive fluorescence imaging and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with high spatial resolution. GIPs had uniform particle size around 31.8 nm, and exhibited satisfactory fluorescence stability. The maximum adsorption capacity of GIPs was 1.15 µM/g with a high imprinting factor (IF) of 7.5. Confocal laser scanning microscope imaging revealed that the GIPs had excellent specific recognition ability with a low cytotoxicity. GIPs also showed an outstanding MR performance on cancer cells. Therefore, the synthesized nanoparticles had desirable performance in dual-model imaging to specifically target recognition cancer cells. It may have a tremendous potential in real biological samples.

18.
Nanoscale ; 13(2): 886-900, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367454

RESUMO

Multimodal imaging-guided accurate tumor-targeting and efficient synergistic therapy are of great importance for cancer therapy in vitro and in vivo. In this study, a biocompatible, tumor-targeted, on-demand chemo-/photothermal therapeutic nanoplatform (HIDSiGdNPs@PDA-HA) based on hollow mesoporous organic silica nanoparticles (HMONs) was used for bimodal imaging and multi-factor stepwise response for drug release and treatment. Targeted molecule hyaluronic acid (HA) promoted the endocytosis of HIDSiGdNPs@PDA-HA in HeLa cancer cells. The gatekeeper pH-/light-sensitive PDA coating was stimulated by the endogenous tumor acidic microenvironment and exogenous NIR laser to release doxorubicin (DOX). Thereafter, HMONs containing S-S bonds were reduced and degraded by endogenous glutathione (GSH), and the drug was further released rapidly to kill cancer cells. Importantly, the photothermal reagent indocyanine green (ICG) was always retained in the carrier, improving the effectiveness of photothermal therapy. The loaded Gd-doped silicon nanoparticles (SiGdNPs) combined with DOX and ICG led to multi-color fluorescence imaging in vitro and magnetic resonance imaging in vivo to realize targeted diagnosis and track drug distribution. The treatment results of tumor-bearing mice also proved the excellent synergistic therapy. It is believed that the multifunctional nanomaterials with dual mode imaging capability and targeted and controlled collaborative therapy would provide an alternative for accurate diagnosis and efficient treatment.

19.
BMC Med ; 18(1): 383, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33287816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) is a severe condition with high mortality due to lack of efficient therapy. Until now, the use of methylprednisolone (MP) in HBV-ACLF is still controversial. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MP in HBV-ACLF. METHODS: Totally 171 HBV-ACLF patients from three medical centers were randomly allocated into MP group (83 patients treated with MP intravenously guttae for 7 days plus standard treatment: 1.5 mg/kg/day [day 1-3], 1 mg/kg/day [day 4-5], and 0.5 mg/kg/day [day 6-7]) and control group (88 patients treated with standard treatment). The primary endpoints were 6-month mortality and prognostic factors for 6-month survival. The survival time, cause of death, adverse events, liver function, and HBV DNA replication were analyzed. RESULTS: The 6-month mortality was significantly lower in MP group than control group [32.4% vs. 42.5%, P = 0.0037]. MP treatment was an independent prognostic factor for 6-month survival [HR (95% CI) 0.547(0.308-0.973); P = 0.040]. Factors associated with reduced 6-month mortality in MP group included HBV DNA and lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR) (P < 0.05). Based on ROC curve, LMR+MELD had a better predictive value for prognosis of HBV-ACLF under MP treatment. No significant difference in HBV DNA replication was observed between groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MP therapy is an effective and safe clinical strategy in HBV-ACLF, increasing the 6-month survival rate. Clinical trials registered at http://www.chictr.org.cn as ChiCTR-TRC-13003113 registered on 16 March 2013.

20.
AIDS Care ; : 1-6, 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33345591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The primary risk of HIV transmission in China has shifted from injecting drug use (IDU) to sexual contact since 2006. We evaluated the prevalence trends of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), syphilis, and sexual and drug use behaviors among drug users. Methods: People who use drugs participated in any of four rounds of cross-sectional surveys during 2010-2017 in Chongqing. Participants were tested for HIV, HCV, and syphilis. Questionnaire interviewing was conducted to collect behavioral information. Chi-square and trend tests were employed to assess the changes in diseases and behaviors over time. Results: A total of 8,171 people who inject drugs (PWID) and 5,495 non-injection drug users (NIDU) were included in the analyses. HIV prevalence among PWID in four rounds of the survey in 2010-11, 2012-13, 2014-15, and 2016-17 was 11.5%, 9.7%, 6.5%, and 6.9%, and among NIDU, 2.4%, 1.4%, 2.1% and 2.6%, respectively. HCV prevalence among PWID was 83.5%, 85.2%, 67.1% and 79.7% (P < 0.001), and among NIDU, 22.2%, 10.8%, 13.4% and 14.8%, (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The declining HIV and HCV prevalence among PWID is coincident with declining risky drug use behaviors. Tailored disease prevention and interventions targeting PWID and NIDU are needed.

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