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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 234-237, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-991612

RESUMO

Objective:To learn about the cognition of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) prevention knowledge among key population in the IDD area of Jilin Province, and to evaluate the effect of health education.Methods:From 2015 to 2019, 10 counties (cities, districts, hereinafter referred to as counties) in Jilin Province were selected as project counties every year. Public health education covered the entire project county. In each project county, 3 project townships were selected, and students of grades 4-6 were selected from the central primary schools of each project township for school health education. In each project township, 3 project villages were selected to carry out community health education. Before and after health education, 30 fifth-grade students were selected from the central primary school of each project township, and 15 housewives were selected from the vicinity of each primary school to conduct a questionnaire survey on IDD prevention knowledge.Results:After health education, the overall awareness rate of IDD prevention knowledge among primary school students and housewives in Jilin Province was 96.26% (13 324/13 842) and 96.40% (6 819/7 074), which was significantly higher than that before the intervention [65.36% (9 032/13 818) and 71.26% (5 039/7 071)], and the differences were statistically significant (χ 2 = 4 258.34, 1 647.92, P < 0.001), and the awareness rates of primary school students and housewives increased by 30.90% and 25.14%, respectively. Conclusion:Health education has significantly increased the awareness rate of IDD prevention knowledge among key populations in Jilin Province, and is an important measure to ensure the continuous elimination of IDD.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-989351

RESUMO

As adult stem cells, human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have the potential for self-replication, renewal, and multidirection differentiation. Their unique biological function determines their wide clinical indications. Researchers can define the quality attributes of hMSCs according to clinical expectations. The quality study of hMSCs should consider microbiological safety, biological safety, cell biological properties, and biological effectiveness. Quality evaluation is a common physical, chemical, and biological evaluation method for hMSCs. Traditional product safety evaluation strategies cannot fully adapt to current technology and product usage characteristics. Researchers have developed new, effective evaluation methods based on current technology. In terms of product efficacy evaluation strategies, an efficacy evaluation system has been gradually established and standardized according to the intended clinical use and based on quality studies, which can enable researchers to evaluate hMSCs products more comprehensively at different stages and processes. In this paper, the progress of quality research and evaluation of human mesenchymal stem cells was reviewed to provide a reference for the utilization of stem cells in the field of regenerative medicine.

3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-883983

RESUMO

Objective:To explore the effects of sulforaphane (SFN), an activator of Nrf2, on anxiety and fear memory in Alzheimer's disease(AD) model mice and mechanism.Methods:The AD mice and wild type (WT) mice with the same background were randomly divided into four groups ( n=12 for each group): wild type + normal saline group (WT+ NS), wild type + sulforaphane (WT+ SFN), AD model + normal saline group (AD+ NS) and AD model + sulforaphane group (AD+ SFN). SFN was dissolved in normal saline (0.9% NaCl) and prepared solution with concentration of 1 g/L.According to body weight, mice in WT+ SFN group and AD+ SFN group were intraperitoneally injected with SFN (10 mg/kg), and mice in WT+ NS group and AD+ NS group were intraperitoneally injected with the same volume of normal saline once a day for 30 days.The open field test was used to detect the autonomous exploration ability and anxious behavior of mice.The elevated cross maze was used to detect the anxiety of mice.Conditional fear test was used to test the fear memory behavior of mice.Finally, the expression of superoxide dismutase(SOD) and malondialdehyde(MDA) in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex were detected by ELISA.Two-way ANOVA analysis was performed using GraphPad Prism 8.0.2 software. Results:In the open field test, the percentage of time in central region in AD+ SFN group ((9.99+ 0.37)%) was higher than that of AD+ NS group ((8.47+ 0.42)%) ( q=3.842, P<0.05). In the elevated cross maze, the percentage of time in open arm of AD+ SFN group ((26.2±1.6)%) was higher than that in AD+ NS group ((15.8±1.0)%) ( q=7.452, P<0.01). In the conditional fear test, all the mice of the four groups developed the fear memory, but AD+ SFN group showed higher freezing time ratio ((64.5±3.8)%) than AD+ NS group ((51.0±4.3)%)( q=5.266, P<0.01) in the testing stage.After SFN intervention, the important indicator of oxidative stress, the expression levels of SOD in hippocampus ( q=6.370, P<0.01) and cortex ( q=7.858, P<0.01) of AD mice increased, while the level of MDA in hippocampus ( q=5.146, P<0.05) and cortex ( q=5.833, P<0.01) decreased. Conclusion:SFN may inhibit oxidative stress through Nrf2 pathway, thereby improving anxiety and fear memory in AD mice.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 761-765, 2021.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-909093

RESUMO

Objective:To understand the awareness status about prevention and treatment of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) in the target population in Jilin Province, and to evaluate the effect of IDD health education.Methods:In 2019, 10 counties (cities, districts) were selected as project counties in iodine deficiency area of Jilin Province, to carry out the health education activities of IDD prevention and treatment. And 3 townships (towns) were selected from each project county, and school health education were carried out among students of grade 4-6 in central primary schools in each township (town); 3 villages were selected from each township (town) to carry out community health education. Before and after health education intervention, 30 students from one class of grade 5 from each central primary school and 15 housewives in the place where the school was located were selected to conduct a questionnaire survey of IDD prevention and treatment knowledge in each township (town). The awareness rate of IDD prevention and treatment knowledge and intervention effect were evaluated.Results:A total of 900 primary school students and 460 housewives were investigated in the baseline survey, the awareness rates of IDD prevention and treatment knowledge were 68.30% (1 844/2 700) and 80.14% (1 106/1 380). After the health education intervention, 905 primary school students and 459 housewives were investigated, and the awareness rate of IDD prevention and treatment knowledge was 95.95% (2 605/2 715) and 96.22% (1 325/1 377), respectively. Compared with that before the intervention, there was an increase of 27.65 and 16.08 percentage points, respectively, the differences were statistically significant (χ 2=706.239, 170.904, P < 0.01). Conclusion:After carrying out of health education, the awareness rates of IDD prevention and treatment knowledge of primary school students and housewives in iodine deficiency area of Jilin Province are significantly increased and health education has achieved good results; IDD health education should be continuously strengthened.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1374-1381, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-771792

RESUMO

As one of the top 10 breakthrough and emerging technologies in the world in 2018, cultured meat has attracted extensive attention due to its advantages of traceable origin, food safety and green sustainable development. Europe and the United States have invested a lot of resources to focus on research about cultured meat, which will affect our domestic meat and food market in the future. At present, the challenge of cultured meat production is how to efficiently simulate the growth environment of animal muscle tissue and realize large-scale production in bioreactor. Although cell tissue engineering has been deeply studied and achieved varying successful application, it is still difficult to obtain large-scale cultured meat production due to the high cost and technical requirements. Therefore, the development of efficient and safe cell culture technology is an urgent problem for large-scale cultured meat production, which can effectively reduce costs and achieve industrial application. In this review, we summarize the research progress of animal cell tissue culture technology used for cultured meat, and highlighted the current challenges and possible strategies in further applications.


Assuntos
Animais , Reatores Biológicos , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Carne , Engenharia Tecidual , Estados Unidos
6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 694-697,702, 2015.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-603022

RESUMO

Objectives To investigate the epidemiology of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the common genotypes in Liaocheng city, Shandong province, China, and to evaluate the application value of high risk HPV detection in cervical cytology with different pathological conditions.Methods A total of 19 707 permanent female residents in Liaocheng were recruited who were married or had sexual life, aged from 18 to 70 years old.They were screened for cervical cancer by thinprep liquid-based cytology test (TCT) from January 2013 to January 2014.The screen positive rate was 4.24 % (837/19 707), and 785 volunteers aged from 21 to 65 years old were recalled.The xMAP bead-based hybridization and flowcytometry analysis were used for genotyping.The data were analyzed by comparison and description.Results According to TCT, among 785 cases, there were 478 cases of atypical squamous epithelium of unknown significance (ASCUS) and atypical glandular epithelium of unknown significance (AGCUS), 175 cases of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LISL), 127 cases of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), 5 cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (ACC).The positive rate of high-risk HPV was 62.8 % (493/785).The risk age of infection was 26-30 years old (87.7 %, 71/81) and 51-55 years old (79.7 %, 51/64), while a low risk one was found in patients older than 55 years old (28.6 %, 14/54).The top five high-risk subtypes of HPV were HPV16 (21.5 %, 169/785), HPV52 (12.2 %, 96/785), HPV58 (9.8 %, 77/785), HPV33 (9.7 %, 76/785), HPV18 (7.5 %, 59/785).Single infection accounted for 45.0 % (353/785), while multi-infection for 17.8 % (140/785).98 cases were infected by two subtypes, 37 cases by three subtypes, 2 cases by four subtypes, 2 cases by five subtypes and 1 case by six subtypes.Conclusions Compared with pure cervical TCT screening, high-risk HPV infection detection is an effective method for cervical cancer screening, which can improve the specificity of cervical cancer screening and reduce the omission diagnostic rate.In Liaocheng, HPV subtypes 16, 52, 58, 33, 18 and multi-infection are more prevalent.Women belonging to 26-30 or 51-55 years old are identified as high-risk population.Screening is important for this group to discover early cervical lesions.

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