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1.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28553, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596011

RESUMO

Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by progressive limb weakness, dysphagia, dysphonia, and respiratory failure due to degeneration of upper and lower motor neurons. The pathogenesis of ALS is still unclear. Neuroinflammation has been found to be involved in its development and progression. Cytokines play a significant role in the inflammatory process. This study aims to identify novel biomarkers that may assist in the diagnosis of ALS. Methods: In Fujian Medical University Union Hospital and Huashan Hospital Fudan University, two independent centers, we prospectively recruited 50 ALS patients, and 41 healthy controls (25 ALS and 26 controls in the first stage and 25 ALS and 15 controls in the validation stage). An 18-plex Luminex kit was used to screen the serum cytokines levels in the first stage. Commercial ELISA kits were used to measure the levels of target cytokines in the validation stage. A single-molecule array HD-X platform was applied to assess the levels of serum neurofilament light chain (NFL). Results: The levels of serum IL-18 were markedly increased in patients with ALS in the first stage (p = 0.016). The ROC curve showed an area under the curve at 0.695 (95% CI 0.50-0.84) in distinguishing ALS patients from healthy controls. The IL-21 was decreased in elderly patients when grouped by 55 years old (the medium age). Furthermore, the IL-5, IL-13, IL-18, and NFL had a positive relationship with the disease progression of ALS. We also found that serum IL-18 was markedly increased in ALS patients in the validation stage (167.67 [148.25-175.59] vs 116.44 [102.43-122.19]pg/ml, p < 0.0015). Conclusion: In this study, we identified systemic cytokine profile changes in the serum of ALS patients, especially the elevated IL-18, as well as the decreased IL-21 in elder patients. These changes in serum cytokine profiles may shed new light on an in-depth understanding of the immunopathogenic characteristics of ALS.

2.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593053

RESUMO

Aim: To investigate the influence of fluorine in reducing the adsorption of immune-reactive proteins onto PEGylated gold nanoparticles. Methods: Reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer polymerization, the Turkevich method and ligand exchange were used to prepare polymer-coated gold nanoparticles. Subsequent in vitro physicochemical and biological characterizations and proteomic analysis were performed. Results: Fluorine-modified polymers reduced the adsorption of complement and other immune-reactive proteins while potentially improving circulatory times and modulating liver toxicity by reducing apolipoprotein E adsorption. Fluorine actively discouraged phagocytosis while encouraging the adsorption of therapeutic targets, CD209 and signaling molecule calreticulin. Conclusion: This study suggests that the addition of fluorine in the surface coating of nanoparticles could lead to improved performance in nanomedicine designed for the intravenous delivery of cargos.


Nanomedicines are based around the delivery of therapies by tiny, nanosized delivery vehicles. This method offers a much better way of specifically targeting life-threatening diseases. For fast delivery, nanomedicines can be injected into the blood (intravenously); however, this often leads to an unwanted and exaggerated immune response. The immune system is activated by proteins in the blood that attach themselves to nanoparticles through various chemical interactions (the protein corona effect). Fluorine is a chemical routinely used in surfactants such as firefighting foam and more recently in molecular imaging and nanoparticles designed for the delivery of therapies aimed at cancer. While fluorine has great potential to improve the cellular uptake of therapies, little is known about whether it can also help camouflage the nanoparticles against the immune system responses. Here, using fluorinated polymer-coated gold nanoparticles, the authors demonstrate that fluorine reduces uptake by immune cells and is highly effective at reducing the binding of immune system-initiating proteins. This work successfully illustrates the rationale for more widespread investigation of fluorine during the development of polymer-coated nanoparticles designed for the intravenous delivery of nanomedicines.

3.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 182, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581004

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In VATS surgery, precise preoperative localization is particularly crucial when dealing with small-diameter pulmonary nodules located deep within the lung parenchyma. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of laser guidance and freehand hook-wire for CT-guided preoperative localization of pulmonary nodules. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted on 164 patients who received either laser guidance or freehand hook-wire localization prior to Uni-port VATS from September 1st, 2022 to September 30th, 2023 at The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. Patients were divided into laser guidance group and freehand group based on which technology was used. Preoperative localization data from all patients were compiled. The localization success and complication rates associated with the two groups were compared. The risk factors for common complications were analyzed. RESULTS: The average time of the localization duration in the laser guidance group was shorter than the freehand group (p<0.001), and the average CT scan times in the laser guidance group was less than that in the freehand group (p<0.001). The hook-wire was closer to the nodule in the laser guidance group (p<0.001). After the localization of pulmonary nodules, a CT scan showed 14 cases of minor pneumothorax (22.58%) in the laser guidance group and 21 cases (20.59%) in the freehand group, indicating no statistical difference between the two groups (p=0.763). CT scans in the laser guidance group showed pulmonary minor hemorrhage in 8 cases (12.90%) and 6 cases (5.88%) in the freehand group, indicating no statistically significant difference between the two groups (p=0.119). Three patients (4.84%) in the laser guidance group and six patients (5.88%) in the freehand group had hook-wire dislodgement, showing no statistical difference between the two groups (p=0.776). CONCLUSION: The laser guidance localization method possessed a greater precision and less localization duration and CT scan times compared to the freehand method. However, laser guidance group and freehand group do not differ in the appearance of complications such as pulmonary hemorrhage, pneumothorax and hook-wire dislodgement.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos , Pneumotórax , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumotórax/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/cirurgia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Hemorragia
4.
Neurosci Bull ; 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619694
5.
Appl Opt ; 63(10): 2587-2593, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568540

RESUMO

A novel approach, to the best of our knowledge, is presented for assessing silicon wafer surface profiles using an interferometer and vertically rotatable wafer holder. This approach significantly enhances precision and reduces costs, and outperforms traditional techniques in measurement consistency and accuracy. It effectively reduces sample distortion and positional shifts owing to the removal and reinstallation of the wafers. Using this method, a global backsurface-referenced ideal range of 0.385 µm, warp of 0.193 µm, and other parameters were obtained, demonstrating its practicality in efficiently capturing key surface profile metrics for silicon wafers. This innovation promises substantial improvements in high-volume wafer surface profile testing, overcoming prevalent technological challenges in this industry.

7.
ACS Nano ; 18(11): 7852-7867, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437513

RESUMO

The clinical application of cisplatin (CisPt) is limited by its dose-dependent toxicity. To overcome this, we developed reduction-responsive nanoparticles (NP(3S)s) for the targeted delivery of a platinum(IV) (Pt(IV)) prodrug to improve efficacy and reduce the toxicity. NP(3S)s could release Pt(II) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) upon encountering intracellular glutathione, leading to potent anticancer effects. Notably, NP(3S)s induced DNA damage and activated the STING pathway, which is a known promoter for T cell activation. Comparative RNA profiling revealed that NP(3S)s outperformed CisPt in enhancing T cell immunity, antitumor immunity, and oxidative stress pathways. In vivo experiments showed that NP(3S)s accumulated in tumors, promoting CD8+ T cell infiltration and boosting antitumor immunity. Furthermore, NP(3S)s exhibited robust in vivo anticancer efficacy while minimizing the CisPt-induced liver toxicity. Overall, the results indicate NP(3S)s hold great promise for clinical translation due to their low toxicity profile and potent anticancer activity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Pró-Fármacos , Pró-Fármacos/química , Cisplatino , Polímeros , Glutationa , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
8.
Technol Health Care ; 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychrophilic bacteria can survive in a unique living environment. OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of low temperature adaptation and the physiological function of thermophilic metabolic genes. METHOD: Serratia marcescens strain F13 stored in microbial laboratory was cultured at 5∘C, 10∘C and 25∘C respectively, and the obtained strains were sequenced by high-throughput transcriptome. Serratia marcescens strain CAV1761 was used as the reference strain. The data produced by transcriptome sequencing were statistically analyzed by biostatistics software such as soapnuke, soap and edger. The differentially expressed genes were found based on the gene expression, and analyzed by Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. RESULTS: The results showed that there were 718 differential genes in F13-10 vs F13-5 comparison group, 1614 differential genes in F13-25 vs F13-5 comparison group and 1636 differential genes in F13-25 vs F13-10 comparison group. GO function enrichment analysis showed that the GO term mainly enriched by different genes in the three comparison groups was mostly related to the migration and transport of cellular or subcellular components, cell localization and transmembrane transporter activity, as well as cilia or flagella dependent cell movement. In the enrichment analysis of KEGG pathway, the three comparison groups all enriched the largest number of differential genes in the branch pathway of KEGG metabolism, followed by the branch pathway of environmental information processing. CONCLUSION: In F13-10 vs F13-5, the differential genes were mainly concentrated in 20 pathways such as ATP-binding cassette transport (ABC) transporters, thiamine metabolism and flagella assembly; In F13-25 vs F13-5, the differential genes are mainly concentrated in 20 pathways, such as (ABC) transporters, arginine and proline metabolism, two-component system and so on; In F13-25 vs F13-10, the differential genes are mainly concentrated in 20 pathways such as various types of glycan synthesis, two-component system and arginine metabolism.

9.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521829

RESUMO

The neurodegenerative disorder known as Parkinson's disease (PD) affects many people. The objective of this investigation was to examine the relationship between immune system infiltration, ATP-binding cassette transporter subfamily A member 7 (ABCA7) and TBL2 as well as potential therapeutic targets for the identification of PD associated to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. First, we obtained PD data through GEO and divided it into two sets: a training set (GSE8397) plus a set for validation (GSE7621). Functional enrichment analysis was performed on a set of DEGs that overlapped with genes involved in endoplasmic reticulum stress. To identify genes of PD linked with endoplasmic reticulum stress, we employed random forest (RF) along with the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression. Spearman's rank correlation analysis was then used to find associations among diagnostic markers with immune cell penetration. A grand total of 2 stress-related endoplasmic reticulum signature transcripts were identified. ABCA7 and TBL2 were shown to have diagnostic potential for PD and immune infiltrating cells have a role in the etiology of the disease. Additionally, resting CD4 memory, plasma cells, and NK cells overall exhibited positive associations with ABCA7, whereas triggered macrophages, T cells with active CD4 memory, activating NK cells, T cells with activated CD4 naive, engaged NK cells, and neutrophils all had adverse interactions with ABCA7. Overall, ABCA7 together with TBL2 have diagnostic utility for PD, and several types of immune cells, especially macrophages, may be involved in the development and progression of the disease.

10.
Adv Mater ; : e2400228, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477852

RESUMO

The integration of nanomedicine and immunotherapy has presented a promising opportunity for the treatment of cancer and diverse diseases. However, achieving spatiotemporal controllable immunotherapy with excellent efficacy and safety performances remains a significant challenge. This study develops a biodegradable near-infrared II (NIR-II) photothermal response polymer nanoparticle (PTEQ) system. This platform exhibits intrinsic immunostimulatory properties while concurrently delivering siRNA for Programmed Death-Ligand 1 (siPD-L1), leveraging enhanced immune responses and immune checkpoint blockade for safe and effective cancer therapy. In the CT26 tumor-bearing mouse model, PTEQ, as an immune stimulant, significantly boosts the infiltration of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells within the tumor microenvironment (TME). The PTEQ/siPD-L1+laser group not only initiates NIR-II photothermal therapy but also promotes the activation and infiltration of T cells, M1 macrophage polarization, and maturation of dendritic cells in the TME, resulting in the complete elimination of tumors in 7/10 cases, achieving a 100% survival rate. In another in vivo vaccine experiment, all tumors on the right side are completely eliminated in the PTEQ/siPD-L1+laser group, reaching a 100% tumor eradication rate. These findings underscore the potential of this strategy to overcome the current immunotherapeutic limitations and achieve immune therapy normalization.

11.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 135, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553735

RESUMO

The deployment of imaging examinations has evolved into a robust approach for the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis (LNM). The advancement of technology, coupled with the introduction of innovative imaging drugs, has led to the incorporation of an increasingly diverse array of imaging techniques into clinical practice. Nonetheless, conventional methods of administering imaging agents persist in presenting certain drawbacks and side effects. The employment of controlled drug delivery systems (DDSs) as a conduit for transporting imaging agents offers a promising solution to ameliorate these limitations intrinsic to metastatic lymph node (LN) imaging, thereby augmenting diagnostic precision. Within the scope of this review, we elucidate the historical context of LN imaging and encapsulate the frequently employed DDSs in conjunction with a variety of imaging techniques, specifically for metastatic LN imaging. Moreover, we engage in a discourse on the conceptualization and practical application of fusing diagnosis and treatment by employing DDSs. Finally, we venture into prospective applications of DDSs in the realm of LNM imaging and share our perspective on the potential trajectory of DDS development.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Linfonodos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia
12.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 333, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38486157

RESUMO

The main purpose of vital pulp therapy (VPT) is to preserve the integrity and function of the pulp. A wide variety of materials and techniques have been proposed to improve treatment outcomes, and among them, the utilization of lasers has gained significant attention. The application of lasers in different stages of VPT has witnessed remarkable growth in recent years, surpassing previous approaches.This study aimed to review the applications of lasers in different steps of VPT and evaluate associated clinical and radiographic outcomes. An electronic search using Scopus, MEDLINE, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases from 2000 to 2023 was carried out by two independent researchers. The focus was on human studies that examined the clinical and/or radiographic effects of different laser types in VPT. A total of 4243 studies were included in this narrative review article. Based on the compiled data, it can be concluded that although current literature suggests laser may be proposed as an adjunct modality for some procedural steps in VPT, more research with standardized methodologies and criteria is needed to obtain more reliable and conclusive results.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Polpa Dentária , Humanos , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária/métodos , Lasers , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553778

RESUMO

Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pill (STP) is a composite formula of traditional Chinese medicine that is widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. It consists of seven medicinal extracts thereof or materials, including Bufonis venenum, synthetic Moschus, Panax ginseng, Bovis calculus artifactus, Bear bile powder, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge and synthetic borneol. However, it is considerably difficult to evaluate the quality of STP due to its complex chemical compositions. This paper was designed to explore a comprehensive and systematic method combining fingerprints and chemical identification for quality assessment of STP samples. Twenty batches of STP samples were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry. Ten common peaks were detected by HPLC fingerprint similarity evaluation system. Meanwhile, 100 compounds belonging to 4 structural characteristics, including 23 bufadienolides, 36 organic acids, 34 saponins and 7 other types, were systematically identified as the basic components in STP. This study could be used for clarifying the multiple bioactive substances and developing a comprehensive quality evaluation method of STP.

14.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1339573, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38487022

RESUMO

Bone defects resulting from severe trauma, tumors, inflammation, and other factors are increasingly prevalent. Stem cell-based therapies have emerged as a promising alternative. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), sourced from dental pulp, have garnered significant attention owing to their ready accessibility and minimal collection-associated risks. Ongoing investigations into DPSCs have revealed their potential to undergo osteogenic differentiation and their capacity to secrete a diverse array of ontogenetic components, such as extracellular vesicles and cell lysates. This comprehensive review article aims to provide an in-depth analysis of DPSCs and their secretory components, emphasizing extraction techniques and utilization while elucidating the intricate mechanisms governing bone regeneration. Furthermore, we explore the merits and demerits of cell and cell-free therapeutic modalities, as well as discuss the potential prospects, opportunities, and inherent challenges associated with DPSC therapy and cell-free therapies in the context of bone regeneration.

15.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493378

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: The life expectancy of patients treated with maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) is heterogeneous. Knowledge of life-expectancy may focus care decisions on near-term versus long-term goals. The current tools are limited and focus on near-term mortality. Here, we develop and assess potential utility for predicting near-term mortality and long-term survival on MHD. STUDY DESIGN: Predictive modeling study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 42,351 patients contributing 997,381 patient months over 11 years, abstracted from the electronic health record (EHR) system of midsize, nonprofit dialysis providers. NEW PREDICTORS & ESTABLISHED PREDICTORS: Demographics, laboratory results, vital signs, and service utilization data available within dialysis EHR. OUTCOME: For each patient month, we ascertained death within the next 6 months (ie, near-term mortality) and survival over more than 5 years during receipt of MHD or after kidney transplantation (ie, long-term survival). ANALYTICAL APPROACH: We used least absolute shrinkage and selection operator logistic regression and gradient-boosting machines to predict each outcome. We compared these to time-to-event models spanning both time horizons. We explored the performance of decision rules at different cut points. RESULTS: All models achieved an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve of≥0.80 and optimal calibration metrics in the test set. The long-term survival models had significantly better performance than the near-term mortality models. The time-to-event models performed similarly to binary models. Applying different cut points spanning from the 1st to 90th percentile of the predictions, a positive predictive value (PPV) of 54% could be achieved for near-term mortality, but with poor sensitivity of 6%. A PPV of 71% could be achieved for long-term survival with a sensitivity of 67%. LIMITATIONS: The retrospective models would need to be prospectively validated before they could be appropriately used as clinical decision aids. CONCLUSIONS: A model built with readily available clinical variables to support easy implementation can predict clinically important life expectancy thresholds and shows promise as a clinical decision support tool for patients on MHD. Predicting long-term survival has better decision rule performance than predicting near-term mortality. PLAIN-LANGUAGE SUMMARY: Clinical prediction models (CPMs) are not widely used for patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Although a variety of CPMs have been reported in the literature, many of these were not well-designed to be easily implementable. We consider the performance of an implementable CPM for both near-term mortality and long-term survival for patients undergoing MHD. Both near-term and long-term models have similar predictive performance, but the long-term models have greater clinical utility. We further consider how the differential performance of predicting over different time horizons may be used to impact clinical decision making. Although predictive modeling is not regularly used for MHD patients, such tools may help promote individualized care planning and foster shared decision making.

16.
J Dent ; 144: 104924, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this scoping review was to evaluate the performance of artificial intelligence (AI) in the prognosis of dental implants. DATA: Studies that analyzed the performance of AI models in the prediction of implant prognosis based on medical records or radiographic images. Quality assessment was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Critical Appraisal Checklist for Quasi-Experimental Studies. SOURCES: This scoping review included studies published in English up to October 2023 in MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Scopus. A manual search was also performed. STUDY SELECTION: Of 892 studies, full-text analysis was conducted in 36 studies. Twelve studies met the inclusion criteria. Eight used deep learning models, 3 applied traditional machine learning algorithms, and 1 study combined both types. The performance was quantified using accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, precision, F1 score, and receiver operating characteristic area under curves (ROC AUC). The prognostic accuracy was analyzed and ranged from 70 % to 96.13 %. CONCLUSIONS: AI is a promising tool in evaluating implant prognosis, but further enhancements are required. Additional radiographic and clinical data are needed to improve AI performance in implant prognosis. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: AI can predict the prognosis of dental implants based on radiographic images or medical records. As a result, clinicians can receive predicted implant prognosis with the assistance of AI before implant placement and make informed decisions.

17.
Front Genet ; 15: 1333454, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313676

RESUMO

Background: Ischemic stroke (IS) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Previous studies have reported associations between metabolic disorders and IS. However, evidence regarding the causal relationship between blood metabolites and IS lacking. Methods: A two-sample Mendelian randomization analysis (MR) was used to assess the causal relationship between 1,400 serum metabolites and IS. The inverse variance-weighted (IVW) method was employed to estimate the causal effect between exposure and outcome. Additionally, MR-Egger regression, weighted median, simple mode, and weighted mode approaches were employed as supplementary comprehensive evaluations of the causal effects between blood metabolites and IS. Tests for pleiotropy and heterogeneity were conducted. Results: After rigorous selection, 23 known and 5 unknown metabolites were identified to be associated with IS. Among the 23 known metabolites, 13 showed significant causal effects with IS based on 2 MR methods, including 5-acetylamino-6-formylamino-3-methyluracil, 1-ribosyl-imidazoleacetate, Behenoylcarnitine (C22), N-acetyltyrosine, and N-acetylputrescine to (N (1) + N (8))-acetate,these five metabolites were positively associated with increased IS risk. Xanthurenate, Glycosyl-N-tricosanoyl-sphingadienine, Orotate, Bilirubin (E,E), Bilirubin degradation product, C17H18N2O, Bilirubin (Z,Z) to androsterone glucuronide, Bilirubin (Z,Z) to etiocholanolone glucuronide, Biliverdin, and Uridine to pseudouridine ratio were associated with decreased IS risk. Conclusion: Among 1,400 blood metabolites, this study identified 23 known metabolites that are significantly associated with IS risk, with 13 being more prominent. The integration of genomics and metabolomics provides important insights for the screening and prevention of IS.

18.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 12: 1356412, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371421

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the impact of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) therapy on the peri-implant osteogenesis in a Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rat model. Methods: A total of twenty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly allocated into four groups: Control group, T2DM group, Control-LIPUS group, and T2DM-LIPUS group. Implants were placed at the rats' bilateral maxillary first molar sites. The LIPUS treatment was carried out on the rats in Control-LIPUS group and T2DM-LIPUS group, immediately after the placement of the implants, over three consecutive weeks. Three weeks after implantation, the rats' maxillae were extracted for micro-CT, removal torque value (RTV), and histologic analysis. Results: Micro-CT analysis showed that T2DM rats experienced more bone loss around implant cervical margins compared with the non-T2DM rats, while the LIPUS treated T2DM rats showed similar bone heights to the non-T2DM rats. Bone-implant contact ratio (BIC) were lower in T2DM rats but significantly improved in the LIPUS treated T2DM rats. Bone formation parameters including bone volume fraction (BV/TV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), bone mineral density (BMD) and RTV were all positively influenced by LIPUS treatment. Histological staining further confirmed LIPUS's positive effects on peri-implant new bone formation in T2DM rats. Conclusion: As an effective and safe treatment in promoting osteogenesis, LIPUS has a great potential for T2DM patients to attain improved peri-implant osteogenesis. To confirm its clinical efficacy and to explore the underlying mechanism, further prospective cohort studies or randomized controlled trials are needed in the future.

19.
Heliyon ; 10(4): e26221, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390180

RESUMO

Purpose: The incidence of gastroparesis is higher in individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to the healthy individuals. Our study aimed to explore the risk factors for gastroparesis in T2DM and to establish a clinical prediction model (nomogram). Methods: Our study enlisted 694 patients with T2DM from two medical centers over a period of time. From January 2020 to December 2022, 347 and 149 patients were recruited from the Beilun branch of Zhejiang University's First Affiliated Hospital in the training and internal validation cohorts, respectively. The external validation cohort consisted of 198 patients who were enrolled at Nanchang University's First Affiliated Hospital from October 2020 to September 2021. We conducted univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses to select the risk factors for gastroparesis in patients with T2DM; subsequently,we developed a nomogram model. The performance of the nomogram was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC), calibration curve, and decision curve analysis(DCA). Results: Four clinical variables, including age, regular exercise, glycated hemoglobin level(HbA1c), and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, were identified and included in the model. The model demonstrated excellent discrimination, with an AUC of 0.951 (95% CI = 0.925-0.978) in the training group, and 0.910 (95% CI = 0.859-0.961) and 0.875 (95% CI = 0.813-0.937) in the internal and external validation groups, respectively. The calibration curve showed good consistency between prediction of the model and observed gastroparesis. The DCA also demonstrated good clinical efficacy. Conclusion: The nomogram model developed in this study showed good performance in predicting gastroparesis in patients with T2DM.

20.
Small ; : e2308731, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327169

RESUMO

Immunotherapy has emerged as a potent strategy in cancer treatment, with many approved drugs and modalities in the development stages. Despite its promise, immunotherapy is not without its limitations, including side effects and suboptimal efficacy. Using nanoparticles (NPs) as delivery vehicles to target immunotherapy to lymph nodes (LNs) can improve the efficacy of immunotherapy drugs and reduce side effects in patients. In this context, this paper reviews the development of LN-targeted immunotherapeutic NP strategies, the mechanisms of NP transport during LN targeting, and their related biosafety risks. NP targeting of LNs involves either passive targeting, influenced by NP physical properties, or active targeting, facilitated by affinity ligands on NP surfaces, while alternative methods, such as intranodal injection and high endothelial venule (HEV) targeting, have uncertain clinical applicability and require further research and validation. LN targeting of NPs for immunotherapy can reduce side effects and increase biocompatibility, but risks such as toxicity, organ accumulation, and oxidative stress remain, although strategies such as biodegradable biomacromolecules, polyethylene glycol (PEG) coating, and impurity addition can mitigate these risks. Additionally, this work concludes with a future-oriented discussion, offering critical insights into the field.

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