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1.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 15(5): 659-666, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746900

RESUMO

Dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase 2 (DYRK2) has been identified as a promising oncogenic driver of several types of cancer and is considered to be a critical cancer therapeutic target. Several inhibitors of DYRK2 have been reported, but no degraders have been found yet. In this work, we designed and synthesized the first series of proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs) using curcumin and its analogs as warheads to target and degrade DYRK2. The results of degradation assays showed that the compound CP134 could effectively downregulate the intracellular DYRK2 level (DC50 = 1.607 µM). Further mechanism of action experiments revealed that CP134 induced DYRK2 degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Altogether, CP134 disclosed in this study is the first potent DYRK2 degrader, which could serve as a valuable chemical tool for further evaluation of its therapeutic potential, and our results broaden the substrate spectrum of PROTAC-based degraders for further therapeutic applications.

2.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718175

RESUMO

The development of Fe-based catalysts for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx by NH3 (NH3-SCR of NOx) has garnered significant attention due to their exceptional SO2 resistance. However, the influence of different sulfur-containing species (e.g., ferric sulfates and ammonium sulfates) on the NH3-SCR activity of Fe-based catalysts as well as its dependence on exposed crystal facets of Fe2O3 has not been revealed. This work disclosed that nanorod-like α-Fe2O3 (Fe2O3-NR) predominantly exposing (110) facet performed better than nanosheet-like α-Fe2O3 (Fe2O3-NS) predominantly exposing (001) facet in NH3-SCR reaction, due to the advantages of Fe2O3-NR in redox properties and surface acidity. Furthermore, the results of the SO2/H2O resistance test at a critical temperature of 250 °C, catalytic performance evaluations on Fe2O3-NR and Fe2O3-NS sulfated by SO2 + O2 or deposited with NH4HSO4 (ABS), and systematic characterization revealed that the reactivity of ammonium sulfates on Fe2O3 catalysts to NO(+O2) contributed to their improved catalytic performance, while ferric sulfates showed enhancing and inhibiting effects on NH3-SCR activity on Fe2O3-NR and Fe2O3-NS, respectively; despite this, Fe2O3-NR showed higher affinity for SO2 + O2. This work set a milestone in understanding the NH3-SCR reaction on Fe2O3 catalysts in the presence of SO2 from the aspect of crystal facet engineering.

3.
Glob Health Med ; 6(2): 160-163, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690133

RESUMO

Long COVID (LC)-related health problems are highly concerned. Many patients seem to have "recovered" from an acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, however, they might experience various symptoms, almost involving all organs and systems. Of those, neuropsychiatric symptoms like depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are not rare. These problems significantly impact the quality of life (QOL) of patients, family, and caregivers, even lead a tragic suicide outcome. Other than the conventional psychological and medical approaches, here, we proposal a positive emotion, engagement, relationships, meaning, and accomplishment (PERMA)-based approach to fight against these COVID-19-related mental health problems (CRMHPs). This approach is characterized by positive psychological interventions and self-achievements, which has been proved to be a powerful tool against mood disorders in common people. Nowadays, abolishment of certain prophylactic measures (such as isolation, lockdown, compulsorily wearing a mask and maintaining social distance, measures to avoid crowding) enables us to have more opportunities to contact patients and implement the PERMA-based approach to the patients with CRMHPs. We believe that application of PERMA-based approach is conducive to alleviate the influence of the CRMHPs and improve their QOL.

4.
Anal Methods ; 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738644

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are nanoparticles secreted by cells with a closed phospholipid bilayer structure, which can participate in various physiological and pathological processes and have significant clinical value in disease diagnosis, targeted therapy and prognosis assessment. EV isolation methods currently include differential ultracentrifugation, ultrafiltration, size exclusion chromatography, immunoaffinity, polymer co-precipitation and microfluidics. In addition, material-based biochemical or biophysical approaches relying on intrinsic properties of the material or its surface-modified functionalized monomers, demonstrated unique advantages in the efficient isolation of EVs. In order to provide new ideas for the subsequent development of material-based EV isolation methods, this review will focus on the principle, research status and application prospects of material-based EV isolation methods based on different material carriers and functional monomers.

6.
Discov Oncol ; 15(1): 120, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619648

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Circular RNAs (circRNAs), pivotal in the pathogenesis and progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), remain a significant point of investigation for potential therapeutic interventions. Our research was driven by the objective to decipher the roles and underlying mechanisms of hsa_circ_0044569 (circCOL1A1) in governing the malignant phenotypes and the Warburg effect in NPC. METHODS: We systematically collected samples from NPC tissues and normal nasopharyngeal epithelial counterparts. The expression levels of circCOL1A1, microRNA-370-5p (miR-370-5p), and prothymosin alpha (PTMA) were quantitatively determined using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blotting. Transfections in NPC cell lines were conducted using small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) or vectors carrying the pcDNA 3.1 construct for overexpression studies. We interrogated the circCOL1A1/miR-370-5p/PTMA axis's role in cellular functions through a series of assays: 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide for cell viability, colony formation for growth, Transwell assays for migration and invasion, and Western blotting for protein expression profiling. To elucidate the molecular interactions, we employed luciferase reporter assays and RNA immunoprecipitation techniques. RESULTS: Our investigations revealed that circCOL1A1 was a stable circRNA, highly expressed in both NPC tissues and derived cell lines. A correlation analysis with clinical pathological features demonstrated a significant association between circCOL1A1 expression, lymph node metastasis, and the tumor node metastasis staging system of NPC. Functionally, silencing circCOL1A1 led to substantial suppression of cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and metabolic alterations characteristic of the Warburg effect in NPC cells. At the molecular level, circCOL1A1 appeared to modulate PTMA expression by acting as a competitive endogenous RNA or 'sponge' for miR-370-5p, which in turn promoted the malignant characteristics of NPC cells. CONCLUSION: To conclude, our findings delineate that circCOL1A1 exerts its oncogenic influence in NPC through the modulation of the miR-370-5p/PTMA signaling axis.

7.
Eur J Med Chem ; 270: 116345, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564826

RESUMO

Several generations of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been developed for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in clinic. However, emerging drug resistance mediated by new EGFR mutations or activations by pass, leads to malignant progression of NSCLC. Proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTACs) have been utilized to overcome the drug resistance acquired by mutant EGFR, newly potent and selective degraders are still need to be developed for clinical applications. Herein, we developed autophagosome-tethering compounds (ATTECs) in which EGFR can be anchored to microtubule-associated protein-1 light chain-3B (LC3B) on the autophagosome with the assistance of the LC3 ligand GW5074. A series of EGFR-ATTECs have been designed and synthesized. Biological evaluations showed that these compounds could degrade EGFR and exhibited moderate inhibitory effects on certain NSCLC cell lines. The ATTEC 12c potently induced the degradation of EGFR with a DC50 value of 0.98 µM and a Dmax value of 81% in HCC827 cells. Mechanistic exploration revealed that the lysosomal pathway was mainly involved in this degradation. Compound 12c also exhibited promising inhibitory activity, as well as degradation efficiency in vivo. Our study highlights that EGFR-ATTECs could be developed as a new expandable EGFR degradation tool and also reveals a novel potential therapeutic strategy to prevent drug resistance acquired EGFR mutations.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB , Mutação , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos
8.
J Investig Med ; : 10815589241249994, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632825

RESUMO

Liver and lung tissue damage caused by sepsis still one of the causes of death. Blimp-1 has a protective role in inflammation-related disease. However, whether Blimp-1 can regulate cell pyroptosis and affect disease progression in sepsis is still unclear. Animal and cell models were established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) method and LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells respectively, and the role of Blimp-1 in regulation inflammatory response and pyroptosis was verified. The changes of inflammation and pyroptosis in liver and lung tissues of septic mice were determined by the addition of TAK-242 (TLR4 inhibitor). Cell pyroptosis and the level of inflammation was detected after Blimp-1 knockdown and TAK-242 treatment in the cell model. The expression of Blimp-1 was continuously increased in a septic mice model. After treatment with TAK-242, the expression of Blimp-1, pyroptosis and inflammatory levels were reduced in mice. In LPS-induced cell model, cell injury by knockout Blimp-1 was increased, and cell activity was restored after TAK-242 intervention. Our study had shown that Blimp-1 could improve septic damage by regulating the level of cellular inflammation and pyroptosis in sepsis.

9.
J Mol Neurosci ; 74(2): 42, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613644

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a severe neurological illness that causes memory loss and is a global problem. The calcium hypothesis recently steadily evolved in AD. The prospective targets for calcium homeostasis therapy, however, are limited, and gene expression-level research connected to calcium homeostasis in AD remains hazy. In this study, we analyzed the microarray dataset (GSE132903) taken from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database to investigate calcium homeostasis-related genes for AD. Using immunoblot analysis, we examined the association of ITPKB with inflammation in AD. Additionally, the immunofluorescence technique was employed to assess the impact of pharmacological inhibition of ITPKB on the amyloid-ß (Aß) plaque deposition in APP/PS1 mice. This article's further exploration of calcium homeostasis-related genes has propelled the validation of the calcium homeostasis theory in AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Placa Amiloide , Animais , Camundongos , Placa Amiloide/genética , Transcriptoma , Cálcio , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Modelos Animais , Homeostase
10.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299890, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preventive care is important for managing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), yet primary care providers (PCPs) often face challenges in delivering such care due to discomfort and unfamiliarity with IBD-specific guidelines. This study aims to assess PCPs' attitudes towards, and practices in, providing preventive screenings for IBD patients, highlighting areas for improvement in guideline dissemination and education. METHODS: Using a web-based opt-in panel of PCPs (DocStyles survey, spring 2022), we assessed PCPs' comfort level with providing/recommending screenings and the reasons PCPs felt uncomfortable (n = 1,503). Being likely to provide/recommend screenings for depression/anxiety, skin cancer, osteoporosis, and cervical cancer were compared by PCPs' comfort level and frequency of seeing patients with IBD. We estimated adjusted odd ratios (AORs) of being likely to recommend screenings and selecting responses aligned with IBD-specific guidelines by use of clinical practice methods. RESULTS: About 72% of PCPs reported being comfortable recommending screenings to patients with IBD. The top reason identified for not feeling comfortable was unfamiliarity with IBD-specific screening guidelines (55%). Being comfortable was significantly associated with being likely to provide/recommend depression/anxiety (AOR = 3.99) and skin cancer screenings (AOR = 3.19) compared to being uncomfortable or unsure. Percentages of responses aligned with IBD-specific guidelines were lower than those aligned with general population guidelines for osteoporosis (21.7% vs. 27.8%) and cervical cancer screenings (34.9% vs. 43.9%), and responses aligned with IBD-specific guidelines did not differ by comfort level for both screenings. Timely review of guidelines specific to immunosuppressed patients was associated with being likely to provide/recommend screenings and selecting responses aligned with IBD-specific guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a general comfort among PCPs in recommending preventive screenings for IBD patients, gaps in knowledge regarding IBD-specific screening guidelines persist. Enhancing awareness and understanding of these guidelines through targeted education and resource provision may bridge this gap.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Médicos de Atenção Primária , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Médicos de Atenção Primária/psicologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Idoso , Padrões de Prática Médica , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle
11.
Int J Cancer ; 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577882

RESUMO

Patient-derived organoids (PDOs) may facilitate treatment selection. This retrospective cohort study evaluated the feasibility and clinical benefit of using PDOs to guide personalized treatment in metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Patients diagnosed with MBC were recruited between January 2019 and August 2022. PDOs were established and the efficacy of customized drug panels was determined by measuring cell mortality after drug exposure. Patients receiving organoid-guided treatment (OGT) were matched 1:2 by nearest neighbor propensity scores with patients receiving treatment of physician's choice (TPC). The primary outcome was progression-free survival. Secondary outcomes included objective response rate and disease control rate. Targeted gene sequencing and pathway enrichment analysis were performed. Forty-six PDOs (46 of 51, 90.2%) were generated from 45 MBC patients. PDO drug screening showed an accuracy of 78.4% (95% CI 64.9%-91.9%) in predicting clinical responses. Thirty-six OGT patients were matched to 69 TPC patients. OGT was associated with prolonged median progression-free survival (11.0 months vs. 5.0 months; hazard ratio 0.53 [95% CI 0.33-0.85]; p = .01) and improved disease control (88.9% vs. 63.8%; odd ratio 4.26 [1.44-18.62]) compared with TPC. The objective response rate of both groups was similar. Pathway enrichment analysis in hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative patients demonstrated differentially modulated pathways implicated in DNA repair and transcriptional regulation in those with reduced response to capecitabine/gemcitabine, and pathways associated with cell cycle regulation in those with reduced response to palbociclib. Our study shows that PDO-based functional precision medicine is a feasible and effective strategy for MBC treatment optimization and customization.

12.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e26965, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562495

RESUMO

This paper introduces a novel, Simple-based Dynamic Decentralized Community Detection Algorithm (S-DCDA) for Socially Aware Networks. This algorithm aims to address the resource-intensive nature, instabilities and inaccuracies of traditional distributed community detection algorithms. The dynamics of decentralization is evident in the threefold nature of the algorithm: (i) each node of the community is the core of the entire network or community for a certain period of time dependent on their need, (ii) nodes are not centralized around themselves, requiring the consent of the other node to join a community, and (iii) Communities start from a single node to form an initial scale community, the number of nodes and the relationship among them are constantly changing. The algorithm requires low processor performance and memory capacity size of each node, to a certain extent, effectively improve the accuracy and stability of community detection and maintenance. Experimental results demonstrate that in comparison to classical and classical-based improved community detection algorithms, S-DCDA yields superior detection results.

13.
Nano Lett ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602471

RESUMO

Mimicking the function of human skin is highly desired for electronic skins (e-skins) to perceive the tactile stimuli by both their intensity and spatial location. The common strategy using pixelated pressure sensor arrays and display panels greatly increases the device complexity and compromises the portability of e-skins. Herein, we tackled this challenge by developing a user-interactive iontronic skin that simultaneously achieves electrical pressure sensing and on-site, nonpixelated pressure mapping visualization. By merging the electrochromic and iontronic pressure sensing units into an integrated multilayer device, the interlayer charge transfer is regulated by applied pressure, which induces both color shifting and a capacitance change. The iontronic skin could visualize the trajectory of dynamic forces and reveal both the intensity and spatial information on various human activities. The integration of dual-mode pressure responsivity, together with the scalable fabrication and explicit signal output, makes the iontronic skin highly promising in biosignal monitoring and human-machine interaction.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1364135, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38510648

RESUMO

The rapid evolution of gene editing technology has markedly improved the outlook for treating genetic diseases. Base editing, recognized as an exceptionally precise genetic modification tool, is emerging as a focus in the realm of genetic disease therapy. We provide a comprehensive overview of the fundamental principles and delivery methods of cytosine base editors (CBE), adenine base editors (ABE), and RNA base editors, with a particular focus on their applications and recent research advances in the treatment of genetic diseases. We have also explored the potential challenges faced by base editing technology in treatment, including aspects such as targeting specificity, safety, and efficacy, and have enumerated a series of possible solutions to propel the clinical translation of base editing technology. In conclusion, this article not only underscores the present state of base editing technology but also envisions its tremendous potential in the future, providing a novel perspective on the treatment of genetic diseases. It underscores the vast potential of base editing technology in the realm of genetic medicine, providing support for the progression of gene medicine and the development of innovative approaches to genetic disease therapy.

15.
JACC Case Rep ; 29(6): 102253, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549853

RESUMO

We present a unique case of left atrial (LA) dissection in a 46-year-old man following aortic dissection surgery. The LA dissection was attributed to coronary sinus catheter-related injury. This report highlights the importance of recognizing this rare complication and the crucial role of transesophageal echocardiography in its diagnosis. We discuss the pathogenesis, diagnostic criteria, and management strategies for LA dissection.

16.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 665: 152-162, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38520932

RESUMO

H2 and formate are important energy carriers in fuel-cells and feedstocks in chemical industry. The hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) coupling with electro-oxidative cleavage of thermodynamically favorable polyols is a promising way to coproduce H2 and formate via electrochemical means, highly active catalysts for HER and electrooxidative cleavage of polycols are the key to achieve such a goal. Herein, molybdenum (Mo), tungsten (W) doped cobalt phosphides (Co2P) deposited onto nickel foam (NF) substrate, denoted as Mo-Co2P/NF and W-Co2P/NF, respectively, were investigated as catalytic electrodes for HER and electrochemical glycerol oxidation reaction (GOR) to yield H2 and formate. The W-Co2P/NF electrode exhibited low overpotential (η) of 113 mV to attain a current density (J) of -100 mA cm-2 for HER, while the Mo-Co2P/NF electrode demonstrated high GOR efficiency for selective production of formate. In situ Raman and infrared spectroscopic characterizations revealed that the evolved CoO2 from Co2P is the genuine catalytic sites for GOR. The asymmetric electrolyzer based on W-Co2P/NF cathode and Mo-Co2P/NF anode delivered a J = 100 mA cm-2 at 1.8 V voltage for glycerol electrolysis, which led to 18.2 % reduced electricity consumption relative to water electrolysis. This work highlights the potential of heteroelement doped phosphide in catalytic performances for HER and GOR, and opens up new avenue to coproduce more widespread commodity chemicals via gentle and sustainable electrocatalytic means.

17.
Funct Integr Genomics ; 24(2): 62, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514486

RESUMO

Long-wave sensitive (LWS) is a G protein-coupled receptor expressed in the retina, and zebrafish is a better model organism for studying vision, but the role of LWS1 in vision-guided behavior of larvae fish has rarely been reported. In this study, we found that zebrafish lws1 and lws2 are tandemly replicated genes, both with six exons, with lws1 being more evolutionarily conserved. The presence of Y277F in the amino acid sequence of lws2 may have contributed to the shift of λmax to green light. We established a lws1 knockout zebrafish model using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Lws1-/- larvae showed significantly higher levels of feeding and appetite gene (agrp) expression than WT, and significantly lower levels of anorexia gene (pomc, cart) expression. In addition, green light gene compensation was observed in lws1-/- larvae with significantly increased expression levels of rh2-1. The light-dark movement test showed that lws1-/- larvae were more active under light-dark transitions or vibrational stimuli, and the expression of phototransduction-related genes was significantly up-regulated. This study reveals the important role of lws1 gene in the regulation of vision-guided behavior in larvae.


Assuntos
Opsinas dos Cones , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Opsinas dos Cones/genética , Comportamento Alimentar , Visão Ocular/genética
18.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517575

RESUMO

The dissolved oxygen (DO) and ammonia are crucial to the growth of Chinese perch (Siniperca chuatsi). Information on the effects of DO and total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) in regulating ammonia nitrogen excretion and flesh quality in Chinese perch is scanty. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of dissolved DO at oxygen levels of 3 mg/L and 9 mg/L, as well as the TAN concentrations of 0.3 mg/L and 0.9 mg/L on ammonia excretion and flesh quality. Results showed that the ammonia contents in plasma, muscle, and liver of the 9 mg/L DO group were significantly higher than those of the 3 mg/L DO group (P < 0.05). However, the expression of AMPK-related signaling pathway genes (gdh, lkb1, and ampd) and flesh quality indicators (gumminess, chewiness, hardness) in the 9 mg/L DO group were significantly lower than those in the 3 mg/L DO group. Under long-term exposure to 0.9 mg/L TAN, the ammonia contents in plasma and gill filaments, as well as muscle flesh quality (resilience, gumminess, chewiness, cohesiveness), were significantly lower than those in the 0.3 mg/L TAN group (P < 0.05). However, the activities of GDH and AMPD enzymes in the 0.9 mg/L TAN group were significantly higher than those in the 0.3 mg/L TAN group. In summary, when fish are exposed to 3 mg/L DO and 0.9 mg/L TAN in the environment for a long time, their amino acids are used for transamination and deamination, resulting in insufficient energy supply for Chinese perch, whereas 9 mg/L DO and 0.9 mg/L TAN caused deterioration of the flesh quality.

19.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 12(3): 266-277, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426196

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Targeted therapy and immunotherapy have emerged as treatment options for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in recent years. The significance of serine and glycine metabolism in various cancers is widely acknowledged. This study aims to investigate their correlation with the prognosis and tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) of HCC. Methods: Based on the public database, different subtypes were identified by cluster analysis, and the prognostic model was constructed through regression analysis. The gene expression omnibus (GEO) data set was used as the validation set to verify the performance of the model. The survival curve evaluated prognostic ability. CIBERSORT was used to evaluate the level of immune cell infiltration, and maftools analyzed the mutations. DsigDB screened small molecule compounds related to prognostic genes. Results: HCC was found to have two distinct subtypes. Subsequently, we constructed a risk score prognostic model through regression analysis based on serine and glycine metabolism-related genes (SGMGs). A nomogram was constructed based on risk scores and other clinical factors. HCC patients with a higher risk score showed a poor prognosis, and there were significant differences in immune cell infiltration between the high- and low-risk groups. In addition, three potential drugs associated with prognostic genes, streptozocin, norfloxacin, and hydrocotarnine, were identified. Conclusions: This study investigated the expression patterns of SGMGs and their relationship with tumor characteristics, resulting in the development of a novel model for predicting the prognosis of HCC patients. The study provides a reference for clinical prognosis prediction and treatment of HCC patients.

20.
Psychophysiology ; : e14564, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38487932

RESUMO

Anxiety is a common psychological disorder associated with other mental disorders, with depression being the most common comorbidity. Few studies have examined the neural mechanisms underlying anxiety after controlling for depression. This study aimed to explore whether there are differences in cortical activation in anxiety patients with different severities whose depression are normal. In the current study, depression levels were normal for 366 subjects-139 healthy subjects, 117 with mild anxiety, and 110 with major anxiety. Using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and a verbal fluency task (VFT) to test subjects' anxiety and depression and cognitive function, respectively. A 53-channel guided near-infrared spectroscopic imaging technology (fNIRS) detected the concentration of oxyhemoglobin (oxy-Hb). Correlation analysis between anxiety severity and oxy-Hb concentration in the brain cortex was performed, as well as ANOVA analysis of oxy-Hb concentration among the three anxiety severity groups. The results showed that anxiety severity was significantly and negatively correlated with oxy-Hb concentrations in the left frontal eye field (lFEF) and in the right dorsolateral prefrontal area (rDLPFC). The oxy-Hb concentration in the lFEF and the rDLPFC were significantly lower in the major anxiety disorder group than that in the control group. This suggests that decreased cortical activity of the lFEF and rDLPFC may be neural markers of anxiety symptoms after controlling for depression. Anxiety symptoms without depression may be result from the dysfunction of the cognitive control network (CCN) which includes the lFEF and rDLPFC.

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