Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.126
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571313

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Vitamin D status has been associated with risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but evidence is scarce regarding whether such relation differs by glycemic status. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and risk of incident T2D across the glycemic spectrum and the modification effect of genetic variants in vitamin D receptor (VDR). METHODS: This prospective study included 379,699 participants without T2D at baseline from the UK Biobank. Analyses were performed according to glycemic status and HbA1c levels. Cox proportional hazard models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs. RESULTS: During a median of 14.1 years of follow-up, 6,315 participants with normoglycemia and 9,085 prediabetes patients developed T2D. Compared to individuals with 25(OH)D <25 nmol/L, the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (95% CIs) of incident T2D for those with 25(OH)D ≥75 nmol/L was 0.62 (0.56, 0.70) among the normoglycemia and 0.64 (0.58, 0.70) among the prediabetes. A significant interaction was observed between 25(OH)D and VDR polymorphisms among participants with prediabetes (Pinteraction=0.017), whereby the reduced HR of T2D associated with higher 25(OH)D was more prominent in those carrying T allele of rs1544410. Triglycerides levels mediated 26% and 34% of the association between serum 25(OH)D and incident T2D among participants with normoglycemia and prediabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Higher serum 25(OH)D concentrations were associated with lower T2D risk across the glycemic spectrum below the threshold for diabetes, and the relations in prediabetes were modified by VDR polymorphisms. Improving lipid profile, mainly triglycerides, accounted for part of the favorable associations.

2.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1357280, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606273

RESUMO

Introduction: Although there have been many researches on the etiology and risk factors with the onset of hemifacial spasm, researches on the risk factors related to progression rate are limited. This study aims to analyze the risk factors related to the progression rate of hemifacial spasm. Methods: The study enrolled 142 patients who underwent microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. Based on the duration and severity of symptoms, patients were classified into rapid progression group and slow progression group. To analyze risk factors, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted. Of 142 patients with hemifacial spasm, 90(63.3%) were classified as rapid progression group, 52(36.7%) were classified as slow progression group. Results: In the univariate analysis, there were significant statistical differences between the two groups in terms of age of onset (P = 0.021), facial nerve angle (P < 0.01), hypertension (P = 0.01), presence of APOE ε4 expression (P < 0.01) and different degrees of brainstem compression in the Root Entry Zone (P < 0.01). In the multivariable analyses, there were significant statistical differences between the two groups in terms of age of symptom onset (P < 0.01 OR = 6.591), APOE ε4 (P < 0.01 OR = 5.691), brainstem compression (P = 0.006 OR = 5.620), and facial nerve angle (P < 0.01 OR = 5.758). Furthermore, we found no significant correlation between the severity of facial spasms and the progression rate of the disease (t = 2.47, P = 0.12>0.05). Conclusion: According to our study, patients with facial nerve angle ≤ 96.5°, severer compression of the brainstem by offending vessels, an onset age > 45 years and positive expression of APOE ε4, may experience faster progression of hemifacial spasm.

3.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(3): 790-806, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common medical emergency and early assessment of its outcomes is vital for treatment decisions. AIM: To develop a new scoring system to predict its prognosis. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 692 patients with UGIB were enrolled from two centers and divided into a training (n = 591) and a validation cohort (n = 101). The clinical data were collected to develop new prognostic prediction models. The endpoint was compound outcome defined as (1) demand for emergency surgery or vascular intervention, (2) being transferred to the intensive care unit, or (3) death during hospitalization. The models' predictive ability was compared with previously established scores by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. RESULTS: Totally 22.2% (131/591) patients in the training cohort and 22.8% (23/101) in the validation cohort presented poor outcomes. Based on the stepwise-forward Logistic regression analysis, eight predictors were integrated to determine a new post-endoscopic prognostic scoring system (MH-STRALP); a nomogram was determined to present the model. Compared with the previous scores (GBS, Rockall, ABC, AIMS65, and PNED score), MH-STRALP showed the best prognostic prediction ability with area under the ROC curves (AUROCs) of 0.899 and 0.826 in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. According to the calibration curve, decision curve analysis, and internal cross-validation, the nomogram showed good calibration ability and net clinical benefit in both cohorts. After removing the endoscopic indicators, the pre-endoscopic model (pre-MH-STRALP score) was conducted. Similarly, the pre-MH-STRALP score showed better predictive value (AUROCs of 0.868 and 0.767 in the training and validation cohorts, respectively) than the other pre-endoscopic scores. CONCLUSION: The MH-STRALP score and pre-MH-STRALP score are simple, convenient, and accurate tools for prognosis prediction of UGIB, and may be applied for early decision on its management strategies.

4.
iScience ; 27(4): 109518, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585662

RESUMO

Herbivorous insects have evolved metabolic strategies to survive the challenges posed by plant secondary metabolites (SMs). This study reports an exploration of SMs present in pears, which serve as a defense against invasive Cydia pomonella and native Grapholita molesta and their counter-defense response. The feeding preferences of fruit borers are influenced by the softening of two pear varieties as they ripen. The content of SMs, such as quercetin and rutin, increases due to feeding by fruit borers. Notably, quercetin levels only increase after C. pomonella feeding. The consumption of SMs affects the growth of fruit borer population differently, potentially due to the activation of P450 genes by SMs. These two fruit borers are equipped with specific P450 enzymes that specialize in metabolizing quercetin and rutin, enabling them to adapt to these SMs in their host fruits. These findings provide valuable insights into the coevolution of plants and herbivorous insects.

5.
Spine J ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: A subgroup of patients with pelvic anteversion can present with an unusually large degree of lumbar lordosis (LL), a highly sloped sacrum, and a relatively small pelvic incidence (PI). Prior to lumbar surgery, it is can be important to consider such unique sagittal alignment. However, until now, there has been a lack of a predictive model considering different pelvic alignments. Furthermore, the dynamic characteristics of an anteverted pelvis (AP) subgroup have also been unclear. PURPOSE: To build linear predictive formulas for LL that take pelvic anteversion into consideration and to explore the dynamic characteristics of an AP subgroup. STUDY DESIGN: Monocentric, cross-sectional study. PATIENT SAMPLE: 565 asymptomatic Chinese men and women between the ages of 18 and 80 years. OUTCOME MEASURES: Sagittal parameters including LL, lumbar lordosis minus thoracic kyphosis (LL-TK), (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic incidence minus lumbar lordosis (PI-LL), sacral slope (SS), sacral slope divided by pelvic incidence (SS/PI), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), thoracic kyphosis (TK), and T1 (first thoracic vertebra) pelvic angle (TPA) were measured on whole spine radiographs obtained with participants in standing and sitting positions. METHODS: All participants underwent radiography in the standing position; 235 of them underwent additional radiography in the sitting position to allow measurement of sagittal parameters. The participants with pelvic anteversion were placed in an AP (anteverted pelvis) group. Sagittal parameters were compared between the AP group and the non-AP group, and predictive formulas for LL based on PI were created in both groups. In addition, changes in sagittal parameters from standing to sitting were compared in the AP group and a PI-matched control group. RESULTS: Of the 565 participants, 171 (30.3%) had pelvic anteversion. In comparison with the non-AP group, the AP group presented with larger LL, a larger SS, and a smaller PT, with relatively small PI. The predictive formulas for LL were LL = 0.60°â€¯× PI + 21.60° (R2 = 0.268; P < 0.001) in the whole cohort, LL = 0. 83 × PI + 18.75° (R2 = 0.427; P < 0.001) in AP group, and LL = 0.79°â€¯× PI + 9.66° (R2 = 0.451; P < 0.001) in the non-AP group. In moving from standing to sitting, the AP group presented with a larger decrease in SS and LL compared with the control group, indicating different patterns of spinopelvic motion. CONCLUSIONS: In the cohort examined, 30.3% present with pelvic anteversion. Those with AP present with unique characteristics of spinopelvic alignment. In moving from standing to sitting, they exhibit different patterns of spinopelvic motion. We found that identifying the degree of anteversion in each person improves the accuracy of linear models for predicting the degree of LL, which in turn can make plans for spine surgery more accurate.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; : 172422, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614329

RESUMO

The oily wastewater and heavy metal ions have been increasingly discharged into water environment, posting a serious threat to ecosystems and human health. However, it remains challenging to use single separation technology to effectively remove oil and heavy metal ions in oil-water mixtures simultaneously. Herein, novel hydrophobic/hydrophilic composites (HHC) were successfully prepared by using A4 paper-derived hydrophilic cellulose as the modified matrix, modifying the polydopamine layer and in-situ growth nanoscale zero-valent iron as active adsorption materials, combined with oleic acid-modified hydrophobic magnetic hollow carbon microspheres, which were used to efficiently and rapidly adsorb heavy metals and oil in oil-water mixtures. Under the optimal adsorption conditions, the adsorption amounts of As(III), As(V), Pb(II) and Cu(II) were 289.6 mg/g, 341.9 mg/g, 241.2 mg/g and 277.5 mg/g, respectively, and the mass transfer rate of HHC to the target ions is fast. The HHC have efficient separation performance for layered oil-water mixtures and emulsified oil-water mixtures, with separation efficiency of 97 % and 92 %. At the same time, due to the abundant adsorption sites, the HHC also exhibit splendid regeneration performance for the four ions after multiple adsorption utilization. Our work designed a approach to achieving promising oil and heavy metal adsorbents with higher adsorption capacity and better regenerative properties.

7.
Anal Methods ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606427

RESUMO

The affinity sites of cadmium (Cd(II)) when binding to cysteine (Cys) and glutathione (GSH) were studied via thermodynamics and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy methods. The results showed that the Cd(II) binding sites of Cys and GSH were -SH (exothermic), -NH2 (endothermic) and -COOH (endothermic). The thermodynamic behaviour of Cd(II) binding to Cys/GSH in boric acid and HEPES buffers differed, with the former being mainly endothermic and the latter mainly exothermic. It could be inferred that, in the boric acid system, the main binding site of Cd(II) with Cys and GSH is changed from -SH in HEPES to -COOH and -NH2 in boric acid. This was confirmed by the results of NMR experiments of Cd(II) with Cys/GSH. 1D 1H-NMR experiments showed that, after the combination of Cd(II) and Cys, the changes in the chemical shifts and peak strengths of protons near the -SH group for the reaction in HEPES were greater than when boric acid buffer was used. Changes in the chemical shift and peak strength of the -NH2 protons due to the binding of Cd(II) to GSH were evident in the boric acid buffer but not in HEPES. The screening of functional monomers is very important in the process of preparation of cadmium ion-imprinted materials. This research provides important theoretical and experimental guidance for the screening of functional monomers.

8.
Small ; : e2400903, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616776

RESUMO

Rechargeable magnesium batteries (RMBs) are a promising energy-storage technology with low cost and high reliability, while the lack of high-performance cathodes is impeding the development. Herein, a series of amorphous cobalt polyselenides (CoSex, x>2) is synthesized with the assistance of organic amino-terminal hyperbranched polymer (AHP) additive and investigated as cathodes for RMBs. The coordination of cobalt cations with the amino groups of AHP leads to the formation of amorphous CoSex rather than crystalline CoSe2. The amorphous structure is favorable for magnesium-storage reaction kinetics, and the polyselenide anions provide extra capacities besides the redox of cobalt cations. Moreover, the organic AHP molecules retained in CoSex-AHP provide an elastic matrix to accommodate the volume change of conversion reaction. With a moderate x value (2.73) and appropriate AHP content (11.58%), CoSe2.7-AHP achieves a balance between capacity and cycling stability. Amorphous CoSe2.7-AHP provides high capacities of 246.6 and 94 mAh g‒1, respectively, at 50 and 2000 A g‒1, as well as a capacity retention rate of 68.5% after 300 cycles. The mechanism study demonstrates CoSex-AHP undergoes reversible redox of Co2+/3+↔Co0 and Sen 2‒↔Se2‒. The present study demonstrates amorphous polyselenides with cationic-anionic redox activities is as a feasible strategy to construct high-capacity cathode materials for RMBs.

9.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1374236, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605948

RESUMO

Despite undeniable advances in modern medicine, lung cancer still has high morbidity and mortality rates. Lung cancer is preventable and treatable, and it is important to identify new risk factors for lung cancer, especially those that can be treated or reversed. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a very common sleep-breathing disorder that is grossly underestimated in clinical practice. It can cause, exacerbate, and worsen adverse outcomes, including death and various diseases, but its relationship with lung cancer is unclear. A possible causal relationship between OSA and the onset and progression of lung cancer has been established biologically. The pathophysiological processes associated with OSA, such as sleep fragmentation, intermittent hypoxia, and increased sympathetic nervous excitation, may affect normal neuroendocrine regulation, impair immune function (especially innate and cellular immunity), and ultimately contribute to the occurrence of lung cancer, accelerate progression, and induce treatment resistance. OSA may be a contributor to but a preventable cause of the progression of lung cancer. However, whether this effect exists independently of other risk factors is unclear. Therefore, by reviewing the literature on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of lung cancer and OSA, we hope to understand the relationships between the two and promote the interdisciplinary exchange of ideas between basic medicine, clinical medicine, respiratory medicine, sleep medicine, and oncology.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Sistema Nervoso Simpático , Hipóxia/complicações
10.
Obes Surg ; 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis is a predisposing factor for liver cancer. This study will investigate the predictive role of the Triglyceride-glucose and Gamma-glutamyl transferase index (TyG-GGT) as a non-invasive indicator of advanced liver fibrosis in individuals with obesity or overweight. METHOD: We enrolled patients who underwent metabolic and bariatric surgery as well as intraoperative liver biopsies at Zhejiang provincial people's hospital from August 2020 to March 2023. Clinical characteristics, comorbidities, laboratory data, and pathological variables of patients were collected and analysed. Then, we conducted logistics regression model to compare the performance of the TyG-GGT index with other 4 non-invasive models. RESULTS: A total of 65 patients were included in this study. 43(66.2%) of them were female, with the mean body mass index (BMI) of 39.0 ± 7.3 kg/m2. Meanwhile, 24(36.9%) patients were diagnosed with diabetes. Advanced liver fibrosis were observed in 16.9% of patients, while liver cirrhosis was found in 4.6% of patients. The multivariable logistics regression showed that TyG-GGT was an independent risk factor of advanced liver fibrosis (OR = 6.989, P = 0.049). Additionally, compared to another 4 non-invasive liver fibrosis models (NFS = 0.66, FIB4 = 0.65, METS-IR = 0.68, APRI = 0.65), TyG-GGT exhibits the highest AUC value of 0.75. CONCLUSIONS: More than one-third of patients undergoing metabolic and bariatric surgery are afflicted with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and a significant proportion exhibit advanced fibrosis. TyG-GGT was a potentially reliable predictor for screening individuals with overweight or obesity at high risk of advanced liver fibrosis, thus providing clinical guidance for early intervention in this targeted group.

11.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 17: 959-967, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38435635

RESUMO

Objective: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Metrnl is a secreted protein that plays an important role in kidney disease. The aim of this study was to investigate DKD-related factors and the correlation between serum Metrnl levels and the severity of DKD. Methods: Ninety-six type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and 45 DKD patients were included in the study. A range of parameters were measured simultaneously, including waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), body mass index (BMI), urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR), monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), albumin/globulin (A/G), liver and kidney function, blood lipid profile, islet function, and others. Subsequently, the related factors and predictive significance of DKD were identified. The correlation between the relevant factors of DKD and serum Metrnl levels with DKD was evaluated. Results: The duration of the disease (OR: 1.12, 95% CI: 1.01-1.24, P=0.031), hypertension (OR: 4.86, 95% CI: 1.16-20.49, P=0.031), fasting blood glucose (OR: 1.23, 95% CI: 1.03-1.48, P=0.025), WHR (OR: 2.53, 95% CI: 1.03-6.22, P=0.044), and MLR (OR: 1.91, 95% CI: 1.18-3.08, P=0.008) are independent risk factors for DKD (P < 0.05). Conversely, A/G (OR: 0.13, 95% CI: 0.02-0.76, P=0.024) and Metrnl (OR: 0.99, 95% CI: 0.98-1.00, P=0.001) have been identified as protective factors against DKD. Furthermore, the level of Metrnl was negatively correlated with the severity of DKD (rs=-0.447, P<0.001). The area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the diagnostic accuracy of Metrnl for DKD is 0.765 (95% CI: 0.686-0.844). Conclusion: The duration of the disease, hypertension, fasting blood glucose, WHR, and MLR are major risk factors for DKD. Metrnl and A/G are protective factors for DKD. Serum Metrnl concentrations are inversely correlated with DKD severity.

12.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 24(1): 98, 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the postoperative morbidity and mortality of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery during the 2022 nationwide Omicron variant infection wave in China. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 403 patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery for the first time during the 2022 wave of the pandemic within 1 month. Among them, 328 patients were preoperatively diagnosed with COVID-19 Omicron variant infection during the pandemic, and 75 patients were negative. The association between Omicron variant exposure and postoperative prognosis was explored by comparing patients with and without COVID-19 exposure. The primary outcome was in-hospital death after cardiovascular surgery. The secondary outcomes were major postoperative morbidity, including myocardial infarction (MI), acute kidney injury (AKI), postoperative mechanical ventilation hours, ICU stay hours, and postoperative length of stay. The data were analyzed using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) to minimize bias. RESULTS: We identified 403 patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery, 328 (81.39%) had Omicron variant infections. In total, 10 patients died in the hospital. Omicron variant infection was associated with a much greater risk of death during cardiovascular surgery after adjustment for IPTW (2.8% vs. 1.3%, adjusted OR 2.185, 95%CI = 1.193 to 10.251, P = 0.041). For major postoperative morbidity, there were no significant differences in terms of myocardial infarction between the two groups (adjusted OR = 0.861, 95%CI = 0.444 to 1.657, P = 0.653), acute kidney injury (adjusted OR = 1.157, 95%CI = 0.287 to 5.155, P = 0.820), postoperative mechanical ventilation hours (B -0.375, 95%CI=-8.438 to 7.808, P = 0.939), ICU stay hours (B 2.452, 95%CI=-13.269 to 8.419, P = 0.660) or postoperative stay (B -1.118, 95%CI=-2.237 to 1.154, P = 0.259) between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Perioperative COVID-19 infection was associated with an increased risk of in-hospital death among patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery during the Omicron variant wave of the pandemic.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , COVID-19 , Infarto do Miocárdio , Humanos , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Morbidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia
13.
Foods ; 13(5)2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472814

RESUMO

This study investigated the immunoprotective effects of the extract of Vanilla planifolia Andrew (EVPA) on cyclophosphamide (Cy)-induced immunosuppression in mice. The results show that EVPA administration significantly alleviated the immune damage induced by Cy, as evidenced by an improved body weight, organ index, and colonic injury. A further analysis of microbial diversity revealed that the EVPA primarily increased the abundance of the beneficial bacteria Verrucomicrobiota, Lactobacillaceae, and Lactobacillus while decreasing Akkermansiaceae, Akkermansia, Romboutsia, and Lactococcus, thereby ameliorating the microbial dysbiosis caused by Cy. A metabolomic analysis revealed significant alterations in the microbial metabolite levels after EVPA treatment, including urobilinogen, formamidopyrimidine nucleoside triphosphate, Cer (d18:1/18:0), pantetheine, and LysoPC (15:0/0:0). These altered metabolites are associated with pathways related to sphingolipid metabolism, carbapenem biosynthesis, pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis, glycerophospholipid metabolism, and porphyrin metabolism. Furthermore, significant correlations were observed between certain microbial groups and the differential metabolites. These findings provide new insights into the immunomodulatory effects of EVPA on the intestinal microbiota and metabolism, laying the foundation for more extensive utilization.

14.
Foods ; 13(5)2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472915

RESUMO

As a natural flavoring agent, vanilla essential oil has a special aroma and flavor, but its volatility and instability limit its value. Therefore, in this study, vanilla essential oil was compounded with cinnamon essential oil to prepare nano-emulsions (composite nano-emulsions called C/VT and C/VM), and the stability of the composite essential oil emulsions was investigated. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images showed that the nano-emulsions were spherical in shape and some flocs were observed in C/VM and C/VT. The results showed that the average droplet sizes of C/VM and C/VT increased only by 14.99% and 15.01% after heating at 100 °C for 20 min, and the average droplet sizes were less than 120 nm after 24 days of storage at 25 °C. Possibly due to the presence of reticulated flocs, which have a hindering effect on the movement of individual droplets, the instability indices of C/VM and C/VT were reduced by 34.9% and 39.08%, respectively, in comparison to the instability indices of C/VM and C/VT. In addition, the results of antioxidant experimental studies showed that the presence of composite essential oil flocs had no significant effect on the antioxidant capacity. These results indicate that the improved stability of the composite essential oil nano-emulsions is conducive to broadening the application of vanilla essential oil emulsions.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(5)2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474064

RESUMO

Our previous study has reported that metastasis-associated protein 2 (MTA2) plays essential roles in tumorigenesis and aggressiveness of gastric cancer (GC). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of MTA2-mediated GC and its upstream regulation mechanism remain elusive. In this study, we identified a novel circular RNA (circRNA) generated from the MTA2 gene (circMTA2) as a crucial regulator in GC progression. CircMTA2 was highly expressed in GC tissues and cell lines, and circMTA2 promoted the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of GC cells both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, circMTA2 interacted with ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L3 (UCHL3) to restrain MTA2 ubiquitination and stabilize MTA2 protein expression, thereby facilitating tumor progression. Moreover, circMTA2 was mainly encapsulated and transported by exosomes to promote GC cell progression. Taken together, these findings uncover that circMTA2 suppresses MTA2 degradation by interacting with UCHL3, thereby promoting GC progression. In conclusion, we identified a cancer-promoting axis (circMTA2/UCHL3/MTA2) in GC progression, which paves the way for us to design and synthesize targeted inhibitors as well as combination therapies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Proteólise , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proliferação de Células/genética , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo
16.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 45(3): 1665-1673, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471878

RESUMO

Changes in soil nitrogen components in tea gardens affect the soil nitrogen supply capacity and nitrogen cycle. In this study, soil samples were collected from forest land, cultivated land, and tea gardens with different plantation ages (30, 50, and 70 years) to explore the changes in soil nitrogen components and their relationship with physicochemical properties and enzyme activities. The results showed that:① with the increase in tea plantation age, the silt, total phosphorus, and urease and catalase activities gradually increased, whereas the sand, clay, pH, electrical conductivity, soil organic carbon, and the activities of invertase gradually decreased. The alkaline phosphatase activity increased first and then decreased with the increase in tea plantation age, and no significant differences were observed in soil water content and acid phosphatase activity. ② With the increase in tea plantation age, the contents of acid ammonia nitrogen, amino acid nitrogen, and nitrate nitrogen (NO3--N) increased significantly, and the contents of total nitrogen, acid ammonia nitrogen, hydrolyzable unknown nitrogen, and non-hydrolyzable nitrogen in tea gardens were significantly higher than those in forest land. ③ The total phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, and urease were the main factors affecting soil nitrogen components. Among them, organic nitrogen components were significantly correlated with total phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase, and inorganic nitrogen components were significantly correlated with alkaline phosphatase, whereas total nitrogen had significant correlations with sand, silt, total phosphorus, urease, and alkaline phosphatase.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina , Solo , Solo/química , Areia , Nitrogênio/análise , Carbono , Urease , Amônia , Fósforo/análise , Chá , Microbiologia do Solo , China
17.
BMC Urol ; 24(1): 59, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most common malignancies of the genitourinary system. Phosphofructokinase 1 (PFK-1) is one of member of PFK, which plays an important role in reprogramming cancer metabolism, such as lactylation modification. Zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) has been demonstrated to be a oncogene in many cancers. Therefore, this study was performed to explore the effects of PFK-1 on the lactylation of ZEB1 in BC development. METHODS: Cell viability was measured using the CCK-8 kit. The glucose assay kit and lactate assay kit were used to detect glucose utilization and lactate production. The DNA was purified and quantified by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: In the present study, we found that ZEB1 expression levels were significantly elevated in bladder cancer cells. Impaired PFK-1 expression inhibits proliferation, migration, and invasion of BC cells and suppresses tumour growth in vivo. We subsequently found that knockdown of PFK-1 decreases glycolysis, including reduced glucose consumption, lactate production and total extracellular acidification rate (ECAR). Mechanistically, PFK-1 inhibits histone lactylation of bladder cancer cells, and thus inhibits the transcription activity of ZEB1. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that PFK-1 can inhibit the malignant phenotype of bladder cancer cells by mediating the lactylation of ZEB1. These findings suggested PFK-1 to be a new potential target for bladder cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Fosfofrutoquinase-1/genética , Fosfofrutoquinase-1/metabolismo , Lactatos , Glucose , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco/genética , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco/metabolismo
18.
Langmuir ; 40(11): 5799-5808, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501264

RESUMO

Nanopores are powerful single-molecule sensors for analyzing biomolecules such as DNA and proteins. Understanding the dynamics of DNA capture and translocation through nanopores is essential for optimizing their performance. In this study, we examine the effects of applied voltage and pore diameter on current blockage, translocation time, collision, and capture location by translocating λ-DNA through 5.7 and 16 nm solid-state nanopores. Ionic current changes are used to infer DNA conformations during translocation. We find that translocation time increases with pore diameter, which can be attributed to the decrease of the stall force. Linear and exponential decreases of collision frequency with voltage are observed in the 16 and 5.7 nm pores, respectively, indicating a free energy barrier in the small pore. Moreover, the results reveal a voltage-dependent bias in the capture location toward the DNA ends, which is explained by a "pulley effect" deforming the DNA as it approaches the pore. This study provides insights into the physics governing DNA capture and translocation, which can be useful for promoting single-file translocation to enhance nanopore sensing.


Assuntos
Nanoporos , DNA , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Transporte de Íons , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico
19.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 126, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease with a five-year survival rate of less than 40%. There is significant variability in survival time among IPF patients, but the underlying mechanisms for this are not clear yet. METHODS AND RESULTS: We collected single-cell RNA sequence data of 13,223 epithelial cells taken from 32 IPF patients and bulk RNA sequence data from 456 IPF patients in GEO. Based on unsupervised clustering analysis at the single-cell level and deconvolution algorithm at bulk RNA sequence data, we discovered a special alveolar type 2 cell subtype characterized by high expression of CCL20 (referred to as ATII-CCL20), and found that IPF patients with a higher proportion of ATII-CCL20 had worse prognoses. Furthermore, we uncovered the upregulation of immune cell infiltration and metabolic functions in IPF patients with a higher proportion of ATII-CCL20. Finally, the comprehensive decision tree and nomogram were constructed to optimize the risk stratification of IPF patients and provide a reference for accurate prognosis evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: Our study by integrating single-cell and bulk RNA sequence data from IPF patients identified a special subtype of ATII cells, ATII-CCL20, which was found to be a risk cell subtype associated with poor prognosis in IPF patients. More importantly, the ATII-CCL20 cell subtype was linked with metabolic functions and immune infiltration.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Prognóstico , Transcriptoma
20.
Hortic Res ; 11(3): uhae033, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495030

RESUMO

Chinese bayberry (Myrica rubra or Morella rubra; 2n = 16) produces fruit with a distinctive flavor, high nutritional, and economic value. However, previous versions of the bayberry genome lack sequence continuity. Moreover, to date, no large-scale germplasm resource association analysis has examined the allelic and genetic variations determining fruit quality traits. Therefore, in this study, we assembled a telomere-to-telomere (T2T) gap-free reference genome for the cultivar 'Zaojia' using PacBio HiFi long reads. The resulting 292.60 Mb T2T genome, revealed 8 centromeric regions, 15 telomeres, and 28 345 genes. This represents a substantial improvement in the genome continuity and integrity of Chinese bayberry. Subsequently, we re-sequenced 173 accessions, identifying 6 649 674 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Further, the phenotypic analyses of 29 fruit quality-related traits enabled a genome-wide association study (GWAS), which identified 1937 SNPs and 1039 genes significantly associated with 28 traits. An SNP cluster pertinent to fruit color was identified on Chr6: 3407532 to 5 153 151 bp region, harboring two MYB genes (MrChr6G07650 and MrChr6G07660), exhibiting differential expression in extreme phenotype transcriptomes, linked to anthocyanin synthesis. An adjacent, closely linked gene, MrChr6G07670 (MLP-like protein), harbored an exonic missense variant and was shown to increase anthocyanin production in tobacco leaves tenfold. This SNP cluster, potentially a quantitative trait locus (QTL), collectively regulates bayberry fruit color. In conclusion, our study presented a complete reference genome, uncovered a suite of allelic variations related to fruit-quality traits, and identified functional genes that could be harnessed to enhance fruit quality and breeding efficiency of bayberries.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...