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1.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(9): 3231-3241, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622631

RESUMO

The source of recombinant collagen is clean, and it has the advantages of flexible sequence design, high yield and high purity, so it has a wide application prospect as biomaterials in tissue engineering and other fields. However, how to promote the cross-linking of recombinant collagen molecules and make them form a more stable spatial structure is the difficulty to be overcome in the design of recombinant collagen nanomaterials. Unnatural amino acid O-(2-bromoethyl)-tyrosine was incorporated into collagen by two-plasmid expression system. The results showed that high-purity collagen incorporated with unnatural amino acid could be obtained by induction with final concentration of 0.5 mmol/L IPTG and 0.06% arabinose at 25 °C for 24 hours. The intermolecular cross-linking through thioether bond was formed between collagen molecule incorporated with unnatural amino acid and collagen molecule with cysteine mutation in pH 9.0 NH4HCO3 buffer, which formed aggregates with the largest molecular size up to 1 micrometre. The results pave the way for the design of recombinant collagen biomaterials.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Sulfetos , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Colágeno/genética
2.
Front Oncol ; 11: 735670, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631568

RESUMO

Introduction: HR+/HER2- breast cancer (BC) has a much lower pathological complete response (pCR) rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). Therefore, to better stratify the relapse risk for HR+/HER2- non-pCR populations, it is essential to accurate identification new prognostic markers. Materials and Methods: The study retrospectively analyzed 105 stage II-III patients who were diagnosed with HR+/HER2- BC and received NAC followed by breast and axilla surgery between 2013 and 2019 in Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center. The Miller-Payne (MP) grading system was used to evaluate pathological responses to NAC. The 70-gene signature was used to classify the prognosis signatures. Results: Among the 105 patients, the study demonstrated that larger tumor size and lower progesterone receptor level at baseline and larger tumor size postoperative were statistically significantly associated with worse disease-free survival (DFS) (p = 0.004, p = 0.021, and p = 0.001, respectively). Among 54 patients who underwent the 70-gene assays, 26 (48.1%) had a low-risk signature; 28 (51.9%) patients had a high-risk signature. Patients with poor response (MP grades 1-2) were more likely to with a high-risk 70-gene signature than those with good response (MP grades 4-5). The final analysis showed that DFS was longer in the low-risk group than in the high-risk group [52.4 vs. 36.1 months of the median DFS, hazard ratio (HR) for recurrence, 0.29; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.10-0.80; p = 0.018]. DFS was longer in the good response (MP grades 3-4) group than in the poor response (MP grades 1-2) group (94.7% vs. 60% of the patients free from recurrence; HR, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.05-0.47; p = 0.037). When stratified by MP grades combined with the 70-gene signature, subgroup analyses showed the good-response low-risk group with the best DFS, whereas the poor-response high-risk group showed the worst DFS (p = 0.048). Due to the short median follow-up time of 34.5 months (5.9-75.1 months), MP grades and the 70-gene signature did not show significant prognostic value for overall survival. Conclusion: The study showed that analysis of MP grades combined with the 70-gene signature with residual NAC-resistant breast samples has a significant correlation with DFS.

3.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 746228, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631839

RESUMO

Background: This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between first 24-h mean body temperature and clinical outcomes of post cardiac surgery patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) in a large public clinical database. Methods: This is a retrospectively observational research of MIMIC III dataset, a total of 6,122 patients included. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the distribution of body temperature. Multivariate cox analysis and logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the association between abnormal temperature, and clinical outcomes. Results: Hypothermia (<36°C) significantly associated with increasing in-hospital mortality (HR 1.665, 95%CI 1.218-2.276; p = 0.001), 1-year mortality (HR 1.537, 95% CI 1.205-1.961; p = 0.001), 28-day mortality (HR 1.518, 95% CI 1.14-2.021; p = 0.004), and 90-day mortality (HR 1.491, 95% CI 1.144-1.943; p = 0.003). No statistical differences were observed between short-term or long-term mortality and hyperthermia (>38°C). Hyperthermia was related to the extended length of ICU stay (p < 0.001), and hospital stay (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Hypothermia within 24h after ICU admission was associated with the increased mortality of post cardiac surgery patients. Enhanced monitoring of body temperature within 24h after cardiac surgery should be taken into account for improving clinical outcomes.

5.
ChemistryOpen ; 10(10): 1028-1032, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648230

RESUMO

An underside binding site was recently identified in the transmembrane domain of smoothened receptor (SMO). Herein, we report efforts in the exploration of new insights into the interactions between the ligand and SMO. The hydantoin core in the middle of the parent compound was found to be highly conservative in chirality, ring size, and substituents. On each benzene at two ends, a plethora of variations, particularly halogen substitutions, were introduced and investigated. Analysis of the structure-activity relationship revealed miscellaneous halogen effects. The ligands with double halogen substituents exhibit remarkably enhanced potency, providing promising candidates that potentially overcome the common drug resistance and useful heavy-atom labeled chemical tools for co-crystallization studies of SMO.

6.
Chemosphere ; : 132544, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648789

RESUMO

Vanillin and vanillic acid are two kinds of lignin pyrolysis products that are generated by biomass combustion. The gas-phase oxidation mechanisms of vanillin and vanillic acid initiated by OH/NO3 radicals were investigated by using density functional theory (DFT) at M06-2X/6-311+G(3df,2p)//M06-2X/6-311+G(d,p) level. The initial reactions of vanillin and vanillic acid with OH/NO3 radicals can be divided into two patterns: OH/NO3 addition and H-atom abstraction. For vanillin reacted with OH radical, the OH addition mainly occurs at C2-position to produce highly chemically activated intermediate (IM2). The oxidation products 3,4-dihydroxy benzaldehyde, malealdehyde, methyl hydrogen oxalate, methylenemalonaldehyde, carbonyl and carbonyl compounds are formed by the subsequent reactions of IM2. H-atom abstracting from aldehyde group occurs more easily than from the other positions. In addition, vanillin reacting with NO3 radicals principally proceeds via NO3-addition at C1 sites and H-atom abstracting from OH group (C1) to generate HNO3. The primary reaction mechanisms of vanillic acid with OH/NO3 radicals were similar to vanillin. The Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus (RRKM) theory was performed to calculate the rate constants of the significant elementary reactions. The total rate constants for OH-initiated oxidation of vanillin and vanillic acid are 5.72 × 10-12 and 5.40 × 10-12 cm3 molecule-1 s-1 at 298 K and 1 atm. The atmospheric lifetimes were predicted to be 48.56 h and 51.44 h, respectively. As a supplement, the kinetic calculations of NO3 radicals with two reactants were also discussed. This work investigates the atmospheric oxidation processes of vanillin and vanillic acid, and hopes to provide useful information for further experimental research.

7.
Psychiatry Res ; 306: 114219, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614443

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the effects of different types of bullying victimization (direct, relational, and cyber) on psychological symptoms, self-harm, and suicidality (including suicidal ideation and attempts) among adolescents, and to explore whether these effects may vary by gender. The data were obtained from a cross-sectional study of adolescents (n = 11,248, 46.7% females) with a mean age of 13.83 years from grade 5 to 12 in Henan, China. A series of binary logistic regression models were conducted to estimate the associations between different types of bullying victimization and psychological symptoms, self-harm, suicidal ideation, and suicidal attempts, after adjusting for demographic covariates. All three types of bullying victimization were significantly associated with psychological symptoms, self-harm, suicidal ideation, and suicidal attempts. Adolescents who suffered from cyberbullying victimization were more likely to commit self-harm and suicidal attempts as compared to direct and relational victimization. Female adolescents who suffered from relational bullying tend to have a higher risk of suicidal attempts than male adolescents. The current study demonstrated the negative effect of bullying victimization on adolescents' adverse psychological outcomes and gender difference need to be taken into account in developing targeted intervention strategies to address bullying victimization.

8.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642771

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To reveal differences in the pattern of trabecular architecture in the epiphysis and metaphysis of the proximal tibia. METHODS: The trabecular architecture of the proximal tibia was observed in 27 P45 plastinated knee specimens. RESULTS: In the medial and lateral condyles, under the articular cartilage surrounded by the medial or lateral meniscus, the cancellous bone is formed by thick and dense trabecular bands, which run longitudinally in the epiphysis and then pass through the epiphyseal line to terminate on the slanted cortex of the metaphysis. In the intercondylar eminence, the trabeculae are arranged basically in a network. In the central portion of the tibial metaphysis, cancellous bone consists of fine arcuate trabeculae, which extend to the anterior and posterior cortices, respectively. These trabeculae are intersected sparsely and form trusses over the medullary cavity. Near the areas of attachment of the iliotibial tract, tibial collateral ligament, anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments, and patellar ligament, the cancellous bone is locally reinforced with patchy trabeculae, dense radiating trabeculae, or two orthotropic trabecular bands. CONCLUSION: This study provides further accurate anatomical information on the trabeculae of the proximal tibia. The soft structures of knee joint, including the articular cartilage, menisci, and ligaments, and the slanted cortices of the metaphysis are important landmarks for the location of different arrangements of the cancellous architecture. The present results are beneficial for clinical diagnosis and treatment of pathologies of the knee joint, or the establishment of a finite element analysis model of the knee joint.

9.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2101085, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636180

RESUMO

One of the obstacles limiting progress in the development of effective cancer therapies is the shortage of preclinical models that capture the dynamic nature of tumor microenvironments. Interstitial flow strongly impacts tumor response to chemotherapy; however, conventional in vitro cancer models largely disregard this key feature. Here, we report a proof of principle microfluidic platform for the generation of large arrays of breast tumor spheroids that are grown under close-to-physiological flow in a biomimetic hydrogel. We use this cancer spheroids-on-a-chip model for time- and labor-efficient studies of the effects of drug dose and supply rate on the chemosensitivity of breast tumor spheroids. We show the capability to grow large arrays of tumor spheroids from patient-derived cells of different breast cancer subtypes and demonstrate correlation between in vivo drug efficacy and on-chip spheroid drug response. The proposed platform can serve as an in vitro preclinical model for the development of personalized cancer therapies and effective screening of new anticancer drugs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 227: 112901, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673408

RESUMO

Several studies found that reduction of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), a marker of DNA hydroxymethylation highly enriched in developing brain, is associated with anxiety-like behaviors. This study aimed to investigate whether gestational arsenic (As) exposure induces anxiety-like behaviors in adult offspring by reducing DNA hydroxymethylation in the developing brain. The dams drank ultrapure water containing NaAsO2 (15 mg/L) throughout pregnancy. Anxiety-like behaviors were evaluated and developing brain 5hmC was detected. Results showed that anxiety-like behaviors were observed in As-exposed adult offspring. In addition, 5hmC content was reduced in As-exposed fetal brain. Despite no difference on Tet1, Tet2 and Tet3 expression, TET activity was suppressed in As-exposed fetal brain. Mechanistically, alpha-ketoglutarate (α-KG), a cofactor for TET dioxygenases, was reduced and Idh2, a key enzymatic gene for mitochondrial α-KG synthesis, was downregulated in As-exposed fetal brain. Of interest, ascorbic acid, a cofactor for TET dioxygenases, reversed As-induced suppression of TET activity. Moreover, ascorbic acid attenuated As-induced reduction of 5hmC in fetal brain. In addition, ascorbic acid alleviated As-induced anxiety-like behaviors in adult offspring. Taken together, these results suggest that gestational As exposure induces anxiety-like behaviors in adult offspring, possibly at part, by inhibiting DNA hydroxymethylation in developing brain.

11.
Front Genet ; 12: 719451, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603382

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 70-85% of liver cancer, and about 85% of HCC are hepatitis B virus-related (HBV-HCC) in China. Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been reported as an effective treatment. Potential biomarkers to stratify patients who may benefit from this treatment are needed. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether circulating cell-free mitochondrial DNA (ccf-mtDNA) content was associated with the outcome of HCC patients, especially of those who received the combination treatment of TACE and TCM. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were conducted to evaluate the association between ccf-mtDNA content and the overall survival of HBV-HCC patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to compare the survival differences between patients with low and high ccf-mtDNA content. In a hospital-based cohort with 141 HBV-HCC patients, there was no statistically significant association between the ccf-mtDNA content and the overall survival of HBV-HCC patients in the univariate analysis, but a borderline significant association was found in the multivariate analyses. In a subcohort of 50 HBV-HCC patients who received TACE and TCM treatment, high ccfDNA content conferred an increased death risk with a hazard ratio of 4.01 (95% confidence interval: 1.25-12.84, p = 0.019) in the multivariate analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis also showed that patients with high ccf-mtDNA content had unfavorable survival (log rank p = 0.097). Our findings suggest that ccf-mtDNA content is a potential non-invasive prognostic biomarker in HCC patients receiving TACE and TCM treatment.

13.
Diabetes Care ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sulfonylureas, the first available drugs for the management of type 2 diabetes, remain widely prescribed today. However, there exists significant variability in glycemic response to treatment. We aimed to establish heritability of sulfonylurea response and identify genetic variants and interacting treatments associated with HbA1c reduction. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: As an initiative of the Metformin Genetics Plus Consortium (MetGen Plus) and the DIabetes REsearCh on patient straTification (DIRECT) consortium, 5,485 White Europeans with type 2 diabetes treated with sulfonylureas were recruited from six referral centers in Europe and North America. We first estimated heritability using the generalized restricted maximum likelihood approach and then undertook genome-wide association studies of glycemic response to sulfonylureas measured as HbA1c reduction after 12 months of therapy followed by meta-analysis. These results were supported by acute glipizide challenge in humans who were naïve to type 2 diabetes medications, cis expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL), and functional validation in cellular models. Finally, we examined for possible drug-drug-gene interactions. RESULTS: After establishing that sulfonylurea response is heritable (mean ± SEM 37 ± 11%), we identified two independent loci near the GXYLT1 and SLCO1B1 genes associated with HbA1c reduction at a genome-wide scale (P < 5 × 10-8). The C allele at rs1234032, near GXYLT1, was associated with 0.14% (1.5 mmol/mol), P = 2.39 × 10-8), lower reduction in HbA1c. Similarly, the C allele was associated with higher glucose trough levels (ß = 1.61, P = 0.005) in healthy volunteers in the SUGAR-MGH given glipizide (N = 857). In 3,029 human whole blood samples, the C allele is a cis eQTL for increased expression of GXYLT1 (ß = 0.21, P = 2.04 × 10-58). The C allele of rs10770791, in an intronic region of SLCO1B1, was associated with 0.11% (1.2 mmol/mol) greater reduction in HbA1c (P = 4.80 × 10-8). In 1,183 human liver samples, the C allele at rs10770791 is a cis eQTL for reduced SLCO1B1 expression (P = 1.61 × 10-7), which, together with functional studies in cells expressing SLCO1B1, supports a key role for hepatic SLCO1B1 (encoding OATP1B1) in regulation of sulfonylurea transport. Further, a significant interaction between statin use and SLCO1B1 genotype was observed (p = 0.001). In statin nonusers, C allele homozygotes at rs10770791 had a large absolute reduction in HbA1c (0.48 ± 0.12% [5.2 ± 1.26 mmol/mol]), equivalent to that associated with initiation of a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS: We have identified clinically important genetic effects at genome-wide levels of significance, and important drug-drug-gene interactions, which include commonly prescribed statins. With increasing availability of genetic data embedded in clinical records these findings will be important in prescribing glucose-lowering drugs.

14.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-24, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609268

RESUMO

Citrus fruits are consumed in large quantities worldwide due to their attractive aromas and taste, as well as their high nutritional values and various health-promoting effects, which are due to their abundance of nutrients and bioactives. In addition to water, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and dietary fibers are important nutrients in citrus, providing them with high nutritional values. Citrus fruits are also rich in various bioactives such as flavonoids, essential oils, carotenoids, limonoids, and synephrines, which protect from various ailments, including cancer and inflammatory, digestive, and cardiovascular diseases. The composition and content of nutrients and bioactives differ significantly among citrus varieties, fruit parts, and growth stages. To better understand the nutrient and bioactive profiles of citrus fruits and provide guidance for the utilization of high-value citrus resources, this review systematically summarizes the nutrients and bioactives in citrus fruit, including their contents, structural characteristics, and potential health benefits. We also explore the composition variation in different citrus varieties, fruits parts, and growth stages, as well as their health-promoting effects and applications.

15.
Chaos ; 31(9): 093103, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598451

RESUMO

The crosstalk between pyroptosis and apoptosis pathways plays crucial roles in homeostasis, cancer, and other pathologies. However, its molecular regulatory mechanisms for cell death decision-making remain to be elucidated. Based on the recent experimental studies, we developed a core regulatory network model of the crosstalk between pyroptosis and apoptosis pathways. Sensitivity analysis and bifurcation analysis were performed to assess the death mode switching of the network. Both the approaches determined that only the level of caspase-1 or gasdermin D (GSDMD) has the potential to individually change death modes. The decrease of caspase-1 or GSDMD switches cell death from pyroptosis to apoptosis. Seven biochemical reactions among the 21 reactions in total that are essential for determining cell death modes are identified by using sensitivity analysis. While with bifurcation analysis of state transitions, nine reactions are suggested to be able to efficiently switch death modes. Monostability, bistability, and tristability are observed under different conditions. We found that only the reaction that caspase-1 activation induced by stimuli can trigger tristability. Six and two of the nine reactions are identified to be able to induce bistability and monostability, respectively. Moreover, the concurrence of pyroptosis and apoptosis is observed not only within proper bistable ranges, but also within tristable ranges, implying two potentially distinct regulatory mechanisms. Taken together, this work sheds new light on the crosstalk between pyroptosis and apoptosis and uncovers the regulatory mechanisms of various stable state transitions, which play important roles for the development of potential control strategies for disease prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Apoptose , Morte Celular , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato
16.
Biochem Pharmacol ; : 114808, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the primary cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The anticancer effect of stilbene has been noted in various tumor types. GMQ3, which has a stilbene-mimicking skeleton, is a novel small-molecule compound with promising antitumor activity. Our results revealed that GMQ3 not only suppressed cell proliferation and cell migration of lung cancer cells but also led to G1 phase cell cycle arrest and triggered caspase-dependent apoptosis. Furthermore, investigation of the molecular mechanism showed that GMQ3 could inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis via the p38-MAPK/SIRT1 pathway both in vitro and in vivo. Xenograft tumor mouse models showed that GMQ3 significantly inhibited tumor growth in vivo without affecting body weight. Our findings indicated that GMQ3 exerts a strong anticancer action by suppressing cell proliferation, inhibiting cell migration and inducing cell apoptosis. Moreover, the efficacy of GMQ3 was enhanced in the presence of CDK4/6 inhibitor Abemaciclib. We conclude that GMQ3 is a promising agent with potential for lung cancer.

17.
Brain Sci ; 11(10)2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679339

RESUMO

Multiple types of sleep arousal account for a large proportion of the causes of sleep disorders. The detection of sleep arousals is very important for diagnosing sleep disorders and reducing the risk of further complications including heart disease and cognitive impairment. Sleep arousal scoring is manually completed by sleep experts by checking the recordings of several periods of sleep polysomnography (PSG), which is a time-consuming and tedious work. Therefore, the development of efficient, fast, and reliable automatic sleep arousal detection system from PSG may provide powerful help for clinicians. This paper reviews the automatic arousal detection methods in recent years, which are based on statistical rules and deep learning methods. For statistical detection methods, three important processes are typically involved, including preprocessing, feature extraction and classifier selection. For deep learning methods, different models are discussed by now, including convolution neural network (CNN), recurrent neural network (RNN), long-term and short-term memory neural network (LSTM), residual neural network (ResNet), and the combinations of these neural networks. The prediction results of these neural network models are close to the judgments of human experts, and these methods have shown robust generalization capabilities on different data sets. Therefore, we conclude that the deep neural network will be the main research method of automatic arousal detection in the future.

18.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687132

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MIAT (myocardial infarction associated transcript) has been characterized as a functional lncRNA modulating cerebral ischaemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. This study explored the functional partners of MIAT in primary rat neurons and their regulation on I/R injury. Sprague-Dawley rats were used to construct middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) models. Their cerebral cortical neurons were used for in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) models. Results showed that MIAT interacted with EGLN2 in rat cortical neurons. MIAT overexpression or knockdown did not alter EGLN2 transcription. In contrast, MIAT overexpression increased EGLN2 stability after I/R injury via reducing its ubiquitin-mediated degradation. EGLN2 was a substrate of MDM2, a ubiquitin E3 ligase. MDM2 interacted with the N-terminal of EGLN2 and mediated its K48-linked poly-ubiquitination, thereby facilitating its proteasomal degradation. MIAT knockdown enhanced the interaction and reduced EGLN2 stability. MIAT overexpression enhanced infarct volume and induced a higher ratio of neuronal apoptosis. EGLN2 knockdown significantly reversed the injury. MIAT overexpression reduced oxidative pentose phosphate pathway flux and increased oxidized/reduced glutathione ratio, the effects of which were abrogated by EGLN2 knockdown. In conclusion, MIAT might act as a stabilizer of EGLN2 via reducing MDM2 mediated K48 poly-ubiquitination. MIAT-EGLN2 axis exacerbates I/R injury via altering redox homeostasis in neurons.

19.
Genomics ; 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666190

RESUMO

Background New biomarkers are needed to identify different clinical outcomes for HER2+ breast cancer (BC). Methods Differential genes of HER2+ BC were screened based on TCGA database. We used WGCNA to identify the genes related to the survival. Genetic Algorithm was used to structure risk prediction model. The prognostic model was validated in GSE data. Results We constructed a risk prediction model of 6 genes to identify prognosis of HER2+ BC, including CLEC9A, PLD4, PIM1, PTK2B, AKNAD1 and C15orf27. Kaplan-Meier curve showed that the model effectively distinguished the survival of HER2+ BC patients. The multivariate Cox regression suggested that the risk model was an independent predictor for HER2+ BC. Analysis related to immune showed that significant differences in immune infiltration between high- and low-risk groups classified by the prognostic model. Conclusions Our study identified a risk prediction model of 6 genes that could distinguish the prognosis of HER2+ BC.

20.
J Pers Med ; 11(9)2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575616

RESUMO

The management of recurrent head and neck adenoid cystic carcinoma (HNACC) remains a problematic challenge. This study aims to evaluate the long-term outcomes of personalized stereotactic ablative brachytherapy (SABT) as a salvage treatment for recurrent HNACC after surgery or external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). 21 patients with recurrent HNACC after surgery or EBRT successfully underwent iodine-125 (I-125) seed SABT from May 2011 to November 2019. The objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), local control time (LCT), overall survival (OS), symptomatic relief and adverse events (AEs) were analyzed. Following SABT, the ORR and DCR were 85.7% and 100%, respectively. The 3-, and 5-year LCT rates were 68.8% and 55.1%, respectively, and the 3- and 5-year OS rates were 85.9% and 66.2%, respectively. Furthermore, univariate analyses showed that higher D90 (>137.1 Gy) was a strong positive prognostic factor of LCT (p < 0.05). The pain disappeared in one patient 3 months after SABT and partial pain improvement was observed in nine patients 1 to 6 months after SABT. Additionally, dyspnea was relieved in one patient with the tumor involving the trachea. The major AEs were mild intraoperative hemorrhage and skin/mucosal toxicities which were generally graded ≤2 and well-tolerated. Personalized SABT was an effective and safe alternative option for recurrent HNACC after the previous failure of surgery or EBRT. The parameter of D90 may influence the local control.

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