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1.
Fitoterapia ; : 106057, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844141

RESUMO

The pericarps of Zanthoxylum schinifolium Sieb. et Zucc were called "green huajiao", which were used as traditional folk medicine and popular seasoning in China. In this study, twenty-seven alkylamides, including a rare alkylamide containing two amide groups (1), an alkylamide with a furan ring (5), six new alkylamide analogues (2-4, 6-8), together with nineteen known alkylamides (9-27) were isolated from green huajiao. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis, including 1D, 2D NMR, HRESIMS, and UV spectra. Furthermore, compounds 5, 18, 21, and 22 exhibited weak protective activity for corticosterone-induced PC12 cells damage.

2.
Infect Drug Resist ; 17: 2189-2198, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835493

RESUMO

Objective: In this paper, we analyzed the clinical data of patients with meningoencephalitis caused by Streptococcus intermedius to understand better the clinical characteristics of the disease and recommend auxiliary diagnostic mode as well as treatment experience. Methods: We reviewed the clinical data of two patients admitted to our department in 2019 with meningoencephalitis caused by S. intermedius. Results: Two female patients were examined, one of whom had a history of radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma while the other had no underlying disease. These two patients were admitted with symptoms of meningoencephalitis. Cerebrospinal fluid examinations revealed elevated levels of leukocytes and protein. After treatment with meropenem, the condition improved for a brief time, but then worsened with a decline in mental status and limb movement. Blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures demonstrated the absence of pathogenic bacteria, while genome sequencing of cerebrospinal fluids revealed the presence of S. intermedius. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple cerebral abscesses (CAs). After coadministration of linezolid as an anti-infective, clinical symptoms gradually improved, and the CAs shrank on follow-up imaging. The condition exhibited a pattern of improvement-deterioration-improvement. Conclusion: Meningoencephalitis caused by S. intermedius is complex and prone to fluctuation and formation of multiple CAs. The definitive clinical diagnosis of this disease can be aided by genome sequencing technology, and early clarification of the etiology combined with the use of potent antibiotics is effective.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822760

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recognition of auditory brainstem response (ABR) waveforms may be challenging, particularly for older individuals or those with hearing loss. This study aimed to investigate deep learning frameworks to improve the automatic recognition of ABR waveforms in participants with varying ages and hearing levels. STUDY DESIGN: The research used a descriptive study design to collect and analyze pure tone audiometry and ABR data from 100 participants. SETTING: The research was conducted at a tertiary academic medical center, specifically at the Clinical Audiology Center of Tsinghua Chang Gung Hospital (Beijing, China). METHODS: Data from 100 participants were collected and categorized into four groups based on age and hearing level. Features from both time-domain and frequency-domain ABR signals were extracted and combined with demographic factors, such as age, sex, pure-tone thresholds, stimulus intensity, and original signal sequences to generate feature vectors. An enhanced Wide&Deep model was utilized, incorporating the Light-multi-layer perceptron (MLP) model to train the recognition of ABR waveforms. The recognition accuracy (ACC) of each model was calculated for the overall data set and each group. RESULTS: The ACC rates of the Light-MLP model were 97.8%, 97.2%, 93.8%, and 92.0% for Groups 1 to 4, respectively, with a weighted average ACC rate of 95.4%. For the Wide&Deep model, the ACC rates were 93.4%, 90.8%, 92.0%, and 88.3% for Groups 1 to 4, respectively, with a weighted average ACC rate of 91.0%. CONCLUSION: Both the Light-MLP model and the Wide&Deep model demonstrated excellent ACC in automatic recognition of ABR waveforms across participants with diverse ages and hearing levels. While the Wide&Deep model's performance was slightly poorer than that of the Light-MLP model, particularly due to the limited sample size, it is anticipated that with an expanded data set, the performance of Wide&Deep model may be further improved.

4.
medRxiv ; 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826433

RESUMO

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a prevalent neurodegenerative disorder where progressive neuron loss is driven by impaired brain bioenergetics, particularly mitochondrial dysfunction and disrupted cellular respiration. Terazosin (TZ), an α-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist with a known efficacy in treating benign prostatic hypertrophy and hypertension, has shown potential in addressing energy metabolism deficits associated with PD due to its action on phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1). This study aimed to investigate the safety, tolerability, bioenergetic target engagement, and optimal dose of TZ in neurologically healthy subjects. Methods: Eighteen healthy men and women (60 - 85 years old) were stratified into two cohorts based on maximum TZ dosages (5 mg and 10 mg daily). Methods included plasma and cerebrospinal fluid TZ concentration measurements, whole blood ATP levels, 31 Phosphorous magnetic resonance spectroscopy for brain ATP levels, 18 F-FDG PET imaging for cerebral metabolic activity, and plasma metabolomics. Results: Our results indicated that a 5 mg/day dose of TZ significantly increased whole blood ATP levels and reduced global cerebral 18 F-FDG PET uptake without significant side effects or orthostatic hypotension. These effects were consistent across sexes. Higher doses did not result in additional benefits and showed a potential biphasic dose-response. Conclusions: TZ at a dosage of 5 mg/day engages its metabolic targets effectively in both sexes without inducing significant adverse effects and provides a promising therapeutic avenue for mitigating energetic deficiencies. Further investigation via clinical trials to validate TZ's efficacy and safety in neurodegenerative (i.e., PD) contexts is warranted.

5.
Anal Chem ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863415

RESUMO

Capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (CE-C4D) has proven to be an efficient technique for the separation and detection of charged inorganic, organic, and biochemical analytes. It offers several advantages, including cost-effectiveness, nanoliter injection volume, short analysis time, good separation efficiency, suitability for miniaturization, and portability. However, the routine determination of common inorganic cations (NH4+, K+, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, and Li+) and inorganic anions (F-, Cl-, Br-, NO2-, NO3-, PO43-, and SO42-) in water quality monitoring typically exhibits limits of detection of about 0.3-1 µM without preconcentration. This sensitivity often proves insufficient for the applications of CE-C4D in trace analysis situations. Here, we explore methods to push the detection limits of CE-C4D through a comprehensive consideration of signal and noise sources. In particular, we (i) studied the model of C4D and its guiding roles in C4D and CE-C4D, (ii) optimized the bandwidth and noise performance of the current-to-voltage (I-V) converter, and (iii) reduced the noise level due to the strong background signal of the background electrolyte by adaptive differential detection. We characterized the system with Li+; the 3-fold signal-to-noise (S/N) detection limit for Li+ was determined at 20 nM, with a linear range spanning from 60 nM to 1.6 mM. Moreover, the optimized CE-C4D method was applied to the analysis of common mixed inorganic cations (K+, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, and Li+), anions (F-, Cl-, Br-, NO2-, NO3-, PO43-, and SO42-), toxic halides (BrO3-) and heavy metal ions (Pb2+, Cd2+, Cr3+, Co2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, and Cu2+) at trace concentrations of 200 nM. All electropherograms showed good S/N ratios, thus proving its applicability and accuracy. Our results have shown that the developed CE-C4D method is feasible for trace ion analysis in water quality control.

6.
Neurochem Int ; : 105789, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852824

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a common inflammatory bowel disease with a complex origin in clinical settings. It is frequently accompanied by negative emotional responses, including anxiety and depression. Enteric glial cells (EGCs) are important components of the gut-brain axis and are involved in the development of the enteric nervous system (ENS), intestinal neuroimmune, and regulation of intestinal motor functions. Since there is limited research encompassing the regulatory function of EGCs in anxiety- and depression-like behaviors induced by UC, this study aims to reveal their regulatory role in such behaviors and associated intestinal inflammation. This study applied morphological, molecular biological, and behavioral methods to observe the morphological and functional changes of EGCs in UC mice. The results indicated a significant activation of EGCs in the ENS of dextran sodium sulfate -induced UC mice. This activation was evidenced by morphological alterations, such as elongation or terminal swelling of processes. Besides EGCs activation, UC mice exhibited significantly elevated expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the peripheral blood, accompanied by anxiety- and depression-like behaviors. The inhibition of EGCs activity within the ENS can ameliorate the anxiety- and depression-like behaviors caused by UC. Our data suggest that UC and its resulting behaviors may be related to the activation of EGCs within the ENS. Moreover, the modulation of intestinal inflammation through inhibition of EGCs activation emerges as a promising clinical approach for alleviating UC-induced anxiety- and depression-like behaviors.

7.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1402250, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855107

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to employ plasma proteomics to investigate the molecular changes, pathway alterations, and potential novel biochemical markers associated with balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Methods: Pre- and post-BPA plasma samples from five CTEPH patients in the PRACTICE study were analyzed to identify differentially expressed proteins. Proteomic and bioinformatics analyses were conducted, and the identified proteins were further validated using ELISA assays in a separate cohort of the same study. Correlation and multivariate regression analyses were performed to investigate the associations between these differentially expressed proteins and clinical parameters. Results: Significantly higher serum levels of asialoglycoprotein receptor 2 (ASGR2) were detected in 5 CTEPH patients compared to those in healthy individuals but decreased significantly after successful BPA procedures. The decrease in serum levels of ASGR2 after the completion of BPA procedures was further validated in a separate cohort of 48 patients with CTEPH [0.70 (0.51, 1.11) ng/mL vs. 0.38 (0.27, 0.59) ng/mL, P < 0.001]. Significant associations were found between the pre-BPA ASGR2 level and clinical parameters, including neutrophil percentage (R = 0.285, P < 0.05), platelet (PLT) count (R = 0.386, P < 0.05), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) before BPA (R = -0.285, P < 0.05). Significant associations were detected between post-BPA serum ASGR2 levels and lymphocyte percentage (LYM%) (R = 0.306, P < 0.05), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (R = -0.294, P < 0.05), and pulmonary vascular resistance after BPA (R = -0.35, P < 0.05). Multivariate stepwise regression analysis revealed that pre-BPA ASGR2 levels were associated with HDL-C and PLT count (both P < 0.001), while post-BPA ASGR2 levels were associated with LYM% (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Serum levels of ASGR2 may be a biomarker for the effectiveness of BPA treatment in CTEPH patients. The pre-BPA serum level of ASGR2 in CTEPH patients was associated with HDL-C and the PLT count. The post-BPA serum level of ASGR2 was correlated with the LYM%, which may reflect aspects of immune and inflammatory status.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Biomarcadores , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Embolia Pulmonar , Humanos , Masculino , Hipertensão Pulmonar/sangue , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Feminino , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/sangue , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Idoso , Proteômica/métodos , Doença Crônica
8.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1871(7): 119768, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838858

RESUMO

The regulatory mechanism of the transcription factor GATA3 in the differentiation and maturation process of extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) in early pregnancy placenta, as well as its relevance to the occurrence of pregnancy disorders, remains poorly understood. This study leveraged single-cell RNA sequencing data from placental organoid models and placental tissue to explore the dynamic changes in GATA3 expression during EVT maturation. The expression pattern exhibited an initial upregulation followed by subsequent downregulation, with aberrant GATA3 localization observed in cases of recurrent miscarriage (RM). By identifying global targets regulated by GATA3 in primary placental EVT cells, JEG3, and HTR8/SVneo cell lines, this study offered insights into its regulatory mechanisms across different EVT cell models. Shared regulatory targets among these cell types and activation of trophoblast cell marker genes emphasized the importance of GATA3 in EVT differentiation and maturation. Knockdown of GATA3 in JEG3 cells led to repression of GATA3-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), as evidenced by changes in marker gene expression levels and enhanced migration ability. Additionally, interference with GATA3 accelerated cellular senescence, as indicated by reduced proliferation rates and increased activity levels for senescence-associated ß-galactosidase enzyme, along with elevated expression levels for senescence-associated genes. This study provides comprehensive insights into the dual role of GATA3 in regulating EMT and cellular senescence during EVT differentiation, shedding light on the dynamic changes in GATA3 expression in normal and pathological placental conditions.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1284371, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38881872

RESUMO

Background: Cynanchum paniculatum (Bunge) Kitag. ex H.Hara, a member of the Asclepiadaceae family, has a rich history as a traditional Chinese medicinal plant used to treat digestive disorders. However, its potential anti-cancer effects in pancreatic cancer remain largely unexplored. Aim: This study delves into the intricate anti-pancreatic cancer mechanisms of C. paniculatum (Bunge) Kitag. ex H.Hara aqueous extract (CPAE) by elucidating its role in apoptosis induction and the inhibition of invasion and migration. Methods: A comprehensive set of methodologies was employed to assess CPAE's impact, including cell viability analyses using MTT and colony formation assays, flow cytometry for cell cycle distribution and apoptosis assessment, scratch-wound and Matrigel invasion assays for migration and invasion capabilities, and immunoblotting to measure the expression levels of key proteins involved in apoptosis and metastasis. Additionally, a murine xenograft model was established to investigate CPAE's in vivo anti-cancer potential. Results: CPAE exhibited time- and dose-dependent suppression of proliferation and colony formation in pancreatic cancer cells. Notably, CPAE induced apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest, effectively activating the caspase-dependent PARP pathway. At non-cytotoxic doses, CPAE significantly curtailed the metastatic abilities of pancreatic cells, effectively suppressing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and downregulating the TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 pathway. In vivo experiments underscored CPAE's ability to inhibit tumor proliferation. Conclusion: This study illuminates the multifaceted anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, anti-invasive, and anti-migratory effects of CPAE, both in vitro and in vivo. CPAE emerges as a promising herbal medicine for pancreatic cancer treatment, with its potential mediated through apoptosis induction via the caspase-dependent PARP pathway and MET suppression via the TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 signaling pathway at non-cytotoxic doses. These findings advocate for further exploration of CPAE's therapeutic potential in pancreatic cancer.

10.
Heliyon ; 10(11): e32213, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38882358

RESUMO

Drought stress has a significant impact on the quality and quantity of lake water. Understanding this impact is crucial for preventing water security risks and pollution recovery. However, there is a lack of systemic understanding of how drought affects water quality and quantity, and how they change in multiple dimensions. This manuscript established a synthesized methodology with the principles to judge the applicability and three steps of application to detect the change in water quality and water level under severe drought in Xingyun Lake, China. Results show that (1) The water level and water quality of Xingyun Lake have a synchronous and evident response to drought during 2009-2014. The rainfall during 2008-2015 declined by 22.9 % to normal, and the inundated area and lake water depth in 2012 decreased by 10.50 % from 2002 to 1.38 m to the average depth, respectively. The pollution index climbed above 1.21 after 2008, fluctuating around 1.42. (2) Under drought, the water quality indicators significantly changed in the terms of the overall feature, trend, eigenvalue, and morphological characteristics. The water quality indicators of Set2008-2015 are significantly different from set2000-2007 and not in the groups of set1994-2000. The morphological characteristics of water quality indicators in set2008-2015 differs significantly from that in set2000-2007 shown by the minimum, maximum, median, quartiles, and extreme values. (3) Although NH3-N showed no significant change, the water quality deteriorated in the physical, chemical, and biological aspects. The TP, IMN, and BOD5 changed more evidently than DO and NH3-N. (4) Water quality grade and indicator concentration deteriorated significantly and sharply under severe drought and are threatened deeply by TP and TN. The synthesized methodology is scientifically constructed and canbe employed in the characteristics cognition of water quality and water level to severe drought in and out of this research. And the intervention time and various regulating measures for pollution degradation and water quality recovery canbe constructed based on the multi-dimensional analysis of water quality change under drought evolution.

11.
J Int Med Res ; 52(6): 3000605241259439, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867556

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of cognitive impairment (CI) among middle-aged to older patients receiving maintenance haemodialysis (MHD) and to investigate the potential association between CI and physical performance. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study enrolled participants aged 55-85 years who received MHD. Cognitive status was assessed using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). Physical performance was measured by hand grip strength, the Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT) and the 4-m walking speed. Sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory parameters were recorded for each patient. RESULTS: The study included 592 patients (363 males); and of these, 126 (21.3%) were diagnosed with CI. Compared with patients with normal cognitive function, those with CI were significantly older and had significantly longer dialysis duration, lower educational level, higher Malnutrition Inflammation Score, higher depression and higher Charlson Comorbidity Index score. After adjustment for covariates, multiple regression analysis suggested that grip strength (odds ratio [OR] = 0.959, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.924, 0.996) and 4-m walking speed (OR = 0.161, 95% CI = 0.070, 0.368) were protective factors. TUGT (OR = 1.037, 95%CI = 1.003, 1.071) was a risk factor. CONCLUSION: Physical performance was correlated with CI and might be a significant indicator for the early identification of CI in middle-aged to older MHD patients.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Força da Mão , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Diálise Renal , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Fatores de Risco , Prevalência
12.
Chemosphere ; 360: 142459, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38810807

RESUMO

Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a significant concern for respiratory health. However, the sources, trigger points, and effect size of specific associations between PM2.5 components, particularly polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and the airway inflammatory marker fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) have not been fully explored. In this study, 69 healthy college students were enrolled and followed up 16 times from 2014 to 2018. Individual FeNO was measured and ambient air PM2.5 samples were collected for 7 consecutive days before each follow-up. PAHs were quantified using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Linear mixed-effect regression models were employed to evaluate the associations between PM2.5-bound PAHs and FeNO. Additionally, PMF (Positive Matrix Factorization) was utilized to identify sources of PM2.5-bound PAHs and assess their impact on FeNO. Throughout the study, the average (SD) of ΣPAHs concentrations was 78.50 (128.9) ng/m3. PM2.5 and PM2.5-bound PAHs were significantly associated with FeNO at various lag days. Single-day lag analyses revealed maximum effects of PM2.5 on FeNO, with an increase of 7.71% (95% CI: 4.67%, 10.83%) per interquartile range (IQR) (48.10 µg/m3) increase of PM2.5 at lag2, and ΣPAHs showed a maximum elevation in FeNO of 6.40% (95% CI: 2.33%, 10.63%) at lag4 per IQR (57.39 ng/m3) increase. Individual PAHs exhibited diversity peak effects on FeNO at lag3 (6 of 17), lag4 (9 of 17) in the single-day model, and lag0-5 (8 of 17) (from lag0-1 to lag0-6) in the cumulative model. Source apportionment indicated coal combustion as the primary contributor (accounting for 30.7%). However, a maximum effect on FeNO (an increase of 21.57% (95% CI: 13.58%, 30.13%) per IQR increase) was observed with traffic emissions at lag4. The findings imply that strategic regulation of particular sources of PAHs, like traffic emissions, during specific periods could significantly contribute to safeguarding public health.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Óxido Nítrico , Material Particulado , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/análise , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Seguimentos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Expiração , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ambiental/análise
13.
Surgery ; 176(1): 137-147, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer system discouraging hepatectomy for intermediate/advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, the procedure is still performed worldwide, particularly in Asia. This study aimed to develop and validate nomograms for predicting survival and recurrence for these patients. METHODS: We analyzed patients who underwent curative-intent hepatectomy for intermediate/advanced hepatocellular carcinoma between 2010 and 2020 across 3 Chinese hospitals. The Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital cohort was used as the training cohort for the nomogram construction, and the Jilin First Hospital and Fujian Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital cohorts served as the external validation cohorts. Independent preoperative predictors for survival and recurrence were identified through univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses. Predictive accuracy was measured using the concordance index and calibration curves. The predictive performance between nomograms and conventional hepatocellular carcinoma staging systems was compared. RESULTS: A total of 1,328 patients met the inclusion criteria. The nomograms for predicting survival and recurrence were developed using 10 and 6 independent variables, respectively. Nomograms' concordance indices in the training cohort were 0.777 (95% confidence interval 0.759-0.800) and 0.719 (95% confidence interval 0.697-0.742) for survival and recurrence, outperforming 4 conventional staging systems (P < .001). Nomograms accurately stratified risk into low, intermediate, and high subgroups. These results were validated well by 2 external validation cohorts. CONCLUSION: We developed and validated nomograms predicting survival and recurrence for patients with intermediate/advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, contradicting Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer surgical guidelines. These nomograms may facilitate clinicians to formulate personalized surgical decisions, estimate long-term prognosis, and strategize neoadjuvant/adjuvant anti-recurrence therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nomogramas , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso , Adulto
14.
Microb Genom ; 10(5)2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700925

RESUMO

Paramyxoviruses are a group of single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses, some of which are responsible for acute human disease, including parainfluenza virus, measles virus, Nipah virus and Hendra virus. In recent years, a large number of novel paramyxoviruses, particularly members of the genus Jeilongvirus, have been discovered in wild mammals, suggesting that the diversity of paramyxoviruses may be underestimated. Here we used hemi-nested reverse transcription PCR to obtain 190 paramyxovirus sequences from 969 small mammals in Hubei Province, Central China. These newly identified paramyxoviruses were classified into four clades: genera Jeilongvirus, Morbillivirus, Henipavirus and Narmovirus, with most of them belonging to the genus Jeilongvirus. Using Illumina sequencing and Sanger sequencing, we successfully recovered six near-full-length genomes with different genomic organizations, revealing the more complex genome content of paramyxoviruses. Co-divergence analysis of jeilongviruses and their known hosts indicates that host-switching occurred more frequently in the evolutionary histories of the genus Jeilongvirus. Together, our findings demonstrate the high prevalence of paramyxoviruses in small mammals, especially jeilongviruses, and highlight the diversity of paramyxoviruses and their genome content, as well as the evolution of jeilongviruses.


Assuntos
Infecções por Paramyxoviridae , Paramyxovirinae , Paramyxovirinae/genética , Infecções por Paramyxoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Paramyxoviridae/veterinária , Mamíferos , China , Filogenia , Genoma Viral , Especificidade de Hospedeiro
15.
J Econ Entomol ; 117(3): 1141-1151, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706118

RESUMO

Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) is a serious pathogen causing huge economic losses to sericulture. There is growing evidence that the gut microbiota of silkworms plays a critical role in shaping host responses and interactions with viral infection. However, little is known about the differences in the composition and diversity of intestinal microflora, especially with respect to silkworm strain differences and BmNPV infection-induced changes. Here, we aim to explore the differences between BmNPV-resistant strain A35 and susceptible strain P50 silkworm and the impact of BmNPV infection on intestinal microflora in different strains. The 16S rDNA sequencing analysis revealed that the fecal microbial populations were distinct between A35 and P50 and were significantly changed post BmNPV infection in both strains. Further analysis showed that the BmNPV-resistant strain silkworm possessed higher bacterial diversity than the susceptible strain, and BmNPV infection reduced the diversity of intestinal flora assessed by feces in both silkworm strains. In response to BmNPV infection, the abundance of Muribaculaceae increased in P50 and decreased in A35, while the abundance of Enterobacteriaceae decreased in P50 and increased in A35. These results indicated that BmNPV infection had various effects on the abundance of fecal microflora in different silkworm strains. Our findings not only broadened the understanding of host-pathogen interactions but also provided theoretical help for the breeding of resistant strains and healthy rearing of silkworms based on symbiotic bacteria.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Nucleopoliedrovírus , Animais , Bombyx/virologia , Bombyx/microbiologia , Bombyx/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Nucleopoliedrovírus/fisiologia , Larva/virologia , Larva/microbiologia , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fezes/microbiologia , Fezes/virologia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38777120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is characterized by enhanced TH2 inflammatory response. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) measurement has been used as a valuable tool in predicting the development and management of asthma, another typical TH2 inflammation. However, the clinical significance of FeNO in ABPA remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between FeNO and the prognosis of patients with ABPA to provide a basis for the use of FeNO in evaluating the efficacy of glucocorticoids in ABPA treatment. METHODS: This study comprised 2 parts; 58 patients were enrolled in the retrospective study. Clinical indexes in patients with different prognoses were compared, and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to determine the threshold value. The prospective observational study involved 61 patients who were regularly followed up at 4 to 6 weeks and 6 months since the initial treatment. Patients were grouped on the basis of baseline FeNO values; correlation analysis was performed in the clinical data. RESULTS: Different prognoses were observed between patients with high and low baseline FeNO values, with a threshold value of 57 parts per billion. The percentage of Aspergillus fumigatus-specific IgE, percentage of positive A fumigatus-specific IgG, and relapse/exacerbation rate differed significantly between the high and low FeNO groups. Patients with higher FeNO needed longer treatment duration and showed shorter interval between glucocorticoid withdrawal and the next relapse/exacerbation. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that the level of FeNO is associated with the prognosis of ABPA. It can serve as an independent and valuable biomarker for evaluating the effectiveness of glucocorticoid treatment.

17.
Biomacromolecules ; 25(6): 3784-3794, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743836

RESUMO

The effective regeneration of large bone defects via bone tissue engineering is challenging due to the difficulty in creating an osteogenic microenvironment. Inspired by the fibrillar architecture of the natural extracellular matrix, we developed a nanoscale bioengineering strategy to produce bone fibril-like composite scaffolds with enhanced osteogenic capability. To activate the surface for biofunctionalization, self-adaptive ridge-like nanolamellae were constructed on poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) electrospinning scaffolds via surface-directed epitaxial crystallization. This unique nanotopography with a markedly increased specific surface area offered abundant nucleation sites for Ca2+ recruitment, leading to a 5-fold greater deposition weight of hydroxyapatite than that of the pristine PCL scaffold under stimulated physiological conditions. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) cultured on bone fibril-like scaffolds exhibited enhanced adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation in vitro. In a rat calvarial defect model, the bone fibril-like scaffold significantly accelerated bone regeneration, as evidenced by micro-CT, histological histological and immunofluorescence staining. This work provides the way for recapitulating the osteogenic microenvironment in tissue-engineered scaffolds for bone repair.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Poliésteres , Engenharia Tecidual , Alicerces Teciduais , Animais , Alicerces Teciduais/química , Ratos , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Poliésteres/química , Diferenciação Celular , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Proliferação de Células , Crânio/lesões , Crânio/patologia , Durapatita/química , Durapatita/farmacologia
18.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(9)2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727336

RESUMO

Conventional hole transport layer (HTL) Spiro-OMeTAD requires the addition of hygroscopic dopants due to its low conductivity and hole mobility, resulting in a high preparation cost and poor device stability. Cuprous thiocyanate (CuSCN) is a cost-effective alternative with a suitable energy structure and high hole mobility. However, CuSCN-based perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are affected by environmental factors, and the solvents of an HTL can potentially corrode the perovskite layer. In this study, a Co3O4/CuSCN/Co3O4 sandwich structure was proposed as an HTL for inorganic Cs2PbI2Cl2/CsPbI2.5Br0.5 PSCs to address these issues. The Co3O4 layers can serve as buffer and encapsulation layers, protecting the perovskite layer from solvent-induced corrosion and enhancing hole mobility at the interface. Based on this sandwich structure, the photovoltaic performances of the Cs2PbI2Cl2/CsPbI2.5Br0.5 PSCs are significantly improved, with the power conversion efficiency (PCE) increasing from 9.87% (without Co3O4) to 11.06%. Furthermore, the thermal stability of the devices is also significantly enhanced, retaining 80% of its initial PCE after 40 h of continuous aging at 60 °C. These results indicate that the Co3O4/CuSCN/Co3O4 sandwich structure can effectively mitigate the corrosion of the perovskite layer by solvents of an HTL and significantly improves the photovoltaic performance and thermal stability of devices.

19.
Water Res ; 258: 121753, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754298

RESUMO

Seawater utilization is crucial for the sustainable human development. Despite growing interest in forward osmosis (FO) due to its unique properties, conventional FO membranes with salt-water selectivity have limitations in applying to specific salt-salt separation processes, which hinders their application in resource utilization. In this work, a new concept, "selective forward osmosis (SFO)", was proposed, which ingeniously employed an SFO membrane consisting of an ion-selective layer on a denser substrate. The denser substrate is designed to control water flux so as to alleviate the solution dilution and improve the salt-salt separation. Moreover, the sucrose and pure water were used separately as feed solution to provide different water flux to influence the various salt fluxes, showing that pure water feed could enhance the salt-salt separation efficiency, although it could dilute the draw solution to some extent. Therefore, pure water was selected as feed in the subsequent experiments. The optimized SFO membrane achieved high Na2SO4/NaCl selectivity (∼54.8) and MgCl2/NaCl selectivity (∼9.2) in single-salt draw solutions. With mixed-salt and heavy-metal-mixed-salt draw solutions, the Mg2+/Na+ selectivity was enhanced to ∼14.5, and further to 29.3. In real seawater tests, the SFO system effectively permeated monovalent elements (such as Na flux of ∼68.6 g m-2 h-1) while maintaining a higher rejection for bivalent elements (such as Mg flux of ∼0.08 g m-2 h-1), showing high selectivities for Mg/Na, U/Na, Sr/Na, Ni/Na, and Ca/Na. These results demonstrate the potential of SFO for resource utilization, especially in complex saline environments. This work contributes a new route for salt-salt separation in the pretreatment of seawater resources.


Assuntos
Osmose , Água do Mar , Cloreto de Sódio , Água do Mar/química , Cloreto de Sódio/química , Membranas Artificiais , Purificação da Água/métodos
20.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 90(6): e0143623, 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709097

RESUMO

Rieske non-heme dioxygenase family enzymes play an important role in the aerobic biodegradation of nitroaromatic pollutants, but no active dioxygenases are available in nature for initial reactions in the degradation of many refractory pollutants like 2,4-dichloronitrobenzene (24DCNB). Here, we report the engineering of hotspots in 2,3-dichloronitrobenzene dioxygenase from Diaphorobacter sp. strain JS3051, achieved through molecular dynamic simulation analysis and site-directed mutagenesis, with the aim of enhancing its catalytic activity toward 24DCNB. The computationally predicted activity scores were largely consistent with the detected activities in wet experiments. Among them, the two most beneficial mutations (E204M and M248I) were obtained, and the combined mutant reached up to a 62-fold increase in activity toward 24DCNB, generating a single product, 3,5-dichlorocatechol, which is a naturally occurring compound. In silico analysis confirmed that residue 204 affected the substrate preference for meta-substituted nitroarenes, while residue 248 may influence substrate preference by interaction with residue 295. Overall, this study provides a framework for manipulating nitroarene dioxygenases using computational methods to address various nitroarene contamination problems.IMPORTANCEAs a result of human activities, various nitroaromatic pollutants continue to enter the biosphere with poor degradability, and dioxygenation is an important kickoff step to remove toxic nitro-groups and convert them into degradable products. The biodegradation of many nitroarenes has been reported over the decades; however, many others still lack corresponding enzymes to initiate their degradation. Although rieske non-heme dioxygenase family enzymes play extraordinarily important roles in the aerobic biodegradation of various nitroaromatic pollutants, prediction of their substrate specificity is difficult. This work greatly improved the catalytic activity of dioxygenase against 2,4-dichloronitrobenzene by computer-aided semi-rational design, paving a new way for the evolution strategy of nitroarene dioxygenase. This study highlights the potential for using enzyme structure-function information with computational pre-screening methods to rapidly tailor the catalytic functions of enzymes toward poorly biodegradable contaminants.


Assuntos
Dioxigenases , Nitrobenzenos , Dioxigenases/metabolismo , Dioxigenases/genética , Dioxigenases/química , Nitrobenzenos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Biodegradação Ambiental , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
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