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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pre-operative autologous blood donation (PABD) is one of the most widely distributed autologous blood donation means, which has positive effect on erythropoiesis. However, whether PABD can stimulate the bone marrow hematopoiesis after hepatectomy have not been reported. METHODS: Totally 80 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups that included control group, surgery group, hemodilutional autotransfusion (HA) group and PABD group. Automatic reticulocyte examination was performed to detect the content of reticulocyte and immature reticulocyte fractions (IRF). Flow cytometric analysis was employed to monitor the level of CD34+ cells and the cell cycle status. Southern blotting was conducted to determine the telomere length of CD34+ cells. RESULTS: The content of high fluorescence reticulocytes (HFR) and IRF was decreased at 6 h and 24 h after autotransfusion. However, the level of CD34+ cells was upregulated after PABD. Cell cycle status analysis revealed that majority of the CD34+ cells in HA and PABD group were maintained in G0/G1 phase. The telomere length in HA and PABD group was shorten than that of control group and surgery group. CONCLUSION: PABD could promote the bone marrow hematopoietic functions in rabbits after hepatectomy via stimulating proliferation of CD34+ cells and shortening the telomere length of CD34+ cells, but the content of HFR was not increased immediately because of the stuck of CD34+ cells in G0/G1 phase.

3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(1): 213-216, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect serum hepcidin and erythroferrone levels in child-bearing women with iron deficiency anemia (IDA), and to investigate the association between them and iron status parameters. METHODS: The study consisted of 65 child-bearing women (35 with iron deficiency anemia and 30 age-matched healthy women). The levels of serum iron were detected by using automated chemistry analyzer, the contents of serum ferritin were detected by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, and the levels of serum erythroferrone and hepcidin were detected by specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. The quantitative variables between two groups were compared and analyzed by SPSS22.0 software. Spearman correlation was used to detect correlation between the parameters. RESULTS: The levels of Hb, serum iron, ferritin and transferrin saturation were significantly decreased in IDA patients as compared with in control group (P<0.001). Serum hepcidin levels in IDA patients were significant lower than those in control group (P<0.001). Serum erythroferrone levels slightly increased in IDA group (P>0.05). In IDA patients, serum hepcidin concentrations were positively correlated with hemoglobin concentration, serum iron, serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (r=0.448, r=0.496, r=0.754, r=0.491). But, serum erythroferrone concentrations showed no correlation with hemoglobin concentration, serum iron, serum ferritin, transferrin saturation and hepcidin (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Serum hepcidin levels were significantly decreased in child-bearing women with IDA, but the serum erythroferrone levels were not obviously different between two groups, suggesting that serum erythroferrone may be not involved in the regulation of iron metabolism in child-bearing women with mild and moderate IDA.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva , Hepcidinas , Criança , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Ferritinas , Humanos , Ferro/metabolismo
4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(4)2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33562752

RESUMO

In this paper, a polyimide (PI)/Si/SiO2-based piezoresistive microcantilever biosensor was developed to achieve a trace level detection for aflatoxin B1. To take advantage of both the high piezoresistance coefficient of single-crystal silicon and the small spring constant of PI, the flexible piezoresistive microcantilever was designed using the buried oxide (BOX) layer of a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafer as a bottom passivation layer, the topmost single-crystal silicon layer as a piezoresistor layer, and a thin PI film as a top passivation layer. To obtain higher sensitivity and output voltage stability, four identical piezoresistors, two of which were located in the substrate and two integrated in the microcantilevers, were composed of a quarter-bridge configuration wheatstone bridge. The fabricated PI/Si/SiO2 microcantilever showed good mechanical properties with a spring constant of 21.31 nN/µm and a deflection sensitivity of 3.54 × 10-7 nm-1. The microcantilever biosensor also showed a stable voltage output in the Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) buffer with a fluctuation less than 1 µV @ 3 V. By functionalizing anti-aflatoxin B1 on the sensing piezoresistive microcantilever with a biotin avidin system (BAS), a linear aflatoxin B1 detection concentration resulting from 1 ng/mL to 100 ng/mL was obtained, and the toxic molecule detection also showed good specificity. The experimental results indicate that the PI/Si/SiO2 flexible piezoresistive microcantilever biosensor has excellent abilities in trace-level and specific detections of aflatoxin B1 and other biomolecules.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 60(4): 2839-2845, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539081

RESUMO

Protein design has received much attention in the last decades. With an additional disulfide bond to enhance the protein stability, human A15C neuroglobin (Ngb) is an ideal protein scaffold for heme enzyme design. In this study, we rationally converted A15C Ngb into a multifunctional peroxidase by replacing the heme axial His64 with an Asp residue, where Asp64 and the native Lys67 at the heme distal site were proposed to act as an acid-base catalytic couple for H2O2 activation. Kinetic studies showed that the catalytic efficiency of A15C/H64D Ngb was much higher (∼50-80-fold) than that of native dehaloperoxidase, which even exceeds (∼3-fold) that of the most efficient native horseradish peroxidase. Moreover, the dye-decolorizing peroxidase activity was also comparable to that of some native enzymes. Electron paramagnetic resonance, molecular docking, and isothermal titration calorimetry studies provided valuable information for the substrate-protein interactions. Therefore, this study presents the rational design of an efficient multifunctional peroxidase based on Ngb with potential applications such as in bioremediation for environmental sustainability.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3634, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33574406

RESUMO

This study was conducted to investigate (1) the association between solid fuel use for cooking and cognitive function; (2) the moderating effects of gender and residential area on cognitive scores among solid fuel users; and (3) the effects of solid fuel use on cognitive decline among different gender and age subgroups in 2011-2018. A total of 5140 Chinese middle-aged and elderly participants were successfully followed for 7 years (2011-2018). Solid fuel use was self-reported as using solid fuel for cooking at home, and cognitive function was assessed by 4 parts: episodic memory, time orientation, numerical ability and picture drawing. After adjusting for covariates, solid fuel users had lower cognitive scores, and the moderation effects of gender and residence on cognitive function were significant among the solid fuel users. In addition, compared with the group of clean fuel users, solid fuel users had a faster decline rate of cognitive function among the subgroups of female and elderly people.

7.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 119: 104035, 2021 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535067

RESUMO

Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) is a serious pathogenic microorganism that causes tremendous loss to sericulture. Previous studies have found that some proteins of serine protease family in the digestive juice of B. mori larvae have anti-BmNPV activity. In our previous publication about proteome analysis of the digestive juice of B. mori larvae, the digestive enzyme trypsin, alkaline A (BmTA) was filtered as a differentially expressed protein possibly involved in BmNPV resistance. Here, the biological characteristics and anti-BmNPV functions of BmTA were comprehensively analysed. The cDNA sequence of BmTA had an ORF of 768 nucleotides encoding 255 amino acid residues. Domain architecture analysis showed that BmTA contained a signal peptide and a typical Tryp_SPc domain. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis showed that BmTA was highly expressed in the larval stages and specifically expressed in the midgut of B. mori larvae. The expression level of BmTA in BmNPV resistant strain A35 was higher than that in susceptible strain P50. After BmNPV infection, the expression of BmTA increased in both strains from 24 to 72 h. Virus amplification analysis showed that the relative levels of VP39 in B. mori larvae and BmN cells infected with the appropriate concentration of recombinant-BmTA-treated BmNPV were significantly lower than in the control groups. Moreover, overexpression of BmTA in BmN cells significantly inhibited the amplification of BmNPV. Taken together, the results of this study indicated that BmTA possessed anti-BmNPV activity in B. mori, which broadens the horizon for virus-resistant breeding of silkworms.

8.
Asia Pac J Public Health ; : 1010539521993685, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593075

RESUMO

Toilet hygiene is an important preventive measure for infectious diseases, including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and COVID-19. This study explored public's opinions on improving toilet environment and hygiene practices in Hong Kong. A mixed-method approach was applied. We conducted 4 focus groups plus 3 individual interviews among the Hong Kong Chinese, followed by a questionnaire survey with 300 respondents recruited from various districts. Difference in response distributions between groups with different demographics was tested by Pearson χ2 test. Instead of advocating for advanced toilet facilities, respondents were mostly concerned about basic hygiene issues. Malfunctioning facilities resulting from poor toilet management, such as clogged toilets, stained facilities, and problematic flushing systems, were most cited as barriers to toilet hygiene practices. Three quarters of the survey respondents expressed concerns over worn and poorly maintained toilets, shortage of janitors, and cleansing supplies. However, respondents who were older (P < .001), less educated (P < .001), and had lower income (P = .001) were significantly more likely to find hygiene conditions in public toilets satisfactory. The findings reflected the substandard of the current provisions as a developed city in Asia. Enhanced efforts by the government to maintain basic toilet supplies and facilities is the key to improving public compliance to toilet hygiene practices.

9.
J Int Med Res ; 49(2): 300060520979210, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554701

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the application and effects of virtual scenario simulation combined with problem-based learning (PBL) in teaching paediatric medical students. METHODS: Participants were 300 paediatric medical students randomly divided into a study group and control group. Students in the study group were taught using virtual scenario simulation combined with PBL; students in the control group were taught using conventional teaching methods. Academic performance, knowledge of paediatrics, self-evaluation of comprehensive ability and degree of learning satisfaction were evaluated. RESULTS: Students in the study group showed considerably higher academic performance and noticeably higher classroom performance. Paediatric knowledge, comprising initiating communication, collecting information, giving information, understanding the paediatric patient and concluding communication, was higher for students in the study group. The degree of learning satisfaction was higher for students in the study group. CONCLUSION: Virtual scenario simulation combined with PBL can effectively improve students' academic performance, mastery of paediatric knowledge, comprehensive ability evaluation and learning satisfaction. The broader application of this approach should be explored for medical student education.

10.
Transl Oncol ; 14(4): 101023, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 (CPT2) is a rate-limiting enzyme involved in fatty acid ß-oxidation (FAO) regulation. Recently, it has been increasingly recognized that lipid metabolism dysregulation is closely implicated in tumorigenesis. However, the involvement of CPT2 in the progression of cancer is still largely unclear, especially in ovarian cancer (OC). METHODS: In the present study, CPT2 expression and its clinical significance were determined in OC tissues and cells. The biological functions and molecular mechanisms of CPT2 in OC growth and metastasis were determined by in vitro and in vivo assays. FINDINGS: We found that CPT2 was frequently down-regulated in primary ovarian serous carcinomas, which is significantly correlated with poor survival of ovarian cancer patients. Functional experiments revealed that CPT2 inhibited OC cell growth and metastasis via suppression of G1/S cell cycle transition and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), as well as induction of cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, suppression of ROS/NFκB signaling pathway by increasing fatty acid oxidation-derived NADPH production was involved in the anti-tumorigenic functions of CPT2 in OC cells. INTERPRETATION: Altogether, our findings demonstrate that CPT2 functions as a potential tumor suppressor in OC progression. CPT2 may serve as a novel prognostic marker and therapeutic target in OC.

11.
Carbohydr Polym ; 256: 117493, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483022

RESUMO

In this paper, we have isolated cellulose nanocrystallines (CNCs) with different morphologies by enzymatic hydrolysis, and prepared flexible and transparent nanocomposite films with PVA matrix via solution casting. By means of SEM, UV-vis, XRD, DTG, FT-IR and mechanical methods, the effects of rod-shaped cellulose nanocrystallines (RCNCs) and spherical cellulose nanocrystallines (SCNCs) on PVA nanocomposite films were compared systematically. The results showed CNCs with different morphologies had little effect on the transparency of the composite films, and the crystallinity fluctuated with the change of CNCs additive amount. Compared with the RCNCs, SCNCs had a better improve ability to the thermal stability of the composite films by promoting pyrolysis temperature 60-80 °C. On the contrary, the maximum mechanical properties of the composite films of RCNCs were much higher than those of SCNCs, and the Young's modulus of the PVA/RCNCs composite film were increased by 120.97 % in comparison with the pure PVA.

12.
Biometals ; 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486678

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the expression of growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) and lactoferrin (Lf) in tumor and their relationship with the body iron-status and overall survival (OS) outcome of patients with breast cancer. A retrospective cohort study of female patients with primary breast cancer was performed. Clinical tumor samples from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University between December 2008 and June 2014 were collected. The immuno-expression of GDF-15 and Lf was stratified into positive or negative expression. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards regression model were used for data analysis. 74 breast cancer patients with a mean age of 52 years were included into our study. 14 (18.9%) patients were died by the end of August 1, 2019. The serum iron level of patients with GDF-15 (+)/Lf(-) expression was higher than that of patients with other expression patterns (18.2 ± 5.4 vs. 15.5 ± 5.0 µmol/L, P = 0.038), but was not associated with OS. In univariate Cox analyses, GDF-15(+) and GDF-15(+)/Lf(-) were significantly correlated with high mortality risk (HR = 3.75, 95%CI 1.05-13.48, P = 0.025; HR = 5.00, 95%CI 1.56-16.04, P = 0.004, respectively). After adjusted for age, menopause status and primary tumor grade, the association between GDF-15 and OS disappeared. However, the association between GDF-15/Lf and OS still existed in GDF-15(+)/Lf(-) (HR = 4.50, 95%CI 1.31-15.51, P = 0.017). The combined immuno-expression pattern of GDF-15 and Lf was significant associated with high serum iron level. GDF-15/Lf could be a powerful biomarker to predict survival outcome of patients with breast cancer but still needed to be confirmed by future studies.

13.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 675, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514696

RESUMO

Piezoelectric polymers hold great potential for various electromechanical applications, but only show low performance, with |d33 | < 30 pC/N. We prepare a highly piezoelectric polymer (d33 = -62 pC/N) based on a biaxially oriented poly(vinylidene fluoride) (BOPVDF, crystallinity = 0.52). After unidirectional poling, macroscopically aligned samples with pure ß crystals are achieved, which show a high spontaneous polarization (Ps) of 140 mC/m2. Given the theoretical limit of Ps,ß = 188 mC/m2 for the neat ß crystal, the high Ps cannot be explained by the crystalline-amorphous two-phase model (i.e., Ps,ß = 270 mC/m2). Instead, we deduce that a significant amount (at least 0.25) of an oriented amorphous fraction (OAF) must be present between these two phases. Experimental data suggest that the mobile OAF resulted in the negative and high d33 for the poled BOPVDF. The plausibility of this conclusion is supported by molecular dynamics simulations.

14.
Environ Pollut ; 271: 116293, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412444

RESUMO

Delivering quality-changed water often contributes to the biological instability of drinking water distribution systems (DWDS). However, the potential effects of quality-changed water on the biostability within DWDS are not well understood, especially after water switching to quality-improved water. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of quality-improved water on DWDS, focusing on the stability of biofilm. The practical aged-pipe was assembled into pipe reactors to simulate the effect of switching to quality-improve water. The adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration of bulk water in the pipe reactors increased from ∼1.2 ng/L to almost above 5 ng/L when fed water switching to TP 2. Biomass quantified by measuring ATP concentration confirmed that the risk of biofilm release through aged cast-iron (CI) pipe surfaces after water source switching. The changes in water characteristics due to quality-improved water source could cause bacteria release in DWDS at the initial period (at the first 7 days). However, the DWDS can establish the new stable phase after 42 days. Over time, biomass in the bulk water of the distribution system decreased significantly (The ATP concentration in the bulk maintains around 3 ng/L) after 42 days, indicating the improvement of water quality. The biofilm was dominated by bacteria related to iron-cycling process, and at the genus level, Desulfovibrio had the highest relative abundance, however, it decreased significantly (from 48% to 9.3%) after water source switching. And there was a slightly increase in the fraction of iron-oxidizing bacteria (IOB) and siderophore-producing bacteria (SPB), but a relatively higher increase in nitrate-reducing bacteria (NRB), nitrobacteria (NOB), and iron-reducing bacteria (IRB) was observed. Taken together, these results and the corrosion morphology, indicate that pipe biofilm and corrosion were chemically and microbially stable after re-stability under water source switching. In addition, the bulk water environment showed a marked decrease in selected bacteria at genus level, including pathogenic species, indicating the improvement of quality in drinking water.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Microbiota , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Biofilmes , Microbiologia da Água , Qualidade da Água , Abastecimento de Água
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438995

RESUMO

Mixed-valence metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have exhibited unique potential in fields such as catalysis and gas separation. However, it is still an open challenge to prepare mixed-valence MOFs with isolated Ce(IV, III) arrays due to the easy formation of CeIII under the synthetic conditions for MOFs. Meanwhile, the performance of Li-S batteries is greatly limited by the fatal shuttle effect and the slow transmission rate of Li+ caused by the inherent characteristics of sulfur species. Here, we report a mixed-valence cerium MOF, named CSUST-1 (CSUST stands for Changsha University of Science and Technology), with isolated Ce(IV, III) arrays and abundant oxygen vacancies (OVs), synthesized as guided by the facile and elaborate kinetic stability study of UiO-66(Ce), to work as an efficient separator coating for circumventing both issues at the same time. Benefiting from the synergistic function of the Ce(IV, III) arrays (redox couples), the abundant OVs, and the open Ce sites within CSUST-1, the CSUST-1/CNT composite, as a separator coating material in the Li-S battery, can remarkably accelerate the redox kinetics of the polysulfides and the Li+ transportation. Consequently, the Li-S cell with the CSUST-1/CNT-coated separator exhibited a high initial specific capacity of 1468 mA h/g at 0.1 C and maintained long-term stability for a capacity of 538 mA h/g after 1200 cycles at 2 C with a decay rate of only 0.037% per cycle. Even at a high sulfur loading of 8 mg/cm2, the cell with the CSUST/CNT-coated separator still demonstrated excellent performance with an initial areal capacity of 8.7 mA h/cm2 at 0.1 C and retained the areal capacity of 6.1 mA h/cm2 after 60 cycles.

16.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 119: 104022, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482239

RESUMO

Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) pathway plays important roles in virus defense and cell apoptosis. In our previous work, nervous necrosis virus (NNV) was discovered in Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus), and the Fas ligand (PcFasL) was up-regulated when NNV outbreak, however, signal transmission of Fas/FasL in fish are still unclear. In the present study, Pacific cod Fas (PcFas), PcFasL and Fas-associating protein with a novel death domain (PcFADD) were characterized. The predicted protein of PcFas, PcFasL and PcFADD includes 333 aa, 90 aa and 93 aa, separately. 3-D models of PcFas, PcFasL and PcFADD were well constructed based on reported templates, respectively, even though the sequence homology with other fish is very low. The transcript levels of PcFas increased gradually from 15 day-post hatching (dph) to 75dph. PcFas was significantly up-regulated when cod larvae had NNV symptoms at 24dph, 37dph, 46dph, 69dph, and 77dph. Subcellular localization revealed that PcFasL was located in the cytoplasm, while PcFas was mainly located in the cell membrane. Exogenous expressed PcFasL of 900 µg/mL could kill the Epithelioma papulosum cyprinid (EPC) cells by MTT test, but low concentration has no effect on the cells. qPCR analysis showed that overexpression of PcFas could significantly up-regulate the expression of genes related to Fas/FasL signaling pathway, including bcl-2, bax, and RIP3, while overexpression of PcFasL significantly up-regulate the expression of caspase-3, caspase-9, and MLKL. Overexpression of PcFas or PcFasL could induce EPC apoptosis significantly by flow cytometry, which was consistent with the results of caspase-3 mRNA level increasing. The results indicated that NNV could induce apoptosis through Fas/FasL signal pathway.

17.
Food Funct ; 12(3): 1327-1337, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443518

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative joint disease characterized by articular cartilage degeneration and inflammation. Currently, there is hardly any effective treatment for OA due to its complicated pathology and the severe side effects of the treatment drugs used. It has been reported that maltol, a Maillard reaction product derived from ginseng, inhibits inflammation and oxidative stress in several animal models. However, the potential anti-inflammatory effects of maltol in OA treatment are unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of maltol on interleukin (IL)-1ß-induced mouse chondrocytes and protective effects of maltol on these chondrocytes in medial meniscus destabilization (DMM) OA mouse models. Mice, randomly divided into maltol (n = 15), vehicle (n = 15) and control (n = 15) groups were treated with the same dose of maltol or saline, respectively. The cartilage tissues were extracted for histological analysis 8 weeks postoperative. For the in vitro studies, chondrocytes were treated with 10 ng mL-1 IL-1ß combined with maltol at different concentrations. In vitro assays showed that the maltol pre-treatment significantly inhibited the expressions of multiple inflammatory factors induced by IL-1ß, such as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), nitric oxide (NO), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α). In addition, maltol alleviated the degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) by inhibiting the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP13) and thrombospondin motif 5 (ADAMTS5), as well as reversing the degradation of aggrecan and collagen II. Moreover, maltol suppressed nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling by activating the nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) in in vitro and in vivo studies. These findings indicate that maltol reduces the inflammation induced by IL-1ß in chondrocytes. Therefore, the results of this study indicated that maltol may be a potential drug for the effective treatment of OA.

18.
Biochem J ; 478(4): 721-734, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410908

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a prevalent systemic skeletal disorder entailing bone fragility and increased fracture risk, often emerging in post-menopausal life. Emerging evidence implicates the dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) in the progression of osteoporosis. This study investigated the effect of miR-199a-3p on osteoporosis and its underlying mechanism. We first examplished an ovariectomized (OVX)-induced rat osteoporosis model, and then isolated mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow of the model rats. The overexpression and knock down of miR-199a-3p were conducted in OVX rats and MSCs to verify the role of miR-199a-3p on MSC differentiation. Calcium nodules were measured using alizarin red S (ARS) staining. RT-qPCR and Western blot assay were performed to measure the expression of miR-199a-3p, Kdm3a and osteogenic differentiation-related markers in rat tissues and cells. The correlation between miR-199a-3p and Kdm3a was confirmed using dual-luciferase reporter assay. The enrichment of Kdm3a at the Erk2 and Klf2 promoter was assessed using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay. Isolated MSCs were positive for CD29, CD44, CD90, and CD45, suggesting successful isolation of MSCs. There was increased expression of miR-199a-3p and inhibited osteogenic differentiation in OVX rats. Kdm3a was negatively targeted by miR-199a-3p. Our results also demonstrated that Kdm3a elevated the expression of Erk2 and Erk2 by promoting Erk2 and Klf2 demethylation, which further contributed to osteogenic differentiation. Overall, our results revealed a regulatory network of miR-199a-3p in osteogenic differentiation, highlighting miR-199a-3p as a potential target for therapeutic interventions in osteoporosis.

19.
Environ Int ; 149: 106406, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508533

RESUMO

Cadmium is known as an environmental pollutant that contributes to pancreatic damage and the pathogenesis of diabetes. However, less attention has been devoted to elucidating the mechanisms underlying Cd-induced pancreatic ß-cell dysfunction and the role of Cd toxicity in the development of diabetes. In this study, we demonstrated that exposure to Cd caused remarkable pancreatic ß-cell dysfunction and death, both in vitro and in vivo. Lipidomic analysis of Cd-exposed pancreatic ß-cells using high-resolution mass spectrometry revealed that Cd exposure altered the profile and abundance of lipids. Cd exposure induced intracellular lipid accumulation, promoted lipid biogenesis, elevated pro-inflammatory lipid contents and inhibited lipid degradation. Furthermore, Cd exposure upregulated the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6 in pancreatic ß-cells and elevated the TNF-α, IL1-ß and IL-6 levels in the serum and pancreas. Taken together, the results of our study demonstrated that environmental relevant Cd exposure causes pro-inflammatory lipids elevation and insulin secretion dysfunction in ß-cells and hence exaggerates diabetes development. Combined exposure to environmental hazardous chemicals might markedly increase the probability of developing diabetes in humans. This study provides new metabolic and pharmacological targets for antagonizing Cd toxicity.

20.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 55, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, both non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and sarcopenia have attracted extensive attention in public health. However, the relationship between NAFLD and sarcopenia remains unclear. This study aimed to clarify the sex-specific association between sarcopenia and NAFLD according to the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS). METHODS: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and hepatic ultrasonography were measured in 578 participants (92 men and 486 women) during their annual health examinations. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to explore the association between NAFLD and sarcopenia with its two components. RESULTS: A total of 154 participants (30 men and 124 women) had NAFLD. The prevalence of sarcopenia was higher among the participants with NAFLD than among those without NAFLD (men: 20.0% vs. 9.7%, P = 0.295, women: 15.3% vs. 8.0%, P = 0.019). Low muscle mass (LMM) was independently associated with NAFLD in both men and women (men: odds ratio [OR], 2.88; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.52-5.46; women: OR, 2.08; 95% CI 1.63-2.67). However, low muscle strength (LMS) was independently associated with NAFLD only in male participants, with an OR of 1.15 (95% CI 1.02-1.28). CONCLUSION: The occurrence of sarcopenia was associated with a higher risk of NAFLD, especially in men, as demonstrated by lower muscle mass and lower muscle strength.

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