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1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1305713, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323109

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the associations between hemoglobin (HGB) levels and bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) population of different ages. Method: This cross-sectional study included 641 patients with T2DM (57.9% males). BMD of the femoral neck (FN), total hip (TH), and lumbar spine (LS) were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The 10-year probability of fracture was assessed using a fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX). HGB and other biochemical indices were measured in a certified laboratory at our hospital. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 26.0 and R language (R version 4.1.0). Generalized additive models (GAMs) were used to identify the associations between HGB and BMD and fracture risk. Results: Patients with osteoporosis have lower HGB levels than the non-osteoporotic population and lower FN BMD in patients with anemia than in the non-anemic population. In patients with T2DM, there was sex- and age-related variability in the correlation between HGB levels and BMDs and fracture risk. In older men, HGB level was an independent determinant of BMD and was positively correlated with FN and TH BMD. In non-older women, HGB level was an independent determinant of BMD and fracture risk, positively associated with BMDs and negatively associated with 10-year probability of fracture risk. GAMs revealed a positive linear association between HGB level and BMDs in non-older female patients but not in older male patients. Conclusion: Our study provides a new perspective on the association of HGB level and BMDs with fracture risk. Relatively high HGB levels are a protective factor for bone quality in patients with T2DM. However, the bone-protective effect of HGB is influenced by age and sex and persists only in older men and non-older women with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Densidade Óssea , Hemoglobinas , Colo do Fêmur , Probabilidade
2.
J Med Virol ; 96(2): e29440, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299675

RESUMO

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in transplant recipients. Most of lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) derived from EBV-immortalized B cells or PTLDs are sensitive to CD95-mediated apoptosis and cytotoxic T cell (CTL) killing. CD95 ligand (CD95L) exists as a transmembrane ligand (mCD95L) or a soluble form (sCD95L). Using recombinant mCD95L and sCD95L, we observed that sCD95L does not affect LCLs. While high expression of mCD95L in CTLs promotes apoptosis of LCLs, low expression induces clathrin-dependent CD19 internalization, caspase-dependent CD19 cleavage, and proteasomal/lysosomal-dependent CD19 degradation. The CD95L/CD95-mediated CD19 degradation impairs B cell receptor (BCR) signaling and inhibits BCR-mediated EBV activation. Interestingly, although inhibition of the caspase activity restores CD19 expression and CD19-mediated BCR activation, it fails to rescue BCR-mediated EBV lytic gene expression. EBV-specific CTLs engineered to overexpress mCD95L exhibit a stronger killing activity against LCLs. This study highlights that engineering EBV-specific CTLs to express a higher level of mCD95L could represent an attractive therapeutic approach to improve T cell immunotherapy for PTLDs.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Humanos , Proteína Ligante Fas , Herpesvirus Humano 4/fisiologia , Caspases , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/metabolismo
3.
Pancreatology ; 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a debilitating symptom found in various chronic diseases and is associated with more severe symptoms and worse quality of life (QoL). However, this symptom has not been adequately addressed in chronic pancreatitis (CP), and there have been no studies on fatigue in patients with CP. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Changhai Hospital in Shanghai, China. Data on the patients' sociodemographic, disease, and therapeutic characteristics were collected. Fatigue was assessed using the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory-20. QoL was assessed utilizing the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer of QoL questionnaire (EORTC-QLQ-C30). Sleep quality, anxiety and depression, and pain was assessed using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Brief Pain Inventory, respectively. RESULTS: The prevalence of fatigue among Chinese patients with CP was 35.51 % (87/245). Multivariate analysis showed that steatorrhea (OR = 2.638, 95 % CI: 1.117-6.234), history of smoking (OR = 4.627, 95 % CI: 1.202-17.802), history of endoscopic treatment (OR = 0.419, 95 % CI: 0.185-0.950), depression (OR = 5.924, 95 % CI: 2.462-14.255), and sleep disorder (OR = 6.184, 95 % CI: 2.543-15.034) were influencing factors for the presence of fatigue. The scores for global health and all functional dimensions in the EORTC-QLQ-C30 significantly decreased, whereas the scores for all symptom dimensions significantly increased in patients with fatigue. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that Fatigue is a common symptom and has a negative impact on the QoL of patients with CP. Steatorrhea, smoking history, endoscopic treatment, depression, and sleep disorders were associated with fatigue.

4.
Surgery ; 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although we have made progress in treatment and have increased the 5-year survival by ≤30% in pancreatic cancer, chemotherapy resistance remains a major obstacle. However, whether reprogrammed lipid metabolism contributes to chemoresistance still needs to be further studied. METHODS: Gene expression was determined using Western blotting and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Cell cloning formation assay, Cell Counting Kit-8, EdU assay, wound healing assay, transwell assay, and flow cytometry were used to detect apoptosis, cell proliferation capacity, migration capacity, and cytotoxicity of gemcitabine. Confocal fluorescence microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, etc., were used to detect the changes in intracellular reactive oxygen species, glutathione, lipid peroxidation level, and cell morphology. An animal study was performed to evaluate the effect of CPT1B knockdown on tumor growth and gemcitabine efficacy. RESULTS: In our study, we observed that the CPT1B expression level was higher in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissues than in normal tissues and correlated with a low rate of survival. Moreover, silencing of CPT1B significantly suppressed the proliferative ability and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells. Furthermore, we discovered that CPT1B interacts with Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1, and CPT1B knockdown led to decreased NRF2 expression and ferroptosis induction. In addition, CPT1B expression increased after gemcitabine treatment, and it was highly expressed in gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells. Finally, we discovered that ferroptosis induced by CPT1B knockdown enhanced the gemcitabine toxicity in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSION: CPT1B may act as a promising target in treating patients with gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma .

5.
Opt Express ; 32(3): 3394-3401, 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297561

RESUMO

In this paper, a dual interface trapezium liquid prism with beam steering function is implemented and analyzed. The electrowetting-on-dielectric method is used to perform the desired beam steering function without mechanical moving parts. This work examines deflection angles at different applied voltages to determine the beam steering range. The deflection angle can be experimentally measured from 0° to 3.43°. The proposed liquid prism can be applied in the field of optical manipulation, solar collecting system and so on.

6.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1216, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332031

RESUMO

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is the most frequently detected mycotoxin in cereal grains and processed food or feed. Two transcription factors, Tri6 and Tri10, are essential for DON biosynthesis in Fusarium graminearum. In this study we conduct stranded RNA-seq analysis with tri6 and tri10 mutants and show that Tri10 acts as a master regulator controlling the expression of sense and antisense transcripts of TRI6 and over 450 genes with diverse functions. TRI6 is more specific for regulating TRI genes although it negatively regulates TRI10. Two other TRI genes, including TRI5 that encodes a key enzyme for DON biosynthesis, also have antisense transcripts. Both Tri6 and Tri10 are essential for TRI5 expression and for suppression of antisense-TRI5. Furthermore, we identify a long non-coding RNA (named RNA5P) that is transcribed from the TRI5 promoter region and is also regulated by Tri6 and Tri10. Deletion of RNA5P by replacing the promoter region of TRI5 with that of TRI12 increases TRI5 expression and DON biosynthesis, indicating that RNA5P suppresses TRI5 expression. However, ectopic constitutive overexpression of RNA5P has no effect on DON biosynthesis and TRI5 expression. Nevertheless, elevated expression of RNA5P in situ reduces TRI5 expression and DON production. Our results indicate that TRI10 and TRI6 regulate each other's expression, and both are important for suppressing the expression of RNA5P, a long non-coding RNA with cis-acting inhibitory effects on TRI5 expression and DON biosynthesis in F. graminearum.


Assuntos
Fusarium , RNA Longo não Codificante , Tricotecenos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Tricotecenos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fusarium/genética , Fusarium/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica
7.
Cell Metab ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367623

RESUMO

Utilization of lipids as energy substrates after birth causes cardiomyocyte (CM) cell-cycle arrest and loss of regenerative capacity in mammalian hearts. Beyond energy provision, proper management of lipid composition is crucial for cellular and organismal health, but its role in heart regeneration remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate widespread sphingolipid metabolism remodeling in neonatal hearts after injury and find that SphK1 and SphK2, isoenzymes producing the same sphingolipid metabolite sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), differently regulate cardiac regeneration. SphK2 is downregulated during heart development and determines CM proliferation via nuclear S1P-dependent modulation of histone acetylation. Reactivation of SphK2 induces adult CM cell-cycle re-entry and cytokinesis, thereby enhancing regeneration. Conversely, SphK1 is upregulated during development and promotes fibrosis through an S1P autocrine mechanism in cardiac fibroblasts. By fine-tuning the activity of each SphK isoform, we develop a therapy that simultaneously promotes myocardial repair and restricts fibrotic scarring to regenerate the infarcted adult hearts.

9.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 241: 116006, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309099

RESUMO

The reduction of immunogenicity is fundamental for the development of biobetter Erbitux, given that the development of an immune response reduces treatment efficacy and may lead to potential side effects. One of the requirements for the clinical research of a Erbitux biobetter candidate (CMAB009) is to develop a neutralizing antibody (NAb) assay, and sufficient drug and target tolerance for the assay is necessary. Here, we describe the development of a competitive ligand binding (CLB) assay for CMAB009 with high drug and target tolerance through target-based drug depletion and drug-based NAb extraction, the integrated experimental strategy was implemented to simultaneously mitigate drug interference and enhance target tolerance. Following troubleshooting and optimization, the NAb assay was validated for clinical sample analysis with the sensitivity of 92 ng/mL, drug tolerance of 70 µg/mL and target tolerance of 798 ng/mL. The innovative drug depletion and NAb extraction achieved though the combination of drug and target beads would enable the development of reliable NAb assays for many other therapeutics that overcome drug and its target interference for more precise and sensitive NAb assessment.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/análise , Cetuximab , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico
10.
ERJ Open Res ; 10(1)2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38410702

RESUMO

Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) infection significantly contributes to morbidity and mortality in bronchiectasis patients. Initiating antibiotics early may lead to the eradication of PA. Here we outline the design of a trial (ERASE; NCT06093191) assessing the efficacy and safety of inhaled tobramycin, alone or with oral ciprofloxacin, in bronchiectasis patients with a new isolation of PA. This multicentre, 2×2 factorial randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial includes a 2-week screening period, a 12-week treatment phase (with a combination of ciprofloxacin or a placebo at initial 2 weeks) and a 24-week follow-up. 364 adults with bronchiectasis and a new PA isolation will be randomly assigned to one of four groups: placebo (inhaled saline and ciprofloxacin placebo twice daily), ciprofloxacin alone (750 mg ciprofloxacin and inhaled saline twice daily), inhaled tobramycin alone (inhaled 300 mg tobramycin and ciprofloxacin placebo twice daily) or a combination of both drugs (inhaled 300 mg tobramycin and 750 mg ciprofloxacin twice daily). The primary objective of this study is to assess the proportion of patients successfully eradicating PA in each group by the end of the study. Efficacy will be evaluated based on the eradication rate of PA at other time points (12, 24 and 36 weeks), the occurrence of exacerbations and hospitalisations, time to first pulmonary exacerbations, patient-reported outcomes, symptom measures, pulmonary function tests and the cost of hospitalisations. To date no randomised trial has evaluated the benefit of different PA eradication strategies in bronchiectasis patients. The ERASE trial will therefore generate crucial data to inform future clinical guidelines.

11.
Commun Chem ; 7(1): 40, 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402282

RESUMO

Precise synthesis of carbon-based nanostructures with well-defined structural and chemical properties is of significance towards organic nanomaterials, but remains challenging. Herein, we report on a synthesis of nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanoribbons through a stepwise on-surface polymerization. Scanning tunneling microscopy revealed that the selectivity in molecular conformation, intermolecular debrominative aryl-aryl coupling and inter-chain dehydrogenative cross-coupling determined the well-defined topology and chemistry of the final products. Density functional theory calculations predict that the ribbons are semiconductors, and the band gap can be tuned by the width of the ribbons.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(2): 453-460, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403321

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of Morinda officinalis iridoid glycosides(MOIG) on paw edema and bone loss of rheumatoid arthritis(RA) rats, and analyze its potential mechanism based on ultra-high performance liguid chromatography-guadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) serum metabolomics. RA rats were established by injecting bovin type Ⅱ collagen. The collagen-induced arthritis(CIA) rats were administered drug by gavage for 8 weeks, the arthritic score were used to evaluate the severity of paw edem, serum bone metabolism biochemical parameters were measured by ELISA kits, Masson staining was used to observe the bone microstructure of the femur in CIA rats. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to analyze the alteration of serum metabolite of CIA rats, principal component analysis(PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) were used to screen the potential biomarkers, KEGG database analysis were used to construct related metabolic pathways. The results demonstrated that the arthritic score, serum levels of IL-6 and parameters related with bone metabolism including OCN, CTX-Ⅰ, DPD and TRAP were significantly increased, and the ratio of OPG and RANKL was significantly decreased, the microstructure of bone tissue and cartilage were destructed in CIA rats, while MOIG treatments could significantly reduce arthritis score, mitigate the paw edema, reverse the changes of serum biochemical indicators related with bone metabolism, and improve the microstructure of bone tissue and cartilage of CIA rats. The non-targeted metabolomics results showed that 24 altered metabolites were identified in serum of CIA rats; compared with normal group, 13 significantly altered metabolites related to RA were identified in serum of CIA rats, mainly involving alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism; compared with CIA model group, MOIG treatment reversed the alteration of 15 differential metabolites, mainly involving into alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, D-glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism, taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis. Therefore, MOIG significantly alleviated paw edema, improved the destruction of microstructure of bone and cartilage in CIA rats maybe through involving into the regulation of amino acid metabolism.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Morinda , Ratos , Animais , Glicosídeos Iridoides/química , Morinda/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ácido Aspártico , Metabolômica , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Edema , Alanina/uso terapêutico , Glutamatos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores
13.
SSM Popul Health ; 25: 101630, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38405164

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of green spaces exposure on common psychiatric disorders. Methods: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and MEDLINE were screened and articles published prior to November 15, 2023 were included. Analyses were performed on common psychiatric disorders, categorized into depression, anxiety, dementia, schizophrenia, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). And the subgroup analyses were conducted for depression, anxiety, dementia, and schizophrenia. Results: In total, 2,0064 studies were retrieved, 59 of which were included in our study; 37 for depression, 14 for anxiety, 8 for dementia, 7 for schizophrenia and 5 for ADHD. Green spaces were found to benefit the moderation of psychiatric disorders (OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.89 to 0.92). Green spaces positively influence depression (OR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.86 to 0.93), regardless of the cross-sectional or cohort studies. Green spaces can also help mitigate the risk of anxiety (OR = 0.94, 95%CI:0.92 to 0.96). As an important index for measuring green spaces, a higher normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) level related to a lower level of depression (OR = 0.95, 95%CI:0.91 to 0.98) and anxiety (OR = 0.95, 95%:0.92 to 0.98). The protection was also found in dementia (OR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.93 to 0.96), schizophrenia (OR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.67 to 0.82), and ADHD (OR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.86 to 0.92) results. Conclusion: Green spaces decrease the risk of psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety, dementia, schizophrenia, and ADHD. Further studies on green spaces and psychiatric disorders are needed, and more green spaces should be considered in city planning.

14.
Mol Biotechnol ; 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38407690

RESUMO

In hepatic fibrosis (HF), hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) form the extracellular matrix (ECM), and the pathological accumulation of ECM in the liver leads to inflammation. Our previous research found that miR-324-3p was down-regulated in culture-activated human HSCs. However, the precise effect of miR-324-3p on HF has not been elucidated. In this study, the HF mouse models were induced through directly injecting carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) into mice; the HF cell models were constructed using TGF-ß1-treated LX-2 cells. Next, real-time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), western blot (WB) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were applied to assess the expression levels of miR-324-3p, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), Vimentin or SMAD4; hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Masson' s trichrome and Sirius red staining to evaluate the liver injury; luciferase reporter assay to verify the targeting relationship between miR-324-3p and SMAD4; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to determine the levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST); and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and flow cytometry to evaluate the effects of miR-324-3p on cell proliferation and cycle/apoptosis, respectively. The experimental results showed a reduction in miR-324-3p level in CCl4-induced HF mice as well as transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1-activated HSCs. Interestingly, the miR-324-3p level was rescued following the HF recovery process. In HF mice induced by CCl4, miR-324-3p overexpression inhibited liver tissue damage, decreased serum ALT and AST levels, and inhibited fibrosis-related biomarkers (α-SMA, Vimentin) expression, thereby inhibiting HF. Similarly, miR-324-3p overexpression up-regulated α-SMA and Vimentin levels in HF cells, while knockdown of miR-324-3p had the opposite effect. Besides, miR-324-3p played an antifibrotic role through inhibiting the proliferation of hepatocytes. Further experiments confirmed that miR-324-3p targeted and down-regulated SMAD4 expression. SMAD4 was highly expressed in HF cells, and silencing SMAD4 significantly decreased the α-SMA and Vimentin levels in HF cells. Collectively, the miR-324-3p may suppress the activation of HSCs and HF by targeting SMAD4. Therefore, miR-324-3p is identified as a potential and novel therapeutic target for HF.

15.
Genes (Basel) ; 15(2)2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397219

RESUMO

Quercus is a valuable genus ecologically, economically, and culturally. They are keystone species in many ecosystems. Species delimitation and phylogenetic studies of this genus are difficult owing to frequent hybridization. With an increasing number of genetic resources, we will gain a deeper understanding of this genus. In the present study, we collected four Quercus section Cyclobalanopsis species (Q. poilanei, Q. helferiana, Q. camusiae, and Q. semiserrata) distributed in Southeast Asia and sequenced their complete genomes. Following analysis, we compared the results with those of other species in the genus Quercus. These four chloroplast genomes ranged from 160,784 bp (Q. poilanei) to 161,632 bp (Q. camusiae) in length, with an overall guanine and cytosine (GC) content of 36.9%. Their chloroplast genomic organization and order, as well as their GC content, were similar to those of other Quercus species. We identified seven regions with relatively high variability (rps16, ndhk, accD, ycf1, psbZ-trnG-GCC, rbcL-accD, and rpl32-trnL-UAG) which could potentially serve as plastid markers for further taxonomic and phylogenetic studies within Quercus. Our phylogenetic tree supported the idea that the genus Quercus forms two well-differentiated lineages (corresponding to the subgenera Quercus and Cerris). Of the three sections in the subgenus Cerris, the section Ilex was split into two clusters, each nested in the other two sections. Moreover, Q. camusiae and Q. semiserrata detected in this study diverged first in the section Cyclobalanopsis and mixed with Q. engleriana in the section Ilex. In particular, 11 protein coding genes (atpF, ndhA, ndhD, ndhF, ndhK, petB, petD, rbcL, rpl22, ycf1, and ycf3) were subjected to positive selection pressure. Overall, this study enriches the chloroplast genome resources of Quercus, which will facilitate further analyses of phylogenetic relationships in this ecologically important tree genus.


Assuntos
Genoma de Cloroplastos , Quercus , Filogenia , Quercus/genética , Ecossistema , Genômica
16.
Environ Int ; 184: 108477, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340406

RESUMO

Nickel, a common environmental hazard, is a risk factor for craniosynostosis. However, the underlying biological mechanism remains unclear. Here, we found that early-life nickel exposure induced craniosynostosis in mice. In vitro, nickel promoted the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), and its osteogenic ability in vivo was confirmed by an ectopic osteogenesis model. Further mRNA sequencing showed that ERK1/2 signaling and FGFR2 were aberrantly activated. FGFR2 was identified as a key regulator of ERK1/2 signaling. By promoter methylation prediction and methylation-specific PCR (MSP) assays, we found that nickel induced hypomethylation in the promoter of FGFR2, which increased its binding affinity to the transcription factor Sp1. During pregnancy and postnatal stages, AZD4547 rescued nickel-induced craniosynostosis by inhibiting FGFR2 and ERK1/2. Compared with normal individuals, nickel levels were increased in the serum of individuals with craniosynostosis. Further logistic and RCS analyses showed that nickel was an independent risk factor for craniosynostosis with a nonlinear correlation. Mediated analysis showed that FGFR2 mediated 30.13% of the association between nickel and craniosynostosis risk. Collectively, we demonstrate that early-life nickel exposure triggers the hypomethylation of FGFR2 and its binding to Sp1, thereby promoting the osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs by ERK1/2 signaling, leading to craniosynostosis.


Assuntos
Craniossinostoses , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Feminino , Gravidez , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Níquel/toxicidade , Osteogênese , Craniossinostoses/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(7): 8310-8320, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343060

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has become an unprecedented global medical emergency, resulting in more than 5 million deaths. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by COVID-19, characterized by the release of a large number of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the production of excessive toxic ROS, is the most common serious complication leading to death. To develop new strategies for treating ARDS caused by COVID-19, a mouse model of ARDS was established by using lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Subsequently, we have constructed a novel nanospray with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capacity by loading pentoxifylline (PTX) and edaravone (Eda) on zeolite imidazolate frameworks-8 (ZIF-8). This nanospray was endowed with synergetic therapy, which could kill two birds with one stone: (1) the loaded PTX played a powerful anti-inflammatory role by inhibiting the activation of inflammatory cells and the synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines; (2) Eda served as a free radical scavenger in ARDS. Furthermore, compared with the traditional intravenous administration, nanosprays can be administered directly and inhaled efficiently and reduce the risk of systemic adverse reactions greatly. This nanospray could not only coload two drugs efficiently but also realize acid-responsive release on local lung tissue. Importantly, ZIF8-EP nanospray showed an excellent therapeutic effect on ARDS in vitro and in vivo, which provided a new direction for the treatment of ARDS.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pentoxifilina , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Pentoxifilina/farmacologia , Pentoxifilina/uso terapêutico , Edaravone/uso terapêutico , Pandemias , Pulmão , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Citocinas , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lipopolissacarídeos
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 918: 170675, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316312

RESUMO

The early stage of heart development is highly susceptible to various environmental factors. While the use of animal models has aided in identifying numerous environmental risk factors, the variability between species and the low throughput limit their translational potential. Recently, a type of self-assembling cardiac structures, known as human heart organoids (hHOs), exhibits a remarkable biological consistency with human heart. However, the feasibility of hHOs for assessing cardiac developmental risk factors remains unexplored. Here, we focused on the cardiac developmental effects of core components of Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs), the most widely used herbicides, to evaluate the reliability of hHOs for the prediction of possible cardiogenesis toxicity. GBHs have been proven toxic to cardiac development based on multiple animal models, with the mechanism remaining unknown. We found that polyoxyethylene tallow amine (POEA), the most common surfactant in GBHs formulations, played a dominant role in GBHs' heart developmental toxicity. Though there were a few differences in transcriptive features, hHOs exposed to sole POEA and combined POEA and Glyphosate would suffer from both disruption of heart contraction and disturbance of commitment in cardiomyocyte isoforms. By contrast, Glyphosate only caused mild epicardial hyperplasia. This study not only sheds light on the toxic mechanism of GBHs, but also serves as a methodological demonstration, showcasing its effectiveness in recognizing and evaluating environmental risk factors, and deciphering toxic mechanisms.


Assuntos
Gorduras , Herbicidas , Animais , Humanos , Aminas , Glicina/toxicidade , Glicina/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Herbicidas/toxicidade , Herbicidas/química
19.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 197, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In cold and temperate zones, seasonal reproduction plays a crucial role in the survival and reproductive success of species. The photoperiod influences reproductive processes in seasonal breeders through the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, in which the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) serves as the central region responsible for transmitting light information to the endocrine system. However, the cis-regulatory elements and the transcriptional activation mechanisms related to seasonal activation of the reproductive axis in MBH remain largely unclear. In this study, an artificial photoperiod program was used to induce the HPG axis activation in male quails, and we compared changes in chromatin accessibility changes during the seasonal activation of the HPG axis. RESULTS: Alterations in chromatin accessibility occurred in the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) and stabilized at LD7 during the activation of the HPG axis. Most open chromatin regions (OCRs) are enriched mainly in introns and distal intergenic regions. The differentially accessible regions (DARs) showed enrichment of binding motifs of the RFX, NKX, and MEF family of transcription factors that gained-loss accessibility under long-day conditions, while the binding motifs of the nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily and BZIP family gained-open accessibility. Retinoic acid signaling and GTPase-mediated signal transduction are involved in adaptation to long days and maintenance of the HPG axis activation. According to our footprint analysis, three clock-output genes (TEF, DBP, and HLF) and the THRA were the first responders to long days in LD3. THRB, NR3C2, AR, and NR3C1 are the key players associated with the initiation and maintenance of the activation of the HPG axis, which appeared at LD7 and tended to be stable under long-day conditions. By integrating chromatin and the transcriptome, three genes (DIO2, SLC16A2, and PDE6H) involved in thyroid hormone signaling showed differential chromatin accessibility and expression levels during the seasonal activation of the HPG axis. TRPA1, a target of THRB identified by DAP-seq, was sensitive to photoactivation and exhibited differential expression levels between short- and long-day conditions. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that trans effects were the main factors affecting gene expression during the seasonal activation of the HPG axis. This study could lead to further research on the seasonal reproductive behavior of birds, particularly the role of MBH in controlling seasonal reproductive behavior.


Assuntos
Cromatina , Codorniz , Animais , Masculino , Estações do Ano , Codorniz/genética , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Reprodução/genética , Fotoperíodo
20.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 141: 151-165, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408816

RESUMO

In this study, a hybrid model, the convolutional neural network-support vector regression model, was adopted to achieve prediction of the NO2 profile in Nanjing from January 2019 to March 2021. Given the sudden decline in NO2 in February 2020, the contribution of the Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) lockdown, Chinese New Year (CNY), and meteorological conditions to the reduction of NO2 was evaluated. NO2 vertical column densities (VCDs) from January to March 2020 decreased by 59.05% and 32.81%, relative to the same period in 2019 and 2021, respectively. During the period of 2020 COVID-19, the average NO2 VCDs were 50.50% and 29.96% lower than those during the pre-lockdown and post-lockdown periods, respectively. The NO2 volume mixing ratios (VMRs) during the 2020 COVID-19 lockdown significantly decreased below 400 m. The NO2 VMRs under the different wind fields were significantly lower during the lockdown period than during the pre-lockdown period. This phenomenon could be attributed to the 2020 COVID-19 lockdown. The NO2 VMRs before and after the CNY were significantly lower in 2020 than in 2019 and 2021 in the same period, which further proves that the decrease in NO2 in February 2020 was attributed to the COVID-19 lockdown. Pollution source analysis of an NO2 pollution episode during the lockdown period showed that the polluted air mass in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei was transported southwards under the action of the north wind, and the subsequent unfavorable meteorological conditions (local wind speed of < 2.0 m/sec) resulted in the accumulation of pollutants.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Material Particulado/análise
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