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1.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 112(5): 75, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733395

RESUMO

This study systematically investigated the pollution levels and migration trends of PBDEs in soils and plants around engineering plastics factory, and identified the ecological risks of PBDEs in the environment around typical pollution sources.The results showed that 13 kinds of PBDEs were widely detected in the surrounding areas, and the concentration level was higher than the general environmental pollution level. The total PBDE concentrations (∑13PBDEs) in soils ranged from 14.6 to 278.4 ng/g dry weight (dw), and in plants ranged from 11.5 to 176 ng/g dw. Both soil and plant samples showed that BDE-209 was the most important congener, the pollution level in soil and plant was similar, and the composition of PBDEs congener was similar. In the soil column (50 cm), the radial migration of PBDEs was mainly concentrated in the 0-30 cm section. Except for BDE-66, which was mainly located in the 20-30 cm soil layer, the concentration of PBDEs was the highest in the 0-10 cm region. Furthermore, the environmental risks of PBDEs in soil and plants were evaluated by hazard quotient method, and the HQ values were all < 1, which did not exhibit any ecological risk. The evaluation results also showed that the ecological risk of PBDEs in soil was higher than that of plants, especially penta-BDE, which should be paid more attention.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Éteres Difenil Halogenados , Plásticos , Poluentes do Solo , Solo , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Medição de Risco , Solo/química , Plásticos/análise , Plantas , China
2.
Food Res Int ; 186: 114365, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729700

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the interaction, structure, antioxidant, and emulsification properties of quinoa protein hydrolysate (QPH) complexes formed with (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) at pH 3.0 and 7.0. Additionally, the effect of pH conditions and EGCG complexation on protein hydrolysate-lipid co-oxidation in QPH emulsions was explored. The results indicated that QPH primarily interacted with EGCG through hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonds. This interaction led to alterations in the secondary structure of QPH, as well as a decrease in surface hydrophobicity and free SH content. Notably, the binding affinity between QPH and EGCG was observed to be higher at pH 7.0 compared to pH 3.0. Consequently, QPH-EGCG complexes exhibited more significant enhancement in antioxidant and emulsification properties at pH 7.0 than pH 3.0. The pH level also influenced the droplet size, ζ-potential, and interfacial composition of emulsions formed by QPH and QPH-EGCG complexes. Compared to QPH stabilized emulsions, QPH-EGCG stabilized emulsions were more capable of mitigating destabilization during storage and displayed fewer lipid oxidation products, carbonyl generation, and sulfhydryl groups and fluorescence loss, which implied better oxidative stability of the emulsions. Furthermore, the QPH-EGCG complexes formed at pH 7.0 exhibited better inhibition of protein hydrolysate-lipid co-oxidation. Overall, these findings provide valuable insights into the potential application of QPH and its complexes with EGCG in food processing systems.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Catequina , Chenopodium quinoa , Emulsões , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Oxirredução , Hidrolisados de Proteína , Chenopodium quinoa/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Emulsões/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Catequina/química , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Antioxidantes/química , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Lipídeos/química
3.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 11(2): 162-170, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707689

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the views of health care professionals in a head and neck surgical department toward the implementation of advance care planning prior to surgery for older patients with head and neck cancer. Method: Q methodology was used to explore and analyze participants' views by combining quantitative and qualitative methods. Participants were asked to rank 35 Q statements generated via semi-structured interviews and a literature review and to explain the reasons for their ranking in subsequent interviews. The data was then analyzed and used to develop a factor series to illustrate participants' views. Results: This study surveyed 15 health care professionals, including eight doctors and seven nurses. The views of health care professionals toward preoperative implementation of advance care planning discussions were varied and could be categorized into three types: defending the autonomy of patients, patients' knowledge and the Chinese traditional cultural context hinder the implementation of preoperative advance care planning, and lack of confidence in performing preoperative advance care planning. Conclusions: Although the health care professionals in the head and neck surgical department in this study recognized the benefits of preoperative discussions regarding advance care planning, patients' knowledge level, traditional Chinese values, inadequate capacity among health care professionals, and unsound legal policies have caused these professionals to have misgivings about preoperative counseling and discussing advance care planning with patients. Further studies should be conducted, and strategies to overcome barriers to discussions of preoperative advance care planning should be developed.

4.
Stem Cell Reports ; 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729156

RESUMO

Liver disease is a major global health challenge. There is a shortage of liver donors worldwide, and hepatocyte transplantation (HT) may be an effective treatment to overcome this problem. However, the present approaches for generation of hepatocytes are associated with challenges, and interspecies chimera-derived hepatocytes produced by interspecies blastocyst complementation (IBC) may be promising donor hepatocytes because of their more comprehensive hepatic functions. In this study, we isolated mouse hepatocytes from mouse-rat chimeric livers using IBC and found that interspecies chimera-derived hepatocytes exhibited mature hepatic functions in terms of lipid accumulation, glycogen storage, and urea synthesis. Meanwhile, they were more similar to endogenous hepatocytes than hepatocytes derived in vitro. Interspecies chimera-derived hepatocytes could relieve chronic liver fibrosis and reside in the injured liver after transplantation. Our results suggest that interspecies chimera-derived hepatocytes are a potentially reliable source of hepatocytes and can be applied as a therapeutic approach for HT.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 669: 104-116, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705110

RESUMO

Aqueous zinc ion batteries (AZIBs) face significant challenges stemming from Zn dendrite growth and water-contact attack, primarily due to the lack of a well-designed solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) to safeguard the Zn anode. Herein, we report a bio-mass derived polymer of chitin on Zn anode (Zn@chitin) as a novel and robust artificial SEI layer to boost the Zn anode rechargeability. The polymeric chitin SEI layer features both zincophilic and hydrophobic characteristics to target the suppressed dendritic Zn formation as well as the water-induced side reactions, thus harvesting a dendrite-free and corrosion-resistant Zn anode. More importantly, this polymeric interphase layer is strong and flexible accommodating the volume changes during repeated cycling. Based on these benefits, the Zn@chitin anode demonstrates prolonged cycling performance surpassing 1300 h under an ultra-large current density of 20 mA cm-2, and a long cycle life of 680 h with a record-high zinc utilization rate of 80 %. Besides, the assembled Zn@chitin/V2O5 full batteries reveal excellent capacity retention and rate performance under practical conditions, proving the reliability of our proposed strategy for industrial AZIBs. Our research offers valuable insights for constructing high-performance AZIBs, and simultaneously realizes the high-efficient use of cheap biomass from a "waste-to-wealth" concept.

6.
BMC Pediatr ; 24(1): 307, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anorectal malformation is a common congenital problem occurring in 1 in 5,000 births and has a spectrum of anatomical presentations, requiring individualized surgical treatments for normal growth. Delayed extubation or reintubation may result in a longer intensive care unit (ICU) stay and hospital stay, increased mortality, prolonged duration of mechanical ventilation, increased tracheostomy rate, and higher hospital costs. Extensive studies have focused on the role of risk factors in early extubation during major infant surgery such as Cardiac surgery, neurosurgery, and liver surgery. However, no study has mentioned the influencing factors of delayed extubation in neonates and infants undergoing angioplasty surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of neonates and infants who underwent anorectal malformation surgery between June 2018 and June 2022. The principal goal of this study was to observe the incidence of delayed extubation in pediatric anorectal malformation surgery. The secondary goals were to identify the factors associated with delayed extubation in these infants. RESULTS: We collected data describing 123 patients who had anorectal malformations from 2019 to 2022. It shows that 74(60.2%) in the normal intubation group and 49(39.8%) in the longer extubation. In the final model, anesthesia methods were independently associated with delayed extubation (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: We found that the anesthesia method was independently associated with early extubation in neonates and infants who accepted pediatric anorectal malformation surgery.


Assuntos
Extubação , Malformações Anorretais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Feminino , Masculino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Fatores de Tempo , Malformações Anorretais/cirurgia , Períneo/cirurgia
7.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1360024, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745922

RESUMO

Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is a crucial enzyme in glycolysis, an essential metabolic pathway for carbohydrate metabolism across all living organisms. Recent research indicates that phosphorylating GAPDH exhibits various moonlighting functions, contributing to plant growth and development, autophagy, drought tolerance, salt tolerance, and bacterial/viral diseases resistance. However, in rapeseed (Brassica napus), the role of GAPDHs in plant immune responses to fungal pathogens remains unexplored. In this study, 28 genes encoding GAPDH proteins were revealed in B. napus and classified into three distinct subclasses based on their protein structural and phylogenetic relationships. Whole-genome duplication plays a major role in the evolution of BnaGAPDHs. Synteny analyses revealed orthologous relationships, identifying 23, 26, and 26 BnaGAPDH genes with counterparts in Arabidopsis, Brassica rapa, and Brassica oleracea, respectively. The promoter regions of 12 BnaGAPDHs uncovered a spectrum of responsive elements to biotic and abiotic stresses, indicating their crucial role in plant stress resistance. Transcriptome analysis characterized the expression profiles of different BnaGAPDH genes during Sclerotinia sclerotiorum infection and hormonal treatment. Notably, BnaGAPDH17, BnaGAPDH20, BnaGAPDH21, and BnaGAPDH22 exhibited sensitivity to S. sclerotiorum infection, oxalic acid, hormone signals. Intriguingly, under standard physiological conditions, BnaGAPDH17, BnaGAPDH20, and BnaGAPDH22 are primarily localized in the cytoplasm and plasma membrane, with BnaGAPDH21 also detectable in the nucleus. Furthermore, the nuclear translocation of BnaGAPDH20 was observed under H2O2 treatment and S. sclerotiorum infection. These findings might provide a theoretical foundation for elucidating the functions of phosphorylating GAPDH.

8.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 396, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo, a renowned traditional Chinese orchid herb esteemed for its significant horticultural and medicinal value, thrives in adverse habitats and contends with various abiotic or biotic stresses. Acid invertases (AINV) are widely considered enzymes involved in regulating sucrose metabolism and have been revealed to participate in plant responses to environmental stress. Although members of AINV gene family have been identified and characterized in multiple plant genomes, detailed information regarding this gene family and its expression patterns remains unknown in D. officinale, despite their significance in polysaccharide biosynthesis. RESULTS: This study systematically analyzed the D. officinale genome and identified four DoAINV genes, which were classified into two subfamilies based on subcellular prediction and phylogenetic analysis. Comparison of gene structures and conserved motifs in DoAINV genes indicated a high-level conservation during their evolution history. The conserved amino acids and domains of DoAINV proteins were identified as pivotal for their functional roles. Additionally, cis-elements associated with responses to abiotic and biotic stress were found to be the most prevalent motif in all DoAINV genes, indicating their responsiveness to stress. Furthermore, bioinformatics analysis of transcriptome data, validated by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR), revealed distinct organ-specific expression patterns of DoAINV genes across various tissues and in response to abiotic stress. Examination of soluble sugar content and interaction networks provided insights into stress release and sucrose metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: DoAINV genes are implicated in various activities including growth and development, stress response, and polysaccharide biosynthesis. These findings provide valuable insights into the AINV gene amily of D. officinale and will aid in further elucidating the functions of DoAINV genes.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , beta-Frutofuranosidase , Dendrobium/genética , Dendrobium/enzimologia , beta-Frutofuranosidase/genética , beta-Frutofuranosidase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genoma de Planta , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Genes de Plantas
9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(19): 13163-13175, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698548

RESUMO

A pretargeted strategy that decouples targeting vectors from radionuclides has shown promise for nuclear imaging and/or therapy in vivo. However, the current pretargeted approach relies on the use of antibodies or nanoparticles as the targeting vectors, which may be compromised by poor tissue penetration and limited accumulation of targeting vectors in the tumor tissues. Herein, we present an orthogonal dual-pretargeted approach by combining stimuli-triggered in situ self-assembly strategy with fast inverse electron demand Diels-Alder (IEDDA) reaction and strong biotin-streptavidin (SA) interaction for near-infrared fluorescence (NIR FL) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of tumors. This approach uses a small-molecule probe (P-Cy-TCO&Bio) containing both biotin and trans-cyclooctene (TCO) as a tumor-targeting vector. P-Cy-TCO&Bio can efficiently penetrate subcutaneous HeLa tumors through biotin-assisted targeted delivery and undergo in situ self-assembly to form biotinylated TCO-bearing nanoparticles (Cy-TCO&Bio NPs) on tumor cell membranes. Cy-TCO&Bio NPs exhibited an "off-on" NIR FL and retained in the tumors, offering a high density of TCO and biotin groups for the concurrent capture of Gd-chelate-labeled tetrazine (Tz-Gd) and IR780-labeled SA (SA-780) via the orthogonal IEDDA reaction and SA-biotin interaction. Moreover, Cy-TCO&Bio NPs offered multiple-valent binding modes toward SA, which additionally regulated the cross-linking of Cy-Gd&Bio NPs into microparticles (Cy-Gd&Bio/SA MPs). This process could significantly (1) increase r1 relaxivity and (2) enhance the accumulation of Tz-Gd and SA-780 in the tumors, resulting in strong NIR FL, bright MR contrast, and an extended time window for the clear and precise imaging of HeLa tumors.


Assuntos
Biotina , Ciclo-Octanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Nanopartículas , Ciclo-Octanos/química , Humanos , Nanopartículas/química , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Células HeLa , Biotina/química , Animais , Imagem Óptica , Biotinilação , Camundongos , Estreptavidina/química , Reação de Cicloadição , Fluorescência
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716209

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Esophageal carcinoma with switch/sucrose nonfermenting (SWI/SNF)-related, matrix-associated, actin-dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily A, member 4 (SMARCA4) mutation is a rare variant of malignant esophageal epithelial neoplasm, which is characterized by the loss of SMARCA4/BRG1 protein on immunohistochemistry or alterations in the SMARCA4 gene on sequencing. Only a few case series and case reports of esophageal carcinoma with SMARCA4 mutations have been published in the English literature; the rarity of the disease poses significant diagnostic challenges for surgical pathologists and could potentially lead to delayed or suboptimal patient care. Herein, we reviewed the available literature on esophageal carcinoma with SMARCA4 mutations to discuss its epidemiology, clinical presentation, pathological and molecular features, diagnostic challenges, treatment, and prognosis. Methods: The PubMed, Scopus, Ovid, and Google Scholar databases were extensively reviewed. The references included in the articles were cross-examined to identify any missing articles. We searched for all published literature on esophageal carcinoma with SMARCA4 mutations from inception of the databases to date. Key Content and Findings: Esophageal carcinoma with SMARCA4 mutations is most common in middle-aged and older men. Barrett esophagus and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are the most associated risk factors. Dysphagia was the most common initial clinical presentation. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is the preferred diagnostic modality. Microscopically, the tumor cells exhibited epithelioid features mixed with variable components of rhabdoid and glandular differentiation. The tumor cells showed variable immunoreactivity for cytokeratin and sometimes weakly expressed neuroendocrine or B-lymphocyte markers (Pax5), which are potential diagnostic pitfalls. Melanoma marker tests showed negative results. The SMARCB1/INI1 protein remains intact, and a definitive diagnosis necessitates the presence of either SMARCA4/BRG1 protein loss or SMARCA4 gene mutations. Esophageal carcinoma with SMARCA4 mutations shows overly aggressive behavior and presents with advanced stages of disease; most patients succumb to the disease within 1 year of initial diagnosis. Conclusions: Esophageal carcinoma with SMARCA4 mutation is an overly aggressive disease, and further research on the affected molecular pathway may help improve its prognosis.

11.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1360508, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716419

RESUMO

Objective: Ciprofol (also known as cipepofol and HSK3486), is a compound similar to propofol in chemical structure and hypnotic effect. Herein we evaluated the efficacy and safety of ciprofol for sedation in outpatient gynecological procedures. Methods: This phase III multicenter randomized trial with a non-inferiority design was conducted in nine tertiary hospitals. We enrolled 135 women aged 18-65 years who were scheduled for ambulatory gynecological procedures. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either ciprofol (0.4 mg/kg for induction and 0.2 mg/kg for maintenance) or propofol (2.0 mg/kg for induction and 1.0 mg/kg for maintenance) sedation in a 2:1 ratio. Patients and investigators for data collection and outcome assessment were blinded to study group assignments. The primary outcome was the success rate of sedation, defined as completion of procedure without remedial anesthetics. The non-inferiority margin was set at -8%. Secondary outcomes included time to successful induction, time to full awake, time to meet discharge criteria, and satisfaction with sedation assessed by patients and doctors. We also monitored occurrence of adverse events and injection pain. Results: A total of 135 patients were enrolled; 134 patients (90 patients received ciprofol sedation and 44 patients propofol sedation) were included in final intention-to-treat analysis. The success rates were both 100% in the two groups (rate difference, 0.0%; 95% CI, -4.1 to 8.0%), i.e., ciprofol was non-inferior to propofol. When compared with propofol sedation, patients given ciprofol required more time to reach successful induction (median difference [MD], 2 s; 95% CI, 1 to 7; p < 0.001), and required more time to reach full awake (MD, 2.3 min; 95% CI, 1.4 to 3.1; p < 0.001) and discharge criteria (MD, 2.3 min; 95% CI, 1.5 to 3.2; p < 0.001). Fewer patients in the ciprofol group were dissatisfied with sedation (relative risk, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.06 to 0.77; p = 0.024). Patients given ciprofol sedation had lower incidences of treat-emergent adverse events (34.4% [31/90] vs. 79.5% [35/44]; p < 0.001) and injection pain (6.7% [6/90] vs. 61.4% [27/44]; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Ciprofol for sedation in ambulatory gynecological procedures was non-inferior to propofol, with less adverse events and injection pain. Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT04958746.

12.
ACS Nano ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719733

RESUMO

Restructuring is an important phenomenon in catalytic reactions. Conversion-type materials with suitable redox potential may undergo in situ electrochemically driven restructurings and induce highly active catalytic sites in a working lithium-sulfur battery. Herein, driven by the electrochemical conversion reaction of BiVO4, a reversible catalytic cycle of Bi/amorphous Li3VO4 (a-Li3VO4) and Bi2S3/a-Li3VO4 heterojunctions is constructed, which targets the oxidation of Li2S and the conversion of polysulfide, respectively. The heterostructures and electrochemically driven size confinement provide abundant sites for shuttle restraining and sulfur conversion. Especially, the p-block Bi and Bi2S3 could dramatically reduce the conversion energy barriers of Li2S and polysulfide by virtue of the p-p orbital hybridization, promoting bidirectional reactions of the sulfur cathode. As a result, the corresponding sulfur cathode possesses a high reversible capacity of 7.5 mAh cm-2 after 120 cycles under a high sulfur loading of 10.3 mg cm-2 with a current density of 0.38 mA cm-2. This study furnishes a feasible scheme to obtain highly effective catalysts for bidirectional sulfur redox by utilizing the electrochemically induced restructuring.

13.
Kidney360 ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Community-acquired acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) was more likely to be comorbid with underlying kidney histopathological lesions in addition to acute tubular necrosis (ATN). Thus, we tried to clarify the histological determinants that could influence the prognosis and recovery of CA-AKI patients with biopsy-proven ATN. METHODS: Adult patients with CA-AKI with biopsy-proven ATN who underwent renal biopsy at Shanghai Changzheng Hospital from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2018, were included and followed up for 5 years. The impacts of histopathological lesions on short-term and long-term renal dysfunction were also analysed. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis revealed that ATNs, crescents, and decrease of arteriole lumens increased short-term dialysis requirements. The severity of ATN was closely associated with renal survival. According to the Kaplan-Meier analysis, the severity of ATN was significantly associated with short-term dialysis needs and long-term development of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) during follow-up. Crescent and decrease of arteriole lumens are significantly associated with progression to ESKD and exert synergistic effects with ATN. For patients who did not progress to dialysis, tubular atrophic/interstitial fibrosis and endocapillary lesions were more relevant to partial recovery of renal function after CA-AKI at the three-month follow-up and increased the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3-5 at the five-year follow-up. According to our correlation analysis, endocapillary lesions and crescents were positively correlated with ATN. CONCLUSIONS: Histopathologic lesions, apart from tubular necrosis, contributed to the detrimental short-term and long-term renal prognosis of CA-AKI patients with ATN; concomitant histopathologic lesions exerted a combined impact on renal survival together with ATN in CA-AKI patients.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709613

RESUMO

Accurate decoding finger motor imagery is essential for fine motor control using EEG signals. However, decoding finger motor imagery is particularly challenging compared with ordinary motor imagery. This paper proposed a novel EEG decoding method of featuredependent frequency band selection, feature fusion, and ensemble learning (DSFE) for finger motor imagery. First, a feature-dependent frequency band selection method based on correlation coefficient (FDCC) was proposed to select feature-specific effective bands. Second, a feature fusion method was proposed to fuse different types of candidate features to produce multiple refined sets of decoding features. Finally, an ensemble model using the weighted voting strategy was proposed to make full use of these diverse sets of final features. The results on a public EEG dataset of five fingers motor imagery showed that the DSFE method is effective and achieves the highest decoding accuracy of 50.64%, which is 7.64% higher than existing studies using exactly the same data. The experiments further revealed that both the effective frequency bands of different subjects and the effective frequency bands of different types of features are different in finger motor imagery. Furthermore, compared with two-hand motor imagery, the effective decoding information of finger motor imagery is transferred to the lower frequency. The idea and findings in this paper provide a valuable perspective for understanding fine motor imagery in-depth.

15.
Chemosphere ; : 142251, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The individual and combined effects of PM2.5 constituents on cardiometabolic risk factors are sparsely investigated. Besides, the key cardiometabolic risk factor that PM2.5 constituents targeted and the biological mechanisms remain unclear. METHOD: A multistage, stratified cluster sampling survey was conducted in two typically air-polluted Chinese cities. The PM2.5 and its constituents including sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, organic matter, and black carbon were predicted using a machine learning model. Twenty biomarkers in three category were simultaneously adopted as cardiometabolic risk factors. We explored the individual and mixture association of long-term PM2.5 constituents with these markers using generalized additive model and quantile-based g-computation, respectively. To minimize potential confounding effects, we accounted for covariates including demographic, lifestyle, meteorological, temporal trends, and disease-related information. We further used ROC curve and mediation analysis to identify the key subclinical indicators and explore whether inflammatory mediators mediate such association, respectively. RESULT: PM2.5 constituents was positively correlated with HOMA-B, TC, TG, LDL-C and LCI, and negatively correlated with PP and RC. Further, PM2.5 constituent mixture was positive associated with DBP, MAP, HbA1c, HOMA-B, AC, CRI-1 and CRI-2, and negative associated with PP and HDL-C. The ROC analysis further reveals that multiple cardiometabolic risk factors can collectively discriminate exposure to PM2.5 constituents (AUC>0.9), among which PP and CRI-2 as individual indicators exhibit better identifiable performance for nitrate and ammonium (AUC>0.75). We also found that multiple blood lipid indicators may be affected by PM2.5 and its constituents, possibly mediated through complement C3 or hsCRP. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested associations of individual and combined PM2.5 constituents exposure with cardiometabolic risk factors. PP and CRI-2 were the targeted markers of long-term exposure to nitrate and ammonium. Inflammation may serve as a mediating factor between PM2.5 constituents and dyslipidemia, which enhance current understanding of potential pathways for PM2.5-induced preclinical cardiovascular responses.

16.
Exp Cell Res ; 439(1): 114072, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719175

RESUMO

HHATL, previously implicated in cardiac hypertrophy in the zebrafish model, has emerged as a prioritized HCM risk gene. We identified six rare mutations in HHATL, present in 6.94 % of nonsarcomeric HCM patients (5/72). Moreover, a decrease of HHATL in the heart tissue from HCM patients and cardiac hypertrophy mouse model using transverse aortic constriction was observed. Despite this, the precise pathogenic mechanisms underlying HHATL-associated cardiac hypertrophy remain elusive. In this study, we observed that HHATL downregulation in H9C2 cells resulted in elevated expression of hypertrophic markers and reactive oxygen species (ROS), culminating in cardiac hypertrophy and mitochondrial dysfunction. Notably, the bioactive form of SHH, SHHN, exhibited a significant increase, while the mitochondrial fission protein dynamin-like GTPase (DRP1) decreased upon HHATL depletion. Intervention with the SHH inhibitor RU-SKI 43 or DRP1 overexpression effectively prevented Hhatl-depletion-induced cardiac hypertrophy, mitigating disruptions in mitochondrial morphology and membrane potential through the SHH/DRP1 axis. In summary, our findings suggest that HHATL depletion activates SHH signaling, reducing DRP1 levels and thereby promoting the expression of hypertrophic markers, ROS generation, and mitochondrial dysfunction, ultimately leading to cardiac hypertrophy. This study provides additional compelling evidence supporting the association of HHATL with cardiac hypertrophy.

17.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 17(3): 577-582, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721510

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the teaching effects of a real-time three dimensional (3D) visualization system in the operating room for early-stage phacoemulsification training. METHODS: A total of 10 ophthalmology residents of the first-year postgraduate were included. All the residents were novices to cataract surgery. Real-time cataract surgical observations were performed using a custom-built 3D visualization system. The training lasted 4wk (32h) in all. A modified International Council of Ophthalmology's Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric (ICO-OSCAR) containing 4 specific steps of cataract surgery was applied. The self-assessment (self) and expert-assessment (expert) were performed through the microsurgical attempts in the wet lab for each participant. RESULTS: Compared with pre-training assessments (self 3.2±0.8, expert 2.5±0.6), the overall mean scores of post-training (self 5.2±0.4, expert 4.7±0.6) were significantly improved after real-time observation training of 3D visualization system (P<0.05). Scores of 4 surgical items were significantly improved both self and expert assessment after training (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The 3D observation training provides novice ophthalmic residents with a better understanding of intraocular microsurgical techniques. It is a useful tool to improve teaching efficiency of surgical education.

18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 278: 116424, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have reported associations between heavy metals and renal function. However, longitudinal studies are required to further validate these associations and explore the interactive effects of heavy metals on renal function and their directional influence. METHOD: This study, conducted in Northeast China from 2016 to 2021, included a four-time repeated measures design involving 384 participants (1536 observations). Urinary concentrations of chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), manganese (Mn), and lead (Pb) were measured, along with renal biomarkers including urinary microalbumin (umAlb), urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), N-acetyl-ß-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), and ß2-microglobulin (ß2-MG) levels. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated. A Linear Mixed Effects Model (LME) examined the association between individual metal exposure and renal biomarkers. Subsequently, Quantile g-computation and Bayesian Kernel Machine Regression (BKMR) models assessed the overall effects of heavy metal mixtures. Marginal Effect models examined the directional impact of metal interactions in the BKMR on renal function. RESULT: Results indicate significant impacts of individual and combined exposures of Cr, Cd, Pb, and Mn on renal biomarkers. Metal interactions in the BKMR model were observed, with synergistic effects of Cd-Cr on NAG, umAlb, UACR; Cd-Pb on NAG, UACR; Pb-Cr on umAlb, UACR, eGFR-MDRD, eGFR-EPI; and an antagonistic effect of Mn-Pb-Cr on UACR. CONCLUSION: Both individual and combined exposures to heavy metals are associated with renal biomarkers, with significant synergistic interactions leading to renal damage. Our findings elucidate potential interactions among these metals, offering valuable insights into the mechanisms linking multiple metal exposures to renal injury.

19.
Cell Rep Med ; : 101550, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723624

RESUMO

Tumor recurrence after chemoradiotherapy is challenging to overcome, and approaches to predict the recurrence remain elusive. Here, human cervical cancer tissues before and after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) analyzed by single-cell RNA sequencing reveal that CCRT specifically promotes CD8+ T cell senescence, driven by atypical chemokine receptor 2 (ACKR2)+ CCRT-resistant tumor cells. Mechanistically, ACKR2 expression is increased in response to CCRT and is also upregulated through the ligation of CC chemokines that are produced by activated myeloid and T cells. Subsequently, ACKR2+ tumor cells are induced to produce transforming growth factor ß to drive CD8+ T cell senescence, thereby compromising antitumor immunity. Moreover, retrospective analysis reveals that ACKR2 expression and CD8+ T cell senescence are enhanced in patients with cervical cancer who experienced recurrence after CCRT, indicating poor prognosis. Overall, we identify a subpopulation of CCRT-resistant ACKR2+ tumor cells driving CD8+ T cell senescence and tumor recurrence and highlight the prognostic value of ACKR2 and CD8+ T cell senescence for chemoradiotherapy recurrence.

20.
ISA Trans ; 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705781

RESUMO

This paper studies the leader-follower consensus problem for nonlinear multi-agent systems with actuator saturation by adaptive event-triggered scheme. This adaptive mechanism allows parameters in triggered mechanism to change automatically compared to fixed ones in traditional strategies. The paper introduces two distinct approaches to address the issue of saturation. The first approach is sector bounded condition, while the second relies on convex hull representation. Compared with the former one, the latter one can reduce the conservatism of controller design effectively. Furthermore, it is assumed that the nonlinear function adheres to incremental quadratic limitations, thereby offering a more comprehensive depiction of its nonlinear properties. Finally, the validity of the proposed approaches is demonstrated by one numerical example in the background of mechanical systems.

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