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1.
NPJ Digit Med ; 6(1): 13, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36732611

RESUMO

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is associated with psoriasis, featured by its irreversible joint symptoms. Despite the significant impact on the healthcare system, it is still challenging to leverage machine learning or statistical models to predict PsA and its progression, or analyze drug efficacy. With 3961 patients' clinical records, we developed a machine learning model for PsA diagnosis and analysis of PsA progression risk, respectively. Furthermore, general additive models (GAMs) and the Kaplan-Meier (KM) method were applied to analyze the efficacy of various drugs on psoriasis treatment and inhibiting PsA progression. The independent experiment on the PsA prediction model demonstrates outstanding prediction performance with an AUC score of 0.87 and an AUPR score of 0.89, and the Jackknife validation test on the PsA progression prediction model also suggests the superior performance with an AUC score of 0.80 and an AUPR score of 0.83, respectively. We also identified that interleukin-17 inhibitors were the more effective drug for severe psoriasis compared to other drugs, and methotrexate had a lower effect in inhibiting PsA progression. The results demonstrate that machine learning and statistical approaches enable accurate early prediction of PsA and its progression, and analysis of drug efficacy.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(1): 126-139, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725265

RESUMO

UHPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS/MS was used to systematically analyze and compare the alkaloids in Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix, Aconiti Radix, and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata. After the samples were pretreated in the solid-phase extraction cartridges, 0.1% ammonium hydroxide(A)-acetonitrile(B) was used for gradient elution. The LC-MS method for characterization of alkaloids in the three herbal medicines was established in ESI positive ion mode to collect high resolution MS data of reference substances and samples. On the basis of the information of reference substance cracking behavior, retention time, accurate molecular mass, and related literature, a total of 155 alkaloids were identified in Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix, Aconiti Radix, and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Prae-parata. Specifically, 130, 127, and 92 alkaloids were identified in Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix, Aconiti Radix, and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, respectively. Monoester alkaloids and amino-alcohol alkaloids were dominant in the three herbal medicines, and the alkaloids in Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix and Aconiti Radix were similar. This paper can provide a reference for elucidating the pharmacological effects and clinical application differences of the three herbal medicines produced from plants of Aconitum.


Assuntos
Aconitum , Alcaloides , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
3.
Fitoterapia ; : 105435, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731607

RESUMO

In order to find potential agents for treating cancer disease in naturally occurring compounds, we conducted a systematic phytochemical investigation on the endemic species of Garcinia nujiangensis. Three new biphenyl derivatives (1-3) and one new polycyclic polyprenylated benzophenone (4), together with four known benzophenone analogues (5-8), have been isolated from the CH2Cl2 extract of the twigs and leaves of G. nujiangensis. Their structures were determined by detailed spectroscopic analyses and comparison with structurally related known analogues. Experimental and calculated ECD method was used to determine the absolute configuration of 1 and 4. Moreover, compounds 5-7 were isolated for the first time from this species. The cytotoxicities of the new compounds were evaluated using HL-60, HepG2, and A549 human cancer cell lines. Compound 4 showed more significant antiproliferative effects against HepG2 cells with IC50 value of 11.38 ±â€¯0.79 µM than that of three biphenyl derivatives. The morphological features of apoptosis were evaluated in 4-treated HepG2 cells. Compound 4 effectively prevented the cell cycle progression of HepG2 cells in G2 phase. Additionally, western blot analysis indicated that treatment of 4 on HepG2 cells led to decreased expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and pro-Caspase-3, and increased protein expression of both pro-apoptotic Bax and cleaved PARP with reference to ß-actin. Overall, our results suggested that the active polycyclic polyprenylated benzophenone derivatives in the twigs and leaves of G. nujiangensis can be used as a valuable source of bioactive compounds for the pharmaceutical industry.

4.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e2145, 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36734119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Filamin A, encoded by the X-linked gene FLNA, links the cell membrane with the cytoskeleton and acts as a regulator of the actin cytoskeleton. Mutations in FLNA cause a large spectrum of congenital malformations during embryonic development, including Melnick-Needles syndrome (MNS). However, reports of MNS, especially in males, are rare, and the pathogenesis molecular mechanisms are not well understood. METHODS: We found a family with two consecutive miscarriages of similar fetuses with multiple malformations. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and tissues, and whole exome sequencing was performed for genetic analysis. Then, we created a C57BL/6 mouse with a point mutation by CRISPR/Cas-mediated genome engineering. The migration of primary abdominal muscle cell was detected by wound healing assay. RESULTS: The first fetus showed congenital hygroma colli and omphalocele identified by ultrasound at 12 wks; the second fetus showed hygroma colli and thoraco abdominoschisis at 12 wks, with a new hemizygous mutation c.4420G>A in exon 26 of the FLNA gene, which is predicted to cause an amino acid substitution (p.Asp1474Asn). The mother and grandmother were both present in the c.4420G>A heterozygous state, and the mother's healthy brother had wild-type FLNA. These FLNA-mutated mice exhibited a broader central gap between the rectus abdominis than the wild type (WT), similar to the midline structure dysplasia of the abdominal wall in the two fetuses. Wound healing assays showed the attenuated migration capacity of abdominal muscle cells in mice with mutated FLNA. Finally, we summarized the cases of MNS with FLNA mutation from the accessible published literature thus far. CONCLUSION: Our research revealed a mutation site of the FLNA for MNS and explored the mechanism of midline structure dysplasia in the abdominal wall of male patients, which could provide more evidence for the clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling of families with these disorders.

5.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 28(1): 1, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The activation of subcutaneous mast cells (MCs) helps to trigger the analgesic effect induced by acupuncture (AP), a traditional oriental therapy, that has been gradually accepted worldwide. This work aimed to reveal whether the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) released from MCs plays an important role in this process, which has a controversial effect in the mechanism of pain. METHODS: In vivo tests, a 20-min session of AP was applied at Zusanli acupuncture point (acupoint) of acute ankle arthritis rats. Pain thresholds of the injured hindpaw were assessed to reflect the pain state, and the targeting substances in the interstitial space of the treated acupoint were sampled by microdialysis. In vitro experiments, exogenous 5-HT (exo-5-HT) was introduced to mediate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release from cultured MCs. RESULTS: Needling promoted 5-HT accumulation at the Zusanli acupoint, which was prevented by sodium cromolyn. AP's analgesic effect was suppressed by the inhibition of 5-HT receptors at the acupoint, especially 5-HT1A subtype. In vitro tests, mechanical perturbation mimicking needling stimulation induced MCs to release 5-HT. 1 µM and 10 µM of exo-5-HT facilitated ATP release, which was restrained by blocking of 5-HT1 receptors rather than 5-HT3 receptors. As 5-HT, ATP and adenosine were also transiently accumulated in the treated acupoint during needling. Promoting ATP hydrolysis or activation adenosine A1 receptors duplicated AP analgesic effect. Finally, the inhibition of ATP receptors by suramin or pyridoxal phosphate-6-azo tetrasodium salt hydrate (PPADS) prevented AP analgesic effect. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that MC-associated 5-HT release at acupoints contributes to AP analgesia, and the mediation of ATP secretion through 5-HT1A receptors might be the underlying mechanism at play. ATP could facilitate adenosine production or the propagation of needling signals.


Assuntos
Analgesia por Acupuntura , Artrite , Doença de Hashimoto , Animais , Ratos , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Serotonina , Pontos de Acupuntura , Mastócitos , Adenosina , Analgésicos
6.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722840

RESUMO

Particulate nitrate (NO3-) has currently become the major component of fine particles in the North China Plain (NCP) during winter haze episodes. However, the contributions of formation pathways to ground NO3- in the NCP are not fully understood. Herein, the NO3- formation pathways were comprehensively investigated based on model simulations combined with two-month field measurements at a rural site in the winter NCP. The results indicated that the nocturnal chemistry of N2O5 hydrolysis aloft could contribute evidently to ground NO3- at the rural site during the pollution episodes with high aerosol water contents, achieving the contribution percentages of 25.2-30.4% of the total. In addition to the commonly proposed vertical mixing of breaking nocturnal boundary layer in the early morning, two additional transport pathways (frontal downdrafts and downslope mountain breezes) in the nighttime were found to make higher contributions to ground NO3-. Considering the dominant role (69.6-74.8%) of diurnal chemistry in NO3- formation, reduction of NOx emissions in the daytime may be an effective control measure for reducing regional NO3- in the NCP.

7.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-31, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688820

RESUMO

Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) are known to possess unique characteristics, which allow them to overcome a number of issues that plague traditional fluorescence probes. UCNPs have been employed in a variety of applications, but it is arguably in the realm of optical sensors where they have shown the most promise. Biomolecule conjugated UCNPs-based fluorescence probes have been developed to detect and quantify a wide range of analytes, from metal ions to biomolecules, with great specificity and sensitivity. In this review, we have given much emphasis on the recent trends and progress in the preparation strategies of bioconjugated UCNPs and their potential application as fluorescence sensors in the trace level detection of food industry-based toxicants and adulterants. The paper discusses the preparation and functionalisation strategies of commonly used biomolecules over the surface of UCNPs. The use of different sensing strategies namely heterogenous and homogenous assays, underlying fluorescence mechanisms in the detection process of food adulterants are summarized in detail. This review might set a precedent for future multidisciplinary research including the development of novel biomolecules conjugated UCNPs for potential applications in food science and technology.

8.
Qual Life Res ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652183

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a multi-dimensional construct used to assess the impact of health status on quality of life, and it is known to be affected by lifestyle behaviors. This study focused on multiple lifestyle behaviors among patients with hematologic diseases, including physical activity, dietary intake, sleep quality, occupational exposure, alcohol consumption and smoking. The main objective was to investigate the association of both individual and clustering of health behaviors with HRQoL among the population with hematologic diseases based on a comprehensive lifestyle survey. METHODS: A total of 539 patients with hematologic diseases aged over 18 years were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Latent class analysis was used to identify homogeneous, mutually exclusive lifestyle classes, and multinomial logistic regression was then performed to explore the association of lifestyle classes membership with HRQoL. Meanwhile, multiple linear regression and quantile regression were used to identify the relationship between individual lifestyle behaviors and HRQoL. RESULTS: A three-class model was selected based on conceptual interpretation and model fit. We found no association between multiple lifestyle behaviors and HRQoL in the 3-class model, either in the whole patients or in subgroups stratified by hematological malignancies. Further research on each lifestyle found that physical activity, dietary intake, occupational exposure, alcohol consumption or smoking were independent of HRQoL. Sleep quality was positively associated with HRQoL. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggested that clustering of lifestyle behaviors may not be an indicator to reflect the health quality of patients with hematologic diseases. Sleep represents a viable intervention target that can confer health benefits on the hematologic patients.

9.
RSC Adv ; 13(2): 1106-1114, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36686956

RESUMO

As a natural "water-based" polymer composite material, oriental lacquer is often referred to as the "king of coatings" and is used as a coating in the defense industry, chemical industry, petroleum industry, metallurgy and mining industry, textile painting and dyeing industry, pharmaceutical industry, as well as the protection of ancient buildings and cultural relics. However, the development of modern industrialization is greatly hindered by the high viscosity of oriental lacquer, the difficulty of spraying, the long drying cycle, and the seriousness of allergenicity. Herein, based on the principle of oriental lacquer and the characteristics of prepolymer in ink, we developed a new prepolymer for modulating UV oriental lacquer ink and explored the feasibility of using it as a raw material for UV spray painting. In this study, lacquer phenol was extracted from oriental lacquer and modified with epoxy acrylate by a simple mechanical compounding method to obtain lacquer epoxy acrylate. Moreover, the UV spray painting oriental lacquer ink was also prepared by using it as the main film-forming substance. The orthogonal experiment method was used to optimize the best formulation of UV spray painting oriental lacquer ink by using nozzle passability, viscosity and curing time as test indexes. Meanwhile, the film properties of UV spray painting oriental lacquer inks were also evaluated. The test results show that the UV spray painting oriental lacquer ink prepared with urushiol epoxy acrylate has better dispersion, excellent paint film performance, and solves the problem that oriental lacquer cannot be printed. This present work shows that urushiol epoxy acrylate as a new type of prepolymer has broad application prospects in the actual preparation of UV inks.

10.
Behav Brain Res ; : 114301, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36707260

RESUMO

One main factor contributing to the cognitive loss in vascular dementia (VD) is white matter lesions (WMLs) carried on by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH). A secondary neuroinflammatory response to CCH accelerates the loss and limits the regeneration of oligodendrocytes, leading to progressive demyelination and insufficient remyelination in the white matter. Thus, promoting remyelination and inhibiting neuroinflammation may be an ideal therapeutic strategy. Baicalin (BAI) is known to exhibit protective effects against various inflammatory and demyelinating diseases. However, whether BAI has neuroprotective effects against CCH has not been investigated. To determine whether BAI inhibits CCH-induced demyelination and neuroinflammation, we established a model of CCH in rats by occluding the two common carotid arteries bilaterally. Our results revealed that BAI could remarkably ameliorate cognitive impairment and mitigate CA1 pyramidal neuron damage and myelin loss. BAI exhibited enhancement of remyelination by increasing the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP) and oligodendrocyte transcription factor 2 (Olig2), inhibiting the loss of oligodendrocytes and promoting oligodendrocyte regeneration in the corpus callosum of CCH rats. Furthermore, BAI modified microglia polarization to the anti-inflammatory phenotype and inhibited the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Mechanistically, BAI treatment significantly induced phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß), enhanced the expression of ß-catenin and its nuclear translocation. Simultaneously, BAI reduced the expression of nuclear NF-κB. Collectively, our results suggest that BAI ameliorates cognitive impairment in CCH-induced VD rats through its pro-remyelination and anti-inflammatory capacities, possibly by activating the Wnt/ß-catenin and suppressing the NF-κB signaling.

11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(4): 2264-2270, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689604

RESUMO

The limitations of conventional strategies in finely controlling the composition and structure demand new promotional effects for upgrading the reverse water-gas shift (RWGS) catalysts for enhanced fuel production. We report the design and synthesis of a hetero-dual-site catalyst for boosting RWGS performance by controllably loading Fe atoms at the neighboring Pt atom on the surface of commercial CeO2. The Fe-Pt/CeO2 exhibits a remarkably high catalytic performance (TOFPt: 43,519 h-1) for CO2 to CO conversion with ∼100% CO selectivity at a relatively low temperature of 350 °C. Furthermore, the catalyst retains over 80% activity after 200 h of continuous operation. The experimental and computational investigations reveal a "two-way synergistic effect", where Fe atoms can not only serve as promotors to alter the charge density of Pt atoms but also be activated by the excess active hydrogen species generated by Pt atoms, enhancing catalytic activity and stability.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674076

RESUMO

In the 21st century, the tension between economic growth, resources and the environment in countries around the world is increasing, and the sustainable development of the economy and society is under great pressure. Green development has become the only way for countries to promote sustainable development. Generally, capitalist countries achieve their green development goals through increasingly strict environmental protection regulations, technological upgrading, industrial upgrading and global transfer based on market mechanisms and legal environments. Evidently, this green development strategy relies on the core position of Western countries in the global technological leadership and the global division of labor. However, limited in terms of their economic strength and by technical barriers, how can developing countries, led by China, in the marginal position in the global market competition, carry out green development transformation? In line with the "high-quality development" strategy, governments at all levels in China are actively exploring green development strategies with their own characteristics. Based on the Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research and the face-to-face interview method, this paper summarizes a new strategy of systematic government-driven green development combining internal and external factors in the underdeveloped areas of inland China, which has gradually formed in the Xining metropolitan area (XMA) in the past 20 years. This strategy has the following characteristics: Firstly, during the period of rapid growth, the XMA areas have promoted each other through new urbanization and new industrialization and jointly promoted the formation of a green development turn in the new era. Secondly, the government is the core actor and driving force of China's regional green development and has gradually formulated and implemented a series of policy systems during this development. Restricted by local economic backwardness and low industrial profits, the implementation of green government policies tends to be mandatory. The majority of urban residents and rural people support this transformation because they have benefited from the transformation process. Thirdly, this green development strategy is reflected in many aspects, such as industry, ecology, the environment, space and transportation, and is part of a systematic, green-oriented transformation. Fourthly, the advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics are the guarantee of the green development strategy. It is noteworthy that this kind of green development transformation requires a large amount of "additional" investment and the "rapid" upgrade of the industry. Therefore, it requires more time and the understanding and assistance of all sectors of society.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Sustentável , China , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Governo , Indústrias , Urbanização
13.
World J Emerg Med ; 14(1): 25-30, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36713350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the most appropriate dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in the largest cardiovascular center of China. METHODS: We enrolled 5,187 consecutive patients with ACS who received DES from January to December 2013. Patients were divided into four groups based on DAPT duration: standard DAPT group (11-13 months, n=1,568) and prolonged DAPT groups (13-18 months [n=308], 18-24 months [n=2,125], and >24 months [n=1,186]). Baseline characteristics and 5-year clinical outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar across the four groups. Among the four groups, those with prolonged DAPT (18-24 months) had the lowest incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) (14.1% vs. 11.7% vs. 9.6% vs. 24.2%, P<0.001), all-cause death (4.8% vs. 3.9% vs. 2.1% vs. 2.6%, P<0.001), cardiac death (3.1% vs. 2.6% vs. 1.4% vs. 1.9%, P=0.004), and myocardial infarction (MI) (3.8% vs. 4.2% vs. 2.5% vs. 5.8%, P<0.001). The incidence of bleeding was not different among the four groups (9.9% vs. 9.4% vs. 11.0% vs. 9.4%, P=0.449). Cox multivariable analysis showed that prolonged DAPT (18-24 months) was an independent protective factor for MACCEs (hazard ratio [HR] 0.802, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.729-0.882, P<0.001), all-cause death (HR 0.660, 95% CI 0.547-0.795, P<0.001), cardiac death (HR 0.663, 95% CI 0.526-0.835, P<0.001), MI (HR 0.796, 95% CI 0.662-0.957, P=0.015), and target vessel revascularization (HR 0.867, 95% CI 0.755-0.996, P=0.044). Subgroup analysis for high bleeding risk showed that prolonged DAPT remained an independent protective factor for all-cause death and MACCEs. CONCLUSION: For patients with ACS after DES, appropriately prolonging the DAPT duration may be associated with a reduced risk of adverse ischemic events without increasing the bleeding risk.

14.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 18: 323-337, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36700147

RESUMO

Background: Multifunctional stimuli-responsive nanoparticles with photothermal-chemotherapy provided a powerful tool for improving the accuracy and efficiency in the treatment of malignant tumors. Methods: Herein, photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG)-loaded amorphous calcium-carbonate (ICG@) nanoparticle was prepared by a gas diffusion reaction. Doxorubicin (DOX) and ICG@ were simultaneously encapsulated into poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-ss-chondroitin sulfate A (PSC) nanoparticles by a film hydration method. The obtained PSC/ICG@+DOX hybrid nanoparticles were characterized and evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles were analyzed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and MTT assay in 4T1 cells. In vivo antitumor activity of the nanoparticles was evaluated in 4T1-bearing Balb/c mice. Results: PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles were nearly spherical in shape by TEM observation, and the diameter was 407 nm determined by DLS. Owing to calcium carbonate and disulfide bond linked copolymer, PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles exhibited pH and reduction-sensitive drug release. Further, PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles showed an effective photothermal effect under near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation, and improved cellular uptake and cytotoxicity in breast cancer 4T1 cells. Importantly, PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles demonstrated the most effective suppression of tumor growth in orthotopic 4T1-bearing mice among the treatment groups. In contrast with single chemotherapy or photothermal therapy, chemo-photothermal treatment by PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles synergistically inhibited the growth of 4T1 cells. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles with active targeting and stimuli-sensitivity would be a promising strategy to enhance chemo-photothermal cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas Multifuncionais , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Animais , Camundongos , Verde de Indocianina/química , Terapia Fototérmica , Fototerapia/métodos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Doxorrubicina , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 232: 123261, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649870

RESUMO

The combination of selenium and polysaccharides is one of the significant ways to ameliorate the anti-cancer effects of polysaccharides. PLP50-1, a homogeneous polysaccharide purified from the aqueous extract of Paeonia lactiflora, had a molecular weight of 1.52 × 104 Da and consisted of α-D-Glcp-(1→, →4)-α-D-Glcp-(1→, →6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→, →4,6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→, and →6)-ß-D-Fruf-(2→. PLP50-1 showed weak anti-tumor effects against A549 cells. To ameliorate the activity of PLP50-1, the complex nanoparticles combining P. lactiflora polysaccharide with selenium were constructed successfully. Structural properties of the polysaccharide-based selenium nanoparticles (PLP-SeNPs) were clarified using various means. The results displayed that a kind of monodisperse spherical nanoparticles containing high selenium content (39.1 %) with controllable size was constructed and showed satisfactory stability. The cellular anti-tumor assay indicated that PLP-SeNPs had stronger antiproliferative activity against A549 cells than PLP50-1. Additionally, the zebrafish experiments displayed that PLP-SeNPs inhibited the proliferation and migration of A549 cells significantly and blocked the angiogenesis.

16.
Eur J Med Res ; 28(1): 8, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600249

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the survival outcomes among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (CA) who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in China. METHODS: Relevant studies, published between January 1, 2010 and September 5, 2022, were retrieved from databases, including EMBASE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, the China Biology Medicine disk, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang databases. We included clinical studies in which all patients were diagnosed with CA and underwent out-of-hospital CPR, and the outcome variables were at least one of the following: return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), survival to admission, survival to hospital discharge, 1-month survival, achieved good neurological outcomes, and 1-year survival. Two investigators independently extracted the study data and assessed its quality using a modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale tool. The data were pooled using random-effects models. RESULTS: Of the 3620 identified studies, 49 (63,378 patients) were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled ROSC rate was 9.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] 7.5-10.5%, I2 = 97%), the pooled survival to admission rate was 5.0% (95% CI 2.7-8.0%, I2 = 98%), and the pooled survival to discharge rate was 1.8% (95% CI 1.2-2.5%, I2 = 95%). Additionally, the ROSC rate of patients with bystander CPR was significantly higher than that of those without bystander CPR, and the pooled odds ratio (OR) was 7.92 (95% CI 4.32-14.53, I2 = 85%). The ROSC rate of participants who started CPR within 5 min was significantly higher than that of those who started CPR after 5 min, and the pooled OR was 5.92 (95% CI 1.92-18.26, I2 = 85%). The ROSC rate of participants with defibrillation was significantly higher than that of those without defibrillation, and the pooled OR was 8.52 (95% CI 3.72-19.52, I2 = 77%). CONCLUSION: The survival outcomes of out-of-hospital CPR in China are far below the world average. Therefore, the policy of providing automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in public places and strengthening CPR training for healthcare providers and public personnel should be encouraged and disseminated nationwide. Trial registration This study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42022326165) on 29 April 2022.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Humanos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Hospitalização , China/epidemiologia
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614258

RESUMO

The repair of severe bone defects is still a formidable clinical challenge, requiring the implantation of bone grafts or bone substitute materials. The development of three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting has received considerable attention in bone tissue engineering over the past decade. However, 3D printing has a limitation. It only takes into account the original form of the printed scaffold, which is inanimate and static, and is not suitable for dynamic organisms. With the emergence of stimuli-responsive materials, four-dimensional (4D) printing has become the next-generation solution for biological tissue engineering. It combines the concept of time with three-dimensional printing. Over time, 4D-printed scaffolds change their appearance or function in response to environmental stimuli (physical, chemical, and biological). In conclusion, 4D printing is the change of the fourth dimension (time) in 3D printing, which provides unprecedented potential for bone tissue repair. In this review, we will discuss the latest research on shape memory materials and 4D printing in bone tissue repair.


Assuntos
Bioimpressão , Materiais Inteligentes , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Osso e Ossos , Bioengenharia , Impressão Tridimensional , Tecidos Suporte/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 120(3): e2212507120, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626558

RESUMO

Intracellular cargos are often membrane-enclosed and transported by microtubule-based motors in the presence of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). Whereas increasing evidence reveals how MAPs impact the interactions between motors and microtubules, critical questions remain about the impact of the cargo membrane on transport. Here we combined in vitro optical trapping with theoretical approaches to determine the effect of a lipid cargo membrane on kinesin-based transport in the presence of MAP tau. Our results demonstrate that attaching kinesin to a fluid lipid membrane reduces the inhibitory effect of tau on kinesin. Moreover, adding cholesterol, which reduces kinesin diffusion in the cargo membrane, amplifies the inhibitory effect of tau on kinesin binding in a dosage-dependent manner. We propose that reduction of kinesin diffusion in the cargo membrane underlies the effect of cholesterol on kinesin binding in the presence of tau, and we provide a simple model for this proposed mechanism. Our study establishes a direct link between cargo membrane cholesterol and MAP-based regulation of kinesin-1. The cholesterol effects uncovered here may more broadly extend to other lipid alterations that impact motor diffusion in the cargo membrane, including those associated with aging and neurological diseases.


Assuntos
Cinesinas , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos , Cinesinas/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico/fisiologia , Lipídeos
19.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1239: 340702, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628768

RESUMO

A self-powered biosensor (SPB) was constructed for the ultra-sensitive detection of microRNA-155 (miR-155) by combining a capacitor/enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC), a strategy of rolling circle amplification (RCA) and a digital multimeter (DMM). The experimental results show that the sensitivity of the assembled EBFC-SPB can reach 15.85 µA/pM with the action of matching capacitor, which is 513% of that without capacitor (3.09 µA/pM). This achieves the first signal amplification. Furthermore, when the target miR-155 triggers RCA, electrons are continuous generated and flow to the biocathode through the external circuit to catalyze the reduction of oxygen and release [Ru(NH3)6]3+ electron acceptor. This achieves the second signal amplification. Finally, DMM is used to convert the signal into instantaneous current and amplify it for real-time reading. This achieves the third signal amplification. Therefore, the limit of detection (LOD) of the developed biosensor is as low as 0.17 fM (S/N = 3), and the linear range is between 0.5 fM and 10,000 fM, indicating that the EBFC-SPB has a broad application prospect for cancer marker of miR-155 with ultrasensitive detection.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Técnicas Biossensoriais , MicroRNAs , Limite de Detecção , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Catálise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos
20.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1239: 340696, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628764

RESUMO

A highly sensitivity self-powered biosensor is developed based on T7 exonuclease (T7 Exo) and 3D DNA walker induced rolling circle amplification (RCA) for electrochemical/colorimetric dual-mode detection of microRNA-21 (miRNA-21) with improved reliability. Taking its advantage of fascinating properties, such as high structure defects and good conductivity, graphdiyne is prepared and used to prepare high-performance enzyme biofuel cell. T7 Exo-assisted 3D DNA walker target recognition triggers RCA reaction to obtain a significantly amplified signal response. A capacitor is integrated to the enzyme biofuel cell to further amplify the electrochemical output signal of the self-powered biosensor. In detection system, glucose oxidase catalyzes glucose oxidation to produce hydrogen peroxide, and 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) is then catalyzed to generate colored products, so as to achieve the colorimetric detection of the target. Analysis signals of diverse modes are recorded independently. Consequently, detection of microRNA with improved reliability and wider signal response range are achieved by electrochemical/colorimetric dual-mode with detection limits of 0.15 and 33 fM (S/N = 3) respectively. In addition, the proposed self-powered biosensor successfully applied for the detection of miRNA-21 in human serum samples, confirming its practical applicability in clinical diagnosis. It is powerfully anticipated the proposed self-powered biosensor possesses great potential to be applied to other biomedical domains.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , MicroRNAs , Humanos , MicroRNAs/análise , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Limite de Detecção , DNA/genética , DNA/análise , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Técnicas Eletroquímicas
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