Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 485
Filtrar
1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(7): 2168-2178, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566615

RESUMO

Amorpha-4,11-diene synthase (ADS) is the first committed enzyme in the biosynthesis of artemisinin. Artemisinin production by biobased fermentation is considered a reliable alternative pathway. Heterologously expressed ADS has been established to generate several minor products, including structural analogues of amorpha-4,11-diene, but their fate in fermentation is still unknown. Here, using chiral analysis, we found that ADS produces one of the analogues, amorpha-4-en-11-ol, as a pair of epimers. Labeling experiments revealed that ADS mutants yielded amorphene-type sesquiterpenes, indicating the co-occurrence of initial 1,6 and 1,10 cyclization of farnesyl diphosphate in a single enzyme. Interestingly, the immediate downstream oxidase CYP71AV1 had very low affinity to the side products of the recombinant ADS, including amorpha-4-en-7-ol, which is structurally similar to amorpha-4,11-diene. Our data uncover the complex catalytic mechanism of recombinant ADS and reveal a potential negative effect of the side products of recombinant ADS on the production of the artemisinin precursor in microbes.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4036, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33597575

RESUMO

Hearing loss is one of the most common birth disorders in humans, with an estimated prevalence of 1-3 in every 1000 newborns. This study investigates the molecular etiology of a hearing loss cohort using a stepwise strategy to effectively diagnose patients and address the challenges posed by the genetic heterogeneity and variable mutation spectrum of hearing loss. In order to target known pathogenic variants, multiplex PCR plus next-generation sequencing was applied in the first step; patients which did not receive a diagnosis from this were further referred for exome sequencing. A total of 92 unrelated patients with nonsyndromic hearing loss were enrolled in the study. In total, 64% (59/92) of the patients were molecularly diagnosed, 44 of them in the first step by multiplex PCR plus sequencing. Exome sequencing resulted in eleven diagnoses (23%, 11/48) and four probable diagnoses (8%, 4/48) among the 48 patients who were not diagnosed in the first step. The rate of secondary findings from exome sequencing in our cohort was 3% (2/58). This research presents a molecular diagnosis spectrum of 92 non-syndromic hearing loss patients and demonstrates the benefits of using a stepwise diagnostic approach in the genetic testing of nonsyndromic hearing loss.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566449

RESUMO

T cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) is a highly aggressive haematological cancer of the bone marrow. The abnormal expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is reportedly involved in T-ALL development and progression. Thus, we aimed to decipher the involvement of miR-204 silencing mediated by DNA methylation in the occurrence of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL). miR-204 expression was determined in bone marrow and peripheral blood samples from T-ALL patients by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) with its effect on cell proliferation evaluated by functional assays. In addition, bisulphite sequencing PCR was employed to detect the DNA methylation level of the miR-204 promoter region, and the binding site between miR-204 and IRAK1 was detected by luciferase assay. We found that miR-204 was down-regulated in T cells of T-ALL patients, which was caused by the increased DNA methylation in the promoter region of miR-204. Moreover, overexpression of miR-204 inhibited T-ALL cell proliferation while enhancing their apoptosis through interleukin receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1), which enhanced the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 through activation of p-p65. Thus, miR-204 modulated MMP-2 and MMP-9 through IRAK1/NF-κB signalling pathway, which was confirmed by in vivo assay. Taken together, DNA methylation-mediated miR-204 silencing increased the transcription of IRAK1, thus activating the NF-κB signalling pathway and up-regulating the downstream targets MMP-2/MMP-9.

4.
Soft Matter ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33399612

RESUMO

Core/shell PVSt-b-PS@Fe3O4 composite nanoparticles (NPs) are achieved by grafting living cationic block copolymer chains onto the surface of amine-capped Fe3O4 NPs via fast termination. The number of chains grafted can be tuned via the molecular weight of PVSt-b-PS. Upon grafting PEG onto the PVSt block via a click reaction, the resulting (PVSt-g-PEG)-b-PS@Fe3O4 composite NPs become highly dispersible in water. A composite nanoparticle with ten chains is selected as a homogeneous NP to demonstrate the dynamic stepwise organization of the NP as oil is fed into the aqueous dispersion. The individual NPs with captured oil are further aggregated, but remain stable with increasing oil content. Eventually, a Pickering emulsion forms in which the aggregates are anchored at the emulsion interface. This dynamic behavior study helps to provide an understanding of the mechanism by which NPs stabilize Pickering emulsions.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2015, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479470

RESUMO

We used swept-source (SS) optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) to investigate the effects of moderate physical exercise on retinal and choroidal vessel densities (VDs) and thicknesses in children. One eye in each of 40 myopic children (mean age, 11.70 years) and 18 emmetropic children (mean age, 11.06 years) were included. SS-OCT 6 × 6-mm radial scans and SS-OCTA 3 × 3-mm images were centered on the macula. Heart rate (HR), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and intraocular pressure (IOP) were recorded before and immediately after a 20-min stationary cycling exercise and after a 30-min rest. The subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), choroidal thickness (CT), and VD at the superficial and deep retinal layers, choriocapillaris, and deeper choroidal vessels were determined. SFCT and CT were significantly lower at all locations immediately after exercise (p < 0.001) and did not fully recover after rest (p < 0.05). VD was lower in the deep retinal layer after exercise (p = 0.02) and higher in the superficial layer after rest (p = 0.03) in myopic eyes while it was higher in the superficial (p < 0.01) and deep layer (p < 0.01) after rest in emmetropic eyes. No significant exercise-related changes in the superficial retinal VD, choroidal VD, or IOP were observed. ΔCT% and ΔSFCT% were significantly correlated with increases in HR in myopic group (p = 0.04 and p = 0.03, respectively). Exercise increased retinal VD after rest in emmetropic eyes, and caused significant CT thinning that lasted for at least 30 min in both emmetropic and myopic eyes.

6.
Virus Res ; 295: 198276, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476694

RESUMO

Oligoadenylate synthetases-like (OASL) protein exerts various effects on DNA and RNA viruses by inhibiting cGAS-mediated IFN production and by enhancing RIG-I-mediated IFN induction, respectively. In this study, we aimed to examine the role of OASL in pseudorabies virus (PRV) proliferation and investigate the function of the PRV UL24 protein in cellular innate immunity. We found that OASL regulates PRV proliferation by enhancing RIG-I signaling. PRV infection decreased the expression of OASL at both the mRNA and protein levels in PK15 and HeLa cells. OASL expression suppressed the proliferation of PRV in a RIG-I-dependent manner and boosted RIG-I-mediated IFN expression as well as IFN-stimulated gene (ISG) induction. In contrast, knockdown of OASL enhanced PRV proliferation and reduced RIG-I signaling. However, the PRV UL24 protein was found to impair RIG-I signaling, thus inhibiting transcription of IFN and ISGs. In addition, the UL24 protein reduced RIG-I-induced expression of endogenous OASL in an IRF3-dependent manner, thereby antagonizing the OASL antiviral effect. Taken together, our findings characterize the role of OASL in PRV proliferation and provide new insights into the role of UL24 in PRV pathogenesis.

7.
J Psychiatr Res ; 133: 142-155, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is a psychiatric disorder which is accompanied by neuroinflammatory responses. Obesity is considered as a low-grade inflammatory state. Studies have found that obese individuals are more likely to suffer from depression, but its possible mechanism has not been specifically illuminated. The Jumonji domain protein 3 (JMJD3) is a specific histone demethylase of trimethylation at lysine 27 of histone-H3 (H3K27me3). Over-expressions of JMJD3 induces the demethylation of H3K27me3 and results in the expression of pro-inflammatory genes, while its upregulation may be limited by adiponectin (APN). However, the role of JMJD3 in susceptibility to neuroinflammation and depression in obesity has not been clarified. METHODS: Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) was selected to build depression model in C57BL/6 and ob/ob mice. Sucrose preference test, tail suspension test, open field test and Morris water maze test were used to detect depressive-like behaviors and memory impairment. Microglial activation, pro-inflammatory cytokines, APN, NF-ĸB, JMJD3 and H3K27me3 expressions in the serum, prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus (HIP) were examined in C57BL/6 and ob/ob mice. Meanwhile, GSK-J4 was used to inhibit JMJD3 expression. RESULTS: CUMS led to depressive-like behaviors and memory impairment, microglial activation, increased expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines, NF-κB and JMJD3, decreased expression of H3K27me3 in the PFC and HIP in C57BL/6 and ob/ob mice. Meanwhile, ob/ob mice showed worse behavioral injury and memory impairment, microglial excessively activation, over-expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and NF-ĸB and decreased H3K27me3 levels than C57BL/6 mice. CUMS also decreased the APN levels in the serum and brain tissues in ob/ob mice compared to C57BL/6 mice. But GSK-J4 could relieve these alterations. CONCLUSIONS: JMJD3 might be involved in the susceptibility to depressive-like behaviors and neuroinflammation of obese mice by the demethylation of H3K27me3, and decreased levels of APN could reduce Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) binding with H3K27me3. The role of JMJD3 in severer inflammatory state in the comorbidity of obesity and depression was considered.

8.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 4694760, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33274001

RESUMO

Chronic liver diseases (CLDs) are correlated with oxidative stress induced by the accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we employed HepG2, a human liver carcinoma cell line containing many antioxidant enzymes, to explore the function of delphinidin against oxidative stress induced by H2O2 and to provide scientific data of the molecular mechanism. Cells were pretreated with different concentrations of delphinidin (10 µmol/L, 20 µmol/L, and 40 µmol/L) for 2 h before treatment with 750 µM H2O2 for 1 h. The results showed that H2O2 decreased the survival rate of HepG2 cells and increased the level of ROS, but delphinidin pretreatment could possess the opposite result. At the same time, the expression of Nrf2 was enhanced by the delphinidin pretreatment. This was because delphinidin promoted Nrf2 nuclear translocation and inhibited its degradation, which led to the increase expression of antioxidant protein HO-1 (Nrf2-related phase II enzyme heme oxygenase-1). Besides, we found that delphinidin could significantly alleviate the reduction of Nrf2 protein levels and the accumulation of intracellular ROS levels in Nrf2 knockdown HepG2 cells. In conclusion, our study suggested that delphinidin, as an effective antioxidant, protected HepG2 cells from oxidative stress by regulating the expression of Nrf2/HO-1.

9.
Mol Metab ; : 101135, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Amylin was found to regulate glucose and lipid metabolism by acting on the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ARC). Maternal high-fat diet (HFD) induces sex-specific metabolic diseases mediated by the ARC in offspring. This study was performed to explore 1) the effect of maternal HFD-induced alterations in amylin on the differentiation of hypothalamic neurons and metabolic disorders in male offspring and 2) the specific molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of amylin and its receptor in response to maternal HFD. METHODS: Maternal HFD, and gestational hyper-amylin mice models were established to explore the role of hypothalamic amylin and receptor activity-modifying protein 3 (Ramp3) in regulating offspring metabolism. RNA pull-down, mass spectrometry, RNA immunoprecipitation, RNA decay assays were performed to investigate the mechanism underlying the influence of maternal HFD on Ramp3 deficiency in the fetal hypothalamus. RESULTS: Male offspring with maternal HFD grew heavier and developed metabolic disorders, whereas female offspring with maternal HFD showed a slight increase in body weight and did not develop metabolic disorders compared to those exposed to maternal normal chow diet (NCD). Male offspring exposed to a maternal HFD had hyperamylinemia from birth until adulthood, which was inconsistent with offspring exposed to maternal NCD. Hyperamylinemia in the maternal HFD-exposed male offspring might be attributed to amylin accumulation following Ramp3 deficiency in the fetal hypothalamus. After Ramp3 knockdown in hypothalamic neural stem cells (htNSCs), amylin was found to fail to promote the differentiation of anorexigenic alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone-proopiomelanocortin (α-MSH-POMC) neurons but not orexigenic agouti-related protein-neuropeptide Y (AgRP-Npy) neurons. An investigation of the mechanism involved showed that IGF2BP1 could specifically bind to Ramp3 in htNSCs and maintain its mRNA stability. Downregulation of IGF2BP1 in htNSCs in the HFD group could decrease Ramp3 expression and lead to an impairment of α-MSH-POMC neuron differentiation. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that gestational exposure to HFD decreases the expression of IGF2BP1 in the hypothalami of male offspring and destabilizes Ramp3 mRNA, which leads to amylin resistance. The subsequent impairment of POMC neuron differentiation induces sex-specific metabolic disorders in adulthood.

10.
J Diabetes Complications ; : 107806, 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33280982

RESUMO

AIMS: Subclinical lipohypertrophy is a lesion meeting ultrasonic criteria for lipohypertrophy that was not detected by inspection and palpation. Little information is published on subclinical lipohypertrophy among insulin injection people with diabetes. We aimed to investigate the subclinical lipohypertrophy prevalence, risk factors, and the association between subclinical lipohypertrophy and glycemic control. METHODS: This observational study included 316 people with diabetes who had continuously received insulin therapy for at least one year. We performed ultrasound scanning and clinical examination for evidence of subclinical lipohypertrophy. Demographic characteristics, clinical information, and glycated hemoglobin were measured. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of subclinical lipohypertrophy was 19.9%. By stepwise logistic regression, higher BMI (OR = 1.44, 95%CI: 1.15-1.81, P = 0.002), incorrect rotation of sites (OR = 3.11, 95%CI: 1.02-9.47, P = 0.046), insulin needle reusage for more than four times (OR = 10.00, 95%CI: 3.23-31.02, P = 0.000) and type 1 diabetes (OR = 6.33, 95%CI: 1.32-30.47, P = 0.021) remained associated with subclinical lipohypertrophy. Subclinical lipohypertrophy demonstrated a significant independent correlation with the nonoptimal glycemic control (OR = 9.97, 95% CI: 3.46-28.75, P = 0.000) when accounting for demographic and diabetes-related parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Subclinical lipohypertrophy is common among insulin-injecting patients with diabetes and is related to glycemic control deterioration. Ultrasonography may be an ideal adjunct in the evaluation of easily ignored lipohypertrophy lesions, especially where poor glycemic control, incorrect injection behaviors, overweight or obesity are documented.

11.
J Am Acad Audiol ; 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) often requires respondents to complete surveys in the moment to report real-time experiences. Because EMA may seem disruptive or intrusive, respondents may not complete surveys as directed in certain circumstances. PURPOSE: This article aims to determine the effect of environmental characteristics on the likelihood of instances where respondents do not complete EMA surveys (referred to as survey incompletion), and to estimate the impact of survey incompletion on EMA self-report data. RESEARCH DESIGN: An observational study. STUDY SAMPLE: Ten adults hearing aid (HA) users. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Experienced, bilateral HA users were recruited and fit with study HAs. The study HAs were equipped with real-time data loggers, an algorithm that logged the data generated by HAs (e.g., overall sound level, environment classification, and feature status including microphone mode and amount of gain reduction). The study HAs were also connected via Bluetooth to a smartphone app, which collected the real-time data logging data as well as presented the participants with EMA surveys about their listening environments and experiences. The participants were sent out to wear the HAs and complete surveys for 1 week. Real-time data logging was triggered when participants completed surveys and when participants ignored or snoozed surveys. Data logging data were used to estimate the effect of environmental characteristics on the likelihood of survey incompletion, and to predict participants' responses to survey questions in the instances of survey incompletion. RESULTS: Across the 10 participants, 715 surveys were completed and survey incompletion occurred 228 times. Mixed effects logistic regression models indicated that survey incompletion was more likely to happen in the environments that were less quiet and contained more speech, noise, and machine sounds, and in the environments wherein directional microphones and noise reduction algorithms were enabled. The results of survey response prediction further indicated that the participants could have reported more challenging environments and more listening difficulty in the instances of survey incompletion. However, the difference in the distribution of survey responses between the observed responses and the combined observed and predicted responses was small. CONCLUSION: The present study indicates that EMA survey incompletion occurs systematically. Although survey incompletion could bias EMA self-report data, the impact is likely to be small.

12.
Front Public Health ; 8: 574915, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33330318

RESUMO

In order to develop a novel scoring model for the prediction of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) patients at high risk of severe disease, we retrospectively studied 419 patients from five hospitals in Shanghai, Hubei, and Jiangsu Provinces from January 22 to March 30, 2020. Multivariate Cox regression and orthogonal projections to latent structures discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were both used to identify high-risk factors for disease severity in COVID-19 patients. The prediction model was developed based on four high-risk factors. Multivariate analysis showed that comorbidity [hazard ratio (HR) 3.17, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.96-5.11], albumin (ALB) level (HR 3.67, 95% CI 1.91-7.02), C-reactive protein (CRP) level (HR 3.16, 95% CI 1.68-5.96), and age ≥60 years (HR 2.31, 95% CI 1.43-3.73) were independent risk factors for disease severity in COVID-19 patients. OPLS-DA identified that the top five influencing parameters for COVID-19 severity were CRP, ALB, age ≥60 years, comorbidity, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level. When incorporating the above four factors, the nomogram had a good concordance index of 0.86 (95% CI 0.83-0.89) and had an optimal agreement between the predictive nomogram and the actual observation with a slope of 0.95 (R 2 = 0.89) in the 7-day prediction and 0.96 (R 2 = 0.92) in the 14-day prediction after 1,000 bootstrap sampling. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the COVID-19-American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC) model was 0.85 (95% CI 0.81-0.90). According to the probability of severity, the model divided the patients into three groups: low risk, intermediate risk, and high risk. The COVID-19-AACC model is an effective method for clinicians to screen patients at high risk of severe disease.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
13.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carboxylesterase (CarE) is a major class of enzyme involved in the detoxification of toxic xenobiotics in various insect species. Previous work has shown that the carboxylesterase gene CarE001G found in Helicoverpa armigera is more active and can metabolize synthesized pyrethroids, such as ß-cypermethrin, one of the commonly used commercial insecticides for lepidopteran pest control. In addition, CarE001G is very special as it has a very specific glycine-rich region located adjacent to its C-terminal. But whether mutations in this unique sequence can change the biochemistry and function of CarE001G are unknown. RESULTS: In this study, four variants of CarE001G with different deletions in the glycine-rich region were obtained and functionally expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant proteins were purified and confirmed by Western blot and mass spectrometry analyses. These mutant enzymes showed high catalytic efficiency toward the model substrate α-naphthyl acetate. Inhibition study showed that ß-cypermethrin had relatively strong inhibition on CarE activities. In vitro metabolism assay showed that the mutant enzymes significantly enhanced their metabolic activities toward ß-cypermethrin with specific activities between 4.0 and 5.6 nmol L-1 min-1 mg-1 protein. Molecular docking analyses consistently demonstrated that deletion mutations in the glycine-rich region may facilitate the anchoring of the ß-cypermethrin molecule in the active binding pocket of the mutant enzymes. CONCLUSION: The data show that deletion mutations can cause qualitative change in the capacity of CarEs in the detoxification of ß-cypermethrin. This indicates that deletion mutations in the glycine-rich region may have the potential to cause synthesized pyrethroid (SP) resistance in H. armigera in the future.

14.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional soy protein isolate (SPI)-based gel products, such as tofu, are generally produced by heating and by addition of metal salt ions to adjust the hydrophobicity and electrostatic force of soybean protein to facilitate the formation of a uniform network structure. However, the gelation rate of the soy protein gel network structure is difficult to control. Theoretically, epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) could be used to alter the surface hydrophobicity of thermally induced SPI to improve its gelation rate and form a more uniform network structure, thus improving SPI-based gel properties (hardness, water holding capacity and rheological properties). RESULTS: An SPI-EGCG complex (SPIE) was prepared, and properties of the resulting gel, following induction of transglutaminase (TG), were evaluated. Results showed that EGCG is bound to thermally induced SPI primarily via hydrophobic and hydrogen bonding, thus altering the secondary structure composition and reducing surface hydrophobicity of proteins in thermally induced SPI. Furthermore, the optimum amount of EGCG required to improve the gel strength, water holding capacity and rheological properties was ≤0.04:1 (SPI 1 g L-1 ; EGCG:SPI, w/w). Thermal stability analysis further indicated that EGCG in SPIE was more stable than free EGCG after heating. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that EGCG can improve the gel properties of TG-crosslinked SPIE, while EGCG in SPIE exhibits enhanced thermal stability. Additionally, the results of this study provide a novel strategy for the development of SPI-based gel foods with improved gel properties and that are enriched with bioactive compounds. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.

15.
Am J Audiol ; 29(4): 935-943, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166173

RESUMO

Purpose The article's purpose was to examine participants' impressions and experiences with smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to inform future EMA study design. Method Adults with hearing impairment (HI, n = 9) and with normal hearing (NH, n = 10) participated in a study using a smartphone-based EMA system to measure their auditory lifestyles. A 14-item survey was scheduled to deliver every 45 min by an EMA app. After a 1-week trial, participants were interviewed regarding their study experiences. The app log files were analyzed to understand how the participants interacted with the app. Results Across the two groups, 1,295 surveys were completed (compliance rate 74.4%). On average, HI participants completed 10.0 and NH participants completed 9.1 surveys per day. The mean survey completion time for HI and NH groups were 72 s and 51 s, respectively. For both groups, about 90% of the participants reported the app as easy to use; about 60% of the participants reported that repetitive surveys interrupted or somewhat interrupted their activities. Participants reported surveys disrupting situations, for example, working, driving, and social events, and that they were more likely to skip surveys in these situations. Additionally, 50% of NH and 30% of HI participants indicated that the survey was not delivered too frequently and none indicated that the survey was too long. Conclusion Overall, the app and EMA design seem to be appropriate. Insights from this study can help researchers design their studies to adequately assess listeners' experience in the field with optimal compliance and data quality.

16.
Hum Gene Ther ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167740

RESUMO

Aims Three-vessel disease (TVD) is a severe coronary heart disease (CHD) with poor prognosis. Niemann-Pick C1-like 1(NPC1L1) is a transporter protein for exogenous cholesterol absorption, and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) is a rate-limiting enzyme for cholesterol synthesis. We aimed to investigate the association between NPC1L1 and HMGCR gene polymorphisms and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in patients with TVD. Methods A total of 342 TVD patients were consecutively enrolled and followed up for 1-year MACCE (a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, readmission and stroke) as TVD event group, and 344 patients without CHD were control group. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), rs11763759, rs4720470, rs2072183 and rs2073547, on NPC1L1 gene and four SNPs, rs12916, rs2303151, rs2303152 and rs4629571, on HMGCR gene were genotyped. Results Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that rs4720470 of NPC1L1 was associated with higher risk of TVD with MACCE in codominant model (odds ratio [OR]: 1.315; 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 1.007-1.716, P=0.044); and that rs2303151 of HMGCR was associated with higher in recessive (OR: 3.383;95% CI: 1.040-10.998, P=0.043) and codominant (OR: 1.458;95% CI: 1.038-2.047, P=0.030)model respectively. Patients with both variant rs4720470 in codominant model and variant rs2303151 in recessive model related to a higher risk (OR: 6.772, CI: 1.338-34.280; P=0.021). Conclusions We reported for the first time that the rs4720470 on NPC1L1 gene and rs2303151 on HMGCR gene were associated with risk of 1-year MACCE in TVD.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168170

RESUMO

Flexible dielectric materials such as poly(vinylidene fluoride)-based nanocomposites with high energy density are employed for applications in modern electronic and electric systems. In this study, we improve traditional methods by optimizing the interfacial structure, achieving a 34% increase in energy density without reduced discharge efficiency. Herein, a simple solution-cast method is used to prepare poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) nanocomposites filled by γ-methacryloyl-propyltrimethoxysilane (MPMS) grafting barium titanate nanoparticles, forming a class of cross-linking networks by irradiation. More additional interfaces arising from irradiation cross-linking give rise to high discharge energy density, and the small crystalline domain and cross-linking network enhance the charge-discharge efficiency. Furthermore, we find two types of cross-linking centers on the network. One is more beneficial to energy density, and the other is more beneficial to efficiency. Regulating two types of cross-linking centers can balance efficiency and energy density. In summary, this work provides a promising strategy for exploiting advanced flexible dielectric materials to meet application requirements.

18.
Trials ; 21(1): 910, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine have suggested that electroacupuncture (EA) could improve post-stroke cognitive impairment, based on the clinical evidence. This study protocol is aimed at showing the effectiveness of theta and gamma EA for post-stroke patients on working memory (WM) and electrophysiology. METHODS: After assessing their eligibility, 66 patients with stroke will be enrolled from two Chinese medicine hospitals and randomly divided into theta frequency EA group, gamma frequency EA group, and sham-EA group according to the ratio of 1:1:1. All patients will receive 20 sessions of EA procedures for 4 weeks. Patients in three groups will receive EA at two same acupoints in the head: Baihui (GV20) and Shenting (GV24). The frequency of the three groups of EA is set as follows: 6 Hz (theta-EA group), 40 Hz (gamma-EA group), and no current through the electrodes (sham EA). Patients and assessors will be blinded throughout the entire study. The primary outcome is the performance accuracy of 1-back task which is a frequently used measure of WM in cognitive neuroscience research contexts. Secondary outcome measures will include the response time of 1-back task, the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test, Trail Making Test, Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment Scale, modified Barthel Index, and electroencephalogram (EEG) signals during 1-back tasks. A blinding index will be assessed. Data will be statistically analyzed by one-way ANOVA, at 5% of significance level. DISCUSSION: We expect this double-center, randomized, patient- and assessor-blinded, sham-controlled, parallel, clinical trial to explore the effectiveness of theta and gamma EA therapy, compared with sham EA, for post-stroke WM. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2000031995 . Registered on 17 April 2020.

19.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152113

RESUMO

To investigate the clinical value of Tie2-expressing monocytes (TEMs) in the early diagnosis of lung cancer and assess its correlation with angiogenesis, a total of 184 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), 101 patients with benign pulmonary disease (BPD), and 77 healthy controls were enrolled in our study. The distribution of TEMs in lung tissue was determined by immunofluorescence staining. Lung microvascular density was assessed by immunohistochemical staining. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to assess the diagnostic value of TEM frequency. Patients with NSCLC were followed up for 26 months. We found that the TEM frequency in peripheral blood monocytes of patients with NSCLC was significantly greater than that in patients with BPD and healthy controls. TEM frequency showed a correlation with NSCLC recurrence. The majority of TEMs in tumor tissues were localized around blood vessels; tumoral TEM frequency showed a positive correlation with microvascular density. High percentage of TEMs in the peripheral blood was associated with poor overall survival. ROC curve analysis revealed the potential diagnostic value of circulating TEM frequency in NSCLC. Thus, we believe that TEM frequency is related to angiogenesis in tumor tissues and may serve as a diagnostic marker for NSCLC.

20.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-8, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153335

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the remodeling pattern of the extracranial occluded internal carotid artery (OICA) by vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging (VWI). METHODS: Thirty-nine atherosclerotic OICAs from 32 consecutive cases underwent 3-Tesla VWI to acquire pre- and post-contrast T1-weighted two-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery fast spin echo sequences. 25 symptomatic CAs exhibited ipsilateral downstream cerebral ischemia or ophthalmic artery embolism within last three months. The 14 remaining CAs were asymptomatic. Twenty-four CAs from 22 patients with atherosclerosis but no stenosis were recruited as control group. The outer wall area (OWA) was calculated based on the outer contour of the carotid artery drawn on the pre-contrast VWI. Negative remodeling was defined as a lower OWA compared to that of control group. RESULTS: Clinical characteristics including age, sex and vascular risk factors showed no significant difference between the occluded and control group. However, the OWA was lower in the occluded group than in the control group (0.63 versus 0.90 cm2, p = 0.004). For all OICAs, the OWA was larger in symptomatic cases than asymptomatic cases (0.71 versus 0.49cm2, p = 0.025). Using a cutoff value of 0.44, the sensitivity and specificity of OWA for detecting symptomatic OICA were 0.88 and 0.57, respectively. Heterogeneous signal intensity and enhancement were more often observed at the proximal than the distal segment of occlusion (p < 0.001). The inter-observer agreement regarding the evaluation of VWI characteristics was desirable (κ = 0.805 ∼ 0.847). CONCLUSIONS: Negative remodeling is prevalent in OICA, especially in asymptomatic cases.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA