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1.
J Hepatol ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mechanisms behind the impaired response of antigen-specific B cells to therapeutic vaccination in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remain unclear. The development of vaccines or strategies to overcome this obstacle is vital for advancing the management of chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: A mouse model, denominated as E6F6-B, was engineered to feature a knock-in of a B-cell receptor (BCR) that specifically recognizes HBsAg. This model served as a valuable tool for investigating the temporal and spatial dynamics of humoral responses following therapeutic vaccination under continuous antigen exposure. Using a suite of immunological techniques, we elucidated the differentiation trajectory of HBsAg-specific B cells post-therapeutic vaccination in HBV carrier mice. RESULTS: Utilizing the E6F6-B transfer model, we observed a marked decline in antibody-secreting cells 2 weeks after vaccination. A dysfunctional and atypical pre-plasma cell population (BLIMP-1+ IRF4+ CD40- CD138- BCMA-) emerged, manifested by sustained BCR signaling. By deploying an antibody to purge persistent HBsAg, we effectively prompted the therapeutic vaccine to provoke conventional plasma cell differentiation. This resulted in an enhanced anti-HBs antibody response and facilitated HBsAg clearance. CONCLUSIONS: Sustained high levels of HBsAg limit the ability of therapeutic hepatitis B vaccines to induce the canonical plasma cell differentiation necessary for anti-HBs antibody production. Employing a strategy combining antibodies with vaccines can surmount this altered humoral response associated with atypical pre-plasma cells, leading to improved therapeutic efficacy in HBV carrier mice. IMPACT AND IMPLICATIONS: Therapeutic vaccines aimed at combatting HBV encounter suboptimal humoral responses in clinical settings, and the mechanisms impeding their effectiveness have remained obscure. Our research, utilizing the innovative E6F6-B mouse transfer model, reveals that the persistence of HBsAg can lead to the emergence of an atypical pre-plasma cell population, which proves to be relevant to the potency of therapeutic HBV vaccines. Targeting the aberrant differentiation process of these atypical pre-plasma cells stands out as a critical strategy to amplify the humoral response elicited by HBV therapeutic vaccines in carrier mouse models. This discovery suggests a compelling avenue for further study in the context of human chronic hepatitis B. Encouragingly, our findings indicate that synergistic therapy combining HBV-specific antibodies with vaccines offers a promising approach that could significantly advance the pursuit of a functional cure for HBV.

2.
Anal Chem ; 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377545

RESUMO

Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a high-throughput imaging technique capable of the qualitative and quantitative in situ detection of thousands of ions in biological samples. Ion image representation is a technique that produces a low-dimensional vector embedded with significant spectral and spatial information on an ion image, which further facilitates the distance-based similarity measurement for the identification of colocalized ions. However, given the low signal-to-noise ratios inherent in MSI data coupled with the scarcity of annotated data sets, achieving an effective ion image representation for each ion image remains a challenge. In this study, we propose DeepION, a novel deep learning-based method designed specifically for ion image representation, which is applied to the identification of colocalized ions and isotope ions. In DeepION, contrastive learning is introduced to ensure that the model can generate the ion image representation in a self-supervised manner without manual annotation. Since data augmentation is a crucial step in contrastive learning, a unique data augmentation strategy is designed by considering the characteristics of MSI data, such as the Poisson distribution of ion abundance and a random pattern of missing values, to generate plentiful ion image pairs for DeepION model training. Experimental results of rat brain tissue MSI show that DeepION outperforms other methods for both colocalized ion and isotope ion identification, demonstrating the effectiveness of ion image representation. The proposed model could serve as a crucial tool in the biomarker discovery and drug development of the MSI technique.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350161

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the influence of preoperative factors, including varying pupil sizes and refractive attributes, on postoperative disability glare in patients undergoing Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) implantation. SETTING: Second Affiliated Hospital, Nanchang University. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. METHODS: We analyzed the preoperative ocular characteristics and six-month postoperative glare status in eligible patients who underwent EVO-Visian ICL V4c (VICMO) implantation. The disability glare criteria encompassed a glare symptom score >6 and glare sensitivity exceeding 1:2.7. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the relationship between the preoperative ocular parameters and post-ICL glare. RESULTS: The study included 95 patients (mean age, 26.04 ± 6.29 years), comprising 30 males (58 eyes) and 65 females (129 eyes). Multivariate analysis revealed a significant correlation between postoperative disability glare and increased spherical power in preoperative mesopic pupils (ß = -0.124, p = 0.039), as well as elevated cylinder power in preoperative mesopic (ß = -0.412, p = 0.009) and photopic pupils (ß = -0.430, p = 0.007). Moreover, a larger preoperative mesopic pupil diameter (ß = 0.561, p = 0.005) demonstrated a significant correlation with disability glare. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative mesopic pupil dimensions and associated refractive parameters, such as sphere and cylinder were correlated with disability glare, including the cylinder aspect in photopic pupils, which can assist clinicians in optimizing preoperative selection for ICL implantation, aiding in the anticipation of potential disability glare risks.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 918: 170679, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325485

RESUMO

N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine quinone (6PPD-Q) is a quinone derivative of a common tire additive 6PPD, whose occurrence has been widely reported both in the environment and human bodies including in adults, pregnant women and children. Yet, knowledge on the potential intestinal toxicity of 6PPD-Q in mammals at environmentally relevant dose remain unknown. In this study, the effects of 6PPD-Q on the intestines of adult ICR mice were evaluated by orally administering environmentally relevant dose or lower levels of 6PPD-Q (0.1, 1, 10, and 100 µg/kg) for 21 days. We found that 6PPD-Q disrupted the integrity of the intestinal barrier, mostly in the jejunum and ileum, but not in the duodenum or colon, in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, intestinal inflammation manifested with elevated levels of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 mostly observed in doses at 10 and 100 µg/kg. Using reverse target screening technology combining molecular dynamic simulation modeling we identified key cannabinoid receptors including CNR2 activation to be potentially mediating the intestinal inflammation induced by 6PPD-Q. In summary, this study provides novel insights into the toxic effects of emerging contaminant 6PPD-Q on mammalian intestines and that the chemical may be a cannabinoid receptor agonist to modulate inflammation.


Assuntos
Intestinos , Jejuno , Gravidez , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Jejuno/metabolismo , Receptores de Canabinoides/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Íleo/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Quinonas , Mamíferos
5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(7): 8895-8902, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348831

RESUMO

Polymerized ionic liquid (PIL)-based gel polymer electrolytes (GPEs) are well known as highly safe and stable electrolytes but with low ambient ionic conductivity. Herein, we first designed and synthesized an IL monomer with a long and flexible side chain and then mixed it with LiTFSI and MEMPTFSI to construct a PIL-based GPE (denoted as GM-GPE). The special molecular structure of the monomer greatly improves the ionic transport through the PIL chain, and the introduction of MEMPTFSI plasticizer further improves the ionic conductivity, promoting a TFSI--anion-derived SEI formation to suppress Li dendrite growth and forming an electrostatic shielding effect of MEMP+ cations to promote the uniform deposition of Li+. Consequently, the as-prepared GM-GPE exhibits high ambient ionic conductivity (4.3 × 10-4 S cm-1, 30 °C), robust electrochemical stability, excellent thermal stability, nonflammability, and superior ability to inhibit Li dendrite growth. The resultant LiFePO4|GM-GPE|Li cell exhibits a high discharge capacity of 150 mA h g-1 at 0.2 C along with a good cycling stability and rate capability. This work brings about new guidance for the development of high-quality GPEs with high ionic conductivity, high stability, and safety for long cycling and dendrite-free lithium metal batteries.

6.
NPJ Precis Oncol ; 8(1): 11, 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38225404

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a family of endogenous RNAs that have become a focus of biological research in recent years. Emerging evidence has revealed that circRNAs exert biological functions by acting as transcriptional regulators, microRNA sponges, and binding partners with RNA-binding proteins. However, few studies have identified coding circRNAs, which may lead to a hidden repertoire of proteins. In this study, we unexpectedly discovered a protein-encoding circular RNA circCCDC7(15,16,17,18,19) while we were searching for prostate cancer related chimeric RNAs. circCCDC7(15,16,17,18,19) is derived from exon 19 back spliced to exon 15 of the CCDC7 gene. It is significantly downregulated in patients with high Gleason score. Prostate cancer patients with decreased circCCDC7(15,16,17,18,19) expression have a worse prognosis, while linear CCDC7 had no such association. Overexpressed circCCDC7(15,16,17,18,19) inhibited prostate cancer cell migration, invasion, and viability, supporting classification of circCCDC7(15,16,17,18,19) as a bona fide tumor suppressor gene. We provide evidence that its tumor suppressive activity is driven by the protein it encodes, and that circCCDC7(15,16,17,18,19) encodes a secretory protein. Consistently, conditioned media from circCCDC7(15,16,17,18,19) overexpressing cells has the same tumor suppressive activity. We further demonstrate that the tumor suppressive activity of circCCDC7(15,16,17,18,19) is at least partially mediated by FLRT3, whose expression also negatively correlates with Gleason score and clinical prognosis. In conclusion, circCCDC7(15,16,17,18,19) functions as a tumor suppressor in prostate cancer cells through the circCCDC7-180aa secretory protein it encodes, and is a promising therapeutic peptide for prostate cancer.

7.
BMC Med Genomics ; 17(1): 22, 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38233830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a highly specific marker of atherosclerosis. Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1) and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) are the therapeutic targets of ezetimibe and statins, respectively, which are important for the progression of atherosclerosis. However, CAC's genetic susceptibility with above targets is still unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of NPC1L1 and HMGCR gene polymorphisms with CAC in patients with premature triple-vessel disease (PTVD). METHODS: Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs11763759, rs4720470, rs2072183, rs2073547) of NPC1L1, and three SNPs (rs12916, rs2303151, rs4629571) of HMGCR were genotyped in 872 PTVD patients. According to the coronary angiography results, patients were divided into low-degree CAC group and high-degree CAC group. RESULTS: A total of 872 PTVD patients (mean age, 47.71 ± 6.12; male, 72.8%) were finally included for analysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed no significant association between the SNPs of NPC1L1 and HMGCR genes and high-degree CAC in the total population (P > 0.05). Subgroup analysis by gender revealed that the variant genotype (TT/CT) of rs4720470 on NPC1L1 gene was associated with increased risk for high-degree CAC in male patients only (OR = 1.505, 95% CI: 1.008-2.249, P = 0.046) in dominant model, but no significant association was found in female population, other SNPs of NPC1L1 and HMGCR genes (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We reported for the first time that the rs4720470 on NPC1L1 gene was associated with high-degree CAC in male patients with PTVD. In the future, whether therapies related to this target could reduce CAC and cardiovascular events deserves further investigation.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética , Oxirredutases/genética , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/genética
8.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 14(1): 170-189, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38239240
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 916: 170180, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38262533

RESUMO

Manure application improves soil fertility, yet its implications on the success of invasion of manure-borne microorganisms in the soil are poorly understood. Here, we assessed the importance of abiotic and biotic factors in modulating the extent to which manure-borne fungal and bacterial communities can invade resident soil microbial communities. For this purpose, we applied varying frequencies of two different amounts of manure to nine soils differing in physico-chemical properties, as well as in land-use history, over 180 days and monitored changes in bacterial and fungal communities. Variance partitioning revealed differential contributions of abiotic and biotic factors to invasion success, which together accounted for up to 82 % of the variance explained. We showed that the effects of interactions between biotic and abiotic factors increased with coalescence frequency and manure amount for the bacterial and fungal communities, respectively. Both abiotic and biotic factors were important for modulating coalescence asymmetry for the bacterial community, whereas abiotic factors had a greater effect on the fungal community. These results provide new insights into the drivers of coalescence events between manure and resident soil microbial communities. Moreover, our findings highlight the roles of the mixing ratio and frequency of coalescence events in modulating the survival of manure-borne microorganisms.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Micobioma , Solo/química , Esterco/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Bactérias
10.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 150: 106329, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38113825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The existing medical clinical treatment institutions mostly use rigid structures to come into contact with flexible skin. The rigid flexible coupled contact biomechanical model for the skin is the first step that urgently needs to be considered in the process of medical clinical operations. However, there has been currently no effective biomechanical contact model available. METHODS: Based on the principle of elastic interface deformation, the basic biomechanical characteristics of oral and maxillofacial skin and soft tissues were analyzed to address the unknown mechanism of rigid body and maxillofacial contact in oral imaging operations. A nonlinear characterization method for the mechanical properties of oral and maxillofacial skin soft tissues was proposed by deriving a general contact force model that takes into account energy dissipation. However, the problem of the inability to obtain analytical solutions for the parameters of the dynamic model exists. It is necessary to perform particle swarm parameter identification on different nonlinear contact models and verify the accuracy of the algorithm through numerical simulation. A maxillofacial contact experiment was conducted to verify the operation process of an oral imaging robot. RESULTS: After experimental analysis, it was found that the comprehensive average error between the model and the actual contact force was 0.13325 N. The absolute error of the maximum deformation displacement was below 0.18 N, which verified the effectiveness and safety of the contact model in the contact process of the oral imaging robot system. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that the output force of the model has been in good agreement with the actual contact force.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Dinâmica não Linear , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Simulação por Computador
11.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 10: 1308923, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38046408

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to develop deep learning models using macular optical coherence tomography (OCT) images to estimate axial lengths (ALs) in eyes without maculopathy. Methods: A total of 2,664 macular OCT images from 444 patients' eyes without maculopathy, who visited Beijing Hospital between March 2019 and October 2021, were included. The dataset was divided into training, validation, and testing sets with a ratio of 6:2:2. Three pre-trained models (ResNet 18, ResNet 50, and ViT) were developed for binary classification (AL ≥ 26 mm) and regression task. Ten-fold cross-validation was performed, and Grad-CAM analysis was employed to visualize AL-related macular features. Additionally, retinal thickness measurements were used to predict AL by linear and logistic regression models. Results: ResNet 50 achieved an accuracy of 0.872 (95% Confidence Interval [CI], 0.840-0.899), with high sensitivity of 0.804 (95% CI, 0.728-0.867) and specificity of 0.895 (95% CI, 0.861-0.923). The mean absolute error for AL prediction was 0.83 mm (95% CI, 0.72-0.95 mm). The best AUC, and accuracy of AL estimation using macular OCT images (0.929, 87.2%) was superior to using retinal thickness measurements alone (0.747, 77.8%). AL-related macular features were on the fovea and adjacent regions. Conclusion: OCT images can be effectively utilized for estimating AL with good performance via deep learning. The AL-related macular features exhibit a localized pattern in the macula, rather than continuous alterations throughout the entire region. These findings can lay the foundation for future research in the pathogenesis of AL-related maculopathy.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 2023 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38055418

RESUMO

Three thiophosphates including noncentrosymmetric Na6Pb3P4S16 and centrosymmetric K2MIIP2S6 (MII = Mg and Zn) were successfully synthesized in vacuum-sealed silica tubes. Note that interesting multiple six membered-rings (6-MRs) including 6-NaS6-MRs and 6-KSn-MRs (n = 6 and 7) formed by A+-centered polyhedra were discovered in the structures of title thiophosphates and these MR-composed three-dimensional (3D) tunnels show great possibility to facilitate the filling of various structural blocks (such as zero-dimensional (0D) Pb3S10 trimers or one-dimensional (1D) (MIISn)n chains). Na6Pb3P4S16 exhibits the strongest nonlinear optical (NLO) response (5.4 × AgGaS2) with phase-matching (PM) behavior among the known Pb-based PM NLO sulfides, which is much larger than that of Pb3P2S8 (3.5 × AgGaS2); it was verified that such large second harmonic generation (SHG) response in Na6Pb3P4S16 can be attributed to the huge contribution of stereochemically active PbS4 units based on the SHG-density and dipole-moment calculations. Moreover, title thiophosphates show large birefringences (Δn = 0.102-0.21), which indicates that incorporation of [P2S6] dimers or polarized PbS4 units into structures provides positive benefits for the onset of strong optical anisotropy.

13.
Front Chem ; 11: 1282978, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38144888

RESUMO

A series of novel N-aryl-debenzeyldonepezil derivatives (1-26) were designed and synthesized as cholinesterase inhibitors by the modification of anti-Alzheimer's disease drug donepezil, using Palladium catalyzed Buchwald-Hartwig cross-coupling reaction as a key chemical synthesis strategy. In vitro cholinesterase inhibition studies demonstrated that the majority of synthesized compounds exhibited high selective inhibition of AChE. Among them, analogue 13 possessing a quinoline functional group showed the most potent AChE inhibition effect and significant neuroprotective effect against H2O2-induced injury in SH-SY5Y cells. Furthermore, Compound 13 did not show significant cytotoxicity on SH-SY5Y. These results suggest that 13 is a potential multifunctional active molecule for treating Alzheimer's disease.

14.
Front Microbiol ; 14: 1294177, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37954246

RESUMO

Vibrio cholerae is a common waterborne pathogen that can cause pandemic cholera in humans. The bacterium with heavy metal-tolerant phenotypes is frequently isolated from aquatic products, however, its tolerance mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we investigated for the first time the response of such V. cholerae isolates (n = 3) toward the heavy metal (Cd2+, Ni2+, Pb2+, and Zn2+) stresses by comparative secretomic and proteomic analyses. The results showed that sublethal concentrations of the Pb2+ (200 µg/mL), Cd2+ (12.5 µg/mL), and Zn2+ (50 µg/mL) stresses for 2 h significantly decreased the bacterial cell membrane fluidity, but increased cell surface hydrophobicity and inner membrane permeability, whereas the Ni2+ (50 µg/mL) stress increased cell membrane fluidity (p < 0.05). The comparative secretomic and proteomic analysis revealed differentially expressed extracellular and intracellular proteins involved in common metabolic pathways in the V. cholerae isolates to reduce cytotoxicity of the heavy metal stresses, such as biosorption, transportation and effluxing, extracellular sequestration, and intracellular antioxidative defense. Meanwhile, different defensive strategies were also found in the V. cholerae isolates to cope with different heavy metal damage. Remarkably, a number of putative virulence and resistance-associated proteins were produced and/or secreted by the V. cholerae isolates under the heavy metal stresses, suggesting an increased health risk in the aquatic products.

15.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 22: 15330338231208610, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37926997

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the survival benefit of radiation plus chemotherapy in adult females with stage IIIC endometrial cancer and to investigate whether the benefit varies according to histology. Methods: Data from adult females with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IIIC endometrial cancer, who underwent at least total hysterectomy between 2010 and 2015, were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Adjuvant treatments were categorized as chemotherapy alone, chemotherapy with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), chemotherapy with vaginal brachytherapy (VBT), or chemotherapy with EBRT+VBT. Multivariate Cox regression models, Kaplan-Meier curves, and log-rank tests were used to assess the association between treatment modality and overall survival (OS). Results: In total, 2138 cases were identified: stage IIIC1 (n = 1299 [60.8%]) and stage IIIC2 (n = 839 [39.2%]). Median OS for all patients was 48 (interquartile range [IQR] 28-70) months. Regarding adjuvant treatment, 40.5% of patients underwent chemotherapy only, followed by chemotherapy with EBRT (35.5%). Stage IIIC patients treated with chemotherapy plus radiation exhibited a significantly reduced risk for death from endometrial cancer in both univariate and multivariate analyses (P < 0.001). However, when stratified according to histology, OS also differed according to treatment modality when analyzing each histological type; combination therapy was no longer significantly different from chemotherapy alone for any histology (clear cell and carcinosarcoma). Combination therapy was associated with improved OS in patients with IIIC1 and IIIC2 disease. Similar associations were observed in patients with high-grade stage IIIC endometrioids. However, for low-grade tumors, combination therapy was no longer associated with reduced risk for death compared with chemotherapy alone. Conclusion: For patients with stage IIIC endometrial cancer, combined treatment with radiation and chemotherapy was associated with improved OS compared with chemotherapy alone. However, no survival benefit was found, and radiotherapy may be unnecessary in patients with low-grade endometrioids.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Radioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
iScience ; 26(11): 108060, 2023 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37942015

RESUMO

Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) at low residual inflammatory risk are often overlooked in research and practice. This study examined the associations between fourteen inflammatory indicators and all-cause mortality in 5,339 CAD patients with baseline high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) <2 mg/L who received percutaneous coronary intervention and statin and aspirin therapy. The median follow-up time was 2.1 years. Neutrophil-derived systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI) yielded the strongest and most robust association with all-cause mortality among all indicators. Lower hsCRP remained to be associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality. A newly developed comprehensive inflammation score (CIS) showed better predictive performance than other indicators, which was validated by an independent external cohort. In conclusion, neutrophil-derived indicators, particularly SIRI, strongly predicted all-cause mortality independent of hsCRP in CAD patients at low residual inflammatory risk. CIS may help identify individuals with inflammation burdens that cannot be explained by hsCRP alone.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37949712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Remnant cholesterol (RC) has garnered increasing attention recently due to its association with adverse cardiovascular events. However, the relationship between RC levels and inflammation remains unclear. The goal of this study was to investigate and compare the predictive value of multiple inflammatory biomarkers for high RC in patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Initially, a total of 10,724 consecutive individuals hospitalized for PCI at Fu Wai Hospital in 2013 were enrolled. Finally, 9983 patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy and drug-eluting stent were selected for analysis. The inflammatory biomarkers included high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), hs-CRP-to-albumin ratio (CAR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), lymphocyte-to-hs-CRP ratio (LCR), and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII). Patients were divided into higher RC and lower RC groups based on the median RC level. Multivariate logistic regression showed that hs-CRP (OR per SD: 1.254), CAR (OR per SD: 1.245), PLR (OR per SD: 1.139), and SII (OR per SD: 1.077) were associated with high RC (≥median), while LCR (OR per SD: 0.792) was associated with low RC (

18.
Environ Health Perspect ; 131(11): 117011, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37995155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS) is a frequently detected per- and polyfluoroalkyl substance in most populations, including in individuals who are pregnant, a period critical for early life development. Despite epidemiological evidence of exposure, developmental toxicity, particularly at realistic human exposures, remains understudied. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effect of gestational exposure to human-relevant body burden of PFHxS on fetal and placental development and explored mechanisms of action combining alternative splicing (AS) and gene expression (GE) analyses. METHODS: Pregnant ICR mice were exposed to 0, 0.03, and 0.3µg/kg/day from gestational day 7 to day 17 via oral gavage. Upon euthanasia, PFHxS distribution was measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Maternal and fetal phenotypes were recorded, and histopathology was examined for placenta impairment. Multiomics was adopted by combining AS and GE analyses to unveil disruptions in mRNA quality and quantity. The key metabolite transporters were validated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) for quantification and three-dimensional (3D) structural simulation by AlphaFold2. Targeted metabolomics based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to detect amino acid and amides levels in the placenta. RESULTS: Pups developmentally exposed to PFHxS exhibited signs of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), characterized by smaller fetal weight and body length (p<0.01) compared to control mice. PFHxS concentration in maternal plasma was 5.01±0.54 ng/mL. PFHxS trans-placenta distribution suggested dose-dependent transfer through placental barrier. Histopathology of placenta of exposed dams showed placental dysplasia, manifested with an attenuated labyrinthine layer area and deescalated blood sinus counts and placental vascular development index marker CD34. Combined GE and AS analyses pinpointed differences in genes associated with key biological processes of placental development, proliferation, metabolism, and transport in placenta of exposed dams compared to that of control dams. Further detection of placental key transporter gene expression, protein structure simulation, and amino acid and amide metabolites levels suggested that PFHxS exposure during pregnancy led to impairment of placental amino acid transportation. DISCUSSION: The findings from this study suggest that exposure to human-relevant very-low-dose PFHxS during pregnancy in mice caused IUGR, likely via downregulating of placental amino acid transporters, thereby impairing placental amino acid transportation, resulting in impairment of placental development. Our findings confirm epidemiological findings and call for future attention on the health risk of this persistent yet ubiquitous chemical in the early developmental stage and provide a new approach for understanding gene expression from both quantitative and qualitative omics approaches in toxicological studies. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP13217.


Assuntos
Fluorocarbonos , Placentação , Humanos , Gravidez , Camundongos , Animais , Feminino , Placenta , Processamento Alternativo , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Fluorocarbonos/toxicidade , Fluorocarbonos/metabolismo , Alcanossulfonatos/metabolismo , Alcanossulfonatos/farmacologia , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/metabolismo , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/patologia , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/farmacologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
19.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2023 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37986244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The application of curcumin (Cur) in the food industry is usually limited by its low water solubility and poor stability. This study aimed to fabricate self-assembled nanoparticles using pea vicilin (7S) through a pH-shifting method (pH 7-pH 12-pH 7) to develop water-soluble nanocarriers of Cur. RESULTS: Intrinsic fluorescence, far-UV circular dichroism spectra and transmission electron microscopy analysis demonstrated that the structure of 7S could be unfolded at pH 12.0 and refolded when the pH shifted to 7.0. The assembled 7S-Cur exhibited a high loading ability of 81.63 µg mg-1 for Cur and homogeneous particle distribution. Cur was encapsulated in the 7S hydrophobic nucleus in an amorphous form and combined through hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonding, resulting in the static fluorescence quenching of 7S. Compared with free Cur, the retention rates of Cur in 7S-Cur were approximately 1.12 and 1.70 times higher under UV exposure at 365 nm or heating at 75 °C for 120 min, respectively, as well as 7S-Cur showing approximately 1.50 times higher antioxidant activity. During simulated gastrointestinal experiments, 7S-Cur exhibited a better sustained-release property than free Cur. CONCLUSION: The self-assembled 7S nanocarriers prepared using a pH-shifting method effectively improved the antioxidant activity, environmental stability and sustained-release property of Cur. Therefore, 7S isolated from pea protein could be used as potential nanocarriers for Cur. © 2023 Society of Chemical Industry.

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 14: 1187797, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38026929

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by synovial inflammation and joint damage with complex pathological mechanisms. In recent years, many studies have shown that the dysregulation of intestinal mucosal immunity and the damage of the epithelial barrier are closely related to the occurrence of RA. Total glucosides of paeony (TGP) have been used clinically for the treatment of RA in China for decades, while the pharmacological mechanism is still uncertain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the regulatory effect and mechanism of TGP on intestinal immunity and epithelial barrier in RA model rats. The results showed that TGP alleviated immune hyperfunction by regulating the ratio of CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ in different lymphocyte synthesis sites of the small intestine, including Peyer's patches (PPs), intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), and lamina propria lymphocytes (LPLs). Specially, TGP first exhibited immunomodulatory effects on sites close to the intestinal lumen (IELs and LPLs), and then on PPs far away from the intestinal lumen as the administration time prolonged. Meanwhile, TGP restores the intestinal epithelial barrier by upregulating the ratio of villi height (V)/crypt depth (C) and expression of tight junction proteins (ZO-1, occludin). Finally, the integrated analysis of metabolomics-network pharmacology was also used to explore the possible regulation mechanism of TGP on the intestinal tract. Metabolomics analysis revealed that TGP reversed the intestinal metabolic profile disturbance in CIA rats, and identified 32 biomarkers and 163 corresponding targets; network pharmacology analysis identified 111 potential targets for TGP to treat RA. By intersecting the results of the two, three key targets such as ADA, PNP and TYR were determined. Pharmacological verification experiments showed that the levels of ADA and PNP in the small intestine of CIA rats were significantly increased, while TGP significantly decreased their ADA and PNP levels. In conclusion, purine metabolism may play an important role in the process of TGP improving RA-induced intestinal immune imbalance and impaired epithelial barrier.

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