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1.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568717

RESUMO

Spatially-ordered 1D nanocrystal-based semiconductor nanostructures possess distinct merits for photocatalytic reaction, including large surface area, fast carrier separation, and enhanced light scattering and absorption. Nevertheless, establishing a valid photo-carrier transmission channel is still crucial yet challenging for semiconductor heterostructures to realize efficient photocatalysis. In this work, spatially ordered NiOOH-ZnS/CdS heterostructures were constructed by sequential ZnS coating and NiOOH photo-deposition on multi-armed CdS, which consists of {112̄0}-faceted wurtzite nanorods grown epitaxially on {111}-faceted zinc blende core. Intriguingly, the surface photovoltage spectroscopy and PbO2 photo-deposition results suggest that the photogenerated holes of CdS were first transferred to the Zn-vacancy level of ZnS and then to NiOOH, as driven by the built-in electric field between ZnS and CdS and the hole-extracting effect of the NiOOH cocatalyst, leading to the efficient charge separation of NiOOH-ZnS/CdS. With visible-light (λ > 420 nm) irradiation, NiOOH-ZnS/CdS exhibited a distinguished H2-evolution rate of 152.20 mmol g-1 h-1 (apparent quantum efficiency of 40.9% at 420 nm), approximately 18 folds that of 3 wt% Pt-loaded CdS and much higher than that of ZnS/CdS and NiOOH-CdS counterparts as well as the most reported CdS-containing photocatalysts. Moreover, the cycling and long-term H2 generation tests manifested the outstanding photocatalyst stability of NiOOH-ZnS/CdS. The study results presented here may propel the controllable design of highly-active nanomaterials for solar conversion and utilization.

2.
Biomed Eng Online ; 23(1): 30, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients undergoing liberation often encounter various physiological and clinical complexities and challenges. However, whether the combination of hyperbaric oxygen and in-cabin ventilator therapy could offer a comprehensive approach that may simultaneously address respiratory and potentially improve outcomes in this challenging patient population remain unclear. METHODS: This retrospective study involved 148 patients experiencing difficulty in liberation after tracheotomy. Inclusion criteria comprised ongoing mechanical ventilation need, lung inflammation on computed tomography (CT) scans, and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores of ≤ 9. Exclusion criteria excluded patients with active bleeding, untreated pneumothorax, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and a heart rate below 50 beats per minute. Following exclusions, 111 cases were treated with hyperbaric oxygen combined cabin ventilator, of which 72 cases were successfully liberated (SL group) and 28 cases (NSL group) were not successfully liberated. The hyperbaric oxygen chamber group received pressurization to 0.20 MPa (2.0 ATA) for 20 min, followed by 60 min of ventilator oxygen inhalation. Successful liberation was determined by a strict process, including subjective and objective criteria, with a prolonged spontaneous breathing trial. GCS assessments were conducted to evaluate consciousness levels, with scores categorized as normal, mildly impaired, moderately impaired, or severely impaired. RESULTS: Patients who underwent treatment exhibited improved GCS, blood gas indicators, and cardiac function indexes. The improvement of GCS, partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), oxygen saturation of blood (SaO2), oxygenation index (OI) in the SL group was significantly higher than that of the NSL group. However, there was no significant difference in the improvement of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), and stroke volume (SV) between the SL group and the NSL group after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Hyperbaric oxygen combined with in-cabin ventilator therapy effectively enhances respiratory function, cardiopulmonary function, and various indicators of critically ill patients with liberation difficulty after tracheostomy.


Assuntos
Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica , Traqueostomia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica/métodos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Estado Terminal/terapia , Oxigênio , Ventiladores Mecânicos
3.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol ; 17: 731-743, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38550403

RESUMO

Background: Immune-mediated inflammation and oxidative stress play pivotal roles in Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP), primarily through the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway. Proanthocyanidins (PCs) exert anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects by regulating some signals like TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB. Previous research uncovered that PCs could alleviate purpura-like lesions and pathological changes on rats likely through attenuating inflammation and OS damage. The mechanism of PCs on HSP deserves further investigation. Objective: To clarify the potential mechanism of PCs to HUVECs induced by the serum of HSP patients. Methods: HUVECs were randomly divided into blank, control, model, and low-, medium-, and high-concentration PCs group. Then, 25% HSP serum was assigned to the latter four groups, while 25% serum from healthy subjects to control group and serum-free culture medium to blank one. The last three groups separately received different concentrations of PCs. In addition, TAK-242, a TLR4 inhibitor, was applied to investigate the effect of TLR4-related signals in PCs against HSP serum-induced damage. Finally, inflammatory and OS-related parameters were detected by using cytological/molecular-biological techniques. Results: Treated with HSP serum later, the levels of immuno-inflammatory and oxidative indicators obviously went up (P < 0.05), and those of antioxidants remarkably went down (P < 0.05). PCs, however, reversed above phenomena (P < 0.05). Moreover, TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB proteins/genes highly expressed in the model group; but significantly fell off in the presence of PCs (P < 0.05). Amazingly, all of above indicators showed no significant difference among the groups of different PCs concentrations (P > 0.05). These alterations likewise occurred after TAK-242 pretreatment with or without PCs, ie a notable drop of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB appeared in TAK-242 presence, few differences existing when compared to the PCs groups. Conclusion: PCs effectively protect HUVECs from inflammatory and OS damage provoked by HSP serum via blocking TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signals.

4.
Hum Gene Ther ; 35(3-4): 123-131, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299967

RESUMO

The enzyme choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) synthesizes acetylcholine from acetyl-CoA and choline at the neuromuscular junction and at the nerve terminals of cholinergic neurons. Mutations in the ChAT gene (CHAT) result in a presynaptic congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) that often associates with life-threatening episodes of apnea. Knockout mice for Chat (Chat-/-) die at birth. To circumvent the lethality of this model, we crossed mutant mice possessing loxP sites flanking Chat exons 4 and 5 with mice that expressed Cre-ERT2. Injection of tamoxifen (Tx) at postnatal (P) day 11 in these mice induced downregulation of Chat, autonomic failure, weakness, and death. However, a proportion of Chatflox/flox-Cre-ERT2 mice receiving at birth an intracerebroventricular injection of 2 × 1013 vg/kg adeno-associated virus type 9 (AAV9) carrying human CHAT (AAV9-CHAT) survived a subsequent Tx injection and lived to adulthood without showing signs of weakness. Likewise, injection of AA9-CHAT by intracisternal injection at P28 after the onset of weakness also resulted in survival to adulthood. The expression of Chat in spinal motor neurons of Chatflox/flox-Cre-ERT2 mice injected with Tx was markedly reduced, but AAV-injected mice showed a robust recovery of ChAT expression, which was mainly translated by the human CHAT RNA. The biodistribution of the viral genome was widespread but maximal in the spinal cord and brain of AAV-injected mice. No significant histopathological changes were observed in the brain, liver, and heart of AAV-injected mice after 1 year follow-up. Thus, AAV9-mediated gene therapy may provide an effective and safe treatment for patients severely affected with CHAT-CMS.


Assuntos
Colina O-Acetiltransferase , Dependovirus , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Colina O-Acetiltransferase/genética , Colina O-Acetiltransferase/metabolismo , Dependovirus/genética , Dependovirus/metabolismo , Distribuição Tecidual , Camundongos Knockout , Terapia Genética
5.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 147, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship of testosterone and estradiol concentrations with cognitive function among community-dwelling older men was inconclusive. To examine the association of serum testosterone and estradiol concentrations with cognitive function in older men with or without vascular risk factors (VRFs). METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 224 community-dwelling men aged 65-90 years in the Songjiang District of Shanghai, China. Serum testosterone and estradiol were measured by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The following five factors were defined as VRFs in this study: obesity, history of hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and coronary heart disease. Multivariable linear regression was used to examine the association of testosterone and estradiol with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in participants with or without VRF. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) regression was performed to account for the nonlinearity of these associations. RESULTS: An inverted "U" shaped non-linear relationship was found between testosterone concentration and MMSE score in men with one VRF (P overall =.003, non-linear P =.002). Estradiol showed an inverted "U" shaped non-linear relationship with MMSE score independent of VRFs (men without VRF, P overall =.049, non-linear P =.015; men with one VRF, overall P =.007, non-linear P =.003; men with two or more VRFs, overall P =.009, non-linear P =.005). CONCLUSION: In older men, an optimal level of sex steroid concentration may be beneficial to cognitive function and the VRFs should be considered when interpreting the relationship between sex steroid and cognitive function.


Assuntos
Cognição , Estradiol , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estradiol/sangue , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Vida Independente , Fatores de Risco , Testosterona
6.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 19971, 2023 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37968334

RESUMO

It is important for healthy aging to understand resilience in depth. This study aims to examine the dimensional structure underlying the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) among Chinese older adults. Exploratory Graph Analysis (EGA) was used to evaluate the dimensional structure of CD-RISC in two large samples: training sample (n = 11,493) and cross-validation sample (n = 7662). Then, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was used to compare the fit of the theoretical dimensions with the EGA dimensions. Finially, Generalized Linear Model was used to examine the association between resilience scores and self-rated health (SRH) after controlling other covariates in order to evaluate the predictive value of the EGA dimensions. The EGA indicated two demensions(named foresight and self-adjustment) of the 25-item CD-RISC. The CFA comparison found that the two-demension structure of CD-RISC fit significantly better than the theoretical three-demension structure. After controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, generalized linear model showed that the EGA dimensions has better protective value with SRH. Compared with older adults with lowest quartile of foresight, those with second (odds ratio, OR = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.62 ~ 0.75), third (OR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.45 ~ 0.56) and fourth quartile (OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.37 ~ 0.48) of foresight had lower odds ratio of poor SRH. Similarly, older adults with the second (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.01 ~ 1.23) and fourth (OR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.69 ~ 0.90) quartile of self-adjustment also had lower OR of poor SRH than those with lowest quartile of self-adjustment. These findings show that EGA outperforms the traditional methods, which may be helpful to understand resilience deeply. CD-RISC should be interpreted into two aspects among community-dwelling older adults in China, highlighting the significance of the practical value and cultural context of resilience.


Assuntos
Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Idoso , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , China , Análise Fatorial , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Mol Ther Oncolytics ; 31: 100742, 2023 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38020064

RESUMO

[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1016/j.omto.2020.03.009.].

8.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1203203, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37780434

RESUMO

Objectives: Sarcopenia is well known to be associated with mortality, but there is a lack of evidence on the estimates of life expectancy (LE) for sarcopenia in China. This study aims to estimate total life expectancy (TLE) and sarcopenia-specific LE in community-dwelling older Chinese adults with and without sarcopenia. Methods: This study included participants aged 60 years and older who enrolled in the cohort in 2011 and 2013 and at least completed one follow-up until 2015 as part of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). The criteria for defining sarcopenia were based on the guidelines established by the Asian Working Group on Sarcopenia in 2019. TLE and sarcopenia-specific LE were estimated for the total population and subgroups using continuous-time multistate modeling. Results: A total of 6,029 participants (49.2% women) with an average age of 68.4 (SD: 6.56) years were included in the study. The baseline prevalence of sarcopenia and possible sarcopenia was 19.5 and 44.9%, respectively. We observed that sarcopenia stages naturally deteriorated to worse stages (including death, by 24.4%) and returned to better stages (17.1%) during a median follow-up of 3.92 years (IQR: 2.00 ~ 4.00). The average TLE at the age of 60 was 20.9 [95% CI: 20.2-21.5] years (22.1 [95% CI: 19.6-24.6] for non-sarcopenic older adults, 20.9 [95% CI: 19.5-22.3] for possible sarcopenic, and 18.7 [95% CI: 16.4-21.1] for sarcopenic). Men, former and current smokers, and those living in northwest China had less TLE. Sarcopenic older adults, those with lower education, those who are unmarried, those with agriculture hukou, and those living in rural and northwest China were expected to live fewer years with non-sarcopenia. Sarcopenic older people, men, those with agriculture hukou, and those living in rural and southwest China were expected to live more years with sarcopenia. Discussion: The results improved our understanding of the relationship between sarcopenia and life expectancy. We suggested that targeted strategies should be considered in high-risk populations and underdeveloped regions to prevent sarcopenia and improve non-sarcopenic life years for the older population.


Assuntos
Sarcopenia , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Longitudinais , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
9.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 149(18): 16797-16809, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37728702

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Melanoma is a malignant skin tumor caused by melanocytes and associated with high mortality rates. This study aims to investigate the specific mechanism of ZWZ-3 in melanoma proliferation and metastasis. METHODS: RNA sequencing was performed to identify the effect of ZWZ-3 on gene expression. siRNA was used to inhibit BIRC5 gene expression in the B16F10 cell line. A zebrafish tumor model was used to assess the therapeutic effect of ZWZ-3 in vivo. Mechanistic insights into the inhibition of tumor metastasis by ZWZ-3 were obtained through analysis of tumor tissue sections in mice. RESULTS: Our findings demonstrated that ZWZ-3 suppressed melanoma cell proliferation and migration. We performed RNA sequencing in melanoma cells after the treatment with ZWZ-3 and found that Birc5, which is closely associated with tumor metastasis, was significantly down-regulated. Bioinformatics analysis and the immuno-histochemical results of tissue chips for melanoma further confirmed the high expression of BIRC5 in melanoma and its effect on disease progression. Moreover, Birc5 knock-down significantly inhibited melanoma cell proliferation and metastasis, which was correlated with the ß-catenin/HIF-1α/VEGF/MMPs pathway. Additionally, ZWZ-3 significantly inhibited tumor growth in the zebrafish tumor model without any evident side effects. Histological and immuno-histochemical analyses revealed that ZWZ-3 inhibited tumor cell metastasis by down-regulating HIF-1α, VEGF, and MMP9. CONCLUSION: Our findings revealed that ZWZ-3 could downregulate BIRC5 and inhibit melanoma proliferation and metastasis through the ß-catenin/HIF-1α/VEGF/MMPs pathway. Therefore, BIRC5 represents a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of melanoma.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Animais , Camundongos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , beta Catenina/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Melanoma/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética
10.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 650(Pt B): 1671-1678, 2023 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37499623

RESUMO

In this study, nickel hydroxide (Ni(OH)2) was employed to modify potassium (K)-doped graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4, CN) for enhancing photocatalytic CO2 reduction. The light absorption and charge separation performances of CN were enhanced after modification. Experiments and theoretical calculations indicated that the loaded Ni(OH)2 could gather electrons, facilitate adsorption and activation of CO2. The optimized photocatalyst exhibited high CO2 reductive rate with CO and CH4 yields of 42.6 and 3.5 µmol g-1, respectively after 3 h irradiation in the presence of 0.5 mL water, which was 1.4 and 4.6 times higher than the yields on K-doped CN and Ni(OH)2-decorated CN, respectively. This work provides new thought for enhancing CO2 reductive performance of CN.

11.
Discov Oncol ; 14(1): 68, 2023 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37191832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy (RT) is frequently adopted to control cancer cell proliferation, which is achieved by altering the tumor microenvironment (TME) and immunogenicity. Apoptosis of cancer cells is the major effect of radiation on tumor tissues. Fas/APO-1(CD95) receptors on the cell membrane are death receptors that can be activated by diverse factors, including radiation and integration with CD95L on CD8+ T cells. The abscopal effect is defined as tumor regression out of the local RT field, and it is produced through anti-tumor immunity. The immune response against the radiated tumor is characterized by the cross-presentation between antigen-presenting cells (APCs), which includes cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) and dendritic cells (DCs). METHODS: The effect of activation and radiation of CD95 receptors on melanoma cell lines was examined in vivo and in vitro. In vivo, bilateral lower limbs were given a subcutaneous injection of a dual-tumor. Tumors in the right limb were radiated with a single dose of 10 Gy (primary tumor), while tumors in the left limb (secondary tumor) were spared. RESULTS: The anti-CD95 treatment plus radiation (combination treatment) reduced growth rates of both primary and secondary tumors relative to the control or radiation groups. In addition, higher degrees of infiltrating CTLs and DCs were detected in the combination treatment compared to the other groups, but the immune response responsible for secondary tumor rejection was not proven to be tumor specific. In vitro, combination treatment combined with radiation resulted in further apoptosis of melanoma cells relative to controls or cells treated with radiation. CONCLUSIONS: Targeting CD95 on cancer cells will induce tumor control and the abscopal effect.

12.
BMC Med ; 21(1): 101, 2023 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36927351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about life expectancy (LE) with or without frailty. We aimed to estimate the total LE and duration of the state of frailty in China. METHODS: This study included older adults aged 65 years and older from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study (CLHLS). Frailty status was classified into robust, pre-frailty and frailty based on a cumulative deficit model. Total and specific frailty state LEs at 65 years of age were estimated and stratified by demographic characteristics, behaviours, and psychosocial factors using continuous-time multistate modelling. RESULTS: The total LE of older adults aged 65 years in China was 14.74 years on average (95% CI: 14.52-14.94), of which 4.18 years (95% CI: 4.05-4.30) were robust, 7.46 years (95% CI: 7.31-7.61) pre-frail and 3.10 years (95% CI: 3.01-3.20) frail. Older adults with higher robust LE included men (4.71 years, 95% CI: 4.56-4.88), married older adults (4.41 years, 95% CI: 4.27-4.56), those engaging in physical activity (4.41 years, 95% CI: 4.23-4.59), those consuming fruits daily (4.48 years, 95% CI: 4.22-4.77) and those with high social participation (4.39 years, 95% CI: 4.26-4.53). Increased educational attainment were gradually associated with increased robust LE. CONCLUSIONS: Frailty may lead to a reduced total LE and robust LE of older adults in China. In addition to finding inequalities in total and robust LEs by socioeconomic status, our findings also highlight that healthy behaviours and social participation may ease frailty-related reductions in total and robust LE. Our findings imply that national life-course strategies aimed at frailty screening and psychosocial and behavioural interventions could be important for health aging in China.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Masculino , Humanos , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Idoso Fragilizado/psicologia , Estudos de Coortes , Expectativa de Vida , China/epidemiologia
13.
Inorg Chem ; 62(14): 5690-5699, 2023 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36961767

RESUMO

Photocatalytic water splitting over semiconductors is believed as a promising avenue to obtain H2 fuel from renewable solar energy. However, developing highly active and non-noble-metal photocatalysts for H2 evolution is still quite challenging to date. In this work, by constructing nanosheet-based nanotubes with Cd-doping and S vacancies, a highly improved visible-light-driven H2 production for ZnIn2S4 is achieved. Unlike nanoflowers aggregated with nanosheets, the nanosheet-assembled hierarchical nanotubes allow multiple scattering and reflection of incident light within the interior space, leading to an enhanced light-harvesting efficiency. Together with the benefits from Cd doping and S-vacancy engineering, including narrowed band gaps, efficient transmission and separation of charge carriers, abundant catalytically active sites, heightened photo-stability and photo-electron reduction capacity, as well as a strong electrostatic attraction to protons, the synthesized S-deficient CdxZn1-xIn2S4 hierarchical nanotubes exhibit an extraordinary photocatalytic H2 evolution capability under visible-light irradiation, delivering an outstanding H2-generation activity of 28.99 mmol·g-1·h-1 (corresponding to an apparent quantum yield of 37.1% at 400 nm), which is much superior to that of CdxZn1-xIn2S4 nanoflowers, Pt-loaded ZnIn2S4 nanotubes, and most ever reported ZnIn2S4-based photocatalysts. Our study could inspire the development of low-cost and high-performance photocatalysts via rational structural design and optimization.

14.
J Nat Prod ; 86(2): 330-339, 2023 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36734533

RESUMO

Sarcotragusolides A-D (1-4), four new butenolide sesterterpenes featuring a rare methyl-transferred 6/6/6-tricyclic fused ring system with a butyrolactone moiety, and echinohalimane B (8), an unprecedented monocyclic diterpenoid featuring a 2,7-ring-opened halimane-type skeleton, were isolated from the sponge Sarcotragus sp. A γ-hydroxybutenolide sesterterpene derivative (5), a new scalarane sesterterpene (7), a new subersin-type diterpenoid (10), and two known terpenoids were also isolated and identified. The discovery of sarcotragusolides C and D (3 and 4) with an unprecedented inversion of configuration implied a distinct biosynthetic pathway. The structures of these compounds were elucidated based on their spectroscopic data, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, chemical derivatization, and quantum chemical calculations. Compounds 1a, 1b, and 2 presented modest cytotoxic activities against several human cancer cell lines.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Diterpenos , Poríferos , Humanos , Animais , Terpenos , Sesterterpenos/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Lactonas , Estrutura Molecular
15.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(16): 47349-47365, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36737566

RESUMO

Deca brominated diphenyl ether (BDE-209) is a widely used flame retardant with endocrine-disrupting activity which reportedly caused sperm quality decline and damaged blood-testis barrier (BTB). However, whether BDE-209 exposure led to BTB integrity dysfunction through affecting microtubule cytoskeletal organization and junctions was not well-elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the role of estrogen receptor α (ERα) in BDE-209-mediated perturbation of BTB integrity. Male rats and primary culture Sertoli cells were co-treated with BDE-209 and propylpyrazoletriol (PPT). The data demonstrated that BDE-209 impaired BTB integrity by reducing crucial tight junction-related proteins with ZO-1 and Occludin. Furthermore, the data suggested that BDE-209 diminished the apical ectoplasmic specialization markers with Eps8 and Formin1. In addition, BDE-209 damaged BTB ultrastructure including tight junctions and ectoplasmic specialization structures with broken tight junctions and the absence of actin microfilaments. Further experiments revealed that ERα was triggered in BDE-209-treated Sertoli cells. Unexpectedly, we found that PPT rescued BDE-209-mediated disruption of BTB integrity including tight junction and apical ectoplasmic specialization by activating ERα in Sertoli cells. Taken together, these findings indicated that intratesticular BDE-209 exposure perturbed BTB integrity and destroyed BTB structure by blocking ERα pathway. Our findings provide a new therapeutic target for male reproductive dysfunction.


Assuntos
Receptor alfa de Estrogênio , Éteres Difenil Halogenados , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/metabolismo , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Espermatogênese/fisiologia , Barreira Hematotesticular/fisiologia , Sêmen , Células de Sertoli/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
16.
Reprod Biol ; 23(2): 100737, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36821943

RESUMO

Deca-bromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) exposure caused spermatogenesis disorder resulting in poor sperm quality has become a public concern in recent years. Spermatogenesis refers to the process by which the division of spermatogonia stem cells (SSCs) produces haploid spermatozoa, including mitosis, meiosis, and spermiogenesis. However, the mechanism of mitosis including proliferation and differentiation of spermatogonia dysfunction induced by BDE-209 remains largely unclear. Here, our data showed that BDE-209 exposure caused a decline in sperm quality with seminiferous tubule structure disorder in rats. In addition, BDE-209 exposure damage spermatogonia proliferation and differentiation with decreasing level of PLZF and cKit in testis. Moreover, rats exposed to BDE-209 decreased the expression of ERα, whereas an elevated expression of Wnt3a and Wnt5a. Mechanistically, supplementation with propipyrazole triol (PPT, a selective ERα pathway agonist) rescued sperm quality and attenuated impairment of proliferation and differentiation of spermatogonia in BDE-209-induced rats. Therefore, ERα plays a crucial role in the proliferation and differentiation of spermatogonia during mitotic process. In conclusion, our study clarified the role of ERα in BDE-209-induced spermatogonia proliferation and differentiation in rats and provides a potential therapeutic application on poor sperm quality caused by BDE-209 exposure.


Assuntos
Receptor alfa de Estrogênio , Espermatogônias , Masculino , Ratos , Animais , Espermatogônias/metabolismo , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Sêmen/metabolismo , Mitose , Meiose , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células
17.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1047105, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36530681

RESUMO

Introduction: Functional ability (FA) and social participation (SP) are important indicators of healthy aging, both their trajectories are heterogeneous. It is little known about how the SP trajectories affects FA trajectories. Methods: FA was assessed by 20 items covering the ability of meeting basic needs and mobility. SP was assessed by frequency of participating in 10 social activities. Group-based trajectory modeling (GBTM) was used to identify the trajectories of FA and SP of the participants. Results: Two FA trajectories were identified: low baseline-decline tendency (16.1%) and high baseline-stable tendency (83.9%) trajectories. Two SP trajectories were also identified: low baseline-stable tendency (58.5%) and high baseline-increase tendency (41.5%) trajectories. After controlling for the potential covariates, participants among the high baseline-increase tendency SP trajectory group also had significantly higher odds ratios to be belonged in high baseline-stable tendency FA trajectory group (ORs = 2.64, 95%CI = 1.98-3.05). Conclusions: High-increasing social participation had a protective effect to maintain high baseline-stable tendency functional ability among older adults. These findings suggest social participation appears to have great benefits on promoting healthy aging in China.


Assuntos
Aposentadoria , Participação Social , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Longitudinais , Atividades Cotidianas , China
18.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol ; 15: 2177-2186, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36267690

RESUMO

Vitiligo is a chronic depigmenting disorder of the skin and mucosa caused by the destruction of epidermal melanocytes. Although the exact mechanism has not been elucidated, studies have shown that oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of vitiligo. High mobility group box protein B1 (HMGB1) is a major nonhistone protein and an extracellular proinflammatory or chemotactic molecule that is actively secreted or passively released by necrotic cells. Recent data showed that HMGB1 is overexpressed in both blood and lesional specimens from vitiligo patients. Moreover, oxidative stress triggers the release of HMGB1 from keratinocytes and melanocytes, indicating that HMGB1 may participate in the pathological process of vitiligo. Overall, this review mainly focuses on the role of HMGB1 in the potential mechanisms underlying vitiligo depigmentation under oxidative stress. In this review, we hope to provide new insights into vitiligo pathogenesis and treatment strategies.

19.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 948958, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35923449

RESUMO

Purpose: Resilience is a multidimensional concept determining healthy aging, however, there were limited studies examining the association between frailty and resilience in detail. In this study, we aimed to examine the association of frailty with three dimensions of resilience-strength, optimism, and tenacity among Chinese older adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 10,209 participants who were sampled by three-stage sampling method, from three cities in China from June 2020 to July 2021. The Chinese version of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) was used to measure resilience's 3 dimensions (strength, optimism and tenacity), which were converted into quartiles for the analysis. Frailty status was measured using the Chinese version of the FRAIL scale, categorized into robustness, pre-frailty and frailty. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine associations between frailty status with strength, optimism and tenacity. Results: The overall proportions of robustness, pre-frailty, and frailty were 42.7, 48.7, and 8.6%, respectively. After controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated health, and health behaviors, compared with older adults with the lowest quartile of strength, older adults with the second quartile (odds ratio, OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.57-0.78), third quartile (OR = 0.60, 95% CI: 0.50-0.72), and fourth quartile (OR = 0.58, 95% CI: 0.46-0.73) of strength had lower ORs for pre-frailty, and who also had lower ORs (0.44, 95% CI: 0.33-0.58; 0.42, 95% CI: 0.30-0.59; 0.34, 95% CI: 0.20-0.56, respectively) for frailty. There were no homogeneous associations between optimism and tenacity with frailty status. Conclusion: Higher strength was associated with lower chance of being pre-frail and frail among Chinese older adults. This finding implies that community-based training programs aiming to enhance psychological resilience, especially strength, may contribute to healthy aging. Future studies should examine the effects of resilience on frailty using longitudinal or experimental study designs in cross-cultural contexts.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742777

RESUMO

An age-friendly environment is one of the measures of healthy aging. However, there is scarce evidence of the relationship between the age-friendliness of communities (AFC) and frailty status among Chinese older adults. This study aims to examine this relationship using a multilevel analysis with the data of a cross-sectional study conducted among 10,958 older adults living in 43 communities in four cities in China. The validated Age-friendly Community Evaluation Scale and Chinese frailty screening-10 Scale (CFS-10) were used to measure AFC and Frailty. Multilevel regression analyses were performed to examine the relationship between the AFC in two assessments of individual- and community-level and frailty status. After controlling for individual-level socio-demographic, health status, and lifestyle variables, compared with older adults in the lowest quartile of the individual-level perception of AFC, the frailty odds ratios for those in the top three quartiles were 0.69 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.56-0.83), 0.75 (95% CI: 0.61-0.91), and 0.56 (95% CI: 0.48-0.74). However, there was no association between the community-level AFC and frailty. A higher level of age-friendliness in the community is associated with lower frailty odds. Therefore, building age-friendly communities may be an important measure to prevent frailty among Chinese older adults.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Vida Independente , Análise Multinível
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