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1.
Hortic Res ; 11(6): uhae098, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863995

RESUMO

Citrus fruits have abundant flavonoid glycosides (FGs), an important class of natural functional and flavor components. However, there have been few reports about the modification of UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs) on flavonoids in citrus. Notably, in flavonoid biosynthesis, 7-O-glucosylation is the initial and essential step of glycosylation prior to the synthesis of flavanone disaccharides, the most abundant and iconic FGs in citrus fruits. Here, based on the accumulation of FGs observed at the very early fruit development stage of two pummelo varieties, we screened six novel flavonoid 7-O-glucosyltransferase genes (7GlcTs) via transcriptomic analysis and then characterized them in vitro. The results revealed that four Cg7GlcTs possess wide catalytic activities towards various flavonoid substrates, with CgUGT89AK1 exhibiting the highest catalytic efficiency. Transient overexpression of CgUGT90A31 and CgUGT89AK1 led to increases in FG synthesis in pummelo leaves. Interestingly, these two genes had conserved sequences and consistent functions across different germplasms. Moreover, CitUGT89AK1 was found to play a role in the response of citrus to Huanglongbing infection by promoting FG production. The findings improve our understanding of flavonoid 7-O-glucosylation by identifying the key genes, and may help improve the benefits of flavonoid biosynthesis for plants and humans in the future.

2.
Front Genet ; 15: 1385867, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831775

RESUMO

Epicardial cells regulate heart growth by secreting numerous growth factors and undergoing lineage specification into other cardiac lineages. However, the lack of specific marker genes for epicardial cells has hindered the understanding of this cell type in heart development. Through the analysis of a cardiac single cell mRNA sequencing dataset, we identified a novel epicardial gene named Keratin 19 (Krt19). Further analysis of the expression patterns of Krt19 and Wt1, a well-known epicardial gene, revealed their preferences in major cardiac cell types. Using lineage-tracing analysis, we analyzed Krt19-CreER labeled cells at multiple time windows and found that it labels epicardial cells at both embryonic and neonatal stages. Furthermore, we studied the function of epicardial cells using a diphtheria toxin A chain (DTA)-based cell ablation system. We discovered that Krt19-CreER labeled cells are essential for fetal heart development. Finally, we investigated the function of Krt19-CreER and Wt1-CreER labeled cells in neonatal mouse development. We observed that the Krt19-CreER; Rosa-DTA mice displayed a smaller size after tamoxifen treatment, suggesting the potential importance of Krt19-CreER labeled cells in neonatal mouse development. Additionally, we found that Wt1-CreER; Rosa-DTA mice died at early stages, likely due to defects in the kidney and spleen. In summary, we have identified Krt19 as a new epicardial cell marker gene and further explored the function of epicardial cells using the Krt19-CreER and Wt1-CreER-mediated DTA ablation system.

3.
Environ Int ; 189: 108790, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843748

RESUMO

Understanding the relationship between environmental pollution and residents' income is extremely important for promoting sustained progress and high-quality economic growth. This research examines the impact, mechanism, and heterogeneity of environmental contamination on residents' earnings by fusing the micro data from China Family Panel Survey with the macro data of government statistics. The results reveal that environmental degradation has a significantly negative impact on residents' individual income. Further research on the intermediary mechanism finds that environmental pollution plays a harmful role in residents' income by reducing residents' subjective well-being and labor employment. Besides, the income effect of environmental pollution is significantly heterogeneous among different regions and differentiated groups. The deteriorating environmental quality widens urban-rural income gap and increases wage inequality of inhabitants in eastern, central, and western regions of China. The gender income gap and the income disparity between different income brackets also expand with environmental deterioration. These findings not only prove that long-term development at the cost of the ecological environment is undesirable, but also demonstrate the important role of the improvement of ecological environmental quality in promoting human well-being.


Assuntos
Poluição Ambiental , Renda , China , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , População Rural
4.
Am J Hum Genet ; 2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838674

RESUMO

Numerous variants, including both single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) in DNA and A>G RNA edits in mRNA as essential drivers of cellular proliferation and tumorigenesis, are commonly associated with cancer progression and growth. Thus, mining and summarizing single-cell variants will provide a refined and higher-resolution view of cancer and further contribute to precision medicine. Here, we established a database, CanCellVar, which aims to provide and visualize the comprehensive atlas of single-cell variants in tumor microenvironment. The current CanCellVar identified ∼3 million variants (∼1.4 million SNVs and ∼1.4 million A>G RNA edits) involved in 2,754,531 cells of 5 major cell types across 37 cancer types. CanCellVar provides the basic annotation information as well as cellular and molecular function properties of variants. In addition, the clinical relevance of variants can be obtained including tumor grade, treatment, metastasis, and others. Several flexible tools were also developed to aid retrieval and to analyze cell-cell interactions, gene expression, cell-development trajectories, regulation, and molecular structure affected by variants. Collectively, CanCellVar will serve as a valuable resource for investigating the functions and characteristics of single-cell variations and their roles in human tumor evolution and treatment.

5.
China CDC Wkly ; 6(20): 437-441, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846358

RESUMO

What is already known about this topic?: Pertussis has reemerged as a significant public health threat, primarily due to variations in Bordetella pertussis strains, antimicrobial resistance, and vaccine evasion. What is added by this report?: All isolated strains were identified as ptxA1/ptxC2/ptxP3/prn150/fim2-1/fim3-1/fhaB1/tcfA2 type and exhibited resistance to erythromycin. Two strains showed a deficiency in Fha, thirty in Prn, and one strain exhibited multiple immunogen deficiencies. What are the implications for public health practice?: The emergence and spread of immunogen-deficient strains likely result from prolonged vaccine selection pressure, posing challenges to the efficacy of pertussis vaccines. Additionally, the ongoing dissemination of ptxP3 strains with high-level macrolide resistance presents a significant obstacle to clinical treatment strategies.

7.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1365209, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38854656

RESUMO

Background: Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) represents a rare cardiovascular disorder stemming from filament-associated genes. Nonetheless, treating RCM presents considerable challenges, particularly concerning device implantation and mechanical support. Furthermore, elucidating the molecular function of specific variants holds promise in benefiting patients and enhancing prognosis, given the significant heterogeneity among RCM variants. Case presentation: The proband, an eight-year-old female, was admitted to our hospital post cardiopulmonary resuscitation due to sudden cardiac arrest. Echocardiography revealed bilateral atrial enlargement. Whole-exome sequencing uncovered a novel heterozygous mutation (c.509G>A, p.R170Q) in TNNI3. Evaluation using the MutationTaster application deemed c.509G>A pathogenic (probability = 0.99). Following clinical manifestations, imaging assessments, and genetic screening, the proband received an RCM diagnosis. ECMO was recommended along with continuous renal replacement therapy. However, persistent atrial flutter ensued post-ECMO withdrawal. Attempts to restore cardiac rhythm with cardioversion, metoprolol, and amiodarone proved futile. Subsequent heart failure led to the patient's demise due to cardiac shock. Based on crystal protein structural analysis, we observed that cTnI-R170Q and R170W exerted similar impacts on protein structural stability and formation. However, both differed significantly from cTnI-R170G, primarily influencing amino acid regions 32-79 and 129-149, involved in TnC and actin binding. Therefore, cTnI-R170Q was revealed to induce RCM via the same molecular mechanism as cTnI-R170W. Conclusion: Managing RCM remains a critical challenge. This study underscores the discouragement of device implantations for cardiac pump functional support in RCM, particularly for non-short-term scheduled HTx. Additionally, considering catheter ablation for atrial fibrosis-induced AFs is recommended. Mechanistically, cTnI-R170Q primarily diminishes troponin-actin interactions and destabilizes thin filaments.

8.
Math Biosci Eng ; 21(4): 5838-5862, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38872561

RESUMO

The coronary artery constitutes a vital vascular system that sustains cardiac function, with its primary role being the conveyance of indispensable nutrients to the myocardial tissue. When coronary artery disease occurs, it will affect the blood supply of the heart and induce myocardial ischemia. Therefore, it is of great significance to numerically simulate the coronary artery and evaluate its blood supply capacity. In this article, the coronary artery lumped parameter model was derived based on the relationship between circuit system parameters and cardiovascular system parameters, and the blood supply capacity of the coronary artery in healthy and stenosis states was studied. The aortic root pressure calculated by the aortic valve fluid-structure interaction (AV FSI) simulator was employed as the inlet boundary condition. To emulate the physiological phenomenon of sudden pressure drops resulting from an abrupt reduction in blood vessel radius, a head loss model was connected at the coronary artery's entrance. For each coronary artery outlet, the symmetric structured tree model was appended to simulate the terminal impedance of the missing downstream coronary arteries. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm was used to optimize the blood flow viscous resistance, blood flow inertia, and vascular compliance of the coronary artery model. In the stenosis states, the relative flow and fractional flow reserve (FFR) calculated by numerical simulation corresponded to the published literature data. It was anticipated that the proposed model can be readily adapted for clinical application, serving as a valuable reference for diagnosing and treating patients.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Simulação por Computador , Circulação Coronária , Vasos Coronários , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Humanos , Vasos Coronários/fisiologia , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Hemodinâmica , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/fisiologia
9.
Comput Biol Med ; 177: 108660, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38820774

RESUMO

Omics-based technologies have revolutionized our comprehension of microproteins encoded by ncRNAs, revealing their abundant presence and pivotal roles within complex functional landscapes. Here, we developed MicroProteinDB (http://bio-bigdata.hrbmu.edu.cn/MicroProteinDB), which offers and visualizes the extensive knowledge to aid retrieval and analysis of computationally predicted and experimentally validated microproteins originating from various ncRNA types. Employing prediction algorithms grounded in diverse deep learning approaches, MicroProteinDB comprehensively documents the fundamental physicochemical properties, secondary and tertiary structures, interactions with functional proteins, family domains, and inter-species conservation of microproteins. With five major analytical modules, it will serve as a valuable knowledge for investigating ncRNA-derived microproteins.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados de Proteínas , RNA não Traduzido , RNA não Traduzido/química , RNA não Traduzido/genética , Humanos , Proteínas/química , Animais , Micropeptídeos
10.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751028

RESUMO

Tapetum, the innermost layer of the anther wall, provides essential nutrients and materials for pollen development. Timely degradation of anther tapetal cells is a prerequisite for normal pollen development in flowering plants. Tapetal cells facilitate male gametogenesis by providing cellular contents after highly coordinated programmed cell death (PCD). Tapetal development is regulated by a transcriptional network. However, the signaling pathway(s) involved in this process are poorly understood. In this study, we report that a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade composed of OsYDA1/OsYDA2-OsMKK4-OsMPK6 plays an important role in tapetal development and male gametophyte fertility. Loss of function of this MAPK cascade leads to anther indehiscence, enlarged tapetum, and aborted pollen grains. Tapetal cells in osmkk4 and osmpk6 mutants exhibit an increased presence of lipid body-like structures within the cytoplasm, which is accompanied by a delayed occurrence of PCD. Expression of a constitutively active version of OsMPK6 (CA-OsMPK6) can rescue the pollen defects in osmkk4 mutants, confirming that OsMPK6 functions downstream of OsMKK4 in this pathway. Genetic crosses also demonstrated that the MAPK cascade sporophyticly regulates pollen development. Our study reveals a novel function of rice MAPK cascade in plant male reproductive biology.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758147

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of progressive rehabilitation nursing in patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy for breast cancer. Methods: A total of 70 patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy for breast cancer in our hospital were selected as the research subjects, and they were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group, with 35 patients in each group. The control group received routine rehabilitation nursing intervention after surgery, while the observation group received progressive rehabilitation nursing intervention based on the control group's nursing. The quality of life, self-care ability, mental state, and incidence of complications were compared between the two groups. Results: Before the intervention, the two groups had no significant difference in the quality of life (P > .05). After the intervention, the quality of life in the observation group was significantly better than that in the control group (P < .05). Before the intervention, the two groups had no significant difference in the self-care ability (P > .05). After the intervention, the self-care ability in the observation group was significantly better than that in the control group (P < .05). Before the intervention, the two groups had no significant difference in the SAS and SDS scores (P > .05). After the intervention, the SAS and SDS scores in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < .05). The incidence of complications in the control group was 22.86%, while that in the observation group was 5.71%. The incidence of complications in the observation group was significantly lower than in the control group (P < .05). Conclusion: Compared with routine nursing intervention, the implementation of progressive rehabilitation nursing intervention can further improve the quality of life, self-care ability, and mental state of patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy for breast cancer and reduce the risk of related complications, which helps promote the recovery process of patients and is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

12.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 517, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38797853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Like all other species, fungi are susceptible to infection by viruses. The diversity of fungal viruses has been rapidly expanding in recent years due to the availability of advanced sequencing technologies. However, compared to other virome studies, the research on fungi-associated viruses remains limited. RESULTS: In this study, we downloaded and analyzed over 200 public datasets from approximately 40 different Bioprojects to explore potential fungal-associated viral dark matter. A total of 12 novel viral sequences were identified, all of which are RNA viruses, with lengths ranging from 1,769 to 9,516 nucleotides. The amino acid sequence identity of all these viruses with any known virus is below 70%. Through phylogenetic analysis, these RNA viruses were classified into different orders or families, such as Mitoviridae, Benyviridae, Botourmiaviridae, Deltaflexiviridae, Mymonaviridae, Bunyavirales, and Partitiviridae. It is possible that these sequences represent new taxa at the level of family, genus, or species. Furthermore, a co-evolution analysis indicated that the evolutionary history of these viruses within their groups is largely driven by cross-species transmission events. CONCLUSIONS: These findings are of significant importance for understanding the diversity, evolution, and relationships between genome structure and function of fungal viruses. However, further investigation is needed to study their interactions.


Assuntos
Micovírus , Fungos , Genoma Viral , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Filogenia , Vírus de RNA , Vírus de RNA/genética , Vírus de RNA/classificação , Fungos/genética , Micovírus/genética , Micovírus/classificação , Evolução Molecular
13.
Lung ; 202(3): 245-255, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a biomarker of alveolar-capillary basement membrane injury, Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) is involved in the occurrence and development of pulmonary diseases. However, the role of the KL-6 in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) has yet to be elucidated. This prospective study was designed to clarify the associations of the serum KL-6 with the severity and prognosis in patients with AECOPD. METHODS: This study enrolled 199 eligible AECOPD patients. Demographic data and clinical characteristics were recorded. Follow-up was tracked to evaluate acute exacerbation and death. The serum KL-6 concentration was measured via an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Serum KL-6 level at admission was higher in AECOPD patients than in control subjects. The serum KL-6 concentration gradually elevated with increasing severity of AECOPD. Pearson and Spearman analyses revealed that the serum KL-6 concentration was positively correlated with the severity score, monocyte count and concentrations of C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, uric acid, and lactate dehydrogenase in AECOPD patients during hospitalization. A statistical analysis of long-term follow-up data showed that elevated KL-6 level at admission was associated with longer hospital stays, an increased risk of future frequent acute exacerbations, and increased severity of exacerbation in COPD patients. CONCLUSION: Serum KL-6 level at admission is positively correlated with increased disease severity, prolonged hospital stay and increased risk of future acute exacerbations in COPD patients. There are positive dose-response associations of elevated serum KL-6 with severity and poor prognosis in COPD patients. The serum KL-6 concentration could be a novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in AECOPD patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Proteína C-Reativa , Progressão da Doença , Interleucina-6 , Mucina-1 , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Mucina-1/sangue , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Interleucina-6/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ácido Úrico/sangue , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Contagem de Leucócitos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
14.
J Air Waste Manag Assoc ; : 1-7, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753760

RESUMO

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), including all 209 congeners, are designated as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) due to their high toxicity and bioaccumulation in human bodies and the ecosystem. The need for PCB remediation still remains long after their production ban. In this study, a catalytic hydro-dechlorination (HDC) method was employed to dechlorinate 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl (PCB 28), a congener found ubiquitously in multiple environmental media. The HDC of PCB 28 was experimentally studied at mild temperatures viz. ~20, 50, and ~77°C and atmospheric pressure. Et3N (triethylamine) was added as a co-catalyst. The dechlorination rates increased with temperature as well as Et3N dosage, and the HDC pathway was hypothesized based on the product and intermediates observed. The less chlorinated intermediates suggested that the position of the chlorine strongly impacted HDC rates, and the preference of HDC at para positions can be orders of magnitudes higher than the ortho. The activation energy was estimated in the range of 12.4-13.9 kJ/mole, indicating a diffusion-controlled HDC system.Implications: The remediation need for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) still remains long after their production ban around the world. The development of low-cost methods is highly desirable, especially for developing countries, in response to the Stockholm Convention. In this study, the dechorination of a ubiquitously present PCB congener was studied using a catalytic hydro-dechlorination (HDC) method in low temperatures up to ~77°C and was able to achieve near 100% dechlorination in 6 hr. Results indicated that the HDC process can be performed under mild temperatures and atmospheric conditions and can be a potential solution to real world PCB contamination issues.

15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 332: 118318, 2024 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754642

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Niaodukang mixture (NDK) is a preparation known for its ability to lower serum creatine levels in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is commonly administered at medical facilities like the Zhongshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The initial use of NDK was mainly to treat CKD. Our hospital frequently utilizes NDK, which consists of Rheum officinaleBaill., Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge., Astragalus aaronii (Eig) Zohary., Carthamus tinctorius L., and Sanguisorba officinalis L., for treating patients with CKD-MBD. It has the effects of eliminating dampness and turbidity and dredging kidney collaterals. However, The impact and process of NDK in chronic kidney disease remain unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine whether microRNA-146a (miR-146a) is associated with CKD micro-inflammationand whether NDK protects against CKD micro-inflammation by modulating the miR-146a/nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: (1) An adenine-induced rat model of chronic kidney disease was created through the use of materials and methods. The levels of miR-146a in exosomes from plasma and ileum were determined by RT-PCR. (2) Human cloned colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2)cellswere stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)and transfected with miR-146a mimic and inhibitor. Following that, the Western blot and RT-PCR techniques were used to measure the protein and mRNA quantities of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), NF-κB, and TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6). (3) Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to identify serum levels of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). (4) Plasma exosomes were extracted, and the exosomes in intestinal tissues were extracted via ultrahigh-speed centrifugation.Negative staining electron microscopy was used to analyze the morphology of exosomes and the ultrastructure of intestinal tissue and exosomes. The particle size of the exosomes was measured using nanoparticle tracking analysis. RESULTS: The pathological characteristics of CKD rats included those associated with systemic micro-inflammation, which may be associated with the release of exosomes in intestinal tissue. NDK suppressed the inflammatory response in Caco-2 cells and decreased the levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α in rats with CKD. The expression of miR-146a, which regulates inflammation, differed between plasma-derived and enterogenous exosomes in CKD rats, which may be due to stimulation of ileal exosome release into the blood. NDK effectively reduced the levels of TRAF6, NF-κB, and TLR4 in the ileum tissue of CKD rats. CONCLUSION: NDK can effectively improve micro-inflammation in CKD ratsby enhancing the release of enterogenous exosomes, thereby enhancing the release of exosome-associated miR-146a and inhibiting micro-inflammation.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Exossomos , Inflamação , MicroRNAs , NF-kappa B , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Receptor 4 Toll-Like , Animais , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Masculino , Humanos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos , Células CACO-2 , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças
16.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 162, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The triglyceride glucose-body mass index (TyG-BMI) is recognized as a reliable surrogate for evaluating insulin resistance and an effective predictor of cardiovascular disease. However, the link between TyG-BMI index and adverse outcomes in heart failure (HF) patients remains unclear. This study examines the correlation of the TyG-BMI index with long-term adverse outcomes in HF patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: This single-center, prospective cohort study included 823 HF patients with CHD. The TyG-BMI index was calculated as follows: ln [fasting triglyceride (mg/dL) × fasting blood glucose (mg/dL)/2] × BMI. To explore the association between the TyG-BMI index and the occurrences of all-cause mortality and HF rehospitalization, we utilized multivariate Cox regression models and restricted cubic splines with threshold analysis. RESULTS: Over a follow-up period of 9.4 years, 425 patients died, and 484 were rehospitalized due to HF. Threshold analysis revealed a significant reverse "J"-shaped relationship between the TyG-BMI index and all-cause mortality, indicating a decreased risk of all-cause mortality with higher TyG-BMI index values below 240.0 (adjusted model: HR 0.90, 95% CI 0.86-0.93; Log-likelihood ratio p = 0.003). A distinct "U"-shaped nonlinear relationship was observed with HF rehospitalization, with the inflection point at 228.56 (adjusted model: below: HR 0.95, 95% CI 0.91-0.98; above: HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.03-1.13; Log-likelihood ratio p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals a nonlinear association between the TyG-BMI index and both all-cause mortality and HF rehospitalization in HF patients with CHD, positioning the TyG-BMI index as a significant prognostic marker in this population.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Glicemia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença das Coronárias , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Readmissão do Paciente , Triglicerídeos , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Prospectivos , Glicemia/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Doença das Coronárias/mortalidade , Doença das Coronárias/sangue , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Causas de Morte , Resistência à Insulina , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
17.
Appl Health Econ Health Policy ; 22(4): 457-470, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to systematically assess global economic evaluation studies on COVID-19 vaccination, offer valuable insights for future economic evaluations, and assist policymakers in making evidence-based decisions regarding the implementation of COVID-19 vaccination. METHODS: Searches were performed from January 2020 to September 2023 across seven English databases (PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, EBSCO, KCL-Korean Journal Dataset, SciELO Citation Index, and Derwent Innovations Index) and three Chinese databases (Wanfang Data, China Science and Technology Journal, and CNKI). Rigorous inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied. Data were extracted from eligible studies using a standardized data collection form, with the reporting quality of these studies assessed using the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards 2022 (CHEERS 2022). RESULTS: Of the 40 studies included in the final review, the overall reporting quality was good, evidenced by a mean score of 22.6 (ranging from 10.5 to 28). Given the significant heterogeneity in fundamental aspects among the studies reviewed, a narrative synthesis was conducted. Most of these studies adopted a health system or societal perspective. They predominantly utilized a composite model, merging dynamic and static methods, within short to medium-term time horizons to simulate various vaccination strategies. The research strategies varied among studies, investigating different doses, dosages, brands, mechanisms, efficacies, vaccination coverage rates, deployment speeds, and priority target groups. Three pivotal parameters notably influenced the evaluation results: the vaccine's effectiveness, its cost, and the basic reproductive number (R0). Despite variations in model structures, baseline parameters, and assumptions utilized, all studies identified a general trend that COVID-19 vaccination is cost-effective compared to no vaccination or intervention. CONCLUSIONS: The current review confirmed that COVID-19 vaccination is a cost-effective alternative in preventing and controlling COVID-19. In addition, it highlights the profound impact of variables such as dose size, target population, vaccine efficacy, speed of vaccination, and diversity of vaccine brands and mechanisms on cost effectiveness, and also proposes practical and effective strategies for improving COVID-19 vaccination campaigns from the perspective of economic evaluation.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Análise Custo-Benefício , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/economia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/economia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Programas de Imunização/economia , Vacinação/economia
18.
Endocrine ; 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The extent of thyroid surgery for multifocal papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) remains controversial. Studies on the optimal surgical approach for a multifocal PTMC are scarce. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of thyroidectomy and lobectomy for the treatment of multifocal PTMC. METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort of patients with multifocal PTMC was analyzed using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 2004 and 2017, and divided into two groups (thyroidectomy, lobectomy) based on the surgical approach. The clinicopathologic features and survival outcomes were compared between the two groups. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to explore prognostic factors of survival. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to balance covariates. RESULTS: Overall, a total of 9387 multifocal PTMC patients were included in the study. Among them, 8,107 (86.36%) patients received thyroidectomy, and 1280 (13.64%) patients underwent lobectomy. Compared to patients in the thyroidectomy group, patients in the lobectomy group were diagnosed with older age (50.47 years vs. 49.32 years, p = 0.003), a higher proportion of males (20.47% vs. 14.99%, p < 0.001), larger tumors (6.22 mm vs. 4.97 mm, p < 0.001), and more frequently underwent radiotherapy (35.40% vs. 10.16%, p < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that age was the only independent prognostic factor for thyroid cancer-specific survival (TCSS), and the determinants of overall survival (OS) were age and gender. Unadjusted survival analysis revealed no difference between the two treatment groups in TCSS (p = 0.598) and OS (p = 0.126). After 1:1 Propensity Score Matching (PSM), there was still no difference in TCSS (p = 0.368) or OS (p = 0.388). The stratified analysis revealed that for patients aged under or above 55, thyroidectomy was not associated with superior BCSS or OS (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Thyroidectomy was not associated with improved survival compared to thyroid lobectomy for patients with multifocal PTMC.

19.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38659791

RESUMO

Identifying associations between phenotype and genotype is the fundamental basis of genetic analyses. Inspired by frequentist probability and the work of R.A. Fisher, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) extract information using averages and variances from genotype-phenotype datasets. Averages and variances are legitimated upon creating distribution density functions obtained through the grouping of data into categories. However, as data from within a given category cannot be differentiated, the investigative power of such methodologies is limited. Genomic Informational Field Theory (GIFT) is a method specifically designed to circumvent this issue. The way GIFT proceeds is opposite to that of GWAS. Whilst GWAS determines the extent to which genes are involved in phenotype formation (bottom-up approach), GIFT determines the degree to which the phenotype can select microstates (genes) for its subsistence (top-down approach). Doing so requires dealing with new genetic concepts, a.k.a. genetic paths, upon which significance levels for genotype-phenotype associations can be determined. By using different datasets obtained in ovis aries related to bone growth (Dataset-1) and to a series of linked metabolic and epigenetic pathways (Dataset-2), we demonstrate that removing the informational barrier linked to categories enhances the investigative and discriminative powers of GIFT, namely that GIFT extracts more information than GWAS. We conclude by suggesting that GIFT is an adequate tool to study how phenotypic plasticity and genetic assimilation are linked.

20.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38650449

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the efficacy and safety of tetrandrine in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Randomized controlled studies of tetrandrine in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis were searched in China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), World Wide Web Database, SinoMed, PubMed, Springer, Web of Science, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trails database. A meta-analysis was conducted using R software version 3.5.3 to evaluate the clinical outcomes, including the total effective rate, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF), visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, disease activity score (DAS), tender joint count (TJC), swollen joint count (SJC), and morning stiffness duration, as well as adverse events of RA patients. RESULTS: A total of 10 articles were included in the study. The meta-analysis indicated that tetrandrine significantly improved the total effective rate (OR=3.27, 95%CI: 2.01-5.37, P<0.01), ESR (SMD=1.12, 95%CI: 0.06-2.19, P<0.05), CRP (SMD=0.75, 95%CI: 0.28-1.22, P<0.01), VAS (SMD=0.55, 95%CI: 0.21-0.89, P<0.01), SJC (SMD=0.85, 95%CI: 0.40-1.31, P<0.01), TJC (SMD=1.16, 95%CI: 0.58-1.74, P<0.01), and morning stiffness (SMD=1.09, 95%CI: 0.68-1.50, P<0.01). However, no statistical significance was found in RF (SMD=1.70, 95%CI: -1.10-4.51, P>0.05) and DAS (SMD=0.26, 95%CI: -0.59-1.11, P>0.05). The overall incidence of adverse events associated with tetrandrine treatment for rheumatoid arthritis was 20% (95%CI: 12%-27%, I2=60%, P<0.05), with mild severity and favorable outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Tetrandrine is effective in the treatment of RA patients with a mild degree of adverse events.

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