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BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 147, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383358


BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a major public health problem worldwide. Previous studies have shown that postpartum negative life events and neuroticism are both important risk factors for PPD. However, few studies have considered the role of protective factors in the influence of postpartum negative life events and neuroticism on PPD. Based on the diathesis-stress model and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), a moderated mediating model was established to examine the mediating role of neuroticism between postpartum negative life events and PPD, as well as the moderating role of psychological flexibility in this mediating effect. METHODS: A sample of 776 parturients from three different Grade A hospitals in China were assessed using the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale, the Postpartum Negative Life Events Scale, the Neuroticism Subscale of the Big Five Personality Scale, and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire- II. RESULTS: PPD, postpartum negative life events, neuroticism, and experiential avoidance were significantly positively correlated with one another. Neuroticism partially mediated the relationship between postpartum negative life events and PPD. In this mediation model, the direct path and the second half of the mediation path were moderated by psychological flexibility. Specifically, the links between postpartum negative life events and PPD, as well as between neuroticism and PPD, were stronger when psychological flexibility was low, but weaker when psychological flexibility was high. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that psychological flexibility plays an important role in buffering the negative effects of postpartum negative life events and neuroticism on PPD. These findings provide implications for the prevention and intervention of PPD using an ACT approach.

Terapia de Aceitação e Compromisso , Depressão Pós-Parto , Feminino , Humanos , Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Neuroticismo , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Personalidade , Fatores de Risco
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 48(1): 78-84, 2008 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18562149


Photodegradation of seratrodast ([+/-]-7-(3,5,6-trimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone-2-yl)-7-phenyl-heptanoic acid, SD), a p-benzoquinone anti-asthmatic drug, has been investigated in different solutions. HPLC analysis showed that SD was degradated under UV irradiation at 254 nm to afford three major products (SD1, SD2 and SD3) in methanol and in acetonitrile/H2O solutions, while only two of them (SD2 and SD3) could be detected in acetonitrile solution. Furthermore, SD1 was unstable even when the samples were protected from light, so the acetylated SD1 (Ace-SD1) together with SD2 and SD3 were isolated by semi-preparative reversed-phase HPLC. The structures were elucidated as 6-(2,5-diacetoxy-3,4,6-trimethyl-phenyl)-7-phenyl-hept-6-enoic acid (Ace-SD1), 7-phenyl-6-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxo-cyclohexa-1,4-dienyl)-hept-6-enoic acid (SD2) and 5-(5-hydroxy-4,6,7-trimethyl-2-phenyl-benzofuran-3-yl)-pentanoic acid (SD3) based on the spectral data of MS, UV spectrum, IR spectrum and NMR spectrum. Meanwhile, a possible route for the formation of these photoproducts was proposed, which might explain the generation procedure of SD1, SD2 and SD3 during UV irradiation.

Antiasmáticos/química , Antiasmáticos/efeitos da radiação , Benzoquinonas/química , Benzoquinonas/efeitos da radiação , Ácidos Heptanoicos/química , Ácidos Heptanoicos/efeitos da radiação , Fotólise , Acetonitrilas/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Metanol/química , Estrutura Molecular , Soluções/química , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Raios Ultravioleta , Água/química