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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130614, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304137

RESUMO

Understanding how starch constituent in frozen dough affected bread quality would be valuable for contributing to the frozen products with better quality. To elucidate the underlying mechanism, starch was fractionated from multiple freezing-thawing (F/T) treated dough and reconstituted with gluten. Results showed that F/T treatment destructed the molecular and supramolecular structures of starch, which were more severe as the F/T cycle increasing. These structural disorganizations made water molecules easier to permeate into the interior of starch granules and form hydrogen bonds with starch molecular chains, which elevated the peak, breakdown, setback and final viscosity of starch paste. In addition, F/T treatment resulted in decreased specific volume (from 1.54 to 0.90 × 103 m3/Kg) and increased hardness (from 42.98 to 52.31 N) for steamed bread. We propose the strengthened water absorption ability and accelerated intra- and inter-molecular rearrangement of starch molecules and weak stability of "starch-gluten matrices" would allow interpreting deteriorated bread quality.


Assuntos
Pão , Amido , Pão/análise , Farinha/análise , Congelamento , Glutens , Vapor
2.
J Proteomics ; 250: 104383, 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562664

RESUMO

Lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation (Khib) is one of the newly discovered post-translational modifications (PTMs) through protein acylation. It has been reported to be widely distributed in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes, and plays an important role in chromatin conformation change, gene transcription, protein subcellular localization, protein-protein interaction, signal transduction, and cellular proliferation. In this study, the Khib modification proteome of siliques from A. thaliana under salt stress (Ss) and those in the control (Cs) were compared. The results showed that Khib modification was abundant in siliques. Totally 3810 normalized Khib sites on 1254 proteins were identified, and the Khib modification showed a downregulation trend dramatically: it was down-regulated at 282 sites on 205 proteins while was up-regulated at 96 sites on 78 proteins in Ss siliques (Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD028116 and PXD026643). Among them, 13 proteins, including F4IVN6, Q9M1P5, and Q9LF33, had sites with the most significant regulation of Khib modification. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that the differentially Khib-regulated proteins mainly participated in glycolysis/gluconeogenesis and endocytosis. In particular, there were differentially117 Khib-regulated proteins that were mapped to the protein-protein interaction database. In the KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, Khib-modified proteins were enriched in several pathways related to energy metabolism, including gluconeogenesis pathway, pentose phosphate pathway, and pyruvate metabolism. Overall, our work reveals the first systematic analysis of Khib proteome in Arabidopsis siliques under salt stress, and sheds a light on the future studies on the regulatory mechanisms of Khib during the salt stress response of plants. SIGNIFICANCE: In this study, we found the Khib-modified proteins in silique under salt stress and described the enrichment of Khib-modified proteins involved in the biological processes and cellular localization. Proteins undergoing 2-hydroxyisobutylation were mainly involved in the gluconeogenesis pathway, pentose phosphate pathway, and pyruvate metabolism, suggesting that 2-hydroxyisobutylation affects the energy metabolic pathway, and thus the development of the plant. In addition, specific candidate proteins that may affect plant development under salt stress were selected. This study will provide a theoretical basis for revealing the function and mechanism of these proteins and their 2-hydroxyisobutyryl modifications during the development of silique under salt stress.

3.
Environ Res ; 203: 111821, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370988

RESUMO

Frequent ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution have been occurring in the Guanzhong Plain in China. To effectively control the tropospheric ozone and PM2.5 pollution, this study performed measurements of 102 VOCs species from Sep.19-25 (autumn) and Nov.27-Dec. 8, 2017 (winter) at Weinan in the central Guanzhong Plain. The total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) concentrations were 95.8 ± 30.6 ppbv in autumn and 74.4 ± 37.1 ppbv in winter. Alkanes were the most abundant group in both of autumn and winter, accounting for 33.5% and 39.6% of TVOCs concentrations, respectively. The levels of aromatics and oxygenated VOCs were higher in autumn than in winter, mainly due to changes in industrial activities and combustion strength. Photochemical reactivities and ozone formation potentials (OFPs) of VOCs were calculated by applying the OH radical loss rate (LOH) and maximum incremental reactivity (MIR) method, respectively. Results showed that Alkenes and aromatics were the key VOCs in term ozone formation in Weinan, which together contributed 59.6% ̶ 65.3% to the total LOH and OFP. Secondary organic aerosol formation potentials (SOAFP) of the measured VOCs were investigated by employing the fractional aerosol coefficient (FAC) method. Aromatics contributed 94.9% and 96.2% to the total SOAFP in autumn and winter, respectively. The regional transport effects on VOCs and ozone formation were investigated by using trajectory analysis and potential source contribution function (PSCF). Results showed that regional anthropogenic sources from industrial cities (Tongchuan, Xi'an city) and biogenic sources from Qinling Mountain influenced VOCs levels and OFP at Weinan. Future studies need to emphasize on meteorological factors and sources that impact on VOCs concentrations in Weinan.

4.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; : 106540, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The treatment benefits of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) heavily depends on hemodynamics. Global hemodynamics of EECP can cause blood flow redistribution in the circulatory system whereas local hemodynamic effects act on vascular endothelial cells (VECs). Local hemodynamic effects of EECP on VECs are important in the treatment of atherosclerosis, but currently cannot be not evaluated. Herein we aim to establish evaluation models of local hemodynamic effects based on the global hemodynamic indicators. METHODS: We established 0D/3D geometric multi-scale hemodynamic models of the coronary and cerebral artery of two healthy individuals to calculate the global hemodynamic indicators and the local hemodynamic effects. Clinical EECP trials were performed to verify the accuracy of the multi-scale hemodynamic model. The global hemodynamic indicators included diastolic blood pressure/systolic blood pressure (Q = D/S), mean arterial pressure (MAP), internal carotid artery flow (ICAF) and cerebral blood flow (CBF), whereas local hemodynamic effects focused on time-averaged wall shear stress (TAWSS). The correlation between these indicators was analyzed via Pearson correlation coefficient. Significantly related indicators were selected for curve-fitting to establish evaluation models of the coronary and cerebral artery. Moreover, clinical data of a coronary heart disease patient and a cerebral ischemic stroke patient were collected to verify the effectiveness of the application of the established evaluation models to real patients. RESULTS: For coronary artery, TAWSS was correlated to Q = D/S and ICAF (P < 0.05), whereas for cerebral artery, TAWSS was correlated to MAP and CBF (P < 0.05). The mean square error (MSE) between the evaluated values using evaluation model and the calculated values using 0D/3D model of TAWSS of the coronary and cerebral artery were 5.4% and 1.0%, respectively. The MSE of evaluation model applied to real patients was greater than that applied to healthy individuals, but within an acceptable range. CONCLUSIONS: The presented error demonstrated validity and accuracy of the evaluation models in clinical patients. Based on the evaluation models, global hemodynamic indicators could be used to evaluate the local hemodynamic effects under the current counterpulsation mode. With TAWSS range of 4-7 Pa as the target range, EECP strategies can further be optimized.

5.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24154, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited research assessing the utility of the Xpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/rifampin (MTB/RIF) assay for the analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in Chinese patients with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Thus, our objective was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay and evaluate its utility for the determination of rifampicin resistance. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed BALF from 214 patients with suspected PTB between January 2018 and March 2019. Using mycobacterial culture or final clinical diagnosis as the reference standard, the diagnostic accuracy of the smear microscopy (SM), tuberculosis bacillus DNA (TB-DNA), Xpert MTB/RIF assay, and the determination of rifampicin resistance based on the Xpert MTB/RIF assay were compared. RESULTS: As compared to mycobacterial culture, the sensitivity of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay, SM, and TB-DNA were 85.5% (74.2%-93.1%), 38.7% (26.6%-51.9%), and 67.7% (54.7%-79.1%), respectively. As compared to the final diagnosis, the specificity of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay, SM, and TB-DNA were 100.0% (95.9%-100.0%), 94.3% (87.1%-98.1%), and 98.9% (93.8%-100.0%), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of the rifampicin resistance detection using the Xpert MTB/RIF assay were 100% and 98.0%, respectively, with liquid culture as the reference. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the analysis of BALF with the Xpert MTB/RIF assay provides a rapid and accurate tool for the early diagnosis of PTB. The accuracy of diagnosis was superior compared with the SM and TB-DNA. Moreover, Xpert is a quick and accurate method for the diagnosis of rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis and can also provide more effective guidance for the treatment of PTB or multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB).

6.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) are 2 subtypes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Several studies have reported brain abnormalities in IBD patients. This study aims to identify differences of gray matter volume (GMV) between patients with UC and healthy controls (HCs). METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with UC and 40 HCs underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging. Voxel-based morphometry method was used to detect GMV differences. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was applied to investigate reliable biomarkers for identifying patients with UC from HCs. Regression analysis was used to examine relationships between the structure alternations and clinical symptoms. RESULTS: Compared with HCs, patients with UC showed decreased GMV in the insula, thalamus, pregenual anterior cingulate cortex, hippocampus/parahippocampus, amygdala, and temporal pole; they showed increased GMV in the putamen, supplementary motor area, periaqueductal gray, hypothalamus, and precentral gyrus. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed the highest classification power of thalamus. The inclusion of anxiety and depression as covariates eliminated the differences in the right insula, pregenual anterior cingulate cortex, supplementary motor area, and precentral gyrus. Most of the GMV changes were found in active patients with UC, with few changes in patients with UC in remission. We also found significantly negative correlation between UC duration and GMV in several regions. CONCLUSION: The current neuroimaging findings were involved in visceral sensory pathways and were partially associated with the levels of anxiety and depression and clinical stage of patients with UC. This study might provide evidence for possible neuromechanisms of UC.

7.
Innovation (N Y) ; : 100181, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746904

RESUMO

Most COVID-19 convalescents can build effective anti-SARS-CoV-2 humoral immunity, but it remains unclear how long it can maintain and how efficiently it can prevent the reinfection of the emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants. Here, we tested the sera from 248 COVID-19 convalescents around one year post-infection in Wuhan, the earliest known epicenter. SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulins G (IgG) were well maintained in most patients and potently neutralizes the infection of the original strain and the B.1.1.7 variant. However, varying degrees of immune escape was observed on the other tested variants in a patient-specific manner, with individuals showing remarkably broad neutralization potency. The immune escape can be largely attributed to several critical spike mutations. These results suggest that SARS-CoV-2 can elicit long-lasting immunity but escaped by the emerging variants.

8.
Bioengineered ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753389

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are powerful modulators of fracture healing. The research explored the level of serum miR-223-3p in fracture patients and its potential mechanism in fracture healing. In the study, miR-223-3p levels in 42 patients with intra-articular fracture and 40 patients with hand fracture were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR reaction (qRT-PCR). Subsequently, osteoblasts MC3T3-E1 was transfected with miR-223-3p mimic or inhibitor, and cell function was detected by Cell counting kit (CCK-8) assay and flow cytometry. Dual-luciferase reporter assay verified the regulation mechanism of miR-223-3p and its target genes. We found that miR-223-3p was significantly elevated over time in patients with intra-articular fracture and hand fracture patients compared with healthy individuals. Moreover, increased miR-223-3p significantly reduced cell viability and promoted cell apoptosis. The fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) was the target of miR-223-3p. Serum FGFR2 was significantly decreased in patients, which was contrary to the expression of miR-223-3p. Moreover, FGFR2 levels in cells were negatively regulated by miR-223-3p. Finally, si-FGFR2 significantly reversed the promotion of miR-223-3p inhibitor on cell viability and the inhibition of cell apoptosis. Our research suggested that miR-223-3p is highly expressed in fracture patients, and regulates osteoblast cell viability and apoptosis by targeting FGFR2. This may be a valuable target for fracture healing therapy and provide a new perspective for its treatment.

9.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 8329-8339, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764695

RESUMO

Purpose: As rapidly dividing cells are usually the target of anticancer chemotherapy, it is inevitable that rapidly dividing normal cells become damaged, with myelosuppressive effects being a serious side effect of this therapy. Many recent studies have found that exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) are related to the occurrence of some diseases. Patients and Methods: Small RNA sequencing was used to investigate differential exosomal miRNAs with the same expression trend between groups after chemotherapy: MildA (before chemotherapy in patients with mild myelosuppression) and MildB (after chemotherapy in patients with mild myelosuppression); SevereA (before chemotherapy in patients with severe myelosuppression) and SevereB (after chemotherapy in patients with severe myelosuppression). A Venn diagram was generated to screen exosomal miRNAs related to chemotherapy. Small RNA sequencing was also used to investigate differentially expressed exosomal miRNAs among these groups, and exosomal miRNAs related to myelosuppression after chemotherapy was explored using a Venn diagram. RT-qPCR was applied to further verify the sequencing results. We performed target gene prediction and functional analysis for candidate exosomal miRNAs. Results: Compared with that in the MildA or SevereA group, an increase in exosomal miR-122-5p was found in the MildB or SevereB group, and the expression level was lower in the SevereB group than in the MildB group. However, we found no notable difference in its expression level between the MildA and SevereA groups. Similar results were not obtained for the remaining miRNAs. RT-qPCR confirmed the screening results. Further analyses indicated that exosomal miR-122-5p targets CDK4 to inhibit the cell cycle. Conclusion: The expression level of exosomal miR-122-5p in the serum of patients with colorectal cancer correlates with the severity of myelosuppression caused by chemotherapy, and miR-122-5p targets CDK4 to inhibit cell cycle progression.

10.
Cent Eur J Immunol ; 46(3): 295-304, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764801

RESUMO

Introduction: Resveratrol plays a protective role against sepsis development, and the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) MALAT1 is an inflammation-relevant biomarker. This investigation attempted to reveal whether resveratrol attenuated inflammation of sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) by regulating MALAT1. Material and methods: In total 120 rats were divided into a control group (n = 20), a Sham group (n = 20), a sepsis group (n = 40) and a resveratrol group (n = 40), and serum levels of inflammatory cytokines and AKI biomarkers were determined. An equal number of rats under identical treatments were, additionally, tracked for their survival, and the serum level of lncRNA MALAT1 was measured by RT-PCR. Moreover, septic cell models were constructed by treating HK-2 cells with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6 levels released by the cells were determined with ELISA. Results: Resveratrol treatment significantly brought down serum levels of inflammatory cytokines (i.e. TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6), kidney function indicators (i.e. Scr, blood urea nitrogen [BUN] and Scys C), AKI biomarkers (i.e. NGAL and KIM-1) and MALAT1 in cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced septic model rats (all p < 0.05), and the life span of septic rats was elongated by resveratrol treatment (p < 0.05). Viability and cytokine release of LPS-treated HK2 cells were rescued by resveratrol (p < 0.05), which was accompanied by a marked fall of MALAT1 expression (p < 0.05). In addition, si-MALAT1 diminished viability and suppressed cytokine release of HK2 cells, while pcDNA3.1-MALAT1 hindered the impact of resveratrol on the inflammatory response of HK2 cells (p < 0.05). Ultimately, miR-205, a protective molecule in sepsis-relevant AKI, was down-regulated by resveratrol and si-MALAT1 (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Resveratrol relieved sepsis-induced AKI by restraining the lncRNA MALAT1/miR-205 axis.

11.
Res Sq ; 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729557

RESUMO

Background : SARS-CoV-2 infection and disease severity are influenced by viral entry (VE) gene expression patterns in airway epithelium. The similarities and differences of VE gene expression (ACE2, TMPRSS2, and CTSL) across nasal and bronchial compartments has not been fully characterized using matched samples from large cohorts. Results : Gene expression data from 793 nasal and 1,673 bronchial brushes obtained from individuals participating in lung cancer screening or diagnostic workup revealed that smoking was the only clinical factor significantly and reproducibly associated with VE gene expression. ACE2 and TMPRSS2 expression were higher in smokers in the bronchus but not in the nose. scRNA-seq of nasal brushings indicated that ACE2 co-expressed genes were highly expressed in club and C15orf48 + secretory cells while TMPRSS2 co-expressed genes were highly expressed in keratinizing epithelial cells. In contrast, these ACE2 and TMPRSS2 modules were highly expressed in goblet cells in scRNA-seq from bronchial brushings. Cell-type deconvolution of the RNA-seq confirmed that smoking increased the abundance of several secretory cell populations in the bronchus, but only goblet cells in the nose. Conclusions : The association of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 with smoking in the bronchus is due to their high expression in goblet cells which increase in abundance in current smoker airways. In contrast, in the nose these genes are not predominantly expressed in cell populations modulated by smoking. Smoking-induced VE gene expression changes in the nose likely has minimal impact on SARS-CoV-2 infection, but in the bronchus, smoking may lead to higher viral loads and more severe disease.

12.
Science ; 374(6568): 699, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735236

RESUMO

[Figure: see text].

13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(21)2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770656

RESUMO

Object detection, classification and tracking are three important computer vision techniques [...].


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Computadores
14.
Molecules ; 26(21)2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770785

RESUMO

Although some atomically thin 2D semiconductors have been found to possess good thermoelectric performance due to the quantum confinement effect, most of their behaviors occur at a higher temperature. Searching for promising thermoelectric materials at room temperature is meaningful and challenging. Inspired by the finding of moderate band gap and high carrier mobility in monolayer GeP3, we investigated the thermoelectric properties by using semi-classical Boltzmann transport theory and first-principles calculations. The results show that the room-temperature lattice thermal conductivity of monolayer GeP3 is only 0.43 Wm-1K-1 because of the low group velocity and the strong anharmonic phonon scattering resulting from the disordered phonon vibrations with out-of-plane and in-plane directions. Simultaneously, the Mexican-hat-shaped dispersion and the orbital degeneracy of the valence bands result in a large p-type power factor. Combining this superior power factor with the ultralow lattice thermal conductivity, a high p-type thermoelectric figure of merit of 3.33 is achieved with a moderate carrier concentration at 300 K. The present work highlights the potential applications of 2D GeP3 as an excellent room-temperature thermoelectric material.

15.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(10): 11413-11426, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786068

RESUMO

Temozolomide (TMZ), one of the few effective drugs used during adjuvant therapy, could effectively prolong the overall survival (OS) of glioma patients. In our previous study, the mRNA level of G Protein Subunit Alpha 13 (GNA13) was found to be inversely correlated with OS and was therefore identified as a potential biomarker for the prognosis of glioma. Henceforth, this study aims to identify the molecular mechanism of GNA13 in enhancing TMZ sensitization through bioinformatic analyses of GSE80729 and GSE43452 and other experiments. In glioma, overexpression of GNA13 downregulated PRKACA, which is a subunit of PKA, hence reducing phosphorylated RELA and MGMT. Since p-RELA and MGMT were proven to be closely associated with TMZ resistance, we therefore investigated whether thetwo signaling pathways, "GNA13/PRKACA/p-RELA", and "GNA13/PRKACA/MGMT", were involved in the molecular mechanism of GNA13 in TMZ sensitization. Our conclusion was that, GNA13 overexpression in glioma cells were more sensitive in TMZ treatment.

16.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(10): 11704-11710, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786097

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of the salivary expression levels of developmental endothelial locus-1 (Del-1) and interleukin 17 (IL-17) with the severity of periodontal disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with T2DM and fifty-seven patients with T2DM complicated with chronic periodontitis (CP) admitted to our hospital from March 2020 to March 2021 were enrolled as the research objects and assigned to the T2DM group and T2DM+CP group respectively. Additionally, 57 healthy controls from the hospital physical examination center during the same period were included as the healthy controls. General information of all the enrolled participants was collected to measure the levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), salivary inflammatory factors, and salivary Del-1 and IL-17, as well as homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). RESULTS: HbA1c in the T2DM group and T2DM+CP group was significantly higher than that in the healthy control group. Gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI), and probing depth (PD) were significantly higher in case groups than those in the health group. Compared with the healthy control group, salivary IL-17 expression level increased remarkably in the T2DM+CP group and T2DM group, with a higher level observed in the T2DM+CP group (P<0.05). The T2DM+CP group presented significantly higher levels of salivary tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) than the other two groups (P<0.05). Compared with the healthy control group, HOMA-IR and salivary Del-1 declined evidently in the T2DM+CP group and T2DM group, and the lowest values were observed in the T2DM+CP group (P<0.05). Salivary Del-1 and HbA1c were independent risk factors for CP in T2DM patients (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Salivary Del-1 was downregulated and IL-17 was up-regulated in T2DM patients complicated with CP, indicating their correlation with the occurrence of CP in T2DM patients.

17.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 210: 107013, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775363

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the characteristics and relationship of co-existing intracranial artery stenosis (ICAS) and extracranial carotid atherosclerosis in an asymptomatic rural population in northern China. METHODS: Asymptomatic residents ≥ 30 years old in 13 villages underwent simultaneous cervical vascular and transcranial Doppler ultrasound. ICAS was defined as ≥ 50% stenosis. Extracranial carotid atherosclerosis severity was classified as increased intimal medial thickness (IMT), plaques, and a plaque with ≥ 50% extracranial artery stenosis (ECAS). Demographic details, medical history, and blood biochemistry results were collected. The relationship between ICAS and extracranial carotid atherosclerosis severity was determined using the chi-square trend test and binary logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2598 asymptomatic participants were included; 122 (4.7%) had ICAS, 1071 (41.2%) had extracranial carotid atherosclerosis, and 84 (3.2%) had co-existing extracranial carotid atherosclerosis and ICAS. Those with co-existing ICAS and extracranial carotid atherosclerosis were older (P = 0.006) and had a higher hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM) prevalence (P < 0.001). HTN (95% confidence interval [CI]=1.31-3.55, odds ratio [OR]=2.15) and DM (95% CI=1.17-4.30, OR=2.24) were found to be independent risk factors for asymptomatic ICAS with extracranial carotid atherosclerosis. Among those with ICAS, 38/122 had no extracranial carotid atherosclerosis, 8/122 had increased IMT, 64/122 had a plaque, and 12/122 had ECAS. As extracranial carotid atherosclerosis severity increases, ICAS prevalence increases. CONCLUSION: Co-existing ICAS and extracranial carotid atherosclerosis occurred in 3.2% of asymptomatic populations in rural areas of northern China. As extracranial carotid atherosclerosis severity increased, ICAS prevalence also increased. HTN and DM might be independent indicators of co-existing ICAS and extracranial carotid atherosclerosis.

18.
J Magn Reson ; 333: 107096, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768216

RESUMO

A 3D-printed double-bearing magic angle spinning (MAS) system was developed with a home-built 4.0 mm MAS nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) probe at 7 T. Various fused deposition modelling 3D printers were used to produce spinning modules of ignorable materials costs for rotors with a diameter of 7.0, 4.0, and 3.5 mm. High-performance MAS experiments on the 4.0 mm-diameter model using a pencil-type ceramic rotor and 3D-printed drive cap resulted in a high-resolution 1H NMR signal of silicone grease. The 3.5 mm-diameter MAS system reached a spinning frequency of 23 kHz. Furthermore, 3D-printed inserts were designed for various rotor sizes which can isolate the sample from humidity for a duration of more than a week. Single crystal inserts for MAS rotors of commercial probes can readily be printed using two-color printers. Those developments enable customized low-cost MAS NMR for both adapting existing and manufacturing new probes, respectively.

19.
Brain Res ; 1775: 147732, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813773

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a general neurodegenerative disease. Moxibustion has been shown to have remarkable effect on cognitive improvement, however, less is known about the effect of moxibustion on MCI and its underlying neural mechanism. This study aimed to investigate the ameliorative brain network in MCI after treatments of acupoint-related moxibustion. METHODS: Resting-state functional MRI were derived from 47 MCI patients and 30 healthy controls (HCs). Patients were randomized as Tiaoshen YiZhi (TSYZ, n = 27) and sham (SHAM, n = 20) acupoint moxibustion groups. Functional connectivity density (FCD) method and repeated-measures two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were performed to ascertain the interaction effects between groups (TSYZ and SHAM) and time (baseline and post-treatment). Abnormal FCD was examined between baseline and post-treatment in TSYZ and SHAM groups, respectively. RESULTS: Compared with HCs, MCI showed altered FCD in the middle frontal cortex (MFC), inferior frontal cortex, temporal pole, thalamus and middle cingulate cortex. After moxibustion treatment in MCI, 1) a significant time-by-groups interaction was observed in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC); 2) abnormal long-range FCD (lrFCD) in the mPFC and MFC were modulated in TSYZ group; 3) significantly improved clinical symptoms; 4) changed lrFCD in the MFC was significantly negatively correlated with the increased Montreal Cognitive Assessment scores in TSYZ group. CONCLUSIONS: These imaging findings suggest that treatments of acupoint-related moxibustion could improve lrFCD in certain regions related to self-related cognitive and decision making. Our study might promote understanding of MCI neural mechanisms and expand the clinical application of moxibustion in MCI.

20.
Eur J Radiol ; 145: 110039, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818610

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To quantify global and regional left ventricular (LV) strain parameters in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) tissue tracking and assess the association of coronary artery dilation (CA dilation) with LV systolic dysfunction. METHODS: Thirty-one KD patients with CA dilation, 22 patients without CA dilation and 27 age- and sex-matched normal controls underwent 3.0 T CMR examination. Z score of >2 was defined as CA dilation. Global LV strain parameters and regional LV strain parameters in 16 American Heart Association segmentation, including radial, circumferential and longitudinal peak strain (PS) and LV function were measured and compared among groups. RESULTS: No significant difference in LV ejection fraction has been observed among controls, KD patients with CA dilation and without CA dilation (all p > 0.05). However, global longitudinal PS (GLPS) was lower in groups with CA dilation than those without CA dilation (-12.6 ± 4.1% vs -14.9 ± 2.6%, p < 0.05). For regional strain parameters, the segments with CA dilation (n = 301) were lower than those in both normal controls (n = 416) and segments without CA dilation (n = 547) in regional radial, circumferential and longitudinal PS (all p < 0.05). The severity of CA dilation was positively correlated to GLPS and regional longitudinal PS (r = 0.388 and r = 0.222; both p < 0.05) in KD patients. After adjusting for clinical characteristics, the multivariate analysis demonstrated that Z score was independently associated with GLPS in KD patients (ß = 0.469, p = 0.000, model R2 = 0.355). CONCLUSIONS: CMR tissue tracking could sensitively identify subclinical LV dysfunction in KD patients with CA dilation. LV systolic dysfunction occurs particularly in the myocardium dominated by the dilated coronary artery. CA dilation is an independent predictor of LV systolic dysfunction.

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