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1.
PhytoKeys ; 241: 191-200, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721013

RESUMO

A new spleenwort species, Aspleniumguodanum, was found and described from Danxia landform region in Guangdong, China. The new species has close resemblance to A.subcrenatum Ching ex S.H.Wu in morphology, but can be distinguished by having plants small, stipes and rachises not covered with fibrous scales, relatively fewer pairs of pinnae, pinnae short, pinna margin weakly biserrate, pinna apex acute and lower pinnae obviously reduced. Phylogenetic analyses, based on six plastid markers (atpB, rbcL, rps4 & rps4-trnS and trnL & trnL-F) of the new species and its relatives, support a close relationship between A.guodanum and A.subcrenatum. Only one population with no more than 50 individuals were found and, therefore, it is recommended to be classified as Critically Endangered (CR) following IUCN Red List Criteria.

2.
Transl Psychiatry ; 14(1): 202, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734669

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) involves lipid metabolism. Our earlier research also revealed that MDD patients had much lower total cholesterol (TC) concentrations than healthy controls (HCs). However, it is still unclear why TC decreased in MDD. Here, based on the Ingenuity Knowledge Base's ingenuity pathway analysis, we found that sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 11A (SCN11A) might serve as a link between low lipid levels and MDD. We analyzed the TC levels and used ELISA kits to measure the levels of SCN11A in the serum from 139 MDD patients, and 65 HCs to confirm this theory and explore the potential involvement of SCN11A in MDD. The findings revealed that TC levels were considerably lower and SCN11A levels were remarkably increased in MDD patients than those in HCs, while they were significantly reversed in drug-treatment MDD patients than in drug-naïve MDD patients. There was no significant difference in SCN11A levels among MDD patients who used single or multiple antidepressants, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or other antidepressants. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the levels of TC and SCN11A were linked with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scales score. A substantial association was also found between TC and SCN11A. Moreover, a discriminative model made up of SCN11A was discovered, which produced an area under a curve of 0.9571 in the training set and 0.9357 in the testing set. Taken together, our findings indicated that SCN11A may serve as a link between low lipid levels and MDD, and showed promise as a candidate biomarker for MDD.


Assuntos
Colesterol , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/sangue , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Colesterol/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico
3.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 16: 1363115, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737585

RESUMO

Objective: The non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) are an important part of PD. In recent years, more and more non-drug interventions have been applied to alleviate the non-motor symptoms of PD, but the relevant evidence is limited. This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the efficacy of non-drug interventions in patients with non-motor symptoms in patients with PD. Methods: Seven databases, including Pubmed, Embease, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database (WANFANG), VIP database (VIP), and China Biomedical Literature Service System (CBM) were searched from the establishment of the database to December 2023. Non-drug interventions such as acupuncture, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), exercise, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), and non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease were selected as search words, and two independent evaluators evaluated the included literature's bias risk and data extraction. The therapeutic efficacy was evaluated by the Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale (PDSS), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Minimum Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39). RevMan 5.4.1 (Reviewer Manager Software 5.4.1). Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, United Kingdom analyzed the data and estimated the average effect and the 95% confidence interval (CI). A heterogeneity test is used to assess differences in the efficacy of different non-drug treatments. Results: We selected 36 from 4,027 articles to participate in this meta-analysis, involving 2,158 participants. Our combined results show that: PDSS: [mean difference (MD) = -19.35, 95% CI (-30.4 to -8.28), p < 0.0006]; HAMD: [MD = -2.98, 95% CI (-4.29 to -1.67), p < 0.00001]; BDI: [MD = -2.69, 95% CI (-4.24 to 4.80), p = 0.006]; HAMA: [MD = -2.00, 95% CI (-2.83 to -1.17), p < 0.00001]; MMSE: [MD = 1.20, 95% CI (0.71 to 1.68), p < 0.00001]; CoMA: [MD = 2.10, 95% CI (-0.97 to 3.23), p = 0.0003]; PDQ-39: [MD = -4.03, 95% CI (-5.96 to -1.57), p < 0.00001]. Conclusion: The four non-drug measures used in our review showed significant improvements in sleep, depression, anxiety, cognition, constipation, and quality of life compared with the control group, and no serious adverse events were reported in the included research evidence, and we found that there were some differences among the subgroups of different intervention methods, but due to the less literature included in the subgroup, and the comparison was more indirect. So, we should interpret these results carefully. Systematic review registration: www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO, identifier CRD42023486897.

4.
Chem Sci ; 15(18): 6916-6923, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725518

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) nonmagnetic semiconductors with large Rashba-Dresselhaus (R-D) spin splitting at valence or conduction bands are attractive for magnetic-field-free spintronic applications. However, so far, the number of 2D R-D inorganic semiconductors has been quite limited, and the factors that determine R-D spin splitting as well as rational design of giant spin splitting, remain unclear. For this purpose, by exploiting 2D chiral metal-organic frameworks (CMOFs) as a platform, we theoretically develop a three-step screening method to obtain a series of candidate 2D R-D semiconductors with valence band spin splitting up to 97.2 meV and corresponding R-D coupling constants up to 1.37 eV Å. Interestingly, the valence band spin texture is reversible by flipping the chirality of CMOFs. Furthermore, five keys for obtaining giant R-D spin splitting in 2D CMOFs are successfully identified: (i) chirality, (ii) large spin-orbit coupling, (iii) narrow band gap, (iv) valence and conduction bands having the same symmetry at the Γ point, and (v) strong ligand field.

5.
Transl Oncol ; 45: 101974, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710133

RESUMO

Meningioma is a benign tumor with slow growth and long course. However, patients with recurrent malignant meningioma still face a lack of effective treatment. Here, we report a rare case of primary mediastinal malignant meningioma with lung and bone metastases, who benefited from the treatment of apatinib (≥33 months) and anlotinib (until the publication date). Retrospective molecular analysis revealed the frequent amplification of FGF6 in primary and metastatic lesions. Then we constructed the FGF6 over-expressed IOMM-LEE and CH157MN malignant meningioma cell lines, and in vitro and vivo experiments showed that overexpression of FGF6 can promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of malignant meningioma cells. Based on the Western analysis, we revealed that FGF6 can promote the phosphorylation of FGFR, AKT, and ERK1/2, which can be inhibited by anlotinib. Together, we were the first to verify that overexpression of FGF6 promotes the progression of malignant meningiomas by activating FGFR/AKT/ERK1/2 pathway and pointed out that anlotinib may effectively inhibit the disease progression of patients with FGF6 amplification.

6.
J Peripher Nerv Syst ; 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aimed to report nine Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) families with six novel IGHMBP2 mutations in our CMT2 cohort and to summarize the genetic and clinical features of all AR-CMT2S patients reported worldwide. METHODS: General information, clinical and neurophysiological data of 275 axonal CMT families were collected. Genetic screening was performed by inherited peripheral neuropathy related genes panel or whole exome sequencing. The published papers reporting AR-CMT2S from 2014 to 2023 were searched in Pubmed and Wanfang databases. RESULTS: In our CMT2 cohort, we detected 17 AR-CMT2S families carrying IGHMBP2 mutations and eight were published previously. Among these, c.743 T > A (p.Val248Glu), c.884A > G (p.Asp295Gly), c.1256C > A (p.Ser419*), c.2598_2599delGA (p.Lys868Sfs*16), c.1694_1696delATG (p.Asp565del) and c.2509A > T (p.Arg837*) were firstly reported. These patients prominently presented with early-onset typical axonal neuropathy and without respiratory dysfunction. So far, 56 AR-CMT2S patients and 57 different mutations coming from 43 families have been reported in the world. Twenty-nine of 32 missense mutations were clustered in helicase domain and ATPase region. The age at onset ranged from 0.11to 20 years (Mean ± SD: 3.43 ± 3.88 years) and the majority was infantile-onset (<2 years). The initial symptoms included weakness of limbs (19, 29.7%), delayed milestones (12, 18.8%), gait disturbance (11, 17.2%), feet deformity (8, 12.5%), feet drop (8, 12.5%), etc. INTERPRETATION: AR-CMT2S accounted for 6.2% in our CMT2 cohort. We firstly reported six novel IGHMBP2 mutations which expanded the genotypic spectrum of AR-CMT2S. Furthermore, 17 AR-CMT2S families could provide more resources for natural history study, drug research and development.

7.
Nutrients ; 16(9)2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a common mental health disorder among older adults, and dietary patterns have an impact on cognitive function. However, no systematic researches have constructed anti-inflammatory diet (AID) and protein-enriched diet (PED) to explore their association with CI among older adults in China. METHODS: The data used in this study were obtained from the 2018 waves of the China Longitudinal Health and Longevity Survey (CLHLS). We construct AID, PED, and calculate scores for CI. We use binary logistic regression to explore the relationship between them, and use restrictive cubic splines to determine whether the relationships are non-linear. Subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis were used to demonstrate the robustness of the results. RESULTS: A total of 8692 participants (mean age is 83.53 years) were included in the analysis. We found that participants with a higher AID (OR = 0.789, 95% confidence interval: 0.740-0.842, p < 0.001) and PED (OR = 0.910, 95% confidence interval: 0.866-0.956, p < 0.001) score showed lower odds of suffering from CI. Besides, the relationship between the two dietary patterns and CI is linear, and the results of subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis are also significant. CONCLUSION: Higher intakes of AID and PED are associated with a lower risk of CI among older adults, which has important implications for future prevention and control of CI from a dietary and nutritional perspective.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Idoso , Proteínas Alimentares/administração & dosagem , Dieta , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Longitudinais , Cognição
8.
Inorg Chem ; 63(19): 8846-8852, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695272

RESUMO

Double perovskites (DPs) have attracted attention in the field of luminescence due to their inherent broadband emission of self-trapping excitons. In this work, we choose [(CH3)3NCH2CHCH2]+ and [CH3CHOHCH2NH2]+ as organic cations to synthesize two new organic-inorganic hybrid DPs, [(CH3)3NCH2CHCH2]2KInCl6 (1) and [CH3CHOHCH2NH2]2KInCl6 (2). The [KCl6]3- and [InCl6]3- octahedra are interchangeably connected by sharing two opposite faces, forming a one-dimensional coordination chain. Each K atom coordinates with six chlorine atoms in 1, while it coordinates with two oxygen atoms in addition to the six chlorine atoms in 2. The coordination between ions K and O in compound 2 may have significantly reduced its luminescence. As a result, compound 1 shows bright-yellow light with a quantum yield of more than 90%, while 2 shows weak blue light with a quantum yield of only 0.98%. In addition, different from no phase transition found in 2, 1 undergoes a reversible phase transition at 324/307 K in the heating-cooling cycle. Through structural and spectral analysis and density functional theory calculation, we conclude that the larger degree of [InCl6]3- octahedral distortion and the larger anion distance (In···In) also cause the PLQY of compound 1 to be higher than that of compound 2.

9.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 65(5): 3, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691090

RESUMO

Purpose: Forty-hertz light flicker stimulation has been proven to reduce neurodegeneration, but its effect on optic nerve regeneration is unclear. This study explores the effect of 40-Hz light flicker in promoting optic nerve regeneration in zebrafish and investigates the underlying mechanisms. Methods: Wild-type and mpeg1:EGFP zebrafish were used to establish a model of optic nerve crush. Biocytin tracing and hematoxylin and eosin staining were employed to observe whether 40-Hz light flicker promotes regeneration of retinal ganglion cell axons and dendrites. Optomotor and optokinetic responses were evaluated to assess recovery of visual function. Immunofluorescence staining of mpeg1:EGFP zebrafish was performed to observe changes in microglia. Differentially expressed genes that promote optic nerve regeneration following 40-Hz light flicker stimulation were identified and validated through RNA-sequencing analysis and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Results: Zebrafish exhibited spontaneous optic nerve regeneration after optic nerve injury and restored visual function. We observed that 40-Hz light flicker significantly activated microglia following optic nerve injury and promoted regeneration of retinal ganglion cell axons and dendrites, as well as recovery of visual function. Transcriptomics and qRT-PCR analyses revealed that 40-Hz light flicker increased the expression of genes associated with neuronal plasticity, including bdnf, npas4a, fosab, fosb, egr4, and ier2a. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this study is the first to demonstrate that 40-Hz light flicker stimulation promotes regeneration of retinal ganglion cell axons and dendrites and recovery of visual function in zebrafish, which is associated with microglial activation and enhancement of neural plasticity.


Assuntos
Microglia , Regeneração Nervosa , Plasticidade Neuronal , Traumatismos do Nervo Óptico , Células Ganglionares da Retina , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Microglia/fisiologia , Regeneração Nervosa/fisiologia , Traumatismos do Nervo Óptico/fisiopatologia , Plasticidade Neuronal/fisiologia , Células Ganglionares da Retina/fisiologia , Estimulação Luminosa , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Nervo Óptico/fisiologia , Axônios/fisiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
10.
Nano Lett ; 24(20): 6078-6083, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723608

RESUMO

Gamma-prefoldin (γPFD), a unique chaperone found in the extremely thermophilic methanogen Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, self-assembles into filaments in vitro, which so far have been observed using transmission electron microscopy and cryo-electron microscopy. Utilizing three-dimensional stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (3D-STORM), here we achieve ∼20 nm resolution by precisely locating individual fluorescent molecules, hence resolving γPFD ultrastructure both in vitro and in vivo. Through CF647 NHS ester labeling, we first demonstrate the accurate visualization of filaments and bundles with purified γPFD. Next, by implementing immunofluorescence labeling after creating a 3xFLAG-tagged γPFD strain, we successfully visualize γPFD in M. jannaschii cells. Through 3D-STORM and two-color STORM imaging with DNA, we show the widespread distribution of filamentous γPFD structures within the cell. These findings provide valuable insights into the structure and localization of γPFD, opening up possibilities for studying intriguing nanoscale components not only in archaea but also in other microorganisms.


Assuntos
Methanocaldococcus , Chaperonas Moleculares , Chaperonas Moleculares/química , Proteínas Arqueais/química , Proteínas Arqueais/ultraestrutura , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos
11.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 65(5): 36, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38776115

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effect of CD38 deletion on retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in a mouse retinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) model and an optic nerve crush (ONC) model, and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Methods: Retinal I/R and ONC models were constructed in mice. PCR was used to identify the deletion of CD38 gene in mice, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining was used to evaluate the changes in retinal morphology, and electroretinogram (ERG) was used to evaluate the changes in retinal function. The survival of RGCs and activation of retinal macroglia were evaluated by immunofluorescence staining. The expression of Sirt1, CD38, Ac-p65, Ac-p53, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and Caspase3 proteins in the retina was further evaluated by protein imprinting. Results: In retinal I/R and ONC models, CD38 deficiency reduced the loss of RGCs and activation of macroglia and protected the retinal function. CD38 deficiency increased the concentration of NAD+, reduced the degree of acetylation of NF-κB p65 and p53, and reduced expression of the downstream inflammatory cytokines TNFα, IL-1ß, and apoptotic protein Caspase3 in the retina in the ONC model. Intraperitoneal injection of the Sirt1 inhibitor EX-527 partially counteracted the effects of CD38 deficiency, suggesting that CD38 deficiency acts at least in part through the NAD+/Sirt1 pathway. Conclusions: CD38 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of retinal I/R and ONC injury. CD38 deletion protects RGCs by attenuating inflammatory responses and apoptosis through the NAD+/Sirt1 pathway.


Assuntos
ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1 , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NAD , Traumatismos do Nervo Óptico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Células Ganglionares da Retina , Sirtuína 1 , Animais , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética , Células Ganglionares da Retina/patologia , Células Ganglionares da Retina/metabolismo , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/metabolismo , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Camundongos , NAD/metabolismo , Traumatismos do Nervo Óptico/metabolismo , Eletrorretinografia , Compressão Nervosa , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Masculino , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
12.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771249

RESUMO

Reg3A is upregulated in various cancers and considered a potential target for antitumor treatments. However, the effect of Reg3A in metastasis has been elusive. This study aims to disclose the role of Reg3A overexpression in hepatic metastasis of LoVo colon cancer cells. A stable cell line of LoVo cells overexpressing Reg3A (LoVo-luc-Reg3A), labeled with luc reporter gene, was constructed. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were determined using MTT, EdU, Hoechst's staining, flow cytometry, and transwell assays, respectively. Hepatic metastasis of LoVo-luc-Reg3A cells was investigated in BALB/c nude mice. Living bioluminescence imaging, histological examination, and mRNA sequencing (mRNA-seq) were performed to assess the metastatic efficiency and gene expression alteration. Reg3A content was determined by Western blotting and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Cell attachment capacity was determined in the Matrigel culture. Reg3A overexpression did not promote LoVo cell proliferation or apoptosis, but facilitated cell migration and invasion. In the hepatic metastasis model, Reg3A overexpression increased the number of metastatic colonies. The result of mRNA-seq suggested 349 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) by Reg3A upregulation, many of which were related to colon adenocarcinoma tumorigenesis compared to normal colon tissue. Gene ontology enrichment assay indicated that the DEGs are mainly associated with cell adhesion, leukocyte regulation, extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling, integrin binding, and STAT protein binding. Reg3A overexpression led to an enrichment of Reg3A protein in local tumor tissue of liver metastasis and ECM/intracellular space in ex vivo cultured cells. However, Reg3A concentration in serum and culture medium was relatively low. Reg3A overexpression also resulted in an increased number of cells that attach to Matrigel, which was attenuated by treatments of siRNA-Reg3A and single-chain variable fragment against Reg3A. Endogenous Reg3A overexpression facilitates hepatic metastasis of LoVo colon cancer cells. The prometastatic effect could be contributed by Reg3A enrichment in ECM, which alters the cell adhesion behavior.

13.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 2353302, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753462

RESUMO

Animal models of COVID-19 facilitate the development of vaccines and antivirals against SARS-CoV-2. The efficacy of antivirals or vaccines may differ in different animal models with varied degrees of disease. Here, we introduce a mouse model expressing human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). In this model, ACE2 with the human cytokeratin 18 promoter was knocked into the Hipp11 locus of C57BL/6J mouse by CRISPR-Cas9 (K18-hACE2 KI). Upon intranasal inoculation with high (3×105 PFU) or low (2.5×102 PFU) dose of SARS-CoV-2 wildtype (WT), Delta, Omicron BA.1, or Omicron BA.2 variants, all mice showed obvious infection symptoms, including weight loss, high viral loads in the lung, and interstitial pneumonia. 100% lethality was observed in K18-hACE2 KI mice infected by all variants with a delay of endpoint for Delta and BA.1, and a significantly attenuated pathogenicity was observed for BA.2. The pneumonia of infected mice was accompanied by the infiltration of neutrophils and pulmonary fibrosis in the lung. Compared with K18-hACE2 Tg mice and HFH4-hACE2 Tg mice, K18-hACE2 KI mice are more susceptible to SARS-CoV-2. In the antivirals test, REGN10933 and Remdesivir had limited antiviral efficacies in K18-hACE2 KI mice upon the challenge of SARS-CoV-2 infections, while Nirmatrelvir, monoclonal antibody 4G4, and mRNA vaccines potently protected the mice from death. Our results suggest that the K18-hACE2 KI mouse model is lethal and stable for SARS-CoV-2 infection, and is practicable and stringent to antiviral development.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(42): 5474-5485, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712400

RESUMO

Toll-like receptor 7/8 (TLR-7/8) agonists serve as a promising class of pattern recognition receptors that effectively evoke the innate immune response, making them promising immunomodulatory agents for tumor immunotherapy. However, the uncontrollable administration of TLR-7/8 agonists frequently leads to the occurrence of severe immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Thus, it is imperative to strategically design tumor-microenvironment-associated biomarkers or exogenous stimuli responsive TLR-7/8 agonists in order to accurately evaluate and activate innate immune responses. No comprehensive elucidation has been documented thus far regarding TLR-7/8 immune agonists that are specifically engineered to enhance immune activation. In this feature article, we provide an overview of the advancements in TLR-7/8 agonists, aiming to enhance the comprehension of their mechanisms and promote the clinical progression through nanomedicine strategies. The current challenges and future directions of cancer immunotherapy are also discussed, with the hope that this work will inspire researchers to explore innovative applications for triggering immune responses through TLR-7/8 agonists.


Assuntos
Receptor 7 Toll-Like , Receptor 8 Toll-Like , Receptor 7 Toll-Like/agonistas , Receptor 8 Toll-Like/agonistas , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693866

RESUMO

AIMS: Evaluation of left and right ventricular longitudinal systolic function may enhance risk stratification following aortic valve replacement (AVR). The study objective was to evaluate the changes in left and right ventricular longitudinal systolic function and RV-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) coupling from baseline to 30-days and 1-year after aortic valve replacement (AVR). METHODS AND RESULTS: LV longitudinal strain (LS), tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), and RV-PA coupling were evaluated in patients from the PARTNER-2A surgical AVR (SAVR) arm (n=985) and from the PARTNER-2 SAPIEN-3 registry (n=719). TAPSE and RV-PA coupling decreased significantly following SAVR, but remained stable following TAVR. Lower LV LS, TAPSE, or RV-PA coupling at baseline were associated with increased risk of the composite of death, hospitalization, and stroke at 5-years (Adjusted-HRs for LV LS<15%: 1.24 95%CI 1.05-1.45, p=0.001; TAPSE<14mm: 1.44 95%CI 1.21-1.73, p<0.001; RV/PA coupling<0.55mm/mmHg: 1.32 95% CI 1.07-1.63, p=0.011). Reduced TAPSE at baseline was the most powerful predictor of the composite endpoint at 5-years. Patients with LV ejection fraction <50% at baseline had increased risk of the primary endpoint with SAVR (HR: 1.34, 95%CI 1.08-1.68, p=0.009) but not with TAVR (HR: 1.12, 95%CI 0.88-1.42). Lower RV-PA coupling at 30-days showed the strongest association with cardiac mortality. CONCLUSION: SAVR but not TAVR was associated with a marked deterioration in RV longitudinal systolic function and RV-PA coupling. Lower TAPSE and RV-PA coupling at 30-days were associated with inferior clinical outcomes at 5-years. In patients with LVEF<50%, TAVR was associated with superior 5-year outcomes.

16.
Adv Mater ; : e2401327, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692704

RESUMO

The interface between electrodes and neural tissues plays a pivotal role in determining the efficacy and fidelity of neural activity recording and modulation. While considerable efforts have been made to improve the electrode-tissue interface, the majority of studies have primarily concentrated on the development of biocompatible neural electrodes through abiotic materials and structural engineering. In this study, an approach is presented that seamlessly integrates abiotic and biotic engineering principles into the electrode-tissue interface. Specifically, ultraflexible neural electrodes with short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) designed to silence the expression of endogenous genes within neural tissues are combined. The system facilitates shRNA-mediated knockdown of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) and polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1 (PTBP1), two essential genes associated in neural survival/growth and neurogenesis, within specific cell populations located at the electrode-tissue interface. Additionally, it is demonstrated that the downregulation of PTEN in neurons can result in an enlargement of neuronal cell bodies at the electrode-tissue interface. Furthermore, the system enables long-term monitoring of neuronal activities following PTEN knockdown in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease and traumatic brain injury. The system provides a versatile approach for genetically engineering the electrode-tissue interface with unparalleled precision, paving the way for the development of regenerative electronics and next-generation brain-machine interfaces.

18.
Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus ; 40(2): 368-369, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708168

RESUMO

The typical rod-shaped HbC crystals in the peripheral blood smear often provide the diagnostic clue to the HbC disease. This case highlights that a careful review of blood film morphology may be helpful to detect HbC disease, although this case's routine blood test is normal and do not meet the rules of re-examinations.

19.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 3943-3956, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708179

RESUMO

Autoimmune diseases refer to a group of conditions where the immune system produces an immune response against self-antigens, resulting in tissue damage. These diseases have profound impacts on the health of patients. In recent years, with the rapid development in the field of biomedicine, engineered exosomes have emerged as a noteworthy class of biogenic nanoparticles. By precisely manipulating the cargo and surface markers of exosomes, engineered exosomes have gained enhanced anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and tissue reparative abilities, providing new prospects for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Engineered exosomes not only facilitate the efficient delivery of bioactive molecules including nucleic acids, proteins, and cytokines, but also possess the capability to modulate immune cell functions, suppress inflammation, and restore immune homeostasis. This review mainly focuses on the applications of engineered exosomes in several typical autoimmune diseases. Additionally, this article comprehensively summarizes the current approaches for modification and engineering of exosomes and outlines their prospects in clinical applications. In conclusion, engineered exosomes, as an innovative therapeutic approach, hold promise for the management of autoimmune diseases. However, while significant progress has been made, further rigorous research is still needed to address the challenges that engineered exosomes may encounter in the therapeutic intervention process, in order to facilitate their successful translation into clinical practice and ultimately benefit a broader population of patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Exossomos , Exossomos/imunologia , Humanos , Doenças Autoimunes/terapia , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Animais , Nanopartículas/química
20.
J Chromatogr A ; 1727: 464948, 2024 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759460

RESUMO

Immobilization of functional protein, especially G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), is particularly significant in various fields such as the development of assays for diagnosis, lead compound screening, as well as drug-protein interaction analysis. However, there are still some challenges with the immobilized proteins such as undefined loads, orientations, and the loss of activity. Herein, we introduced a DNA conjugation strategy into the immobilization of Cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1(CysLTR1) which enables exquisite molecular control and higher activity of the receptor. We used the bacterial relaxases VirD2 as an immobilized tag fused at the C terminus of CysLTR1. Tyrosine residue(Y29) at the core binding site of the VirD2 tag can react with the single-strand piece of DNA(T-DNA) in the form of a covalent bond. Inspired by this strategy, we developed a new immobilization method by mixing the T-DNA-modified silica gel with the cell lysate containing the expressed VirD2-tagged CysLTR1 for 1 hour. We found that the successful formation of DNA-protein conjugate enables the immobilization of CysLTR1 fast, site-specific, and with minimal loss of activity. The feasibility of the immobilized CysLTR1 was evaluated in drug-protein binding interaction by frontal analysis and adsorption energy distribution analysis. The binding of pranlukast, zafirlukast, and MK571 to the immobilized CysLTR1 was realized, and the association constants presented good agreement between the two methods. Rosmarinic acid was retained in the immobilized CysLTR1 column, and the in-vitro test revealed that the compound binds to the receptor in one type of binding site mode. Despite these results, we concluded that the DNA-protein conjugate strategy will probably open up the possibilities for capturing other functional proteins in covalent and site-specific modes from the complex matrices and the immobilized receptor preserves the potential in fishing out lead compounds from natural products.

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