Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.331
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341823

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This retrospective cohort study aimed to investigate the effect of minimally invasive cochlear implantation (CI) on the vestibular function (VF) and residual hearing (RH) as well as their relationship in pediatric recipients before and after surgery. METHODS: Twenty-four pediatric patients with preoperative low frequency residual hearing (LFRH) (250 or 500 Hz ≤ 80 dB HL) who underwent minimally invasive CI were enrolled. Pure-tone thresholds, the cervical/ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP/oVEMP), and video head impulse test (vHIT) were all evaluated in the 24 pediatric patients with preoperative normal VF before and at 1 and 12 months after surgery. The relationship between changes in hearing and VF was analyzed preoperatively and at 1 and 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: There were no significant differences on VF preservation and hearing preservation (HP) at both 1 and 12 months post-CI (p > 0.05). At 1 month post-CI, the correlations of the variations in vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gains of horizontal semicircular canal (HSC) and posterior semicircular canal (PSC) and the shift in 250 Hz threshold were negatively correlated (r = - 0.41, p = 0.04 and r = - 0.43, p = 0.04, respectively). At 12 months post-CI, the shift in 250 Hz threshold negatively correlated to the variations in VOR gain of superior semicircular canal (SSC) (r = - 0.43, p = 0.04); the HP positively correlated to the variation in oVEMP-amplitude ratio (AR) (r = 0.41, p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Our study confirmed that there were partial correlations between VF preservation and HP both in the short- and long-terms after atraumatic CI surgery, especially with the 250 Hz threshold. Regarding the variation of PSC function, the correlation with hearing status was variable with time after atraumatic CI surgery. Minimally invasive techniques for HP are successful and effective for the preservation of VF in pediatric patients both in the short- and long-terms.

2.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 181, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this meta-analysis, we conducted a comparative analysis of the safety and efficacy of hypofractionated and conventional fractionated radiotherapy in individuals who had undergone surgery for breast cancer. METHODS: This study involved a systematic and independent review of relevant research articles published in reputable databases such as PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. Two investigators conducted the review, which included studies published up to January 3, 2023. The quality of the eligible studies was evaluated and data were extracted using Review Manager software 5.4 (RevMan 5.4) to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: The analysis comprised 35 studies and encompassed a collective sample of 18,246 individuals diagnosed with breast cancer. We did not find a statistically significant disparity in efficacy between conventional fractionated (CF) radiotherapy and hypofractionated (HF) radiotherapy regarding local recurrence (LR; OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.76-1.09, P = 0.30), disease-free survival (DFS; OR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.01-1.42, P = 0.03), and overall survival (OS; OR = 1.08, 95% CI: 0.93-1.26, P = 0.28). Concerning safety, there was no significant difference between the HF and CF regimens in terms of breast pain, breast atrophy, lymphedema, pneumonia, pulmonary fibrosis, telangiectasia, and cardiotoxicity. However, the HF regimen resulted in lower skin toxicity (OR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.33-0.55, P < 0.01) and improved patient fatigue outcomes (OR = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.60 - 0.88, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Although there is no substantial difference in LR, DFS, OS, or many other side effects between the HF and CF regimens, the HF regimen reduces skin toxicity and relieves patient fatigue. If these two issues need to be addressed in clinical situations, the HF regimen may be a superior alternative to conventional radiotherapy in postoperative breast cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Mama , Hipofracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3138, 2024 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326459

RESUMO

Scrub typhus may be one of the world's most prevalent, neglected and serious, but easily treatable, febrile diseases. It has become a significant potential threat to public health in China. In this study we used national disease surveillance data to analyze the incidence and spatial-temporal distribution of scrub typhus in mainland China during 1952-1989 and 2006-2018. Descriptive epidemiological methods and spatial-temporal epidemiological methods were used to investigate the epidemiological trends and identify high-risk regions of scrub typhus infection. Over the 51-year period, a total of 182,991 cases and 186 deaths were notified. The average annual incidence was 0.13 cases/100,000 population during 1952-1989. The incidence increased sharply from 0.09/100,000 population in 2006 to 1.93/100,000 population in 2018 and then exponentially increased after 2006. The incidence was significantly higher in females than males (χ2 = 426.32, P < 0.001). Farmers had a higher incidence of scrub typhus than non-farmers (χ2 = 684.58, P < 0.001). The majority of cases each year were reported between July and November with peak incidence occurring during October each year. The trend surface analysis showed that the incidence of scrub typhus increased gradually from north to south, and from east and west to the central area. The spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that a spatial positive correlation existed in the prevalence of scrub typhus on a national scale, which had the characteristic of aggregated distribution (I = 0.533, P < 0.05). LISA analysis showed hotspots (High-High) were primarily located in the southern and southwestern provinces of China with the geographical area expanding annually. These findings provide scientific evidence for the surveillance and control of scrub typhus which may contribute to targeted strategies and measures for the government.


Assuntos
Tifo por Ácaros , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Tifo por Ácaros/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano , Análise Espacial , Incidência , China/epidemiologia
4.
Heliyon ; 10(2): e24388, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38298688

RESUMO

To examine the impact of ginger volatile oil (GVO) on the growth of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells in the presence of bisphenol A (BPA) by modulating the diversity of gut microbiota. METHODS: MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells were injected subcutaneously into the right armpit of female BALB/c Nude (nu/nu) mice to create a triple negative breast cancer model. Thirty nude mice were randomly divided into 5 groups: control group (distilled water every day), BPA control group (distilled PEG-400+ DMSO + cyclodextrin every day), BPA + GVO (0.25 mL/kg) group, BPA + GVO (0.5 mL/kg) group, BPA + GVO (1 mL/kg) group, 6 mice in each group; The drug was given by gavage once a day for 4 weeks. At the end of the experiment, the changes of tumor mass and tumor volume were observed and compared in 5 groups of tumor-bearing mice. High-throughput sequencing (16S rRNA) was used to detect the changes of gut microflora in each group. RESULTS: The volume and weight of breast cancer decreased in the low, medium and high dose groups of GVO. Among them, the difference between the high-dose group and the BPA group reached a significant level (P < 0.05). The species and abundance of gut flora decreased following BPA treatment, but increased after combined treatment of BPA with GVO. In the tumor control group, the ratio of Firmicutes(F) and Bacteroidea(B) respectively was 0.10:0.79 at the phylum level, while the ratio of BPA group further decreased (0.04:0.88). After feeding GVO, the number of Firmicutes and Bacteroidea increased, the F/B ratio increased, and the level of Lactobacillus and alistipes increased. In the BPA and GVO treatment group, the predominant gut microflora functions are cell membrane biogenesis, carbohydrate transport and metabolism. This is followed by amino acid transport and metabolism, and transcription function. After GVO administration, the Gram-positive bacteria (G+) ratio had an increasing trend and the Gram-negative bacteria (G-)ratio had a decreasing trend. CONCLUSION: The species and abundance of gut flora decreased following BPA treatment, but increased after combined treatment of BPA with GVO.

5.
Med Phys ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical image segmentation is one of the most key steps in computer-aided clinical diagnosis, geometric characterization, measurement, image registration, and so forth. Convolutional neural networks especially UNet and its variants have been successfully used in many medical image segmentation tasks. However, the results are limited by the deficiency in extracting high resolution edge information because of the design of the skip connections in UNet and the need for large available datasets. PURPOSE: In this paper, we proposed an edge-attending polar UNet (EPolar-UNet), which was trained on the polar coordinate system instead of classic Cartesian coordinate system with an edge-attending construction in skip connection path. METHODS: EPolar-UNet extracted the location information from an eight-stacked hourglass network as the pole for polar transformation and extracted the boundary cues from an edge-attending UNet, which consisted of a deconvolution layer and a subtraction operation. RESULTS: We evaluated the performance of EPolar-UNet across three imaging modalities for different segmentation tasks: CVC-ClinicDB dataset for polyp, ISIC-2018 dataset for skin lesion, and our private ultrasound dataset for liver tumor segmentation. Our proposed model outperformed state-of-the-art models on all three datasets and needed only 30%-60% of training data compared with the benchmark UNet model to achieve similar performances for medical image segmentation tasks. CONCLUSIONS: We proposed an end-to-end EPolar-UNet for automatic medical image segmentation and showed good performance on small datasets, which was critical in the field of medical image segmentation.

6.
Clin Transl Med ; 14(2): e1529, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38303609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our study was to elucidate the role of RNA helicase DEAD-Box Helicase 17 (DDX17) in NAFLD and to explore its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We created hepatocyte-specific Ddx17-deficient mice aim to investigate the impact of Ddx17 on NAFLD induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) as well as methionine and choline-deficient l-amino acid diet (MCD) in adult male mice. RNA-seq and lipidomic analyses were conducted to depict the metabolic landscape, and CUT&Tag combined with chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and luciferase reporter assays were conducted. RESULTS: In this work, we observed a notable increase in DDX17 expression in the livers of patients with NASH and in murine models of NASH induced by HFD or MCD. After introducing lentiviruses into hepatocyte L02 for DDX17 knockdown or overexpression, we found that lipid accumulation induced by palmitic acid/oleic acid (PAOA) in L02 cells was noticeably weakened by DDX17 knockdown but augmented by DDX17 overexpression. Furthermore, hepatocyte-specific DDX17 knockout significantly alleviated hepatic steatosis, inflammatory response and fibrosis in mice after the administration of MCD and HFD. Mechanistically, our analysis of RNA-seq and CUT&Tag results combined with ChIP and luciferase reporter assays indicated that DDX17 transcriptionally represses Cyp2c29 gene expression by cooperating with CCCTC binding factor (CTCF) and DEAD-Box Helicase 5 (DDX5). Using absolute quantitative lipidomics analysis, we identified a hepatocyte-specific DDX17 deficiency that decreased lipid accumulation and altered lipid composition in the livers of mice after MCD administration. Based on the RNA-seq analysis, our findings suggest that DDX17 could potentially have an impact on the modulation of lipid metabolism and the activation of M1 macrophages in murine NASH models. CONCLUSION: These results imply that DDX17 is involved in NASH development by promoting lipid accumulation in hepatocytes, inducing the activation of M1 macrophages, subsequent inflammatory responses and fibrosis through the transcriptional repression of Cyp2c29 in mice. Therefore, DDX17 holds promise as a potential drug target for the treatment of NASH.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Fibrose , Expressão Gênica , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Lipídeos , Luciferases/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Progressão da Doença
7.
Comput Biol Med ; 170: 108045, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325213

RESUMO

A semi-analytical solution to the unified Boltzmann equation is constructed to exactly describe the scatter distribution on a flat-panel detector for high-quality conebeam CT (CBCT) imaging. The solver consists of three parts, including the phase space distribution estimator, the effective source constructor and the detector signal extractor. Instead of the tedious Monte Carlo solution, the derived Boltzmann equation solver achieves ultrafast computational capability for scatter signal estimation by combining direct analytical derivation and time-efficient one-dimensional numerical integration over the trajectory along each momentum of the photon phase space distribution. The execution of scatter estimation using the proposed ultrafast Boltzmann equation solver (UBES) for a single projection is finalized in around 0.4 seconds. We compare the performance of the proposed method with the state-of-the-art schemes, including a time-expensive Monte Carlo (MC) method and a conventional kernel-based algorithm using the same dataset, which is acquired from the CBCT scans of a head phantom and an abdominal patient. The evaluation results demonstrate that the proposed UBES method achieves comparable correction accuracy compared with the MC method, while exhibits significant improvements in image quality over learning and kernel-based methods. With the advantages of MC equivalent quality and superfast computational efficiency, the UBES method has the potential to become a standard solution to scatter correction in high-quality CBCT reconstruction.

8.
Heliyon ; 10(3): e21909, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38314284

RESUMO

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death and the fifth most frequent malignant cancer, especially advanced GC. Carboxypeptidase X member 1 (CPXM1) is an epigenetic factor involved in many physiological processes, including osteoclast differentiation and adipogenesis. Several studies have shown the association of CPXM1 with multiple tumors; however, the mechanism of CPXM1 involvement in the progression of GC is yet to be characterized. Method: CPXM1 expression data were obtained from the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource. The Cancer Genome Atlas and the Gene Expression Omnibus databases were used to obtain patient-matched clinicopathological information, and the Kaplan-Meier plot database was utilized for the prognosis analysis of GC patients. The Catalog of Somatic Mutations in Cancer and cBioportal databases were adopted to study CPXM1 mutations in tumors. Next, we utilized the Gene Ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis for mechanism research. Furthermore, we performed tumor microenvironment and immune infiltration analysis based on CPXM1. Finally, we predicted sensitivity to several targeted drugs in GC patients based on CPXM1.CPXM1 is upregulated in GC and is correlated with poor prognosis, gender, and tumor stage in GC patients. Gene enrichment analysis suggested that CPXM1 may regulate the occurrence and progression of GC via the PI3K-AKT and TGF-ß pathway. Moreover, CPXM1 expression results in an increase in the proportion of immune and stromal cells. Additionally, the proportion of plasma cells was inversely related to the expression of CPXM1, whereas macrophage M2 expression was proportionate to CPXM1 expression. Finally, six small-molecule drugs that showed notable variations in IC50 between two groups were screened. Conclusion: These results suggested that CPXM1 regulates the progression of GC and may represent a novel target for the detection and treatment of GC.

9.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0295171, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329953

RESUMO

Food insecurity and inadequate nutrition are two major challenges that contribute to poor health conditions among U.S. households. Ohioans continue to face food insecurity, and rates of food insecurity in rural Southeast Ohio are higher than the state average. The main purpose of this project is to evaluate the associations between Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation and food security in rural Ohio, and to explore the association between SNAP participation and fruit/vegetable consumption. We control for food shopping patterns, such as shopping frequency, because previous research reports a significant relationship between shopping patterns and food security. To achieve our purpose, we use novel household-level data on food insecurity and SNAP participation in rural Southeast Ohio, collected during the COVID-19 pandemic. We find that people who experience higher levels of food insecurity than others are more likely to participate in SNAP, though this is likely a function of selection bias. To correct for the bias, we employ the nearest neighbor matching method to match treated (SNAP participant) and untreated (similar SNAP nonparticipant) groups. We find that participating in SNAP increases the probability of being food secure by around 26 percentage points after controlling for primary food shopping patterns. We do not find any significant association between SNAP participation and estimated intake of fruits and vegetables. This study provides policymakers with suggestive evidence that SNAP is associated with food security in rural Southeast Ohio during the pandemic, and what additional factors may mediate these relationships.


Assuntos
Assistência Alimentar , Verduras , Humanos , Frutas , Ohio , Pandemias , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Pobreza , Estudos Transversais , Insegurança Alimentar
10.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1243586, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38384303

RESUMO

Introduction: Vaccination is still the primary means for preventing influenza virus infection, but the protective effects vary greatly among individuals. Identifying individuals at risk of low response to influenza vaccination is important. This study aimed to explore improved strategies for constructing predictive models of influenza vaccine response using gene expression data. Methods: We first used gene expression and immune response data from the Immune Signatures Data Resource (IS2) to define influenza vaccine response-related transcriptional expression and alteration features at different time points across vaccination via differential expression analysis. Then, we mapped these features to single-cell resolution using additional published single-cell data to investigate the possible mechanism. Finally, we explored the potential of these identified transcriptional features in predicting influenza vaccine response. We used several modeling strategies and also attempted to leverage the information from single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data to optimize the predictive models. Results: The results showed that models based on genes showing differential expression (DEGs) or fold change (DFGs) at day 7 post-vaccination performed the best in internal validation, while models based on DFGs had a better performance in external validation than those based on DEGs. In addition, incorporating baseline predictors could improve the performance of models based on days 1-3, while the model based on the expression profile of plasma cells deconvoluted from the model that used DEGs at day 7 as predictors showed an improved performance in external validation. Conclusion: Our study emphasizes the value of using combination modeling strategy and leveraging information from single-cell levels in constructing influenza vaccine response predictive models.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza , Influenza Humana , Orthomyxoviridae , Humanos , Vacinas contra Influenza/genética , Vacinação , Anticorpos Antivirais
11.
Technol Health Care ; 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (CAHD) is the leading cause of death in developed countries. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the correlation between the properties of coronary atherosclerotic plaque and blood lipids using computed tomography angiography (CTA). METHODS: A total of 83 patients with coronary heart disease were included in this study (males: 50; females: 33; average age: [59 ± 8] years old). They were classified into the stable angina group and unstable angina group. Atherosclerotic plaques were classified as fatty plaques (soft plaques), fibrous plaques, and calcified plaques based on the computed tomography (CT) values. SPSS 17.0 statistical software was used to analyze the correlation between the properties of angina and the CT values of atherosclerotic plaques, blood lipids, and plaque properties, and then compared between the stable and unstable angina groups. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in plaque properties between the stable and unstable angina groups (P< 0.001). During CTA examination, we found statistically significant differences in the CT density values of atherosclerotic plaques between the stable and unstable angina groups (P< 0.001). There were statistically significant differences between the properties of angina and the level of blood lipids (P< 0.05). CONCLUSION: Anginal properties negatively correlated with calcified plaques and positively correlated with non-calcified plaques. Calcified plaques negatively correlated with total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG), and positively correlated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Non-calcified plaques negatively correlated with HDL-C and positively correlated with TC, LDL-C, and TG.

12.
J Hazard Mater ; 468: 133775, 2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367444

RESUMO

Microbial-catalyzed reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) is largely affected by the indigenous sediment geochemical properties. In this study, the effects of nitrate on PCB dechlorination and microbial community structures were first investigated in Taihu Lake sediment microcosms. And biostimulation study was attempted supplementing acetate/lactate. PCB dechlorination was apparently inhibited under nitrate-reducing conditions. Lower PCB dechlorination rate and less PCB dechlorination extent were observed in nitrate amended sediment microcosms (T-N) than those in non-nitrate amended microcosms (T-1) during 66 weeks of incubation. The total PCB mass reduction in T-N was 17.6% lower than that in T-1. The flanked-para dechlorination was completely inhibited, while the ortho-flanked meta dechlorination was only partially inhibited in T-N. The 7.5 mM of acetate/lactate supplementation recovered PCB dechlorination by resuming ortho-flanked meta dechlorination. Repeated additions of lactate showed more effective biostimulation than acetate. Phylum Chloroflexi, containing most known PCB dechlorinators, was found to play a vital role on stability of the network structures. In T-N, putative dechlorinating Chloroflexi, Dehalococcoides and RDase genes rdh12, pcbA4, pcbA5 all declined. With acetate/lactate supplementation, Dehalococcoides grew by 1-2 orders of magnitude and rdh12, pcbA4, pcbA5 increased by 1-3 orders of magnitude. At Week 66, parent PCBs declined by 86.4% and 80.9% respectively in T-N-LA and T-N-AC compared to 69.9% in T-N. These findings provide insights into acetate/lactate biostimulation as a cost-effective approach for treating PCB contaminated sediments undergoing nitrate inhibition.

13.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 44(2): 129-133, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373755

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the effects of interactive scalp acupuncture on upper limb motor function and activities of daily living in patients with upper limb motor dysfunction after stroke. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients with upper limb motor dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group(60 cases, 2 cases dropped out)and a control group(60 cases, 1 case dropped out). Both groups were treated with routine medication and rehabilitation. The observation group was treated with interactive scalp acupuncture combined with suspension digital occupational therapy, interactive scalp acupuncture was applied at middle 2/5 of the parietal and temporal anterior oblique line, middle 2/5 of the parietal and temporal posterior oblique line and second lateral line of parietal of the hemiparalysis contralateral side, 30 min each time.The control group was treated with suspension digital occupational therapy alone. The treatment was given once a day, 5 times a week for 4 weeks in the two groups. The scores of Fugl-Meyer assessment scale of upper extremity(FMA-UE), action research arm test(ARAT), the modified Barthel index (MBI) and surface electromyography(sEMG)signal of the biceps and triceps on the affected side were observed before and after treatment in the two groups, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. RESULTS: After treatment, the FMA-UE, ARAT and MBI scores were increased compared with those before treatment in both groups(P<0.05), the changes of the observation group were greater than those in the control group(P<0.05). After treatment, the integrated electromyography(iEMG)value and root mean square(RMS)value of the biceps and triceps on the affected side during elbow flexion and extension were increased compared with those before treatment in both groups(P<0.05), the changes of the observation group were greater than those in the control group(P<0.05). The total effective rate was 94.8%(55/58) in the observation group, which was higher than 83.1%(49/59) in the control group(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Interactive scalp acupuncture could improve upper limb motor function and activities of daily living in patients with upper limb motor dysfunction after stroke.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Terapia Ocupacional , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Atividades Cotidianas , Couro Cabeludo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Extremidade Superior , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 195, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipoxygenase (LOX) is a multifunctional enzyme that is primarily related to plant organ growth and development, biotic and abiotic stress responses, and production of flavor-associated metabolites. In higher plants, the LOX family encompasses several isozymes with varying expression patterns between tissues and developmental stages. These affect processes including seed germination, seed storage, seedling growth, fruit ripening, and leaf senescence. LOX family genes have multiple functions in response to hormones such as methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and salicylic acid. RESULTS: In this study, we identified 30 and 95 LOX homologs in Medicago truncatula and Medicago sativa, respectively. These genes were characterized with analyses of their basic physical and chemical properties, structures, chromosomal distributions, and phylogenetic relationships to understand structural variations and their physical locations. Phylogenetic analysis was conducted for members of the three LOX subfamilies (9-LOX, type I 13-LOX, and type II 13-LOX) in Arabidopsis thaliana, Glycine max, M. truncatula, and M. sativa. Analysis of predicted promoter elements revealed several relevant cis-acting elements in MtLOX and MsLOX genes, including abscisic acid (ABA) response elements (ABREs), MeJA response elements (CGTCA-motifs), and antioxidant response elements (AREs). Cis-element data combined with transcriptomic data demonstrated that LOX gene family members in these species were most likely related to abiotic stress responses, hormone responses, and plant development. Gene expression patterns were confirmed via quantitative reverse transcription PCR. Several MtLOX genes (namely MtLOX15, MtLOX16, MtLOX20, and MtLOX24) belonging to the type I 13-LOX subfamily and other LOX genes (MtLOX7, MtLOX11, MsLOX23, MsLOX87, MsLOX90, and MsLOX94) showed significantly different expression levels in the flower tissue, suggesting roles in reproductive growth. Type I 13-LOXs (MtLOX16, MtLOX20, MtLOX21, MtLOX24, MsLOX57, MsLOX84, MsLOX85, and MsLOX94) and type II 13-LOXs (MtLOX5, MtLOX6, MtLOX9, MtLOX10, MsLOX18, MsLOX23, and MsLOX30) were MeJA-inducible and were predicted to function in the jasmonic acid signaling pathway. Furthermore, exogenous MtLOX24 expression in Arabidopsis verified that MtLOX24 was involved in MeJA responses, which may be related to insect-induced abiotic stress. CONCLUSIONS: We identified six and four LOX genes specifically expressed in the flowers of M. truncatula and M. sativa, respectively. Eight and seven LOX genes were induced by MeJA in M. truncatula and M. sativa, and the LOX genes identified were mainly distributed in the type I and type II 13-LOX subfamilies. MtLOX24 was up-regulated at 8 h after MeJA induction, and exogenous expression in Arabidopsis demonstrated that MtLOX24 promoted resistance to MeJA-induced stress. This study provides valuable new information regarding the evolutionary history and functions of LOX genes in the genus Medicago.


Assuntos
Acetatos , Arabidopsis , Ciclopentanos , Medicago truncatula , Oxilipinas , Medicago truncatula/genética , Medicago truncatula/metabolismo , Medicago sativa/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Filogenia , Arabidopsis/genética , Hormônios/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
15.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 70, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identification of the causes of stroke of undetermined etiology, specifically cardioembolism (CE) and non-CE causes, can inform treatment planning and prognosis prediction. The objective of this study was to analyze the disparities in thrombus composition, particularly Semaphorin-7A (Sema7A) and CD163, between patients diagnosed with large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA) and those with CE, and to investigate their potential association with prognosis. METHODS: Thrombi were collected from patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy at two hospitals. The patients were categorized into two groups: LAA and CE. We compared the levels of Sema7A and CD163 between these groups and analyzed their relationships with stroke severity, hemorrhagic transformation and prognosis. RESULTS: The study involved a total of 67 patients. Sema7A expression was found to be significantly higher in the CE group compared to LAA (p < 0.001). Conversely, no statistically significant differences were observed for CD163 between the groups. The presence of Sema7A/CD163 did not show any associations with stroke severity or hemorrhagic transformation (all p > 0.05). However, both Sema7A (OR, 2.017; 95% CI, 1.301-3.518; p = 0.005) and CD163 (OR, 2.283; 95% CI, 1.252-5.724; p = 0.03) were associated with the poor prognosis for stroke, after adjusting for stroke severity. CONCLUSION: This study highlights that CE thrombi exhibited higher levels of Sema7A expression compared to LAA thrombi. Moreover, we found a positive correlation between Sema7A/CD163 levels and the poor prognosis of patients with acute ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , AVC Isquêmico , Semaforinas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Aterosclerose/complicações , Macrófagos
16.
Heliyon ; 10(3): e25942, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371958

RESUMO

Healthy aquatic ecosystems are essential for human beings. However, anthropogenic activities severely worsen water quality. In this study, using assembling mesocosms, we developed an efficient and easy-to-handle method to monitor the water quality by measuring the electrical conductivity (EC) of water. Our data demonstrate that the growth of two submersed macrophytes, Vallisnerianatans and Vallisneria spinulosa, improves water quality by decreasing EC. Furthermore, using high-throughput DNA sequencing, we analyzed the microbial community abundance and structure in sediment and water columns with or without plant growth. We generated 33,775 amplicon sequence variants from 69 samples of four sediment groups (BkM, CtM, VnR, and VsR) and three water column sample groups (CtW, VnW, and VsW). The results show that the relative abundance of bacteria was higher in the sediment than in the water column. Moreover, the diversity and composition of microbiomes were altered by Vallisneria spp. growth, and the α-diversity of the microbial communities decreased due to submersed macrophytes in both the sediment and water columns. The ß-diversity of the microbial communities also varied significantly with or without Vallisneria spp. growth for both the sediment and water columns.

17.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 176, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Xinjiang Mongolian cattle is an indigenous breed that inhabits the Taklimakan Desert and is characterized by its small body size. However, the genomic diversity, origin, and genetic basis underlying the adaptation to the desert environment have been poorly studied. RESULTS: We analyzed patterns of Xinjiang Mongolian cattle genetic variation by sequencing 20 genomes together with seven previously sequenced genomes and comparing them to the 134 genomes of nine representative breeds worldwide. Among the breeds of Bos taurus, we found the highest nucleotide diversity (0.0024) associated with the lower inbreeding coefficient (2.0110-6), the lowest linkage disequilibrium (r2 = 0.3889 at distance of 10 kb), and the highest effective population size (181 at 20 generations ago) in Xinjiang Mongolian cattle. The genomic diversity pattern could be explained by a limited introgression of Bos indicus genes. More importantly, similarly to desert-adapted camel and same-habitat sheep, we also identified signatures of selection including genes, GO terms, and/or KEGG pathways controlling water reabsorption and osmoregulation, metabolic regulation and energy balance, as well as small body size in Xinjiang Mongolian cattle. CONCLUSIONS: Our results imply that Xinjiang Mongolian cattle might have acquired distinct genomic diversity by virtue of the introgression of Bos indicus, which helps understand the demographic history. The identification of selection signatures can provide novel insights into the genomic basis underlying the adaptation of Xinjiang Mongolian cattle to the desert environment.


Assuntos
Variação Genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Bovinos/genética , Animais , Ovinos , Genoma , Endogamia , Genômica
18.
RSC Adv ; 14(8): 5627-5637, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352672

RESUMO

To fabricate a two-electrode flexible pH sensor based on polypropylene spunbonded nonwoven fabric (PP SF), oily polyurethane (OPU) was first coated on the surface of PP SF to obtain OPU/PP SF. Then, silver/silver chloride (Ag/AgCl) paste, used as the reference electrode and conductive carbon (C) paste were transferred to the OPU/PP SF surface through screen printing. Polyaniline (PANI) was deposited on the surface of the C paste to form a sensing working electrode via the electro-chemical deposition method. The results showed that the surface of the obtained PANI@OPU/PP SF flexible pH sensor (3D PANI pH sensor) presented a three-dimensional (3D) porous network structure. The 3D PANI pH sensor had good mechanical properties, an excellent Nernst response (-67.67 mV pH-1) and linearity (R2 = 0.99) in the pH range from 2.00 to 8.00 in the normal state. In the bent state, the 3D PANI pH sensor retained similar sensitivity (-68.87 mV pH-1) and linearity (R2 = 0.99). Moreover, the 3D PANI pH sensor exhibited a short response time (8 s), excellent reversibility (1.20 mV), low temperature drift (-0.0872 mV pH-1 °C-1) and long-term stability (0.83 mV h-1) in the normal state. Furthermore, the 3D PANI pH sensor can be effectively applied for pH monitoring of liquids and fruits with irregular curved surfaces. The error margin is no more than 0.16 compared to a commercial pH meter.

19.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 130: 111641, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368770

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common life-threatening illness characterized by a lung inflammatory response and oxidative stress, and effective agent therapies are currently lacking. mtDNA can be recognized by cGAS/STING, the dysregulation of which leads to inflammatory diseases, such as ALI. Perillaldehyde(PAH), one of the major active components of traditional Chinese medicine made from Perilla frutescens, has antioxidant and antiinflammatory effects. The aim of this study was to explore whether PAH can protect against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI and whether its protective effect is exerted through the regulation of cGAS/STING signaling. We found that PAH significantly inhibited lung histological changes, inflammatory cell infiltration, and the overproduction of inflammatory cytokines induced by LPS. Moreover, PAH inhibited LPS-induced oxidative stress, as shown by the deceases in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione(GSH) levels and increased in malondialdehyde (MDA) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels. In addition, PAH markedly downregulated the expression of cGAS, STING, p-TBK, p-IRF3, p-P65, and p-IκB, and pharmacological inhibition of cGAS/STING inhibited ALI- induced by LPS. Furthermore, the levels of mitochondrial ROS (mROS) and mtDNA were increased, and cGAS/STING-mediated IRF3/NF-κB signaling was activated during the inflammatory response- induced by LPS in RAW264.7 cells. In addition, pretreatment with the STING activator partially abolished the inhibitory effect of PAH on the inflammation and activation of STING-mediated IRF3/NF-κB signaling induced by LPS. Overall, the results revealed that PAH can effectively alleviate ALI by inhibiting cGAS/STING-mediated IRF3/NF-κB signaling, and that PAH may be a potential candidate agent for the treatment of ALI.

20.
Vet Microbiol ; 290: 110011, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310713

RESUMO

Senecavirus A (SVA)-associated porcine idiopathic vesicular disease (PIVD) and Pseudorabies (PR) are highly contagious swine disease that pose a significant threat to the global pig industry. In the absence of an effective commercial vaccine, outbreaks caused by SVA have occurred in many parts of the world. In this study, the PRV variant strain PRV-XJ was used as the parental strain to construct a recombinant PRV strain with the TK/gE/gI proteins deletion and the VP3 protein co-expression, named rPRV-XJ-ΔTK/gE/gI-VP3. The results revealed that PRV is a suitable viral live vector for VP3 protein expressing. As a vaccine, rPRV-XJ-ΔTK/gE/gI-VP3 is safe for mice, vaccination with it did not cause any clinical symptoms of PRV. Intranasal immunization with rPRV-XJ-ΔTK/gE/gI-VP3 induced strong cellular immune response and high levels of specific antibody against VP3 and gB and neutralizing antibodies against both PRV and SVA in mice. It provided 100% protection to mice against the challenge of virulent strain PRV-XJ, and alleviated the pathological lesion of heart and liver tissue in SVA infected mice. rPRV-XJ-ΔTK/gE/gI-VP3 appears to be a promising vaccine candidate against PRV and SVA for the control of the PRV variant and SVA.


Assuntos
Herpesvirus Suídeo 1 , Picornaviridae , Pseudorraiva , Doenças dos Roedores , Doenças dos Suínos , Vacinas Virais , Suínos , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas do Envelope Viral , Anticorpos Antivirais , Vacinas contra Pseudorraiva
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...