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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581319

RESUMO

Background: Atherosclerotic coronary heart disease (CHD) stands as a paramount cardiovascular concern and the primary cause of mortality. To underscore the significance of our study, it is crucial to highlight the existing gaps in current diagnostic methods and prognostic assessments of CHD. By addressing these gaps, our research aims to contribute valuable insights and advancements in the understanding and management of this prevalent cardiovascular condition. Objective: The primary objective of this study is to investigate the correlation between carotid ultrasound, the Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP), and the severity of CHD. Methods: We enrolled 59 patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease and categorized them into two groups (multi-vessel and single-vessel disease groups) based on disease severity. The study employed carotid ultrasound, which measures Intima-Media Thickness (IMT) and carotid artery stenosis, among other indicators. Additionally, we calculated the AIP. This approach allowed us to thoroughly analyze the correlation between these key indicators and the severity of coronary heart disease lesions. Results: The study included 59 patients, 38 with single-vessel disease and 21 with multi-vessel disease. In the multivessel disease group, we observed significantly elevated levels of AIP, IMT, and carotid stenosis compared to the single-vessel disease group. Specifically, AIP, IMT, and carotid stenosis levels were higher in the multi-vessel group. Furthermore, our analysis revealed a positive correlation between AIP and IMT (r = 0.038, P = .003), while no significant correlation was found between AIP and carotid stenosis. Additionally, there was a moderate correlation between IMT and carotid stenosis. Conclusion: The combined assessment of AIP and carotid ultrasonography emerges as a promising approach for evaluating the severity of CHD. Notably, the multi-vessel disease group exhibited higher AIP levels compared to the single-vessel disease group, along with increased IMT and carotid artery stenosis. Our findings highlight a positive correlation between AIP and IMT, as well as between IMT and the degree of carotid stenosis. These associations underscore the potential of AIP, in conjunction with carotid ultrasonography parameters, as valuable indicators for gauging CHD severity. The clinical implications of these findings warrant further exploration, particularly in their potential integration into existing diagnostic or prognostic models for CHD. This integrated approach may offer enhanced precision in distinguishing between single-vessel and multi-vessel disease, contributing to more informed clinical decision-making.

2.
Microb Pathog ; 190: 106637, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570103

RESUMO

We seek to investigate the multifaceted factors influencing secondary infections in patients with multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB) colonization or infection post-hospitalization. A total of 100 patients with MDR-GNB colonization or infection were retrospectively reviewed, encompassing those admitted to both the general ward and intensive care unit of our hospital from August 2021 to December 2022. Patients were categorized into the control group (non-nosocomial infection, n = 56) and the observation group (nosocomial infection, n = 44) based on the occurrence of nosocomial infection during hospitalization. Clinical data were compared between the two groups, including the distribution and antibiotic sensitivity of MDR-GNB before nosocomial infection. Significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of age, underlying diseases, immune status, length of stay, and invasive medical procedures (P < 0.05). The observation group also had fewer patients practicing optimized hygiene, strict isolation, and antibiotic control than the control group (P < 0.05). Factors influencing the risk of secondary infection after hospitalization in patients colonized or infected with MDR-GNB included patient age, underlying diseases, immune status, length of hospitalization, medical invasive procedures, optimized hygiene, strict isolation, and antibiotic control (P < 0.05). The length of hospitalization and treatment cost in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). This study comprehensively analyzes the intricate mechanisms of secondary infections in patients with MDR-GNB infections post-hospitalization. Key factors influencing infection risk include patient age, underlying diseases, immune status, length of hospitalization, medical invasive procedures, optimized hygiene, strict isolation, and antibiotic control.

3.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(9): 1622-1633, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) is complex, and recent therapeutic advances remain unable to fully alleviate the condition. AIM: To inform the development of novel UC treatments, bioinformatics was used to explore the autophagy-related pathogenesis associated with the active phase of UC. METHODS: The GEO database was searched for UC-related datasets that included healthy controls who met the screening criteria. Differential analysis was conducted to obtain differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Autophagy-related targets were collected and intersected with the DEGs to identiy differentially expressed autophagy-related genes (DEARGs) associated with active UC. DEARGs were then subjected to KEGG, GO, and DisGeNET disease enrichment analyses using R software. Differential analysis of immune infiltrating cells was performed using the CiberSort algorithm. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator algorithm and protein-protein interaction network were used to narrow down the DEARGs, and the top five targets in the Dgree ranking were designated as core targets. RESULTS: A total of 4822 DEGs were obtained, of which 58 were classified as DEARGs. SERPINA1, BAG3, HSPA5, CASP1, and CX3CL1 were identified as core targets. GO enrichment analysis revealed that DEARGs were primarily enriched in processes related to autophagy regulation and macroautophagy. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that DEARGs were predominantly associated with NOD-like receptor signaling and other signaling pathways. Disease enrichment analysis indicated that DEARGs were significantly linked to diseases such as malignant glioma and middle cerebral artery occlusion. Immune infiltration analysis demonstrated a higher presence of immune cells like activated memory CD4 T cells and follicular helper T cells in active UC patients than in healthy controls. CONCLUSION: Autophagy is closely related to the active phase of UC and the potential targets obtained from the analysis in this study may provide new insight into the treatment of active UC patients.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557018

RESUMO

In this study, in silico analysis and peptidomics were performed to examine the generation mechanism of the umami taste of fermented broad bean paste (FBBP). Based on the information from peptidomics, a total of 470 free peptides were identified from FBBP, most of which were increased after fermentation. Additionally, the increase of the content of umami peptides, organic acids, and amino acids during fermentation contributed to the perception of umami taste in FBBP. Molecule docking results inferred that these umami molecules were easy to connect with Ser, Glu, His, and Gln in the T1R3 subunit through hydrogen bonds and electrostatic interaction force. The binding sites His145, Gln389, and Glu301 particularly contributed to the formation of the ligand-receptor complexes. The aromatic interaction, hydrogen bond, hydrophilicity, and solvent-accessible surface (SAS) played key roles in the receptor-peptide interaction. Sensory evaluation and electronic tongue results showed that EDEDE, DLSESV, SNGDDE, DETL, CDLSD, and TDEE screened from FBBP had umami characteristics and umami-enhancing effects (umami threshold values ranging from 0.131 to 0.394 mmol/L). This work provides new insight into the rapid and efficient screening of novel umami peptides and a deeper understanding of the taste mechanisms of umami molecules from FBBP.

5.
Int Rev Psychiatry ; 36(1-2): 69-79, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557343

RESUMO

A common challenge people face in today's cross-cultural world is how to solve a series of adaptation problems caused by cultural conflict. Exploring Bruce Lee's successful cross-cultural experiences through psychobiography offers some inspiration and thoughts. How did Bruce Lee successfully integrate martial arts, symbolising the Eastern culture, with films representing the Western culture, finally propelling kung fu films onto the international stage? Numerous publicly available materials about Bruce Lee were collected for this study, and the research data were evaluated using thematic analysis. Bruce Lee's success benefitted from reconstructing cultural environment information and exercising his initiative to shape a new cultural environment. His life experiences reflect individual cognition behaviour and social and cultural environments as two aspects of a dynamic circulation system and show that the two have reached internal and spiralling harmony through mutual integration. In the context of the Oriental collectivism culture's family narrative, Chinese adults' personality development features the unique theme of 'inheritance and innovation'. Dealing with the relationship between self-actualisation and familism is another important and challenging task in developing the Chinese personality.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Personalidade , Adulto , Humanos , Desenvolvimento da Personalidade , Povo Asiático , Motivação
6.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e27508, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560254

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of human urine-derived stem cells (husc) in improving the neurological function of rats with cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (CIR), and report new molecular network by bioinformatics, combined with experiment validation. Methods: After CIR model was established, and husc were transplanted into the lateral ventricle of rats,neurological severe score (NSS) andgene network analysis were performed. Firstly, we input the keywords "Cerebral reperfusion" and "human urine stem cells" into Genecard database and merged data with findings from PubMed so as to get their targets genes, and downloaded them to make Venny intersection plot. Then, Gene ontology (GO) analysis, kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis and protein-protein interaction (PPI) were performed to construct molecular network of core genes. Lastly, the expressional level of core genes was validated via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and localized by immunofluorescence. Results: Compared with the Sham group, the neurological function of CIR rats was significantly improved after the injection of husc into the lateral ventricle; at 14 days, P = 0.028, which was statistically significant. There were 258 overlapping genes between CIR and husc, and integrated with 252 genes screened from PubMed and CNKI. GO enrichment analysis were mainly involved neutrophil degranulation, neutrophil activation in immune response and platelet positive regulation of degranulation, Hemostasis, blood coagulation, coagulation, etc. KEGG pathway analysis was mainly involved in complement and coagulation cascades, ECM-receptor. Hub genes screened by Cytoscape consist ofCD44, ACTB, FN1, ITGB1, PLG, CASP3, ALB, HSP90AA1, EGF, GAPDH. Lastly, qRT-PCR results showed statistic significance (P < 0.05) in ALB, CD44 and EGF before and after treatment, and EGF immunostaining was localized in neuron of cortex. Conclusion: husc transplantation showed a positive effect in improving neural function of CIR rats, and underlying mechanism is involved in CD44, ALB, and EGF network.

7.
World Neurosurg ; 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593913

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) is a critical complicationin patients underwent carotid artery stenting (CAS). We sought to explore neurosonological parameters and additional risk factors associated with CHS in patients following CAS and further to develop a prediction model for CHS after CAS. METHODS: A total of 197 patients who underwent CAS were included in this observational study. All patients were divided into CHS and non-CHS groups. Demographic, clinical, treatment, and laboratory data were extracted from electronic medical records. Logistic regression analysis and nomogram listing were used to build a CHS prediction model. Machine learning algorithms with five-fold cross-validation were used to further validate the CHS prediction model. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients had clinically manifested CHS. Four parameters were detected as risk factors associated with CHS, including effective collateral circulation (ECC) (p = 0.046), asymmetry ratio of peak systolic velocity of the middle cerebral artery (ARP) (p = 0.001), severe stenosis or occlusion of the contralateral carotid artery (p = 0.010), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (P = 0.025). The area under the curve for the prediction model of CHS in the cohort was 0.835 (95% CI 0.760-0.909). CONCLUSION: In this study, CHS following CAS was associated with ECC, ARP, contralateral ICA severe stenosis or occlusion, as well as LDL-C. Subsequently, the CHS prediction model for CAS was built, which has the potential to facilitate tailored and precise management as well as treatment strategies for patients at high risk of CHS.

8.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(3): 810-818, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a prevalent malignancy, and transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) has emerged as a pivotal therapeutic modality. However, TAE may induce symptom distress and fatigue, adversely affecting the quality of life of patients. AIM: To investigate symptom distress, fatigue, and associated factors in HCC patients undergoing TAE. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional design and purposive sampling to enroll HCC patients who underwent TAE at our institution from January to December 2022. Questionnaires were utilized to collect data on symptom distress and fatigue scores from the first to the third day after TAE. RESULTS: Our study revealed a significant reduction in fatigue and symptom distress among patients after TAE. Pain, fatigue, insomnia, fever and abdominal distension were the most common symptoms troubling patients during the first 3 d post-TAE. Marital status, presence of family support, physical functional status, age, and symptom distress were identified as predictors of fatigue in patients. CONCLUSION: Healthcare professionals should educate HCC patients on symptom distress and fatigue, offering personalized relief strategies to lessen their psychological burden.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 131370, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580027

RESUMO

Garlic essential oil (GEO) is a potential natural antioxidant and antimicrobial agent for food preservation, but its intrinsic low water-solubility, high volatility and poor stability severely limit its application and promotion. In this work, we investigated the synergistic stabilization of the GEO-in-water nanoemulsion using carboxymethyl chitosan (CCS) and Tween 80 (TW 80). Additionally, the nanoemulsion was fabricated through high-pressure microfluidization and utilized for the coating-mediated preservation of chilled pork. The garlic essential oil nanoemulsion (GEON) with 3.0 % CCS and 3.0 % TW 80 exhibited more homogeneous droplet size (around 150 nm) and narrower size distribution, while maintained long-term stability with no significant change in size during 30 d storage. Compared with free GEO, the GEONs exhibited a higher scavenging capacity to DPPH and ABTS free radicals as well as higher inhibitory effects against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, suggesting that the encapsulation of GEO in nanoemulsion considerably improved its antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Furthermore, the results of coating preservation experiments showed that the GEON coating effectively expanded the shelf-life of chilled fresh pork for approximately one week. Altogether, this study would guide the development of GEO-loaded nanoemulsions, and promote GEON as a promising alternative for coating preservation of chilled fresh meat.

10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563179

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze and summarize the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of benign upper airway space occupancy in infants. Methods:The clinical data of 141 cases with begin upper airway space from January 2012 to January 2022 were analyzed. Among them, 101 were male and 68 were female, the age is 0-3 years old. In which there were 24 newborns. The clinical characteristics, auxiliary examination and treatment results were summarized and analyzed. Results:The main clinical manifestations of 141 infants were dyspnea and/or laryngeal wheezing, including 116 cases of congenital cyst of tongue, 15 cases of hair polyps, 4 cases of nasopharyngeal second pharyngeal fissure cysts, 2 cases of congenital laryngeal cysts, 2 cases of pharyngeal bronchial cyst, 1 case of nasopharyngeal teratoma and 1 case of myofibroma. All the infants had completed the corresponding examination and treatment. The diagnosis was clear, and there was no missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. Among them, 19 infants with congenital cyst of tongue were given cyst puncture to relieve dyspnea. 2 cases of congenital cyst of tongue recurred half a year after operaion, and then they underwent reoperation. The prognosis of the remaining infants were good. Conclusion:The most common occupying of benign upper airway space occupancy is cyst, and low-temperature plasma resection under endoscope is the main treatment method. Timely puncture therapy is also a safe and effective treatment for infants who are dyspnea and life threatening.


Assuntos
Cistos , Laringe , Lactente , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Nasofaringe , Cistos/cirurgia , Dispneia
11.
Water Res ; 256: 121566, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598948

RESUMO

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) sensing is a promising method for real-time detection of water biotoxicity, however, the low sensing sensitivity limits its application. This study adopted low temperature acclimation as a strategy to enhance the toxicity sensing performance of MFC biosensor. Two types of MFC biosensors were started up at low (10 °C) or warm (25 °C) temperature, denoted as MFC-Ls and MFC-Ws respectively, using Pb2+ as the toxic substance. MFC-Ls exhibited superior sensing sensitivities towards Pb2+ compared with MFC-Ws at both low (10 °C) and warm (25 °C) operation temperatures. For example, the inhibition rate of voltage of MFC-Ls was 22.81 % with 1 mg/L Pb2+ shock at 10 °C, while that of MFC-Ws was only 5.9 %. The morphological observation showed the anode biofilm of MFC-Ls had appropriate amount of extracellular polymer substances, thinner thickness (28.95 µm for MFC-Ls and 41.58 µm for MFC-Ws) and higher proportion of living cells (90.65 % for MFC-Ls and 86.01 % for MFC-Ws) compared to that of MFC-Ws. Microbial analysis indicated the enrichment of psychrophilic electroactive microorganisms and cold-active enzymes as well as their sensitivity to Pb2+ shock was the foundation for the effective operation and good performance of MFC-Ls biosensors. In conclusion, low temperature acclimation of electroactive microorganisms enhanced not only the sensitivity but also the temperature adaptability of MFC biosensors.

12.
Divers Distrib ; 30(3): 1-18, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515563

RESUMO

Aim: The seagrass Zostera japonica is a dramatically declined endemic species in the Northwestern Pacific from the (sub)tropical to temperate areas, however, it is also an introduced species along the Pacific coast of North America from British Columbia to northern California. Understanding the population's genetic patterns can inform the conservation and management of this species. Location: North Pacific. Methods: We used sequences of the nuclear rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and chloroplast trnK intron maturase (matK), and 24 microsatellite loci to survey 34 native and nonnative populations (>1000 individuals) of Z. japonica throughout the entire biogeographic range. We analysed the phylogeographic relationship, population genetic structure and genetic diversity of all populations and inferred possible origins and invasion pathways of the nonnative ones. Results: All markers revealed a surprising and significant deep divergence between northern and southern populations of Z. japonica in the native region separated by a well-established biogeographical boundary. A secondary contact zone was found along the coasts of South Korea and Japan. Nonnative populations were found to originate from the central Pacific coast of Japan with multiple introductions from at least two different source populations, and secondary spread was likely aided by waterfowl. Main Conclusions: The divergence of the two distinct clades was likely due to the combined effects of historical isolation, adaptation to distinct environments and a contemporary physical barrier created by the Yangtze River, and the warm northward Kuroshio Current led to secondary contact after glacial separation. Existing exchanges among the nonnative populations indicate the potential for persistence and further expansion. This study not only helps to understand the underlying evolutionary potential of a widespread seagrass species following global climate change but also provides valuable insights for conservation and restoration.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; 469: 134094, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518698

RESUMO

Peroxynitrite (ONOO-) is one of the important active nitrogen/reactive oxygen species that plays various roles in biological processes, such as inducing apoptosis and necrosis. Recent studies have shown that a significant increases in ONOO- content during tumor development, which is closely related to the level of oxidative stress within the tumor. It has been found that herbicide paraquat (PQ) can significantly increase the level of ONOO- in cells. Therefore, accurate monitoring abnormal changes in ONOO- caused by environmental hazardous materials and tumors is helpful in promoting the diagnosis and treatment of oxidative stress diseases (tumors), evenly environmental detection. Currently, traditional fluorescent probes for ONOO- detection have background interference. To address this, we developed a chemiluminescent probe (CL-1) and a fluorescent probe (Flu-1), using diphenyl phosphonate as a recognition group. CL-1 shows extremely sensitivity (9.8 nM), a high signal-to-noise(S/N) ratio (502), and excellent bioimaging capabilities compared to fluorescent probe (Flu-1). We have successfully used CL-1 to detect ONOO- produced by PQ stimulated cells, as well as endogenous ONOO- in tumor cells, mice, and human liver cancer tissues. Therefore, CL-1 can not only be a valuable tool for visualizing tumor and studying the role of ONOO- in tumor pathology, but the probe has the potential to be a powerful molecular imaging tool for exploring the complex biological role of ONOO- in a variety of biological Settings.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Ácido Peroxinitroso , Necrose
14.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 70(2): 285-290, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431838

RESUMO

Cerebral aneurysm can rupture a blood vessel and cause bleeding in the brain. Microsurgical clipping of the tumor neck has been reported to be effective in treating cerebral aneurysm rupture and bleeding. This research attempted to clarify the clinical efficacy of early microsurgical clipping of tumor neck for treating cerebral aneurysm rupture and bleeding, and its impact on the prognosis of patients. One hundred patients with cerebral aneurysm rupture and bleeding patients were treated. They were selected and divided into experimental group (n=25) and control group (n=25) according to surgical time. All patients underwent microsurgical clipping of tumor neck for therapy. The control group chose to undergo surgery 72 hours after the onset of cerebral aneurysm rupture and bleeding, while the experimental group chose to undergo complete surgery within 72 hours after the onset of cerebral aneurysm rupture and bleeding. Primary outcome measures were incidence of complications, cognitive function scores, prognosis, surgical indicators, oxidative stress response and quality of life. Results showed that compared to the control group, the incidence of complications in experimental group exhibited depletion (P<0.05), the prognosis in experimental group exhibited elevation (P<0.05), the hospitalization time in experimental group exhibited depletion (P<0.05), the nomination, abstraction, language, orientation, attention, delayed recall and visual and executive function scores and total scores in experimental group exhibited elevation (P<0.05), serum levels of oxidative stress-related indicators in experimental group exhibited depletion (P<0.05) and the quality of life in experimental group exhibited elevation (P<0.05). In conclusion, early microsurgical clipping of the tumor neck can reduce the risk of complications and cognitive impairment in patients with cerebral aneurysm rupture and bleeding.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Hemorragia
15.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1323499, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38444803

RESUMO

In many oceanic regions, anthropogenic warming will coincide with iron (Fe) limitation. Interactive effects between warming and Fe limitation on phytoplankton physiology and biochemical function are likely, as temperature and Fe availability affect many of the same essential cellular pathways. However, we lack a clear understanding of how globally significant phytoplankton such as the picocyanobacteria Synechococcus will respond to these co-occurring stressors, and what underlying molecular mechanisms will drive this response. Moreover, ecotype-specific adaptations can lead to nuanced differences in responses between strains. In this study, Synechococcus isolates YX04-1 (oceanic) and XM-24 (coastal) from the South China Sea were acclimated to Fe limitation at two temperatures, and their physiological and proteomic responses were compared. Both strains exhibited reduced growth due to warming and Fe limitation. However, coastal XM-24 maintained relatively higher growth rates in response to warming under replete Fe, while its growth was notably more compromised under Fe limitation at both temperatures compared with YX04-1. In response to concurrent heat and Fe stress, oceanic YX04-1 was better able to adjust its photosynthetic proteins and minimize the generation of reactive oxygen species while reducing proteome Fe demand. Its intricate proteomic response likely enabled oceanic YX04-1 to mitigate some of the negative impact of warming on its growth during Fe limitation. Our study highlights how ecologically-shaped adaptations in Synechococcus strains even from proximate oceanic regions can lead to differing physiological and proteomic responses to these climate stressors.

16.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1336129, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425796

RESUMO

Plant Elicitor Peptides (Peps) induce plant immune responses and inhibit root growth through their receptors PEPR1 and PEPR2, two receptor-like kinases. In our study, we found a previously unknown function of Peps that enhance root hair growth in a PEPRs-independent manner. When we characterized the expression patterns of PROPEP genes, we found several gene promoters of PROPEP gene family were particularly active in root hairs. Furthermore, we observed that PROPEP2 is vital for root hair development, as disruption of PROPEP2 gene led to a significant reduction in root hair density and length. We also discovered that PROPEP2 regulates root hair formation via the modulation of CPC and GL2 expression, thereby influencing the cell-fate determination of root hairs. Additionally, calcium signaling appeared to be involved in PROPEP2/Pep2-induced root hair growth. These findings shed light on the function of Peps in root hair development.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 171936, 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527554

RESUMO

There is limited understanding regarding the changes in the ecological processes and the mechanisms of archaeal community in response to heavy metal contamination in the marine sediments. In this study, sediment samples were collected from 46 locations near harbors, and the concentration of heavy metals and the diversity of archaeal communities were investigated to understand the impact of Cd on archaeal communities. The results demonstrated a significant correlation between the diversity of archaeal community and Cd concentration, particularly showing a linear decrease in the species richness with rising Cd concentration. ANME-1b was identified as a significantly enriched archaeal taxon in the higher Cd environment. Null model and neutral community model indicated that the ecological assembly of archaeal communities in marine sediments was primarily governed by the stochastic processes, with dispersal limitation being the primary factor. The contribution of deterministic process to the assembly of archaeal communities in higher Cd environments increased clearly, accompanied by a notable reduction in species migration rates and widths of ecological niche of archaeal populations. Co-occurrence network analysis revealed an obvious increase in species interactions in higher Cd environments, with an apparent rise in the proportion of competitive relationships and an increase in the number of keystone species. Moreover, archaeal species formed a more complex and stable community to cope with Cd stress. This study provides new insights into the impacts of heavy metals on the ecological processes of marine microorganisms and the underlying mechanisms.

18.
Korean J Radiol ; 25(4): 384-394, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38528696

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the image quality of novel dark-blood computed tomography angiography (CTA) imaging combined with deep learning reconstruction (DLR) compared to delayed-phase CTA images with hybrid iterative reconstruction (HIR), to visualize the cervical artery wall in patients with Takayasu arteritis (TAK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study continuously recruited 53 patients with TAK (mean age: 33.8 ± 10.2 years; 49 females) between January and July 2022 who underwent head-neck CTA scans. The arterial- and delayed-phase images were reconstructed using HIR and DLR. Subtracted images of the arterial-phase from the delayed-phase were then added to the original delayed-phase using a denoising filter to generate the final-dark-blood images. Qualitative image quality scores and quantitative parameters were obtained and compared among the three groups of images: Delayed-HIR, Dark-blood-HIR, and Dark-blood-DLR. RESULTS: Compared to Delayed-HIR, Dark-blood-HIR images demonstrated higher qualitative scores in terms of vascular wall visualization and diagnostic confidence index (all P < 0.001). These qualitative scores further improved after applying DLR (Dark-blood-DLR compared to Dark-blood-HIR, all P < 0.001). Dark-blood DLR also showed higher scores for overall image noise than Dark-blood-HIR (P < 0.001). In the quantitative analysis, the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) values between the vessel wall and lumen for the bilateral common carotid arteries and brachiocephalic trunk were significantly higher on Dark-blood-HIR images than on Delayed-HIR images (all P < 0.05). The CNR values were significantly higher for Dark-blood-DLR than for Dark-blood-HIR in all cervical arteries (all P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Compared with Delayed-HIR CTA, the dark-blood method combined with DLR improved CTA image quality and enhanced visualization of the cervical artery wall in patients with TAK.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Arterite de Takayasu , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Artérias , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Algoritmos , Doses de Radiação
19.
Arh Hig Rada Toksikol ; 75(1): 81-84, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548379

RESUMO

Organophosphorus poisoning is a critical condition that can cause central nervous system depression, respiratory failure, and death early on. As its clinical manifestations closely resemble those of carbamate pesticide poisoning, the aim of this case study is to present a case of misdiagnosis, initially identifying carbofuran poisoning as organophosphate in a patient suspect of a heatstroke. We also present a case of intentional self-poisoning with organophosphate dichlorvos to underline the likelihood of pesticide poisoning in patients exhibiting acute cholinergic symptoms when the ingested substance is not known. In such cases, empirical treatment with atropine and oxime can be started pending timely differential diagnosis to adjust treatment as necessary.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Intoxicação por Organofosfatos , Praguicidas , Intoxicação , Humanos , Carbamatos/uso terapêutico , Intoxicação por Organofosfatos/diagnóstico , Intoxicação por Organofosfatos/tratamento farmacológico , Diclorvós/uso terapêutico , Intoxicação/terapia
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(13): e37610, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552051

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the application performance of rapid copy number variation sequencing (rCNV-seq) technology for the detection of chromosomal abnormalities during prenatal diagnosis. Samples were collected from 424 pregnant women who were at high-risk for noninvasive prenatal screening in Kunming Maternal and Child Care Hospital from January 2018 to May 2022. rCNV-seq technique was used to detect fetal chromosome abnormalities and compare the results with that of chromosomal karyotype analysis. The Result showed that 330 (77.83%, 330/424) cases indicated chromosomal abnormalities among 424 high-risk pregnant women who underwent rCNV-seq. Moreover, 94 (22.17%, 94/424) cases were discovered to have copy number variations. Among the 330 fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities, common autosomal aneuploidy was observed in 203 cases (47.87%, 203/424) and sex chromosome aneuploidy was observed in 91 cases (21.46%, 91/424). Moreover, the abnormalities in multiple chromosomes were discovered in 33 cases (7.78%, 33/424), and the rare autosomal aneuploidy was observed in 3 cases (0.71%, 3/424). There were 63 fetuses (14.86%, 63/424) with pathogenic CNVs among the 94 fetuses with variable copy numbers. Of the 245 pregnant women who voluntarily selected G-band karyotyping, 1 fetus with copy number variation had normal karyotype results, and the remaining women were consistent with rCNV-seq. Our study revealed that rCNV-seq has higher accuracy in detecting common trisomy and can also detect chromosomal microdeletions or microduplications that cannot be detected by G-banding karyotype analysis. There is no effective treatment for chromosomal diseases, so it is particularly important to prevent chromosomal diseases through genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal diseases.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cromossômicos , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Aneuploidia , Transtornos Cromossômicos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cromossômicos/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Síndrome , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Cromossomos
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