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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 851(Pt 2): 158359, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055509

RESUMO

The impacts of alternating dry and wet conditions on water production and carbon uptake at different scales remain unclear, which limits the integrated management of water and carbon. We quantified the response of runoff efficiency (RE) and plant water-use efficiency (PWUE) to a typical shift from dry to wet episode of 2003-2014 in Australia's Murray-Darling basin using good and specific data products for local application, including Australian Water Availability Project, Penman-Monteith-Leuning Evapotranspiration V2 product, MODIS MCD12Q1 V6 Land Cover Type and MODIS MOD17A3 V055 GPP product. The results show that there are significant power function relationships between RE and precipitation for basin and all ecosystems, while the PWUE had a negative quadratic correlation with precipitation and satisfied the significance levels of 0.05 for basin and the ecosystems except the grassland and cropland. The shrubs can achieve the best water production and carbon uptake under dry conditions, while the evergreen broadleaf trees and evergreen needleleaf trees can obtain the best water production and carbon uptake in wet conditions, respectively. These findings help integrated basin management for balancing water resource production and climate change mitigation.

2.
J Diabetes ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The triglyceride glucose (TyG) index is closely associated with subclinical atherosclerosis. However, the association remains inconclusive among obese and nonobese individuals. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in 5751 adults with normal carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) at baseline. We divided the population into four groups based on the TyG index, which was calculated by the following formula: Ln (fasting triglycerides [mg/dL] × fasting glucose [mg/dL]/2). Information on CIMT was acquired by ultrasonography. Incident elevated CIMT was defined as IMT values greater than 0.9 mm at follow-up. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the associations between TyG index and elevated CIMT were estimated using multivariable logistic regression models. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 4.3 years, 722 (12.6%) individuals had progressed to elevated CIMT. Compared with the second quartile of the TyG index, the first and fourth quartile both conferred higher risks of elevated CIMT after adjusting for potential confounders. In the total population, the ORs for the first and fourth quartile were 1.29 (95% CI, 1.00-1.66) and 1.42 (95% CI, 1.11-1.83), respectively. Restricted cubic splines demonstrated an approximately U-shaped association between TyG index and elevated CIMT among the total and nonobese adults (P for nonlinearity <.05), but not in those with general or abdominal obesity. CONCLUSIONS: A U-shaped association was observed between TyG index and elevated CIMT only among nonobese Chinese adults.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(16): 4365-4371, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046863

RESUMO

This study was designed to explore the potential of gypenosides as a novel natural stabilizer for the production of nanosuspensions. The gypenosides-stabilized quercetin nanosuspensions(QUE-NS) were prepared using the high-speed shearing and high-pressure homogenization method with quercetin as a model drug, followed by their in vitro evaluation.Based on the measured mean particle size and polydispersity index(PDI) of QUE-NS,the single factor experiment was conducted to optimize the preparation process parameters.The freeze-drying method was used to transform QUE-NS into freeze-dried powders, whose storage stability and saturation solubility were then studied.Moreover, the effects of pH and ionic strength on the physical stability of the nanosuspension system were examined.According to the results, the optimized process parameters were listed as follows: shear rate 13 000 r·min~(-1),shear time 2 min, homogenization pressure 100 MPa, and homogenization frequency 12 times.The mean particle size of QUE-NS prepared under the optimum process conditions was(461.9±2.4) nm, and the PDI was 0.059±0.016.During the two months of storage at room temperature, the freeze-dried QUE-NS powders remained stable.The saturation solubility of freeze-dried QUE-NS powders was proved higher than those of quercetin and the physical mixture.The results of stability testing demonstrated that QUE-NS stabilized with gypenosides exhibited good stability within the pH range of 6 to 8,while coalescence was prone to occur in the presence of salt.Overall, gypenosides is expected to become a new natural stabilizer for the preparation of nanosuspensions.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Quercetina , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Gynostemma , Tamanho da Partícula , Extratos Vegetais , Pós , Solubilidade , Suspensões
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089788

RESUMO

AIMS: AHNAK2 may be used as a candidate marker for TC diagnosis and treatment. BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer [TC] is the most frequent malignancy in endocrine carcinoma, and the incidence has been increasing for decades. OBJECTIVE: To understand the molecular mechanism of DTC, we performed next-generation sequencing [NGS] on 79 paired DTC tissues and normal thyroid tissues. The RNA-sequencing [RNA-seq] data analysis results indicated that AHNAK nucleoprotein 2 [AHNAK2] was significantly upregulated in the thyroid cancer patient's tissue. METHOD: We also analyzed AHNAK2 mRNA levels of DTC tissues and normal tissues from The Cancer Genome Atlas [TCGA]. The association between the expression level of AHNAK2 and clinicopathological features was evaluated in the TCGA cohort. Furthermore, AHNAK2 gene expression was analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction [qRT-PCR] in 40 paired DTC tissues and adjacent normal thyroid tissues. The receiver operating characteristic [ROC] curve was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of AHNAK2. For cell experiments in vitro, AHNAK2 was knocked down using small interfering RNA [siRNA], and the biological function of AHNAK2 in TC cell lines was investigated. The expression of AHNAK2 was significantly upregulated in both the TCGA cohort and the local cohort. RESULT: The analysis results of the TCGA cohort indicated that the upregulation of AHNAK2 was associated with tumor size [P<0.001], lymph node metastasis [P<0.001], and disease stage [P<0.001]. The area under the curve [AUC] [TCGA: P<0.0001; local validated cohort: P<0.0001.] in the ROC curve revealed that AHNAK2 might be considered a diagnostic biomarker for TC. The knockdown of AHNAK2 reduced TC cell proliferation, colony formation, migration, invasion, cell cycle, and induced cell apoptosis. CONCLUSION: Furthermore, the protein levels of phospho-PI3 Kinase p85 and phospho-AKT were down-regulated in the transfected TC cell. Our study results indicate that AHNAK2 may promote metastasis and proliferation of thyroid cancer through PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Thus, AHNAK2 may be used as a candidate marker for TC diagnosis and treatment.

6.
Insect Sci ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093889

RESUMO

The lipid metabolism plays an essential role in the development and reproduction of insects, and lipases are important enzymes in lipid metabolism. In Nilaparvata lugens, an important insect pest on rice, triacylglycerol hydrolytic activities were different among tissues, with high activities in integument, ovary and fat body, but low activity in intestine. To figure out the tissues-specific triacylglycerol hydrolytic activity, we identified 43 lipases in N. lugens. From total 43 lapses, 23 belong to neutral lipases, so this group was selected to perform further experiments on triacylglycerol hydrolysis. The complete motifs of catalytic triads, ß9 loop and lid are required for the triacylglycerol hydrolytic activity in neutral lipases, which were found in some neutral lipases with high gene expression levels in integument and ovary, but not in intestine. The recombinant proteins of three neutral lipases with or without three complete motifs were obtained, and the activity determination confirmed the importance of three motifs. Silencing XM_022331066.1, highly expressed in ovary and with three complete motifs, significantly decreased the egg production and hatchability of N. lugens, partially due to decline of lipid metabolism. In summary, at least one-third of important motifs were incomplete in all neutral lipases with high gene expressions in intestine, which could partially explain why the lipases activity in intestine was much lower than that in other tissues. The low activity to hydrolyze triacylglycerol in N. lugens intestine might be associated with its food resource and nutrient components, and the ovary-specific neutral lipases were important for N. lugens reproduction. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
RSC Adv ; 12(36): 23356-23365, 2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090395

RESUMO

DNA denaturation is related to many important biological phenomena, such as its replication, transcription and the interaction with some specific proteins for single-stranded DNA. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a common chemical agent for DNA denaturation. In the present study, we investigate quantitatively the effects of different concentrations of DMSO on plasmid and linear DNA denaturation by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and UV spectrophotometry. We found that persistent length of DNA decreases significantly by adding a small amount of DMSO before ensemble DNA denaturation occurs; the persistence length of DNA in 3% DMSO solution decreases to 12 nm from about 50 nm without DMSO in solution. And local DNA denaturation occurs even at very low DMSO concentration (such as 0.1%), which can be directly observed in AFM imaging. Meanwhile, we observed the forming process of DNA contacts between different parts for plasmid DNA with increasing DMSO concentration. We suggest the initial mechanism of DNA denaturation as follows: DNA becomes more flexible due to the partial hydrogen bond braking in the presence of DMSO before local separation of the two complementary nucleotide chains.

8.
Front Neurol ; 13: 921133, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090849

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the functional status of the otolith pathway in patients with unilateral idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) by combining air-conducted sound elicited cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (ACS-cVEMP) and ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (ACS-oVEMP). Methods: One hundred and eighty patients with BPPV were recruited for conventional cVEMP and oVEMP tests. The abnormal rates of VEMPs were compared between BPPV patients and control participants. Results: The abnormal rates of cVEMP and oVEMP in BPPV patients were 46.7% (84/180) and 57.2% (103/180) in affected ears, respectively, and 45.0% (81/180) and 56.7% (102/180) in unaffected ears, respectively; both were significantly higher than the abnormal rates of cVEMP and oVEMP in normal control ears. Compared with normal subjects, the cVEMP response rate was lower in affected and unaffected ears in BPPV patients. The abnormal rates of cVEMP and oVEMP were 48.1% (76/158) and 57.6% (91/158) in patients with posterior semicircular canal BPPV, and 36.4% (8/22) and 54.5% (12/22) in lateral semicircular canal BPPV. There was no significant difference in VEMP abnormalities between posterior semicircular canal BPPV and lateral semicircular canal BPPV. Conclusion: The prevalence of abnormal cVEMPs and oVEMPs in both affected and unaffected ears of patients with BPPV was significantly higher than that observed in the control group. The pathological mechanism of unilateral idiopathic BPPV may be associated with bilateral degeneration of otolith pathways.

9.
Mol Hum Reprod ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069625

RESUMO

Follicles are the functional unit of the ovary and several methods have been developed to grow follicles ex vivo, which recapitulate key events of oogenesis and folliculogenesis. Enzymatic digestion protocols are often used to increase the yield of follicles from the ovary. However, the impact of these protocols on the outermost theca and granulosa cells, and thereby follicle function, is not well defined. To investigate the impact of enzymatic digestion on follicle function we collected preantral follicles from CD1 mice either by enzymatic digestion (Enzy-FL) or mechanical isolation (Mech-FL) and compared follicle growth, steroidogenesis, and cell differentiation within an encapsulated in vitro follicle growth (eIVFG) system which maintains the 3D architecture of the oocyte and its surrounding somatic cells. Follicles were encapsulated in 0.5% alginate and cultured for 8 days. Compared with Enzy-FL, Mech-FL grew more rapidly and produced significantly higher levels of androstenedione, estradiol, and progesterone. The expression of theca-interstitial cell marker genes, Cyp17a1, which encodes 17-hydroxylase/17, 20-lyase and catalyzes the hydroxylation of pregnenolone and progesterone to 17-hydroxypregnenolone and 17-hydroxyprogesterone, and the conversion of these products into dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and androstenedione, and Star, which encodes a transport protein essential for cholesterol entry into mitochondria, were also higher in Mech-FL than in Enzy-FL. Mech-FL maintained an intact theca-interstitial layer on the outer edge of the follicle that phenocopied in vivo patterns as confirmed by alkaline phosphatase staining, whereas theca-interstitial cells were absent from Enzy-FL from the onset of culture. Therefore, preservation of the theca cell layer at the onset of culture better supports follicle growth and function. Interestingly, granulosa cells in the outermost layers of Enzy-FL expressed CYP17A1 by day 4 of culture while maintaining inhibin α-subunit expression and a cuboidal nucleus. Thus, in the absence of theca-interstitial cells, granulosa cells have the potential to differentiate into androgen-producing cells. This work may have implications for human follicle culture, where enzymatic isolation is required owing to the density of the ovarian cortex.

10.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069961

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and drug safety of tolvaptan with placebo for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched from inception to September 10, 2021. Eligible studies comparing tolvaptan and placebo in the treatment of patients with ADPKD were included. Data were analysed using Review Manager Version 5.3. RESULTS: Thirteen studies involving 3575 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with placebo, tolvaptan had a better effect on delaying eGFR decline (MD 1.27, 95% CI 1.24-1.29, P < 0.01) and TKV increase (MD - 3.01, 95% CI - 3.55 to - 2.47, P < 0.01) in ADPKD treatment. Additionally, tolvaptan reduced the incidence of complications such as renal pain (OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.58-0.87, P < 0.01), urinary tract infection (OR 0.69, 95% CI 0.54-0.89, P < 0.01), haematuria (OR 0.68, 95% CI 0.51-0.89, P < 0.01), and hypertension (OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.52-0.82, P < 0.01). However, tolvaptan was associated with a higher incidence rate of adverse events such as thirst (OR 8.48 95% CI 4.53-15.87, P < 0.01), polyuria (OR 4.71, 95% CI 2.17-10.24, P < 0.01), and hepatic injury (OR 4.56, 95% CI 2.51-8.29, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Tolvaptan can delay eGFR decline and TKV increase and reduce complications such as renal pain, urinary tract infection, haematuria, and hypertension in the treatment of ADPKD. However, tolvaptan increases the adverse effects of thirst, polyuria and hepatic injury.

11.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 15(9): e008774, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies demonstrate a J-shaped association between blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but the findings are plagued by confounding from other traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs). Our aims were to examine the associations of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels with CVD in individuals without major CVRFs and whether there were thresholds for the association. METHODS: In the 4C study (China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort), 36 042 CVRF-free participants without CVD, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, or smoking were identified during 2011 to 2012. Among CVRF-free participants, 17 476 CVRF-preferable individuals with better glycemic (fasting glucose, <110 mg/dL; 2-hour post-load glucose, <140 mg/dL) and lipid profile (total cholesterol, <200 mg/dL; LDL [low-density lipoprotein] cholesterol, <130 mg/dL) were selected. The total person-years of follow-up for CVRF-free subjects and CVRF-preferable subjects were 130 147 and 63 573 person-years, respectively. Information on the development of major CVDs was collected during 2014 to 2016. Cox proportional hazard models were performed to estimate the risks for incident CVD by SBP and DBP groups, respectively. RESULTS: We found that both baseline SBP and DBP presented significantly linear associations with CVD risks in CVRF-free and CVRF-preferable participants. There is significant increase in the CVD risk among CVRF-free participants with baseline SBP level of 110 to 119 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 1.79 [95% CI, 1.19-2.71]), 120 to 129 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 2.03 [95% CI, 1.36-3.03]), and 130 to 139 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 2.15 [95% CI, 1.40-3.28]) compared with SBP <110 mm Hg. Significant increases were also observed for DBP level of 80 to 89 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 1.43 [95% CI, 1.03-1.97]) compared with DBP <70 mm Hg. Similar results were observed in CVRF-preferable participants. CONCLUSIONS: SBP and DBP with levels currently considered normal were significantly and linearly associated with incident CVD without thresholds above 110/70 mm Hg among Chinese adults without major CVRFs.

12.
J Sep Sci ; 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084259

RESUMO

Poria cocos is an edible fungus used as a health product and traditional Chinese medicinal preparation. Nevertheless, little is known about its nutrients. In this study, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple-quadrupole linear ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry was conducted to quantify nucleosides, nucleobases, and amino acids in 32 batches of Poria cocos samples collected from Anhui, Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan, and Guizhou. Subsequently, the linearity, precision, repeatability, stability, and recovery of our methods were validated. Samples from different regions were clearly separated by partial least squares discriminant analysis and cluster analysis. Our results suggested that Poria cocos samples from different geographical environments differed in nucleosides, nucleobases, and amino acids. The plot of variable importance for projection disclosed differential compositions of L-Leucine, Uridine, L-Asparagine, L-Glutamine, L-phenylalanine, L-Ornithine monohydrochloride, L-Hydroxyproline, Taurine, and Inosine in Poria cocos from five regions. We found the highest content of total analytes, total amino acids, and total non-essential amino acids in Poria cocos from Anhui, total essential amino acids in the Sichuan samples, and total nucleosides in the Hunan samples. Overall, we determined the content of Poria cocos-derived nucleosides, nucleobases, and amino acids, providing the foothold for further chemical mining and use of Poria cocos.

13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 221: 1209-1217, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113592

RESUMO

The efficient utilization of lignin in 3D printing had attracted increasing attention using this abundant and eco-friendly material. However, the large-scale utilization of lignin in 3D printing remains a great challenge due to its inherent brittleness and non-thermoplasticity. In this study, thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) was introduced to regulate the rheological properties of lignin for 3D printing. The Lignin/TPU composite of 3D printing exhibited a smooth surface, non-plastic, warm wood touch, and natural color at 50 wt% lignin loading. To further improve the mechanical properties of the composite, carbon fiber (CF) was added to the Lignin/TPU composite. The resulting CF/Lignin/TPU composites possessed 1.7 times higher tensile strength and 2.4 times higher elongation at break compared to Lignin/TPU composite. Meanwhile, the smooth surface of filament and dense interlayer bonds of printed specimens are also achieved. This work provides new insights to realize the high-value utilization of lignin and expands the practical application of lignin in 3D printing.

14.
Mol Plant ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097639

RESUMO

Excess phosphate (Pi) is stored into the vacuole through Pi transporters so that cytoplasmic Pi levels remain stable in plant cells. We hypothesized that the vacuolar Pi transporters may harbor a Pi-sensing mechanism so that they are activated to deliver Pi into the vacuole only when cytosolic Pi reaches a threshold high level. We tested this hypothesis using Vacuolar Phosphate Transporter 1 (VPT1), a SPX domain-containing vacuolar Pi transporter. Recent studies defined SPX as a Pi-sensing module that binds inositol polyphosphate signaling molecules (InsPs) produced at high cellular Pi status. We showed here that Pi deficient conditions or mutation of SPX domain severely impaired the transport activity of VPT1. We further identified an auto-inhibitory domain in VPT1 that suppresses its transport activity. Taking together, results from detailed structure-function analyses, we propose that VPT1 is in the autoinhibitory state when Pi status is low and InsPs produced at high cellular Pi status binds SPX domain to switch on VPT1 activity to deliver Pi into the vacuole. This thus provides an auto-regulatory mechanism for VPT1-mediated Pi sensing and homeostasis in plant cells.

15.
Meat Sci ; 194: 108975, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126392

RESUMO

This study evaluated the feasibility of non-destructive detection of carbonyl and total sulfhydryl contents by fluorescence hyperspectral imaging (F-HSI) to visualize the protein oxidation degree of pork during freezing-thawing process. Fluorescence hyperspectral image acquisition and chemical analysis were carried out on pork samples treated with different freeze-thaw cycles. Variational Mode Decomposition (VMD) was used to preprocess the raw spectrum, and Mutual Information-Variance Inflation Factor (MI-VIF) was applied to select the feature wavelengths. The Partial least squares regression (PLSR) models based on selected 19 wavelengths obtained good performance in predicting carbonyl content with R2p of 0.9275 and RMSEP of 0.0812 nmol/mg, and sulfhydryl content with R2p of 0.9512 and RMSEP of 1.2979 nmol/mg. The distribution maps of carbonyl and total sulfhydryl content were established based on the optimal prediction models. The results confirmed that the contents of carbonyl and total sulfhydryl in pork could be successfully predicted by F-HSI, so as to monitor the protein oxidation degree of pork during freezing-thawing.

16.
Water Res ; 224: 119121, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126626

RESUMO

Sedimentary denitrification and anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) are two microbially-mediated nitrogen removal pathways with distinct climatic feedbacks. Estuaries receive large fluxes of anthropogenic nitrogen and serve as hotspots for nitrogen loss. Applying 15N isotope pairing technique and sediment intact core incubation in two subtropical estuaries, the Yangtze River Estuary (YRE) and Jiulong River Estuary (JRE), we show that denitrification predominates the sedimentary nitrogen loss with a minor contribution (8.6 ± 7.5%) from anammox. Particulate organic matter degradation sustains the sedimentary nitrogen removal linking the nitrogen transformations between water column and sediment. Our results indicate that estuarine sediments exhibit high areal nitrogen removal rate, but play a relatively weak role in eliminating the nitrogen inputted from river basin due to the limited area. The riverine excess nitrogen will eventually enter into the adjacent continental shelf and be removed via phytoplankton assimilation-sedimentation-degradation-coupled nitrification-denitrification. In addition, sedimentary denitrification causes 1.8 ± 2.2% of nitrogen flow towards nitrous oxide (N2O) production and the derived N2O release flux accounts for 59% and 65% of the daily sea-air N2O emission in the YRE and JRE, respectively. These findings contribute to a better understanding of estuarine sedimentary nitrogen removal and associated climate feedbacks, and to the parameterization of Earth system models.

17.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116713

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Accurate noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorder is critical for delivery management. PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic ability of MRI features in predicting the PAS, invasive depth and postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in high-risk gravid patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between February 2019 and November 2020, women with ultrasound (US)-suspected PAS were enrolled. With the exclusion criteria, 80 women were included in the study. Two experienced genitourinary radiologists reviewed and recorded the MRI features. The chi square test was used to compare the effectiveness of MRI features. Relative risk ratios were computed to test the association of intraplacental T2-hypointense bands with poor outcomes of cesarean section. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses based on the number and area of intraplacental T2-hypointense bands were used to predict PAS, invasion depth, and PPH. RESULTS: PAS was diagnosed in 56 of 80 women (70%). At delivery, 24 of 80 women (30%) experienced PPH (≥1000 mL). Intraplacental T2-hypointense bands were detected at MRI in 28 of 56 women with PAS (50%). The relative risk ratio of intraplacental T2-hypointense bands was 1.51 for PAS, 3.17 for depth of PAS invasiveness and 4.74 for PPH. The largest areas of intraplacental T2-hypointense bands for predicting PAS, invasion depth and PPH were 0.66 cm2, 1.68 cm2 and 1.99 cm2, respectively. DISCUSSION: The appearance of intraplacental T2-hypointense bands has important diagnostic value for PAS, its invasion depth and PPH. The area of the largest T2-hypointense band in the placenta can predict poor outcomes of cesarean section.

18.
Eur J Radiol ; 155: 110506, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087424

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate feasibility of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) at different b-values to differentiate between tumor, tumor-adjacent and tumor-distant tissues in rectal adenocarcinoma (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy consecutive patients with RA undergoing preoperative diffusion-weighted imaging were retrospectively enrolled. ADCs of tumor, proximal tumor-adjacent tissue (PTA) and tumor-distant tissue (PTD), and distal tumor-adjacent tissue (DTA) and tumor-distant tissue (DTD) were calculated with b-values of 0 and 800 sec/mm2, 0 and 1000 sec/mm2, 0 and 1500 sec/mm2, and multiple b-values of 0, 50, 100, 800, 1000 and 1500 sec/mm2. Statistical analysis was performed to determine feasibility of ADC to differentiate between pairwise tissues. RESULTS: Mean ADC of tumor was lower than those of PTA, PTD, DTA and DTD; and mean ADCs of PTA and DTA were lower than those of PTD and DTD at all b-values, respectively (all P-values < 0.001). ADC cut-offs of 1.089 × 10-3 mm2/sec (b = 0, 1000 sec/mm2) or 1.215 × 10-3 mm2/sec (b = 0, 800 sec/mm2), and 1.142 × 10-3 mm2/sec (b = 0, 1000 sec/mm2) or 0.995 × 10-3 mm2/sec (b = 0, 1500 sec/mm2) achieved excellent performance in differentiating tumor from PTA or PTD, and tumor from DTA or DTD (area under receiver operating characteristic curves [AUCs]: 0.813 or 0.952, and 0.970 or 0.996), respectively. ADC cut-offs of 1.625 × 10-3 mm2/sec (b = 0, 800 sec/mm2), and 1.165 × 10-3 mm2/sec (b = 0, 1500 sec/mm2) could differentiate PTA from PTD, and DTA from DTD (AUCs: 0.709 and 0.673), respectively. CONCLUSION: ADC can help differentiate between tumor, tumor-adjacent and tumor-distant tissues in RA.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118077

RESUMO

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are the greatest source of death in trauma, and post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) is one of the common complications of TBI. Oxidative stress and inflammatory responses play an important role in the process of PTE. Many studies have shown that Jujuboside A has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. However, it is not known whether Jujuboside A has an anti-epileptic effect. The influences of Jujuboside A in the experimental FeCl3-induced model of PTE were tested by estimating the grade of seizures and performing behavioral tests. Following that, we detected oxidative stress indicators and inflammatory factors. Additionally, western blotting was used to test the protein levels of signaling molecules in MAPK pathways. In this study, Jujuboside A was found to have improved the recognition deficiency and epilepsy syndromes in the experimental rat model. Moreover, oxidative stress and inflammatory responses induced by FeCl3 injection were relieved by Jujuboside A. In addition, Jujuboside A was found to be capable of reducing the increased expression of p-P38 and p-ERK1/2 caused by iron ions. Collectively, our results demonstrated that Jujuboside A exhibits an antiepileptogenic effect by alleviating oxidative stress and inflammatory responses via the p38 and ERK1/2 pathways.

20.
Environ Pollut ; 312: 120060, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058318

RESUMO

Boscalid is a novel, highly effective carboximide fungicide that has been substantially and irrationally applied in greenhouses. However, little is known about the residual characteristics of boscalid and its ecological effects in long-term polluted greenhouse soils. Therefore, actual boscalid pollution status in greenhouse soils was simulated by repeatedly introducing boscalid into the soil under laboratory conditions. The degradation characteristics of boscalid, and its effects on the diversity, composition, function, and co-occurrence patterns of the soil microbial community were systematically investigated. Boscalid degraded slowly, with its degradation half-lives ranging from 31.5 days to 180.1 days in the soil. Boscalid degradation was further delayed by repeated treatment and increasing its initial concentration. Boscalid significantly decreased soil microbial diversity, particularly at the recommended dosage. Amplicon sequencing analysis showed that boscalid altered the soil microbial community and further stimulated the phylum Proteobacteria and four potential boscalid-degrading bacterial genera, Sphingomonas, Starkeya, Citrobacter, and Castellaniella. Although the network analysis revealed that boscalid significantly reduced the microbial network complexity, it enhanced the vital roles of Proteobacteria by increasing its proportion and strengthening the relationships among the internal bacteria in the network. The soil microbial function in the boscalid treatment were simulated at the recommended dosage and two-fold recommended dosage but showed an inhibition-recovery-stimulation trend at the five-fold recommended dosage with an increase in treatment frequency. Moreover, the expression of nitrogen cycling functional genes, nifH, AOA amoA, AOB amoA, nirK, and nirS in all boscalid treatments displayed an inhibition-recovery-stimulation trend during the entire experimental period, and the effects were more pronounced at the five-fold recommended dosage. In conclusion, repeated boscalid treatments delayed degradation, reduced soil microbial diversity and network complexity, disturbed soil microbial community, and interfered with soil microbial function.

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