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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505579

RESUMO

The synthetic antiferromagnetic (SAF) racetracks can perfectly suppress the skyrmion Hall effect, but the congestion phenomenon of the skyrmions at the end of the racetracks under low driving current density will seriously hinder the development of the skyrmion-based magnetic storage technology. In this paper, we have designed three racetrack structures of double-layer triangular notch (DLTN), single-layer triangular notch (SLTN) and square hole-triangular notch (SHTN) in SAF racetracks, in which the movement of skyrmions is investigated by micromagnetic simulations. The critical current density that annihilates skyrmions in a racetrack with triangular notches is closely related to the angle of the triangular notches and decreases with the decrease of the angles. If a skyrmion in the top ferromagnetic (FM) layer of SLTN structure is annihilated, its counterpart in the bottom FM layer will also be annihilated due to the interlayer antiferromagnetic exchange coupling. Compared with the critical current density of 3.0×1012A/m2in a normal racetrack, the critical current density of SHTN structure can be dropped to 6.0×1010A/m2. The results reveal that all the three structures can significantly reduce the critical current density, which can effectively solve the skyrmion congestion at the end of the racetracks.

3.
Metabolism ; 124: 154874, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517014

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to evaluate the effect of NAFLD on the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)-based chronic kidney disease (CKD), and further test the joint effects and interactions between NAFLD status and individual metabolic element, as well as the total 'ABCs' metabolic goal achievement, on the CVD and CKD risk among 101,296 patients with prediabetes or diabetes from a prospective cohort study. METHODS: We conducted the study based on the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort (4C) study, a large-scale, population-based prospective cohort. After excluding alcohol abuse and other cause of hepatic diseases, we used fatty liver index (FLI) ≥ 60 as a proxy of NAFLD and stratified the probability of fibrosis by aspartate transaminase/alanine transaminase ratio (AAR) with cut-offs of 0.8 and 1.4. 'ABCs' metabolic goal was defined as subjects who had HbA1c < 6.5% (A), SBP/DBP < 130/80 mmHg (B), and LDL-C < 100 mg/dL (C). During 3.8 years follow-up, we validated 2340 CVD events based on medical records and identified 1943 participants developed CKD based on centrally tested eGFR. RESULTS: The multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.15 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.05-1.27) for CVD events and 1.33 (95% CI, 1.20-1.48) for CKD among NAFLD patients, compared with participants without NAFLD. Of NAFLD patients, relative to individuals with low AAR (<0.8), those with high AAR (≥1.4) were more likely to experience CVD events [1.62 (1.21-2.18)] and CKD [1.63 (1.17-2.28)]. Participants with NAFLD and comorbid poorly controlled metabolic risk factors had higher risk of CVD events or CKD than having either alone, with a significant interaction between poor glycemic control and NAFLD on the risk of vascular complications. CONCLUSIONS: NAFLD was associated with incident CVD and CKD among patients with prediabetes or diabetes. Such associations were substantially modified by the comprehensive achievement of metabolic goal.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18017, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504253

RESUMO

This study explored the dosimetric difference between hypofractionated whole-breast irradiation (HFWBI) with sequential boost (SEB) and simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) based on supine and prone positions to identify the superior boost mode and superior position. Thirty breast cancer patients eligible for HFWBI after breast-conserving surgery were enrolled. All patients underwent 3DCT simulation scanning in both supine and prone positions. For the SEB-HFWBI plan, the dose prescribed for the planning target volume (PTV) of whole breast (WB) was 2.67 Gy per fraction with a total of 15 fractions, followed by a sequential boost of 3.2 Gy per fraction to the PTV of tumor bed (TB) in 3 fractions. For the SIB-HFWBI plan, the dose prescribed for the PTV of WB was 2.67 Gy per fraction with a total of 15 fractions, with a simultaneously integrated boost of 3.2 Gy per fraction to the PTV of TB with a total of 15 fractions. Regardless of the position, for the PTV of TB, the conformal index (CI) in the SIB-HFWBI plans was greater than those in the SEB-HFWBI plans (T = - 8.114, - 8.114; both P < 0.05). The CI for the PTV of WB increased significantly in the prone position relative to the supine position in both two plans(Z = - 3.340, - 3.501; all P < 0.05). The study suggested that prone SIB-HFWBI might be more suitable for postoperative radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery for early-stage breast cancer patients.

5.
Int J Infect Dis ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517048

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Shigella flexneri is prevalent worldwide and is the most common Shigella in many countries, causing highly contagious diarrhea which seriously threatens public health. We aimed to develop a colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for the rapid, accurate, and visualization detection of S. flexneri. METHODS: According to the screened specific genes of S. flexneri, we designed and evaluated 3 groups loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) primers, and the colorimetric LAMP reaction volume was optimized. The specificity of the colorimetric LAMP was validated by 20 S. flexneri and 96 non-S. flexneri clinical isolates. In addition, the sensitivity of the developed assay was evaluated by the serial ten-fold dilutions of plasmid DNA. RESULTS: We developed a colorimetric LAMP assay based on the specific gene hypothetical protein(Accssion: AE014073 Region: 4170556..4171068) of S. flexneri. The colorimetric LAMP method has good specificity for the detection of S. flexneri, which enables the detection of S. flexneri within 30 min, with the plasmids detection limit of 7*10° copies/µL. The results of amplification could be easily identified by color. CONCLUSIONS: This colorimetric LAMP assay could be used for rapid and accurate diagnosis of S. flexneri infection, especially in remote hospitals and laboratories with under-equipped medical facilities, and in situations where an urgent diagnosis is needed.

6.
Glia ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498776

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder characterized primarily by impaired social communication and rigid, repetitive, and stereotyped behaviors. Many studies implicate abnormal synapse development and the resultant abnormalities in synaptic excitatory-inhibitory (E/I) balance may underlie many features of the disease, suggesting aberrant neuronal connections and networks are prone to occur in the developing autistic brain. Astrocytes are crucial for synaptic formation and function, and defects in astrocytic activation and function during a critical developmental period may also contribute to the pathogenesis of ASD. Here, we report that increasing hippocampal astrogenesis during development induces autistic-like behavior in mice and a concurrent decreased E/I ratio in the hippocampus that results from enhanced GABAergic transmission in CA1 pyramidal neurons. Suppressing the aberrantly elevated GABAergic synaptic transmission in hippocampal CA1 area rescues autistic-like behavior and restores the E/I balance. Thus, we provide direct evidence for a developmental role of astrocytes in driving the behavioral phenotypes of ASD, and our results support that targeting the altered GABAergic neurotransmission may represent a promising therapeutic strategy for ASD.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499059

RESUMO

As there is a rising interest in upgrading cellulose to high-performance bio-products, the studies on innovative reaction media and processes have been leaping forward. Green solvents in terms of cellulose dissolution and brief processes for upgrading are critical to green chemistry. However, most solvent systems generally exhibit defects in harsh pH operating windows with limited temperature ranges, environmental pollution, long reaction times, complicated processes, etc. In this work, we have provided a novel molten salt hydrate (CaCl2·6H2O-LiCl) as a green solvent and investigated the role of hydrated molten salts in the dissolution process via the solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique. The cellulose could be dissolved in CaCl2·6H2O-LiCl molten salt hydrated at 120 °C with 3.0% solubility and regenerated in-situ by cooling down to ambient temperature. The regenerated cellulose exhibited a high solubility and excellent stability. From 7Li single pulse NMR experiments, it was observed that two types of Li+ existed in the cellulose dissolution, and the Li+ significantly impacted the dissolving process and the dissolution ability of cellulose. This work would provide an environmental-friendly strategy to prepare cellulose solutions for biocompatible cellulose materials.

9.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528239

RESUMO

We performed a double-blind, double-dummy controlled study to compare the efficacy between recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) and eltrombopag in rapidly increasing the platelet counts in Chinese patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). A total of 96 patients diagnosed with ITP for ≥6 months who had baseline platelet counts of <30 × 109 /l were randomly assigned (1:1 ratio) to receive eltrombopag 25 mg/day or rhTPO 300 u/kg for 2 weeks. Compared with the eltrombopag group, a significantly higher proportion of patients in the rhTPO group achieved platelet counts of ≥50 × 109 /l [75·00% (36/48) vs. 43·75% (21/48), P = 0·003] or complete response (64·58% vs. 25·00%) on day 15. Moreover, a higher proportion of patients in the rhTPO group either had platelet counts that rapidly increased to twice that of baseline and with platelet counts of ≥30 × 109 /l, or reached ≥50 × 109 /l at least once when analysed on day 9, 12, and 15. However, upon discontinuation of the treatment, the platelet counts reduced to the baseline within 1 week in the rhTPO group, but on the fourth week in the eltrombopag group. Adverse events were similar in patients given rhTPO and eltrombopag. To conclude, rhTPO is superior to eltrombopag at 25 mg/day in rapidly increasing platelet counts in patients with ITP (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03771378).

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476566

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Opioid use disorder is a complicated brain disease with high heritability. The underlying mechanisms of the genetic underpinnings in the susceptibility and treatment response of opioid use disorder remain elusive. OBJECTIVES: To reveal the potential associations of genotypes and gene methylations of dopaminergic system genes, as well as roles of them in opioid use disorder. In the present study, we detected the DNA methylation in the promoter regions of five representative dopaminergic system genes (DRD1, DRD2, SLC6A3, TH, and COMT) between 120 patients with heroin use disorder in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program and 111 healthy controls. The associations of 25 SNPs in the above genes and methylation of 237 CpG sites, known as methylation quantitative trait loci (mQTLs), were determined. Then, the correlations of the above mQTLs and traits of heroin use disorder were analyzed in a sample set of 801 patients with heroin use disorder and 930 healthy controls. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that several mQTLs in the DRD1 and DRD2 genes were identified both in the heroin use disorder and healthy control groups. Interestingly, rs4867798-CpG_174872884 and rs5326-CpG_174872884 in the DRD1 gene were the unique SNP-CpG pairs in the patients with heroin use disorder. Furthermore, mQTL rs5326 was associated with the susceptibility and effective dosage of MMT for heroin use disorder, and demonstrated allele-specific correlation with the expression of the DRD1 gene in the human caudate. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that some mQTLs may be associated with traits of opioid use disorder by implicating the DNA methylation and gene expression.

12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18451, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531475

RESUMO

This study investigates the protective effect of Erigeron breviscapus injection, a classic traditional Chinese medicine most typically used by Chinese minority to treat stroke, on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and the related signaling pathways. Use network pharmacology methods to study the relationship between E. breviscapus (Vant.) Hand-Mazz. and ischemic stroke, predict the mechanism and active ingredients of E. breviscapus (Vant.) Hand-Mazz. in improving ischemic stroke disease. We study the protective effect of E. breviscapus injection on blood-brain barrier (BBB) injuries induced by cerebral ischemia in rats by regulating the ROS/RNS-MMPs-TJs signaling pathway. The rat model of focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury has been prepared using the wire-suppository method. Firstly, the efficacy of E. breviscapus injection, Scutellarin and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid in protecting BBB injury caused by cerebral ischemia has been evaluated. Secondly, the following two methods have been used to study the mechanism of E. breviscapus injection in regulating the ROS/RNS-MMPS-TJS signaling pathway: real-time PCR and western blot for the determination of iNOS, MMP-9, claudin-5, occludin, ZO-1 mRNA and protein expression in brain tissue. We find that PI3K-Akt signaling pathway predicted by network pharmaology affects the blood-brain barrier function, so we chose the blood-brain barrier-related MMP-9, claudin-5, iNOS, occludin and ZO-1 proteins are used for research. The results of our research show that 3 drugs can reduce the rate of cerebral infarction in rats, relieve the abnormal neuroethology of rats, reduce the degree of brain tissue lesion, increase the number of the Nissl corpuscle cells and repair the neuron ultrastructure in injured rats. At the same time, it can obviously reduce the ultrastructure damage of the BBB in rats. All three drugs significantly reduced the content of Evans blue in the ischemic brain tissue caused by cerebral ischemia in rats with BBB injury. In addition, E. breviscapus injection, Scutellarin and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid can decrease the protein expression of iNOS and MMP-9 in rat ischemic brain tissue. In addition, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid can increase the protein expression of claudin-5. We conclude that E. breviscapus injection, Scutellarin and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid have obvious therapeutic effects on BBB and neuron injury induced by cerebral ischemia in rats. Our results from studying the mechanism of action show that E. breviscapus injection and Scutellarin inhibited the activation of MMP-9 by inhibiting the synthesis of iNOS, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid inhibits the expression and activation of MMP-9 by inhibiting the activation of iNOS and reducing the generation of free radicals, thus reducing the degradation of important cytoskeleton connexin claudin-5 in the tight junction (TJ) structure by inhibiting the expression and activation of MMP-9. Finally BBB structure integrity was protected.

13.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 325, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465723

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive synaptic dysfunction, neuronal death, and brain atrophy, with amyloid-ß (Aß) plaque deposits and hyperphosphorylated tau neurofibrillary tangle accumulation in the brain tissue, which all lead to loss of cognitive function. Pathogenic mutations in the well-known AD causal genes including APP, PSEN1, and PSEN2 impair a variety of pathways, including protein processing, axonal transport, and metabolic homeostasis. Here we identified a missense variant rs117916664 (c.896T>C, p.Asn299Ser [p.N299S]) of the acetyl-CoA acyltransferase 1 (ACAA1) gene in a Han Chinese AD family by whole-genome sequencing and validated its association with early-onset familial AD in an independent cohort. Further in vitro and in vivo evidence showed that ACAA1 p.N299S contributes to AD by disturbing its enzymatic activity, impairing lysosomal function, and aggravating the Aß pathology and neuronal loss, which finally caused cognitive impairment in a murine model. Our findings reveal a fundamental role of peroxisome-mediated lysosomal dysfunction in AD pathogenesis.

14.
Comput Biol Med ; 137: 104834, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507159

RESUMO

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease that spreads very rapidly and threatens the health of billions of people worldwide. With the number of cases increasing rapidly, most countries are facing the problem of a shortage of testing kits and resources, and it is necessary to use other diagnostic methods as an alternative to these test kits. In this paper, we propose a convolutional neural network (CNN) model (ULNet) to detect COVID-19 using chest X-ray images. The proposed architecture is constructed by adding a new downsampling side, skip connections and fully connected layers on the basis of U-net. Because the shape of the network is similar to UL, it is named ULNet. This model is trained and tested on a publicly available Kaggle dataset (consisting of a combination of 219 COVID-19, 1314 normal and 1345 viral pneumonia chest X-ray images), including binary classification (COVID-19 vs. Normal) and multiclass classification (COVID-19 vs. Normal vs. Viral Pneumonia). The accuracy of the proposed model in the detection of COVID-19 in the binary-class and multiclass tasks is 99.53% and 95.35%, respectively. Based on these promising results, this method is expected to help doctors diagnose and detect COVID-19. Overall, our ULNet provides a quick method for identifying patients with COVID-19, which is conducive to the control of the COVID-19 pandemic.

15.
Clin Cardiol ; 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a highly prevalent arrhythmia, with substantial associated morbidity and mortality. Circumferential pulmonary vein ablation (CPVA) is an effective rhythm control strategy, however, recurrence is an important factor influencing treatment decisions. HYPOTHESIS: To develop a predictive model based on left atrial (LA) structure and function, and evaluate its efficiency in predicting the recurrence of AF after CPVA. METHODS: Patients with paroxysmal AF who underwent CPVA were enrolled in this study and randomly divided into a development set and a validation set. The clinical and echocardiographic data of each patient were collected. In the development set, a least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression was used to establish a LA ultrasound feature. By combining that LA ultrasound feature with independent clinical risk factors, we established an echocardiographic model using multivariate logistic regression and plotted the corresponding nomogram. RESULTS: The LA ultrasound feature established by LASSO regression included nine echocardiographic indicators related to LA structure and function. It also exhibited good predictive ability in both the development set and the validation set (AUC:0.944, 95%CI: 0.910-0.978; AUC:0.878, 95%CI: 0.816-0.942). Logistic regression analysis indicated that LA ultrasound feature and AF duration were independent predictors for AF recurrence. The combined model including LA ultrasound feature and AF duration also showed good discriminability in both the development set (AUC: 0.950, 95% CI:0.914-0.985) and the validation set (AUC: 0.890, 95% CI: 0.831-0.949). The calibration curve showed good agreement between the predicted value and observed value. CONCLUSIONS: Our model that is based on LA structure and function measured by echocardiography is a useful non-invasive preoperative tool, which exhibits good accuracy in predicting the recurrence of AF after CPVA.

16.
Ann Plast Surg ; 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aimed to compare the clinical effects of reverse digital artery island flaps and antegrade homodigital neurovascular island flaps in fingertip reconstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 30 consecutive patients with fingertip defects who had undergone 2 types of surgery from January 2016 to January 2019. We used reverse digital artery island flaps and antegrade homodigital neurovascular island flaps in 14 and 16 patients, respectively. Flap sensitivity was evaluated using the Semmes-Weinstein monofilament test and static 2-point discrimination test. Finger appearance was assessed using the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire. The operation time, flap sensitivity, range of motion of the interphalangeal joint, and complications were evaluated. RESULTS: The static 2-point discrimination results of the fingers were significantly different between the antegrade homodigital neurovascular island flap group and reverse digital artery island flap group (8.07 ± 1.54 vs 5.94 ± 1.73; P < 0.05). The appearance of the fingers was significantly better in the antegrade homodigital neurovascular island flap group. Surgery using antegrade homodigital neurovascular island flaps required less time than surgery using reverse digital artery island flaps. No significant differences were found between the 2 groups in the range of motion of the interphalangeal joint or complications. CONCLUSIONS: The functional outcomes were identical between the reverse digital artery island flap and antegrade homodigital neurovascular island flap methods for fingertip reconstruction. Antegrade homodigital neurovascular island flaps lead to a shorter operation time, a more satisfying appearance, and better sensory recovery.

17.
Front Immunol ; 12: 699217, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34394093

RESUMO

Background: Most Chinese Blood Centers adopted mini pool (MP) nucleic acid testing (NAT) for HBV screening due to high cost of Individual donation (ID) NAT, and different proportions of MP-reactive but ID-non-reactive donations (MP+/ID-, defined as non-resolved donations) have been observed during daily donor screening process. Some of these non-resolved donations are occult HBV infections (OBIs), which pose potential risk of HBV transmission if they are not deferred. This study is aimed to further analyze these non-resolved donations. Methods: The non-resolved plasma samples were further analyzed by serological tests and various HBV DNA amplification assays including quantitative PCR (qPCR) and nested PCR amplifying the basic core and pre-core promoter regions (BCP/PC; 295 base pairs) and HBsAg (S) region (496 base pairs). Molecular characterizations of HBV DNA+ non-resolved samples were determined by sequencing analysis. Results: Of 17,226 MPs from 103,356 seronegative blood donations, 98 MPs were detected reactive for HBV. Fifty-six out of these 98 (57.1%) reactive MPs were resolved as HBV DNA+, but the remaining 42 pools (42.9%, 252 donations) were left non-resolved with a high rate (53.2%) of anti-HBc+. Surprisingly, among 42 non-resolved MPs, 17 contained one donation identified as OBIs by alternative NAT assays. Sequence analysis on HBV DNAs extracted from these OBI donations showed some key mutations in the S region that may lead to failure in HBsAg detection and vaccine escape. Conclusion: A total of 53.2% of the non-resolved donations were anti-HBc+, and OBIs were identified in 40.5% of these non-resolved pools. Therefore, non-resolved donations with anti-HBc+ might pose potential risk for HBV transmission. Our present analysis indicates that anti-HBc testing in non-resolved donations should be used to identify OBIs in order to further increase blood safety in China.

18.
Echocardiography ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346524

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma is a malignant proliferative disorder of plasma cells. Extramedullary involvement of the endocardium is rare in multiple myeloma. Here, we reported a 57-year-old male, once was diagnosed with multiple myeloma. The echocardiography reveled multiple solid masses in the right atrium, along with partial obstruction of superior vena cava. The mass resection alleviated the edema of upper limbs and identified the mass as extramedullary plasmablastic transformation and endocardial involvement. We also conducted a literature review and summary analysis of space-occupying lesions in the heart in 12 patients with multiple myeloma (including the current case) in the last 10 years. Echocardiography is the preferred radiologic examination method for diagnosis and follow-up in multiple myeloma with cardiac involvement, and surgical resection is effective for alleviating symptoms.

19.
Neurochem Res ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347266

RESUMO

Gut microbiota is closely related to the Parkinson's disease (PD) pathogenesis. Additionally, aggregation of α-synuclein (α-syn) is central to PD pathogenesis. Here we identified the further mechanisms of gut microbiota in PD. A mouse model with PD was established via injection of MPTP. Normal or MPTP-induced PD like animals were treated with FMT from healthy normal mice. Pole test and traction test were performed to examine the effects of FMT on motor function of PD mice. Fecal SCFAs were assessed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The α-syn level in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SN) of mice was measured using western blot. Dopaminergic neurons and microglial activation in the SN were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF) staining. FMT alleviated physical impairment, decreased fecal SCFAs in a mouse model of PD. Additionally, FMT decreased the expression of α-syn, as well as inhibited the activation of microglia in the SN, and blocked the TLR4/PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling in the SN and striatum. FMT could protect mice against PD via suppressing α-syn expression and inactivating the TLR4/PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling.

20.
BMC Med ; 19(1): 191, 2021 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the 1-year outcome of COVID-19 is limited. The aim of this study was to follow-up and evaluate lung abnormalities on serial computed tomography (CT) scans in patients with COVID-19 after hospital discharge. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of patients with COVID-19 from the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine was conducted, with assessments of chest CT during hospitalization and at 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year after hospital discharge. Risk factors of residual CT opacities and the influence of residual CT abnormalities on pulmonary functions at 1 year were also evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 41 patients were followed in this study. Gradual recovery after hospital discharge was confirmed by the serial CT scores. Around 47% of the patients showed residual aberration on pulmonary CT with a median CT score of 0 (interquartile range (IQR) of 0-2) at 1 year after discharge, with ground-glass opacity (GGO) with reticular pattern as the major radiologic pattern. Patients with residual radiological abnormalities were older (p = 0.01), with higher rate in current smokers (p = 0.04), higher rate in hypertensives (p = 0.05), lower SaO2 (p = 0.004), and higher prevalence of secondary bacterial infections during acute phase (p = 0.02). Multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that age was a risk factor associated with residual radiological abnormalities (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01-1.15, p = 0.02). Pulmonary functions of total lung capacity (p = 0.008) and residual volume (p < 0.001) were reduced in patients with residual CT abnormalities and were negatively correlated with CT scores. CONCLUSION: During 1-year follow-up after discharge, COVID-19 survivors showed continuous improvement on chest CT. However, residual lesions could still be observed and correlated with lung volume parameters. The risk of developing residual CT opacities increases with age.

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