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BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 40, 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38191314

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the association between admission MCV and preoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in geriatric hip fractures. METHODS: Older adult patients with hip fractures were screened between January 2015 and September 2019. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients were collected at the largest trauma center in northwest China. MCV was measured at admission and converted into a categorical variable according to the quartile. Multivariate binary logistic regression and generalized additive model were used to identify the linear and nonlinear association between MCV and preoperative DVT. Analyses were performed using EmpowerStats and the R software. RESULTS: A total of 1840 patients who met the criteria were finally enrolled and divided into four groups according to their MCV levels. The mean MCV was 93.82 ± 6.49 (80.96 to 105.91 fL), and 587 patients (31.9%) were diagnosed with preoperative DVT. When MCV was a continuous variable, the incidence of preoperative DVT increased with mean corpuscular volume. In the fully adjusted model, admission MCV was positively correlated with the incidence of preoperative DVT (OR: 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01-1.05; P = 0.0013). After excluding the effect of other factors, each additional 1fL of MCV increased the prevalence of preoperative DVT by 1.03 times as a continuous variable. CONCLUSION: MCV was linearly associated with preoperative DVT in geriatric patients with hip fractures and could be considered a predictor of DVT risk. The MCV may contribute to risk assessment and preventing adverse outcomes in the elderly. STUDY REGISTRATION: This study is registered on the website of the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR: ChiCTR2200057323).


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Trombose Venosa , Idoso , Humanos , Índices de Eritrócitos , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia
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