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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629800

RESUMO

Lignin provides structural support to plants; however, it reduces their utilization rate. According to our previous studies, selenium (Se) reduces lignin accumulation in alfalfa, but the specific mechanism involved remains unclear. Therefore, at the seedling stage, four root irrigation treatments using 2.5, 50, and 5 µmol/L sodium selenite (S-RI), selenomethionine (SS-RI), Se nanoparticles (SSS-RI), and deionized water (CK-RI) were performed. At the branching stage, four treatments of foliar spraying with the three Se fertilizers described above at a concentration of 0.5 mmol/L (S-FS, SS-FS, and SSS-FS) and deionized water (CK-FS) were administered. The results revealed that all Se treatments chiefly reduced the level of deposition of syringyl (S) lignin in the first internode of alfalfa stems. SS-FS and SSS-FS treatments mainly reduced the deposition of S and guaiacyl (G) lignins in the sixth internode of alfalfa stems, respectively, while S-FS treatment only slightly reduced the deposition of G lignin. S, SS, and SSS-RI treatments reduced the level of deposition of S and G lignins in the sixth internode of alfalfa stems. Se application increased plant height, stem diameter, epidermis (cortex) thickness, primary xylem vessel number (diameter), and pith diameter of alfalfa but decreased primary xylem area and pith parenchyma cell wall thickness of the first internode, and SS(SSS)-FS treatment reduced the mechanical strength of alfalfa stems. Therefore, Se application could decrease lignin accumulation by regulating the organizational structure parameters of alfalfa stems and the deposition pattern of the lignin monomers.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(15): 10357-10366, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574191

RESUMO

Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide to organic chemicals provides a value-added route for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. We report a family of carbon-supported Sn electrocatalysts with the tin size varying from single atom, ultrasmall clusters to nanocrystallites. High single-product Faradaic efficiency (FE) and low onset potential of CO2 conversion to acetate (FE = 90% @ -0.6 V), ethanol (FE = 92% @ -0.4 V), and formate (FE = 91% @ -0.6 V) were achieved over the catalysts of different active site dimensions. The CO2 conversion mechanism behind these highly selective, size-modulated p-block element catalysts was elucidated by structural characterization and computational modeling, together with kinetic isotope effect investigation.

3.
JOR Spine ; 7(2): e1325, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633661

RESUMO

Background: Intervertebral disk degeneration (IVDD) is a common spine disease, and inflammation is considered to be one of its main pathogenesis. Apigetrin (API) is a natural bioactive flavonoid isolated from various herbal medicines and shows attractive anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties; whereas, there is no exploration of the therapeutic potential of API on IVDD. Here, we aim to explore the potential role of API on IVDD in vivo and in vitro. Methods: In vitro, western blotting, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and immunofluorescence analysis were implemented to explore the bioactivity of API on interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß)-induced inflammatory changes in nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs). In vivo, histological staining and immunohistochemistry were employed to investigate the histological changes of intervertebral disk sections on puncture-induced IVDD rat models. Results: In vitro, API played a crucial role in anti-inflammation and autophagy enhancement in IL-1ß-induced NPCs. API improved inflammation by inhibiting the nuclear factor-kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinas pathways, whereas it promoted autophagy via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT/mammalian target of the rapamycin pathway. Furthermore, in vivo experiment illustrated that API mitigates the IVDD progression in puncture-induced IVDD model. Conclusions: API inhibited degenerative phenotypes and promoted autophagy in vivo and in vitro IVDD models. Those suggested that API might be a potential drug or target for IVDD.

4.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has emerged as the leading cause of death from prostate cancer (PCa) in recent decades, bringing a great disease burden worldwide. Men with preexisting CVD have an increased risk for major adverse cardiovascular events when treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). The present study was aimed to explore the prevalence and risk evaluation of CVD among people with newly diagnosed PCa in China. METHODS: Clinical data of newly diagnosed PCa patients were retrospectively collected from 34 centers in China from 2010 to 2022 through convenience sampling. CVD was defined as myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, heart failure, stroke, ischemic heart disease, and others. CVD risk was estimated by calculating Framingham risk scores (FRS). Patients were accordingly divided into low-, medium-, and high-risk groups. χ2 or Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical variables. RESULTS: A total of 4253 patients were enrolled in the present study. A total of 27.0% (1147/4253) of patients had comorbid PCa and CVD, and 7.2% (307/4253) had two or more CVDs. The enrolled population was distributed in six regions of China, and approximately 71.0% (3019/4253) of patients lived in urban areas. With imaging and pathological evaluation, most PCa patients were diagnosed at an advanced stage, with 20.5% (871/4253) locally progressing and 20.5% (871/4253) showing metastasis. Most of them initiated prostatectomy (46.6%, 1983/4253) or regimens involving ADT therapy (45.7%, 1944/4253) for prostate cancer. In the present PCa cohort, 43.1% (1832/4253) of patients had hypertension, and half of them had poorly controlled blood pressure. With FRS stratification, as expected, a higher risk of CVD was related to aging and metabolic disturbance. However, we also found that patients with treatment involving ADT presented an originally higher risk of CVD than those without ADT. This was in accordance with clinical practice, i.e., aged patients or patients at advanced oncological stages were inclined to accept systematic integrative therapy instead of surgery. Among patients who underwent medical castration, only 4.0% (45/1118) received GnRH antagonists, in stark contrast to the grim situation of CVD prevalence and risk. CONCLUSIONS: Prostate cancer patients in China are diagnosed at an advanced stage. A heavy CVD burden was present at the initiation of treatment. Patients who accepted ADT-related therapy showed an original higher risk of CVD, but the awareness of cardiovascular protection was far from sufficient.

5.
Regen Biomater ; 11: rbae035, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628545

RESUMO

Adipose mesenchymal stem cell (ADMSC)-derived exosomes (ADMSC-Exos) have shown great potential in regenerative medicine and been evidenced benefiting wound repair such as burns. However, the low yield, easy loss after direct coating, and no suitable loading system to improve their availability and efficacy hinder their clinical application for wound healing. And few studies focused on the comparison of biological functions between exosomes derived from different culture techniques, especially in exosome-releasing hydrogel system. Therefore, we designed a high-performance exosome controllable releasing hydrogel system for burn wound healing, namely loading 3D-printed microfiber culture-derived exosomes in a highly biocompatible hyaluronic acid (HA). In this project, we compared the biological functions in vitro and in a burn model among exosomes derived from the conventional two-dimensional (2D) plate culture (2D-Exos), microcarrier culture (2.5D-Exos), and 3D-printed microfiber culture (3D-Exos). Results showed that compared with 2D-Exos and 2.5D-Exos, 3D-Exos promoted HACATs and HUVECs cell proliferation and migration more significantly. Additionally, 3D-Exos had stronger angiogenesis-promoting effects in tube formation of (HUVECs) cells. Moreover, we found HA-loaded 3D-Exos showed better burn wound healing promotion compared to 2D-Exos and 2.5D-Exos, including accelerated burn wound healing rate and better collagen remodeling. The study findings reveal that the HA-loaded, controllable-release 3D-Exos repair system distinctly augments therapeutic efficacy in terms of wound healing, while concurrently introducing a facile application approach. This system markedly bolsters the exosomal loading efficiency, provides a robust protective milieu, and potentiates the inherent biological functionalities of the exosomes. Our findings provide a rationale for more efficient utilization of high-quality and high-yield 3D exosomes in the future, and a novel strategy for healing severe burns.

6.
Hortic Res ; 11(4): uhae040, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623073

RESUMO

The gaseous plant hormone ethylene regulates plant development, growth, and responses to stress. In particular, ethylene affects tolerance to salinity; however, the underlying mechanisms of ethylene signaling and salt tolerance are not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that salt stress induces the degradation of the ethylene receptor ETHYLENE RESPONSE 3 (RhETR3) in rose (Rosa hybrid). Furthermore, the TspO/MBR (Tryptophan-rich sensory protein/mitochondrial benzodiazepine receptor) domain-containing membrane protein RhTSPO interacted with RhETR3 to promote its degradation in response to salt stress. Salt tolerance is enhanced in RhETR3-silenced rose plants but decreased in RhTSPO-silenced plants. The improved salt tolerance of RhETR3-silenced rose plants is partly due to the increased expression of ACC SYNTHASE1 (ACS1) and ACS2, which results in an increase in ethylene production, leading to the activation of ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR98 (RhERF98) expression and, ultimately accelerating H2O2 scavenging under salinity conditions. Additionally, overexpression of RhETR3 increased the salt sensitivity of rose plants. Co-overexpression with RhTSPO alleviated this sensitivity. Together, our findings suggest that RhETR3 degradation is a key intersection hub for the ethylene signalling-mediated regulation of salt stress.

7.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634815

RESUMO

Breast cancer risk have been discussed to be associated with polymorphisms in genes as well as abnormal DNA damage repair function. This study aims to assess the relationship between genes single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to DNA damage repair and female breast cancer risk in Chinese population. A case-control study containing 400 patients and 400 healthy controls was conducted. Genotype was identified using the sequence MassARRAY method and expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) in tumor tissues was analyzed by immunohistochemistry assay. The results revealed that ATR rs13091637 decreased breast cancer risk influenced by ER, PR (CT/TT vs. CC: adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.54, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-2.27, p = 0.032; CT/TT vs. CC: adjusted OR = 1.63, 95%CI: 1.14-2.35, p = 0.008) expression. Stratified analysis revealed that PALB2 rs16940342 increased breast cancer risk in response to menstrual status (AG/GG vs. AA: adjusted OR = 1.72, 95%CI: 1.13-2.62, p = 0.011) and age of menarche (AG/GG vs. AA: adjusted OR = 1.54, 95%CI: 1.03-2.31, p = 0.037), whereas ATM rs611646 and Ku70 rs132793 were associated with reduced breast cancer risk influenced by menarche (GA/AA vs. GG: adjusted OR = 0.50, 95%CI: 0.30-0.95, p = 0.033). In a summary, PALB2 rs16940342, ATR rs13091637, ATM rs611646, and Ku70 rs132793 were associated with breast cancer risk.

8.
Chaos ; 34(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598677

RESUMO

In this paper, the dynamical properties of soliton interactions in the focusing Gardner equation are analyzed by the conventional two-soliton solution and its degenerate cases. Using the asymptotic expressions of interacting solitons, it is shown that the soliton polarities depend on the signs of phase parameters, and that the degenerate solitons in the mixed and rational forms have variable velocities with the time dependence of attenuation. By means of extreme value analysis, the interaction points in different interaction scenarios are presented with exact determination of positions and occurrence times of high transient waves generated in the bipolar soliton interactions. Next, with all types of two-soliton interaction scenarios considered, the interactions of two solitons with different polarities are quantitatively shown to have a greater contribution to the skewness and kurtosis than those with the same polarity. Specifically, the ratios of spectral parameters (or soliton amplitudes) are determined when the bipolar soliton interactions have the strongest effects on the skewness and kurtosis. In addition, numerical simulations are conducted to examine the properties of multi-soliton interactions and their influence on higher statistical moments, especially confirming the emergence of the soliton interactions described by the mixed and rational solutions in a denser soliton ensemble.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202406064, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619363

RESUMO

With halogen-atom transfer as an effective tool, a novel catalytic enantioselective protocol to generate chiral trifluoromethylated alkynes has been established by a cooperative photoredox and nickel catalysis system, providing a straightforward and modular route to access this type of product in good yields and enantioselectivities. The halogen-atom transfer process is essential for the reaction and this novel strategy offers another promising way to utilize alkyl halides with highly negative reduction potentials. It firstly expands nickel-catalyzed asymmetric reductive cross-couplings of organohalides from the traditional single-electron transfer to halogen-atom transfer.

10.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 150(4): 192, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613698

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To date, there have been few studies examining the prognostic implications of histological subtypes in ureteral cancer. And chemotherapy plays a crucial role in the treatment of ureteral cancer, while many factors influence the efficacy of chemotherapy. This study aimed to utilize the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database to assess the impact of histological type on ureteral cancer prognostic outcomes and discovered how histological type and T-stage influence the efficacy of chemotherapy. METHODS: Based on Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, we reviewed 8915 records of patients with primary ureteral cancer from 18 centers between 2000 and 2018. We focused on the overall survival and cancer-specific survival of the records and used Kaplan‒Meier method to calculate survival curves. RESULTS: In the comparison of prognostic outcomes, atypical subtypes exhibited a less favorable prognosis compared to typical ureteral carcinoma. Notably, patients diagnosed with papillary urothelial carcinoma demonstrated the most favorable overall survival (p = 0.005). Statistically significant benefits were observed in the prognosis of patients with non-papillary urothelial carcinoma who received chemotherapy (HR = 0.860, 95% CI 0.764-0.966, p = 0.011), while chemotherapy did not yield a statistically significant effect on the prognosis of patients with papillary urothelial carcinoma (HR = 1.055, 95% CI 0.906-1.228, p = 0.493). Chemotherapy had an adverse impact on the prognosis of patients with T1 ureteral cancer (HR = 1.235, 95% CI 1.016-1.502, p = 0.034), whereas it exhibited a positive prognostic effect for T3/T4 cases (HR = 0.739, 95% CI 0.654-0.835, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Histological type affects the prognosis of ureteral cancer. And evaluation of cancer histological type and T stage in ureteral cancer patients prior to chemotherapy is mandatory.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias Ureterais , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Neoplasias Ureterais/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Bases de Dados Factuais
11.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(6): 2219-2235, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617542

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the common causes of chronic liver disease in the world. The problem of NAFLD had become increasingly prominent. However, its pathogenesis is still indistinct. As we all know, NAFLD begins with the accumulation of triglyceride (TG), leading to fatty degeneration, inflammation and other liver tissues damage. Notably, structure of nucleoporin 85 (NUP85) is related to lipid metabolism and inflammation of liver diseases. In this study, the results of researches indicated that NUP85 played a critical role in NAFLD. Firstly, the expression level of NUP85 in methionine-choline-deficient (MCD)-induced mice increased distinctly, as well as the levels of fat disorder and inflammation. On the contrary, knockdown of NUP85 had the opposite effects. In vitro, AML-12 cells were stimulated with 2 mm free fatty acids (FFA) for 24 h. Results also proved that NUP85 significantly increased in model group, and increased lipid accumulation and inflammation level. Besides, NUP85 protein could interact with C-C motif chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2). Furthermore, when NUP85 protein expressed at an extremely low level, the expression level of CCR2 protein also decreased, accompanied with an inhibition of phosphorylation of phosphoinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (AKT) signaling pathway. What is more, trans isomer (ISRIB), a targeted inhibitor of NUP85, could alleviate NAFLD. In summary, our findings suggested that NUP85 functions as an important regulator in NAFLD through modulation of CCR2.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Camundongos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Transdução de Sinais , Receptores de Quimiocinas , Inflamação
12.
Cells ; 13(7)2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607088

RESUMO

Muscle regeneration, representing an essential homeostatic process, relies mainly on the myogenic progress of resident satellite cells, and it is modulated by multiple physical and nutritional factors. Here, we investigated how myogenic differentiation-related factors and pathways respond to the first limiting amino acid lysine (Lys) in the fast and slow muscles, and their satellite cells (SCs), of swine. Thirty 28-day-old weaned piglets with similar body weights were subjected to three diet regimens: control group (d 0-28: 1.31% Lys, n = 12), Lys-deficient group (d 0-28: 0.83% Lys, n = 12), and Lys rescue group (d 0-14: 0.83% Lys; d 15-28: 1.31% Lys, n = 6). Pigs on d 15 and 29 were selectively slaughtered for muscular parameters evaluation. Satellite cells isolated from fast (semimembranosus) and slow (semitendinosus) muscles were also selected to investigate differentiation ability variations. We found Lys deficiency significantly hindered muscle development in both fast and slow muscles via the distinct manipulation of myogenic regulatory factors and the Wnt/Ca2+ pathway. In the SC model, Lys deficiency suppressed the Wnt/Ca2+ pathways and myosin heavy chain, myogenin, and myogenic regulatory factor 4 in slow muscle SCs but stimulated them in fast muscle SCs. When sufficient Lys was attained, the fast muscle-derived SCs Wnt/Ca2+ pathway (protein kinase C, calcineurin, calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, and nuclear factor of activated T cells 1) was repressed, while the Wnt/Ca2+ pathway of its counterpart was stimulated to further the myogenic differentiation. Lys potentially manipulates the differentiation of porcine slow and fast muscle myofibers via the Wnt/Ca2+ pathway in opposite trends.


Assuntos
Lisina , Fatores de Regulação Miogênica , Animais , Suínos , Fatores de Regulação Miogênica/metabolismo , Lisina/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/metabolismo
13.
J Affect Disord ; 356: 72-79, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588727

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: The global increase in urbanization has coincided with a rise in depression prevalence. However, the effect of urbanization on depression remains controversial, especially for the elderly. OBJECTIVE: To clarify how urbanization impacts depression in the elderly from a network perspective. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This sectional cohort study used data from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The occurrence of depressive symptoms in urban and rural elderly residents. Network metrics of depressive symptoms. RESULTS: Of the 13,993 participants, lower incidence of depressive symptoms was observed in urban (26.3 %, 95 % CI, 24.7 %-27.8 %) than in rural (40.4 %, 95 % CI, 39.5 %-41.3 %, P < 0.0001) residents. However, higher incidence of depressive symptoms was observed in urban (26.3 %, 95 % CI, 25.2 %-28.4 %) than in rural (17.5 %, 95 % CI, 16.1 %-18.9 %, P < 0.0001) residents in a subset of 2898 pairs of participants after PSM. No difference in the network structure and metrics between urban and rural residents before (M = 0.071, p = 0.054, S = 0.037, p = 0.80) and after (M = 0.085, p = 0.133, S = 0.086, p = 0.47) PSM was detected. The networks structure revealed that negative affect was strongly connected to somatic symptoms and that the two anhedonic symptoms were also strongly connected. CONCLUSIONS: The current study indicated the homogeneity of the ultimate nature of depression between rural and urban residents from the network perspective, supporting the viewpoint that urbanization might not impose influence on depression. Further researches delving deeper into the complexity of the issue may provide new insights into our understanding of depression in an urban environment among the elderly.

14.
J Endocr Soc ; 8(5): bvae047, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562131

RESUMO

Context: Selecting appropriate individuals for genetic testing is essential due to the optimal treatment for maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY). However, how to effectively screen for MODY in China remains unclear. Objective: To validate the performance of current screening strategies in selecting patients with MODY based on a nationwide type 2 diabetes cohort. Methods: A panel of 14 MODY genes was analyzed from 1911 type 2 diabetes patients who were ages 15 to 35 years. Variants were evaluated according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines. Based on this cohort, we simulated the 2 most frequently used screening strategies, including the traditional MODY criteria and the MODY probability calculator (MPC), to assess their ability to select patients with MODY. Results: From a total of 1911 participants, 42 participants harbored pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants. The performance of the traditional criteria was sensitivity: 19.0%, specificity: 72.9%, positive predictive value (PPV): 1.6%, and missing rate: 81.0%. The optimal cut-off for MPC was 40.7%. Based on this cut-off value, the performance was sensitivity: 54.8%, specificity: 81.0%, PPV: 6.1%, and missing rate: 45.2%. Moreover, hemoglobin A1c, insulin treatment, and family history of diabetes have poor discrimination between MODY and young-onset type 2 diabetes. Conclusion: The MPC is better than traditional criteria in terms of both sensitivity and PPV. To ensure more MODY patients benefit from optimal treatment, we therefore suggest that routine genetic testing be performed on all type 2 diabetes patients who are between the ages of 15 and35 years and have MPC probability value over 40.7%.

17.
Biofabrication ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565133

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) could cause permanent impairment to motor or sensory functions. Pre-cultured neural stem cell (NSC) hydrogel scaffolds were demonstrated to be a promising approach to treat SCI with anti-inflammatory effect, axon regrowth and motor function restore. Here in this study, we performed coaxial extrusion process to fabricate a core-shell hydrogel microfiber with high NSC density in the core portion. Oxidized hyaluronic acid (OHA), carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) and Matrigel blend was used as matrix for NSC growth and to facilitate the fabrication process. During in vitro differentiation culture, it is found that NSC microfiber could differentiate into neuron and astrocyte with higher efficiency compared with NSC cultured in petri dishes. Furthermore, during in vivo transplantation, NSC microfibers were coated with poly lactic acid (PLA) nanosheet by electrospinning for reinforcement. The coated NSC nanofibers showed higher anti-inflammatory effect and lesion cavity filling rate compared with control group. Meanwhile, more neuron- and oligodendrocyte-like cells were visualized in lesion epicenter. Finally, axon regrowth across the whole lesion site was observed, demonstrating the microfiber could guide renascent axon regrowth. Experiment results indicate that the NSC microfiber is a promising bioactive treatment for complete SCI treatment with better outcomes. .

18.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 256: 116262, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621340

RESUMO

Lateral flow immunoassays (LFIAs) are an essential and widely used point-of-care test for medical diagnoses. However, commercial LFIAs still have low sensitivity and specificity. Therefore, we developed an automatic ultrasensitive dual-color enhanced LFIA (DCE-LFIA) by applying an enzyme-induced tyramide signal amplification method to a double-antibody sandwich LFIA for antigen detection. The DCE-LFIA first specifically captured horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled colored microspheres at the Test line, and then deposited a large amount of tyramide-modified signals under the catalytic action of HRP to achieve the color superposition. A limit of detection (LOD) of 3.9 pg/mL and a naked-eye cut-off limit of 7.8 pg/mL were achieved for detecting severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleoprotein. Additionally, in the inactivated virus detections, LOD equivalent to chemiluminescence (0.018 TCID50/mL) was obtained, and it had excellent specificity under the interference of other respiratory viruses. High sensitivity has also been achieved for detection of influenza A, influenza B, cardiac troponin I, and human chorionic gonadotrophin using this DCE-LFIA, suggesting the assay is universally applicable. To ensure the convenience and stability in practical applications, we created an automatic device. It provides a new practical option for point-of-care test immunoassays, especially ultra trace detection and at-home testing.

19.
iScience ; 27(4): 109511, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571759

RESUMO

Ferroptosis and ferritinophagy play critical roles in various disease contexts. Herein, we observed that ferroptosis and ferritinophagy were induced both in the brains of mice with diabetes mellitus (DM) and neuronal cells after high glucose (HG) treatment, as evidenced by decreases in GPX4, SLC7A11, and ferritin levels, but increases in NCOA4 levels. Interestingly, melatonin administration ameliorated neuronal damage by inhibiting ferroptosis and ferritinophagy both in vivo and in vitro. At the molecular level, we found that not only the ferroptosis inducer p53 but also the ferritinophagy mediator NCOA4 was the potential target of miR-214-3p, which was downregulated by DM status or HG insult, but was increased after melatonin treatment. However, the inhibitory effects of melatonin on ferroptosis and ferritinophagy were blocked by miR-214-3p downregulation. These findings suggest that melatonin is a potential drug for improving diabetic brain damage by inhibiting p53-mediated ferroptosis and NCOA4-mediated ferritinophagy through regulating miR-214-3p in neurons.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 265(Pt 1): 130649, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453121

RESUMO

Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4 (BMP4) is crucial for bone and cartilage tissue regeneration, essential in medical tissue engineering, cosmetology, and aerospace. However, its cost and degradation susceptibility pose significant clinical challenges. To enhance its osteogenic activity while reducing dosage and administration frequency, we developed a novel long-acting BMP4 delivery system using poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PBVHx) nanoparticles with soybean lecithin-modified BMP4 (sBP-NPs). These nanoparticles promote directed osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) through sustained BMP4 release. sBP-NPs exhibited uniform size (100-200 nm) and surface charges, with higher BMP4 entrapment efficiency (82.63 %) compared to controls. After an initial burst release within 24 h, sBP-NPs achieved 80 % cumulative BMP4 release within 20 days, maintaining levels better than control BP-NPs with unmodified BMP4. Co-incubation and nanoparticle uptake experiments confirmed excellent biocompatibility of sBP-NPs, promoting hBMSC differentiation towards osteogenic lineage with increased expression of type I collagen, calcium deposition, and ALP activity (> 20,000 U/g protein) compared to controls. Moreover, hBMSCs treated with sBP-NPs exhibited heightened expression of osteogenic genetic markers, surpassing control groups. Hence, this innovative strategy of sustained BMP4 release from sBP-NPs holds potential to revolutionize bone regeneration in minimally invasive surgery, medical cosmetology or space environments.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Osteogênese/genética , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/genética , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacologia , Diferenciação Celular , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas
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