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1.
Nanoscale Horiz ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048097

RESUMO

Correction for 'Two-dimensional polar metal of a PbTe monolayer by electrostatic doping' by Tao Xu et al., Nanoscale Horiz., 2020, 5, 1400-1406, DOI: 10.1039/D0NH00188K.

2.
Urol Int ; : 1-6, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the clinical effects of allogeneic acellular dermal matrix (ADM) in the surgical therapy of anterior urethral stricture (AUS). METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical data of 49 patients with AUS who underwent urethral repair surgery with ADM in the Department of Urology of the Peking University People's Hospital, and in the First Affiliated Hospital of the People's Liberation Army, from September 2015 to January 2019. The changes in urine flow rate and conditions of urethral mucosal coverage were observed as well as complications and outcomes, and statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: The average maximum urine flow rates at the 1st, 6th, and 12th month post-surgery were 16.3 ± 1.5, 15.0 ± 1.9, and 14.6 ± 2.1 mL/s, respectively. These values were significantly higher than the preoperative maximum urine flow rate, 1.3 ± 0.5 mL/s (p < 0.05). Cystoscopy was performed in 11 patients 12 months after surgery, with microscopic assessment revealing good urethral epithelial mucosal coverage. Only 2 patients developed infection 2-4 weeks after surgery, while 7 patients developed noninfective urethral restricture 6-10 months after surgery and 1 patient developed urinary fistula 5 months after surgery. All of these statuses improved after receiving appropriate treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Use of ADM represents a new option for the surgical management of AUS repair and reconstruction, with positive clinical effects. In addition, it has the advantages of convenient for operation procedures and access, with no need for additional sampling surgery.

3.
J Clin Invest ; 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104527

RESUMO

The mechanism by which inflammasome activation is modulated remains unclear. In this study, we identified an AIM2-interacting protein, the E3 ubiquitin ligase HUWE1, which was also found to interact with NLRP3 and NLRC4 through the HIN domain of AIM2 and the NACHT domains of NLRP3 and NLRC4. The BH3 domain of HUWE1 was important for its interaction with NLRP3, AIM2, and NLRC4. Caspase-1 maturation, IL-1ß release, and pyroptosis were reduced in Huwe1-deficient bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) compared with WT BMDMs in response to stimuli to induce NLRP3, NLRC4, and AIM2 inflammasome activation. Furthermore, the activation of NLRP3, NLRC4, and AIM2 inflammasomes in both mouse and human cells was remarkably reduced by treatment with the HUWE1 inhibitor BI8622. HUWE1 mediated the K27-linked polyubiquitination of AIM2, NLRP3, and NLRC4, which led to inflammasome assembly, ASC speck formation, and sustained caspase-1 activation. Huwe1-deficient mice had an increased bacterial burden and decreased caspase-1 activation and IL-1ß production upon Salmonella, Francisella, or Acinetobacter baumannii infection. Our study provides insights into the mechanisms of inflammasome activation as well as a potential therapeutic target against bacterial infection.

4.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 277, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior studies reported that 5 ~ 32% COVID-19 patients were critically ill, a situation that poses great challenge for the management of the patients and ICU resources. We aim to identify independent risk factors to serve as prediction markers for critical illness of SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS: Fifty-two critical and 200 non-critical SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid positive patients hospitalized in 15 hospitals outside Wuhan from January 19 to March 6, 2020 were enrolled in this study. Multivariable logistic regression and LASSO logistic regression were performed to identify independent risk factors for critical illness. RESULTS: Age older than 60 years, dyspnea, respiratory rate > 24 breaths per min, leukocytosis > 9.5 × 109/L, neutrophilia > 6.3 × 109/L, lymphopenia < 1.1 × 109/L, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio > 3.53, fibrinogen > 4 g/L, d-dimer > 0.55 µg/mL, blood urea nitrogen > 7.1 mM, elevated aspartate transaminase, elevated alanine aminotransferase, total bilirubin > 21 µM, and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score ≥ 2 were identified as risk factors for critical illness. LASSO logistic regression identified the best combination of risk factors as SOFA score, age, dyspnea, and leukocytosis. The Area Under the Receiver-Operator Curve values for the risk factors in predicting critical illness were 0.921 for SOFA score, 0.776 for age, 0.764 for dyspnea, 0.658 for leukocytosis, and 0.960 for the combination of the four risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings advocate the use of risk factors SOFA score ≥ 2, age > 60, dyspnea and leukocytosis > 9.5 × 109/L on admission, alone or in combination, to determine the optimal management of the patients and health care resources.

5.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(10): 847, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051453

RESUMO

Osteoclasts are multinucleated giant cells with the ability to degrade bone tissue, and are closely related to abnormal bone metabolic diseases. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an organelle responsible for protein modification, quality control, and transportation. The accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in ER cavity induces ER stress. Double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase-like ER kinase (PERK) is an ER stress-sensing protein, which is ubiquitous in eukaryotic cells. Systemic PERK knockout mice show severe bone loss, suggesting that PERK is of great significance for maintaining the normal growth and development of bone tissue, but the role of PERK in osteoclastogenesis is still unclear. In this study, we found that PERK was significantly activated during RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation; knockdown of PERK by siRNA and inhibition of PERK by GSK2606414, respectively, had significant negative regulatory effects on the formation and bone resorption of osteoclasts. PERK inhibitor GSK2606414 down-regulated the mRNA levels and protein expression of osteoclast differentiation marker genes, and inhibited RANKL-induced activation of Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathways. Treatment with PERK inhibitor GSK2606414 in ovariectomized mouse model significantly suppressed bone loss and osteoclast formation. Thapsigargin activated ER stress to enhance autophagy, while GSK2606414 had a significant inhibitory effect on autophagy flux and autophagosome formation. Antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) could inhibit the expression of PERK phosphorylation, osteoclast-related proteins and autophagy-related proteins, but the use of PERK activator CCT020312 can reverse inhibition effect of NAC. Our findings demonstrate a key role for PERK in osteoclast differentiation and suggest its therapeutic potential.

6.
Front Immunol ; 11: 582678, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072129

RESUMO

Background: The extent and depth of BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) infection in renal allograft correlate with prognosis. This study was designed to evaluate the value of urinary sediment double-immunostaining for predicting BKPyV infection in proximal tubular epithelium. Materials and methods: A total of 76 urine sediment cell blocks, as well as the corresponding transplanted kidney tissues with BK polyomavirus associated-nephropathy (BKPyVAN), were evaluated by automatic double-immunostaining with anti-58-kDa Golgi protein (58K, a proximal renal tubular marker) + anti-SV40-T and anti-homogentisate 1, 2-dioxygenase (HGD, a renal tubular marker) + anti-SV40-T. Results: Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that 58K was expressed in proximal tubular epithelium but not in distal tubular epithelium or transitional epithelium. Of the 76 patients, 28 (36.8%) had urinary 58K(+)/SV40-T(+) cells and HGD(+)/SV40-T(+) cells, 41 (53.9%) had only HGD(+)/SV40-T(+) cells, one (1.3%) had only 58K(+)/SV40-T(+) cells, and six (7.9%) had only 58K(-)/HGD(-)/SV40-T(+) cells. The presence of urinary 58K(+)/SV40-T(+) cells was correlated with BKPyV infection in proximal tubular epithelium (P < 0.001, r = 0.806). The mean extent of SV40-T staining was significantly more extensive in patients with urinary 58K(+)/SV40-T(+) cells than those without urinary 58K(+)/SV40-T(+) cells (21.4 vs. 12.0%, P < 0.001). The positive predictive value, negative predictive value, sensitivity, and specificity of urinary 58K(+)/SV40-T(+) cells for predicting BKPyV infection in proximal tubular epithelium were 89.7% (95% CI: 71.5-97.3%), 91.5% (95% CI: 78.7-97.2%), 86.7% (95% CI: 68.4-95.6%), and 93.5% (95% CI: 81.1-98.3%), respectively. Conclusion: Urinary sediment double-immunostaining with anti-58K and anti-SV40-T is valuable for predicting the extent and depth of BKPyV infection in renal allograft.

7.
Seizure ; 83: 63-69, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096458

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The magnitude of association between statin use and post-stroke seizures (PSS) risk remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate this issue. METHODS: We systematically searched electronic libraries, including Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases, for relevant clinical studies. The main outcome was the risk of early PSS and the risk of post-stroke epilepsy (PSE). The pooled relative risks (RRs) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to calculate the association between statin treatment and risks of early PSS and PSE. RESULTS: A total of 7 articles met our inclusion criteria and were included. For early PSS risk, statin use was associated with a lower risk of early PSS (RR 0.36, 95% CI 0.25-0.53; p < 0.001). Subgroup analyses based on the prescribing timing of statins showed that pre-stroke statin use was not associated with the risk of early PSS; post-stroke statin use was associated with a lower risk of early PSS (RR 0.37, 95% CI 0.25-0.54; p < 0.001). For PSE risk, statin use was associated with a lower risk of PSE (RR 0.62, 95% CI 0.42-0.92; p = 0.017). Further subgroup analyses based on the prescribing timing of statins indicated that pre-stroke statin use was not associated with the risk of PSE; post-stroke statin use was associated with a lower risk of PSE (RR 0.59, 95% CI 0.49-0.70; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Statin treatment, especially the post-statin treatment, was associated with lower risks of early PSS and PSE.

8.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 257, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread rapidly around the world. We aimed to describe the epidemiological characteristics and the entire evolution of COVID-19 in Wuhan, and to evaluate the effect of non-pharmaceutical intervention by the government. METHODS: The information of COVID-19 cases until Mar 18, 2020 in Wuhan were collected from the national infectious disease surveillance system in Hubei province. RESULTS: A total of 49,973 confirmed cases were reported until Mar 18, 2020 in Wuhan. Among whom, 2496 cases died and the overall mortality was 5.0%. Most confirmed cases (25,619, 51.3%) occurred during Jan 23 to Feb 4, with a spike on Feb 1 (new cases, 3374). The number of daily new cases started to decrease steadily on Feb 19 (new cases, 301) and decreased greatly on Mar 1 (new cases, 57). However, the mortality and the proportion of severe and critical cases has been decreasing over time, with the lowest of 2.0 and 10.1% during Feb 16 to Mar 18, 2020, respectively. The percentage of severe and critical cases among all cases was 19.6%, and the percentage of critical and dead cases aged over 60 was 70.1 and 82.0%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The number of new cases has dropped significantly after the government taking the isolation of four types of personnel and the community containment for 14 days. Our results indicate that the mortality and proportion of severe and critical cases gradually decreased over time, and critical and dead cases are more incline to be older individuals.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Órgãos Governamentais , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Isolamento Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
9.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 999, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second-most common gynecological cancer, early screening plays a key role in the diagnosis and treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Sustained E7 protein expression is the pathological basis for CIN and cervical cancer. METHODS: We collected the cervical cell samples of women who visited the gynecological clinic of Peking Union Medical College Hospital between September 2018 and September 2019 and submitted them to the high-risk human papillomavirus (Hr-HPV) test. We performed a magnetic particle-based chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay to analyze the HPV16/18 E7 protein level in CIN of different severities and compared the results with those of cervical pathology (gold standard) and the HPV test. RESULTS: The positive rate of HPV16/18 E7 protein increased with the severity of CIN: 26.6% in normal tissue, 58.3% in CIN1, and 70.6% in CIN2 or higher (CIN2+). For CIN2+, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of the E7 protein were 70.6, 67.9, 52.2, and 82.3%, respectively. These values of the HPV test were 86.8, 44.5, 43.7, and 87.1%, respectively. With the combination of the E7 protein assay and HPV test, the specificity for diagnosing CIN2+ was 78.1%, which was significantly higher than that of the HPV test alone. CONCLUSIONS: HPV16/18 E7 protein level is correlated with the severity of CIN and has a high concordance rate with the pathological result. For cervical cancer screening, the combination of HPV16/18 E7 protein assay and HPV test improves the CIN diagnostic specificity, detection rate, and detection accuracy.

10.
Org Lett ; 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107301

RESUMO

A chemo- and regioselective perfluoromethylation using thioamides/selenoamides (prepared one step from corresponding lactams) as starting materials has been discovered. The reaction demonstrated complementary chemoselectivity to the C-H trifluoromethylation of (hetero)arenes as well as remarkable functional group compatibility especially toward radical sensitive olefin-, alkyne-, and arylhalide-bearing substrates. The examples of perfluorothio-/selenolated drug molecules indicated application potential of this strategy in drug modification and drug-analogue preparation.

11.
Org Lett ; 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107302

RESUMO

The first catalytic strategy to harness a new chloromethane radical from dichloromethane under dual Ni/photoredox catalytic conditions has been developed. Compared with traditional two-electron reductive process associated with metallic reductants, this method via a single-electron approach can proceed under exceptionally mild conditions (visible light, ambient temperature, no strong base) and exhibits complementary reactivity patterns. It affords a broad scope of many functional groups, including alkenyl, which suffers cyclopropanation in previous routes. The diarylmethane-d2 compounds can be readily available with this transformation.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017926

RESUMO

The study of working memory (WM) is a hot topic in recent years and accumulating literatures underlying the achievement and neural mechanism of WM. However, the effect of WM training on cognitive functions were rarely studied. In this study, nineteen healthy young subjects participated in a longitudinal design with one week N-back training (N=1,2,3,4). Experimental results demonstrated that training procedure could help the subjects master more complex psychological tasks when comparing the pre-training performance with those post-training. More specifically, the behavior accuracy increased from 68.14±9.34%, 45.09±14.90%, 39.12±12.71%, and 32.11±10.98% for 1-back, 2-back, 3-back and 4-back respectively to 73.52±4.01%, 69.14±5.28%, 69.09±6.41% and 64.41±5.12% after training. Furthermore, we applied electroencephalogram (EEG) power and functional connectivity to reveal the neural mechanisms of this beneficial effect and found that the EEG power of δ, θ and α band located in the left temporal and occipital lobe increased significantly. Meanwhile, the functional connectivity strength also increased obviously in δ and θ band. In sum, we showed positive effect of WM training on psychological performance and explored the neural mechanisms. Our findings may have the implications for enhancing the performance of participants who are prone to cognitive.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Memória de Curto Prazo , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Lobo Occipital
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 1): 142511, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022460

RESUMO

Soil salinization and alkalization is one of the most devastating environmental problems, threatening the sustainable development of agriculture. Bio-amelioration using microorganisms such as bacteria is a promising method for the remediation of calcareous sodic and saline-sodic soil due to its high efficiency, low cost and environmental-friendly characteristics. In the present study, a salt resistant bacterium, Bacillus subtilis BSN-1, was isolated from arid region in Xinjiang, China, and its effects on salt crystallization during evaporation crystallization of saline-alkali soil solution were examined. It was found that the fermentation products of B. subtilis BSN-1, such as glutamic acid, significantly lowered the pH of saline soil solution because of the ionization of carboxyl. The complexation between Ca2+ and fermentation products inhibited the precipitation of Ca-P compounds as well, since the binding sites supplied for Ca2+ is one or two orders of magnitude than that for HPO42-. Moreover, the increased content of active phosphate is attributed to the chelation and adsorption exerted through carboxyl and amide bonds. These findings demonstrated that Bacillus subtilis BSN-1 suppressed the crystallization of phosphate and therefor increased the content of active phosphate, which may provide a promising solution for amendment and remediation of saline-alkali soil.

15.
Hortic Res ; 7: 163, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082970

RESUMO

The essential role of ethylene in fruit ripening has been thoroughly studied. However, the involvement of brassinosteroids (BRs) in the regulation of fruit ripening and their relationship with the ethylene pathway are poorly understood. In the current study, we found that BRs were actively synthesized during tomato fruit ripening. We then generated transgenic lines overexpressing or silencing SlCYP90B3, which encodes a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase that catalyzes the rate-limiting step of BR synthesis. The expression level of SlCYP90B3 was positively related to the contents of bioactive BRs as well as the ripening process in tomato fruit, including enhanced softening and increased soluble sugar and flavor volatile contents. Both carotenoid accumulation and ethylene production were strongly correlated with the expression level of SlCYP90B3, corroborated by the altered expression of carotenoid biosynthetic genes as well as ethylene pathway genes in transgenic tomato fruits. However, the application of the ethylene perception inhibitor 1-methycyclopropene (1-MCP) abolished the promotion effect of SlCYP90B3 overexpression on carotenoid accumulation. Taken together, these results increase our understanding of the involvement of SlCYP90B3 in bioactive BR biosynthesis as well as fruit ripening in tomato, thus making SlCYP90B3 a target gene for improvement of visual, nutritional and flavor qualities of tomato fruits with no yield penalty.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16454, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020518

RESUMO

The pathophysiological differences between menstrually-related migraine (MRM) and pure menstrual migraine (PMM) are largely unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential differences in brain structure and function between PMM and MRM. Forty-eight menstrual migraine patients (32 MRM; 16 PMM) were recruited for this study. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was applied on structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI), and the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) and regional homogeneity (ReHo) in resting state functional MRI (rsfMRI) were calculated. No significant between-group difference was observed in the grey matter volume (GMV). MRM patients exhibited lower ALFF values at the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) than PMM patients. Moreover, the MRM group showed significantly higher ReHo values in the DLPFC. Higher values in the mPFC were related to higher expression of calcitonin gene-associated peptide (CGRP) in the PMM group (r = 0.5, P = 0.048). Combined ALFF and ReHo analyses revealed significantly different spontaneous neural activity in the DLPFC and mPFC, between MRM and PMM patients, and ALFF values in the mPFC were positively correlated with CGRP expression, in the PMM group. This study enhances our understanding of the relationship between neural abnormalities and CGRP expression in individuals with PMM.

17.
Pain Res Manag ; 2020: 1380504, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029266

RESUMO

Objective: Elderly patients are prone to postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), which may cause anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders and reduce quality of life. As a result, the life quality of patients was seriously reduced. However, the pathogenesis of PHN has not been fully elucidated, and current treatments remain inadequate. Therefore, it is important to explore the molecular mechanism of PHN. Methods: We analyzed the GSE64345 dataset, which includes gene expression from the ipsilateral dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of PHN model rats. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified and analyzed by Gene Ontology. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed. The miRNA associated with neuropathic pain and inflammation was found in miRNet. Hub genes were identified and analyzed in Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD). miRNA-mRNA networks associated with PHN were constructed. Results: A total of 116 genes were up-regulated in the DRG of PHN rats, and 135 genes were down-regulated. Functional analysis revealed that variations were predominantly enriched for genes involved in neuroactive ligand-receptor interactions, the Jak-STAT signaling pathway, and calcium channel activity. Eleven and thirty-one miRNAs associated with neuropathic pain and inflammation, respectively, were found. Eight hub genes (S1PR1, OPRM1, PDYN, CXCL3, S1PR5, TBX5, TNNI3, MYL7, PTGDR2, and FBXW2) associated with PHN were identified. Conclusions: Bioinformatics analysis is a useful tool to explore the mechanism and pathogenesis of PHN. The identified hub genes may participate in the onset and development of PHN and serve as therapeutic targets.

18.
Science ; 370(6512): 82-89, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004515

RESUMO

Knowledge of somatic mutation accumulation in normal cells, which is essential for understanding cancer development and evolution, remains largely lacking. In this study, we investigated somatic clonal events in morphologically normal human urothelium (MNU; epithelium lining the bladder and ureter) and identified macroscopic clonal expansions. Aristolochic acid (AA), a natural herb-derived compound, was a major mutagenic driving factor in MNU. AA drastically accelerates mutation accumulation and enhances clonal expansion. Mutations in MNU were widely observed in chromatin remodeling genes such as KMT2D and KDM6A but rarely in TP53, PIK3CA, and FGFR3 KMT2D mutations were found to be common in urothelial cells, regardless of whether the cells experience exogenous mutagen exposure. Copy number alterations were rare and largely confined to small-scale regions, along with copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity. Single AA-associated clones in MNU expanded to a scale of several square centimeters in size.

19.
Clin Transl Med ; 10(5): e175, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997414

RESUMO

Pulmonary vascular remodeling is the most important pathological characteristic of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). No effective treatment for PAH is currently available because the mechanism underlying vascular remodeling is not completely clear. CD248, also known as endosialin, is a transmembrane protein that is highly expressed in pericytes and fibroblasts. Here, we evaluated the role of CD248 in pulmonary vascular remodeling and the processes of PAH pathogenesis. Activation of CD248 in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) was found to be proportional to the severity of PAH. CD248 contributed to platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB)-induced PASMC proliferation and migration along with the shift to more synthetic phenotypes. In contrast, treatment with Cd248 siRNA or the anti-CD248 therapeutic antibody (ontuxizumab) significantly inhibited the PDGF signaling pathway, obstructed NF-κB p65-mediated transcription of Nox4, and decreased reactive oxygen species production induced by PDGF-BB in PAMSCs. In addition, knockdown of CD248 alleviated pulmonary vascular remodeling in rat PAH models. This study provides novel insights into the dysfunction of PASMCs leading to pulmonary vascular remodeling, and provides evidence for anti-remodeling treatment for PAH via the immediate targeting of CD248.

20.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(9): 747, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920594

RESUMO

The small GTPase Ras homolog enriched in the brain (Rheb) can activate mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and regulate the growth and cell cycle progression. We investigated the role of Rheb-mediated mTORC1 signaling in neuropathic pain. A chronic constriction injury (CCI) model was dopted. CCI induced obvious spinal Rheb expression and phosphorylation of mTOR, S6, and 4-E-BP1. Blocking mTORC1 signal with rapamycin alleviated the neuropathic pain and restored morphine efficacy in CCI model. Immunofluoresence showed a neuronal co-localization of CCI-induced Rheb and pS6. Rheb knockin mouse showed a similar behavioral phenotype as CCI. In spinal slice recording, CCI increased the firing frequency of neurons expressing HCN channels; inhibition of mTORC1 with rapamycin could reverse the increased spinal neuronal activity in neuropathic pain. Spinal Rheb is induced in neuropathic pain, which in turn active the mTORC1 signaling in CCI. Spinal Rheb-mTOR signal plays an important role in regulation of spinal sensitization in neuropathic pain, and targeting mTOR may give a new strategy for pain management.

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