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1.
Plant Commun ; : 100930, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38685708

RESUMO

Plant can shape their root microbiome for growth and nutrients uptake. PHOSPHATE STARVATION RESPONSE 2 (OsPHR2) is a central regulator of phosphate signaling in rice, but whether OsPHR2 can shape the root microbiome for phosphorus uptake is unclear. Here, we investigate the roles of OsPHR2 in recruiting microbiota for phosphorus uptake using high-throughput sequencing and metabolites analysis. OsPHR2-overexpressing (OsPHR2 OE) rice exhibited 69.8% greater shoot P uptake in natural soil compared to sterilized soil under high phosphorus (HP) conditions; while there was only a 54.8% increase in wildtype (WT). Next, the abundance of the family Pseudomondaceae was significantly enriched in the OsPHR2 OE root, relative to WT rice. Compared to the WT, OsPHR2 OE had different root exudates (succinic acid and methylmalonic acid), which were associated with distinct changes in the root microbiome. After inoculation with Pseudomonas sp (P6), rice phosphorus uptake in WT and OsPHR2 OE rice was higher than that of uninoculated rice plants under low phosphorus (LP) conditions. Together, our results suggest that OsPHR2 can increase rice phosphorus use through root exudate-mediated recruitment of Pseudomonas. This finding reveals a cooperative contribution of OsPHR2-modulated root microbiome, which is important for improving phosphorus use in agriculture.

2.
Bioresour Technol ; 400: 130697, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614145

RESUMO

Effects of a phosphorus-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) Bacillus megatherium on growth and lipid production of Chlorella sorokiniana were investigated in synthesized swine wastewater with dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP), insoluble inorganic phosphorus (IIP), and organic phosphorus (OP). The results showed that the PSB significantly promoted the algal growth in OP and IIP, by 1.10 and 1.78-fold, respectively. The algal lipid accumulation was also greatly triggered, respectively by 4.39, 1.68, and 1.38-fold in DIP, IIP, and OP. Moreover, compared with DIP, OP improved the oxidation stability of algal lipid by increasing the proportion of saturated fatty acids (43.8 % vs 27.9 %), while the PSB tended to adjust it to moderate ranges (30.2-41.6 %). Further, the transcriptome analysis verified the OP and/or PSB-induced up-regulated genes involving photosynthesis, lipid metabolism, signal transduction, etc. This study provided novel insights to enhance microalgae-based nutrient removal combined with biofuel production in practical wastewater, especially with complex forms of phosphorus.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Lipídeos , Fosfatos , Águas Residuárias , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia , Animais , Chlorella/metabolismo , Chlorella/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Suínos , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Lipídeos/biossíntese , Fósforo/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Solubilidade , Bacillus/metabolismo
3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(8): e18334, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38661439

RESUMO

The genetic information of plasma total-exosomes originating from tissues have already proven useful to assess the severity of coronary artery diseases (CAD). However, plasma total-exosomes include multiple sub-populations secreted by various tissues. Only analysing the genetic information of plasma total-exosomes is perturbed by exosomes derived from other organs except the heart. We aim to detect early-warning biomarkers associated with heart-exosome genetic-signatures for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by a source-tracking analysis of plasma exosome. The source-tracking of AMI plasma total-exosomes was implemented by deconvolution algorithm. The final early-warning biomarkers associated with heart-exosome genetic-signatures for AMI was identified by integration with single-cell sequencing, weighted gene correction network and machine learning analyses. The correlation between biomarkers and clinical indicators was validated in impatient cohort. A nomogram was generated using early-warning biomarkers for predicting the CAD progression. The molecular subtypes landscape of AMI was detected by consensus clustering. A higher fraction of exosomes derived from spleen and blood cells was revealed in plasma exosomes, while a lower fraction of heart-exosomes was detected. The gene ontology revealed that heart-exosomes genetic-signatures was associated with the heart development, cardiac function and cardiac response to stress. We ultimately identified three genes associated with heart-exosomes defining early-warning biomarkers for AMI. The early-warning biomarkers mediated molecular clusters presented heterogeneous metabolism preference in AMI. Our study introduced three early-warning biomarkers associated with heart-exosome genetic-signatures, which reflected the genetic information of heart-exosomes carrying AMI signals and provided new insights for exosomes research in CAD progression and prevention.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Exossomos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Exossomos/genética , Exossomos/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Transcriptoma/genética
4.
Therap Adv Gastroenterol ; 17: 17562848241245455, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617123

RESUMO

Background: For patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)-positive advanced or metastatic gastric cancer who have progressed on first-line trastuzumab therapy, the clinical value of the continuous use of trastuzumab beyond progression (TBP) is controversial. Objectives: The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and explore new treatment strategies of TBP for patients with trastuzumab-resistant HER2-positive advanced or metastatic gastric cancer in the era of cancer immunotherapy. Design: Retrospective analysis. Methods: Patients with HER2-positive advanced or metastatic gastric cancer who have failed first-line treatment based on trastuzumab-targeted therapy from June 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), and safety. Survival curves of patients were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. Results: In all, 30 patients received TBP with chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or anti-angiogenic therapy, and the other 26 patients received treatment of physician's choice without trastuzumab. The median PFS in the TBP and non-TBP population was 6.0 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 3.8-8.2] and 3.5 (95% CI = 2.2-4.8) months, respectively (p = 0.038), and the median OS was 12.3 (95% CI = 10.4-14.2) and 9.0 (95% CI = 6.6-11.4) months (p = 0.008). The patients who received TBP treatment had more favorable PFS and OS than the non-TBP population. In the TBP group, patients who received trastuzumab plus chemotherapy and immunotherapy had higher ORR (40.0% versus 16.7%), DCR (90.0% versus 50.0%), and showed a significant improvement in PFS (7.0 versus 1.9 m) compared to TBP with chemotherapy alone. Subgroup analysis suggested that patients with male, HER2 positive with immunohistochemistry score 3+ and PFS of first-line treatment less than 6 months had a greater benefit from TBP. The incidence of Grade 3-4 adverse events in the TBP and non-TBP groups was 43.3% and 38.5%. Conclusion: The continuous use of TBP improves PFS and OS in patients with trastuzumab-resistant HER2-positive advanced or metastatic gastric cancer with well-tolerated toxicity. In the era of immunotherapy, TBP combined with chemotherapy and immunotherapy may further enhance the clinical benefit and provide a new treatment strategy. Trial registration: This study is a retrospective study, which does not require clinical registration.


The value of TBP in trastuzumab-resistant HER2-positive advanced or metastatic gastric cancer Patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) positive advanced or metastatic gastric cancer who have failed from first-line treatment based on trastuzumab targeted therapy from June 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. 30 patients received TBP with chemotherapy, immunotherapy or anti-angiogenic therapy, and the other 26 patients received treatment of physician's choice without trastuzumab. The median PFS in the TBP and non-TBP population was 6.0(95% CI = 3.8-8.2) and 3.5 (95% CI = 2.2-4.8) months, respectively (P = 0.038), and the median OS was 12.3 (95% CI = 10.4-14.2) and 9.0 (95% CI = 6.6-11.4) months (P = 0.008). In TBP group, patients who received trastuzumab plus chemotherapy and immunotherapy had higher ORR, DCR and showed a significant improvement in PFS compared to TBP with chemotherapy-alone (p = 0.024). Subgroup analysis suggested that patients with male, HER2-positive with IHC score 3+ and PFS of first-line treatment less than 6 months had a greater benefit from TBP. The continuous use of TBP does not increase the incidence of adverse events (AEs). The continuous use of TBP improve PFS and OS in patients with trastuzumab-resistant HER2-positive advanced or metastatic gastric cancer with well tolerated toxicity. In the era of immunotherapy, TBP combined with chemotherapy and immunotherapy further enhanced the clinical benefit and provide new treatment strategy.

5.
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) ; 56(4): 538-550, 2024 04 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425243

RESUMO

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are implicated in gastric cancer (GC) growth, metastatic dissemination, cancer-associated thrombosis, etc. This work is conducted to elucidate the heterogeneity of NETs in GC. The transcriptome heterogeneity of NETs is investigated in TCGA-STAD via a consensus clustering algorithm, with subsequent external verification in the GSE88433 and GSE88437 cohorts. Clinical and molecular traits, the immune microenvironment, and drug response are characterized in the identified NET-based clusters. Based upon the feature genes of NETs, a classifier is built for estimating NET-based clusters via machine learning. Multiple experiments are utilized to verify the expressions and implications of the feature genes in GC. A novel NET-based classification system is proposed for reflecting the heterogeneity of NETs in GC. Two NET-based clusters have unique and heterogeneous clinical and molecular features, immune microenvironments, and responses to targeted therapy and immunotherapy. A logistic regression model reliably differentiates the NET-based clusters. The feature genes C5AR1, CSF1R, CSF2RB, CYBB, HCK, ITGB2, LILRB2, MNDA, MPEG1, PLEK, SRGN, and STAB1 are proven to be aberrantly expressed in GC cells. Specific knockdown of C5AR1 effectively hinders GC cell growth and elicits intracellular ROS accumulation. In addition, its suppression suppresses the aggressiveness and EMT phenotype of GC cells. In all, NETs are the main contributors to intratumoral heterogeneity and differential drug sensitivity in GC, and C5AR1 has been shown to trigger GC growth and metastatic spread. These findings collectively provide a theoretical basis for the use of anti-NETs in GC treatment.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Neutrófilos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
6.
Mar Drugs ; 22(3)2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38535476

RESUMO

With the emergence of drug-resistant strains, the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) is becoming more difficult and there is an urgent need to find new anti-TB drugs. Mycobacterium marinum, as a model organism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, can be used for the rapid and efficient screening of bioactive compounds. The 14-membered resorcylic acid lactones (RALs) have a wide range of bioactivities such as antibacterial, antifouling and antimalarial activity. In order to further study their bioactivities, we initially constructed a 14-membered RALs library, which contains 16 new derivatives. The anti-M. marinum activity was evaluated in vitro. Derivatives 12, 19, 20 and 22 exhibited promising activity with MIC90 values of 80, 90, 80 and 80 µM, respectively. The preliminary structure-activity relationships showed that the presence of a chlorine atom at C-5 was a key factor to improve activity. Further studies showed that 12 markedly inhibited the survival of M. marinum and significantly reduced the dosage of positive drugs isoniazid and rifampicin when combined with them. These results suggest that 12 is a bioactive compound capable of enhancing the potency of existing positive drugs, and its effective properties make it a very useful leads for future drug development in combating TB resistance.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos , Mycobacterium marinum , Anticorpos , Antituberculosos , Lactonas
7.
AAPS J ; 26(3): 37, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548953

RESUMO

The utilization of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) has gained considerable attention in the field of targeted cancer therapy due to their ability to synergistically combine the specificity of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and the potency of small molecular drugs. However, the immunogenic nature of the antibody component within ADCs warrants the need for robust immunogenicity testing, including a neutralizing antibody (NAb) assay. Since the mechanism of action (MOA) of the ADC is to first bind to the target cells and then release the payload intracellularly to kill the cells, the most relevant NAb assay format would be a cell-based killing assay. However, in this paper, we present a case where a cell-based killing assay could not be developed after multiple cell lines and NAb-positive controls (PC) had been tested. Surprisingly, contrary to our expectations, all NAb PCs tested exhibited an increased killing effect on the target cells, instead of the expected protective response. This unexpected phenomenon most likely is due to the non-specific internalization of drug/NAb complexes via FcγRs, as an excessive amount of human IgG1 and mouse IgG2a, but not mouse IgG1, greatly inhibited drug or drug/NAb complexes induced cell death. To overcome this obstacle, we implemented a novel cell-based binding assay utilizing the Meso Scale Discovery (MSD) platform. We also propose that an in vitro cell killing NAb assay is limited to at best monitoring the target binding and internalization induced cell death, but not by-stander killing induced by prematurely released or dead-cell released payload, hence cannot really mimic the in vivo MOA of ADC.


Assuntos
Imunoconjugados , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Imunoconjugados/farmacologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Imunoglobulina G
8.
BMC Urol ; 24(1): 60, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the role of antimicrobial prophylaxis in laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 1000 patients who underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy from August 2019 to November 2021 in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Patients were divided into group without antimicrobial prophylaxis (n = 444) and group with antimicrobial prophylaxis (n = 556). Outcomes including 30-day postoperative infection rate, the increase rate of pre- and post-operative white blood cell counts and hospital stay were analyzed. RESULTS: The overall infection rate was 5.0% (28/556) in the group with antimicrobial prophylaxis, which was similar to 4.1% (18/444) in the group without antimicrobial prophylaxis (P = 0.461). The increase rate of pre- and post-operative white blood cell counts was significantly lower (85.5% versus 97.0%) in the group with antimicrobial prophylaxis (P = 0.004). The postoperative hospital stay was 5 (4, 6) days in both groups (P = 0.483). Logistic regression analyses identified the use of antimicrobial prophylaxis had no influence on the occurrence of infection events (odds ratio = 0.797; 95% confidence interval, 0.435-1.460; P = 0.462). Hemoglobin (odds ratio = 0.430; 95% confidence interval, 0.257-0.719; P = 0.001) and partial nephrectomy (odds ratio = 2.292; 95% confidence interval, 1.724-3.046; P < 0.001) influenced the use of antimicrobial prophylaxis independently. CONCLUSIONS: The use of antimicrobial prophylaxis had no impact on postoperative infection in patients receiving laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Top Curr Chem (Cham) ; 382(1): 10, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457062

RESUMO

Organophosphorus compounds have long been considered valuable in both organic synthesis and life science. P(III)-nucleophiles, such as phosphites, phosphonites, and diaryl/alkyl phosphines, are particularly noteworthy as phosphorylation reagents for their ability to form new P-C bonds, producing more stable, ecofriendly, and cost-effective organophosphorus compounds. These nucleophiles follow similar phosphorylation routes as in the functionalization of P-H bonds and P-OH bonds. Activation can occur through photocatalytic, electrocatalytic, or thermo-driven reactions, often in coordination with a Michaelis-Arbuzov-trpe rearrangement process, to produce the desired products. As such, this review offers a thorough overview of the phosphorylated transformation and potential mechanisms of P(III)-nucleophiles, specifically focusing on developments since 2010. Notably, this review may provide researchers with valuable insights into designing and synthesizing functionalized organophosphorus compounds from P(III)-nucleophiles, guiding future advancements in both research and practical applications.


Assuntos
Compostos Organofosforados , Fosfinas , Compostos Organofosforados/química , Fosfinas/química , Técnicas de Química Sintética
10.
J Plant Physiol ; 296: 154224, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507925

RESUMO

Roots exhibit hydrotropism in response to moisture gradients, with the hydrotropism-related gene Mizu-kussei1 (MIZ1) playing a role in regulating root hydrotropism in an oblique orientation. However, the mechanisms underlying MIZ1-regulated root hydrotropism are not well understood. In this study, we employed obliquely oriented experimental systems to investigate root hydrotropism in Arabidopsis. We found that the miz1 mutant displays reduced root hydrotropism but increased root gravitropism following hydrostimulation, as compared to wild-type plants. Conversely, overexpression of AtMIZ1 leads to enhanced root hydrotropism but decreased root gravitropism following hydrostimulation, as compared to wild-type plants. Using co-immunoprecipitation followed by mass spectrometry (IP-MS), we explored proteins that interact with AtMIZ1, and we identified PGMC1 co-immunoprecipitated with MIZ1 in vivo. Furthermore, the miz1 mutant exhibited higher expression of the PGMC1 gene and increased phosphoglucomutase (PGM) activity, while AtMIZ1 overexpressors resulted in lower expression of the PGMC1 gene, reduced amyloplast amount, and reduced PGM activity in comparison to wild-type roots. In addition, different Arabidopsis natural accessions having difference in their hydrotropic response demonstrated expression level of PGMC1 was negatively correlated with hydrotropic root curvature and AtMIZ1 expression. Our results provide valuable insights into the role of amyloplast in MIZ1-regulated root hydrotropism.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo , Tropismo/genética , Gravitropismo/genética , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
11.
Bioanalysis ; 16(7): 77-119, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38389403

RESUMO

The 17th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (17th WRIB) took place in Orlando, FL, USA on June 19-23, 2023. Over 1000 professionals representing pharma/biotech companies, CROs, and multiple regulatory agencies convened to actively discuss the most current topics of interest in bioanalysis. The 17th WRIB included 3 Main Workshops and 7 Specialized Workshops that together spanned 1 week to allow an exhaustive and thorough coverage of all major issues in bioanalysis of biomarkers, immunogenicity, gene therapy, cell therapy and vaccines. Moreover, in-depth workshops on "EU IVDR 2017/746 Implementation and impact for the Global Biomarker Community: How to Comply with these NEW Regulations" and on "US FDA/OSIS Remote Regulatory Assessments (RRAs)" were the special features of the 17th edition. As in previous years, WRIB continued to gather a wide diversity of international, industry opinion leaders and regulatory authority experts working on both small and large molecules as well as gene, cell therapies and vaccines to facilitate sharing and discussions focused on improving quality, increasing regulatory compliance, and achieving scientific excellence on bioanalytical issues. This 2023 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop and is aimed to provide the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. Due to its length, the 2023 edition of this comprehensive White Paper has been divided into three parts for editorial reasons. This publication (Part 3) covers the recommendations on Gene Therapy, Cell therapy, Vaccines and Biotherapeutics Immunogenicity. Part 1A (Mass Spectrometry Assays and Regulated Bioanalysis/BMV), P1B (Regulatory Inputs) and Part 2 (Biomarkers, IVD/CDx, LBA and Cell-Based Assays) are published in volume 16 of Bioanalysis, issues 8 and 9 (2024), respectively.


Assuntos
Bioensaio , Tecnologia , Bioensaio/métodos , Biomarcadores/análise , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Imunoterapia Ativa
12.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2303374, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366905

RESUMO

Orthopedic prostheses are the ultimate therapeutic solution for various end-stage orthopedic conditions. However, aseptic loosening and pyogenic infections remain as primary complications associated with these devices. In this study, a hierarchical titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) nanotube drug delivery system loaded with cinnamaldehyde for the surface modification of titanium implants, is constructed. These specially designed dual-layer TiO2 nanotubes enhance material reactivity and provide an extensive drug-loading platform within a short time. The introduction of cinnamaldehyde enhances the bone integration performance of the scaffold (simultaneously promoting bone formation and inhibiting bone resorption), anti-inflammatory capacity, and antibacterial properties. In vitro experiments have demonstrated that this system promoted osteogenesis by upregulating both Wnt/ß-catenin and MAPK signaling pathways. Furthermore, it inhibits osteoclast formation, suppresses macrophage-mediated inflammatory responses, and impedes the proliferation of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. In vivo experiments shows that this material enhances bone integration in a rat model of femoral defects. In addition, it effectively enhances the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties in a subcutaneous implant in a rat model. This study provides a straightforward and highly effective surface modification strategy for orthopedic Ti implants.

13.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 90, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381369

RESUMO

PURPOSE: AirSeal is a valve-less trocar insufflation system which is widely used in robotic urologic surgeries. More evidence is needed concerning the application and cost of AirSeal in retroperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial enrolling 62 patients who underwent retroperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy from February 2022 to February 2023 in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Patients were randomly assigned into AirSeal insufflation (AIS) group and conventional insufflation (CIS) group. The primary outcome was the rate of subcutaneous emphysema (SCE). RESULTS: The SCE rate in the AIS group (12.9%) was significantly lower than that in the CIS group (35.5%) (P = 0.038). Lower maximum end-tidal carbon dioxide (CO2) (41 vs 45 mmHg, P = 0.011), PaCO2 at the end of the operation (40 vs 45 mmHg, P < 0.001), maximum tidal volume (512 vs 570 ml, P = 0.003), frequency of lens cleaning (3 vs 5, P < 0.001), pain score at 8 h (3 vs 4, P = 0.025), 12 h (2 vs 3, P = 0.029) postoperatively and at time of discharge (1 vs 2, P = 0.002) were observed in the AIS group, despite a higher hospitalization cost (68,197 vs 64658RMB, P < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis identified insufflation approach was the only influencing factor for the occurrence of SCE events. CONCLUSION: AirSeal insufflation system exhibited similar efficacy and improved safety for retroperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy than conventional insufflation system, despite an affordable increase of hospitalization costs.


Assuntos
Insuflação , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Humanos , Nefrectomia
14.
J Org Chem ; 89(5): 3033-3048, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372254

RESUMO

A novel and efficient protocol for the synthesis of diarylallyl-functionalized phosphonates, phosphinates, and phosphine oxides through the zinc-catalyzed dehydroxylative phosphorylation of allylic alcohols with P(III)-nucleophiles via a Michaelis-Arbuzov-type rearrangement is reported. A broad range of allylic alcohols and P(III)-nucleophiles (P(OR)3, ArP(OR)2, and Ar2P(OR)) are well tolerated in this reaction, and the expected dehydroxylative phosphorylation products could be synthesized with good to excellent yields under the optimal reaction conditions. The reaction can be easily scaled up at a gram-synthesis level. Furthermore, through the step-by-step control experiments, kinetic study experiments, and 31P NMR tracking experiments, we acquired insights into the reaction and proposed the possible mechanism for this transformation.

15.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 81, 2024 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38291404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous research has revealed that the 18 glycoside hydrolase gene family (GH18) member Chitinase 3-like 1 (Chi3l1) can regulate osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. However, its downstream receptors and molecular mechanisms during osteoclastogenesis have yet to be elucidated. METHODS: Initially, we conducted a comprehensive investigation to evaluate the effects of recombinant Chi3l1 protein or Chi3l1 siRNA on osteoclast differentiation and the RANKL-induced MAPK/AKT signaling pathways. Moreover, we used immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation assays to identify IL13Rα2 as the downstream receptor of Chi3l1. Subsequently, we investigated the impact of IL13Rα2 recombinant protein or IL13Rα2-siRNA on osteoclast differentiation and the associated signaling pathways. Finally, we performed in vivo experiments to examine the effect of recombinant IL13Rα2 protein in an LPS-induced mouse model of cranial osteolysis. RESULTS: Our findings highlight that the administration of recombinant Chi3l1 protein increased the formation of osteoclasts and bolstered the expression of several osteoclast-specific genes (TRAP, NFATC1, CTR, CTSK, V-ATPase d2, and Dc-STAMP). Additionally, Chi3l1 significantly promoted the RANKL-induced MAPK (ERK/P38/JNK) and AKT pathway activation, whereas Chi3l1 silencing inhibited this process. Next, using immunofluorescence and co-immunoprecipitation assays, we identified IL13Rα2 as the binding partner of Chi3l1 during osteoclastogenesis. IL13Rα2 recombinant protein or IL13Rα2-siRNA also inhibited osteoclast differentiation, and IL13Rα2-siRNA attenuated the RANKL-induced activation of the MAPK (ERK/P38/JNK) and AKT pathways, similar to the effects observed upon silencing of Chi3l1. Moreover, the promoting effect of recombinant Chi3l1 protein on osteoclastogenesis and the activation of the MAPK and AKT pathways was reversed by IL13Rα2 siRNA. Finally, recombinant LI13Rα2 protein significantly attenuated the LPS-induced cranial osteolysis and the number of osteoclasts in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that IL13Rα2 served as a crucial receptor for Chi3l1, enhancing RANKL-induced MAPK and AKT activation to promote osteoclast differentiation. These findings provide valuable insights into the molecular mechanisms of Chi3l1 in osteoclastogenesis, with potential therapeutic implications for osteoclast-related diseases. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Subunidade alfa2 de Receptor de Interleucina-13 , Osteólise , Animais , Camundongos , Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Diferenciação Celular , Proteína 1 Semelhante à Quitinase-3/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa2 de Receptor de Interleucina-13/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa2 de Receptor de Interleucina-13/uso terapêutico , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Osteoclastos , Osteólise/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo
16.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; 68(3): e0123123, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38289082

RESUMO

Multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, a prominent family of gram-negative pathogenic bacteria, causes a wide range of severe diseases. Strains carrying the mobile colistin resistance (mcr-1) gene show resistance to polymyxin, the last line of defense against multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. However, the transmission of mcr-1 is not well understood. In this study, genomes of mcr-1-positive strains were obtained from the NCBI database, revealing their widespread distribution in China. We also showed that ISApl1, a crucial factor in mcr-1 transmission, is capable of self-transposition. Moreover, the self-cyclization of ISApl1 is mediated by its own encoded transposase. The electrophoretic mobility shift assay experiment validated that the transposase can bind to the inverted repeats (IRs) on both ends, facilitating the cyclization of ISApl1. Through knockout or shortening of IRs at both ends of ISApl1, we demonstrated that the cyclization of ISApl1 is dependent on the sequences of the IRs at both ends. Simultaneously, altering the ATCG content of the bases at both ends of ISApl1 can impact the excision rate by modifying the binding ability between IRs and ISAPL1. Finally, we showed that heat-unstable nucleoid protein (HU) can inhibit ISApl1 transposition by binding to the IRs and preventing ISAPL1 binding and expression. In conclusion, the regulation of ISApl1-self-circling is predominantly controlled by the inverted repeat (IR) sequence and the HU protein. This molecular mechanism deepens our comprehension of mcr-1 dissemination.


Assuntos
Colistina , Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Colistina/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Plasmídeos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Transposases/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética
17.
Molecules ; 29(2)2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38257261

RESUMO

Chemical investigation of Penicillium sp. GDGJ-N37, a Sophora tonkinensis-associated fungus, yielded two new azaphilone derivatives, N-isoamylsclerotiorinamine (1) and 7-methoxyl-N-isoamylsclerotiorinamine (2), and four known azaphilones (3-6), together with two new chromone derivatives, penithochromones X and Y (7 and 8). Their structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic data, CD spectrum, and semi-synthesis. Sclerotioramine (3) showed significant antibacterial activities against B. subtilis and S. dysentery, and it also showed most potent anti-plant pathogenic fungi activities against P. theae, C. miyabeanus, and E. turcicum.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Penicillium , Sophora , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Fungos
18.
Bioorg Chem ; 143: 107056, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183685

RESUMO

Antineoplastic agents that target tubulin have shown efficacy as chemotherapeutic drugs, yet they are often constrained by multidrug resistance (MDR) and unwanted side effects. A multi-targeted strategy demonstrates great potency in reducing toxicity and enhancing efficacy and provides an alternative way for attenuating MDR. In this study, a series of dual-targeted anti-cancer agents based on indole-chalcone derivatives and the camptothecin (CPT) scaffold were synthesized. Among them, 14-1 demonstrated superior anti-proliferative activity than its precursor 13-1, CPT or their physical mixtures against tested cancer cells, including multidrug-resistant variants, while exhibited moderate cytotoxicity toward human normal cells. Mechanistic studies revealed that 14-1 acted as a glutathione-responsive prodrug, inducing apoptosis by substantially enhancing intracellular uptake of CPT, inhibiting tubulin polymerization, increasing the accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species, and initiating a mitochondrion-dependent apoptotic pathway. Moreover, 14-1 notably induced autophagy and suppressed topoisomerase I activity to further promote apoptosis. Importantly, 14-1 displayed potent inhibitory effect on tumor growth in paclitaxel (PTX)-resistant colorectal cancer (HCT-116/PTX) xenograft models without inducing obvious toxicity compared with CPT- or combo-treated group. These results suggest that 14-1 holds promise as a novel candidate for anti-cancer therapy, particularly in PTX-resistant cancers.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Chalconas , Neoplasias do Colo , Pró-Fármacos , Humanos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Camptotecina/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Chalconas/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Glutationa , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/farmacologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Clin Pharmacol Ther ; 115(2): 188-200, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37983584

RESUMO

CAR-T therapies have shown remarkable efficacy against hematological malignancies in the clinic over the last decade and new studies indicate that progress is being made to use these novel therapies to target solid tumors as well as treat autoimmune disease. Innovation in the field, including TCR-T, allogeneic or "off the shelf" CAR-T, and autoantigen/armored CAR-Ts are likely to increase the efficacy and applications of these therapies. The unique aspects of these cell-based therapeutics; patient-derived cells, intracellular expression, in vivo expansion, and phenotypic changes provide unique bioanalytical challenges to develop pharmacokinetic and immunogenicity assessments. The International Consortium for Innovation and Quality in Pharmaceutical Development (IQ) Translational and ADME Sciences Leadership Group (TALG) has brought together a group of industry experts to discuss and consider these challenges. In this white paper, we present the IQ consortium perspective on the best practices and considerations for bioanalytical and immunogenicity aspects toward the optimal development of CAR-T and TCR-T cell therapies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Neoplasias , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Humanos , Linfócitos T , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Imunoterapia Adotiva
20.
J Plant Physiol ; 292: 154144, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38104389

RESUMO

Mizu-kussei1 (MIZ1) plays a crucial role in root hydrotropism, but it is still unclear whether auxin-mediated gravitropism is involved in MIZ1-modulated root hydrotropism. This study aimed to investigate whether the hydrotropism of the Arabidopsis miz1 mutants could be restored through pharmacological inhibition of auxin transport or genetic modification in root gravitropism. Our findings indicate that the hydrotropic defects of miz1 mutant can be partly recovered by using an auxin transport inhibitor. Furthermore, miz1/pin2 double mutants exhibit more pronounced defects in root gravitropism compared to the wild type, while still displaying a normal hydrotropic response similar to the wild type. These results suggest that the elimination of gravitropism enables miz1 roots to become hydrotropically responsive to moisture gradients.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Gravitropismo/genética , Ácidos Indolacéticos , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Água/fisiologia
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