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1.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 15, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal cancer is one of the most common malignancies and imposes heavy burdens on both individual health and social economy. We sought to survey the effect of a self-care education program on quality of life and fatigue in gastrointestinal cancer patients who received chemotherapy. METHODS: Ninety-one eligible gastrointestinal cancer patients were enrolled in this study and 86 valid samples were analyzed. Data were acquired with a demographics questionnaire, endpoint multidimensional questionnaire and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaire QLQ-C30. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software. RESULTS: The self-care education intervention significantly improved the quality of life with respect to emotional function (p = 0.018), role function (p = 0.041), cognitive function (p = 0.038) and alleviated side effects such as nausea/vomiting (p = 0.028) and fatigue (p = 0.029). Further analysis demonstrated that the self-care education benefited total fatigue, affective fatigue and cognitive fatigue in gastrointestinal cancer patients regardless of baseline depression. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested the beneficial effects of the self-care education in both quality of life and anti-fatigue in gastrointestinal cancer patients under chemotherapy. The self-care education could be considered as a complementary approach during combination chemotherapy in gastrointestinal cancer patients.

2.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e920670, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is a common reproductive system disease in women, characterized by endometrial stromal cell proliferation, increasing fibroblasts and increasing extracellular matrix secretion. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mitomycin C on reducing endometrial fibrosis for IUA. MATERIAL AND METHODS Firstly, a rat IUA model was constructed by intrauterine mechanical injury. The endometrial stromal cells and fibroblasts were isolated and treated with mitomycin C. After that, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to investigate the endometrial stromal cell viability. Furthermore, cell cycle and apoptosis assays of endometrial stromal cells and fibroblasts were performed, respectively. Finally, the cell viability of human endometrial cells or human uterus adhesion fibroblasts treated with mitomycin C was determined using CCK-8 assay with or without estradiol. RESULTS Endometrial stromal cells were isolated from a rat IUA model. Cell cycle assay results showed that mitomycin C inhibited cell viability and promoted G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in rat IUA endometrial stromal cells. Fibroblasts were also isolated from the rat IUA model. We found that mitomycin C inhibited the synthesis and secretion of collagen type I by western blotting analysis. Furthermore, mitomycin C promoted G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in IUA rat uterine fibroblasts. We found that estradiol decreased the inhibitory effects of cell viability of human endometrial cells and human uterus adhesion fibroblasts by mitomycin C. CONCLUSIONS Our findings revealed that mitomycin C could reduce endometrial fibrosis for intrauterine adhesion.

3.
ChemSusChem ; 13(1): 39-58, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696641

RESUMO

The selective electrochemical CO2 reduction (ECR) to CO in aqueous electrolytes has gained significant interest in recent years due to its capability to mitigate the environmental issues associated with CO2 emission and to convert renewable energy such as wind and solar power into chemical energy as well as its potential to realize the commercial use of CO2 . In view of the thermodynamic stability and kinetic inertness of CO2 molecules, the exploitation of active, selective, and stable catalysts for the ECR to CO is crucial to promote the reaction efficiency. Indeed, plenty of electrocatalysts for the selective ECR to CO have been explored, of which Ag is known as the most promising electrocatalyst for large-scale ECR to CO due to several competitive advantages including high catalytic performance, low price, and rich reserves compared with other metal counterparts. To provide useful guidelines for the further development of efficient catalysts for the ECR to CO, a comprehensive summary of the recent progress of Ag-based electrocatalysts is presented in this Review. Different modification strategies of Ag-based electrocatalysts are highlighted, including exposure of crystal facets, tuning of morphology and size, introduction of support materials, alloying with other metals, and surface modification with functional groups. The reaction mechanisms involved in these different modification strategies of Ag-based electrocatalysts are also discussed. Finally, the prospects for the development of next-generation Ag-based electrocatalysts are proposed in an effort to facilitate the industrialization of ECR to CO.

4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(1): 136-152, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30790407

RESUMO

Photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting is an attractive strategy for the large-scale production of renewable hydrogen from water. Developing cost-effective, active and stable semiconducting photoelectrodes is extremely important for achieving PEC water splitting with high solar-to-hydrogen efficiency. Perovskite oxides as a large family of semiconducting metal oxides are extensively investigated as electrodes in PEC water splitting owing to their abundance, high (photo)electrochemical stability, compositional and structural flexibility allowing the achievement of high electrocatalytic activity, superior sunlight absorption capability and precise control and tuning of band gaps and band edges. In this review, the research progress in the design, development, and application of perovskite oxides in PEC water splitting is summarized, with a special emphasis placed on understanding the relationship between the composition/structure and (photo)electrochemical activity.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18199, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 10% to 30% patients develop delayed encephalopathy after acute CO poisoning (DEACMP). No specific treatment is available and poor prognosis is a characteristic of this disease. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of all therapies that have been tried in randomized controlled trial (RCT) for DEACMP. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of the Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. RESULTS: Overall, 4 RCTs were identified in our study. Both hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation were effective in DEACMP, and MSC seemed to be superior to HBO. The addition of dexamethasone, N-butylphthalide, or XingZhi-YiNao granules into HBO, or butylphthalide into MSC could achieve better neurological recovery in DEACMP patients but did not significantly increase the incidence of adverse events. CONCLUSION: Several therapies have shown positive results in treating DEACMP and need to be proven by further studies.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/etiologia , Encefalopatias/terapia , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/complicações , Benzofuranos/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Oxigenação Hiperbárica/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Tempo
6.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(11): e0007846, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751335

RESUMO

Angiostrongylus cantonensis (rat lungworm) is the etiological agent of angiostrongyliasis, mainly causing eosinophilic meningitis or meningoencephalitis in human. Although the biology of A. cantonensis is relatively well known, little is understood about the mechanisms of the parasite's development and survival in definitive hosts, or its adaptation to a broad range of snail intermediate hosts. Here, we generate a high-quality assembly of a well-defined laboratory strain of A. cantonensis from Guangzhou, China, by using Illumina and PacBio sequencing technologies. We undertake comparative analyses with representative helminth genomes and explore transcriptomic data throughout key developmental life-cycles of the parasite. We find that part of retrotransposons and gene families undergo multiple waves of expansions. These include extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) and astacin-like proteases which are considered to be associated with invasion and survival of the parasite. Furthermore, these paralogs from different sub-clades based on phylogeny, have different expression patterns in the molluscan and rodent stages, suggesting divergent functions under the different parasitic environment. We also find five candidate convergent signatures in the EC-SOD proteins from flukes and one sub-clade of A. cantonensis. Additionally, genes encoding proteolytic enzymes, involved in host hemoglobin digestion, exhibit expansion in A. cantonensis as well as two other blood-feeding nematodes. Overall, we find several potential adaptive evolutionary signatures in A. cantonensis, and also in some other helminths with similar traits. The genome and transcriptomes provide a useful resource for detailed studies of A. cantonensis-host adaptation and an in-depth understanding of the global-spread of angiostrongyliasis.

7.
Sleep Med ; 64: 62-70, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Narcolepsy is a chronic and debilitating sleep disorder characterized by cataplexy and excessive daytime sleeping. Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has been widely used to treat narcolepsy, and new findings have been published in recent years. OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the efficacy and tolerability of GHB treatment in adults with narcolepsy. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Web of Science, and clinical-trials.gov from inception to June 2018 was performed. Change in daily diaries and polysomnographic data of narcoleptic patients were defined as the efficacy outcomes. The tolerability and acceptability outcomes were the rates of adverse events and dropping out for adverse effects or other reasons. RESULTS: Fifteen randomized controlled trials involving 2104 participants were identified. GHB was found to improve cataplexy attacks (P = 0.001), subjective daytime sleepiness (P < 0.0001), daytime sleep latency (P < 0.0001), inadvertent naps/sleep attacks (P < 0.00001), effective rates (Clinical Global Impression of change) (P < 0.00001), hypnagogic hallucinations (P = 0.004), sleep paralysis (P = 0.004), stage 1 sleep (P = 0.04), slow wave sleep (P = 0.003), REM sleep (P = 0.0006), sleep shifts (P = 0.005), nocturnal awakenings (P = 0.004), quality of nocturnal sleep (P < 0.00001), chin muscle activity, and quality of life, but had no effect on stage 2 sleep (P = 0.88). GHB was less well tolerated than placebo because of side effects that occurred in a dose-dependent fashion (RR = 6.08; 95% CI = 2.18 to 16.97; P = 0.0006). CONCLUSIONS: GHB was effective in improving narcolepsy-cataplexy and related symptoms in adults but was less well tolerated than placebo because of dose-dependent side effects.

8.
Molecules ; 24(22)2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703405

RESUMO

A simple, sensitive and effective magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) technique was developed for the extraction of pyrethroid pesticides from environmental water samples, followed by gas chromatography tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry determination. An adsorbent of magnetic zeolitic imidazolate framework-8@deep eutectic solvent (M-ZIF-8@DES) was prepared using deep eutectic solvent coated on the surface of M-ZIF-8. The features of M-ZIF-8@DES were confirmed by material characterizations, and the results indicated that M-ZIF-8@DES has a good magnetism (61.3 emu g-1), a decent surface area (96.83 m2 g-1) and pore volume (0.292 mL g-1). Single factor experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of different conditions on the performance of MSPE. Under the optimal conditions, the developed method performs good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9916) in the concentration range of 1-500 µg L-1. The limits of detection were in the range of 0.05-0.21 µg L-1 (signal/noise = 3/1). The intraday relative standard deviation (RSD) and interday RSD were less than 9.40%. Finally, the proposed technique was applied for the determination of pyrethroid pesticides in environmental water samples. This work shows the potential of DES-modified metal-organic frameworks for different sample pretreatment techniques.

9.
ChemSusChem ; 12(23): 5111-5116, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529674

RESUMO

Double perovskites have emerged as efficient candidates for catalyzing the electrochemical oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Smart control of the composition of a B-site ordered double perovskite can lead to improved catalytic performance. By adopting a facile co-doping strategy, the OER-active elements are simultaneously introduced into the B-site and B'-site of a B-site-ordered double perovskite (A2 BB'O6 ), leading to an enhancement of the exposed reactive sites and an optimum surface chemical state. As a result, a model system built from the substitution of Co for Mo and Fe in the Sr2 FeMoO6-δ double perovskite (with a composition of Sr2 Fe0.8 Co0.2 Mo0.6 Co0.4 O6-δ ) shows significantly enhanced OER activity in alkaline media compared with the host material, requiring an overpotential of 345 mV to reach a 10 mA cm-2 current density (catalyst loading≈0.232 mgcat cm-2 GEO ) and a cell voltage of 1.57 V to afford the same current density for the overall water splitting when coupled with a Pt/C cathode (catalyst loading≈2 mg cm-2 ). It also demonstrates excellent electrochemical stability. The generalizability of the compositional control methodology has also been demonstrated in double perovskites incorporating transition metals other than Co (e.g., Ni).

10.
ACS Nano ; 13(9): 10768-10775, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491079

RESUMO

Controlled substitutional doping of two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) is of fundamental importance for their applications in electronics and optoelectronics. However, achieving p-type conductivity in MoS2 and WS2 is challenging because of their natural tendency to form n-type vacancy defects. Here, we report versatile growth of p-type monolayer WS2 by liquid-phase mixing of a host tungsten source and niobium dopant. We show that crystallites of WS2 with different concentrations of substitutionally doped Nb up to 1014 cm-2 can be grown by reacting solution-deposited precursor film with sulfur vapor at 850 °C, reflecting the good miscibility of the precursors in the liquid phase. Atomic-resolution characterization with aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy reveals that the Nb concentration along the outer edge region of the flakes increases consistently with the molar concentration of Nb in the precursor solution. We further demonstrate that ambipolar field-effect transistors can be fabricated based on Nb-doped monolayer WS2.

11.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362458

RESUMO

As persistent organic pollutants, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs) and their metabolites pose considerable risks to human health and the environment. Therefore, monitoring DDTs in the environment is essential. Here, we developed a green, simple, and effective magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) method coupled with gas chromatography tandem triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry to determine the DDT content of environmental water samples. A magnetic ionic liquid (IL) adsorbent was developed based on a modified magnetic multiwalled carbon nanotube/zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (MM/ZIF-8/IL), synthesized by immobilizing the IL on the surface of MM/ZIF-8. We confirmed successful synthesis of MM/ZIF-8/IL by material characterization, and our results suggested that the MM/ZIF-8/IL had a high Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area (159.9 m2 g-1), good thermostability (<800 °C), and a high degree of superparamagnetism (52.9 emu g-1). Several experimental conditions affecting the MSPE efficiency were optimized. Under the best conditions, good detection linearity was achieved (0.5-500 µg L-1) with determination coefficients ranging from 0.9927 to 0.9971. The lower limits of detection (0.0016-0.0072 µg L-1) also had good precision, having an intraday relative standard deviation (RSD) ≤ 6.5% and an interday RSD ≤ 8.9%. Finally, we used the as-developed method to determine DDT levels in environmental water samples.


Assuntos
DDT/química , DDT/isolamento & purificação , Líquidos Iônicos , Magnetismo , Nanotubos de Carbono , Extração em Fase Sólida , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Zeolitas/química
12.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(7)2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323858

RESUMO

Molecular imprinting technology (MIT), also known as molecular template technology, is a new technology involving material chemistry, polymer chemistry, biochemistry, and other multi-disciplinary approaches. This technology is used to realize the unique recognition ability of three-dimensional crosslinked polymers, called the molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). MIPs demonstrate a wide range of applicability, good plasticity, stability, and high selectivity, and their internal recognition sites can be selectively combined with template molecules to achieve selective recognition. A molecularly imprinted fluorescence sensor (MIFs) incorporates fluorescent materials (fluorescein or fluorescent nanoparticles) into a molecularly imprinted polymer synthesis system and transforms the binding sites between target molecules and molecularly imprinted materials into readable fluorescence signals. This sensor demonstrates the advantages of high sensitivity and selectivity of fluorescence detection. Molecularly imprinted materials demonstrate considerable research significance and broad application prospects. They are a research hotspot in the field of food and environment safety sensing analysis. In this study, the progress in the construction and application of MIFs was reviewed with emphasis on the preparation principle, detection methods, and molecular recognition mechanism. The applications of MIFs in food and environment safety detection in recent years were summarized, and the research trends and development prospects of MIFs were discussed.

13.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 516(3): 639-644, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242972

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are recently thought to play important roles in some physiological processes. In this study, we identified a lncRNA (named as Bmdsx-AS1) which is the antisense transcript and locates on the position of the crucial sex-determining gene Bmdsx in the silkworm. Quantitative real-time PCR and Fluorescence in situ hybridization demonstrated that Bmdsx-AS1 was highly expressed in the silkworm testis. After knock-down of Bmdsx-AS1, the splicing pattern of Bmdsx pre-mRNA was altered in male silkworm. Transgenic overexpression of Bmdsx-AS1 indicated male-specific splicing form of Bmdsx arose in female silkworm. Furthermore, by using RNA-protein pull down, LC-MS/MS and EMSA, we found a splicing factor hnRNPH binding specifically to Bmdsx-AS1. Co-Immunoprecipitation suggested that hnRNPH interacted with BmPSI, one of the upstream regulating factors of Bmdsx. Thus, our results suggested that the antisense lncRNA Bmdsx-AS1 was involved in alternative splicing of Bmdsx in the silkworm.

14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 8919, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222032

RESUMO

A magnetic graphene/polydopamine (MG/PDA) nanocomposite has been prepared and used as sorbent for magnetic dispersive solid-phase extraction (MDSPE) of four benzoylurea insecticides in environmental water samples. The obtained nanocomposites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry, powder X-ray diffraction, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, surface area and porosity analysis and thermogravimetric analysis. To investigate the adsorption performance of MG/PDA for target analytes, various parameters affecting the MG/PDA-based MDSPE procedure were optimized. Under the optimal conditions, the established method exhibits good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9988) in the concentration range 2.5-500 µg L-1. A low limit of detection (0.75 µg L-1, signal/noise = 3:1), a low limit of quantification (2.50 µg L-1, signal/noise = 10:1), and good precision (intraday relative standard deviation ≤3.6%, interday relative standard deviation ≤4.5%) are also achieved. Finally, the simple, fast, and sensitive sample preparation technique was successfully used to determine benzoylurea insecticides in environmental water samples.

15.
Neural Plast ; 2019: 8354849, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049056

RESUMO

Abnormal neural activity in the cerebellum has been implicated in hearing impairments, but the effects of long-term hearing loss on cerebellar function are poorly understood. To further explore the role of long-term bilateral sensorineural hearing loss on cerebellar function, we investigated hearing loss-induced changes among neural networks within cerebellar subregions and the changes in cerebellar-cerebral connectivity patterns using resting-state functional MRI. Twenty-one subjects with long-term bilateral moderate-to-severe sensorineural hearing loss and 21 matched controls with clinically normal hearing underwent MRI scanning and a series of neuropsychological tests targeting cognition and emotion. Voxel-wise functional connectivity (FC) analysis demonstrated decreased couplings between the cerebellum and other cerebral areas, including the temporal pole (TP), insula, supramarginal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), medial frontal gyrus, and thalamus, in long-term bilateral sensorineural hearing loss patients. An ROI-wise FC analysis found weakened interregional connections within cerebellar subdivisions. Moreover, there was a negative correlation between anxiety and FC between the left cerebellar lobe VI and left insula. Hearing ability and anxiety scores were also correlated with FC between the left cerebellar lobe VI and left TP, as well as the right cerebellar lobule VI and left IFG. Our results suggest that sensorineural hearing loss disrupts cerebellar-cerebral circuits, some potentially linked to anxiety, and interregional cerebellar connectivity. The findings contribute to a growing body showing that auditory deprivation caused by cochlear hearing loss disrupts not only activity with the classical auditory pathway but also portions of the cerebellum that communicates with other cortical networks.


Assuntos
Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia , Cerebelo/fisiopatologia , Córtex Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/fisiopatologia , Estimulação Acústica , Mapeamento Encefálico , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vias Neurais/fisiopatologia , Limiar Sensorial
16.
Comput Biol Chem ; 80: 341-350, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082717

RESUMO

MADS-box genes comprise a family of transcription factors that function in the growth and development of plants. To obtain insights into their evolution in watermelon (Citrullus lanatus), we carried out a genome-wide analysis and identified 39 MADS-box genes. These genes were classified into MIKCc (25), MIKC*(3), Mα (5), Mß (3), and Mγ (3) clades according to their phylogenetic relationship with Arabidopsis thaliana and Cucumis sativus; moreover, these 25 genes in the MIKC clade could be classified into 13 subfamilies, and the Flowering Locus C (FLC) subfamily is absent in watermelon. Analysis of the conserved gene motifs showed similar motifs among clades. Continuing chromosomal localizations analysis indicated that MADS-box genes were distributed across 11 chromosomes in watermelon, and these genes were conditioned to be differentially expressed during plant growth and development. This research provides information that will aid further investigations into the evolution of the MADS-box gene family in plants.


Assuntos
Citrullus/genética , Genes de Plantas , Proteínas de Domínio MADS/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Cucumis sativus/genética , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Domínio MADS/classificação , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/classificação , Transcriptoma
17.
Mol Cancer ; 18(1): 74, 2019 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940133

RESUMO

tRNA-derived small RNA (tsRNA) is a novel regulatory small non-coding RNA and participates in diverse physiological and pathological processes. However, the presence of tsRNAs in exosome and their diagnostic potential remain unclear. In this study, we took advantage of small RNA-seq technology to profile exosomal tsRNAs from cell culture medium and plasma, and found ubiquitous presence of tsRNAs in exosome. To explore the potential value of tsRNA for cancer diagnosis, we compared exosomal tsRNA levels between liver cancer patients and healthy donors, revealing that tsRNAs were dramatically increased in plasma exosomes of liver cancer patients. Importantly, patients with liver cancer exhibited significantly higher levels of four tsRNAs (tRNA-ValTAC-3, tRNA-GlyTCC-5, tRNA-ValAAC-5 and tRNA-GluCTC-5) in plasma exosome, demonstrating that plasma exosomal tsRNA could serve as a novel diagnostic biomarker. Taken together, our results not only expand non-coding RNA species in exosome, but also highlight the potential of tsRNAs as a promising biomarker for cancer diagnosis.


Assuntos
Exossomos/genética , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , RNA de Transferência/genética , RNA não Traduzido/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Humanos , Neoplasias/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
18.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 33(8): e4546, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937924

RESUMO

A sensitive and reliable LC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of the major components of Huangqi-Honghua extact in rat plasma, including hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), astragaloside IV (ASIV), calycosin-7-O-ß-d-glucoside (CAG), calycosin, calycosin-3'-O-glucuronide (C-3'-G) and calycosin-3'-O-sulfate (C-3'-S). After extraction by protein precipitation with acetonitrile and methanol from plasma, the analytes were separated on a Hypersil BDS C18 column by gradient elution with acetonitrile and 5 mM ammonium acetate. The detection was carried out on a triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer equipped with electrospray ionization source switched between negative and positive modes. HSYA was monitored in negative ionization mode from 0 to 4.9 min, and ASIV, CAG, calycosin, C-3'-G and C-3'-S were determined in positive ionization mode from 4.9 to 10 min. The lower limits of quantification of the analytes were 6.25 ng/mL for HSYA, 0.781 ng/mL for CAG and 1.56 ng/mL for ASIV and calycosin. The intra- and inter-assay precision (RSD) values were within 13.43%, and accuracy (RE) ranged from -8.75 to 9.92%. The validated method was then applied to the pharmacokinetic study of HSYA, ASIV, CAG, calycosin, C-3'-G and C-3'-S in rat after an oral administration of Huangqi-Honghua extract.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Flavonoides/sangue , Saponinas/sangue , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Administração Oral , Animais , Carthamus tinctorius , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacocinética , Glucuronídeos/sangue , Glucuronídeos/química , Glucuronídeos/farmacocinética , Limite de Detecção , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Saponinas/química , Saponinas/farmacocinética
19.
Front Neurosci ; 13: 246, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941010

RESUMO

Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), sometimes accompanied with tinnitus, is associated with dysfunctions within and outside the classical auditory pathway. The salience network, which is anchored in bilateral anterior insula and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, has been implicated in sensory integration. Partial auditory deprivation could alter the characteristics of the salience network and other related brain areas, thereby contributing to hearing impairments-induced neuropsychiatric symptoms. To test this hypothesis, we performed fMRI scanning and neuropsychological tests on 32 subjects with long-term bilateral hearing impairment and 30 well-matched Controls. Non-directional functional connectivity and directional Granger causality analysis were used to identify aberrant spatial and temporal patterns of connections targeting bilateral anterior insula and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex. We found that the left anterior insula showed decreased connectivity with right precentral gyrus and superior frontal gyrus. The connections between the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and middle frontal gyrus, superior parietal gyrus and supplementary motor area (SMA) were also reduced. Relative to Controls, SNHL patients showed abnormal effective connectivity of the salience network, including inferior temporal gyrus, cerebellum lobule VI, lobule VIII, precentral gyrus, middle frontal gyrus and SMA. Furthermore, correlation analysis demonstrated that some of these atypical connectivity measures were correlated with performance of neuropsychiatric tests. These findings suggest that the inefficient modulation of the salience network might contribute to the neural basis of SNHL and tinnitus, as well as associated cognition and emotion deficits.

20.
Front Neurosci ; 13: 133, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30842724

RESUMO

The insular cortex plays an important role in multimodal sensory processing, audio-visual integration and emotion; however, little is known about how the insula is affected by auditory deprivation due to sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). To address this issue, we used structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging to determine if the neural activity within the insula and its interregional functional connectivity (FC) was disrupted by SNHL and if these alterations were correlated clinical measures of emotion and cognition. Thirty-five SNHL subjects and 54 Controls enrolled in our study underwent auditory evaluation, neuropsychological assessments, functional and structure MRI, respectively. Twenty five patients and 20 Controls underwent arterial spin labeling scanning. FC of six insula subdivisions were assessed and the FC results were compared to the neuropsychological tests. Interregional connections were also compared among insula-associated networks, including salience network (SN), default mode network (DMN), and central executive network (CEN). Compared to Controls, SNHL subjects demonstrated hyperperfusion in the insula and significantly decreased FC between some insula subdivisions and other brain regions, including thalamus, putamen, precentral gyrus, postcentral gyrus, mid-cingulate cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, rolandic operculum. Anxiety, depression and cognitive impairments were correlated with FC values. Abnormal interactions among SN, DMN, and CEN were observed in SNHL group. Our result provides support for the "inefficient high-order control" theory of the insula in which the auditory deprivation caused by SNHL contributes to impaired sensory integration and central deficits in emotional and cognitive processing.

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