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1.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1369650, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628361

RESUMO

Powdery mildew disease (PMD) is caused by the obligate biotrophic fungus Microsphaera diffusa Cooke & Peck (M. diffusa) and results in significant yield losses in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) crops. By identifying disease-resistant genes and breeding soybean accessions with enhanced resistance, we can effectively mitigate the detrimental impact of PMD on soybeans. We analyzed PMD resistance in a diversity panel of 315 soybean accessions in two locations over 3 years, and candidate genes associated with PMD resistance were identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS), haplotype analysis, qRT-PCR, and EMS mutant analysis. Based on the GWAS approach, we identified a region on chromosome 16 (Chr16) in which 21 genes form a gene cluster that is highly correlated with PMD resistance. In order to validate and refine these findings, we conducted haplotype analysis of 21 candidate genes and indicated there are single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and insertion-deletions (InDels) variations of Glyma.16G214000, Glyma.16G214200, Glyma.16G215100 and Glyma.16G215300 within the coding and promoter regions that exhibit a strong association with resistance against PMD. Subsequent structural analysis of candidate genes within this cluster revealed that in 315 accessions, the majority of accessions exhibited resistance to PMD when Glyma.16G214300, Glyma.16G214800 and Glyma.16G215000 were complete; however, they demonstrated susceptibility to PMD when these genes were incomplete. Quantitative real-time PCR assays (qRT-PCR) of possible candidate genes showed that 14 candidate genes (Glyma.16G213700, Glyma.16G213800, Glyma.16G213900, Glyma.16G214000, Glyma.16G214200, Glyma.16G214300, Glyma.16G214500, Glyma.16G214585, Glyma.16G214669, Glyma.16G214700, Glyma.16G214800, Glyma.16G215000, Glyma.16G215100 and Glyma.16G215300) were involved in PMD resistance. Finally, we evaluated the PMD resistance of mutant lines from the Williams 82 EMS mutations library, which revealed that mutants of Glyma.16G214000, Glyma.16G214200, Glyma.16G214300, Glyma.16G214800, Glyma.16G215000, Glyma.16G215100 and Glyma.16G215300, exhibited sensitivity to PMD. Combined with the analysis results of GWAS, haplotypes, qRT-PCR and mutants, the genes Glyma.16G214000, Glyma.16G214200, Glyma.16G214300, Glyma.16G214800, Glyma.16G215000, Glyma.16G215100 and Glyma.16G215300 were identified as highly correlated with PMD resistance. The candidate genes identified above are all NLR family genes, and these discoveries deepen our understanding of the molecular basis of PMD resistance in soybeans and will be useful for guiding breeding strategies.

2.
J Appl Psychol ; 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619473

RESUMO

Salary comparison has well-established implications for employees' attitudes and behaviors at work. Yet how employees process information about simultaneous comparisons, particularly when internal and external comparison information is incongruent, remains controversial. In this article, we draw from the model of dispositional attribution and equity theory to predict how the incongruence of internal and external salary comparisons affects perceptions of distributive justice and subsequent employee withdrawal behavior. We hypothesized that the effect of salary comparisons on perceived distributive justice follows a hierarchically restrictive schema in which a lower salary in comparison to a referent has a greater effect than a higher salary. This further affects employee withdrawal (neglect, turnover intention, and voluntary turnover). We also propose that the effects of salary comparisons are bounded by employees' zero-sum construal of success. Three studies were conducted to test our hypotheses: a quasi-experimental study and two time-lagged field studies. Consistent with our hypotheses, we observed that, when comparison information was incongruent, underpayment compared with others more strongly affected perceived distributive justice than overpayment did. The subsequent impact on perceived distributive justice was negatively related to employee withdrawal. As expected, the effect of incongruent salary comparison information was stronger for employees with lower zero-sum construal of success. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573883

RESUMO

Artificial synaptic devices are emerging as contenders for next-generation computing systems due to their combined advantages of self-adaptive learning mechanisms, high parallel computation capabilities, adjustable memory level, and energy efficiency. Optoelectronic devices are particularly notable for their responsiveness to both voltage inputs and light exposure, making them attractive for dynamic modulation. However, engineering devices with reconfigurable synaptic plasticity and multilevel memory within a singular configuration present a fundamental challenge. Here, we have established an organic transistor-based synaptic device that exhibits both volatile and nonvolatile memory characteristics, modulated through gate voltage together with light stimuli. Our device demonstrates a range of synaptic behaviors, including both short/long-term plasticity (STP and LTP) as well as STP-LTP transitions. Further, as an encoding unit, it delivers exceptional read current levels, achieving a program/erase current ratio exceeding 105, with excellent repeatability. Additionally, a prototype 4 × 4 matrix demonstrates potential in practical neuromorphic systems, showing capabilities in the perception, processing, and memory retention of image inputs.

4.
Microbiol Spectr ; 12(4): e0115423, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441468

RESUMO

Previous studies have profiled the gut microbiota among psoriatic patients compared to that among healthy individuals. However, a comprehensive understanding of the magnitude, direction, and detailed compositional and functional profiles remains limited. Additionally, research exploring the gut microbiota in the context of both plaque psoriasis (PsO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is lacking. To assess the taxonomic and functional characteristics of the gut microbiota in PsO and PsA patients and investigate potential links between the gut microbiota and disease pathogenesis. We collected fecal samples from 70 psoriatic patients (44 PsO and 26 PsA) and 25 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC) and employed deep metagenomic sequencing to characterize their gut microbiota. We noted significant alternations in the gut microbiota compositions of both PsO and PsA patients compared to those of HC. Despite limited effect sizes in alpha diversity (12.3% reduction of microbial richness but unchanged evenness in psoriatic patients) and beta diversity (disease accounts for 3.5% of total variations), we consistently observed substantial reductions of Eubacterium rectale in both PsO and PsA patients, with PsA patients exhibiting even lower levels of E. rectale than PsO patients. Additionally, two Alistipes species were also depleted in psoriatic patients. These microorganisms are known to play crucial roles in carbohydrate metabolism pathways, mainly producing short-chain fatty acids with anti-inflammatory effects. Overall, our observations supplemented the profiling of altered gut microbiota in patients with PsO and PsA at the species level and described a link between the dominant short-chain fatty acid-producing bacterial species and systemic immunity in psoriatic patients. IMPORTANCE: In this observational clinical study with sufficient sample size and metagenomic sequencing to profile the gut microbiota, we identified consistent signals of the depleted abundance of Eubacterium rectale and related functional genes among psoriatic patients, including those with psoriatic arthritis. E. rectale may serve as an ecologically important functional unit in the gut microbiota, holding potential as a diagnostic marker and target for therapeutic interventions to achieve lasting effects. Our findings provide comprehensive gut microbiota profiling in psoriasis, resolving previous contradictions and generating new hypotheses for further investigation. These insights may significantly impact psoriasis management and related conditions.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Psoríase , Humanos , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/metabolismo , Eubacterium , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Psoríase/metabolismo , Fezes
5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(14): 17182-17192, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551997

RESUMO

In recent years, the infection rate of antibiotic resistance has been increasing year by year, and the prevalence of super bacteria has posed a great threat to human health. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find new antibiotic alternatives with long-term inhibitory activity against a broad spectrum of bacteria and microorganisms in order to avoid the proliferation of more multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. The presence of natural van der Waals (vdW) gaps in layered materials allows them to be easily inserted by different guest species, providing an attractive strategy for optimizing their physicochemical properties and applications. Here, we have successfully constructed a copper-intercalated α-MoO3 nanobelt based on nanoenzymes, which is antibacterial through the synergistic effect of multiple enzymes. Compared with α-MoO3, MoO3-x/Cu nanobelts with a copper loading capacity of 2.11% possess enhanced peroxidase (POD) catalytic activity and glutathione (GSH) depletion, indicating that copper intercalation significantly improves the catalytic performance of the nanoenzymes. The MoO3-x/Cu nanobelts are effective in inducing POD and oxidase (OXD) and catalase (CAT) activities in the presence of H2O2 and O2, which resulted in the generation of large amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which were effective in bacterial killing. Interestingly, MoO3-x/Cu nanobelts can serve as glutathione oxidase (GSHOx)-like nanoenzymes, which can deplete GSH in bacteria and thus significantly improve the bactericidal effect. The multienzyme-catalyzed synergistic antimicrobial strategy shows excellent antimicrobial efficiency against ß-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E. coli) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MoO3-x/Cu exhibits excellent spectral bactericidal properties at very low concentrations (20 µg mL-1). Our work highlights the wide range of antibacterial and anti-infective biological applications of copper-intercalated MoO3-x/Cu nanobelt catalysts.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Humanos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Cobre/farmacologia , Cobre/química , Escherichia coli , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Bactérias , Antioxidantes/farmacologia
6.
Foods ; 13(5)2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472866

RESUMO

Nicarbazin (NICA) and triazine anticoccidial drugs (diclazuril (DIZ) and toltrazuril (TOZ)) are the primary strategy for preventing and treating coccidiosis. To prevent the development of drug resistance and mitigate the potential chronic toxicity to humans resulting from prolonged exposure, a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method with high reliability and sensitivity was developed to determine NICA, DIZ, TOZ, and its two metabolites in chicken muscle and eggs. Upon establishing the extraction conditions involving 10 mL of acetonitrile and 10 min of sonication, in-syringe dispersive solid-phase extraction with silica was performed in combination with n-hexane clean-up. The selection of isotope peaks of precursor ions and low-mass range scanning allowed the two transitions for the quantification of all compounds. The limits of detection for DIZ and NICA were both 0.1 µg/kg, and for TOZ and metabolites, they were 0.3 µg/kg; the limits of quantitation were 0.3 and 1 µg/kg, respectively. The linear range was 0.25-50 ng/mL with a correlation coefficient r > 0.999. The average recoveries at three spiking levels in muscle and eggs were 90.1-105.2% and 94.0-103.7% with the relative standard deviations of 3.0-8.1% and 3.1-14.4%, respectively. The precision, accuracy, and stability were evaluated by three quality control samples.

7.
Neuroimage ; 290: 120566, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467345

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Many studies have investigated aberrant functional connectivity (FC) using resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) in subjective tinnitus patients. However, no studies have verified the efficacy of resting-state FC as a diagnostic imaging marker. We established a convolutional neural network (CNN) model based on rs-fMRI FC to distinguish tinnitus patients from healthy controls, providing guidance and fast diagnostic tools for the clinical diagnosis of subjective tinnitus. METHODS: A CNN architecture was trained on rs-fMRI data from 100 tinnitus patients and 100 healthy controls using an asymmetric convolutional layer. Additionally, a traditional machine learning model and a transfer learning model were included for comparison with the CNN, and each of the three models was tested on three different brain atlases. RESULTS: Of the three models, the CNN model outperformed the other two models with the highest area under the curve, especially on the Dos_160 atlas (AUC = 0.944). Meanwhile, the model with the best classification performance highlights the crucial role of the default mode network, salience network, and sensorimotor network in distinguishing between normal controls and patients with subjective tinnitus. CONCLUSION: Our CNN model could appropriately tackle the diagnosis of tinnitus patients using rs-fMRI and confirmed the diagnostic value of FC as measured by rs-fMRI.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico , Zumbido , Humanos , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Zumbido/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Redes Neurais de Computação
8.
ChemSusChem ; : e202301534, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38470975

RESUMO

The development of advanced electrolysis technologies such as anion exchange membrane water electrolyzer (AEMWE) is central to the vision of a sustainable energy future. Key to the realization of such AEMWE technology lies in the exploration of low-cost and high-efficient catalysts for facilitating the anodic oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Despite tremendous efforts in the fundamental research, most of today's OER works are conducted under room temperature, which deviates significantly with AEMWE's operating temperature (50-80 °C). To bridge this gap, it is highly desirable to obtain insights into the OER catalytic behavior at elevated temperatures. Herein, using the well-known perovskite catalyst Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (BSCF) as a proof of concept, the effect of temperature on the variation in OER catalytic activity and stability is evaluated. It is found that the BSCF's activity increases with increasing temperature due to enhanced lattice oxygen participation promoting the lattice oxygen-mediated OER process. Further, surface amorphization and cation leaching of BSCF become more pronounced as temperature increases, causing a somewhat attenuated OER stability. These new understandings of the fundamental OER catalysis over perovskite materials at industrial-relevant temperature conditions are expected to have strong implications for the research of OER catalysts to be deployed in practical water electrolyzers.

9.
J Gynecol Oncol ; 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to clarify the mechanical action of cyclin-dependent protein kinase 1 (CDK1) in the development of endometrial carcinoma (EMCA), which may be associated with the phosphorylation of kinesin family member C1 (KIFC1) and further activate the PI3K/AKT pathway. METHODS: The protein and gene expression of CDK1 in EMCA tissues and tumor cell lines were evaluated by western blot, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemistry staining. Next, Cell Counting Kit-8 and colony formation assay detected cell survival and proliferation. Cell migration and invasion were measured by Transwell assay. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle were tested by flow cytometry. Immunofluorescence staining of γH2AX was used to evaluate DNA damage, respectively. Subsequently, a co-immunoprecipitation assay was used to detect the interaction between CDK1 and KIFC1. The phosphorylated protein of KIFC1 and PI3K/AKT was detected by western blot. Finally, the effect of CDK1 on the tumor formation of EMCA was evaluated in a nude mouse xenograft model. RESULTS: CDK1 was highly expressed in EMCA tumor cell lines and tissues, which contributed to cell survival, proliferation, invasion, and migration, inhibited cell apoptosis, and induced DNA damage of EMCA cells dependent on the phosphorylation of KIFC1. Moreover, the CDK1-KIFC1 axis further activated PI3K/AKT pathway. Finally, CDK1 knockdown repressed tumor formation of EMCA in vivo. CONCLUSION: We report that increased CDK1 promotes tumor progression and identified it as a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target of EMCA.

10.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 53(1): 95-101, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443179

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: An analytical method was developed for tetrodotoxin(TTX) in urine by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS) with internal standard calibration. METHODS: TTX in the sample was extracted with the mixture of acetic acid/methanol/acetonitrile(0.005 mL/0.8 mL/1.8 mL), cleaned by solid phase extraction(SPE) with cation exchange cartridge, eluted with 50% acetonitrile/water containing 0.3% hydrochloric acid, and neutralized with ammonia. The extract was separated by a Waters XBridge~(TM) BEH Amide column(150 mm×3.0mm, 1.7 µm) and measured by MS/MS. By optimizing sample extraction and SPE cleanup conditions, the problems of low recovery and strong suppression effects of MS signal for TTX in urine were resolved when cleaned with cation exchange cartridge. RESULTS: Quantitatively calibrated by the internal standard of Kasugamycin, good linear relationship was found for TTX in urine at the range of 0.2-200 µg/L with the correlation coefficient(r~2) of 0.997. The limits of detection and quantitation for TTX in sample matrix were 0.1 and 0.2µg/L, respectively. The average recoveries at three spiking levels(0.2, 10.0 and 200 µg/L) were 89.3%-95.3% with relative standard deviation(n=6) less than 5.1%. The concentrations of TTX in urine from 11 poisoning patients were 0.4-138 µg/L. The detection rate was 100% in urine collected within 3 days after poisoning. CONCLUSION: The established method was simple, accurate and sensitive. It can provide reliable technical support for the rapid treatment of TTX poisoning events and the study of toxin metabolism in vivo.


Assuntos
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Humanos , Tetrodotoxina , Cromatografia Líquida , Calibragem , Acetonitrilas , Cátions
11.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 661: 629-661, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310771

RESUMO

When the anodic oxygen evolution reaction (OER) of water splitting is replaced by the urea oxidation reaction (UOR), the electrolyzer can fulfill hydrogen generation in an energy-economic manner for urea electrolysis as well as sewage purification. However, owing to the sluggish kinetics from a six-electron process for UOR, it is in great demand to design and fabricate high-performance and affordable electrocatalysts. Over the past years, numerous non-precious materials (especially nickel-involved samples) have offered huge potential as catalysts for urea electrolysis under alkaline conditions, even in comparison with frequently used noble-metal ones. In this review, recent efforts and progress in these high-efficiency noble-metal-free electrocatalysts are comprehensively summarized. The fundamentals and principles of UOR are first described, followed by highlighting UOR mechanism progress, and then some discussion about density functional theory (DFT) calculations and operando investigations is given to disclose the real reaction mechanism. Afterward, aiming to improve or optimize UOR electrocatalytic properties, various noble-metal-free catalytic materials are introduced in detail and classified into different classes, highlighting the underlying activity-structure relationships. Furthermore, new design trends are also discussed, including targetedly designing nanostructured materials, manipulating anodic products, combining theory and in situ experiments, and constructing bifunctional catalysts. Ultimately, we point out the outlook and explore the possible future opportunities by analyzing the remaining challenges in this booming field.

12.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5839, 2024 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402638

RESUMO

Resveratrol (Res) has been demonstrated to have beneficial effects on gouty nephropathy (GN). However, the mechanisms of Res on GN remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the mechanisms of Res on GN. In this study, network pharmacology technology was used to predict the Res targets in the prevention and treatment of GN. Renal metabonomics was used to identify differential metabolites in kidney tissue of GN model rats. Finally, molecular docking technology was used to verify the binding ability of Res to key targets. Metabonomics analysis showed that 24 potentially important metabolites were involved in the prevention and treatment of GN with Res. After exposure to Res, metabolite levels normalized. The network pharmacology analysis showed that 24 key targets were involved in the prevention and treatment of GN disease. According to the metabolite-gene network diagram, we identified two core genes, PTGS1 and PTGS2, and found that both were involved in the arachidonic acid metabolism pathway. Molecular docking further verified the affinity of Res binding to PTGS1 and PTGS2. In conclusion, the mechanism of Res against GN may be the regulation of arachidonic acid metabolism through the regulation of PTGS 1 and PTGS 2.

13.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev ; 158: 105570, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311046

RESUMO

This systematic review and a meta-analysis synthesised the results from contemporary, randomized and non-randomized controlled studies to assess lasting (one week minimum) changes on cognition/creativity, emotional processing and personality from serotonergic psychedelics. PubMed, Embase and PsycInfo were searched in July 2022. Risk of bias was assessed using Rob 2.0 and ROBINS-I. Ten studies met the eligibility criteria which involved 304 participants. No statistically significant effects were found for the majority outcome measures across the three constructs. A meta-analysis of emotional recognition outcomes found an overall significant effect for faster reaction times in the active treatment groups for disgust (SMD=-0.63, 95% CI=[-1.01 to -0.25], I2 = 65%) and sadness (SMD=-0.45, 95% CI=[-0.85 to -0.06], I2 = 60%). Future research should include larger samples, better control conditions, standardized doses and longer follow-up periods to confirm these preliminary findings.


Assuntos
Alucinógenos , Humanos , Cognição , Personalidade , Emoções
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(1): 224-231, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403355

RESUMO

This study aims to reveal the effect of acteoside on gouty arthritis(GA) in rats based on liver metabolomics. The ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was employed to search for the potential biomarkers and metabolic pathways. SD rats were randomly assigned into blank, model, colchicine(0.3 mg·kg~(-1)), and high-, medium-, low-dose(200, 100, and 50 mg·kg~(-1), respectively) acteoside groups(n=7). The rats were administrated once a day for 7 continuous days. Monosodium urate(MSU) was used to induce GA model in rats during administration. The degree of joint swelling and pathological changes of synovial tissue in rats were observed, and the levels of interleukin(IL)-1ß, IL-18 and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α in the synovial tissue of rats were measured. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was employed to collect rat liver data, and Progenesis QI and EZ info were used for data analysis. Human Metabolomics Database(HMDB) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) were employed to predict the potential biomarkers and metabolic pathways. The results showed that acteoside alleviated joint swelling, reduced synovial tissue damage, and lowered the levels of inflammatory cytokines in GA rats. A total of 19 common biomarkers were identified, 17 of which can be regulated by acteoside. Seven metabolic pathways were enriched, such as glycerophospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, and taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, among which glycerophospholipid metabolism was strongly disturbed. The metabolomics analysis suggested that acteoside may down-regulate the expression of inflammatory cytokines and alleviate the symptoms of GA rats by regulating glycerophospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, and taurine and hypotaurine metabolism. The findings provide a reference for future research and development of acteoside.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Glucosídeos , Polifenóis , Taurina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Artrite Gotosa/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Linoleico , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Metabolômica , Fígado/metabolismo , Citocinas , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Glicerofosfolipídeos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
15.
Foods ; 13(3)2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338497

RESUMO

The Yellow-Bohai Sea is an important semi-enclosed continental shelf marginal seas with an intensive aquaculture industry in China. The current study analyzed the contamination status and the time variations of paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) in shellfish between 2019 and 2020 from the Yellow-Bohai Sea in the Dalian area and estimated the acute health risks to consumers in China. A total of 199 shellfish samples (including 34 Pacific oysters, 25 Mediterranean blue mussels, 34 Manila clams, 36 bay scallops, 34 veined rapa whelks and 36 bloody clams) were analyzed from four representative aquaculture zones around the Yellow-Bohai Sea in Dalian. Among the samples, scallops and blood clams were the shellfish species with the highest detection rate of PSTs (94.4%), and the highest level of PSTs was detected in scallops with 3953.5 µg STX.2HCl eq./kg (µg STX.2HCL equivalents per kg shellfish tissue), followed by blood clams with 993.4 µg STX.2HCl eq./kg. The contents of PSTs in shellfish showed a time variation trend, and autumn was the season of concern for PST contamination in Dalian. For general Chinese consumers, the probability of acute health risks to shellfish consumers from dietary exposure to PSTs was around 13%. For typical consumers in coastal areas of China, especially those with higher shellfish intake, there was an acute health risk associated with exposure to PSTs through shellfish consumption during the occurrence of harmful algal blooms. It is suggested that the government continue to strengthen the monitoring of the source of PSTs and the monitoring of harmful algal blooms and give reasonable advice on shellfish consumption for consumers in coastal areas, such as not eating scallop viscera.

16.
China CDC Wkly ; 6(3): 56-59, 2024 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38269358

RESUMO

What is already known about this topic?: Fatal poisonings caused by wild mushrooms containing amanita toxins pose a significant threat in the southern regions of China. These toxins primarily induce gastrointestinal symptoms initially, which are then followed by potentially life-threatening acute liver damage. What is added by this report?: This report contributes to the existing knowledge on these cases of poisoning by documenting the second occurrences in Hebei Province and the first occurrences in Xingtai City. Five individuals reported consuming wild mushrooms from the same origin, and laboratory tests confirmed the presence of α-amanitin in their blood samples. What are the implications for public health practice?: This underscores the risk associated with the collection and consumption of amanita toxin-containing mushrooms in Hebei. It is important to note that the identification of toxic and non-toxic mushrooms should not solely rely on personal experience or appearance.

17.
Ann Anat ; 253: 152210, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38244942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osseous condition of the mandible was regarded as a key factor influencing stability of implants in the early stage. Finite element analysis was used to assess the effect of bone mass density and alveolar bone resorption (double factors) on stress in a four-unit implant restoration of a free-end edentulous posterior mandible. METHODS: A 3D finite element model was constructed for a single-sided free-end edentulous mandible (from mandibular first premolar to mandibular second molar) containing threaded dental implants. Mandible sensitivity modes were constructed with different alveolar bone resorption levels for normal conditions as well as mild, moderate and severe periodontitis, respectively. Based on the mass density of cancellous bone for four types of bones as the sensitivity parameter, two implant design modes were constructed: Model A (four-unit fixed bridge supported by three implants, implant positions were 34, 36 and 37) and model B: 34 × 36, 37 (37: a single implant crown) (34 × 36: three-unit fixed bridge supported by two implants, implant positions were 34 and 36). A total of 32 sensitivity-based finite element models, grouped in two groups, were constructed. Stress distribution and maximum von Mises stress on cortical bone and cancellous bone around the implant, as well as the surface of implant were investigated by using ABAQUS when vertical loading and 45° oblique loading were applied, respectively. RESULTS: When vertical loading was applied on the implant, maximum von Mises stress on the cortical bone around the implant was assessed to be 4.726 MPa - 13.15 MPa and 6.254 MPa - 13.79 MPa for groups A and B, respectively; maximum stress on the cancellous bone around the implant was 2.641 MPa - 3.773 MPa and 2.864 MPa - 4.605 MPa, respectively; maximum stress on the surface of implant was 14.7 MPa - 21.17 MPa and 21.64 MPa - 30.70 MPa, respectively. When 45° oblique loading was applied on the implant restoration, maximum von Mises stress on the cortical bone around the implant was assessed to be 42.08 MPa - 92.71 MPa and 50.84 MPa - 102.5 MPa for groups A and B, respectively; maximum stress on the cancellous bone around the implant was 4.88 MPa - 25.95 MPa and 5.227 MPa - 28.43 MPa, respectively; maximum stress on the surface of implant was 77.91 MPa - 124.8 MPa and 109.2 MPa - 150.7 MPa, respectively. Stress peak on the cortical bone and that on cancellous bone around the implant increased and decreased with the decrease in bone mass density, respectively. Stress peak on alveolar bone increased with alveolar bone resorption when oblique loading was applied. CONCLUSION: 1. Both alveolar bone resorption and bone mass density (double factors) are critical to implant restoration. Bone mass density may exhibit a more pronounced impact than alveolar bone resorption. 2. From the biomechanical perspective, types I and II bones are preferred for implant restoration, while implantation should be considered carefully in the case of type III bones, or those with less bone mass density accompanied by moderate to severe alveolar bone loss. 3. Splinting crowns restoration is biomechanically superior to single crown restoration.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Implantes Dentários , Humanos , Perda do Osso Alveolar/cirurgia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Software , Dente Pré-Molar , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Estresse Mecânico , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante
18.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(3): e14458, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37680170

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous studies have suggested that presbycusis (age-related hearing loss) is accompanied with cognitive decline and dementia. However, the neural mechanism underlying the cognitive decline in presbycusis remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the glymphatic system function in presbycusis patients compared to healthy controls using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with the perivascular space (DTI-ALPS) method. METHODS: DTI scans were obtained from 30 presbycusis patients with cognitive decline (PCD), 30 presbycusis patients with no cognitive decline (PNCD) and 40 age-, gender-, and education-matched healthy controls (HCs). The DTI-ALPS index was calculated for each group. We evaluated the differences in the DTI-ALPS index among PCD, PNCD and HCs. In addition, we conducted a correlation analysis between the DTI-ALPS index and cognitive performance. RESULTS: There were significant differences of the DTI-ALPS index among three groups. Post-hoc analysis suggested that the DTI-ALPS index in PCD was significantly lower patients in relative to PNCD and HCs (1.49147 vs. 1.57441 vs. 1.62020, p < 0.001). After correcting for age, gender, and education, the DTI-ALPS index is positively correlated with the MoCA scores (rho = 0.426, p = 0.026). CONCLUSION: Presbycusis patients with cognitive impairment exhibited decreased glymphatic activity than those without cognitive impairment and HCs. The DTI-ALPS index may provide useful disease progression or treatment biomarkers for patients with presbycusis as an indicator of modulation of glymphatic activity.

19.
Brain Sci ; 13(12)2023 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38137113

RESUMO

(1) Background: Psychological interventions are effective in alleviating neuropsychiatric symptoms, though results can vary between patients. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been proven to improve clinical symptoms and cognition. It remains unclear whether rTMS can augment the efficacy of psychological interventions. (2) Methods: We examined the effects of rTMS combined with psychological interventions on clinical, functional, and cognitive outcomes from randomized controlled trials conducted in healthy and clinical populations. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and PsycINFO databases up to April 2023. (3) Results: Twenty-seven studies were ultimately included. Compared to sham rTMS combined with psychological interventions, active rTMS combined with psychological interventions significantly improved overall clinical symptoms (k = 16, SMD = 0.31, CIs 0.08 to 0.54, p < 0.01). We found that 10 or more sessions of rTMS combined with cognitive behavioural therapy significantly improved clinical outcomes overall (k = 3, SMD = 0.21, CIs 0.05 to 0.36, Z = 2.49, p < 0.01). RTMS combined with cognitive training (CT) significantly improved cognition overall compared to sham rTMS combined with CT (k = 13, SMD = 0.28, CIs 0.15 to 0.42, p < 0.01), with a significant effect on global cognition (k = 11, SMD = 0.45, CIs 0.21 to 0.68, p < 0.01), but not on the other cognitive domains. (4) Conclusion: The current results provide preliminary support for the augmentation effects of active rTMS on clinical and cognitive outcomes across diverse populations. Future clinical trials are required to confirm these augmentation effects for specific psychological interventions in specific clinical populations.

20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(58): 122663-122676, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37968484

RESUMO

With global climate change looming large, there is an urgent need for China's energy sector to take steps towards carbon neutrality. This study aims to explore how digital technologies can contribute to the pathway for China's energy sector to achieve carbon neutrality. By analyzing carbon neutrality policies and digital technology applications, we propose a systematic pathway framework to guide China's energy sector in integrating digital technology to accelerate the pace of achieving carbon neutrality in the energy sector. We first review the current status of carbon emissions and carbon neutrality targets in China's energy sector, and in light of the development trend of modern digital technologies, we propose key application areas for digital technologies in realizing carbon neutrality in the energy sector. Second, we detail the specific applications and effects of digital technologies in energy supply side optimization, energy utilization efficiency improvement, carbon sink management, and smart grid construction. Through theoretical modeling and empirical analysis, we demonstrate the great potential of digital technologies in carbon emission reduction and carbon neutrality in the energy sector and reveal the key role of digital technologies in carbon-neutral pathways. Finally, we propose effective technology implementation measures and point out important challenges and solution paths for digital technologies in carbon-neutral practices. This study provides a scientific basis and guidance for China's energy sector to achieve carbon neutrality with the help of digital technologies and promotes the important steps towards carbon neutrality in China.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Digital , Objetivos , Condições Sociais , Carbono , China , Dióxido de Carbono , Desenvolvimento Econômico
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