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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382574

RESUMO

Gram-negative bacteria possess an asymmetric outer membrane (OM) primarily composed of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on the outer leaflet and phospholipids on the inner leaflet. The outer membrane functions as an effective permeability barrier to compounds such as antibiotics. Studying LPS biosynthesis is therefore helpful to explore novel strategies for new antibiotic development. Metabolic glycan labeling of the bacterial surface has emerged as a powerful method to investigate LPS biosynthesis. However, the previously reported methods of labeling LPS are based on radioactivity or difficult-to-produce analogs of bacterial sugars. In this study, we report on the incorporation of azido galactose into the LPS of the Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi via metabolic labeling. As a common sugar analog, azido galactose successfully labeled both O-antigen and core of Salmonella LPS, but not E. coli LPS. This labeling of Salmonella LPS, as shown by SDS-PAGE analysis and fluorescence microscopy, differs from the previously reported labeling of either O-antigen or core of LPS. Our findings are useful for studying LPS biogenesis pathways in Gram-negative bacteria like Salmonella. In addition, our approach is helpful for screening for agents that target LPS biosynthesis as it allows for the detection of newly synthesized LPS that appears in the OM. Furthermore, this approach may also aid in isolating chemically modified LPS for vaccine development or immunotherapy.

2.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385523

RESUMO

Endothelial cells (ECs) line the luminal surface of blood vessels and play a major role in vascular (patho)-physiology by acting as a barrier, sensing circulating factors and intrinsic/extrinsic signals. ECs have the capacity to undergo endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), a complex differentiation process with key roles both during embryonic development and in adulthood. EndMT can contribute to EC activation and dysfunctional alterations associated with maladaptive tissue responses in human disease. During EndMT, ECs progressively undergo changes leading to expression of mesenchymal markers while repressing EC lineage-specific traits. This phenotypic and functional switch is considered to largely exist in a continuum, being characterized by a gradation of transitioning stages. In this report, we discuss process plasticity and potential reversibility and the hypothesis that different EndMT-derived cell populations may play a different role in disease progression or resolution. In addition, we review advancements in the EndMT field, current technical challenges, as well as therapeutic options and opportunities in the context of cardiovascular biology.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376978

RESUMO

Recent developments in dexterous myoelectric prosthetics have established a hardware base for human-machine interfaces. Although pattern recognition techniques have seen successful deployment in gesture classification, their applications remain largely confined to certain specific discrete gestures. Addressing complex daily tasks demands an immediate need for precise simultaneous and proportional control (SPC) for multiple degrees of freedom (DoFs) movements. In this paper, we introduce an SPC approach for multi-DoF wrist movements using the cumulative spike trains (CSTs) of motor unit pools, merely leveraging single-DoF training. The efficacy of our proposed approach was validated offline against existing methods respectively based on non-negative matrix factorization and motor unit spike trains, using experimental data. The experimental process includes both single-DoF (for training) and multi-DoF (for testing) movements. We evaluated the performance using Pearson correlation coefficient (R) and the normalized root mean square error (nRMSE). The results reveal that our method outperforms comparative approaches in force estimation for both testing datasets (3 and 4). On average, for dataset 3, R and nRMSE of the flexion/extension DoF (the pronation/supination DoF) are 0.923±0.037 (0.901±0.040) and 12.3±3.1% (12.9±2.2%); similarly, those of dataset 4 are 0.865±0.057 (0.837±0.053) and 14.9±2.9% (15.4±2.0%), respectively. The outcomes demonstrate the effectiveness of our method in simultaneous and proportional force estimation for multi-DoF wrist movements, showing a promising potential as a neural-machine interface for SPC of dexterous myoelectric prostheses.

4.
Bioorg Chem ; 145: 107190, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377816

RESUMO

The fruits of Amomum villosum are often considered a medicinal and food homologous material and have been found to have therapeutic effects in chronic enteritis, gastroenteritis, and duodenal ulcer. The aim of this study is to discover the anti-inflammatory active ingredients from dried ripe fruits of A. villosum and to elucidate the molecular mechanisms. We verified that the inhibitory activity of the ethyl acetate extract was superior to Dexamethasone (Dex), so we ultimately chose to study the ethyl acetate extract from the fruits of A. villosum. A total of 33 compounds were isolated from its ethyl acetate extract, including nine known diterpenoids (compounds 1-9), twelve known sesquiterpenoids (compounds 10-21), ten known phenolics (compounds 22, 23, 25-29, 31-33) and two new phenolics (24 and 30). On the basis of chemical evidences and spectral data analysis (UV, ECD, Optical rotation data, 1D and 2D-NMR, HR-ESI-MS, NMR chemical shift calculations), the structures of new compounds were elucidated. Among these compounds, isocoronarin D (5) was found to have good anti-inflammatory activity. Further research has found that isocoronarin D can down-regulate the protein levels of COX2 and NOS2, activate Nrf2/Keap1 and suppress NF-κB signaling pathway in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. In addition, isocoronarin D inhibited inflammasome assembly during inflammasome activation by hampering the binding of NLRP3 and ASC. Further evidence revealed that isocoronarin D suppressed the assembly of the NLRP3 inflammasome via blocking the formation of ASC specks. From these results, isocoronarin D may be the important bioactive compound of A. villosum and exhibits anti-inflammatory effects by regulating the NF-κB/Nrf2/NLRP3 axis in macrophages.

5.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-11, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373219

RESUMO

In this study, two new (1, 13) and fourteen known (2-12, 14-16) compounds were isolated from the branches and leaves of Daphne retusa. On the basis of chemical evidence and spectral data analysis (UV, ECD NMR, and HR-ESI-MS), the structures of new compounds were elucidated. Furthermore, all compounds have been tested for their inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, and compound 3 showed obvious inhibitory effect. Through target screening and molecular docking technology, potential binding targets for compound 3 to exert anti-inflammatory effects have been predicted.

6.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 176, 2024 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The need for radiotherapy among the elderly rises with increasing life expectancy and a corresponding increase of elderly cancer patients. Radiation-induced skin injury is one of the most frequent adverse effects in radiotherapy patients, severely limiting their life quality. Re-epithelialization and collagen deposition have essential roles in the recovery of skin injuries induced by high doses of ionizing radiation. At the same time, radiation-induced senescent cells accumulate in irradiated tissues. However, the effects and mechanisms of senescent cells on re-epithelialization and collagen deposition in radiation-induced skin injury have not been fully elucidated. RESULTS: Here, we identified a role for a population of senescent cells expressing p16 in promoting re-epithelialization and collagen deposition in radiation-induced skin injury. Targeted ablation of p16+ senescent cells or treatment with Senolytics resulted in the disruption of collagen structure and the retardation of epidermal coverage. By analyzing a publicly available single-cell sequencing dataset, we identified fibroblasts as a major contributor to the promotion of re-epithelialization and collagen deposition in senescent cells. Notably, our analysis of publicly available transcriptome sequencing data highlighted IL-33 as a key senescence-associated secretory phenotype produced by senescent fibroblasts. Neutralizing IL-33 significantly impedes the healing process. Finally, we found that the effect of IL-33 was partly due to the modulation of macrophage polarization. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our data suggested that senescent fibroblasts accumulated in radiation-induced skin injury sites participated in wound healing mainly by secreting IL-33. This secretion regulated the local immune microenvironment and macrophage polarization, thus emphasizing the importance of precise regulation of senescent cells in a phased manner.


Assuntos
Interleucina-33 , Lesões por Radiação , Humanos , Idoso , Interleucina-33/farmacologia , Pele , Colágeno/farmacologia , Fibroblastos , Macrófagos , Senescência Celular
7.
Microb Pathog ; 188: 106562, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307370

RESUMO

Bacterial outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) can package and deliver virulence factors into host cells, which is an important mechanism mediating host-pathogen interactions. It has been reported that small RNAs (sRNAs) can be packed into OMVs with varying relative abundance, which might affect the function and/or stability of host mRNAs. In this study, we used OptiPrep density gradient ultra-high-speed centrifugation to purify OMVs from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Next, the sequences and abundance of sRNAs were detected by using Small RNA-Seq. In particular, sRNA4518698, sRNA2316613 and sRNA809738 were the three most abundant sRNAs in OMVs, which are all fragments of P. aeruginosa non-coding RNAs. sRNAs were shielded within the interior of OMVs and remained resistant to external RNase cleavage. The miRanda and RNAhybrid analysis demonstrated that those sRNAs could target a large number of host mRNAs, which were enriched in host immune responses by the functions of GO and KEGG enrichment. Experimentally, we demonstrated that the transfection of synthetic sRNA4518698, sRNA2316613, or sRNA809738 could reduce the expression of innate immune response genes in RAW264.7 cells. Together, we demonstrated that P. aeruginosa OMVs sRNAs can regulate innate immune responses. This study uncovered a mechanism in which the OMVs regulate host responses by transferring bacterial sRNAs.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(7): 9436-9442, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320754

RESUMO

Recently, bioinspired fluorescent materials have drawn ever-increasing attention due to their ecofriendliness and easy accessibility. Herein, we demonstrate that anthraquinone/metal ion coordination complexes can form well-defined crystals and possess obvious fluorescence enhancement properties. The fluorescence quantum yields of anthraquinone/metal ion assemblies are more than 2 orders of magnitude compared to those of anthraquinone assemblies. The electronic structures of the first excited singlet states of anthraquinone/metal ion molecules are obtained, and the mechanism of the fluorescence enhancement is elucidated. Such photoluminescent anthraquinone/metal ion crystals can be considered as efficient phosphors in fabricating light-emitting diodes. This work provides a simple route for the development of highly efficient natural fluorescent materials.

9.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1467, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368411

RESUMO

The noncentrosymmetric ferromagnetic Weyl semimetal CeAlSi with simultaneous space-inversion and time-reversal symmetry breaking provides a unique platform for exploring novel topological states. Here, by employing multiple experimental techniques, we demonstrate that ferromagnetism and pressure can serve as efficient parameters to tune the positions of Weyl nodes in CeAlSi. At ambient pressure, a magnetism-facilitated anomalous Hall/Nernst effect (AHE/ANE) is uncovered. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) measurements demonstrated that the Weyl nodes with opposite chirality are moving away from each other upon entering the ferromagnetic phase. Under pressure, by tracing the pressure evolution of AHE and band structure, we demonstrate that pressure could also serve as a pivotal knob to tune the positions of Weyl nodes. Moreover, multiple pressure-induced phase transitions are also revealed. These findings indicate that CeAlSi provides a unique and tunable platform for exploring exotic topological physics and electron correlations, as well as catering to potential applications, such as spintronics.

10.
Exp Ther Med ; 27(3): 115, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361518

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a critical role in the development and exacerbation of heart failure (HF). Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), a key regulator of mitochondrial fission, influences cardiac energy metabolism. The present study investigated the relationship between serum Drp1 levels and the prognosis of patients with HF across a broad spectrum. Serum Drp1 concentrations were measured using ELISA. The primary outcome was the risk of composite major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), which included instances of cardiac death and HF-related readmissions. To assess the prognostic significance of serum Drp1, a receiver operating characteristic curve was constructed to predict MACE-free survival. Additionally, an optimal threshold value for Drp1 was determined and was used to stratify patients into different risk categories. A total of 256 HF patients were finally included and categorized into two groups based on their serum Drp1 levels, labeled as the low (Drp1 ≤2.66 ng/ml, n=101) and high group (Drp1 >2.66 ng/ml, n=155). Patients with low serum Drp1 concentrations showed impaired heart structure and function, as assessed by echocardiography. The 6-month follow-up results indicated that patients with reduced Drp1 concentrations faced a substantially increased risk of MACEs (21.1% vs. 2.8%; P<0.001). The present study revealed that diminished serum Drp1 concentrations could potentially act as a predictive marker for the prognosis of HF in a broad patient population.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366885

RESUMO

Intravenous administration of conditioned medium from stem cells of human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED-CM) regenerates mechanically injured osteochondral tissues in mouse temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJOA). However, the underlying therapeutic mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we showed that SHED-CM alleviated injured TMJ by inducing anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages in the synovium. Depletion of M2 by Mannosylated Clodrosome abolished the osteochondral repair activities of SHED-CM. Administration of CM from M2-induced by SHED-CM (M2-CM) effectively ameliorated mouse TMJOA by inhibiting chondrocyte inflammation and matrix degradation while enhancing chondrocyte proliferation and matrix formation. Notably, in vitro, M2-CM directly suppressed the catabolic activities while enhancing the anabolic activities of interleukin-1ß-stimulated mouse primary chondrocytes. M2-CM also inhibited receptor activator of nuclear factor NF-κB ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis in RAW264.7 cells. Secretome analysis of M2-CM and M0-CM revealed that 5 proteins related to anti-inflammation and/or osteochondrogenesis were enriched in M2-CM. Of these proteins, the Wnt signal antagonist, secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (sFRP1), was the most abundant and played an essential role in the shift to anabolic chondrocytes, suggesting that M2 ameliorated TMJOA partly through sFRP1. This study suggests that secretome from SHED exerted remarkable osteochondral regeneration activities in TMJOA through the induction of sFRP1-expressing tissue-repair M2 macrophages.

12.
Cell Tissue Res ; 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353742

RESUMO

Leydig cell (LCs) apoptosis is responsible for decreased serum testosterone levels during late-onset hypogonadism (LOH). Our study was designed to illustrate the regulatory effect of lncRNA XIST on LCs and to clarify its molecular mechanism of action in LOH. The Leydig cells (TM3) was treated by 300 µM H2O2 for 8 h to establish Leydig cell oxidative stress model in vitro. The expression levels of lncRNA XIST in the testicular tissues of patients with LOH were measured using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The interaction between lncRNA XIST/SIRT1 and miR-145a-5p was assessed using starBase and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays. Apoptotic cells and Caspase3 activity were determined by flow cytometry (FCM) assay. Testosterone concentration was determined by ELISA. Moreover, histological assessment of testicles in mice was performed by using HE staining and the TUNEL assay was used to determine apoptosis. We found that the lncRNA XIST was downregulated in the testicular tissues of LOH patients and mice and in H2O2-induced TM3 cells. XIST siRNA significantly promoted apoptosis, enhanced Caspase3 activity and reduced testosterone levels in H2O2-stimulated TM3 cells. Further studies showed that the miR-145a-5p inhibitor reversed the effect of XIST-siRNA on H2O2-induced Leydig cell apoptosis. MiR-145a-5p negatively regulated SIRT1 expression, and SIRT1-siRNA reversed the effects of the miR-145a-5p inhibitor on H2O2 stimulated TM3 cells. The in vivo experiments indicated that silencing of the lncRNA XIST aggravated LOH symptoms in mice. Inhibition of lncRNA XIST induces Leydig cell apoptosis through the miR-145a-5p/SIRT1 axis in the progression of LOH.

13.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e2200771, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356045

RESUMO

SCOPE: Early diabetic retinopathy (DR) is characterized by chronic inflammation, excessive oxidative stress, and retinal microvascular damage. Syringaresinol (SYR), as a natural polyphenolic compound, has been proved to inhibit many disease progression due to its antiinflammatory and antioxidant properties. The present study focuses on exploring the effect of SYR on hyperglycemia-induced early DR as well as the underlying mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: Wild-type (WT) and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-knockout C57BL/6 mice of type 1 diabetes and high glucose (HG)-induced RF/6A cells are used as in vivo and in vitro models, respectively. This study finds that SYR protects the retinal structure and function in diabetic mice and reduces the permeability and apoptosis of HG-treated RF/6A cells. Meanwhile, SYR distinctly mitigates inflammation and oxidative stress in vivo and vitro. The retinal microvascular damages are suppressed by SYR via downregulating hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway. Whereas, SYR-provided protective effects are diminished in Nrf2-knockout mice, indicating that SYR improves DR progression by activating Nrf2. Similarly, SYR cannot exert protective effects against HG-induced oxidative stress and endothelial injury in small interfering RNA (siRNA)-Nrf2-transfected RF/6A cells. CONCLUSION: In summary, SYR suppresses oxidative stress via activating Nrf2 antioxidant pathway, which ameliorates retinal microvascular damage by downregulating HIF-1α/VEGF, thereby alleviating early DR progression.

14.
Am J Sports Med ; : 3635465231213087, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids (CS) have shown good short-term performance in terms of pain relief and functional improvement. However, the safety and long-term efficacy of this treatment remains controversial. Several studies have reported good results of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of tendinopathies. However, whether its use in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis (LE) is superior to that of CS remains controversial. PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of original studies to determine whether the prognosis of LE patients treated with PRP is better than that of CS. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Two independent reviewers searched online databases from January 2000 to July 2022 according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines to evaluate prospective studies of PRP versus CS injection for LE. A third author addressed any discrepancies. Evidence quality was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Risk ratios for dichotomous variables and mean differences (MDs) for continuous variables were used to compare clinical outcomes. P values <.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Eleven randomized controlled trials with 730 patients were included in this review. PRP provided a significantly worse short-term (<2 months) improvement in the visual analog scale (VAS) pain score (MD, 0.93 [95% CI, 0.42 to 1.44]; I2 = 85%; P = .0003) and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score (MD, 10.23 [95% CI, 9.08 to 11.39]; I2 = 67%; P < .0001) but better long-term (≥6 months) improvement in the VAS score (MD, -2.18 [95% CI, -3.13 to -1.22]; I2 = 89%; P < .0001), DASH score (MD, -8.13 [95% CI, -9.87 to -6.39]; I2 = 25%; P < .0001), and Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MD, 16.53 [95% CI, 1.52 to 31.53]; I2 = 98%; P = .03) than CS. The medium-term (2-6 months) reduction in the VAS score was not significantly different between the 2 groups. After sensitivity analysis, none of the results changed except for the short-term VAS scores (MD, 0.53 [95% CI, -0.13 to 1.19]; I2 = 78%; P = .12). CONCLUSION: Both PRP and CS injections are effective treatments for patients with LE. CS provides better short-term (<2 months) functional improvement and may be more advantageous in terms of short-term pain relief, while PRP provides better long-term (≥6 months) functional improvement and better performance regarding long-term pain relief.

15.
Eur J Radiol ; 172: 111348, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325190

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a deep learning (DL) model based on preoperative contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) images to predict microvascular invasion (MVI) and pathological differentiation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This retrospective study included 640 consecutive patients who underwent surgical resection and were pathologically diagnosed with HCC at two medical institutions from April 2017 to May 2022. CECT images and relevant clinical parameters were collected. All the data were divided into 368 training sets, 138 test sets and 134 validation sets. Through DL, a segmentation model was used to obtain a region of interest (ROI) of the liver, and a classification model was established to predict the pathological status of HCC. RESULTS: The liver segmentation model based on the 3D U-Network had a mean intersection over union (mIoU) score of 0.9120 and a Dice score of 0.9473. Among all the classification prediction models based on the Swin transformer, the fusion models combining image information and clinical parameters exhibited the best performance. The area under the curve (AUC) of the fusion model for predicting the MVI status was 0.941, its accuracy was 0.917, and its specificity was 0.908. The AUC values of the fusion model for predicting poorly differentiated, moderately differentiated and highly differentiated HCC based on the test set were 0.962, 0.957 and 0.996, respectively. CONCLUSION: The established DL models established can be used to noninvasively and effectively predict the MVI status and the degree of pathological differentiation of HCC, and aid in clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Invasividade Neoplásica/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
J Neurosci Res ; 102(2): e25301, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361405

RESUMO

Our previous study found that receptor interacting protein 3 (RIP3) and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) were involved in neuronal programmed necrosis during global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Here, we further studied its downstream mechanisms and the role of the autophagy inhibitors 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and bafilomycin A1 (BAF). A 20-min global cerebral I/R injury model was constructed using the 4-vessel occlusion (4-VO) method in male rats. 3-MA and BAF were injected into the lateral ventricle 1 h before ischemia. Spatial and activation changes of proteins were detected by immunofluorescence (IF), and protein interaction was determined by immunoprecipitation (IP). The phosphorylation of H2AX (γ-H2AX) and activation of mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (p-MLKL) occurred as early as 6 h after reperfusion. RIP3, AIF, and cyclophilin A (CypA) in the neurons after I/R injury were spatially overlapped around and within the nucleus and combined with each other after reperfusion. The survival rate of CA1 neurons in the 3-MA and BAF groups was significantly higher than that in the I/R group. Autophagy was activated significantly after I/R injury, which was partially inhibited by 3-MA and BAF. Pretreatment with both 3-MA and BAF almost completely inhibited nuclear translocation, spatial overlap, and combination of RIP3, AIF, and CypA proteins. These findings suggest that after global cerebral I/R injury, RIP3, AIF, and CypA translocated into the nuclei and formed the DNA degradation complex RIP3/AIF/CypA in hippocampal CA1 neurons. Pretreatment with autophagy inhibitors could reduce neuronal necroptosis by preventing the formation of the RIP3/AIF/CypA complex and its nuclear translocation.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Macrolídeos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Ciclofilina A/genética , Ciclofilina A/metabolismo , Fator de Indução de Apoptose/genética , Fator de Indução de Apoptose/metabolismo , Necroptose , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Apoptose , Neurônios/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Autofagia
17.
Phytochemistry ; 220: 114013, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331134

RESUMO

Six undescribed alkaloids, neotuberostemonol C (1), dehydrostenines C-D (2-3), tuberostemonines Q-R (10-11), and (6R,8R,8aR)-8-hydroxy-6-methyl-hexahydroindolizin-5-one (32), along with twenty-six known analogues were isolated from the dried roots of Stemona tuberosa Lour. The structures and absolute stereochemistry of these compounds were delineated by extensive spectroscopy (1D NMR, 2D NMR, HRESIMS), quantum chemical calculations of the electronic circular dichroism spectra, and pyridine-induced solvent shifts. Tuberostemonines Q-R (10-11) represent tuberostemonine skeleton alkaloids possessing an α-methyl-γ-butyrolactone moiety attached to C-3. In addition, all these isolated compounds were assayed for their inhibitory activity against LPS-induced NO production in RAW264.7 cells using Griess assay.

18.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 200: 116112, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320442

RESUMO

Rapidly increasing concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere not only results in global warming, but also drives increasing seawater acidification. Infaunal bivalves play critical roles in benthic-pelagic coupling, but little is known about their behavioral responses to compound climate events. Here, we tested how heatwaves and acidification affected the behavior of Manila clams (Ruditapes philippinarum). Under acidified conditions, the clams remained capable of burrowing into sediments. Yet, when heatwaves attacked, significant decreases in burrowing ability occurred. Following two consecutive events of heatwaves, the clams exhibited rapid behavioral acclimation. The present study showed that the behavior of R. philippinarum is more sensitive to heatwaves than acidification. Given that the behavior can act as an early and sensitive indicator of the fitness of intertidal bivalves, whether, and to what extent, behavioral acclimation can persist under scenarios of intensifying heatwaves in the context of ocean acidification deserve further investigations.

19.
Structure ; 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325370

RESUMO

The design of small-molecule-binding proteins requires protein backbones that contain cavities. Previous design efforts were based on naturally occurring cavity-containing backbone architectures. Here, we designed diverse cavity-containing backbones without predefined architectures by introducing tailored restraints into the backbone sampling driven by SCUBA (Side Chain-Unknown Backbone Arrangement), a neural network statistical energy function. For 521 out of 5816 designs, the root-mean-square deviations (RMSDs) of the Cα atoms for the AlphaFold2-predicted structures and our designed structures are within 2.0 Å. We experimentally tested 10 designed proteins and determined the crystal structures of two of them. One closely agrees with the designed model, while the other forms a domain-swapped dimer, where the partial structures are in agreement with the designed structures. Our results indicate that data-driven methods such as SCUBA hold great potential for designing de novo proteins with tailored small-molecule-binding function.

20.
Mol Oncol ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327028

RESUMO

Stage pIIIA/N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is primarily treated by complete surgical resection combined with neoadjuvant/adjuvant therapies. However, up to 40% of patients experience tumor recurrence. Here, we studied 119 stage pIIIA/N2 NSCLC patients who received complete surgery plus adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) or chemoradiotherapy (CRT). The paired tumor and resection margin samples were analyzed using next-generation sequencing (NGS). Although all patients were classified as negative resection margins by histologic methods, NGS revealed that 47.1% of them had molecularly positive surgical margins. Patients who tested positive for NGS-detected residual tumors had significantly shorter disease-free survival (DFS) (P = 0.002). Additionally, metastatic lymph node ratio, erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (ERBB2) mutations, and SWI/SNF-related, matrix-associated, actin-dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily a, member 4 (SMARCA4) mutations were also independently associated with DFS. We used these four features to construct a COX model that could effectively estimate recurrence risk and prognosis. Notably, mutational profiling through broad-panel NGS could more sensitively detect residual tumors than the conventional histologic methods. Adjuvant CT and adjuvant CRT exhibited no significant difference in eliminating locoregional recurrence risk for stage pIIIA/N2 NSCLC patients with molecularly positive surgical margins.

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