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1.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632319

RESUMO

Liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, is a ligand-regulated transcription factor that plays crucial roles in metabolism, development, and immunity. Despite being classified as an 'orphan' receptor due to the ongoing debate surrounding its endogenous ligands, recent researches have demonstrated that LRH-1 can be modulated by various synthetic ligands. This highlights the potential of LRH-1 as an attractive drug target for the treatment of inflammation, metabolic disorders, and cancer. In this review, we provide an overview of the structural basis, functional activities, associated diseases, and advancements in therapeutic ligand research targeting LRH-1.

2.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the abundance of research examining the effects of coffee, tea, and alcohol on inflammatory diseases, there is a notable absence of conclusive evidence regarding their direct causal influence on circulating inflammatory cytokines. Previous studies have primarily concentrated on established cytokines, neglecting the potential impact of beverage consumption on lesser-studied but equally important cytokines. METHODS: Information regarding the consumption of coffee, tea, and alcohol was collected from the UK Biobank, with sample sizes of 428,860, 447,485, and 462,346 individuals, respectively. Data on 41 inflammatory cytokines were obtained from summary statistics of 8293 healthy participants from Finnish cohorts. RESULTS: The consumption of coffee was found to be potentially associated with decreased levels of Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (ß = -0.57, 95% CI -1.06 ~ -0.08; p = 0.022) and Stem cell growth factor beta (ß = -0.64, 95% CI -1.16 ~ -0.12; p = 0.016), as well as an increase in TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (ß = 0.43, 95% CI 0.06 ~ 0.8; p = 0.023) levels. Conversely, tea intake was potentially correlated with a reduction in Interleukin-8 (ß = -0.45, 95% CI -0.9 ~ 0; p = 0.045) levels. Moreover, our results indicated an association between alcohol consumption and decreased levels of Regulated on Activation, Normal T Cell Expressed and Secreted (ß = -0.24, 95% CI -0.48 ~ 0; p = 0.047), as well as an increase in Stem cell factor (ß = 0.17, 95% CI 0.02 ~ 0.31; p = 0.023) and Stromal cell-derived factor-1 alpha (ß = 0.20, 95% CI 0.04 ~ 0.36; p = 0.013). CONCLUSION: Revealing the interactions between beverage consumption and various inflammatory cytokines may lead to the discovery of novel therapeutic targets, thereby facilitating dietary interventions to complement clinical disease treatments.

3.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-14, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Insomnia has been the subject of much systematic research because it is a risk factor for a variety of diseases. There is some evidence that gamma sensory stimulation therapy has also been demonstrated to improve sleep quality for people with Alzheimer's disease. However, it is unclear whether this method is effective for treating insomnia. The principal objective of this project was to investigate the efficacy and safety of gamma sensory flicker in improving the sleep quality of insomnia patients. METHODS: Thirty-seven participants with insomnia were recruited for this prospective observational study. For a duration of 8 weeks, participants were exposed to flicker stimulation through a light and sound device. RESULTS: During the main phase of the study, adherence rates averaged 92.21%. Additionally, no severe adverse events were reported for flicker treatment. Analysis of sleep diaries indicated that 40 Hz flickers can enhance sleep quality by reducing sleep onset latencies, and arousals, and increasing total sleep duration. CONCLUSIONS: Gamma sensory flicker improves sleep quality in people suffering from insomnia.

4.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 45(5): 2596-2612, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629524

RESUMO

PM2.5 remote sensing data was applied in this study, and Theil-Sen Median trend analysis and the Mann-Kendall significance test were utilized to analyze the temporal and spatial variation in PM2.5 in the Shandong Province from 2000 to 2021. The influencing power of the influencing factors on the spatial differentiation of PM2.5 concentration in the Shandong Province was detected at the provincial-city-county levels based on Geo-detector data. The results showed that:① on the temporal scale, the mean ρ(PM2.5)in the Shandong Province ranged from 38.15 to 88.63 µg·m-3 from 2000 to 2021, which was slightly higher than the secondary limit of inhalable particulate matter (35 µg·m-3) in the Ambient Air Quality Standards. On the interannual scale, 2013 was the peak year for the variation in ρ(PM2.5) with a value of 83.36 µg·m-3, according to which the trend of PM2.5 concentrations in the Shandong Province was divided into two phases:a continuous increase and a rapid decrease. On the seasonal scale, PM2.5 concentration presented the distribution characteristics of "low in summer and high in winter and moderate in spring and autumn" and the U-shaped change rule of first decreasing and then increasing. ② On the spatial scale, the PM2.5 concentration in the Shandong Province presented a spatial distribution pattern of "high in the west and low in the east." The areas with high PM2.5 concentration were distributed in the western area of the Shandong Province, whereas the areas with low PM2.5 concentration were distributed in the eastern peninsula region. The spatial variation in the changing trend of PM2.5 concentration showed significant spatial heterogeneity, and the extremely significant decrease was mainly distributed in the eastern peninsula region. ③ The results of factor detection showed that climate factor was an important factor affecting the spatial differentiation of PM2.5 concentration in the Shandong Province. Mean temperature had the highest influence on the spatial differentiation of PM2.5 concentration in the Shandong Province, with a q value of 0.512. Provincial-city-county multi-scale detection results showed that the influencing factors affecting the spatial differentiation of PM2.5 concentration and their influencing power differed at different spatial scales. At the provincial scale, mean temperature, sunshine duration, and slope were the main factors affecting the spatial differentiation of PM2.5 concentration. At the city level, precipitation, elevation, and relative humidity were the main factors affecting the spatial differentiation of PM2.5. At the county level, precipitation, mean temperature, and sunshine duration were the main factors affecting the spatial variation in PM2.5 concentration.

5.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 36(28)2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574683

RESUMO

In recent years, higher-order topological phases have attracted great interest in various fields of physics. These phases have protected boundary states at lower-dimensional boundaries than the conventional first-order topological phases due to the higher-order bulk-boundary correspondence. In this review, we summarize current research progress on higher-order topological phases in both crystalline and non-crystalline systems. We firstly introduce prototypical models of higher-order topological phases in crystals and their topological characterizations. We then discuss effects of quenched disorder on higher-order topology and demonstrate disorder-induced higher-order topological insulators. We also review the theoretical studies on higher-order topological insulators in amorphous systems without any crystalline symmetry and higher-order topological phases in non-periodic lattices including quasicrystals, hyperbolic lattices, and fractals, which have no crystalline counterparts. We conclude the review by a summary of experimental realizations of higher-order topological phases and discussions on potential directions for future study.

6.
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A ; 34(4): 339-353, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573161

RESUMO

Background: The incidence of complications in gastric cancer (GC) patients after surgery was increasing, and it was not clear whether postoperative complications would have an impact on prognosis. The current study attempted to investigate the role of postoperative complication for prognosis on GC patients undergoing radical resection. Materials and Methods: Eligible studies were searched in three databases, including PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, in accordance with the searching strategy on September 4th, 2022. The survival values were most concerned; then, hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled up. All prognostic values, including overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS), were allowed. Subgroup analysis based on complication types was used for further in-depth research. Results: A total of 29 studies involving 33,858 patients were included in this study. Intra-abdominal abscess (19.4%) was the most common complications in the included studies, followed by anastomotic leakage (17.0%) and pneumonia (16.4%). There were 23, 4, 6, and 10 studies that reported OS, DFS, DSS, and RFS, respectively. After analysis, postoperative complication was found to be an independent prognostic factor for OS (HR = 1.52, I2 = 1.14%, 95% CI = 1.42-1.61, P = .00), DFS (HR = 1.71, I2 = 0.00%,95% CI = 1.44-1.98, P < .05), DSS (HR = 1.60, I2 = 54.58%, 95% CI = 1.26-1.93, P < .1), and RFS (HR = 1.26, I2 = 0.00%, 95% CI = 1.11-1.41, P < .05). Subgroup analysis found that noninfectious complication was not significantly associated with OS (HR = 1.39, I2 = 0.00%, 95% CI = 0.96-1.82, P > .05). Conclusion: Surgeons needed to pay more attention to GC patients who developed postoperative complications, especially infectious complications, and take proactive management to improve the prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença
7.
Domest Anim Endocrinol ; 88: 106848, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574690

RESUMO

Insulin is a potent adipogenic hormone that triggers a series of transcription factors that regulate the differentiation of preadipocytes into mature adipocytes. Ciglitazone specifically binds to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ), thereby promoting adipocyte differentiation. As a natural ligand of PPARγ, oleic acid (OA) can promote the translocation of PPARγ into the nucleus, regulate the expression of downstream genes, and promote adipocyte differentiation. We hypothesized that ciglitazone and oleic acid interact with insulin to enhance bovine preadipocyte differentiation. Preadipocytes were cultured 96 h in differentiation medium containing 10 mg/L insulin (I), 10 mg/L insulin + 10 µM cycloglitazone (IC), 10 mg/L insulin + 100 µM oleic acid (IO), or 10 mg/L insulin + 10 µM cycloglitazone+100 µM oleic acid (ICO). Control preadipocytes (CON) were cultured in differentiation medium (containing 5% fetal calf serum). The effects on the differentiation of Yanbian cattle preadipocytes were examined using molecular and transcriptomic techniques, including differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. I, IC, IO, and ICO treatments produced higher concentrations of triglycerides (TAG) and lipid droplet accumulation in preadipocytes compared with CON treatment (P < 0.05). Co-treatment of insulin and PPARγ agonists significantly increased the expression of genes involved in regulating adipogenesis and fatty acid synthesis. (P < 0.05). Differential expression analysis identified 1488, 1764, 1974 and 1368 DEGs in the I, IC, IO and ICO groups, respectively. KEGG pathway analysis revealed DEGs mainly enriched in PPAR signalling, FOXO signaling pathway and fatty acid metabolism. These results indicate that OA, as PPARγ agonist, can more effectively promote the expression of bovine lipogenesis genes and the content of TAG and adiponectin when working together with insulin, and stimulate the differentiation of bovine preadipocytes. These findings provide a basis for further screening of relevant genes and transcription factors in intramuscular fat deposition and meat quality to enhance breeding programs.

9.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 12: 1355640, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590607

RESUMO

Studies have indicated that the intracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) level is associated with the occurrence and development of many diseases. However, traditional nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) detection techniques are time-consuming and may require large and expensive instruments. We recently found that the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)-Cas12a protein can be inactivated by AcrVA5-mediated acetylation and reactivated by CobB, using NAD+ as the co-factor. Therefore, in this study, we created a CRISPR-Cas12a-based one-step HOLMES(NAD+) system for rapid and convenient NAD+ detection with the employment of both acetylated Cas12a and CobB. In HOLMES(NAD+), acetylated Cas12a loses its trans-cleavage activities and can be reactivated by CobB in the presence of NAD+, cutting ssDNA reporters to generate fluorescence signals. HOLMES(NAD+) shows both sensitivity and specificity in NAD+ detection and can be used for quantitative determination of intracellular NAD+ concentrations. Therefore, HOLMES(NAD+) not only provides a convenient and rapid approach for target NAD+ quantitation but also expands the application scenarios of HOLMES to non-nucleic acid detection.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597996

RESUMO

We have previously identified a latent interaction mechanism between non-small cell lung cancer cells (NSCLCC) and their associated macrophages (TAM) mediated by mutual paracrine activation of the HMGB1/RAGE/NF-κB signaling. Activation of this mechanism results in TAM stimulation and PD-L1 upregulation in the NSCLCC. In the present work, we found that free DOX at a low concentration that does not cause DNA damage could activate the HMGB1/RAGE/NF-κB/PD-L1 pathway byinducing oxidative stress. It was thus proposed that a combination of low-dose DOX and a PD-L1 blocker delivered in the NSCLC tumor would achieve synergistic TAM stimulation and thereby synergetic anti-tumor potency. To prove this idea, DOX and BMS-202 (a PD-L1 blocker) were loaded to black phosphorus (BP) nanoparticles after dosage titration to yield the BMS-202/DOX@BP composites that rapidly disintegrated and released drug cargo upon mild photothermal heating at 40 °C. In vitro experiments then demonstrated that low-dose DOX and BMS-202 delivered via BMS-202/DOX@BP under mild photothermia displayed enhanced tumor cell toxicity with a potent synergism only in the presence of TAM. This enhanced synergism was due to an anti-tumor M1-like TAM phenotype that was synergistically induced by low dose DOX plus BMS-202 only in the presence of the tumor cells, indicating the damaged tumor cells to be the cardinal contributor to the M1-like TAM stimulation. In vivo, BMS-202/DOX@BP under mild photothermia exhibited targeted delivery to NSCLC graft tumors in mice and synergistic anti-tumor efficacy of delivered DOX and BMS-202. In conclusion, low-dose DOX in combination with a PD-L1 blocker is an effective strategy to turn TAM against their host tumor cells exploiting the HMGB1/RAGE/NF-κB/PD-L1 pathway. The synergetic actions involved highlight the value of TAM and the significance of modulating tumor cell-TAM cross-talk in tumor therapy. Photothermia-responsive BP provides an efficient platform to translate this strategy into targeted, efficacious tumor therapy.

11.
Front Netw Physiol ; 4: 1362778, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595864

RESUMO

This paper investigates the Hamiltonian energy of a modified Hindmarsh-Rose (HR) model to observe its effect on short-term memory. A Hamiltonian energy function and its variable function are given in the reduced system with a single node according to Helmholtz's theorem. We consider the role of the coupling strength and the links between neurons in the pattern formation to show that the coupling and cooperative neurons are necessary for generating the fire or a clear short-term memory when all the neurons are in sync. Then, we consider the effect of the degree and external stimulus from other neurons on the emergence and disappearance of short-term memory, which illustrates that generating short-term memory requires much energy, and the coupling strength could further reduce energy consumption. Finally, the dynamical mechanisms of the generation of short-term memory are concluded.

12.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(16): e2318935121, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588421

RESUMO

Glucose is required for generating heat during cold-induced nonshivering thermogenesis in adipose tissue, but the regulatory mechanism is largely unknown. CREBZF has emerged as a critical mechanism for metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD), formerly known as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We investigated the roles of CREBZF in the control of thermogenesis and energy metabolism. Glucose induces CREBZF in human white adipose tissue (WAT) and inguinal WAT (iWAT) in mice. Lys208 acetylation modulated by transacetylase CREB-binding protein/p300 and deacetylase HDAC3 is required for glucose-induced reduction of proteasomal degradation and augmentation of protein stability of CREBZF. Glucose induces rectal temperature and thermogenesis in white adipose of control mice, which is further potentiated in adipose-specific CREBZF knockout (CREBZF FKO) mice. During cold exposure, CREBZF FKO mice display enhanced thermogenic gene expression, browning of iWAT, and adaptive thermogenesis. CREBZF associates with PGC-1α to repress thermogenic gene expression. Expression levels of CREBZF are negatively correlated with UCP1 in human adipose tissues and increased in WAT of obese ob/ob mice, which may underscore the potential role of CREBZF in the development of compromised thermogenic capability under hyperglycemic conditions. Our results reveal an important mechanism of glucose sensing and thermogenic inactivation through reversible acetylation.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Marrom , Glucose , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Glucose/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/metabolismo , Acetilação , Tecido Adiposo Branco/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/metabolismo , Termogênese/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/metabolismo
13.
Food Chem ; 450: 139373, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38640534

RESUMO

In this study, widely targeted metabolomics and chemometrics were utilized to comprehensively analyse the formation of taste compounds in Longjing green tea. A total of 580 non-volatile metabolites were identified by using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry, and alterations in three metabolic pathways were investigated. Notably, the fixation process reduced phosphatidic acid levels, resulting in the formation of lyso-phosphatidylcholine and lyso-phosphatidylethanolamine, as well as the release of esterified polyunsaturated fatty acids. Baiye No.1 had high levels of L-glutamic acid and l-glutamine, while Longjing 43 showed elevated levels of flavones. Correlation analysis and sensory verification indicated that the specific concentration of L-leucine could decrease the umami of the tea. These findings advance our understanding of Longjing green tea quality improvement and cultivar development.

14.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 299, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite ongoing research, the underlying causes of schizophrenia remain unclear. Aspartate and asparagine, essential amino acids, have been linked to schizophrenia in recent studies, but their causal relationship is still unclear. This study used a bidirectional two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) method to explore the causal relationship between aspartate and asparagine with schizophrenia. METHODS: This study employed summary data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) conducted on European populations to examine the correlation between aspartate and asparagine with schizophrenia. In order to investigate the causal effects of aspartate and asparagine on schizophrenia, this study conducted a two-sample bidirectional MR analysis using genetic factors as instrumental variables. RESULTS: No causal relationship was found between aspartate and schizophrenia, with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.221 (95%CI: 0.483-3.088, P-value = 0.674). Reverse MR analysis also indicated that no causal effects were found between schizophrenia and aspartate, with an OR of 0.999 (95%CI: 0.987-1.010, P-value = 0.841). There is a negative causal relationship between asparagine and schizophrenia, with an OR of 0.485 (95%CI: 0.262-0.900, P-value = 0.020). Reverse MR analysis indicates that there is no causal effect between schizophrenia and asparagine, with an OR of 1.005(95%CI: 0.999-1.011, P-value = 0.132). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that there may be a potential risk reduction for schizophrenia with increased levels of asparagine, while also indicating the absence of a causal link between elevated or diminished levels of asparagine in individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. There is no potential causal relationship between aspartate and schizophrenia, whether prospective or reverse MR. However, it is important to note that these associations necessitate additional research for further validation.


Assuntos
Asparagina , Esquizofrenia , Humanos , Asparagina/genética , Ácido Aspártico/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Oncol Rep ; 51(6)2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639182

RESUMO

Following the publication of the above article, an interested reader drew to the authors' attention that the ß­actin control blots featured in Figs. 5A and 6A appeared to be strikingly similar. Upon examining their original data, the authors have realized that the ß­actin blots for Fig. 5A were inadvertently chosen incorrectly. The corrected version of Fig. 5 is shown opposite. Note that the error made in uploading the incorrect version of this figure did not affect the overall conclusions reported in the paper. All the authors agree with the publication of this corrigendum, and are grateful to the Editor of Oncology Reports for allowing them the opportunity to publish this. They also apologize to the readership for any inconvenience caused. [Oncology Reports 1521­1528, 2017; DOI: 10.3892/or.2017.5378].

16.
J Inflamm Res ; 17: 2103-2118, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601771

RESUMO

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD), is a common microvascular complication and a major cause of death in patients with diabetes. Disorders of immune cells and immune cytokines can accelerate DKD development of in a number of ways. As the kidney is composed of complex and highly differentiated cells, the interactions among different cell types and immune cells play important regulatory roles in disease development. Here, we summarize the latest research into the molecular mechanisms underlying the interactions among various immune and renal cells in DKD. In addition, we discuss the most recent studies related to single cell technology and bioinformatics analysis in the field of DKD. The aims of our review were to explore immune cells as potential therapeutic targets in DKD and provide some guidance for future clinical treatments.

17.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(7)2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612098

RESUMO

The flow behaviour of AA2060 Al alloy under warm/hot deformation conditions is complicated because of its dependency on strain rates (ε˙), strain (ε), and deformation modes. Thus, it is crucial to reveal and predict the flow behaviours of this alloy at a wide range of temperatures (T) and ε˙ using different constitutive models. Firstly, the isothermal tensile tests were carried out via a Gleeble-3800 thermomechanical simulator at a T range of 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 °C and ε˙ range of 0.01, 0.1, 1, and 10 s-1 to reveal the warm/hot flow behaviours of AA2060 alloy sheet. Consequently, three phenomenological-based constitutive models (L-MJC, S1-MJC, S2-MJC) and a modified Zerilli-Armstrong (MZA) model representing physically based constitutive models were developed to precisely predict the flow behaviour of AA2060 alloy sheet under a wide range of T and ε˙. The predictability of the developed constitutive models was assessed and compared using various statistical parameters, including the correlation coefficient (R), average absolute relative error (AARE), and root mean square error (RMSE). By comparing the results determined from these models and those obtained from experimentations, and confirmed by R, AARE, and RMSE values, it is concluded that the predicted stresses determined from the S2-MJC model align closely with the experimental stresses, demonstrating a remarkable fit compared to the S1-MJC, L-MJC, and MZA models. This is because of the linking impact between softening, the strain rate, and strain hardening in the S2-MJC model. It is widely known that the dislocation process is affected by softening and strain rates. This is attributed to the interactions that occurred between ε and ε˙ from one side and between ε, ε˙, and T from the other side using an extensive set of constants correlating the constitutive components of dynamic recovery and softening mechanisms.

19.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300423, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous metabolomic studies have confirmed the pivotal role of metabolic abnormalities in the development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Nevertheless, there is a lack of evidence on the causal relationship between circulating metabolites and the risk of IPF. METHODS: The potential causality between 486 blood metabolites and IPF was determined through a bidirectional two-sample Mendelian randomization (TSMR) analysis. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) involving 7,824 participants was performed to analyze metabolite data, and a GWAS meta-analysis involving 6,257 IPF cases and 947,616 control European subjects was conducted to analyze IPF data. The TSMR analysis was performed primarily with the inverse variance weighted model, supplemented by weighted mode, MR-Egger regression, and weighted median estimators. A battery of sensitivity analyses was performed, including horizontal pleiotropy assessment, heterogeneity test, Steiger test, and leave-one-out analysis. Furthermore, replication analysis and meta-analysis were conducted with another GWAS dataset of IPF containing 4,125 IPF cases and 20,464 control subjects. Mediation analyses were used to identify the mediating role of confounders in the effect of metabolites on IPF. RESULTS: There were four metabolites associated with the elevated risk of IPF, namely glucose (odds ratio [OR] = 2.49, 95% confidence interval [95%CI] = 1.13-5.49, P = 0.024), urea (OR = 6.24, 95% CI = 1.77-22.02, P = 0.004), guanosine (OR = 1.57, 95%CI = 1.07-2.30, P = 0.021), and ADpSGEGDFXAEGGGVR (OR = 1.70, 95%CI = 1.00-2.88, P = 0.0496). Of note, the effect of guanosine on IPF was found to be mediated by gastroesophageal reflux disease. Reverse Mendelian randomization analysis displayed that IPF might slightly elevate guanosine levels in the blood. CONCLUSION: Conclusively, hyperglycemia may confer a promoting effect on IPF, highlighting that attention should be paid to the relationship between diabetes and IPF, not solely to the diagnosis of diabetes. Additionally, urea, guanosine, and ADpSGEGDFXAEGGGVR also facilitate the development of IPF. This study may provide a reference for analyzing the potential mechanism of IPF and carry implications for the prevention and treatment of IPF.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Humanos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Guanosina , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Ureia
20.
J Proteome Res ; 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634357

RESUMO

Gut microbiota-derived microbial compounds may link to the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the role of the host-microbiome in the incidence and progression of CRC remains elusive. We performed 16S rRNA sequencing, metabolomics, and proteomic studies on samples from 85 CRC patients who underwent colonoscopy examination and found two distinct changed patterns of microbiome in CRC patients. The relative abundances of Catabacter and Mogibacterium continuously increased from intramucosal carcinoma to advanced stages, whereas Clostridium, Anaerostipes, Vibrio, Flavonifractor, Holdemanella, and Hungatella were significantly altered only in intermediate lesions. Fecal metabolomics analysis exhibited consistent increases in bile acids, indoles, and urobilin as well as a decrease in heme. Serum metabolomics uncovered the highest levels of bilin, glycerides, and nucleosides together with the lowest levels of bile acids and amino acids in the stage of intermediate lesions. Three fecal and one serum dipeptides were elevated in the intermediate lesions. Proteomics analysis of colorectal tissues showed that oxidation and autophagy through the PI3K/Akt-mTOR signaling pathway contribute to the development of CRC. Diagnostic analysis showed multiomics features have good predictive capability, with AUC greater than 0.85. Our overall findings revealed new candidate biomarkers for CRC, with potentially significant diagnostic and prognostic capabilities.

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