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1.
Front Neurol ; 13: 860290, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35493835

RESUMO

Regional homogeneity (ReHo) and fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) were used to detect the neuroimaging mechanism of Shugan Jieyu Capsule (SG) in ameliorating depression of post-stroke depression (PSD) patients. Fifteen PSD patients took SG for 8 weeks, completed the 24-item Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) assessment at the baseline and 8 weeks later, and underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanning. Twenty-one healthy controls (HCs) underwent these assessments at the baseline. We found that SG improved depression of PSD patients, in which ReHo values decreased in the left calcarine sulcus (CAL.L) and increased in the left superior frontal gyrus (SFG.L) of PSD patients at the baseline. The fALFF values of the left inferior parietal cortex (IPL.L) decreased in PSD patients at the baseline. Abnormal functional activities in the brain regions were reversed to normal levels after the administration of SG for 8 weeks. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis found that the changes in three altered brain regions could be used to differentiate PSD patients at the baseline and HCs. Average signal values of altered regions were related to depression in all subjects at the baseline. Our results suggest that SG may ameliorate depression of PSD patients by affecting brain region activity and local synchronization.

3.
Nano Lett ; 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122383

RESUMO

Lithium intercalation has become a versatile tool for realizing emergent quantum phenomena in two-dimensional (2D) materials. However, the insertion of lithium ions may be accompanied by the creation of wrinkles and cracks, which prevents the material from manifesting its intrinsic properties under substantial charge injection. By using the recently developed ion backgating technique, we successfully realize lateral intercalation in 1T-TiSe2 and 2H-NbSe2, which shows substantially improved sample homogeneity. The homogeneity at high lithium doping is not only demonstrated via low-temperature transport measurements but also directly visualized by topographical imaging through in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM). The application of lateral intercalation to a broad spectrum of 2D materials can greatly facilitate the search for exotic quantum phenomena.

4.
Food Chem ; 402: 134201, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122474

RESUMO

The effects of ß-glucosidase on the volatile profiles and aroma stability of black tea juice were evaluated using gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with sensory analysis. During liquid fermentation of tea leaves, the addition of ß-glucosidase increased the concentration of aldehydes, strengthening the undesirable "green grassy" odour. However, the "green grassy" odour was counteracted by adding green tea extract during fermentation. At the same time, "flowery" flavour notes were enhanced, improving the overall aroma quality and strengthening the characteristic "sweet" aroma of black tea. Increased addition of ß-glucosidase released more free aroma alcohols from their glucosides. Two "fruity" and "floral" aroma components, benzyl alcohol and phenylethyl alcohol, were not significantly affected by heat treatment (95 °C water bath) and the overall aroma stability was not significantly affected by ß-glucosidase treatment. ß-Glucosidase treatment improved the aroma, colour and overall suitability of fermented black tea juice as an ingredient for tea-based beverages.

5.
Bioresour Technol ; : 127977, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122845

RESUMO

In organic acids hydrolysis for xylo-oligosaccharides (XOS) production, organic acids with low flash points and explosion limits can lead to explosion and fire risk. Herein, tartaric acid (TA) as an organic acid with high flash point and no explosion limit was used in the hydrolysis of corncob to produce XOS. Then, the TA-hydrolyzed corncob was used for ethanol production. In the TA hydrolysis of corncob, a 56.4% XOS yield was obtained from the hydrolysate with the conditions of 170 °C, 60 mM TA and 10 min. Meanwhile, 92.1% TA was recovered from the hydrolysate by the addition of calcium hydroxide. After simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of TA-hydrolyzed corncob, an 82.4% ethanol yield was obtained with a solid loading of 25% (w/v, 250 g/L) by Saccharomyces cerevisiae H06. This research provided a relatively safe, simple, and efficient technology for producing XOS and ethanol from corncob.

6.
Nanoscale ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125101

RESUMO

Soft-templating synthesis has been widely employed to fabricate ordered mesoporous polymer and carbon materials with effectively tuneable pore sizes. However, the commonly used templating agents, block copolymers, are normally decomposed during the process, thus are barely recyclable; this increases the costs and hampers the scale-up feasibility. Therefore, it becomes imperative to seek promising alternatives; amphiphilic ionic liquids (ILs) are excellent candidates due to their good recyclability. This study explored the templating behaviour of IL templates for preparing mesoporous polymers and carbons. In details, the self-assembly of ternary systems (comprising of IL templates, precursors and solvent) were investigated by a combination of coarse-grained molecular dynamics (CGMD) simulations, density function theory (DFT) calculations and experimental techniques. The results indicate that the morphologies of IL templates are tuneable not only by the adjustment of water content in the mixture but also by the selection of suitable precursors. Material precursors containing increasing numbers of hydroxyl moieties also induce various precursor-template spatial correlations, resulting in different topological structures of nanomaterials. This work presents a fundamental investigation into the mechanisms of templating synthesis with amphiphilic ILs as recyclable templates and gives insight into the effective design of coveted carbon nanomaterials for targeted applications.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 153: 113381, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076476

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the effect of Psoralen on myelosuppression, and investigating the mechanism involved in. The mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were treated with CTX to construct cell model of myelosuppression, and then with APP knockdown or overexpression transfection. Cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, bone growth factors, and hematopoietic growth factors were identified. The animal model of myelosuppression syndrome was established by intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide (CTX) into C57BL/6 mice, and then with APP knockdown transfection. The effect of Psoralen on myelosuppression mice with APP knockdown was explored, including observin the number of hematopoietic stem cells and bone marrow MSCs, detecting the degree of osteoporosis and the number of osteoclasts. The expression of phosphorylation-amyloid precursor protein (p-APP), bone growth factors, and hematopoietic growth factors were also examined. We found that CTX treatment inhibited cell proliferation, induced cell apoptosis, promoted p-APP/APP, and inhibited the expression of aph-1 homolog A (APH-1α), presenilin enhancer-2 (PEN-2), the receptor of advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE). Psoralen pretreatment effectively promoted cell proliferation, suppressed cell apoptosis, inhibited p-APP/APP and stimulated the expression of APH-1α, PEN-2, RAGE compared with CTX treatment. After APP knockdown, cell proliferation was inhibited, and cell apoptosis was increased. The release of bone growth factors and hematopoietic growth factors was decreased. Psoralen pretreatment could reverse the effect of APP knockdown on MSCs and myelosuppression mice. In conclusion, Psoralen treatment inhibited cell apoptosis and regulated bone growth factors and hematopoietic growth factors in myelosuppression syndrome by suppressing the phosphorylation of APP.


Assuntos
Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide , Doenças da Medula Óssea , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/genética , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Ficusina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fosforilação
8.
Transl Psychiatry ; 12(1): 359, 2022 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055984

RESUMO

Lithium (Li) is a well-established mood disorder treatment and may be neuroprotective. Bi-directional regulation (i.e. affecting manic symptoms and depressive symptoms) by Li has not been demonstrated. This study explored: (1) bidirectional regulation by Li in murine models of depression, mania, and bipolar disorder (BP); and (2) potential Li synergism with antidepressant/anti-mania agents. The chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and ketamine-induced mania (KM) models were used. These methods were used in series to produce a BP model. In vivo two-photon imaging was used to visualize Ca2+ activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Depressiveness, mania, and cognitive function were assessed with the forced swim task (FST), open field activity (OFA) task, and novel object recognition task, respectively. In CUMS mice, Ca2+ activity was increased strongly by Li and weakly by lamotrigine (LTG) or valproate (VPA), and LTG co-administration reduced Li and VPA monotherapy effects; depressive immobility in the FST was attenuated by Li or LTG, and attenuated more strongly by LTG-VPA or LTG-Li; novel object exploration was increased strongly by Li and weakly by LTG-Li, and reduced by LTG, VPA, or LTG-VPA. In KM mice, Li or VPA attenuated OFA mania symptoms and normalized Ca2+ activity partially; Li improved cognitive function while VPA exacerbated the KM alteration. These patterns were replicated in the respective BP model phases. Lithium had bi-directional, albeit weak, mood regulation effects and a cognitive supporting effect. Li co-administration with antidepressant/-manic agents enhanced mood-regulatory efficacy while attenuating their cognitive-impairing effects.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Disfunção Cognitiva , Animais , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Antimaníacos/uso terapêutico , Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Lamotrigina/farmacologia , Lamotrigina/uso terapêutico , Lítio/farmacologia , Lítio/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Ácido Valproico
9.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(8): 5719-5729, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105010

RESUMO

Patients with major psychiatric disorders (MPD) that include schizophrenia (SCH), bipolar disorder (BP), and major depressive disorder (MDD) are at increased risk for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines in MPD patients have not been fully evaluated. This study aimed to investigate adverse events (AEs)/side effects and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines in MPD patients. This retrospective study included 2034 patients with SCH, BP, or MDD who voluntarily received either BBIBP-CorV or Sinovac COVID-19 vaccines, and 2034 matched healthy controls. The incidence of AEs/side effects and the efficacy of COIVD-19 vaccinations among the two groups were compared. The risk ratio (RR) of side effects in patients with MPD was 0.60 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.53-0.68) after the first dose and 0.80 (95% CI: 0.65-0.99) following the second dose, suggesting a significantly lower risk in the MPD group versus healthy controls. The RRs of AEs did not differ between patients and controls. Notably, fully vaccinated patients exhibited a decreased risk of influenza with or without fever compared with controls (RR=0.38, 95% CI: 0.31-0.46; RR=0.23, 95% CI: 0.17-0.30; respectively). Further subgroup comparisons revealed a significantly lower risk of influenza with fever in MDD (RR=0.13, 95% CI: 0.08-0.21) and SCH (RR=0.24, 95% CI: 0.17-0.34) than BP (RR=0.85, 95% CI: 0.69-1.06) compared to controls. We conclude that the benefit-risk ratio of COVID-19 vaccination was more favorable in SCH or MDD versus BP when compared with controls. These data indicate that COVID-19 vaccines are safe and protective in patients with MPD from COVID-19.

10.
Front Psychol ; 13: 807558, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36106041

RESUMO

Gender plays an important role in various aspects of second language acquisition, including lexicon learning. Many studies have suggested that compared to males, females are less likely to experience boredom, one of the frequently experienced deactivating negative emotions that may impair language learning. However, the contribution of boredom to gender-related differences in lexicon learning remains unclear. To address this question, here we conducted two experiments with a large sample of over 1,000 college students to explore the relationships between gender differences in boredom and lexicon learning. In Experiment 1, a cohort of 527 participants (238 males) completed the trait and state boredom scales as well as a novel lexicon learning task without awareness of the testing process. In Experiment 2, an independent cohort of 506 participants (228 males) completed the same novel lexicon learning task with prior knowledge of the testing procedure. Results from both experiments consistently showed significant differences between female and male participants in the rate of forgetting words and the state boredom scores, with female participants performing better than male participants. Furthermore, differences in state boredom scores partially explained differences in the rate of forgetting words between female and male participants. These findings demonstrate a novel contribution of state boredom to gender differences in lexicon learning, which provides new insights into better language-learning ability in females.

11.
Zootaxa ; 5165(4): 557-574, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101309

RESUMO

New information of the genus Agalope Walker, 1854 from mainland China is presented. Three new species of the Agalope pica species-group are described: A. haoi S.-Y. Huang sp. n. from Weixi County, Yunnan, A. chayuensis S.-Y. Huang Pan sp. n. from Chayu County, Southeastern Xizang and A. owadai S.-Y. Huang sp. n. from Bomi and Jiali Counties, Southeastern and Eastern Xizang. The little-known Agalope aurelia Oberthr, 1923 and A. lucia Oberthr, 1923 were rediscovered, with the male of the latter reported for the first time. Based on the newly discovered male, Agalope lucia is found to be a close relative of A. dejeani, hence it is excluded from the A. pica species-group and transferred to the A. bieti species-group. A new species of the Agalope hyalina species-group is also described: A. jianqingi S.-Y. Huang sp. n. from Pianma, Western Yunnan. Adults and genitalia of the aforementioned and related taxa are illustrated. An updated checklist of the genus is also provided.


Assuntos
Borboletas , Cifozoários , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Genitália , Masculino
12.
Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA ; : e1761, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056453

RESUMO

Catalyzed by spliceosomes in the nucleus, RNA splicing removes intronic sequences from precursor RNAs in eukaryotes to generate mature RNA, which also significantly increases proteome complexity and fine-tunes gene expression. Most metazoans have two coexisting spliceosomes; the major spliceosome, which removes >99.5% of introns, and the minor spliceosome, which removes far fewer introns (only 770 at present have been predicted in the human genome). Both spliceosomes are large and dynamic machineries, each consisting of five small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) and more than 100 proteins. However, the dynamic assembly, catalysis, and protein composition of the minor spliceosome are still poorly understood. With different splicing signals, minor introns are rare and usually distributed alone and flanked by major introns in genes, raising questions of how they are recognized by the minor spliceosome and how their processing deals with the splicing of neighboring major introns. Due to large numbers of introns and close similarities between the two machinery, cooperative, and competitive recognition by the two spliceosomes has been investigated. Functionally, many minor-intron-containing genes are evolutionarily conserved and essential. Mutations in the minor spliceosome exhibit a variety of developmental defects in plants and animals and are linked to numerous human diseases. Here, we review recent progress in the understanding of minor splicing, compare currently known components of the two spliceosomes, survey minor introns in a wide range of organisms, discuss cooperation and competition of the two spliceosomes in splicing of minor-intron-containing genes, and contributions of minor splicing mutations in development and diseases. This article is categorized under: RNA Processing > Processing of Small RNAs RNA Processing > Splicing Mechanisms RNA Structure and Dynamics > RNA Structure, Dynamics and Chemistry.

13.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048504

RESUMO

Carbon nanocages (CNCs) have attracted tremendous interest in heterogeneous catalysis due to their promising properties of porous structure and improved mass transfer. Nevertheless, the controlled synthesis of CNCs remains a great challenge. Herein, we have shown the successful construction of functionalized N-doped CNCs (NCNCs) via a one-stone-two-birds strategy. The selective use of hexacarbonyl molybdenum (Mo(CO)6) can not only protect the profile of the ZIF-8 precursor from collapse during thermal treatment but also be sacrificed for the functionalization of NCNCs after pyrolysis. Detailed mechanism studies reveal that Mo(CO)6 evolves into MoO3 on the surface of ZIF-8 and then facilitates the rapid pyrolysis of ZIF-8, leading to the formation of NCNCs decorated with small-sized MoC nanoparticles (MoC/NCNCs). The versatility of this one-stone-two-birds strategy has been validated by the generations of Cr- and W-decorated NCNCs. Moreover, MoC/NCNCs can serve as a selective and stable catalyst for furfural hydrogenation. This work provides a facile and universal strategy for fabricating and functionalizing CNCs, which attracts research interest in the fields of chemistry, material science, catalysis, and beyond.

14.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5208, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064857

RESUMO

Adipose tissue macrophage (ATM) inflammation is involved with meta-inflammation and pathology of metabolic complications. Here we report that in adipocytes, elevated lactate production, previously regarded as the waste product of glycolysis, serves as a danger signal to promote ATM polarization to an inflammatory state in the context of obesity. Adipocyte-selective deletion of lactate dehydrogenase A (Ldha), the enzyme converting pyruvate to lactate, protects mice from obesity-associated glucose intolerance and insulin resistance, accompanied by a lower percentage of inflammatory ATM and reduced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß). Mechanistically, lactate, at its physiological concentration, fosters the activation of inflammatory macrophages by directly binding to the catalytic domain of prolyl hydroxylase domain-containing 2 (PHD2) in a competitive manner with α-ketoglutarate and stabilizes hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1α). Lactate-induced IL-1ß was abolished in PHD2-deficient macrophages. Human adipose lactate level is positively linked with local inflammatory features and insulin resistance index independent of the body mass index (BMI). Our study shows a critical function of adipocyte-derived lactate in promoting the pro-inflammatory microenvironment in adipose and identifies PHD2 as a direct sensor of lactate, which functions to connect chronic inflammation and energy metabolism.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Obesidade/metabolismo , Pró-Colágeno-Prolina Dioxigenase/metabolismo , Prolil Hidroxilases/metabolismo
15.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-9, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069291

RESUMO

Objective: Fasting is considered to be a food structure that can improve body health. Several randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have investigated the effects of fasting in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). In this review, we performed a meta-analysis to assess the effects of fasting on patients with MS. Methods: Following PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central updated to September 2021. The quality evaluation and heterogeneity detection of the included research literature were carried out by Revman and Stata software through a random-effects model. Results: A total of 268 subjects were included. The pooled results revealed that fasting significantly reduced body weight (WMD: -2.48 kg, 95% CI: -3.22, -1.74), BMI (WMD = -2.72 cm; 95%CI: -4.04, -1.40 cm), body fat percent (WMD: -1.57%, 95%CI: -2.47, -0.68), insulin level (WMD: -2.45 mmol/L; 95%CI: -4.40, -0.49 mmol/L) and HOMA-IR (WMD:-0.65 mmol/L; 95%CI: -0.90, -0.41 mmol/L) in patients with MS, whereas had no effect on glucose, blood pressure and lipids profile. Conclusions: Our findings provide insights into the effect of fasting on the anthropometric outcomes, insulin resistance, and gut microbiota in MS.

16.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082617

RESUMO

The bHLH domain transcription factor, Bombyx mori-derived dimmed (Bmdimm), is directly regulated by the JH-BmMet/BmSRC-BmKr-h1 pathway and plays a key role in regulating the expression of FibH, which codes the main component of silk protein. However, the other roles of Bmdimm in silk protein synthesis remain unclear. Here, we established a Bmdimm knockout (KO) line containing a 7-bp deletion via CRISPR/Cas9 system, which led to the absence of the bHLH domain. The expression level of silk protein genes and silk yield decreased significantly in the Bmdimm KO line. Moreover, knocking out Bmdimm led to shortened larval stages and significant weight loss in larvae and adults. Bmdimm was found to be highly expressed in the silk gland, but it was also expressed in the fat body. The expression level of Bmkr-h1 in the fatbody was significantly downregulated in the Bmdimm KO line. Exogenous JHA treatment upregulated Bmkr-h1 and rescued the phenotype of larval growth in the Bmdimm KO line. In conclusion, knocking out Bmdimm led to a shortened larval stage via the inhibition of Bmkr-h1 expression, then reduced the silk yield. These findings help to elucidate the regulatory mechanism of fibroin synthesis and larval development in silkworms. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

17.
J Environ Manage ; 323: 116257, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137454

RESUMO

Promoting the downscaling and integration of zonal management and control of various environmental pollution sources is an effective way to systematically deal with the current high-intensity and complex environmental problems. Through single-factor and comprehensive pollutant emission intensity evaluation and cluster analysis, we built a full-coverage and cross-scale environmental spatial management and control system for pollution sources, then proposed environmental zoning patterns and pollution control strategies at three scales in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD), China. At the grid scale, the reclassified 7 types of pollution source spaces can be divided into 5 levels based on pollution emission intensity, and the most urgent environmental control subjects can be determined accordingly. Up to the county scale, combined with emission intensity and regional functions, 305 counties can be divided into 5 control intensity zones, which directly correspond to different environmental control intensity, requirements and policies. Finally, at the city scale, 41 cities can be clustered into 7 pollution control zones, which are classified and named as the three-level form of geographic location, development orientation and pollution source characteristics. Fully using the zoning units at different scales of cities, counties and grids can break the limitation of inherent administrative boundaries and allow environmental integration policies to be implemented across departments and regions, also let differentiated policies be more accurately implemented to different administrative levels and pollution source, and then truly improve the efficiency of environmental management.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36149483

RESUMO

Gluconic acid is a widely used food and beverage additive, but its production suffers from low efficiency and high cost. In this study, a preferable gluconic acid biosynthesis method without repeated seed culture was proposed and developed using the superior performance of Gluconobacter oxydans. A high oxygen atmosphere satisfying the demand of bio-oxidation increased the productivity of gluconic acid up to ~ 32 g/L/h and the accumulation up to ~ 420 g/L within 24 h of fed-batch fermentation. However, the productivity remarkably decreased when the gluconic acid content was over 350 g/L. Therefore, a continuous fermentation was designed, which in combination with 5 runs of fed-batch fermentation resulted in the final production of 1700 g gluconic acid from 1750 g glucose within 60 h in a 3 L bioreactor. The results suggest that the validity of this model and can enable cost-competitive gluconic acid production in the industry.

19.
Bioresour Technol ; 363: 127966, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113818

RESUMO

Organic acid hydrolysis for xylooligosaccharides (XOS) production from lignocelluloses provides the benefits of simple operation, rapid reaction and high XOS yield. However, no literature reported the XOS production from wheat bran (WB) by organic acid hydrolysis. In this paper, acetic acid (AA) hydrolysis was employed to produce XOS from WB. After AA hydrolysis (5 %, v/v, 170 °C, 20 min) of 100 g/L WB, the concentrations of X2, X3, X4, X5 and X6 were 2.4, 5.0, 1.9, 1.9 and 1.4 g/L respectively and the total XOS yield was 62.9 %, which was the highest among the previous researches. The arabinose yield reached 76.1 %. Then, AA-hydrolyzed WB was delignified by deep eutectic solvent (DES) pretreatment and the resulting residue had the glucose and xylose yields of 83.8 % and 54.8 %, respectively. This work offers a productive method for the conversion of WB into XOS, arabinose and glucose by AA hydrolysis and DES pretreatment.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; : 127998, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150427

RESUMO

Xylonic acid (XA) bioproduction via whole-cell catalysis of Gluconobacter oxydans is a promising strategy for xylose bioconversion, which is hindered by inhibitor formation during lignocellulosic hydrolysates. Therefore, it is important to develop a catalytic system that can directly utilize hydrolysate and efficiently produce XA. Determination of the dynamic adsorption characteristics of 335 anion exchange resin resulted in a unique and interesting reversible competitive adsorption between acetic acid-like bioinhibitor, fermentable sugar and XA. Xylose in crude lignocellulosic hydrolysates was completely oxidized to 52.52 g/L XA in unprecedented self-balancing biological system through reversible competition. The obtained results showed that in-situ resin adsorption significantly affected the direct utilization of crude lignocellulosic hydrolysate for XA bioproduction (p ≤ 0.05). In addition, the resin adsorbed ca. 90% of XA during bioconversion. The study achieved a multiple functions and integrated system, "detoxification, neutralization and product separation" for one-pot bioreaction of lignocellulosic hydrolysate.

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