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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2410, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499551

RESUMO

The magnetic type-II Weyl semimetal (MWSM) Co3Sn2S2 has recently been found to host a variety of remarkable phenomena including surface Fermi-arcs, giant anomalous Hall effect, and negative flat band magnetism. However, the dynamic magnetic properties remain relatively unexplored. Here, we investigate the ultrafast spin dynamics of Co3Sn2S2 crystal using time-resolved magneto-optical Kerr effect and reflectivity spectroscopies. We observe a transient magnetization behavior, consisting of spin-flipping dominated fast demagnetization, slow demagnetization due to overall half-metallic electronic structures, and an unexpected ultrafast magnetization enhancement lasting hundreds of picoseconds upon femtosecond laser excitation. By combining temperature-, pump fluence-, and pump polarization-dependent measurements, we unambiguously demonstrate the correlation between the ultrafast magnetization enhancement and the Weyl nodes. Our theoretical modelling suggests that the excited electrons are spin-polarized when relaxing, leading to the enhanced spin-up density of states near the Fermi level and the consequently unusual magnetization enhancement. Our results reveal the unique role of the Weyl properties of Co3Sn2S2 in femtosecond laser-induced spin dynamics.

2.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(17): e2307034, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353386

RESUMO

Exchange bias is extensively studied and widely utilized in spintronic devices, such as spin valves and magnetic tunnel junctions. 2D van der Waals (vdW) magnets, with high-quality interfaces in heterostructures, provide an excellent platform for investigating the exchange bias effect. To date, intrinsic modulation of exchange bias, for instance, via precise manipulation of the magnetic phases of the antiferromagnetic layer, is yet to be fully reached, owing partly to the large exchange fields of traditional bulk antiferromagnets. Herein, motivated by the low-field spin-flop transition of a 2D antiferromagnet, CrPS4, exchange bias is explored by modulating the antiferromagnetic spin-flop phase transition in all-vdW magnetic heterostructures. The results demonstrate that undergoing the spin-flop transition during the field cooling process, the A-type antiferromagnetic ground state of CrPS4 turns into a canted antiferromagnetic one, therefore, it reduces the interfacial magnetic coupling and suppresses the exchange bias. Via conducting different cooling fields, one can select the exchange bias effect switching among the "ON", "depressed", and "OFF" states determined by the spin flop of CrPS4. This work provides an approach to intrinsically modulate the exchange bias in all-vdW heterostructures and paves new avenues to design and manipulate 2D spintronic devices.

3.
Adv Mater ; : e2311643, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38407359

RESUMO

Ultrafast manipulation of magnetic order has challenged the understanding of the fundamental and dynamic properties of magnetic materials. So far single-shot magnetic switching has been limited to ferrimagnetic alloys, multilayers, and designed ferromagnetic (FM) heterostructures. In FM/antiferromagnetic (AFM) bilayers, exchange bias (He ) arises from the interfacial exchange coupling between the two layers and reflects the microscopic orientation of the antiferromagnet. Here the possibility of single-shot switching of the antiferromagnet (change of the sign and amplitude of He ) with a single femtosecond laser pulse in IrMn/CoGd bilayers is demonstrated. The manipulation is demonstrated in a wide range of fluences for different layer thicknesses and compositions. Atomistic simulations predict ultrafast switching and recovery of the AFM magnetization on a timescale of 2 ps. The results provide the fastest and the most energy-efficient method to set the exchange bias and pave the way to potential applications for ultrafast spintronic devices.

4.
Phytochem Anal ; 35(2): 239-253, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37779216

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, a traditional Chinese medicine, is widely applied to treat various diseases among people, especially in East Asia. However, the specific active compounds in S. baicalensis aqueous extracts (SBAEs) responsible for the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic properties as well as their potential mechanisms of action remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: This work aimed to explore the potential hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic compounds from SBAE and their potential mechanisms of action. METHODOLOGY: The in vitro inhibitory tests against lipase and α-glucosidase, and the effects of SBAE on glucose consumption and total triglyceride content in HepG2 cells were first performed to evaluate the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects. Then, affinity ultrafiltration liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) screening strategy with five drug targets, including α-glucosidase, α-amylase, protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), lipase and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) was developed to screen out the potential active constituents from SBAE, and some representative active compounds were further validated. RESULTS: SBAE displayed noteworthy hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic properties, and 4, 10, 4, 8, and 8 potential bioactive components against α-amylase, α-glucosidase, PTP1B, HMGCR, and lipase were initially screened out, respectively. The interaction network was thus constructed between the potential bioactive compounds screened out and their corresponding drug targets. Among them, baicalein, wogonin, and wogonoside were revealed to possess remarkable hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects. CONCLUSION: The potential hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic bioactive compounds in SBAE and their mode of action were initially explored through ligand-target interactions by combining affinity ultrafiltration LC-MS strategy with five drug targets.


Assuntos
Scutellaria baicalensis , Ultrafiltração , Humanos , alfa-Glucosidases , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Lipase , alfa-Amilases
5.
ACS Nano ; 18(1): 761-769, 2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38127497

RESUMO

Magnetic skyrmions are topologically protected swirling spin textures with great potential for future spintronic applications. The ability to induce skyrmion motion using mechanical strain not only stimulates the exploration of exotic physics but also affords the opportunity to develop energy-efficient spintronic devices. However, the experimental realization of strain-driven skyrmion motion remains a formidable challenge. Herein, we demonstrate that the inhomogeneous uniaxial compressive strain can induce the movement of isolated skyrmions from regions of high strain to regions of low strain at room temperature, which was directly observed using an in situ Lorentz transmission electron microscope with a specially designed nanoindentation holder. We discover that the uniaxial compressive strain can transform skyrmions into a single domain with in-plane magnetization, resulting in the coexistence of skyrmions with a single domain along the direction of the strain gradient. Through comprehensive micromagnetic simulations, we reveal that the repulsive interactions between skyrmions and the single domain serve as the driving force behind the skyrmion motion. The precise control of skyrmion motion through strain provides exciting opportunities for designing advanced spintronic devices that leverage the intricate interplay between strain and magnetism.

6.
Front Pharmacol ; 14: 1298049, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38027025

RESUMO

Rodgersia podophylla A. Gray (R. podophylla) is a traditional Chinese medicine with various pharmacological effects. However, its antioxidant and anti-hyperuricemia components and mechanisms of action have not been explored yet. In this study, we first assessed the antioxidant potential of R. podophylla with 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays. The results suggested that the ethyl acetate (EA) fraction of R. podophylla not only exhibited the strongest DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging and ferric-reducing activities, but also possessed the highest total phenolic and total flavonoid contents among the five fractions. After that, the potential superoxide dismutase (SOD) and xanthine oxidase (XOD) ligands from the EA fraction were quickly screened and identified through the bio-affinity ultrafiltration liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UF-LC-MS). Accordingly, norbergenin, catechin, procyanidin B2, 4-O-galloylbergenin, 11-O-galloylbergenin, and gallic acid were considered to be potential SOD ligands, while gallic acid, 11-O-galloylbergenin, catechin, bergenin, and procyanidin B2 were recognized as potential XOD ligands, respectively. Moreover, these six ligands effectively interacted with SOD in molecular docking simulation, with binding energies (BEs) ranging from -6.85 to -4.67 kcal/mol, and the inhibition constants (Ki) from 9.51 to 379.44 µM, which were better than the positive controls. Particularly, catechin exhibited a robust binding affinity towards XOD, with a BE value of -8.54 kcal/mol and Ki value of 0.55 µM, which surpassed the positive controls. In conclusion, our study revealed that R. podophylla possessed remarkable antioxidant and anti-hyperuricemia activities and that the UF-LC-MS method is suitable for screening potential ligands for SOD and XOD from medicinal plants.

7.
Opt Express ; 31(13): 21731-21738, 2023 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37381263

RESUMO

Ultrafast spin dynamics is crucial for the next-generation spintronic devices towards high-speed data processing. Here, we investigate the ultrafast spin dynamics of Neodymium/Ni80Fe20 (Nd/Py) bilayers by the time-resolved magneto-optical Kerr effect. The effective modulation of spin dynamics at Nd/Py interfaces is realized by an external magnetic field. The effective magnetic damping of Py increases with increasing Nd thickness, and a large spin mixing conductance (∼19.35×1015 cm-2) at Nd/Py interface is obtained, representing the robust spin pumping effect by Nd/Py interface. The tuning effects are suppressed at a high magnetic field due to the reduced antiparallel magnetic moments at Nd/Py interface. Our results contribute to understanding ultrafast spin dynamics and spin transport behavior in high-speed spintronic devices.

8.
Opt Lett ; 48(8): 2054-2057, 2023 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37058640

RESUMO

The dynamic control of magnetization by short laser pulses has recently attracted interest. The transient magnetization at the metallic magnetic interface has been investigated through second-harmonic generation and the time-resolved magneto-optical effect. However, the ultrafast light-driven magneto-optical nonlinearity in ferromagnetic heterostructures for terahertz (THz) radiation remains unclear. Here, we present THz generation from a metallic heterostructure, Pt/CoFeB/Ta, which is ascribed to an ∼6-8% contribution from the magnetization-induced optical rectification and an ∼94-92% contribution from both spin-to-charge current conversion and ultrafast demagnetization. Our results show that THz-emission spectroscopy is a powerful tool to study the picosecond-time-scale nonlinear magneto-optical effect in ferromagnetic heterostructures.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36888898

RESUMO

Precise manipulation of skyrmion nucleation in microscale or nanoscale areas of thin films is a critical issue in developing high-efficient skyrmionic memories and logic devices. Presently, the mainstream controlling strategies focus on the application of external stimuli to tailor the intrinsic attributes of charge, spin, and lattice. This work reports effective skyrmion manipulation by controllably modifying the lattice defect through ion implantation, which is potentially compatible with large-scale integrated circuit technology. By implanting an appropriate dose of nitrogen ions into a Pt/Co/Ta multilayer film, the defect density was effectively enhanced to induce an apparent modulation of magnetic anisotropy, consequently boosting the skyrmion nucleation. Furthermore, the local control of skyrmions in microscale areas of the macroscopic film was realized by combining the ion implantation with micromachining technology, demonstrating a potential application in both binary storage and multistate storage. These findings provide a new approach to advancing the functionalization and application of skyrmionic devices.

10.
Small ; 19(18): e2206218, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36670078

RESUMO

By introducing different contents of Bi adatoms to the surface of monolayer graphene, the carrier concentration and their dynamics have been effectively modulated as probed directly by the time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy technique. The Bi adatoms are found to assist acoustic phonon scattering events mediated by supercollisions as the disorder effectively relaxes the momentum conservation constraint. A reduced carrier multiplication has been observed, which is related to the shrinking Fermi sea for scattering, as confirmed by time-dependent density functional theory simulation. This work gives insight into hot carrier dynamics in graphene, which is crucial for promoting the application of photoelectric devices.

11.
Adv Mater ; 35(12): e2211612, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626850

RESUMO

Light control of emergent quantum phenomena is a widely used external stimulus for quantum materials. Generally, perovskite strontium ruthenate SrRuO3 has an itinerant ferromagnetism with a low-spin state. However, the phase of intermediate-spin (IS) ferromagnetic metallic state has never been seen. Here, by means of UV-light irradiation, a photocarrier-doping-induced Mott-insulator-to-metal phase transition is shown in a few atomic layers of perovskite IS ferromagnetic SrRuO3- δ . This new metastable IS metallic phase can be reversibly regulated due to the convenient photocharge transfer from SrTiO3 substrates to SrRuO3- δ ultrathin films. These dynamical mean-field theory calculations further verify such photoinduced electronic phase transformation, owing to oxygen vacancies and orbital reconstruction. The optical manipulation of charge-transfer finesse is an alternative pathway toward discovering novel metastable phases in strongly correlated systems and facilitates potential light-controlled device applications in optoelectronics and spintronics.

12.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(23)2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36500890

RESUMO

Due to its high sensitivity and because it does not rely on the magneto-optical response, terahertz (THz) emission spectroscopy has been used as a powerful time-resolved tool for investigating ultrafast demagnetization and spin current dynamics in nanometer-thick ferromagnetic (FM)/heavy metal (HM) heterostructures. Here, by changing the order of the conductive HM coating on the FM nanometer film, the dominant electric dipole contribution to the laser-induced THz radiation can be unraveled from the ultrafast magnetic dipole. Furthermore, to take charge equilibration into account, we separate the femtosecond laser-induced spin-to-charge converted current and the instantaneous discharging current within the illuminated area. The THz emission spectroscopy gives us direct information into the coupled spin and charge dynamics during the first moments of the light-matter interaction. Our results also open up new perspectives to manipulate and optimize the ultrafast charge current for promising high-performance and broadband THz radiation.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(34): 39673-39678, 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35984645

RESUMO

Great efforts have been devoted to exploring the emergent phenomena occurring in heterostructures of correlated oxides. However, the presence of both magnetic and electrical dead layers in functional oxide films generally obstructs the device functionalization and miniaturization. Here, we demonstrate an effective strategy to significantly reduce the thickness of dead layers in a prototypical correlated oxide system, La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) grown on LaAlO3 (LAO) substrates, via strain engineering by inserting a Sr3Al2O6 buffer layer with a different thickness at heterointerfaces. In this way, the thicknesses of the magnetic and electrical dead layers of LSMO films on the LAO substrates notably decrease from 8 to 4 unit cells and from 13 to 9 unit cells, respectively. Our results provide a convenient method to minimize or even eliminate the dead layers of correlated oxides through the interfacial strain engineering, which has potential applications in nanoscale oxide spintronic devices.

14.
Natl Sci Rev ; 9(6): nwab117, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35822066

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) ferromagnetic materials have been discovered with tunable magnetism and orbital-driven nodal-line features. Controlling the 2D magnetism in exfoliated nanoflakes via electric/magnetic fields enables a boosted Curie temperature (T C) or phase transitions. One of the challenges, however, is the realization of high T C 2D magnets that are tunable, robust and suitable for large scale fabrication. Here, we report molecular-beam epitaxy growth of wafer-scale Fe3+XGeTe2 films with T C above room temperature. By controlling the Fe composition in Fe3+XGeTe2, a continuously modulated T C in a broad range of 185-320 K has been achieved. This widely tunable T C is attributed to the doped interlayer Fe that provides a 40% enhancement around the optimal composition X = 2. We further fabricated magnetic tunneling junction device arrays that exhibit clear tunneling signals. Our results show an effective and reliable approach, i.e. element doping, to producing robust and tunable ferromagnetism beyond room temperature in a large-scale 2D Fe3+XGeTe2 fashion.

15.
Front Nutr ; 9: 854882, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35619958

RESUMO

Moringa oleifera (M. oleifera), widely used in tropical and subtropical regions, has been reported to possess good anti-aging benefits on skincare. However, the potential bioactive components responsible for its anti-aging effects, including anti-collagenase, anti-elastase, and anti-hyaluronidase activities, have not been clarified so far. In this study, M. oleifera leaf extracts were first conducted for anti-elastase and anti-collagenase activities in vitro by spectrophotometric and fluorometric assays, and the results revealed that they possessed good activities against skin aging-related enzymes. Then, multi-target bio-affinity ultrafiltration coupled to high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (AUF-HPLC-MS) was applied to quickly screen anti-elastase, anti-collagenase, and anti-hyaluronidase ligands in M. oleifera leaf extracts. Meanwhile, 10, 8, and 14 phytochemicals were screened out as the potential anti-elastase, anti-collagenase, and anti-hyaluronidase ligands, respectively. Further confirmation of these potential bioactive components with anti-aging target enzymes was also implemented by molecule docking analysis. In conclusion, these results suggest that the M. oleifera leaves might be a very promising natural source of anti-aging agent for skincare, which can be further explored in the cosmetics and cosmeceutical industries combating aging and skin wrinkling.

16.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 13(13): 2976-2985, 2022 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343699

RESUMO

Two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) formed at the heterointerface between two oxide insulators hosts plenty of emergent phenomena and provides new opportunities for electronics and photoelectronics. However, despite being long sought after, on-demand properties controlled through a fully optical illumination remain far from being explored. Herein, a giant tunability of the 2DEG at the interface of γ-Al2O3/SrTiO3 through a fully optical gating is discovered. Specifically, photon-generated carriers lead to a delicate tunability of the carrier density and the underlying electronic structure, which is accompanied by the remarkable Lifshitz transition. Moreover, the 2DEG can be optically tuned to possess a maximum Rashba spin-orbit coupling, particularly at the crossing region of the sub-bands with different symmetries. First-principles calculations essentially well explain the optical modulation of γ-Al2O3/SrTiO3. Our fully optical gating opens a new pathway for manipulating emergent properties of the 2DEGs and is promising for on-demand photoelectric devices.

17.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0260466, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35077460

RESUMO

Binocular vision uses the parallax principle of the human eye to obtain 3D information of an object, which is widely used as an important means of acquiring 3D information for 3D reconstruction tasks. To improve the accuracy and efficiency of 3D reconstruction, we propose a 3D reconstruction method that combines second-order semiglobal matching, guided filtering and Delaunay triangulation. First, the existing second-order semiglobal matching method is improved, and the smoothness constraint of multiple angle directions is added to the matching cost to generate a more robust disparity map. Second, the 3D coordinates of all points are calculated by combining camera parameters and disparity maps to obtain the 3D point cloud, which is smoothed by guided filtering to remove noise points and retain details. Finally, a method to quickly locate the insertion point and accelerate Delaunay triangulation is proposed. The surface of the point cloud is reconstructed by Delaunay triangulation based on fast point positioning to improve the visibility of the 3D model. The proposed approach was evaluated using the Middlebury and KITTI datasets. The experimental results show that the proposed second-order semiglobal matching method has higher accuracy than other stereo matching methods and that the proposed Delaunay triangulation method based on fast point location requires less time than the original Delaunay triangulation.


Assuntos
Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Visão Binocular , Algoritmos , Simulação por Computador , Humanos
18.
Opt Express ; 29(23): 37695-37702, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808836

RESUMO

GHz pulsed thulium-doped fiber laser with stabilized repetition rate can enable a wide range of applications. By employing regenerative mode-locking and cavity stabilization technique, we have for the first time demonstrated a 10 GHz polarization-maintaining thulium-doped fiber laser, which has a long-term repetition-rate stabilization and picosecond timing-jitter. In our experiment, a RF circuitry is designed to extract the 10 GHz longitudinal clock signal so that stable regenerative mode-locking is achieved. A piezo actuator-based phase-lock-loop is used to lock the regeneratively mode-locked pulses to a local reference synthesizer. The regeneratively mode-locked pulses with picosecond pulse width exhibit a high super-mode suppression ratio of 60 dB. In addition, the repetition rate of the laser shows good long-term stability with a variation of 8 Hz in 8 hours, corresponding to a cavity free spectral range fluctuation of less than 16 mHz. Meanwhile, the Allan deviation of the stabilized 10 GHz regeneratively mode-locked pulses is measured to be as low as 2 × 10-12 over 1000 s average time, which is only limited by the stability of the reference synthesizer. Such an ultra-stable 10 GHz pulsed thulium fiber laser may find potential application in 2 µm optical communication, material processing and spectroscopy.

19.
ACS Nano ; 15(10): 15710-15719, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34460216

RESUMO

Discoveries of the interfacial topological Hall effect (THE) provide an ideal platform for exploring the physics arising from the interplay between topology and magnetism. The interfacial topological Hall effect is closely related to the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) at an interface and topological spin textures. However, it is difficult to achieve a sizable THE in heterostructures due to the stringent constraints on the constituents of THE heterostructures, such as strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC). Here, we report the observation of a giant THE signal of 1.39 µΩ·cm in the van der Waals heterostructures of CrTe2/Bi2Te3 fabricated by molecular beam epitaxy, a prototype of two-dimensional (2D) ferromagnet (FM)/topological insulator (TI). This large magnitude of THE is attributed to an optimized combination of 2D ferromagnetism in CrTe2, strong SOC in Bi2Te3, and an atomically sharp interface. Our work reveals CrTe2/Bi2Te3 as a convenient platform for achieving large interfacial THE in hybrid systems, which could be utilized to develop quantum science and high-density information storage devices.

20.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2492, 2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941773

RESUMO

While the discovery of two-dimensional (2D) magnets opens the door for fundamental physics and next-generation spintronics, it is technically challenging to achieve the room-temperature ferromagnetic (FM) order in a way compatible with potential device applications. Here, we report the growth and properties of single- and few-layer CrTe2, a van der Waals (vdW) material, on bilayer graphene by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Intrinsic ferromagnetism with a Curie temperature (TC) up to 300 K, an atomic magnetic moment of ~0.21 [Formula: see text]/Cr and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) constant (Ku) of 4.89 × 105 erg/cm3 at room temperature in these few-monolayer films have been unambiguously evidenced by superconducting quantum interference device and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism. This intrinsic ferromagnetism has also been identified by the splitting of majority and minority band dispersions with ~0.2 eV at Г point using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. The FM order is preserved with the film thickness down to a monolayer (TC ~ 200 K), benefiting from the strong PMA and weak interlayer coupling. The successful MBE growth of 2D FM CrTe2 films with room-temperature ferromagnetism opens a new avenue for developing large-scale 2D magnet-based spintronics devices.

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