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1.
Food Chem ; 448: 139167, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574718

RESUMO

Cyclodextrin-based metal-organic framework (CD-MOF) has been widely used in various delivery systems due to its excellent edibility and high drug loading capacity. However, its typically bulky size and high brittleness in aqueous solutions pose significant challenges for practical applications. Here, we proposed an ultrasonic-assisted method for rapid synthesis of uniformly-sized nanoscale CD-MOF, followed by its hydrophobic modification through ester bond cross-linking (Nano-CMOF). Proper ultrasound treatment effectively reduced particle size to nanoscale (393.14 nm). Notably, carbonate ester cross-linking method significantly improved water stability without altering its cubic shape and high porosity (1.3 cm3/g), resulting in a retention rate exceeding 90% in various media. Furthermore, the loading of quercetin did not disrupt cubic structure and showcased remarkable storage stability. Nano-CMOF achieved controlled release of quercetin in both aqueous environments and digestion. Additionally, Nano-CMOF demonstrated exceptional antioxidant (free radical scavenging 82.27%) and biocompatibility, indicating its significant potential as novel nutritional delivery systems in food and biomedical fields.

2.
Front Neurosci ; 18: 1309684, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576865

RESUMO

The loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and the abnormal accumulation of synuclein proteins and neurotransmitters in Lewy bodies constitute the primary symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Besides environmental factors, scholars are in the early stages of comprehending the genetic factors involved in the pathogenic mechanism of PD. Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have unveiled numerous genetic variants associated with PD, precisely pinpointing the causal variants remains challenging due to strong linkage disequilibrium (LD) among them. Addressing this issue, expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) cohorts were employed in a transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) to infer the genetic correlation between gene expression and a particular trait. Utilizing the TWAS theory alongside the enhanced Joint-Tissue Imputation (JTI) technique and Mendelian Randomization (MR) framework (MR-JTI), we identified a total of 159 PD-associated genes by amalgamating LD score, GTEx eQTL data, and GWAS summary statistic data from a substantial cohort. Subsequently, Fisher's exact test was conducted on these PD-associated genes using 5,152 differentially expressed genes sourced from 12 PD-related datasets. Ultimately, 29 highly credible PD-associated genes, including CTX1B, SCNA, and ARSA, were uncovered. Furthermore, GO and KEGG enrichment analyses indicated that these genes primarily function in tissue synthesis, regulation of neuron projection development, vesicle organization and transportation, and lysosomal impact. The potential PD-associated genes identified in this study not only offer fresh insights into the disease's pathophysiology but also suggest potential biomarkers for early disease detection.

3.
Ann Hematol ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584216

RESUMO

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare and aggressive myeloid malignancy associated with a poor prognosis. Although allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has emerged as a potential treatment strategy for BPDCN, standardized conditioning regimens remain lacking. In this manuscript, we present two cases of BPDCN that were treated with a thiotepa-busulfan-fludarabine (TBF)-based conditioning regimen prior to allo-HSCT. Both cases demonstrated complete remission post-transplantation, sustained donor chimerism, and remission maintenance, suggesting the potential efficacy of the TBF conditioning regimen for BPDCN transplantation. Given the small sample size in our study, we emphasize caution and advocate for larger studies to confirm the efficacy of TBF in the treatment of BPDCN.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563171

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the expression of eosinophil cationic protein and myeloperoxidase in nasal secretions in different types of rhinitis, and to explore their values in the differential diagnosis of different types of rhinitis. Methods:Six hundred and eighty-four subjects were selected, including 62 subjects in the acute rhinitis group, 378 subjects in the allergic rhinitis group, 94 subjects in the vasomotor rhinitis group, 70 subjects in the eosinophilic non-allergic rhinitis group, and 80 subjects in the control group. Nasal secretion samples were collected from the five groups, and the percentages of inflammatory cells were counted by Rachel's staining, and the expression of ECP/MPO was detected by colloidal gold assay. The correlation between the clinical diagnosis, the inflammatory cells in the nasal secretions and the expression of ECP/MPO was analyzed. Results:Nasal cytological smears showed that compared with the control group, the percentage of eosinophils in the AR and NARES groups were significantly higher (P<0.05), while the percentage of neutrophils was not different (P>0.05); the percentage of neutrophils was significantly higher in the acute rhinitis group compared with the control group (P<0.05), while the percentage of eosinophils was not statistically different (P>0.05); in vasomotor rhinitis group, the eosinophils and neutrophils were not statistically different compared with the control group(P> 0.05). The colloidal gold results showed that there were differences in the expression of ECP/MPO in different types of rhinitis, among which 49 cases (79.0%) in the acute rhinitis group expressed ECP+/MPO+; 267 cases (70.6%) in the AR group and 56 cases (75.7%) in the NARES group expressed ECP+/MPO-; 80 cases (85.1%) in the vasomotor rhinitis group and 69 cases (86.3%) in the control group expressed ECP-/MPO-. Conclusion:The differences in ECP and MPO expression between different types of rhinitis have certain reference value for the differential diagnosis of different types of rhinitis and the selection of treatment programs.


Assuntos
Rinite Vasomotora , Rinite , Humanos , Eosinófilos/metabolismo , Coloide de Ouro/metabolismo , Mucosa Nasal/metabolismo , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Rinite/diagnóstico , Rinite/metabolismo , Rinite Vasomotora/metabolismo
5.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 420, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clear cell carcinoma of the kidney is a common urological malignancy characterized by poor patient prognosis and treatment outcomes. Modulation of vasculogenic mimicry in tumor cells alters the tumor microenvironment and the influx of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, and the combination of its inducers and immune checkpoint inhibitors plays a synergistic role in enhancing antitumor effects. METHODS: We downloaded the data from renal clear cell carcinoma samples and vasculogenic mimicry-related genes to establish a new vasculogenic mimicry-related index (VMRI) using a machine learning approach. Based on VMRI, patients with renal clear cell carcinoma were divided into high VMRI and low VMRI groups, and patients' prognosis, clinical features, tumor immune microenvironment, chemotherapeutic response, and immunotherapeutic response were systematically analyzed. Finally, the function of CDH5 was explored in renal clear cell carcinoma cells. RESULTS: VMRI can be used for prognostic and immunotherapy efficacy prediction in a variety of cancers, which consists of four vasculogenic mimicry-related genes (CDH5, MMP9, MAPK1, and MMP13), is a reliable predictor of survival and grade in patients with clear cell carcinoma of the kidney and has been validated in multiple external datasets. We found that the high VMRI group presented higher levels of immune cell infiltration, which was validated by pathological sections. We performed molecular docking prediction of vasculogenic mimicry core target proteins and identified natural small molecule drugs with the highest affinity for the target protein. Knockdown of CDH5 inhibited the proliferation and migration of renal clear cell carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: The VMRI identified in this study allows for accurate prognosis assessment of patients with renal clear cell carcinoma and identification of patient populations that will benefit from immunotherapy, providing valuable insights for future precision treatment of patients with renal clear cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Imunoterapia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
6.
Curr Med Sci ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI) deficiency is a rare hereditary nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia caused by GPI gene variants. This disorder exhibits wide heterogeneity in its clinical manifestations and molecular characteristics, often posing challenges for precise diagnoses using conventional methods. To this end, this study aimed to identify the novel variants responsible for GPI deficiency in a Chinese family. METHODS: The clinical manifestations of the patient were summarized and analyzed for GPI deficiency phenotype diagnosis. Novel compound heterozygous variants of the GPI gene, c.174C>A (p.Asn58Lys) and c.1538G>T (p.Trp513Leu), were identified using whole-exome and Sanger sequencing. The AlphaFold program and Chimera software were used to analyze the effects of compound heterozygous variants on GPI structure. RESULTS: By characterizing 53 GPI missense/nonsense variants from previous literature and two novel missense variants identified in this study, we found that most variants were located in exons 3, 4, 12, and 18, with a few localized in exons 8, 9, and 14. This study identified novel compound heterozygous variants associated with GPI deficiency. These pathogenic variants disrupt hydrogen bonds formed by highly conserved GPI amino acids. CONCLUSION: Early family-based sequencing analyses, especially for patients with congenital anemia, can help increase diagnostic accuracy for GPI deficiency, improve child healthcare, and enable genetic counseling.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 174: 116548, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various heart diseases ultimately lead to chronic heart failure (CHF). In CHF, the inflammatory response is associated with pyroptosis, which is mediated by the NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome. Fu Xin decoction (FXD) is commonly used in clinical practice to treat CHF and improve inflammatory conditions. However, the specific pharmacological mechanisms of action for FXD in these processes have yet to be fully understood. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the protective mechanism of FXT against CHF, both in H9c2 cells and mice. METHOD: A CHF mouse model was established, and the effect of FXD was observed via gavage. Cardiac function was evaluated using echocardiography, while serum BNP and LDH levels were analyzed to assess the severity of CHF. Hematoxylin and eosin staining (H&E) and Masson staining were performed to evaluate myocardial pathological changes, and TdT-mediated dUTP Nick-End Labeling staining was used to detect DNA damage. Additionally, doxorubicin was utilized to induce myocardial cell injury in H9c2 cells, establishing a relevant model. CCK8 was used to observe cell viability and detect LDH levels in the cell supernatant. Subsequently, the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins was detected using immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and western blotting. Finally, the pharmacological mechanism of FXD against CHF was further validated by treating H9c2 cells with an NLRP3 activator and inducing NLRP3 overexpression. RESULT: According to current research findings, echocardiography demonstrated a significant improvement of cardiac function by FXD, accompanied by reduced levels of BNP and LDH, indicating the amelioration of cardiac injury in CHF mice. FXD exhibited the ability to diminish serum CRP and MCP inflammatory markers in CHF mice. The results of HE and Masson staining analyses revealed a significant reduction in pathological damage of the heart tissue following FXD treatment. The CCK8 assay demonstrated the ability of FXD to enhance H9c2 cell viability, improve cell morphology, decrease LDH levels in the cell supernatant, and alleviate cell damage. Immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining substantiated the inhibitory effect of FXD on the NLRP3/caspase-1/GSDMD pyroptosis signaling pathway in both CHF and H9c2 cell injury models. Ultimately, the administration of the NLRP3 activator (Nigericin) and the overexpression of NLRP3 counteract the effects of FXD on cardiac protection and pyroptosis inhibition in vitro. CONCLUSION: FXD exhibits a cardioprotective effect, improving CHF and alleviating pyroptosis by inhibiting the NLRP3/caspase-1/GSDMD pathway.

8.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e26808, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468969

RESUMO

Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) is a cost-effective solution to directly and accurately estimating the environmental safety thresholds (ESTs) of pollutants in the ecological risk assessment due to the lack of toxicity data. In this study, QSAR models were developed for estimating the Predicted No-Effect Concentrations (PNECs) of petroleum hydrocarbons and their derivatives (PHDs) under dietary exposure, based on the quantified molecular descriptors and the obtained PNECs of 51 PHDs with given acute or chronic toxicity concentrations. Three high-reliable QSAR models were respectively developed for PHDs, aromatic hydrocarbons and their derivatives (AHDs), and alkanes, alkenes and their derivatives (ALKDs), with excellent fitting performance evidenced by high correlation coefficient (0.89-0.95) and low root mean square error (0.13-0.2 mg/kg), and high stability and predictive performance reflected by high internal and external verification coefficient (Q2LOO, 0.66-0.89; Q2F1, 0.62-0.78; Q2F2, 0.60-0.73). The investigated quantitative relationships between molecular structure and PNECs indicated that 18 autocorrelation descriptors, 3 information index descriptors, 4 barysz matrix descriptors, 6 burden modified eigenvalues descriptors, and 1 BCUT descriptor were important molecular descriptors affecting the PNECs of PHDs. The obtained results supported that PNECs of PHDs can be accurately estimated by the influencing molecular descriptors and the quantitative relationship from the developed QSAR models, that provided a new feasible solution for ESTs derivation in the ecological risk assessment.

9.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(2): 396-408, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in advanced gastric cancer (GC) is still a controversial issue. AIM: To find factors associated with chemosensitivity to NAC treatment and to provide the optimal therapeutic strategies for GC patients receiving NAC. METHODS: The clinical information was collected from 230 GC patients who received NAC treatment at the Central South University Xiangya School of Medicine Affiliated Haikou Hospital from January 2016 to December 2020. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator logistic regression analysis was used to find the possible predictors. A nomogram model was employed to predict the response to NAC. RESULTS: In total 230 patients were finally included in this study, including 154 males (67.0%) and 76 females (33.0%). The mean age was (59.37 ± 10.60) years, ranging from 24 years to 80 years. According to the tumor regression grade standard, there were 95 cases in the obvious response group (grade 0 or grade 1) and 135 cases in the poor response group (grade 2 or grade 3). The obvious response rate was 41.3%. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator analysis showed that four risk factors significantly related to the efficacy of NAC were tumor location (P < 0.001), histological differentiation (P = 0.001), clinical T stage (P = 0.008), and carbohydrate antigen 724 (P = 0.008). The C-index for the prediction nomogram was 0.806. The calibration curve revealed that the predicted value exhibited good agreement with the actual value. Decision curve analysis showed that the nomogram had a good value in clinical application. CONCLUSION: A nomogram combining tumor location, histological differentiation, clinical T stage, and carbohydrate antigen 724 showed satisfactory predictive power to the response of NAC and can be used by gastrointestinal surgeons to determine the optimal treatment strategies for advanced GC patients.

10.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1332574, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455963

RESUMO

Background: Breast squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is an uncommon and highly aggressive variant of metaplastic breast cancer. Despite its rarity, there is currently no consensus on treatment guidelines for this specific subtype. Previous studies have demonstrated that chemotherapy alone has limited efficacy in treating breast SCC. However, the potential for targeted therapy in combination with chemotherapy holds promise for future treatment options. Case presentation: In this case report, we present a patient with advanced HER2-positive breast SCC, exhibiting a prominent breast mass, localized ulcers, and metastases in the lungs and brain. Our treatment approach involved the administration of HER2-targeted drugs in conjunction with paclitaxel, resulting in a sustained control of tumor growth. Conclusion: This case represents a rare occurrence of HER2-positive breast SCC, with limited available data on the efficacy of previous HER2-targeted drugs in treating such patients. Our study presents the first application of HER2-targeted drugs in this particular case, offering novel therapeutic insights for future considerations. Additionally, it is imperative to conduct further investigations to assess the feasibility of treatment options in a larger cohort of patients.

11.
Am J Chin Med ; : 1-24, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480498

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a global health concern with a high prevalence and increasing economic burden, but official medicine remains unavailable. Farnesoid X receptor (FXR), a nuclear receptor member, is one of the most promising drug targets for NAFLD therapy that plays a crucial role in modulating bile acid, glucose, and lipid homeostasis, as well as inhibits hepatic inflammation and fibrosis. However, the rejection of the FXR agonist, obecholic acid, by the Food and Drug Administration for treating hepatic fibrosis raises a question about the functions of FXR in NAFLD progression and the therapeutic strategy to be used. Natural products, such as FXR modulators, have become the focus of attention for NAFLD therapy with fewer adverse reactions. The anti-NAFLD mechanisms seem to act as FXR agonists and antagonists or are involved in the FXR signaling pathway activation, indicating a promising target of FXR therapeutic prospects using natural products. This review discusses the effective mechanisms of FXR in NAFLD alleviation, and summarizes currently available natural products such as silymarin, glycyrrhizin, cycloastragenol, berberine, and gypenosides, for targeting FXR, which can facilitate development of naturally targeted drug by medicinal specialists for effective treatment of NAFLD.

12.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(3): e241765, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477921

RESUMO

Importance: With the widespread use of anti-SARS-CoV-2 drugs, accumulating data have revealed potential viral load rebound after treatment. Objective: To compare COVID-19 rebound after a standard 5-day course of antiviral treatment with VV116 vs nirmatrelvir-ritonavir. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a single-center, investigator-blinded, randomized clinical trial conducted in Shanghai, China. Adult patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 and within 5 days of SARS-CoV-2 infection were enrolled between December 20, 2022, and January 19, 2023, and randomly allocated to receive either VV116 or nirmatrelvir-ritonavir. Interventions: Participants in the VV116 treatment group received oral 600-mg VV116 tablets every 12 hours on day 1 and 300 mg every 12 hours on days 2 through 5. Participants in the nirmatrelvir-ritonavir treatment group received oral nirmatrelvir-ritonavir tablets with 300 mg of nirmatrelvir plus 100 mg of ritonavir every 12 hours for 5 days. Participants were followed up every other day until day 28 and every week until day 60. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was viral load rebound (VLR), defined as a half-log increase in viral RNA copies per milliliter compared with treatment completion. Secondary outcomes included a reduction in the cycle threshold value of 1.5 or more, time until VLR, and symptom rebound, defined as an increase of more than 2 points in symptom score compared with treatment completion. The primary outcome and secondary outcomes were analyzed using the full analysis set. Sensitivity analyses were conducted using the per protocol set. Adverse events were analyzed using the safety analysis set. Results: The full analysis set included 345 participants (mean [SD] age, 53.2 [16.8] years; 175 [50.7%] were men) who received VV116 (n = 165) or nirmatrelvir-ritonavir (n = 180). Viral load rebound occurred in 33 patients (20.0%) in the VV116 group and 39 patients (21.7%) in the nirmatrelvir-ritonavir group (P = .70). Symptom rebound occurred in 41 of 160 patients (25.6%) in the VV116 group and 40 of 163 patients (24.5%) in the nirmatrelvir-ritonavir group (P = .82). Viral whole-genome sequencing of 24 rebound cases revealed the same lineage at baseline and at viral load rebound in each case. Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial of patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19, viral load rebound and symptom rebound were both common after a standard 5-day course of treatment with either VV116 or nirmatrelvir-ritonavir. Prolongation of treatment duration might be investigated to reduce COVID-19 rebound. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry Identifier: ChiCTR2200066811.


Assuntos
Adenosina , COVID-19 , Recidiva , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Tratamento Farmacológico da COVID-19 , China , Ritonavir , SARS-CoV-2 , Adenosina/análogos & derivados
13.
Trends Cancer ; 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521655

RESUMO

ß-Catenin is a well-established driver of many cancers; however, there are challenges in developing agents targeting ß-catenin for clinical use. Recent progress has indicated that most of the pathological changes in ß-catenin may be commonly caused by loss of protein homeostasis. Modulation of ß-catenin homeostasis, especially by hyperactivation of ß-catenin, potentially leads to robust antitumor outcomes. Here, we comprehensively dissect the protein homeostasis of ß-catenin in terms of time, compartmentalization, supramolecular assemblies, and dynamics, with emphasis on changes in ß-catenin homeostasis upon oncogenic mutations. We propose that altered ß-catenin homeostasis could be deleterious for ß-catenin-dependent cancers and that modulation of ß-catenin homeostasis offers a novel avenue for targeting ß-catenin for cancer therapy.

14.
Theranostics ; 14(5): 2127-2150, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505619

RESUMO

Rationale: Immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting the programmed cell death (PD)-1/PD-L1 pathway have promise in patients with advanced melanoma. However, drug resistance usually results in limited patient benefits. Recent single-cell RNA sequencing studies have elucidated that MM patients display distinctive transcriptional features of tumor cells, immune cells and interstitial cells, including loss of antigen presentation function of tumor cells, exhaustion of CD8+T and extracellular matrix secreted by fibroblasts to prevents immune infiltration, which leads to a poor response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). However, cell subgroups beneficial to anti-tumor immunity and the model developed by them remain to be further identified. Methods: In this clinical study of neoadjuvant therapy with anti-PD-1 in advanced melanoma, tumor tissues were collected before and after treatment for single-nucleus sequencing, and the results were verified using multicolor immunofluorescence staining and public datasets. Results: This study describes four cell subgroups which are closely associated with the effectiveness of anti-PD-1 treatment. It also describes a cell-cell communication network, in which the interaction of the four cell subgroups contributes to anti-tumor immunity. Furthermore, we discuss a newly developed predictive model based on these four subgroups that holds significant potential for assessing the efficacy of anti-PD-1 treatment. Conclusions: These findings elucidate the primary mechanism of anti-PD-1 resistance and offer guidance for clinical drug administration for melanoma.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Humanos , Melanoma/patologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Antígeno B7-H1 , Microambiente Tumoral
15.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 309, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Based on the updated teaching philosophy of oral microbiology, Wuhan University School of Stomatology initiated a reform in the teaching of oral microbiology in 2009. As part of this reform, an oral microbiology laboratory course was introduced to cultivate students' fundamental skills, professional competence, comprehensive abilities, and innovation capabilities through experimental design. This paper provides thorough examination of the teaching experiment findings from 2013 to 2022, a ten-year timeframe, building on earlier data. METHODS: The curriculum targets fourth-year undergraduate students in a five-year program and adopts a cooperative learning approach. The experimental teaching mainly involves four parts: plaque collection and processing, isolation and cultivation of dental plaque bacteria, staining and biochemical identification of dental plaque bacteria. This article presents a comprehensive analysis of the student experiment results from 2013 to 2022. Statistical analysis was conducted using the chi-square test to assess whether there were any differences in students' experimental grades between different years. A significance level of P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Additionally, we evaluated the impact of teaching methods and educational systems on improving students' practical skills and overall innovative abilities. RESULTS: The performance of 664 undergraduate students showed improvement in the oral microbiology laboratory course, with a noticeable decrease in the proportion of "C" grades in Experiments 2, 3, and 4 compared to Experiment 1. These results indicate that the laboratory course enhanced students' academic achievements, aiding their understanding and mastery of course content, and received positive feedback from the students. CONCLUSION: This lab curriculum, through systematic laboratory teaching and practical experience, contributes to the enhancement of students' professional skills and research abilities. It fosters students' interest in scientific research and improves the quality of dental education.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Humanos , Currículo , Estudantes , Competência Profissional , Aprendizagem , Ensino
16.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27187, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533077

RESUMO

Morphine is a widely used opioid for treatment of pain. The attendant problems including morphine tolerance and morphine dependence pose a major public health challenge. In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the gastrointestinal microbiota in many physiological and pathophysiological processes. The connectivity network between the gut microbiota and the brain is involved in multiple biological systems, and bidirectional communication between them is critical in gastrointestinal tract homeostasis, the central nervous system, and the microbial system. Many research have previously shown that morphine has a variety of effects on the gastrointestinal tract, but none have determined the function of intestinal microbiota in morphine tolerance. This study reviewed the mechanisms of morphine tolerance from the perspective of dysregulation of microbiota-gut-brain axis homeostasis, by summarizing the possible mechanisms originating from the gut that may affect morphine tolerance and the improvement of morphine tolerance through the gut microbiota.

17.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 12(3): e1225, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dosage of ovalbumin (OVA) during the sensitization stage is considered a crucial factor in the development of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). However, the inconsistent dosages of sensitizing OVA used in current studies and the lack of research on their impact on AHR are notable limitations. METHODS: We examined the impact of increasing sensitizing doses of OVA in a murine asthma model, which entailed initial sensitization with OVA followed by repeated exposure to OVA aerosols. BALB/c mice were primed with doses of OVA (0, 10, 20, 50, and 100 µg) plus 1 mg Alum on Days 0 and 7, and were challenged with OVA aerosols (10 mg/mL for 30 min) between Days 14 and 17. Antigen-induced AHR to methacholine (MCh), as well as histological changes, eosinophilic infiltration, and epithelial injury were assessed. RESULTS: The result indicated that there are striking OVA dose-related differences in antigen-induced AHR to MCh. The most intense antigen-induced AHR to MCh was observed with sensitization at 50 µg, while weaker responses were seen at 10, 20, and 100 µg. Meanwhile, there was a significant increase in eosinophil count with sensitization at 50 µg. The changes of AHR were correlated with total cells count, lymphocytes count, eosinophils count, and basophils count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid; however, it did not correlate with histological changes such as cellular infiltration into bronchovascular bundles and goblet cell hyperplasia of the bronchial epithelium. CONCLUSION: Overall, this study demonstrated that sensitization with 50 µg of OVA resulted in the most significant AHR compared to other dosages. These findings may offer valuable insights for future research on mouse asthma modeling protocols.


Assuntos
Asma , Hiper-Reatividade Brônquica , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória , Animais , Camundongos , Ovalbumina , Aerossóis e Gotículas Respiratórios , Asma/patologia , Cloreto de Metacolina
18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1382100, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545507

RESUMO

Purpose: To present the outcomes of a new technique for intrascleral fixation of a flanged three-piece foldable intraocular lens (IOL) without a conjunctival incision. Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of 12 eyes of 12 patients who underwent scleral IOL fixation using this technique. Results: The follow-up period ranged 3-12 months. There was a significant improvement in best-corrected visual acuity, from 0.8 (1.6) logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) preoperatively to 0.45 (0.8) logMAR at the final postoperative follow-up (p = 0.012). Notable complications included one case of pupillary IOL capture and increased intraocular pressure. Conclusion: Our novel technique is a viable solution for managing secondary IOL fixation, enabling the use of a wider variety of IOLs and simplifying the reposition process for dislocated three-piece IOLs. This approach has the potential to lower complication rates and enhance patients' recovery.

19.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish the dynamic treatment strategy of Chinese medicine (CM) for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) by machine learning algorithm, in order to provide a reference for the selection of CM treatment strategies for mCRC. METHODS: From the outpatient cases of mCRC in the Department of Oncology at Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, 197 cases that met the inclusion criteria were screened. According to different CM intervention strategies, the patients were divided into 3 groups: CM treatment alone, equal emphasis on Chinese and Western medicine treatment (CM combined with local treatment of tumors, oral chemotherapy, or targeted drugs), and CM assisted Western medicine treatment (CM combined with intravenous regimen of Western medicine). The survival time of patients undergoing CM intervention was taken as the final evaluation index. Factors affecting the choice of CM intervention scheme were screened as decision variables. The dynamic CM intervention and treatment strategy for mCRC was explored based on the cost-sensitive classification learning algorithm for survival (CSCLSurv). Patients' survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the survival time of patients who received the model-recommended treatment plan were compared with those who received actual treatment plan. RESULTS: Using the survival time of patients undergoing CM intervention as the evaluation index, a dynamic CM intervention therapy strategy for mCRC was established based on CSCLSurv. Different CM intervention strategies for mCRC can be selected according to dynamic decision variables, such as gender, age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score, tumor site, metastatic site, genotyping, and the stage of Western medicine treatment at the patient's first visit. The median survival time of patients who received the model-recommended treatment plan was 35 months, while those who receive the actual treatment plan was 26.0 months (P=0.06). CONCLUSIONS: The dynamic treatment strategy of CM, based on CSCLSurv for mCRC, plays a certain role in providing clinical hints in CM. It can be further improved in future prospective studies with larger sample sizes.

20.
J Med Chem ; 67(5): 4194-4224, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442261

RESUMO

Retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γ (RORγ) acts as a crucial transcription factor in Th17 cells and is involved in diverse autoimmune disorders. RORγ allosteric inhibitors have gained significant research focus as a novel strategy to inhibit RORγ transcriptional activity. Leveraging the high affinity and selectivity of RORγ allosteric inhibitor MRL-871 (1), this study presents the design, synthesis, and characterization of 11 allosteric fluorescent probes. Utilizing the preferred probe 12h, we established an efficient and cost-effective fluorescence polarization-based affinity assay for screening RORγ allosteric binders. By employing virtual screening in conjunction with this assay, 10 novel RORγ allosteric inhibitors were identified. The initial SAR studies focusing on the hit compound G381-0087 are also presented. The encouraging outcomes indicate that probe 12h possesses the potential to function as a powerful tool in facilitating the exploration of RORγ allosteric inhibitors and furthering understanding of RORγ function.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Células Th17 , Corantes Fluorescentes/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Polarização de Fluorescência , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/metabolismo
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