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1.
Langmuir ; 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634345

RESUMO

The treatment of industrial printing and dyeing wastewater is the focus of the chemical environmental protection industry. Noticeably, the physical adsorption has attracted wide attention due to the selective dye adsorption, simple process, and convenient operation. New aerogels featuring low density and high porosity are regarded as ideal physical adsorption materials for sewage treatment. In this work, high internal phase Pickering emulsions were designed and prepared. The polysaccharide complex originating from sodium octenylsuccinate starch and chitosan serves as the stabilizer, water and hexane act as the external and internal phase, respectively. Acrylic acid was introduced into the external phase to initiate UV polymerization. The high internal phase Pickering emulsions as templates were removed through freeze-drying to produce aerogel materials with macroporous structures, the size of the pores: 43.54 ± 12.75 µm. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images show that the pore size of aerogel materials was similar to that of emulsion droplets, verifying the template role of emulsion in the polymerization process. In addition, aerogels possess good mechanical properties and can withstand a pressure of megapascal, exhibiting favorable stability when floating in water for a long time (6 months). Methyl violet, malachite green, methylene blue, and acridine orange in aqueous solution were selected as model dyes to explore the removal process and the mechanism. The adsorption was conformed to be the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Freundlich adsorption isotherm, namely, the dye adsorption of the aerogels was the multilayer adsorption on the uneven surface, and the mechanism of the adsorption was related to the π-π interaction.

2.
Nat Struct Mol Biol ; 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624349

RESUMO

The caspase-4/11-GSDMD pyroptosis axis recognizes cytosolic lipopolysaccharide for antibacterial defenses. Shigella flexneri employs an OspC3 effector to block pyroptosis by catalyzing NAD+-dependent arginine ADP-riboxanation of caspase-4/11. Here, we identify Ca2+-free calmodulin (CaM) that binds and stimulates OspC3 ADP-riboxanase activity. Crystal structures of OspC3-CaM and OspC3-caspase-4 binary complexes reveal unique CaM binding to an OspC3 N-terminal domain featuring an ADP-ribosyltransferase-like fold and specific recognition of caspase-4 by an OspC3 ankryin repeat domain, respectively. CaM-OspC3-caspase-4 ternary complex structures show that NAD+ binding reorganizes the catalytic pocket, in which D231 and D177 activate the substrate arginine for initial ADP-ribosylation and ribosyl 2'-OH in the ADP-ribosylated arginine, respectively, for subsequent deamination. We also determine structures of unmodified and OspC3-ADP-riboxanated caspase-4. Mechanisms derived from this series of structures covering the entire process of OspC3 action are supported by biochemical analyses in vitro and functional validation in S. flexneri-infected mice.

3.
BMC Genomics ; 24(1): 32, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 'Whangkeumbae' (Pyrus pyrifolia) is a typical climacteric fruit variety of sand pear with excellent taste. However, the rapid postharvest ethylene production limits the shelf life of 'Whangkeumbae' fruit. AP2/ERF superfamily is a large family of transcription factors involved in plant growth and development, including fruit ripening and senescence through the ethylene signaling pathway. The numbers and functions of AP2/ERF superfamily members in sand pear remain largely unknown. RESULTS: In this study, a total of 234 AP2/ERF family members were identified through the transcriptome of Pyrus pyrifolia 'Whangkeumbae' (17 genes) and Pyrus pyrifolia genome (223 genes) analyses. Six genes (Accession: EVM0023062.1, EVM0034833.1, EVM0027049.1, EVM0034047.1, EVM0028755.1, EVM0015862.1) identified via genome analysis shared 100% identity with PpERF14-L, PpERF5-L, PpERF3a, PpERF3, PpERF017 and PpERF098, respectively, which were identified from transcriptome sequencing. Further, the AP2/ERF superfamily members were divided into AP2, ERF, and RAV subfamilies, each comprising 38, 188, and 8 members, respectively. Tissue-specific expression analysis showed that PpERF061, PpERF113, PpERF51L-B, PpERF5-L, and PpERF017 were predominantly expressed in fruits than in other tissues. Additionally, PpERF5-L and PpERF017 showed higher expressions at the early stage of fruit development. While, PpERF51B-L exhibited higher expression during the fruit ripening stage. Besides, PpERF061 and PpERF113 had pronounced expressions during fruit senescence. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that PpERF061, PpERF113, PpERF51L-B, PpERF5-L, and PpERF017 could play crucial roles in sand pear fruit development, ripening, and senescence. Overall, this study provides valuable information for further functional analysis of the AP2/ERF genes during fruit ripening and senescence in sand pear.


Assuntos
Pyrus , Pyrus/genética , Etilenos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Genoma de Planta , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Filogenia
4.
Polymers (Basel) ; 15(2)2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36679181

RESUMO

As a biodegradable thermoplastic, polylactic acid (PLA) shows great potential to replace petroleum-based plastics. Nevertheless, the flammability and brittleness of PLA seriously limits its use in emerging applications. This work is focused on simultaneously improving the flame-retardancy and toughness of PLA at a low additive load via a simple strategy. The PLA/MKF/NTPA biocomposites were prepared by incorporating alkali-treated, lightweight, renewable kapok fiber (MKF) and high-efficiency, phosphorus-nitrogenous flame retardant (NTPA) into the PLA matrix based on the extrusion-injection molding method. When the additive loads of MKF and NTPA were 0.5 and 3.0 wt%, respectively, the PLA/MKF/NTPA biocomposites (PLA3.0) achieved a rating of UL-94 V-0 with an LOI value of 28.3%, and its impact strength (4.43 kJ·m-2) was improved by 18.8% compared to that of pure PLA. Moreover, the cone calorimetry results confirmed a 9.7% reduction in the average effective heat of combustion (av-EHC) and a 0.5-fold increase in the flame retardancy index (FRI) compared to the neat PLA. NTPA not only exerted a gas-phase flame-retardant role, but also a condensed-phase barrier effect during the combustion process of the PLA/MKF/NTPA biocomposites. Moreover, MKF acted as an energy absorber to enhance the toughness of the PLA/MKF/NTPA biocomposites. This work provides a simple way to prepare PLA biocomposites with excellent flame-retardancy and toughness at a low additive load, which is of great importance for expanding the application range of PLA biocomposites.

5.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 8(1): 28, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690610

RESUMO

Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a pleiotropic cytokine that orchestrates bidirectional immune responses via regulatory T cells (Tregs) and effector cells, leading to paradoxical consequences. Here, we report a strategy that exploited genetic code expansion-guided incorporation of the latent bioreactive artificial amino acid fluorosulfate-L-tyrosine (FSY) into IL-2 for proximity-enabled covalent binding to IL-2Rα to selectively promote Treg activation. We found that FSY-bearing IL-2 variants, such as L72-FSY, covalently bound to IL-2Rα via sulfur-fluoride exchange when in proximity, resulting in persistent recycling of IL-2 and selectively promoting the expansion of Tregs but not effector cells. Further assessment of L72-FSY-expanded Tregs demonstrated that L72-FSY maintained Tregs in a central memory phenotype without driving terminal differentiation, as demonstrated by simultaneously attenuated expression of lymphocyte activation gene-3 (LAG-3) and enhanced expression of programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1). Subcutaneous administration of L72-FSY in murine models of pristane-induced lupus and graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) resulted in enhanced and sustained therapeutic efficacy compared with wild-type IL-2 treatment. The efficacy of L72-FSY was further improved by N-terminal PEGylation, which increased its circulatory retention for preferential and sustained effects. This proximity-enabled covalent binding strategy may accelerate the development of pleiotropic cytokines as a new class of immunomodulatory therapies.


Assuntos
Interleucina-2 , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Camundongos , Animais , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2 , Autoimunidade
6.
Nanoscale ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651126

RESUMO

We show that it is possible to spontaneously form all-enclosed compartments with microporous shells and enriched biopolymers via simple coprecipitation of silica and biopolymers. The reaction involves mild conditions and tolerates the random mixing of multiple reagents. Such a synthetic advance points to a new direction for resolving the chicken-egg dilemma of how the early life forms were hosted: without a physical barrier it would be difficult to maintain organized reactions, but without organized reactions, it would be difficult to create a cell membrane. In our synthesis, the divalent cation Ca2+ plays a critical role in the co-precipitation and in creating hollow compartments after simple dilution with water. The precursor of silica, poly(silicic acid), is a negatively charged, cross-linked polymer. It could be co-precipitated with negatively charged biopolymers such as DNA and proteins, whereas the remaining silica precursor forms a conformal and microporous shell on the surface of the initial precipitate. After etching, the biopolymers are retained inside the hollow compartments. The fact that multiple favorable conditions are easily brought together in enclosed compartments opens new possibilities in theorizing the host of early life forms.

7.
Bioorg Chem ; 131: 106339, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599218

RESUMO

Necroptosis is confirmed as a precisely programmed cell death that is activated in caspase-deficient conditions. Receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1), RIPK3 and mixed-lineage kinase domain-like pseudokinase (MLKL) are the key regulators involved in the signaling pathway. However, accumulating evidence suggests that RIPK1 also works in apoptosis and inflammation pathways independent of necroptosis. Differently, RIPK3 signals necroptosis independent of RIPK1. Thus, identification of specific RIPK3 inhibitors is of great importance for the drug development associated with necroptosis. The benzothiazole carboxamide is a privileged scaffold as RIPK3 inhibitors developed by our group recently. In this study, we work on the phenyl group in-between of benzothiazole and carboxamide to profile the chemical space. Finally, a chlorinated derivative XY-1-127 was found to specifically inhibit necroptosis rather than apoptosis with an EC50 value of 676.8 nM and target RIPK3 with a Kd of 420 nM rather than RIPK1 (Kd = 4300 nM). It was also confirmed to block the formation of necrosome by inhibiting RIPK3 phosphorylation at 1 µM in necroptosis cells. This work discovers the chemical space insights on the phenyl group of the substituted benzothiazole RIPK3 inhibitors and provides a new lead compound for further development.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Proteínas Quinases , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Inflamação/metabolismo , Benzotiazóis/farmacologia , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinases de Interação com Receptores/metabolismo
8.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36601677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The sowing date of spring maize in China's Loess Plateau is often restricted by the presowing temperature and soil water content (SWC). The effective measurement of the effects of presowing temperature and SWC on the sowing date is a major concern for agricultural production in this region. In this paper, we considered the average daily air temperature of ˃10 °C in the 7 days before sowing. The Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) model was used to simulate a spring maize yield under distinct combinations of SWC and sowing date for 51 years (1970-2020). Subsequently, through the cumulative probability distribution function, the contribution of presowing SWC to the spring maize yield was quantified, and the optimal sowing date of spring maize in each production location was determined. RESULTS: The results revealed that the daily average temperature of ˃10 °C for 7 days consecutively can be used effectively as the basis for the simulation of spring maize sowing date. The presowing SWC affected the spring maize yield but did not change the optimal sowing date. When the SWC of each study site is about 70% of the field capacity, Wenshui and Yuanping can properly delay sowing, and Lin county can sow early to obtain a higher yield. CONCLUSION: This study provides an effective approach for optimizing presowing soil moisture management and the sowing date of spring maize in the semiarid regions of the Loess Plateau. © 2023 Society of Chemical Industry.

9.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 827, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646752

RESUMO

The present study examined the necessity of cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation in osteoporotic patients with single-segment isthmic spondylolisthesis.Fifty-nine cases were reviewed retrospectively. Thirty-three cases were in the polymethylmethacrylate-augmented pedicle screw (PMMA-PS) group, and the other 26 cases were in the conventional pedicle screw (CPS) group. Evaluation data included operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization cost, hospitalization days, rates of fusion, screw loosening, bone cement leakage, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, Oswestry disability index (ODI), lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS).The operation time and blood loss in the CPS group decreased significantly compared to those in the PMMA-PS group. The average hospitalization cost of the PMMA-PS group was significantly higher than that of the CPS group. There was no significant difference in the average hospital stay between the 2 groups. The initial and last follow-up postoperative VAS and ODI scores improved significantly in the two groups. There were no significant differences in VAS and ODI between the 2 groups at each time point. The last postoperative spine-pelvic parameters were significantly improved compared with those preoperatively. In the PMMA-PS group, the fusion rate was 100%. The fusion rate was 96.15% in the CPS group. No significant difference was found between the two groups for the fusion rate. Nine patients in the PMMA-PS group had bone cement leakage. There was no screw loosening in the PMMA-PS group. There were 2 cases of screw loosening in the CPS group. There were no significant differences in screw loosening, postoperative adjacent segment fractures, postoperative infection or postoperative revision between the 2 groups. The use of PMMA-PS on a regular basis is not recommended in posterior lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of single-segment isthmic spondylolisthesis with osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Parafusos Pediculares , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Cimentos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Polimetil Metacrilato , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Clin Transl Med ; 13(1): e1007, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SMC5/6 complex plays a vital role in maintaining genome stability, yet the relationship with human diseases has not been described. METHODS: SMC5 variation was identified through whole-exome sequencing (WES) and verified by Sanger sequencing. Immunoprecipitation, cytogenetic analysis, fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) and electron microscopy were used to elucidate the cellular consequences of patient's cells. smc5 knockout (KO) zebrafish and Smc5K371del knock-in mouse models were generated by CRISPR-Cas9. RNA-seq, quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR), western blot, microquantitative computed tomography (microCT) and histology were used to explore phenotypic characteristics and potential mechanisms of the animal models. The effects of Smc5 knockdown on mitotic clonal expansion (MCE) during adipogenesis were investigated through Oil Red O staining, proliferation and apoptosis assays in vitro. RESULTS: We identified a homozygous in-frame deletion of Arg372 in SMC5, one of the core subunits of the SMC5/6 complex, from an adult patient with microcephalic primordial dwarfism, chromosomal instability and insulin resistance. SMC5 mutation disrupted its interaction with its interacting protein NSMCE2, leading to defects in DNA repair and chromosomal instability in patient fibroblasts. Smc5 KO zebrafish showed microcephaly, short length and disturbed glucose metabolism. Smc5 depletion triggers a p53-related apoptosis, as concomitant deletion of the p53 rescued growth defects phenotype in zebrafish. An smc5K371del knock-in mouse model exhibited high mortality, severe growth restriction and fat loss. In 3T3-L1 cells, the knockdown of smc5 results in impaired MCE, a crucial step in adipogenesis. This finding implies that defective cell survival and differentiation is an important mechanism linking growth disorders and metabolic homeostasis imbalance.


Assuntos
Nanismo , Resistência à Insulina , Animais , Camundongos , Adulto , Humanos , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Nanismo/genética , Fenótipo , Instabilidade Cromossômica , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/genética , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Ligases/genética , Ligases/metabolismo
11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(1): 322-333, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36542493

RESUMO

Alternative antibacterial therapies refractory to existing mechanisms of antibiotic resistance are urgently needed. One such attractive therapy is to inhibit bacterial adhesion and colonization. Ser O-heptosylation (Ser O-Hep) on autotransporters of Gram-negative bacteria is a novel glycosylation and has been proven to be essential for bacterial colonization. Herein, we chemically synthesized glycopeptides containing this atypical glycan structure and an absolute C6 configuration through the assembly of Ser O-Hep building blocks. Using glycopeptides as haptens, we generated first-in-class poly- and monoclonal antibodies, termed Anti-SerHep1a and Anti-SerHep1b, that stereoselectively recognize Ser O-heptosylation (d/l-glycero) with high specificity in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, these antibodies effectively blocked diffusely adhering Escherichia coli 2787 adhesion to HeLa cells and in mice in a dose- and Ser O-Hep-dependent manner. Together, these antibodies represent not only useful tools for the discovery of unknown serine O-heptosylated proteins bearing various C6 chiral centers but also a novel class of antiadhesion therapeutic agents for the treatment of bacterial infection.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Polissacarídeos , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Células HeLa , Glicosilação , Polissacarídeos/química , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Escherichia coli , Glicopeptídeos/química
12.
Food Chem ; 408: 135230, 2023 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549163

RESUMO

The work aimed to assess the antioxidant ability and obtain a new antioxidant peptide from rice bran protein. Rice bran protein was hydrolyzed by Alcalase, Neutral, Pepsin, Chymotrypsin, and Trypsin, separately. Trypsin hydrolysate (T-RBPH) showed high Fe2+ chelating activity (IC50, 2.271 ± 0.007 mg/mL), DPPH and hydroxyl radical scavenging ability (IC50, 0.191 ± 0.006 and 1.038 ± 0.034 mg/mL). Moreover, T-RBPH could alleviate the H2O2-induced oxidative damage in Caco-2. The T-RBPH was purified and identified by UF, GF, FPLC, and LC-MS/MS. Finally, 9-amino acid peptide-AFDEGPWPK with low molecular weight (1045.48 Da), high antioxidant activity, good safety, and solubility was screened by in silico method and chemical oxidation determination, and its interaction with Keap1 was also demonstrated. The ORAC and DPPH radical scavenging ability of AFDEGPWPK were 44.16 ± 0.79 and 28.38 ± 0.14 µmol TE/mM. Moreover, the Molecular docking and Western blot (WB) results showed that AFDEGPWPK could enter the binding pocket in the Kelch domain and activate Keap1/Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Oryza , Humanos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Oryza/química , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , Tripsina/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Peptídeos/química
13.
J Hazard Mater ; 446: 130640, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36584649

RESUMO

Rice and maize are two main crops with different growth habits in Northeast China. To investigate the uptake, translocation, and accumulation of organophosphate esters (OPEs) in those two crops, we measured the OPE concentrations in their agricultural soil-crop systems during different growing seasons. OPE concentrations were higher in paddy (221 ± 62.0 ng/g) than in maize (149 ± 31.6 ng/g) soil, with higher OPE levels in the rhizosphere than in bulk soil for rice, and the opposite in maize. Two-step extractions were used to obtain the labile and stable adsorption components of OPEs. The stable-adsorbed OPEs were activated to be more bioavailable by root exudates as rice grew. OPEs in rice increased linearly with the growing period. The uptake and translocation processes of OPEs by crops were not well-explained by logKow alone, indicating other processes such as growth dilution are significant for understanding OPE levels in plant. The translocation factors of OPEs from nutritive to reproductive organs indicated that OPEs in rice seeds may follow the translocation from root to leaf and then transfer to grains. Two genera, Sphingomonas and Geobacter, associated with degradation of organophosphorus compounds were enriched in rhizosphere soils, indicating enhanced OPE degradation.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160664, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464055

RESUMO

This study investigated the influence of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuONPs) and Cu2+ on the uptake, translocation and subcellular distribution of organophosphate esters (OPEs) in rice seedlings using hydroponic experiments. The OPE concentrations in roots and shoots under the OPEs+CuONPs treatment were significantly lower than those with the OPEs+Cu2+ (low level) or OPEs-only treatments, indicating that CuONPs can hinder the uptake of OPEs by root via competitive adsorption under short-term exposure. The plasma membrane permeability and antioxidant enzyme activity implied that CuONPs had a negligible impact on rice seedlings and could even reduce the toxicity of OPEs to rice root. A significant negative correlation between translocation factor and octanol-water partition coefficient was observed for the three treatments, implying an important role of hydrophobicity on the acropetal translocation of OPEs. Relatively hydrophobic OPEs were mainly adsorbed on cell wall, while hydrophilic OPEs were concentrated in cell sap. The subcellular distributions of OPEs in the OPEs+Cu2+ (high level) or OPEs+CuONPs treatments slightly differed from the OPEs-only treatment, indicating that the coexistence of Cu2+ or CuONPs with OPEs can influence the subcellular distribution of OPEs by affecting their adsorption or partitioning processes. Inhibition experiment suggested that root uptake of OPEs is a non-energy-consuming facilitated diffusion mediated by aquaporin channel, which can be slightly changed by the co-exposure of CuONPs. This study improved the understanding of uptake and translocation of OPEs by rice under the co-exposure to CuONPs.

15.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1038536, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36452934

RESUMO

Soil aggregates provide spatially heterogeneous microhabitats that support the coexistence of soil microbes. However, there remains a lack of detailed assessment of the mechanism underlying aggregate-microbiome formation and impact on soil function. Here, the microbial assemblages within four different aggregate sizes and their correlation with microbial activities related to nutrient cycling were studied in rice fields in Southern China. The results show that deterministic and stochastic processes govern bacterial and fungal assemblages in agricultural soil, respectively. The contribution of determinism to bacterial assemblage improved as aggregate size decreased. In contrast, the importance of stochasticity to fungal assemblage was higher in macroaggregates (>0.25 mm in diameter) than in microaggregates (<0.25 mm). The association between microbial assemblages and nutrient cycling was aggregate-specific. Compared with microaggregates, the impacts of bacterial and fungal assemblages on carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycling within macroaggregates were more easily regulated by soil properties (i.e., soil organic carbon and total phosphorus). Additionally, soil nutrient cycling was positively correlated with deterministic bacterial assemblage but negatively correlated with stochastic fungal assemblage in microaggregates, implying that bacterial community may accelerate soil functions when deterministic selection increases. Overall, our study illustrates the ecological mechanisms underlying the association between microbial assemblages and soil functions in aggregates and highlights that the assembly of aggregate microbes should be explicitly considered for revealing the ecological interactions between agricultural soil and microbial communities.

16.
J Autoimmun ; 134: 102958, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36455385

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the compositional and functional characteristics of the gut microbiota in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) and compare them with those in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Stool samples from 78 treatment naïve pSS patients and 78 matched healthy controls were detected by shotgun metagenomic sequencing and compared with those from 49 treatment naïve SLE patients. The virulence loads and mimotopes of the gut microbiota were also assessed by sequence alignment. RESULTS: The gut microbiota of treatment naïve pSS patients had lower richness and evenness and showed a different community distribution than that of healthy controls. The microbial species enriched in the pSS-associated gut microbiota included Lactobacillus salivarius, Bacteroides fragilis, Ruminococcus gnavus, Clostridium bartlettii, Clostridium bolteae, Veillonella parvula, and Streptococcus parasanguinis. Lactobacillus salivarius was the most discriminating species in the pSS patients, especially in those with interstitial lung disease (ILD). Among the differentiating microbial pathways, the superpathway of l-phenylalanine biosynthesis was also further enriched in pSS complicated with ILD. There were more virulence genes carried by the gut microbiota in pSS patients, most of which encoded peritrichous flagella, fimbriae, or curli fimbriae, three types of bacterial surface organelles involved in bacterial colonization and invasion. Five microbial peptides with the potential to mimic pSS-related autoepitopes were also enriched in the pSS gut. SLE and pSS shared significant gut microbial traits, including the community distribution, altered microbial taxonomy and pathways, and enriched virulence genes. However, Ruminococcus torques was depleted in pSS patients but enriched in SLE patients compared to that in healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: The gut microbiota in treatment naïve pSS patients was disturbed and shared significant similarity with that in SLE patients.

17.
Biomater Sci ; 2022 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36562450

RESUMO

Cell traction mediates the biochemical and mechanical interactions between the cell and its extracellular matrix (ECM). Traction force microscopy (TFM) is a powerful technique for quantitative cellular scale traction analysis. However, it is challenging to characterize macromolecular scale traction events with current TFM due to the limited sampling density and algorithmic precision. In this article, we introduce a super-resolution TFM by utilizing a novel substrate surface modification method. Our TFM technique achieved a spatial resolution comparable to fluorescence microscopy and precision comparable to the rupture force of an integrin-ligand bond. Correlated imaging of TFM with fluorescence microscopy demonstrated that the residing paxillin highly correlated with traction while α5 integrin was located differently. Time-lapse TFM imaging captured a transient traction variation as the adhesion protein passed by. Thus, the novel super-resolution TFM benefits the studies on cellular biochemical and mechanical interactions.

18.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 847, 2022 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Toxocara canis is distributed worldwide, posing a serious threat to both human and dog health; however, the pathogenesis of T. canis infection in dogs remains unclear. In this study, the changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles in the bone marrow of Beagle dogs were investigated by RNA-seq and bioinformatics analysis. RESULTS: Thirty-nine differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs (DEmiRNAs) were identified in this study. Among these, four DEmiRNAs were identified at 24 h post-infection (hpi) and all were up-regulated; eight DEmiRNAs were identified with two up-regulated miRNAs and six down-regulated miRNAs at 96 hpi; 27 DEmiRNAs were identified with 13 up-regulated miRNAs and 14 down-regulated miRNAs at 36 days post-infection (dpi). Among these DEmiRNAs, cfa-miR-193b participates in the immune response by regulating the target gene cd22 at 24 hpi. The novel_328 could participate in the inflammatory and immune responses through regulating the target genes tgfb1 and tespa1, enhancing the immune response of the host and inhibiting the infection of T. canis at 96 hpi. In addition, cfa-miR-331 and novel_129 were associated with immune response and self-protection mechanisms at 36 dpi. 20 pathways were significantly enriched by KEGG pathway analysis, most of which were related to inflammatory response, immune response and cell differentiation, such as Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), ECM-receptor interaction and Focal adhesion. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested that miRNAs of Beagle dog bone marrow play important roles in the pathogenesis of T. canis infection in dogs and provided useful resources to better understand the interaction between T. canis and the hosts.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , MicroRNAs , Toxocara canis , Toxocaríase , Cães , Animais , Humanos , Toxocara canis/genética , Medula Óssea , MicroRNAs/genética , Doenças do Cão/genética , Doenças do Cão/patologia
19.
Foods ; 11(24)2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36553760

RESUMO

There is growing interest in enhancing the freeze-thaw stability of a Pickering emulsion to obtain a better taste in the frozen food field. A Pickering emulsion was prepared using a two-step homogenization method with soybean protein and maltose as raw materials. The outcomes showed that the freeze-thaw stability of the Pickering emulsion increased when prepared with an increase in soybean protein isolate (SPI) and maltose concentration. After three freeze-thaw treatments at 35 mg/mL, the Turbiscan Stability Index (TSI) value of the emulsion was the lowest. At this concentration, the surface hydrophobicity (H0) of the composite particles was 33.6 and the interfacial tension was 44.34 mN/m. Furthermore, the rheological nature of the emulsions proved that the apparent viscosity and viscoelasticity of Pickering emulsions grew with a growing oil phase volume fraction and concentration. The maximum value was reached in the case of the oil phase volume fraction of 50% at a concentration of 35 mg/mL, the apparent viscosity was 18 Pa·s, the storage modulus of the emulsion was 575 Pa, and the loss modulus was 152 Pa. This research is significant for the production of freeze-thaw resistant products, and improvement of protein-stabilized emulsion products with high freeze-thaw stability.

20.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1040679, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36479063

RESUMO

Background: Ocular graft-versus-host disease (oGVHD) is one of the complications after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), which impairs the quality of life and may indicate poor prognosis. In this retrospective study, the aim was to investigate the characteristics of ocular surface after HSCT, and analyze the risk factors related to the severity of ocular surface lesions. Methods: 248 post-HSCT patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. Subjects were divided into no lesion group, mild lesion group and severe lesion group, according to the severity of ocular surface lesions. The correlations between grades of ocular surface lesions and gender, age, primary disease, donor source, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) type, kinship, donor-recipient relationship, blood type, source of stem cell and systemic GVHD were analyzed. Results: The median scores of corneal epitheliopathy, lid margin lesions and meibomian gland loss were 3, 6 and 2 points, respectively. The grade of corneal epitheliopathy was related to donor source (P<0.001), kinship (P=0.033), HLA-matching (P<0.001), and systemic GVHD (P=0.007), especially oral GVHD (P<0.001) and liver GVHD (P=0.002). The grade of lid margin lesions was related to donor source (P=0.019), HLA-matching (P=0.006), and systemic GVHD (P=0.013), especially skin GVHD (P=0.019) and oral GVHD (P=0.019). The grade of meibomian gland loss was related to age (P=0.035) and gastrointestinal GVHD (P=0.007). The grade of corneal epitheliopathy after HSCT was related to the lid margin lesion score (P<0.001). Conclusions: The occurrence and development of ocular GVHD are mostly accompanied by the history of systemic GVHD. While in few cases, ocular surface lesions related to GVHD can be observed prior to the rejection of other tissues and organs. Severe corneal epitheliopathy occurs in patients with severe lid margin lesions in ocular GVHD. The lesions of corneal epithelium and lid margin are milder in HLA partially matching transplantation.

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