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1.
Org Lett ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607850

RESUMO

Bisboronic esters are critical compounds in various research fields, including drug discovery, chemical biology, and material sciences. Currently, the bisboronic esters with reactive functional groups are difficult to synthesize; this is partially due to the lack of a robust method to produce these products with diverse structures and various functional groups at specific locations. To overcome this issue, this study introduced a Ni-catalysis approach to produce bisboronic esters efficiently via cross-coupling and homocoupling using readily available halogenated boronic esters as the starting material under mild reaction conditions. This newly developed strategy enables Csp2-Csp2, Csp3-Csp3, and Csp2-Csp3 couplings, demonstrating a broad substrate scope and excellent compatibility with various functional groups.

2.
Poult Sci ; 103(5): 103637, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518665

RESUMO

To investigate the potential protective effect of prior cold stimulation on broiler intestine induced by acute cold stress (ACS). A total of 384 one-day-old broilers were divided into control (CON), ACS, cold stimulation Ⅰ (CS3+ACS), and cold stimulation Ⅱ (CS9+ACS) groups. Broilers in CON and ACS groups were reared normally, and birds in CS3+ACS and CS9+ACS groups were reared at 3℃ and 9℃ below CON group for 5 h, respectively, on alternate days from d 15 to 35. Broilers in ACS, CS3+ACS, and CS9+ACS groups were subjected to 10℃ for 24 h on d 43. Eventually, small intestine tissues were collected for histopathological observation and indexes detection. The results showed that intestinal tissues in all ACS-broilers exhibited inflammatory cell infiltrates, microvilli disruption, reduced villus length in jejunum and increased crypt depth in jejunum and ileum. Whereas these phenomena were relatively light in CS3+ACS group. Compared to CON group, mRNA expression of the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway-related genes (TLR4, MyD88, NF-κBp65, COX-2, iNOS, PTGEs, TNF-α), Th1/Th17-derived cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-8, IL-12, IFN-γ, IL-17), and HSPs (HSP40, HSP60, HSP70, HSP90) was upregulated (P < 0.05), and that of Th2-deviated cytokines (IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13) and IκBα was downregulated (P < 0.05) in small intestine in almost all ACS-broilers. Compared to ACS group, mRNA expression of most of the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway-related genes, Th1/Th17-derived cytokines, and HSPs was downregulated and that of Th2-derived cytokines was upregulated in CS3+ACS group (P < 0.05). Protein expression levels of TLR4, MyD88, p-p65/p65, p-IκBα/IκBα, IKK, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-10, and HSPs were similar to their mRNA expression. The concentration of sIgA and activities of CAT, SOD, and GSH-px were decreased and MDA and H2O2 were increased in ACS and CS9+ACS groups compared to CON group (P < 0.05). Therefore, cold stress caused oxidative stress and inflammation, leading to gut immune dysfunction; while mild cold stimulation at 3℃ below normal rearing temperature alleviated cold stress-induced intestinal injure and dysfunction by modulating the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway in broilers.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of physical therapy on pain and disability alleviation in patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP) has been demonstrated, but the risk factors for treatment failure remain unknown. AIM: To explore the associations of baseline demographic and clinical characteristics with treatment failure after physical therapy intervention for cLBP. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of a single-blind randomized clinical trial. SETTING: A rehabilitation hospital. POPULATION: A total of 98 patients with cLBP completed the 12-month measurement. METHODS: Patients were randomly grouped into 3-month therapeutic aquatic exercise or physical therapy modalities. The primary outcome was treatment failure, which was defined as a decrease in the numeric rating scale to less than 2.0 points at 12-month follow-up. Associations between baseline demographic and clinical characteristics with risk of treatment failure were assessed by logistic regressions. RESULTS: The pain intensity in the failure cases was alleviated after 3-month intervention but continuously increased at 6- and 12-month follow-up (P<0.05). Old age was significantly associated with an increased risk of treatment failure (adjusted OR 3.26, 95% CI 1.11-9.60). Compared with those receiving physical therapy modalities, the patients receiving therapeutic aquatic exercise had less risk of treatment failure (adjusted OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.08-0.47), and age (P=0.022) was a modifier for this association. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with younger ones, older patients with cLBP had a higher risk of treatment failure after physical therapy and gained a stronger benefit of long-term pain alleviation from therapeutic aquatic exercise. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Therapeutic aquatic exercise is an effective therapy for cLBP and more helpful for preventing treatment failure than physical therapy modalities, especially for older patients.

4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7514, 2024 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553505

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the impact of light perception presence or absence on visual function recovery in patients with traumatic optic neuropathy (TON). A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 206 TON patients. Based on the presence or absence of light perception after injury, patients were categorized into a light perception group and a non-light perception group. A comparison was made between the two groups regarding visual acuity recovery before and after treatment. The non-light perception group comprised 63 patients, with a treatment effectiveness rate of 39.68%. The light perception group consisted of 143 patients, with a treatment effectiveness rate of 74.83%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ2 = 23.464, P < 0.01). Subgroup analysis indicated that surgical treatment appeared to be more effective than steroid hormone therapy for patients with light perception. Conversely, for patients without light perception, there was no significant difference in the effectiveness of the two methods. The total effectiveness rate of the light perception group was significantly higher than that of the non-light perception group, suggesting that patients with light perception before treatment experience better outcomes compared to those without light perception. Treatment choices should be individualized to ensure optimal results.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Nervo Óptico , Humanos , Traumatismos do Nervo Óptico/tratamento farmacológico , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual
5.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 15(1): 63-85, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482233

RESUMO

Background: The discovery of biomarkers has facilitated the treatment of cancer. At present, the relationship between activin A receptor type-1 (ACVR1) and gastric cancer is gradually discovered. The aim of this study was to explore the expression of ACVR1 in gastric cancer and its clinical significance, to study the relationship between ACVR1 and tumor microenvironment (TME) for the prognosis of gastric cancer, and to further identify new targets for immunotherapy in gastric cancer. Methods: ACVR1 was first selected as a study gene according to several cancer and gastric cancer public datasets. Its pancancer expression was explored using the UCSC Xena database. The expression level, prognosis, and clinicopathological features of ACVR1 in gastric cancer were analyzed using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Immunohistochemistry (IHC)-based experiments were conducted to study the expression of ACVR1 at the protein level. The IHC data were analyzed for correlations between ACVR1 expression and various clinicopathological factors and prognosis. The correlation of this gene with the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway, immune infiltration, immune checkpoints, drug therapy, tumor mutation burden (TMB), microsatellite instability (MSI), and mismatch repair (MMR) system was analyzed using R software. Results: TCGA data showed that the expression of ACVR1 was higher in gastric cancer tissues than in paracancerous tissues. Moreover, the IHC experiments indicated that ACVR1 was upregulated in gastric cancer tissues at the protein level. Both univariate Cox and multivariate Cox results showed that the increase of ACVR1 was closely associated with tumor stage, size, lymph node metastasis, and age. High ACVR1 expression was linked to a poor prognosis of gastric cancer. The results also revealed that ACVR1 was closely related to suppressive immune cells and pathways. Analyses of immune checkpoints, antitumor drug, TMB, and immune microenvironment indicated that ACVR1 had an antitumor immune effect, promoting gastric cancer development and leading to poor immunotherapy. Conclusions: High ACVR1 expression can be used as an independent prognostic factor to predict the prognostic survival of patients with gastric cancer. ACVR1 expression in gastric cancer tissues was significantly correlated with immune infiltration and may thus serve as a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer immunotherapy.

6.
Mol Pharm ; 21(4): 1804-1816, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466359

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation is a significant pathological event involving the neurodegenerative process associated with many neurological disorders. Diagnosis and treatment of neuroinflammation in its early stage are essential for the prevention and management of neurological diseases. Herein, we designed macrophage membrane-coated photoacoustic (PA) probes (MSINPs), with targeting specificities based on naturally existing target-ligand interactions for the early diagnosis of neuroinflammation. The second near-infrared dye, IR1061, was doped into silica as the core and was encapsulated with a macrophage membrane. In vitro as well as in vivo, the MSINPs could target inflammatory cells via the inflammation chemotactic effect. PA imaging was used to trace the MSINPs in a neuroinflammation mouse model and showed a great targeted effect of MSINPs in the prefrontal cortex. Therefore, the biomimetic nanoprobe prepared in this study offers a new strategy for PA molecular imaging of neuroinflammation, which can enhance our understanding of the evolution of neuroinflammation in specific brain regions.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Animais , Camundongos , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos , Biomimética , Imagem Óptica
7.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that inhibition of Fucosyltransferase4 (FUT4) to activate Forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) can lead to apoptosis of cancer cells, however, the mechanism in osteosarcoma is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To explore the biological significance of the connection between FUT4 and FOXO1 in osteosarcoma growth. METHODS: In vitro tests were conducted using the human osteoblast cell line and the osteosarcoma cell lines. QRT-PCR assay as well as western blot assay were used to ascertain the relative expression levels of FUT4 and FOXO1 in the cells. By using the CCK-8 assay, colony assay, EDU assay, wound healing assay and Transwell assay, osteosarcoma cells' ability to proliferate, migrate and invade were examined in relation to si- FUT4. TUNEL test was used to evaluate Si-impact FUT4's on KHOS and U2OS apoptosis in osteosarcoma cells. Western blot assay was used to identify the expression of proliferative, migrating and apoptosis-related protein markers in osteosarcoma cells KHOS and U2OS and the expression of important proteins in the Wnt/ ß-catenin signaling pathway. RESULTS: In comparison with osteoblasts, osteosarcoma cells expressed more FUT4. The osteosarcoma cells' capacities to proliferate, invade, and migrate were markedly inhibited by the inhibition of FUT4 expression, which also increased osteosarcoma cell apoptosis. The Wnt/ß-Catenin signaling pathway was blocked by upregulating FOXO1 expression, which was in turn inhibited by inhibiting FUT4 expression. CONCLUSION: Osteosarcoma cells express more FUT4. The Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway has a significant effect on osteosarcoma cell death, and inhibition of FUT4 expression may target FOXO1 activation to decrease osteosarcoma cells' ability to proliferate, invade, and migrate.

9.
Clin Rehabil ; : 2692155241229398, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the effectiveness of different physical therapies for acute and sub-acute low back pain supported by evidence, and create clinical recommendations and expert consensus for physiotherapists on clinical prescriptions. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed and the Cochrane Library for studies published within the previous 15 years. REVIEW METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis, randomized controlled trials assessing patients with acute and sub-acute low back pain were included. Two reviewers independently screened relevant studies using the same inclusion criteria. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database and the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews tool were used to grade the quality assessment of randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews, respectively. The final recommendation grades were based on the consensus discussion results of the Delphi of 22 international experts. RESULTS: Twenty-one systematic reviews and 21 randomized controlled trials were included. Spinal manipulative therapy and low-level laser therapy are recommended for acute low back pain. Core stability exercise/motor control, spinal manipulative therapy, and massage can be used to treat sub-acute low back pain. CONCLUSIONS: The consensus statements provided medical staff with appliable recommendations of physical therapy for acute and sub-acute low back pain. This consensus statement will require regular updates after 5-10 years.

10.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 237, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor with strong invasiveness and poor prognosis. Previous studies have demonstrated the significant role of USP14 in various solid tumors. However, the role of USP14 in the regulation of HCC development and progression remains unclear. METHODS: We discovered through GEO and TCGA databases that USP14 may play an important role in liver cancer. Using bioinformatics analysis based on the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, we screened and identified USP14 as highly expressed in liver cancer. We detected the growth and metastasis of HCC cells promoted by USP14 through clone formation, cell counting kit 8 assay, Transwell assay, and flow cytometry. In addition, we detected the impact of USP14 on the downstream protein kinase B (AKT) and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathways using western blotting. The interaction mechanism between USP14 and HK2 was determined using immunofluorescence and coimmunoprecipitation (CO-IP) experiments. RESULTS: We found that sh-USP14 significantly inhibits the proliferation, invasion, and invasion of liver cancer cells, promoting apoptosis. Further exploration revealed that sh-USP14 significantly inhibited the expression of HK2. Sh-USP14 can significantly inhibit the expression of AKT and EMT signals. Further verification through immunofluorescence and CO-IP experiments revealed that USP14 co-expressed with HK2. Further research has found that USP14 regulates the glycolytic function of liver cancer cells by the deubiquitination of HK2. USP14 regulates the autophagy function of liver cancer cells by regulating the interaction between SQSTM1/P62 and HK2. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that USP14 plays a crucial role in the carcinogenesis of liver cancer. We also revealed the protein connections between USP14, HK2, and P62 and elucidated the potential mechanisms driving cancer development. The USP14/HK2/P62 axis may be a new therapeutic biomarker for the diagnosis and treatment of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Movimento Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/genética , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo
11.
Membranes (Basel) ; 14(2)2024 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38392671

RESUMO

The phase inversion tape casting has been widely used to fabricate open straight porous supports for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), which can offer better gas transmission and minimize the concentration polarization. However, the overall weak strength of the macro-porous structure still limits the applications of these SOFCs. In this work, a novel SOFC supported by an ordered porous cathode membrane with a four-layer configuration containing a finger-like porous 3 mol% yttria- stabilized zirconia (3YSZ)-La0.8Sr0.2Co0.6Fe0.4O3-δ (LSCF) catalyst, porous 8 mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia (8YSZ)-LSCF catalyst, and dense 8YSZ porous 8YSZ-NiO catalyst is successfully prepared by the phase inversion tape casting, dip-coating, co-sintering, and impregnation process. The flexural strength of the open straight porous 3YSZ membrane is as high as 131.95 MPa, which meets the requirement for SOFCs. The cathode-supported single cell shows a peak power density of 540 mW cm-2 at 850 °C using H2 as the fuel. The degradation mechanism of the SOFC is investigated by the combination of microstructure characterization and distribution of relaxation times (DRT) analysis.

12.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 17: 1269636, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356687

RESUMO

Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a recurrent pain condition that can be challenging to treat. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has become a promising non-invasive therapeutic option in alleviating FMS pain, but the mechanisms underlying its effectiveness are not yet fully understood. In this article, we discuss the most current research investigating the analgesic effects of tDCS on FMS and discuss the potential mechanisms. TDCS may exert its analgesic effects by influencing neuronal activity in the brain, altering cortical excitability, changing regional cerebral blood flow, modulating neurotransmission and neuroinflammation, and inducing neuroplasticity. Overall, evidence points to tDCS as a potentially safe and efficient pain relief choice for FMS by multiple underlying mechanisms. This article provides a thorough overview of our ongoing knowledge regarding the mechanisms underlying tDCS and emphasizes the possibility of further studies to improve the clinical utility of tDCS as a pain management tool.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(7): 4620-4631, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330912

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is highly lethal. New diagnostic and treatment modalities are desperately needed. We report here that an expanded porphyrin, cyclo[8]pyrrole (CP), with a high extinction coefficient (89.16 L/g·cm) within the second near-infrared window (NIR-II), may be formulated with an αvß3-specific targeting peptide, cyclic-Arg-Gly-Asp (cRGD), to form cRGD-CP nanoparticles (cRGD-CPNPs) with promising NIR-II photothermal (PT) therapeutic and photoacoustic (PA) imaging properties. Studies with a ring-array PA tomography system, coupled with analysis of control nanoparticles lacking a targeting element (CPNPs), revealed that cRGD conjugation promoted the delivery of the NPs through abnormal vessels around the tumor to the solid tumor core. This proved true in both subcutaneous and orthotopic pancreatic tumor mice models, as confirmed by immunofluorescent studies. In combination with NIR-II laser photoirradiation, the cRGD-CPNPs provided near-baseline tumor growth inhibition through PTT both in vitro and in vivo. Notably, the combination of the present cRGD-CPNPs and photoirradiation was found to inhibit intra-abdominal metastases in an orthotopic pancreatic tumor mouse model. The cRGD-CPNPs also displayed good biosafety profiles, as inferred from PA tomography, blood analyses, and H&E staining. They thus appear promising for use in combined PA imaging and PT therapeutic treatment of pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Animais , Camundongos , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Nanopartículas/química , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fototerapia
14.
Molecules ; 29(4)2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38398583

RESUMO

Hydroxylation of aryl sulfonium salts could be realized by utilizing acetohydroxamic acid and oxime as hydroxylative agents in the presence of cesium carbonate as a base, leading to a variety of structurally diverse hydroxylated arenes in 47-95% yields. In addition, the reaction exhibited broad functionality tolerance, and a range of important functional groups (e.g., cyano, nitro, sulfonyl, formyl, keto, and ester) could be well amenable to the mild reaction conditions.

15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(8): 4127-4141, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362879

RESUMO

An amyloid-ß (Aß) fibril is a vital pathogenic factor of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aß fibril disintegrators possess great potential to be developed into novel anti-AD agents. Here, a ligand fishing method was employed to rapidly discover Aß42 fibril disintegrators from Ganoderma lucidum using Aß42 fibril-immobilized magnetic beads, which led to the isolation of six Aß42 fibril disintegrators including ganodermanontriol, ganoderic acid DM, ganoderiol F, ganoderol B, ganodermenonol, and ergosterol. Neuroprotective evaluation in vitro exhibited that these Aß42 fibril disintegrators could significantly mitigate Aß42-induced neurotoxicity. Among these six disintegrators, ergosterol and ganoderic acid DM with stronger protecting activity were further selected to evaluate their neuroprotective effect on AD in vivo. Results showed that ergosterol and ganoderic acid DM could significantly alleviate Aß42-induced cognitive dysfunction and hippocampus neuron loss in vivo. Moreover, ergosterol and ganoderic acid DM could significantly inhibit Aß42-induced neuron apoptosis and Nrf2-mediated neuron oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Reishi , Triterpenos , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Ligantes , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Amiloide , Ergosterol , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/uso terapêutico
17.
J Med Virol ; 96(1): e29393, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38235934

RESUMO

Acute gastroenteritis outbreaks may be caused by the excretion of norovirus (NoV) from asymptomatic individuals. Despite numerous studies involving asymptomatic NoV infection during outbreaks in China, a comprehensive assessment of its role has not been conducted, which is critical for emergency management. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of asymptomatic NoV infection during outbreaks in China. We conducted a comprehensive search of multiple databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Wanfang, and China Weipu, between January 1, 1997 and June 19, 2023. The retrieved articles and their references underwent screening, which utilized polymerase chain reaction-based assays for the detection of NoV in asymptomatic individuals during outbreaks that occurred in China. The primary summary data were the prevalence of asymptomatic NoV infection in outbreaks. We generated pooled estimates of asymptomatic prevalence in the population as a whole and in subgroups by using random-effect models. Of the 97 articles included, the pooled asymptomatic prevalence of NoV among 5117 individuals in outbreaks was 17.6% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 14.1-21.3). The asymptomatic prevalence of NoV GII (17.1%, 95% CI: 12.9-21.5) was similar to that of NoV GI (22.0%, 95% CI: 12.8-32.4). However, the proportion of asymptomatic individuals involved in NoV GII (57.44%) was significantly higher than that of NoV GI (5.12%), and NoV GII (75.26%) was reported much more frequently than NoV GI (14.43%) in the included articles. Meta-regression analysis of 11 possible influencing factors (geographic region, setting, season, sample type, genotype, transmission route, occupation, age, per capita income, study quality, and cases definition) showed that the source of heterogeneity might be related to the outbreak settings, per capita income, and study quality (p = 0.037, 0.058, and 0.026, respectively). Of particular note was the asymptomatic prevalence peaked in preschoolers (27.8%), afterward, it fell into trough in elementary and junior school children (10.5%), before the second peak located in adults (17.8%), and the elderly (25.2%). Prevalent genotypes reported include GII.4, followed by GII.17, GII.2, GII.3, GII.6, and so forth. The estimated asymptomatic prevalence of NoV during outbreaks in China was as high as 17.6%, with NoV GII dominating. In addition, genetic subtypes of NoV in outbreaks should be detected whenever possible. The role of asymptomatic individuals in NoV outbreaks cannot be ignored. This knowledge will help governments develop public health policies and emergency response strategies for outbreaks, assess the burden, and develop vaccines.


Assuntos
Infecções Assintomáticas , Infecções por Caliciviridae , Humanos , Infecções Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Infecções por Caliciviridae/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Fezes , Genótipo , Norovirus , Filogenia
18.
J Int Med Res ; 52(1): 3000605231223441, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38258803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of bleomycin polidocanol foam (BPF) sclerotherapy for venous malformations (VMs) and analyze the associated clinical outcomes and predictors. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed BPF sclerotherapy outcomes in 138 patients with VMs. We analyzed pain levels, lesion volume reduction, and subjective perception of response. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify potential predictors of treatment outcome. Additionally, we carefully monitored and recorded complications. RESULTS: There was a notable average reduction in lesion volume by 78.50% ± 15.71%. The pain numerical rating scale (NRS) score decreased from 4.17 ± 2.63 prior to treatment to 1.05 ± 1.54 afterward, and 70.3% of the patients experienced effective relief after a single BPF treatment. Multivariate analysis revealed that a high baseline NRS (odds ratio [OR]: 4.026) and elevated activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT, OR: 1.200) were positive predictors of pain reduction. Additionally, a high baseline NRS score (OR: 1.992) and elevated thrombocytocrit (PCT, OR: 2.543) were positive predictors of incomplete postoperative pain relief. Minor complications occurred in 31 (22.46%) patients. CONCLUSION: BPF sclerotherapy is safe and effective for VMs, resulting in significant reduction in lesion volume, improved symptoms, and minimal complications. APTT and PCT levels are important predictors of pain outcomes following BPF treatment.


Assuntos
Bleomicina , Polietilenoglicóis , Escleroterapia , Humanos , Bleomicina/uso terapêutico , Polidocanol , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dor/etiologia
19.
Anal Chem ; 96(6): 2286-2291, 2024 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38289025

RESUMO

The link between inflammation and the evolution of cancer is well established. Visualizing and tracking both tumor proliferation and the associated inflammatory response within a living organism are vital for dissecting the nexus between these two processes and for crafting precise treatment modalities. We report the creation and synthesis of an advanced NIR chemiluminescence probe that stands out for its exceptional selectivity, extraordinary sensitivity at nanomolar concentrations, swift detection capabilities, and broad application prospects. Crucially, this probe has been successfully utilized to image endogenous ONOO- across different inflammation models, including abdominal inflammation triggered by LPS, subcutaneous inflammatory conditions, and tumors grafted onto mice. These findings highlight the significant promise of chemiluminescence imaging in enhancing our grasp of the intricate interplay between cancer and inflammation and in steering the development of potent, targeted therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Inflamação , Neoplasias , Animais , Camundongos , Inflamação/diagnóstico por imagem , Luminescência , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Corantes Fluorescentes , Ácido Peroxinitroso
20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 259(Pt 1): 129114, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181915

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the ameliorative effect of Codonopsis lanceolata polysaccharide (PCL) on mice with hypogalatia induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) and the potential underlying mechanism. We found that oral administration of PCL demonstrated significant benefits in countering the negative effects of HFD, including weight gain, hepatic steatosis, mesenteric adipocyte hypertrophy, and abnormal glucose/lipid metabolism. In addition, PCL improved mammary gland development and enhanced lactogenesis performance. Histologically, PCL ameliorated the retardation of ductal growth, reduced mammary fat pad thickness, improved the incomplete linear encapsulation of luminal epithelium and myoepithelium, and increased the proliferation of mammary epithelial cells. Flow cytometry analysis showed that PCL mitigated the detrimental effects of HFD on mammary gland development by promoting the proliferation and differentiation of mammary epithelial cells. Mechanistic studies revealed that PCL upregulated the levels of prolactin (PRL) and its receptor (PRLR) in the mammary gland, activated JAK2/STAT5 signaling pathway, and increased the expression of p63, ERBB4, and NRG1. Overall, PCL can ameliorate HFD-induced hypogalactia by activating PRLR-mediated JAK2/STAT5 signaling. Our findings offer a methodological and theoretical foundation for investigating the functional constituents of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of hypogalactia.


Assuntos
Codonopsis , Transtornos da Lactação , Humanos , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Prolactina/metabolismo , Prolactina/farmacologia , Receptores da Prolactina/metabolismo , Codonopsis/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Transdução de Sinais , Período Pós-Parto , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
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