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1.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 154: 106533, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598918

RESUMO

The present work aims to develop a production method of pre-sintered zirconia-toughened-alumina (ZTA) composite blocks for machining in a computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) system. The ZTA composite comprised of 80% Al2O3 and 20% ZrO2 was synthesized, uniaxially and isostatically pressed to generate machinable CAD-CAM blocks. Fourteen green-body blocks were prepared and pre-sintered at 1000 °C. After cooling and holder gluing, a stereolithography (STL) file was designed and uploaded to manufacture disk-shaped specimens projected to comply with ISO 6872:2015. Seventy specimens were produced through machining of the blocks, samples were sintered at 1600 °C and two-sided polished. Half of the samples were subjected to accelerated autoclave hydrothermal aging (20h at 134 °C and 2.2 bar). Immediate and aged samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Optical and mechanical properties were assessed by reflectance tests and by biaxial flexural strength test, Vickers indentation and fracture toughness, respectively. Samples produced by machining presented high density and smooth surfaces at SEM evaluation with few microstructural defects. XRD evaluation depicted characteristic peaks of alpha alumina and tetragonal zirconia and autoclave aging had no effect on the crystalline spectra of the composite. Optical and mechanical evaluations demonstrated a high masking ability for the composite and a characteristic strength of 464 MPa and Weibull modulus of 17, with no significant alterations after aging. The milled composite exhibited a hardness of 17.61 GPa and fracture toughness of 5.63 MPa m1/2, which remained unaltered after aging. The synthesis of ZTA blocks for CAD-CAM was successful and allowed for the milling of disk-shaped specimens using the grinding method of the CAD-CAM system. ZTA composite properties were unaffected by hydrothermal autoclave aging and present a promising alternative for the manufacture of infrastructures of fixed dental prostheses.

2.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 113, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431689

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of mirabegron and vibegron in female OAB patients. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, prospective, randomized crossover study of female patients with OAB. The patients were assigned to Group MV (mirabegron for 8 weeks, followed by vibegron for 8 weeks) or group VM (vibegron for 8 weeks, followed by mirabegron for 8 weeks). The primary endpoint was the change in OABSS from baseline, and the secondary endpoint was the change in FVC parameters. After completion of the study, each patient was asked which drug was preferable. RESULTS: A total of 83 patients were enrolled (40 and 43 in groups MV and VM, respectively). At 8th and 16th week, 33 and 29 in Group MV and 34 and 27 in Group VM continued to receive the treatment. The change in PVR was not significantly different between treatment with mirabegron and vibegron. The changes in OABSS, nighttime frequency, mean, and maximum voided volume were similar between mirabegron and vibegron. The mean change in the daytime frequency was greater in the vibegron than in the mirabegron. Of the 56 patients, 15 (27%) and 30 (53%) preferred mirabegron and vibegron, respectively. The remaining 11 patients (20%) showed no preference. The change in the urgency incontinence score during vibegron was better in patients who preferred vibegron to mirabegron. CONCLUSION: The efficacies of mirabegron and vibegron in female patients was similar. The patients' preference for vibegron could depend on the efficacy of vibegron for urgency incontinence.


Assuntos
Pirimidinonas , Pirrolidinas , Tiazóis , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa , Incontinência Urinária , Agentes Urológicos , Humanos , Feminino , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/tratamento farmacológico , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/complicações , Estudos Cross-Over , Estudos Prospectivos , Acetanilidas/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Método Duplo-Cego , Agentes Urológicos/uso terapêutico , Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 3/uso terapêutico
3.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 15(1): 84, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA) is a distressing adverse effect of chemotherapy, with an estimated incidence of 65% and limited treatment options. Cyclophosphamide (CYP) is a common alopecia-inducing chemotherapy agent. Human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) secrete several paracrine factors that up-regulate hair growth. Conditioned medium (CM) collected from DPSCs (DPSC-CM) promotes hair growth; culturing mesenchymal stem cells under hypoxic conditions can enhance this effect. METHODS: The effect of DPSC-CM cultured under normoxic (N-) and hypoxic (H-) conditions against CYP-mediated cytotoxicity in keratinocytes was examined using cell viability assay, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) cytotoxicity assay, and apoptosis detection. The damage-response pathway was determined in a well-established CIA mouse model by analyzing macroscopic effects, histology, and apoptosis. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and Caspase-3/7 activity assay were used to investigate the impact of DPSC-CM on the molecular damage-response pathways in CYP-treated mice. The effect of post-CIA DPSC-CM application on post-CIA hair regrowth was analyzed by macroscopic effects and microstructure observation of the hair surface. Furthermore, to investigate the safety of DPSC-CM as a viable treatment option, the effect of DPSC-CM on carcinoma cell lines was examined by cell viability assay and a subcutaneous tumor model. RESULTS: In the cell viability assay, DPSC-CM was observed to increase the number of keratinocytes over varying CYP concentrations. Furthermore, it reduced the LDH activity level and suppressed apoptosis in CYP-treated keratinocytes. DPSC-CM exhibited the cytoprotective role in vivo via the dystrophic anagen damage-response pathway. While both N-CM and H-CM downregulated the Caspase-3/7 activity level, H-CM downregulated Caspase-3 mRNA expression. The proportion of post-CIA H-CM-treated mice with > 90% normal hair was nearly twice that of vehicle- or N-CM-treated mice between days 50 and 59 post-depilation, suggesting that post-CIA H-CM application may accelerate hair regrowth and improve hair quality. Furthermore, DPSC-CM suppressed proliferation in vitro in certain carcinoma cell lines and did not promote the squamous cell carcinoma (SCC-VII) tumor growth rate in mice. CONCLUSIONS: The potentiality of DPSC-CM and H-CM as a promising cytoprotective agent and hair regrowth stimulant, respectively, for CIA needs in-depth exploration.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Caspase 3/genética , Polpa Dentária , Alopecia/induzido quimicamente , Alopecia/terapia , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma/induzido quimicamente
4.
Diabetes ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394641

RESUMO

Beneficial effects of SGLT2 inhibitors on kidney function are well-known; however, their molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. We focused on 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78) and its interaction with SGLT2 and Integrin ß1 beyond the chaperone property of GRP78. In STZinduced diabetic mouse kidneys, GRP78, SGLT2, and Integrin ß1 increased in the plasma membrane fraction, while they were suppressed by canagliflozin. The altered subcellular localization of GRP78/Integrin ß1 in STZ mice promoted epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and fibrosis, which were mitigated by canagliflozin. High glucose conditions reduced intracellular GRP78, increased its secretion, and caused EMT-like changes in cultured HK2 cells, which were again inhibited by canagliflozin. Urinary GRP78 increased in STZ mice, and in vitro experiments with recombinant GRP78 suggested that inflammation spread to surrounding tubular cells and canagliflozin reversed this effect. Under normal glucose culture, canagliflozin maintained SERCA activity, promoted endoplasmic reticulum (ER) robustness, reduced ER stress response impairment, and protected proximal tubular cells. In conclusion, canagliflozin restored subcellular localization of GRP78, SGLT2 and Integrin ß1 and inhibited EMT and fibrosis in DKD. In non-diabetic CKD, canagliflozin promoted ER robustness by maintaining SERCA activity and preventing ER stress response failure, and contribute to tubular protection.

5.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1295918, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38404469

RESUMO

Introduction: Parents and guardians (hereafter caregivers) of teenagers need high levels of mental health literacy (MHL) to manage mental health problems arising in teenagers in their care. Previous studies assessing MHL levels in caregivers of teenagers have reported mixed results, making it difficult to clearly estimate caregiver MHL levels. This study aimed to investigate MHL levels in Japanese caregivers of regular teenagers. Methods: Responses from caregivers (n = 1,397) of students entering junior and senior high schools to a self-administered online questionnaire were analyzed. The questionnaire assessed (a) knowledge about mental health/illnesses and (b) attitudes towards mental health problems in teens in their care (e.g., recognition of depression as a medical illness and intention to engage in helping behaviors). Results: The average proportion of correct answers to the knowledge questions (n = 7) was 55.4%; about one tenth (9.2%) of caregivers correctly answered only one or none of the questions. Few caregivers correctly answered about the life-time prevalence of any mental illnesses (46.1%) and appropriate sleep duration for teenagers' health (16.5%). The proportions of caregivers who had the intention to listen to the teen in their care, consult another person, and seek professional medical help if the teen suffered from depression were 99.5%, 91.5% and 72.7%, respectively. Conclusions: Many teenagers' caregivers appeared to be willing to help the teens in their care if they were suffering from mental health problems. However, there was much room for improvement in knowledge on mental health/illnesses and intention to seek help from medical professionals. Efforts toward better education should be made.

6.
J Biomed Opt ; 29(2): 025002, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390308

RESUMO

Significance: Managing caries is imperative in a rapidly aging society. Current diagnoses use qualitative indices. However, a quantitative evaluation of hardness in a clinical setting may lead to more accurate diagnoses. Previously, hardness meter using indenter with light for tooth monitoring (HAMILTOM) was developed to quantitatively measure tooth hardness. Herein, the physical interpretation of dentin hardness measured using HAMILTOM and the dentin hardness measurement mechanism are discussed. Aim: This study evaluates the mechanism of dentin hardness measurements using HAMILTOM physically and compare the invasiveness to dentin by HAMILTOM with those using a dental probe for palpation. Approach: Eleven bovine dentin samples were used to create caries models. HAMILTOM measured the dark areas, and its indentations were observed using scanning electron microscopy. Also, its invasiveness was evaluated by comparing the results with those from dental probe palpation. Results: The indentation areas were smaller than the dark areas in HAMILTOM, which may be due to exuded water from the dentin sample and the elastic recovery of dentin sample. Additionally, the dental probe indentation was deeper than the HAMILTOM indentations. Conclusions: The results demonstrate that the indentation areas were smaller than the dark areas measured by HAMILTOM, which might contain the influence of exuded water and the deformation of dentin sample. Also, HAMILTOM is less invasive than dental probe palpation. In the future, HAMILTOM may become a standard hardness measuring method to diagnose root caries.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Cárie Dentária , Animais , Bovinos , Dureza , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Água , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(1): e2353166, 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270951

RESUMO

Importance: The suicidal risk of psychopathology in adolescence is suggested to differ based on its longitudinal trajectory, but the comorbidity of these symptom trajectories has not been well examined. This study comprehensively clustered trajectories of multiple psychopathological and behavioral symptoms and examined their associations with suicidal thoughts in adolescence. Objective: To determine which categories and trajectories of psychopathological and behavioral symptoms are associated with suicidal thoughts in adolescence, accounting for comorbid symptoms. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study in Japan used data from the Tokyo Teen Cohort (TTC) study, which was established in 2012 and is currently ongoing. Data from 3 waves of surveys conducted at ages 10, 12, and 16 years from October 2012 to September 2021 were used. Of the adolescents in the cohort, participants with at least 2 evaluations of psychopathological and behavioral symptoms were included. Data were analyzed from December 2022 to March 2023. Exposure: Latent class growth analysis was used to cluster the trajectory of each psychopathological and behavioral symptom. Main Outcomes and Measures: The associations between symptom trajectories and suicidal thoughts at age 16 were examined. Suicidal thoughts were assessed using a self-report questionnaire. Psychopathological and behavioral symptoms were assessed using the 8 subscale scores of the caregiver-report Child Behavior Checklist. Results: This study included 2780 adolescents (1306 female participants [47.0%]). Of the 1920 adolescents with data on suicidal thoughts, 158 (8.2%) had suicidal thoughts. The median (IQR) age was 10.2 (10.0-10.3) years at the first evaluation, 11.9 (11.8-12.1) years at the second evaluation, and 16.3 (16.1-16.5) years at the last evaluation. The clustering pattern of trajectories varied depending on symptom categories. After adjusting for each symptom trajectory and confounders, adolescents with persistent high withdrawn symptoms (odds ratio [OR], 1.88; 95% CI, 1.10-3.21) and those with increasing somatic symptoms (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.16-3.34) had a significantly higher risk of suicidal thoughts than adolescents without these symptoms. There was no interaction between these symptom trajectories and the risk of suicidal thoughts. Conclusions and Relevance: This cohort study found that persistent withdrawn symptoms and increasing somatic symptoms during early to midadolescence were associated with an increased risk of suicidal thoughts in midadolescence, even after accounting for comorbid symptoms and confounders. Attention should be paid to the suicidal risk associated with these symptoms, particularly when they persist or increase in the longitudinal follow-up.


Assuntos
Sintomas Inexplicáveis , Criança , Adolescente , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos de Coortes , Ideação Suicida , Sintomas Comportamentais , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial
8.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 46, 2024 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38218772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sex disparities in the association between epicardial adipose tissue volume (EATV) and cardiovascular disease have been reported. The sex-dependent effects of EATV on left atrial (LA) size have not been elucidated. METHODS: Consecutive 247 subjects (median 65 [interquartile range 57, 75] years; 67% of men) who underwent multi-detector computed tomography without significant coronary artery disease or moderate to severe valvular disease were divided into two groups: patients with sinus rhythm (SR) or atrial fibrillation (AF). Sex differences in the association between the EATV index (EATVI) (mL/m2) and LA volume index (LAVI) in 63 SR (28 men and 35 women) and 184 AF (137 men and 47 women) patients were evaluated using univariate and multivariate regression analyses. RESULTS: In overall that includes both men and women, the relationship between EATVI and LAVI was not significantly correlated for patients with SR and AF. The relationship between EATVI and LAVI differed between men and women in both SR and AF groups. In SR patients, there was a positive relationship between EATVI and LAVI in men, but not in women. In contrast, in patients with AF, a negative relationship was found between EATVI and LAVI in women, whereas no association was found in men. CONCLUSIONS: We evaluated sex differences in the association between EATVI and LAVI in patients with either SR or AF, and found a positive relationship in men with SR and a negative relationship in women with AF. This is the first report to evaluate sex differences in the relationship between EATVI and LAVI, suggesting that EAT may play a role, at least in part, in sex differences in the etiology of AF.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , 60428 , Caracteres Sexuais , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171769

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to establish and assess the validity of in silico models of biaxial flexural strength (BFS) tests to reflect in vitro physical properties obtained from two commercially available computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) ceramic blocks and one CAD/CAM resin composite block. METHODS: In vitro three-point bending and BFS tests were conducted for three CAD/CAM materials (n = 10): Katana Zirconia ST10 (raw material: super-translucent multilayered zirconia, ST10; Kuraray Noritake Dental, Niigata, Japan), Katana Zirconia HT10 (raw material: highly translucent multilayered zirconia, HT10; Kuraray Noritake Dental), and Katana Avencia N (AN; Kuraray Noritake Dental). Densities, flexural moduli, and fracture strains were obtained from the in vitro three-point bending test and used as an input for an in silico nonlinear finite element analysis. The maximum principal stress (MPS) distribution was obtained from an in silico BFS analysis. RESULTS: The elastic moduli of AN, HT10, and ST10 were 6.513, 40.039, and 32.600 GPa, respectively. The in silico fracture pattern of ST10 observed after the in silico evaluation was similar to the fracture pattern observed after the in vitro testing. The MPS was registered in the center of the tensile surface for all three specimens. The projections of the supporting balls were in the form of a triple asymmetry. CONCLUSIONS: The in silico approach established in this study provided an acceptable reflection of in vitro physical properties, and will be useful to assess biaxial flexural properties of CAD/CAM materials without wastage of materials.

11.
Dent Mater ; 40(3): 527-530, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228428

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This paper summarizes the effective components of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) resin composites that contribute to achieving greater mechanical properties and further development. METHODS: In silico multi-scale analysis, in silico nonlinear dynamic finite element analysis (FEA), and artificial intelligence (AI) were used to explore the effective components of CAD-CAM resin composites. The effects of the filler diameter and silane coupling ratio on the mechanical properties of CAD-CAM resin composites have been clarified through multi-scale analysis. The effects of the filler contents, and filler and monomer compositions have been investigated by AI algorithms. The fracture behavior of CAD-CAM composite crown was analyzed using in silico non-linear dynamic FEA. The longevity of CAD-CAM composite crown was assessed through step-stress accelerating life testing (SSALT). RESULTS: As the filler diameter decreases, there is an increase in elastic moduli and compressive strengths at the macroscale. At the nanoscale, a decrease in the filler diameter results in a decrease in the maximum value of the maximum principal strain. When the silane coupling ratio decreases, there is a decrease in the elastic modulus and compressive strength. According to the exhaustive search and feature importance analysis based on the AI algorithm, the combination of certain components was narrowed down to achieve a flexural strength of 269.5 MPa. The in silico non-linear FEA successfully detected the sign of the initial crack of the CAD-CAM composite molar crown. The SSALT revealed that CAD-CAM resin composite molar crowns containing nanofillers with a high fraction of resin matrix demonstrated great longevity. SIGNIFICANCE: This paper summarized the effective components of CAD-CAM resin composites for their further development. The integration of in vitro and in silico approaches will expedite the advancement of CAD-CAM resin composites, offering benefits such as time efficiency and reduction of material waste for researchers and manufacturers.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Silanos , Teste de Materiais , Resinas Compostas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Propriedades de Superfície , Cerâmica
12.
J Foot Ankle Surg ; 63(2): 123-126, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38043597

RESUMO

Nonunion is a major complication of arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis. However, the characteristics and risk factors of nonunion are not well understood. This retrospective multicenter observational study aimed to clarify the characteristics of nonunion after arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis. We included 154 patients who underwent arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis at any 1 of 5 institutions. Patients were divided into 2 groups: union and nonunion, and the groups were compared. Age, sex, body mass index, diabetes, smoking, corticosteroid use, diagnosis, treatment information, treatment protocol, radiographic evaluation, and patient-reported outcomes were recorded and analyzed. On radiographs, bony union was observed in 142 ankles (91.0%) but not in 12 ankles (9.0%). Postoperative radiographic tibial bony gap (mm) was significantly larger in the nonunion group (medial = 1.98, center = 1.65, anterior = 2.21, middle = 1.72, posterior = 3.01) than in the union group (medial = 1.35, center = 1.13, anterior = 1.28, middle = 1.03, posterior = 2.03). Furthermore, the visual analog score (VAS) of pain and pain-related self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire (SAFE-Q) subscale score significantly worsened in the nonunion group (VAS = 3.83, SAFE-Q subscale score = 69.8) compared to that in the union group (VAS = 1.35, SAFE-Q subscale score = 76.6). A larger radiographic tibiotalar bony gap was observed in the nonunion group. Other measurement outcomes were not associated with nonunion. Additionally, patient-reported outcomes markedly worsened in the nonunion group.


Assuntos
Articulação do Tornozelo , Tornozelo , Humanos , Articulação do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artrodese/efeitos adversos , Artrodese/métodos , Dor/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Lancet ; 403(10421): 31-43, 2024 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38048793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The GOG240 trial established bevacizumab with chemotherapy as standard first-line therapy for metastatic or recurrent cervical cancer. In the BEATcc trial (ENGOT-Cx10-GEICO 68-C-JGOG1084-GOG-3030), we aimed to evaluate the addition of an immune checkpoint inhibitor to this standard backbone. METHODS: In this investigator-initiated, randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial, patients from 92 sites in Europe, Japan, and the USA with metastatic (stage IVB), persistent, or recurrent cervical cancer that was measurable, previously untreated, and not amenable to curative surgery or radiation were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive standard therapy (cisplatin 50 mg/m2 or carboplatin area under the curve of 5, paclitaxel 175 mg/m2, and bevacizumab 15 mg/kg, all on day 1 of every 3-week cycle) with or without atezolizumab 1200 mg. Treatment was continued until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, patient withdrawal, or death. Stratification factors were previous concomitant chemoradiation (yes vs no), histology (squamous cell carcinoma vs adenocarcinoma including adenosquamous carcinoma), and platinum backbone (cisplatin vs carboplatin). Dual primary endpoints were investigator-assessed progression-free survival according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours version 1.1 and overall survival analysed in the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03556839, and is ongoing. FINDINGS: Between Oct 8, 2018, and Aug 20, 2021, 410 of 519 patients assessed for eligibility were enrolled. Median progression-free survival was 13·7 months (95% CI 12·3-16·6) with atezolizumab and 10·4 months (9·7-11·7) with standard therapy (hazard ratio [HR]=0·62 [95% CI 0·49-0·78]; p<0·0001); at the interim overall survival analysis, median overall survival was 32·1 months (95% CI 25·3-36·8) versus 22·8 months (20·3-28·0), respectively (HR 0·68 [95% CI 0·52-0·88]; p=0·0046). Grade 3 or worse adverse events occurred in 79% of patients in the experimental group and in 75% of patients in the standard group. Grade 1-2 diarrhoea, arthralgia, pyrexia, and rash were increased with atezolizumab. INTERPRETATION: Adding atezolizumab to a standard bevacizumab plus platinum regimen for metastatic, persistent, or recurrent cervical cancer significantly improves progression-free and overall survival and should be considered as a new first-line therapy option. FUNDING: F Hoffmann-La Roche.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina , Doença Crônica , Cisplatino , Platina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico
15.
J Orthop Sci ; 29(1): 243-248, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610840

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to clarify the variability in the measurements of stress sonography of the ankle and determine the effects of examiner experience on the measurements. METHODS: Twenty examiners (10 experienced and 10 beginners) were included in the study. Each examiner performed stress ultrasonography on a patient with a chronic anterior talofibular ligament injury and a patient with an intact ligament using the reverse anterior drawer method. Changes in ligament length before versus after stress were determined. The same 20 examiners performed ultrasonography on two other patients with an injured or intact ATFL using the anterior drawer method. The length change values and variance were compared between the groups using t-tests and F-tests. RESULTS: Using the reverse anterior drawer method, the change in the anterior talofibular ligament length was 3.3 mm (range, 2.2-4.8 mm) in the experienced group and 2.7 mm (0.0-4.1 mm) in the beginner group for the ligament injured patient. The length changes for the patient with intact anterior talofibular ligament were 0.5 mm (0.1-0.9 mm) and 0.4 mm (-0.1-1.5 mm) in the experienced and beginner groups, respectively. There were no significant intergroup differences in measurement amount (P = 0.37) or variance (P = 0.72). Similarly, using the anterior drawer method, no significant differences between the groups were found in measurement amount or variance. CONCLUSION: The quantitative evaluation of stress sonography of the ankle was variable regardless of examiner experience or stress method, particularly in patients with an anterior talofibular ligament injury. The amount of variability appeared to be unacceptably large for clinical application. Our study results highlight the need for technical standardization.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Instabilidade Articular , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo , Humanos , Tornozelo , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/lesões , Ultrassonografia/métodos
16.
Hypertens Res ; 47(1): 128-136, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37717117

RESUMO

Blood pressure variability is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease. Defecation status has also been associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate the association between blood pressure variability and defecation status. A total of 184 participants who could measure their home blood pressure for at least 8 days monthly, both at baseline and 1 year later, were included in this study. All participants had their home blood pressure measured using HEM-9700T (OMRON Healthcare). Day-to-day variability of systolic blood pressure was assessed using the coefficient of variation of home systolic blood pressure during 1 month. Data on defecation status was obtained using a questionnaire survey. Eighty-nine patients had an elevated coefficient of variation at 1 year. The proportion of participants with elevated coefficient of variation at 1 year was significantly higher in the no daily bowel movement group than in the daily bowel movement group (72% vs. 42%, P = 0.001). In multivariable logistic regression analysis with the elevated coefficient of variation at 1 year as the objective variable and age, sex, no daily bowel movement, taking medications, including antihypertensive drugs, laxatives, and intestinal preparations, and coefficient of variation at baseline as independent variables, no daily bowel movement was independently associated with the elevated coefficient of variation at 1 year (odds ratio: 3.81, 95% confidence interval: 1.64-8.87, P = 0.0019). In conclusion, no daily bowel movement was independently associated with elevated day-to-day blood pressure variability at 1 year. Relationship between defecation status and blood pressure level or blood pressure variability.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Humanos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Defecação , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico
17.
Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev ; 13(1): 87-95, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37559414

RESUMO

Dotinurad has been approved in Japan as a selective urate reabsorption inhibitor for the treatment of gout and hyperuricemia. The relationship between uric acid crystallization and the use of uricosuric drugs is widely acknowledged; however, the relationship between changes in urinary uric acid concentration and urine pH or volume has not been sufficiently analyzed. Therefore, we investigated the changes in urinary uric acid concentration following dotinurad administration as well as the relationship between urine pH or volume and urinary uric acid concentration. This post hoc analysis used data from 2 clinical trials that included 12 and 26 patients with hyperuricemia who received dotinurad treatment (for 7 days on an inpatient basis and 14 weeks on an outpatient basis, respectively). The urinary uric acid concentration transiently increased in the early stages of dotinurad use and when its dose was increased, but decreased over time. No uric acid concentrations exceeded the soluble limit at any urine pH. An inverse correlation was observed between urine volume and urinary uric acid concentration. This study highlights the significance of adequately managing urinary uric acid concentrations by increasing urine volume and alkalinizing urine to prevent uric acid crystallization during dotinurad administration.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Úrico , Japão , Uricosúricos
18.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 150: 106311, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38128470

RESUMO

This study aimed to develop a recycling process for the remnants of milled 3Y-TZP and enhance their properties using glass infiltration. 3Y-TZP powder was gathered from the vacuum system of CAD-CAM milling equipment, calcined and sieved (x < 75 µm). One hundred twenty discs were fabricated and pre-sintered at 1000 °C/h. These specimens were then divided into four groups, categorized by glass infiltration (non-infiltrated [Zr] or glass-infiltrated [Zr-G]) and sintering temperature (1450 °C [Zr-1450] or 1550 °C [Zr-1550]/2h). After sintering, the specimens were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), relative density measurement, and scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The biaxial flexural strength test was performed according to the ISO 6872 and followed by fractographic analysis. Subsequent results were analyzed using Weibull statistics. Relative density values of the sintered specimens from Zr-1450 and Zr-1550 groups were 86.7 ± 1.5% and 92.2 ± 1.7%, respectively. Particle size distribution revealed particles within the range of 0.1-100 µm. XRD analysis highlighted the presence of the ZrO2-tetragonal in both the Zr-1450 and Zr-1550 groups. Glass infiltration, however, led to the formation of the ZrO2-monoclinic of 9.84% (Zr-1450-G) and 18.34% (Zr-1550-G). SEM micrographs demonstrated similar microstructural characteristics for Zr-1450 and Zr-1550, whereas the glass-infiltrated groups exhibited comparable infiltration patterns. The highest characteristic strength was observed in the glass-infiltrated groups. Fractographic analyses suggested that fracture origins were related to defects on the tensile side, which propagated to the compression side of the samples. Both the sintering temperature and glass infiltration significantly influenced the mechanical properties of the 3Y-TZP recycled.


Assuntos
Resistência à Flexão , Zircônio , Temperatura , Teste de Materiais , Zircônio/química , Ítrio/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Materiais Dentários , Cerâmica/química
19.
J Prosthodont ; 2023 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38066718

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the effects of core materials, remaining tooth structures, and interfacial bonding on stress distribution in endodontically treated teeth using finite element analysis (FEA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional FEA was conducted using a reverse engineering technique based on maxillary premolars scanned by micro-computed tomography. Six models were generated with or without ferrules and with one of the following three abutment systems: metal core, resin core, or resin core with fiber posts. In each model, bonding and debonding were assumed in the dentin and surrounding structures: bonded and debonded models. The maximum principal stress values were recorded, and stress distribution of the entire restored teeth and dentin was generated. Furthermore, the distribution of the displacement vector of the debonded models was generated. RESULTS: In comparing the bonded and debonded models, the debonded models showed larger values for tensile stresses than those in bonded models for all abutment models. The models without ferrules rotated around the center of the abutment, whereas those with ferrules did not show remarkable displacement in the analysis. CONCLUSION: FEA assuming fracture of adhesive interface proved to be an effective method to clarify the significance of ferrules. It prevents stress concentration in dentin by reducing the rotation of the abutment, even when the adhesive fails.

20.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(24)2023 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38138684

RESUMO

Dental zirconias have been broadly utilized in dentistry due to their high mechanical properties and biocompatibility. Although initially introduced in dentistry as an infrastructure material, the high rate of technical complications related to veneered porcelain has led to significant efforts to improve the optical properties of dental zirconias, allowing for its monolithic indication. Modifications in the composition, processing methods/parameters, and the increase in the yttrium content and cubic phase have been presented as viable options to improve zirconias' translucency. However, concerns regarding the hydrothermal stability of partially stabilized zirconia and the trade-off observed between optical and mechanical properties resulting from the increased cubic content remain issues of concern. While the significant developments in polycrystalline ceramics have led to a wide diversity of zirconia materials with different compositions, properties, and clinical indications, the implementation of strong, esthetic, and sufficiently stable materials for long-span fixed dental prostheses has not been completely achieved. Alternatives, including advanced polycrystalline composites, functionally graded structures, and nanosized zirconia, have been proposed as promising pathways to obtain high-strength, hydrothermally stable biomaterials. Considering the evolution of zirconia ceramics in dentistry, this manuscript aims to present a critical perspective as well as an update to previous classifications of dental restorative ceramics, focusing on polycrystalline ceramics, their properties, indications, and performance.

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