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1.
J Cell Biol ; 223(6)2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587486

RESUMO

ß-Coronaviruses remodel host endomembranes to form double-membrane vesicles (DMVs) as replication organelles (ROs) that provide a shielded microenvironment for viral RNA synthesis in infected cells. DMVs are clustered, but the molecular underpinnings and pathophysiological functions remain unknown. Here, we reveal that host fragile X-related (FXR) family proteins (FXR1/FXR2/FMR1) are required for DMV clustering induced by expression of viral non-structural proteins (Nsps) Nsp3 and Nsp4. Depleting FXRs results in DMV dispersion in the cytoplasm. FXR1/2 and FMR1 are recruited to DMV sites via specific interaction with Nsp3. FXRs form condensates driven by liquid-liquid phase separation, which is required for DMV clustering. FXR1 liquid droplets concentrate Nsp3 and Nsp3-decorated liposomes in vitro. FXR droplets facilitate recruitment of translation machinery for efficient translation surrounding DMVs. In cells depleted of FXRs, SARS-CoV-2 replication is significantly attenuated. Thus, SARS-CoV-2 exploits host FXR proteins to cluster viral DMVs via phase separation for efficient viral replication.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental , Lipossomos , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Proliferação de Células , Análise por Conglomerados , COVID-19/metabolismo , COVID-19/virologia , Citoplasma , Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Lipossomos/metabolismo , Organelas , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo
2.
Sci China Life Sci ; 67(2): 230-257, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38212460

RESUMO

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER), which is composed of a continuous network of tubules and sheets, forms the most widely distributed membrane system in eukaryotic cells. As a result, it engages a variety of organelles by establishing membrane contact sites (MCSs). These contacts regulate organelle positioning and remodeling, including fusion and fission, facilitate precise lipid exchange, and couple vital signaling events. Here, we systematically review recent advances and converging themes on ER-involved organellar contact. The molecular basis, cellular influence, and potential physiological functions for ER/nuclear envelope contacts with mitochondria, Golgi, endosomes, lysosomes, lipid droplets, autophagosomes, and plasma membrane are summarized.


Assuntos
Retículo Endoplasmático , Complexo de Golgi , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Complexo de Golgi/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Endossomos/metabolismo
3.
Water Res X ; 21: 100192, 2023 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37693826

RESUMO

The water sector could play a major role towards a Net Zero greenhouse gas (GHG) future if Scope 3 emissions were embraced and operationalised. Significant opportunities and challenges exist in tackling Scope 3 emissions including those associated with customer hot water use. Present GHG emission reduction practices predominantly focus on Scope 1 "within utility" and Scope 2 "purchased energy" emissions. In the urban water cycle, Scope 3 "indirect" emissions dominate, and water use is only one example of Scope 3 emissions. Over 90% of all water cycle GHG emissions can be attributed to water use in residential, industrial and commercial premises, collectively some 7% of global GHG emissions. One possibility is for water utilities to actively support efficient hot water use such as new ultra-low flow shower heads. Scope 3 opportunities also offer a range of cost-effective emissions-reduction opportunities, particularly when the wider perspective of "community value" is considered and not just a "business financial perspective". Hot water efficiency is additionally essential to Net Zero carbon futures, even with decarbonised grids, because most major Net Zero roadmaps require energy efficiency gains. Scientific and management advance needed includes: accounting methodologies, clear roles, collaboration, new business models, and clear definitions. The water sector has the opportunity to play a significant role in achieving Net Zero cities. The decision how much is yet to be made.

4.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 26(5): 434-441, 2023 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37217351

RESUMO

Objectives: To construct a nomogram incorporating important prognostic factors for predicting the overall survival of patients with colorectal cancer with peritoneal metastases treated with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), the aim being to accurately predict such patients' survival rates. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study. Relevant clinical and follow-up data of patients with colorectal cancer with peritoneal metastases treated by CRS + HIPEC in the Department of Peritoneal Cancer Surgery, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2007 January to 2020 December were collected and subjected to Cox proportional regression analysis. All included patients had been diagnosed with peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer and had no detectable distant metastases to other sites. Patients who had undergone emergency surgery because of obstruction or bleeding, or had other malignant diseases, or could not tolerate treatment because of severe comorbidities of the heart, lungs, liver or kidneys, or had been lost to follow-up, were excluded. Factors studied included: (1) basic clinicopathological characteristics; (2) details of CRS+HIPEC procedures; (3) overall survival rates; and (4) independent factors that influenced overall survival; the aim being to identify independent prognostic factors and use them to construct and validate a nomogram. The evaluation criteria used in this study were as follows. (1) Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) scores were used to quantitatively assess the quality of life of the study patients. The lower the score, the worse the patient's condition. (2) A peritoneal cancer index (PCI) was calculated by dividing the abdominal cavity into 13 regions, the highest score for each region being three points. The lower the score, the greater is the value of treatment. (3) Completeness of cytoreduction score (CC), where CC-0 and CC-1 denote complete eradication of tumor cells and CC-2 and CC-3 incomplete reduction of tumor cells. (4) To validate and evaluate the nomogram model, the internal validation cohort was bootstrapped 1000 times from the original data. The accuracy of prediction of the nomogram was evaluated with the consistency coefficient (C-index), and a C-index of 0.70-0.90 suggest that prediction by the model was accurate. Calibration curves were constructed to assess the conformity of predictions: the closer the predicted risk to the standard curve, the better the conformity. Results: The study cohort comprised 240 patients with peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer who had undergone CRS+HIPEC. There were 104 women and 136 men of median age 52 years (10-79 years) and with a median preoperative KPS score of 90 points. There were 116 patients (48.3%) with PCI≤20 and 124 (51.7%) with PCI>20. Preoperative tumor markers were abnormal in 175 patients (72.9%) and normal in 38 (15.8%). HIPEC lasted 30 minutes in seven patients (2.9%), 60 minutes in 190 (79.2%), 90 minutes in 37 (15.4%), and 120 minutes in six (2.5%). There were 142 patients (59.2%) with CC scores 0-1 and 98 (40.8%) with CC scores 2-3. The incidence of Grade III to V adverse events was 21.7% (52/240). The median follow-up time is 15.3 (0.4-128.7) months. The median overall survival was 18.7 months, and the 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 65.8%, 37.2% and 25.7%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that KPS score, preoperative tumor markers, CC score, and duration of HIPEC were independent prognostic factors. In the nomogram constructed with the above four variables, the predicted and actual values in the calibration curves for 1, 2 and 3-year survival rates were in good agreement, the C-index being 0.70 (95% CI: 0.65-0.75). Conclusions: Our nomogram, which was constructed with KPS score, preoperative tumor markers, CC score, and duration of HIPEC, accurately predicts the survival probability of patients with peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer treated with cytoreductive surgery plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Peritoneais , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Nomogramas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Qualidade de Vida , Prognóstico , Terapia Combinada , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
Public Health ; 219: 10-17, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37075487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the relationship between dietary vitamin E (VE) intake and cognitive function in older adults. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. METHODS: We applied data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey obtained during 2011-2014 that met our requirements. The cognitive ability assessments included the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Word Learning (CERAD-WL) and Delayed Recall (CERAD-DR) tests, the animal fluency test, the Digit Symbol Substitution Test, and a composite z-score calculated by summing z-scores of individual tests. We used binary logistic regression analysis to explore the relationship between VE intake and cognitive performance. The results are reported using odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Our study also included sex-stratified analyses and sensitivity analysis. A restricted cubic splines model was used to evaluate the dose-response relationship between dietary VE intake and cognitive function. RESULTS: This study found that a higher intake of dietary VE was associated with a lower risk of cognitive impairment in patients. Sensitivity analysis shows stable results. The results of the gender stratification analysis showed that dietary VE intake was negatively related to the risk of cognitive disorder among females. An irregular L-shaped dose-response relationship was observed between dietary VE intake and cognitive impairment risk. CONCLUSIONS: Dietary VE intake was negatively related to the risk of cognitive disorder in older adults, with a higher VE intake lowering the risk.


Assuntos
Cognição , Dieta , Feminino , Animais , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estudos Transversais , Cognição/fisiologia , Vitamina E
6.
Autophagy ; 19(2): 737-738, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900889

RESUMO

Upon entering host cells, ß-coronaviruses specifically induce generation of replication organelles (ROs) from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) through their nonstructural protein 3 (nsp3) and nsp4 for viral genome transcription and replication. The most predominant ROs are double-membrane vesicles (DMVs). The ER-resident proteins VMP1 and TMEM41B, which form a complex to regulate autophagosome and lipid droplet (LD) formation, were recently shown to be essential for ß-coronavirus infection. Here we report that VMP1 and TMEM41B contribute to DMV generation but function at different steps. TMEM41B facilitates nsp3-nsp4 interaction and ER zippering, while VMP1 is required for subsequent closing of the paired ER into DMVs. Additionally, inhibition of phosphatidylserine (PS) formation by siPTDSS1 partially reverses the DMV and LD defects in VMP1 KO cells, suggesting that appropriate PS levels also contribute to DMV formation. This work provides clues to the mechanism of how host proteins collaborate with viral proteins for endomembrane reshaping to promote viral infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Autofagia , Retículo Endoplasmático , Proteínas de Membrana , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Replicação Viral
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-8, 2023. map, graf, tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468885

RESUMO

Climatic factors play an essential role in the growth of tree ring width. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between climatic variables and tree-ring growth characteristics of Pinus sibirica in Altai mountains, northwestern China. This study being is first of its kind on climate growth analysis of Pinus sibirica in northwestern China. The study showed great potential to understand the species growing under the specific climatic conditions. Total of 70 tree cores collected from three sites in the sampling area, out of which 63 tree cores considered for this study. The effect of climatic variables which was studied include precipitation, temperature and PDSI. Our results showed that Tree Ring Width chronology has a significantly positive correlation with the late winter (March) temperature and significant negative correlation with the July temperatures. A significant correlation was observed with the late summer precipitation whereas no significant relation found with the Palmer Drought Severity Index. These significant correlations with temperature and precipitation suggested that this tree species had the potential for the reconstruction of the past climate in the area.


Fatores climáticos desempenham papel essencial no crescimento da largura dos anéis das árvores. Neste estudo, objetivou-se avaliar a correlação entre variáveis climáticas e características de crescimento de anéis de árvores de Pinus sibirica nas montanhas de Altai, noroeste da China. Este estudo é o primeiro desse tipo na análise do crescimento climático de Pinus sibirica no noroeste da China. O estudo mostrou grande potencial para entender as espécies que crescem sob as condições climáticas específicas. Total de 70 testemunhos coletados em três locais na área de amostragem, dos quais 63 testemunhos considerados para este estudo. O efeito das variáveis climáticas estudadas incluem precipitação, temperatura e PDSI. Nossos resultados mostraram que a cronologia da Largura do Anel da Árvore tem uma correlação significativamente positiva com a temperatura do final do inverno (março) e uma correlação negativa significativa com as temperaturas de julho. Uma correlação significativa foi observada com a precipitação do final do verão, enquanto nenhuma relação significativa foi encontrada com o Índice de Severidade de Seca de Palmer. Essas correlações significativas com a temperatura e precipitação sugeriram que esta espécie de árvore tinha o potencial para a reconstrução do clima passado na área.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Pinus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 832023.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469101

RESUMO

Abstract Climatic factors play an essential role in the growth of tree ring width. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between climatic variables and tree-ring growth characteristics of Pinus sibirica in Altai mountains, northwestern China. This study being is first of its kind on climate growth analysis of Pinus sibirica in northwestern China. The study showed great potential to understand the species growing under the specific climatic conditions. Total of 70 tree cores collected from three sites in the sampling area, out of which 63 tree cores considered for this study. The effect of climatic variables which was studied include precipitation, temperature and PDSI. Our results showed that Tree Ring Width chronology has a significantly positive correlation with the late winter (March) temperature and significant negative correlation with the July temperatures. A significant correlation was observed with the late summer precipitation whereas no significant relation found with the Palmer Drought Severity Index. These significant correlations with temperature and precipitation suggested that this tree species had the potential for the reconstruction of the past climate in the area.


RESUMO Fatores climáticos desempenham papel essencial no crescimento da largura dos anéis das árvores. Neste estudo, objetivou-se avaliar a correlação entre variáveis climáticas e características de crescimento de anéis de árvores de Pinus sibirica nas montanhas de Altai, noroeste da China. Este estudo é o primeiro desse tipo na análise do crescimento climático de Pinus sibirica no noroeste da China. O estudo mostrou grande potencial para entender as espécies que crescem sob as condições climáticas específicas. Total de 70 testemunhos coletados em três locais na área de amostragem, dos quais 63 testemunhos considerados para este estudo. O efeito das variáveis climáticas estudadas incluem precipitação, temperatura e PDSI. Nossos resultados mostraram que a cronologia da Largura do Anel da Árvore tem uma correlação significativamente positiva com a temperatura do final do inverno (março) e uma correlação negativa significativa com as temperaturas de julho. Uma correlação significativa foi observada com a precipitação do final do verão, enquanto nenhuma relação significativa foi encontrada com o Índice de Severidade de Seca de Palmer. Essas correlações significativas com a temperatura e precipitação sugeriram que esta espécie de árvore tinha o potencial para a reconstrução do clima passado na área.

10.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 51(11): 1129-1134, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323542

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate clinicopathological features of multinodular and vacuolar neurodegenerative tumor (MVNT) of the cerebrum, and to investigate its immunophenotype, molecular characteristics and prognosis. Methods: Four cases were collected at the General Hospital of Southern Theater Command, Guangzhou, China and one case was collected at the First People's Hospital of Huizhou, China from 2013 to 2021. Clinical, histological, immunohistochemical and molecular characteristics of these five cases were analyzed. Follow-up was carried out to evaluate their prognoses. Results: There were four females and one male, with an average age of 42 years (range, 17 to 51 years). Four patients presented with seizures, while one presented with discomfort on the head. Pre-operative imaging demonstrated non-enhancing, T2-hyperintense multinodular lesions in the deep cortex and superficial white matter of the frontal (n=1) or temporal lobes (n=4). Microscopically, the tumor cells were mostly arranged in discrete and coalescent nodules primarily within the deep cortical ribbon and superficial subcortical white matter. The tumors were composed of large cells with ganglionic morphology, vesicular nuclei, prominent nucleoli and amphophilic or lightly basophilic cytoplasm. They exhibited varying degrees of matrix vacuolization. Vacuolated tumor cells did not show overt cellular atypia or any mitotic activities. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells exhibited widespread nuclear staining for the HuC/HuD neuronal antigens, SOX10 and Olig2. Expression of other neuronal markers, including synaptophysin, neurofilament and MAP2, was patchy to absent. The tumor cells were negative for NeuN, GFAP, p53, H3K27M, IDH1 R132H, ATRX, BRG1, INI1 and BRAF V600E. No aberrant molecular changes were identified in case 3 and case 5 using next-generation sequencing (including 131 genes related to diagnosis and prognosis of central nervous system tumors). All patients underwent complete or substantial tumor excision without adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Post-operative follow-up information over intervals of 6 months to 8 years was available for five patients. All patients were free of recurrence. Conclusions: MVNT is an indolent tumor, mostly affecting adults, which supports classifying MVNT as WHO grade 1. There is no tumor recurrence even in the patients treated with subtotal surgical excision. MVNTs may be considered for observation or non-surgical treatments if they are asymptomatic.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Cérebro , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Cérebro/metabolismo , Cérebro/patologia , Neurônios/metabolismo , Convulsões , Lobo Temporal/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo
11.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 30(7): 716-721, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36038340

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the reasonable dosage of heparin anticoagulation scheme during plasma adsorption (PA) therapy for liver failure. Methods: Patients with liver failure treated with PA therapy were retrospectively collected and divided according to the anticoagulation scheme into the first-dose heparin anticoagulation group and the first-dose plus maintenance heparin anticoagulation group. Clinical data and laboratory test results were compared before and after treatment between the two groups. Paired t-tests were used for comparison within the normally distributed groups. An independent two-sample t-test was used for inter group comparison. Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for measurement data that did not conform to a normal distribution. Fisher's exact test was used to compare the count data between groups. Results: There were 138 cases with liver failure treated with PA therapy from October 2017 to September 2020. Among them, 83 and 55 cases were in the first-dose heparin anticoagulation and first-dose plus maintenance heparin anticoagulation group, respectively. Age, gender, and laboratory data before treatment were comparable between the two groups. PA treatment was successfully completed in both groups of patient, and there was no statistically significant difference in the determination of coagulation level with plasma separators (Z=-0.15, P=0.216). There were different degrees of bleeding complications in both groups. In the first-dose heparin anticoagulation group, there were two cases (2.4%) of central venous catheter bleeding and one case (1.2%) of epistaxis. In the first-dose plus maintenance heparin anticoagulation group, there were five cases (9.1%) of central venous catheter bleeding, two cases (3.6%) of skin bleeding, one case (1.8%) of epistaxis, and one case (1.8%) of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The incidence of bleeding complications was lower in the first-dose of heparin anticoagulation than first-dose plus maintenance heparin anticoagulation group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The activated partial thromboplastin time of the two groups was prolonged after therapy withdrawal than with therapy, and the difference was statistically significant (first-dose heparin anticoagulation group: t=3.850, P=0.022; first-dose plus maintenance heparin anticoagulation group: t=6.733, P=0.007). The activated partial thromboplastin time was prolonged in patients with first-dose plus maintenance heparin anticoagulation than first-dose heparin anticoagulation group, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.025). The total bilirubin of the two groups before and after PA was significantly changed (the first-dose heparin anticoagulation group: Z=-2.455, P=0.017; the first-dose plus maintenance heparin anticoagulation group: Z=-2.307, P=0.024), and there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P=0.412). There was no statistically significant difference in platelet changes before and after PA therapy between the two groups (the first dose of heparin anticoagulation group: Z=-0.529, P=0.480; the first-dose plus maintenance heparin anticoagulation group: Z=-0.276, P=0.362). Conclusion: Anticoagulation scheme without maintenance medication is feasible with prothrombin activity before ≤20-40%, activated partial thromboplastin time of ≤87 s (2 times the upper normal value), platelet count before treatment (excluding contraindications to heparin) ≥50×109/L, and the first dose of heparin administration of 0.2 mg/kg during PA therapy in patients with liver failure.


Assuntos
Heparina , Falência Hepática , Adsorção , Anticoagulantes , Epistaxe/induzido quimicamente , Epistaxe/tratamento farmacológico , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Falência Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 36(11): 2043-2050, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35881141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tertiary lymphoid structure (TLS) plays an important role in antitumour immunity, largely reflecting the prognosis. However, its clinical implication in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To explore the features of TLS in cSCC and its association with clinicopathological characteristics. METHODS: Two independent RNA-seq data of cSCC were used to investigate the tumour immune microenvironment, as well as TLS-related chemokines and cytokines. The density and location of TLSs were assessed in a total of 82 cSCC patients, and the clinicopathologic association was examined. RESULTS: Bioinformatics analysis showed that a large amount of immune cell infiltration and significant up-regulation of TLS-related chemokines were observed in cSCC. Histologically, TLSs appeared as highly organized structures in 72 (87.8%) cases with different levels of density and maturation, among which 14 cases were in low-density group and 58 cases were in high-density group. Clinically, the presence of TLS was prominently associated with better degree of histopathological grades and higher level of sun exposure. Furthermore, the presence of intratumoral TLS was associated with lower lymphovascular invasion. CONCLUSIONS: TLS is highly organized in cSCC, and the presence of TLS is a positive prognostic factor for cSCC, which will provide a theoretical basis for the future diagnostic and therapeutic value in cSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Estruturas Linfoides Terciárias , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Citocinas , Humanos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Estruturas Linfoides Terciárias/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
13.
J Cell Biol ; 221(6)2022 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536318

RESUMO

ß-coronaviruses reshape host cell endomembranes to form double-membrane vesicles (DMVs) for genome replication and transcription. Ectopically expressed viral nonstructural proteins nsp3 and nsp4 interact to zipper and bend the ER for DMV biogenesis. Genome-wide screens revealed the autophagy proteins VMP1 and TMEM41B as important host factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here, we demonstrated that DMV biogenesis, induced by virus infection or expression of nsp3/4, is impaired in the VMP1 KO or TMEM41B KO cells. In VMP1 KO cells, the nsp3/4 complex forms normally, but the zippered ER fails to close into DMVs. In TMEM41B KO cells, the nsp3-nsp4 interaction is reduced and DMV formation is suppressed. Thus, VMP1 and TMEM41B function at different steps during DMV formation. VMP1 was shown to regulate cross-membrane phosphatidylserine (PS) distribution. Inhibiting PS synthesis partially rescues the DMV defects in VMP1 KO cells, suggesting that PS participates in DMV formation. We provide molecular insights into the collaboration of host factors with viral proteins to remodel host organelles.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Proteínas de Membrana , SARS-CoV-2 , Compartimentos de Replicação Viral , Autofagia/genética , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Organelas/metabolismo , Fosfatidilserinas , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética , Replicação Viral
15.
Cell Insight ; 1(3): 100031, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37193051

RESUMO

During severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, the viral proteins intimately interact with host factors to remodel the endomembrane system at various steps of the viral lifecycle. The entry of SARS-CoV-2 can be mediated by endocytosis-mediated internalization. Virus-containing endosomes then fuse with lysosomes, in which the viral S protein is cleaved to trigger membrane fusion. Double-membrane vesicles generated from the ER serve as platforms for viral replication and transcription. Virions are assembled at the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment and released through the secretory pathway and/or lysosome-mediated exocytosis. In this review, we will focus on how SARS-CoV-2 viral proteins collaborate with host factors to remodel the endomembrane system for viral entry, replication, assembly and egress. We will also describe how viral proteins hijack the host cell surveillance system-the autophagic degradation pathway-to evade destruction and benefit virus production. Finally, potential antiviral therapies targeting the host cell endomembrane system will be discussed.

16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(24): 9416-9425, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36591850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Primary pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (PPLELC) is a rare lung malignancy occurring most frequently in young non-smokers from Southeast Asia. Given its low incidence, PPLELC clinical features, treatment methods, and the factors affecting its prognosis remain elusive. To date, PPLELC data are mainly derived from clinical case reports, and no cohort studies are available. Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed a group of PPLELC cases and summarized the clinical features of patients, treatment responses, and the factors affecting patient prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 91 patients having primary pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma were recruited in this study. These included sex, age, place of birth, smoking history, pre-treatment symptoms, tumor location, tumor markers, maximum tumor diameter, treatment regimen, lymph node presence metastasis after an operation, pathological picture, immunohistochemistry, genetic findings, and tumor stage grading. We determined the overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), basic clinical characteristics, treatment option, treatment response, and recurrence pattern among the patients. In addition, we understood the influence of sex, age, tumor, nodes, and metastases (TNM) stage, tumor size, and surgery over patient prognosis. RESULTS: Primary pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma is more common among young non-smokers, with a slightly higher incidence in women than in men. The expression of Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNA (EBER), pancytokeratin (PCK), Cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6), and tumor protein 63 (P63) was positive in immunohistochemistry. Serum cytokeratin 19 fragment antigen (CYFRA21-1) and Epstein-Barr DNA (EB-DNA) could be used as markers to diagnose primary pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma. TNM stage and surgery were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: Primary pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma is rare, showing a good prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Prognóstico , Pulmão/patologia
17.
Thromb Haemost ; 122(5): 808-817, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555861

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between factor XI (FXI) deficiency and the risks of bleeding and cardiovascular (CV) events. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from Maccabi Healthcare Services (MHS). We identified adults with FXI deficiency (severe: <15%, partial: 15 to <50%, any deficiency: <50%) that had been tested for FXI between 2007 and 2018 and matched to patients from the general MHS population. We estimated 10-year risks of outcomes using the Kaplan-Meier approach. Using Cox proportional hazards regression, we compared outcomes among patients with versus without FXI deficiency. Less than 10% of patients tested for FXI activity had activity levels <50% (mean age: 39 years; 72.2% females). Compared with the general population, patients with any FXI deficiency were at higher risk of severe bleeding (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 2.56, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.13-5.81; 10-year risk: 1.90%, 95% CI: 0.50-3.20% vs. 0.90%, 95% CI: 0.50-1.30%) and clinically relevant nonsevere bleeding (CRNSB) (aHR: 1.45, 95% CI: 1.08-1.97; 10-year risk: 11.60%, 95% CI: 8.30-14.80% vs. 9.20%, 95% CI: 8.00-10.40%). Severe FXI deficiency was associated with a greater risk of CRNSB. While few CV events (N = 2) and venous thromboembolisms (VTE) (N = 1) were observed in the FXI overall deficient group, there was a nonsignificant negative association between any FXI deficiency and CV events (aHR: 0.55; 95% CI: 0.13-2.36) and VTEs (aHR: 0.45; 95% CI: 0.06-3.47). Overall FXI deficiency was associated with an increased risk of severe bleeding and CRNSB. Further research is warranted to explore the lower risk of CV and VTE among patients with FXI deficiency compared with the general population.


Assuntos
Deficiência do Fator XI , Tromboembolia Venosa , Trombose Venosa , Adulto , Fator XI , Deficiência do Fator XI/complicações , Feminino , Hemorragia/complicações , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tromboembolia Venosa/complicações , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/complicações
18.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(12): 1298-1303, 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915640

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of cytoreductive surgery plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS+ HIPEC) in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal carcinoma (CRC PC). Methods: The clinical and follow-up data of 90 consecutive CRC PC patients underwent CRS+ HIPEC in Beijing Shijitan Hospital from January 2015 to June 2018 were collected. Kaplan-Meier method and parallel Log rank test were used for survival analysis. Cox regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: A total of 90 CRC PC patients underwent CRS+ HIPEC, the median age was 53 years (rage: 13 to 81 years), and 51 cases were male, while other 39 were female. The median overall survival (mOS) was 21.9 months (95%CI: 15.7, 28.1). The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 77.8%, 48.6%, 21.1%, and 5.5%, respectively. The incidence rate of serious adverse event (SAE) was 8.9% (8/90). The mortality rate of perioperative period was 2.2% (2/90). Univariate analysis showed the age (P=0.040), primary tumor site (P=0.020), preoperative carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) level (P<0.001), peritoneal cancer index (PCI) (P<0.001), completeness of cytoreduction (CC) (P<0.001), ascites (P=0.012) and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy (P<0.001) were significantly associated with the OS. Multivariate Cox-analysis identified preoperative CA125 level(P=0.033), CC of 0 to 1 (P=0.014), and adjuvant chemotherapy postoperative (P=0.002) were independent prognostic factor for OS. Conclusions: CRS+ HIPEC can improve survival for CRC PC patients with acceptable morbidity and mortality. Stringent patient selection and complete CRS are two key factors for better survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Peritoneais , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia
19.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 401-405, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and changing trend of Enterobius vermicularis infections among children in Shandong Province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for the adjustment and development of the enterobiasis control strategy. METHODS: Soil-borne nematodiasis surveillance sites were assigned in 51 counties (districts, cities) in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, and the E. vermicularis infections were detected using a modified Kato-Katz technique and the cellophane tape method among children at ages of 3 to 9 years living in these surveillance sites. The epidemiological profiles of E. vermicularis-infected children were descriptively analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 5 060 children at ages of 3 to 9 years were detected in 51 soil-borne nematodiasis surveillance sites in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, and the overall prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 2.23%. The annual prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 3.99% (26/651), 1.70% (14/824), 0.96% (8/837), 2.90% (45/1 552) and 1.67% (20/1 196) from 2016 to 2020, respectively, with a significant difference detected among years (χ2 = 21.455, P < 0.01). The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 1.25% (15/1 198), 1.85% (14/755), 3.18% (84/2 640) and 0 (0/467) among children from central, eastern, southern and northern Shandong Province (χ2 = 27.326, P < 0.01). In addition, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of E. vermicularis infections between male (1.98%, 56/2 831) and female children (2.56%, 57/2 229) (χ2 = 1.916, P > 0.05); however, there was age-specific prevalence of E. vermicularis infections among children (χ2 = 16.448, P < 0.05), with the greatest prevalence detected among children at ages of 6 years (3.18%, 25/786), and the lowest prevalence seen among children at ages of 3 years (0.75%, 6/800). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections remained at a medium level among children at ages of 3 to 9 years in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, with region-specific prevalence found across the province. An integrated strategy is required for enterobiasis control.


Assuntos
Enterobíase , Infecções por Nematoides , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cidades , Enterobíase/epidemiologia , Enterobius , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Solo
20.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e244011, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468510

RESUMO

Climatic factors play an essential role in the growth of tree ring width. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between climatic variables and tree-ring growth characteristics of Pinus sibirica in Altai mountains, northwestern China. This study being is first of its kind on climate growth analysis of Pinus sibirica in northwestern China. The study showed great potential to understand the species growing under the specific climatic conditions. Total of 70 tree cores collected from three sites in the sampling area, out of which 63 tree cores considered for this study. The effect of climatic variables which was studied include precipitation, temperature and PDSI. Our results showed that Tree Ring Width chronology has a significantly positive correlation with the late winter (March) temperature and significant negative correlation with the July temperatures. A significant correlation was observed with the late summer precipitation whereas no significant relation found with the Palmer Drought Severity Index. These significant correlations with temperature and precipitation suggested that this tree species had the potential for the reconstruction of the past climate in the area.


Assuntos
Pinus , China , Secas , Temperatura , Árvores
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