Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 869
Filtrar
1.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(7)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607153

RESUMO

In recent years, fluoride pollution in water is a problem that has attracted much attention from researchers. The removal of fluoride-containing wastewater by adsorption with metal oxide as an adsorbent is the most common treatment method. Based on this, the effect of the doping ratio of La2O3, Fe2O3, and Al2O3 on the fluoride-removal performance was discussed by constructing a phase diagram. In this study, the adsorption mechanism of nanocrystalline lanthanum oxide terpolymer was investigated by density functional theory calculation and experiment. The optimal pH condition selected in the experiment was three, and the adsorption kinetics of fluoride ions were more consistent with the quasi-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption thermodynamics was more consistent with the Langmuir model. When the La-Fe-Al ternary composite oxides achieved the optimal adsorption efficiency for fluoride ions, the mass synthesis ratio was Al2O3:(Fe2O3:La2O3 = 1:2) = 1:100, resulting in a fluoride ion removal rate of up to 99.78%. Density functional calculations revealed that the La-Fe-Al ternary composite oxides had three important adsorption sites for La, Fe, and Al. Among them, the adsorption capacity for HF was Fe2O3 > La2O3 > Al2O3, and for F- was La2O3 > Al2O3 > Fe2O3. This provided good guidance for designing adsorbents to remove fluoride.

2.
JACS Au ; 4(3): 974-984, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559736

RESUMO

The selective modification of carbohydrates is significant for producing their unnatural analogues for drug discovery. C1-functionalization (glycosylation) and C1,C2-difunctionalization of carbohydrates have been well developed. In contrast, C3-functionalization or C1,C3-difunctionalization of carbohydrates remains rare. Herein, we report such processes that efficiently and stereoselectively modify carbohydrates. Specifically, we found that trifluoroethanol (TFE) could promote 1,3-bis-indolylation/pyrrolylation of 2-nitroglycals generated carbohydrate derivatives in up to 93% yield at room temperature; slightly reducing the temperature could install two different indoles at the C1- and C3-positions. Switching TFE to a bifunctional amino thiourea catalyst leads to the generation of C3 monosubstituted carbohydrates, which could also be used to construct 1,3-di-C-functionalized carbohydrates. This approach produced a range of challenging sugar derivatives (over 80 examples) with controllable and high stereoselectivity (single isomer for over 90% of the examples). The potential applications of the reaction were demonstrated by a set of transformations including the synthesis of bridged large-ring molecules and gram scale reactions. Biological activities evaluation demonstrated that three compounds exhibit a potent inhibitory effect on human cancer cells T24, HCT116, AGS, and MKN-45 with IC50 ranged from 0.695 to 3.548 µM.

3.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(7)2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611163

RESUMO

Recently, the application of cryogenic hoses in the field of cryogenic media has become a hot topic, especially in the industry of offshore liquefied natural gas and aerospace field. However, the structure of cryogenic hoses is complex, and reasonable structural properties are required due to the harsh working conditions. There is still plenty of scope for further development to improve the performance in all aspects. In this paper, the current development status of cryogenic hoses for liquefied natural gas (LNG) transportation is reviewed first, including the types, manufacturers, structural forms, performance, and key technical challenges. And then, the recent progress and prospect of cryogenic hoses for cryogenic liquid transportation (such as LNG and liquid oxygen) are summarized, including structure design, low-temperature resistant polymers, liquid oxygen compatible polymers, and leakage monitoring technologies. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the research development and application of cryogenic hoses. Moreover, future research directions have been proposed to facilitate its practical applications in aerospace.

4.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1377866, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560433

RESUMO

Background: The persistence of symptoms or the development of new symptoms following a diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 has given rise to a multifaceted clinical condition referred to as "long COVID" (LC). The understanding of LC among China's non-hospitalized population continues to be insufficient. This investigation was designed to evaluate the protracted consequences amongst this demographic, as well as to identify the associated risk factors. Methods: This research constitutes a prospective cohort study focusing on non-hospitalized individuals, aged between 18 and 59, who have been positively diagnosed with COVID-19. Each participant was subjected to a sequence of questionnaire-based surveys, designed to evaluate symptoms as well as the status of depression and anxiety. A logistic regression model, adjusted for multiple variables, was employed to scrutinize the correlation between demographic elements, lifestyle attributes, and health-related risk factors in relation to conditions and symptoms post COVID-19 infection. Results: A total of 706 individuals participated in the 3 months follow-up, with 620 continuing on to the 6 months follow-up. The median age was 35 (28, 43) years, and 597 (85%) are female. Upon follow-up, Compared with patients without LC, patients with LC have a higher proportion of females (420 (87%) vs. 177 (79%); p = 0.010), were older (35 (29, 44) years vs. 33 (27, 41) years; p = 0.010) and have more comorbidities. Out of all participants, 483 (68.4%) reported experiencing at least one symptom at the 3 months mark, while 49.7% reported symptoms persisting at the 6 months mark. At the 3 months follow-up, the most prevalent persistent symptoms were cough (46%), fatigue (38%), and shortness of breath (34%). By the 6 months follow-up, fatigue (25%), shortness of breath (22%), and sleep disorders (16%) were the most commonly reported symptoms. Anxiety and depression were consistently reported as prevalent symptoms throughout the follow-up period. Most patient symptoms fade over time, with the quickest decreases observed in cough (from 46 to 9%), expectoration (from 26 to 6.3%), smell disorder (from 16 to 3.9%), and taste disorder (from 18 to 3.5%). Male and those possessing advanced educational qualifications exhibit a decreased susceptibility to the sustained incidence of coughing. Conversely, older age and the presence of comorbidities were identified as risk factors for persistent fatigue and shortness of breath. Conclusion: In the after of COVID-19, it has been observed that the majority of patient symptoms tend to decrease over time. The primary residual symptoms noticed after a 6 month follow-up were fatigue, dyspnea, and sleep disturbances. However, it's noteworthy that the risk factors associated with these symptoms exhibit subtle variations. Furthermore, psychological sequelae, namely depression and anxiety, are frequently reported among COVID-19 survivors.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Síndrome Pós-COVID-19 Aguda , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , COVID-19/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Prospectivos , Tosse , Dispneia , Fadiga
5.
Anesth Analg ; 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507523

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane induces neuronal dysfunction and cognitive impairment. However, the underlying mechanism remains largely to be determined. Tau, cyclophilin D, and dendritic spine contribute to cognitive function. But whether changes in dendritic spines are involved in the effects of sevoflurane and the potential association with tau and cyclophilin D is not clear. METHODS: We harvested hippocampal neurons from wild-type mice, tau knockout mice, and cyclophilin D knockout mice. We treated these neurons with sevoflurane at day in vitro 7 and measured the diameter of dendritic spine head and the number of dendritic spines. Moreover, we determined the effects of sevoflurane on the expression of excitatory amino acid transporter 3 (EAAT3), extracellular glutamate levels, and miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs). Finally, we used lithium, cyclosporine A, and overexpression of EAAT3 in the interaction studies. RESULTS: Sevoflurane-induced tau phosphgorylation increased the diameter of dendritic spine head and decreased the number of dendritic spines in neurons harvested from wild-type and cyclophilin D knockout mice, but not tau knockout mice. Sevoflurane decreased the expression of EAAT3, increased extracellular glutamate levels, and decreased the frequency of mEPSCs in the neurons. Overexpression of EAAT3 mitigated the effects of sevoflurane on dendritic spines. Lithium, but not cyclosporine A, attenuated the effects of sevoflurane on dendritic spines. Lithium also inhibited the effects of sevoflurane on EAAT3 expression and mEPSCs. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that sevoflurane induces a tau phosphorylation-dependent demtrimental effect on dendritic spine via decreasing EAAT3 expression and increasing extracellular glutamate levels, leading to neuronal dysfunction.

7.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1334907, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38476689

RESUMO

Introduction: Sugarcane endophytic nitrogen-fixing bacterium Klebsiella variícola DX120E displayed broad impact on growth, but the exact biological mechanism, especially polyamines (PAs) role, is still meager. Methods: To reveal this relationship, the content of polyamine oxidase (PAO), PAs, reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenging antioxidative enzymes, phytohormones, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic synthase (ACS), chlorophyll content, and biomass were determined in sugarcane incubated with the DX120E strain. In addition, expression levels of the genes associated with polyamine metabolism were measured by transcriptomic analysis. Results: Genomic analysis of Klebsiella variícola DX120E revealed that 39 genes were involved in polyamine metabolism, transport, and the strain secrete PAs in vitro. Following a 7-day inoculation period, DX120E stimulated an increase in the polyamine oxidase (PAO) enzyme in sugarcane leaves, however, the overall PAs content was reduced. At 15 days, the levels of PAs, ROS-scavenging antioxidative enzymes, and phytohormones showed an upward trend, especially spermidine (Spd), putrescine (Put), catalase (CAT), auxin (IAA), gibberellin (GA), and ACS showed a significant up-regulation. The GO and KEGG enrichment analysis found a total of 73 differentially expressed genes, involving in the cell wall (9), stimulus response (13), peroxidase activity (33), hormone (14) and polyamine metabolism (4). Discussion: This study demonstrated that endophytic nitrogen-fixing bacteria stimulated polyamine metabolism and phytohormones production in sugarcane plant tissues, resulting in enhanced growth. Dual RNA-seq analyses provided insight into the early-stage interaction between sugarcane seedlings and endophytic bacteria at the transcriptional level. It showed how diverse metabolic processes selectively use distinct molecules to complete the cell functions under present circumstances.

8.
Bioresour Technol ; 398: 130533, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452950

RESUMO

Liquid digestate of food waste is an ammonium-, ferric- and sulfate-laden leachate produced during digestate dewatering, where the carbon source is insufficient for nitrogen removal. A two-stage partial nitrification-anammox/denitrification process was established for nitrogen removal of liquid digestate without pre-treatment (>300 d), through which nitrogen (95 %), biodegradable organics (100 %), sulfate (78 %) and iron (100 %) were efficiently removed. Additional ammonium conversion (20 %N) might be coupled with ferric and sulfate reduction, while produced nitrite could be further converted to di-nitrogen gas through anammox (75 %) and denitrification (25 %). Notably, since increasingly contribution of hydroxylamine producing nitrous oxide, and up-regulated expression of electron transfer and cytochrome c protein, the enhanced ammonium oxidation was probably conducted through extracellular polymeric substances-mediated electron transfer between sulfate/ferric-reducers and aerobic ammonium oxidizers. Thus, the established partial nitrification-anammox/denitrification process might be a cost-efficient nitrogen removal technology for liquid digestate, benefitting to domestic waste recycling and carbon neutralization.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Eliminação de Resíduos , Nitrificação , Desnitrificação , 60659 , Nitrogênio , Sulfatos , Alimentos , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Oxirredução , Ferro , Carbono , Reatores Biológicos , Esgotos
9.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134155, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552391

RESUMO

Iron complex regulated electrochemical reaction was triggered for revealing the reaction mechanism, degradation pathway, and applied potential of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). The increased PMS concentrations, electrode spacing, and current density significantly enhanced PFOA elimination, with current density exhibiting a relatively strong interdependency to PFOA complete mineralization. The synergy between PMS and electrochemical reactions greatly accelerated PFOA decomposition by promoting the generation of key reaction sites, such as those for PMS activation and electrochemical processes, under various conditions. Furthermore, density functional theory calculations confirmed that the reciprocal transformation of Fe2+ and Fe3+ complexes was feasible under the electrochemical effect, further promoting the generation of active sites. The developed electrochemical oxidation with PMS reaction (EO/PMS) system can rapidly decompose and mineralize PFOA while maintaining strong tolerance to changing water matrices and organic and inorganic ions. Overall, it holds promise for use in treating and purifying wastewater containing PFOA.

10.
EBioMedicine ; 102: 105045, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia, a debilitating psychiatric disorder, displays considerable interindividual variation in clinical presentations. The ongoing debate revolves around whether this heterogeneity signifies a continuum of severity linked to a singular causative factor or a collection of distinct subtypes with unique origins. Within the realm of schizophrenia, the functional impairment of GluN2A, a subtype of the NMDA receptor, has been associated with an elevated risk. Despite GluN2A's expression across various neuronal types throughout the brain, its specific contributions to schizophrenia and its involvement in particular cell types or brain regions remain unexplored. METHODS: We generated age-specific, cell type-specific or brain region-specific conditional knockout mice targeting GluN2A and conducted a comprehensive analysis using tests measuring phenotypes relevant to schizophrenia. FINDINGS: Through the induction of germline ablation of GluN2A, we observed the emergence of numerous schizophrenia-associated abnormalities in adult mice. Intriguingly, GluN2A knockout performed at different ages, in specific cell types and within distinct brain regions, we observed overlapping yet distinct schizophrenia-related phenotypes in mice. INTERPRETATION: Our interpretation suggests that the dysfunction of GluN2A is sufficient to evoke heterogeneous manifestations associated with schizophrenia, indicating that GluN2A stands as a prominent risk factor and a potential therapeutic target for schizophrenia. FUNDING: This project received support from the Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Major Project (Grant No. 2019SHZDZX02) awarded to Y.C. and the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (Grant No. 19ZR1468600 and 201409003800) awarded to G.Y.


Assuntos
Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato , Esquizofrenia , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/genética , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Esquizofrenia/genética , Esquizofrenia/metabolismo , China , Neurônios/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(5)2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474292

RESUMO

E0703, a new steroidal compound optimized from estradiol, significantly increased cell proliferation and the survival rate of KM mice and beagles after ionizing radiation. In this study, we characterize its preclinical pharmacokinetics (PK) and predict its human PK using a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model. The preclinical PK of E0703 was studied in mice and Rhesus monkeys. Asian human clearance (CL) values for E0703 were predicted from various allometric methods. The human PK profiles of E0703 (30 mg) were predicted by the PBPK model in Gastro Plus software 9.8 (SimulationsPlus, Lancaster, CA, USA). Furthermore, tissue distribution and the human PK profiles of different administration dosages and forms were predicted. The 0.002 L/h of CL and 0.005 L of Vss in mice were calculated and optimized from observed PK data. The plasma exposure of E0703 was availably predicted by the CL using the simple allometry (SA) method. The plasma concentration-time profiles of other dosages (20 and 40 mg) and two oral administrations (30 mg) were well-fitted to the observed values. In addition, the PK profile of target organs for E0703 exhibited a higher peak concentration (Cmax) and AUC than plasma. The developed E0703-PBPK model, which is precisely applicable to multiple species, benefits from further clinical development to predict PK in humans.


Assuntos
Protetores contra Radiação , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Cães , Modelos Biológicos , Administração Oral , Distribuição Tecidual , Farmacocinética
12.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 46: 104022, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401820

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is proved effective for treating low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) and condylomata acuminata (CA). 5-Aminolevulinicacid (5-ALA) is the most common applied photosensitizer, but high rate of unbearable pain and relative long incubation time were reported. Here, we report a 27-year-old woman suffering from cervical and vaginal giant CA with LSIL involving the whole right vaginal fornix, cervical surface, and vaginal wall. Holmium yttrium aluminum garnet (Ho: YAG) laser was first applied to remove the giant CA lesions. STBF, a derivative of chlorin e6 (Ce6) was then applied on suspicious lesions as a new photosensitizer for 1 h. Lesions were exposed to LED illumination with a wavelength of 630 nm and light dose of 200-284 J/cm2 for cervical canal and the vaginal surfaces, 100-150 J/cm2 for cervix surface. Vaginal giant CA and LSIL lesions got complete remission at 6-month follow-up. Mild tolerable adverse reactions were observed after STBF-PDT and relieved in 24 h. Thus, the combination of Ho: YAG laser and STBF-PDT may be a novel option for cervical and vaginal giant CA and LSIL, especially for special vaginal fornix areas.

13.
Sleep Med ; 115: 155-161, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence supports the potential role of sleep in the motor progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). Slow-wave sleep (SWS) and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep without atonia (RWA) are important sleep parameters. The association between SWS and RWA with PD motor progression and their predictive value have not yet been elucidated. METHODS: We retro-prospectively analyzed clinical and polysomnographic data of 136 patients with PD. The motor symptoms were assessed using Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Part III (UPDRS III) at baseline and follow-up to determine its progression. Partial correlation analysis was used to explore the cross-sectional associations between slow-wave energy (SWE), RWA and clinical symptoms. Longitudinal analyses were performed using Cox regression and linear mixed-effects models. RESULTS: Among 136 PD participants, cross-sectional partial correlation analysis showed SWE decreased with the prolongation of the disease course (P = 0.046), RWA density was positively correlated with Hoehn & Yahr (H-Y) stage (tonic RWA, P < 0.001; phasic RWA, P = 0.002). Cox regression analysis confirmed that low SWE (HR = 1.739, 95% CI = 1.038-2.914; P = 0.036; FDR-P = 0.036) and high tonic RWA (HR = 0.575, 95% CI = 0.343-0.963; P = 0.032; FDR-P = 0.036) were predictors of motor symptom progression. Furthermore, we found that lower SWE predicted faster rate of axial motor progression (P < 0.001; FDR-P < 0.001) while higher tonic RWA density was associated with faster rate of rigidity progression (P = 0.006; FDR-P = 0.024) using linear mixed-effects models. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that SWS and RWA might represent markers of different motor subtypes progression in PD.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Transtorno do Comportamento do Sono REM , Sono de Ondas Lentas , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Sono REM , Transtorno do Comportamento do Sono REM/diagnóstico , Transtorno do Comportamento do Sono REM/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Polissonografia , Hipotonia Muscular , Cafeína , Progressão da Doença
14.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 69(7): 913-921, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320895

RESUMO

Nacre has inspired research to fabricate tough bulk composites for practical applications using inorganic nanomaterials as building blocks. However, with the considerable pressure to reduce global carbon emissions, preparing nacre-inspired composites remains a significant challenge using more economical and environmentally friendly building blocks. Here we demonstrate tough and conductive nacre by assembling aragonite platelets exfoliated from natural nacre, with liquid metal and sodium alginate used as the "mortar". The formation of GaOC coordination bonding between the gallium ions and sodium alginate molecules reduces the voids and improves compactness. The resultant conductive nacre exhibits much higher mechanical properties than natural nacre. It also shows excellent impact resistance attributed to the synergistic strengthening and toughening fracture mechanisms induced by liquid metal and sodium alginate. Furthermore, our conductive nacre exhibits exceptional self-monitoring sensitivity for maintaining structural integrity. The proposed strategy provides a novel avenue for turning natural nacre into a valuable green composite.

15.
Cell Rep ; 43(3): 113716, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412094

RESUMO

Ovarian endometriosis is characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue within the ovary, causing infertility and chronic pain. However, its pathophysiology remains unclear. Utilizing high-precision single-cell RNA sequencing, we profile the normal, eutopic, and ectopic endometrium from 34 individuals across proliferative and secretory phases. We observe an increased proportion of ciliated cells in both eutopic and ectopic endometrium, characterized by a diminished expression of estrogen sulfotransferase, which likely confers apoptosis resistance. After translocating to ectopic lesions, endometrial epithelium upregulates nicotinamide N-methyltransferase expression that inhibits apoptosis by promoting deacetylation and subsequent nuclear exclusion of transcription factor forkhead box protein O1, thereby leading to the downregulation of the apoptotic gene BIM. Moreover, epithelial cells in ectopic lesions elevate HLA class II complex expression, which stimulates CD4+ T cells and consequently contributes to chronic inflammation. Altogether, our study provides a comprehensive atlas of ovarian endometriosis and highlights potential therapeutic targets for modulating apoptosis and inflammation.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Feminino , Humanos , Endometriose/patologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Epitélio/metabolismo , Endométrio/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única , Inflamação/patologia
16.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1296059, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322313

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical value of dynamic monitoring of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), APACHE II (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II) score, and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score in predicting 28-day prognosis and drug resistance in patients with bloodstream infection with Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex (Abc complex). Patients and methods: In this research, individuals admitted to Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from January 2017 to March 2023 with bloodstream infections and a minimum of one Abc complex positive blood culture were chosen. The risk factors for the 28-day prognosis and drug resistance were analyzed using logistic regression. The NLR, APACHE II score, and SOFA score were evaluated for predicting 28-day prognosis and drug resistance using an ROC curve analysis. The data were analyzed using R Studio to find correlations and conduct survival analysis with the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The final statistical analysis included a total of 129 patients with bloodstream infections caused by Abc complex. Independent risk factors predicting mortality within 28 days were identified as follows: the SOFA score and APACHE II scores at 24 h, and APACHE II scores at 72 h after the onset of blood infection (p < 0.05). NLR, SOFA score, and APACHE II score did not predict drug resistance. Patients with Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex (CRAB) had shorter survival times than those with carbapenem-sensitive strains (40.77 days vs. 47.65 days, respectively, p = 0.0032). Conclusion: The prognosis of Abc complex bloodstream infection is affected by both SOFA and APACHE II scores. Both scoring systems have similar prognostic values at different time points after infection, but for computational convenience, it is recommended to use the SOFA score. NLR exhibits limited effectiveness in predicting mortality within 28 days. Carbapenem-resistant individuals with Abc complex experience significantly reduced survival time. None of the three factors-SOFA score, APACHE II score, and NLR-can early predict the occurrence of CRAB infections effectively.

17.
Neuron ; 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354737

RESUMO

Chronic pain often leads to the development of sleep disturbances. However, the precise neural circuit mechanisms responsible for sleep disorders in chronic pain have remained largely unknown. Here, we present compelling evidence that hyperactivity of pyramidal neurons (PNs) in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) drives insomnia in a mouse model of nerve-injury-induced chronic pain. After nerve injury, ACC PNs displayed spontaneous hyperactivity selectively in periods of insomnia. We then show that ACC PNs were both necessary for developing chronic-pain-induced insomnia and sufficient to mimic sleep loss in naive mice. Importantly, combining optogenetics and electrophysiological recordings, we found that the ACC projection to the dorsal medial striatum (DMS) underlies chronic-pain-induced insomnia through enhanced activity and plasticity of ACC-DMS dopamine D1R neuron synapses. Our findings shed light on the pivotal role of ACC PNs in developing chronic-pain-induced sleep disorders.

19.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 12(2): e1146, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415977

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tumor-associated macrophages, a major component of the tumor microenvironment, undergo polarization into M2 macrophages (M2), and thereby exert an immunosuppressive effect to induce cancer metastasis. This study strives to uncover a molecular mechanism underlying this event in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Proteasome subunit alpha 5 (PSMA5) expression in liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC) tissues and its association with LIHC patients were predicted using StarBase. PSMA5 level in human HCC cells was manipulated via transfection. Exosomes were isolated from HCC cells, and internalized into macrophages which were cocultured with HCC cells. Exosome internalization was observed after fluorescence labeling. HCC cell migration and invasion were evaluated by wound healing and Transwell assays. Xenograft assay was performed to investigate the role of PSMA5 in in vitro tumorigenesis. M2 polarization was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemistry. PSMA5 expression in exosomes and Janus Kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation in macrophages and tumors were detected by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: High PSMA5 expression was observed in LIHC tissues and associated with compromised survival of LIHC patients. PSMA5 knockdown inhibited HCC cell migration and invasion. PSMA5 knockdown in HCC cells downregulated PSMA5 level in exosomes from these HCC cells. HCC cell-isolated exosomes were successfully internalized into macrophages, and facilitated M2 polarization and JAK2/STAT3 pathway activation. HCC cell-secreted exosomal PSMA5 knockdown inhibited the exosome-induced effect on macrophages, and attenuated the promotion induced by exosome-treated macrophages on HCC cell migration/invasion and tumorigenesis along with in vivo M2 polarization and JAK2/STAT3 pathway activation. CONCLUSION: HCC cell-secreted exosomal PSMA5 knockdown hinders M2 polarization to suppress cancer progression by restraining JAK2/STAT3 signaling.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Carcinogênese , Microambiente Tumoral , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma
20.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 13(3): e0071023, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299837

RESUMO

Chloroflexus sp. MS-CIW-1 was isolated from a phototrophic mat in Mushroom Spring, an alkaline hot spring in Yellowstone National Park, WY, USA. We report the draft genome of 4.8 Mb consisting of 6 contigs with 3755 protein-coding genes and a GC content of 54.45%.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...