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1.
J Integr Neurosci ; 23(3): 66, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538218

RESUMO

Neuropeptides are endogenous active substances within the central and peripheral nervous systems that play important roles in a wide range of brain functions, including metabolism, food intake, social behavior, reproduction, learning, sleep, and wakefulness. This article reviews recent advances in the involvement of neuropeptides in vascular dementia. Neuropeptides are present in the brain as chemical signals and last for nearly 50 years. Peptide hormones are chemical signals of the endocrine system. Thus, neuropeptides are the most diverse class of signaling molecules in the brain, involving the genomes of many mammals, encoding neuropeptide precursors and many bioactive neuropeptides. Here the aim is to describe the recent advances in classical neuropeptides, as well as putative neuropeptides from other families, in the control of or as diagnostic tools for vascular dementia. Additionally, its molecular mechanisms are described to explore new avenues of treatment and early diagnosis, as there is increasing evidence that dysregulation of vascular processes is associated with different pathological conditions.


Assuntos
Demência Vascular , Neuropeptídeos , Animais , Humanos , Demência Vascular/diagnóstico , Neuropeptídeos/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Mamíferos/metabolismo
2.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1467, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368411

RESUMO

The noncentrosymmetric ferromagnetic Weyl semimetal CeAlSi with simultaneous space-inversion and time-reversal symmetry breaking provides a unique platform for exploring novel topological states. Here, by employing multiple experimental techniques, we demonstrate that ferromagnetism and pressure can serve as efficient parameters to tune the positions of Weyl nodes in CeAlSi. At ambient pressure, a magnetism-facilitated anomalous Hall/Nernst effect (AHE/ANE) is uncovered. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) measurements demonstrated that the Weyl nodes with opposite chirality are moving away from each other upon entering the ferromagnetic phase. Under pressure, by tracing the pressure evolution of AHE and band structure, we demonstrate that pressure could also serve as a pivotal knob to tune the positions of Weyl nodes. Moreover, multiple pressure-induced phase transitions are also revealed. These findings indicate that CeAlSi provides a unique and tunable platform for exploring exotic topological physics and electron correlations, as well as catering to potential applications, such as spintronics.

3.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 10668969231215817, 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38192158

RESUMO

Objective: Our purpose was to investigate the clinicopathological diagnostic value of immunohistochemical antibody for insulinoma-associated protein 1 (INSM1) in biopsy specimens of SCLC. Methods: Biopsy specimens of SCLC diagnosed at the pathology department of Tangshan Gongren Hospital from January 2022 to June 2023 were selected. INSM1 expression was detected and compared with conventional neuroendocrine markers synaptophysin (SYP), chromogranin A (CHGA), and CD56 regarding expression sensitivity and specificity. Results: The sensitivity of INSM1 expression was significantly higher than that of CHGA (95% vs 50%, P = .000), but there was no statistically significant difference in the specificity of INSM1, SYP, CHGA, and CD56 expression (100% vs 94% vs 98% vs 92%, respectively, P = .241, 1.000, .126). Conclusions: INSM1 antibody shows high sensitivity and specificity in the expression of SCLC and serves as a reliable immunohistochemical marker in the clinicopathological diagnosis of SCLC in biopsy specimens.

4.
Curr Probl Cardiol ; 48(11): 101975, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37473950

RESUMO

To compare functional health status and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) between Fontan and non-congenital heart disease (CHD) patients in an Asian population. Functional health status and HRQoL (New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class, Duke Activity Status Index (DASI), HeartQol and EQ-5D-5L) were measured. A total of 65 patients (twenty Fontan patients, mean age 28 ± 5; and 45 age-matched non-CHD patients, mean age 33 ± 5) were recruited. After adjustment for age, gender and ethnicity, there were no significant differences in functional health status and HRQoL between groups. In an Asian population, Fontan patients have similar functional health status and Health Related Quality of Life compared to non-CHD patients.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan , Cardiopatias , Adulto , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Qualidade de Vida , Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Nível de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(38): 89238-89252, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37452244

RESUMO

Agricultural plastic films have caused serious plastic pollution. There are many studies that consider mechanical recycling an appropriate system for the recovery of post-consumption agricultural mulch film. The recovery effect of plastic film depends on the mechanical properties, the level of dirtiness of the post-consumption film, and the recycling process itself. In this study, the mechanical properties of four types of polyethylene plastic films with a thickness of 8, 10, 12, and 10 µm, weather-resistant, commonly used in Xinjiang cotton fields, were tested. As well as the friction coefficient between the film and soil, the cotton stalk, boll shell, and leaf with different moisture contents were measured. Then, the self-propelled straw chopping and residual film recycling combined machine collected the four types of mulch films. The results showed that the longitudinal mechanical properties of the plastic film were greater than the transversal ones, with the exception of the nominal tensile strain at break, and the tensile characteristics of the mulching film covered with soil were greater than those without soil. The dynamic or static friction coefficient between the film and the contact material had a linear relationship with the moisture content of the material. During the recycling operation, the better the mechanical properties of the plastic film, the higher the pick-up rate of the mulch film. The maximum longitudinal tensile force of 12-µm plastic film was 3.42 N, and the nominal tensile strain at break was 303.09%. The pick-up rate reached more than 93% when the 12-µm plastic film was recovered in autumn, which effectively reduced the residue of plastic film coverage in the current year. Moreover, the more soil that was present on the much film, the greater the soil content of the recycled film roll, and the stalk content also increased, but the change was small. The research provides a reference for the mechanical and the friction features of agricultural plastic film in Xinjiang, and provides a theoretical basis for the formulation of standards for film thickness and mechanical properties, as well as the design and optimization of a residual film collecting machine in the cotton field.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Plásticos , Fricção , Agricultura/métodos , Solo/química , China
6.
Sci Prog ; 106(2): 368504231179816, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37335119

RESUMO

Warthin tumor (WT)-like mucoepidermoid carcinoma resembles the histologic pattern of WT and pathologists unaware of this possibility may misdiagnose it as WT with squamous and mucous epithelium metaplasia or WT malignant transfer into mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The present study reported a case of a 41-year-old Chinese female with a solitary mass in the left parotid gland. In this case, microscopic observation revealed prominent lymph node stroma and multiple cystic structures similar to those seen in WT. However, it lacked the two layers of oncocytic epithelial tissue characteristic of WT. Furthermore, fluorescence in situ hybridization detected MAML2 rearrangement in the case. Considering the histological findings, this case was diagnosed as WT-like mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The present case report provides pathological and clinical features to differentiate it from WT malignant transition into mucoepidermoid carcinoma, WT with squamous and mucous epithelium metaplasia and non-sebaceous lymphadenoma-like mucoepidermoid carcinoma. In conclusion, WT-like mucoepidermoid carcinoma as a special subtype of mucoepidermoid carcinoma has special histological characteristics, which required further observations and more case reports to clearly define this variant.


Assuntos
Adenolinfoma , Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Glândula Parótida/patologia , Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide/genética , Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide/química , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Adenolinfoma/genética , Adenolinfoma/diagnóstico , Adenolinfoma/patologia , Metaplasia
7.
Nano Lett ; 23(6): 2121-2128, 2023 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36877932

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals heterostructures (VDWHs) containing a charge-density wave (CDW) and superconductivity (SC) have revealed rich tunability in their properties, which provide a new route for optimizing their novel exotic states. The interaction between SC and CDW is critical to its properties; however, understanding this interaction within VDWHs is very limited. A comprehensive in situ study and theoretical calculation on bulk 4Hb-TaSe2 VDWHs consisting of alternately stacking 1T-TaSe2 and 1H-TaSe2 monolayers are investigated under high pressure. Surprisingly, the superconductivity competes with the intralayer and adjacent-layer CDW order in 4Hb-TaSe2, which results in substantially and continually boosted superconductivity under compression. Upon total suppression of the CDW, the superconductivity in the individual layers responds differently to the charge transfer. Our results provide an excellent method to efficiently tune the interplay between SC and CDW in VDWHs and a new avenue for designing materials with tailored properties.

8.
J Chem Neuroanat ; 129: 102249, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36791922

RESUMO

A-synuclein (α-syn) is a protein associated with the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), a neurodegenerative disease with no effective treatment. Therefore, there has been a strong drive to clarify the pathology of PD associated with α-syn. Several mechanisms have been proposed to unravel the pathological cascade of this disease, and most of them share a particular similarity: cell-to-cell communication through exosomes (EXO). Here, we show that tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 10B (TNFRSF10B) promotes the secretion of α-syn-containing EXO by microglia, resulting in motor dysfunction in PD. Upregulation of TNFRSF10B predicted severer condition in PD patients. In response to α-syn preformed fibrils (PFF), the expression of TNFRSF10B was increased in microglia. PFF-treated microglia exhibited a pro-inflammatory phenotype and caused neuronal damage by secreting α-syn-containing EXO. TNFRSF10B downregulation in microglia inhibited the secretion of α-syn-containing EXO and the release of pro-inflammatory factors, and ameliorated neuronal injury. PFF induced motor dysfunction in mice, which was ameliorated by inhibiting TNFRSF10B to suppress microglia-mediated α-syn communication or by directly depleting microglia. Taken together, these results indicate that TNFRSF10B promotes neuronal injury and motor dysfunction by delivery of α-syn-containing EXO and highlight the TNFRSF10B knockdown as a potential therapeutic target in PD.


Assuntos
Microglia , Doença de Parkinson , Receptores do Ligante Indutor de Apoptose Relacionado a TNF , alfa-Sinucleína , Animais , Camundongos , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Microglia/metabolismo , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/patologia , Neurônios/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , Humanos
9.
Seizure ; 2023 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36842888

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs) are a common group of genetic generalized epilepsies with high genetic heterogeneity and complex inheritance. However, the genetic basis is still largely unknown. This study aimed to explore the genetic etiologies in IGEs. METHODS: Trio-based whole-exome sequencing was performed in 60 cases with IGEs. The pathogenicity of candidate genetic variants was evaluated by the criteria of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), and the clinical causality was assessed by concordance between the observed phenotype and the reported phenotype. RESULTS: Seven candidate variants were detected in seven unrelated cases with IGE (11.7%, 7/60). According to ACMG, a de novo SLC2A1 (c.376C>T/p.Arg126Cys) variant identified in childhood absence epilepsy was evaluated as pathogenic with clinical concordance. Six variants were assessed to be uncertain significance by ACMG, but then considered causative after evaluation of clinical concordance. These variants included CLCN4 hemizygous variant (c.2044G>A/p.Glu682Lys) and IQSEC2 heterozygous variant (c.4315C>T/p.Pro1439Ser) in juvenile absence epilepsy, EFHC1 variant (c.1504C>T/p.Arg502Trp) and CACNA1H (c.589G>T/p.Ala197Ser) both with incomplete penetrance in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, and GRIN2A variant (c.2011C>G/p.Gln671Glu) and GABRB1 variant (c.1075G>A/p.Val359Ile) both co-segregated with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Among them, GABRB1 was for the first time identified as potential novel causative gene for IGE. SIGNIFICANCE: Considering the genetic heterogeneity and complex inheritance of IGEs, a comprehensive evaluation combined the ACMG scoring and assessment of clinical concordance is suggested for the pathogenicity analysis of variants identified in clinical screening. GABRB1 is probably a novel causative gene for IGE, which warrants further studies.

10.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 18: 2211-2217, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36196359

RESUMO

Purpose: NAD(P)H: Quinone Oxidoreductase 1 gene (NQO1) polymorphism is associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between NQO1 gene polymorphism and ischemic stroke susceptibility in Chinese Han nationality. Patients and Methods: One hundred and forty-one patients diagnosed with ischemic stroke and 139 matched control groups were recruited in this study. The polymorphism distribution of rsl800566 locus and rs10517 locus of NQO1 gene was genotyped via TaqMan assay, and the concentration of Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in the blood of the subjects was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The relationship between the polymorphism distribution and the susceptibility to ischemic stroke was evaluated. Results: The frequency distribution of the three genotypes of NQO1 rs1800566 between the case group and the control group was statistically significant, and cases carrying CT and TT genotype were less likely to suffer from ischemic stroke. Compared with individuals carrying T allele, C allele carriers have higher risk of ischemic stroke. However, there was no significant difference in frequency distribution among the three genotypes of NQO1 rs10517 between controls and patients. Conclusion: The NQO1 rs1800566 C allele may be a novel marker associated with ischemic stroke susceptibility in Chinese Han population. Polymorphism of rsl800566 locus in NQO1 gene may be protective against ischemic stroke risk.

11.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 9(31): e2202973, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36180391

RESUMO

Transparent conducting oxides (TCO) with high electrical conductivity and high visible light transparency are desired for a wide range of high-impact engineering. Yet, usually, a compromise must be made between conductivity and transparency, limiting the practical application of a TCO to the next level. Furthermore, TCO performance is highly sensitive to composition, so conventional synthesis methods, such as chemical doping, cannot unravel the mysteries of the quantitative structure-performance relationship. Thus, improving the fundamental understanding or creating materials-by-design has limited success. Here, a strategy is proposed to modulate the lattice and electronic and optical properties precisely by applying pressure on a TCO. Strikingly, after compression-decompression treatment on the indium titanium oxides (ITiO), a highly transparent and metastable phase with two orders of magnitude enhancement in conductivity is synthesized from an irreversible phase transition. Moreover, this phase possesses previously unattainable filter efficiency on hazardous blue light up to 600 °C, providing potential for healthcare-related applications with strong thermal stability up to 200 °C. These results demonstrate that pressure engineering is a clean and effective tool for tailoring functional materials that are not achievable by other means, providing an exciting alternative property-tuning dimension in materials science.

12.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 6442441, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35983138

RESUMO

Intelligent tourism route planning is an important element of smart tourism, and the current tourism route planning has problems such as strong subjectivity and low personalization considering tourists' interests. To solve the problems of current tourism route planning, an improved interest field travel route planning model is proposed. Firstly, an intelligent interest field extraction model is established. Secondly, an improved greedy algorithm is designed to reduce the risk of missing the optimal solution, strengthen the local search capability, and improve the solution accuracy of the algorithm. The extracted routes of interest sites are planned, and a motivated iterative value output model is established. The experimental results demonstrate that the selected routes are shorter and less expensive than the traditional model. By iterating the actual data to obtain the iterative values of different tourist route motivations and the sequential guide map of attractions based on tourist interests, the optimal and suboptimal routes that satisfy the tourist motivation interests are analyzed. This model has strong feasibility and practical significance for smart tourism route planning.


Assuntos
Motivação , Viagem
13.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 15: 864074, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35813073

RESUMO

Objective: ADGRV1 gene encodes adhesion G protein-coupled receptor-V1 that is involved in synaptic function. ADGRV1 mutations are associated with audio-visual disorders. Although previous experimental studies suggested that ADGRV1 variants were associated with epilepsy, clinical evidence is limited and the phenotype spectrum is to be defined. Methods: Trio-based targeting sequencing was performed in a cohort of 101 cases with febrile seizure (FS) and epilepsy with antecedent FS. Protein modeling was used to assess the damaging effects of variants. The genotype-phenotype correlations of the ADGRV1 variants in epilepsy and audio-visual disorders were analyzed. Results: ADGRV1 variants were identified in nine unrelated cases (8.91%), including two heterozygous frameshift variants, six heterozygous missense variants, and a pair of compound heterozygous variants. These variants presented a statistically higher frequency in this cohort than that in control populations. Most missense variants were located at CalX-ß motifs and changed the hydrogen bonds. These variants were inherited from the asymptomatic parents, indicating an incomplete penetrance. We also identified SCN1A variants in 25 unrelated cases (24.75%) and SCN9A variants in 3 unrelated cases (2.97%) in this cohort. Contrary to SCN1A variant-associated epilepsy that revealed seizure was aggravated by sodium channel blockers, ADGRV1 variants were associated with mild epilepsy with favorable responses to antiepileptic drugs. The patients denied problems with audio-visual-vestibular abilities in daily life. However, audio-visual tests revealed auditory and visual impairment in the patient with compound heterozygous variants, auditory or vestibular impairment in the patients with heterozygous frameshift, or hydrogen-bond changed missense variants but no abnormalities in the patients with missense variants without hydrogen-bond changes. Previously reported ADGRV1 variants that were associated with audio-visual disorders were mostly biallelic/destructive variants, which were significantly more frequent in the severe phenotype of audio-visual disorders (Usher syndrome 2) than in other mild phenotypes. In contrast, the variants identified in epilepsy were monoallelic, missense mainly located at CalX-ß, or affected isoforms VLGR1b/1c. Significance: ADGRV1 is potentially associated with FS-related epilepsy as a susceptibility gene. The genotype, submolecular implication, isoforms, and damaging severity of the variants explained the phenotypical variations. ADGRV1 variant-associated FS/epilepsy presented favorable responses to antiepileptic drugs, implying a clinical significance.

14.
Opt Express ; 30(9): 15777-15795, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473291

RESUMO

Large optical flats play a remarkable role in advanced large-aperture optical systems and the testing of the surface shape error is indispensable for the fabrication. The widely adopted Ritchey-Common test for large optical flats will fail without the rigorous test configurations including a large F/# prerequisition and a flat-to-interferometer distance invariance. A virtual-real combination Ritchey-Common interferometry is proposed to avoid the large F/# prerequisition by accurately modelling the optical path in a virtual interferometer. Furthermore, a virtual-real combination iterative algorithm is proposed in this method to break the flat-to-interferometer distance invariance. Measurement experiments for 100 mm and 422 mm aperture flats were performed to demonstrate the feasibility of this method. Compared with a direct testing in a standard Zygo interferometer, the peak to valley (PV) and root mean square (RMS) errors were less than 0.1 λ and 0.01 λ (λ=632.8 nm), respectively, in different Ritchey angles and flat-to-interferometer distances. Further numerical simulations demonstrate that RMS errors for various Zernike aberrations in arbitrary F/# are less than 0.01 λ. This method can break the distance invariance restriction and achieve high accuracy with an arbitrary F/#, thus providing substantial freedom in the design of test configurations to accommodate various test scenarios.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(13): 15401-15406, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35316038

RESUMO

Indium phosphide (InP) quantum dots (QDs) have demonstrated great potential for light-emitting diode (LED) application because of their excellent optical properties and nontoxicity. However, the over performance of InP QDs still lags behind that of CdSe QDs, and one of main reasons is that the Zn traps in InP lattices can be formed through the cation exchange in the ZnSe shell growth process. Herein, we realized highly luminescent InP/ZnSe/ZnS QDs by constructing Se-rich shielding layers on the surfaces of InP cores, which simultaneously protect the InP cores from the invasion of Zn2+ into InP lattices and facilitate the ZnSe shell growth via the reaction between Zn2+ precursors and Se2- shielding layers. The as-synthesized green InP/ZnSe/ZnS QDs had a high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of up to 87%. The fabricated QLEDs present a peak external quantum efficiency of 6.2% with an improved efficiency roll-off at high luminance, which is 2 times higher than that of control devices.

16.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 32(3): 641-647, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35115210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hyperuricemia is widely thought as a risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and all-cause mortality; however, the relation of serum uric acid (sUA) and subclinical myocardial injury (SCeMI) remains unclear. We hypothesize that sUA is associated with subclinical myocardial injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 5880 adult individuals (57.9 ± 13.0 years, 54.23% women) without known cardiovascular disease from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III were included. Determined by Cardiac Infarction Injury Score (CIIS) from 12-lead electrocardiogram, SCeMI was defined by CIIS ≥10 units. The relationship between sUA and SCeMI was analyzed by using logistic regression models and the smooth curve fitting. Subgroup analyses were conducted. After adjusting for potential confounding variables, the smooth curve fitting revealed a non-linear relationship between sUA level and SCeMI. When sUA was above the inflection point 266.5 µmol/L, each 100 unit increase in sUA increase the risk of SCeMI by 15%. In women group, when sUA>340.3 µmol/L, each 100 unit increase in sUA increase the risk of SCeMI by 71%, but no significant correlation was observed in men group. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm that sUA is an independent risk factor for subclinical myocardial injury after adjusting for potential confounding variables, and existence of such an association in women only, which require more random control trials to confirm the strategy of cardiovascular disease prevention based on sUA reduction in female.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Infarto do Miocárdio , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/diagnóstico , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Fatores de Risco , Ácido Úrico
17.
Front Genet ; 13: 805651, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35186033

RESUMO

It has been proven that the random regression model has a great advantage over the repeatability model in longitudinal data analysis. At present, the random regression model has been used as a standard analysis method in longitudinal data analysis. The aim of this study was to estimate the variance components and heritability of semen traits over the reproductive lifetime of boars. The study data, including 124,941 records from 3,366 boars, were collected from seven boar AI centers in South China between 2010 and 2019. To evaluate alternative models, we compared different polynomial orders of fixed, additive, and permanent environment effects in total 216 models using Bayesian Information Criterions. The result indicated that the best model always has higher-order polynomials of permanent environment effect and lower-order polynomials of fixed effect and additive effect regression. In Landrace boars, the heritabilities ranged from 0.18 to 0.28, 0.06 to 0.43, 0.03 to 0.14, and 0.05 to 0.24 for semen volume, sperm motility, sperm concentration, and abnormal sperm percentage, respectively. In Large White boars, the heritabilities ranged from 0.20 to 0.26, 0.07 to 0.15, 0.10 to 0.23, and 0.06 to 0.34 for semen volume, sperm motility, sperm concentration, and abnormal sperm percentage, respectively.

18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(4)2022 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35214461

RESUMO

With the various applications of the Internet of Things, research into wireless sensor networks (WSNs) has become increasingly important. However, because of their limited energy, the communication abilities of the wireless nodes distributed in the WSN are limited. The main task of WSNs is to collect more data from targets in an energy-efficient way, because the battery replacement of large amounts of nodes is a labor-consuming work. Although the life of WSNs can be prolonged through energy-harvesting (EH) technology, it is necessary to design an energy-efficient routing protocol for the energy harvesting-based wireless sensor networks (EH-WSNs) as the nodes would be unavailable in the energy harvesting phase. A certain number of unavailable nodes would cause a coverage hole, thereby affecting the WSN's monitoring function of the target environment. In this paper, an adaptive hierarchical-clustering-based routing protocol for EH-WSNs (HCEH-UC) is proposed to achieve uninterrupted coverage of the target region through the distributed adjustment of the data transmission. Firstly, a hierarchical-clustering-based routing protocol is proposed to balance the energy consumption of nodes. Then, a distributed alternation of working modes is proposed to adaptively control the number of nodes in the energy-harvesting mode, which could lead to uninterrupted target coverage. The simulation experimental results verify that the proposed HCEH-UC protocol can prolong the maximal lifetime coverage of WSNs compared with the conventional routing protocol and achieve uninterrupted target coverage using energy-harvesting technology.

19.
Prion ; 15(1): 177-182, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486485

RESUMO

We report a case of genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (gCJD), which has a clinical phenotype that is highly similar to Fatal Family Insomnia (FFI) and has a triad of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKs) at the developmental stage of the disease. The 51-year-old male complained of sleep disorder and imbalance who had visited five different hospitals before diagnosed. A neurological examination revealed a triad of symptoms characteristic for WKs such as gaze paresis, ataxia of limbs and trunk, and memory disturbances. The disturbances increased during the course of the disease, which led to the death of the patient 18 months after the appearance of the signs. Although the patient show negative in brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 14-3-3 protein of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), he was finally diagnosed with gCJD disease by the human prion protein (PRNP) gene mutations.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Creutzfeldt-Jakob , Insônia Familiar Fatal , Príons , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Síndrome de Creutzfeldt-Jakob/genética , Humanos , Insônia Familiar Fatal/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Príons/genética
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(9)2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493555

RESUMO

We report a case of a previously fit woman who presented at 26 weeks into her fourth pregnancy with a dry cough. Following a nasopharyngeal swab, she was diagnosed with a pertussis infection, and treated with antibiotics. A chest X-ray showed right atrial dilatation and an echocardiogram was scheduled outpatient. However, after re-presenting with worsening cough and dyspnoea, an inpatient echocardiogram was performed which suggested elevated pulmonary pressures with significant tricuspid regurgitation, as confirmed by subsequent cardiac catheterisation. She had an elective caesarean section at 34 weeks and underwent repeat right heart catheterisation which revealed persistent, and likely pre-existing, pulmonary arterial hypertension. This case highlights the importance of thorough assessment of non-obstetric symptoms in pregnancy in formulating alternative differentials, even after a diagnosis has been made, to prevent potentially life-threatening conditions from being missed. It also shows that although often associated, respiratory and cardiac causes may coexist separately.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Coqueluche , Cesárea , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Gravidez , Coqueluche/complicações , Coqueluche/diagnóstico , Coqueluche/tratamento farmacológico
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