Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.789
Filtrar
1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 731-740, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383068

RESUMO

NiO/ZnO gas-sensing nanotube materials were prepared by electrospinning. The structure and morphology of the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), energydispersive X-ray detection (EDX) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. The template, PAN (peroxyacetyl nitrate) fibers, was completely removed, as evidenced by the EDX results. The final NiO/ZnO composite materials were composed of hexagonal wurtzite ZnO and cubic NiO and exhibited hollow tubular structures. In the composites, p-n heterojunctions were formed at the interface of NiO and ZnO. The results of gas sensitivity tests showed that the incorporation of NiO considerably improved the gas sensitivity of ZnO to ethanol. When the doping ratio was 0.125 mol/mol, the composites exhibited the highest sensitivity to ethanol (100.92 at 300 °C) and showed high selectivity.

2.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478145

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease in elderly individuals. We conducted this study to examine whether alterations in the fractional amplitudes of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF) in the AD spectrum were frequency-dependent and symptom-relevant. A total of 43 patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD), 52 with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), 44 with Alzheimer's dementia (d-AD) and 55 well-matched controls participated in resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) scans. The amplitudes were measured using fALFF within the slow-4 (0.027-0.073 Hz) and slow-5 (0.01-0.027 Hz) bands. Repeated-measures analysis of variance was performed on fALFF within two bands and correlated with neuropsychological test scores. The significant main effects of frequency and group on fALFF differed widely across brain regions. There were more varied areas in the slow-5 band than the slow-4 band. The fALFF associated with primary disease effects was mainly distributed in the parietal lobe. Obvious frequency band and group interaction effects were observed in the left angular gyrus, left calcarine fissure and surrounding cortex, left superior cerebellum, left cuneus and right lingual gyrus. Neuropsychological tests scores were significantly correlated with the fALFF magnitude of the left cuneus and right lingual in the slow-5 band. Our results suggested that the AD continuum had abnormal amplitudes in intrinsic brain activity, and these abnormalities were frequency-dependent and mainly associated with the slow-5 band rather than the slow-4 band. This may guide the frequency choice of future rs-fMRI studies and provide new insights into the neuropathophysiology of AD.

3.
Hum Mutat ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479177

RESUMO

The typical phenotype of arthrogryposis, renal dysfunction, and cholestasis (ARC) syndrome involves three cardinal symptoms as the name describes, harboring biallelic mutations on VPS33B or VIPAS39. Except for ARC syndrome, low gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) cholestasis often implies hereditary hepatopathy of different severity; however, some remain undiagnosed. Several monogenic defects typically with multiorgan manifestations may only present liver dysfunction at times, such as DGUOK defect and AGL defect. Previously, four VPS33B mutated cases were reported without arthrogryposis, or with less severe symptoms and longer lifespan, indicating the possibility of incomplete ARC phenotype of isolated hepatopathy. So we retrospectively reviewed all patients with confirmed VPS33B/VIPARS39 defect in our center and identified three presenting isolated low-GGT cholestasis with intractable pruritus. Distinguished from others with typical ARC phenotype, these patients did not suffer the other two typical characteristics, survived much longer, and shared a novel missense VPS33B variation c.1726T>C, p.Cys576Arg, causing declined protein expression and abolished interaction with VIPAS39 in-vitro. Serum bile acid profiles of our VPS33B/VIPAS39 mutated patients revealed similar changes to primary defect of bile salt export pump, among which those with isolated cholestasis phenotype had a higher level of total secondary bile acids than that with typical ARC phenotype, indicating the partial residual function of VPS33B.

4.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Melasma is a benign and chronic hypermelanosis characterized by irregular light brown to dark brown patches of hyperpigmentation on the skin. Oral tranexamic acid (TA) or vitamin C (VC) supplementation has been one treatment choice. TA interferes with keratinocyte-melanocyte interactions, and VC functions by reducing melanin production resulting in skin rejuvenation and whitening. AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy and safety of Myjet assisted transdermal injection of TA vs VC in the treatment of melasma. METHODS: In this split-face controlled trial, 17 patients were randomized to receive eight weekly transdermal injections of TA or VC via Myjet either on the right or the left side of their face. MASI was measured from each side of the face at the baseline, at the middle, and at the end of treatment. RESULTS: A reduction in MASI was observed for TA and VC separately (P value < 0.05). The difference in efficacy between TA and VC group was not statistically significant (P value 0.05). Both treatments were well tolerated, with no serious adverse events reported. CONCLUSION: Weekly TA or VC transdermal injections can be an effective treatment for melasma. Further studies are required to validate these findings.

5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3917, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477733

RESUMO

Long-term stability and high-rate capability have been the major challenges of sodium-ion batteries. Layered electroactive materials with mechanically robust, chemically stable, electrically and ironically conductive networks can effectively address these issues. Herein we have successfully directed carbon nanofibers to vertically penetrate through graphene sheets, constructing robust carbon nanofiber interpenetrated graphene architecture. Molybdenum disulfide nanoflakes are then grown in situ alongside the entire framework, yielding molybdenum disulfide@carbon nanofiber interpenetrated graphene structure. In such a design, carbon nanofibers prevent the restacking of graphene sheets and provide ample space between graphene sheets, enabling a strong structure that maintains exceptional mechanical integrity and excellent electrical conductivity. The as-prepared sodium ion battery delivers outstanding electrochemical performance and ultrahigh stability, achieving a remarkable specific capacity of 598 mAh g-1, long-term cycling stability up to 1000 cycles, and an excellent rate performance even at a high current density up to 10 A g-1.

6.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(4): 529-535, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484617

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of N-acetylcysteine(NAC)on cognitive function and nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2/ heme oxygenase-1(Nrf2/HO-1)pathway in mouse models of postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Methods Fifty-four male C57BL/6J mice(3-4 months old)were randomly divided into control group,surgery group,and surgery+NAC group by block randomization.The intramedullary fixation for left tibial fracture surgery was performed to establish postoperative cognitive dysfunction models.NAC(150 mg/kg)was administered intraperitoneally in group surgery+NAC 30 minutes before and 3 hours,6 hours after surgery,while saline was given in control group and surgery group.Six mice in each group were selected randomly underwent Morris water maze test on the third day after surgery.Animals were sacrificed at the first and third postoperative days,and the hippocampus was harvested.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to quantify the levels of interleukin-6(IL-6)and malondialdehyde(MDA)in hippocampus.Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction were used to measure the expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 in hippocampus. Results There was no significant difference in swimming speed among three groups(F=2.135,P=0.114).Compared with control group and surgery+NAC group,the surgery group had prolonged escape latency(P<0.01),reduced platform crossing times(P<0.01),and shortened time spent in the target quadrant(P<0.01).Compared with the control group,the surgery group and the surgery+NAC group had significantly increased levels of IL-6 and MDA in hippocampus at the first postoperative day(all P=0.000).On the third postoperative day,there was no significant difference in the levels of IL-6(P=0.251)and MDA(P=0.103)between control group and surgery+NAC group.The protein expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 in hippocampus were significantly higher in surgery group and surgery+NAC group than in control group and significantly higher in surgery+NAC group than in surgery group(all P=0.000).The mRNA expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 in hippocampus were significantly higher in surgery group and surgery+NAC group than in control group and significantly higher in surgery+NAC group than in surgery group (all P=0.000). Conclusions NAC pretreatment may reduce oxidative stress and inflammatory response in hippocampus and improve cognitive function.Such effect may be relate to the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.

7.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484704

RESUMO

Hyaluronic acid (HA), a constituent of the extracellular matrix, promotes colorectal cancer (CRC) growth. CD44 is a relevant HA receptor in this context. However, HA is also a ligand for TLR4, a receptor of significance in CRC. In this study we examine the relative contribution of HA interactions with CD44 and TLR4 in colon tumorigenesis. CRC models included ApcMin/+ mice, azoxymethane/dextran sodium sulfate (AOM-DSS) and CT26 tumor isografts. We used knockout mice and CT26 CRC cells with CRISPR knockdown of CD44 and TLR4. HA activity was modulated by PEP1 (a 12-mer peptide that blocks HA from binding its receptors), hyaluronidase (which promotes HA degradation), or 4-MU (HA synthesis inhibitor). Blockade of HA binding via PEP1 decreased growth in all CRC models and in cell culture. The effects were significant in WT and with CD44 deletion, but not with TLR4 deletion. In the AOM-DSS model, mice deficient in CD44 or TLR4 had fewer tumors. CD44 and TLR4 deficient CT26 isografts grew more slowly, exhibiting decreased tumor cell proliferation and increased apoptosis. In vitro, endogenous HA blocked LPS binding to TLR4 suggesting that HA is a relevant TLR4 ligand in colon cancer. Finally, PEP1 enhanced tumor radiation sensitivity in the isograft model. Together these results indicate that HA binding to TLR4, as well as CD44, plays a key role in colon tumorigenesis. These findings also raise the possibility that an agent that blocks HA binding, like PEP1, may be useful as an adjuvant therapy in colon cancer.

8.
Aust N Z J Psychiatry ; : 4867419872248, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Since only 30% or fewer of individuals at clinical high risk convert to psychosis within 2 years, efforts are underway to refine risk identification strategies to increase their predictive power. The clinical high risk is a heterogeneous syndrome presenting with highly variable clinical symptoms and cognitive dysfunctions. This study investigated whether subtypes defined by baseline clinical and cognitive features improve the prediction of psychosis. METHOD: Four hundred clinical high-risk subjects from the ongoing ShangHai At Risk for Psychosis program were enrolled in a prospective cohort study. Canonical correlation analysis was applied to 289 clinical high-risk subjects with completed Structured Interview for Prodromal Syndromes and cognitive battery tests at baseline, and at least 1-year follow-up. Canonical variates were generated by canonical correlation analysis and then used for hierarchical cluster analysis to produce subtypes. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were constructed from the three subtypes to test their utility further in predicting psychosis. RESULTS: Canonical correlation analysis determined two linear combinations: (1) negative symptom and functional deterioration-related cognitive features, and (2) Positive symptoms and emotional disorganization-related cognitive features. Cluster analysis revealed three subtypes defined by distinct and relatively homogeneous patterns along two dimensions, comprising 14.2% (subtype 1, n = 41), 37.4% (subtype 2, n = 108) and 48.4% (subtype 3, n = 140) of the sample, and each with distinctive features of clinical and cognitive performance. Those with subtype 1, which is characterized by extensive negative symptoms and cognitive deficits, appear to have the highest risk for psychosis. The conversion risk for subtypes 1-3 are 39.0%, 11.1% and 18.6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our results define important subtypes within clinical high-risk syndromes that highlight clinical symptoms and cognitive features that transcend current diagnostic boundaries. The three different subtypes reflect significant differences in clinical and cognitive characteristics as well as in the risk of conversion to psychosis.

9.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0222135, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of bilateral high-frequency hearing loss (BHFHL) with blood pressure and hypertension among occupational noise exposed workers. METHODS: Occupational noise exposed workers were enrolled in 2017 from the occupational diseases survey of Chengdu. BHFHL was classified as normal, mild, or high by the bilateral high-frequency tone average. Linear regression model was used to assess the effects of occupational noise exposure time and BHFHL on blood pressure. Logistic regression model was performed to estimate hypertension risk odds ratios (ORs) associated to occupational noise exposure time and BHFHL. RESULTS: Increasing years of occupational noise exposure and BHFHL were significantly associated with systolic and diastolic blood pressure increase (all P<0.001). The lineal trend was only significant in males, with adjusted ORs for hypertension gradually increasing with increasing years of occupational noise exposure (P<0.001). Furthermore, subjects having mild and high BHFHL had a higher hypertension risk of 34% and 281%, respectively (both P<0.001). Dose-response relationship between BHFHL and hypertension was found in both males and females. CONCLUSIONS: Occupational noise exposure was positively associated with blood pressure levels and hypertension risk.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487514

RESUMO

Three polysaccharides (WZP1, WZP2, WZP3) and their Se-enriched products (SeWZP1, SeWZP2 and SeWZP3) were obtained from Pleurotus ostreatus using a simple, rapid method and HNO3-Na2SeO3 method, respectively. The molecular weight distribution profiles of all samples except SeWZP2 showed double peaks. The average molecular weights (Mw) of WZP1-3 were 48.6 kDa, 20.2 kDa and 11.8 kDa, respectively, and of SeWZP1-3 were 19.6 kDa, 37.7 kDa, 14.5 kDa, respectively. The complexity of monosaccharide composition of WZP1-3 was inversely proportional to the ethanol concentration used in the ethanol precipitation process. Additionally, the results of biological activity tests indicated that α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of WZP1-3 was related to the molecular weight and the monosaccharide composition complexity. The selenized modification can improve the α-glucosidase-inhibiting, hydroxyl radical-scavenging activity of P. ostreatus polysaccharides. Therefore, by improving their bioactivities by selenization, the polysaccharides of P. ostreatus could be utilized as a natural health food supplement.

11.
Ren Fail ; 41(1): 814-820, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488010

RESUMO

Objective: To study the efficacy and safety of sustained low-efficiency diafiltration (SLEDf) versus hemodialysis (HD) for patients with wasp stings who developed stage III acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of consecutive patients who developed AKI following wasp stings. All eligible patients received renal replacement therapy in combination with hemoperfusion. Thereafter, blood purification therapy and HD were performed with a volumetrically controlled machine and 1.7 m2 surface, Fresenius Polysulfone HD filter and SLEDf was undertaken with a volumetrically controlled machine and 1.3 m2 surface, Fresenius Polysulfone HD filter. Results: Forty patients developed stage III AKI following wasp stings, including 14 patients that received SLEDf and 26 patients underwent HD. Thirteen patients were aged less than 60 years and underwent HD (group I), 27 patients were aged at least 60 years, including 13 patients undergoing HD (group II) and 14 patients receiving SLEDf (group III). Groups I and II completed 150 and 162 sessions of HD, respectively, and group III completed 156 sessions of sustained low-efficiency blood purification therapy, including 50 sessions of SLEDf. The time to return to normal serum creatinine levels was 38.8 ± 2.7 days for group I, 47.2 ± 5.3 days for group II, and 39.2 ± 3.3 days for group III. A statistically significant difference was observed in time to normal serum creatinine levels among the three groups. Conclusion: Elderly wasp victims have more severe illness than younger wasp victims and SLEDf is safe and superior to HD in recovery of renal function of elderly wasp victims.

12.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(8): 571-577, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether low calf circumference (CC) could predict nutritional risk and the cutoff values of CC for predicting nutritional risk in hospitalized patients aged ⪖ 80 years. METHODS: A total of 1,234 consecutive patients aged ⪖ 80 years were enrolled in this study. On admission, demographic data, CC, and laboratory parameters were obtained. Patients with Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) total score ⪖ 3 were considered as having nutritional risk. RESULTS: CC values were significantly lower in patients with nutritional risk compared to those in patients without nutritional risk [27.00 (24.50-31.00) vs. 31.00 (29.00-33.50], P < 0.001]. CC was negatively correlated with age and nutritional risk scores. Logistic regression analysis of nutritional risk revealed that body mass index, albumin level, hemoglobin level, cerebral infarction, neoplasms, and CC (OR, 0.897; 95% confidence interval, 0.856-0.941; P < 0.001) were independent impact factors of nutritional risk. Nutritional risk scores increased with a decrease in CC. In men, the best CC cutoff value for predicting nutritional risk according to the NRS-2002 was 29.75 cm. In women, the cutoff value was 28.25 cm. CONCLUSION: CC is a simple, noninvasive, and valid anthropometric measure to predict nutritional risk for hospitalized patients aged ⪖ 80 years.

14.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488699

RESUMO

Multidrug resistance and tumor migration and invasion are still the main obstacles to effective breast cancer chemotherapies. Transgelin 2 has recently been shown to induce drug resistance, tumor migration, and invasion. The aim of this study was to determine the biological functions of Transgelin 2 and the mechanism underlying how Transgelin 2 induces paclitaxel (PTX) resistance and the migration and invasion of breast cancer. We detected that the protein level of Transgelin 2 was significantly up-regulated in breast cancer tissues compared with adjacent nontumor tissues. A bioinformatics analysis indicated that Transgelin 2 was significantly related to clinicopathological parameters and patient prognosis. Overexpression of Transgelin 2 enhanced the migration and invasion of human breast cancer cells and decreased the sensitivity of breast cancer cells to paclitaxel. Meanwhile, the tumorigenesis and metastasis of breast cancer cells were also enhanced by Transgelin 2 overexpression in vivo. Moreover, Transgelin 2 overexpression activated the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3ß pathway by increasing the phosphorylation levels of Akt and GSK-3ß and decreasing the expression of PTEN. We also found that Transgelin 2 could directly interact with PTEN and was located upstream of PTEN. Furthermore, the PI3K/Akt pathway inhibitor MK-2206 reversed the resistance to paclitaxel and inhibited the migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. These findings indicate that Transgelin 2 promotes paclitaxel resistance and the migration and invasion of breast cancer by directly interacting with PTEN and activating the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3ß pathway. Transgelin 2 may therefore be useful as a novel biomarker and therapeutic target for breast cancer.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480140

RESUMO

Objective: To develop healthier comminuted meat products to meet consumer demand, the gel properties, rheological properties, microstructure and water distribution of pork meat batters formulated with various amounts of bamboo shoot dietary fiber (BSDF) were investigated. Methods: Different levels of BSDF (0-4%) were added to pork batters, and the pH, color, water-holding capacity, texture and rheological properties of pork batters were determined. Then, pork batters were analyzed for their microstructure and water distribution using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR). Results: Compared with the control, BSDF addition into meat batters showed a significant reduction in L*-value and a significant increase in b*-value (P<0.05). BSDF addition of up to 4% reduced the pH value of pork batters by approximately 0.15 units; however, the cooking loss and expressible water loss decreased significantly (P<0.05) with the increased addition of BSDF. The hardness and gel strength were noticeably enhanced (P<0.05) as the content of BSDF increased. The rheological results showed that BSDF added into pork batters produced higher storage modulus (G') and loss modulus (G'') values. The SEM images suggested that the addition of BSDF could promote pork batters to form a more uniform and compact microstructure. The proportion of immobilized water increased significantly (P<0.05), while the population of free water was decreased (P<0.05), indicating that BSDF improved the water-holding capability of pork batters by decreasing the fraction of free water. Conclusion: BSDF could improve the gel properties, rheological properties and water distribution of pork meat batters and decrease the proportion of free water, suggesting that BSDF has great potential as an effective binder in comminuted meat products.

16.
Breastfeed Med ; 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368783

RESUMO

Background: With births generated with assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs) increasingly, the effect of ARTs on infant feeding behaviors is an essential topic to explore. However, limited literature focused on this topic. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of ARTs on infant feeding behaviors. Materials and Methods: Participants, including 41 mothers who conceived with ARTs and 935 conceived spontaneously, were drawn from a prospective birth cohort between January 2015 and December 2015. The participants were followed up at 1, 3, 6, 8, and 12 months postpartum at their residences through a face-to-face interview. Feeding behaviors, including breastfeeding initiation, partial/exclusive breastfeeding duration and formula introduction were assessed using World Health Organization-recommended definitions. Cox and logistic regression models were applied to examine the association of assisted conception with feeding behaviors. Results: Breastfeeding initiation rates were comparable between women who conceived with and without ARTs (70.7% versus 76.0%). Breastfeeding duration and formula introduction were significantly shorter and earlier in assisted conceptions in univariate analyses at 6 months postpartum [crude hazard ratios (HRs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs) 2.02 (1.03-3.84), and 1.63 (1.09-2.44)]. However, after controlling for covariates, assisted conception was only associated with shorter breastfeeding duration at 6 months postpartum [adjusted HR 1.99, 95% CI 1.05-3.80], no significant differences were found in infant feeding outcomes at 12 months postpartum among women with ART conception versus general conception. Mothers who conceived through ARTs with cesarean deliveries were at the highest risks of shorter breastfeeding duration and earlier formula introduction than mothers who conceived spontaneously with vaginal deliveries. Conclusions: Mothers who conceive through ARTs are associated with shorter breastfeeding durations for the first 6 months, compare to mothers who conceive spontaneously. Furthermore, cesarean delivery has a joint effect with the treatment of ARTs on promoting the development of poor feeding behaviors.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(71): 10571-10574, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417999

RESUMO

A portable dual-mode sensing platform based on a self-standing TiO2 nanotube membrane is developed for simultaneously performing both qualitative analysis by the naked eye and quantitative analysis by ionic current. This dual-mode diagnosis strategy exhibits a high performance in telomerase detection in urine specimens from patients with bladder cancer.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467166

RESUMO

Flexible and low-cost poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)-based electrolytes are promising for all-solid-state Li-metal batteries because of their compatibility with a metallic lithium anode. However, the low room-temperature Li-ion conductivity of PEO solid electrolytes and severe lithium-dendrite growth limit their application in high-energy Li-metal batteries. Here we prepared a PEO/perovskite Li3/8Sr7/16Ta3/4Zr1/4O3 composite electrolyte with a Li-ion conductivity of 5.4 × 10-5 and 3.5 × 10-4 S cm-1 at 25 and 45 °C, respectively; the strong interaction between the F- of TFSI- (bis-trifluoromethanesulfonimide) and the surface Ta5+ of the perovskite improves the Li-ion transport at the PEO/perovskite interface. A symmetric Li/composite electrolyte/Li cell shows an excellent cyclability at a high current density up to 0.6 mA cm-2 A solid electrolyte interphase layer formed in situ between the metallic lithium anode and the composite electrolyte suppresses lithium-dendrite formation and growth. All-solid-state Li|LiFePO4 and high-voltage Li|LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 batteries with the composite electrolyte have an impressive performance with high Coulombic efficiencies, small overpotentials, and good cycling stability.

19.
Cells ; 8(9)2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461941

RESUMO

The human nasal epithelium is the primary site of exposure to influenza virus, the initiator of host responses to influenza and the resultant pathologies. Influenza virus may cause serious respiratory infection resulting in major complications, as well as severe impairment of the airways. Here, we elucidated the global transcriptomic changes during H3N2 infection of human nasal epithelial cells from multiple individuals. Using RNA sequencing, we characterized the differentially-expressed genes and pathways associated with changes occurring at the nasal epithelium following infection. We used in vitro differentiated human nasal epithelial cell culture model derived from seven different donors who had no concurrent history of viral infections. Statistical analysis highlighted strong transcriptomic signatures significantly associated with 24 and 48 h after infection, but not at the earlier 8-h time point. In particular, we found that the influenza infection induced in the nasal epithelium early and altered responses in interferon gamma signaling, B-cell signaling, apoptosis, necrosis, smooth muscle proliferation, and metabolic alterations. These molecular events initiated at the infected nasal epithelium may potentially adversely impact the airway, and thus the genes we identified could serve as potential diagnostic biomarkers or therapeutic targets for influenza infection and associated disease management.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e17008, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464958

RESUMO

Urinary kallidinogenase may assist recovery acute ischemic stroke. This study evaluated the effect of urinary kallidinogenase on National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, modified Rankin scale (mRS) score, and fasting glucose levels in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) combined with diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose.Patients with AIS and abnormal glucose metabolism were enrolled in this prospective cohort study and divided into 2 groups. The human urinary kallidinogenase (HUK) group were treated with urinary kallidinogenase and standard treatment; the control group received standard treatment. NIHSS scores, mRS scores, and fasting blood glucose were evaluated and compared.A total of 113 patients were included: 58 in the HUK group and 55 in the control group. NIHSS scores decreased with treatment in both groups (time effect P < .05), but were lower in the HUK group (main effect P = .026). The mRS score decreased in both groups from 10 until 90 days after treatment (time effect P < .05); the 2 groups were similar (main effect, P = .130). Blood glucose levels decreased in both groups 10 days after treatment (time effect, P < .05), but there was no significant treatment effect (main effect, P = .635). Multivariate analysis showed blood uric acid >420 µmol/L (odds ratio [OR]: 0.053, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.008-0.350; P = .002) and application of HUK (OR: 0.217, 95% CI: 0.049-0.954; P = .043) were associated with 90% NIHSS recovery. Baseline NIHSS score was independently associated with poor curative effect.Urinary kallidinogenase with conventional therapy significantly improved NIHSS scores in patients with AIS. Urinary kallidinogenase also showed a trend toward lower fasting blood glucose levels, although the level did not reach significance.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA