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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792031

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the self-management of depression among members of a Chinese community. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Wuhan. The Depression Prevention and Management Survey was used to identify 429 participants' stage of change, perceived benefits, process of change and self-efficacy, based on the transtheoretical model perspective. FINDINGS: A majority of participants (69.0%) were at the inactive stage of depression self-management. The mean score of the process of change was 87.62 (SD = 24.83). ANOVA analysis showed gender, education, and family function were significant influencing factors in the process of change. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Mental health nurses need to target their approach to the level of the individual based on the transtheoretical model to assist them to enhance their awareness and motivation. More consideration should be given to gender, education, and family function in the context of depression self-management.

2.
Plant Cell ; 33(2): 290-305, 2021 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793769

RESUMO

Plants can contain biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) that nominally resemble those found in microbes. However, while horizontal gene transmission is often observed in microbes, plants are limited to vertical gene transmission, implying that their BGCs may exhibit distinct inheritance patterns. Rice (Oryza sativa) contains two unlinked BGCs involved in diterpenoid phytoalexin metabolism, with one clearly required for momilactone biosynthesis, while the other is associated with production of phytocassanes. Here, in the process of elucidating momilactone biosynthesis, genetic evidence was found demonstrating a role for a cytochrome P450 (CYP) from the other "phytocassane" BGC. This CYP76M8 acts after the CYP99A2/3 from the "momilactone" BGC, producing a hemiacetal intermediate that is oxidized to the eponymous lactone by a short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase also from this BGC. Thus, the "momilactone" BGC is not only incomplete, but also fractured by the need for CYP76M8 to act in between steps catalyzed by enzymes from this BGC. Moreover, as supported by similar activity observed with orthologs from the momilactone-producing wild-rice species Oryza punctata, the presence of CYP76M8 in the other "phytocassane" BGC indicates interdependent evolution of these two BGCs, highlighting the distinct nature of BGC assembly in plants.

3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 474-488, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812418

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and mechanism of a novel emodin derivative YX-18 on Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cells. METHODS: MTT assay was used to detect the effect of YX-18 on the proliferation of BL cell lines CA46 and Raji. Annexin V-PE/7-AAD double staining assay was used for detecting the effect of YX-18 on the apoptosis of CA46 and Raji cells. PI/RNase staining was used to test the effect of YX-18 on CA46 and Raji cell cycle. JC-1 method was used to measure the changes of mitochondrial membrane potential after YX-18 treatment, and DAPI staining was used to detect the morphology of apoptotic cells. Western blot was used to analyze the distribution changes of NF-κB pathway protein (P65, P-P65, IκB, P-IκB) in the cytoplasm and cell nucleus, and also the expression changes of cyclin-related protein P21, CDK2, P-CDK2, Cycling D1, Cycling E1, and the apoptosis-related protein Caspase-3, Caspase-8, Caspase-9 and the proliferation-related protein C-MYC, BCL-2 by YX-18. Real-time fluorescence-quantitative PCR was used to evaluate the effects of YX-18 on mRNA levels of C-MYC and Ki-67 genes in CA46 and Raji cells, and EBNA-1 and EBER genes of EBV in Raji (EBV+) cells. RESULTS: Novel Emodin derivative YX-18 could effectively inhibit the proliferation of BL cell lines CA46 and Raji, showing a time-dependent effect (24, 48 and 72 h: rCA46=0.89, 0.75, 0.75, rRaji=0.87, 0.73, 0.64). IC50 of CA46 cells and Raji cells treated with YX-18 for 24 h was 1.77±0.04 µmol/L and 1.97±0.22µmol/L, respectively. CA46 cells and Raji cells were treated with YX-18 at concentration of 2.0 and 4.0 µmol/L for 24 h. Compared with the control group, both strains of cells showed a very significant apoptosis at the concentration of 2.0 and 4.0 µmol/L (P<0.01), showing a concentration-dependent effect (rCA46=0.99, rRaji=0.92). Moreover, the cleavaged Caspase-3, 8 and 9 proteins were activated by YX-18 into verious degrees in both two cell lines. Both the two cell lines displayed by YX-18 cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase (P<0.01) after exposed to YX-18 for 24 hours at the concentration of 1.0, 2.0 µmol/L in CA46 cells and at 0.5 and 1 µmol/L in Raji cells, respectively. YX-18 decreased expression level of cyclin D1, cyclin E1, CDK2, p-cdk2 proteins and increased p21Waf1/Cip1 level in CA46 and Raji cells. YX-18 significantly declined mitochondrial membrane potential in both cells at the concentration of 2.0 and 4.0 µmol/l (P<0.01) with concentration-dependent manner (rCA46=-0.96, rRaji=-0.99). Western blot tests indicated that YX-18 down-regulated nucleus P65 and intracellular cytoplasm P65, P-IκB, P-P65 protein, and upregulated intracellular IκB level with dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, the expression level of the cell proliferation-related molecules C-MYC and BCL-2 was decreased significantly. YX-18 suppressed mRNA levels of C-MYC and Ki-67 in both cell lines, and EBNA-1 in EBV-positive Raji cells in a concentration-dependent way. CONCLUSION: The novel emodin derivative YX-18 can significantly inhibit the proliferation of Burkitt lymphoma cells, and induce the cell apoptosis and cycle arrest. The inhibitory effect of YX-18 on the proliferation of Burkitt lymphoma cells may be related with the effect of Caspase apoptosis pathway, the proliferation and apoptosis-related molecules, such as C-MYC and Ki-67, and also to the inhibition of NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Emodina , Apoptose , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Emodina/farmacologia , Humanos , NF-kappa B
4.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 576-581, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827369

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) followed by hysteroscopic resection for different placenta accreta spectrum disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four patients with placenta accreta, placenta increta, or placenta percreta were treated with USgHIFU from January 2016 to December 2019 and were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were classified into three categories according to the relationship between the trophoblastic villi and the myometrium, based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Fifteen patients were classified as placenta accreta, 17 patients were classified as placenta increta, and 2 were classified as placenta percreta. All patients completed follow-up. Treatment efficacy and safety were evaluated. RESULTS: No significant differences in baseline characteristics and results of HIFU ablation were observed between the patients with placenta accreta and those with placenta increta. The return of HCG levels to normal was longer in patients with placenta accreta compared with patients with placenta increta, while no significant difference was observed in the amount of intraoperative blood loss, the return of normal menstruation and the length of hospital stay. CONCLUSIONS: HIFU treatment followed by hysteroscopic resection is safe and effective in the treatment of patients with placenta accreta and placenta increta.

5.
Food Funct ; 12(8): 3740-3753, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900301

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can easily induce insulin resistance (IR) in skeletal muscle, causing protein metabolism disorder and inflammation. The present study aimed to investigate whether Zanthoxylum alkylamides (ZA) could ameliorate T2DM through regulating protein metabolism disorder by using a rat model of T2DM. The predominant bioactive constituents found in ZA were hydroxyl-α-sanshool, hydroxyl-ß-sanshool and hydroxyl-γ-sanshool. The results showed that ZA improved a series of biochemical indices associated with protein metabolism and inflammation in T2DM rats. Our mechanistic finding indicated that ZA promoted protein anabolism in T2DM rats by up-regulating the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. ZA also promoted glucose transportation in skeletal muscle to ameliorate skeletal muscle IR and energy metabolism through regulating the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway. Moreover, ZA inhibited protein degradation and improved protein catabolism disorder in T2DM rats by down-regulating the PI3K/Akt/forkhead box O (FoxO) signaling pathway, and ZA further ameliorated inflammation to inhibit protein catabolism via regulating the tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)/nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway in the skeletal muscle of T2DM rats. Collectively, the ameliorating effect of ZA on protein metabolism disorder in T2DM rats was the common result of regulating multiple signaling pathways. ZA decreased skeletal muscle IR to promote protein anabolism and inhibit protein catabolism for improving protein metabolism disorder, thus ultimately ameliorating T2DM. In sum, our findings demonstrated that ZA treatment could effectively ameliorate T2DM through improving protein metabolism, providing a new treatment target for T2DM.

6.
Nat Protoc ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903756

RESUMO

The genome is hierarchically organized into several 3D architectures, including chromatin loops, domains, compartments and regions associated with nuclear lamina and nucleoli. Changes in these architectures have been associated with normal development, aging and a wide range of diseases. Despite its critical importance, understanding how the genome is spatially organized in single cells, how organization varies in different cell types in mammalian tissue and how organization affects gene expression remains a major challenge. Previous approaches have been limited by a lack of capacity to directly trace chromatin folding in 3D and to simultaneously measure genomic organization in relation to other nuclear components and gene expression in the same single cells. We have developed an image-based 3D genomics technique termed 'chromatin tracing', which enables direct 3D tracing of chromatin folding along individual chromosomes in single cells. More recently, we also developed multiplexed imaging of nucleome architectures (MINA), which enables simultaneous measurements of multiscale chromatin folding, associations of genomic regions with nuclear lamina and nucleoli and copy numbers of numerous RNA species in the same single cells in mammalian tissue. Here, we provide detailed protocols for chromatin tracing in cell lines and MINA in mammalian tissue, which take 3-4 d for experimental work and 2-3 d for data analysis. We expect these developments to be broadly applicable and to affect many lines of research on 3D genomics by depicting multiscale genomic architectures associated with gene expression, in different types of cells and tissue undergoing different biological processes.

7.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 4187-4194, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900088

RESUMO

The strong metal-support interaction (SMSI) is one of the most important concepts in heterogeneous catalysis, which has been widely investigated between metals and active oxides triggered by reductive atmospheres. Here, we report the oxidative strong metal-support interaction (O-SMSI) effect between Pt nanoparticles (NPs) and inert hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) sheets, in which Pt NPs are encapsulated by oxidized boron (BOx) overlayers derived from the h-BN support under oxidative conditions. De-encapsulation of Pt NPs has been achieved by washing in water, and the residual ultrathin BOx overlayers work synergistically with surface Pt sites for enhancing CO oxidation reaction. The O-SMSI effect is also present in other h-BN-supported metal catalysts such as Au, Rh, Ru, and Ir within different oxidative atmospheres including O2 and CO2, which is determined by metal-boron interaction and O affinity of metals.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e25331, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thymic carcinoma represents a rare type of malignant mediastinal tumor and has been the subject of controversy. Although independent prognostic factors related to thymic carcinoma have been investigated previously, few studies have focused specifically on the survival outcomes associated with thymic squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC). This study aims at presenting a survival analysis in this rare malignant disease at population level. METHODS: We extracted the data of 216 patients with TSCC recorded from 1973 to 2015 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database of the National Cancer Institute. The patients' demographic features, clinical traits, and treatment factors were analyzed in order to identify prognostic factors, which correlate overall survival using the Kaplan-Meier method as well as a multivariate Cox regression model, for TSCC. RESULTS: The majority of patients were male, Caucasian, married, and insured. Furthermore, 58.3%, 54.6%, and 59.7% of patients TSCC underwent surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy respectively. In a multivariate analysis, age of diagnosis (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.022, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.003-1.040, P = .020), surgical treatment (HR: 0.282, 95% CI: 0.164-0.484, P = .000), and stage (regional vs distant HR: 0.532, 95% CI: 0.324-0.872, P = .013; localized vs distant HR: 0.297, 95% CI: 0.133-0.664, P = .003) correlated with increased overall survival, whereas adjuvant therapy, including chemotherapy and radiotherapy, did not correlate with survival. Among surgically treated patients, age of diagnosis and stage were associated with better overall survival, while chemotherapy and radiotherapy did not contribute significantly to overall survival. CONCLUSION: Surgery, age of diagnosis, and stage were associated with better overall survival among TSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Neoplasias do Timo/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Timo/terapia , Adulto , Idade de Início , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Análise de Regressão , Programa de SEER , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Neoplasias do Timo/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Timo/patologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
9.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 96: 107511, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915521

RESUMO

Fingolimod (FTY720), a sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor antagonist, possesses potent immunomodulatory activity via lymphocyte homing. The effects of FTY720 have been widely studied in various T-cell-mediated autoimmune diseases, while the immunomodulatory effects on experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG), a typical disease model for antibody-mediated autoimmunity, remain elusive. In the present study, FTY720 was administered to EAMG rats as prophylaxis. The clinical scores were recorded every other day, and serum antibodies at different time points were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The immune cell subsets in the spleen, bone marrow, circulation, and thymus were determined by flow cytometry. The prophylactic administration alleviated EAMG symptoms by reducing the level of serum antibodies IgG and its isotype IgG2b on days 30 and 46 post immunization, as well as IgG and Ig kappa antibody-secreting cells in the spleen and bone marrow. The mitigated humoral immune response can be attributed to the decreased dendritic cells, follicular T help cells (Tfh) and Tfh subsets (Tfh1, Tfh2, and Tfh17), and T helper cell subsets (Th1, Th2, and Th17) in the spleen. The promotion of lymphocyte homing and inhibition of thymocyte egress contribute to the effects of FTY720 on these effector T cell subsets. Overall, the prophylactic administration of FTY720 ameliorated EAMG partially by regulating humoral immune response,suggesting that FTY720 could be part of a pharmacological strategy for managing myasthenia gravis.

10.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(5)2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33922028

RESUMO

In this work, a novel fluorescent probe with first-time-selected thiazepine backbone, TZPzine-1, was developed for selective detection of hydrazine in water samples and living cells. Chosen from our recent anti-cancer agents, TZPzine-1 inferred structurally based advantages of the optical adjustability and the hydrazine-trapping approach. It also showed applicable properties including high sensitivity (LOD = 50 nM), wide linear range (0-15 equiv.), high selectivity (especially from competing species), rapid response (within 20 min), and practical steadiness in various pH (6.0-11.0) and temperature (15-50 °C) conditions. To satisfy the interdisciplinary requirements in environmental toxicology, TZPzine-1 was successfully applied in water samples and living cells. We hope that the information in this work, as well as the concept of monitoring the nitrogen cycle, may be referable for future research on systematic management.

11.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930280

RESUMO

Four new polyacetylene substances, sadivaethynes A-D, were isolated from the ethanol extract of the roots of Saposhnikovia divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk using repeated column chromatography. Structural elucidation of compounds 1-4 was established by 1D and 2D NMR spectra referring to the literature, together with high-resolution mass spectrometric analysis. All compounds were evaluated for cytotoxicity against two human cancer cell lines (MGC-803, Ishikawa) in vitro.

12.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 158, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neospora caninum is one of the main causes of abortion in pregnant animals. However, N. caninum-induced reproductive injury in male mice is still unclear. METHODS: Male BALB/c mice were infected with a bovine isolate of N. caninum, and the organ coefficients of the testis and epididymis were measured. Lesions in the testis and epididymis were observed by light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Expression of the spermatogenic cell apoptosis-related proteins p53 and caspase-3 was detected by western blot. The expression of spermatogenesis-related genes in the testis was detected by reverse transcription-PCR. Sperm morphology and motility were observed. The levels of nitric oxide (NO) and antisperm antibody (AsAb) in the testicular homogenates and hormones in the serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The reproductive capacity of the male mice was detected using a reproduction test. RESULTS: The organ coefficients of the testis and epididymis of the experimental group were significantly downregulated. Light microscopy examination revealed that the spermatogenic cells of the testis were arranged in a disordered manner, and the number was reduced. The number of sperm in the epididymal lumen was significantly reduced, and the cytoplasm exhibited vacuolation and degeneration. Ultrastructural studies revealed that the cells of the testis and epididymis tissues showed varying degrees of disease. The level of p53 and caspase-3 expression in the testis was significantly upregulated. The expression of the testicular spermatogenesis-related genes Herc4, Ipo11 and Mrto4 were strongly downregulated. Observation of sperm by microscopic examination revealed significantly reduced sperm density and sperm motility, and the number of sperm deformities was significantly increased. The level of NO and AsAb was significantly increased. The levels of luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone were significantly upregulated, whereas the levels of testosterone, thyrotropin-releasing hormone, thyroxine and thyroid-stimulating hormone were significantly downregulated. After challenge, the infected male mice and healthy female mice were caged together: the subsequent fetal death rate was increased, and the conception rate, litter size, number of live births and the birth weight were significantly reduced. CONCLUSIONS: Infection of male BALB/c mice with the bovine isolate of N. caninum induced varying degrees of injury to the testis, epididymis and sperm of the mice, destroyed spermatogenesis and affected the reproductive capacity.

13.
Microb Drug Resist ; 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739878

RESUMO

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, the etiological agent of porcine pleuropneumonia, is increasingly resistant to antibiotics. However, little is known about the mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in this pathogen. In this study, we experimentally evolved the reference strain of both A. pleuropneumoniae serovar 1 and serovar 7, the most prevalent serovars worldwide, to quinolone resistance by sequential exposure to subinhibitory concentrations of ciprofloxacin. The adaptive ciprofloxacin-resistant mutants of A. pleuropneumoniae serovar 1 and serovar 7 had a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) increment from 0.004 to 1 or 2 µg/mL, respectively. Adaptation to ciprofloxacin was shown to confer quinolone resistance with a 32- to 512-fold increase (serovars 1 and 7, respectively) as well as cross-resistance to ampicillin with an increased MIC by 16,384- and 64-fold (serovars 1 and 7, respectively). The genetic analysis of quinolone resistance-determining region mutations showed that substitutions occurred in gyrA (S83A) and parC (D84N) of serovar 1, and gyrA (D87N) of serovar 7. The ciprofloxacin-resistant mutants showed significantly reduced bacterial fitness. The mutants also showed changes in efflux ability and biofilm formation. Notably, the transcription and secretion levels of Apx toxins were dramatically reduced in ciprofloxacin-resistant mutants compared with their wild-type strains. Altogether, these results demonstrated marked phenotypic changes in ciprofloxacin-resistant mutants of A. pleuropneumoniae. The results stress the need for further studies on the impact of both the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of A. pleuropneumoniae following exposure to subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotics.

14.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724514

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate whether phase-shift perfluoropetane (PFP) nanoemulsions can enhance pulsed high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation. METHODS: PFP was encapsulated by poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) to form a nanometer-sized droplet (PLGA-PFP), which was added to an isolated perfused liver system. Meanwhile, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was used as a control. The perfused liver was exposed to HIFU (150 W, t = 3/5/10 s) at various duty cycles (DCs). The ultrasound images, cavitation emissions, and temperature were recorded. Rabbits with subcutaneous VX2 tumors were exposed to HIFU (150 W) at various DCs with or without PLGA-PFP. After ablation, necrosis volume and energy efficiency factor were calculated. Pathologic characteristics were observed. RESULTS: Compared to the PBS control, PLGA-PFP nanoemulsions markedly enhanced HIFU-induced necrosis volume in both perfused livers and subcutaneous VX2 tumor-bearing rabbits (P <.05). Inertial cavitation was much stronger in the pulsed-HIFU exposure at 10% than that in the continuous-wave HIFU exposure (P <.01). Peak temperature at 100% DC was significantly higher than that at 10% (P <.05). Compared to 100% DC HIFU exposure, the mean necrosis volume induced by 10 s exposure at 50% DC was significantly larger (P <.005) but lower at 10% DC in the isolated perfused livers (P <.05). In addition, the mean necrosis volume in subcutaneous VX2 tumor-bearing rabbits was significantly increased after HIFU exposure at 10% DC when compared to those at 100% DC (P <.05). Histopathologic analysis showed liquefaction necrosis in pulsed HIFU. CONCLUSION: PLGA-PFP nanoemulsions can enhance HIFU ablation in the isolated perfused livers and promote tumor ablation in the subcutaneous xenograft rabbit model. Appropriate pulsed HIFU exposure may increase the necrosis volume and reduce total ultrasound energy required for HIFU ablation.

15.
Chin J Physiol ; 64(1): 51-56, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33642344

RESUMO

In Taiwan, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cancer and the cancer with the third highest mortality rate. This may be because of the difficulty of detecting the disease in the early stages, as well as the fact that colonoscopy, a typical method used in screening for CRC, causes discomfort to the recipient and is prone to technical interference. For the earlier detection of CRC, finding an easier screening method with a simpler collection procedure is essential. Thus, in the present study, plasma samples from patients with CRC were analyzed to determine the extent of methylation in SHISA3 DNA. Studies have suggested that SHISA3, a newly identified tumor suppressor, can regulate tumor growth, and that the inactivation of its DNA can be traced to epigenomic alterations in CRC. Another study reported the presence of hypermethylated SHISA3 DNA in CRC biopsy specimens. In the present study, the plasma of 30 patients with CRC and nine healthy controls was collected and analyzed for the concentration of cell-free DNA through bisulfite sequencing. The methylation rates were determined. Our results have shown that an increasing amount of cell-free DNA in the group of CRC patient's plasma compared to the healthy group. Moreover, patients with later stages of CRC had higher concentrations of cell-free DNA. Notably, the methylation rate of SHISA3 was higher in the plasma of the CRC group than in that of the healthy group. The results indicated that the presence of tumor cells does not reduce the degree of SHISA3 DNA in the peripheral blood of patients with CRC. In other words, the hypermethylation of SHISA3, which inactivates the gene, is a potential cause of tumorigenesis. Furthermore, the methylation rate of SHISA3 DNA was higher in the plasma of patients with stage II CRC than in that of those with stage I CRC. In conclusion, the combination of conventional testing and screening for SHISA3 hypermethylation in plasma could improve the rate at which CRC is detected.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Colorretais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , DNA/genética , Metilação de DNA , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Taiwan
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 780: 146483, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773344

RESUMO

Environment pollution is getting serious and various poisonous contaminants with chemical durability, biotoxicity and bioaccumulation have been widespreadly discovered in municipal wastewaters and surface water. The detection and removal of pollutants show great significance for the protection of human health and other organisms. Due to its distinctive physical and chemical properties, perylene diimide (PDI) has received widespread attention from different research fields, especially in the area of environment. In this review, a comprehensive summary of the development of PDI-based materials in fluorescence detection and advanced oxidation technology for environment was introduced. Firstly, we chiefly presented the recent progress about the synthesis of PDI and PDI-based nanomaterials. Then, their application in fluorescence detection for environment was presented and categorized, principally including the detection of heavy metal ions, harmful anions and organic contaminants in the environment. In addition, the application of PDI and PDI-based materials in different advanced oxidation technologies for environment, such as photocatalysis, photoelectrocatalysis, Fenton and Fenton-like reaction and persulfate activation, was also summarized. At last, the challenges and future prospects of PDI-based materials in environmental applications were discussed. This review focuses on presenting the practical applications of PDI and PDI-based materials as fluorescent probes or catalysts (especially photocatalysts) in the detection of hazardous substances or catalytic elimination of organic contaminants. The contents are aimed at supplying the researchers with a deeper understanding of PDI and PDI-based materials and encouraging their further development in environmental applications.

17.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-9, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769155

RESUMO

Three new sesquiterpenoid alkaloids, cangorin K (1), dimacroregelines C (2) and D (3), as well as two known sesquiterpenoids (4-5), were isolated from the roots of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. The structures of new compounds were characterised by extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analyses, as well as HRESIMS data, and the known compounds were established by 1 D NMR spectra referring to the literatures. Cytotoxicity evaluation of these compounds against two human tumour lines (SMMC7721, LN229) was investigated by CCK-8 assay and displayed that compounds 1-4 showed potent cytotoxicity against SMMC7721 cell with IC50 value in the range of 0.26-9.67 µΜ and compounds 1-5 showed potent cytotoxicity against LN-229 cell with IC50 values in the range of 0.50-7.38 µΜ.

18.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(9): 3284-3288, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645973

RESUMO

Small molecules that independently perform natural channel-like functions show greatly potential in the treatment of human diseases. Taking advantage of aromatic helical scaffolds, we develop a kind of foldamer-based ion channels with lumen size varying from 3.8 to 2.3 Å through a sequence substitution strategy. Our results clearly elucidate the importance of channel size in ion transport selectivity in molecular detail, eventually leading to the discoveries of the best artificial K+ channel by far and a rare sodium-preferential channel as well. High K+ selectivity and transport activity together make foldamers promising in therapeutic applications.

19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 554: 107-113, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poststroke depression (PSD) is an important consequence after stroke, with a negative impact on stroke outcome. Recent evidence points to a modulatory role of Growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible protein 45 beta (Gadd45b) in depression. Herein, we evaluated the antidepressant efficacy and mechanism underlying the potent therapeutic effects of Gadd45b after cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to cerebral ischemia by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The sucrose preference test (SPT), forced swim test (FST), and tail suspension test (TST) were performed after completing MCAO to study the antidepressant-like effects. The expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neuroinflammation were determined in the hippocampus. RESULTS: We showed that Gadd45b knockdown induced depression-like behaviors after cerebral ischemia, including increased immobility time in the FST and TST and reduced sucrose preference. Gadd45b knockdown enhanced the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α, accompanying with decreased protein levels of BDNF in the hippocampus. Moreover, the levels of phosphorylated ERK and CREB, which have been implicated in events downstream of BDNF signaling, were also decreased after cerebral ischemia. CONCLUSION: Hence, the results showed that Gadd45b is a promising drug candidate for treating PSD and possibly other nervous system diseases associated with neuroinflammation. Gadd45b may have therapeutic potential for PSD through BDNF-ERK-CREB pathway and neuroinflammation.

20.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 627798, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33718275

RESUMO

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) secretes numerous proteins to interfere with host immune response for its long-term survival. As one of the top abundant M.tb secreted proteins, Rv3722c was found to be essential for bacilli growth. However, it remains elusive how this protein interferes with the host immune response and regulates M.tb survival. Here, we confirmed that Rv3722c interacted with host TRAF3 to promote M.tb replication in macrophages. Knock-down of TRAF3 attenuated the effect of Rv3722c on the intracellular M.tb survival. The interaction between Rv3722c and TRAF3 hampered MAPK and NF-κB pathways, resulting in a significant increase of IFN-ß expression and decrease of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-12p40, and TNF-α expression. Our study revealed that Rv3722c interacted with TRAF3 and interrupted its downstream pathways to promote M.tb survival in macrophages. These findings facilitate further understanding of the mechanism of M.tb secreted proteins in regulating the host cell immune response and promoting its intracellular survival.

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