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1.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(5): 1056-1062, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004747

RESUMO

Context: We analyzed the clinical features and ultrasound image features of follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) and follicular thyroid adenoma (FTA). Aims: This study aimed to identify ultrasonographic differences and correlations between FTC and FTA. Meanwhile, ultrasonographic manifestations of thyroid follicular tumor were also retrospectively analyzed. Settings and Design: Using pathological results as the gold standard, the clinical and ultrasonic image characteristics of FTA and FTC were statistically analyzed, and the differences were analyzed. Materials and Methods: A total of 304 patients who were diagnosed with FTC or FTA by pathology after thyroidectomy from March 2009 to March 2018 were enrolled in this study. Their ultrasonic images were analyzed; image features were extracted and correlation analyses for these features were conducted. Differences in ultrasonic images between FTC and FTA were also compared. Statistical Analysis Used: Independent sample t-test; Wilcoxon rank sum test; A Chi-square test: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: When performing ultrasound diagnosis, attention should be paid to identify FTC and FTA in terms of age, nodular goiter conditions, nodular boundary conditions, internal echo, calcification, blood flow signals, thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) grading and cystic solidity conditions. Moreover, a multivariate logistic regression showed that the boundaries were unclear, and cystic degeneration, TI-RADS, hypoecho, nodular goiter, macrocalcification and microcalcification were associated with FTC. Among them, macrocalcification is a protective factor for thyroid follicular tumors, and other indicators are risk factors. Conclusion: Ultrasound can provide valuable information for the identification of follicular neoplasms, but further research in this area is still necessary.

2.
Clin Epigenetics ; 12(1): 145, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal fibroblasts are ubiquitous cells that maintain the extracellular matrix of organs. Within the lung, airway and parenchymal fibroblasts are crucial for lung development and are altered with disease, but it has been difficult to understand their roles due to the lack of distinct molecular markers. We studied genome-wide DNA methylation and gene expression in airway and parenchymal lung fibroblasts from healthy and asthmatic donors, to identify a robust cell marker and to determine if these cells are molecularly distinct in asthma. RESULTS: Airway (N = 8) and parenchymal (N = 15) lung fibroblasts from healthy individuals differed in the expression of 158 genes, and DNA methylation of 3936 CpGs (Bonferroni adjusted p value < 0.05). Differential DNA methylation between cell types was associated with differential expression of 42 genes, but no single DNA methylation CpG feature (location, effect size, number) defined the interaction. Replication of gene expression and DNA methylation in a second cohort identified TWIST1 gene expression, DNA methylation and protein expression as a cell marker of airway and parenchymal lung fibroblasts, with DNA methylation having 100% predictive discriminatory power. DNA methylation was differentially altered in parenchymal (112 regions) and airway fibroblasts (17 regions) with asthmatic status, with no overlap between regions. CONCLUSIONS: Differential methylation of TWIST1 is a robust cell marker of airway and parenchymal lung fibroblasts. Airway and parenchymal fibroblast DNA methylation are differentially altered in individuals with asthma, and the role of both cell types should be considered in the pathogenesis of asthma.

3.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; : 108489, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035600

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the relationship between acarbose and hepatotoxicity, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and mortality among type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: 32,531 T2D patients with ESRD were identified from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database in 2000-2012 and followed up until 2013. 19.3% of subjects were newly initiated with acarbose during the follow-up. The use of acarbose was quantified as the numbers of the 30-day drug's supplies and dosages (measured by defined daily doses; DDDs), respectively. Time-varying Cox models were applied to evaluate the association of acarbose use with hepatic, cardiovascular and mortality outcomes, with adjustment for patients' demographics, comorbidities, diabetes severity, and co-medications. RESULTS: For each 30-day supply increase in acarbose exposure, the risks of hepatic injury, composite CVD events, and all-cause mortality were significantly lowered by 9% (95% confidence interval: 6-12%), 7% (6-7%) and 7% (7-8%), respectively, while for each 30-day DDD increase in acarbose exposure, the risks for three aforementioned outcomes were significantly reduced by 45% (33-54%), 33% (29-36%) and 35% (32-39%), respectively. In subgroup analyses, the favorable study outcomes of acarbose use were more apparent among patients with more severe diabetes, a longer diabetes duration, or absence of established CVD at baseline. CONCLUSION: Acarbose used in real-world T2D patients with ESRD may have hepatic and cardiovascular safety.

4.
Exp Brain Res ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047182

RESUMO

This study explores the involvement of substance P (SP) in the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) and central amygdaloid nucleus (CeA) in the nociception-emotion link and of rats with masticatory myofascial pain (MMP) induced by chronic tetanic eccentric muscle contraction. A total of 18 rats were randomly and equally assigned for MMP (MMP group) and sham-MMP induction (sMMP group). MMP was induced by electrical-stimulated repetitive tetanic eccentric contraction of the masseter muscle for 14 consecutive days. Myofascial trigger points in the masseter muscle were identified by palpable taut bands, increased prevalence of endplate noise (EPN), focal hypoechoic nodules on ultrasound and restricted jaw opening. All animals were killed for morphological and SP immunohistochemical analyses. Chronic tetanic eccentric contraction induced significantly thicker masseter muscle confirmed by hypoechogenicity, increased prevalence and amplitudes of EPN, and limited jaw opening. Immunohistochemically, the SP-like positive neurons increased significantly in PBN and CeA of the MMP group. Our results suggested that MMP increases the SP protein levels in PBN and CeA, which play important roles in MMP-mediated chronic pain processing as well as MMP-related emotional processes.

5.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 172, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Head-to-head comparison of clinical effectiveness between dulaglutide and liraglutide in Asia is limited. This study was aimed to assess the real-world comparative effectiveness of dulaglutide versus liraglutide. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study by utilizing multi-institutional electronic medical records to identify real-world type 2 diabetes patients treated with dulaglutide or liraglutide during 2016-2018 in Taiwan and followed up until 2019. Effectiveness outcomes were assessed at every 3 months in the 1-year follow-up. Propensity score techniques were applied to enhance between-group comparability. Significant differences in changes of effectiveness outcomes between treatment groups during the follow-up were examined and further analyzed using mixed-model repeated-measures approaches. RESULTS: A total of 1512 subjects receiving dulaglutide and 1513 subjects receiving liraglutide were identified. At 12 months, significant HbA1c changes from baseline were found in both treatments (dulaglutide: - 1.06%, p < 0.001; liraglutide: - 0.83%, p < 0.001), with a significant between-group difference (- 0.23%, 95% confidence interval - 0.38 to - 0.08%, p < 0.01). Both treatments yielded significant declines in weight, alanine aminotransferase level, and estimated glomerular filtration rate from baseline (dulaglutide: - 1.14 kg, - 3.08 U/L and - 2.08 mL/min/1.73 m2, p < 0.01; liraglutide: - 1.64 kg, - 3.65 U/L and - 2.33 mL/min/1.73 m2, p < 0.001), whereas only dulaglutide yielded a significant systolic blood pressure reduction (- 2.47 mmHg, p < 0.001). Between-group differences in changes of weight, blood pressure, and liver and renal functions at 12 months were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In real-world T2D patients, dulaglutide versus liraglutide was associated with better glycemic control and comparable effects on changes of weight, blood pressure, and liver and renal functions.

6.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040157

RESUMO

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a strong infectious pathogen that may cause severe respiratory infections. Since this pathogen may possess a latent period after infection, which sometimes leads to misdiagnosis by traditional diagnosis methods, the establishment of a rapid and sensitive diagnostic method is crucial for transmission prevention and timely treatment. Herein, a novel detection method was established for M. pneumoniae detection. The method, which improves upon a denaturation bubble-mediated strand exchange amplification (SEA) that we developed in 2016, is called accelerated SEA (ASEA). The established ASEA achieved detection of 1% M. pneumoniae genomic DNA in a DNA mixture from multiple pathogens, and the limit of detection (LOD) of ASEA was as low as 1.0 × 10-17 M (approximately 6.0 × 103 copies/mL). Considering that the threshold of an asymptomatic carriage is normally recommended as 1.0 × 104 copies/mL, this method was able to satisfy the requirement for practical diagnosis of M. pneumoniae. Moreover, the detection process was finished within 20.4 min, significantly shorter than real-time PCR and SEA. Furthermore, ASEA exhibited excellent performance in clinical specimen analysis, with sensitivity and specificity of 96.2% and 100%, respectively, compared with the "gold standard" real-time PCR. More importantly, similar to real-time PCR, ASEA requires only one pair of primers and ordinary commercial polymerase, and can be carried out using a conventional fluorescence real-time PCR instrument, which makes this method low-cost and easy to accomplish. Therefore, ASEA has the potential for wide use in the rapid detection of M. pneumoniae or other pathogens in large numbers of specimens. Graphical abstract.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22732, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is extremely easy for rectal prolapse to relapse with surgery alone. Clinical practice indicates that Buzhong Yiqi decoction combined with surgery has certain therapeutic advantages, while there is a lack of evidence-based medicine support. This study aimed to systematically investigate the efficacy and safety of Buzhong Yiqi decoction combined with surgery in the treatment of rectal prolapse. METHODS: The English databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library) and Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI], Wanfang, China Science and Technology Journal Database [VIP], China Biology Medicine disc) were searched by computer. In addition, Baidu Scholar and Google Scholar were searched manually. A randomized controlled clinical study of Buzhong Yiqi decoction combined with surgery in the treatment of rectal prolapse was performed from the establishment of databases to September 2020. Two investigators independently conducted data extraction and assessed the literature quality of the included studies. The Revman5.3 software was used for meta-analysis of the included literature. RESULTS: The efficacy and safety of Buzhong Yiqi decoction combined with surgery in the treatment of rectal prolapse were evaluated in terms of efficiency, symptom score, recurrence rate, adverse reaction rate, and so on. CONCLUSIONS: Thisstudy provides reliable evidence-based support for the clinical application of Buzhong Yiqi decoction combined with surgery in the treatment of rectal prolapse. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/K3PJX.

8.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058379

RESUMO

This study explores the topological properties of brain gray matter (GM) networks in patients with paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) and asks whether GM network features have potential diagnostic value. We used 3D T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and graph theoretical approaches to investigate the topological organization of GM morphological networks in 87 PKD patients and 115 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. We applied a support vector machine to GM morphological network matrices to classify PKD patients versus healthy controls. Compared with the HC group, the GM morphological networks of PKD patients showed significant abnormalities at the global level, including an increase in characteristic path length (Lp) and decreases in local efficiency (Eloc ), clustering coefficient (Cp), normalized clustering coefficient (γ), and small-worldness (σ). The decrease in Cp was significantly correlated with disease duration and age of onset. The GM morphological networks of PKD patients also showed significant changes in nodal topological characteristics, mainly in the basal ganglia-thalamus circuitry, default-mode network and central executive network. Finally, we used the GM morphological network matrices to classify individuals as PKD patients versus healthy controls, achieving 87.8% accuracy. Overall, this study demonstrated disruption of GM morphological networks in PKD, which might extend our understanding of the pathophysiology of PKD; further, GM morphological network matrices might have the potential to serve as network neuroimaging biomarkers for the diagnosis of PKD.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22107, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a common sleep disorder, which seriously affects people's quality of life and work ability. In China, auricular therapy and moxibustion therapy have a long history in treating insomnia. Clinical studies have shown that auricular point and moxibustion can effectively improve insomnia symptoms. At present, auricular point combined with moxibustion in the treatment of insomnia has been widely used in China, but its overall effectiveness and safety are still unclear. There is a lack of systematic evaluation of auricular point combined with moxibustion in the treatment of insomnia. This paper aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of auricular point combined with moxibustion in the treatment of insomnia. METHODS: Retrieve randomized controlled trials of auricular point combined with moxibustion from PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang, the Chongqing VIP Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, and China biomedical literature database from their establishment to August 2020. Search Baidu Scholar, Google Scholar, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and Chinese Clinical Trials Registry for unpublished gray literature. Two researchers independently applied RevMan 5.3 software for data extraction and risk assessment of bias. RESULTS: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of auricular point combined with moxibustion in the treatment of insomnia from Pittsburgh sleep quality index, Rhone planck sleepiness scale, Traditional Chinese medicine syndrome scores, Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA), Hamilton Depression, 5-hydroxytryptamine, incidence of adverse reactions, and other aspects. CONCLUSION: This study will provide theoretical support for the clinical application of auricular point combined with moxibustion in the treatment of insomnia. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The private information from individuals will not publish. This systematic review also will not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval is not required. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated in relevant conferences. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/8VZRJ.


Assuntos
Acupressão , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Moxibustão , Projetos de Pesquisa , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
10.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034056

RESUMO

Clear cell carcinomas (CCCs) of the gynecologic tract are aggressive tumors with high resistance rate to conventional platinum-based chemotherapies. Currently, the molecular features of these tumors remain largely unknown and there is no targeted therapy available. The aim of our study was to identify anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocations, a potential molecular target for therapy. Ninety-seven patients with gynecologic CCC (62 ovarian, 27 uterine corpus and 8 uterine cervical) were screened for ALK rearrangement and ALK copy number gain using an ALK break-apart fluorescence in situ hybridization probe. The genomic landscape of all cases with ALK rearrangements and 10 random cases with ALK copy number gain was queried using a hybrid capture-based DNA next-generation sequencing assay and an Illumina Fusion RNA assay. Findings were then correlated with ALK immunohistochemistry (clone D5F3) expression. ALK rearrangement was detected in 5% (5/97) and ALK copy number gain in 79% (77/97) of gynecologic CCCs. Next-generation sequencing in ALK-rearranged CCCs identified a novel BABAM2-ALK fusion in one case. ALK translocation partners were not identified in the remaining cases. Our findings show that ALK fusion, which is targetable in other cancers, may be a pathogenetic mechanism in a small number of gynecologic CCCs.

11.
Autophagy ; : 1-20, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043774

RESUMO

Macroautophagy/autophagy dysregulation has been noted in diabetic nephropathy; however, the regulatory mechanisms controlling this process remain unclear. In this study, we showed that SMAD3 (SMAD family member 3), the key effector of TGFB (transforming growth factor beta)-SMAD signaling, induces lysosome depletion via the inhibition of TFEB-dependent lysosome biogenesis. The pharmacological inhibition or genetic deletion of SMAD3 restored lysosome biogenesis activity by alleviating the suppression of TFEB, thereby protecting lysosomes from depletion and improving autophagic flux in renal tubular epithelial cells in diabetic nephropathy. Mechanistically, we found that SMAD3 directly binds to the 3'-UTR of TFEB and inhibits its transcription. Silencing TFEB suppressed lysosome biogenesis and resulted in a loss of the protective effects of SMAD3 inactivation on lysosome depletion under diabetic conditions. In conclusion, SMAD3 promotes lysosome depletion via the inhibition of TFEB-dependent lysosome biogenesis; this may be an important mechanism underlying autophagy dysregulation in the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Abbreviations: AGEs: advanced glycation end products; ATP6V1H: ATPase H+ transporting V1 subunit H; CTSB: cathepsin B; ChIP: chromatin immunoprecipitation; Co-BSA: control bovine serum albumin; DN: diabetic nephropathy; ELISA: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; FN1: fibronectin 1; HAVCR1/TIM1/KIM-1: hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 1; LAMP1: lysosomal associated membrane protein 1; LMP: lysosome membrane permeabilization; MAP1LC3B/LC3B: microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta; NC: negative control; SIS3: specific inhibitor of SMAD3; SMAD3: SMAD family member 3; siRNA: small interfering RNA; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; TECs: tubular epithelial cells; TFEB: transcription factor EB; TGFB1: transforming growth factor beta 1; TGFBR1: transforming growth factor beta receptor 1; UTR: untranslated region; VPS11: VPS11 core subunit of CORVET and HOPS complexes.

12.
J Clin Neurosci ; 79: 74-79, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system T-cell lymphoma (PCNSTCL) is a rare neoplasm with few data regarding its common features and survival characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To explore the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 18 (SEER 18) database to determine the epidemiology of PCNSTCL. METHODS: The SEER 18 registry database was queried to identify patients diagnosed with PCNSTCL from 1973 to 2014 and extract their information. Age-specific rates and Kaplan-Meier overall survival (OS) were calculated. A Cox proportional hazards model was applied to investigate relationships between various demographic/treatment variables and OS. RESULTS: The age-specific incidence rates were higher in the older population (≥60 years). Among 59 PCNSTCL cases from the SEER 18, the mean age at presentation was 55.8 years (SD, ±17.95), with a male predominance (1.36:1.00). The median follow-up was 8 months, and the median OS was 8 months (SE, ±4.162). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS was 46.3% [95% CI, 33.4%-59.2%], 32.8% [20.3%-45.3%], and 32.8% [20.3%-45.3%], respectively. Seventeen of the 59 patients survived at last follow-up. Patients < 60 years had a greater 3-year OS compared with patients ≥ 60 years (52.6% [33.6%-71.6%] vs 13.9% [1.4%-26.4%]. Multivariate analysis has demonstrated that only age at diagnosis (≥60/<60 years) exhibited a significant relationship with OS (HR, 3.495 [1.688-7.235];p = 0.001). Sex (female/male) was observed to have a doubted trend towards significance (HR, 0.487 [0.231-1.030]; p = 0.060). CONCLUSIONS: PCNSTCL is generally of poor prognosis but younger age at diagnosis (<60 years) predicts a better prognosis.

14.
Molecules ; 25(19)2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32977374

RESUMO

The digestion of flaxseed polysaccharides (FSP) in simulated saliva, gastric and small intestine conditions was assessed, as well as in vitro fermentation of FSP by human gut microbiota. FSP was not degraded in the simulated digestive systems (there was no change in molecular weight or content of reducing sugars), indicating that ingested FSP would reach the large intestine intact. Changes in carbohydrate content, reducing sugars and culture pH suggested that FSP could be broken down and used by gut microbiota. FSP modulated the composition and structure of the gut microbiota by altering the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio and increasing the relative abundances of Prevotella, Phascolarctobacterium, Clostridium and Megamonas, which can degrade polysaccharides. Meanwhile, FSP fermentation increased the concentration of short-chain fatty acids, especially propionic and butyric acids. Our results indicate that FSP might be developed as a functional food that benefits gut health.

15.
Mod Pathol ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879414

RESUMO

Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC) is a rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma with characteristic histologic features and chromosomal alterations. Although typically indolent, a small subset of cases has been reported to exhibit aggressive clinical behavior. We retrospectively identified 33 patients with MTSCC, consisting of 10 cases of locally advanced/metastatic MTSCC (pT3 or N1 or M1) and 23 kidney-confined MTSCC (pT1/T2) without disease recurrence or progression. Utilizing a single-nucleotide polymorphism array and a targeted next-generation sequencing platform, we examined genome-wide molecular alterations in 24 cases, including 11 available samples from 8 patients with locally advanced/metastatic MTSCC. Ten patients with locally advanced/metastatic MTSCC were 8 females (80%) and 2 males (20%). At nephrectomy, 7 of these 10 cases (70%) were pT3 or pN1 while the remaining 3 (30%) were pT1/T2. Eight patients (80%) developed metastases and common sites included lymph node (4, 40%), bone (4, 40%), and retroperitoneum (3, 30%). Four patients died of disease (40%) during follow-up. Locally advanced/metastatic MTSCCs shared typical MTSCC genomic profiles with loss of chromosomes 1, 4, 6, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, and 22, while some exhibited additional complex genomic alterations, most frequently a relative gain of 1q (7/8). Homozygous loss of CDKN2A/B was observed in 3 (38%) locally advanced/metastatic MTSCCs. Tumor necrosis, solid nested/sheet pattern, irregular trabecular/single-file infiltration in a desmoplastic stroma, lymphovascular space invasion, and increased mitotic activity were associated with locally advanced/metastatic MTSCCs (all p < 0.05). Our findings reveal that MTSCCs with aggressive clinical behavior have progressed through clonal evolution; CDKN2A/B deletion and additional complex genomic abnormalities may contribute to this process. Recognizing the morphologic presentation of high-grade MTSCC and evaluating adverse histologic features seen in these tumors can help establish a definitive diagnosis and stratify patients for treatment and prognostication.

16.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 133, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes are under substantially higher risk of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after coronary stent implantation. We sought to investigate whether visit-to-visit HbA1c variability is a potential predictor of ISR in diabetic patients after stent implantation. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled type 2 diabetic patients who underwent successful elective percutaneous coronary intervention and performed follow-up coronary angiography after around 12 months. The incidence of ISR and its relationship with visit-to-visit HbA1c variability, expressed as coefficient of variation (CV), standard deviation (SD) and variability independent of the mean (VIM), were studied. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were constructed to analyze the predictive value of HbA1c variability for ISR. RESULTS: From September 2014 to July 2018 in Ruijin Hospital, a total of 420 diabetic patients (688 lesions) after stent implantation were included in the final analysis. During a mean follow-up of 12.8 ± 1.3 months, the incidence of ISR was 8.6%, which was significantly increased in patients with higher CV of HbA1c (P = 0.001). The mean diameter stenosis (DS), net luminal loss and net luminal gain were 22.9 ± 16.8%, 0.42 ± 0.88 mm and 1.66 ± 0.83 mm, respectively. Greater DS was observed in subjects with higher tertiles of CV of HbA1c (P < 0.001), and this trend was more prominent in patients with optimal glycemic control (HbA1c ≤ 7%) in the baseline. In multivariate analysis, HbA1c variability was independently associated with incidence of ISR after adjustment for traditional risk factors and mean HbA1c (HR: 3.00 [95% CI 1.14-7.92] for highest vs. lowest tertile). Inclusion of CV of HbA1c led to a better risk stratification accuracy. Assessing HbA1c variability by SD or VIM yielded similar findings. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that visit-to-visit HbA1c variability is an independent predictor of incidence of ISR in patients with type 2 diabetes after stent implantation. Trial registration NCT02089360: NCT.

17.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 131, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are predisposed to poor cardiovascular outcomes after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Left ventricular adverse remodeling (LVAR) triggered upon myocardial infarction is recognized as the predominant pathological process in the development of heart failure. In the present study, we sought to investigate whether visit-to-visit fasting plasma glucose (FPG) variability is a potential predictor of LVAR in T2DM patients after STEMI. METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2018 in Ruijin Hospital, T2DM patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention were consecutively enrolled and followed up for ~ 12 months. The changes in left ventricular geometric and functional parameters between baseline and 12-month follow-up were assessed by echocardiography. The incidence of LVAR, defined as 20% increase in indexed left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), and its relationship with visit-to-visit FPG variability were analyzed. Multivariate regression models were constructed to test the predictive value of FPG variability for post-infarction LVAR. RESULTS: A total of 437 patients with type 2 diabetes and STEMI were included in the final analysis. During a mean follow-up of 12.4 ± 1.1 months, the incidence of LVAR was 20.6% and mean enlargement of indexed LVEDV was 3.31 ± 14.4 mL/m2, which was significantly increased in patients with higher coefficient variance (CV) of FPG (P = 0.002) irrespective of baseline glycemic levels. In multivariate analysis, FPG variability was independently associated with incidence of post-infarction LVAR after adjustment for traditional risk factors, baseline HbA1c as well as mean FPG during follow-up (OR: 3.021 [95% CI 1.081-8.764] for highest vs. lowest tertile of CV of FPG). Assessing FPG variability by other two measures, including standard deviation (SD) and variability independent of the mean (VIM), yielded similar findings. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that visit-to-visit FPG variability is an independent predictor of incidence of LVAR in T2DM patients with STEMI. Trial registration Trials number, NCT02089360; registered on March 17,2014.

18.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 9(18): e2000530, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864866

RESUMO

Biomaterial scaffold designs are needed for self-organizing features related to tissue formation while also simplifying the fabrication processes involved. Toward this goal, silk protein-based self-folding scaffolds to support 3D cell culture, while providing directional guidance and promotion of cell growth and differentiation, are reported. A simple and robust one-step self-folding approach is developed using bilayers consisting of a hydrogel and silk film in aqueous solution. The 3D silk rolls, with patterns transferred from the initially prepared 2D films, guide the directional outgrowth of neurites and also promote the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). The osteogenic outcomes are further supported by enhanced biomechanical performance. By utilizing this self-folding method, cocultures of neurons and hMSCs are achieved by patterning cells on silk films and then converting these materials into a 3D format with rolling, mimicking aspects of the structure of osteons and providing physiologically relevant structures to promote bone regeneration. These results demonstrate the utility of self-folded silk rolls as efficient scaffold systems for tissue regeneration, while exploiting relatively simple 2D designs programmed to form more complex 3D structures.

19.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1268: 227-253, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918222

RESUMO

Exposure of skin cells to UV radiation results in DNA damage, which if inadequately repaired, may cause mutations. UV-induced DNA damage and reactive oxygen and nitrogen species also cause local and systemic suppression of the adaptive immune system. Together, these changes underpin the development of skin tumours. The hormone derived from vitamin D, calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) and other related compounds, working via the vitamin D receptor and at least in part through endoplasmic reticulum protein 57 (ERp57), reduce cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers and oxidative DNA damage in keratinocytes and other skin cell types after UV. Calcitriol and related compounds enhance DNA repair in keratinocytes, in part through decreased reactive oxygen species, increased p53 expression and/or activation, increased repair proteins and increased energy availability in the cell when calcitriol is present after UV exposure. There is mitochondrial damage in keratinocytes after UV. In the presence of calcitriol, but not vehicle, glycolysis is increased after UV, along with increased energy-conserving autophagy and changes consistent with enhanced mitophagy. Reduced DNA damage and reduced ROS/RNS should help reduce UV-induced immune suppression. Reduced UV immune suppression is observed after topical treatment with calcitriol and related compounds in hairless mice. These protective effects of calcitriol and related compounds presumably contribute to the observed reduction in skin tumour formation in mice after chronic exposure to UV followed by topical post-irradiation treatment with calcitriol and some, though not all, related compounds.


Assuntos
Calcitriol/farmacologia , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/efeitos dos fármacos , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/efeitos da radiação , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Vitamina D/farmacologia , Animais , Calcitriol/química , Calcitriol/metabolismo , Humanos , Vitamina D/química , Vitamina D/metabolismo , Vitaminas/química , Vitaminas/metabolismo , Vitaminas/farmacologia
20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 5734932, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964037

RESUMO

The cryptogenic epilepsy of the neocortex is a disease in which the seizure is accompanied by intense cerebral nerve electrical activities but the lesions are not observed. It is difficult to locate disease foci. Electrocorticography (ECoG) is one of the gold standards in seizure focus localization. This method detects electrical signals, and its limitations are inadequate resolution which is only 10 mm and lack of depth information. In order to solve these problems, our new method with implantable micro ultrasound transducer (MUT) and photoplethysmogram (PPG) device detects blood changes to achieve higher resolution and provide depth information. The basis of this method is the neurovascular coupling mechanism, which shows that intense neural activity leads to sufficient cerebral blood volume (CBV). The neurovascular coupling mechanism established the relationship between epileptic electrical signals and CBV. The existence of mechanism enables us to apply our new methods on the basis of ECoG. Phantom experiments and in vivo experiments were designed to verify the proposed method. The first phantom experiments designed a phantom with two channels at different depths, and the MUT was used to detect the depth where the blood concentration changed. The results showed that the MUT detected the blood concentration change at the depth of 12 mm, which is the position of the second channel. In the second phantom experiments where a PPG device and MUT were used to monitor the change of blood concentration in a thick tube, the results showed that the trend of superficial blood concentration change provided by the PPG device is the same as that provided by the MUT within the depth of 2.5 mm. Finally, in the verification of in vivo experiments, the blood concentration changes on the surface recorded by the PPG device and the changes at a certain depth recorded by the MUT all matched the seizure status shown by ECoG. These results confirmed the effectiveness of the combined micro sensors.

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