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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130557, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284195

RESUMO

Diacylglycerol (DAG) is commonly used as fat substitute in food manufacture due to its functional properties, but DAG has poor emulsification and oxidation stability, which limits its wide application in food industry. In this work, fluorescence quenching data and thermodynamic parameters were analyzed to investigate the interaction mechanism between l-theanine (L-Th) and ß-lactoglobulin (ß-LG). DAG emulsion was prepared by using ß-lactoglobulin-theanine (ß-LG-Th) as surface stabilizer, and its emulsification and oxidation stability were evaluated. The results showed that the hydrophobic interaction played an important role on the conjugate of ß-LG and L-Th due to the negative values for ΔG, positive values for ΔH and ΔS at pH 4.0, pH 6.0 and pH 8.0. The DAG has been better embedded by using ß-LG-Th as surface stabilizer, and the droplet size was about 0.2 µm to 1.5 µm when the pH was 6.0, the ratio of L-Th to ß-LG was 1:1. ß-LG-Th as surface stabilizer for DAG can increase the ζ-potential and emulsion index, make the emulsion droplet size distribution more uniform. The l-theanine was better to be used to improve the emulsification stability and antioxidant capacity of DAG by binding ß-LG as surface stabilizer.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501516

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the predictive performance and establish optimal cut-off points of blood pressure for identifying arteriosclerosis in eastern Chinese adults. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was utilized to evaluate arteriosclerosis. The predictive performance of blood pressure for arteriosclerosis was determined by the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristics; the optimal blood pressure cut-off points were determined by Youden's index. A logistic regression model was used to acquire the odds ratio (OR) of blood pressure for arteriosclerosis. The AUCs of blood pressure for identifying arteriosclerosis were 0.868 (95%CI: 0.860-0.875) for systolic blood pressure (SBP) and 0.835 (95%CI: 0.827-0.843) for diastolic blood pressure (DBP), both p < 0.01. The AUCs of women were higher than that of men (0.903 vs. 0.819 for SBP; 0.847 vs. 0.806 for DBP; Z test p < 0.05). The AUCs in the 18-39.9-years group were higher than that in the 40-59.9-years and 60-84-years groups (0.894 vs. 0.842 and 0.818 for SBP; 0.889 vs. 0.818 and 0.759 for DBP; Z test p < 0.05). The total optimal cut-off points of blood pressure for predicting arteriosclerosis were 123.5/73.5 mmHg (SBP/DBP) overall; 123.5/73.5 and 126.5/79.5 mmHg for women and men, respectively; and 120.5/73.5, 123.5/76.5, and 126.5/75.5 mmHg for 18-39.9-years, 40-59.9-years, and 60-84-years groups, respectively. Blood pressure indexes had a high predictive performance for identifying arteriosclerosis with the optimal cut-off point of 123.5/73.5 mmHg (SBP/DBP) in eastern Chinese adults. Women or the younger population have a higher predictive performance and lower cut-off points to identify arteriosclerosis.

3.
Redox Biol ; 46: 102122, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482117

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the paramount causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Despite recent advances have been made in clinical treatments of HCC, the general prognosis of patients remains poor. Therefore, it is imperative to develop a less toxic and more effective therapeutic strategy. Currently, series of cellular, molecular, and pharmacological experimental approaches were utilized to address the unrecognized characteristics of disulfiram (DSF), pursuing the goal of repurposing DSF for cancer therapy. We found that DSF/Cu selectively exerted an efficient cytotoxic effect on HCC cell lines, and potently inhibited migration, invasion, and angiogenesis of HCC cells. Importantly, we confirmed that DSF/Cu could intensively impair mitochondrial homeostasis, increase free iron pool, enhance lipid peroxidation, and eventually result in ferroptotic cell death. Of note, a compensatory elevation of NRF2 accompanies the process of ferroptosis, and contributes to the resistance to DSF/Cu. Mechanically, we found that DSF/Cu dramatically activated the phosphorylation of p62, which facilitates competitive binding of Keap1, thus prolonging the half-life of NRF2. Notably, inhibition of NRF2 expression via RNA interference or pharmacological inhibitors significantly facilitated the accumulation of lipid peroxidation, and rendered HCC cells more sensitive to DSF/Cu induced ferroptosis. Conversely, fostering NRF2 expression was capable of ameliorating the cell death activated by DSF/Cu. Additionally, DSF/Cu could strengthen the cytotoxicity of sorafenib, and arrest tumor growth both in vitro and in vivo, by simultaneously inhibiting the signal pathway of NRF2 and MAPK kinase. In summary, these results provide experimental evidence that inhibition of the compensatory NRF2 elevation strengthens HCC cells more vulnerable to DSF/Cu induced ferroptosis, which facilitates the synergistic cytotoxicity of DSF/Cu and sorafenib.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 1): 556-567, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520903

RESUMO

Here, we have developed a novel bilayer hollow amphiphilic biosorbent (BHAB-3) with large adsorption capacity, rapid adsorption kinetics, and cost-effective for the removal of Cr(VI) and Cu(II) from aqueous solutions. The synthesis was based on the clever use of freeze-drying to fix the structure, secondary modification of the carboxymethyl cellulose microspheres with polyethyleneimine and cross-linking by glutaraldehyde. The consequences of pH, initial concentration, contact time and temperature on adsorption were investigated. The Langmuir model fits showed that the maximum adsorption capacities of the two target heavy metal ions reached 835.91 and 294.79 mg/g, respectively. Moreover, BHAB-3 was characterized by SEM, FT-IR, TGA, and XPS synergistically, showing that it exhibits a strong complexation ability for Cu(II) and a strong electrostatic effect for Cr(VI). Adsorption and desorption experiments showed only a slight decrease in the adsorption capacity of the BHAB-3 for Cr(VI) and Cu(II) ions after 5 and 26 cycles, respectively. Given the excellent properties of this adsorbent, it is a promising candidate for heavy metal ion removal.

5.
Metab Eng ; 68: 46-58, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481976

RESUMO

Riboflavin is an essential nutrient for humans and animals, and its derivatives flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) are cofactors in the cells. Therefore, riboflavin and its derivatives are widely used in the food, pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and cosmetic industries. Advances in biotechnology have led to a complete shift in the commercial production of riboflavin from chemical synthesis to microbial fermentation. In this review, we provide a comprehensive review of biotechnologies that enhance riboflavin production in microorganisms, as well as representative examples. Firstly, the synthesis pathways and metabolic regulatory processes of riboflavin in microorganisms; and the current strategies and methods of metabolic engineering for riboflavin production are systematically summarized and compared. Secondly, the using of systematic metabolic engineering strategies to enhance riboflavin production is discussed, including laboratory evolution, histological analysis and high-throughput screening. Finally, the challenges for efficient microbial production of riboflavin and the strategies to overcome these challenges are prospected.

6.
Theranostics ; 11(18): 9038-9053, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522226

RESUMO

Almost all the current therapies against liver cancer are based on the "one size fits all" principle and offer only limited survival benefit. Fortunately, synthetic lethality (SL) may provide an alternate route towards individualized therapy in liver cancer. The concept that simultaneous losses of two genes are lethal to a cell while a single loss is non-lethal can be utilized to selectively eliminate tumors with genetic aberrations. Methods: To infer liver cancer-specific SL interactions, we propose a computational pipeline termed SiLi (statistical inference-based synthetic lethality identification) that incorporates five inference procedures. Based on large-scale sequencing datasets, SiLi analysis was performed to identify SL interactions in liver cancer. Results: By SiLi analysis, a total of 272 SL pairs were discerned, which included 209 unique target candidates. Among these, polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) was considered to have considerable therapeutic potential. Further computational and experimental validation of the SL pair TP53-PLK1 demonstrated that inhibition of PLK1 could be a novel therapeutic strategy specifically targeting those patients with TP53-mutant liver tumors. Conclusions: In this study, we report a comprehensive analysis of synthetic lethal interactions of liver cancer. Our findings may open new possibilities for patient-tailored therapeutic interventions in liver cancer.

7.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 761-772, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511163

RESUMO

Metabolic bone disease of prematurity (MBDP) is a systemic bone disease with a reduction in bone mineral content due to disorder of calcium and phosphorus metabolism. There is still a lack of in-depth research and systematic understanding of MBDP in China, and there are many irregularities in clinical management of this disease. Based on relevant studies in China and overseas, Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation was used to develop the expert consensus on the clinical management of MBDP, which provides recommendations from the following five aspects: high-risk factors, screening/diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and post-discharge follow-up of MBDP, so as to provide relevant practitioners with recommendations on the clinical management of MBDP to reduce the incidence rate of MBDP and improve its short- and long-term prognosis.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/diagnóstico , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/etiologia , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/terapia , Consenso , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Alta do Paciente
8.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(9): e0009703, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520457

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the healthcare utilization, economic burden, and long-term neurological complications and mortality of an adult population with Japanese encephalitis (JE). METHODS: This study utilized two nationwide datasets in Taiwan: the Notifiable Disease Dataset of confirmed cases from the Centers for Disease Control to identify JE patients, and the National Health Insurance Research Database to obtain patients' healthcare utilization. Survival analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors associated with the all-cause mortality of patients. RESULTS: This study included 352 adult cases with JE (aged≥20 years). The mean age of JE patients was 45 years. Stroke (event rate: 3.49/100 person-years) was the most common neurological complication, followed by epilepsy/convulsions (3.13/100 person-years), encephalopathy/delirium (2.20/100 person-years), and parkinsonism (1.97/100 person-years). Among the 336 hospitalized patients at JE diagnosis, 58.33% required intensive care. Among 79 patients who died following JE diagnosis, 48.84% of death events occurred within the year of diagnosis. The medical costs increased considerably at JE diagnosis and subsequent-year costs remained significantly higher than the costs before diagnosis (p<0.05). Having a four-dose JE vaccination (i.e., born after 1976) versus no JE vaccination history (i.e., born before 1963) was significantly associated with lower all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 0.221 [95% confidence interval: 0.067, 0.725]). Comorbid diabetes and incident epilepsy/convulsion events significantly increased the mortality risk by 2.47- and 1.85-fold, respectively (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: A considerable medical burden associated with JE was observed in affected adults, even in the years following JE diagnosis. Vaccination should be considered to prevent this sporadic, but lethal, viral infection.

9.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0028621, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494862

RESUMO

In this study, an IncI1 plasmid encoding resistance to both cefotaxime and azithromycin was recovered from a clinical Klebsiella pneumoniae strain. The azithromycin resistance was confirmed to be mediated by the erm(B) gene. This plasmid could be readily conjugated to strains of Escherichia coli and Salmonella, promoting rapid dissemination of azithromycin- and ceftriaxone-resistance-encoding elements among Gram-negative bacterial pathogens. Transmission of this plasmid in Salmonella is of particular concern, since it could mediate expression of phenotypic resistance to azithromycin and ceftriaxone, which are the current choices for treatment of Salmonella infections. Our findings suggest a need to monitor the efficiency and pattern of transmission of this plasmid among key Gram-negative bacterial pathogens. IMPORTANCE Since the approval by the FDA of azithromycin for treatment of Salmonella infections, efforts have been made to monitor the development of resistance to azithromycin in these organisms. In this study, we report an IncI1 plasmid from a clinical K. pneumoniae strain that encodes resistance to both cefotaxime and azithromycin. This plasmid could be readily conjugated to strains of Escherichia coli and Salmonella, promoting rapid dissemination of azithromycin- and ceftriaxone-resistance-encoding elements among Gram-negative bacterial pathogens. Furthermore, data from this study confirmed for the first time the role of the erm(B) gene in mediating resistance to azithromycin in various bacterial species, particularly Salmonella.

10.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486812

RESUMO

The 15 species of small carnivorous marsupials that comprise the genus Antechinus exhibit semelparity, a rare life-history strategy in mammals where synchronised death occurs after one breeding season. Antechinus males, but not females, age rapidly (demonstrate organismal senescence) during the breeding season and show promise as new animal models of ageing. Some antechinus species are also threatened or endangered. Here, we report a chromosome-level genome of a male yellow-footed antechinus Antechinus flavipes. The genome assembly has a total length of 3.2 Gb with a contig N50 of 51.8 Mb and a scaffold N50 of 636.7 Mb. We anchored and oriented 99.7% of the assembly on seven pseudochromosomes and found that repetitive DNA sequences occupy 51.8% of the genome. Draft genome assemblies of three related species in the subfamily Phascogalinae, two additional antechinus species (A. argentus and A. arktos) and the iteroparous sister species Murexia melanurus, were also generated. Preliminary demographic analysis supports the hypothesis that climate change during the Pleistocene isolated species in Phascogalinae and shaped their population size. A transcriptomic profile across the A. flavipes breeding season allowed us to identify genes associated with aspects of the male die-off. The chromosome-level A. flavipes genome provides a steppingstone to understanding an enigmatic life-history strategy and a resource to assist the conservation of antechinuses.

11.
Reproduction ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486978

RESUMO

There are around 300 million adolescent pregnancies worldwide, accounting for 11% of all births worldwide. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that many adverse perinatal outcomes are associated with adolescent pregnancies. However, how and why these abnormalities occur remain to be defined. In this study, pregnancy at different stages were compared between 25-30 day old and mature female mice. We found the litter size of adolescent pregnancy is significantly decreased from F1 to F3 generations compared to mature pregnancy. On days 8 and 12 of pregnancy, multiple abnormalities in decidual and placental development appear in F3 adolescent pregnancy. On days 5 and 8, uterine endoplasmic reticulum stress is dysregulated in F3 adolescent pregnancy. Embryo implantation and decidualization are also compromised in adolescent pregnancy. Many genes are abnormally expressed in adolescent estrous uteri. The abnormal endocrine environment and abnormal implantation from uterine immaturity may result in multiple pregnancy failures in adolescent pregnancy. This study should shed light on human adolescent pregnancy.

12.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 266, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) with high mortality rates is associated with an excess of reactive oxygen/nitrogen species (RONS) within kidney tissues. Recently, nanomedicine antioxidant therapy has been used to alleviate AKI. Herein, we synthesized ultrasmall Prussian blue nanozymes (PB NZs, 4.5 nm) as theranostic agents for magnetic resonance (MR)/photoacoustic (PA) dual-modal imaging guided AKI treatment. RESULTS: PB NZs exhibited multi-enzyme mimetic abilities, promoting the effective elimination of RONS both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, benefiting from their imaging contrast properties, the rapid renal accumulation of PB NZs was verified by in vivo PA/MR dual-modal imaging. Due to their excellent enrichment in the kidney and unique multi-enzyme mimetic abilities, ultrasmall PB NZs displayed superior AKI treatment efficacy compared with that of amifostine in two clinically relevant types of AKI induced murine models (either by rhabdomyolysis or cisplatin). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggested ultrasmall PB NZs, as nanozyme theranostics, have great potential for AKI management.

13.
Hum Reprod Update ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) includes methods that allow embryos to be tested for severe inherited diseases or chromosomal abnormalities. In addition to IVF/ICSI and repeated freezing and thawing of the embryos, PGT requires a biopsy to obtain embryonic genetic material for analysis. However, the potential effects of PGT on obstetric and neonatal outcomes are currently uncertain. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: This study aimed to investigate whether pregnancies conceived after PGT were associated with a higher risk of adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes compared with spontaneously conceived (SC) pregnancies or pregnancies conceived after IVF/ICSI. SEARCH METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science and The Cochrane Library entries from January 1990 to January 2021 were searched. The primary outcomes in this study were low birth weight (LBW) and congenital malformations (CMs), and the secondary outcomes included gestational age, preterm delivery (PTD), very preterm delivery (VPTD), birth weight (BW), very low birth weight (VLBW), neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), gestational diabetes, placenta previa and preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM). We further pooled the results of PGT singleton pregnancies. Subgroup analyses included preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), preimplantation genetic screening (PGS), cleavage-stage biopsy combined with fresh embryo transfer (CB-ET) and blastocyst biopsy combined with frozen-thawed embryo transfer (BB-FET). OUTCOMES: This meta-analysis included 15 studies involving 3682 babies born from PGT pregnancies, 127 719 babies born from IVF/ICSI pregnancies and 915 222 babies born from SC pregnancies. The relative risk (RR) of LBW was higher in PGT pregnancies compared with SC pregnancies (RR = 3.95, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.32-6.72), but the risk of CMs was not different between the two groups. The pooled results for the risks of LBW and CMs were similar in PGT and IVF/ICSI pregnancies. The risks of PTD (RR = 3.12, 95% CI: 2.67-3.64) and HDP (RR = 3.12, 95% CI: 2.18-4.47) were significantly higher in PGT pregnancies compared with SC pregnancies. Lower gestational age (mean difference [MD] = -0.76 weeks, 95% CI -1.17 to -0.34) and BW (MD = -163.80 g, 95% CI: -299.35 to -28.24) were also noted for PGT pregnancies compared with SC pregnancies. Nevertheless, compared with IVF/ICSI pregnancies, the risks of VPTD and VLBW in PGT pregnancies were significantly decreased by 41% and 30%, respectively, although the risk of HDP was still significantly increased by 50% in PGT pregnancies compared with IVF/ICSI pregnancies. The combined results of obstetric and neonatal outcomes of PGT and IVF/ICSI singleton pregnancies were consistent with the overall results. Further subgroup analyses indicated that both PGD and PGS pregnancies were associated with a higher risk of PTD and a lower gestational age compared with SC pregnancies. WIDER IMPLICATIONS: This meta-analysis showed that PGT pregnancies may be associated with increased risks of LBW, PTD and HDP compared with SC pregnancies. The overall obstetric and neonatal outcomes of PGT pregnancies are favourable compared with those of IVF/ICSI pregnancies, although PGT pregnancies were associated with a higher risk of HDP. However, because the number of studies that could be included was limited, more randomised controlled trials and prospective cohort studies are needed to confirm these conclusions.

14.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475558

RESUMO

Conventional analytic techniques that measure ensemble averages and static disorder provide essential knowledge of the reaction mechanisms of organic and organometallic reactions. However, single-molecule junctions enable the in situ, label-free and non-destructive sensing of molecular reaction processes at the single-event level with an excellent temporal resolution. Here we deciphered the mechanism of Pd-catalysed Suzuki-Miyaura coupling by means of a high-resolution single-molecule platform. Through molecular engineering, we covalently integrated a single molecule Pd catalyst into nanogapped graphene point electrodes. We detected sequential electrical signals that originated from oxidative addition/ligand exchange, pretransmetallation, transmetallation and reductive elimination in a periodic pattern. Our analysis shows that the transmetallation is the rate-determining step of the catalytic cycle and clarifies the controversial transmetallation mechanism. Furthermore, we determined the kinetic and thermodynamic constants of each elementary step and the overall catalytic timescale of this Suzuki-Miyaura coupling. Our work establishes the single-molecule platform as a detection technology for catalytic organochemistry that can monitor transition-metal-catalysed reactions in real time.

15.
Anim Sci J ; 92(1): e13617, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405917

RESUMO

Granulosa cells (GCs) play an important role in the development of follicles. In this study, we investigate the impact of heat stress at 41°C and 43°C on duck GCs' proliferation and steroids secretion. And, the transcriptomic responses to heat treatment were examined using RNA-sequencing analysis. Digital gene expression profiling was used to screen and identify differentially expressed genes (fold change ≥ 2 and Q value < 0.05). Further, the differential expression genes (DEGs) were classified into GO categories and KEGG pathways. The results show that duck GCs blocked in the G1 phase were increased on exposure to heat stress. Meanwhile, the expression of proliferative genes, which were essential for the transition from G1 to S phase, was inhibited. At the same time, heat stress inhibited the estradiol synthesis of GCs by decreasing CYP11A1 and CYP19A1 gene expression. A total of 241 DEGs including 181 upregulated and 60 downregulated ones were identified. Transcriptome result shows that heat shock protein and CXC chemokines gene were significantly activated during heat stress. While collagenases (MMP1 and MMP13) and strome lysins (MMP3) were downregulated. And, the hedgehog signaling pathway may be a prosurvival adaptive response under heat stress. These results offer a basis for better understanding the molecular mechanism underlying lay-eggs-less in ducks under heat stress.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/genética , Patos/fisiologia , Estradiol/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Expressão Gênica , Células da Granulosa/fisiologia , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/genética , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/fisiologia , Ovulação/fisiologia , Animais , Aromatase/genética , Aromatase/metabolismo , Quimiocinas CXC/genética , Quimiocinas CXC/metabolismo , Enzima de Clivagem da Cadeia Lateral do Colesterol/genética , Enzima de Clivagem da Cadeia Lateral do Colesterol/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
16.
Med Image Anal ; 73: 102196, 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365142

RESUMO

Automatic medical image segmentation plays a crucial role in many medical image analysis applications, such as disease diagnosis and prognosis. Despite the extensive progress of existing deep learning based models for medical image segmentation, they focus on extracting accurate features by designing novel network structures and solely utilize fully connected (FC) layer for pixel-level classification. Considering the insufficient capability of FC layer to encode the extracted diverse feature representations, we propose a Hierarchical Segmentation (HieraSeg) Network for medical image segmentation and devise a Hierarchical Fully Connected (HFC) layer. Specifically, it consists of three classifiers and decouples each category into several subcategories by introducing multiple weight vectors to denote the diverse characteristics in each category. A subcategory-level and a category-level learning schemes are then designed to explicitly enforce the discrepant subcategories and automatically capture the most representative characteristics. Hence, the HFC layer can fit the variant characteristics so as to derive an accurate decision boundary. To enhance the robustness of HieraSeg Network with the variability of lesions, we further propose a Dynamic-Weighting HieraSeg (DW-HieraSeg) Network, which introduces an Image-level Weight Net (IWN) and a Pixel-level Weight Net (PWN) to learn data-driven curriculum. Through progressively incorporating informative images and pixels in an easy-to-hard manner, DW-HieraSeg Network is able to eliminate local optimums and accelerate the training process. Additionally, a class balanced loss is proposed to constrain the PWN for preventing the overfitting problem in minority category. Comprehensive experiments on three benchmark datasets, EndoScene, ISIC and Decathlon, show our newly proposed HieraSeg and DW-HieraSeg Networks achieve state-of-the-art performance, which clearly demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed approaches for medical image segmentation.

17.
Meat Sci ; 183: 108643, 2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390897

RESUMO

Slightly acidic electrolyzed water (SAEW) is often used as a disinfectant in beef preservation to ensure microbiological safety. However, it ineffectively inhibit lipid oxidation. Therefore, the combination of SAEW and tea polyphenols (TPs) was tested to inhibit lipid oxidation and microbial growth in beef preservation. SAEW and TPs were selected as the optimum sanitizer and antioxidant, respectively. Then, the inactivation efficacies of different combination treatments of SAEW and TPs of Salmonella enteritidis in beef were compared and treatment of SAEW-TPs (SAEW immersion at an available chlorine concentration of 30 mg/L for 2.5 min, followed by the TPs immersion at a 0.1% concentration for 2.5 min) was selected. Finally, the effectiveness of SAEW-TPs on the microbiological and physicochemical properties of beef during storage was evaluated. The results revealed that the required quality standard of beef treated with SAEW-TPs was prolonged by approximately 9 d at 4 °C, and this treatment had greater antimicrobial and antioxidant effects than did the single treatment.

18.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403167

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 has become a widespread public health crisis across the globe, requiring multiple approaches to containment, treatment, and prevention. Vaccines are an important tool to prevent morbidity and mortality from this devastating virus. Ensuring direct administration of vaccines into target tissue helps provide an optimal immune response while decreasing unintended adverse effects. Point-of-care ultrasound can better assist clinicians to determine appropriate needle length and penetration level especially in special populations. Examples include patients who are obese, pregnant, or with refractory lymphedema, and those living in areas where needle supply is unstable or insufficient.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423968

RESUMO

The microscopic homogeneity of mixed metals in a single-phase oxide is a critical issue in improving material performance. Aqueous alkaline precipitation is the most common approach but it has the limits of microscopic inhomogeneity because of intrinsically different precipitation rates between metal cations. Herein, we demonstrate a new preparation of uniformly structural substituted cobalt iron oxides via acidic redox-assisted precipitation (ARP) upon the interaction of CoII and K2FeO4. This low-pH synthesis features the redox process between Co and Fe, presumably through the formation of inner-sphere complexes such as [(H2O)5CoII-O-FeVIO3]. With the nucleation starting from such complexes, one obtains a product with predominantly mixed-metal Co-O-Fe moieties, which improves the electrical conductivity of the product. This work further analyzes how the properties of the product species evolve during the hydrothermal synthesis step in the ARP process. We see that the Co/Fe ratio slowly increases from about 1:1 to a final value of 2:1, but does not reach the expected redox stoichiometry of 3:1. At the same time, the magnetization also increases, reaching a value of 16.9 emu g-1 for the final superparamagnetic product, which is three times higher than the value of monometallic Co3O4 and Fe2O3. The cobalt iron oxide samples obtained from ARP also possess superior oxygen evolution activity (307 mV overpotential at 10 mA cm-2 µg-1) compared to a mixture of Co3O4 and Fe2O3 (422 mV) or pure cobalt oxide (350 mV), highlighting the structure-induced enhancement of the catalytic activity. The difficult synthesis of evenly blended trinary/quaternary metals in a single-oxide phase may become possible in the future via ARP.

20.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 27: 294-299, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391248

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of Pilates exercise on improving health-related quality of life in people living with chronic low back pain. METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomised clinical trial. Thirty-nine physically active subjects aged between 30 and 70 years with nonspecific chronic low back pain for more than three months were recruited. The study employed a pretest-posttest design, with a 4 -, 8 -, and 26-week follow-up. For eight weeks, the intervention group participated in a group-supervised, mat-based Pilates program, while the control group received the usual pharmacologic and rehabilitation standard of care, including patient education on chronic low back pain. The primary outcome was self-perceived health status measured using the EQ-5D questionnaire in a structured form and a visual analogue scale. Secondary outcomes included intensity of pain and degree of disability. RESULTS: By the end of the 8-week Pilates program, the intervention group achieved a better health-related quality of life on the EQ-5D visual analogue score than the control group. In assessing the trends in each individual group regarding pain, the intervention group demonstrated an earlier pain reduction than the control group that lasted until the end of the trial. CONCLUSIONS: An 8-week supervised Pilates-based core exercise program is an effective therapeutic modality for improving self-perceived health status in patients with chronic low back pain. This finding could inform clinicians of better alternatives when they suggest exercise interventions for chronic low back pain.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Técnicas de Exercício e de Movimento , Dor Lombar , Pré-Escolar , Dor Crônica/terapia , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
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