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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 853-857, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621892

RESUMO

Gypsum Fibrosum, as a classic heat-clearing medicine, is widely used in the clinical practice of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). However, debates exist about the material basis and mechanism of its efficacy. Therefore, this paper reviewed the recent research progress in the heat-clearing effect and mechanism of Gypsum Fibrosum and discussed the material basis for the heat-clearing effect of this medicine. Ca~(2+) may inhibit the upward movement of temperature set point by regulating the Na~+/Ca~(2+) level in the heat-regulating center. Moreover, trace elements may inhibit the rise of body temperature by regulating the immune system, promoting the absorption of Ca~(2+), and affecting the synthesis of prostaglandin E2(PGE2). This review aims to enrich the knowledge about the mechanism of Gypsum Fibrosum in clearing heat and provides a scientific basis for the clinical application and further development of Gypsum Fibrosum.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Sulfato de Cálcio/farmacologia , Temperatura Alta , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
2.
Heliyon ; 10(8): e29145, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628746

RESUMO

The Mongolian medical silver needles often encounter issues of bending, fracturing, and blunting in clinical applications. Similarly, Mongolian warm needles can cause burns on patients due to inaccurate temperature control. In this study, we developed an Ag85Cu15 alloy specifically for acupuncture needles based on material preparation. By incorporating appropriate amounts of Mn and Ti elements, we were able to enhance the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of the acupuncture needles. Compared to commercially available silver needles, this alloy exhibited a significant increase in microhardness up to 210.2 Hv0.2 and an improved tensile strength of 880.2 MPa. Furthermore, we designed a thermoelectric effect-based temperature measurement model for precise control of the warm needle's temperature, enhancing the therapeutic effectiveness of the treatment.

3.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(8): 1422-1429, 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma (PMEC) is a rare malignancy that arises from minor salivary glands within the tracheobronchial tree. The clear cell variant of PMEC is exceptionally uncommon and presents notable diagnostic challenges, primarily attributable to its morphological similarity to other tumors containing clear cells. CASE SUMMARY: A 22-year-old male, formerly in good health, came in with a two-month duration of persistent cough and production of sputum. Subsequent imaging and bronchoscopy examinations revealed a 2 cm tumor in the distal left main bronchus, which resulted in complete atelectasis of the left lung. Further assessment via positron emission tomography/computed tomography scans and endoscopic biopsy confirmed the primary malignant nature of the tumor, characterized by clear cell morphology in most of the tumor cells. The patient underwent a left lower lobe sleeve resection accompanied by systematic mediastinal lymph node dissection. Molecular pathology analysis subsequently revealed a CRTC3-MAML2 gene fusion, leading to a definitive pathological diagnosis of the clear cell variant of PMEC, staged as T2N0M0. After surgery, the patient experienced a smooth recovery and exhibited no signs of recurrence during the one-and-a-half-year follow-up period. CONCLUSION: This article describes an unusual case of a clear cell variant of PMEC characterized by the presence of a CRTC3-MAML2 gene fusion in a 22-year-old male. The patient underwent successful left lower lobe sleeve resection. This case underscores the distinctive challenges associated with diagnosing and treating this uncommon malignancy, underscoring the importance of precise diagnosis and personalized treatment strategies.

4.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507020

RESUMO

Immunotherapy is regarded as a potent cancer treatment, with DC vaccines playing a crucial role. Although clinical trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of DC vaccines, loading antigens in vitro is challenging, and their therapeutic effects remain unpredictable. Moreover, the diverse subtypes and maturity states of DCs in the body could induce both immune responses and immune tolerance, potentially affecting the vaccine's efficacy. Hence, the optimization of DC vaccines remains imperative. Our study discovered a new therapeutic strategy by using CT26 and MC38 mouse colon cancer models, as well as LLC mouse lung cancer models. The strategy involved the synergistic activation of DCs through intertumoral administration of TLR4 agonist high-mobility group nucleosome binding protein 1 (HMGN1) and TLR7/8 agonist (R848/resiquimod), combined with intraperitoneal administration of TNFR2 immunosuppressant antibody. The experimental results indicated that the combined use of HMGN1, R848, and α-TNFR2 had no effect on LLC cold tumors. However, it was effective in eradicating CT26 and MC38 colon cancer and inducing long-term immune memory. The combination of these three drugs altered the TME and promoted an increase in anti-tumor immune components. This may provide a promising new treatment strategy for colon cancer.

5.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1332922, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545099

RESUMO

LTX-315 is a synthetic cationic oncolytic peptide with potent anticancer activity but limited toxicity for non-malignant cells. LTX-315 induces both immunogenic tumor cell death and generation of tumor-specific immune responses in multiple experimental tumor models. Given the central role of dendritic cell (DC) maturation in the induction of antigen-specific immunity, we investigated the effect of LTX-315 treatment on the maturation of tumor-infiltrating DCs (TiDCs) and the generation of anti-melanoma immunity. We found that LTX-315 treatment induces the maturation of DCs, both indirectly through the release of cancer cell-derived damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs)/alarmins and nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) capable of triggering distinct Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling, and, directly by activating TLR7. The latter results in the ignition of multiple intracellular signaling pathways that promotes DC maturation, including NF-κB, mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs), and inflammasome signaling, as well as increased type 1 interferon production. Critically, the effects of LTX-315 on DCs the consequent promotion of anti-melanoma immunity depend on the cytosolic signal transducer myeloid differentiation response gene 88 (MyD88). These results cast light on the mechanisms by which LTX-315 induces DC maturation and hence elicits anticancer immunity, with important implications for the use of LTX-315 as an anticancer immunotherapeutic.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide , Oligopeptídeos , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo
6.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1368203, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545108

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in a large amount of tissue cell debris in the lesion site, which interacts with various cytokines, including inflammatory factors, and the intrinsic glial environment of the central nervous system (CNS) to form an inhibitory microenvironment that impedes nerve regeneration. The efficient clearance of tissue debris is crucial for the resolution of the inhibitory microenvironment after SCI. Macrophages are the main cells responsible for tissue debris removal after SCI. However, the high lipid content in tissue debris and the dysregulation of lipid metabolism within macrophages lead to their transformation into foamy macrophages during the phagocytic process. This phenotypic shift is associated with a further pro-inflammatory polarization that may aggravate neurological deterioration and hamper nerve repair. In this review, we summarize the phenotype and metabolism of macrophages under inflammatory conditions, as well as the mechanisms and consequences of foam cell formation after SCI. Moreover, we discuss two strategies for foam cell modulation and several potential therapeutic targets that may enhance the treatment of SCI.


Assuntos
Células Espumosas , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Humanos , Células Espumosas/patologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 328: 118093, 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537842

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dichroa febrifuga Lour., a toxic but extensively used traditional Chinese medicine with a remarkable effect, is commonly called "Changshan" in China. It has been used to treat malaria and many other parasitic diseases. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The study aims to provide a current overview of the progress in the research on traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacological activities, toxicology, and methods of toxicity reduction of D. febrifuga. Additionally, further research directions and development prospects for the plant were put forward. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The article uses "Dichroa febrifuga Lour." "D. febrifuga" as the keyword and all relevant information on D. febrifuga was collected from electronic searches (Elsevier, PubMed, ACS, CNKI, Google Scholar, and Baidu Scholar), doctoral and master's dissertations and classic books about Chinese herbs. RESULTS: 30 chemical compounds, including alkaloids, terpenoids, flavonoids and other kinds, were isolated and identified from D. febrifuga. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that these components have a variety of pharmacological activities, including anti-malarial activities, anti-inflammatory activities, anti-tumor activities, anti-parasitic activities and anti-oomycete activities. Meanwhile, alkaloids, as the material basis of its efficacy, are also the source of its toxicity. It can cause multiple organ damage, including liver, kidney and heart, and cause adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. In the current study, the toxicity can be reduced by modifying the structure of the compound, processing and changing the dosage forms. CONCLUSIONS: There are few studies on the chemical constituents of D. febrifuga, so the components and their structure characterization contained in it can become the focus of future research. In view of the toxicity of D. febrifuga, there are many methods to reduce it, but the safety and rationality of these methods need further study.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Botânica , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/toxicidade , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Etnobotânica , Etnofarmacologia/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade
8.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 109, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) is the most common cause of indicated preterm delivery, but the impact of prenatal steroid exposure on the outcomes of preterm infants born to HDP mothers, who may be at risk for intrauterine hypoxia-ischemia, remains uncertain. The study objective is to evaluate the mortality and morbidities in HDP for very preterm infants (VPIs) exposed to different course of ANS. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study comprising infants with < 32 weeks gestation born to women with HDP only from 1 Jan. 2019 to 31 Dec. 2021 within 40 participating neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Sino-northern network. ANS courses included completed, partial, repeated, and no ANS. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed on administration of ANS and short-term outcomes before discharge. RESULTS: Among 1917 VPIs born to women with HDP only, 987(51.4%) received a complete course of ANS within 48 h to 7 days before birth, 560(29.2%) received partial ANS within 24 h before delivery, 100(5.2%) received repeat ANS and 270 (14.1%) did not receive any ANS. Compared to infants who received complete ANS, infants unexposed to ANS was associated with higher odds of death (AOR 1.85; 95%CI 1.10, 3.14), Severe Neurological Injury (SNI) or death (AOR 1.68; 95%CI 1.29,3.80) and NEC or death (AOR 1.78; 95%CI 1.55, 2.89), the repeated ANS group exhibits a significant negative correlation with the duration of oxygen therapy days (correlation coefficient - 18.3; 95%CI-39.2, -2.1). However, there were no significant differences observed between the full course and partial course groups in terms of outcomes. We can draw similar conclusions in the non-SGA group, while the differences are not significant in the SGA group. From KM curve, it showed that the repeated group had the highest survival rate, but the statistical analysis did not indicate a significant difference. CONCLUSIONS: Even partial courses of ANS administered within 24 h before delivery proved to be protective against death and other morbidities. The differences mentioned above are more pronounced in the non-SGA group. Repeat courses demonstrate a trend toward protection, but this still needs to be confirmed by larger samples.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Doenças do Prematuro , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Estudos Prospectivos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Idade Gestacional , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal , Morbidade
9.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 87(2): 139-141, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305483

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a major impact on human life. This review highlights the versatile roles of both classical and modern structure-based approaches for COVID-19. X-ray crystallography, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and cryogenic electron microscopy are the three cornerstones of classical structural biology. These technologies have helped provide fundamental and detailed knowledge regarding severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and the related human host proteins as well as enabled the identification of its target sites, facilitating the cessation of its transmission. Further progress into protein structure modeling was made using modern structure-based approaches derived from homology modeling and integrated with artificial intelligence (AI), facilitating advanced computational simulation tools to actively guide the design of new vaccines and the development of anti-SARS-CoV-2 drugs. This review presents the practical contributions and future directions of structure-based approaches for COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Inteligência Artificial , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Simulação por Computador
10.
JAMA ; 331(10): 840-849, 2024 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329440

RESUMO

Importance: It is uncertain whether intravenous methylprednisolone improves outcomes for patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion (LVO) undergoing endovascular thrombectomy. Objective: To assess the efficacy and adverse events of adjunctive intravenous low-dose methylprednisolone to endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke secondary to LVO. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigator-initiated, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was implemented at 82 hospitals in China, enrolling 1680 patients with stroke and proximal intracranial LVO presenting within 24 hours of time last known to be well. Recruitment took place between February 9, 2022, and June 30, 2023, with a final follow-up on September 30, 2023. Interventions: Eligible patients were randomly assigned to intravenous methylprednisolone (n = 839) at 2 mg/kg/d or placebo (n = 841) for 3 days adjunctive to endovascular thrombectomy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy outcome was disability level at 90 days as measured by the overall distribution of the modified Rankin Scale scores (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]). The primary safety outcomes included mortality at 90 days and the incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 48 hours. Results: Among 1680 patients randomized (median age, 69 years; 727 female [43.3%]), 1673 (99.6%) completed the trial. The median 90-day modified Rankin Scale score was 3 (IQR, 1-5) in the methylprednisolone group vs 3 (IQR, 1-6) in the placebo group (adjusted generalized odds ratio for a lower level of disability, 1.10 [95% CI, 0.96-1.25]; P = .17). In the methylprednisolone group, there was a lower mortality rate (23.2% vs 28.5%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.84 [95% CI, 0.71-0.98]; P = .03) and a lower rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (8.6% vs 11.7%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.74 [95% CI, 0.55-0.99]; P = .04) compared with placebo. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with acute ischemic stroke due to LVO undergoing endovascular thrombectomy, adjunctive methylprednisolone added to endovascular thrombectomy did not significantly improve the degree of overall disability. Trial Registration: ChiCTR.org.cn Identifier: ChiCTR2100051729.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragias Intracranianas , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos
11.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 50(5): 647-660, 2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Scoliosis is a spinal deformation in which the spine takes a lateral curvature, generating an angle in the coronal plane. The conventional method for detecting scoliosis is measurement of the Cobb angle in spine images obtained by anterior X-ray scanning. Ultrasound imaging of the spine is found to be less ionising than traditional radiographic modalities. For posterior ultrasound scanning, alternate indices of the spinous process angle (SPA) and ultrasound curve angle (UCA) were developed and have proven comparable to those of the traditional Cobb angle. In SPA, the measurements are made using the spinous processes as an anatomical reference, leading to an underestimation of the traditionally used Cobb angles. Alternatively, in UCA, more lateral features of the spine are employed for measurement of the main thoracic and thoracolumbar angles; however, clear identification of bony features is required. The current practice of UCA angle measurement is manual. This research attempts to automate the process so that the errors related to human intervention can be avoided and the scalability of ultrasound scoliosis diagnosis can be improved. The key objective is to develop an automatic scoliosis diagnosis system using 3-D ultrasound imaging. METHODS: The novel diagnosis system is a three-step process: (i) finding the ultrasound spine image with the most visible lateral features using the convolutional RankNet algorithm; (ii) segmenting the bony features from the noisy ultrasound images using joint spine segmentation and noise removal; and (iii) calculating the UCA automatically using a newly developed centroid pairing and inscribed rectangle slope method. RESULTS: The proposed method was evaluated on 109 patients with scoliosis of different severity. The results obtained had a good correlation with manually measured UCAs (R2=0.9784 for the main thoracic angle andR2=0.9671 for the thoracolumbar angle) and a clinically acceptable mean absolute difference of the main thoracic angle (2.82 ± 2.67°) and thoracolumbar angle (3.34 ± 2.83°). CONCLUSION: The proposed method establishes a very promising approach for enabling the applications of economic 3-D ultrasound volume projection imaging for mass screening of scoliosis.


Assuntos
Escoliose , Humanos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Radiografia , Imageamento Tridimensional
12.
Interv Neuroradiol ; : 15910199231217769, 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38192118

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of intra-arterial microguidewire electrocoagulation on intracranial vascular diseases. METHODS: Data from 10 patients with cerebral aneurysms between May 2018 and September 2022 were analysed. Patients were treated with endovascular coil embolisation and microguidewire electrocoagulation. XperCT scans were conducted to identify new intracranial haemorrhage, infarction and hydrocephalus. Follow-up examinations were conducted 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after discharge. RESULTS: After the patients received electrocoagulation for different durations, Raymond Grade 1 embolisation was achieved in all 10 patients. No complications, such as haemorrhage, infarction or hydrocephalus, were found during or after surgery. Ten patients were followed up for 6-12 months, and none had any symptoms or new neurological dysfunction 1 month after their operation. Among them, nine were followed up for 12 months, and digital subtraction angiography showed no recurrence of aneurysms or occlusion of parent arteries. CONCLUSION: Intra-arterial microguidewire electrocoagulation can be used as a supplementary treatment for cerebral aneurysms. In cases of incomplete lesion embolisation and cases where tamponade treatment cannot continue, immediate thrombosis may occur. Thus, intra-arterial microguidewire electrocoagulation can help achieve patients' treatment goals.

13.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228891

RESUMO

The pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is causally linked to postsynaptic scaffolding proteins, as evidenced by numerous large-scale genomic studies [1, 2] and in vitro and in vivo neurobiological studies of mutations in animal models [3, 4]. However, due to the distinct phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity observed in ASD patients, individual mutation genes account for only a small proportion (<2%) of cases [1, 5]. Recently, a human genetic study revealed a correlation between de novo variants in FERM domain-containing-5 (FRMD5) and neurodevelopmental abnormalities [6]. In this study, we demonstrate that deficiency of the scaffolding protein FRMD5 leads to neurodevelopmental dysfunction and ASD-like behavior in mice. FRMD5 deficiency results in morphological abnormalities in neurons and synaptic dysfunction in mice. Frmd5-deficient mice display learning and memory dysfunction, impaired social function, and increased repetitive stereotyped behavior. Mechanistically, tandem mass tag (TMT)-labeled quantitative proteomics revealed that FRMD5 deletion affects the distribution of synaptic proteins involved in the pathological process of ASD. Collectively, our findings delineate the critical role of FRMD5 in neurodevelopment and ASD pathophysiology, suggesting potential therapeutic implications for the treatment of ASD.

15.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 36(13)2023 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38091610

RESUMO

We study the property of equal-spin Andreev reflection (ESAR) in the ferromagnet/insulator/Ising superconductor junction where Ising spin-orbit coupling is taken into account in the insulator. It is found that the ESAR exhibits a regular oscillation with the insulating barrier, the amplitude and period of which can be effectively controlled by the chemical potentials. Compared to that in the ferromagnet/Ising superconductor junction, the ESAR is greatly increased due to the resonant mode, suggesting an enhanced spin-triplet pairing. As an application, the proposed junction may work as a switch to turn on and off the ESAR. Furthermore, the insulating barrier does not change the magnetoanisotropic period of ESAR because of the invariant symmetry of the system, however, the magnetoanisotropy is strengthened.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(51): e36603, 2023 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38134119

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to investigate the expression of protein tyrosine phosphatase type I (PTP4A1) in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in patients with early- and intermediate-stage esophageal cancer and its clinical value in evaluating patient prognosis. Tissue and peripheral blood samples were collected from patients with esophageal cancer, as well as their clinical data. Follow-up was performed on all patients. PTP4A1 expression in the CTCs of patients were analyzed by regression analysis, and its correlation with the clinical characteristics of esophageal cancer was discussed. The numbers of mixed tumor cells and T-CTCs were significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis. Advanced tumor-node metastasis (TNM) stage (odds ratio = 12.063) and lymph node metastasis (odds ratio = 13.541) were influencing factors of PTP4A1+MCTC expression disorders in patients with esophageal cancer. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed that TNM stage and lymph node metastasis had a high predictive efficiency for PTP4A1+MCTCs, with an area under the ROC curve of 0.725. PTP4A1+mixed tumor cells had strong predictive value for the efficacy of neoadjuvant therapy, with a sensitivity of 94.7% and a specificity of 63.6%. Advanced TNM stage and lymph node metastasis are influencing factors for increased CTCs and poor expression of PTP4A1 in patients with esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Humanos , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases , Proteínas de Membrana , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular
17.
Front Plant Sci ; 14: 1260856, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37908839

RESUMO

Cupin_1 domain-containing protein (CDP) family, which is a member of the cupin superfamily with the most diverse functions in plants, has been found to be involved in hormone pathways that are closely related to rhizome sprouting (RS), a vital form of asexual reproduction in plants. Ma bamboo is a typical clumping bamboo, which mainly reproduces by RS. In this study, we identified and characterized 53 Dendrocalamus latiflorus CDP genes and divided them into seven subfamilies. Comparing the genetic structures among subfamilies showed a relatively conserved gene structure within each subfamily, and the number of cupin_1 domains affected the conservation among D. latiflorus CDP genes. Gene collinearity results showed that segmental duplication and tandem duplication both contributed to the expansion of D. latiflorus CDP genes, and lineage-specific gene duplication was an important factor influencing the evolution of CDP genes. Expression patterns showed that CDP genes generally had higher expression levels in germinating underground buds, indicating that they might play important roles in promoting shoot sprouting. Transcription factor binding site prediction and co-expression network analysis indicated that D. latiflorus CDPs were regulated by a large number of transcription factors, and collectively participated in rhizome buds and shoot development. This study significantly provided new insights into the evolutionary patterns and molecular functions of CDP genes, and laid a foundation for further studying the regulatory mechanisms of plant rhizome sprouting.

18.
Nutrients ; 15(21)2023 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37960231

RESUMO

Skeletal muscle atrophy is a frequent complication after spinal cord injury (SCI) and can influence the recovery of motor function and metabolism in affected patients. Delaying skeletal muscle atrophy can promote functional recovery in SCI rats. In the present study, we investigated whether a combination of body weight support treadmill training (BWSTT) and glycine and N-acetylcysteine (GlyNAC) could exert neuroprotective effects, promote motor function recovery, and delay skeletal muscle atrophy in rats with SCI, and we assessed the therapeutic effects of the double intervention from both a structural and functional viewpoint. We found that, after SCI, rats given GlyNAC alone showed an improvement in Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) scores, gait symmetry, and results in the open field test, indicative of improved motor function, while GlyNAC combined with BWSTT was more effective than either treatment alone at ameliorating voluntary motor function in injured rats. Meanwhile, the results of the skeletal muscle myofiber cross-sectional area (CSA), hindlimb grip strength, and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) immunostaining analysis demonstrated that GlyNAC improved the structure and function of the skeletal muscle in rats with SCI and delayed the atrophication of skeletal muscle.


Assuntos
Acetilcisteína , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Acetilcisteína/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Atrofia Muscular/tratamento farmacológico , Atrofia Muscular/etiologia , Atrofia Muscular/metabolismo , Peso Corporal , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia
19.
Inflammation ; 2023 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37975960

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is a frequently occurring pathophysiological feature of spinal cord injury (SCI) and can result in secondary injury to the spinal cord and skeletal muscle atrophy. Studies have reported that glycine and N-acetylcysteine (GlyNAC) have anti-aging and anti-oxidative stress properties; however, to date, no study has assessed the effect of GlyNAC in the treatment of SCI. In the present work, we established a rat model of SCI and then administered GlyNAC to the animals by gavage at a dose of 200 mg/kg for four consecutive weeks. The BBB scores of the rats were significantly elevated from the first to the eighth week after GlyNAC intervention, suggesting that GlyNAC promoted the recovery of motor function; it also promoted the significant recovery of body weight of the rats. Meanwhile, the 4-week heat pain results also suggested that GlyNAC intervention could promote the recovery of sensory function in rats to some extent. Additionally, after 4 weeks, the levels of glutathione and superoxide dismutase in spinal cord tissues were significantly elevated, whereas that of malondialdehyde was significantly decreased in GlyNAC-treated animals. The gastrocnemius wet weight ratio and total antioxidant capacity were also significantly increased. After 8 weeks, the malondialdehyde level had decreased significantly in spinal cord tissue, while reactive oxygen species accumulation in skeletal muscle had decreased. These findings suggested that GlyNAC can protect spinal cord tissue, delay skeletal muscle atrophy, and promote functional recovery in rats after SCI.

20.
ACS Sens ; 8(12): 4737-4746, 2023 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38008917

RESUMO

Understanding the pharmacokinetics of prodrugs in vivo necessitates quantitative, noninvasive, and real-time monitoring of drug release, despite its difficulty. Ratiometric photoacoustic (PA) imaging, a promising deep tissue imaging technology with a unique capacity for self-calibration, can aid in solving this problem. Here, for the first time, a methylamino-substituted Aza-BODIPY (BDP-N) and the chemotherapeutic drug camptothecin (CPT) are joined via a disulfide chain to produce the molecular theranostic prodrug (BSC) for real-time tumor mapping and quantitative visualization of intratumoral drug release using ratiometric PA imaging. Intact BSC has an extremely low toxicity, with a maximum absorption at ∼720 nm; however, endogenous glutathione (GSH), which is overexpressed in tumors, will cleave the disulfide bond and liberate CPT (with full toxicity) and BDP-N. This is accompanied by a significant redshift in absorption at ∼800 nm, resulting in the PA800/PA720 ratio. In vitro, a linear relationship is successfully established between PA800/PA720 values and CPT release rates, and subsequent experiments demonstrate that this relationship can also be applied to the quantitative detection of intratumoral CPT release in vivo. Notably, the novel ratiometric strategy eliminates nonresponsive interference and amplifies the multiples of the signal response to significantly improve the imaging contrast and detection precision. Therefore, this research offers a viable alternative for the design of molecular theranostic agents for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of tumors.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Pró-Fármacos , Humanos , Pró-Fármacos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacocinética , Pró-Fármacos/uso terapêutico , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Dissulfetos/química
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