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1.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 275: 116266, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564862

RESUMO

Glyphosate, ranked as one of the most widely used herbicides in the world, has raised concerns about its potential disruptive effects on sex hormones. However, limited human evidence was available, especially for children and adolescents. The present study aimed to examine the associations between exposure to glyphosate and sex hormones among participants aged 6-19 years, utilizing data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted between 2013 and 2016. Children and adolescents who had available data on urinary glyphosate, serum sex steroid hormones, including testosterone (TT), estradiol (E2) and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), and covariates were selected. Additionally, the ratio of TT to E2 (TT/E2) and the free androgen index (FAI), which was calculated using TT/SHBG, were also included as sex hormone indicators. Survey regression statistical modeling was used to examine the associations between urinary glyphosate concentration and sex hormone indicators by age and sex group. Among the 964 participants, 83.71% had been exposed to glyphosate (>lower limit of detection). The survey regression revealed a marginally negative association between urinary glyphosate and E2 in the overall population, while this association was more pronounced in adolescents with a significant trend. In further sex-stratified analyses among adolescents, a significant decrease in E2, FAI, and TT (p trend <0.05) was observed in female adolescents for the highest quartile of urinary glyphosate compared to the lowest quartile. However, no similar association was observed among male adolescents. Our findings suggest that exposure to glyphosate at the current level may decrease the levels of sex steroids in adolescents, particularly female adolescents. Considering the cross-sectional study design, further research is needed to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
60658 , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estudos Transversais , Testosterona , Estradiol , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/metabolismo
2.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 367, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622534

RESUMO

The tissue damage caused by transient ischemic injury is an essential component of the pathogenesis of retinal ischemia, which mainly hinges on the degree and duration of interruption of the blood supply and the subsequent damage caused by tissue reperfusion. Some research indicated that the retinal injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) was related to reperfusion time.In this study, we screened the differentially expressed circRNAs, lncRNAs, and mRNAs between the control and model group and at different reperfusion time (24h, 72h, and 7d) with the aid of whole transcriptome sequencing technology, and the trend changes in time-varying mRNA, lncRNA, circRNA were obtained by chronological analysis. Then, candidate circRNAs, lncRNAs, and mRNAs were obtained as the intersection of differentially expression genes and trend change genes. Importance scores of the genes selected the key genes whose expression changed with the increase of reperfusion time. Also, the characteristic differentially expressed genes specific to the reperfusion time were analyzed, key genes specific to reperfusion time were selected to show the change in biological process with the increase of reperfusion time.As a result, 316 candidate mRNAs, 137 candidate lncRNAs, and 31 candidate circRNAs were obtained by the intersection of differentially expressed mRNAs, lncRNAs, and circRNAs with trend mRNAs, trend lncRNAs and trend circRNAs, 5 key genes (Cd74, RT1-Da, RT1-CE5, RT1-Bb, RT1-DOa) were selected by importance scores of the genes. The result of GSEA showed that key genes were found to play vital roles in antigen processing and presentation, regulation of the actin cytoskeleton, and the ribosome. A network included 4 key genes (Cd74, RT1-Da, RT1-Bb, RT1-DOa), 34 miRNAs and 48 lncRNAs, and 81 regulatory relationship axes, and a network included 4 key genes (Cd74, RT1-Da, RT1-Bb, RT1-DOa), 9 miRNAs and 3 circRNAs (circRNA_10572, circRNA_03219, circRNA_11359) and 12 regulatory relationship axes were constructed, the subcellular location, transcription factors, signaling network, targeted drugs and relationship to eye diseases of key genes were predicted. 1370 characteristic differentially expressed mRNAs (spec_24h mRNA), 558 characteristic differentially expressed mRNAs (spec_72h mRNA), and 92 characteristic differentially expressed mRNAs (spec_7d mRNA) were found, and their key genes and regulation networks were analyzed.In summary, we screened the differentially expressed circRNAs, lncRNAs, and mRNAs between the control and model groups and at different reperfusion time (24h, 72h, and 7d). 5 key genes, Cd74, RT1-Da, RT1-CE5, RT1-Bb, RT1-DOa, were selected. Key genes specific to reperfusion time were selected to show the change in biological process with the increased reperfusion time. These results provided theoretical support and a reference basis for the clinical treatment.

3.
iScience ; 27(4): 109533, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591006

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection generally elicits weak type-I interferon (IFN) immune response in hepatocytes, covering the regulatory effect of IFN-stimulated genes. In this study, low level of IFN-stimulated gene 12a (ISG12a) predicted malignant transformation and poor prognosis of HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), whereas high level of ISG12a indicated active NK cell phenotypes. ISG12a interacts with TRIM21 to inhibit the phosphorylation activation of protein kinase B (PKB, also known as AKT) and ß-catenin, suppressing PD-L1 expression to block PD-1/PD-L1 signaling, thereby enhancing the anticancer effect of NK cells. The suppression of PD-1-deficient NK-92 cells on HBV-associated tumors was independent of ISG12a expression, whereas the anticancer effect of PD-1-expressed NK-92 cells on HBV-associated tumors was enhanced by ISG12a and treatments of atezolizumab and nivolumab. Thus, tumor intrinsic ISG12a promotes the anticancer effect of NK cells by regulating PD-1/PD-L1 signaling, presenting the significant role of innate immunity in defending against HBV-associated HCC.

4.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625515

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is an aging-associated neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the pars compacta of the substantia nigra and the presence of Lewy bodies containing α-synuclein within these neurons. Oligomeric α-synuclein exerts neurotoxic effects through mitochondrial dysfunction, glial cell inflammatory response, lysosomal dysfunction and so on. α-synuclein aggregation, often accompanied by oxidative stress, is generally considered to be a key factor in PD pathology. At present, emerging evidences suggest that metabolism alteration is closely associated with α-synuclein aggregation and PD progression, and improvement of key molecules in metabolism might be potentially beneficial in PD treatment. In this review, we highlight the tripartite relationship among metabolic changes, α-synuclein aggregation, and oxidative stress in PD, and offer updated insights into the treatments of PD, aiming to deepen our understanding of PD pathogenesis and explore new therapeutic strategies for the disease.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581319

RESUMO

Background: Atherosclerotic coronary heart disease (CHD) stands as a paramount cardiovascular concern and the primary cause of mortality. To underscore the significance of our study, it is crucial to highlight the existing gaps in current diagnostic methods and prognostic assessments of CHD. By addressing these gaps, our research aims to contribute valuable insights and advancements in the understanding and management of this prevalent cardiovascular condition. Objective: The primary objective of this study is to investigate the correlation between carotid ultrasound, the Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP), and the severity of CHD. Methods: We enrolled 59 patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease and categorized them into two groups (multi-vessel and single-vessel disease groups) based on disease severity. The study employed carotid ultrasound, which measures Intima-Media Thickness (IMT) and carotid artery stenosis, among other indicators. Additionally, we calculated the AIP. This approach allowed us to thoroughly analyze the correlation between these key indicators and the severity of coronary heart disease lesions. Results: The study included 59 patients, 38 with single-vessel disease and 21 with multi-vessel disease. In the multivessel disease group, we observed significantly elevated levels of AIP, IMT, and carotid stenosis compared to the single-vessel disease group. Specifically, AIP, IMT, and carotid stenosis levels were higher in the multi-vessel group. Furthermore, our analysis revealed a positive correlation between AIP and IMT (r = 0.038, P = .003), while no significant correlation was found between AIP and carotid stenosis. Additionally, there was a moderate correlation between IMT and carotid stenosis. Conclusion: The combined assessment of AIP and carotid ultrasonography emerges as a promising approach for evaluating the severity of CHD. Notably, the multi-vessel disease group exhibited higher AIP levels compared to the single-vessel disease group, along with increased IMT and carotid artery stenosis. Our findings highlight a positive correlation between AIP and IMT, as well as between IMT and the degree of carotid stenosis. These associations underscore the potential of AIP, in conjunction with carotid ultrasonography parameters, as valuable indicators for gauging CHD severity. The clinical implications of these findings warrant further exploration, particularly in their potential integration into existing diagnostic or prognostic models for CHD. This integrated approach may offer enhanced precision in distinguishing between single-vessel and multi-vessel disease, contributing to more informed clinical decision-making.

6.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 314: 124199, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555822

RESUMO

A series of "turn off" pH fluorescence probes with chalcone skeleton for basic system have been developed. The molecules emitted bright yellow fluorescence under acidic condition, resulting AIE coupled ESIPT characteristic and ICT process. What's more, the compounds exhibited excellent sensitivity and selectivity for detecting pH as a facile "On-Off" fluorescence probe, and the fluorescence of them were quenched with the ESIPT process interrupted under alkaline condition. Theoretical calculation for the related compounds also performed to verify the electron effect on photophysical properties and confirm the rational speculation on the mechanism.

7.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0298684, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451911

RESUMO

Accurate bike-sharing demand prediction is crucial for bike allocation rebalancing and station planning. In bike-sharing systems, the bike borrowing and returning behavior exhibit strong spatio-temporal characteristics. Meanwhile, the bike-sharing demand is affected by the arbitrariness of user behavior, which makes the distribution of bikes unbalanced. These bring great challenges to bike-sharing demand prediction. In this study, a usage pattern similarity-based dual-network for bike-sharing demand prediction, called FF-STGCN, is proposed. Inter-station flow features and similar usage pattern features are fully considered. The model includes three modules: multi-scale spatio-temporal feature fusion module, bike usage pattern similarity learning module, and bike-sharing demand prediction module. In particular, we design a multi-scale spatio-temporal feature fusion module to address limitations in multi-scale spatio-temporal accuracy. Then, a bike usage pattern similarity learning module is constructed to capture the underlying correlated features among stations. Finally, we employ a dual network structure to integrate inter-station flow features and similar usage pattern features in the bike-sharing demand prediction module to realize the final prediction. Experiments on the Citi Bike dataset have demonstrated the effectiveness of our proposed model. The ablation experiments further confirm the indispensability of each module in the proposed model.


Assuntos
Ciclismo , Meios de Transporte , Aprendizagem , Pirimetamina
8.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 13(2): 443-452, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38496696

RESUMO

Background: SMARCA4-deficient undifferentiated tumor (SMARCA4-UT) is a class of high-grade malignant tumors that has only been described in recent years, with an undifferentiated or rhabdoid morphology and genetic deletion of SMARCA4 (BRG1), a subunit of the BRG1-associated factors (BAFs) chromatin remodeling complex. It is a rare tumor type that occurs in young to middle-aged men and usually presents as a compressive thoracic mass with rapid progression and poor prognosis. However, much remains unknown about the clinical and imaging manifestations of the disease. Case Description: Herein, we report a 51-year-old man who came to our hospital with multiple enlarged lymph nodes in the chest after a computed tomography (CT) examination at another hospital. The patient underwent conventional ultrasound (US), contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT (PET/CT), and finally confirmed the diagnosis of SMARCA4-UT by US-guided puncture biopsy. After symptomatic management, the patient was transferred to another hospital and we performed a short-term follow-up. Conclusions: During this procedure, we obtained a series of relevant clinical and imaging data, especially US and CEUS images, which were described for the first time, offering valuable imaging information that will contribute to the clinical diagnosis of this disease to a certain extent. Moreover, this case highlights the efficacy of CEUS in identifying internal necrosis within tumors and lymph nodes, thereby improving the success rate of obtaining tumor tissue for pathological diagnosis. These findings substantiate the practical utility of US and CEUS in the context of mediastinal SMARCA4-UT, emphasizing their potential for widespread clinical adoption.

9.
Infect Drug Resist ; 17: 1011-1019, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505250

RESUMO

Purpose: Plastic bronchitis (PB), a rare complication of respiratory infection characterized by the formation of casts in the tracheobronchial tree, can lead to airway obstruction and severe condition. Adenovirus is one of the common pathogens of PB caused by infection. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical features and risk factors for PB in children with severe adenovirus pneumonia. Methods: A retrospective study of children with severe adenovirus pneumonia with bronchoscopy results at Guangzhou Women and Children's Hospital between January 2018 and January 2020 was performed. Based on bronchoscopy, we divided children with severe adenovirus pneumonia into two groups: PB and non-PB. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors for PB in patients with severe adenovirus pneumonia after univariate analysis. Results: Our study examined 156 patients with severe adenovirus pneumonia with bronchoscopy results in hospital. Among them, 18 developed PB and 138 did not. On multivariate analysis, the independent risk factors of PB in children with severe adenovirus pneumonia were history of allergies (OR 10.147, 95% CI 1.727-59.612; P=0.010), diminished breath sounds (OR 12.856, 95% CI 3.259-50.713; P=0.001), and increased proportion of neutrophils (>70%; OR 8.074, 95% CI 1.991-32.735; P=0.003). Conclusion: Children with severe adenovirus pneumonia with a history of allergies, diminished breath sounds, and increased the proportion of neutrophils >70% may show higher risk of PB.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515375

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the role of body fat percentage (BFP) changes in diabetes remission (DR) and the association between baseline body composition and its changes after bariatric surgery. METHODS: We analyzed 203 patients with type 2 diabetes who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Body composition was measured using a gold-standard-derived predictive equation and magnetic resonance imaging. Body composition changes were calculated as 100 × (baseline value - follow-up value)/baseline value. We verified the results in a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy cohort with 311 patients. RESULTS: Compared with non-remission patients in the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass cohort, those who achieved DR showed a higher baseline fat-free mass index (FFMI) and experienced the most significant changes in BFP (p < 0.001). In comparative analyses, BFP changes were significantly better than BMI changes in identifying short- and long-term DR. Linear regression analysis identified FFMI as the most significant baseline variable correlated with BFP changes (p < 0.001). Baseline BMI was positively correlated with changes in BFP but negatively correlated with changes in FFMI. These findings were replicated in the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy cohort. CONCLUSIONS: BFP changes determine DR after bariatric surgery, and baseline FFMI is crucial for BFP changes. A low initial BMI is associated with a smaller BFP reduction and greater FFMI loss after bariatric surgery.

11.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27419, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545226

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate gadolinium deposition in the liver and brain in a rat model with liver fibrosis (LF) after intravenous administration of gadoxetate disodium (GD) and the histological effects of gadolinium deposition in the liver and brain. Methods: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: 1) LF group received intraperitoneal injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) for 9 weeks alone; 2) LF&GD group received CCl4 and intravenous administration of GD (for 5 consecutive days); 3) GD group received olive oil and GD. Seven days after the final injection of GD, the deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN) and liver were excised to determine gadolinium concentrations via inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and histologic staining was performed. Bonferroni's post-hoc test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used to compare the differences between the three groups. Results: The concentrations of retained gadolinium in the liver in the LF&GD group (2.18 ± 0.44 µg/g) were significantly greater compared to the LF group (0.02 ± 0.01 µg/g, P < 0.001) and GD group (0.37 ± 0.11 µg/g, P < 0.001). Also, the concentrations of retained gadolinium in DCN were increased in the LF&GD group (0.13 ± 0.06 µg/g) compared to the LF group (0.01 ± 0.00 µg/g, P < 0.001) and GD group (0.06 ± 0.02 µg/g, P = 0.019). No histopathological alterations were detected in the liver and DCN between LF&GD group and LF group. Conclusions: LF aggravated gadolinium deposition in the liver and DCN after administration of GD. However, no significant acute histological alterations were observed due to gadolinium deposition.

12.
Plant Dis ; 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549275

RESUMO

Cordyline fruticosa is a shrub plant, commonly used in landscape, and distributed in the tropical regions of southern China. In September 2022, anthracnose symptoms were found on this species in Nanning, Guangxi, China. The disease incidence was between 30% to 80% and disease severity was 10% to 30% in five surveyed planting areas. The symptoms initially appeared as small, round, brown spots on leaves. As the disease developed, the lesions turned gray-white with brown borders and yellow halos. Some spots coalesced into larger irregular shapes and even leading to leaf blight. Small segments of the diseased tissues (3×3 mm) were cut from the leaves, surface-sterilized by dipping in a 1% sodium hypochlorite solution for 1 min, rinsed three times with sterile distilled water, and plated on potato dextrose agar (PDA). These plates were incubated at 28°C in the dark for 5 days. Ten fungal isolates with similar morphology were consistently isolated from these diseased tissues. The colonies on PDA were initially white with sparse aerial mycelia and turned pale orange with abundant orange conidial masses on the center after 8 days of culture. The reverse color was pale orange. No sclerotia or setae were found in culture. Conidia were single-celled, hyaline, straight, cylindrical with round ends, and 12.2 to 17.8 µm long (mean 14.9 µm) and 3.9 to 7.3 µm wide (mean 4.8 µm, n=50). The morphological characteristics of these isolates were similar to the Colletotrichum cordylinicola (Sharma et al., 2014). Genomic DNA of two isolates Z3 and Z4 generated from monospore culture was extracted using a fungal DNA extraction kit (Solarbio, Beijing, China). Partial sequences of internal transcribed spacer (ITS), partial actin (ACT), chitin synthase (CHS-1), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), and beta-tubulin (TUB2) were amplified using the primer pairs ITS1/ITS4, ACT-512F/ACT-783R, CHS-79F/CHS-345R, GDF1/GDR1, and BT2A/BT2B (Lin et al., 2022), respectively. All the sequences (GenBank accession nos. OQ509909, OQ509910, OQ658690, OQ658691, and OK649310 to OK649314) showed 99% to 100% identity with those of C. cordylinicola in GenBank database. A phylogenetic tree based on concatenated sequences of ITS, ACT, CHS-1, TUB, and GAPDH using maximum likelihood analysis by MEGA X software revealed that Z3 and Z4 clade with reference strains of C. cordylinicola (OJX010226 and MK935473). Based on morphological observation and multi-gene sequence analysis, the isolates were identified as C. cordylinicola (Phoulivong et al., 2010). To assess their pathogenicity, conidial suspensions (106 conidia/ml) of C. cordylinicola were inoculated onto 10 healthy living leaves wounded by slight puncturing (10 µl/wounded spot). Control leaves were treated with sterile water. All inoculated and control plants were maintained under high relative humidity (~90%) and 28℃ in a climate chamber. After 8 days, all the inoculated leaves showed brown lesions resembling natural symptoms, whereas the control group remained symptom-free. The same fungus was re-isolated from the symptomatic leaves, thus completing Koch's postulates. C. cordylinicola is a species of the C. gloeosporioides complex (Weir et al., 2012). It has been reported to cause anthracnose on C. fruticosa in USA and Thailand (Phoulivong et al., 2010; Sharma et al., 2014). To our knowledge, this is the first report of C. cordylinicola causing anthracnose on C. fruticosa in China. Knowing the causal agent is essential to control the serious disease effectively.

13.
PeerJ Comput Sci ; 10: e1808, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38435603

RESUMO

The purpose of knowledge embedding is to extract entities and relations from the knowledge graph into low-dimensional dense vectors, in order to be applied to downstream tasks, such as connection prediction and intelligent classification. Existing knowledge embedding methods still have many limitations, such as the contradiction between the vast amount of data and limited computing power, and the challenge of effectively representing rare entities. This article proposed a knowledge embedding learning model, which incorporates a graph attention mechanism to integrate key node information. It can effectively aggregate key information from the global graph structure, shield redundant information, and represent rare nodes in the knowledge base independently of its own structure. We introduce a relation update layer to further update the relation based on the results of entity training. The experiment shows that our method matches or surpasses the performance of other baseline models in link prediction on the FB15K-237 dataset. The metric Hits@1 has increased by 10.9% compared to the second-ranked baseline model. In addition, we conducted further analysis on rare nodes with fewer neighborhoods, confirming that our model can embed rare nodes more accurately than the baseline models.

14.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1280075, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525423

RESUMO

Background: Due to the widespread use of imaging techniques, the detection rate of early-stage lung cancer has increased. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) sublobectomy has emerged as a prominent alternative to lobectomy, offering advantages like reduced resection range, better preservation of lung function, and enhanced postoperative quality of life. However, sublobectomy is more intricate than lobectomy, necessitating a higher level of surgical proficiency and anatomical understanding. Methods: Three electronic databases were searched to capture relevant studies from January 2016 to March 2023, which related to the application of three-dimensional(3D) technology in VATS sublobectomy. Results: Currently, clinical departments such as orthopedics, hepatobiliary surgery, and urology have started using 3D technology. This technology is expected to be widely used in thoracic surgery in future. Now 3D technology assists in preoperative planning, intraoperative navigation and doctor-patient communication. Conclusion: 3D technologies, instrumental in locating pulmonary nodules and identifying variations in target lung segmental vessels and bronchi, play pivotal roles in VATS sublobectomy, especially in preoperative planning, intraoperative navigation, and doctor-patient communication. The limitations of 3D technology in clinical application are analyzed, and the future direction of existing 3D technology development is prospected.

15.
Metabolism ; 155: 155905, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548128

RESUMO

CD36, a scavenger receptor B2 that is dynamically distributed between cell membranes and organelle membranes, plays a crucial role in regulating lipid metabolism. Abnormal CD36 activity has been linked to a range of metabolic disorders, such as obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease. CD36 undergoes various modifications, including palmitoylation, glycosylation, and ubiquitination, which greatly affect its binding affinity to various ligands, thereby triggering and influencing various biological effects. In the context of tumors, CD36 interacts with autophagy to jointly regulate tumorigenesis, mainly by influencing the tumor microenvironment. The central role of CD36 in cellular lipid homeostasis and recent molecular insights into CD36 in tumor development indicate the applicability of CD36 as a therapeutic target for cancer treatment. Here, we discuss the diverse posttranslational modifications of CD36 and their respective roles in lipid metabolism. Additionally, we delve into recent research findings on CD36 in tumors, outlining ongoing drug development efforts targeting CD36 and potential strategies for future development and highlighting the interplay between CD36 and autophagy in the context of cancer. Our aim is to provide a comprehensive understanding of the function of CD36 in both physiological and pathological processes, facilitating a more in-depth analysis of cancer progression and a better development and application of CD36-targeting drugs for tumor therapy in the near future.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; 924: 171561, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458472

RESUMO

Ambient ozone (O3) is recognized as a significant air pollutant with implications for cardiorespiratory health, yet the effects of indoor O3 exposure have received less consideration. Furthermore, while sleep occupies one-third of life, research on the health consequences of O3 exposure during this crucial period is scarce. This study aimed to investigate associations of indoor O3 during sleep with cardiorespiratory function and potential predisposing factors. A prospective study among 81 adults was conducted in Beijing, China. Repeated measurements of cardiorespiratory indices reflecting lung function, airway inflammation, cardiac autonomic function, blood pressure, systemic inflammation, platelet and glucose were performed on each subject. Real-time concentrations of indoor O3 during sleep were monitored. Associations of O3 with cardiorespiratory indices were evaluated using linear mixed-effect model. Effect modification by baseline lifestyles (diet, physical activity, sleep-related factors) and psychological status (stress and depression) were investigated through interaction analysis. The average indoor O3 concentration during sleep was 20.3 µg/m3, which was well below current Chinese indoor air quality standard of 160 µg/m3. O3 was associated with most respiratory indicators of decreased airway function except airway inflammation; whereas the cardiovascular effects were only manifested in autonomic dysfunction and not in others. An interquartile range increases in O3 at 6-h average was associated with changes of -3.60 % (95 % CI: -6.19 %, -0.93 %) and -9.60 % (95 % CI: -14.53 %, -4.39 %) in FVC and FEF25-75, respectively. Further, stronger effects were noted among participants with specific dietary patterns, poorer sleep and higher level of depression. This study provides the first general population-based evidence that low-level exposure to indoor O3 during sleep has greater effects on the respiratory system than on the cardiovascular system. Our findings identify the respiratory system as an important target for indoor O3 exposure, and particularly highlight the need for greater awareness of indoor air quality, especially during sleep.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Ozônio , Adulto , Humanos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Estudos Prospectivos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Ozônio/efeitos adversos , Ozônio/análise , China , Inflamação , Material Particulado/análise , Exposição Ambiental/análise
17.
Cancer Discov ; 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386926

RESUMO

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) presents as a highly chemosensitive malignancy but acquires cross-resistance after relapse. This transformation is nearly inevitable in patients but has been difficult to capture in laboratory models. Here, we present a pre-clinical system that recapitulates acquired cross-resistance, developed from 51 patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. Each model was tested in vivo against three clinical regimens: cisplatin plus etoposide, olaparib plus temozolomide, and topotecan. These drug-response profiles captured hallmark clinical features of SCLC, such as the emergence of treatment-refractory disease after early relapse. For one patient, serial PDX models revealed that cross-resistance was acquired through MYC amplification on extrachromosomal DNA (ecDNA). Genomic and transcriptional profiles of the full PDX panel revealed that MYC paralog amplifications on ecDNAs were recurrent in relapsed cross-resistant SCLC, and this was corroborated in tumor biopsies from relapsed patients. We conclude that ecDNAs with MYC paralogs are recurrent drivers of cross-resistance in SCLC.

18.
Physiol Plant ; 176(1): e14210, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380683

RESUMO

Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) is an outstanding turfgrass and forage cultivated in temperate regions worldwide. However, poor tolerance to extreme cold, heat, or drought limits wide extension and cultivation. DEHYDRATION-RESPONSIVE ELEMENT BINDING FACTOR1s (DREB1s) play a vital role in enhancing plant tolerance to abiotic stress, specifically for low-temperature stress. In this study, a total of 24 LpDREB1 family members were identified from the released genome of perennial ryegrass. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the LpDREB1 genes are divided into 7 groups that have close relationships with rice homologues. Conserved motif analysis revealed that members within the same group have similar conserved motif compositions. All LpDREB1s lack introns, and the promoter sequences of LpDREB1 genes contain multiple cis-acting elements associated with stress response, phytohormone signal transduction and plant growth and development. The majority of LpDREB1 genes were upregulated by drought, submergence, heat and cold stress treatments, including LpDREB1H2. Further investigation showed that LpDREB1H2 is localized in the nucleus. Overexpression of LpDREB1H2 in Arabidopsis induced the expression of cold-responsive (COR) genes, increased the levels of osmotic adjusting substances, and enhanced antioxidant enzyme activities, thus improving the cold tolerance of Arabidopsis. This study lays a foundation for further understanding the function of LpDREB1 genes in perennial ryegrass and provides insights for plant stress tolerance breeding.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Lolium , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Frio/genética , Lolium/genética , Lolium/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Filogenia , Plantas/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética
19.
Opt Express ; 32(3): 4137-4157, 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297621

RESUMO

Fringe projection profilometry based on structured light has been widely used in 3-D vision due to its advantages of simple structure, good robustness, and high speed. The principle of this technique is to project multiple orders of stripes on the object, and the camera captures the deformed stripe map. Phase unwrapping and depth map calculation are important steps. Still, in actual situations, phase ambiguity is prone to occur at the edges of the object. In this paper, an adaptive phase segmentation and correction (APSC) method after phase unwrapping is proposed. In order to effectively distinguish the stable area and unstable area of the phase, a boundary identification method is proposed to obtain the structural mask of the phase. A phase compensation method is proposed to improve the phase accuracy. Finally, we obtain the 3-D reconstruction result based on the corrected phase. Specific experimental results verify the feasibility and effectiveness of this method.

20.
Plant Dis ; 2024 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311794

RESUMO

Banana (Musa spp.) is an economically important fruit and food crop globally as well as in China. In March 2023, a bulb rot disease was observed on more than 20% of cultivated dwarf bananas in a plantation in Wuming County of Guangxi Province, a major hub of banana production in China. Infected plants showed crackles at the basal part of stem and were relatively dwarf, while yellowing of the leaves was not observed. When the rhizomes were cut open, water-soaked lesions with a yellow or black margin can be seen in the bulb. In severe infections, the internal tissue became dry or wet rot, and there was typical dark-brown cavity formation in the bulb. The rot was limited to the bulb. To isolate the causal agent, dissected diseased tissues (5×5 mm) were surface sterilized with 75% ethanol (30 s) and 2% NaClO (3 min), followed by three rinses with sterile water. The sterilized sections were soaked in 2 mL of sterile water and shaken for 5 min in a vortex oscillator. The suspension was streaked on Luria-Bertani (LB) agar medium, and incubated at 28℃ for 24 h. Single colonies were re-streaked three times to obtain purified isolation. Twelve pure bacterial cultures with similar morphology were isolated from three plants taken from the field. The bacterial colonies were yellowish white, mucoid, round, and raised with translucent surfaces on the LB agar plate. Three strains Gxkv1, Gxkv2 and Gxkv3 were selected for further analyses. The 16S rDNA gene (GenBank Accession OR461756, PP094726 and PP109349) were amplified using primer pair 27F/1492R (Frank et al. 2008). Comparing 16S sequences against GenBank showed 99.86%-100% sequence identity to Klebsiella variicola strain (MZ475068) for the three isolates Gxkv1 (1,398/1,398 bp), Gxkv2 (1,398/1,396 bp) and Gxkv3 (1,398/1,398 bp). A multilocus phylogenetic analysis was conducted by neighbor-joining method (1,000 bootstrap values) based on three housekeeping gene sequences of gyrA (GenBank Accession No. OR515493, PP105747, PP105748), rpoB (OR515494, PP105751, PP105752 ) and infB (OR515495, PP105749, PP105750) genes which were amplified by gyrA-A/gyrA-C, CM31b/CM7 and infB867F/infB1819R primer sets, respectively (Rosenblueth et al. 2004). The results of phylogenetic analysis showed the three strains belong to the K. variicola clade. A pathogenicity test was conducted on six healthy 3-month-old dwarf banana plants by spraying 10 mL of bacterial suspensions of Gxkv1 (108 CFU/mL) into the rhizome which wounded with a sterilized needle; another six healthy control plants were sprayed with 10 mL of sterile water. Following inoculation, the plants were placed in a greenhouse at 28-32°C. After 30 days, all inoculated plants showed symptoms similar to those observed in the field, while the control plants remained healthy. Bacteria were successfully reisolated from the symptomatic tissues and identified to be K. variicola by PCR mentioned above. K. variicola has been reported to cause rhizome rot of banana in India (Loganathan et al. 2021), and to cause plantain soft rot in Haiti (Fulton et al. 2021). Besides, previous reports from China only showed K. variicola causing banana sheath rot (Fan et al. 2015, Sun et al. 2023). To our knowledge, this is the first report of bulb rot disease of banana caused by K. variicola in Guangxi Province, China. This finding will provide important information for studying the epidemiology and management of this pathogen.

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