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1.
J Dig Dis ; 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of vascular complications in acute pancreatitis (AP), to compare patient outcomes using various treatments, and to explore the related risk factors. METHODS: Consecutive AP patients admitted from January 2010 to July 2017 were retrospectively included. Demographics, vascular complications, laboratory indices, and imaging findings were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to explore potential risk factors of vascular complications. RESULTS: Of 3048 AP patients, 808 (26.5%) had vascular complications, including visceral vein thrombosis, sinistral portal hypertension, and arterial complications. And 38 (4.7%) patients received anticoagulant therapy and had a higher rate of recanalization (P < 0.001). Bleeding occurred in 95 (11.8%) patients, who received further treatment. Multivariate analysis identified male gender (odds ratio [OR] 1.650, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.101-2.472), hyperlipidemia (OR 1.714, 95% CI 1.356-2.165), disease recurrence (OR 3.727, 95% CI 2.713-5.118), smoking (OR 1.519, 95% CI 1.011-2.283), hemoglobin level (OR 0.987, 95% CI 0.981-0.993), white blood cell (WBC) count (OR 1.094, 95% CI 1.068-1.122), non-vascular local complications (OR 3.018, 95% CI 1.992-4.573), computed tomography severity index (CTSI) (OR 1.425, 95% CI 1.273-1.596), and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II score (OR 1.057, 95% CI 1.025-1.090) were related to vascular complications. CONCLUSIONS: Vascular complications in AP is prevalent and their treatment is challenging. Further investigations are warranted to determine the optimal treatment strategy. Independent risk factors included male gender, hyperlipidemia, disease recurrence, smoking, WBC count, non-vascular local complications, CTSI, and APACHE II score.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850560

RESUMO

By overcoming interspecies differences and mimicking the in vivo microenvironment, three-dimensional (3D) in vitro corneal models have become a significant novel tool in contemporary ophthalmic disease research. However, existing 3D corneal models struggle to replicate the actual human corneal environment, especially the dome-shaped physiological structure with adjustable curvature. Addressing these challenges, this study introduces a straightforward method for fabricating collagen/chitosan-alginate eyeball-shaped gel microspheres with a Janus structure via a two-phase aqueous system, used subsequently to construct in vitro 3D corneal epithelial tissue models. By adjusting the diameter ratio of collagen/chitosan to alginate droplets, we can create eyeball-shaped gel microspheres with varying curvatures. Human corneal epithelial cells were seeded on the surfaces of these microspheres, leading to the formation of in vitro 3D corneal epithelial tissues characterized by dome-like multilayers and tight junctions. Additionally, the model demonstrated responsiveness to UVB exposure through the secretion of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and proinflammatory factors. Therefore, we believe that in vitro 3D corneal epithelial tissue models with dome-shaped structures hold significant potential for advancing ophthalmic research.

3.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4845, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844530

RESUMO

Piezoceramic membranes have emerged as a prominent solution for membrane fouling control. However, the prevalent use of toxic lead and limitations of vibration-based anti-fouling mechanism impede their wider adoption in water treatment. This study introduces a Mn/BaTiO3 piezoceramic membrane, demonstrating a promising in-situ anti-fouling efficacy and mechanism insights. When applied to an Alternating Current at a resonant frequency of 20 V, 265 kHz, the membrane achieves optimal vibration, effectively mitigating various foulants such as high-concentration oil (2500 ppm, including real industrial oil wastewater), bacteria and different charged inorganic colloidal particles, showing advantages over other reported piezoceramic membranes. Importantly, our findings suggest that the built-in ultrasonic vibration of piezoceramic membranes can generate reactive oxygen species. This offers profound insights into the distinct anti-fouling processes for organic and inorganic wastewater, supplementing and unifying the traditional singular vibrational anti-fouling mechanism of piezoceramic membranes, and potentially propelling the development of piezoelectric catalytic membranes.

4.
Infect Drug Resist ; 17: 2121-2129, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828370

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and genetic characterization of enterococcal isolates (Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus hirae) isolated from clinical bovine mastitis cases in Ningxia, China. Patients and Methods: The enterococci were identified by 16S rRNA amplification and sequencing. Antimicrobial resistance was determined by disc diffusion method. Virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes were detected by PCR assays. Results: Overall, 198 enterococcal isolates were identified from 2897 mastitis samples, including 137 (4.7%) E. faecalis, 50 (1.7%) E. faecium and 11 (0.4%) E. hirae. E. faecalis, E. faecium and E. hirae isolates showed high resistance to tetracycline (92.7%, 68.0%, 90.9%), followed by erythromycin (86.9%, 76.0%, 72.7%). The multidrug-resistant strains of E. faecalis and E. faecium were 29 (21.2%) and 13 (26.0%), respectively. The resistance of E. faecalis, E. faecium and E. hirae isolates to tetracycline is mainly attributed to the presence of tetL (alone or combined with tetM and/or tetK), the erythromycin resistance to ermB (alone or combined with ermC and/or ermA). Moreover, cpd (94.2%), gelE (77.4%), efaAfs (93.4%), and esp (79.6%) were the most common virulence genes in E. faecalis. In E. faecium, except for the gene efaAfs (82.0%), other virulence genes are rarely found. Only two strains of E. hirae carrying asa1 gene were detected. Conclusion: The results of this study can provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of bovine mastitis caused by enterococci.

5.
Structure ; 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823379

RESUMO

Carboxysomes are large self-assembled microcompartments that serve as the central machinery of a CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM). Biogenesis of carboxysome requires the fine organization of thousands of individual proteins; however, the packaging pattern of internal RuBisCOs remains largely unknown. Here we purified the intact ß-carboxysomes from Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 and identified the protein components by mass spectrometry. Cryo-electron tomography combined with subtomogram averaging revealed the general organization pattern of internal RuBisCOs, in which the adjacent RuBisCOs are mainly arranged in three distinct manners: head-to-head, head-to-side, and side-by-side. The RuBisCOs in the outermost layer are regularly aligned along the shell, the majority of which directly interact with the shell. Moreover, statistical analysis enabled us to propose an ideal packaging model of RuBisCOs in the ß-carboxysome. These results provide new insights into the biogenesis of ß-carboxysomes and also advance our understanding of the efficient carbon fixation functionality of carboxysomes.

6.
Comput Biol Chem ; 111: 108106, 2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833912

RESUMO

Bioretrosynthesis problem is to predict synthetic routes using substrates for given natural products (NPs). However, the huge number of metabolic reactions leads to a combinatorial explosion of searching space, which is high time-consuming and costly. Here, we propose a framework called BioRetro to predict bioretrosynthesis pathways using a one-step bioretrosynthesis network, termed HybridMLP combined with AND-OR tree heuristic search. The HybridMLP predicts precursors that will produce the target NPs, while the AND-OR tree generates the iterative multi-step biosynthetic pathways. The one-step bioretrosynthesis prediction experiments are conducted on MetaNetX dataset by using HybridMLP, which achieves 46.5%, 74.6%, 81.6% in terms of the top-1, top-5, top-10 accuracies. The great performance demonstrates the effectiveness of HybridMLP in one-step bioretrosynthesis. Besides, the evaluation of two benchmark datasets reveals that BioRetro can significantly improve the speed and success rate in predicting biosynthesis pathways. In addition, the BioRetro is further shown to find the synthetic pathway of compounds, such as ginsenoside F1 with the same substrates as reported but different enzymes, which may be the novel potential enzyme to have better catalytic performance.

7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12674, 2024 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38830964

RESUMO

This longitudinal cohort study examined the long-term effect of statin therapy on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 1760 patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) were divided by receipt of statin therapy or not after index PCI. Baseline clinical characteristics, risk factors, angiographic findings, and medications after interventional procedure were assessed to compare long-term clinical outcomes between groups. Predictors for all-cause death and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including myocardial infarction (MI), cardiovascular death, and repeated PCI procedures, were also analyzed. The statin therapy group had higher average serum cholesterol and more elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) than the non-statin therapy group (189.0 ± 47.9 vs 169.3 ± 37.00 mg/dl, 117.2 ± 42.6 vs 98.7 ± 31.8 mg/dl, respectively, both P < 0.001). The non-statin group had higher rates of all-cause death and cardiovascular death compared to statin group (both P < 0.001). After adjustment for age, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease, Cox proportion hazard analysis revealed statin use significantly reduced all-cause death and repeated PCI procedure (hazard ratio: 0.53 and 0.69, respectively). Statin use seemed not reduce the hazard of cardiovascular death or MI in patients with stable CAD after PCI; however, statin therapy still was associated with reduced rates of all-cause death and repeat PCI procedure.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio , LDL-Colesterol/sangue
8.
Plant Commun ; : 100975, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751121

RESUMO

Yield prediction is the primary goal of genomic selection (GS)-assisted crop breeding. As yield is a complex quantitative trait, making predictions from genotypic data is challenging. Transfer learning can produce an effective model for a target task by leveraging knowledge from a different, but related, source domain, considered as a great potential method for improving yield prediction by integrating multi-trait data. However, it has not been applied to genotype-to-phenotype prediction before due to the lack of an efficient implementation framework. We therefore developed TrG2P, a transfer learning-based framework. TrG2P first employs convolutional neural networks (CNN) to train models using non-yield trait phenotypic and genotypic data, thus obtaining the pre-trained models. Subsequently, the convolutional layer parameters from these pre-trained models are transferred to the yield prediction task, and the fully connected layers are retrained, thus obtaining the fine-tuned models. Finally, the convolutional layer and the first fully connected layer of the fine-tuned models are fused, and the last fully connected layer is trained to enhance prediction performance. We applied TrG2P to five sets of genotypic and phenotypic data from maize (Zea mays), rice (Oryza sativa), and wheat (Triticum aestivum), and compared model precision to that of seven other popular GS tools: rrBLUP, Random Forest, Support Vector Regression, LightGBM, CNN, DeepGS, and DNNGP. TrG2P improved the accuracy of yield prediction by 39.9%, 6.8%, and 1.8% in rice, maize, and wheat, respectively, compared to predictions generated by the best performing comparison model. Our work therefore demonstrated that transfer learning is an effective strategy for improving yield prediction by integrating information from non-yield trait data. We attribute the enhanced prediction accuracy to the valuable information available from traits associated with yield and to training dataset augmentation. The Python implementation of TrG2P is available at https://github.com/lijinlong1991/TrG2P. The web-based tool is available at http://trg2p.ebreed.cn:81.

9.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(6): 308, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714541

RESUMO

A convenient self-assembly method is proposed for synthesis of 3D Au/MOF-808 (Zr) composite nanostructures with a cerium metal-organic framework loaded with gold nanoparticles. We combine adsorption properties of MOF materials with surface plasmon resonance of noble metals to construct hotspot-dense 3D Au/MOF-808 (Zr) SERS substrates, by using a two-step method of solvothermal and reduction reactions. The results show that optimal SERS substrates are obtained from a volume ratio of gold nanoparticles to MOF-808 (Zr) solution of 4:1 and a self-assembly time of 2 h. Rhodamine 6G (R6G) is used as a molecular probe to characterize and analyze SERS properties of substrates of 3D Au/MOF-808 (Zr) prepared under the optimal process conditions, where the substrates are capable to detect R6G concentrations down to 10-10 M with a relative standard deviation of 8.81%. Finally, we applied the SERS substrates of 3D Au/MOF-808 (Zr) to the detection of pesticide thiram, and establish a quantitative determination method. 3D Au/MOF-808 (Zr) provides a sensitive detection of thiram in lake water by SERS with a detection limit of 1.49 × 10-9 M. Application tests show that a SERS enhancement factor of the MOF-based SERS substrates for the detection of thiram can be significantly increased to 5.91 × 105. Thus, the above results indicate that such substrate has high sensitivity, good adsorption, homogeneity, and reproducibility, which can be extended for sensitive detection of pesticide residues in food and environment.

10.
J Biomech ; 168: 112123, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696984

RESUMO

Motorized treadmills have been extensively used in investigating reactive balance control and developing perturbation-based interventions for fall prevention. However, the relationship between perturbation intensity and its outcome has not been quantified. The primary purpose of this study was to quantitatively analyze how the treadmill belt's peak velocity affects the perturbation outcome and other metrics related to the reactive balance in young adults while the total belt displacement is controlled at 0.36 m. Thirty-one healthy young adults were randomly assigned into three groups with different peak belt speeds: low (0.9 m/s), medium (1.2 m/s), and high (1.8 m/s). Protected by a safety harness, participants were exposed to a forward support surface translation while standing at an unexpected timing on an ActiveStep treadmill. The primary (perturbation outcome: fall vs. recovery) and secondary (dynamic stability, hip descent, belt distance at liftoff, and recovery step latency) outcome measures were compared among groups. Results revealed that a higher perturbation intensity is correlated with a greater faller rate (p < 0.001). Compared to the low- and medium-intensity groups, the high-intensity group was less stable (p < 0.001) with a larger hip descent (p < 0.001) and a longer belt distance (p < 0.001) at the recovery step liftoff. The results suggest that the increased perturbation intensity raises the risk of falling with larger instability and poorer reactive performance after a support surface translation-induced perturbation in healthy young adults. The findings could furnish preliminary guidance for us to design and select the optimal perturbation intensity that can maximize the effects of perturbation-based training protocols.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Equilíbrio Postural , Humanos , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Posição Ortostática , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Teste de Esforço/métodos
11.
Comput Biol Med ; 175: 108510, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The seizure prediction algorithms have demonstrated their potential in mitigating epilepsy risks by detecting the pre-ictal state using ongoing electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. However, most of them require high-density EEG, which is burdensome to the patients for daily monitoring. Moreover, prevailing seizure models require extensive training with significant labeled data which is very time-consuming and demanding for the epileptologists. METHOD: To address these challenges, here we propose an adaptive channel selection strategy and a semi-supervised deep learning model respectively to reduce the number of EEG channels and to limit the amount of labeled data required for accurate seizure prediction. Our channel selection module is centered on features from EEG power spectra parameterization that precisely characterize the epileptic activities to identify the seizure-associated channels for each patient. The semi-supervised model integrates generative adversarial networks and bidirectional long short-term memory networks to enhance seizure prediction. RESULTS: Our approach is evaluated on the CHB-MIT and Siena epilepsy datasets. With utilizing only 4 channels, the method demonstrates outstanding performance with an AUC of 93.15% on the CHB-MIT dataset and an AUC of 88.98% on the Siena dataset. Experimental results also demonstrate that our selection approach reduces the model parameters and training time. CONCLUSIONS: Adaptive channel selection coupled with semi-supervised learning can offer the possible bases for a light weight and computationally efficient seizure prediction system, making the daily monitoring practical to improve patients' quality of life.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Convulsões , Humanos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Convulsões/fisiopatologia , Convulsões/diagnóstico , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Aprendizado Profundo , Algoritmos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Epilepsia/fisiopatologia , Aprendizado de Máquina Supervisionado
12.
Osteoarthr Cartil Open ; 6(3): 100480, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38800823

RESUMO

Objectives: Tai Chi (TC) shows some beneficial effects in reducing pain in knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, the selection of criteria TC forms in previous studies were unclear and inconsistent, possibly accounting for the varying outcomes and rendering the training effects suboptimal. We have selected four optimal TC (OTC) forms based on the knee joint load and its association with pain. This pilot study sought to examine the effect of the OTC forms on reducing knee pain in individuals with knee OA. Methods: Fifteen knee OA participants were recruited. Their knee joint pain level was rated by using the Visual Analogue Scale before and after two weeks of OTC training and compared between these two assessments. Results: The two-week OTC training course was well accepted by our participants. The knee OA pain showed a significant reduction (median pain score: 5 â€‹cm before training and 1 â€‹cm post-training, Wilcoxon p â€‹< â€‹0.001) after the two-week training program. Conclusions: Our pilot results revealed that the 2-week four-form-based OTC program could significantly reduce the knee pain level in people with knee OA. Additionally, our OTC program appears to be about 50% more effective in reducing knee pain than the existing TC-based program, which uses 10 â€‹TC forms over 12 weeks (1.59 vs. 1.06 in Hedge's g). The findings in this study may inform the development of OTC-based knee pain reduction programs and the design of relevant clinical trials to establish OTC's effectiveness, safety, and dose-response relationship in easing knee OA pain.

13.
Cell Prolif ; : e13658, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38803032

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to secondary neuronal death, which severely impedes recovery of motor function. Therefore, prevention of neuronal cell death after SCI is an important strategy. Ferroptosis, a new form of cell death discovered in recent years, has been shown to be involved in the regulation of SCI. However, the role and potential mechanisms of ferroptosis in secondary SCI are not fully understood. In this study, we report that the E3 ubiquitin ligase Syvn1 suppresses ferroptosis and promotes functional recovery from SCI in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, screened with bioinformatics, immunoprecipitation, and mass spectrometry, we identified Stat3, a transcription factor that induces the expression of the ferroptosis inhibitor Gpx4, as a substrate of Syvn1. Furthermore, we identified neurons as the primary cellular source of Syvn1 signalling. Moreover, we determined the binding domains of Syvn1 and Stat3 in HEK 293 T cells using full-length proteins and a series of truncated Flag-tagged and Myc-tagged fragments. Furthermore, we created the cell and animal models with silencing or overexpression of Syvn1 and Stat3 and found that Syvn1 inhibits neuronal ferroptosis by stabilizing Stat3, which subsequently activates the ferroptosis regulator Gpx4 in SCI. In summary, the Syvn1-mediated Stat3/Gpx4 signalling axis attenuates neuronal ferroptosis, reduces neuronal death, and promotes SCI repair. Therefore, our findings provide potential new targets and intervention strategies for the treatment of SCI.

14.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4373, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38782908

RESUMO

The latest discovery of high temperature superconductivity near 80 K in La3Ni2O7 under high pressure has attracted much attention. Many proposals are put forth to understand the origin of superconductivity. The determination of electronic structures is a prerequisite to establish theories to understand superconductivity in nickelates but is still lacking. Here we report our direct measurement of the electronic structures of La3Ni2O7 by high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. The Fermi surface and band structures of La3Ni2O7 are observed and compared with the band structure calculations. Strong electron correlations are revealed which are orbital- and momentum-dependent. A flat band is formed from the Ni-3d z 2 orbitals around the zone corner which is ~ 50 meV below the Fermi level and exhibits the strongest electron correlation. In many theoretical proposals, this band is expected to play the dominant role in generating superconductivity in La3Ni2O7. Our observations provide key experimental information to understand the electronic structure and origin of high temperature superconductivity in La3Ni2O7.

15.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 289, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38783376

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Illness cognition is an important mediator between psychological and behavioral adjustment and the quality of life for patients and their caregivers. Evidence related to illness cognition among parents of children with leukemia is limited. The purpose of this study is to explore the illness cognition status and associated factors in parents of children with leukemia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with the parents of 335 children with leukemia from three general children's hospitals in China from January to December 2022. A parents' version of the illness cognition questionnaire was used to collect data. This included three subscales: helplessness, acceptance, and perceived benefits. RESULTS: The mean scores of helplessness, acceptance and perceived benefits of parents regarding their children's disease were 15.56 (4.60), 16.25 (4.41), and 19.96 (3.69) respectively. The multiple regression model indicated seven factors associated with the parents' illness cognition (adjusted R [2] ranged from 0.182 to 0.134): four socio-demographic factors (parent's age, role, education level, and family income) and three clinical factors (length of time spent each day caring for the child, the child's age at diagnosis, and the duration of the disease). CONCLUSION: This study reports on different levels of illness cognition and associated factors among parents of children with leukemia. The results may help pediatric oncology medical staff identify risk factors for poor psychological adjustment to children's diseases. Parents may benefit from psychological support aimed at improving positive illness cognition.


Assuntos
Cognição , Leucemia , Pais , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pais/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Criança , Leucemia/psicologia , Adulto , China , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidadores/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adaptação Psicológica
16.
J Biomech ; 169: 112138, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728788

RESUMO

The shoe sole is identified as a fall risk factor since it may impede the afferent information about the outside world collected by the plantar sensory units. However, no study has directly quantified how the shoe sole compromises body balance and increases fall risk. This study aimed to inspect how the sole affects human balance after an unexpected standing-slip. It was hypothesized that individuals wearing the sole, relative to their barefoot counterparts, would exhibit 1) more impaired stability and 2) disrupted lower limb muscle activation following a standing-slip. Twenty young adults were evenly randomized into two groups: soled and barefoot. The soled group wore a pair of customized 10-mm thick soles, while the other group was bare-footed. Full-body kinematics and leg muscle electromyography (EMG) were collected during a standardized and unexpected standing-slip. The EMG electrodes were placed on the tibialis anterior, gastrocnemius, rectus femoris, and biceps femoris bilaterally. Dynamic stability, spatiotemporal gait parameters, and the EMG latency of the leg muscles were compared between groups. The sole impeded the initiation of the recovery step possibly because it interfered with the accurate detection of the external perturbation and subsequently activated the leg muscles later in the soled group than in the barefoot group. As a result, individuals in the soled group experienced a longer slip distance and were more unstable than the barefoot group at the recovery foot liftoff. The findings of this study could augment our understanding of how the shoe sole impairs body balance and increases the fall risk.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Eletromiografia , Músculo Esquelético , Equilíbrio Postural , Sapatos , Humanos , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Perna (Membro)/fisiologia , Marcha/fisiologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
17.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(21): e2322920121, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748587

RESUMO

In this paper, we present findings from four separate studies using different data sources and methods to examine Chinese attitudes toward the United States amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The empirical results consistently indicate a marked and significant decline in Chinese attitudes toward the US between late 2019 and the end of 2022. Using a quasi-experimental design and granular survey data that exploit daily variations in public opinion, we offer additional evidence that the decline in Chinese attitudes toward the United States followed a distinct pattern not true for Chinese attitudes toward other countries. Specifically, the rise in Chinese unfavorability toward the United States closely corresponded to the heightened Chinese attention to the pandemic's progression in the United States. These results collectively suggest a causal effect of COVID-19, shedding light on how public health crises, international relations, and media jointly shape the increasing enmity between the two great powers.


Assuntos
Atitude , COVID-19 , Pandemias , Opinião Pública , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , População do Leste Asiático
18.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 107: 106911, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761771

RESUMO

The hardness properties of unwashed surimi gel are considered as the qualities of gelation defect. This research investigated the effect of ultrasound-assisted first-stage thermal treatment (UATT) on the physicochemical properties of unwashed Silver Carp surimi gel, and the enhancement mechanism. UATT could reduce protein particle size, which significantly reduced from 142.22 µm to 106.70 µm after 30 min of UATT compared with the nature protein. This phenomenon can promote the protein crosslinking, resulting in the hardness of surimi gel increased by 15.08 %. Partially unfolded structure of myofibrillar protein and exposures of tryptophan to water, lead to the increase in the zeta potential absolute value, driven by UATT. The reduced SH group level and the conformational conversion of proteins from random coiling to α-helix and ß-sheet, which was in support of intermolecular interaction and gel network construction. The results are valuable for processing protein gels and other food products.

19.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762692

RESUMO

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) comprise a range of early age-onset neurodevelopment disorders with genetic heterogeneity. Most ASD related genes are involved in synaptic function, which is regulated by mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor (mBDNF) and its precursor proBDNF in a diametrically opposite manner: proBDNF inhibits while mBDNF potentiates synapses. Here we generated a knock-in mouse line (BDNFmet/leu) in which the conversion of proBDNF to mBDNF is attenuated. Biochemical experiments revealed residual mBDNF but excessive proBDNF in the brain. Similar to other ASD mouse models, the BDNFmet/leu mice showed reduced dendritic arborization, altered spines, and impaired synaptic transmission and plasticity in the hippocampus. They also exhibited ASD-like phenotypes, including stereotypical behaviors and deficits in social interaction. Moreover, the plasma proBDNF/mBDNF ratio was significantly increased in ASD patients compared to normal children in a case-control study. Thus, deficits in proBDNF to mBDNF conversion in the brain may contribute to ASD-like behaviors, and plasma proBDNF/mBDNF ratio may be a potential biomarker for ASD.

20.
J Sep Sci ; 47(11): e2400082, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38819785

RESUMO

Sample preparation, including extraction, separation, and purification, is a vital process for natural product analysis. As an attractive sample pretreatment method, magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) has gained plenty of attention, mainly due to its simpler operation, less consumption of organic solvents, and shorter processing time than traditional SPE. This updated review is devoted to summarizing the applications of MSPE based on different magnetic nanomaterials in the analysis of various natural products in complex matrixes, such as biological samples, plants, and Chinese herbal preparations in the past four years (2020-2023). The preparation and fabrication of different materials are briefly introduced. Furthermore, the extraction mechanism and interaction forces between adsorbent and analytes are elaborated, and the advantages and disadvantages of different adsorbents coupled with various analytical methods for MSPE of different natural products are summarized. Moreover, the future trends and opportunities for MSPE in the natural product analysis are discussed. It is expected that this work can provide updated information for future research on the applications of MSPE in such fields.

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