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1.
Food Chem ; 367: 130740, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375891

RESUMO

Traditional sample preparation methods for insecticide analysis are laborious and fatal to living organisms. In the work, an in vivo sampling rate calibrated-solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method was established and successfully used for in vivo sampling and quantitative determination of three insecticides (hexachlorobenzene, fipronil and chlorfenapyr) by direct exposing micron-sized fiber in living garlic. Absorption, enrichment, migration and elimination behavior of insecticides in garlic were investigated. Bioaccumulative effects with obvious tissue differences were observed to all three insecticides, especially for chlorfenapyr. Bioconcentration factors (BCFs) ranging from 0.0342 to 1.0887 were obtained, and the closer to roots, the higher BCFs. The half-life of insecticides in garlic ranged from 0.43 to 0.96 d. In the first 24 h, 55.0% - 80.3% insecticides residues in garlic were eliminated with first-order elimination kinetics. The research provides in vivo insights into the environmental fates of insecticides in complex living system with minimized organism damage.


Assuntos
Alho , Inseticidas , Resíduos de Praguicidas , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Inseticidas/análise , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Microextração em Fase Sólida
2.
Transl Psychiatry ; 11(1): 522, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642305

RESUMO

Urbanization is increasing globally, and is associated with stress and increased mental health risks, including for depression. However, it remains unclear, especially at the level of brain function, how urbanicity, social threat stressors, and psychiatric risk may be linked. Here, we aim to define the structural and functional MRI neural correlates of social stress, childhood urbanicity, and their putative mechanistic relevance to depressive illness risk, in terms of behavioral traits and genetics. We studied a sample of healthy adults with divergent urban and rural childhoods. We examined childhood urbanicity effects on brain structure as suggested by MRI, and its functional relevance to depression risk, through interactions between urbanicity and trait anxiety-depression, as well as between urbanicity and polygenic risk for depression, during stress-related medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) engagement. Subjects with divergent rural and urban childhoods were similar in adult socioeconomic status and were genetically homogeneous. Urban childhood was associated with relatively reduced mPFC gray matter volumes as suggested by MRI. MPFC engagement under social status threat correlated with the higher trait anxiety-depression in subjects with urban childhoods, but not in their rural counterparts, implicating an exaggerated physiological response to the threat context with urbanicity, in association with behavioral risk for depression. Stress-associated mPFC engagement also interacted with polygenic risk for depression, significantly predicting a differential mPFC response in individuals with urban but not rural childhoods. Developmental urbanicity, therefore, appears to interact with genetic and behavioral risk for depression on the mPFC neural response to a threat context.

3.
Brief Bioinform ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643234

RESUMO

Protein post-translational modifications (PTM) play vital roles in cellular regulation, modulating functions by driving changes in protein structure and dynamics. Exploring comprehensively the influence of PTM on conformational dynamics can facilitate the understanding of the related biological function and molecular mechanism. Currently, a series of excellent computation tools have been designed to analyze the time-dependent structural properties of proteins. However, the protocol aimed to explore conformational dynamics of post-translational modified protein is still a blank. To fill this gap, we present PTMdyna to visually predict the conformational dynamics differences between unmodified and modified proteins, thus indicating the influence of specific PTM. PTMdyna exhibits an AUC of 0.884 tested on 220 protein-protein complex structures. The case of heterochromatin protein 1α complexed with lysine 9-methylated histone H3, which is critical for genomic stability and cell differentiation, was used to demonstrate its applicability. PTMdyna provides a reliable platform to predict the influence of PTM on protein dynamics, making it easier to interpret PTM functionality at the structure level. The web server is freely available at http://ccbportal.com/PTMdyna.

4.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 712381, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631598

RESUMO

The gut microbiota is closely associated with the health of the host and is affected by many factors, including exercise. In this study, we compared the gut microbial changes and exercise performance over a 14-week period in mice that performed exercise (NE; n = 15) and mice that did not perform exercise (NC; n = 15). Mice were subjected to stool collection and exercise tests one week prior to adaptive training and after 2, 6, 10, and 14 weeks of exercise. Bacteria associated with the stool samples were assessed via Illumina-based 16S rRNA gene sequencing. While there was no significant difference in body weight between the groups (p > 0.05), the NE group had a significantly higher exercise performance from weeks 2-14 (p < 0.01) and lower fat coefficient (p < 0.01) compared with the NC group. The Shannon index of the gut microbiota in the NC group was higher than that in the NE group at weeks 6 and 10, and the Chao1 index was higher than that in the NE group at week 14. Exercise performance positively correlated with the relative abundance of Phascolarctobacterium. Grouped time series data analysis demonstrated that Bifidobacteria, Coprococcus, and one unnamed genus in the Clostridiales order were significantly increased in the NE group, which correlated with increased glucose, flavonoid, arginine, and proline metabolism. In conclusion, moderate-intensity treadmill exercise significantly increased the exercise performance of mice and changed the core bacteria and bacterial metabolic activity. These results provide a reference for studying the effects of exercise intervention and exercise performance on the gut microbiota of mice.

5.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622908

RESUMO

Previous calculations of the dielectric and optical properties of 2D materials often overlooked or circumvented the influence of vacuum spacing introduced in periodic calculations, which gave rise to mispredictions of the intrinsic properties of 2D materials or merely qualitative results. We first elucidated the relationship between the vacuum spacing and the dielectric and optical properties of 2D materials in periodic calculations, and then formulated an effective method to accurately predict the dielectric and optical properties of 2D materials by restoring the intrinsic dielectric functions of 2D materials independent of the additional vacuum spacing. As examples, the intrinsic dielectric and optical properties of ultrathin hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and molybdenum sulphide (MoS2) from a monolayer to a pentalayer, including dielectric functions, optical absorption coefficients, refraction indexes, reflectivities, extinction coefficients, and energy loss functions, have been calculated by our method. Our calculations reveal that the out-of-plane optical dielectric constants, static refraction indexes, and static reflectivities of 2D h-BN and MoS2 increase as the number of layers increases, while the in-plane counterparts remain unchanged. The excitonic frequency-dependent optical properties of h-BN and MoS2 from a monolayer to bulk are also calculated by solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation and they show strong anisotropy. The present method shows better agreement with the experimental results compared to previous calculations and demonstrates enormous potential to investigate the dielectric and optical properties of other 2D materials extensively and quantitatively.

6.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Individualized neoantigen-specific immunotherapy (iNeST) requires robustly expressed clonal neoantigens for efficacy, but tumor mutational heterogeneity, loss of neoantigen expression, and variable tissue sampling present challenges. It is assumed that clonal neoantigens are preferred targets for immunotherapy, but the distributions of clonal neoantigens are not well characterized across cancer types. METHODS: We combined multiregion sequencing (MR-seq) analysis of five untreated, synchronously sampled metastatic solid tumors with re-analysis of published MR-seq data from 103 patients in order to characterize their globally clonal neoantigen content and factors that would impact neoantigen targeting. RESULTS: Branching evolution in colorectal cancer and renal cell carcinoma led to fewer clonal neoantigens and to clade-specific neoantigens (those shared across a subset of tumor regions but not fully clonal), with the latter not being readily distinguishable in single tumor samples. In colorectal, renal, and bladder cancer, most tumors had few globally clonal neoantigens. Prioritizing mutations with higher purity-adjusted and ploidy-adjusted variant allele frequency enriched for globally clonal neoantigens (those found in all tumor regions), whereas estimated cancer cell fraction derived from clustering-based tools, surprisingly, did not. Neoantigen quality was associated with loss of neoantigen expression in the bladder cancer case, and HLA-allele loss was observed in the renal and non-small cell lung cancer cases. CONCLUSIONS: We show that tumor type, multilesion sampling, neoantigen expression, and HLA allele retention are important factors for iNeST targeting and patient selection, and may also be important factors to consider in the development of biomarker strategies.

7.
Plant Physiol ; 187(1): 174-186, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618134

RESUMO

Chloroplasts play an indispensable role in the arms race between plant viruses and hosts. Chloroplast proteins are often recruited by plant viruses to support viral replication and movement. However, the mechanism by which chloroplast proteins regulate potyvirus infection remains largely unknown. In this study, we observed that Nicotiana benthamiana ribosomal protein large subunit 1 (NbRPL1), a chloroplast ribosomal protein, localized to the chloroplasts via its N-terminal 61 amino acids (transit peptide), and interacted with tobacco vein banding mosaic virus (TVBMV) nuclear inclusion protein b (NIb), an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Upon TVBMV infection, NbRPL1 was recruited into the 6K2-induced viral replication complexes in chloroplasts. Silencing of NbRPL1 expression reduced TVBMV replication. NbRPL1 competed with NbBeclin1 to bind NIb, and reduced the NbBeclin1-mediated degradation of NIb. Therefore, our results suggest that NbRPL1 interacts with NIb in the chloroplasts, reduces NbBeclin1-mediated NIb degradation, and enhances TVBMV infection.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt B): 127439, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638079

RESUMO

Antibiotic fermentation residue (AFR) has been categorized as hazardous waste in China. Anaerobic biohydrogen fermentation may be a promising technology for handling AFR, which could achieve dual goals of waste treatment and clean energy production at the same time. However, the low hydrogen yield and low removal efficiency of residual antibiotics are two major factors limiting the AFR biohydrogen fermentation process. This work firstly applied gamma radiation (50 kGy) to remove the residual antibiotic in AFR and improve the bioavailability of organic matters, then adding nano zero-valent iron (nZVI) (100-1000 mg/L) to further enhance the AFR biohydrogen fermentation performance. Results showed that residual deacetoxycephalosporin C in AFR was removed with a high efficiency of 98.6%, and hydrogen yield achieved 20.45 mL/g-VSadded with the combined approach of gamma radiation pretreatment and 500 mg/L nZVI addition, which was 139.2% higher compared to the control experimental result. The combined approach also promoted the biohydrogen production rate, decreased the lag phase of hydrogen production, and increased the organics utilization. Microbiological analysis revealed that highly efficient hydrogen-producing genera Clostridium sensu stricto were enriched in much higher abundance with the combined approach, which might be the fundamental mechanism for the enhanced AFR fermentation performance.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3753-3763, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472247

RESUMO

Chinese medicinals feature different medicinal parts and enriched components, which makes their powders show obvious microscopic identification characteristics and specific physical properties. On this basis, the commonly used Chinese medicinals can be divided into several categories, such as powdery, fibrous, sugar, oil, and brittle materials, which is of great importance to the research and development of personalized Chinese medicinal preparation technology. However, the existing classification methods are highly subjective and thus difficult to meet the requirements for the development of personalized Chinese medicinal preparations with high quality. In this study, 55 representative Chinese medicinals, such as Dioscoreae Rhizoma and Leonuri Herba, were selected, and the physical properties of their powders were systematically characterized by comprehensive powder tester, torque rheometer, texture analyzer, etc., based on which a data set encompassing physical properties of these powders was built. The typical physical fingerprints of powders from the above 5 categories were established by multivariate statistical analysis. Then, the Chinese medicinals were classified according to the Euclidean distance between each of them and the typical value in the PCA score plot. For those with multiple material properties, whose classification boundary was fuzzy, the proportions of different types of materials were calculated with the combination of Euclidean distance, powder properties, microscopic identification characteristics, and chemical composition, so as to achieve the multivariate quantitative classification of Chinese medicinals. This lays the foundation for the further creation of intelligent personalized Chinese medicinal preparation technology.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pós , Rizoma
10.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473637

RESUMO

This article focuses on the problem of secure state estimation for cyber-physical systems (CPSs), whose physical plants are modeled as nonlinear strict-feedback systems. The measured output is sent to the designed observer over a wireless communication network subject to denial-of-service (DoS) attacks. Due to the energy constraints of the attackers, the attack duration is upper bounded. Under DoS attacks, the transmission is prevented, which worsens the estimation accuracy of the existing nonlinear observers significantly. To maintain the estimation performance, a novel multiobserver scheme and a switched algorithm are proposed by introducing the hold-input mechanism and the cascade observer technique. In comparison to the existing results, where the estimation error systems may be unstable during the attack time interval, the estimation error of the designed observer converges exponentially, such that the estimation performance is improved effectively. Finally, the theoretical findings are illustrated by simulation results.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528779

RESUMO

Membrane fouling has remained a major challenge limiting the wide application of membrane technology because it reduces the efficiency and shortens the lifespan of the membrane, thus increasing the operation cost. Herein we report a novel dual-function nanocomposite membrane incorporating silver-coated gold nanoparticles (Au@AgNPs) into a sulfosuccinic acid (SSA) cross-linked poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) membrane for a pervaporation desalination. Compared with the control PVA membrane and PVA/SSA membrane, the Au@AgNPs/PVA/SSA membrane demonstrated a higher water flux and better salt rejection as well as an enhanced antifouling property. More importantly, Au@AgNPs provided an additional function enabling a foulant detection on the membrane surface via surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) as Au@AgNPs could amplify the Raman signals as an SERS substrate. Distinct SERS spectra given by a fouled membrane helped to distinguish different protein foulants from their characteristic fingerprint peaks. Their fouling tendency on the membrane was also revealed by comparing the SERS intensities of mixed foulants on the membrane surface. The Au@AgNPs/PVA/SSA nanocomposite membrane presented here demonstrated the possibility of a multifunction membrane to achieve both antifouling and fouling detection, which could potentially be used in water treatment.

12.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522934

RESUMO

Immunomagnetic beads have been widely explored as an important analytical tool for the rapid and sensitive detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs). However, their clinical application is seriously hindered by the tedious preparation procedures and heterogeneous nature of CTCs. To this end, a designed multifunctional platform named Fe3O4@TA/CuII superparamagnetic nanoparticles (SPMNPs) is expected to have the following features: (i) the formation of a tannic acid-copper (II) ion (TA/CuII) coating which could be accomplished by a one-step method is very simple; (ii) the TA/CuII coating shows high affinity for heterogeneous CTCs and good resistance to nonspecific adhesion of blood cells; (iii) "self-release" of the captured cells could be achieved as the TA/CuII coating gradually degrades in the cell culture environment without any additional interventions. Therefore, the resulting Fe3O4@TA/CuII SPMNPs could capture various CTCs (MCF-7, HepG2 and HeLa cells) with different expression levels of the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). And the capture efficiency and cell purity can reach 88% and 87%, respectively. In addition, 68% of the captured cells are self-released after 6 h of incubation and most of the released cells show high cell proliferation activity. In particular, Fe3O4@TA/CuII SPMNPs can successfully detect 1-13 CTCs from 1 mL of blood of 14 patients with 6 types of cancers. Hence, we expect that the as-prepared Fe3O4@TA/CuII SPMNPs with simple, efficient, and universal yet cost-efficient characteristics could act as a promising analytical tool for clinical CTC detection.

13.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(9): 1055-9, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491658

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the literature of acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, and discuss the spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion. METHODS: The literature on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 was searched, summarized and analyzed, and the disease spectrum was summarized. At the same time, the literature from 2015 to 2019 (group A), 1978 to 2005 (group B), and 1949 to 2005 (group C) was compared, and the indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy were summarized. RESULTS: There were 32 011 articles on acupuncture and moxibustion for diseases in the recent 5 years, including 377 kinds of indications. These indications can be mostly classified as neurology (9384), orthopedics and traumatology (7765), gastroenterology (3529) and obstetrics and gynecology (2283). The types of diseases were mostly gastroenterology (52 types), neurology (47 types), ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology (47 types), and obstetrics and gynecology (42 types). The first-class indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy in the recent 5 years were hemiplegia, lumbar disc herniation, cervical spondylosis, knee osteoarthritis, insomnia, constipation and cerebrovascular diseases; the second-class were facial neuritis, shoulder pain and headache; the third-class were dysphagia, dysmenorrhea and depression; the forth-class were asthma, urinary retention, cerebral palsy, hypertension, dementia, side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, infertility, allergic rhinitis, vertigo, shoulder-hand syndrome, diabetic neuropathy, herpes zoster, pain, hiccup, diarrhea, lumbar sprain and sciatica. CONCLUSION: Although the disease spectrum and indications of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy have changed to some extent in the recent 5 years, neurology and orthopedics and traumatology are still predominant, and the observation objects tend to transition from symptoms to diseases.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Bibliometria , Dismenorreia , Feminino , Humanos
14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(34): 40415-40428, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470103

RESUMO

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection causes severe zoonotic toxoplasmosis, which threatens the safety of almost one-third of the human population globally. However, there is no effective protective vaccine against human toxoplasmosis. This necessitates anti-T. gondii vaccine development, which is a main priority of public health. In this study, we optimized the adjuvant system 04 (AS04), a vaccine adjuvant constituted by 3-O-desacyl-4'-monophosphoryl lipid A (a TLR4 agonist) and aluminum salts, by packing it within natural extracts of ß-glucan particles (GPs) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae to form a GP-AS04 hybrid adjuvant system. Through a simple mixing procedure, we loaded GP-AS04 particles with the total extract (TE) of T. gondii lysate, forming a novel anti-T. gondii vaccine GP-AS04-TE. Results indicated that the hybrid adjuvant can efficiently and stably load antigens, mediate antigen delivery, facilitate the dendritic uptake of antigens, boost dendritic cell maturation and stimulation, and increase the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In the mouse inoculation model, GP-AS04-TE significantly stimulated the function of dendritic cells, induced a very strong TE-specific humoral and cellular immune response, and finally showed a strong and effective protection against toxoplasma chronic and acute infections. This work proves the potential of GP-AS04 for exploitation as a vaccine against a range of pathogens.

15.
Acupunct Med ; : 9645284211039235, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electroacupuncture (EA) treatment has been found to ameliorate clinical symptoms in patients with dry eye, but its mechanisms are still not entirely clear. OBJECTIVE: To study the regulation of EA on ocular surface function and the corneal reactive oxygen species (ROS)/thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP)/Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammatory signaling pathway in dry eye syndrome (DES) model rats. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into five groups: Normal, Model, Model + EA, Model + NAC (N-actetylcysteine) and Model + NS (normal saline). The DES model was developed by subcutaneous injection of scopolamine hydrobromide with exposure to an air draft in the latter four groups. After intervention, the Schirmer I test (SIT), tear film break-up time (BUT) and ROS content were measured, the histopathological changes of corneal tissues were observed, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of TXNIP, NLRP3, apoptosis-associated Speck-like protein containing CARD (ASC), caspase-1, interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-18 were detected. RESULTS: Compared with the Model group, the SIT and BUT increased significantly in the Model + EA group after intervention (p < 0.05), and the corneal injury was improved. Corneal ROS content declined in both Model + EA and Model + NAC groups (p < 0.05), and mRNA expression of TXNIP, NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 also decreased (p < 0.01). Corneal protein expression of TXNIP, NLRP3, IL-1ß and IL-18 decreased significantly in the Model + EA group (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Inhibiting the ROS/TXNIP/NLRP3 signaling pathway may be the mechanism underlying the role of EA in improving corneal injury in DES model rats.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e27090, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is the second most-common blinding ophthalmic disease in the world, and its incidence has been rising year by year in recent years. Currently, the main treatment of glaucoma still relies on surgery. Glaucoma patients often suffer from various psychological problems like anxiety and depression not only because of the lack of understanding of the surgical treatment of glaucoma, but also the long-term stress and the poor prognosis. As alternative therapies, non-pharmacological interventions can greatly alleviate psychological burdens and improve sleep quality in surgically treated glaucoma patients. Randomized controlled trials of non-pharmacologic interventions for glaucoma have been reported, although the results remain conflicting. Evidences for determining the efficacy of non-pharmacologic interventions for glaucoma are scant. This study aims to assess the effects of non-pharmacological interventions on anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in patients with postoperative glaucoma through a network meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search of relevant literatures published before August 2021 about the effects of non-pharmacological interventions on anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in patients with postoperative glaucoma will be performed in Wanfang, VP Information Chinese Journal Service Platform, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese BioMedicine Literature Database, Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of science. Two reviewers will be independently responsible for literature screening and selection, quality assessment, and data extraction. WinBUGS 1.4 will be used for the network meta-analysis. RESULTS: This meta-analysis will provide additional and stronger evidences for non-pharmacological interventions on anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in patients with postoperative glaucoma, which will help clinicians and decision makers to make an optimal therapeutic strategy. CONCLUSION: This study will provide a reliable evidence-based basis for the clinical application of non-pharmacological interventions on anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in patients with postoperative glaucoma. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was not required for this study. The systematic review will be published in a peer-reviewed journal, presented at conferences, and shared on social media platforms. This review would be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal or conference presentations. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/TYJPK.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Protocolos Clínicos , Depressão/terapia , Glaucoma/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Glaucoma/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
17.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1180: 338871, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538326

RESUMO

Terahertz (THz) waves have the advantages of being noninvasive and nonionizing because of their low radiation energy, so they have potential applications in the biomedical field, but thus far, those have been limited by the strong absorption in water and low detection sensitivity. Herein, we propose a reflective THz time-domain circular dichroism (CD) sensing system and a silicon subwavelength grating as the microstructure sensor to generate and detect the THz chiral polarization states, to realize quantitative detection of living cell numbers and qualitative identification of cell kinds in a liquid environment. Three kinds of hepatoma cell proliferation and inhibition with different concentrations of aspirin were measured by this sensing method, and the experimental results show that the sensitivities for CD resonance intensity and frequency shift can reach 3.44 dB mL/106 cells and 5.88 GHz mL/106 cells, respectively, and the minimum detection concentration is in the order of 104 cells/mL for THz detection in a liquid environment for the first time. This new THz sensing system and sensing method are expected to become a broadband, label-free, noncontact, real-time detection technology that can be used for quantitative detection and qualitative identification of cells or other active biochemical materials.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Água , Dicroísmo Circular , Vibração
19.
Neuroimmunomodulation ; : 1-9, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518490

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neuropathic pain (NP) is one of the most severe chronic pain types. In recent years, more and more studies have shown that long noncoding RNA (LncRNA) plays a key role in a variety of human diseases, including NP. However, the role of LncRNA prostate cancer-associated transcript 19 (PCAT19) in NP and its specific mechanism remain unclear. METHODS: A chronic constrictive injury (CCI) rat model was established. Rat paw withdrawal threshold and paw withdrawal latency were used to evaluate the neuronal pain behavior of rats in this model. mRNA expression of PCAT19, neuroinflammatory factor, microRNA (miR)-182-5p, and Jumonji domain containing 1A (JMJD1A) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. ELISA analysis was used to detect inflammatory factor protein expression. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to evaluate the targeting relationship between genes. RESULTS: PCAT19 was continuously upregulated in CCI rats. miR-182-5p was the target of PCAT19, and miR-182-5p was increased after PCAT19 knockdown. NP behaviors such as mechanical ectopic pain and thermal hyperalgesia as well as neuroinflammation can be reduced by knocking down PCAT19. However, the injection of miR-182-5p antagomir significantly reversed the level of the NP behaviors and neuroinflammation caused by PCAT19 knockdown. Besides, dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that JMJD1A was the target gene of miR-182-5p. The level of JMJD1A in CCI rats increased with time. After PCAT19 knockdown, JMJD1A was significantly decreased, but inhibition of miR-182-5p can reverse its levels. CONCLUSION: This study shows that PCAT19 plays a role in NP by targeting the miR-182-5p/JMJD1A axis, and PCAT19 can be used as a new therapeutic target for NP.

20.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2101066, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519181

RESUMO

Cancer, one of the leading causes of death, has seriously threatened public health. However, there is still a lack of effective treatments. Nowadays, photodynamic therapy (PDT), relying on photosensitizers to trigger the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) for killing cancer cells, has been emerging as a noninvasive anti-cancer strategy. To enhance the overall anti-cancer efficacy of PDT, various approaches including molecular design and combination with other therapeutic techniques have been proposed and implemented. Especially, photodynamic immunotherapy that can effectively evoke the body's immune response has attracted much attention. Recently, a class of photosensitizers with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) character have shown unique promises, taking advantage of their profound fluorescence and ROS-generating ability in the aggregation state. Despite the promising results demonstrated by several groups, the associated studies are few and the mechanism of such AIEgen-based photodynamic immunotherapy has not been fully understood. This review discusses the recent advances in the AIEgen-based enhanced PDT with a special focus on the AIE photosensitizers for photodynamic immunotherapy, aiming to inspire more opportunities for in-depth investigation of the working principles in this emerging anti-cancer approach.

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