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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 442: 130001, 2023 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152543

RESUMO

Recalcitrant and toxicological membrane-making wastewater displays negative impacts on environment, and this is difficult to treat efficiently using conventional hydrolytic acidification. In this study, a novel electro-assisted biological reactor with micro-aerobic cathode (EABR-MAC) was developed to improve the biodegradation and ammonification of N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF) in membrane-making wastewater, and the metabolic mechanism using metagenomic sequencing as comprehensively illustrated. The results showed that EABR-MAC significantly improved the ammonification of refractory organonitrogen and promoted DMF oxidative degradation by driving the electron transferred to the cathode. Additionally, the inhibition rates of oxygen uptake rate and nitrification in EABR-MAC were both lower under different cathode aeration frequency conditions. Microbial community analysis indicated that the functional fermentation bacteria and exoelectrogens, which were correlated with COD removal, ammonification, and detoxification, were significantly enriched upon electrostimulation, and the positive biological connections increased to form highly connected communities instead of competition. The functional genes revealed that EABR-MAC forcefully intervened with the metabolic pathway, so that DMF converted to formamide and ammonia by oxidative demethylation and formamide hydrolysis. The results of this study provide a promising strategy for efficient conversion of organonitrogen into ammonia nitrogen, and offer a new insight into the effects of electrostimulation on microbial metabolism.


Assuntos
Dimetilformamida , Águas Residuárias , Amônia/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos , Nitrificação , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Eletrodos , Oxigênio , Desmetilação , Desnitrificação
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 442: 130064, 2023 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182885

RESUMO

Previous research has found total mercury (THg) and methylmercury (MeHg) levels increase with litterfall decay, thus suggesting litterfall decomposition plays an essential role in the biogeochemical transformation of mercury (Hg). However, it remains unclear how Hg accumulates in the decaying litter, how bacterial taxa networks vary and what roles various microorganisms play during litterfall decomposition, especially nitrogen (N)-fixing, MeHg-degrading and Hg-methylating microbes. Here, we demonstrated as degradation proceeded, a gradually-complex network evolved for litterfall bacteria for the subtropical mixed broadleaf-conifer (MBC) forest, whereas a relatively static network existed for the evergreen broadleaf (EB) forest. N-fixing and MeHg-degrading bacteria dominated throughout litterfall decomposition process, with relative abundances of N-fixing genera and nifH copies maximum and relative abundances of MeHg-degrading bacteria and merAB copies minimum in summer. Hence, N-fixing bacteria likely mediate THg increase in the decomposing litterfall, while MeHg enhancement may be regulated by aerobic MeHg-degrading microbes which can transform MeHg to inorganic divalent Hg (Hg2+) or further to elemental Hg (Hg0). Together, this work elucidates variations of N-fixing and MeHg-degrading microbes in decaying litterfall and their relationships with Hg accumulation, providing novel insights into understanding the biogeochemical cycle of Hg in the forest ecosystem.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Compostos de Metilmercúrio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/química , Mercúrio/análise , Ecossistema , Nitrogênio , Estações do Ano , Monitoramento Ambiental , Bactérias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 858(Pt 2): 159937, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343829

RESUMO

Deterioration in the environmental ecosystems through the depletion of nonrenewable resources and the burden of deleterious contaminants is considered a global concern. To this end, great interest has been shown in the use of renewable and environmentally-friendly reactive materials dually to promote environmental sustainability and cope with harmful contaminants. Among the different available options, the use of nanocellulose (NC) as an environmentally benign and renewable natural nanomaterial is an attractive candidate for environmental remediation owing to its miraculous physicochemical characteristics. This review discusses the intrinsic properties and the structural aspects of different types of NC, including cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs), cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs), and bacterial cellulose (BC) or bacterial nanocellulose (BNC). Also, the different modification strategies involving the functionalization or hybridization of NC by using different functional and reactive materials aimed at wastewater remediation have been elaborated. The modified or hybridized NC has been explored for its applications in the removal or degradation of aquatic contaminants through adsorption, filtration, coagulation, catalysis, photocatalysis, and pollutant sensing. This review highlights the role of NC in the modified composites and describes the underlying mechanisms involved in the removal of contaminants. The life-cycle assessment (LCA) of NC is discussed to unveil the hidden risks associated with its production to the final disposal. Moreover, the contribution of NC in the promotion of waste management at different stages has been described in the form of the five-Rs strategy. In summary, this review provides rational insights to develop NC-based environmentally-friendly reactive materials for the removal and degradation of hazardous aquatic contaminants.

4.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 797, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36460960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cetacean hindlimbs were lost and their forelimb changed into flippers characterized by webbed digits and hyperphalangy, thus allowing them to adapt to a completely aquatic environment. However, the underlying molecular mechanism behind cetacean limb development remains poorly understood. RESULTS: In the present study, we explored the evolution of 16 limb-related genes and their cis-regulatory elements in cetaceans and compared them with that of other mammals. TBX5, a forelimb specific expression gene, was identified to have been under accelerated evolution in the ancestral branches of cetaceans. In addition, 32 cetacean-specific changes were examined in the SHH signaling network (SHH, PTCH1, TBX5, BMPs and SMO), within which mutations could yield webbed digits or an additional phalange. These findings thus suggest that the SHH signaling network regulates cetacean flipper formation. By contrast, the regulatory activity of the SHH gene enhancer-ZRS in cetaceans-was significantly lower than in mice, which is consistent with the cessation of SHH gene expression in the hindlimb bud during cetacean embryonic development. It was suggested that the decreased SHH activity regulated by enhancer ZRS might be one of the reasons for hindlimb degeneration in cetaceans. Interestingly, a parallel / convergent site (D42G) and a rapidly evolving CNE were identified in marine mammals in FGF10 and GREM1, respectively, and shown to be essential to restrict limb bud size; this is molecular evidence explaining the convergence of flipper-forelimb and shortening or degeneration of hindlimbs in marine mammals. CONCLUSIONS: We did evolutionary analyses of 16 limb-related genes and their cis-regulatory elements in cetaceans and compared them with those of other mammals to provide novel insights into the molecular basis of flipper forelimb and hindlimb loss in cetaceans.

5.
Ultrasonography ; 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464955

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and outcomes of percutaneous ablation guided by ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) in colorectal liver oligometastases (CLOM). METHODS: This study included patients with CLOM treated with percutaneous ablation from January 2008 to January 2021 in this observational study. Only lesions visualized on both CT and US images were further analyzed according to whether patients' initial ablation treatments utilized US guidance or CT guidance. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate local tumor progression (LTP)-free survival after propensity score matching (PSM). The LTP-free survival and treatment-related outcomes were compared between these two groups. RESULTS: PSM identified 116 patients from each group, with 269 and 238 lesions in the USguided and CT-guided groups, respectively. US-guided ablation had a shorter average procedure time and lower cost than CT-guided ablation (27.54±12.06 minutes vs. 32.70±13.88 minutes, P=0.003; $2,175.13±618.17 vs. $2,455.49±710.25, P=0.002). For patients >60 years of age, the cumulative LTP rate at 1 year was lower in the US-guided group than in the CT-guided group (17.8% vs. 25.1%, P=0.038). For patients with perivascular liver lesions, the cumulative LTP rate at 1 year was lower in the US-guided group (14.4% vs. 28.2%, P=0.040). CONCLUSION: For patients whose age is >60 years or who have perivascular liver lesions, USguided ablation is better than CT-guided ablation, with a shorter treatment time and lower costs when both ablation methods are feasible for patients.

6.
Ann Palliat Med ; 11(11): 3520-3529, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant intestinal obstruction refers to intestinal obstruction caused by advanced primary tumors or secondary metastatic malignant tumors. Because surgical treatment cannot significantly improve the life cycle, non-surgical treatment is mostly used to improve the symptoms of intestinal obstruction; transanal intestinal obstruction catheter and transnasal intestinal obstruction catheter are palliative therapies for decompression and drainage. Transanal intestinal obstruction catheter is mostly used for rectal and left colon obstruction. Transnasal intestinal obstruction catheter is mostly used for small intestinal obstruction. The two catheters are generally used alone according to the site of obstruction and clinical manifestations, and there are few reports on the combined use of the two catheters. We try to use the two catheters to treat patients with complex conditions and explore a better treatment strategy for malignant intestinal obstruction. CASE DESCRIPTION: Retrospective analysis From January 2016 to April 2022, 14 patients with advanced cancer were diagnosed as malignant intestinal obstruction by imaging data and clinical manifestations. Under the premise of no improvement in the symptoms of placement of a catheter, nasal ileus catheter combined with transanal ileus catheter was used for common decompression and drainage. The efficacy of combined catheterization was evaluated by comparing the differences in imaging data before and after catheterization, as well as analyzing the degree of relief and prognosis of intestinal obstruction symptoms; of intestinal obstruction symptoms was completely relieved in 4 of 14 patients combined catheterization, and spontaneous defecation and exhaust could be performed; intestinal obstruction symptoms were significantly relieved in 3 patients, reexamination of image air-fluid level was reduced by more than 70%, abdominal distension and abdominal pain were significantly relieved, and intermittent defecation and exhaust could be performed; intestinal obstruction symptoms were relieved in 3 patients, reexamination of image air-fluid level was reduced by 20-50%, abdominal distension and abdominal pain were relieved, and defecation and exhaust could not be performed; intestinal obstruction symptoms were not relieved in 4 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Combined application of transanal ileus catheter and transnasal ileus catheter decompression and drainage can be used as a palliative treatment to relieve the symptoms of malignant ileus.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(47): e31536, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of the whole-body vibration (WBV) training for patients with patellofemoral pain (PFP) remains controversial. For this reason, we applied a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the efficacy of WBV training in patients with PFP. METHODS: Relevant studies found within PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science were examined from January 1, 1990 to December 30, 2021. Two evaluators independently screened the literatures, extracted relevant data and assessed the methodological quality of respective studies. Meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan 5.4 software. RESULTS: A total of 5 RCTs with 174 patients were included. When comparing with exercise alone, WBV training in combination with exercise provided better reduction of pain assessed by visual analogue scale score (P = .04). There were no differences regarding changes of Kujala patellofemoral score, the physical component summary score for physical health, and the mental component summary score for mental health (P = .08, 0.76, 0.65 respectively) between patients with WBV training and those without WBV training. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the sole performance of exercise, WBV training in combination with exercise showed better pain reduction, but no superior improvement in function and on quality of life.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Dor Patelofemoral , Humanos , Exercício Físico , Metanálise como Assunto , Dor , Síndrome da Dor Patelofemoral/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Vibração/uso terapêutico , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
8.
Orthop Surg ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453119

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: With the rising prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the increasing demand for joint arthroplasty, the management of CKD patients in the perioperative period of joint arthroplasty has become an issue worthy of attention for orthopedic surgeons. This study aimed to explore comprehensive perioperative period management strategies for CKD patients. METHODS: From March 2017 to August 2022, 62 patients who underwent joint arthroplasty in our hospital were included in a retrospective study, including 31 CKD patients (mean age 69.8 ± 13.4 years old) and 31 non-CKD patients (mean age 69.4 ± 14.2 years old). The outcome indicators were analyzed, including serum urea, serum creatinine, blood uric acid, hematocrit, and hemoglobin. RESULTS: All patients included in the retrospective study had an average preoperative preparation time of 4.3 ± 2.6 days and an average hospitalization time of 11.0 ± 7.3 days. There were no significant differences in the changes in the serum urea values between the preoperative and postoperative measurements in the CKD patients or in the serum creatinine values and blood uric acid values (P > 0.05). The hemoglobin value in postoperative measurements was lower than in preoperative measurements in the CKD patients (P < 0.05). The hematocrit value in postoperative measurements was lower than in preoperative measurements in the CKD patients (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients with CKD have distinct characteristics compared to non-CKD patients, and they generally have a higher risk for postoperative complications and adverse events. Recognition of risk factors, suitable timing of surgery, the undertaking of protective strategies, and proper management of complications are vital for managing CKD patients in the perioperative period of joint arthroplasty.

9.
Orthop J Sports Med ; 10(11): 23259671221133784, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36452339

RESUMO

Background: Multiple studies have investigated the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for patients undergoing high tibial osteotomy (HTO), and the effectiveness thereof remains controversial. Purpose: To analyze the effectiveness of intra-articular MSC injection in patients who underwent HTO in terms of clinical outcomes, radiological outcomes, and cartilage repair by a meta-analysis of the available literature. Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: The electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched from their inception to October 30, 2021, for comparative studies between patients who underwent HTO with and without intra-articular injection of MSCs, according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. Study quality was assessed by the Coleman Methodology Score (CMS). Data with comparable results were pooled for meta-analysis. The primary outcomes of interest were the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and Lysholm scores, as well as the International Cartilage Regeneration & Joint Preservation Society (ICRS) grade of cartilage repair. Radiological outcomes including femorotibial angle, posterior tibial slope, and hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle were included as secondary outcomes. A fixed-model effect was used for meta-analyses with low heterogeneity between studies (I 2 < 25%), while the random-model effect was used for medium- to high-heterogeneity analyses (I 2 ≥ 25%). Results: A total of 843 studies were screened, of which 6 studies with 452 patients met the inclusion criteria and were included. The mean CMS was 81.17. Patients with MSC injection had significantly higher Lysholm scores (P = .007) and HSS scores (P = .01) and higher proportions of ICRS grade 1 (P = .03) and grade 2 (P = .02) cartilage repair in the medial femoral condyle and grade 2 cartilage repair in the tibial plateau (P = .04). There were no significant differences between groups in the IKDC score, KOOS Pain and Symptoms subscales, femorotibial angle, posterior tibial slope, or HKA angle. Conclusion: Intra-articular MSC injection may enhance the cartilage repair for patients who undergo HTO. However, evidence of improvement in knee functions remains limited. Registration: CRD42021291345 (PROSPERO).

11.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-16, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457196

RESUMO

Rigorous risk assessment of chemicals in food and feed is essential to address the growing worldwide concerns about food safety. High-quality toxicological data on food-relevant chemicals are fundamental for risk modeling and assessment in the food safety area. The organization and analysis of substantial toxicity information can positively support decision-making by providing insight into toxicity trends. However, it remains challenging to systematically obtain fragmented toxicity data, and related toxicological resources are required to meet the current demands. In this study, we collected 221,439 experimental toxicity records for 5,657 food-relevant chemicals identified from extensive databases and literature, along with their information on chemical identification, physicochemical properties, environmental fates, and biological targets. Based on the aggregated data, a freely available web-based databank, Food-Relevant Available Chemicals Toxicology Databank (FRAC-TD) is presented, which supports multiple browsing ways and search criterions. Applying FRAC-TD for data-driven analysis, we revealed the underlying toxicity profiles of food-relevant chemicals in humans, mammals, and other species in the food chain. Expectantly, FRAC-TD could positively facilitate toxicological studies, toxicity prediction, and risk assessments in the food industry.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36409066

RESUMO

The cationic nature of heptamethine cyanines gives them the capacity to form aggregates with salts by electrostatic interactions. In this work, NaCl promoted J-aggregate formation of aza-coating heptamethine cyanines is explored. NaCl can induce the N-benzyloxycarbonyl Cy-CO2Bz to assemble into a J-aggregate having an absorption at 890 nm. Its excellent fluorescence response to NaCl implies that it has great potential for use as a probe for tracing salt stress in plants. Moreover, NaCl also promotes formation of J-aggregates from the N-ethyloxycarbonyl Cy-CO2Et. The aggregate shows an intense absorption at 910 nm compared to the monomer which absorbs at 766 nm. Its J-aggregated form can serve as a photothermal agent. And the photothermal conversion efficiency is increased from 29.37% to 57.59%. This effort leads to the development of two applications of new cyanine J-aggregates including one for tracing salt stress of plants and the other for promoting photothermal therapy of tumors.

14.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 500-506, 2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36426695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the genetic polymorphism and population genetic parameters of 16 X-STR loci in Xinjiang Uygur population. METHODS: The Goldeneye® DNA identification system 17X was used to amplify 16 X-STR loci in 502 unrelated individuals (251 females and 251 males). The amplified products were detected by 3130xl genetic analyzer. Allele frequencies and population genetic parameters were analyzed statistically. The genetic distances between Uygur and other 8 populations were calculated. Multidimensional scaling and phylogenetic tree were constructed based on genetic distance. RESULTS: In the 16 X-STR loci, a total of 67 alleles were detected in 502 Xinjiang Uygur unrelated individuals. The allele frequencies ranged from 0.001 3 to 0.572 4. PIC ranged from 0.568 8 to 0.855 3. The cumulative discrimination power in females and males were 0.999 999 999 999 999 and 0.999 999 999 743 071, respectively. The cumulative mean paternity exclusion chance in trios and in duos were 0.999 999 997 791 859 and 0.999 998 989 000 730, respectively. The genetic distance between Uygur population and Kazakh population was closer, and the genetic distance between Uygur and Han population was farther. CONCLUSIONS: The 16 X-STR loci are highly polymorphic and suitable for identification in Uygur population, which can provide a powerful supplement for the study of individual identification, paternity identification and population genetics.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos X , Etnicidade , Repetições de Microssatélites , Polimorfismo Genético , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , DNA Ribossômico , Etnicidade/genética , Frequência do Gene , Paternidade , Filogenia , Cromossomos Humanos X/genética
15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(45): 14480-14487, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321207

RESUMO

Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) inhibitor is one of the research hotspots for the development of fungicides. Herein, we describe the design and synthesis of N-methoxy-(biphenyl-ethyl)-pyrazole-carboxamide derivatives with enhanced fungicidal activity by employing fragment combination strategy. The SDH enzymatic activity was evaluated for 24 title compounds, and compound 7s was identified as the highest activity against porcine SDH with an IC50 value of 0.014 µM, 205-fold greater than that of fluxapyroxad. Furthermore, the greenhouse experiments showed that compound 7u exhibited potent fungicidal activity against wheat powdery mildew with an EC50 value of 0.633 mg/L, higher activity than fluxapyroxad and benzovindiflupyr. The computational results showed that the fluorine atom substituted on the pyrazole ring formed an extra dipolar-dipolar interaction with C_S42 and then increased the van der Waals interaction between the compound and SDH. The structural and mechanistic insights obtained from the present work will provide a valuable clue to developing novel SDH inhibitors.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais , Succinato Desidrogenase , Suínos , Animais , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fungicidas Industriais/química , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirazóis/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química
16.
J Econ Entomol ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373876

RESUMO

The functional responses of Oligota flavicornis (Boisduval & Lacordaire) (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) preying on the eggs of Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acarina: Tetranychidae) were examined at seven constant temperature settings (12, 15, 18, 22, 25, 30, and 32°C) to elucidate the predator-prey interactions between them. Logistic regression showed that O. flavicornis exhibited type II functional responses to T. urticae eggs at different temperatures. The reciprocal of handling time declined exponentially with warming, and the search rate presented a single hump-shaped relationship with temperature. For the search rate, the lower temperature thresholds were 9.1°C (linear) and 8.7°C (Briere). The optimal temperature and upper temperature threshold were 29.1 and 37.8°C for Logan and 29.7 and 35.8°C for Briere, respectively. The predation threshold window of O. flavicornis reached 27.1°C with a range of 8.7-35.8°C. The predator could consume 244.7-388.4 T. urticae eggs in a day in the optimal temperature range (18-32°C). The voracious predatory behavior of O. flavicornis against T. urticae eggs over a broad temperature range indicates that the predator shows promise as a potential biological control agent and that temperature-dependent predation could be a basis for formulating strategies to control tetranychid mites.

17.
Balkan Med J ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397308

RESUMO

Background: The hypoxia-induced Warburg effect promotes colorectal cancer malignancy with altered circular RNA (circRNA) expression. Aims: To investigate the association with the Warburg effect in colorectal cancer and whether has_circ_0006508 can be induced by hypoxia. Study design: In vitro cell lines and human-sample study. Methods: The biological functions of circ_0006508 and miR-1272 in the viability, colony formation, and glycolysis under hypoxic conditions were determined by loss-of-function and gain-of-function experiments. The chromatin immunoprecipitation assay was used to demonstrate the direct binding between circ_0006508 promoters and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α). Transcription activity was subjected to the Luciferase reporter assay. The correlation of circ_0006508 and miR-1272 with overall survival was determined with the Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: Upregulated circ_0006508 and downregulated miR-1272 were observed in colorectal cancer samples, which was associated with the TNM stage and overall survival. Functional assays demonstrated that the hypoxia-induced upregulated circ_0006508 and downregulated miR-1272 promoted the viability and Warburg effect of colorectal cancer in vitro. Mechanistically, HIF-1α-induced circ_0006508 could directly sponge miR-1272, which played a suppressive role in glycolysis. Conclusion: Circ_0006508-mediated miR-1272 inhibition could promote the malignant behaviors of colorectal cancer with an upregulated Warburg effect.

18.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 749, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368932

RESUMO

Flowering time and active accumulated temperature (AAT) are two key factors that limit the expanded production especially for soybean across different regions. Wild soybean provides an important germplasm for functional genomics study in cultivar soybean. However, the studies on genetic basis underlying flowering time in response to AAT especially in wild soybean were rarely reported. In this study, we used 294 wild soybean accessions derived from major soybean production region characterized by different AAT in Northeast of China. Based on genome-wide association study (GWAS), we identified 96 SNPs corresponded to 342 candidate genes that significantly associated with flowering time recorded in two-year experiments. Gene Ontology enrichment analysis suggests that the pathways of photosynthesis light reaction and actin filament binding were significantly enriched. We found three lead SNPs with -log10(p-value) > 32 across the two-year experiments, i.e., Chr02:9490318, Chr04:8545910 and Chr09:49553555. Linkage disequilibrium block analysis shows 28 candidate genes within the genomic region centered on the lead SNPs. Among them, expression levels of three genes (aspartic peptidase 1, serine/threonine-protein kinase and protein SCAR2-like) were significantly differed between two subgroups possessing contrasting flowering time distributed at chromosome 2, 4 and 9, respectively. There are 6, 7 and 3 haplotypes classified on the coding regions of the three genes, respectively. Collectively, accessions with late flowering time phenotype are typically derived from AAT zone 1, which is associated with the haplotypic distribution and expression levels of the three genes. This study provides an insight into a potential mechanism responsible for flowering time in response to AAT in wild soybean, which could promote the understanding of genetic basis for other major crops.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Soja , Soja/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Temperatura , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 142022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play significant roles in tumour angiogenesis which prominently facilitates pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD) progression. METHODS: The clinical PAAD data were obtained from TCGA database and clinical specimens of 122 PAAD patients. The Molecular Signatures Database v4.0 was used to identify angiogenesis-related long non-coding RNAs (ARLNRs). Survival-related ARLNRs (sARLNRs) were further validated by univariate and multivariate COX regression analyses. The expressions of CASC8, AC015660.1, Z97832.2 and PAN3-AS1 in PAAD cell lines and tissues were examined by qPCR. The correlations between sARLNRs (CASC8 and AC015660.1) and clinicopathological characteristics of the 122 PAAD patients were analyzed by the chi-square test and Fisher's exact probability method. RESULTS: 590 lncRNAs were identified as ARLNRs, of which four sARLNRs were further used to establish an angiogenesis-related risk score model (ARRS), by which patients in the low-risk group have better survival probabilities than those in the high-risk group. The expression levels of CASC8 and AC015660.1 were significantly higher in PAAD cell lines and tumor tissues especially in patients with advanced grades and T-stages, while Z97832.2 and PAN3-AS1 were inverse. In addition, the higher expression of CASC8 and AC015660.1 prominently associated with the larger tumour size, and the more advanced grade and T-stage. However, the relevance between the sARLNRs (CASC8 and AC015660.1) expression and lymph node metastasis status was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: In the study, we illuminate the clinical significance, angiogenesis relevance and prognosis-predictive value of four sARLNRs for PAAD. The results build a bridge between sARLNRs and tumour vascularization, and also establish a reliable and accurate risk scoring model for PAAD antiangiogenic strategy.

20.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331751

RESUMO

Glioma is the most frequent type of malignant tumor in the central nervous system, accounting for about 80% of primary malignant brain tumors, usually with a poor prognosis. A number of studies have been conducted on the molecular abnormalities in glioma to further understand its pathogenesis, and it has been found that lncRNAs (long non-coding RNA) play a key role in angiogenesis, tumor growth, infiltration and metastasis of glioma. Since specific lncRNAs have an aberrant expression in brain tissue, cerebrospinal fluid as well as peripheral circulation of glioma patients, they are considered to be potential biomarkers. This review focuses on the biological characteristics of lncRNA and its value as a biomarker for glioma diagnosis and prognosis. Moreover, in view of the role of lncRNAs in glioma proliferation and chemoradiotherapy resistance, we discussed the feasibility for lncRNAs as therapeutic targets. Finally, the persisting deficiencies and future prospects of using lncRNAs as clinical biomarkers and therapeutic targets were concluded.

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