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1.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919749

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 48-week course of adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) plus Chinese medicine (CM) therapy, namely Tiaogan Jianpi Hexue () and Tiaogan Jiedu Huashi () fomulae, in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive Chinese patients. METHODS: A total of 605 HBeAg-positive Chinese CHB patients were screened and 590 eligible participants were randomly assigned to 2 groups in 1:1 ratio including experimental group (EG, received ADV plus CM) and control group (CG, received ADV plus CM-placebo) for 48 weeks. The major study outcomes were the rates of HBeAg and HBV-DNA loss on week 12, 24, 36, 48, respectively. Secondary endpoints including liver functions (enzymes and bilirubin readings) were evaluated every 4 weeks at the beginning of week 24, 36, and 48. Routine blood, urine, and stool analyses in addition to electrocardiogram and abdominal B scan were monitored as safety evaluations. Adverse events (AEs) were documented. RESULTS: The combination therapy demonstrated superior HBeAg loss at 48 weeks, without additional AEs. The full analysis population was 560 and 280 in each group. In the EG, population achieved HBeAg loss on week 12, 24, 36, and 48 were 25 (8.90%), 34 (12.14%), 52 (18.57%), and 83 (29.64%), respectively; the equivalent numbers in the CG were 20 (7.14%), 41 (14.64%), 54 (19.29%), and 50 (17.86%), respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between these group values on week 48 (P<0.01). No additional AEs were found in EG. Subgroup analysis suggested different outcomes among treatment patterns. CONCLUSION: Combination of CM and ADV therapy demonstrated superior HBeAg clearance compared with ADV monotherapy. The finding indicates that this combination therapy may provide an improved therapeutic effect and safety profile (ChiCTR-TRC-11001263).

2.
Trials ; 21(1): 29, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scalp acupuncture has been widely used as treatment for motor dysfunction in children with cerebral palsy in China. Previous studies have failed to provide high-quality evidence to demonstrate the effectiveness of this treatment in children with cerebral palsy. No high-quality randomized controlled trials on scalp acupuncture have been published. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Jiao's scalp acupuncture when combined with routine rehabilitation treatment versus routine rehabilitation treatment alone for motor dysfunction in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a four-centre randomized controlled trial. One hundred cerebral palsy patients with motor dysfunction were enrolled. Patients will be allocated in a 1:1 ratio into either an acupuncture treatment group or a control group. Cerebral palsy patients in the control group will receive conventional rehabilitation treatment, whereas patients in the acupuncture group will receive a combination of scalp acupuncture and conventional rehabilitation treatment. Thirty-six treatment sessions will be performed over a 12-week period. The Gross Motor Function Measure and the Fine Motor Function Measure Scale will be assessed as the primary outcome measures. The Paediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory and the Cerebral Palsy Quality of Life Questionnaire for Children will be selected as secondary outcome measures. All assessments will be conducted at baseline, week 4 (treatment 12), week 8 (treatment 24), week 12 (treatment 36) and week 24 (follow-up). DISCUSSION: This is the first trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of scalp acupuncture as a treatment for motor dysfunction in children with cerebral palsy. The results of this trial are expected to provide relevant evidence demonstrating that scalp acupuncture can be used as an effective rehabilitation treatment method for improving motor dysfunction in children with cerebral palsy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03921281. Registered on 19 April 2019.

3.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-21, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918625

RESUMO

In recent years, deep neural networks have begun to receive much attention, which has obvious advantages in feature extraction and modeling. However, in the using of deep neural networks for the QSAR modeling process, the selection of various parameters (number of neurons, hidden layers, transfer functions, data set partitioning, number of iterations, etc.) becomes difficult. Thus, we proposed a new and easy method for optimizing the model and selecting Deep Neural Networks (DNN) parameters through uniform design ideas and orthogonal design methods. By using this approach, 222 chloroquine (CQ) derivatives with half maximal inhibitory concentration values reported in different kinds of literature were selected to establish DNN models and a total number of 128,000 DNN models were built to determine the optimized parameters for selecting the better models. Comparing with linear and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) models, we found that DNN models showed better performance.

4.
Plant Dis ; : PDIS07191342A, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809254

RESUMO

Phytophthora nicotianae is a widespread cause of black shank disease of tobacco plants and causes substantial harvest losses in all major cultivation areas. The oomycete primarily affects plant roots and the stem, where it leads to a progressing decay of the diseased tissues. In this resource announcement, we provide two complementary datasets comprising 16S gene fragment amplicons (bacteriome) and ITS1 region amplicons (mycobiome) that were sequenced on an Illumina-based platform. Soil samples were obtained from disease-affected fields in Guizhou province (China) and include control samples from adhering fields without previous disease incidence. Both datasets were acquired at a high sequencing depth and accompanied by detailed metadata, which facilitate their implementation in comparative studies. The resource announcement provides a basis for disease-specific biomarker detection and correlation studies that include the microbiome.

5.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809578

RESUMO

Two new heptaketides, pleosporalins H and I (1 and 2), as well as seven biosynthetically related known polyketides (3-9) were isolated from the endophytic fungus, Pleosporales sp. F46 by employing the one strain-many compounds (OSMAC) approach. The planar, relative and absolute structures of these compounds were identified by extensive spectroscopic analysis including HRMS, NMR, optical rotations and ECD calculations. The cytotoxic efficiencies of all isolated compounds 1-9 were evaluated against four cancer cell lines A549, CT-26, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231.

6.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 198: 105537, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785377

RESUMO

Porcine pancreatic stem cells (pPSCs) can be induced to insulin-secreting cells and therefore considered the most promising seeding cells for curing human diabetes in future. However, insufficient pPSCs number is one of the bottleneck problems before its clinical application. SerpinB1 is a serine protease inhibitor in neutrophils and can directly promote the proliferation of ß cells. Whether SerpinB1 is involved in pPSC proliferation and differentiation remains unknown. The effects of SerpinB1 on pPSCs proliferation were measured by Cell Counting Kit-8, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine, qRT-PCR, western blot, and flow cytometry assays. We found that pPSCs did not efficiently reach the S phase when SerpinB1 expression was knocked down with short hairpin RNA (sh-SerpinB1), the expression of Cyclin D1, CDK-2, and PCNA also decreased. Meanwhile, cell viability and proliferation ability were both declined. Further analyses showed that the expression level of phosphorylated STAT3/STAT3was downregulated, along with an upregulation of p53 and p21. We used a two-step induction method to induce pPSCs to insulin-secreting cells and found that SerpinB1 expression in insulin-secreting cells was higher than in pPSCs. Meanwhile, the protein expression level of phosphorylated STAT3/STAT3 was increased while p53 and p21 was decreased in induced insulin-secreting cells in comparison with control cells. The insulin-secreting cells derived from the sh-SerpinB1 cells secreted less insulin and showed poor sensitivity to high glucose than control group. However, the insulin-secreting cells derived from the ov-SerpinB1 cells has a quite contrary tendency. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that SerpinB1 promotes the proliferation of pPSCs through the STAT3 signaling pathway, and SerpinB1 is a key factor for maintaining the viability of pPSCs during the transition to insulin-secreting cells.

7.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; : 165625, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785406

RESUMO

One of the hallmarks of cancer progression is strong drug resistance during clinical treatments. The tumor microenvironment is closely associated with multidrug resistance, the optimization of tumor microenvironments may have a strong therapeutic effect. In this study, we configured polyacrylamide hydrogels of varying stiffness [low (10 kPa), intermediate (38 kPa) and high (57 kPa)] to simulate tissue physical matrix stiffness across different stages of breast cancer. After treatment with doxorubicin, cell survival rates on intermediate stiffness substrate are significantly higher. We find that high expression of ILK and YAP reduces the survival rates of breast cancer patients. Drug resistance is closely associated with the inactivation of the hippo pathway protein Merlin/MST/LATS and the activation of YAP. These results not only highlight the understanding of drug resistance mechanisms but also serve as a new basis for developing breast cancer treatment delivery systems.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 105790, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813830

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a complex clinical syndrome with high morbidity and mortality rates. Autophagy is an adaptive process that plays a complex role in ALI. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of autophagy on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury by establishing a rat ALI model and to further explore the possible mechanisms involved. Rats were pretreated with the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) or the autophagy activator rapamycin before they were challenged with the intratracheal instillation of LPS (5 mg/kg). The level of autophagy in the lung tissue was detected. Lung injury and vascular permeability were assessed. The role of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR)-mediated Unc-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) and the class III PI3 kinase VPS34 in autophagy regulation was examined. LPS challenge induced autophagy and rapamycin pretreatment enhanced autophagy activity in LPS-induced ALI rats. LPS caused severe lung injury and high pulmonary vascular permeability, which could be alleviated by enhancing autophagy. In addition, the inhibition of mTOR upregulated the expression of ULK1 and VPS34 and thus increased LPS-induced autophagy. Autophagy plays a protective role in LPS-induced ALI, and enhancing autophagy via the inhibition of mTOR alleviates lung injury and pulmonary barrier function. Moreover, mTOR negatively mediates ULK1 and VPS34 to regulate LPS-induced autophagy in rats.

9.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 15: 1333-1341, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814728

RESUMO

Background: The re-hospitalization rate of patients with heart failure remains at a high level, and studies of the subject have focused mainly on event-time outcomes. In addition to using re-hospitalization data with the outcomes of the event-time-count, this study introduces the conditional frailty model, which could help obtain more reasonable results. Materials and methods: This prospective observational cohort study enrolled 1484 patients with heart failure caused by coronary heart disease. The outcomes of heart failure readmissions and the case report form data were collected. Based on the traditional Cox model with event-time outcomes, the mixed effects of a conditional frailty model were added to analyze the event-time-count longitudinal data. Results: The Cox regression model showed that non-manual work, diastolic dysfunction, and better medical compensation increased the risk of heart failure readmission, whereas treatment with beta-blockers decreased the risk. The conditional frailty model further revealed that age, female sex, non-manual work, better medical compensation, longer QRS duration, and treatment with percutaneous coronary intervention increased the risk of heart failure readmission. Conclusion: This study obtained more reliable, reasonable results based on longitudinal data and a mixed model. The results could provide more clinical epidemiological evidence for the management of heart failure.

10.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(11): 6754-6774, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is a common malignancy of the endocrine system. This research aimed to examine the expression levels of miR-136-5p and metadherin (MTDH) in TC and unveil their potential targeting relationship. METHODS: TC microRNA (miRNA) microarray and miRNA-sequencing data were collected to evaluated miR-136-5p expression. We assessed the comprehensive expression of miR-136-5p by calculating the standard mean difference (SMD) and summary receiver operating characteristic curves (sROC). Subsequently, the miR-136-5p mimic and inhibitor were transfected into the TC B-CPAP cell, Thiazolyl Blue Tetrazolium Bromide (MTT) assay and cell apoptosis assay by FACS with Annexin V-/7-AAD double staining were performed to explore the biological role of miR-136-5p in the B-CPAP cell line. Prediction of target genes and potential biological function analysis of miR-136-5p were made using miRWalk2.0 and DAVID, respectively. Through target gene prediction, MTDH may be the candidate target gene of miR-136-5p. Subsequently, gene microarrays and RNA-sequencing data were also leveraged for MTDH expression. The meta-analysis method was conducted to evaluate the comprehensive expression level of MTDH. In addition, MTDH protein expression was identified using immunohistochemistry. The MTDH protein levels post-miR-136-5p transfection were verified by western blot, and the dual luciferase reporter assay was adapted to confirm the direct targeting relation between miR-136-5p and MTDH. RESULTS: The miR-136-5p level was remarkably downregulated in TC, the pooled SMD was -0.47 (95% CI: -0.70 to -0.23, I2=36.6%, P=0.192) and the area under the curve (AUC) of the sROC was 0.67 based on 543 cases of TC. MTT indicated that the overexpression of miR-136-5p dramatically inhibited the proliferation of B-CPAP cells. The cell apoptosis increased in the miR-136-5p mimic group compared to the negative control group. In addition, both MTDH mRNA and protein levels were markedly overexpressed, with the pooled SMD being 0.94 (95% CI: -0.35 to 2.24, I2=98.8%, P<0.001), and the AUC of the sROC being 0.85 with 1054 cases of TC. The MTDH protein level was significantly up-regulated in TC than in the non-carcinomic tissues by immunohistochemistry (8.292±1.717 vs. 2.618±2.570, P<0.001). Western blot indicated that MTDH protein expression was suppressed by miR-136-5p mimic in the B-CPAP cell line, which was further supported by the dual luciferase reporter assay. CONCLUSION: The miR-136-5p/MTDH axis may play a vital role in modulating TC tumorigenesis, providing new insight into possible molecular mechanisms of TC oncogenesis.

11.
Life Sci ; : 117146, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816325

RESUMO

AIMS: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the main cause of blindness in adults and investigating new therapeutic targets for DR is necessary. This study aimed to investigate the effect of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein and its mechanism in diabetic retinopathy (DR) were investigated. MAIN METHODS: Human retinal endothelial cells (HREC) were uesd for chip-seq. Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group, HMGB1 group, diabetes mellitus (DM) combined with HMGB1 siRNA group, and DM group. Next, eyeballs were removed and retinas were detached for western blot. The DM model of cell was built by increasing the glucose concentration in cell culture medium. The regulation of HMGB1 was achieved by short hairpin (sh)-HMGB1 transfection, then, the transfected cells were harvested for luciferase assay, western blot and qRT-PCR analyses as well as proliferation and apoptosis detection. KEY FINDINGS: Chip-seq and luciferase assay showed the possible transcription factor functions of HMGB1 and IKB-α was one of the HMGB1 binding sites. In vivo and in vitro results indicated high expression of HMGB1 and NF-kB and low expression of IKB-α in DR and the expression of IKB-α and NF-kB was regulated by HMGB1. Moreover, cell assays showed that HMGB1 inhibited cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis. SIGNIFICANCE: The results from the present study showed that HMGB1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of DR as a transcription factor through NF-kB pathway. Therefore, blockade of HMGB1 may be a new method for the treatment of DR.

12.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 9827-9848, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819482

RESUMO

Introduction: MIR22HG has a reported involvement in the tumorigenesis of a variety of cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the exact molecular mechanism of MIR22HG in HCC has not been clarified. Methods: In the present study, we integrated data from in-house RT-qPCR, RNA-sequencing, microarray, and literature studies to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the clinico-pathological and prognostic significance of MIR22HG in an extremely large group of HCC samples. We also explored the potential mechanism of MIR22HG in HCC by analyzing the alteration profiles of MIR22HG in HCC to predict transcription factors (TFs) that may interact with MIR22HG and to annotate the biological functions of genes co-expressed with MIR22HG. MIR22HG expression was also compared in HCC nude mice xenografts before and after a treatment with nitidine chloride. Results: We found that MIR22HG was downregulated in HCC and that this downregulation correlated with the malignant phenotype of HCC. Comprehensive analysis of the prognostic impact of MIR22HG in HCC revealed a beneficial effect of MIR22HG on the survival outcome of HCC patients. Seven cases of MIR22HG deep deletion occurred in 360 of the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) provisional HCC samples. A total of 22 MIR22HG-TF-mRNA triplets in HCC were predicted by the lncRNAmap. Co-expressed genes of MIR22HG, identified by weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA), mainly participated in the pathways involving osteoclast differentiation, chemokine signaling pathways, and hematopoietic cell lineage. In vivo experiments demonstrated that nitidine chloride could stimulate MIR22HG expression in HCC xenografts. Conclusion: In summary, MIR22HG may play a tumor-suppressive role in HCC by coordinating with predicted TFs and co-expressed genes, such as NLRP3, CSF1R, SIGLEC10, and ZEB2, or by being controlled by nitidine chloride.

13.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1160, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Syndecan-1 (SDC-1) is a crucial membrane proteoglycan, which is confirmed to participate in several tumor cell biological processes. However, the biological significance of SDC-1 in colorectal carcinoma is not yet clear. An objective of this study was to investigate the role of SDC-1 in colorectal carcinoma cells. METHODS: Expression of SDC-1 in colorectal carcinoma tissues was evaluated by Reverse transcription-quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) and western blot. After transfection with pcDNA3.1 or pc-SDC-1, the transfection efficiency was measured. Next, SW480, SW620 and LOVO cell viability, apoptosis, migration and adhesion were assessed to explore the effects of exogenous overexpressed SDC-1 on colorectal carcinoma. In addition, the influences of aberrant expressed SDC-1 in Janus kinase 1 (JAK1)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and rat sarcoma virus (Ras)/rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma (Raf)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways were detected by western blot analysis. RESULTS: SDC-1 mRNA and protein levels were down-regulated in human colorectal carcinoma tissues. SDC-1 overexpression inhibited cell proliferation via suppressing CyclinD1 and c-Myc expression, meanwhile stimulated cell apoptosis via increasing the expression levels of B-cell lymphoma-2-associated x (Bax) and Cleaved-Caspase-3. Additionally, SDC-1 overexpression restrained cell migration via inhibiting the protein expression of matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9), and elicited cell adhesion through increasing intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Furthermore, SDC-1 overexpression suppressed JAK1/STAT3 and Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK-related protein levels. CONCLUSIONS: In general, the evidence from this study suggested that SDC-1 suppressed cell growth, migration through blocking JAK1/STAT3 and Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathways in human colorectal carcinoma cells.

15.
Data Brief ; 27: 104566, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799342

RESUMO

This article provides experimental and numerical data for the propagation of stress-induced martensitic transformation within NiTi structures with uniform and nonuniform geometries. This article is related to the research paper entitled "Computational and experimental analyses of martensitic transformation propagation in shape memory alloys" [1]. The heterogeneous transformation evolutions within geometrically graded NiTi structures are presented by thermal images recorded by a high-resolution infrared camera during tensile loading. The modelling of transformation and deformation behaviours of those structures is presented by finite element computational method.

16.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e1901187, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800164

RESUMO

Highly efficient and stimulus-responsive nanomedicines for cancer treatment are currently receiving tremendous attention. In this study, an acid-triggered charge-reversible graphene-based all-in-one nanocomplex is appropriately designed by surface modification with multilayer polymers and simultaneous co-transportation of photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG) and oligonucleotide inhibitor of miR-21 (miR-21i) to achieve highly efficient genetic phototherapy in a controlled manner. The nanocomplex (denoted as GPCP/miR-21i/ICG) effectively protects miR-21i from degradation and exhibits excellent photothermal/photochemical reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation as well as fluorescence imaging ability. The cargoes ICG and miR-21i can significantly be released at acidic pH compared with normal physiological medium and escaped from endosomes/lysosomes due to the acid-triggered charge reversal effect. Typically, the released miR-21i downregulate the endogenous miR-21 and result in the upregulation of the target proteins PTEN and Bax, thus increasing the phototherapeutic efficiency of ICG. High in vivo anticancer efficiency against the MDA-MB-231 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) model is obtained due to the combination of genetic regulation of miR-21i and the photokilling effect of ICG. This work highlights the great potential of this smart nanocomplex as an attractive modality of gene-photo combined treatment of cancer, especially for intractable TNBC.

17.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(48): 1112-1116, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805034

RESUMO

In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Region countries, including China, resolved to eliminate measles by 2012 or as soon as feasible thereafter (1). As of 2018, nine* of the 37 Western Pacific Region countries or areas† had eliminated§ measles. China's Measles Elimination Action Plan 2006-2012 included strengthening routine immunization; conducting measles risk assessments, followed by supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) with measles-containing vaccine (MCV) at national and subnational levels; strengthening surveillance and laboratory capacity; and investigating and responding to measles outbreaks. Most recently, progress toward measles elimination in China was described in a 2014 report documenting measles elimination efforts in China during 2008-2012 and a resurgence in 2013 (2). This report describes progress toward measles elimination in China during January 2013-June 2019.¶ Measles incidence per million persons decreased from 20.4 in 2013 to 2.8 in 2018; reported measles-related deaths decreased from 32 in 2015 to one in 2018 and no deaths in 2019 through June. Measles elimination in China can be achieved through strengthening the immunization program's existing strategy by ensuring sufficient vaccine supply; continuing to improve laboratory-supported surveillance, outbreak investigation and response; strengthening school entry vaccination record checks; vaccinating students who do not have documentation of receipt of 2 doses of measles-rubella vaccine; and vaccinating health care professionals and other adults at risk for measles.

18.
Urol Int ; : 1-10, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805567

RESUMO

Urolithiasis is one of the most common urologic diseases in industrialized societies. More than 80% of renal stones are composed of calcium oxalate, and small changes in urinary oxalate concentrations affect the risk of stone formation. Elucidation of the source of oxalate and its mechanism of transport is crucial for understanding the etiology of urolithiasis. Sources of oxalate can be both endogenous and exogenous. With regard to oxalate transport, tests were carried out to prove the function of solute-linked carrier 4 (SLC4) and SLC26. The molecular mechanism of urolithiasis caused by SLC4 and SLC26 is still unclear. The growing number of studies on the molecular physiology of SLC4 and SLC26, together with knockout genetic mouse model experiments, suggest that SLC4 and SLC26 may be a contributing element to urolithiasis. This review summarizes recent research on the sources of oxalate and characterization of the oxalate transport ionic exchangers SLC4 and SLC26, with an emphasis on different physiological defects in knockout mouse models including kidney stone formation. Furthermore, SLC4 and SLC26 exchangers provide new insight into urolithiasis and may be a novel therapeutic target for modification of urinary oxalate excretion.

19.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 410, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, many clinical trials have shown that inulin-type fructans (ITF) supplementation is associated with glycemic control; nevertheless, the results are inconclusive. The aim of this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was to assess the effects of ITF supplementation on glycemic control. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched for eligible articles up to March 6, 2019. A random-effects model was used to analyze the pooled results, and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system was applied to assess the quality of evidence. The dose-response model was used to recommend the daily dose and duration for ITF supplementation. RESULTS: Thirty-three trials involving 1346 participants were included. Overall, ITF supplementation could significantly reduce concentrations of fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting insulin (FINS) and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). In the prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) population, a more significant reduction in FBG [weighted mean difference (WMD): - 0.60 mmol/l; 95% CI - 0.71, - 0.48 mmol/l; high rate], HbA1c (WMD: - 0.58%; 95% CI - 0.83, - 0.32%; high rate), FINS (WMD: - 1.75 µU/ml; 95% CI - 2.87, - 0.63 µU/ml; low rate), and HOMA-IR (WMD: - 0.69; 95% CI - 1.10, - 0.28; low rate) were observed, and ITF supplementation with a daily dose of 10 g for a duration of 6 weeks and longer was recommended. Moreover, subgroup analyses suggested that the effects of glycemic control were significantly influenced by the sex of the subjects and the type and the method of intake of ITF. CONCLUSIONS: Our analyses confirmed that these four main glycemic indicators were significantly reduced by ITF supplementation, particularly in the prediabetes and T2DM population. Evidence supports that reasonable administration of ITF supplementation may have potential clinical value as an adjuvant therapy for prediabetes and T2DM management. Trial registration The trial was registered at PROSPERO as CRD42018115875 on November 23, 2018.

20.
Oncol Lett ; 18(6): 6704-6724, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807180

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is generally considered one of the most common gastrointestinal malignant tumors, characterized by high invasiveness and metastatic rate, as well as insidious onset. A relationship between carcinogenicity and aberrant microRNA-139-5p (miR-139-5p) expression has been identified in multiple tumors while the specific molecular mechanisms of miR-139-5p in HCC have not yet been thoroughly elucidated. A meta-analysis of available data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Gene Expression Omnibus, ArrayExpress and Oncomine databases, as well as the published literature, was comprehensively conducted with the aim of examining the impact of miR-139-5p expression on HCC. Additionally, predicted downstream target genes were confirmed using a series of bioinformatics tools. Moreover, a correlative biological analysis was performed to ascertain the precise function of miR-139-5p in HCC. The results revealed that the expression of miR-139-5p was noticeably lower in HCC compared with non-tumor liver tissues according to the pooled standard mean difference, which was -0.84 [95% confidence interval (CI): -1.36 to -0.32; P<0.001]. Furthermore, associations were detected between miR-139-5p expression and certain clinicopathological characteristics of TCGA samples, including tumor grade, pathological stage and T stage. Moreover, the pooled hazard ratio (HR) for overall survival (HR=1.37; 95% CI: 1.07-1.76; P=0.001) indicated that decreased miR-139-5p expression was a risk factor for adverse outcomes. Additionally, 382 intersecting genes regulated by miR-139-5p were obtained and assembled in signaling pathways, including 'transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding', 'pathways in cancer' and 'Ras signaling pathway'. Notably, four targeted genes that were focused in 'pathways in cancer' were identified as hub genes and immunohistochemical staining of the proteins encoded by these four hub genes in liver tissues, explored using the Human Protein Atlas database, confirmed their expression patterns in HCC and normal liver tissues Findings of the present study suggest that reduced miR-139-5p expression is capable of accelerating tumor progression and is associated with a poor clinical outcome by modulating the expression of downstream target genes involved in tumor-associated signaling pathways.

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