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1.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 5564568, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212052

RESUMO

Background: Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a life-threatening malignant tumor characterized by heterogeneous clinical, phenotypic, and molecular manifestations. Given the association between immunity and tumors, identifying a suitable immune biomarker could improve DLBCL diagnosis. Methods: We systematically searched for DLBCL gene expression microarray datasets from the GEO database. Immune-related genes (IRGs) were obtained from the ImmPort database, and 318 transcription factor (TF) targets in cancer were retrieved from the Cistrome Cancer database. An immune-related classifier for DLBCL prognosis was constructed using Cox regression and LASSO analysis. To assess differences in overall survival between the low- and high-risk groups, we analyzed the tumor microenvironment (TME) and immune infiltration in DLBCL using the ESTIMATE and CIBERSORT algorithms. WGCNA was applied to study the molecular mechanisms explaining the clinical significance of our immune-related classifier and TFs. Results: Eighteen IRGs were selected to construct the classifier. The multi-IRG classifier showed powerful predictive ability. Patients with a high-risk score had poor survival. Based on the AUC for three- and five-year survival, the classifier exhibited better predictive power than clinical data. Discrepancies in overall survival between the low- and high-risk score groups might be explained by differences in immune infiltration, TME, and transcriptional regulation. Conclusions: Our study describes a novel prognostic IRG classifier with strong predictive power in DLBCL. Our findings provide valuable guidance for further analysis of DLBCL pathogenesis and clinical treatment.

2.
J Biosaf Biosecur ; 2021 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222840

RESUMO

The re-emerging outbreak of COVID-19 in Beijing, China, in the summer of 2020 originated from a SARS-CoV-2-infested wholesale food supermarket. We postulated that the Xinfadi market outbreak has links with food-trade activities. Our Susceptible to the disease, Infectious, and Recovered coupled Agent Based Modelling (SIR-ABM) analysis for studying the diffusion of SARS-CoV-2 particles suggested that the trade-distancing strategy effectively reduces the reproduction number (R0). The retail shop closure strategy reduced the number of visitors to the market by nearly half. In addition, the buy-local policy option reduced the infection by more than 70% in total. Therefore, retail closures and buy-local policies could serve as significantly effective strategies that have the potential to reduce the size of the outbreak and prevent probable outbreaks in the future.

3.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(6): 2105-2115, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227297

RESUMO

Triterpenoids are a class of natural products of great commercial value that are widely used in pharmaceutical, health care and cosmetic industries. The biosynthesis of triterpenoids relies on the efficient synthesis of squalene epoxide, which is synthesized from the NADPH dependent oxidation of squalene catalyzed by squalene epoxidase. We screened squalene epoxidases derived from different species, and found the truncated squalene epoxidase from Rattus norvegicus (RnSETC) showed the highest activity in engineered Escherichia coli. Further examination of the effect of endogenous cytochrome P450 reductase like (CPRL) proteins showed that overexpression of NADH: quinone oxidoreductase (WrbA) under Lac promoter in a medium-copy number plasmid increased the production of squalene epoxide by nearly 2.5 folds. These results demonstrated that the constructed pathway led to the production of squalene epoxide, an important precursor for the biosynthesis of triterpenoids.


Assuntos
Esqualeno Mono-Oxigenase , Esqualeno , Animais , Escherichia coli/genética , NADPH-Ferri-Hemoproteína Redutase , Engenharia de Proteínas , Ratos , Proteínas Repressoras , Esqualeno Mono-Oxigenase/genética
4.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 185: 959-965, 2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229017

RESUMO

Raspberry pomace extracts (RPE) with different concentrations (0.5 g/L, 1.5 g/L and 3 g/L) were incorporated into pectin/sodium alginate/xanthan gum composite film (PAX) to prepare colorimetric raspberry films (PAXR5, PAXR15 and PAXR30). Fourier Transform Infrared and Scanning Electron Microscopy analysis showed RPE had good compatibility with PAX. Compared to PAX, the raspberry films had lower water vapor permeability and water swelling ratio, higher tensile strength, opacity and antioxidant capacity. The films presented a smoother surface and denser structure than PAX. Furthermore, PAXR15 had an excellent discoloration at pH 1-13, especially at pH 5-10, the color changes of PAXR15 from pink-red-brown-blue-dark green distinguished by the naked eyes. Therefore, it has the potential to become a pH-sensitive film used in monitoring protein-rich food freshness.

5.
Phys Med Biol ; 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To test the effect of traditional up-sampling slice thickness (ST) methods on the reproducibility of CT radiomics features of liver tumors and investigate the improvement using a deep neural network (DNN) scheme. METHODS: CT images with ≤ 1 mm ST in the public dataset were converted to low resolution (3 mm, 5 mm) CT images. A DNN model was trained for the conversion from 3 mm-ST and 5 mm-ST to 1 mm-ST and compared with conventional interpolation-based methods (cubic, linear, nearest) using structural similarity (SSIM) and peak-signal-to-noise-ratio (PSNR). Radiomics features were extracted from the tumor and tumor ring regions. The reproducibility of features from images converted using DNN and interpolation schemes were assessed using the concordance correlation coefficients (CCC) with the cutoff of 0.85. The paired t-test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the evaluation metrics, where appropriate. RESULTS: CT images of 108 patients were used for training (n=63), validation (n=11) and testing (n=34). The DNN method showed significantly higher PSNR and SSIM values (p < 0.05) than interpolation-based methods. The DNN method also showed a significantly higher CCC value than interpolation-based methods. For features in the tumor region, compared with the cubic interpolation approach, the reproducible features increased from 393 (82%) to 422(88%) for the conversion of 3mm-to-1mm, and from 305(64%) to 353(74%) for the conversion of 5mm-to-1mm. For features in the tumor ring region, the improvement was from 395 (82%) to 431 (90%) and from 290 (60%) to 335 (70%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The DNN based ST up-sampling approach can improve the reproducibility of CT radiomics features in liver tumors, promoting the standardization of CT radiomics studies in liver cancer.

6.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289108

RESUMO

Angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs), a family of eight secreted glycoproteins termed ANGTPL1-8, are involved in angiogenesis, lipid metabolism, cancer progression, and inflammation. Their roles in regulating lipid metabolism have been intensively studied, as some ANGPTLs are promising pharmacological targets for hypertriglyceridemia and associated cardiovascular disease. Recently, the emerging roles of ANGPTLs in inflammation have attracted great attention. First, elevated levels of multiple circulating ANGPTLs in inflammatory diseases make them potential disease biomarkers. Second, multiple ANGPTLs regulate acute or chronic inflammation via various mechanisms, including triggering inflammatory signaling through their action as ligands for integrin or forming homo- /hetero-oligomers to regulate signal transduction via extra- or intracellular mechanisms. As dysregulation of the inflammatory response is a critical trigger in many diseases, understanding the roles of ANGPTLs in inflammation will aid in drug/therapy development. Here, we summarize the roles, mechanisms, and potential therapeutic values for ANGPTLs in inflammation and inflammatory diseases.

7.
Cell Rep ; 36(3): 109398, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289350

RESUMO

Cellular resources must be reorganized for long-term synaptic plasticity during brain information processing, in which coordinated gene transcription and protein turnover are required. However, the mechanism underlying this process remains elusive. Here, we report that activating N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) induce transcription-dependent autophagy for synaptic turnover and late-phase long-term synaptic depression (L-LTD), which invokes cytoplasm-to-nucleus signaling mechanisms known to be required for late-phase long-term synaptic potentiation (L-LTP). Mechanistically, LTD-inducing stimuli specifically dephosphorylate CRTC1 (CREB-regulated transcription coactivator 1) at Ser-151 and are advantaged in recruiting CRTC1 from cytoplasm to the nucleus, where it competes with FXR (fed-state sensing nuclear receptor) for binding to CREB (cAMP response element-binding protein) and drives autophagy gene expression. Disrupting synergistic actions of CREB and CRTC1 (two essential L-LTP transcription factors) impairs transcription-dependent autophagy induction and prevents NMDAR-dependent L-LTD, which can be rescued by constitutively inducing mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR)-dependent autophagy. Together, these findings uncover mechanistic commonalities between L-LTP and L-LTD, suggesting that synaptic activity can tune excitation-transcription coupling for distinct long-lasting synaptic remodeling.

8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4191, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234149

RESUMO

The vaginal and uterine microbiota play important roles in the health of the female reproductive system. However, the interactions among the microbes in these two niches and their effects on uterine health remain unclear. Here we profile the vaginal and uterine microbial samples of 145 women, and combine with deep mining of public data and animal experiments to characterize the microbial translocation in the female reproductive tract and its role in modulating uterine health. Synchronous variation and increasing convergence of the uterine and vaginal microbiome with advancing age are shown. We also find that transplanting certain strains of vaginal bacteria into the vagina of rats induces or reduces endometritis-like symptoms, and verify the damaging or protective effects of certain vaginal bacteria on endometrium. This study clarifies the interdependent relationship of vaginal bacterial translocation with uterine microecology and endometrial health, which will undoubtedly increase our understanding of female reproductive health.


Assuntos
Translocação Bacteriana , Endometrite/microbiologia , Microbiota , Saúde Reprodutiva , Vagina/microbiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Endometrite/epidemiologia , Endometrite/patologia , Endométrio/microbiologia , Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Proteção , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ratos , Fatores de Risco , Saúde da Mulher , Adulto Jovem
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232856

RESUMO

Four aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped bacteria (HY60T, HY54, HY82T and HY89) were isolated from bat faeces of Hipposideros and Rousettus species collected in PR China. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the four novel strains formed two separate but adjacent subclades close to Microbacterium agarici CGMCC 1.12260T (97.6-97.7 % similarity), Microbacterium humi JCM 18706T (97.3-97.5 %) and Microbacterium lindanitolerans JCM 30493T (97.3-97.4 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity was 98.3 % between strains HY60T and HY82T, and identical within strain pairs HY60T/HY54 and HY82T/HY89. The DNA G+C contents of strains HY60T and HY82T were 61.9 and 63.3 mol%, respectively. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between each novel strain and their closest relatives were all below the 70 % and 95-96 % thresholds for species delimitation, respectively. All four novel strains contained anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0 as the main fatty acids, MK-11 and MK-12 as the major respiratory quinones, and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified glycolipid as the predominant polar lipids. The cell-wall peptidoglycan was of B type and contained alanine, glutamate, glycine and ornithine. The acyl type of the muramic acid was glycolyl. The whole-cell sugars were rhamnose and ribose. Based on the foregoing polyphasic analyses, it was concluded that the four uncharacterized strains represented two novel species of the genus Microbacterium, for which the names Microbacterium chengjingii sp. nov. [type strain HY60T (=CGMCC 1.17468T=GDMCC 1.1951T=KACC 22102T)] and Microbacterium fandaimingii sp. nov. [type strain HY82T (=CGMCC 1.17469T=GDMCC 1.1949T=KACC 22101T)] are proposed, respectively.


Assuntos
Quirópteros/microbiologia , Fezes/microbiologia , Microbacterium/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Quirópteros/classificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Microbacterium/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280084

RESUMO

Four mesophilic and Gram-stain-positive strains (zg-686T/zg-691 and HY186T/HY189) isolated from Tibetan Plateau wildlife (PR China) belong to the genus Gordonia according to 16S rRNA gene and genomic sequence-based phylogenetic/genomic results. They have a DNA G+C content range of 67.4-68.3 mol% and low DNA relatedness (19.2-27.6 %) with all available genomes in the genus Gordonia. Strains zg-686T/zg-691 and HY186T/HY189 had C18 : 1ω9c, C18 : 0 10-methyl, C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c and C16 : 0 as major cellular fatty acids. The polar lipids detected in strains zg-686T and HY186T included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidyl inositol mannoside and phosphatidylinositol. The respiratory quinones comprised MK8(H2) (10.8 %) and MK9(H2) (89.2 %) for strain zg-686T, and MK6 (7.7 %), MK8(H2) (8.4 %), MK8(H4) (3.1 %) and MK9(H2) (80.8 %) for strain HY186T. Optimal growth conditions were pH 7.0, 35-37 °C and 0.5-1.5 % NaCl (w/v) for strains pair zg-686T/zg-691, and pH 7.0, 28 °C and 1.5 % (w/v) NaCl for strains pair HY186T/HY189. Based on these genotypic and phenotypic results, these four strains could be classified as two different novel species in the genus Gordonia, for which the names Gordonia jinghuaiqii sp. nov. and Gordonia zhaorongruii sp. nov. are proposed. The type strains are zg-686T (=GDMCC 1.1715T =JCM 33890T) and HY186T (=CGMCC 4.7607T =JCM 33466T), respectively.


Assuntos
Animais Selvagens/microbiologia , Bactéria Gordonia/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Bactéria Gordonia/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4391, 2021 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282140

RESUMO

Acquired heterotopic ossification (HO) is the extraskeletal bone formation after trauma. Various mesenchymal progenitors are reported to participate in ectopic bone formation. Here we induce acquired HO in mice by Achilles tenotomy and observe that conditional knockout (cKO) of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) in Col2+ cells promote acquired HO development. Lineage tracing studies reveal that Col2+ cells adopt fate of lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) instead of chondrocytes or osteoblasts during HO development. FGFR3 cKO in Prox1+ LECs causes even more aggravated HO formation. We further demonstrate that FGFR3 deficiency in LECs leads to decreased local lymphatic formation in a BMPR1a-pSmad1/5-dependent manner, which exacerbates inflammatory levels in the repaired tendon. Local administration of FGF9 in Matrigel inhibits heterotopic bone formation, which is dependent on FGFR3 expression in LECs. Here we uncover Col2+ lineage cells as an origin of lymphatic endothelium, which regulates local inflammatory microenvironment after trauma and thus influences HO development via FGFR3-BMPR1a pathway. Activation of FGFR3 in LECs may be a therapeutic strategy to inhibit acquired HO formation via increasing local lymphangiogenesis.

12.
Leuk Res ; 110: 106653, 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298254

RESUMO

T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) is a class of highly aggressive hematologic neoplasms originating from progenitor T-lymphocytes. MicroRNA (miRNA) is an endogenous RNA molecule with 22 nucleotides in length. Accumulated evidence suggests that miRNA functions as a key regulator in human cancer. Herein, by in silico analysis, we found that miR-211 was a decreased miRNA in T-LBL in high-throughput sequencing data, which was subsequently verified in our cohort. Low miR-211 was closely correlated with bulky disease, high ann arbor stage, relapse and poor prognosis. miR-211 was regulated by N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification, specifically, m6A methyltransferase METTL14 methylated primary miR-211 (pri-miR-211), expediting pri-miR-211 processing via recruiting DGCR8. Functionally, miR-211 overexpression significantly reduced T-LBL cell viability, DNA synthesis rate and spheroid formation ability, whereas silencing of miR-211 had the opposite effects. In addition, we established the xenograft tumor model and found that miR-211 remarkably inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Further, TCF12 was the direct target of miR-211, miR-211 bound to TCF12 mRNA 3`-untranslated region (UTR) and increased its decay, overexpression of TCF12 could effectively rescue the weakened malignant behavior of T-LBL cells caused by miR-211 overexpression. Collectively, our data clearly demonstrate that miR-211 is a novel tumor suppressor in T-LBL, targeting of miR-211/TCF12 axis may be a potential treatment for T-LBL patients.

13.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; : e12880, 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several ECG criteria have been widely used for diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in clinical practice. However, their performance in a general Chinese population is limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: A multi-stage, stratified cluster sampling across China was performed and 7415 representative Chinese adults aged 18-85 years were analyzed. ECG was collected by using GE MAC 5500 machine. The association between five ECG-LVH criteria (i.e., Peguero-Lo Presti, Cornell, Cornell product, Sokolow-Lyon and Sokolow-Lyon product) and echocardiographic LVH (Echo-LVH) was assessed by Pearson's correlation, diagnostic statistics like predictive values, and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve. We found that the prevalence of the Echo-LVH was 11% while ECG-LVH ranged from 3% to 27%. All ECG-LVH criteria had high negative predictive value (NPV) (89%) and specificity (73-96%) but low positive predictive value (PPV) (12-24%) and sensitivity (4-29%). The newly Peguero-Lo Presti criteria had higher sensitivity (29%) but lower specificity (73%) and accuracy (68%) compared with other criteria. Cornell product had the best diagnostic performance (AUC: 0.59), as well as the highest specificity (96%) and accuracy (86%) but lowest sensitivity (4%). Among single-lead components of ECG criteria, RaVL voltage and QRS duration performed relatively better than others. Hypertensive and older individuals had higher sensitivity but lower specificity and accuracy than their counterparts. CONCLUSION: ECG-LVH criteria had high NPV to detect Echo-LVH. Though with higher sensitivity, Peguero-Lo Presti criteria did not have better diagnostic performance to detect Echo-LVH. RaVL and QRS duration had stronger association with Echo-LVH among all single-lead components.

14.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312771

RESUMO

Based upon its interactions with amyloid ß peptide (Aß), the amylin receptor, a class B G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), is a potential modulator of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. However, past pharmacological approaches have failed to resolve whether activation or blockade of this receptor would have greater therapeutic benefit. To address this issue, we generated compound mice expressing a human amyloid precursor protein gene with familial AD mutations in combination with deficiency of amylin receptors produced by hemizygosity for the critical calcitonin receptor subunit of this heterodimeric GPCR. These compound transgenic AD mice demonstrated attenuated responses to human amylin- and Aß-induced depression of hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) in keeping with the genetic depletion of amylin receptors. Both the LTP responses and spatial memory (as measured with Morris water maze) in these mice were improved compared to AD mouse controls and, importantly, a reduction in both the amyloid plaque burden and markers of neuroinflammation was observed. Our data support the notion of further development of antagonists of the amylin receptor as AD-modifying therapies.

15.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312897

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Prescribing errors are prevalent in hospital settings, with provision of feedback recommended to support prescribing by doctors. To evaluate the impact of a pharmacist-led prescription intervention system on prescribing error rates and to measure intervention efficiency. METHODS: All prescribers in Shandong Provincial Third Hospital received feedback from ward pharmacists using a pharmacist-led prescription intervention system. The prescribing error rate was calculated from Oct 2019 to December 2020. After the intervention was applied, the rates of PASS 1 (System pass), PASS 2 (Pharmacist pass) and PASS 3 (Pharmacist-doctor pass) events and the feedback time were calculated each month. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Irrational use of drugs was reduced and the prescription rate increased significantly. The error rate reduced from 6.94% to 1.96%, representing an estimated 71.76% decrease overall (p < 0.05). The PASS 1 rate gradually increased from 88% to 96% (p < 0.05), the PASS 2 rate gradually decreased from 5.06% to 2.04% (p < 0.05), the PASS 3 rate gradually decreased from 6.94% to 1.96% (p < 0.05). WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: The pharmacist-led prescription intervention system has the potential to reduce prescribing errors and improve prescribing outcomes and patient safety.

16.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314096

RESUMO

African swine fever (ASF), caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV), is a highly contagious disease with high morbidity and mortality in domestic pigs. Although adaptation of ASFV to Vero cells has been investigated, the phenotypic changes and the corresponding genomic variations during adaptation of ASFV to other cell lines remain unclear. To obtain a cell-adapted ASFV strain, different cell lines were tested to determine whether they support ASFV infection. Interestingly, the ASFV wild-type strain ASFV-HLJ/18 can infect HEK293T cells and replicate at a low level. After continuous passaging, the adapted ASFV strain can replicate efficiently in both HEK293T and Vero cells. However, the adapted ASFV strain displayed reduced infectivity in primary porcine alveolar macrophages compared to the corresponding wild-type strain. Furthermore, stepwise losses at the left variable end of the MGF genes and accumulative mutations were identified during passaging, indicating that the ASFV strain gradually adapted to HEK293T cells. Comparison of MGF deletions in other cell culture-adapted ASFV strains revealed that the deletions of MGF300 (1L, 2R and 4L) and MGF360 genes (8L, 9L, 10L and 11L) play an important role for the adaptation of ASFV to HEK293T cells at the early stage. The biological functions of the deletions and mutants associated with ASFV infection in HEK293T cells and pigs warrant further study. Overall, our findings provide new targets to elucidate the molecular mechanism of adaptation of ASFV to cell lines.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255621

RESUMO

Four obligatory anaerobic, Gram-stain-positive, non-motile and rod-shaped organisms (HF-1365T, HF-1362, HF-1101T and HF-4214) were isolated from faecal samples of healthy Chinese subjects. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses showed that these isolates belong to the genera Enorma (strains HF-1365T and HF-1362) and Eggerthella (strains HF-1101T and HF-4214), closest to Enorma massiliensis (both 98.6 %) and Eggerthella sinensis (98.0 and 97.8 %), respectively. The whole genome sequences of strains HF-1365T and HF-1101T were 2.3 and 4.2 Mb in size with 61.7 and 66.2 mol% DNA G+C content, respectively. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values indicated that strains HF-1365T and HF-1101T represent novel species in the genera Enorma and Eggerthella. Major fatty acid constituents (>10 %) of strains HF-1365T and HF-1362 were C12 : 0 (24.7 and 23.9 %), C14 : 0 (21.9 and 20.6 %) and summed feature 1 (C15 : 1iso H/C13 : 0 3OH; 12.8 and 10.8 %); those of strains HF-1101T and HF-4214 were C18 : 1 ω9c (32.4 and 33.1 %) and C16 : 0 (13.9 and 14.0 %). Strain HF-1365T had phospholipid, glycolipid, lipid and phosphoglycolipid without any known quinones, while strain HF-1101T had diphosphatidylglycerol as the major polar lipid and MK-7 (80.7 %) as the predominant quinone. On the basis of their phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, strains HF-1365T and HF-1101T represent two distinct species, respectively, in the genera Enorma and Eggerthella, for which the names Enorma shizhengliae sp. nov. (type strain HF-1365T=CGMCC 1.17435T=GDMCC 1.1705T=JCM 33601T) and Eggerthella guodeyinii sp. nov. (type strain HF-1101T=CGMCC 1.17436T=GDMCC 1.1668T=JCM 33773T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Humanos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288320

RESUMO

The sequence-dependent DNA secondary structures possess structure polymorphism. To date, studies on regulated ligands mainly focus on individual DNA secondary topologies, while lack focus on quadruplex-duplex hybrids (QDHs). Here, we design an organic-metal hybrid ligand L 1 Pt(dien) , which matches and selectively binds one type of QDHs with lateral duplex stem-loop (QLDH) with high affinity, while shows poor affinity for other QDHs and individual G4 or duplex DNA. The solution structure of QLDH MYT1L- L 1 Pt(dien) complex was determined by NMR. The structure reveals that L 1 Pt(dien) presents a chair-type conformation, whose large aromatic "chair surface" intercalates into the G-quadruplex-duplex interface via π-π stacking and "backrest" platinum unit interacts with duplex region through hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions, showing a highly matched lock-key binding mode. Our work provided guidance for spatial matching design of selectively targeting ligands to QDH structures.

19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 222: 112504, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265533

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the intoxication mechanism of golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus) exposed to high ammonia levels and the effects on the immune and antioxidant mechanisms of gills. Juvenile golden pompano was exposed to ammonia (total ammonia: 26.9 mg/L) to induce 96 h of ammonia stress, and a 96 h recovery experiment was performed after poisoning. Then, we evaluated hematological parameters, the histological structure and the expression of related genes. In this experiment, continuous exposure to high levels of ammonia led to a significant increase in plasma alkaline phosphatase (ALP), acid phosphatase (ACP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels (P < 0.05), and the levels of triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4) were significantly reduced (P < 0.05). Moreover, the expression of antioxidant genes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) increased (P < 0.05). These results indicate that ammonia activates the active osmotic regulatory mechanism of fish gills and participates in defense and immune responses. However, with prolonged exposure to ammonia, the balance of the defense system is disrupted, leading to oxidative damage and inflammation of the gill tissue. This research not only helps elucidate the intoxication mechanism of golden pompano by ammonia at the molecular level but also provides a theoretical basis for further research on detoxification mechanisms.

20.
Front Immunol ; 12: 648815, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305888

RESUMO

Multiple lines of evidence have demonstrated that cigarette smoke or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease upregulates angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, the cellular receptor for the entry of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, which predisposes individuals to develop severe Coronavirus disease 2019. The reason for this observation is unknown. We recently reported that the loss of function of Miz1 in the lung epithelium in mice leads to a spontaneous COPD-like phenotype, associated with upregulation of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2. We also reported that cigarette smoke exposure downregulates Miz1 in lung epithelial cells and in mice, and Miz1 is also downregulated in the lungs of COPD patients. Here, we provide further evidence that Miz1 directly binds to and represses the promoter of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 in mouse and human lung epithelial cells. Our data provide a potential molecular mechanism for the upregulation of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 observed in smokers and COPD patients, with implication in severe Coronavirus disease 2019.

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